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Parent-Child Relationship Inventory the Need
Words: 1572 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68336645
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Finally, Boothroyd (2010) suggests that because the authors of PCI do not provide guidance on how parents are defined, the assessment may not be appropriate for families with a parenting structure other than two biological parents. It seems that while the PCI is considered a valid and reliable assessment for some populations, further study should be conducted with a more diverse norming sample.


Coffman, J.K., Guerin, D.W., & Gottfried, A.W. (2006). eliability and validity of the parent-child relationship inventory (PCI): Evidence from a longitudinal cross-informant investigation. Psychological Assessment, 18(2), 209-214. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.18.2.209

Gerard, A.B.Parent-child relationship inventory Western Psychological Services, 12031 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90025-1251; ephone [HIDDEN]; FAX [HIDDEN]; Web: etrieved from

Heinze, M.C., & Grisso, T. (1996). eview of instruments assessing parenting competencies used in child custody evaluations. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 14(3), 293-313. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-0798(199622)14:33.0.CO;2-0

Schroeder, V., & Kelley, M. (2009). Associations between family environment,…


Coffman, J.K., Guerin, D.W., & Gottfried, A.W. (2006). Reliability and validity of the parent-child relationship inventory (PCRI): Evidence from a longitudinal cross-informant investigation. Psychological Assessment, 18(2), 209-214. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.18.2.209

Gerard, A.B.Parent-child relationship inventory Western Psychological Services, 12031 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90025-1251; ephone [HIDDEN]; FAX [HIDDEN]; Web: Retrieved from 

Heinze, M.C., & Grisso, T. (1996). Review of instruments assessing parenting competencies used in child custody evaluations. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 14(3), 293-313. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-0798(199622)14:33.0.CO;2-0

Schroeder, V., & Kelley, M. (2009). Associations between family environment, parenting practices, and executive functioning of children with and without ADHD. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 18(2), 227-235. doi:10.1007/s10826-008-9223-0

Parent-Child Relationship Codi Has a Very Complicated
Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13173323
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Parent-Child Relationship

Codi has a very complicated relationship with her father. It is not a conventional relationship. Their relationship to each other is renewed after her father falls ill. Her father (Doc Homer) has a different relationship with his daughters. His daughters, hallie and Codi moved out of their father's house when they grew up to adolescents. They both want to lead independent lives of their own. There has always been distance between the father and daughter ever since they were young. Something was lacking in their relationship and that was the only way of making the relationship work.

Their father had always separated them from the rest of the community and not let his offspring discover the true roots of their identity. He does not want to remember his ties to the Gracela valley and tries to forget them. He has never let his daughters reach out to him,…

Parent and Teacher Communication
Words: 1307 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83338882
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Parent Communication Plan
Parent-teacher communication is one of the bedrocks of education. The reason for this is that education is not something that solely transpires in the classroom. It extends outside its walls and continues on into the real world. The student’s home is one area where education also occurs, and that is not the realm of the teacher but rather of the parent. Thus, to ensure that both parent and teacher are on the same page and are communicating the same vital messages and lessons to the child, it is wise that they themselves communicate with one another, share ideas, and discuss important issues that are likely to be faced by the child (Graham-Clay, 2005). As Merkley, Schmidt, Dirksen and Fuhler (2006) point out, there are many ways in which parent-teacher communication can be conducted today: the face-to-face meeting is always an option, but technological advancements have also…

Parent With a Young Child and a
Words: 994 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17632597
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parent with a young child and a demanding job -- whether it is a mother or a father -- has challenges that a family with both parents on board does not experience, in most cases. And when you add to the equation the fact that the single parent in this case is a male in the U.S. Army, there are complications and serious work-life balance issues to be addressed. After all, the health and care of the child in question must be at the top of the list of priorities, along with the employment of the father and the balance of the conflicting challenges and issues.

As a single dad with a young child, I already face challenges when it comes to raising my child, providing a good home and good health for the child; but in addition I am in the U.S. Army and my duties and responsibilities necessarily…

Works Cited

Britt, T.W., Adler, A.B., and Castro, C.A. (2006). Military Life: The military family. Chicago,

IL: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Lieke, L, Brummelhuis, T., and Van Der Lippe, T. (2010). Effective Work-Life Balance

Support for Various Household Structures. Human Resource Management, 49(2), 173-193.

