Orphans Essays (Examples)

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Hang Up Terry Castle Recommends That We

Words: 1301 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18828295

Hang Up," Terry Castle recommends that we need to engage in a kind of "symbolic self-orphaning" in order to live meaningfully today. What does she mean? What kind of goods does she think we get from this figurative self-orphaning? How is her view related to Kant's views about "enlightenment"? Once you have explained Castle's idea about self-orphaning, consider how she might view the dispute between Nicholas Carr in "Is Google Making Us Stupid?" And Jamais Cascio in "Get Smarter." Would she side with one or the other on particular issues? Explain your answer and say something about how you yourself view the dispute between Carr and Cascio.

Castle, Kant, Carr, and Cascio in the context of finding oneself and working from there

Terry Castle's essay is meant to emphasize the fact that people have the tendency to develop a form of attachment to their parents and to important persons in…… [Read More]

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Death as a Theme in

Words: 1379 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9771650

Oliver and the other boys at the workhouse are also very nearly 'worked to death'.

Oliver is (again figuratively) 'scared to death', at that key moment in the novel that that turns out also to define his fate (the extra gruel request scene) when he is selected by the other boys at the workhouse for that most terrifying, unpleasant task. Then, moments after he asks, Oliver becomes equally scared that his still not-quite-to-be-believed question has now caused (so-to-speak) 'all hell to break loose' inside the workhouse, among the comfortably well-off, incredulous, poorhouse administrators. These well-fed individuals in fact cannot fathom, at all, how any boy so "lucky" as to be boarded and fed at their workhouse could possibly be so ungrateful as to request more than his daily starvation-level ration of gruel.

hen one day the boys draw lots to see who among them would be designated to ask for…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dickens, Charles. Oliver Twist. Gutenberg.org [online text]. Retrieved February

7, 2007, from: www.gutenberg.org/etext/730.html

Donovan, Frank. The Children of Charles Dickens. London: Frewin, 1968. 61-

Dunn, Richard J.. Oliver Twist: Whole Heart and Soul. Twayne's Masterwork
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Gay Adoption Is an Important

Words: 10332 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2949799

Of this group. 50% were male, 50% were female, 38% were White, 35% were Black, and 16% were Hispanic. Adoption statistics are difficult to find because reporting is not as complete as it should be. The government spent $2.6 billion dollars to conduct the 1990 Census, but still it under-represented minorities and categorized children as "natural or by adoption" without differentiating, while special laws were implemented to "protect" and separate adoption affected families. In 1995, a "continuous" census (instead of every ten years) was proposed but has not been implemented. Even the government cannot rely on its most often cited broad official "guesstimate" of "5 to 10 million adoptees in the U.S." Private agency or independent adoptions account for more than 80% of adoptions in a state like California, but these are difficult to track, particularly when they cross state and country borders. In addition, no one knows how many…… [Read More]


Altstein, H., M. Coster, L. First-Hartling, C. Ford, B. Glasoe, S. Hairston, J. Kasoff, and a.W. Grier (1994, May-June). Child Welfare League of America, 261-269.

Bachrach, C.A., London, K.A. And Maza, P. (1991). On the path to adoption: adoption seeking in the U.S., 1998. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 53(3), 705-718.

Barth, R. (1994, September 1). "Adoption research: Building blocks for the next decade." Child Welfare.

Belge, K. (2007). Lesbian and gay adoption rights. Lesbian Life. Retrieved September 28, 2007 at  http://lesbianlife.about.com/cs/families/a/adoption_2.htm .
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Motherless Brooklyn

Words: 1124 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86949591

Motherless Brooklyn by Jonathan Lethem. Specifically it will discuss the novel's setting, inhabitants, and neighborhoods, and how they portray a truly "motherless" community. In "Motherless Brooklyn," author Lethem creates an atmosphere that any reader can quickly discover. The flavor and very essence of Brooklyn are captured in a way that makes the reader more sympathetic to the people and places of the community, and how Brooklyn has evolved over the years from neighborhood to one of the most important New York boroughs. Brooklyn will always be different, and no mother will ever claim the community for her own.

Lethem creates a seemingly new world in his novel, especially if the reader is not familiar with Brooklyn. He calls it "motherless" for quite a number of reasons. Some readers may feel that title refers to the four "Minna Men" detectives who are all orphans who grew up in the St. Vincent's…… [Read More]


Lethem, Jonathan. Motherless Brooklyn. New York: Doubleday, 1999.
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American Civil Right Movement Compare and Contrast

Words: 1837 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56064499

American Civil ight Movement

Compare and contrast the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) on the basis of their leadership, philosophy, and tactics.


Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) was a civil rights organization that was initiated by African-Americans in 1957 (Fairclough, 2001). The movement was primarily aimed at ending the segregation and discrimination against the black African population in the U.S. The core philosophy of SCLC revolved around to seek civil rights and economic justice for the people of Southern States having majority of African-Americans.

Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) actually aimed achieving same objectives as those of SCLC but through non-violent sit-in and defiance of segregated dining and lunch services. The core philosophy of SNCC was also eliminating segregation but the mission statement was narrower compared to SCLC.


The most prominent leader of SCLC was Martin Luther King, Jr. Other prominent…… [Read More]


Dyson, M.E. (2009). April 4, 1968: Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Death and how it Changed America. Basic Books.

Fairclough, A. (2001). To Redeem the Soul of America: The Southern Christian Leadership Conference and Martin Luther King, Jr. University of Georgia Press.

Johnson & Johnson (2013). Annual Report & Proxy Statements: J&J. Retrieved from: [http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/JNJ/2770950354x0x644760/85FD0CFF-2305-4A02-8294-2E47D0F31850/JNJ2012annualreport.pdf]

Sundquist, J.L. (1968). Politics and Policy: The Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson Years. Brookings Institution Press.
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Kim Fathering Kim the Concept of a

Words: 1209 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98892827


Fathering Kim

The concept of a "coming of age" novel or a Bildungsroman is fairly well established, typically exploring the loss of innocence and the growing awareness -- both of the self and of the external world -- of the protagonist of the story, typically an adolescent male. There are many variations on this overall idea of a coming of age novel, of course, with characters and plots the cover a wide variety of different backgrounds, settings, and intentions, and with the overall impact and meaning of these novels also highly varied. Great Expectations and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn are two examples of Bildungsroman, in certain ways, yet are very different stories told in very different styles, and with very different commentaries on society. Interestingly, despite the major differences in these tales, both of the protagonists in each of these novels is also without a true father in…… [Read More]

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Non-Governmental Organization Placement

Words: 5902 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51627492

Nigeria Orphanage

Non-Governmental Organization Placement: Examination of the Experience of Students In NGO Placement

The objective of this work is to examine the experience of students on the NGO placement in Nigeria. The NGO at focus is that of St. Joseph Orphanage and Women Development Center. The writer of this work was provided with an excellent opportunity to exam the organization chart and policy of the non-governmental and non-profit organization. In addition, the writer of this work was provided with insight on how the organization raises money to finance and sustain its diverse projects in Nigeria. During the course of job placement of this researcher with this NGO organization, and specifically St. Joseph Women Development and orphanage center it was amazing to realize that Media and Communication organizations play a significant role in the promotion and creation of community awareness and awareness on the national level. Consideration of the barriers…… [Read More]


Anderson, P., Lawton, L., Rexeisen, R., & Hubbard, A. (2006). Short-term study abroad and intercultural sensitivity: A pilot study. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 30, 457-469.

Artz, L. (2001). Critical ethnography for communication studies: Dialogue and social justice. The Southern Communication Journal, 66(3), 239-250.

Astin, A. (1984). Student involvement: A developmental theory of higher education. Journal of College Student Personnel, 25(4), 297-308.

Backhouse, Judy Pamela (2009) Doctoral Education in South Africa: Models, Pedagogies and Stucent Experiences. February 2009.
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Relationship of Food and Ritual in India

Words: 3256 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51321965

Saving the Cows, Starving the Children" by Sonia Faleirojune and the article entitled "Food Price Inflation in India: Causes and Cures" by Pradeep Agrawal and Durairaj Kumaraswamy in the Indian Economic Review available from JSTOR both address food issues in India. These articles appealed to me because I find India to be a fascinating country where there is so much potential for greatness yet so much inherent contradictory actions and agendas that frustrate the country's advances. Faleirojune focuses on the contradiction at the heart of India's policy towards banning beef: cows are literally everywhere in India and could be used to help feed the nation's poor and malnourished, but the government won't allow the sale of beef in many states -- neither will it permit state schools to offer eggs to school children as part of a meal plan. Even though eggs would be a good solution to the problem…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Regulation and Development

Words: 679 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50895380

egulation and Development

In general, should the FDA adopt a liberal (increased risk) or conservative (increased safety) approach to approving medical products and why?

