Organized Crime has been witnessed to prosper with the infiltration on legitimate businesses in a way that they associate themselves in order to steal from the host. Organized crime organizations execute such activities in order to generate income, sweep profits, achieve more power, and launder wealth (Abadinsky, 2009).
The crimes that are committed by the individuals that are employed in the legitimate corporations are particularly known as white collar crimes. A white collar crime is another salient aspect of organized crime, which is constantly growing at an accelerated pace in the current times. Embezzlement, fraud, and theft are the key characteristics that define the white collar crime, usually executed by the employees working within the organization (Edwards & Gill, 2006).
However, it has also been monitored that nowadays the members of the organized crime enterprises embed themselves into multinational and giant corporations so that they can create substantial revenues through…… [Read More]
Some of the most important aspects of organized crime will be taken into account in the paper. Its history, definitions and some of the main attributes of organized crime will be taken into account in the paper.
History of organized crime
At the time when J. Edgar was the director of the FBI in the 1970s, one of the main debates within the Americans was about the existence of organized crime. In these times, it was seen that American mafia was considered synonymous with organized crime. However, if the scope and nature of the organized crime are taken into account, it is seen that organized crime is insidious dynamics between those criminals who are known for using ruthless methods of crimes that include murder in order to increase profits and public who is hungry to purchase better and improved goods (Abadinsky, 2009, p. 11).
Definitions of organized crime…… [Read More]
Organized crime has been romanticized in American film and television media. Although some of the depictions are stereotyped and exaggerated, many of the core elements revealed in fictionalized accounts of organized crime are real. The history of organized crime in America is linked with important historical and political events including the prohibition of both drugs and alcohol.
According to the United States National Security Council (2013), organized crime is defined by the primary goal of economic or financial gains. Organized crime exists often because underclass groups seek a means of acquiring wealth and status, or bolstering opportunities for pursuing or achieving the American Dream. This fundamental feature distinguishes organized crime from, say, terrorist groups that might have a primary goal that is more political in nature such as the recognition of a new nation state of ethnic minority groups. Another definition of organized crime takes into account the more recent…… [Read More]
Organized Crime Fighting
Organized crime, and more specifically, international organized crime (IOC) present very serious and long lasting problems for law enforcement units in many ways. The manner in which the laws are constructed within the United States presents unique and specific problems that make this duty very difficult to perform. The purpose of this essay is to identify and explain in detail the law enforcement strategies, tools and Federal Statutes available for prosecuting and punishing ICO elements such as Los Zetas and other drug running foreign crime cabals. This essay will explain how these tools can be used effectively in an investigation and prosecution of this criminal enterprise and summarize the key aspects that apply to such an endeavor.
Los Zetas is a Mexican crime syndicate and is one of the most powerful and dangerous in the world and the fact that the group contains a sophisticated set…… [Read More]
hen Gorbachev launched perestroika (Gorbachev's policy of social, economic and political restructuring), the above mentioned "shadow" sector of society actually got amnesty and hence were offered a kind of "legitimacy," Khokhriakov writes on page 13. During the first part of perestroika, the Soviets developed cooperatives, which "only strengthened the destructive model of the 'shadow' market economy, Khokhriakov explains on page 14. But the Soviets' transition was short of capital so because they needed loans, they turned to the est (in particular, the U.S., which was thrilled of course to witness the demise of communism). Instead of cash, the est provided the Soviets with goods, and right away Soviet merchants knew how to "dispose" of the goods; many new cooperatives sprang up and sold goods "at market prices" and that "shadow" sector became quite "lively" (Khokhriakov, 14).
The "new hero" came from "the underground," Khokhriakov reports; the biggest portion of the…… [Read More]
Organized Crime in Canada
Each year, the Criminal Intelligence Service Canada (CISC) creates an organized crime report to inform the public of organized crime activities and markets in Canada. The nature of such activity is evolving -- new threats, participants and policies spring forth each year (McIntosh, 2010). It is critical that Canadians are informed of the nature and scope of such activity, governmental interventions and policing, and what they can personally do to thwart organized crime (CISC, 2010).
The Criminal Code (467.1) of the CISC defines criminal organizations as those consisting of three or more persons within Canada or in outlying areas that exist only to commit serious offenses that result in their own material or financial benefit (Tusikov, 2009). andom criminal rings that develop for a single offense are not included; rather the CISC is most concerned with systemic, organized units conducting continued and premeditated illegal acts. This…… [Read More]
Organized Crime in America, Dennis Kenney and Jim Finckenauer note that the movie "The Godfather had more influence on the public mind and the minds of many public officials than did any library filled with scholarly works that argued for the true nature of organized crime" (Mario pp).
The scenes from "The Godfather" are among the most often recalled and parodied in screen history (Fox pp). Released in 1972, it won three Oscars, including Best picture, as did the sequel, "The Godfather Part II" two years later (Fox pp). Both movies have become legendary landmarks of American film history, however, when Mario Puzo wrote the novel, he had no intention of telling any real hard truths about the gangsters (Fox pp). Puzo, the son of illiterate Neapolitan immigrants, had grown up in Hell's Kitchen area of New York City, and saw writing as a way out of the working class…… [Read More]
Human trafficking occurs through clandestine or deceptive activities, avoiding legal border controls, and through the use of fraudulent documents. Illegal smuggling or trafficking hinders the safety and well-being of Americans since it has a negative influence on both the regional and national security ("Multinational Operations," 2011). Illegal smuggling more than trafficking of humans has become one of the major areas for organized crime operations in America because of its link to other areas like drug trafficking and corruption of government officials.
