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It is important, therefore, that the food service industry addresses these issues at the supply chain and industry economics levels. It is difficult to change the nutrition value of foods without dealing with it at the supply chain level. The inputs are critical, and it will take key industry leaders to work with major suppliers like Sysco to improve the quality of inputs. In addition there needs to be a cultural shift. There is this idea that food cannot taste good without massive amounts of added fat, sugar and salt. This is simply not true. Food can taste good with moderate amounts of these things, but there needs to be concerted effort to craft good recipes, not just crank out the easy answers. More creativity is going to be important to meeting this challenge without compromising customer interest.
Lastly, industry needs to promote new ideas such as targeted indulgence. Right…
Begley, S. (2012). Fat and fatter: U.S. obesity rates to soar by 2030. Reuters. Retrieved November 22, 2012 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/09/18/us-obesity-us-idUSBRE88H0RA20120918
Jones, J. (2012). Michelle Obama announces new school lunch nutrition guidelines. BET. Retrieved November 22, 2012 from http://www.bet.com/news/national/2012/01/25/michelle-obama-announces-new-school-lunch-nutrition-guidelines.html
Kelso, a. (2012). Restaurant industry's 2012 trends shaped by demographics, nutrition. Fast Casual. Retrieved November 22, 2012 from http://www.fastcasual.com/article/189200/Restaurant-industry-s-2012-trends-shaped-by-demographics-nutrition
Park, a. (2012). NYC's trans fat ban worked: Fast food diners are eating healthier. Time Magazine. Retrieved November 22, 2012 from http://healthland.time.com/2012/07/17/nycs-trans-fat-ban-worked-fast-food-diners-are-eating-healthier/
The Digestive System
Mechanical digestion begins the process of digestion. Otherwise known as chewing, it "involves mixing, grinding, or crushing large pieces of food into small pieces" (Lab: Mechanical and chemical digestion, n.d, Chapter 38). In contrast, the process of chemical digestion occurs inside of the body within the digestive organs, "when digestive enzymes break down complex molecules, such as carbohydrates, into simple molecules, such as glucose" (Lab: Mechanical and chemical digestion, n.d, Chapter 38). When digesting a ham and cheese sandwich, first the teeth grind the sandwich mechanically. Then this is followed by the process of breaking down the food chemically within the body. While mechanical digestion is a willed activity in the sense we select the foods we eat and how much we chew, chemical digestion is not.
During the process of chemical digestion, "the parietal cells of the stomach produce HCl and secrete it primarily in…
Barke, Sheri. (2005). Eating for exercise & sports. College of the Canyons. Retrieved:
The basic principles of food safety. (2006). NH Department of Health & Human Services. Retrieved: http://www.dhhs.nh.gov/dphs/fp/documents/principles.pdf
Carbohydrates. (2012). NIH. Retrieved:
What is Nutrition?
Important Food Elements
NUTRITION FOR A HEALTHY MIND AND ODY
enefits of Good Nutrition
Nutrition for a Healthy ody
Nutrition for a Healthy Mind
Nutrition for the Future
What is Nutrition?
The most basic definition of nutrition is "the science of how food nourishes the body." (Null) Still, nutrition is a very broad and complex subject. The food we eat must go through many changes before our bodies can use it for nutrition. Nutrition includes the physical act of eating, digesting and absorbing nutrients.
Nutrition is the process that living things take in food and use it. Plants can be nourished by air, water and sunshine. ut human beings have much more complicated needs. Our nutrition may be good or poor, depending on the food we eat.
Well-nourished persons have strong bones, muscles and teeth and healthy skin and blood. (Fuller) Poor nutrition, or…
Shapiro Kendrick, A., Kaufmann, R. And Messenger, K.P. Healthy Young Children. National Association for the Education of Young Children, 1995.
Null, Gary. The Complete Guide to Health and Nutrition. Doubleday, 1984.
Fuller, Cook. Nutrition: Annual Editions. Dushkin, 1990.
Braverman, Eric R. The Healing Nutrients Within. Keats Publishing, Inc., 1997.
Nutrition and Pregnancy: Eating ight Helps the Developing Fetus
This paper presents a detailed discussion about the importance of proper nutrition during pregnancy. The writer includes an interview with a nutritionist as well as discussion about exercise and other health aspects of pregnancy. There were seven sources used to complete this paper.
NUTITION AND PEGNANCY: EATING IGHT POVIDES THE BEST ENVIONMENT FO DEVELOPING FETUSES
The medical community has been aware for many years that nutrition is important during pregnancy as well as supplements and exercise. The proper nutrition and supplements help the baby develop as well as keep the mother healthy during the pregnancy. Often time's expectant mothers are confused about their nutritional needs and they are unsure about exercise as well. It is important for the expectant mother to maintain a nutritionally healthy diet throughout the pregnancy as well as take the supplements prescribed to her.
When one becomes…
Kerry Hillard, Table For 2/Nutrition News For Baby And One: E-ting Well., Baby Talk, 11-01-2000, pp 83.
John Davenport, A Tragic But Telling Legacy., Newsweek, 09-27-1999, pp 53.
Christopher Weems, Tips To Be Fit: Pregnancy, Exercise & Nutrition., Atlanta Inquirer, 06-29-1996, pp PG.
