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(Pablo Picasso: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia) Also he was very a possessive individual who had a love-hate relation with his old friends. (Pablo Picasso: A Passion to Create)
Even though Picasso was not a mathematician or a philosopher, the works he and Braque delivered between the years 1911 and 1918 was greatly bound to the perceptions of thinkers including Einstein and Alfred North Whitehead. Even before any Pop artists were born, Picasso held on to the magnetic influence of mass culture and how high art could refresh itself through particular vernaculars. Picasso then climed to the other end of the classical past, with his paintings of 'huge dropsical women dreaming Mediterranean dreams in homage to Corot and Ingres' showing that he as if he wanted to distance himself from those who imitated him. His 'classical' touch, which he would revert to for decades to come, could also be considered as…
Artists and Entertainers: Pablo Picasso. The Time 100. June 8, 1998. Retrieved at http://www.time.com/time/time100/artists/profile/picasso.html
Pablo Picasso: A Passion to Create. Retrieved at http://www.kyrene.k12.az.us/schools/brisas/sunda/great/2maria.htm
Pablo Picasso. Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS). New York. 2000. Retrieved at http://www.mcs.csuhayward.edu/~malek/Artfolder/Pablo.html
Pablo Picasso. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pablo_Picasso
Pablo Picasso: Guernica
"Guernica": How it Is Meant to Be Seen"
"Guernica": How it Is Meant to Be Seen"
Picasso's influences and culture, and artistic movements
Before discussing Picasso's Guernica and, we must first understand the historical and political atmosphere of the time period in relation to Picasso's life and work. Pablo uiz Picasso was born in Malaga, near the southern tip of Spain, on October 25, 1881.
As a child, he displayed great artistic gifts, which his father, an instructor in the fine arts, encouraged. At the age of fourteen, he was given an exam, at his father's request, which would place young Picasso in an advanced standing at the School of Fine Arts where his father taught in Barcelona. Picasso had one month to complete the exam, but he completed it -- effortlessly and impeccably -- in one single day (Penrose 32).
The Spanish Civil War arguably inspired…
Arnheim, Rudolf. The Genesis of a Painting: Picasso's Guernica. Berkeley: U. Of California P, 1962.
Arnheim, Rudolf. The Genesis of a Painting: Picasso's Guernica. Berkeley: U. Of California P, 1962.
Cabanne, Pierre. Pablo Picasso: His Life and Times. Trans. Harold Salemson. New York: Morrow, 1977.
Ellen C. Oppler, editor, Picasso's Guernica, Illustrations. Interoductory Essay, Documents, Poetry, criticism, Analysis, (New York and London: W.W. Norton & Co., 1988), p. 76, and p. 142
Classicism and surrealism
After the orld ar 1, neoclassical style of artwork was seen by Picasso. The paintings done by Picasso in this period were akin to the work done of Ingres and Raphael. It was in the 1930s when harlequin was substituted with minotaur. His utilization of minotaur was partially due to his connection with surrealists, who even now and then made use of it as their representation.
During the Spanish Civil ar-Guernica the German bombing of Guernica was illustrated by Picasso and also was his most re-known work. In the New York's museum of Modern Art for quite a few years Guernica was put on display. In 1981, the painting had been sent back to Spain and in the Cason del Buen Retiro was exhibited. hen the Madrid's Reina Sofia Museum was opened in 1992 the painting was moved to this museum to be seen.
In mid-1949 Picasso…
BIO."Pablo Picasso Biography." 1940. Web. 29 Apr 2013. .
Daix, Pierre. Picasso. New York, N.Y.: Icon Editions, 1994. Print.
Golding, John. Cubism: A History and an Analysis, 1907-1944. London: Faber and Faber, 1959. Print.
Larrea, Juan and Walter Pach. Guernica, Pablo Picasso. New York: Arno Press, 1969. Print.
The following year, Picasso would wrap up the Blue Period with his Portrait of Suzanne Bloch.
The man and woman to the left of the painting appear to be very concerned about their fate. Theirs seems to be a tragic love, doomed to some inevitably bleak conclusion, and the lovers seem to be aware of this. One possible interpretation is that the clothed woman is not meant to represent fate at all. Perhaps, instead, she is the wife of the artist in the picture, and the young pregnant woman he is with is his mistress. In that case, then the second woman has exposed the infidelity of the two young lovers, hence the distressed expression on the man's face. Still, another interpretation has it that the clothed woman is the mother of the girl that the artist is having an affair with. He has impregnated her daughter, and she has…
Cirlot, Juan-Eduardo. Picasso: Birth of a Genius. New York: Praeger, 1972.
Harris, Mark. "La Vie, 1903." 1996. Retrieved April 25, 2008 at http://web.org.uk/picasso/r3.html.
Pablo Picasso." Arthistoryarchive.com. N.D. Retrieved April 25, 2008 from www.arthistoryarchive.com.
Wattenmaker, Richard J.; Distel, Anne, et al. Great French Paintings from the Barnes
Picasso and raque
Pablo Picasso is often revered as the creative genius who initiated many of the trends, styles and movements in Twentieth Century art. His name is associated with experimentation and innovation in modern art which took painting and sculpture in new and exciting directions.
It should also be borne in mind that Picasso was one of many artists during the early and middle Twentieth Century who worked to produce new styles and artistic vision. In this sense, Picasso can be seen to have been aligned with many modernist schools of art -- particularly Cubism and Surrealism. oth these styles and movements in art were based on one essential premise; namely, the search for the new and the 'real' in the face of a general disillusionment with the past. There was a reaction from many artists during the early years of the Twentieth Century against the ideas and…
Duerden, Dennis. "The "Discovery" of the African Mask (1).," Research in African
Literatures, December 22, 2000.
Georges Braque (1882-1963) ARS. Accessed December 4. 2004. http://www.mcs.csuhayward.edu/~malek/Braque.html
The Archive.: Braque. Accessed December 2, 2004. http://artchive.com/ftp_site.htm
Girl ith Mandolin
According to John Golding, Pablo Picasso's 1910 rendition of Fanny Tellier entitled "Girl with Mandolin," is "not only one of the most beautiful, lyrical and accessible of all Cubist paintings, but is also a valuable document of the period." Golding's comment points to the historical significance of Picasso's development of the cubist style during the early twentieth century, a style that he and fellow artist Georges Braque popularized through their deft talents with brush and canvas. "Girl with Mandolin" signifies the early stages of cubism, when the style first emerged in the art world.
Also known as analytical cubism, this early phase introduced some of the philosophies underlying the movement: the wish to rend images into their essential parts, to show objects from various angles and perspectives, and to draw attention to the primacy of visual perception in art. Picasso, though, has denounced the peculiarity of cubism,…
'Cubism: 1907-1917." Olga's Gallery. Online at < http://www.abcgallery.com/index.html >.
Golding, John. Excerpt from Cubism, A History and an Analysis, 1907-1914. Cited on Artchive.com. Online at < http://www.artchive.com/artchive/P/picasso/tellier.jpg.html >.
"Pablo Picasso." Wikipedia. Online at < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pablo_Picasso >.
Pablo Picasso is noted by the majority of critics as the most important influence of twentieth century art (Picasso pp). Art critic Robert Hughes once stated, "To say that Pablo Picasso dominated estern art in the 20th century is, by now, the merest commonplace" (Picasso pp). Long before his fiftieth birthday, Picasso had become "the very prototype of the modern artist as public figure ... No painter before him had had a mass audience in his own lifetime" (Picasso pp). By the time of his death in 1973, he had created some 22,000 works of art in mediums that included sculpture, ceramics, mosaics, state design and graphic arts (Picasso pp). There is barely a movement during the twentieth century that Picasso did not inspire, contribute, or invent (Picasso pp).
Born Pablo Ruiz Picasso on October 25, 1881 in Malaga Spain, Picasso was a precocious draftsman and was admitted to the…
Picasso. http://www.picasso.com/life/index.html . pp.
Hughes, Robert. "Pablo Picasso: famous as no artist ever had been, he was a pioneer, a master and a protean monster, with a hand in every art movement of the century." Time. 6/8/1998; Pp.
