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Anselm's using a number of community outreach methods to involve seniors in a trial 5-day a week exercise program. The health belief model would be central to the campaign used for outreach, with the intent of encouraging involvement of roughly 30 participants over the duration of a full year. This experimental group would be compared to a control group that would remain engaged in St. Anselm's already existing 3-day-a-week tai-chi program.
Researchers will seek out a previously tested and confirmed self-report inventory on physical, mental and emotional well-being. The properly vetted instrument will be used to gauge the personal health evaluation of each respondent with the hypothesis that those in the experimental group will produce more positive index scores. The inventory would be administered four times over the course of the year on a quarterly basis. Hereafter, statistical analysis will rely on the use of a t-test, an appropriate mode…
Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality (AHRQ)(2002). Physical Activities and Older Americans. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.
Kovatch, S.; Smith, M. & Segal, J. (2012). Senior Exercise and Fitness Tips. Helpguide.org.
Marques, a.I.; Rosa, M.J.; Soares, P.; Santos, R.; Mota, J. & Carvalho, J. (2011). Evaluation of physical activity programmes for elderly people - a descriptive study using the EFQM' criteria. BMC Public Health, 11, p. 123.
Michigan Governor's Council on Physical Fitness, Health and Sports. (2000). Position Statement: Importance of Physical Activity for the Elderly. MDCH.state.mi.us.
Physical Activity in Prison
The effects that prison incarceration has on the health and well-being of inmates are multi-faceted and complex. The prison environment presents stressors not experienced outside of the prison context that can bring about exacerbated health problems and psychological difficulties. Health care delivery in prisons is an important issue, as primary healthcare initiatives designed to focus on disease prevention are required in order to maintain health in the prison population that is comparable to the outside world. An important component for many primary health programs is a physical exercise regimen. The following discussion outlines the issue of including organized physical activity as a component to prison programming, examining its many benefits and suggestions are made with regard to how exercise programs within prisons could be improved upon in order to best serve the health and well-being of prisoners and contribute to inmate rehabilitation.
Prisoners' rights to physical…
Agozino, B., Volpe, S.L. (2009). Health inequalities in correctional institutions: implications for health inequalities in the community. Journal of Correctional Health Care, 15(4), 251-67.
American Diabetes Association (2008). Diabetes management in correctional institutions. Diabetes Care, 34(1), S27-S81.
Binswanger, I.A., Krueger, P.M., Steiner, J.F. (2009). Prevalence of chronic medical conditions among jail and prison inmates in the U.S.A. compared with the general population. Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health, 63(11), 912-9.
Blair, S.N., Sallis, R.E., Hutber, A., Archer, E. (2012). Exercise therapy -- the public health message. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, Epub.
Also, he needs to cut down on smoking so that his body is not completely depleted from his work outs. This will increase his stamina and endurance. The anxiety of quitting can also be taken out in more strenuous workouts.
8. The Taiwanese pitcher of the New York Yankees, Chien-Ming Wang, has a very specific physical activity / sports role to play. His amazing pitching skills, which include throwing the ball, catching fly balls, and other physical activities, has made him famous both in his native country of Taiwan and in New York City. He has immense talent, which encompasses the category of personal attributes in the sport role model. His talent is what brought him to the New York Yankees from Asia. Some of the socializing agents which keep in the United States fulfilling his specific sports role are oddly enough the "street food." This is positive because it…
Guy, Harold V. "Uninsured Minorities: Who Goes Without and Why?" 2000. 7 May. http://accounting.smartpros.com/x19733.xml
Black Men Hit With Highest Heart Disease Death Rate, Study Finds - Brief
Article." Jet. July 9, 2001. FindArticles.com. 09 May. 2008. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1355/is_4_100/ai_76513087
Physical Activity and Telomere Length in Early Stage Breast Cancer Survivors
Journal article summary (paragraph format, double-spaced), which summarizes the article's content. Do not include your opinion about content of the article.
The journal article focuses on the relationship between human physical activity and telomere length in early stage breast cancer survivors. Telomere as the article illustrates is a biomarker for both cellular damage and aging within individuals with breast cancer. Evidence suggests that TL in those without breast cancer is impacted by a host of psychosocial and lifestyle factors, including physical activity.
The journal begins with a brief overview of Telomere and its implications for breast cancer survivors. Telomere is a repetitive nucleoprotein structures on the end of chromosomes with the main purposes of maintaining cellular stability. Telomere also protects cells from uncontrollable cellular division. The article note that cell division is generally good for the body as it…
1) Garland et al.: Physical activity and telomere length in early stage breast cancer survivors. Breast Cancer Research 2014 16:413.
2) Williams SC (January 2013). "No end in sight for telomerase-targeted cancer drugs." Nat Med. 19 (1): 6
participation and improve interest in physical activity for girls. The paper uses six articles from current sources that show how to make physical education more fun, what kind of activities may be added to a physical education class, and why girls do not participate as often as they should. It focuses on how to improve the overall experience for girls in physical education. The papers also analyses why girls have such a difficult time participating in physical education in the first place. Differing solutions from increasing motor skill level to increased instruction and practice offer possibilities of improvement in overall participation for girls and girls with special needs.
Girls have similarities to boys, this is true in many aspects, but they are also different. While boys are touted for their physical prowess and their fitness level, girls are praised for their beauty and "girlish" behavior. Complex social behavior along with…
Beltran-Carrillo, V.J., Devis-Devis, J., Peiro-Velert, C., & Brown, DH (2012). When Physical Activity Participation Promotes Inactivity: Negative Experiences of Spanish Adolescents in Physical Education and Sport. Youth & Society, 44(1), 3-27.
Butt, J., Weinberg, R., Breckon, J., & Claytor, R. (2011). Adolescent Physical Activity Participation and Motivational Determinants Across Gender, Age, and Race. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 8(8), 1074-1083. Retrieved March 24, 2014, from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/abstract?direct=true&profile=ehost&scope=site&authtype=crawler&jrnl=15433080&AN=70465931&h=awAO696Utvz1z42UOE2SCkKZA%2bzWwR09XxLxK%2fGB0d74pnBQJ17xs4t5iKCOTtazL5q1v4TJ6%2b6loQpoxtbDzw%3d%3d&crl=c
Cairney, J., Kwan, M.Y., Velduizen, S., Hay, J., Bray, S.R., & Faught, B.E. (2012). Gender, perceived competence and the enjoyment of physical education in children: a longitudinal examination. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9(1), 1-7.
Dudley, D., Okely, A., Pearson, P., & Cotton, W. (2011). A systematic review of the effectiveness of physical education and school sport interventions targeting physical activity, movement skills and enjoyment of physical activity. European Physical Education Review, 17(3), 353-378.
10 Was the exposure intervention accurately measured?
No, we have no indication that it was accurately measured. We know that the results were hindered by water -- so those who sweat may have disabled the device or changed the result.
11 Were the relevant outcome measures ignored?
There was no analysis of the results of sexual maturity on BMI or exercise. Since all three groups could be aggregated for this portion of the study, the results might have been interesting and suggestive.
12 Are the statistical methods described?
Yes and no. We need to have an indication of the n. For each compliant subgroup, not just the total group.
13 Did untoward events occur during the study?
Yes, and the non-compliance should have been explained. Also, moving from the target of 7 days to 3 days smacks of a failed study -- either the measurement technique was too fussy, or…
Columbia Encyclopedia, testosterone is the principal androgen, or male sex hormone. Although it is a male sex hormone, it is also produced in a small amount in women. Testosterone is necessary in the fetus for the development of male external genitalia. The levels of testosterone increase at the time of puberty; therefore, contributing to the further growth of male genitalia, and for the development and maintenance of male secondary sex characteristics, such as facial hair and voice changes.
Effects of Testosterone
Testosterone is the most important male sex hormone as it helps in the production of sperm and helps in the production and maintenance of masculine characteristics such as a deep voice, strong muscles. It also helps to increase libido in order to heighten a man's sexual satisfaction. ithout a doubt, it is the hormone that every man wants. Low levels of testosterone can negatively affect a man's sexual drive,…
Ardis, L.I. Testosterone research trends. New York: Nova Biomedical Books, 2007.
Cumming, David C, Garry D. Wheeler and Ewen M. Mccoll. "The effects of exercise on reproductive function in men." Sports Medicine 7, no. 1 (1989): 1 -- 17.