Parent Program Components
Words: 2168 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Grant Proposal Paper #: 72545260
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Grant Proposal for Strengthening the Family Unit

Program Design and Implementation

The overall design and structure of the program will orbit around multiple activities and methodologies which are designed to fortify the overall family unit, most notably the parental unit. Parenting is an extremely challenging endeavor and one which can put a considerable strain on a marriage -- even the strongest marriage. Thus, one of the foremost aspects of the program in general will consist of a parenting skills training program to minimize behavior problems in young children (particularly when these children are at the most difficult age) by bolstering the level of parent self-efficacy through beneficial parenting behaviors and overall child discipline strategies (NEPP, 2012).

Many of the strategies used in this case will be modeled after the Chicago Parent Program (CPP), which is an extremely well organized program that is founded in the notion that parents play the…


Flay, B., & Allred, C. (2010). The Positive Action Program. International Research Handbook on Values Education, 471-481.

GGC. (2012, July). Guiding Good Choices. Retrieved from NREPP: [HIDDEN]

Lia, K., Washburn, I., & DuBois, D. (2011). Effects of the Positive Action programme on problem behaviours in elementary school students. Psychology and Health, 187-204.

NREPP. (2012, August). Chicago Parent Program. Retrieved from NREPP

Parent Literally Had Nothing to Do With
Words: 1289 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38559744
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parent literally had nothing to do with a biological child in order for the child to take advantage of the Family and Medical Leave Act to care for that parent.

The family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) gives no determination that states that the known relationship or lack thereof between the child and parent will determine the child's ability to use FMLA to care for the parent. Any employee can request FMLA regardless of if the child had nothing to do at all with the biological parent. The FMLA provides the employee with up to a maximum of twelve weeks of un-paid, job-protected leave for one of the following reasons:

Care of a spouse, daughter, son or parent with serious health conditions

Due to an employee's inability to work due to a serious health condition

Placement of a child for adoption or foster care

The birth and care of a newborn…


Kollman & Saucier P.A. (n.d.). Does the family and medical leave act apply?. Retrieved 04/29/11, from

Larson, A.E. (2011). The Intricacies of FMLA. Retrieved 04/28/11, from

OSHA (n.d.). OSHA Safety regulations & Labor Law Guide. Retrieved 04/29/2011, from

Parents Raise Children Adequately Single
Words: 1293 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3308654
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132). hen women reported that their desire for greater social support was satisfied, the outcomes reported for their children improved dramatically.

The negative associations with single parenting thus have more to do with the circumstances that can give birth to single parenting, or are attached to single parenting because of the way our society is structured. In society, we have come to regard the nuclear family as the norm and single parents do not always have the multigenerational support that could give their children positive role models of both genders that they may have in previous eras. Single parents are more likely to be female, and females are traditionally underpaid for their labor. Additionally companies are not always willing to make accommodations for male or female single parent's need for flexible schedules. But the problem is not with single parenting; rather the problem is with how our society views parenthood…

Works Cited

Burden, Dianne S. "Single Parents and the Work Setting: The Impact of Multiple Job and Homelife Responsibilities." Family Relations. Vol. 35. No. 1. The Single Parent Family. Jan., 1986. pp. 37-43

Hanson, Shirley M. "Single Parents and the Work Setting: The Impact of Multiple Job and Homelife Responsibilities." Family Relations. Vol. 35. No. 1. The Single Parent Family. Jan., 1986. pp. 125-132.

DeLeire, Thomas & Ariel Kalil. "Good things come in 3's: Single-parent multigenerational family structure and adolescent adjustment." Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies. Oct 2001. 4 Apr 2008. 

Walker, Victoria. Pagewise. 2002. 4 Apr 2008.

Parents Be Held Responsible for
Words: 1662 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27942049
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The writer concludes that the social scientists have been correct when they have mentioned the family dynamics and parental behavior as major influences in the growth and development of the child.

Also Henry iller (1993) asserts that the ability of the parents to develop an intimate connection with their baby and their essential responsibility throughout the newborn's growth and maturity has a profound impact on the behavior of the child because it helps their child to build and grow an upbeat body figure, self-worth, ethical principles and academic and social capability.

Therefore in light of the above mentioned facts it is essential for parents to spend a lot of time with their children and engage in constructive activities so that they can be emotionally connected with their parents and grow up to be trusting and loving individuals.