The second major area for the operations of organized crime in America is drug trafficking that has been expanded by these networks in the recent past. This is regardless of the recent effective counter-drug measures, especially against cocaine. While illicit drugs are still a major threat to the health, security, financial well-being, and safety of Americans; the demand for these drugs in America has fueled the power…… [Read More]
The effectual activities that have resulted in such kinds of organized crime activities involve compromising of the technological approaches and systems. Such technological approaches are used to transmit money from one section of the country to another.
eports indicate that many organized crime activities and perpetrators assume the roles of paying for elections through their corrupt deals. These deals ensure continuity of their businesses when they get to government. The effectual happening is a translational organized crime activity that will live to be remembered in many parts of the world (Mallory, 2012).
Globally, many people lose their lives daily in accordance to attacks from organized crime personalities. Most of them have succumbed to drug use and abuse together with death through weapons and other forms of weaponry in the society. It is relevant to note the difference between the many sectors of the economy that relay significance or influence of…… [Read More]
The number of hours that are spent negotiating with those demanding bribes will have to be taken from productive efforts (Mafia Capitalism).
Moreover, businesses in Russia and America are subjected to demands for tribute not only from organized crime gangs, but also from a broad variety of representatives of the official bureaucracy. This far exceeds the corruption associated with mafia in many other parts of the world, and explains in part why, in the compilation of international indices on corruption, Russia tends to rank amongst the worst cases" (Mafia Capitalism).
Organized Crime and capitalist business are beginning to have the same negative label because of the constantly changing environment in America as well as the social state of its homeland. People are convinced that the Mafia consists of criminals, pimps, and murderers, which is becoming a normal aspect of capitalist business. In the past, the Mafia had the best…… [Read More]
Popular culture portrayals of organized crime are sordidly romantic. Like medieval royalty, mob families appear tyrannical and noble at the same time. The kingpins are usually kind if ruthless. They love their families and protect them at any cost. Like kings, mob bosses reign over a specific territory and usually respect their competitors and their boundaries. Like medieval nobility, organized crime has hereditary lineage, and sons inherit a title from their fathers as in the Corleones of The Godfather. Stories of organized crime include titillating themes of betrayal, backstabbing, murder, and intrigue. Organized crime also depicts the triumph of the underdog: the would-be poor immigrant growing rich in spite of being hounded by the big bad cops. These themes are especially appealing to Americans, who have consistently been fascinated with underdog winners and anti-establishment ethos.
Movies like Goodfellas and television shows like The Sopranos are perfect examples of…… [Read More]
Organized Crime and Its Link to Money Laundering in Contemporary Society
Organized crime is a very real facet of society (Bartlett, 2002; Cressey & Finckenauer, 2008). Those who are not involved with it in some way may not notice it, which could lead them to underestimate the seriousness of the problem. However, it is of deep concern to police, the government, and others who are exposed to it and the trouble it can cause. There are also many different types of organized crime, and many ways in which it is used (Williams, 2001). In other words, while it conjures up visions of the mafia, that is not often the case.
There are gangs of national and international criminals that engage in various activities, one of which is money laundering (Akers, 1996; King & Wincyp, 2007; Williams, 2001). This is the act of taking money that is gained through crime, which…… [Read More]
1961-1968) was the first successful attempt from Washington to eliminate the vices and repercussions of organized crime on the economy. Intended to destroy the Mafia, RIC follows the patterned activity of old criminal families' illicit proceedings, including extortion, bribery, loan sharking, murder, drug sales, and prostitution among others. At the same time, the act played on the psychological state of the criminals, providing legal incentive for their cooperation under the law as the greater crime rings were brought down. While seemingly successful early on, the changing nature of crime could not be captured under RIC, demanding a new approach by law enforcement to counteract the social destruction of organized crime. By learning more about the nature of organized crime and their interactions with legal institutions, all businesses, citizens, and civic organizations, an increased police presence and secured word of law, law enforcement will be able to pose a viable threat…… [Read More]
The modern ussian mafia seized upon the fall of the Soviet bloc and resulting capitalism to instantly engage in all of the black market activities. The American mafia, by contrast, arose not from political chaos, but from a single black market commodity: prohibition-era alcohol.