HAakonsen, Linn Berger, Ane Marie Thulstrup, Anette SkAerbech Aggerholm, JOrn Olsen, Jens Peter Bonde, Claus Yding Andersen, Mona Bungum, Emil Hagen Ernst, Mette Lausten Hansen, Erik Hagen Ernst and Others. "Does weight loss improve semen quality and reproductive hormones? Results from a cohort of severely obese men." Reprod Health 8, no. 1 (2011): 24.
Hiruntrakul, Ashira, Ratanavadee Nanagara, Alongkot Emasithi and Katarina T. Borer. "Effect of endurance exercise on resting testosterone levels in sedentary subjects." Central European journal of public health 18, no. 3 (2010).
physical activity could significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease of individuals. The transtheoretical model believes that for change to be most effective it has to be introduced in a number of changes and that all changes must be passed through for change to occur.
In 1997, the Heart and troke Foundation of Ontario developed a marketing resource / program where they incorporated the transtheoretical model. Their resource, called mall teps, was a self-help kit to help people move through the required stages. Their challenges were: firstly targeting the kit to those in the appropriate stages of change and secondly, finding means of evaluating the program. Finally, the organization, having a limited budget, had to do this in a cost-reductive manner.
During February and March 1998, residents of two cities in outhern Ontario were contacted via a door-to-door campaign, advertisements, events, radio announcements, and flyers in grocery bags. Residents in…
Poscente, N. et al. (2002). Using marketing research methods to evaluate a stage-specific intrvention, Am J. Health Behav,26, 243-251
Critique of work
The Impact of Physical Activity in Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
The relevance of regular physical activity cannot be overstated. A review of current literature clearly demonstrates that physical activity not only promotes the overall wellbeing of an individual, but also plays a key role in the prevention of various chronic illnesses. In the words of Warburton, Nicol and Bredin (2006), “physical inactivity is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and a widening variety of other chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, cancer (colon and breast)…..” The authors further state that conditions such as depression, joint and bone diseases, as well as obesity tend to be common amongst those who are physically inactive. With heart disease being billed as one of the most serious health concerns in the U.S., The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC (2015) points out that individuals ought to commit at least two hours…
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC (2015). Physical Activity and Health. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/pa-health/index.htm
Warburton, D.E., Nicol, C.W. & Bredin, S.S. (2006). Health Benefits of Physical Activity: The Evidence. CMAJ, 174(6), 801 – 809.
Sociological Aspects of Physical Activity
Sociological Aspects of Physical Activity of Children
Sociological Aspects of Physical Activity of Children
Sociological Aspects of Physical Activity of Children
Physical activity patterns among children are affected by aspects pertaining to individual, school, and community levels. At the individual level, physical activity participation is highest among boys, and socioeconomic differences are less consistently reported. Some degree of socialization is necessary for voluntary participation in physical activity to occur. For most children especially of grade 1, grade 2 and kindergarten, the major agents of socialization into sport appear to be the family, media, peer group, community, environment, geographic/seasonal and school (Bower, Hales, Tate, ubin, Benjamin, Ward, 2008). The reasons for the prominence of these agents in socialization would include the intensity and frequency of contact, and the ability of these institutions or individuals to control rewards and punishments. Socialization affects the attitudes, values…
Bower, J.K., Hales, D.P., Tate, D.F., Rubin, D.A., Benjamin, S.E., & Ward, D.S. (2008). The childcare environment and children's physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 34, 23 -- 29.
Brown, William H; Pfeiffer, Karin A.; McIver, Kerry L.; Dowda, Marsha; Addy, Cheryl L.; and Pate Russell R. (2009). Social and Environmental Factors Associated With Preschoolers' Nonsedentary Physical Activity. Child Development, Volume 80, Number 1, Pages 45 -- 58.
Carver A, Timperio A, Crawford D. (2008). Playing it safe: the influence of neighborhood safety on children's physical activity. A review. Health Place.;14(2): 217-227.
Cradock AL, Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Gortmaker SL, Buka SL. (2009) Neighborhood social cohesion and youth participation in physical activity in Chicago. Social Science Med.;68(3):427-435.
Physical Activity Report
This discussion concerns the result of my physical activity report for March 3rd-9th, 2013. This report compares my actual exercise habits vs. The goals that were set out for me using USDA guidelines for good health. The report will focus on the outputs of my exercise, the changes I should make to my exercise habits and the types of amounts of exercise that would work best for me.
The target for my activity for the week was to exercise for 150 minutes, which would be five workouts of thirty minutes in length, or three fifty-minute workouts. I was only able to work out for sixty minutes in the course of the week. There were three workouts, but they were only around twenty minutes each time. After the twenty-minute workouts of weightlifting, I engaged in 2km of walking as a cool-down and aerobic exercise. However,…
Supertracker.usda.gov. (2013). Retrieved March 12, 2013 from https://www.supertracker.usda.gov/default.aspx
There is a rapid increase in the number of people who are living into older age. This essay will discuss the incidence of fall that is attributed to a lack of physical activity by people who are 65 years and above. With the number of elderly people rising with each passing day, it is estimated that in the next two years around 16 percent of the population will comprise of elderly adults (Hua, Yoshida, Junling, & Hui, 2007). The lack of physical activity for these individuals will be evaluated with a focus on the number of falls that are experienced by both women and men. The impact of falls will be examined to establish the efficacy and the health care costs associated with the fall. It has been established that nurses do play a vital role in promoting physical activity amongst the elderly within the community. This essay will…
Chavez, K. S., Dwyer, A. A., & Ramelet, A.-S. (2018). International practice settings, interventions and outcomes of nurse practitioners in geriatric care: A scoping review. International journal of nursing studies, 78, 61-75.
Clancy, A., & Mahler, M. (2016). Nursing staffs’ attentiveness to older adults falling in residential care–an interview study. Journal of clinical nursing, 25(9-10), 1405-1415.
Ding, L., & Yang, F. (2016). Muscle weakness is related to slip-initiated falls among community-dwelling older adults. Journal of biomechanics, 49(2), 238-243.
Hua, F., Yoshida, S., Junling, G., & Hui, P. (2007). Falls prevention in older age in Western Pacific Asia Region. WHO Background Paper to the Global Report on Falls among Older Persons.
King, A. C. (2001). Interventions to promote physical activity by older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 56(suppl_2), 36-46.
Kwan, E., & Straus, S. E. (2014). Assessment and management of falls in older people. CMAJ, 186(16), E610-E621.
Trombetti, A., Reid, K., Hars, M., Herrmann, F., Pasha, E., Phillips, E., & Fielding, R. (2016). Age-associated declines in muscle mass, strength, power, and physical performance: impact on fear of falling and quality of life. Osteoporosis international, 27(2), 463-471.
Vieira, E. R., Palmer, R. C., & Chaves, P. H. (2016). Prevention of falls in older people living in the community. Bmj, 353, i1419.
The Healthy People 2020 physical activity goals are evidence-based, grounded in science that shows that exercise benefits physical and mental health. Unfortunately, the vast majority (80%) of adults in the United States does not receive enough aerobic or muscle-strengthening exercise opportunities (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2018). As a public health initiative, the Healthy People 2020 addresses the structural, sociological, and political factors that impact physical activity. I appreciate the fact that the government recognizes that environmental factors are just as important, if not more so, than individual motivation to exercise and therefore fully support these initiatives.
Exercise compliance is certainly not easy with my patient population, which reflects the majority of Americans who do not get enough exercise. I have tried to introduce my clients to wearable technologies and similar tools that can provide regular feedback and allow for the evolution of a personalized exercise plan. Some…
The M.O.R.R. training system is a continuing education program developed for the sports performance, rehab, and strength and conditioning communities. The program consists of a basic and specialized certificate of proficiency course. M.O.R.R. is an acronym for Movement, Overspeed, Resistance and Reaction (MORR overview, 2021). This system was developed by renowned sport’s performance coach Chip Smith. Chip developed this system after studying at the world famous Soviet Sports Institute in Moscow, Russia in the late 80’s. The Russians trained their athletes in a sports specific and position specific system, using overspeed, resistance and reaction. The purpose of this system is to provide training and instruction for coaches and trainers who want to add movement specific training to their coaching repertoire. Chip Smith Performance Systems has been training athletes in this system for over 30 years and is ready to help coaches and trainers successfully implement the M.O.R.R. training system (MORR…
Donne, M. E. (2004, June). Physiological changes following a 12-week gym-based stair-climbing, elliptical trainer and treadmill running program in females. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 44(2), 141-150.