Annie Murphy Paul. Do Parents Really Matter? Psychology Today, Vol. 31, January-February…


Annie Murphy Paul. Do Parents Really Matter? Psychology Today, Vol. 31, January-February 1998

Betsy Bates. Parents' 'Prompting' Behavior Encourages Smoking. (Survey of Seventh and Eighth Graders). Family Practice News; 11/1/2001.

Fred Hutchinson. Parents Who Quit Smoking When Their Kids Are Young May Have a Big Influence on Whether Their Offspring Will Quit Smoking in Young Adulthood. PR Newswire; 3/1/2005

Henry B. Biller. Fathers and Families: Paternal Factors in Child Development. Auburn House, 1993

Parent and Child Relationship
Words: 1045 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16061256
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Dynamism Between Parents and Children

Of diverse interaction people have over the course of lifetime, the relationship between parent and child is the most important. Children's growth and development is greatly dependent relatively on the parental bond which exists between them. This bond provides the child with the framework on how they outlook themselves and the people around them. The tie will also determine how well they relate with their peers and the environment their whole lifespan. However the tie between the parents and children can be affected because of parents physical or mental state which may keep him or her to from avoiding relationship with their children. Illness, depression, disorders, alcoholism and drugs addiction are also some of the factors the can make to difficult for the child and parent to relate with each other effectively. According to Cathy Meyer (2011), divorce and conflict can disrupt the growth of…


Amy Black 2011 Authoritative, Authoritarian and Permissive Parenting Types Retrieved April

26. 2011 from 

Baby Care Help2011 Exploring Different Types of Parenting Styles Retrieved April 26. 2011


Parents on Life the Influence
Words: 303 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82204735
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The struggle with tradition and one's personal history comes to the forefront in two other family memoirs, Ayaan Hirsi Ali's Infidel and Maxine Hong Kingston's the Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts. In the case of the former, Ali is thrust into exile because of her unwillingness to conform to her parents' expectations of what is proper for a woman in her native culture. Maxine Hong Kingston experiences similar issues, although the consequences for her are far less extreme.

In my analysis of the issues outlined above, I intend to show how all three writers transform the personal into the political, effectively establishing that the most minute, particular happenings in our lives can indeed have universal implications.


Ali, Ayaan Hirsi. Infidel. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2007.

Kingston, Maxine Hong. The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts. New York: Vintage ooks, 1975.

Walls, Jeannette. The…


Ali, Ayaan Hirsi. Infidel. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2007.

Kingston, Maxine Hong. The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts. New York: Vintage Books, 1975.

Walls, Jeannette. The Glass Castle. New York: Scribner, 2006.

Parent the Past Meets the
Words: 487 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28223857
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Roper, from noticing that Jack had brought home a dog, because pets were not allowed in the building. Although this episode didn't revolve around the sexual tension in the house specifically, I couldn't help noticing the scanty outfits of the blonde Chrissy, and how unrealistically skimpy they seemed, for just lounging around the house on an ordinary day to be spent with one's friends. Janet, the other woman, was clearly supposed to be 'the smart brunette,' and seemed like the less desirable of the two women because the camera (and Jack's wandering eyes) spent very little time focused on the other woman. Although the show was supposed to be revolutionary, the message was clear -- you could be dumb and blonde, or oridinary looking and smart if you were a woman. These two qualities couldn't mix.

The plot, of 'no dogs allowed' seemed very conventional and unimaginative to me, and…

Works Cited

No Children, no dogs." Episode 4. Three's Company DVD Season 1. 

Mr. C." Personal Interview. December 10, 2006.

Parents Can Affect the Connection
Words: 1924 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 1145767
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(p. 226)

Findings and Discussion

Paulessen-Hoogeboom et al. (2008) present us with a number of key findings that have such pervasive implications for parenting. All toddlers engage in behaviors such as biting, hitting, screaming, or otherwise acting out. Such behaviors arise as a result of negative emotions. Parents often find these behaviors hard to deal with -- along with other children and other caregivers. The response by others in the children's world may be highly negative itself and may thus provoke additional negative feelings, which in turn provoke additional negative behaviors. This is a cycle that is bad for all concerned.

Paulessen-Hoogeboom et al. (2008) further validated the finding of others that an authoritarian parenting style is aimed at getting children to stop these negative behaviors by commanding them to follow parental orders. However, they also found, such a parenting style ignores the underlying emotions and so is ineffective in…


Clark, K.E., & Ladd, G.W. (2000). Connectedness and autonomy support in parent-child relationships: Links to children's socioemotional orientation and peer relationships. Developmental Psychology, 485-498.