Author not available, PREGNANCY AND NUTRITION: 'One are what one eat' takes on specialmeaning when eatting for two.., The Dallas Morning News, 09-30-1996, pp 3C.
vanilla extract, 1 tsp. lecithin granules, appropriate preservative -- flavors to be determined. The product has no lactose, is sugar free, and with the coconut and almond milk, already has the taste of tropical drinks -- with the addition of pineapple, strawberry, mango or guava, and banana, or a combination, there would be even more tropical flavoring. The desert could be made in cups, larger containers, or with the use of a low-calorie "crust" as a tropical desert sandwich. Several permutations of "deserts" could be made, including a frozen "sorbet" version using the discarded 1/2 shells of coconuts used for processing coconut products.
Labeling -- 240 grams, 1 cup, about 2 servings
National Institute of Health, (2010). "Lactose Intolerance." NIH.GOV. Cited in:
Scott, M. And C. Flanagan. (2007). "Ice Cream Wars: Nestle vs. Unilever." Business Week,
Cited in: http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/aug2007/gb20070824_230078.htm
The Long Magenstrasse with pyloroplasty as functional Gastric Bypass (LMGBP) procedure is that such surgery. This surgery has been found to reduce the occurrence of side effects connected with gastric restrictive and malabsorptive surgery, particularly on quality of life and long-term nutritional insufficiency. This surgery has shown to result in significant weight loss, together with its moderate surgical risk, very low complication profile, and the satisfaction of patients. This suggests that is might be a feasible advance in bariatric surgical technique. This procedure can be employed to advantage and perhaps may be preferable to the technically more complex RYGBP, which is not without nutritional-metabolic side effects (Vassallo, 2010). The goal is to limit the nutritional deficiencies as much as possible.
In a study done by Vassallo et al. (2010), the researchers set out to confirm that patients undergoing LMGBP had safe and effective weight loss with conjunction with…
De Luis,, D.A., et al. "Clinical Results and Nutritional Consequences of Biliopancreatic
Diversion: Three Years of Follow-Up." Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism 53.3-4
(2009): 234-9. Web. 30 Jan. 2012.
Vassallo, C., et al. "The Long Magenstrasse with pyloroplasty as functional gastric bypass: 6-
The toddler gains self-feeding skills and, thus, becomes more in control of what he or she will actually consume. So, those good nutritional habits and foods that a parent has introduced in the formative months, become even more critical to good nutrition as a toddler. If the baby has learned the tastes of good nutrition, those will continue with them as a toddler, young child, etc. And if bad nutritional habits have been developed -- for example, too much sugar -- it could affect the child's health for a lifetime.
Obesity, as we have mentioned, is an enormous problem with children. Its importance has risen dramatically over the past decade as a part of the public health issues. Besides obvious health considerations, poor nutrition leading to excess weight can lead to low self-esteem, diabetes, hypertension, and other weight-induced difficulties. However, it should be emphasized that, in toddlers, diets should not…
urthermore, the overall high quality nutrition intake is efficiently supported with the implementation of sustainable control policies that can help monitor the employee's regularities or irregularities in gaining nutritional knowledge and/or its application. The health programs and their impact can also be effectively measured through these control policies.
Some of the American-based companies like the L.L. Bean, the mail-order outfitters shop in reeport, NutriWork which is a consulting agency part of the Network, Inc. from Andover operating at and the Lotus Development Corporation and Xerox are all adopting the nutrition awareness programs. The L.L. Bean shop uses both online and offline sources to gather employees in huge groups and give them nutritional education as well as asks for suggestions on any nutritional upgrades and cuts that they want. NutriWork conducts conferences over a course of ten weeks whereby they highlight the benefits, needs and implementations of their nutritional programs and…
Flegal, K.M., Carroll, M.D., Kuczmarski, R.J., Johnson, C.L. Overweight and obesity in the United States: Prevalence and trends, 1960-1994. International Journal of Obesity. 1998; 22:39-47.
Balch, J.F. And Balch, P.A. Prescription for Nutritional Healing. Avery Publishing Group. 1990.
Bland, J. Be present for miracles. CAM. (2005): 5(1): 36-37.
Therefore, in the light of the above views, a central part of the solution to the problems of poor nutrition in adolescence is an awareness of the problems. This is a first step in the development of any effective program.
In other words, the youth should be made more self-aware of poor nutritional habits and the importance of adequate nutritional intake and the way that these factors are often promoted through the media. This in turn would necessitate the involvement and cooperation of various other parties, including schools, parents and related organizations in the educational arena and food industry.
One of central objects of this type of program is to improve general awareness of nutritional and health issues. There could, for example, be more emphasis health education classes in schools, where nutrition is discussed in relation to the contemporary world. The cardinal aspect of this program would be a…
Cheetham N. And Klindera K. The Nutritional Needs and Status of Adolescents.
26 August, 2006. http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:O-tp3iNhDF0J:www.fantaproject.org/downloads/pdfs/Adolescents.pdf+nutritional+and+health+concerns+adolescence&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=9
Hearne. S. et al. (2004) F. As in Fat: How obesity policies are failing in America.
Retrieved 12, February 2006 from Trust for America's health. 25 August, 2006. http://22.214.171.124/search?q=cache:pbbUEelBegwJ:healthyamericans
People achieving registration are known as egistered Public Health Nutritionists (PHNutr). Associate registration is also available for graduates who are in the process of gaining sufficient work experience in order to apply for full registration. The Nutrition Society is also starting to accredit degree courses in public health nutrition so that this career path can be selected from the outset (All about Careers in Nutrition UK, 2004).