Another key difference is the public role occupied by organized crime. While the U.S. may glamorize its organized crime groups via its pop-culture, law enforcement is still the official and unofficial policy of the nation. In Mexico, however, the organized crime groups wield much more actual power and operate in many ways with impunity. In ussia, as in Mexico, the groups are known to have the cooperation of the government. In the Unites States, individual politicians and law enforcement officers are susceptible to bribery and cavorting with the crime groups, but the crime groups in the United States are never known to be operating under the…… [Read More]
Police officers must do all they can to destabilize such a relationship between criminal groups and communities. Criminal organizations usually arise in closely knit immigrant groups that do not trust the local police and other authorities, thus the lower the level of trust between police and law-abiding residents, the more apt illegal organizations may form and even attempt to assume the policing role in a community. The Italian-American Mafia is one such example. ("Organized Crime, U.S. History, 2005)
Disrespect for the law, particularly prohibition, is also thought to have fostered organized criminal support in America. This is one reason as well the police must seek to fairly enforce the law, so that anti-immigrant or racial bias does not give added incentive to support for organized criminal figures. Today, white-collar crimes, other immigrant groups, and organizations of great international scope are all part of the 'profile' of organized crime, but no…… [Read More]
The Latino organized crime outfit that I have chosen to target for prosecution is the Nortenos. This is a street level gang that operates out of Salinas, California, and in other surrounding towns. There is evidence that indicates that this organized crime outfit participates in a hierarchy (Jameson, 1974, p. 395) of gang activity within California, which is principally controlled by the Nuestra Familia gang, which has been existent for approximately 40 years. It is significant to note that the vast majority of the Nuestra Familia are incarcerated, and conduct activity from various federal (and some state) prisons. These leaders disseminate orders through mid-level gangs who are referred to as Bros, and which encompass a gang known as Nuestra aza (eynolds, 2010). Nortenos tend to act out the direct orders of the Nuestra aza, and are the "foot soldiers" in a gang war that has been waged for…… [Read More]
Organized Crime Investigation & Prosecution
The Case of Zap Cell Batteries and the DiMattia Crime Organization
This case, our latest run at the notorious DiMattia crime family, began with the disappearance of Dr. A. Smith, Ph.D., a stream ecology research scientist employed by the Department of Natural esources (DN) in the state in question. On an early morning in September 2009, Dr. Smith went on a 2-day field trip to Greenfield State Park to collect water samples along a tributary of the Tooling iver. He filed the appropriate paperwork with the DN, and when he did not return by the time indicated on the paperwork, some of his coworkers went looking for him. They discovered his camp in the woods at a site he had typically preferred, but Dr. Smith was nowhere to be found. The state police were called in. We combed the site for evidence and found nothing…… [Read More]
It may not seem that Southern California would be a hotbed for ussian-led organized crime, but it has become so over the past two decades. ussia, after the fall of the Soviet Union, was eager to embrace capitalism, but this did not always mean that the forces behind the movement were law-abiding. In that time of transition, many different organized crime groups emerged, and they merged with those already established on the Eastern seaboard of the United States. Within the last 20 years these groups have been steadily increasing their influence in other parts of the United States as they see opportunity grow with better technology and more access to information. This paper discusses present location of the group, its activities and why it is important to expose the crime to research.
Southern California includes everything from the Mexican border to the Tehachpis Mountains north of Los Angeles.…… [Read More]
Organized Crime eduction Strategy
There is no doubt whatsoever that transnational organized crime groups are a threat to not only the security of the countries in which they operate, but also global security in general. Often operating in well-organized formations, transnational organized crime groups are often difficult to annihilate or contain. It should, however, be noted that given their impact on both the security and stability of the countries or regions in which they operate, the need to contain such formations cannot be overstated. This text highlights the various strategies that could be applied to rein in transnational criminal enterprises. The country of choice for this analysis is Mexico. It is important to note that today, crime remains one of the most important concerns facing this North American federal republic. Indeed, the country is home to some of the world's most violent and sophisticated organized criminal enterprises. For this reason,…… [Read More]
In extreme cases whole legitimate economic sectors are dislocated by commerce based on illegal activities, subverting loyalties from the nation-state and habituating individuals to operating outside the legal framework;
3) Degrade environmental systems through evasion of environmental safeguards and regulations;
4) Destabilize strategically important nations and hinder the progress of so-called economies in transition and developing economies and otherwise interfere with a nation's foreign policy goals and the international system; and 5) Burden societies with the enormous social and economic costs of illegal drugs." (Porteus, 1996)
The work of Bruce G. Ohr entitled: "Effective Methods to Combat Transnational Organized Crime in Criminal Justice Processes" states five reasons that globalization has brought about serious, yet unintended consequences related to transnational crime which are those as follows:
1) Increasing ease of international communications;
2) Growth of international commerce;
3) the fall of Communism in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union;
4) the…… [Read More]
There is not a chance that Genovese would want other mobsters to be aware of his private business. He barely knew some of these men and knew others on a casual basis. If Genovese was looking for investors in a Havana venture he would have been doing so very quietly, and among men he could easily dominate. The last place he'd look would be to powerful mob bosses who saw Vito as a rival. (Hafer, n.d., p.6)
In early 1957, shortly before he was murdered, Francisco Aguirre told Albert Anastasia that Hilton International was asking for bids to operate the Habana Hilton Hotel Casino on a concession basis. Aguirre told Anastasia it would require a minimum of $2 million to close the deal, and asked if he could use his influence as the hotel owner to try to get the Hiltons to go along with the deal. Anastasia contacted Frank…… [Read More]
The nature of weapons used to cause terror differs significantly among retail terrorists but are similar in wholesale terrorism. The reason for the terrorism in retail terrorism is not wide spread compared to wholesale terrorism (othe, 2011).
Casualty levels in retail terrorism are usually low if any. The casualty levels in wholesale are usually large and has a higher probability of occurring. When passenger planes were hijacked on September 11, the type of terrorism could be called retail terrorism, as the target group was the passengers. The target later changed and the target group was the world trade center and the casualty level increased. After hitting the world trade center the terrorism, become wholesale terrorism. Another significant difference is the spread. There are many terror groups in many nations but they are limited to individual nations. Al-Qaeda is an example of wholesale terrorism because it has cells in many nations.…… [Read More]
Wages of Crime by R.T. Naylor is a book covering the underside of society where Naylor tries to provide readers the various ways people commit crime. From prostitution to prohibition, Naylor includes the details of which characters come and commit illegal actions for the sake of financial gain and power. The book also includes other activities from recreational drugs and gambling and details supply-side controls act to increase profits as well as promote production. Best-case scenarios involve a few intermediaries removed from business.