Kochanska, G., Murray, K., & Coy, K.C. (1997). Inhibitory control as a contributor to conscience in childhood: From toddler to school age. Child Development, 68, 263-277.

Paulussen-Hoogeboom, M. etal (2008). Parenting style as a mediator between children's negative emotionality and problematic behavior in early childhood. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 2008, 169(3), 209 -- 226.

Parent and Child Communication Article Review
Words: 1871 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29411932
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Keijsers, L., & Poulin, F. (2013, March 11). Developmental changes in parent -- child communication throughout adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 49(12), 2301-2308. doi:10.1037/a0032217

The science of Developmental Psychology purposes and endeavors to elucidate the change that comes about in both children and adults in the course of time. I have decided to focus and lay emphasis on this topic as the most change takes place in the course of a person's lifespan during this particular period (Mcleod, 2012). Further, the topic "Developmental changes in parent-child communication throughout adolescence," lays emphasis on the individual changes and variations in the patterns of change between the association that exists between the child and the parent in the course of adolescence. Particularly important is the fact that any individual during its infancy is largely attached to the parent and therefore communicates a lot. However, according to this topic, it is delineated that the attachment and…

Parent Involvement and Student Academic Performance
Words: 788 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97056120
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Parent Involvement and Student Academic Performance: A Multiple Mediational Analysis

David R. Topor, Susan P. Keane, Terri L. Shelton, and Susan D. Calkins

Numerous studies have shown a clear positive relationship between the involvement of a parent in a child's education, and the academic performance of the child. This particular study seeks to explore the mechanisms of the said association. On that front, only two potential mechanisms are taken into consideration. These, according to the authors, include; 1) the quality of the relationship between the teacher and the student, and 2) the child's perception of cognitive competence. A total of one hundred and fifty eight 7-year-olds participated in this study. The sample also included their teachers and mothers. It is important to note that data was in this case sourced from three key centers; the child, their mothers, and teachers -- with the gathering of data from the first two…

Parent-Child Conflicts Cause People to Act Without
Words: 324 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30585954
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parent-child conflicts cause people to act without being true to their own needs and desires. Because of the ingrained need to please the parents, people often sacrifice, suppress, or deny their feelings. Especially in families in which tradition is important, a person may find him or herself trying too hard to stay in the good graces of their family. An example would be marriage outside of the religion. It is very common for families to unduly pressure their children into marrying within the same faith, even if that religious tradition means little to the child. As a result, the child may end up sacrificing a positive and loving relationship to please the parents. This could cause serious repercussions for the person down the road. Not only will he or she lose an opportunity for a healthy marriage, but may end up building up resentment towards the strict parents. Instead of…

Parents Need to Do in Order to
Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49458398
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parents need to do in order to make sure that their children make healthy choices is to educate them with regard to the effects that particular foods can have on their health. Even with the fact that they can also cooperate with schools in order to prevent educational institutes from providing students with unhealthy foods, it is still important for them to be certain that their children have a complex understanding of why it is important for them to eat healthy foods. Information is essential and parents thus need to focus on teaching their children how to filter it in order to benefit from life in general.

hile many are inclined to believe that taking on physical activity as an obese person can be especially difficult and even impossible in some cases, the reality is that the concept of physical activity is very complex. People can start off by walking…

Works cited:

Dunn, Anderson Carolyn, "Everyday Nutrition," (Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 01.02.2012)

Watson, Ruthy, "Obesity, Physical Activity, and Healthful Nutrition: What Does the Pastor Think?," (ProQuest, 2008)

In collaboration with the Healthcare Georgia Foundation, Committee on Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, National Academies, "Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium," (Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief ... - In collaboration with the Healthcare Georgia Foundation, Committee on Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, National Academies - Google C-r-i)

"Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity," Retrieved May 24, 2013, from the Healthy People Website:

parents'sexuality and the psychoanalysis or psychodynamic
Words: 667 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27707475
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1. As people progress through the stages of psychosocial development, they may get fixated due to suppressed desires. As all desires is driven by libido, according to Freud, any fixation can become a sexual fixation. Thus, being fixated at the oral stage would theoretically predispose one to have some type of oral fetish. Abnormal sexual behavior can be traced to fixation or stagnation, a neurosis that is due to a previous difficulty at one of the stages of development.