With the growing number of professions, the desire for external oversight and transparent accountability has grown. Professional limitations in the health sector are under pressure from the dynamic changes in the knowledge base, changes in the organization of health and social services, and an increasingly demanding litigious consumer-oriented society that we live in. Therefore most modern professions find it necessity to be dynamic and include continuing professional development. This requires a sturdy discipline base whereby research has an organic relationship with practice. It…
All About Careers in Nutrition UK. 2004. Viewed 1 March, 2010,
Dietitians: working to improve public health through nutrition. 2008. Viewed 1 March, 2010,
NSA Voluntary Register of Nutritionists. 2007. Viewed 2 March, 2010
A person who is qualified in all features of nutrition and fit to direct people on improving their health by diet and lifestyle alterations is called a nutritional consultant. A Nutritional Consultant is capable of assessing a person's nutritional requirements by a complete nutritional evaluation based on present lifestyle and eating habits. A proficient Nutritional Consultant realizes that each person has different nutritional requirements and is able to form an exclusive plan for each customer, based on the latest scientific principles and practical skills. Nutritional Consultants are skilled in all aspects of nutrition and are fit to give advice to people on improving their health by diet and lifestyle. We must be conscious about the matters like detoxification, holistic nutrition, physical fitness, alternative healing methods, weight loss and much more, which can modify our life. It is not that we will get the essential mechanism to become a…
"About the Profession: Dietetics" Retrieved from http://www.shrs.pitt.edu/cdn/about/about.html Accessed on 23 February 2005
"Dietetic Professionals are Registered Dietitians (RD) and Dietetic Technicians, Registered (DTR)" Retrieved from http://www.eatrightohio.org/dietitians.html Accessed on 23 February 2005
"Nutritional consultant -- Home study program" Global College of Natural Medicine. Retrieved from http://www.gcnm.com/courseNC.htm?src=overture Accessed on 23 February 2005
"Nutrition services: an essential component of comprehensive health programs" (2003) Journal of American Diet Association. Vol: 103; pp: 505-514. Retrieved from http://www.eatright.org/Public/GovernmentAffairs/92_8243.cfm Accessed on 23 February 2005
More specifically, when certain species (including homo Sapiens) consume more calories than necessary for immediate energy requirements, their digestive systems efficiently converts those excess calories into storable forms of reserve energy that are capable of being called upon in times of need (Larson-Duyff, 2005; Rinzler, 2004).
In humans, excess caloric consumption increases the amount of sugars dissolved in the blood (Larson-Duyff, 2005; Rinzler, 2004). This triggers a natural insulin response in which the pituitary signals the body to release extra insulin into the bloodstream to process the blood sugar. Many chronically overweight individuals become resistant to insulin, eventually requiring artificial insulin supplementation to maintain blood sugar levels consistent with ordinary physiological processes and to avoid onset of acute diabetic responses that are debilitating and that can be fatal when not treated appropriately (Hamric, Spross, & Hanson, 2009; Taylor, Lillis, & LeMone, 2005).
Even in non-diabetics, excess blood sugar attributable to…
Al-Isa, A.N. "Body mass index, overweight and obesity among Kuwaiti intermediate school adolescents aged 10-14 years" European Journal of Clinical Nutrition Vol. 58, No. 9; (2004): 1273 -- 1277.
This source reports the results of an empirical survey published in a peer-reviewed European scientific clinical nutrition journal. It details the evolution of an obesity epidemic in one Middle Eastern country (Kuwait) where the rapid shift from an active lifestyle to sedentary living in the last half century has greatly contributed to the incidence of obesity throughout society. The survey documents the prevalence of obesity in intermediate school adolescents and implicates lack of exercise and the preference for sedentary recreation as important causal factors in the problem.
Baldauf, S. "Too Fat? No More Excuses: Research Is Revealing How Very
Damaging Extra Baggage Is" U.S. News & World Report; Jan 14/08: 57-61).
Moreover, alcohol can lead to many social and psychological problems, including family conflict, arrests, job instability, injuries related to violence or accidents, and psychological symptoms related to depression and anxiety (Negative pp). These problems can become a great emotional burden to individuals and families, as well as a great financial expense to health care systems and society (Negative pp).
Approximately fourteen million Americans, or one in every thirteen adults, either abuse alcohol or are alcoholic, and several million more engage in risky drinking that could lead to alcohol problems, such as binge drinking and heavy drinking on a regular basis (Alcohol pp). Moreover, fifty-three percent of men and women in the United States report that one or more of their close relatives have a drinking problem (Alcohol pp).
Consequences of alcohol misuse serious and in many cases can be life threatening (Alcohol pp). Alcoholism and heavy drinking can increase the…
Adle, Jerry. "Doctors say it's a health crisis in the making."