Hall, Kevin G. "New Picasso Museum in Malaga, Spain, Opens to the Public."
Knight Ridder Washington Bureau. 10/30/2003; pp.
Biography of Pablo Picasso
Picasso is not just a man and his work. Picasso is always a legend, indeed almost a myth. In the public view he has long since been the personification of genius in modern art. Picasso is an idol, one of those rare creatures who act as crucibles in which the diverse and often chaotic phenomena of culture are focused, who seem to body forth the artistic life of their age in one person. The same thing happens in politics, science, sport. And it happens in art.
(Warncke, Picasso, 7)
Pablo Picasso was born in the final decades of the 19th century and his life spanned for approximately three quarters into the 20th century. He is one of the most famous contemporary artists. Picasso is most known for his paintings, but he also was an artist of a variety of arts including textiles, sculptures, and pottery.…
Baldassari, Anne. (ed). The Surrealist Picasso. Fondation Beyeler: Riehen/Basel, 2005, Print.
Encyclopedia of World Biography. "Pablo Picasso Biography." Web, 2013, Available from: http://www.notablebiographies.com/Pe-Pu/Picasso-Pablo.html#b . 2013 February 13.
Warncke, Carsten-Peter. Pablo Picasso. Taschen: Kohn, 2006, Print.
classic view of the Matisse/Picasso rivalry is that these two artists were the equivalent of the odd couple of TV fame (Milroy). A staff writer for New York Newsday, Ariella Budick, describes the typical opinion of these men as "a pair of complementary opposites." Textbooks tend to bolster this point-of-view. Modern Art (Hunter and Jacobus) places its discussion of Matisse in a chapter entitled "Expressionism in France" and puts Picasso in the chapter "The Cubist evolution." Moreover, neither of these chapters makes any substantive mention of the other artist - which further supports the opinion that their approaches to art are fundamentally different. The same holds true of the Artist in Profile series of books put out by Heinemann Library. Matisse is categorized as a Post-Impressionist (Bolton, 34) while Picasso is segregated into the Cubist school of art (Wallis, 48).
The current exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art challenges…
"Art Giants Of 20th Century." CBSNews.com Web Site. 13 Apr. 2003. 9 May 2003.
Bolton, Linda. Artists in Profile: Post-Impressionists. Chicago: Heinemann Library,
From 1936 to 1939 a civil war was fought in Spain between the Republican government and a group of rebels under the command of General Francisco Franco: the Nationalists. During the war many outside groups allied themselves with the two sides with many communists and democrats siding with the Republican forces and a cadre of fascists from Germany and Italy who fought with the Nationalists. In 1937 Nationalist air forces, primarily Germans and Italians, undertook the bombing of the city of Guernica; the first major aerial bombing of a city in history. The destruction and deaths caused by the attack became the inspiration for one of the century's most famous artists, Pablo Picasso, who used the bombing of Guernica as the subject of an anti-war painting. Picasso's work of art, called Guernica, has become a symbol of the destruction and pain caused by war and must be interpreted through…
Pablo Picasso once said: "Every child is an artist, the problem is staying an artist when you grow up." The truth in this statement is evident with even a rudimentary examination of any school program, curriculum, or system. From childhood, human beings learn to conform to "leadership" values and expectations, not only in terms of work, but also more generally in terms of what is important to each individual. In school, the role of enforcing conformity falls to teachers and parents. When students leave school, their lecturers, bosses, or team leaders take over. In general life, the government imposes its values and concerns on society. The lack of emphasis on creativity and its importance is also evident in the traditional "starving artist" image. Few parents who wish for their children to work for security and independence in life would encourage their children to choose any type of creative direction…
Gertrude Stein's Personal Vision Of Pablo Picasso
Gertrude Stein's novel Picasso shows the engagement of a great literary artist with that of a great artist of the canvas. It melds Stein's forceful, direct, and spare prose with the images of Picasso and images of the artists that inspired his work. Stein hoped to create images with her words, of childlike sparseness and clarity, a similar aim, she states, of Picasso's art. Thus, her book is both illustrative, in the sense that it shows a titanic author of letters grappling with the similar implications of the 'plastic' arts in the modern world, though also rather biased, given that Stein's ego as an author occasionally causes her to see her own artistic aims in the artistic works of Picasso.
Stein states that Picasso rendered himself through the bodies of other individuals, creating not a visual exhibition of prostitutes in his first foray…
Picasso, Pablo. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. 1907. MoMa collection accessed on December 15, 2003 at http://www.moma.org/
Stein, Gertrude. Picasso. Dover Publishers, 1984.
prolific artists in modern history, Pablo Picasso continues to satisfy viewers and critics alike. Picasso's early training as a classical artist prepared him for the revolutionary turns in his career. As co-developer of cubism with Georges Braque, Picasso astounded audiences and encouraged artists to rethink their perceptions of the world. He drew upon the techniques mastered by the Impressionists to forge his own identity and style, an artistic vision that remains inspirational and salient in the art world.
Picasso's early works often appear so classically rendered as to astound the student of modern art. His version of "Moulin de la Galette" (1900) depicts virtually the same scene as enoir's masterpiece of the same name. Picasso's palette is darker than enoir's, his mood more intense. In "Young Girl Wearing a Large Hat" (1901) we see a decisively impressionist piece; the colors are bright and lively, even as the girl's intense stare…
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2002. http://www.metmuseum.org/home.asp
The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 2002. http://boston.com/mfa/picasso/
"Pablo Picasso." The Artchive. http://www.artchive.com/artchive/P/picasso.html
3. The paintings
In the light of the above discussion, the paintings that Picasso created with Marie-Therese Walter as his model during the period of their relationship must be understood and analysed against the background of two issues. The first, which has been briefly referred to, is the influence that relationships with women in Picasso's life had on his paintings. The second is that influence of other artistic styles and ideas.
Picasso could not escape the influence of the Surrealistic movement which emphasized the play of imagination and the distortion of the real. Another influence was the " rivalry" with Matisse. During the 1930's there was a change in Picasso's style form his neoclassical period. As referred to previously, the painting The Three Dancers was indicative of this change in mood and style. Alfred arr calls this painting"... 'a turning point in Picasso's art almost as radical as the proto-cubist…
Boeck, Wilhelm, and Jaime Sabartes. Picasso. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1955. Questia. 3 Aug. 2006 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=99009991 . http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=74370572
Chilvers, Ian. A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002269861
Danto, Arthur C. "Picasso and the Portrait." The Nation 26 Aug. 1996: 31+. Questia. 3 Aug. 2006
We can appreciate the emotional sentiment of the Picasso work, which only superficial research reveals was inspired by a brothel in Barcelona. To an extent, Picasso offers us a dark perspective on either the subject or, as one might suggest based on the confrontational stance of the painting's subjects, the experience of visiting these women. Indeed, as these women look out from the canvas, presenting themselves with stoic expressionless faces, they invoke a sense for the viewer as being one in the brothel presented with a set of distinct but equally repugnant choices.
The Matisse painting, by sharp contrast, is deeply inviting but never directly confronts the viewer. The entire scene is framed by a canopy of trees that suggests the viewer to be peering into a clearing from a distance. The voyeuristic sentiment is only further reinforced by the tendency of those who appear to be facing forward not…
The objectification of the female form in The
Studio illustrates how as a mode of this period his increasing openness to
more traditional curvature and anatomy would merge with cubism to produce
an utterly unique but decipherable perspective on human sexuality.