Freud’s theory is interesting, certainly, and has its own internal logic. However, Freud’s model is not at all scientific. Freud also focused almost exclusively on male libido, being personally perplexed by female sexual desire and by women in general (“Modules on Freud: On Psychosexual Development,” n.d.). Without any substantial research to back up his theories, Freud’s work remains theoretical. Therefore, I do not necessarily agree with the details of the theory.…

Parent Trap 1 And 2
Words: 4825 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55523589
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Family therapy believes that problems that the individuals evidence stem from the fact that problems occur within the family unit itself and that the family is divided into several component parts. To address these problems the therapist, as it were, therefore steps into the family unit, becomes "a part of it" and intervenes. His doing so not only enables him to see the family patterns from the inside; thereby understanding faults of fission but also enable him to practice therapy. Intervention in the family is called enactment.

Enactment refers to the therapist encouraging acting of dysfunctional relationship patterns within the family therapy session and him acting out some of this behavior by actually entering the family unit. The therapist thereby learns about the family's structure and interactional patterns and is able to interfere in the process by modifying some of the negative elements, pointing these out, intensifying positive elements, and…


Family Systems institute Bowen Family Systems Theory and Practice: Illustration and Critique

Bowenian Family Systems Theory and Therapy

Parents Have Been the Most
Words: 403 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34731761
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My parents also instilled in me a love for science and reading, and have proven to be the best examples in the world. Our favorite family activity is to watch the game show "Jeopardy" together. We challenge each other to see who can answer the most correct questions, and whoever wins gets to choose the restaurant the family will eat at that weekend. And if I win, I am even allowed to invite friends to join us.

My parents are also very wise. I have come to understand from my high school psychology class why my parents never argued in from of me no matter how upset they may have been. My mother would always say to my father, "Can we go to the other room, there is something that I must talk to you about." feel very proud of my parents, especially when my friends make comments such as,…

Parents Name a Child Jill
Words: 829 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88990357
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Art supplies the vision, and the vision is important, but people must be willing to bring that vision to life. Furthermore, people need to realize that they can bring about monumental change. To remind myself of that, I look to my own ancestors. I am African-American, and my ancestors were able to accomplish so much despite the overwhelming odds against them. If they could surmount the overwhelming odds against them, I feel it would be dishonorable for me to refuse to meet the challenges in my own life. That is why I have engaged in a series of projects that aim to have a direct and positive impact on the lives of the people around me. I had a talk show, "Closer to my Dreams" on WGIV 103.3 FM; the purpose of the talk show was to inspire teenagers to reach for their dreams. I work at Youth Empowerment Solutions…

Parents Definitely Have a Case
Words: 685 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79953568
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Toxcio's experts, on the other hand, believe that evidence is incomplete and that further, costly studies need to be implemented to show the connection.

It seems to me that (a) if the biophysicist is indeed as credentialed and qualified as said and (b) if her studies are as empirical as stated from peer-reviewed scientific journals, bearing reliable evidence, than the families do, indeed have a case. This is because even thoguh further research may need to be conducted (as per Toxico's scientists) to assess strength of the research, the evidence that exists at the moment seems to show an almost undisputed association between the children's cancer and the toxic emission.

econdly, the biophysicist also reinforces her case with other empirical evidence -- and empirical evidence is that which is required by the courts - of the significant statistical incidence of this rare cancer in the neighborhood. In both cases, her…



The People of the State of New York, Respondent, v. George Wesley, Appellant, Court of Appeals of the State of New York., 1994.

Parent Abuse
Words: 799 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 13944749
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Child Development

In understanding the differences between childhood behaviors and adulthood behaviors in identifying problems is very important for those counselors seeking to find causes to problematic symptoms. The purpose of this report is to discuss the case study issues dealing with Maria, a 9-year-old Hispanic girl who is experiencing some behavior issues dealing with fear and anxiety. This report will offer an assessment and evaluation of Maria in determining the best way to approach and eventually solve this problem.

The text suggested that it was important to differentiate the issues of children and adults in a manner that is reasonable and understandable. There is, however, been a historical tendency to ignore this separation and treat children just like adults, perhaps misreading the situation and ultimately causing more confusion and harm. The authors wrote " the lack of attention to developmental variations in symptoms in the DSM and its applications…


Barrett, P.M., Dadds, M.R., & Rapee, R.M. (1996). Family treatment of childhood anxiety: a controlled trial. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 64(2), 333.