But as Naylor notes, the black market always persisted thanks to consistent demand. In future instances a failure to thwart crime serves as a foundation for increasing police budgets, the expansion of law enforcement powers, and the great outpouring of money into the insatiable budget of the prison-industrial complex. This is simply just the introduction of the book, but allows the reader to under that Naylor is…… [Read More]
This creates an environment for criminal organizations where they "... can operate in parallel to existing business and government institutions"
Shaw uses the Soviet Union as a good example of this phenomenon. "...the collapse of communist rule allowed the emergence of literally thousands of criminal organisations involving current and former members of the establishment " (Shaw). As Shaw and others points out, a situation where there are functional links between government and organized crime has parallels in many other regions and countries, particularly in the developing countries of Africa and Asia.
In essence, the changing international stage and the disappearance of boundaries and barriers between counties and nations provide the opportunity for criminal organizations to grow. Furthermore, it also provides for the possibility of greater interaction between criminal organizations and governments that may be dependent on these organizations for certain political and social needs.
Government and organized crime
An example…… [Read More]
Jewish crime organization as a whole fails to live up to the elements that define organized crime. It certainly is violent, it recruits members, it uses monopolies to retain power, and it is a functional and individual culture. It's firm and unrelenting connection to Israel and Jewish rights, however, raises questions as to whether it is a crime syndicate. Its grounding in the promotion of Jewish rights likens it more to the terrorist groups of today than with the Sicilian mob of the 40s. It uses criminal means to support a national and religious ideology. Either Jewish groups shouldn't be labeled Organized Crime or the definition of that term should be re-examined.
Ebban, Abbas. (1968). My People. The Story of the Jews. New York: Behrman House.
Finckenauer, James O., & Waring, Elin J., (1998). ussian Mafia in America:
immigration, culture, and crime. Boston: Northeaster Uni. Press.
Friedman, Jeanette, (1996).…… [Read More]
Organized Crime elated Intelligence
Those interested in global intelligence would recognize acronyms like CIA, KGB and MSS however for the sake of those who have no knowledge in this area, they mean Central Intelligence Agency -- United States, KGB (Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti) -- Soviet Union/ussia, and the Ministry for State Security (MSS) -- China and their activities are covered well by contemporary media. However, here we consider the less famous and covert intelligence agencies that operate currently or used to exist. A number of these agencies had specific job descriptions while the function of the rest were quite vague, however, all these agencies fulfilled their common responsibility of giving their superiors in-depth knowledge of a situation to aid their decisions (Powell, 2014)
The Frumentarii, who bear close similarities to the contemporary "secret police" like the SAVAK of Iran and the Kempeitai who existed in Japan during World War…… [Read More]
Personal Perceptions on Organized Crimes
Organized crime, in reality, is a complex mix of largely clandestine social aspects of life which are also highly diverse. It is, therefore, not possible to define them as an identifiable entity. It takes both linguistic effort and cognitive input to enable us to view the phenomena as connected. Consequently, it is better to delve into the organized crime problem, not as an exclusively empirical issue. Checking the historical aspects of organized crime is likely to provide insights into its depth and extent. It will also demystify the phrase "organized crime" and provide insights into the political and social aspects that inform and shape views on organized crime (Von Lampe, 2011).
Assumptions about organized crime
The practice of organized crime is driven by a number of assumptions. Firstly, it is believed that awareness and responsibility levels will be reduced significantly as opposed to a situation…… [Read More]
Organized Crime uses Poverty to Facilitate Human Trafficking
Clandestine Partnerships: The Link Between Human Trafficking and Organized Crime in Metropolitan Atlanta
The author had several research questions: 1)What proportion of the specified human trafficking cases involves organized crime; 2) What type of relationship is most prevalent between human trafficking and organized crime in metropolitan Atlanta; 3)What types of organized crime demonstrate a relationship with human trafficking in the specified cases; 4)What differences, if any, do the specified sex trafficking and forced labor cases exhibit in regards to their relationship with organized crime; and 5) What differences, if any, do the specified international and domestic human trafficking cases exhibit in regards to their relationship with organized crime?
The author's hypothesis is that human trafficking, while occurring in an organized fashion, may be conducted outside of traditionally established organized criminal organizations, and that the links may differ depending on whether humans are…… [Read More]
The Italian mafia as it still works in Italy is extremely powerful (Summerfield,2005). As late as in the 1990's they were very active in the killing of law enforcement officers with terroristic bombing techniques. The Italian mafia is noted to have found its way into the United States in the early 1900's when the banned IOC figures came to the country illegally (Porter & Lyman, 2006). Most of these were members of the Sicilian Mafiosi. It is most of these who in the 1920s aided in the establishment of the La Cosa Nostra (American Mafia). The other organized crime groups that are recognized by the FBI thereafter came into being.
The traditional organized criminal groups in the U.S. preyed on the ignorance as well as vulnerability of the people in the U.S. The immigrants are noted to have been the common victims of these organized criminal organizations. Their vulnerability was…… [Read More]
organized crime scholar Mark C. Gribben, defines organized crime as "an ongoing criminal enterprise consisting of multiple actors working for economic gain who use or will use force to promote and protect their enterprises." y this definition a number of groups might fit into the definition of organized crime. Street gangs, hate groups, drug cartels, and the Mafia are merely the tip of the iceberg when it comes to organized crime in the United States.
The preceding graphic demonstrates the scope of organized crime in America. It is important to understand that the crimes within the largest circle are those which are generally considered organized in nature. Those outside the circle, such as the solo murder or the one-time bank robbery are not considered to be organized. They key elements of organized crime must include "ongoing criminal activity with multiple actors."