Gillis, C. (2013, October 21). How to build a better athlete. Maclean's, 126(41), 3-4.
Lorenz, D. S., Reiman, M. P. & Walker, J. C. (2010, November). Current review and suggested implementation for athletic rehabilitation. Sports Health, 2(6), 509-518.
MORR overview. (2021). Hammer Smith Sports. Retrieved from https://www.hammersmithsports.com/morr-cert/.
Smith, C. E., Smith, T. & Smith, Z. (2015). MORR performance training manual. ISBN: 978-1-5136-0468-8.
Tomlinson, D. J., Erskine, R. M., Morse, C. I., & Onambélé, G. L. (2019). Body fat percentage, body mass index, fat mass index and the ageing bone: Their singular and combined roles linked to physical activity and diet. Nutrients, 11(1), 195.
In the past few months my current exercises has changed my physical life dramatically. I have already realized that movement is a medicine when used appropriately and I have managed to significantly develop my ability to listen to the needs of my body and get involved in the type of practice that will be most beneficial to my life. Different physical changes have taken place in my life in my endeavor to live a healthy life.
My body composition has changed significantly mainly since I started taking my exercises. Following my exercise mechanisms, there has been reduction in the percentage of body fat as well as through the increase of lean muscle mass in my different parts of my body, (Kahn, E.B., amsey, 2002). Also changing my eating habit has facilitated change in my body composition. I have reduced consuming junky foods which may increase fats in by…
Kahn, E.B., Ramsey, L.T., Brownson, R.C. et al. (May 2002). "The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity. A systematic review." Am J. Prev Med 22 (4 Suppl):
Healthy People 2020; Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity
The Healthy People 2020 initiative looks at a n umber of different health issues which face the American population and sets out some goals for improving the current health status of the nation. One of the topics is nutrition, physical activity and obesity.
The consumption of a healthy diet and a sufficient level of activity are for the maintenance of a healthy weight. A major issue in the use is an increasingly level of obesity; with problems leading this is a failure including the consumption of excessive calories, high intakes of saturated and trans fats as well as high intakes of other unhealthy inputs such as sugar, cholesterol, salt and alcohol (Healthy People, 2012). This is further aggravated by lower levels of physical activity to burn off the calories consumed, which leads to the body storing the energy and weight gain taking…
CDC, (2012), U.S. Obesity Trends, retrieved 5th April 2-12 from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/trends.html
Faith MS, Kral TVE. (2006), "Social Environmental and Genetic Influences on Obesity and Obesity-Promoting Behaviors: Fostering Research Integration" In Hernandez LM, Blazer DG, (eds.), (2006), Genes, Behavior, and the Social Environment: Moving Beyond the Nature/Nurture Debate. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (U.S.).
Healthy People, (2012), retrieved 6th April 2012 from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/default.aspx
Nutrition.gov, (2012), retrieved 6th April 2012 from http://www.nutrition.gov/
Lack of physical activity and exercises increase the risk of early death by 23%, hence, showing the significance of physical activity and exercise. Incorporating other unhealthy lifestyle behaviors such as smoking, abusing alcohol, and abuse of other drug complexes the health status of an individual; hence, a premature death (Tarnopolsky, 2010).
A strong relationship exists between physical activity and exercises and the risks of cardiovascular diseases. Poor lifestyles contribute to a variety of risk factors such as high levels of lipids in the blood, obesity, smoking, and high blood pressure that causes cardiovascular complications. Significant evidence shows that reducing these risk factors reduces the risks of an individual having cardiovascular conditions such as stroke, cardiac arrest, and coronary heart disease. egular exercises and physical activity reduce these risk factors in a number of ways. For instance, it promotes the reduction of the body weight that helps in the reduction of…
8 Benefits of exercising. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u - _NNCL_eXA&feature=youtube_gdata_player
Benefits of Exercise for your Health. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vC7qpvhhCL0&feature=youtube_gdata_player
Exercise and well-being: a review of mental and physical hea...: Current Opinion in Psychiatry. (n.d.). Exercise and well-being: a review of mental and physical hea...: Current Opinion in Psychiatry. Retrieved April 28, 2014, from http://journals.lww.com/co-psychiatry/Fulltext/2005/03000/Exercise_and_well_being__a_review_of_mental_and.13.aspx
Medical aspects of exercise: benefits and risks.. (1991). London: Royal College of Physicians of London.
Promoting Physical Activity and Active Communities
In recent years, obesity has become a major global problem that is associated with a wide range of adverse physical and psychosocial healthcare outcomes. In developed nations such as Australia, childhood and adolescent obesity has assumed near-epidemic levels as a result of poor nutritional habits and an increasingly sedentary lifestyle, but other socioeconomic factors have been shown to play a role in the prevalence of obesity as well. Therefore, identifying current trends and best practices represents a timely and valuable enterprise, the significance of which is discussed further below.
Significance of the Health Issue in Australia
Because the healthcare needs of populations change over time, formulating effective health promotion interventions is a challenging endeavor, but such interventions are needed to help contribute to a framework in which a wide range of individuals, groups and sectors of society can receive the social support services they…
Broom, D. (2008). 'Gender In/and/of Health Inequalities.' Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 11-13.
Coveney, J. (2008). "The Government of Girth.' Health Sociology Review, vol. 17, no. 2, pp.
'Developing a new framework for promoting health and well-being in Victoria: A discussion paper.' (2007, August).
Student Learning Through Physical Activities
Learning objectives assessment methods
In order to understand how the lesson will impact the lives of the students, it is significant to first define the expected outcomes from the students then later measure if the implemented service or lesson was effective (University of Oregon, 2010). Since my lesson was to involve physical activities and instructions, I divided the objectives into two categories; language objectives and active participation objectives. This break down would help me be exhaustive and thorough as possible.
By the end of the lesson, the students would be in a position to clearly explain the meaning of interval workout. The students would also be able to practically show and participate in the various challenges that would exemplify what interval workout means. For the exceptional students in the physical activities, they would try to make the time lapse for the low intensity…
University of Oregon, (2010). Students Learning Outcomes: To Transform and Advance Student Learning. http://sa-assessment.uoregon.edu/ResourcesandTraining/WritingStudentLearningOutcomes.aspx
Vitamin D Supplementation increases Voluntary Physical Activity Levels in Nursing Home Patients
Over the course of a semester does vitamin D3 supplementation, and the resultant increase in muscle strength and bone density, lead to increased physical activity in nursing home residents in the absence of added encouragement?
The elderly often suffer from low serum levels of vitamin D, reduced muscle strength, and decreased bone density (reviewed in: Hamilton, 2010). Muscle biopsies have revealed that the muscle fibers most affected in the elderly are type II, the 'fast twitch' fibers. When a person begins to fall they instinctively attempt to prevent or break their fall and this reaction depends heavily on fast twitch muscle fibers. The elderly therefore suffer from an increased risk of falling down and bone fractures. Although conclusive evidence has yet to be found that low serum levels of vitamin D cause this condition, there is a large…
Hamilton, B. (2010). Vitamin D and human skeletal muscle. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 20, 182-190.
Williamson, J.D., Espeland, M., Kritchevsky, S.B., Newman, A.B., King, A.C., Pahor, M., et al. (2009). Changes in cognitive function in a randomized trial of physical activity: Results of the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders pilot study. Journal of Gerontology, 64A, 688-694.
Semba, R.D., Houston, D.K., Ferrucci, L., Cappola, A.R., Sun, K., Guralnik, J.M., et al. (2009). Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations are associated with greater all-cause mortality in older community-dwelling women. Nutrition Research, 29, 525-530.
European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (2010). QLQ-C30 questionnaire. Retrieved from http://groups.eortc.be/qol/downloads/modules/specimen_20qlq_c30.pdf
Quality of Life Measures
Quality of life is measured using a variety of surveys. The most common of these surveys is the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), which measures several categories of physical functioning, as well as containing a Mental Health Component (MCS). Another commonly used quality of life measure is the Dutch AND-36. Masala, etl al (2012) used the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the 36-item Medical Outcomes Study as well as the SF-36. The van Ginneken et al. (2010) study employed the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP-68), Impact on Participation and Autonomy (IPA) scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in addition to the AND-36.