In accordance to Eichler et al. (2013), drugs are sanctioned by supervisory organizations on the basis of their evaluation of whether the accessible evidence designates that the benefits of the drug prevail over its risks. In general, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ought to adopt a liberal or increased risk approach to approving medical products. This is for the reason that in the recent number of years, regulatory agencies have been censured and condemned both for being exceptionally risk-averse, which mirrors the problem in determining a suitable poise between benefit and risk with the restricted data that is usually accessible prior to drug approval (Eichler et al., 2013). The regulation of drugs in the United States in contemporary years has in actual fact…… [Read More]


Eichler, H., Bloechl, B., Brasseur, D., Breckenridge, A., Leufkens, H., Raine, J., Salmonson, T., Schneider, C. K., Rasi, G. (2013). The risks of risk aversion in drug regulation. Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 12, 907-916.

Ernst and Young. (2015). Impact of the Orphan Drug Tax Credit on treatments for rare diseases. Retrieved 10 January 2016 from: https://rarediseases.org/assets/files/white-papers/2015-06-17.nord-bio-ey-odtc

Miller, H. I., Henderson, D. R. (2007). The FDA's Risky Risk-Aversion. Policy Review, October & November 2007.
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Post-Traumatic Stress in Children

Words: 2753 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19041717

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is most commonly associated with war veterans. esearchers have, however, increasingly recognized this condition in women, children, and men from all backgrounds and for a variety of reasons. According to oberts et al. (2011), the condition results from the experience of an event that is traumatic, and that makes the individual feel helpless, horrified, or afraid. A common factor among sufferers of PTSD is persistence. The individual persistently avoids stimuli he or she associates with the event, for example. There is also a tendency to re-experience the event persistently. There are also several health consequences associated with the condition. These include a tendency towards suicide, substance abuse, impaired functioning and general health problems (oberts et al., 2011). When it occurs in children, post-traumatic stress disorder can have significant long-term consequences on their development. Several studies have investigated the demographic nature of…… [Read More]


Berkowitz, S.J., Stover, C.S., and Marans, S.R. (2011, Jun.). The Child and Family Traumatic Stress Intervention: Secondary Prevention for Youth at Risk of Developing PTSD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines. 52(6). Database: NBCI. Retrieved from:  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3096712/ 

Fazel, M., Reed, R.V., Panter-Brick, C., and Stein, A. (2011, Aug. 10). Mental health of displaced and refugee children resettled in high-income countries: risk and protective factors. The Lancet. 379. Retrieved from:

Miller, G.E., Chen, E., and Parker, K.J. (2011, Nov.). Psychological Stress in Childhood and Susceptibility to the Chronic Diseases of Aging: Moving towards a model of behavioral and biological mechanisms. Psychological Bulletin. 137(6). Retrieved from:  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3202072/ 

Odenbach, J., Newton, A., Gokiert, R., Falconer, C., Courchesne, C., Campbell, S., and Curtis, S. (2014). Screening for post-traumatic stress disorder after injury in the pediatric emergency department -- a systematic review protocol. Systematic Reviews. 3(19). Database: BioMed Central. Retrieved from:  http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/2046-4053-3-19.pdf
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Impact of AIDS in South Africa

Words: 3432 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20161294

ADS in South Africa

Those of us living in the United States became used to the face of ADS a generation ago. We learned to recognize the particular gauntness that characterized those who had been struck by it, and who would soon be taken away by it. And then, after years of people dying from this disease, we learned that people who had this terrible disease could be healed; not cured, for they still contained the viruses within their bodies, but they could live lives that were happy and meaningful - and long. The terror of ADS subsided, becoming one of only many of the perils of modern life rather than one of the predominant ones.

But the trajectory of ADS in South Africa (as well as in other parts of the developing world, has been very different. Even in the first years of the disease the manifestations of it…… [Read More]

In already unstable societies, this cocktail of disasters is a sure recipe for more conflict. And conflict, in turn, provides fertile ground for further infections (http://www.nkosi.iafrica.com/aids_sa/).

AIDS is both the enemy in South Africa and a potential aid to other enemies. One of the reasons that AIDS has been successfully fought in the United States and Europe is the wealth of these nations; this has certainly been their primary advantage. But they have also benefited in the fight against AIDS from a high degree of social stability; public health measures can only be effective when used in a stable society.

One of the terrible ironies of AIDS in South Africa is that the nation does not have strong enough social structures to allow (at least so far) for the necessary public health measures to be taken. And as AIDS takes a greater and greater toll, the necessary social structures will only become weaker and weaker.
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Star-Ledger Is a Newspaper Based

Words: 570 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28411457

The most important social policy response to this article is to ensure that the adoptions are carried out with the best interests of the children in mind. In Ethiopia, Guatemala and other places, there has been accusations that adoptive children have been "harvested" from their birth parents, so this must be guaranteed not to have happened. Another important social policy response is to provide resources to white parents with adopted black children so that they can better understand how to help their children deal with the black experience in America. If such adoptions are going to increase, the best way to address the social problems that can arise from white parents being unable to prepare their adopted children for the discrimination they may face is to educate the parents on how to help their children make their way in the world, given that additional complication.

If I was a public…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Peet, J. (2010). More prospective parents are seeking orphans from abroad. The Sunday Star-Ledger. April 4, 2010. In possession of the author.
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Charles Loring Brace Identification of

Words: 776 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94252996

3). Also a shelter was established called the "Newsboys' Lodging House" -- a place where homeless and "vagrant" young boys could have room and board and an education. Brace and colleagues tried to find jobs and homes for children, but O'Connor writes on page 3 that Brace and his fellow advocates "…soon became overwhelmed by the numbers needing placement.

One strategy that Brace set up was to allow citizens who would like to "adopt" children in order to get them out of the city and into the country environment. In fact, according to O'Connor, over a 75-year period 105,000 homeless children were taken on "Orphan Trains" to homes in the rural areas of the country.

The values, beliefs, and methods by Brace are linked to social practices today because it is the moral duty of social workers to prevent abuse to children. City streets are not homes to thousands of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Children's Aid Society. (2006). History / About Our Founder. Retrieved February 20, 2012, from  http://www.childrensaidsociety.org/about/history .

Children's Aid Society. (2006). The Orphan Trains. Retrieved February 20, 2012, from
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How Holocaust Affected Israeli Society and Culture and How Jews Memorialize Remember it Today

Words: 5065 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41050144

Holocaust affected Israeli society and culture and how Jews memorialize/emember it today

There exists no doubt regarding the massacre of the Jews during the phase of World War II and its impact on the lives of the Jewish people and the people who were near and dear to them. A dissention is required against those who assert that the tragedy never occurred, irrespective of whether they hold an opposite perspective to the Holocaust theory or just outright vehemence against Jews. The Holocaust stands for the lowest extreme of Jewish impotence. The affected Jews of the Holocaust were distraught due to it, both by direct means and indirectly, and as a continuance their kith and kin, near and dear ones, were separated by space. The holocaust has been termed rightly as a "Tragic legacy." It has also been looked upon as an unauthentic episode.


Just due to the fact they…… [Read More]


Anderson, Frank. "Holocaust Atrocity and Suffering." Vol.47. Middle East Studies, Vol.30, 1991, 164-177

Ben-Amos, Avner; Bet-El; Ilana. "Holocaust Day and Memorial Day in Israeli Schools: Ceremonies, Education and History" Israel Studies, Vol. 4, 1999, 258-284

Davison, Todd. "The Holocaust experience." International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol, 24, 1994, 153-165

Najarian, James. "Experiences of Holocaust Survivors." Mid East Quarterly, Vol.56, 1993, 114-128
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Relationship With Human Development in

Words: 781 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89193017

..attachment theory....human babies, notoriously helpless creatures that they are, need mother love or something much like it in order to thrive and develop emotionally and cognitively" (27). This statement is applied in the context of Bowlby's thesis that it is the attachment between the child and the caregiver that ultimately determines the level of emotional and cognitive development of the individual. Thus, greater and more positive attachment leads to healthy development among children; the opposite happens when, as in the case of orphaned babies, lack of attachment can lead to an abnormal development of the child, both emotionally and cognitively.