Prezeworski, A. & Dunbeck, K (2014). Development Considerations in Assessment and Treatment. In Alfano, C.A & Beidel, D.C. (Eds). Comprehensive Evidence-Based Interventions for Children and Adolescents (pp.3-13). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons

Wood, J.J., McLeod, B.D., Sigman, M., Hwang, W.C., & Chu, B.C. (2003). Parenting and childhood anxiety: Theory, empirical findings, and future directions. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 44(1), 134-151.

Parents and Nurses View of Continuity of Care
Words: 617 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 96337800
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Baird, J., ehm, ., Hinds, P., Baggot, C., Davies, B. (2016). Do you know my child?

Continuity of nursing care in the pediatric intensive care unit. Nursing esearch, 65(2): 142-150.

Barid et al. (2016) provide a grounded theory, qualitative assessment of seven parents and 12 nurses using in-depth interviews with participants, observational assessment, and documents from within the organization under scrutiny in order to "explore the delivery of continuity of nursing care in the PICU from the perspective of both parents and nurses" (p. 142). The researchers describe continuity of nursing as being very important to parents, as they feel that there is better consistency of quality care when there is consistency within the ranks of the staff in terms of how nurses treat patients, how prompt they are, how their persona is and how well they interact with patients and parents, etc. Through the conducting of interviews with parents,…


Baird, J., Rehm, R., Hinds, P., Baggot, C., Davies, B. (2016). Do you know my child?

Continuity of nursing care in the pediatric intensive care unit. Nursing Research, 65(2): 142-150.

Parents Against Administration in Schools
Words: 678 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65516329
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Conflicting Educational Association Groups

The article critiqued in this document was Lareau and Munoz's "You're not going to call the shots: Structural conflicts between the principal and the PTO at a suburban public elementary school." This article contained original qualitative research in which the authors utilized the interactions between a Parent Teacher Organization (PTO) and the principal of an elementary school to analyze the source of structural conflict between the two. Their research consisted of interviews and observations at the school. Interview subjects included the principal, school board members, and parents involved in the PTO. The authors believed the source of conflict stemmed from the structure of the PTO and the principal.

The authors' key points largely revolved around the thematic issues that emerged via their observation and interviews. Specifically, the authors (2012) were able to denote that the sources of conflict seemed to come from different priorities between the…


Eren, A. (2014). Uncovering the links between prospective teachers' personal responsibility, academic optimism, hope and emotions about teaching: a mediation analysis. Social Psychological Education. 17: 73-104.

Lareau, A., Munoz. (2012). "You're not going to call the shots": Structural conflicts between the principal and the PTO at a suburban public elementary school. Sociology of Education. 85(3): 201-218.

What Drives Parents to Consume Fast Food With Their Children
Words: 1734 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 54107493
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Parents and Fast Food

What Drives Adults to Consume Fast Food with Their Children: TV, Toys, and Time

Television advertisements play a role in deciding what we consume, and that marketing is geared toward children no less than it is toward adults. McDonald's fast-food chain, for instance, gears an entire production line called the Happy Meal to children, who -- lured by the toys and tiny meals that are packaged together -- drive their parents to eat with them there (Schlosser, 2001). This is one example of what drives parents to consume fast food with their children. The rationale for this study is to understand some of reasons why parents consume fast food with their children.

Karen Campbell (2006) states that "it is likely that a child's eating behaviours are learnt in early childhood and that the home environment exerts substantial influence on the development of these behaviours (Birch and…

Reference List

Campbell, K. (2006). Australian parents' views on their 5-6-year-old children's food choices. Health Promotion International. doi:10.1093/heapro/dal035

Halford, Jason et al. (2007). Beyond-brand effect of television food

advertisements/commercials on caloric intake and food choice of 5-7-year-old children. Appetite 49: 263-267.

Sanigorski, A. (2007). Association of key foods and beverages with obesity in Australian schoolchildren. Public Health Nutrition 10(2): 152-157. DOI: 10.1017/S1368980007246634

Creating Parent and Teacher Relationships
Words: 1951 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 77287040
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Parent-Teacher Collaboration

Synthesis of the Literature

Involvement of parents in the education of their children both in the classroom and at home has the potential or greatly enhancing the education of a child. It is important for schools to tap into the potential of the parents to support their child's education can help in better and effective teaching. Conversely, when the parents work in close collaboration with the teachers at school and follow the suggestions and directions prescribed for the students while dealing with their education at home can also help children do better in studies (Hendricks, 2013).

esearcher Susan Graham-Clay, in her article titled "Communicating with Parents: Strategies for Teachers," claims that often teachers try to develop a partnership with the parents to create a support system for student learning (Dubis & Bernadowski, 2014). esearchers claim that one of the major factors in the development of this partnership is…


Cook, B., Shepherd, K., Cook, S., & Cook, L. (2012). Facilitating the Effective Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices through Teacher-Parent Collaboration. TEACHING Exceptional Children, 44(3), 22-30. 