The following pages will explore organized crime in America.…… [Read More]
The Asian gangs are becoming dominant in many areas of illegal activities, including drug and human trafficking.
The Big Circle Gang
The Big Circle Gang has rapidly become one of the most notorious and successful Chinese gangs in the world. The origins of the group go back to China's ed Guard, and the group has units-based throughout the world, including the U.S. And Canada. The ed Guards carried out Mao Zedong's harassment of China's middle class during his rule in China. After his death in 1976, the ed Guard was dissolved, "many ed Guards were sent to re-education prison camps around the city of Canton -- represented on maps by a big circle, hence the name -- where they were tortured and starved. Having been through this degradation and having military training, they have a fearsome reputation" (Hall, 2005). Many escaped China and relocated to Hong Kong, and then immigrated…… [Read More]
Social Institution and Organized Crime
Viewing organized crime as a social institution can enable law enforcement agencies to better understand how organized crime operates and maintains its structure and standing in society. A social institution is simply a system in which behaviors and relationships governed by the mechanisms of the system's structure; it consists of a group of social positions, relationships and social roles, all of which combine to give the institution its character. While organized crime may seem like a group that operates below the surface of society or in the underground, the fact of the matter is that organized crime is very much a social institution, in which relationships are fostered, hierarchies are evident, behavioral norms are expected, and goals are projected. This paper will discuss organized crime as a social institution using empirical and speculative theories to better understand how the term social institution applies to organized…… [Read More]
Complicating efforts to fight the drug problem are prisons that are bursting at the seams that are already full of nonviolent offenders charged with drug-related crimes (Knowles, 2008).
Given the potential threat to national security, something must be done today to eliminate the staggering financial incentives that are involved in illegal drug trafficking, and one such alternative would be the same solution that ended Prohibition and the organized crime that went hand in hand with that law. Legalizing drugs represents the only truly effective approach to eliminating the criminal element that is naturally attracted to the product because of their high demand and potential profits. While marijuana legalization efforts continue across the country, it is reasonable to conclude that ultimately the decision will be made that all of the expense and casualties that have been invested in the war on drugs are not worth it, given the poor return…… [Read More]
Organized crime presents certain unique challenges for law enforcement in the 21st century. As noted by Bjelopera & Finklea (2012) in their report to Congress on the history of organized criminal activity in the United States, modern organized criminal networks tend to be more fluid and less hierarchical than organized associations of the past. Organized crime networks are also more apt to outsource critical aspects of their operations, which can make building a unified case a challenge for law enforcement agencies (Bjelopera & Finklea, 2012, p.1). Diverting resources to combat terrorism have also left law enforcement agencies in the United States with fewer financial resources to combat other forms of organized crime, although some of the methods to trace both types of organizations, such as patterns of money laundering, are similar between both of these types of illicit associations.
Organized crime is defined as "criminal activity that, through violence or…… [Read More]
Organized Crime Control
Controlling Organized Crime
The purpose of this paper is to research "Organized Crime" historically and what effects it has on society in the present time as well as implications for the future and then to examine what suggestions have been offered for asserting effective control over that which is termed "organized crime."
Organized crime can be defined as structured business framework that with no regard to moral, ethic or societal concerns or standards prospers from that which promises to prosper the individual and group within that network the most. Some examples of organized crime are the drug trafficking trade, illegal weapons and nuclear arms trade, slave trade, gambling rings, pornography rings among many other variations of the major crime categories.
Many of the Organized Crime networks are based on familial relations although there are networks defined by religion, government, country, political persuasion among other groups which characteristic…… [Read More]
Organized Crime and Its Impact
What are some of the ways that organized crime impacts you and a community or city (of your choice) directly?
Organized crime details a conspiracy among criminal elements who wish to enter into an enterprise engaged in illegal activities as a way of generating dirty money (Dirks & Snyman, 2010). An organized crime is organized as a group with a structure that is similar to some pyramid hierarchy. The groups employ bribery and violence to ensure their operations continue. They also use retribution threats to ensure they maintain external and internal control in the community, and mobilization and thievery to acquire political power during campaigns in order to get immunity from prosecution and exposure (Dirks & Snyman, 2010). The activities of organized crime groups include gun running, kidnapping to get ransom, vehicle theft, smuggling, racketeering, prostitution, pornography, fraud related to credit cards, illegal gambling, narcotics…… [Read More]
As an alternative, on the foundation of information obtained from confidential informants, the government petitioned the district court to give permission for the placement of an electronic surveillance wire tap on Jesus Zambrana's private telephone. Information obtained over this wire tap led law enforcement officers to think that Ernest Lonzo and another unidentified person were carrying narcotics from Miami, Florida, to Jesus Zambrana's house in Gary, Indiana.