A similar thesis is subsisted to by Mary Ainsworth, whose concepts of secure and insecure attachment demonstrates that the level of security of attachment of the child with his/her caregiver "provides an important foundation for psychological development later in life." She identifies babies as either having a secure or insecure…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Faxed material on attachment.

Talbot, M. (1998). "Attachment Theory: the ultimate experiment." The New York Times Magazine.
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Efficacy of TF CBT with elementary aged children

Words: 3088 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38021854

treatment of any victim of trauma can be circuitous and nebulous at times due to the many factors, implications and issues involved. Even with that being the case, there are ways to do it, with time and directed effort being the key item to focus on. hen it comes to the subject of children, however, a good amount of care, diligence and alternative methods, at least as compared to adults, is necessary to heal and address the aftereffects and results of trauma. hat follows in this document is a summary of fifteen different sources that all focus on cognitive therapy for children after the latter has been exposed and subjected to trauma, whether it be acute or prolonged.

Annotated Bibliography

Chae, Y., Goodman, G. S., Eisen, M. L., & Qin, J. (2011). Event Memory and Suggestibility in Abused and Neglected Children: Trauma-Related Psychopathology and Cognitive

Functioning. Journal Of Experimental Child…… [Read More]

Walker, D. F., Reese, J. B., Hughes, J. P., & Troskie, M. J. (2010). Addressing Religious and Spiritual Issues in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Children and Adolescents. Professional Psychology: Research & Practice, 41(2), 174-180.


• One thing that becomes when working in counseling, psychology and with treatment of children is that adherence to procedure and guidelines is important. Even if there is the need for variation and customization along the way, it is still also important to follow the proper patterns and steps. Indeed, there is a step-by-step guideline for the treatment of children that have faced trauma and this absolutely pertains to cognitive behavioral therapy in particular. There are differing cultural and other cues that can be part of the process and one of those things is religion and spirituality. In some cases, the abuse itself centers on religion for one reason or another, such as when a clergy person is the abuser. Even when that is the case, a focus on and use of the pre-existing religious and/or spiritual facets of the child's psyche can be used to assist in recover and treatment in a cognitive behavioral realm.
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Story of Anyi Wang and Granny

Words: 1849 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76997640

Anyi Wang is a noted author from China. Her stories are clearly influenced by the progression of time and politics in China and beyond. She has been hailed as a hero and a scholar by some but has been vilified by others. Even so, her story is intriguing and so is the material that she has written. Her stories include an eclectic array and they are worth of review in terms of the historical and literary context that exists around them. First, there will be a story told about Anyi Wang and her history and then there will be an extensive review of Granny in particular. The thesis and focus of the bulk of the report will be the manner and method in which people contort themselves so as to get along and fit in while at the same time changing a little too easily with the times and the…… [Read More]

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Widge From the Shakespeare Stealer

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27408219

He feels guilty when he is copying the play and accidentally distracts the attention of the actor who is supposed to fire a cannon, causing the cannon to be misdirected and start a fire (Blackwood 64). idge takes acting seriously -- when he first appears on stage he is terrified of forgetting his lines, and wants to do a credible job. He becomes a valuable apprentice actor and stagehand. For the first time in his life, his verbal talents are appreciated. idge's story illustrates how sometimes the most truthful people are actors, who try to reveal unexplored aspects of the human mind through 'pretending.' Acting also gives idge the ability to find his true, moral identity through 'pretending.'

Despite his intelligence and curiosity, at the beginning of the novel idge is very naive. He understands little of London and acting, as he has grown up for most of his life…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Blackwood, Gary. The Shakespeare Stealer. New York: Puffin, 1998.
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Isaiah the Holy Bible Has

Words: 2717 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79675361

This awakened them to bring sacrifices and offerings, as if they would bribe God to remove the punishment, and give them leave to go on in their sin. Many who will readily part with their sacrifices, will not be persuaded to part with their sins. They relied on the mere form as a service deserving a reward. The most costly devotions of wicked people, without thorough reformation of heart and life, cannot be acceptable to God."

15 When you spread out your hands, I will hide My eyes from you; Even though you make many prayers, I will not hear. Your hands are full of blood. 16 " Wash yourselves, make yourselves clean; Put away the evil of your doings from before My eyes. Cease to do evil, 17 Learn to do good; Seek justice, Rebuke the oppressor; Defend the fatherless, Plead for the widow.

Through Isaiah, God proceeds to…… [Read More]


Bosma, Carl J. The challenges of reading the "gospel" of Isaiah for preaching. Calvin Theological Journal 39 no 1 Ap 2004, p 11-53.

Buksbazen, Victor. The Prophet Isaiah: new translation and commentary. Spearhead Press, 1971

Dumbrell. William J. The Purpose of the Book of Isaiah. Tyndale Bulletin 36 (1985) 111-128.

Gill, John. John Gill's Exposition of the Bible.http: / / www.Biblestudytools .com / commentaries/gills-exposition-of-the-bible/isaiah-1-10.html (Accessed February 22, 2010)
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Child Adoption Is a Process

Words: 4497 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58904188

Gradually, there are lesser desired adoptive kids as society have come to accept single mother who parent their children compared to earlier. The disgrace of giving birth to a child outside marriage has lowered and hence, the bulk of single moms prefer to have their kids with them in place of "relinquishing them" for being adopted. Besides, thanks to advanced technology, "birth control" pills are instantly accessible to the fertile populace, and, as abortion has been legalized, a pregnancy which is unplanned could be stopped. A new dimension to the problem has emerged because of the decrease in the supply of desirable adoptable infants and the rising infertility among Americans. (Infant Adoption is Big Business in America)

It is anticipated that out of every six couples, one couple has problems in conceiving and total infertile couples may number 5.3 million. A lot of adopters who are presently desirous of adoption…… [Read More]


Adoption is big business: Rationalizations for Adoption. http://www.adoption-articles.com/adoption_business.htm

Adoption: The Child Commodities Market is Big Business.  http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/224728/adoption_the_child_commodities_market.html?page=2 

Avery, Rosemary. J. Adoption Policy and Special Needs Children. Auburn. Westport: CT.

Cahn, Naomi R; Hollinger, Joan Heifetz. Families by Law: An Adoption Reader. New York
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Keeping Up With the Kardashians

Words: 4992 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61123867

" In order to see how this influences the show's representation of the interpersonal relationships of the family, one may examine a scene from the first episode, in which the editing choices serve to identify the shop as a particular kind of expressive space.

The special role of the shop as a space of differential relationships and conversations can be seen in the first episode when Kourtney and Khloe are in the shop discussing a dinner Kourtney had with Scott the night before, where Scott acted aloof and generally impolite. The two sisters discuss Scott's astrological sign and the way it relates to Scott's personality, and later, when Scott arrives, the three of them discuss the variability of Kourtney and Scott's relationship in positive terms, highlighting the fact that they can make up so readily. All the while, Kris has been in the store, but she does not speak throughout…… [Read More]


Armenians watch calls for full-scale investigation of armenian deputies and high ranking officials. (1999, Nov 20). Armenian Reporter, pp. 16.

Bruce, L. (2011). One mom, six kids, a reality empire. Hollywood Reporter, 417(00183660), 48-


Der-Sarkissian, J. (2005, Jan 15). Should the armenian community of greater los angeles have an armenian public charter school? Armenian Reporter, pp. 16.
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Hope Leslie Or Early Times in the

Words: 4213 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80155999

Hope Leslie: Or, Early Times in the Massachusetts by Catharine Maria Sedgwick. Specifically, it will contain a critical analysis of the text. "Hope Leslie" is a romantic novel that sheds light on Puritanical views of the time, and involves two young heroines who both love the same man. This novel indicates the differences between Hope, a young New England Puritan, and Magawisca, a young Native American Pequod. They both love Everell Fletcher, and they certainly both are deserving of his love. That Hope ends up with Everell is romantic, but it is also quite representative of the time this novel was written, where there was still a sharp division between the Native Americans (savages) and the New England Puritans. This novel illustrates that division, and a society that was unwilling to accept racial differences in their relationships, and in their lives.