Accordingly, "these appearances in works such as oman in an Armchair
and its related studies are mere snippets of anatomy within a Cubist
framework, yet they signal Picasso's uneasiness with Cubism." (Fitzgerald,
49) The uneasiness would not eliminate its presence but show cubism in the
light of surrealist themes. Its garish and unsettling proportions become
ultimately more organic and shocking in this way. To Picasso, this was not
a goal, but an acceptable end to art conducted appropriately. So he would
indicate "when, one day, someone said apropos of nothing in particular that
there can be no sense of shame in art, he answered that painting could
Fitzgerald, M.C. (1996). Making Modernism. University of California
Flint, L. (2007). Pablo Picasso. Guggenheim Museum. Online at
Picasso: The Image of Modern Man
Picasso came to Paris from Malaga, Spain, a town known for its bull-fighters. Picasso in his less experimental days he depicted these bull fights in a number of pencil sketches that captured the flare, dynamism and thrill of the arena. However, he never content to simply reflect in a realistic way the world around him. Society was changing the very first years of the 20th century: the modern world had lived through the Reformation, the Revolution and Industrialization. Now it was becoming a world where new socialistic and atheistic ideologies were competing with old world beliefs still being clung to by certain leaders (like Franco in Spain, for instance). Picasso saw the importance of fashion and trends in this new age of modern art. In the first years of the 20th century, he painted in blues -- then in pinks (the Rose Period) --…
Greenberg, C. "Avant-Garde and Kitsch." Partisan Review, Vol. 6, No. 5 (1939): 34-
Johnson, Paul. Art: A New History. NY: HarperCollins, 2003. Print.
Picasso, Pablo. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. 12 Apr 2013. Web.
Figures are created mostly by the contrast of colors. The use of drawing line is almost nonexistent, however the contours being very clearly defined. The colors contradict each other alternating bright cold shades of blue with warm ochre and pink. The vibration created by blue and white together brings cold atmosphere to the entire palette.
The structure breaks the laws of perspective. On the left side the composition brings a succession of straight figures, with tense rhythm. On the right the arrangement spreads, with characters in open position that draw attention to their caricature masks.
The figures are set in the world of unrealistic: there are no lights or shadows to display their volume. The bodies and background are flat and seem to melt with each other. There is no diversity of levels or third dimension suggested. The blue tones, contoured by white, accentuate the flatness of the piece.
Penrose, Roland. Picasso, his life and work. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1981.
Picasso's "Girl before a Mirror"
The artwork to be reviewed in this report is by the renowned painter Pablo Picasso. It is simply titled "Girl before a Mirror" and it features Marie-Therese Walter, the artist's young mistress. He created the artwork during the early 1930s. Currently, it is on display at the Museum of Modern Art in Midtown Manhattan, New York. Picasso makes use of line, color and shape to for present simultaneously symmetrical and reversed images that juxtaposes youth and old age.
The two sides of her body are simultaneously reverse and symmetrical. While one half of the painting depicts her as a curvy pregnant woman, the other half depicts an aged woman who is fragile. The woman in the reflection is portrayed as having a deflated stomach, with a sagging and lopsided chest and an aged face. The whole painting has a background of circles and diamonds. Convincing…
Like Picasso, Van Gogh (though with an old world soul) would find fullest expression once landing in Paris. After a year of being in the company of other Impressionists like Paul Signac -- and being in a city that itself so filled with history, Catholicity, and romance -- Van Gogh's soul brightened from its gloomier days in search of a Protestant mission: his 1886 painted bulbs are the reflection of a spirit that has found something fresh and intense. The orange-red bulbs are off-set by the pointillist backdrop of blue. The copper vase brilliantly brings the whole work to life, reflecting a seemingly new light in Van Gogh's life and style. Here in Paris he was at home. One need not wonder at the new light that is reflected here: according to "the painter Emile Bernard…Vincent was courting "La Segatori," the Italian owner of the Tambourin cafe on the boulevard…
Fritillaries. Musee d'Orsay. 2006. Web. 26 July 2012.
Greenberg, C. "Avant-Garde and Kitsch." Partisan Review. 6.5, 1939: 34-49. Print.
Johnson, Paul. Art: A New History. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 2003. Print.
Along with Georges Braque, Fernand Leger and Pablo Picasso were firmly at the forefront of the cubist movement in modern art. Cubism sprouted from Picasso's experimentations with collage, along with Braque, but later morphed into an interpretive and expressive style of painting that heralded many related movements in abstract modern art including futurism. As Fitz puts it, Picasso used the cubist style to express the things he could not see, but which he knew were there; the things that everybody is "certain of seeing," but which are not depicted on a traditional canvas (228). As a result, Picasso reinvented painting, and reinterpreted what the function of painting was. Leger deserves credit also, for he too pursued the " quest for a means by which to accurately describe three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional canvas," (Spector). Leger and Picasso developed totally unique and distinct brands of cubism, even if their formative…
Dickerman, Leah. Inventing Abstraction. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2013.
Fitz, L.T. "Gertrude Stein and Picasso: The Language of Surfaces." American Literature. Vol. 45, No. 2. May 1973.
Lanchner, Carolyn, Leger, Fernand, Hauptman, Jody, Afron, Matthew, and Erikson, Kristen. Fernand Leger. New York: The Museum of Modern Art. 1998.
Spector, Nancy. "Fernand Leger." Guggenheim. Retrieved online: http://www.guggenheim.org/new-york/collections/collection-online/show -full/piece/?search=Nude%20Model%20in%20the%20Studio&page=&f=Title&object=49.1193
Modernism in art triumphed from the 19th century onward and in the early 20th century virtually changed the way art came to be perceived. From the Abstractionists to the Cubists to the Surrealists to the followers of Dada, the modernists continually reinvented themselves with newer and wilder movements, firmly rejecting tradition and all its preoccupations. It was only fitting, however, that modern artists should break so completely with the past: modern society had split from the old world with the Protestant Reformation, the Age of Enlightenment, the Scientific Revolution, and the Romantic Era, all of which followed one on the heels of the other. This paper will trace the history of the final era -- the modernist -- by examining five works of five different painters of the modernist era: Franz Marc's "Fate of the Animals," Pablo Picasso's "Guitar and Violin," Marcel Duchamp's "found" artwork "Fountain," Salvador Dali's Surrealist masterpiece…
Dali, Salvador. "The Persistence of Memory." Wikipaintings. Web. 14 Feb 2013.
Duchamp, Marcel. "Fountain." Tate.org.uk. Web. 14 Feb 2013.
Greenberg, Clement. "Avant-Garde and Kitsch." Art and Culture. MA: Beacon Press,
"Howl" and "Guernica" Outline
The paper demonstrates the ways in which both pieces of art contemplate and express multiple themes, including those of religion, morality, happiness, life-affirmation, and freedom.
"Howl" is a poem that is both a mourning and a celebration of life.
"Guernica" is an expression of pain and war.
oth works of art have many themes and many of the same themes.
Ginserb, the 1950s, and "Howl"
He composed the poem in the middle of the 1950s, one of the greatest decades in history for mainstream America.
He is heavily influenced by previous poets and by his own lived experiences.
Howl" shows readers how they can be connected to spirituality, religion, and what is sarcred or holy with, and without the use of the formal church.
Poetry is another form of storytelling that is best when read/performed aloud.
Howling, Expression, and Jazz
A. If we are howling,…
1. Raento, P., & Watson, C.J. "Gernika, Guernica, Guernica?: Contested meanings of a Basque place." Political Geography, Vol. 19, Pgs 707 -- 736, 2000.
The authors discuss the many ways to interpret "Guernica." The authors focus upon why and how Picasso created such a dense work of art. The authorts furthermore explore and offer various ways for readers to interpret the painting from a historical and contemporary perspective.
2. Ginsberg, Allen. Howl. City Lights Books: San Francisco. 1956. Print.
This is the entirety of the poem. There is a foreword, preface, and afterword. The majority of the book consists of the poem "Howl," although there are other poems. Some of the other poems in the book are directly related to "Howl" in subject and style, and some are more obtusely related to the title poem.
The viewer is not directed to mourn the bodies that cover the ground, but rather celebrate alongside the victors, who charge forward carrying guns and swords. Instead, the piled corpses are merely a means to an end, a soft topping to the pile of rubble that is apparently necessary to secure Liberty and allow her to take charge.