Newsweek International; 4/11/2005
"Adolescents and anabolic steroids: a subject review." Pediatrics; 6/1/1997
Nutrition and Age elated Macular
Nutritional fats and fatty acids are a significant source of energy and an essential part of the human diet. Fatty acids are, in fact, central components of fat molecules. DHA and EPA are two of the most important fatty acids that are found in fleshy fish and other aquatic animals and help in the prevention of macular degeneration. Similar to carbohydrates, essential fatty acids are also important for the maintenance of eye health. They are known for supporting the cardiovascular, immune, nervous and reproductive systems of human beings. Their intake is also important because they are helpful in the development of vision and facilitate the functioning of retina. If an individual's DHA/EPA levels are low, he/she has a higher risk of dry eye syndrome. The lack of DHA/EPA in the human body can also causes diseases like AMD and diabetic retinopathy ("Diet, Nutrition…
Blodi, B.A. (2004). Nutritional Supplements in the Prevention of Age-related Macular Degeneration.INSIGHT The Journal of the American Society of Ophthalmic Registered Nurses, Inc., XXIX (1), 15-18. Retrieved June 14, 2012 from http://webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu/asorn/CE/2004-03-AMD.pdf
Brown, N.A., Bron, A.J., Harding, J.J., & Dewar, H.M. (1998). Nutrition Supplements and the Eye . Eye,12, 127-133. Retrieved June 14, 2012 from http://www.nature.com/eye/journal/v12/n1/pdf/eye199821a.pdf
Bryhn, M. (2006). Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Prevention of Age-Related Eye Diseases. Retrieved June 13, 2012 from http://www.epax.com/filestore/Omega-3FAandpreventionofage-relatedeyedisease.pdf
Christen, W.G., Glynn, R.J., Chew, E.Y., Albert, C.M., & Manson, J.E. (2009). Folic Acid, Vitamin B6, and Vitamin B12 in Combination and Age-Related Macular Degeneration in a Randomized Trial of Women. Arch Intern Med., 169(4), 335-341. Retrieved June 14, 2012 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2648137/?tool=pubmed
Nutrition and Physical Activity Program
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has a division that focuses on Nutrition, Physical, and Obesity to address the problem of obesity in the United States. This division provides funds to 25 states to tackle the challenges of obesity and other chronic diseases via statewide initiatives that are coordinated with various partners. In addition to preventing obesity and other chronic diseases, the primary focus of the Nutrition and Physical Activity Program is to improve the health of Americans through changing environments where people operate in daily. It will work to develop long-term and comprehensive efforts to tackle these diseases by implementing several evidence-based nutrition and physical activity strategies.
Through strategic public health initiatives, the outcome objectives of the Nutrition and Physical Activity include lessening the prevalence of obesity, enhance physical activity, and improve dietary behaviors. On the contrary, the impact objectives of this program…
Hamre et. al. (2006, July). Improving Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity Prevention.
Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website: http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/downloads/NPAO_Performance_Report_2005.pdf
Kennedy, K. (2011, March 3). Overweight and Obesity -- West Virginia. Retrieved from Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention website: http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/stateprograms/ fundedstates/west_virginia.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
At 50 laps an engagement, I am in and out of the gym pool in 45 minutes.
In the intervening two days, I engage in the lower impact activity of Frisbee golf, which gets me outdoors and walking for three to four hours a time while also stimulating anerobic motion in disc throwing. One day out of every week is designated to hiking outdoors, for between 3 and 7 hours. This will see me contend with a wide array of terrains and athletic challenges such as inclines, declines, long distances and even rock climbing.
Due to negative nutritional habits, a lack of exercise and a greater proclivity toward lifestyle decisions which expose me inherently to less physical activity, I am in a high-risk group for obesity and the many health implications there related. Obesity is proven to have a direct link to heart disease, high blood pressure and certain…
Factors that Contribute to Obesity in Later Life
Studies indicate that children that are breast feed have a lower rate of obesity (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, NDI). There are various theories to explain this phenomenon. Bottle formulas expose children to complex sugars and fats which predispose them to weight gain later on in life. Breast feeding may promote healthier eating habits because breast fed infants may eat until satiated, whereas bottle fed babies may be encouraged to eat until they have consumed all of the formula. Breast feeding also may expose babies to more variability in terms of nutrition and tastes since formula fed infants have experience with only a single flavor, whereas breastfed infants are exposed to a variety of flavors from the maternal diet that are transmitted through the milk. This translates to a greater acceptance of a variety of foods later on in life…
Allen, R.E., & Myers, A.L. (2006, November 1). Nutrition in toddlers. American academy of family physician, 74 (9), 1527-1532. Retrieved May 20, 2011 from http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1527.html
Papalia, D., Feldman, R. & Olds, S.(2007). A child' world: Infancy through adolesence. 11th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Companies.
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (NDI). Childhood Obesity. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. In ASPE.hhs.gov. Retrieved May20, 2011 from http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/reports/child_obesity/
World Health Organization. (2010, July). Infant and young child feeding. World health organization, Fact sheet No. 342. Retrieved May 20, 2011 from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs342/en/index.html
My doctor told me that next time I hear such advice I should ask the person what physiological mechanism is responsible for that and exactly how it is that food eaten at night converts to body fat any more easily than food eaten during the day.
He explained that food is stored as fat anytime we eat more calories than we burn and that this is equally true regardless of when we eat. Furthermore, my doctor explained that if the theory is that digestion "stops" while we sleep, then there would be no storage of fat because the excess calories would not be broken down into blood sugar and stored as fat either. My doctor suggested that I focus more on what foods I eat and on my total caloric intake relative to my activity level and that I disregard any advice about what time of day or night I…
Daily Recommended Servings
The FDA recommends that each person consume between eight and 11 servings of breads and grains per day. On my first day, I ate three servings of food from the grain category: oatmeal, a baked potato, and pasta. On my second day, I ate five servings of grains: wheat toast, rice, and crackers. I am not consuming enough whole grain foods.
The FDA recommends between three and five servings of vegetables per day. On both days, I only consumed one serving of vegetables in the form of mixed vegetables. I am not consuming enough vegetables, especially fresh ones.