Written in 1827, "Hope Leslie" is the story of…… [Read More]


Bardes, Barbara A. And Suzanne Gossett. "Catharine Maria Sedgwick (1789-1867)." Georgetown University. 2004. 14. Dec. 2004.

<  http://www.georgetown.edu/faculty/bassr/heath/syllabuild/iguide/sedgwick.html 

Barnett, Louise K. The Ignoble Savage: American Literary Racism, 1790-1890. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1975.

Cagidemetrio, Alide. "A Plea for Fictional Histories and Old-Time 'Jewesses'." The Invention of Ethnicity. Ed. Sollors, Werner. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. 14-43.
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Power of One

Words: 972 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92909274

Character does "The One" Refer to?

On the level of pure plot summary, the title of the British film "The Power of One" refers to P.K, the main character of this drama set in 1940's South Africa. The film shows from the beginning how P.K. always felt different from most of his fellow students, felt singled out as 'the one' deserving of torment. He was the only English boy in an Afrikaans school in South Africa, and the other students made him a target of nationalist violence. This shows how even amongst whites, racism was rife in South African society.

also felt singled out by fate, because he was orphaned at a young age. Thus, he is always, from the beginning of the film, 'one.' However, this solitude of 'oneness' changes in the film, when other characters recognize P.K. As a uniquely talented and special person. Over the course of…… [Read More]

Work Cited

"The Power of One." Directed by John G. Avildson. 1992.
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Ada Maria Isasi-Diaz an Analysis

Words: 3845 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2727505


Moreover, Malachi Martin describes the theology as "a freeing from political oppression, economic want, and misery here on earth. More specifically still…a freeing from political domination by the capitalism of the United States."

Furthermore, though it grew out of the unrest in Latin America "with its political domination by strong-arm leaders and monopolistic oligarchies," viewed by members of the Church as a direct result of American capitalism, the events in Latin America were preceded by a much more basic historical development -- the "rights of man" extrapolated from the French Revolution and re-coined as the "rights of the working man."

The spread of Marxist doctrine in the early twentieth century saw its incorporation into Catholic theology by several prominent professors right up to the time of the Second Vatican Council, upon which Ada Maria Isasi-Diaz certainly based her theology, and pursued her concept of "evangelical poverty": union with the…… [Read More]


Barla, J.B. Christian Theological Understanding of Other Religions. Rome: Universita

Gregoriana, 1999.

Fowler, M. Zen Buddhism: Beliefs and Practices. UK: Sussex Academic Press, 2005.

Isasi-Diaz, Ada Maria. La Lucha Continues: Mujerista Theology. NY: Orbis Books,
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Boy it Had Been Eight Months Since

Words: 1370 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65785226


It had been eight months since Fiona finally pulled the trigger. Not literally, of course. It was the pills, but this time she was successful and Marcus found out when he came home from school one day. She had fallen into a habit of staring at the Internet for hours on end, visiting Facebook and Match.com. The crying still hadn't stopped, and Marcus couldn't help but wonder if his mother did the right thing. He never even found the note, which she typed and saved in a .doc file that Marcus would not find until his new girlfriend Emmalie was over when Marcus was packing up his things to leave. Emmalie was fourteen. She had already had sex, and she took a liking to Marcus after meeting him in drama class at school. Ellie tried to kick her ass when she found out that Emmalie kissed Marcus in the…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Hornby, Nick. About a Boy. New York: Riverhead, 1998.
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Women in NY USA With AIDS HIV Disease

Words: 2287 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15040850

Women and AIDS in New York City:

Hidden Cases, Hidden Problems

Ask most people what group of people you think of when you think of AIDS, and most people will name gay men. While it's undeniable that the AIDS epidemic was first noticed among gay men, AIDS has become an equal opportunity illness, and currently women represent the fastest growing sector of people with HIV / AIDS in the United States. This fact is true in New York City as well.

The growth in the rate of HIV / AIDS among women in New York City is a growing concern for a variety of reasons. Worse than the increase in infection among women is the death rate. Although overall, the death rate from AIDS has dropped significantly, the death rate for women with AIDS is significantly higher than that of men.

How widespread is the problem?

A look at recent…… [Read More]


Author not available. Fall, 1998. "The Children Left Behind. Harvard AIDS Institute. Accessed via the Internet 10/13/02.  http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/hai 

Author not available. "It Helps To Know." Brooklyn AIDS Task Force, Inc. Accessed via the Internet 10/13/02.  http://www.batf.net/ .

Cadman, Jill. Spring 1998. "Strategies for Interrupting Mother-to-Child Transmission." CRIA Update: Vol. 7, No. 2. Accessed via the Internet 10/13/02. http://www.criany.org/treatment/treatment_edu_springupdate1998.html

Center for Disease Control. "CDC: National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention." Divisions of HIV / AIDS Prevention." Accessed via the Internet 10/13/02.  http://www.cdcnpin.org/topic/stats.htm .
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How Medical Care Decisions Are Made

Words: 1072 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32642911

medical care sector, the decisions of what services should be produced, how they should be produced, how they should be distributed, and how to allow for growth and innovation must be made.

What combination of non-medical and medical goods and services should be produced in the macro-economy? In terms of guns or butter, the optimal balance of the production of non-medical and medical goods and services in the macro-economy would also include adequate provisions for defense. In sum, to the extent that this combination favored non-medical and medical goods and services in the macro-economy would be the extent to which defense spending would be diminished in the production-possibility frontier (Bandyopadhyay & Sandler, 2014).

What particular medical goods and services should be produced in the health economy? There is a growing recognition that preventive health care services are far more cost effective than reactive approaches that only intervene when people develop…… [Read More]


Bandyopadhyay, S. & Sandler, T. (2014). The effects of terrorism on trade: A factor supply approach. Review - Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, 96(3), 229-233.

Brown, C.E. & Ecoff, L. (2011, Winter). A systematic approach to the inclusion of evidence in healthcare design. Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 4(2), 7-10.

Chronology of events. (2015). National Institutes of Health. Retrieved from http://www.nih. gov/about/almanac/historical/chronology_of_events.htm.

Heller, B.R. & Nichols, M.A. (2001, March/April). Workforce development in nursing: Priming the pipeline. Nursing and Health Care Perspectives, 22(2), 70-73.
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Should Homosexual Partners Adopt Essay

Words: 1103 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Array

Essay Prompt:
Topic: Should homosexual partners adopt?

a. Format of choice (APA/MLA) to include:
Title Page,
Body of Paper,
Conclusion, &
Reference Page
b. Typed, double spaced, 3-5 pages (not counting the title and reference pages), 12 pt font
c. Correct spelling, grammar and references
Why Gay and Lesbian Couples Should Adopt
The most recent United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF) data reveals a total of 132 million orphans worldwide, 13 million of which have lost both parents. Many more children live in poverty abject enough to spawn child labor systems, with 168 million children worldwidealmost 11 percent of all children around the worldas child laborers (Worldwide Childrens Statistics, 2016). Given these alarming statistics, adoption should widely be promoted as an alternative to surrogacy, artificial insemination, fertility drugs, or even natural childbirth. Homosexual couples, both gays and lesbians, who want to start families need to look more closely at their…… [Read More]

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Returning American Born Children to

Words: 971 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55212961

The plight of American born children forced to reside outside of the United States because of their dependent and minority age statuses, begs the question of whether or not these children, if raised in third world countries like Mexico, Nicaragua, or Columbia, can ever achieve the promise of the American dream upon return to the United States, which has, in their absence, become foreign to them, and they foreign amongst their peer group?

The subject of immigration, especially that which moves daily across the Mexican-American border, is an emotional and tense issue, and one into which a new breath of life is breathed during every presidential election. There is no denying the economic impact of illegal immigration on the United States; it is a serious problem. This, however, does not make it acceptable to wreak potential economic havoc on a U.S. born citizen that is, on an individual level, just…… [Read More]

Reference List

Rodriguez, Gregory (2008). Mongrels, Bastards, Orphans and Vagabonds: Mexican

Immigration and the . Random House Publishing, New York, NY. Book.

Simon, Julian Lincoln (1999). The Economic Consequences of Immigration, University

of Michigan. Book.
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Spanish Conquest of Mexico --

Words: 724 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92978907

60). Why did the Spaniards bring so many slaves into Mexico? Because many of the native Indians had suffered and died from many diseases brought over by the Spaniards (the Indians did not have resistance to those new diseases), there was a need for cheap labor, and the Black slaves served that purpose.