The contrast in theme is particularly strong because the style of either artist does not immediately feel conducive to their apparent goal, but upon closer examination . While Delacroix is decidedly more "realistic" than Picasso, the realism of his corpses does not direct the viewer to sympathize with them, but merely adds some sense of gravity to central image of a glowing Liberty directing "the people" onward with a rifle and French flag. Thus, while one might imagine Delacroix's "realism" would instill some sort of thematic or ideological realism into the painting,…
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer, Nina. "Cezanne and Delacroix's Posthumous Reputation." The Art
Bulletin 87, no. 1 (2005): 111-129,5.
Delacroix, Eugene. Wikimedia, Liberty Leading the People. Last modified 1830. Accessed
August 25, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Eugene_Delacroix
Vienna and Paris
in the Decade 1900-1910
Vienna and Paris in the Decade 1900-1910
Europe of 1900 -- 1910 saw the rise of several cultural meccas, including Vienna and Paris. Vienna was a center of literary, cultural and artistic advancement in "middle" Europe, enjoying booming population and innovative developments in all those spheres, even as it endured the rising tide of anti-liberal, anti-Semitic Christian Social forces. In keeping with this innovation, Vienna's music enjoyed avant garde developments of Art Nouveau from Paris, notably represented in Vienna by the works of composers Gustav Mahler and Arnold Schonberg. As Vienna became the literary, cultural and artistic center of "middle" Europe, Paris became the literary, cultural and artistic center of the orld. Drawing exceptionally gifted people from the entire globe, Paris boasted the first Olympics to include women and the orld's Fair of 1900. Reveling in its invention of Art Nouveau, Paris also…
Bloy, M. (2011, January 5). The third republic: 1870-1914. Retrieved from Historyhome.co.uk Web site: http://www.historyhome.co.uk/europe/3rd-rep.htm#dreyfus
Bonyhady, T. (2011). Good living street: portrait of a patron family, Vienna 1900 . New York, NY: Pantheon Books.
Brandstatter, C. (2006). Vienna 1900: art, life & culture. New York, NY: Vendome Press.
George, H.S. (2008). Paris 1900. Oklahoma City, OK: Oklahoma City Museum of Art.
250). At this point in his career, Picasso could represent Stein quite well. The style is neither abstract nor entirely avant-garde: it is reflective, slightly off-kilter, but encompassing of the subject and her character.
Picasso's portrait of Gertrude Stein, therefore, must be considered the better of the two, even if Rose's appears to be the more dynamic. Rose was an imitator, not exactly an orginal -- but then, could the same be said of Picasso? oth were feeding into the whirlwind that was modern art, constantly exploding and changing the dynamic of form and expression. Picasso's Stein, however, retains the dignity of the brush for a moment and is a thoughtful representation of a woman whose own influence over the art world was so great.
While, as Johnson says, Picasso's "distorted paintings of women are closely linked to the pleasure he got from hurting them, both physically and in other…
"Art: Blossoming Career." Times. 1949. Web. 23 June 2011.
Greenberg, C. "Avant-Garde and Kitsch." Partisan Review. 6.5, 1939: 34-49.
Johnson, P. Creators. New York: HarperCollins, 2006.
The Portrait of Joseph Roulin by Vincent Van Gogh is Van Gogh's representation of his friend and idol, Joseph Roulin. The portrait is a drawing, rendered in brown ink and black chalk. While impressionistic, the portrait is also realistic- conveying an actual resemblance to a person. This portrait was significant because it was painted during Van Gogh's period in Arles, France. While productive in Arles, Van Gogh was also relatively isolated, and considered Roulin one of his dearest friends. This is interesting because Roulin is not depicted in a friendly manner, but appears severe and somewhat imposing. This may be because Van Gogh believed Roulin was an impressive and was man, as well as a dear friend. Therefore, his choice of medium may have been made in order to convey wisdom, rather than friendliness.
Girl before a Mirror by Pablo Picasso is an oil on canvas. Like Picasso's other…
In Demoiselles d'Avignon, Picasso explores with a special forms and depth associated with the cubist movement. This piece represents the break Picasso made with the art of the past. One of the most striking aspects of the painting is the sharp angles. The lines are harsh and this coupled with the lack of depth contribute to a painting that presents itself with Demoiselles d'Avignon. The shading around the figures gives the painting a sense of dimension although it is difficult to discern angles. For example, the background is a combination of fragments and shading. It blends in with the figures of the women to create a complex special effect and continuity throughout the painting. The outlines in this piece are solid and most often create a heavy contrast on the canvas, calling very little, if anything, from nature.
Both artists drew upon new techniques to express their art. Matisse was…
Western Art and Christianity
During the past millennium, Western art has been heavily influenced by Christianity. Art is an extension of the many complex thoughts and images that swim within an artist's mind. Because many Western artists have traditionally been raised in a Christian environment, it is difficult for their religious beliefs to be fully separated from their artwork, and oftentimes it is embraced in the works, or a patron has requested it be the specific subject matter. Although this heavy Christian influence would see a swift departure during the Renaissance, it would remain engrained in Western culture until the present day.
The Reformation heralded a swift separation between Christians in Europe, as Roman Catholics and Protestants divided roughly along a North to South split. Protestants seemed to dominate the North while the South remained dominated by Catholic countries. While much of the art in Protestant countries retained a secular…
Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain. His father was an art teacher and a painter. Although Pablo Picasso was classically trained, he would come to "break painting out of its mold" throughout his prolific career (Aviram and Hartnett 207). Picasso first started painting in Spain, and his ideas and techniques evolved first in Barcelona. After that, Picasso spent a large amount of time in Paris pursuing a career in art. When Picasso was in Paris, he helped revolutionize art by developing cubism, a philosophy and style of painting. Cubism has been called a "towering intellectual and artistic achievement that irrevocably altered the course of European art by shattering the spatial field and reassembling its component parts from different angles," ("Picasso, Pablo" 1781). Before he developed cubism in Paris, though, Picasso developed his style in Barcelona during what is usually referred to as his…
Aviram, Amittai F. And Hartnett, Richard. "The Man with the Blue Guitar': Dialogism in Lyric Poetry." In Blevins, Jacob, Dialogism and Lyric Self-fashioning. Rosemont, 2008.
Bertman, Sandra. "The Old Guitarist (The Blind Guitarist)." LitMed. Retrieved online: http://medhum.med.nyu.edu/view/10315
Gedo, Mary Matthews. "A Youthful Genius Confronts His Destiny." Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies
Vol. 12, No. 2, The Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial Collection (1986), pp. 152-165
Images of Nursing
1897 Pablo Picasso
1856 Jerry Barrett
As we have noted, there are numerous images that are effective in establishing the image and role of nursing to the general public. Two prime examples are a surprisingly poetic "Science and Charity," an 1897 work by 17-year-old Pablo Picasso, and a work from 1856, "Florence Nightingale eceiving the Wounded at Scutari -- or The Mission of Mercy," by Jerry Barrett.
"Science and Charity" is oil on canvass and was one of the very few "realistic" paintings done by Pablo Picasso. This academic painting shows a woman on her deathbed, a doctor on her right and a nun on her left. The doctor looks away from the patient as he takes her pulse and goes about his science. The religious sister holds the woman's soon-to-be-orphaned child, offering a glass toward the woman. Both the nun and the doctor wear the same…
Pablo Picasso Biography, Cited in: Biography.com;
Smith, Francis. (1982). Florence Nightingale. St. Martin's Press.
THE ARTISTIC STYLES OF
PALO PICASSO AND SALVADOR DALI
The artistic styles of Pablo Picasso, best known for his high abstractions of the Cubist painting style, and Salvador Dali, one of the most important leaders of the Surrealist movement, have influenced a wide range of artists and are today considered as the quintessential examples of twentieth century art. Picasso as an artist was highly imaginative and original and borrowed heavily from many historical examples which aided him in developing new painting styles. Salvador Dali, like many of his Surrealist contemporaries, sought inspiration from a love for fantasy and studied the writings of Sigmund Freud regarding the human subconscious mind which inspired him to "systemize confusion" through his paintings.