The FDA recommends between two and four servings of fruit per day. On day one, I consumed one serving of fruit, a banana, and on the second day I might have consumed one serving of fruit, though I am not certain what the actual fruit content of…
Folate supplementation can disguise an underlying B12 deficiency, and B12 deficiency is linked to a number of health issues including depression, dementia, and anemia. However, folate and B12 are both B-complex vitamins and are metabolized similarly. Both are stored in the liver and both are essential components in homocysteine metabolism, which in turn reduces risk for cardiovascular disease ("Folate fortification may mask B12 deficiency"). Both folate and B12 deficiencies can cause similar problems like anemia but B12 takes longer to break down in the liver and B12 deficiencies take longer than folate deficiencies to manifest as health problems. Therefore, care must be taken to supplement with B12 as well as folate if a deficiency is suspected.
4.Based on understanding of proteins, why does insulin need to be injected rather than ingested?
Insulin is a hormone and a protein that regulates glucose metabolism in the blood. Individuals who do not manufacture…
Folate fortification may mask B12 deficiency." Retrieved June 17, 2008 at http://www.nutraingredients-usa.com/news/ng.asp?id=25457-folate-fortification-may
Still, the ultimate answer is the education of parents and their kids about the importance of striking a balance between good-old fashioned exercise and other activities. This is why dropping PE requirements and/or recess is such a bad idea. It sends the wrong message to children and their parents and will lead to an even greater increase in obesity rates and associated health issues in our country.
3. I believe there is a relationship between obesity and sedentary lifestyles as well as a poor diet. I also believe that many children are resistant to exercise primarily because they haven't found the kinds of activities that they actually like and feel self-conscious when they don't perform well. Also, young children simply don't realize the importance of exercise. Thus, children prefer to watch television or play video games. However, while many children may not enjoy exercise, they may enjoy sports or other…
2%) of respondents indicated taking higher doses, in the 800 microgram/day range. Those individuals' folate intake was therefore greater than the 1000 microgram/day recommended dose of the vitamin.
The researchers found that over one quarter of the folate consumed from foods was derived from breakfast cereals (25.6%). A high proportion of participants' dietary folate also came from fruit and vegetable sources (20.8% and 23.2%, respectively). Comparatively less folate was consumed in refined or dark breads. Thus, the researchers conclude that breads fortified with folate would increase intake levels in the elderly population, thereby helping those at risk for elevated homocysteine reduce their chances of developing irreversible vascular illness. The authors also recommend different methods of testing seniors for nutritional deficiencies. In particular, the researchers advise a direct serum test for B12 with higher cutoff points, and measures for serum concentration of methylmalonic acid, which can single out B12 deficiency and…
Sisk, E.R., Lockner, D.W., Wold, R., Waters, D.L., and Baumgartner, R.N. "The impact of folic acid fortification of enriched grains on an elderly population: the New Mexico Aging Process Study." Journal of Nutritional Health and Aging. 2004;8(3):140-3. Retrieved from PubMed Feb 17, 2007 at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?itool=abstractplus&db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=abstractplus&list_uids=15129298
The herb being discussed is Rubis idaeus, also known as red raspberry leaf. I am interested in examining the use of red raspberry leaf to support pregnancy health, support the womb, and in aiding childbirth. I hypothesize that red raspberry leaf will be beneficial during pregnancy. The benefits and safety of red raspberry leaf will be assessed and examined based on scientific research. Scientific research done on both humans and animals has shown that red raspberry leaf has no adverse effects when ingested. Red raspberry leaf has also shown to be effective in shortening labor, decreasing the likelihood of pre and post-term gestation, and lowering the chances of artificial membrane rupture. Although red raspberry leaf tea has been used for pregnancy and women’s heath for decades, further research could help doctors provide future mothers with a natural pregnancy supplementation.
For centuries various herbs have been used as an…
APA. (2018, October 8). Herbal Teas and Pregnancy: Which Ones Are Safe? Retrieved from https://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-health/herbal-tea/
Bitoska, I., Krstevska, B., Milenkovic, T., Subeska-Stratrova, S., Petrovski, G., Jovanovska Mishevska, S., … Todorova, B. (2016). Effects of Hormone Replacement Therapy on Insulin Resistance in Postmenopausal Diabetic Women. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 4(1), 83. doi:10.3889/oamjms.2016.024
Budzynska, K., Filippelli, A. C., Sadikova, E., Dog, T. L., & Gardiner, P. (2016). Use and Factors Associated With Herbal/Botanical and Nonvitamin/Nonmineral Dietary Supplements Among Women of Reproductive Age: An Analysis of the Infant Feeding Practices Study II. Journal of Midwifery & Women\\'s Health, 61(4), 419-426. doi:10.1111/jmwh.12482
Cheang, K. I., Nguyen, T. T., Karjane, N. W., & Salley, K. E. (2016). Raspberry Leaf and Hypoglycemia in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 128(6), 1421-1424. doi:10.1097/aog.0000000000001757
Dekker, R. (2018, February 21). Red Raspberry Leaf during Pregnancy to Induce Labor. Retrieved from https://evidencebasedbirth.com/natural-labor-induction-series-raspberry-leaf/
Dugoua, J. (2018). Herbal Medicines and Pregnancy. JPTCP, 17(3).
Editorial, C. (2018, March 2). 6 Research-Backed Benefits Of Raspberry Leaf Tea During Pregnancy. Retrieved from https://www.curejoy.com/content/benefits-of-raspberry-leaf-tea-during-pregnancy/
Gladstar, R. (2017). Herbal Healing for Women. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
Q1. What type of interventions improve adherence to recommendations on nutritional intake?