The slaves were sold in many areas of Mexico, but the author explains that the four main areas where slaves were shipped included: Mexico City (more than half of the slaves that arrived in Mexico were brought to Mexico City); Tlaxcala-Puebla; Michoacan; and Zacatecas (p. 60). The Spanish Crown realized that the Catholic Church's missionaries found slavery to be repugnant, and so the Crown seemed to go along with the Church. However, in what could only be termed deception and skullduggery, the Crown needed the money that slavery brought to the royal family, so the Crown subcontracted…… [Read More]

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Dulce Siempre Sweetness Always Pablo

Words: 1197 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2133190

Sweetness refers to the universal and direct flavor of a poem, not to a mandatory tone. The narrator reminds the reader that verses should speak both "the bites and kisses of love," (line 15). The extended metaphor of sweetness also symbolizes the nourishing aspect of poetry, as the narrator longs for "eatable sonnets," (line 16).

In the fourth stanza, the narrator reminds the reader of the corruption of poetry. The fourth stanza therefore alludes to the first. "Vanity," notes the narrator, leads to "deep and useless" endeavors (lines 18; 20). In attempting vainglorious works of art, a poet forgets "the joyous / love-needs of our bodies," (lines 22, 23). The body's love-needs refers to all the visceral desires felt by the everyday person. Furthermore, the poet who relies on the "harsh machinery" mentioned in the first stanza is also "not feeding the world," (line 25). Here, the narrator reiterates the…… [Read More]

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Psychology-Gender a Whole Array of

Words: 1785 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23041525

I was stricken at the site of gender representation at the management level in this country, for example.

Jane Eyre and characters like her made me develop a sense of reality when it came to gender roles that was partly distorted. I was of course inclined to think that I had every right to get the same opportunities as my male counterparts and generally I did in my country. but, the trust I had developed in my male coworkers and those I came in contact with was a little far stretched because of characters like Jane. The physical part of a relationship between a man and a woman was not treated in detail because the era did not allow such extravagancy, but the sexual aspects that were left unsaid or that were just alluded to were impossible to understand for a child and hard to explain later for a young…… [Read More]

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Psalm 94 A Message of

Words: 3598 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7217941

This meaning would fit more with the call for vengeance in the first section of the Psalm.

Verse 11 concludes this section addressing the evildoers. Like the previous section, it summarizes the passage with a declaration of the power of God and the weakness of man. At the end of the last verse, we learned that God is the source of knowledge for man. At the end of this verse, we learn that the thoughts of man are vain, futile, or worthless, depending on the version that one chooses. egardless, all of these translations imply that the thoughts of man are nothing compared to the thoughts of God. The Psalmist is attempting to make the evildoers recognize a power greater than themselves.

Verses 12-15: The Psalmist addresses the righteous about God.

In verse 12, the audience switches to the righteous, the group to which the speaker belongs. A comparison of…… [Read More]


Blue Letter Bible. "Psalm 94." Blue Letter Bible. 1996-2008. available at  http://www.blueletterbible.org/cgi-bin/versions.pl?book=Psa&chapter=94&verse=2&version=KJV#2  accessed 16 October 2008.

Brown, Driver, Briggs and Gesenius. "Hebrew Lexicon entry for Ca'ad." "The KJV Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon." available at  http://www.biblestudytools.net/Lexicons/Hebrew/heb.cgi?number=5582&version=kjv accessed" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
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Fourteen Forces of Magnetism and

Words: 2138 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75534689

Force 12: Image of Nursing. The VA recognizes the importance of individual care to the perception of quality healthcare in its facilities. Even if the entire organization operates in an effective and compassionate manner, if the nurse that cares for a patient fails to deliver on this level of care, the individual perception of nursing care will be diminished. To this end, the organization's nursing fact sheet proclaims, "VA Nursing Service is dedicated to promoting optimal health, patient safety, quality health care, and the highest professional standards, in order to ensure that our veterans receive the best possible care and that our staff work in the best possible health care system" (VA Nursing Service, 2005).

Force 13: Interdisciplinary elationships. The VA's Web page, "VA & Experienced Professionals" (2008) states, "Our doctors, physician assistants, nurses, therapists, pharmacists, and other professionals work together in an interdisciplinary care team structure" (p. 3).

Force…… [Read More]


About Office of Nursing Services. (2008). Department of Veterans Affairs. [Online]. Available: http://www1.va.gov/nursing/page.cfm?pg=111.

About VA. (2008). Department of Veterans Affairs. [Online]. Available:  http://www.va.gov/about_va/ .

Bliss-Holtz, J., Winter, N., Scherer, Elaine M. (2004, September). An invitation to magnet accreditation. Nursing Management, 35(9), 36-42.

Facts about the Department of Veterans Affairs. (2008). Department of Veterans Affairs. [Online]. Available: http://www1.va.gov/opa/fact/vafacts.asp.
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Pessimism in Poetry Pessimism in

Words: 16260 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96505250

" The point made by the poet is similar to the poem above. The reference to John,

The Father of our souls, shall be,

John tells us, doth not yet appear;

is a reference to the Book of Revelations, at the end of the Bible.

That despite the promises of an Eternal life for those who eschew sin, we are still frail and have the faults of people. We are still besought by sin and temptations and there's really no escape. People are people. No matter what we say or do, we find that life is not so simple. Consider this reference, which really refers to a person's frame of reference or "way of seeing."

Wise men are bad -- and good are fools,

This is a paradoxical statement: there is large gap between spirituality and reality. Those we consider wise or bad, might make decisions that are globally profound,…… [Read More]

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Islam Gender and Family Within

Words: 2235 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82232230

adud 10)

Female Circumcision:

Female circumcision, has been a point of contention for many years with regard to Islam, as Islam or more specifically the Quran and "secret" texts of it have often been used as the sited foundation of the practice. hat is abundantly clear is that this practice in its mildest to most extreme forms predates the Quran and the Prophet Mohamed. Once again this may be an example of a situation where Mohamed observed something that he believed was hurting women and he attempted to control the practice. Though there is also evidence that this is not something Mohamed would ever have observed, as it was a secluded practice, performed by women on women and that it was not prolific within the region, where he lived and traveled.

Gollaher 44)

Leonard 168) the Quranic evidence associated with circumcision is limited to two passages. One Hadeeth discusses circumcision…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Abu-Hamdiyyah, Mohammad. The Qur'an: An Introduction. London: Routledge, 2000.

Badawi, Jamal. "Gender Equity in Islam" webpage at  http://www.soundvision.com/info/gender/femalecircumcision.asp,2007 .

Cook, Michael a. The Koran: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Cragg, Kenneth. The Mind of the Quran: Chapters in Reflection. London: Allen & Unwin, 1973.
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Child Sponsorship Is an Effective

Words: 3010 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7163791

Of course, besides child sponsorship programs, many other programs must be developed in a poor region, programs that address more fundamental issues of poverty. Child sponsorship only does its part in supporting the development of a region, country, and of the international community. It is not the most fundamental form of aid for development, but it does its part, which can be quite significant at the level of a community. Through this method, more and more communities can benefit from the child sponsorship program, in the same time participating in other international aid programs. "Sponsorship is not the only way to help poor people, but it is one important way" (Endersby, 2006).

What made child sponsorship very debated in the past decades is the involvement of specific religious organizations into such programs. This can put some pressure on the child in a specific religious or lifestyle sense, but such practices…… [Read More]


Brehm, Vicky, and Gale, Julie, NGO funding and policy bulletin, Bulletin no.3, November 2000, available at  http://danny.oz.au/politics/poverty/child-sponsorship.html ;

Child Sponsorship, Frequently Asked Questions, available at http://www.dontbuyicecream.com/9425.html;

Endersby, Alastair, Sponsoring a child, January 19, 2006, available at http://www.idebate.org/debatabase/topic_details.php?topicID=472;

Preslar, Andy, a Child-Centered Approach to Child Sponsorship, June 2003, available at  http://www.ministrywatch.org/mw2.1/F_FullRpt.asp?EIN=362423707 ;
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Moll Flanders the Eighteenth Century Is Often

Words: 3113 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47252681

Moll Flanders

The eighteenth century is often thought of a time of pure reason; after all, the eighteenth century saw the Enlightenment, a time when people believed fervently in rationality, objectivity and progress. However, Moll Flanders by Daniel Defoe also shows an era of chaos, depicted by a sort of wildness inside of people. Moll Flanders, the protagonist of Defoe's story, has been an orphan, a wife, mother, prostitute and a thief. Paula Backscheider (65) urges that Moll Flanders symbolizes the vicissitudes that were frequently experienced by many people in what was supposed to be an enlightened age. This is an obvious juxtaposition in Defoe's work. Defoe depicts a world that is not very compassionate, despite it being the Enlightenment period. Moll should have been better taken care of as an orphan, but she wasn't and this shows a complete lack of social responsibility on the government's side. There seems…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Backscheider, Paula R. Moll Flanders: The Making of a Criminal Mind. (Twayne's

Masterwork Studies). Twayne Publishers, 1990.