On the foundation of this wire tap information, DEA agents, with the help of police officers from Lake County, Indiana, and East Chicago, Indiana, began the surveillance of Interstate Highway I-65 in the area of Crown Point, Indian. Prior to starting the surveillance, a DEA agent met with Lake County, Indiana, police officers and gave them a list of five people suspected as being involved in the carrying of narcotics between Florida and Indiana, as well as a list of four vehicles thought…… [Read More]
Ashley, Assistant Director, Criminal Investigative Division of the FI relates that in 1991: "...the U.S. Attorney's office in Los Angeles charged 13 defendants in a $1 billion false medical billing scheme that was headed by two Russian emigre brothers. On September 20, 1994, the alleged ringleader was sentenced to 21 years in prison for fraud, conspiracy, racketeering, and money laundering. He was also ordered to forfeit $50 million in assets, pay more than $41 million in restitution to government agencies and insurance companies victimized by the scheme." (2003) Ashley relates that the first Eurasian organized crime investigation of a significant nature involved a major underworld figure in the United States and specifically, Vyacheslav Ivankov who is a powerful Eurasian organized crime boss. Ashley states that Ivankov "...led an international criminal organization that operated in numerous cities in Europe, Canada, and the United States, chiefly New York, London, Toronto, Vienna, udapest,…… [Read More]
Organized crime underwrites the bulk of political, social, and economic history in America. What has often been mentioned in passing as legitimate business activities can and often should be reframed as organized crime, such as the trans-Atlantic slave trade and the colonial mercantilism that it supported (Woodiwiss, 2003). When organized crime is taken out of its Hollywood context, which portrays organized crime as an immigrant problem, some patterns emerge that clarify the function and structure of organized crime in America. Organized crime tends to flourish in "societies that experience rapid and intense social change," (Albini et al. 1995, p. 213). This is why the United States has been a hot spring of organized crime in various manifestations throughout the nation's history. In only a few hundred years, the United States has gone from colonial outpost to global superpower. apid change and cultural transformation foment organized crime, as do…… [Read More]
Thus, many shipments go to another destination before the United States or Europe in order to throw law enforcement off of the trail. For cocaine coming out of Colombia, West Africa and Venezuela, home to rogue states and dictatorships, have become popular transit hubs.
The increased transportation of goods accompanying globalization has increased opportunities for maritime piracy. Organized crime is exploiting the increasingly dense international flow of commercial vessels. Maritime piracy consists not only of hijacking of goods, but also kidnapping of passengers for ransom. (UNODC, 2010, p. 11)
OC groups engaged in pirating do not often begin as OC groups. Pirates off the cost of Somalia started as local Somali fishermen who formed vigilante groups to protect their territorial waters. These armed ships eventually exceeded their mandate of mere protection and began to hijack commercial ships for goods. These activities have proved so profitable that these groups are now…… [Read More]
dismantling organized crime in New York. More specifically, the article concerns itself with the efforts made by a team of FBI agents to effectively bring to an end the illegal operations of two of New York's most prominent organized-crime families. Authored by the Partnership for Public Service in conjunction with the Washington Post, the article appeared on the November 12th 2013 online version of the Washington Post. The article in question is titled; Striking a Major Blow Against two New York Organized Crime Families. The link to the article has been given in the references section of this text.
According to the FBI (2013), "in the recent years, the face of organized crime has changed, and the threat is broader and more complex than ever." As the FBI further points out, organized crime in the U.S. can be split into four key groupings. This includes; groups of mobsters that came…… [Read More]
Though another consideration of bribing, this is moreover a method of control within the law and the government.
Many organized crime groups are comprised of emigrants who have contacts in their country of origin whom are also part of organized crime groups abroad. These contacts open windows of opportunity for drug-trafficking. With immunity to police action and legal repercussions, these groups are able to thrive on drug selling income and monopolizing (Marat, 2006).
Organized crime groups are also able to monopolize the entire districts in which they operate. Running major drug operations, the sale of illegal firearms and other products, these groups flourish on unverifiable and untaxed income.
These operations are devastating to the areas that they control - allowing and enabling the drug abuse statistics, increasing poverty rates, and further oppressing the individual businesses and residents. usinesses that operate within the territory of powerful organized crime groups are often…… [Read More]
But as obvious as their presence might have been, Jewish crime remained a hushed subject in the history of Jews in the U.S. This oversight was intentional and by no means an evidence of lack of criminal activities in Jewish circles. In fact it was the nefarious activities of Jewish entrepreneur Joseph Seligman that led to the stock market crash in late 1800s as Ginsberg notes:
"[the crash] ruined thousands of investors, implicated President Grant, and led to a Congressional investigation of [Jay] Gould and Seligman ... Similarly, in the early 1890s, Jacob Schiff collaborated with E.H. Harriman in the latter's attempts to wrest control of the Northern Pacific ailroad from J.P. Morgan and James Hill ... When the price of the Northern Pacific Stock collapsed, the entire market crashed in the notorious 'Black Thursday' panic that led to a nationwide economic depression." [Ginsberg., p. 73]
Thus Jewish organized crime…… [Read More]
Traditional Organized Crime Groups
The task at hand is to report upon the organized criminal activities of the Italian mafia that is partially transplanted from Italy and its islands, as well as the mafia culture that is indigenous to the United States. The mafia is somewhat of an open secret. People know and believe that it exists, yet it is not a topic that people often discuss publically, and for good reason. Secrecy and discretion is key to the existence of the traditional organized crime group of the Italian O.C., also known as La Costra Nostra. The mafia, like the media, the government, the prison system, and education, is an industry. As the world changes, the mafia diversifies its activities to keep up with the times, creating as many streams of revenue from as many directions as possible. The Italian mafia has long since been a group that…… [Read More]
International Crime, Terrorism, And Organized Crime Trends
Comparing contrasting topics international crime, terrorism, organized crime trends
This research has confirmed the possibility of close correlation between money laundering activities, Islamic terrorist fundraising, organized crime, and corruption of public officials throughout Brazilian Hizballah region. The organized crime networks and the Islamic extremists of Brazil must be examined in collaboration because they are connected to wider networks in Latin America zone and across the world. All the organized activities and terrorists in Brazilian Hizballah were facilitated by corrupt officials, which were driven by the benefits of lucrative criminal activities conducted such as business ventures by terrorists and organized crime groups. Consequently, there was a mutually beneficial association among the three sectors. In this study, Brazilian Hizballah will serve as a microcosm.