Making dietary changes is a struggle for all, but for older individuals it is particularly difficult, given that they have a lifetime of habits to unlearn. Yet it is often all the more critical for elderly individuals with chronic ailments to make proactive changes in a radical manner to improve their health. The systematic review conducted by Desroches (et al., 2013) of various dietary interventions designed to improve adherence found that the interventions which enhanced following suggested nutritional guidelines included: telephone or video follow-up and feedback offered by providers, self-monitoring nutritional tools, and multiple complex interventions. The review noted that of 123 dietary studies, 32 supported the proposed intervention, only 4 supported the control (no intervention) and 62 showed no statistically significant difference. The majority of the studies were of short duration and judged to be of low…
Campbell, A. D., Godfryd, A., Buys, D. R., & Locher, J. L. (2015). Does participation in home- delivered meals programs improve outcomes for older adults? Results of a systematic review. Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics, 34(2), 124-67. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4480596/
Desroches, S., Lapointe, A., Ratté, S., Gravel, K., Légaré, F., Turcotte, S. (2013). Interventions to enhance adherence to dietary advice for preventing and managing chronic diseases in adults. Cochrane Review, 2. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23450587
The Most Important Meal of the Day
Breakfast has been called the most important meal of the day, and research continually substantiates the benefits of school breakfast on improving multiple aspects of student performance. School breakfasts help to minimize the effects of socioeconomic disparities, allowing all students to have equal access to the tools they need to achieve academic goals. Moreover, eating breakfast can reduce rates of childhood obesity and inculcate healthy eating habits into children (United States Department of Agriculture, n.d.). Community nurses can help promote a school breakfast program by stimulating compliance and interest in breakfast among all students.
Grades and Attendance Outcomes
Research shows that children who eat breakfast outperform children who skip breakfast. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (n.d.), “eating breakfast can help improve math, reading, and standardized test scores,” (p. 1). The correlation between eating breakfast and test score improvements are…
Bakies, K. (2014). The breakfast benefit. US News and World Report. Retrieved online: http://health.usnews.com/health-news/blogs/eat-run/2014/10/20/the-breakfast-benefit-why-schools-should-make-morning-meals-a-priority
United States Department of Agriculture (n.d.). Benefits of breakfast. Retrieved online: https://fns-prod.azureedge.net/sites/default/files/toolkit_benefitsflyer.pdf
The abundance of pseudo-scientific literature on the Internet often obscures the kernels of truth about nutritional supplements. For example, research does substantiate the role and importance of vitamin C in promoting optimal immune system health. For this exercise, I presented the question, “Does Vitamin C actually boost my immune system? If so, how or why?” The reason why I chose this question is because I have been taking Vitamin C, and do not know if it is worth the investment in the supplements. I want to know if vitamin C’s role in boosting the immune system is scientifically valid or a spurious claim made by those interested in selling me their brand of supplements.
Wintergerst, Maggini & Hornig (2006) present the results of a review of literature on Vitamin C, published in a peer-reviewed journal. The Wintergerst, Maggini & Hornig (2006) study is not an experimental research but it is…
Robertson, C. (2015). The link between vitamin C and optimal immunity. Life Extension. Retrieved online: http://www.lifeextension.com/magazine/2015/11/the-link-between-vitamin-c-and-optimal-immunity/page-01
Wintergerst, E.S., Maggini, S. & Hornig, D.H. (2006). Immune-enhancing role of vitamin C and zinc effect on clinical conditions. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 50(2): 85-94.
“Vitamin C and Immune System: Does it Help?” Well Wisdom. Retrieved online: http://www.wellwisdom.com/vitamin-c-and-immune-system/
They discovered various anthropometric variables such as calculating body mass index, pediatric calculation capabilities, etc. They found that none of the computers used Internationale units, only English and/or metric. They compared user instruction booklets for ease of understanding and found that none of the five included a toll-free telephone number. They also found variations between the calculators when basal energy expenditure and ideal body weight were calculated, but could only speculate about causes of the variations.
Conclusions: The researchers conclude that there is no single "best" calculator. "Each user needs to determine whether the device is user-friendly and adaptable to his or her clinical situation" (p. 5). They also provide a complete list of features and functions for the nutritionist to consider before choosing a particular hand-held computer to buy and a systematic six-point strategy for making the decision.
Orta, J. And einarts, C.L. (1994). Comparison of handheld computers…
Orta, J. And Reinarts, C.L. (1994). Comparison of handheld computers for nutrition assessment and support. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 94 (12). Retrieved on 10 March 2007 from Expanded Academic ASAP database.
Hypoglycemia is a condition of low blood sugar, caused by the body's inappropriate metabolism of glucose and insulin. Diabetics who experience temporary hypoglycemia can remedy the problem by ingesting some simple sugars to immediately reintroduce glucose into the bloodstream.