Defoe, Daniel. The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders. Oxford University Press, 2009.

Dupre, Louis K. The Enlightenment and the Intellectual of Modern Culture. Yale University Press, 2005.
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Economic Crash Can Be Viewed From a

Words: 1487 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62861911

Economic crash can be viewed from a number of perspectives ranging from causes and effects to the 2008 Crash's resemblance to the Crash of 1929, which began the Great Depression. This paper will consider the 2008 recession from the standpoint of the financial banking industry, which, according to economic journalists like Matt Taibbi (2010), played a major and significant role in the crumbling of the nation's economy -- just like it did in the Lawless Decade also known as the oaring Twenties.

Big Banking Meets Big Government

What has now become known as the Era of De-egulation actually had its beginnings in the 80s decade known just as much for its rampant excess as the early 20s were known for their unbridled lawlessness. Yet, while the latter enjoyed the snubs-to-the-law bootlegging speakeasies, the former enjoyed the merging of the financial sector with the political -- which began during eagan's tenure…… [Read More]

Reference List

AP/HuffPost. (2011). Charles Ferguson's Oscar Speech Rips Wall Street: 'Inside Job'

Director Levels Criticism During Acceptance. HuffPost Business. Retrieved from  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/02/28/charles-ferguson-oscar-speech-inside-job_n_828963.html 

Sann, P. (n.d.). The Lawless Decade: A Pictorial History of the Roaring Twenties.

Retrieved from  http://lawlessdecade.net/
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Music Since 1900 a Survey of Three

Words: 1625 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99515421

Music Since 1900

A Survey of hree Works by Ives, Schoenberg, and Barber

In the film Legend of 1900, im Roth plays an orphan who grows up aboard the SS Virginian, where he becomes a virtuoso piano player, whose styling rivals the greatest Jazz pianists of the early twentieth century. he Italian film is supposed to represent the impermanence of art and the cheapness of capturing a live performance on a record. However, what cannot be achieved in the film is actually achieved by the film, as the New Orleans jazz artist is surpassed by the glorious skills of an orphan who has spent his entire life aboard a steam liner. What it says is that music may be recorded, but what is even greater than the recording is the music itself and the story that inspired it. his paper will compare and contrast three different works of musical art…… [Read More]

Tornatore G. 1999 The Legend of 1900 Fine Line Features Los Angeles

White DA. 2000 Lecture on Music Theory St. [sound recording] Thomas Aquinas

Seminary Winona
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Horatio Alger Gender and Success

Words: 1025 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14903268

hen Alger's Ragged Dick put himself forward for hire as a guide for a rich boy who is visiting the city, the boy's businessman uncle hesitated to entrust his nephew to him. But after reflection the older man decided that although Dick "isn't exactly the sort of guide I would have picked out...he looks honest. He has an open face, and I think he can be depended upon "(55). Thus, although Alger believed that private generosity and charity alone were necessary to remedy the evils of capitalism, he knew no one could truly succeed alone. Dick's contact with the rich boy Frank because of Dick's shining honesty resulted in his becoming a young gentleman, not just because Dick was a hard worker. And, in the story of Tom, the street tomboy, rather than rise to prosperity through her labor, Tom became the genteel 'Jane Lindsay' at the end of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Horatio Alger: Gender and Success in the Gilded Age. Edited by Charles Orson Cook. Houston: Brandywine Press. 2001
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Gothic Feminism in Wollstoncraft and

Words: 5296 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87576013

The lack of rights within marriage that makes women basically "property" to the man is obviously central to this story, as indicated by the way in which Maria is imprisoned. There are a variety of ways in which this most disturbing of issues is addressed in the book. Women who are married loose control over their own bodies, and are required to submit to caresses to which their soul does not consent. One woman in the madhouse is, in fact, there specifically because she could not tolerate her husband's caresses. "she had been married, against her inclination, to a rich old man,... In consequence of his treatment... she had... lost her senses." (1.39) Not only is a woman prone to institutionalized rape, but she also has no right to require the man to remain as he was before they wed. Maria declaims bitterly of how her husband deteriorates into a…… [Read More]

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Mozambique Faces the Significant Problem

Words: 2571 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86844001

(SA AIDS Drugs Company Set for Africa Sales)

The immense market potential for anti-retrovirals will signify a huge bonus for the company and also its shareholders. 8% of the roughly 4 million people in Mozambique are in need of the treatment for HIV / AIDS and were getting it. The fact of the matter is that HIV / AIDS has long been noted for it potential capability for raking in more money and the SA Cabinet some years ago had already stated its strong interest in the lucrative local development of AIDS drugs in the abortive Virodene experiment. The company obtained sanction from the U.S. Federal Drug Administration for certain of its anti-AIDS medicines as was of late given the award for the biggest share of the South African government anti-retroviral drug tenders. This is in greater measure part because it possesses a good BEE profile, assuring the support of…… [Read More]


Drug deals: Medicines, Development and HIV / AIDS. 2000. Retrieved at  http://www.vso.org.uk/Images/position_papers_drug_deals_tcm8-1597.pdf . Accessed 17 September, 2005

HIV / AIDS Situation in Mozambique. Retrieved at  http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/50875.pdf . Accessed 17 September, 2005

Marketing Medicine: Insider Secrets to online healthcare Marketing. March, 2002. Retrieved from  http://www.medic8.com/MarketingMedicine.htm . Accessed 18 September, 2005

Mozambique: fact file. Retrieved at  http://www.oxfam.org.uk/coolplanet/kidsweb/world/mozambique/mozfact.htm . Accessed 18 September, 2005
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Bush Government Policy in Haiti

Words: 1716 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12067848

S. military to stabilize the violent uprising by the 'opposition' thugs, many of whom were former members of the Duvalier-era military or members of the death squad known as the Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti, who were responsible for a multitude of human rights violations during the three years following the coup d'etat in 1991 (ater pp). Moreover, aters and others want to know why the Bush Administration refused to negotiate a peaceful settlement to the crisis, and forced Aristide, "who had agreed to a peace plan worked out by the international community, to resign and leave his country" (aters pp). Prior to Aristide's departure, Bush's only concern was to make sure that all Haitian refugees were turned back at sea before they could reach the U.S. (aters pp).

orks Cited

Hallinan, Conn M. "Haiti: dangerous muddle." Foreign Policy in Focus. March 08

2004. Retrieved October 29,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hallinan, Conn M. "Haiti: dangerous muddle." Foreign Policy in Focus. March 08

2004. Retrieved October 29, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.

Kidder, Tracy. "The trials of Haiti: why has the U.S. government abandoned a country it once sought to liberate?" The Nation. October 27, 2003. Retrieved October 29, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.

Rice, Jim. "Regime change in Haiti: the Bush doctrine strikes again." Sojourners.
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Foster Children History of Foster

Words: 1328 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31558143

One explanation is the fact that mental health services are generally allocated based on the presence of a psychiatric diagnosis, and older children are more likely to meet criteria for specific disorders. Although younger children may exhibit certain symptoms, they are less likely to meet the full criteria for a classified disorder (Fisher 2005). Moreover, the behavior of older foster children may appear to pose more of an immediate threat, either to themselves or to others (Fisher 2005). Even in the general population, risks for violence, juvenile delinquency and other behavioral problems, increase with age, thus in high-risk populations (as defined by factors such as poverty and violence), the risk gradient associated with age increases, therefore the need for services may be the greatest in the short-term among older foster children (Fisher 2005).

In a study published in the January 2005 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fisher, Philip A. (2005 April 01). Developmental, cognitive, and neuropsychological functioning in preschool-aged foster children: associations with prior maltreatment and placement history. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. Retrieved June 30, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.