A number of free-Trade American regions with massive Middle Eastern populations permit organized crime mafias, Islamic terrorist groups, and corrupt…… [Read More]
growth of organized crime is best understood when situated within a broader societal context. Illustrate why this is so, giving specific examples from the lectures / required readings. Why is this understanding important for controlling organized crime?
It is prudent to consider organized crime within the broader societal context because research evidence and criminology theory has shown that such crime does not occur in isolation; rather, it is driven by a set of societal factors ranging from cultural values to corruption, political failures, and economic issues. Society, therefore, does have a hand in the emergence and continued development of organized crime; as a matter of fact, organized crime is integrated into society, and unless we can effectively conceptualize and understand society's role in fueling the same, we may not be able to devise a sustainable solution to the issue of organized crime.
Criminology theory and models give credence to the…… [Read More]
Jamaican Posse Violence / Organized Crime
Jamaican Posse Violence
Violent Jamaican posses are not new. They have been around since shortly after Hurricane Charlie struck Jamaica, back in 1951 (Gunst, 1996). Jamaicans with gang violence in mind came to the United States in 1971, and began their activities in that country as early as 1976 (Gunst, 1996). Gun battles with police and drive-by shootings with rival gangs were common, generally based on arguments over drugs and territory. In 1984, the posses started to attract the attention of law enforcement. Southern Florida was one of the most common places to find them, with the Shower Posse and the Spangler Posse being the most notable of the gangs at that time (Gunst, 1996). Those two gangs are still the most prominent today, and they have a bitter rivalry with one another. Anyone who happens to get caught up in their violence, even…… [Read More]
History Of Organized Crime
More than a century of motion pictures and more than a half-century of television productions have created a somewhat romanticized version of organized crime as typified in "The Godfather" series. Indeed, there is even a National Museum of Organized Crime and Law Enforcement, commonly known as "The Mob Museum" in Las Vegas which is a popular tourist destination (Green, 2013). The reality of organized crime, however, contrasts sharply with any romanticized depiction and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) emphasizes that organized crime is not only prevalent in the United States, it has become far more complex and broader in scope compared to the past. To determine the facts about the history of organized crime, this paper provides a background and overview followed by an analysis of some of the main sources of revenues for these criminal organizations. Finally, the paper concludes with an analysis of…… [Read More]
Open Source Intelligence and Organized Crime
In the words of Bell and Congram (2014), TOC-Transnational Organized Crime can be defined as a crime carried out by an enduring organization or structure created and primarily involved in pursuing profits through several illegal businesses. It shares certain traits with formal organizations: using rules and codes to coordinate activities, division of labour, and allocating tasks with the aim of actualizing some given goals. While it is appropriate to see TOC as being composed of several activities, it can be seen that some specified organized criminal activities fall into the same category. They include activities such as drug trafficking, money laundering, people smuggling, human/sex trafficking, endangered species trafficking, arms trafficking, and most significantly since the last decade, terrorism.
Structure of TOC Groups
According to Bell and Congram (2014), the domestic and transnational groups that perpetrate crimes have succeeded in modifying their structures into flexible,…… [Read More]
Terrorism: Convergence Between Terrorism Organized Crimes in Mexico
Assessment eport for Marceline
123 Crawford Lane
Phone: +54-675 5545
Presenting Problem or eason for eferral
Marceline is a 19yr old that is self-referred, with a 26-month-old male child. Marceline is very frustrated with her child and her boyfriend, Leon, for whom she is seeking counseling. Marceline's frustration with her child is making her think of giving him off to her mother-in-law. M reports feeling frustrated, uses alcohol and other substances to calm her nerves, is miserable from her job loss four months ago, and mounting bills. M also indicates to be confused on to stay with Leone her current live in boyfriend or gets back to her husband Michael the father to Michael Junior. She also indicates to be depressed with suicidal thoughts, which she overcomes with alcohol and substance abuse.…… [Read More]
As Schmalleger explains, the American juvenile-justice system was designed a century ago to reform kids found guilty of minor crimes, but more and more, the system has to cope with more violent crimes committed by younger people. The response on the part of lawmakers has been largely to siphon the worst of these young people out of the juvenile system by lowering the age at which juveniles charged with serious crimes can be tried in adult courts, a trend that seems to increase around election time. The underlying philosophy of early juvenile courts was parens patriae, which means that the courts took the role of parent and protected the rights of the child. Shifting the child to adult court reduces his or her rights rather than increasing them and also bring son harsher punishments. As Daniel P. Mears notes, the creators of the juvenile court system thought it would…… [Read More]
Crime and Violence: Cultural eliefs and iases
Religion and Stereotyping
Diverse sociocultural customs promote diverse forms of aggression; e.g., the conventional idea that males are authorized, by nature, to discipline or control females renders the latter susceptible to sexual abuse and spousal violence. Societal tolerance towards such hampers external intervention, preventing victims from protesting and seeking support. Sexual abuse reporting is also hampered by the stigma certain cultures attach to victims. Further, the powerful link between violence and drunkenness implies societies' and cultures' alcohol utilization trends and the related impacts also promote and warrant violence. Several nations report alcoholism accounting for sixteen percent of female and twenty-six percent of male DALYs (disability-adjusted life-years) loss due to murders. Initiatives challenging socio-cultural customs supporting aggression are normally combined with other strategies (WHO, 2009).