Dubis, S. & Bernadowski, C. (2014). Communicating with parents of children with special needs in Saudi Arabia: parents' and teachers' perceptions of using email for regular and ongoing communication. British Journal Of Special Education, 42(2), 166-182. 

Griffin, S. (2009). Communicating with parents. Practical Pre-School, 2009(106), 15-16. 

Hendricks, C. (2013). Improving schools Through action research: A reflective practice approach (3rd ed.). Boston: Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Overly Protective Parent
Words: 3246 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 34298267
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Overly Protective Parents

All parents care about their children; about their education, food, security etc. But sometimes this concern can be transformed into something almost obsessive that compels some parents to constantly monitor every movement of their children and be over controlling. Some children of overprotective parents can end up being aggressive, but can also develop a withdrawn or anti-social personality. Such children also tend to be insecure, have low self-esteem because they never feel safe without their parents. They have no experience dealing with stress and do not know how to do it when they really need to start living on their own. In this paper an introduction of overly protective parents is given discussing the reasons why some parents are over protective. Then the effects of over protection on children are discussed and then the counseling of such children is recommended.

The Overly Protective Parents


Overprotective parents…


Clinton, T., & Sibcy, G. (2006). Loving your child too much: Staying close to your kids without overprotecting, overindulging, or overcontrolling. Nashville, TN: Integrity Publishers. ISBN: 1-591-45045-4.

Cloud, H. & Townsend, J. (2001). Boundaries with kids. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. ISBN: 0-310-24315-7.

Emler, N. (2001) Self-esteem: The Costs and Causes of Low Self-worth. York: York Publishing Services/Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Fletcher, A.C., Steinberg, L. And Williams-Wheeler, M. (2004) 'Parental influences on adolescent problem behaviour: revisiting Stattin and Kerr', Child Development, Vol. 75, pp. 781 -- 96.

Illuminate the Influence of Parents
Words: 2000 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 65384303
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36). Thus, such research could also generate results which point to the truths of human words and actions of parents that contribute to healthy and unhealthy relationships with alcohol. In this case, these findings would not be as the result of numbers, but would be as the result of uncovered viewpoints and perspectives verbalized by the participants.

Potential Questions:

Which parenting style (authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, uninvolved) in the Jewish community (Ashkanas, Hasidic, Sfardy) connects most strongly with college freshman (18-26) alcohol abuse and alcohol maturity?

How do offspring's perspectives on their parents' parenting styles impact their relationship with alcohol as it manifests during college years in the Jewish community?

How do parenting styles characterized by warmth and attentiveness impact children's consumption of alcohol in the college years in the Jewish community?

How do parenting styles characterized by high expectations, structure and rigidity impact children's relationship to alcohol during college years…


Balter, L. (2000). Parenthood in America: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.

Benson, J.B.; Haith, M.M. (2009). Social and Emotional Development in Infancy and Early Childhood. San Diego: Academic Press.

Cohen, D., & Rice, J. (1997). Parenting Styles, Adolescent Substance Use, and Academic Achievement. Journal of Drug Education, 199-211.

Houghton, E., & Roche, a. (2001). Learning About Drinking. Philadelphia: Psychology Press.

Children Raised by Same-Sex Parents Have More
Words: 1158 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 17832377
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Children aised by Same-Sex Parents have more Problems than Children aised by Different-Sex or Single Parents

As more and more states legalize same-sex marriages, there is growing concerning among many proponents and critics alike about the effect that these civil unions will have on children. Although many children of same-sex unions are from previous heterosexual unions, adoption is also being used by growing numbers of same-sex partners and new reproductive technologies are providing lesbian couples with the ability to "father" their own children and surrogate mothers are available to gay couples if they have the financial resources. Given the increasing numbers of children who are being raised in same-sex parent households, these are legitimate issues that require further examination to determine if popular thought that children raised by same-sex parents have more problems than children raised by different sex or even single parents. To this end, this paper provides a…


Allen, D.W. (2006). An economic assessment of same-sex marriage laws. Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, 29(3), 949-951.