Fostering and Foster Care. The Adoption History Project. Retrieved June 30, 2006 at  http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~adoption/topics/fostering.htm 

History of Foster Care. Retrieved June 30, 2006 at http://www.sacbee.com/static/archive/news/projects/foster/timeline.html

Pfeiffer, Steven I. (1997 May 01). Effectiveness of treatment foster care with children and adolescents: a review of outcome studies. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Retrieved June 30, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.
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Expenditures and Revenues Matrix Punjab City or

Words: 1428 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97779501

Expenditures and Revenues Matrix


City or County: PAKISTAN


State (province)


Expenditure Item

School nutrition fund

Major expenditure on wheat, rice, cooking oil etc.

Major expenditure on basic food items for schools of state

Major expenditure items like water supply to schools, checking and distribution of basic food items.

Expenditure Item

Text book

Major expenditure on formation and printing of textbook.

Major expenditure on acquiring textbook from federal government.

No expenditure on textbook.

Expenditure item3

School maintenance

Not making expenditure on school maintenance.

Not making expenditure on school maintenance.

Major expenditure on purchasing material for school and making payments to constructor.

Revenue Item1

School nutrition fund

Donations, tax payer money, other revenue generating activities like concerts, cricket matches etc.

Amount given by federal government, donations.

Amount given by state, donations

Revenue Item 2

Textbook fund

Donations, tax payer money

Tax money raised by provincial government

No revenue sources…… [Read More]


American Management Association. (n.d.). Financial Decision Making and the Techniques Used in Financial Analysis. Retrieved April 16, 2012, from Flex Study:  http://www.flexstudy.com/catalog/schpdf.cfm?coursenum=96088 

Brigham, E., & Houstan, J. (2012). Fundamentals of Financial Management. Mason: Joe Sabatino.

Duncombe, W., & Joyce, P. (2012). Public Budgeting and Finance. Public Financial Publications.

Expenditure Guideline Matrix. (2010). Expenditure Guideline Matrix. Retrieved from purchasing: http://purchasing.ua.edu/information/spending_guidelines_nov_2010.pdf
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Health Topic With a Sociological

Words: 1997 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68132507

Does Socio-economic Status Impact lives of People with HIV and AIDS?

Individuals with a lower socio-economic status are more prone to contracting HIV and AIDS virus. This measure also determines how individual status, relates to proper medical care. Lack of socioeconomic strength associated to the practice of risky sexual behaviors results to HIV contraction. Men engage in sexual intercourse with many partners without using a condom (Will 2000). Women at this lower level engage in riskier sexual behaviors. Homeless people are more vulnerable to infection, women in such situations are prone to rape and, men are most likely drug users. Individuals with low socioeconomic resources are prone to injury, which makes the susceptible to the effects of the virus that affects the central nervous system (Earnshaw, Valerie and Stephenie 2009).

Does HIV Infection Affect the Socio Sconomic Status of Infected Persons?

HIV and AIDS have negative impacts on the productivity…… [Read More]


Semple, S.J., Patterson, T.L., Temoshok, L.R., McCutchan, J.A., Straits-Troster,

K., Chandler, J.A., & Grant, I. 2003. "Identification of psychobiological stressors among HIV-positive women." Women & Health, 20(4), 15-36.

Earnshaw, Valerie a., and Stephenie R. Chaudoir.2009. "From conceptualizing to measuring HIV stigma: a review of HIV stigma mechanism measures." AIDS

and Behavior 13.6 (2009): 1160-1177.
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Charles Fort's We Do Not Fear the

Words: 2010 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94781452

Charles Fort's We do not Fear the Father and Louise Edrich's the Lady in the Pink Mustang, what are the metaphors, similes and allegories in these two poems? How do they enhance the meaning of the poem?

A pink car signifies that she wants to be a girly-girly with a simple life, but the car, proud, and different. The car is a mustang, which is a wild, fast, and promiscuous creature. "The sun goes down for hours, taking more of her along than the night leaves with her," reflects the kind of empty work that she does during the night, and that she only belongs to herself in the day time when she is not performing. "It is what she must face every time she is touched, the body disposable as cups." Could the girl in the pink mustang be a stripper, a showgirl, or a prostitute? Regardless, she feels…… [Read More]

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Italian Neorealism

Words: 2005 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25376585

ossellini's 1946 Paisan:

The emerging aesthetic of Neorealism in Italian postwar film

According to Andre Bazin's essay "An aesthetic of reality: Neorealism," Paisan as directed by oberto ossellini brought forth a new aesthetic in the discourse of film, that of neorealism. The 1946 film was created not long after the end of World War II and fascist Italy's defeat at the hands of the Allies. The film is told in a series of overlapping narratives in a style that recalls that of a novel with interwoven stories rather than a singular, linear storyline. The storylines would have been relatively recent for the contemporary audience, taking place from 1943-1944 during the first Allied invasion. It has been called the first Italian film to "unquestionably" resemble a "collection of short stories" (Bazin 34). Through this juxtaposition of realistic tales in a narrative technique, "Bazin suggests that we are given sense data which…… [Read More]


Andrew, Dudley. "Andre Bazin." Film Comment 9.2 (1973): 64-8. ABI/INFORM Complete.

Web. 4 Nov. 2012.

Bazin, Andre. "An aesthetic of reality: Neorealism."

Brunette, Peter. "Rossellini and Cinematic Realism." Cinema Journal 25.1 (1985): 34.
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Launches Directly Into Its Central Point The

Words: 1460 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93968420

Launches Directly Into Its Central Point:

The HIV / AIDS Prevention and Control Office (HAPCO) has been responsible for the coordination of multi-sectorial HIV / AIDS programming at the national and regional levels in Ethiopia since it's inception in 2000. To date, the HIV / AIDS response across ministries and their regional bureaus has been quite limited. This is due to a number of factors; the varying capacity of HAPCO across the regions and at the national level, the ambiguous role of HAPCO in terms of accountability and reporting (it is not a ministerial level body); limited human, financial and institutional capacity to implement multisectoral programs and a range of competing priorities.

On the other hand, the paper is abstruse and tortuous and therefore there is difficulty in realizing that this is its central point. I had to read the paper several times to work out what this central point…… [Read More]

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Themes Across Cultures

Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31969568





Great Britain

North America

Yeh-Shen: A Cinderella story from China (Louie, 1982); (Carr, 2012); (Snuggs, 2007).

Chinye: A West African folk tale (Onyefulu & Safarewicz, 1994); (Nigeriaworld, 2012); (Snuggs, 2007),

The Korean Cinderella (Climo, 1993); (Shapiro, 1993); (Snuggs, 2007).

Tattercoats: An old English tale (Webster Steel, 1976); (Advameg, 2012); (Snuggs, 2007).

The rough-face girl (Martin, 1992); (Native Languages of the Americas, 2011); (Snuggs, 2007).

Names of Cinderellas



Pear Blossom






Great Britain

Algonquin Indian

Time Period

"In the dim past," according to first publication in 850-860 AD

"Long ago," according to the book published in 1994.

"Long ago," according to the 1993 book.

"…there once dwelt"

"Once, long ago" according to the 1992 book.


"Treated roughly and not allowed to go to the springtime festival to choose her marriage partner."

"Chinye must run a dangerous errand through the forest…… [Read More]

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International Social Work

Words: 664 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14359109

International Social Work

Through the evocative power of animation, directors Kez Margrie and Derek Jessome have created two immensely powerful short films which both capture the plight of impoverished children and highlight the crucial importance of social work in aiding the underserved. Jessome's Walking Through Wonderland employs a vividly surreal style to express the bewilderment which confronts the newly homeless, as well as the sense of community which is fostered by shared misfortune. In her series of shorts entitled The Wrong Trainers, Margrie presents a collection of British children living in poverty, each representing a societal ill which has produced a generation of youth who are struggling simply to survive. While both filmmakers craft unique visions and seek to advance distinctive messages, the theme which is present throughout each film is a direct call for assistance through the focused deployment of qualified social workers. By combining poignantly tragic imagery with…… [Read More]


Healy, L.M. (2001). International social work: professional action in an interdependent world. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Jessome, D (Director), Hofbauer, B (Writer). (2010). Walking through wonderland [Web]. Available from  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zRULmGOK1bY 

Margrie, K (Director). (2007). The wrong trainers. London, UK: BBC.
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Educational Policy Leadership and Management

Words: 1557 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76947672

Educational Planning and Economics: How the needs of looked after children can be addressed through non-formal and formal education.