Physical Activities Measures
Physical activity is measured with a number of self-assessment and objective tools including peak oxygen uptake during cycle ergometry, walking distance in a timed exercise, "isokinetic muscle strength of knee extensors, body mass index, waist circumference, skinfold thickness," and…
Krasnoff, J.B., et al. (2006). A randomized trial of exercise and dietary counseling after liver transplantation. American Journal of Transplantation 2006(6): 1896-1905.
Masala, D. et al. (2012). Quality of life and physical activity in liver transplantation patients. Transplant Proceedings 44(2012): 1346-1350.
Roi, G.S. et al. (2014). Physical activity in solid organ transplant recipients. Transplantation Proceedings 46, 2345-2349.
Rongies, W., et al. (2011). Physical activity long-term after liver transplantation yields better quality of life. Ann Transplant 16(3): 126-131.
Health Promotion and Dr. Green’s Precede-Proceed Model
Using Dr. Green’s Precede-Proceed Model, the Healthy People 2020 objective of promoting physical activity can be developed into a strategy. The target population of this particular objective consists of adults at a behavioral health clinic located in a low income area. My plan is to execute a 7-week exercise class with health education to promote physical activity. The goal of the plan is to embed physical activity in the daily lives and routines of the adult clients at the clinic. This paper will examine the 7 phases of the Precede-Proceed Model and show how they apply to the Healthy People 2020 objective described above.
Phase 1: Social Assessment and Situational Analysis
The health status of the low income community in which our behavioral health clinic is situated is not the best. A windshield survey indicates that few people are outdoors exercising, playing…
Cunningham-Myrie, C., Theall, K., Yonger, N., et al. (2015). Associations between neighborhood effects and physical activity, obesity, and diabetes: The Jamaica
Health and Lifestyle Survey, 2008. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 68(9): 970-978.
Why was the study done? Was there a clear explanation of the purpose of the study and, if so, what was it?
This study was conducted in order to provide insight into the effect of "neighborhood disorder, perceived neighborhood safety," and the existence of ready access to recreational facilities on the incidence of three variables -- physical activity, obesity and Type 2 diabetes (p. 970). Thus, there was a clear indication and explanation of the purpose of the study and what it entailed. Essentially, this study set out to show whether there was a relationship between neighborhood safety (or the perception of safety) and physical activity among the inhabitants of that community (or lack thereof, which would result…
Sample Worksheet for Field Data Collection
Walk No. 1
Walk No. 2
Walk No. 3
The researcher performs these walks on six consecutive days at the same time each day (this approach is to ensure that the walker is "fresh" and in comparable physical condition for each walk; in the event of inclement weather such as rain, snow or other elements that would impede the experiment, the walk should be postponed to another day with similar weather as the other walks).
Attacks by stray dogs, interference by bystanders or other pedestrians or acts of God will invalidate any given walk which would then have to be repeated to ensure the reliability of the results.
It is the hypothesis of this experiment that a researcher will require more time to complete 500 steps walking uphill than walking on a similar surface that is…
Community Health Education Project
The Healthy People 2020 topic selected for this community health education project is Physical Education. According to the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (2018), the goal of Physical Education for Healthy People 2020 is to “improve health, fitness, and quality of life through daily physical activity.” The windshield survey of the population in Maricopa County in Phoenix, Arizona, reveals that very few people in the community are outdoors exercising—few people are seen talking walks, riding bikes, playing sports on playgrounds or on courts, and many people are seen who appear to suffer from obesity. This indicates that there is a need to educate the community on the importance of physical activity.
The objective this project aims to achieve is: “PA-1—Reduce the proportion of adults who engage in no leisure-time physical activity” (Healthy People 2020, 2018). This issue is a priority for the community of…
Learning in theory and practice: Vygotsky’s ZPD and physical education in primary education
Age-graded schooling is one of the most common and conventional features of today’s academic environment. For younger learners in the primary education levels, this separation of young children from adolescents may seem on the face of it like a common sense approach to education—yet, as Gray and Feldman (2004) point out, separation such as this actually is more restrictive to the educative experience than it is facilitative. The reason is found in Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development (ZPD) theory. Vygotsky was an early 20th century Soviet thinker who articulated the idea that individuals learn most effectively when they are aided by other skilled individuals who know how to perform a certain task. Child learners can benefit, for example, from being placed in a zone of proximal development: alone or confined to a sphere in which they…
Physical Security Controls
Using attached Annotated outline provide a 5-page paper Physical Security Controls. I attached Annotated Outline Physical Security Controls. You references I Annotated Outline.
The advancement in technology has given rise to numerous computer security threats. It has become quite difficult to identify people online because many people use the internet with fake identities. This has made it easy for people to conduct criminal activities online. Online security of computer systems should be combined with physical security to ensure that no unauthorized person gain access to the systems. A physical security control can be termed as any obstacle used to delay serious attackers, and frustrate trivial attackers. This way a company or organization can be assured of the security if its information and computer systems. Majority of organizations use computer systems to store sensitive company information and employee data. This data needs to be properly secured to ensure…
Backhouse, J., Hsu, C., & McDonnell, A. (2003). Toward public-key infrastructure interoperability. Communications of the ACM, 46(6), 98-100.
Boatwright, M., & Luo, X. (2007). What do we know about biometrics authentication? Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 4th annual conference on Information security curriculum development, Kennesaw, Georgia.
Shelfer, K.M., & Procaccino, J.D. (2002). Smart card evolution. Communications of the ACM, 45(7), 83-88.
Physical Security Controls
To document the importance of physical security controls as it relates to the massive pervasiveness of online theft and cyber crime
Background information on the identification and authentication of people.
With the advent of the internet it is often very difficult to properly identify the individual in which business is conducted with. With the extreme ease of the internet comes the secrecy of potential criminal lurking through the shadows. Identification and authentication therefore have profound impacts on how to better protect assets from criminals.
The importance of information systems security and how it relates to globalization
Information systems, particularly those that store personal information, often are very senstivie to criminal activity. Therefore physical store techniques mandate that sensitivity information be locked away and under intense surveillance. Aspects such as disposable drives, printers and workstations should also be considered.
C. Brief overview of the paper.
i. The remainder…
1. Backhouse, J., Hsu, C., & McDonnell, A. (2003). Toward public-key infrastructure interoperability. Communications of the ACM, 46(6), 98-100. Retrieved April 25, 2009, from ACM.
2. Bala, D. (2008). Biometrics and information security. Proceedings of the 5th annual conference on Information security curriculum development, 64-66. Retrieved March 31, 2009, from ACM.
3. Boatwright, M. & Lou, X. (2007). What do we know about biometrics authentication? Proceedings of the 4th annual conference on Information security curriculum development, 31, Retrieved March 31, 2009, from ACM.
4. Chan, A.T. (2003). Integrating smart card access to web-based medical information systems. Proceedings of the 2003 ACM symposium on Applied computing, 246-250.Retrieved February 13, 2009, from ACM.
Physical Program for Virginia Fire Fighters
The Need for a Physical Fitness Program for Virginia Fire Departments
Fire fighters hold a special place within American society. They help keep our urban and rural landscapes safe from blazes of all kinds. Yet, even in a much more rigid bureaucratic environment, many firefighters within certain departments like here in Virginia failed to meet the physical standard that would provide the utmost level of safety. Although the physical requirements for entering the fire department are strenuous, the state of Virginia lacks a mandatory physical fitness program for its fire fighters that would ensure a continuous level of physical fitness and thus the highest level of performance in the most dangerous situations.
Significance of the Problem: Lack of Available Physical Fitness Programs
To think of an unfit fire fighter is an extremely dangerous problem. Currently, there is only an entry physical exam test (Virginia…
Biddle, Daniel A. & Bell, Stacy L. (2011). Using work-sample physical ability tests to maintain fitness standards of incumbent fire fighters. Fire and Police Selection, Inc. Web. http://www.fpsi.com/pdfs/physical-ability-test-maintenance-standards-article-fpsi.pdf
Calcagno, Guido. (2012). Physical fitness in the fire service. Fire Engineering. Web. http://www.fireengineering.com/articles/print/volume-165/issue-12/features/physical-fitness-fire-service.html
NIOSH. (2009). Death in the line of duty: Fire fighter trainee suffers sudden cardiac death during maze training in Virginia. Faculty Assessment and Control Evaluation Investigation Report F2009-02. Web. http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/fire/pdfs/face200902.pdf
Sherek, Becky. (2009). The four components of firefighter fitness. Firehouse. Web. http://www.firehouse.com/article/10473909/the-four-components-of-firefighter-fitness?page=3
Physical Attraction in the Internet Age
Since its inception the internet has affected nearly every aspect of society so it is only natural that it would eventually impact on our most intimate of relationships: romance. In just a short twenty years the internet has nearly revolutionized the dating process and determined who and how we meet each for purposes of establishing both casual and permanent romantic relationships. The internet dating business is one of the few to not only survive but also prosper in these precarious economic times (Carpenter). By 2012, the industry is expected to reach $1.9 billion in consumer sales (D. Card).