A proper diet for diabetics is one that reduces intake of refined sugars, reduces sodium, and in many cases, helps the person lose weight. Most adults who acquire Type 2 Diabetes have poor lifestyle habits. Type 2 Diabetes is caused by obesity and poor nutrition even if some individuals are at a greater risk for developing the disease. Any person who might be at risk for diabetes should learn proper eating habits as early as possible in their life. Becoming overweight or obese is a difficult process to reverse and may lead to other health problems like heart disease. Persons who are overweight but who are willing to change their eating…
American Dental Association. "Diabetes and Your Oral Health." Retrieved Mar 8, 2009 at http://www.ada.org/public/topics/diabetes_faq.asp
American Diabetes Association. "Hypoglycemia." Retrieved Mar 8, 2009 at http://www.diabetes.org/type-1-diabetes/hypoglycemia.jsp
American Diabetics Association. "What Can I Eat?" Retrieved Mar 8, 2009 at http://www.diabetes.org/food-nutrition-lifestyle/nutrition/what-can-i-eat.jsp
Oral Health and Nutrition." Retrieved Mar 8, 2009 at http://www.ringsurf.com/online/1173-oral_health_and_nutrition.html
A nutrition who views evaluating a person's nutritional health the way a builder would build a bridge - doing one's job and then leaving for the next client - is unlikely to have any real impact on a person's health.
Because people are such complex individuals, nutritionists must understand people well. For a person to follow a nutritionist's advice, he or she must be able to make a compelling case for the dietary changes recommended. The nutritionist must also be personable and able to talk to others in a way that is supportive. It will be an ongoing process for most people to take dietary advice and translate it into changes in eating behavior. So, in addition to a solid background in nutrition, a nutritionist must be an excellent communicator who is willing to work with a person over time. This will support the kinds of permanent dietary changes that…
The latter two can be enjoyed cooked or cut up fresh, in a salad. If she uses spinach instead of lettuce in the salad, the subject can boost fiber even further and add a little more iron to her diet. Current consumption of iron is just under recommended amounts. High fiber fruits, including apples, oranges and pears, will not add significant calories if consumed in moderation (How Do I Get More Fiber).
The subject's intake of saturated fat and cholesterol were both under acceptable limits. ith respect to other nutrients, the subject's levels of Vitamin C, thiamin, phosphorus, iron, zinc, and selenium were all near acceptable levels. Potassium consumption was a bit lower than recommended; this could be remedied with consumption of oranges, already recommended to boost fiber, or bananas. Vitamin C consumption was more than double recommended amounts, but since this is a water-soluble vitamin, there is no harm…
"How do I get more fiber in my diet?" eHealth MD. 2011. Web. 10 Apr. 2011.
"Lactose intolerance." National Digestive Diseases Information Clearing House (NDDIC).
Web. 10 Apr. 2011.
("Very Low Calorie Diets").
Some risks may be associated with both the LCD and the VLCD. Side effects of a very low calorie diet may include fatigue, nausea, or constipation ("Very Low Calorie Diets"). The formation of gallstones may also accompany the rapid weight loss associated with the VLCD ("Very Low Calorie Diets"). A low calorie diet like those recommended by the NHLBI may result in fewer side effects.
A low calorie diet may become a relatively long-term solution to chronic health care issues that require weight loss and maintenance. The VLCD is more suitable for short-term use. In the case with severely obese individuals with health care issues, use over several months may be necessary. However, in the long-term, doctors and their patients should work together to craft an eating regimen that is low in calories yet enjoyable enough that the individual incorporates it as part of an overall…
American Dietetic Association. (2002). "Weight Management." Journal of the American Dietetic Association 102: 1145-1155. Retrieved 20 Oct 2007 at http://www.eatright.org/cps/rde/xchg/ada/hs.xsl/advocacy_adar0802_ENU_HTML.htm
Lower Calorie, Lower Fat Alternative Foods." Retrieved 20 Oct 2007 at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/obesity/lose_wt/lcal_fat.htm
Sample Reduced Calorie Menus." Retrieved 20 Oct 2007 at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/obesity/lose_wt/sampmenu.htm
Very Low Calorie Diets." Weight Control Information Network. Retrieved 20 Oct 2007 at http://win.niddk.nih.gov/publications/low_calorie.htm
Based on the book
Legal guidelines: Nutrition consultant
According to the Bureau of Labor and Statistics, dietitians and nutritionist jobs numbered 60,300 in 2008 (Dieticians and Nutritionists, 2011, BLS). Because of concerns about health problems related to nutrition and weight, demand for nutrition experts is growing in America. Of the 46 states with laws governing nutrition practitioners, 33 states require licensing, 12 require statutory certification, and 1 requires registration. "As a result, interested candidates should determine the requirements of the state in which they want to work before sitting for any exam" (Dieticians and Nutritionists, 2011, BLS).
In the state of California, non-licensed professionals are allowed to provide weight management and nutrition services. "Consistently one of the healthiest states in the country, California is home to more nutrition based-business and industry than any other state' (California nutritionist, 2011, Nutritionist World). California has a registration licensure law, which is…
California licensure laws. (2011). Lifestyle Management Associates. Retrieved:
California nutritionist. (2011). Nutritionist World. Retrieved:
Nutrition and Exercise
"Four hours ago, I ate three oz of baked chicken marinated in one tsp olive oil and other spices, one cup rice and one-half cup beans, two cups salad (romaine lettuce, carrots, onions and radishes) with two tablespoons ranch dressing and one cup of skim milk. Now, I am going to run for forty five minutes and will lift weights for another thirty minutes."
Types of Activities
Translated the word aerobic means "requiring oxygen to live." Oxygen is necessary to release energy from the body's stores of fat, glycogen (starcy storage material), and sugars. During aerobic exercise a constant supply reaches the muscles. During aerobic exercise the rate at which oxygen reaches the muscles keeps pace with the rate at which it is used. Due to this continual replenishment, the activity can be sustained for long periods of time.