There are current trends in non-formal educational processes that allows for interesting, unique and relevant work within the educational environment that could likely lead to enhanced short-term educational opportunities for impoverished and/or at-risk students. Additional long-term benefits including; increased levels of societal education, higher incomes, better living conditions, a less impoverished lifestyle and a society that benefits with the input of the individuals who receive the education are also realistic results from a study such as the one being proposed.

A recent study determined that young orphan girls receiving psycho-social support helped in keeping the intervention group in school (n= 184) and that the girls comprising the intervention group were less likely to drop out of school (5%), had higher educational aspirations, higher expectations concerning the future, a more equitable attitude…… [Read More]


Holfors, D.D.; Rusakaniko, S.; Hyusan, C.; Mapfumo, J.; (2011) Supporting adolescent orphan girls to stay in school as HIV risk prevention: Evidence from a randomized controlled trial in Zimbabwe, American Journal of Public Health (in press)

Mhaka-Mutepfa, M. (2010) Types of services for children infected and affected by HIV and AIDS: Results and implications of a Zimbabwean study, International Journal of Psychology and Counseling, Vol. 2, Issue 6, pp. 100-106

Mualuko, N.J. (2008) Empowering out of school youth through non-formal education in Kenya, Educational Research and Review, Vol. 3, Issue 2, pp. 56-60
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History of Levi Strauss

Words: 1348 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91949499

earn to live while some live to earn. Levi Strauss, the renowned owner and the pioneer of the jeans industry, once dreamed to be a man with a big name as big as his company enjoyed during and after his successful life until yesterday and certainly lived to earn handsome profits. This research paper sheds light on the history of both the founder of Levi's and the company that came to be known as Levi Strauss & Co.

History of Levi Strauss

One of the famous names in the garment industry, Levi Strauss was the first to capitalize the California's gold rush economic detonation and owner of one of the top American companies who is a victim of the recent economic recession. The odyssey of Levi Strauss from a young orphan to the owner of various companies and finally the founder of Levis jeans can be well comprehended and enjoyed…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Levis To Levis Co: 501 Facts. Available at http://www.levis-levis.com/history.html (October 31, 2002)

Strauss Levi (1829-1902). Available at http://www.germanheritage.com/biographies/mtoz/strauss.html (October 31, 2002)

Mattox W. Antique Talk: There's gold in them thar' jeans!. Available at http://www.antiquetalk.com/column197.html (October 31, 2002)

Levi to close 11 U.S. jeans plants," Independent, 02-23-1999, pp 17
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Plato's Crito

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Plato's writing by emphasizing on the two characters namely, Crito and Socrates and the conversation between the two men. The paper reviews on how Socrates is able to convince Crito on his reasons and that evil shall never pay off. Throughout, the strong emphasis is on the abiding of ones principles no matter how tough the circumstances.

Man Is Not Always The Root Of All Evil

It is often said that man is the root of all evil and it is man alone who harms his fellow men by propagating evil by doing them wrong and inflicting injustice upon them. In The Crito, Plato has proven this concept wrong by introducing to the audience two characters namely, Crito and Socrates. The main reason behind The Crito is to display the character of Socrates, as a man of virtue and as a good citizen who has been unjustly condemned and in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Plato. The Last Days of Socrates: Euthyphro, The Apology, Crito, Phaedo. Penguin USA papers. Feb. 1995.

Benjamin J. Crito. Available on the address  http://www.theologywebsite.com/etext/plato_crito.shtml . Accessed on 18 Feb. 2003.
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Combining Life Insurance With Trusts to Provide Greater Family Financial Protection

Words: 2601 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74705098

Combining Life Insure With Trusts to Provide Better Family Financial Security

Summery: Life Insurance and Trusts are two financial arrangements which provide security to the family and living relatives of the owner of property or trust. In this article, we look at insurance, trusts and how these can be used for better financial security and risk management. The article contains six references.

Financial risk management is an important concept in the field of management. A person with an established business, occupation or source of income can suddenly take ill, resulting in the loss of that income which depended on him to generate. This can be a serious loss for him and others who depend on the income.

There are two financial instruments which are available which can continue to provide to him or his dependents financial compensation or income based on his previous investments. For monetary investments which had been…… [Read More]


Trust and trustees. 2003. Introduction to trusts. Referenced: November 19, 2003. Web site:  http://www.trusts-and-trustees.com/main.htm 

William G. Kistner, Healthcare and Financial Management. July 1998. Life insurance trusts can save estate taxes. Referenced: November 19, 2003. Web site:  http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m3257/n7_v52/21045779/p1/article.jhtml 

1040 accountant.com. Types of trusts. 2003. Referenced: November 19, 2003. Web site: http://www.1041accountant.com/types-of-trusts.htm

College for financial planning (CFFP). 2003. Life Insurance Trusts: A way to save taxes and exert control. 2003. Referenced: November 20, 2003. Web site: http://www.insweb.com/learningcenter/articles/life-estate.htm
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Edger Allan Poe and Lewis Carroll

Words: 3647 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25392313

Edgar Allen Poe and Lewis Carroll: Unhealthy and Healthy Relationships With Women

Edgar Allan Poe and Lewis Carroll are two writers where their relationships with women, and especially with young children have been questioned. The main issue with Poe is his marriage to his 13-year-old cousin Virginia. For Carroll, the issue is the strong relationships he had with young girls. For both writers, suggestions have been made that their relationships with young women are perverse. To consider these claims it is necessary to look at the types of relationships each writer had with young women and the reasoning for these relationships. A consideration of this will show that Edgar Allan Poe does have unhealthy relationships with women, while Lewis Carroll has healthy relationships with women.

Edgar Allan Poe has a history of choosing inappropriate relationships. This began when Poe was attending private school, when he fell in love with a…… [Read More]


Carroll, Lewis. 1991. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. Bridlington: Priory Books.

Kamm, Antony. 1993. Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. Glasgow: Harper Collins Publishers.

Moore, Edwin & Moore, Fiona Mackenzie. 1993. Concise Dictionary of Art & Literature. London: Tiger Books International.

Poe, Edgar Allan. 1991. Alone. In The Raven and Other Favorite Poems, 44. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.
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Djuna Barnes' Nightwood

Words: 1902 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45758885

Nightwood by Djuna Barnes [...] justify the book as a postmodern novel. "Nightwood" is a postmodern novel in every respect, from the stream-of-consciousness style of writing to the underlying sexual and homosexual themes that could only exist in postmodern writing of the twentieth century. "Nightwood" is unique, compelling, and disturbing all at the same time, yet it is difficult for the reader to put down. While it has been long touted as a classic lesbian novel, Barnes herself fought this label, wishing it only to be remembered as a classic postmodern work, not a sexually motivated treatise on women who love women.

Author Djuna Barnes was born in 1892 in Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York. Her mother was a violinist, and her father was a farmer and painter. Her parents instilled a love of the arts early in her life, and her father's free-spirited enthusiasm also greatly influenced her and her work.…… [Read More]


Barnes, Djuna. "Nightwood." Spillway, The Antiphon, Nightwood. New York: Farrar, Straus and Cudahy, 1962. 226-366.

Djuna Chappell Barnes (1892-1982)" Books and Writers. 2004. 12 Aug. 2004. http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/dbarnes.htm

Moyes, Lianne. "Barnes, Djuna." glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,

Transgender, and Queer Culture. 28 Feb. 2004. 12 Aug. 2004. http://www.glbtq.com/literature/barnes_d.html
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Industrialization After U S Civil War American Industrialization

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66238813

Industrialization after U.S. Civil War


It is a truism that large-scale warfare tends to increase industrial production and innovation, and that societies benefit from this industrialization after the war is over. In America, the Civil War was followed by the economic prosperity of the Gilded Age -- I would like to argue that the chief effect of this prosperity was to cause new conflicts in American society, which had to be settled by reform rather than Civil War. This is in some ways a counterintuitive argument, when in 2014 many have been conditioned to believe that a prosperous economy benefits everyone, when (in the words of the old cliche) a rising tide lifts all boats. But did the booming economy of America between the end of the Civil War and the onset of the First World War actually benefit child laborers or…… [Read More]