Patriot Act Essays (Examples)

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Patriot Act
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Patriot Act
In response to the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, Congress passed the U.S.A. Patriot Act, an act that gives federal officials more authority to track and intercept communications, for both law enforcement and foreign intelligence gathering purposes (Doyle, 2002). The Patriot Act also gives the Secretary of the Treasury regulatory powers to prevent corruption of U.S. financial institutions for foreign money laundering purposes.

The U.S.A. Patriot Act was an urgent response to the terrorist attacks and, thus, was a bill that passed through the legislative and executive branches quickly. As a result, the Patriot Act was a controversial topic. According to Charles Doyle, Senior Specialist at the American Law Division, the Patriot Act "seeks to further close our borders to foreign terrorists and to detain and remove those within our borders. It creates new crimes, new penalties, and new procedural efficiencies for use against domestic and international….

Patriot Act
PAGES 3 WORDS 1027

Patriot Act: Advantages and Disadvantages
Advantages

Increases the Effectiveness of Law Enforcement Agencies

The Patriot Act which was signed as law by President George W. Bush on October 27, 2001 reads like a wish list of the law enforcing agencies. It was long-standing complaint of the law enforcers that the provisions contained in the Bill of ights such as the "due process" of the Fourth Amendment constrained them in their investigations of suspected terrorists. The PATIOT Act removes most of these constraints. For example, Section 213 of the Act contains a judicially authorized "sneak and peek" provision that allows law enforcement agencies to perform a search but delay notification for a period of up to three months. Such provisions increase the effectiveness of the law enforcement agencies in pursuing terrorists. (Lithwick and Turner, 2003)

Enhances the Security Environment

A related advantage of the Patriot Act is that it has improved the security environment in the….

Patriot Act
PAGES 2 WORDS 703

Patriot Act
The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act was passed soon after September 11. The groundbreaking legislation, which has caused tremendous controversy and outcry among civil rights activists, has become one of the most important pieces of legislation passed in Congress in recent American history. The U.S.A. Patriot Act contains previsions included in previous anti-terrorist bills, including one that was passed only one month before September 11. The Patriot Act's provisions strengthen the overall powers of law enforcement, enabling a number of various ex-parte surveillance and investigative actions, in lieu of Fourth Amendment rights to due process of law. This means that citizens may be subject to invasions of their privacy, such as through wire tapping, if suspected of being a part of a terrorist organization. However, the extent of the expansion of law enforcement powers the Patriot….

It is, in one sense, a give and take relationship, but underlying it are the philosophies of Rousseau and Smith, in spite of the fact that both are full of contradictions. Rousseau, for example, states that man's "first law is to provide for his own preservation, his first cares are those which he owes to himself; and, as soon as he reaches years of discretion, he is the sole judge of the proper means of preserving himself, and consequently becomes his own master" (14-15). Yet within the same breath he can assert that man is not his own master when he has Big Brother: "As a shepherd is of a nature superior to that of his flock, the shepherds of men, i.e., their rulers, are of a nature superior to that of the peoples under them. Thus, Philo tells us, the Emperor Caligula reasoned, concluding equally well either that….

PATIOT ACT V. FOUTH AMENDMENT
Patriot Act & 4th Amendment

The Fourth Amendment was created in 1791 primarily to end the existence of general warrants, which the American colonialists hated and feared. These warrants were used by the English government to conduct door-to-door searches and mass arrests, often as a coercive method for achieving social and political goals (Maclin and Mirabella, 2011, p. 1052). With this history in mind the text of the Fourth Amendment makes perfect sense:

"The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized." (FindLaw, 2011)

The wording of the Fourth Amendment represents a straightforward attempt to eliminate general warrants and thus protect personal privacy, which….