Crowl, A., Ahn, S. & Baker, J. (2008). A meta-analysis of developmental outcomes for children of same-sex and heterosexual parents. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 4(3), 385-407.

Somerville, M. (2007). Children's human rights and unlinking child-parent biological bonds with adoption, same-sex marriage and new reproductive technologies. Journal of Family

Studies, 13(2), 179-180.

Conflict Between Parents and Children
Words: 1073 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37278196
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Conflicts Between Parents and Their Children: Amy Tan's "Two Kinds" and Mark Haddon's the Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time

e have all had our own squabbles with our parents, but in some cases it is a hard fight standing up against an oppressive parental force and establishing yourself as an individual. Yet, this is exactly what Jing-mei oo and Christopher Boone do. In both Amy Tan's "Two Kinds and Mark Haddon's The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time, the growing teenage characters are being smothered by their oppressive single parents. Each one of them is being forced to play a role that is not truly meant for them; however, when each of them make a stand against that oppressive parental force, they are truly allowed to come into their own and establish themselves as an adult.

In Amy Tan's short story, "Two Kinds," the essential…

Works Cited

Mark Haddon's The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. National Geographic Books. 2007.

Tan, Amy. "Two Kinds." WikiClassrooms. 2013. Web.

Housing Support on Teenager Parents Housing Support
Words: 2160 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88549427
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Housing Support on Teenager Parents

Housing Support on Teenagers

The Impacts of Housing Support on Teenagers Parent in United Kingdom

UK leads Europe in teenage pregnancies in Western Europe with 35,966 conceptions in the under 18s in 2009. Majority of these unplanned pregnancies are the cause and consequence of social exclusion in UK. (UNICEF, 2001) There are 90K teenagers under 20 years and 8k under 16-year's pregnancies in England each year; it is the highest rate in Western Europe (SEU, 1999).

Teenage pregnancy can take place before first menstrual period (12or 13 years), which can result into pregnancy but usually occurs between 13 to 20 years of age. The National Health Services spends over £63 million a year on teenage pregnancies in UK. (Dennison, 2004).

Teenage parenthood is a serious social problem; it has adverse effects on parents and children. These young mothers have greater chances of being poor, less…


Botting, B., Rosato, M. And Wood, R. (1998). Teenage mothers and the health of their children. ONS Population Trends 93: 19-28.

Dennison, C. (2004) Teenage pregnancy: An overview of the research evidence, London: Health Development Agency.

DfES (2006a)"Teenage Pregnancy: Accelerating the Strategy to 2010," DfES, Nottingham.

James R. Rest (1986), "Moral Development Advances in Research and Theory," published by Praeger, New York.

Zangle or Parent Connect Is
Words: 4814 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32315808
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Free access for students and teachers will be available at school and home at any time (Charp, 2002, p. 10).

Schools have also been helped by funding from corporations of various types, many of which see the need for a workforce in the future that is fully adept at using the new information technology, or that has some stake in assuring that a well-trained public is developed. Companies focusing on engineering and mathematics offer computer help to students, and some programs are more far-reaching:

lso, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is donating $40 million to create small high schools across the United States to increase high school graduation and college attendance. Students will be able to earn both a high school diploma, and an associate's degree or two years of college credit. The effort includes the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Ford Foundation and the W.K. Kellogg Foundation.…

Although widely accepted as a useful statistical tool, multiple regression and correlation analysis are fraught with dangers in estimating effect sizes when one uses a number of predictor variables in the linear equation. For example, it is highly unlikely that a large number of naturally occurring predictors will be statistically independent. When two or more variables are relatively highly correlated, the statistical estimation method of squared error minimization used in multiple regression is incapable of sorting out their independent effects on the dependent variable. This condition is referred to as multicollinearity and results in highly unstable regression coefficients (Pfaffenberger & Patterson, 1997).


Zangle is a system for providing information on student performance, assignments, and other matters to parents over the Internet, making it possible to keep this information flowing all year long and not simply during parent-teacher conferences. The intent is to enhance communication between teacher and parent and so to help change behavior and improve the performance of students, addressing problems as soon as they appear rather then waiting. This is a proposal for research to test whether the system delivers on its promises and does improve student performance in those districts where it is currently in use.