Prior studies have revealed a consistent association between religious participation and positive conduct in society among youngsters. Religious organizations…… [Read More]
Crime Delinquency Teenagers
Virtually no one can deny that there is a definite, tangible link between adolescence and crime. Anyone not familiar with this subject would be hard pressed to dispute the eminent statistical data that alludes to that dangerous link. In 1990, teenagers were more than 3.5 times likely to commit an indexed crime than were adults in the United States. Index crimes are both violent criminal activity such as "murder & non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault" as well as serious property crime such as "burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson" (No author 1990). This point is underscored by the fact that in 2005, approximately 10,000 prisoners in the United States were serving life sentences for actions that were committed before they turned 18 (Liptak 2005). This proclivity of teenage criminal offenders is evinced overseas in other countries as well, such as in…… [Read More]
On March 9th, 2013, two New York City police officers shot and killed a sixteen-year-old Kimani Gray, and claimed afterward that he had brandished a handgun at them after being told to show his hands (Goodman, 2013). More remarkable than the New York Police Department's killing of a young black male, however, was the outpouring of community grief and anger that followed the shooting. The following Monday, March 11th, saw what started as a nighttime vigil turn into a mob, parts of which ended up looting a ite Aid chain store and a local bodega, and by Wednesday night of that week, forty-six people had been arrested, a bricks had been thrown at both a police officer and a police van (Goodman, 2013). The explosion of disorder and discontentment took some in the media and policing community by surprise, but these evens could only be surprising to someone lacking…… [Read More]
In the world of criminology, several theories have been constructed to help legal professionals understand the nature of and motive behind criminal activity. Studying these more closely can help with the rehabilitation of criminals and curb criminal activity. Criminal theory, therefore, is constructed to determine ways in which to prevent crime and mitigate the crime being committed. Theories such as the social control theory, strain theory, differential association theory, and neutralization theory can therefore be used for the purposes mentioned above. Each theory has its strenghts and weaknesses; to determine the theory to use could be determined on a case by case basis, hence enhancing the strengths and minimizing the weaknesses of the theory in question.
According to Welch (1998), Hirschi wrote his Causes of Delinquency, in which he developed the social control theory, during the 1960s. This was a troubled time in social terms, and American society…… [Read More]
Crime ates and Abandoned Buildings
Is there a relationship between crime rates and abandoned buildings?
A vast portion of research on crime and its relation with location is centered at either validating or refuting 'broken window theory'. The theory states that disorders such as graffiti, litter, and broken windows may encourage or cause increase in other disorders and petty crime. The theory by virtue of its title, research objectives, and conclusions does not merit our research question regarding relationship of abandoned building and crime rate. Most policing and preventive efforts for curtailing crime in the U.S. And elsewhere have also been based on broken window theory. Disorder does not imply that any serious crime will take place at a place and serious crimes are neither taking place at littered or disordered places. Policing activities are focused on securing the abandoned buildings and how far is that helped by…… [Read More]
Crime vs. Sin
A criminal justice agency, specifically the police department relies very heavily on its organization to fulfill its duties to society, which is to protect from crime and to serve justice (Kenney & McNamara, 1999). The justice which is to be served depends on the severity of the offense or crime. Crime is quite a complex subject which can be divided into two different categories: natural crime and legal crime. Only legal crime can be processed/punished by the Criminal Justice System. These are acts which are the direct violation of the law which varies from state to state and country to country (Finnis, 2007). This is known as Mala prohibita, or something which is known as a legal crime which is punishable by the law (Vila & Morris, 1999). Natural crime is something which is not written; it is determined by the society you live in and most…… [Read More]
S. And maintain approximately as many members (both domestically and abroad) as the Hell's Angels. Their criminal activities are more focused on the manufacturing, distribution, and sales of cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamines. The banditos use "puppet" or minor affiliate clubs who are not themselves Banditos but operate with the Banditos' authority and conduct some the parent club's criminal activities on their behalf.
In the modern era, widespread crackdowns and joint operations initiated by state and federal law enforcement authorities and legislative tools such as the federal acketeer Influenced and Corruption Organizations (ICO) Act have greatly reduced the influence of the Italian Mafia/LCN in American society but organized crime still persists, even if on a much smaller scale than half a century ago. However, whereas the power and reach of LCN has been greatly reduced, a significant influx of newer criminal enterprises has filled much of the gap vacated in…… [Read More]
Transnational crime has definitely evolved over the last few generations consistent with the trend of globalization. As information and resources more quickly crosses boarders, so does the potential for criminal acts that also transcend international boundaries. Globalization is a complex phenomenon that is often misunderstood. Part of this trend deals with a movement toward more integrated economic and political systems. Much of the globalization trend has been driven by technological innovations that allow for greater communication, information sharing, travel, which have worked making the Earth a seemingly smaller place in regards to the ability to reach out to other people across the globe. Many argue that consumers around the world benefit from globalization because they gain access to goods that they could not find in their domestically produced markets (Crump, 2006).
However, the trend of globalization has also brought new waves of organized crime that have found new niches for…… [Read More]
Organized Crime: A Contested Concept
The presence of organized crime in modern society is not as a cut and dry concept as most people would intuitively think. Take for example the existence of prostitution in virtually every society that has existed throughout the course of humanity. Although it is clear that this practice falls outside the realm of what is considered to be acceptable by the majority, many of the practitioners of this trade are actually grateful that they have the opportunity, the clients are obviously satisfied or else the demand for such services would not exist in the first place, and there is, in most cases, no one that is actually harmed in the process (at least directly). Therefore, whether organized or not, where does the actual criminality for such practices come into play? Is it because some people and/or groups believe it fall outside their limits of moral…… [Read More]