" According to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). A "national security letter" (NSL) is basically a written demand by the FI or other federal law enforcement agencies for a group or organization to turn over records or data or documents, with no warrant attached to the demand. They are given out without probably cause or any justice-related back-up, and have been used extensively since the Patriot Act; they are seen by civil rights activists, legal scholars and others as an example of the over-reaching authority granted to federal agencies by the Patriot Act (and clearly in conflict with the Fourth Amendment).
Indeed, an article in the New York Times Magazine (Rosen 2007) NSLs are "especially susceptible to abuse because they're not subject to independent review by a judge or a magistrate." And that fact is as it is because "recipients are forbidden to discuss them." The article quotes from the….

Patriot Act This Study Seeks
PAGES 15 WORDS 4721

" Prohibiting "a bill of attainder" means that the U.S. Congress cannot pass a law that considers individual or aggregation blameworthy and later discipline them. Disallowing an ex post facto law implies that the U.S. Congress cannot make any given act a crime after the time the act had been committed. It is doubtful that this applies to a few sections of the Patriot Act. Individuals who monitor the Supreme Court are sitting tight for a case to make its direction up so the judges can run on it (Ball, 2008).
The scope of the research of the Patriot Act

This study is based on available online books and journals focusing on this topic. A thorough investigation and research reveal that many of the measures implemented under the U.S. Patriot Act have been broadly affirmed. However, handful experts consider sections in the provisions as unconstitutional. These sections are accepted to go against….

This change is likely to come about as lawmakers realize how their skirting of Constitutional protections for one area they are in favor of can easily be applied to other areas once the door is opened for working outside the appropriate framework.
ibliography

Edgar, T.H., (2003, February 14). Section-by-section analysis of Justice Department draft "Domestic Security Enhancement Act of 2003," also known as "Patriot Act II." ACLU. http://www.aclu.org/safefree/general/17203leg20030214.html

Lithwick, D. And Turner, J. (2003, September 8). A guide to the Patriot Act, Part 1. Slate. http://www.slate.com/id/2087984/

Myths and Realities about the Patriot Act. ACLU. http://action.aclu.org/reformthepatriotact/facts.html#four

Probable cause. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Probable_cause

Rosenzweig, P. (2004, May 5). Aiding terrorists - an examination of the material support statute. http://www.heritage.org/Research/LegalIssues/tst050504a.cfm

Rosenzweig, P., Kochems, a. And Carafano, J.J. (2004, September 20). The Patriot Act reader: Understanding the law's role in the war on global terror. http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/upload/69895_1.pdf

Strom, R. (2004, December 5). Patriot Act II: Pro-security, or anti- freedom? WorldNetDaily. http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=41722

The USA Patriot Act:….

Patriot Act in egards to Its Authorization
of Surveillance and Search and Seizure

The Patriot Act:

The Patriot Act was enacted into law in 2001 to unite and strengthen America through the provision of suitable tools that are necessary to interrupt and barricade terrorism acts. This legislation was established with the dignified intention of identifying and indicting international terrorists operating on the United States' soil ("USA Patriot Act," n.d.). The Act, which amended more than 15 several statues, consists of different provisions that recommend concluding the information-sharing gaps amongst different governmental agencies. Compliance with the Patriot Act is the foundation for political and monetary support for projects that may be technically viable. However, regardless of the good intentions of the legislation, it has raised various perspectives since its enactment. Consequently, it's important to examine the ethical and homeland security implications of the Patriot Act especially in regards to its authorization of surveillance and….

These include "books, letters, diaries, library records, medical and psychiatric records, financial information, membership lists of religious institutions, and even -- as Attorney General Ashcroft himself conceded in testimony before Congress -- genetic information" ("ACLU").
A real life example of how an innocent individual's civil rights can be so easily violated was presented by Jason Halperin's account, in his article Patriot aid. Halperin had gone with his roommate to see the Broadway show ent. Before heading to the musical, the two men decided to stop at a favorite Indian restaurant, in the heart of midtown New York, just off Times Square. They had just begun to eat dinner when five NYPD officers, in bulletproof vests, stormed into the restaurant, guns drawn and pointing at the customers and the restaurant staff.