In the context of this paper internet dating is defined as the use of a database of potential dating partners, usually located in close geographical proximity, to find someone with whom one feels some connection.
The format of most dating services is similar. The sites, whether…
Card, David. U.S. Paid Content Forecast, 2007 to 2012. Research. Cambridge, MA: Jupiter Research, 2008.
Carpenter, Susan. "No recession for online dating sites." Los Angeles Times 28 December 2008.
Epstein, Robert. "The Truth about Online Dating." Scientific American (2007): 28-35.
Franks, Christiana. "Whey Do We Fall In -- and Out of-Love?" Biography Magazine (2001): 86.
People Express's (PE) System
People Express's (PE) System, Style Skills Strategy Implementation and perspectives
People Express (PE) views itself as the largest and profitable economical, short-haul airline from North America. From this Vision, the Company came up with the corporate strategies which will help PE to achieve what it wants to become in the future.
People Express (PE) needs to expand its operations continuously country wide through the development of new routes and a new hub, as the company adapts internal structure and capabilities to fit with the strategic growth. Also the employees remain the force behind growth, just as the low rates, efficiency and customer experience are keys to success in order to continue being an economical and short haul airline.
People Express (PE) does not follow the traditional management control or the conventional budgetary systems. Instead it opts for a new system that extends beyond financial…
In fact, the entire damage was caused by the tsunami itself along with other factors like the geology and geography of the region. The damage that the tsunami caused to mainland India, a seismically quiescent region, was concentrated mainly on the eastern coastline but some damage due to diffraction also occurred on the southernmost tip of the western coastline. A factor which played a major role in the scale of devastation that occurred in this region is the bathymetry of the Bay of Bengal. The Bay of Bengal is quite shallow with an average depth of 2600 meters. The shallowness can be attributed to the huge amount of sediment that the Ganges iver deposits in it. (Strand; Masek, 40)
After the earthquake, the bay was sealed off by the deep Sunda Trench and the tsunami waves were reflected back towards the Indian Ocean striking the eastern Indian coastline within two…
Bernard, Eddie N; Robinson, Allan R. The Sea Tsunamis.
Harvard University Press. 2009.
Bilham, R; Engdahl, E. R; Feldl, N; Satyabala, S.P. Partial and Complete Rupture of the Indo-Andaman plate boundary 1847-2004. University of Colorado, Boulder.
Seism. Res. Lett. 2005.
Physical Security Design
The physical security of any entity is largely pegged on the risk assessment mechanisms used. Prior to implementing any physical security plans, it is fundamental to comprehend the types of threats that the entity is faced with, the possibility that the threats will occur, and the level of damage likely to be inflicted in the threat happens. Firms involved in risk management should be able to assist in the identification of the vulnerability areas and thereafter form a functional and sound physical security plan. Schools, businesses, government agencies, and private institutions and individuals and can enjoy the benefits of using exert help in risk management.
In order to prevent theft business entities with large inventory, schools, government institutions with confidential and privileged data and personal private residents require comprehensive physical security systems. Physical safety is one of the most vulnerable. The times we live in today detail…
Integrating Children with Autism into a Physical Activity and ecreation Setting
The purpose of this study was to examine the patterns of behavior of children who were severely handicapped and autistic as they were integrated into a physical education and exercise program (Schleien, et al., 1987). The desire was to determine whether the social and behavioral skills of these children were improved after they had been exposed to an exercise and physical education program, or whether there was no difference seen. The way that the handicapped children were treated by the other children in the program - who were not handicapped - was also examined, in an effort to draw conclusions about how individuals treat those who are different and whether those differences cause children to shun others or accept them. Only two handicapped children were used for the study, and they were eight and eleven years old (Schleien, et…
Schleien, S., Krotee, M., Mustonen, T., Kelterborn, B., & Schermer, A. (1987). The effect of integrating children with autism into a physical activity and recreation setting. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 21(4): 52-62.
RULES: locks should not be thrown across the line. Scores are recorded to the nearest tenth of a second.
3. ONE-MILE RUN/WALK
OJECTIVE: To measure heart and lung endurance by fastest time to cover a one-mile distance. TESTING: On a safe, one-mile distance, students begin running on the count "Ready? Go!" Walking may be interpersed with running. However, the students should be encouraged to cover the distance in as short a time as possible. RULES: efore administering this test, students' health status should be reviewed. Students should be given ample instruction on pacing themselves and should be allowed to practice running this distance against time. Sufficient time should be allowed for warming up and cooling down before and after the test. Times are recorded in minutes and seconds.
OJECTIVE: To measure upper body strength and endurance by maximum number of pull-ups completed. TESTING: Student hangs from a horizontal…
"Fitness: the president's challenge. (children's fitness test for President's Challenge Award)." The Saturday Evening Post. 1990. Retrieved April 27, 2010 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-9138402.html
Gatterman, Meridel I. "Health Promotion and Wellness Through Mental Fitness." Dynamic Chiropractic. Dynamic Chiropractic CA. 2007. Retrieved April 27, 2010 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1276651631.html
Krucoff, C. "Has Fitness Fizzled?;While Many Work Out; Most Prefer the Couch." The Washington Post. Washington Post Newsweek Interactive Co. 1990. Retrieved April 27, 2010 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-1107930.html
Lyons, B. (2010). "Commentary: Physical fitness -- is it a national security issue?" Retrieved April 27, 2010 from http://www.standard.net/topics/hilltop-times/2010/02/25/commentary-physical-fitness-it-national-security-issue
During the proposed study's process, the researcher plans to fulfill the following objectives.
Objective 1: Address each of the proposed study's research questions during literature review:
Examine the effect athletic participation has on student GPAs;
Identify the effect athletic participation has on student DC CAS math scores;
Determine the effect athletic participation has on student DC CAS English eading scores;
Explore the effect music participation has on student GPAs;
Investigate the effect music participation has on student DC CAS math scores;
Discover the effect music participation has on student DC CAS English eading scores.
Complete study with 150 tenth grade student participants in the first semester of school year 2008-2009.
Analyze test results and compare with findings from literature reviewed.
One of the Best Investments
Despite current reported budget cuts and constraints in education, high school activity programs continue to constitute one of the best…
Baker, Christina. (2008, August). Under-represented college students and extracurricular involvement: the effects of various student organizations on academic performance. Social Psychology of Education, Volume 11 (3). Retrieved January 27, 2009 at http://www.springerlink.com/content/b6432j1361233004/
The case for extracurricular activities. (2008). National Federation of State High School Association. Retrieved January 23, 2009 at http://richwoodstrack.com/extracurricular_case.htm
The Columbia World of Quotations. (1996). Columbia University Press, New York. Retrieved January 27, 2009 from www.bartleby.com/66/.
Draper, Michelle. (2008, September 7). Vic: Principals link mental health to academic achievement. (www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=publication:%22AAP+General+News+(Australia)%22&sort=DT&sortdir=DAAP General News (Australia). Retrieved January 28, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-156068940.html
School Physical Activity
The evidence seems pretty clear that there are many reasons that physical activity is an important component to health in people of all ages and demographic characteristics. However, one of the most important groups that could benefit the most from learning good physical activity (PA) habits would be elementary aged children. This group not only has increasing rates of obesity and related diseases, but the habits that form early in life are more likely to continue throughout the individual's lifetime. Therefore, if children are taught good habits early in life, then they could benefit from these habits for a lifetime. Furthermore, a child spends a significant portion of their time in elementary school which represents a key opportunity to begin to developing these habits.
There is evidence that there is need for greater physical activity in elementary schools. The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children has…
Kulik, N., Somers, C., Thomas, E., Martin, J., Centeio, E., Garn, A., . . . McCaughtry, N. (2015). Source and Type of Support for In-School Physical Activity: Differential Patterns for Demographic Subgroups. American Journal of Health Education, 301-309.
Title: The title includes the precise identification of the problem; it contains the independent and dependent variables and target population. It must be clear, concise, and fully descriptive of the study. The recommended length is 12 words.