The Cubism style of painting as practiced by Pablo Picasso is best represented by his Accordionist (1911, oil on canvas), a construction of large intersecting planes that suggest the forms of…
Ades, Dawn. Dali and Surrealism. New York: Harper & Row, 1982.
Burger, Peter. Theory of the Avante Garde. Trans. Michael Shaw. University of
Lucie-Smith, Edward. Visual Arts in the Twentieth Century. Saddle River, NJ: Prentice
Among these "Scribble" designs is the drop earrings design. The reason for their success is the overall smooth and elegant look of these earrings. Made with sterling silver, the piece creates a contrasting color tone against darker skin tones. The scribble shape of the design creates a free-flowing feel that makes the piece feel both delicate and prominent at the same time. Although the Scribble appears relatively small, with most signature lines no more than two inches in length, the color and smooth texture of the earrings, magnifies its overall charm. The "Scribble" series reasonably priced, this is because Paloma steers away from expensive jewelry for this signature series, intending to keep it elegant and simple. The line starts from as low as 75 dollars to over 3000, with most of the pieces costing around 200 dollars.
Another signature Paloma line is the "loving heart" series, in which Paloma uses…
Art and Architecture
Architecture and Art
In a recent visit to Chicago, I observed the Chicago Picasso which was a gift to the city by the famed artist Pablo Picasso. Located in the downtown Chicago loop, the monument stands 58 feet tall, weighs 162 tons and is constructed of Cor-Ten (corrosive tensile) steel. Pablo Picasso gave this massive work of art to the city of Chicago, even though he'd never been to the city, and never went during his lifetime. The unpaid work was based on a 42-inch-tall version Pablo crafted. It was later executed by U.S. Steel Corporation ("Chicago Sculptures," 2011).
It is reported that Pablo Picasso never named his creation nor gave an explanation as to what it represents. The 3-D piece of art looks different from every angle. People have stated that it resembles a baboon; mainly because of the close-set eyes and flaring nostrils. Also, the…
Chicago Sculptures. (2011). Professional Safety, 56(4), 64.
Cunningham, B. (2011, June 5). City in Bloom. New York Times. p. 4.
The Warhol Bubble. (2012). Wilson Quarterly, 36(1), 72-73.
Windy City Windfall. (1966). Time, 88(13), 83.
Artistic Analysis of "The Weeping Woman": A Plan to Develop a New Work
The meaning of artistic work continues to evolve to mold into new forms and shapes. The current sociological and economic developments are significantly influencing the artistic creations. Women have the power in the society, and, therefore, they have the freedom to do jobs, own businesses, and at a personal level, they now possess the option of sexual orientation. The modern era remained quite merciful towards women who had a role of sexual slaves in the past. The omans along with the Greeks considered the females as toys that had a function of providing comfort to warriors. Females were responsible for taking care of domestic chores, and they had no right of receiving payments against their services. However, males identified and treated them as trophies, and they collected them according to their level of bravery in the battlefield.…
Barnes, M., Davis, A., & Rogers, H. (2006). Women's voices, Women's choices: Experiences and creativity in consulting women users of mental health services. Journal of Mental Health 15 (3), 329-341.
Gonzalez-Ruibal, A. (2007). Making things public: Archaeologies of the Spanish Civil War. Public Archaeology Vol 6 (4), 203-226 .
Picasso, P (1937).The Weeping Woman . Tate. Tate Modern, London.
Symbolism first developed in poetry, where it spawned free verse. Forefathers included the poets Baudelaire, Verlaine, and Rimbaud; practitioners included Laforgue, Moreas, and Regnier. The Swiss artist Arnold Becklin is perhaps the most well-known Symbolist painter; his pictures are like allegories without keys, drenched in melancholy and mystery. Other artists working in this vein include Odilon Redon and Gustave Moreau. The Surrealists drew heavily on the Symbolists later on.
Catalan masters played a major role in the development of 20th Century modern art in many fields. For example, modernism expressed by Gaudi, Rusinol, Gimeno, Camarasa, Picasso, Nonell or Miro epitomized the efforts of the Catalan people. Still, most of them expressed their talents outside Spain in Paris where many of them lived and worked before going home to continue their expression. Like anyone honing a craft, they needed a foundation of knowledge for their art and Paris offered…
2000. Catalan Masters. Available at http://www.artcult.com/na125.html" http://www.artcult.com/na125.html. Accessed on 9 January 2005.
2002. Notes on Picasso: Important Terms, People, and Events. Available at http://www.tamu.edu/mocl/picasso/archives/2002/opparch02-281.html . Accessed January 2005.
Art Nouveau in Catalonia. Available at http://www.gaudialigaudi.com/A0003.htm;. Accessed 9 January 2005.
Catalan Painting. Available at http://www.mnac.es/eng/dinou/s6.htm . Accessed January 2005.
As he himself admits, "I have a very grim perspective. I do feel that it's a grim, painful, nightmarish meaningless existence, and the only way to be happy is if you tell yourself some lies. One must have some delusions to live" ("Cannes 2010: oody Allen on Death -- 'I'm Strongly Against It'"). hat Midnight in Paris is for him (and us), therefore, is a kind of distraction from the reality that at some point the final credits will roll.
Malick's Tree of Life, then, is a kind of answer to Allen's melancholy. It is, of course, a religious answer told through an impressionistic and indirect medium. Nonetheless, unlike Allen, Malick is willing to embrace the spiritual side of man and explore its meanings and possibilities. For Malick, life is a spiritual journey that can lead one either upwards to the good or downwards to the bad. Allen's film may…
Allen, Woody, dir. Midnight in Paris. Los Angeles: Sony Pictures Classics, 2011.
Augustine. City of God. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1888. Print.
Augustine. The City of God against the Pagans. Cambridge University Press, 2002.
This exhibition shows the artists as young men struggling to make it on their own, showing the influences of their key friends including the Stein family.
In addition to Picasso who would go on to become world known and the most famous of all artists living in the area of Paris ertrude Stein was living at the time, Paul Cezanne, Edgar Degas, Paul auguin, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec were also regular visitor to the Stein's apartment. The influence of ertrude Stein as a benefactor of their works is evident in how they portray the Stein family in general and ertrude specifically. Two of the most celebrated French painters of the 19th century, Edouard Manet, and Auguste Renoir, are also included in the exhibition. Seeing paintings from these two French impressionistic masters is worth the trip to New York alone. Their work is exceptional and technique so unique no one has been…
Gertrude Stein knew Pablo Picasso personally and often watched him paint the works shown in this exhibition. There are a few self-portraits of Gertrude Stein as well in the collection. In 1903 Gertrude Stein arrived in Paris and opened her bookstore on the South Bank of Paris. Over time she made friends with the leading artists living in and around Paris, including Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso. Both of them were unknown and struggling to make ends meet, often painting pictures of wealthy Parisians for pay, staying with Gertrude Stein and her brothers when they could not afford their own apartments. it's stories like this that make the exhibition so fascinating to look at, as these world-famous artists were creating these works of art before they were globally recognized and much more wealthier. This exhibition shows the artists as young men struggling to make it on their own, showing the influences of their key friends including the Stein family.
In addition to Picasso who would go on to become world known and the most famous of all artists living in the area of Paris Gertrude Stein was living at the time, Paul Cezanne, Edgar Degas, Paul Gauguin, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec were also regular visitor to the Stein's apartment. The influence of Gertrude Stein as a benefactor of their works is evident in how they portray the Stein family in general and Gertrude specifically. Two of the most celebrated French painters of the 19th century, Edouard Manet, and Auguste Renoir, are also included in the exhibition. Seeing paintings from these two French impressionistic masters is worth the trip to New York alone. Their work is exceptional and technique so unique no one has been able to imitate it.