Halperin further goes on to tell of how the police officers had all of the terrified patrons and staff go to….

Though out-and-out electronic monitoring of private information as evidence in a terrorist-related trial is highly unlikely, it nonetheless puts the average American citizen in a position where his or her privacy is greatly compromised (Soma, Nichols, ynerson, Maish, and ogers, 2005).
Another section that deems careful scrutiny is Section 215 of the Patriot Act. This section allows the FBI to demand production of any "tangible things" for terrorism investigations. Vagueness and ambiguity seem to be recurring themes throughout the Patriot Act. Section 215 is exceptionally vague in terms of "what is" and "is not" fair game to FBI acquisitions. It seems that the Patriot Act is written in such a way that "anything" could be conceived as being open in the eyes of investigators, including private and confidential handwritten information, tape recordings, hard drives, and CD-OM -- simply because they are "tangible things" (USA Patriot Improvement and eauthorization Act of….

Patriot Act Is Probably One
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ome have even been detained for long periods of time without being informed when they would be released or even the reason for their detention. The situation at airports is no less dire. ome airlines have even refused to let Arabs on board because of their ethnic heritage and their perceived connection to terrorism.
One important issue that is overlooked with regard to this is the fact that many white citizens in the country have joined the Al Qaeda cause, because it gives them something to believe in and to fight for. The true terrorists are however ignored in favor of innocent citizens as a result of their skin color. This is certainly not democracy, and nor does the diminishment of equal rights guarantee safety, as the targets of such practices are innocent in most cases.

The issue of ethnic heritage and prosecution after 9/11 are also addressed by Nancy Baker….

It loosened the regulations needed to tap into conversations of suspect individuals, allowing the government to ease drop with much more ease. The act also allowed for greater freedom in collecting intelligence over seas and lesser restrictions on detaining suspects and deporting foreign nationals deemed to e dangerous y the U.S. government (Lithwick 2003). This allowed much greater power on the ehalf of the federal government to detain suspicious individuals without charging them right away. Along with this, it also helped increase the deportation power of the government within a wide variety of cases.
Such new found freedoms of the reign of the federal government as estalished through the provisions of the Patriot Act insurrected great controversy within the minds of citizens all across the country. Many citizens elieve the patriot Act to e a direct infringement on the civil lierties of American citizens (Americans Civil Lierties Union 2003). It….


Those that believe that the Patriot Act represents a grave breaking of basic individual freedom ignore the fact that although governmental agencies have the right to obtain personal data about a person and to put that person under surveillance without notification, they cannot do so without the approval of a judge. The Patriot Act does not fully allow the FI or the CIA to access personal data; it merely gives them the possibility to do so if a judge agrees that they have sufficient reason for it.

The greatest opposition against the Patriot Act provisions is centered on the fact that it allows agencies to have access to personal information, that is and should remain private. However, the Patriot Act does not break the privacy right stipulated in the Fourth Amendment because the Fourth Amendment does not refer to items disclosed to third parties. For example, a credit card user reveals….

Patriot Act became part of the United States' law following its enactment in 2001 for the purpose of uniting and strengthening the country by providing appropriate tools that are necessary in barricading and interrupting terrorism acts. The law was also enacted with the dignified objective of spotting and indicting global terrorists operating on America's soil. Since its enactment, the legislation has continued to draw sharp controversies due to the emergence of ethical concerns and homeland security implications. The huge debates have regarding the Patriot Act has risen because of certain provisions in the legislation with both republicans and democrats raising various issues. However, while the controversies have become synonymous to the legislation, the act has various advantages especially on America's homeland security. The advantages basically emanate from the fact that the legislation has improved America's counter-terrorism efforts. Some of these benefits or advantages include & #8230;
Permitting Government to Use Techniques….