The Difference Between Fourth Grade Boys and Girls Attitudes Toward Physical Education
Abstract/Overview: The abstract summarizes the contents of the manuscript. The abstract should begin by broadly summarizing the problem and importance of the study in 2-3 sentences. The abstract should then clearly and concisely state the purpose of the study. Next, the abstract should contain a brief description of the target population, sampling methodology, description of the sample, and sample size. The abstract should also identify the research design and methodology. Finally, the abstract should name the instrument and explain the procedures for data collection and statistical analysis. The abstract should not contain any in-text citations. The recommended length is 200–250 words.…
The relevance of physical security cannot be overstated when it comes to the prevention or minimization of instances of unauthorized access, loss, or even theft. In this text, I concern myself with physical security and the relevance of several of its components. The components I will address in this discussion are building security, grounds security, access control systems, perimeter security, and information systems and technology security.
Physical Security: Brief Overview
In the assessment of security vulnerabilities, physical security is generally regarded a critical issue. This is particularly the case given that it is the said physical security that presents the most serious obstacle to an attacker seeking to execute a break-in. In that regard therefore, the various components of physical security, some of which are discussed in significant detail in this text, should seek to secure people and organizational assets from intruders. For this reason, physical security could…
Dempsey, J.S. (2010). Introduction to Private Security (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.
Fennelly, L.J. (2012). Effective Physical Security (4th ed.). Waltham, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Purpura, P.P. (2007). Security and Loss Prevention: An Introduction (5th ed.). Burlington, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Smith, C. & Brooks, D.J. (2012). Security Science: The Theory and Practice of Security. Waltham, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Activities to Reduce Inappopiate Behavios Displayed by Childen With Autism and Othe Developmental Disabilities
The pupose of this dissetation study is to test the effectiveness of an eveyday activities-based potocol (Holm, Santangelo, Fomuth, Bown & Walte, 2000) fo managing challenging and disuptive behavios of 13- to 23-yea-old esidential students (male and female) with Autism who live at Melmak Homes, Inc., of southeasten Pennsylvania, and attend school o adult day pogams. Applied behavio analysis and a focus on eveyday occupations (activities) will be combined duing the intevention phase. Reinfocement will be fo subtask completion and duation of paticipation, NOT fo absence of taget maladaptive o disuptive behavios. Behavio analysts, howeve, will document the fequency/duation of the taget behavios duing each condition. Inteventions will occu daily, Monday though Fiday. A single-subject, multiple-baseline, acoss-subjects design with nine subjects will be used to evaluate change in behavios unde altenating conditions. Data will be analyzed…
references, and favorites)
Child and Family Assets
(Abilities, strengths, skills, accomplishments, and capabilities)
Functional and Meaningful Interactions
(Purposeful interactions; ways interests and assets are used in everyday life)
activities, the services we will be proposing will deal with a certain set of activities that a working individual has less and less time for and will be tempted to turn to a specialized company that will help him deal with such kind of activities. Paying bills, shopping for groceries and other needed products in the house, requiring information to the banks for credits or payment options, going with the car to the car service -- these are the sort of activities that the modern individual has less and less time for and is more and more inclined to simply outsource.
As such, our company will deal with providing all these types of services for our customers, services that are likely to create more leisure time for the working individual and remove the unnecessary hours spent dealing with the home administrative problems.
This introduction already gives a little insight in…
physical agents that exposes health and safety hazards to workers within the work places. Some of the physical agents are noise, vibrations, explosive atmospheres, electromagnetic fields, ionizing radiations as well as optical radiation. It should be noted that there are huge risks that are associated with these physical agents and unless measures are taken to contain the situation, serious health and safety risks may occur. There are also a number of directives that have laid down the minimum requirements aimed at protecting the workers.
From this report, it has been noted that the various hazards that are associated with the construction work include dust, hard physical labor, vibration, chemical vapors, radon as well as atmospheres lacking oxygen. Similarly, construction work is always done in pressurized environments. Therefore, underground casuals are exposed to serious risks as well as fatal injuries. Other physical hazards are exceptional as far as underground work is…
Health and Safety Executive. (2008). The physical agents (artificial optical radiation) directive
Revised regulatory impact assessment.
Assessed on November 18, 2011
This paper is a discussion on Activity-based costing (ABC), one of the costing methodologies used in business. The methodology essentially entails assigning a cost to the various activities of an organization, which range from planning and production to quality control, logistics, and distribution (Kaplan & Anderson, 2007). It also entails determining the amount of time required to perform the activities (Kaplan & Anderson, 2004). The cost and time are then used as a basis for determining the price of the organization's products or services. If properly implemented, ABC can deliver significant benefits to an organization, especially with respect to business performance and competitive advantage (Cokins, 2001). Focusing on Amazon, this paper discusses the use of time-driven ABC in e-commerce activities. First, a brief background of the organization is provided. Next, attention is paid to how a time-driven ABC system can be implemented in the organization and the associated benefits on…
8-15.6-15.6-15.5-15.6-15.6-15.8-16.1 Subtotal pre-1996 154 15.6-15.5-15.5-15.5-15.5-15.5-15.5-15.9 adapted from PriceWatersHouseCoopers 2008)
1996 Vintage Funds Onwards
No of funds to ec
Venture 72 -1.6 -0.6 -1.9 -2.4-8.7-29.7-42.0-86.7 Small MBO* 16 7.3-3.2-1.9-0.3-3.2-1.3-2.6 -14.2 Mid MBO 73-14.9-13.2-9.3-5.9-4.3-3.6-8.0-17.6 Large MBO 1-23.7-21.0-18.0-13.9-14.3-16.5-30.6-25.2 Subtotal 1996 onwards 182 18.9-16.4-13.2-9.4-9.7-1-1.7-19.8-25.9 Grand total all funds
336 17.3-16.0-14.4-13.0-13.6-14.6-16.2-16.4 adapted from PriceWatersHouseCoopers 2008)
Subcategories (All Vintages)
No of funds to ec
UK 252 14.6-14.4-14.0-13.6-14.1-14.5-15.4-16.2 Non-UK 84-20.2-1-7.9-14.9-11.8-12.6-15.1-18.7-17.5 Pan-European 77-21.6-19.7-17.4-14.0-14.9-16.9-20.9-20.4 Technology 95-0.1-1.0-0.1-0.9-7.4-10.7-12.1-12.8 Non-Technology 241 18.7-17.3-15.7-14.2-14.5-15.3-17.0-17.3
Includes development capital adapted from PriceWatersHouseCoopers 2008)
No of to ec
No of funds to ec
1980-84-13 9.5-9.5-9.5-9.5-9.5-9.5-9.5-9.5 1985-89-68-13.8-13.8-13.8-13.8-13.8-13.8-13.8-1-3.8 1990 13-11.3-11.3-11.1-11.1-11.1-11.6-11.5-11.8 1991 14-23.4-23.4-23.4-23.3-23.3-23.3-23.3-23.7 1992 7-20.3-20.3-20.3-20.3-20.2-20.1-20.0-19.7 1993 10-15.3-15.3-14.8-14.0-14.6-14.6-14.6-16.0 1994 20-34.3-34.3-34.4-34.4-34.3-34.3-34.9-36.9 1995 9-23.1-22.2-21.9-21.9-21.8-22.8-25.7-32.1 1996 15-18.7-18.7-18.6-1-8.5-19.0-20.1-22.0-26.3 1997 25-15.6-14.7-14.9-14.3-14.3-13.7-17.6 n/a 1998 16-12.5-12.2-10.8-10.6-9.3-6.3 n/a n/a 1999 28-15.8-8.8-6.2-1.5 -2.0 n/a n/a n/a 2000 29-16.7-14.9-8.7-4.8 n/a n/a n/a / a 2001 29-29. 1-28.3-23.4 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2002 20-32. 1-23.4* 22.2* n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a Total 336…
Drawing on its long experience of successfully bringing its unique skills to new markets, Apax Partners opened offices in Stockholm in 2004, Hong Kong in 2005, and Mumbai in 2006 (Apax Partners Story 2008).