The exhibition shows how an arts benefactor, Gertrude Stein, has been able to create a lively, active artistic community in Paris in the early 20th century. Her involved and support for these artists made it possible for them to turn their great ideas for art into finished works, and the world is richer for it. The exhibition also includes sculptures and artifacts that Gertrude Stein collected during those years. It will be like stepping into a time machine and walking out in the early 20th century on the left bank of Paris, which would have been fascinating.
headline from May 2015. "Picasso's omen of Algiers Smashes Auction Record," is how the BBC phrased it, on May 12, noting that "Picasso's omen of Algiers has become the most expensive painting to sell at auction, going for $160 million" (Gompertz 2015). In the frequently dicey and volatile early twenty-first century economy, it is clear that high art has managed to maintain its value in a way that the mortgage of a Florida homebuyer or the Beanie Baby collection of a midwestern housewife have not. It is now almost eighty years since alter Benjamin issued his famous meditation on what precisely the value of the visual arts could be under late capitalism, "The ork of Art in an Age of Mechanical Reproduction." The subject of what art means in an age where reproductions of art are ubiquitous has been around for a while. But Benjamin had never seen the Internet.…
Benjamin, Walter. "The Work of Art in an Age of Mechanical Reproduction." In Illuminations: Selected Writings. New York: Schocken, 1969. Print.
Bosman, Julie. "Lusty Tales and Hot Sales: E-Books Thrive." New York Times, December 8, 2010. Web. Accessed 20 May 2015 at: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/09/books/09romance.html
Bourdieu, Pierre. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste. New York: Routledge, 1984. Print.
Birkerts, Sven. The Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in an Electronic Age. Second Edition. New York: Faber & Faber, 2006. Print.
Asia and Africa in estern European Art
Globalization is generally associated as a modern phenomenon, however, it is a global movement that began with the Greeks and did not accelerate until the renaissance era. The est, going back to Alexander the Great, has a long history of interactions with Asia and Africa. Ideas and goods were consistently traded. This trend of globalization accelerated with the age of exploration in the 16th century when Europeans came into further contact with Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Driven by the quest for gold and natural resources estern European traders navigated the world. This had a profound effect back home, as Europeans developed an interest in the exotic. The interest blossomed during the 18th and 19th century, during the height of estern power and colonialism. Curiosity into the foreign permeated all levels of society. Artists incorporated Asian and African artistic styles into their…
Soltes, Ori. "They All Came to Paris." YouTube. YouTube, 11 Oct. 2011. Web. 2 Apr. 2014. .
Soltes, Ori. "Asia and Africa in the Western Mind." YouTube. YouTube, 11 Oct. 2011. Web. 2 Apr. 2014. .
Art is processed in the brain, and neuropsychological principles show how. One of the prime examples showing the way art influences the brain is with the Mona Lisa. Da Vinci's painting is notable for the peculiar and ambiguous smile on the subject's face. There is "dynamism" in the smile, artist understood this and deliberately make optical illusion of sorts (Chakravarty 69). The illusion is a product of "imaginative thinking which involves frontal cortical activation in the viewer's brain coupled with activation of the motion area (area V5/MT) of the viewer's visual cortex," (Chakravarty 69). Thus, some viewers may perceive La Gioconda as smiling, and others may not.
Cave art proves that creative expression has always been a part of human history. As Dutton points out, the ancient Greeks were the first to recognize that art had a distinct psychological component. Art has functioned differently in different cultures…
"Behavior Genetics." Retrieved online: http://www.personalityresearch.org/bg.html
Chakravarty, Ambar. "Mona Lisa's Smile." Medical Hypotheses. Vol. 75, No. 1, July 2010, pp. 69-72.
Dutton, Dennis. "Aesthetics and Evolutionary Psychology." The Oxford Handbook for Aesthetics, edited by Jerrold Levinson (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003). Retrieved online: http://www.denisdutton.com/aesthetics_&_evolutionary_psychology.htm
Gallese, Vittorio. "Mirror Neurons and Art." Chapter 22. Retrieved online: http://old.unipr.it/arpa/mirror/pubs/pdffiles/Gallese/2010/bacci_melcher_22_2010.pdf
In brief, this painting is essentially a representation of the court of Philip IV and the focal point of the work is the Infanta Margarita who is surrounded by various figures, including her maids of honor, dwarfs and a dog. Las Meninas depicts a large room in the palace of King Philip IV of Spain and most of the figures can be identified as members of the Spanish Court. The figure of the painter is also prominent .There is also a mirror at the back of the figures that depicts the King and Queen.
This complex and mysterious work of art has been the subject of much debate, especially with regard to the theme of illusion and reality in art. It has therefore become one of most widely discussed and analyzed paintings in the Western art discourse. The following commentary provides some ideas of the contemporary interest in this painting.…
GOYA, Francisco. Retrieved November 10, 2009, from http://www.artchive.com/artchive/G/goya/may_3rd.jpg.html
Greco, El. Retrieved November 9, 2009, from
The basis of collage with is associated with humor and entertainment forms its captivating content, an element for passing its information. Materials that are used for collage are normally readily available old objects that have been disregarded. Use of new materials in the art is not restricted but again not considered to add value to the collage work. It is thus a considerably less expensive process as compared to other artistic communications avenues such as painting that requires newly acquired materials that consequently calls for extensive financial commitment. Its relative affordability together with its captivating elements makes collage a good avenue for communication especially in social campaigns. This becomes specifically effective if the entire society is integrated in the collage representation (Learning, 10).
Other collage artists
There are a number of collage artists that have also been significantly felt because of their contribution in collage. Apart from Michael Anderson, Oliver…
Anderson Michael. (2006). Monthly statements; Retrieved from: http://www.accumulationproject.org/anderson/index.html
Bemstein Mark. (2003). Collage, composite, construction; Retrieved from: http://www.ht03.org/papers/pdfs/18.pdf
Endtorture. (2010). Well-known collage artists. Retrieved from:
artists be given free rein in the producing and displaying of works that are offensive, objectionable, or disparaging of certain people's beliefs and values? What responsibilities do artists have to their society? What responsibilities does the society have to its artists?
The job of artists is to hold up a mirror to society and comment on both the beauty and ugliness that exists in the real world. It is easy to showcase things that are beautiful. The museums of the world are full of pretty pictures which depict landscapes and lovely people in fancy dresses. However, there are also works of art in museums or galleries which are controversial, unsettling, and perhaps even downright ugly. Some works of art show things that most people do not want to see, such as material which is offensive, or objectionable, or even disparaging of the beliefs and values of others. Such works are…
The Metropolitan Museum of Art currently presents three fascinating special exhibits including one on cubism, another on enaissance tapestry, and a third on ancient Assyrian art. Each of these three special exhibits is different, and exciting in its own way. The exhibit on enaissance tapestry is entitled "Grand Design" and focuses on the work of Pieter Coecke van Aelst. Some of the tapestries are lavish and intricate, such as the "Seven Deadly Sins." Having never before encountered tapestries from this era, I was stunned at the workmanship and marveled at the amount of time it must have taken to weave these incredible patterns. As if on cue, the museum's curator had prepared several information panels informing viewers about the process of tapestry making, its history, and its relevance during the enaissance. Van Aelst had produced tapestries for Europe's elite, including the Medici family. This made me ponder the nature…
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. [Personal Visit].
Art One-Point Linear Perspective in the enaissance
One-Point Linear Perspective in the enaissance
In the context of art, perspective is generally defined as "… the technique an artist uses to create the illusion of three dimensions on a flat surface" (Essak). Perspective is in essence an illusion of depth and realism in the work of art. It is also an intrinsic part of human evolutionary makeup. As Edgerton ( 2006) states, "
Every human being who has ever lived from Pleistocene times to the present, has experienced in vision the apparent convergence of parallel edges of objects as they extend away from our eyes and seem to come together in a single "vanishing point" on the distant horizon… (Edgerton, 2006)
However, from an art historical perspective it is also true that linear or single-point perspective has not always been an accepted part of painting and artistic creation. It is in…
Edgerton, S. ( 2006). Picturing the Mind's Eye. Tampa University. Journal of Art History,
1. Retrieved from http://journal.utarts.com/articles.php?id=4&type=paper
Op Art History Part I: A History of Perspective in Art. Retrieved from http://www.op-
male persona: Alice B. Toklas
The relationship of Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas
Much as Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas observed the rules of heterosexual gender roles as 'man' and 'wife,' in other respects the two were remarkably similar, including their politics. They remained surprisingly reactionary, despite the fact that both were Jewish as well as lesbians. Stein supported the side of the fascists of the Spanish Civil War and lived in France during the occupation: "How were Stein and Toklas-Americans, Jews, and, oh yes, lesbians-able to live unmolested in occupied France while the war raged all around them and deportations were being carried out at every mm? How did they manage to maintain their pleasant, country life while experiencing few deprivations other than a reduction in the number of their usually lavish meals?" (Stone 2008). The answer was their failure to support resistance movements. The two effectively…
Constantine, S. 1998. Think You Know All About Gertrude Stein? The Lesbian Review of Books,
Mills, J.E. 2003. Gertrude Stein took the War like a man. The Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide,
10 (2): 16-16.