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10 Pages
Term Paper

Terrorism

Patriot Act

Words: 2941
Length: 10 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Patriot Act In response to the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, Congress passed the U.S.A. Patriot Act, an act that gives federal officials more authority to track…

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3 Pages
Term Paper

Terrorism

Patriot Act

Words: 1027
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Patriot Act: Advantages and Disadvantages Advantages Increases the Effectiveness of Law Enforcement Agencies The Patriot Act which was signed as law by President George W. Bush on October 27, 2001 reads like…

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2 Pages
Term Paper

American History

Patriot Act

Words: 703
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Patriot Act The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act was passed soon after September 11. The groundbreaking legislation,…

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5 Pages
Essay

Mythology - Religion

Patriot Act Why Americans Embrace

Words: 1593
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Essay

It is, in one sense, a give and take relationship, but underlying it are the philosophies of Rousseau and Smith, in spite of the fact that both are…

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5 Pages
Essay

American History

Patriot ACT v Fourth Amendment Patriot Act

Words: 2129
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Essay

PATIOT ACT V. FOUTH AMENDMENT Patriot Act & 4th Amendment The Fourth Amendment was created in 1791 primarily to end the existence of general warrants, which the American colonialists hated and…

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20 Pages
Term Paper

Criminal Justice

Patriot Act vs Constitutionally Guaranteed

Words: 6439
Length: 20 Pages
Type: Term Paper

" According to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). A "national security letter" (NSL) is basically a written demand by the FI or other federal law enforcement agencies for…

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15 Pages
Term Paper

Terrorism

Patriot Act This Study Seeks

Words: 4721
Length: 15 Pages
Type: Term Paper

" Prohibiting "a bill of attainder" means that the U.S. Congress cannot pass a law that considers individual or aggregation blameworthy and later discipline them. Disallowing an ex post…

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5 Pages
Term Paper

Terrorism

Patriot Act the USA Patriot

Words: 1739
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Term Paper

This change is likely to come about as lawmakers realize how their skirting of Constitutional protections for one area they are in favor of can easily be applied…

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9 Pages
Research Paper

Terrorism

Patriot Act in Regards to Its Authorization

Words: 2764
Length: 9 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Patriot Act in egards to Its Authorization of Surveillance and Search and Seizure The Patriot Act: The Patriot Act was enacted into law in 2001 to unite and strengthen America through the…

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4 Pages
Term Paper

Criminal Justice

Patriot Act The USA Patriot

Words: 1027
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Term Paper

These include "books, letters, diaries, library records, medical and psychiatric records, financial information, membership lists of religious institutions, and even -- as Attorney General Ashcroft himself conceded in…

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4 Pages
Term Paper

Terrorism

Patriot Act Ecdriesbaugh Patriot Act

Words: 1380
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Though out-and-out electronic monitoring of private information as evidence in a terrorist-related trial is highly unlikely, it nonetheless puts the average American citizen in a position where his…

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10 Pages
Term Paper

Terrorism

Patriot Act Is Probably One

Words: 3426
Length: 10 Pages
Type: Term Paper

ome have even been detained for long periods of time without being informed when they would be released or even the reason for their detention. The situation at…

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3 Pages
Essay

Terrorism

Patriot Act Protection or Provocation

Words: 1050
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Essay

It loosened the regulations needed to tap into conversations of suspect individuals, allowing the government to ease drop with much more ease. The act also allowed for greater…

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3 Pages
Term Paper

Terrorism

Patriot Act Has Generated Great

Words: 907
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Those that believe that the Patriot Act represents a grave breaking of basic individual freedom ignore the fact that although governmental agencies have the right to obtain personal data…

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2 Pages
Essay

Terrorism

Patriot Act Became Part of the United

Words: 644
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

Patriot Act became part of the United States' law following its enactment in 2001 for the purpose of uniting and strengthening the country by providing appropriate tools that are…

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