One of Apax's success stories, Yell and Computacenter, a telephone directories group "had a strong run after joining public markets.." New Look, Similarly, a fashion chain, in a similar sense, projected to be sold or refloated at a huge profit this year,
Once this occurs, is when the author is discussing how there are differences in public perceptions and polices. As, most people will immediately assume that there are laws designed to protect society. Yet, in reality the underlying amounts of abuse continue to remain high with over 200 million cases reported each year. This is important; because it is showing how the author is highlighting the way abuse related cases are continuing to remain a lingering problem on a regular basis. (Lampinen, 2010)
The best practices are when Lampinen is carefully examining specific strategies that can be used to prevent violence targeted against children. For example, there is a discussion of how the receiver operating characteristics model can focus on key attributes. That will help to identify certain attributes, which could make the child a target of abuse. This is important, because these ideas are assisting everyone in understanding how they…
Bradely, R. (2002). Social Economic Status and Child Development. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 371 -- 399.
Lampinen, J. (2010). Protecting Children from Violence. New York, NY: Psychology Press.
Physical Security Survey
The following will be an overview of the aytheon Company. Business information will be included as well as security issues the company might have. A physical security survey will be presented as well as an analysis of the results. Certain changes that are needed will be proposed.
Background on aytheon
aytheon Company is an innovation and technology pioneer with expertise in security defense, and civilian markets across the globe. With a background marked by development measuring 92 years, aytheon produces advanced electronics, integrated mission frameworks and different abilities in the ranges of sensing; impacts; and charge, control, intelligence and communication frameworks; and services in mission support (aytheon History).
Amongst the first technology companies, aytheon was formed in Cambridge, Massachusetts., home of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, on 7th July, 1922 as the American Appliance Company (aytheon History). The founders were Vannevar Bush, who eventually became the dean…
Raytheon: History. (n.d.). Retrieved January24, 2015 from http://www.raytheon.com/ourcompany/history/index.html
In today's high stress world of nutrition, every decision one makes about feeding themselves and nourishing their body can come with much thought. If we are what we eat, than it makes a lot of sense to focus on this area and understand the true benefits a well balanced nutrition can offer. In attempting to find a replacement for sugar, some food companies have devised numerous replacements for this product for various reasons. The purpose of this essay is to investigate the product Splenda, an artificial sweetener. This examination will explore the history of the product, the safety issues associated with this product and Splenda's possible relation to the obesity epidemic that is appears to be occurring throughout the world.
Splenda is an artificial sweetener that is made by the British company Tate & Lyle, and Splenda's sales were as high as $206 million as recently as 2006.…
Lewis, T. (2008). Duke Study Not Sweet on Splenda. Consumer Affairs, 23 Sep, 2008. Retrieved from http://www.consumeraffairs.com/news04/2008/09/splenda_study.html
Rattue, P. (2012). Sucralose Causes Cancer Concern. Medical News Today, 25 April, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/244603.php
Splenda Web page. "About Splenda Brand Sweetener." Viewed on 20 Jan 2013. Retrieved from http://www.splendatruth.com/about
AGE GROUP PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT MILESTONES
There are many milestones for each age. I have selected some that have to do with movement on a small and large scale because I believe that they have to do with the way in which children may be inclined to move a good deal and perhaps exercise in later life.
Infants: [footnoteRef:1] [1: American Pregnancy. First Year Development: Infant Development. American Pregnancy Association. http://www.americanpregnancy.org/firstyearoflife/firstyeardevelopment.html, accessed January 28, 2012.]
Fine (Small) -- hands clench, strong grasp reflex, holds objects, pulls on clothing or blankets.
Gross (Large) -- Turns head, rolls back and forth on stomach, holds weight on feet, bounces when held standing, sits well by about nine months.
Toddlers:[footnoteRef:2] [2: Toddler Developmental Milestones. Parenting Magazine. http://www.parenting.com/article/toddler-developmental-milestones?page=0,1, accessed January 28, 2012.]
Fine -- filling up and dumping out small items, trying to dress and undress, drawing or scribbling, stacking or sorting objects, poking and…
Finance-dominated proponents also maintain that boom economic periods generate a more varied divergence of valuations that fuel merger activity (Medlen 2007). In this regard, Medlen concludes that, "Taken collectively, these understandings may explain some of the merger activity in booms, but they involve certain asymmetries that undercut their explanatory power. High stock valuations allow stock to be utilized as currency and collateral for takeovers; yet stock booms also make targets expensive" (p. 202). Moreover, despite the commonly held perception that mergers are a "quick and dirty" way to grow a business and achieve organizational goals, there remains a lack of convincing empirical evidence in support of this perception (Medlen 2007). As Medlen points out, an "anomalous fact about mergers concerns the lack of evidence that mergers are profitable. This fact begs the question: why then are mergers carried out with such frequency and with such large levels of capitalization?" (p.…
Ahern, K.A. & Weston, J.F. (2007). 'M&as: the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.' Journal
of Applied Finance, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 5-7.
Babbie, E. (1990). Survey Research Methods (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth
Even children who do not meet the physical criteria of FAS may experience developmental delays. Children manifesting Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE), now more commonly known as alcohol-related neuro-developmental disorder (AND) and alcohol-related birth defects (ABD), often have learning disabilities, particularly in math (FADS, 2009, CDC). They may have difficulty paying attention or exhibit hyperactive behavior. They are often quick to anger and have difficulty regulating their emotions.
Because of their hyperactivity and low frustration tolerance, children with FAS and FAE often have difficulty relating to adults and their peers in a positive manner. The child's speech and language delays can also create barriers between the child and his or her peers, as can the child's cognitive deficits.
Choosing to adopt an infant known to have FAS or an alcohol-related effect disorder is a considerable challenge. Before adopting, it may be wise to have the child…
Diagnosis: FASD. 2009, August 24). The Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Retrieved January
19, 2010 at http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/diagnosis.html
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). (2009, August 24). The Centers for Disease Control
(CDC). Retrieved January 19, 2010 at http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/facts.html
Activity #1: Discuss the pros and cons of testing from two perspectives: (1) as a test-taker and (2) as a test-giver
From the point-of-view of the test-taker, the 'cons' of taking a test seem obvious. Besides the nerves and the fear of being put under pressure, from the test-taker's point-of-view being tested requires subjecting something quite unique, namely their individual human mind, to an objective test that cannot take into consideration adverse circumstances, from a lack of engagement with the material, poor teaching, or an eccentric learning style. Testing can thus discourage creativity and a sense of fun in learning for the test taker. Test can also encourage students to learn how to take a particular teacher's tests, rather than to truly learn and actively engage with the material on an individual basis like a research paper.
This is also the downside of testing from the teacher's perspective as…
ABC Teach. (2004). "Charlotte's Web." Retrieved on July 13, 2004 http://www.abcteach.com/directory/theme_units/literature/charlottes_web/
Bloom's Taxonomy. (2004) Retrieved on July 13, 2004 http://www.fgcu.edu/onlinedesign/designDevd.html
College Board. (2004) Retrieved on July 13, 2004 at collegeboard.com
Fair Test. (2004) Retrieved on July 13, 2004 at http://www.fairtest.org/facts/nratests.html
Stroke Hearing Impaired
Plan: Physical, Occupational, Speech, and Psychological Therapies
Implementation: Daily regimen, with one of the four core areas (physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and psychological therapy) emphasized or addressed on each day.
Evaluation: After each session, therapist will write a thorough evaluation of the patient including a progress report. After the end of each six-week period, a thorough progress report will be shared among the various members of the health care team in a collaborative setting.
The follow-up will consist of maintenance therapies in each of the four core areas.
Documentation of Actions and Activities: According to the National Stroke Association (2013), the activities and actions should begin immediately after the stroke. The Physical Therapy sessions will include yoga and other systematic movement interventions to improve coordination, balance, strength, and range of motion. Each week, the therapist will implement a unique type of movement therapy,…
Hetu, R., Jones, L. & Getty, L. (1993). The Impact of Acquired Hearing Impairment on Intimate Relationships: Implications for Rehabilitation. International Journal of Audiology 32(6).
National Stroke Association (2013). Rehabilitation therapy after stroke. Retrieved online: http://www.stroke.org/site/PageServer?pagename=REHABT
"Stroke Health Center," (2011). WebMD. Retrieved online: http://www.webmd.com/stroke/tc/stroke-rehabilitation-overview
Wharton, T. (2013). Utah firm: Loop helps hearing impaired at movies and more. The Salt Lake Tribune. 24 Oct, 2013. Retrieved online: http://www.sltrib.com/sltrib/money/57001349-79/loop-hearing-system-technology.html.csp
For example, Massachusetts and California have made recent improvements by upgrading care quality and professionalizing care; by contrast, despite Florida's large population of seniors and the beginning of a coalition of patients, families, and workers on behalf of better care, the state administration remains inflexible in their funding approach (Fitzgerald 30).