Herbert eed saw these bronze sculptures as "apparitions," or "primordial images projected from the deepest level of the unconscious, and they illustrate the truth that the artist is essentially the instrument of unconscious forces" (Mitchinson 1998, p. 246). Others see the uprights as Moore's reflection of World War I, or bombs cut in half lengthways to show their internal workings, giving a long, smooth and rounded shape at the back and a complex series of mechanical forms at the front. In this case, he is anthropomorphizing the bombs by adding facial parts. egardless, these sculptures are highly abstract and ambivalent, impacting people in different ways (Mitchinson 1998)
It is most likely more the case that Moore's uprights are not dark and pessimistic recreations of bombs. When he first saw the prehistoric stone monoliths at Stonehenge in the 1930s, he was elated and began to try different types of sculptures: "I…
Bazin, Germain. 1968. History of World Sculpture. Greenwich, CT: New York Graphic Society.
Nelson Atkins Museum of Art/Kansas City Blog. Retrieved April 3, 2009. http://www.nelson-atkins.org/blog/kansas_city_sculpture_park/
Kosinksi, Dorothy 2001. Henry Moore. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Mitchinson, David. 1998 Celebrating Moore. Berkeley: UCLA Press.
GUGGENHEIM need a fighter, a lover of space, an agitator, a tester and a wise man.... I want a temple of spirit, a monument!
Hilla Rebay to Frank Lloyd Wright, 1943
Just say "The Guggenheim" and most people immediately get a quick mental picture of the marvelous building in New York - that immense spring spreading its coils toward the sky while resting on a broad and steady base. It is the most astonishing building from the outside and what's inside is even more amazing. Commissioned by Guggenheim's personal art advisor, Hilla Rebay, and designed by the innovative architect Frank Lloyd Wright in the 1940s, it is indeed a monument and a testament to the innovators and artists whose work lies within its coiled walls.
Solomon R. Guggenheim commissioned the building to hold his ever-growing Museum of Non-Objective Painting. Today, the Guggenheim houses one of the most impressive collections of…
Thus, it would seem his work could not be considered spiritual, and yet, there is something moving and thought provoking about many of his works. The busts in his nuclear series, which often show the grisly results of a nuclear holocaust cause the reader to look inside themselves and confront their own ideas about mortality and spirituality, and there is something very moving about these works, but they are very disturbing, as well.
Arneson's work might not be considered spiritual, and yet, there is something very touching and special about some of his works. His works make viewers think about history, about their own lives, and even the politics of the world around them. That makes them look inside themselves, too, just as Arneson did when he created his self-portraits. This ability to create whimsical and yet touching works is something Arneson mastered completely, and that helps give his work…
Editors. "Robert Arneson's Eggheads." University of California at Davis. 2008. 18 March 2008. http://eggheads.ucdavis.edu/
Editors. "The Art of Robert Arneson." Verisimilitudo.com.1992. 18 March 2008. http://www.verisimilitudo.com/arneson/
Lauria, Jo and Adkins, Gretchen. Color and Fire: Defining Moments in Studio Ceramics, 1950-2000. Los Angeles: LACMA; Rizzoli International Publications, 2000.
Natsoulas, John. "Robert Arneson." John Natsoulas Gallery. 2007. 18 March 2008. http://www.natsoulas.com/html/artists/robertArneson/robertArneson.html
history of the 1920's, a colorful era of tycoons, gangsters, bohemians and inventors. Areas covered include the arts, news and politics, science and humanities, business and industry, society fads and sports. The bibliography includes fives sources, with five quotations from secondary sources, and footnotes.
The 1920's are commonly referred to as the 'Roaring Twenties', an appropriate title for a decade that did indeed roar out of the Victorian Era. Gone were the corsets and up went the skirt hems as flapper girls bared their legs and speakeasies with bathtub gin dominated the nightlife.
Tycoons became America's royalties while bohemian lifestyles bore the twentieth century's most influential era of art and literature. Inventions brought us into the modern age of convenience and history making events.
The twenties began with a serious but short-lived post-war recession, following World War 1.
Yet, by the mid-twenties, business and industry had created legends that have…
Bryer, Jackson R. Edited. F. Scott Fitzgerald: Novels and Stories 1920-1922.
Library of America. September 2000.
http://classiclit.about.com/library/weekly/aa100100a.htm . (accessed 02-14-2002).
Modernism That Interests You
Gertrude Stein and Modernism
Gertrude Stein had been an American feminist, poet, playwright, writer, as well as, the means in the growth and expansion of modernism western art and prose. However, she had spent the majority of her life in France. If the term "modernism" stands for the need of an individual refusing earlier customs, as well as, by designing personal methods, creating compositions which have been unique and innovative to that particular artist, then, Gertrude Stein is clearly amongst the most creative writers of all times (ryce, 1995).
After being born in Pennsylvania, Gertrude Stein's family shifted to Vienna and subsequently to Paris whilst she had been only three years old. Coming back after approximately two years, she received her education in California and, in 1897, she graduated from Radcliffe College ensued by two years of studying medicine at Johns Hopkins School (ryce, 1995).
Benstock, Shari. Expatriate Sapphic Modernism. Rereading Modernism: New Directions in Feminist Criticism. Ed. Lisa Rado. New York: Garland, 1994: 97-121.
Conrad, Bryce. Gertrude Stein in the American Marketplace. Journal of Modern Literature 19.2 1995: 215-33.
Dearborn, Mary. Pocahontas's Daughters: Gender and Ethnicity in American Culture. New York: Oxford UP, 1986.
Felski, Rita. The Gender of Modernity. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1995.
The Keller/PSI approach to academic and professional training has been documented to improve student performance as measured by course completion rates and subject matter retention among students. On the other hand, there are considerable practical and technical problems implementing the Keller/PSI approach within traditional educational institutions. Meanwhile, there is little if any empirical evidence suggesting precisely how the Keller/PSI model benefits learning outside of the focus on the reduced deadline orientation that is the hallmark of that teaching methodology.
Substantial evidence exists to suggest that the success of the Keller/PSI approach is actually attributable to other changes typically attributable to Keller/PSI, such as the broadening of the range of media of instruction, despite the fact that those changes are natural consequences of the Keller/PSI design rather than deliberately conceived components of the approach. The empirical evidence of the increased success of CAPSI programs further bolsters that argument.
Abdulwahed, M. And Nagy, Z.K. "Applying Kolb's Experiential Learning Cycle for Laboratory Education." Journal of Engineering Education. American Society for Engineering Education. 2009. Retrieved January 19, 2010 from HighBeam
Burton, J.K., Moore, D.M., and Magliaro, S.G. (2004). Behaviorism and instructional technology. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ.
Dunne, J.D. (1997). Behavior Analysis: No Defense Required. Wright University.
geniuses, history will never even be aware that most people even lived at all, much less that their lives had any real purpose, meaning or worth. All ideas of human equality and natural rights are just pious little myths and fables, since only a handful will ever have the talent and intelligence to be recognized as standing out from the anonymous masses. This world is a very cruel and Darwinian place in which only a handful achieve success and recognition, at least by the material and monetary standards that the capitalist system values so highly. In short, the majority of people who ever lived have simple been drones and worker bees, and if they have any talents or worth, few will ever notice them outside of their narrow little spheres of existence. Many people may have certain natural talents but make little effort to develop them, and through bad luck…
Boss, Judith. Perspective on Ethics, Second Edition. McGraw-Hill, 2002
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP). http://plato.stanford.edu/
The manner in which Cezanne abstractly modulated color in his paintings was seminal to the controversial cubist style. What is more, Pablo Picasso's Les Demoiselles d'Avignon simplified previous endeavors in terms of structure by employing a savage two-dimensional angularity, and as such was exponential for early modern art.