Nursing homes and other long-term-care facilities are unique among low-wage labor markets in that government, in effect, sets wages and career paths by setting reimbursement rates. Government also regulates the conditions of care and subsidizes training programs for nursing assistants and other paraprofessionals. Unlike other low-wage sectors, a broad-based, middle-class constituency for better wages and benefits potentially exists in the form of family members of nursing home residents. Therefore, there is a potential solution that benefits all the stakeholders by providing higher reimbursements together with tighter regulation and deliberate professionalization of the direct-care workforce; unfortunately, while some states have…
About SeniorNet. (2005). SeniorNet. [Online]. Available: http://www.seniornet.org /php/default.php?PageID=5005' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
egulations and requirements
The Federal Aviation Authority -- FAA passed the "Vision100 - Century of Aviation eauthorization Act," which among other regulations also allowed for the allocation of the AIP funds for the facilities like hangars and fuel farms. This is stated in the law that the secretary can pay the funds "apportioned to the airport sponsor under section 47114 (d) (3) (a) and if the Secretary determines that the sponsor has made adequate provision for financing airside needs of the airport." ("Airport Improvement Program," 2004) Therefore all planners and builders are required to submit a business plan. In the event where the promoter of the proposed airport is not requiring the genera fund, still considering these guidelines will help in determining the profitability and the types of facility and structures required. The foremost concern is to evaluate the need. The plan must show the demand envisaged for the facility.…
Banister, David; Berechman, Joseph. (2000) "Transport Investment and Economic
Development" UCL Press: London.
De Neufville, Richard; Odoni, Amedeo R. (2002) "Airport Systems: Planning, Design, and Management" McGraw-Hill.
Doganis, Rigas. (2002) "Flying off Course: The Economics of International Airlines"
Significant findings were that the survey revealed that "participants in any type of extracurricular activity were significantly more likely than non-participants to exercise and consume nutritious foods, to like school and do homework, and to express positive attitudes about self, peers, teachers, and parents. Involved students were less likely to skip school, get into fights, vandalize property, smoke cigarettes or marijuana, binge drink, or have sexual intercourse. Students who participate in sports are less likely to suffer depression than non-participants. "
3. The Involvement Principle:
Reported in the Journal of Higher Education (1995) the work entitled "The Other Curriculum: Out-of-Class Experiences with Student Learning and Personal Development" sought to understand the relationship between leadership and socialization skills in relation to the personal development that seemingly takes place during extracurricular activities. According to the author of this work George D. Kuh, graduates believe that participation in student's organizations, part-time work as…
Porter, A.C. (1991) Creating a System of School Process Indicators. Education and Policy Analysis 13(1), 13-29.
Chambers, Elisha A. (2002) After-School Pursuits, Ethnicity and Achievement for 8th and 10th Grade Students. The Journal of Educational Research 1 Nov 2002.
Gopalakrishman, Narayan (2003) Differences in Behavior, Psychological Factors, and Environmental Factors Associated with Participation in School Sports and Other Activities in Adolescence. Journal of School Health 1 Mar 2003.
Kuh, George D. (1995) The Other Curriculum: Out-of-Class Experiences Associated with Student Learning and Personal Development. Journal of Higher Education 1 March 1995.
The growing population has a great impact on the extent of global warming and its consequences for society, economy and the environment. This means that there is rising in greenhouse emission, more people means more industry. Scientists worry about the emission from developing countries which may contribute to global environment problems even sooner than expected. ut not only the developing countries contributes to the emission but also rich industrialized countries have been putting carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere for many years now. "20% of the world's population can not continue to indiscriminately pollute the atmosphere at the expense of the majority" (M. Glantz 2005). Rich industrialized countries contributes a higher percentage of emission at the atmosphere that increases the environment's temperature of global warming and results to change of weather pattern to different regions. "Africa's contribution to the increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases has been minimal,…
Glantz.H. (March 2005) Climate Change Global Warming and Sub-Saharan Africa. Fragile Ecologies. Retrieved on May 03, 2008, from website: http://www.fragilecologies.com/mar02_05.html. s
Global Warming. Natural Resources Defense Council. Retrieved on May 03, 2008, from website: http://www.nrdc.org/globalWarming/qthinice.asp
Klueger J. (2008). Global Warming Heats Up. Time Magazine. Retrieved on May 03, 2008, from website, www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1176980,00.html
Future History Journal
Challenging middle school students to develop a greater sense of civic pride is one of the most foundational goals of the period in both education and in social and personal development. Middle school is an extremely personal, social, emotional period in the development of the individual. The personal events surrounding often-rapid changes in the physical body of the adolescent and in the social boundaries of their independent lives often dictate the ability or willingness of a student to concentrate on issues of a broader nature. For this reason civic responsibility and world or local events can sometimes occur without the awareness of some members of this age group. For this reason an activity which focuses on the impact of current events on the future is age appropriate and a journal format is very personal. Melding the personal and the global into a single project, lasting…
food increasingly popular a leisure activity. Background Information: Food people solely 'food fuel'. Food,, aspects a leisure activity: shopping [ farmer's markets], eating, cooking, reading, TV viewing, blogging .
Food as a Leisure Activity
Conditions in the contemporary society have made it possible for people to change their perspective regarding some concepts and things as simple as food have come to represent a leisure activity. Individuals are no longer interested in eating with the purpose to satisfy this need, as many people presently regard cooking and eating as an art. Moreover, one needs to focus expansively on these concepts in order to harvest all the benefits associated with making and eating food. Food has reached a whole new level in first-world countries, considering that the financial condition that people in these countries have virtually enabled them to see food as being more than just a necessity. Numerous individuals are actively…
Adema, Pauline, "Vicarious Comsumption: Food, Television and the Ambiguity of Modernity,"Journal of American and Comparative Cultures 23.3 (2000)
Allen, Gary J., The Business of Food: Encyclopedia of the Food and Drink Industries, (ABC-CLIO, 2007)
Counihan, Carole, Food and culture: a reader, (Routledge, 2008)
Roberts, Kenneth, Leisure in contemporary society, (CABI, 2006)
I think I want to go into nursing but I am not 100% sure yet. ight now, I am just taking basic gen ed classes since this is my first year in school -- I did take a couple of classes this past summer. Most adolescents I know in my neighborhood have graduated already as well." Georgia stated she was still 'feeling out' her identity, which is common in adolescence. She was willing to be independent enough to pay for her own college, which suggests a desire to 'stand on her own two feet' despite the fact that she still lives at home.
Georgia also noted that she does not contribute to the family income and that her father is a biopharma executive. Her desire to enter nursing could reflect her exposure to this field of work at home. However, she saw her decision not to attend a four-year college…
Santrock, Jack. (2011). Life-span development. (13th ed.). McGraw-Hill.
2007)." The authors also explain that there is a great deal of interest in the concept of school engagement because it is believed to be influenced by environmental changes (Fredricks et al., 2004; Dotterer et al. 2007). As a result of racial and ethnic achievement gaps, the study of school engagement amongst students of color is essential to closing these gaps. Previous research uncovered a pattern of underachievement in African-American students who have lower grades and receive less education than non-Hispanic White students (Dotterer et al. 2007).
According to Jimerson et al. (2003) there are three dimensions of school engagement: affective, behavioral, and cognitive. The affective dimension is associated with an emotional connection to school and the sense of belonging that students have with their school. Additionally this dimension of school engagement is often referred to as school attachment (Johnson et al., 2001). The affective dimension of school engagement "reflects…
Dotterer a.M. Susan M. McHale Ann C. Crouter. (2007) Implications of Out-of-School Activities for School Engagement in African-American Adolescents. J Youth Adolescence (2007) 36:391 -- 401
Dworkin, J.B., Larson, R., & Hansen, D. (2003). Adolescents' accounts of growth experiences in youth activities. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 32, 17-26.
Feldman, Amy F.; Matjasko, Jennifer L. (2005) the Role of School-Based Extracurricular Activities in Adolescent Development: A Comprehensive Review and Future Directions Review of Educational Research v. 75 no. 2 p. 159-210
Fredricks J, Blumenfeld P, Paris a (2004) School engagement: Potential of the concept, state of the evidence. Rev Educ Res 74:59 -- 109