Modernist painting, in Clement Greenberg's words, "used art to call attention to art" (193) as opposed to ealism's alleged concealment of art. Formerly inferred drawbacks attached to the limits imposed by the medium of painting, such as the plain surface, the pigment's properties or the shape of the support, were brought to light in modernism and even considered positive elements (Greenberg 195). To list various embodiments of the modern newly found openness and embracing of factors that used to be regarded as glitch, Piet Mondrian's minimalist Composition in Yellow, ed, and Blue, Jack Pollock's abstract expressionist Autumn hythm, Mark othko's 1959 Lavender…
Greenberg, Clement. Modernist painting. Art and Literature Spring 1965: 193-201
Modernism: Depth Analysis European Art Works 1860-1935
Modernism, in its widest meaning, is considered to be modern belief, eccentric, or practice. To add a little more, the word gives a description of the modernist movement occurring in the arts, its set of cultural propensities and related cultural actions, initially rising from wide-scale and extensive differences to Western civilization in the late 19th and early 20th centuries (aker 2005). In specific the expansion of modern industrial cultures and the quick growing of cities, trailed then by the dismay of the First World War, were among the issues that fashioned Modernism. Connected expressions are modernist, modern, present-day, and postmodern. In art, Modernism openly rejects the philosophy of realism (aker 2005) and creates usage of the works from previous times, through the request of return, incorporation, redrafting, recapitulation, review and at times mockery in new methods. (aker 2005) Innovation also discards the lasting…
Armstrong, Carol and de Zegher, Catherine. Women Artists as the Millennium. Cambridge, MA:: MIT Press, 2005.
Baker, Houston A., Jr.,. Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press,, 2005.
Nicholls, Peter,. Modernisms: A Literary Guide . Hampshire and London:: MacMilian, 2005.
Pollock, Griselda, and Florence, Penny,. Looking Back to the Future: Essays by Griselda Pollock from the 1990s. New York:: G&B New Arts Press,, 2004.
Today, the term "designer" is too often associated with people who churn out clothing lines every season. In this sense, Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel stands as a breed apart. Fashion analysts today attribute the birth of modern fashion to Coco Chanel. She is viewed as a woman and an artist ahead of her time. Her clothing influenced not only the way women dress, but the way women define femininity. In this sense, Chanel is very much a part of the modern artistic movement, along with the likes of Pablo Picasso and Jean Cocteau.
This paper examines the many facets of Coco Chanel's artistry. The first part of the paper looks at Chanel as a product of her social environment, discussing the factors that have contributed to the evolution of Chanel's style and clothing designs. The next part then looks at Chanel's designs and choice of fabrics. Chanel never defined…
Dunn, Jennifer. "Coco Chanel and Fashion." Transcription Topics. 20 December 1999. University of California at Santa Barbara. 13 March 2004 http://transcriptions.english.ucsb.edu/archive/topics/infoart/chanel/.
This website offers a complete and insightful account of Coco Chanel's designs. The first section provides a good resource not only regarding the "look" of Chanel's designs. In addition, this website is useful for identifying how Chanel's "look" evolved in relation to prevailing social norms. The sections on the role both World Wars played in changing the social roles of women were especially illuminating. While many Internet sites on Coco Chanel focus on the designs, Dunn's scholarly approach teases out how designs such as the "working uniform" and the "Chanel suit" both reflect social trends and open new opportunities for working women.
Madsen, Axel. Chanel: A Woman of Her Own. New York: Henry Hold and Company, Inc.
It is well-known that many of the stories regarding Coco Chanel's past are just fabrications. Many were in fact spread by Chanel herself. Considering this, Madsen does a remarkable job of presenting a thorough biography of one of the 20th century's most innovative women. Madsen's work, however, shows some weaknesses. He often underestimates, for example, the importance of the class system and social cachet in early 20th century Europe. This leads him to wonder why associations with royalty and powerful men were important to a modern woman like Coco Chanel. Despite this, his work is an interesting account of how Chanel managed to rise to the top of the fashion industry. The illustrations and Madsen's novelistic style of writing make this book both entertaining and informative.
romanticism of man with imagination and the curiosity to attach meaning to inanimate objects spills over in many forms- dreams, art, literature, and of late pervades the space in commercial forms like films, advertisements, fashion exhibitions etc. Surrealism has enamored and consequently influenced intellectual and academic pursuits in the past in all fields- social behavior, politics, religion and culture. The import of psychological realms and psychoanalysis on surrealism has been multivariate. Key historical figures- Marx, Freud, Dadi have shaped surrealism since the beginning of the twentieth century. In modern times, fashion and clothing make use of surrealism to evoke extreme emotions by way of animating the inanimate as well as pushing the subjects (inanimate and women) to the limits of obscenity (over-consumption) and grotesque. An analysis of the travel of surrealism through the times shows that the original concepts continue to have an impact on the thought that goes behind…
-- -- . (2015b). The Art Story. Accessed April 20. http://www.theartstory.org/movement-surrealism.htm .
"Surrealism Movement, Artists and Major Works." (2015a). The Art Story. Accessed April 20.
Marsden Hartley epitomizes the transition in American art towards abstractionism. In fact, Hartley was integral to fomenting the shift in American art, which had until then tended to lag behind its European avant-garde counterparts. Hartley spent more than a quarter of a century in Europe before and during World War One, in both Paris and Berlin, where he learned emerging techniques from cubism and abstract expressionism to fauvism. When Hartley returned to the United States, he retreated from the avant-garde styles and became known more as the "rooted-in-Maine American artist," (Slenske, 2014). Hartley's achievements lie as much in his versatility as in his encouragement of abstraction and experimentalism in American art.
Hartley was born in Maine and exhibited a predilection for visual art at a young age. He was formally trained and got his start exhibiting in Alfred Stieglitz's Gallery 291 in New York. Stieglitz gave Hartley an exclusive exhibition,…
"Marsden Hartley (1877-1943)" Retrieved online: http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/famous-artists/marsden-hartley.htm
Peltakian, D. (n.d.). Marsden Hartley: American expressionist. Retrieved online: http://www.sullivangoss.com/marsden_Hartley/
The Phillips Collection (2016). Marsden Hartley. Retrieved online: http://www.phillipscollection.org/research/american_art/bios/hartley-bio.htm
Slenske, M. (2014). Deciphering Modernist Marsden Hartley's Coded Paintings. Architectural Digest. Retrieved online: http://www.architecturaldigest.com/story/marsden-hartley-lacma
It is difficult to think of 1920's Paris without recalling Gertrude Stein. A friend to some of the most prominent artists and writers of the 20th century, Stein is not only known for her own accomplished writing contributions, but also for her personal lifestyle.
Gertrude Stein was born in 1874 near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She attended Radcliffe from 1893-1897, where she was a student of illiam James. One day Stein wrote, "Dear Professor James, I am sorry but really I do not feel a bit like an examination paper in philosophy today"...the next day James send her a postcard saying "I understand perfectly how you feel, I often feel like that myself," and then he gave her the highest mark in his course (orld pg). She then began premedical work at Johns Hopkins. In 1902, she decided to take a break from her studies, and went abroad,…
American Literature from 1860 to 1914." The Reader's Companion to American
History. January 01, 1991; pp 135.
Benfer, Amy. "Gertrude and Alice." http://www.salon.com/mwt/feature/1999/11/18/alice/index2.html .(accessed 03-09-2003).
Curnutt, Kirk. "Parody and Pedagogy: teaching style, voice, and authorial intent in the works of Gertrude Stein." College Literature. Volume 23. June 01, 1996; pp 1.