In contrast anerobic exercise relies on a different…
American Medical Association Home Medical Encyclopedia. (1989). Editor: Charles B. Clayman, M.D., Random House: New York.
Metabolism; Reports from University of Chicago Advance Knowledge in Metabolism. (2011, April). Obesity, Fitness & Wellness Week,1016. Retrieved April 16, 2011, from Research Library. (Document ID: 2312162561).
USDA National Agricultural Library Food and Nutrition Center. (2011). http://fnic.nal.usda.gov/nal_display/index.php?info
Wise Geek, (2011). What is the Krebs Cycle? http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-krebs-cycle.htm
This chemical process happens all along the digestion track.
Yet, eating the carrot provides a different digestion response than eating a greasy piece of pizza. When one digests a carrot, a plant food source, one is consuming mainly starch-based nutrients. This means that the "body uses a number of enzymes to cut down a large, linear starch chain into the small individual units that are linked together, the glucose molecules, which can then be absorbed in the intestines," (George Mateljan Foundation 2009). The absorption takes place within the walls of the digestive track and releases necessary nutrients directly into the bloodstream. However, a greasy pizza is filled mainly with cholesterol. Cholesterol is not an essential fat, but is digested in the same manner. The process of hydrolysis strips off the fats then uses bile acids to finish digestion since fats are not water saleable.
George Mateljan Foundation. (2009). How…
George Mateljan Foundation. (2009). How does digestion work and how can I improve mine? The World's Healthiest Foods. Retrieved October 5, 2009 at http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=faq&dbid=16
The child can hold a bottle, and he or she can also pick up soft bits of vegetables and fruits (Satter, 2000). He or she can also eat biscuits or crackers that are specifically designed for children of that age. (Fomon, 2001) There are a lot of foods that a baby should not be eating because it is too easy to choke on them, and an adult should always be present when a very young child is eating, even if that child is doing well with eating on his or her own. Nutritionally, it is also a good idea for an adult to be present (Satter, 2000). It is expected that an infant or toddler will have food preferences, just like an older child or an adult. With this being the case, not eating the right foods can become a problem. (Fomon, 2001) by offering a wide range of choices,…
Fomon, Samuel J. (2001). Feeding Normal Infants: Rationale for Recommendations. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 101:1002-1005.
Satter, Ellyn (2000). Child of Mine: Feeding with Love and Good Sense. Palo Alto, CA: Bull Publishing.
Contract production will allow favorable pricing of both ingredients and finished product. Sampling will allow for marketing controls and for targeting national and export markets. The product will meet the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), European Union, and other specific certification requirements, so may be exported. The Internet will be considered as a target for purchases, but will mainly be used for advertising the product. Mapco stores will be the exclusive client of this product, and will be the outlet to other organic health food agencies that may elect to sponsor sales of this product, as well.
The increased product range will depend upon acceptance by Mapco clientele and consumers, with sampling in other areas and acceptance in the health food market.
Success in product marketing starts by finding the point of difference - the cluster of strengths and selling points that are unique to this product alone.…
Born, subject=Marketing%20Organic%20Grains" Holly, 2005, Marketing organic grains, subject=Blueberries:%20Organic%20Production" NCAT Agriculture, ATTRA Publication #CT154
FAO, 2006, Essential Nutrients - Vitamins, [Online] Available at www.fao.org/docrep/field/003/AB470E/AB470E05.htm
FDA, October 29, 2004, Pasteurized Juice Warning by FDA, FDA Talk Paper, [Online] Available at http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/ANSWERS/2004/ANS01321.html
In a jam and out of juice (2000) [Online] Available at http://www.ncbe.reading.ac.uk/ncbe/protocols/inajam/pdf/jam01.pdf.
It normalizes blood pressure by dilating the blood pathways throughout the body, destroys poisonous carbon dioxide, releases free oxygen and promotes higher metabolism and stimulated enzyme systems. Consuming chlorophyll from wheatgrass has been shown to be a very highly successful way to alkalize and energize the body (Wheatgrass Juice Benefits, 2010).
Wheatgrass has been used to treat a number of conditions including the common cold, coughs, bronchitis, fevers, infections, and inflammation of the mouth and throat. Many years ago, wheatgrass was used to treat cystitis, gout, rheumatic pain, chronic skin disorders, and constipation. Even though most people use wheatgrass juice as a dietary supplement, some proponents claim that a dietary program frequently called the wheatgrass diet can cause cancer to retreat and can actually extend the lives of people who have cancer. They believe that the wheatgrass diet strengthens the immune system, kills harmful bacteria in the digestive system, and…
Fowlkes, KK. (2009). The History of Wheatgrass. Retrieved June 26, 2010, from Wheatgrass
Kits Web site: http://www.wheatgrasskits.com/issue1.htm
Wheatgrass. (2008). Retrieved June 26, 2010, from the American Cancer Society Web site:
he white paper cites several other studies as the basis for the argument, but does not provide a Reference List
Quendler, S. "Link Between Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Academic Achievement." Vienna University, Austria. (August, 2002): 1-2/. Available at http://chp.ilsi.org/NR/rdonlyres/AFE7EC1D-17D0-494C-BC0B-4E0E065627A8/0/linkbetweennutritionachievement.pdf Accessed 23 October 2008.
his study confirmed the connection between poor nutrition and academic performance. It also identified low-income children as being at particular risk of poor nutrition. his study supports the need for programs to improve childhood nutritional status.
Schultz, . "
Productive Benefits of Health: Evidence from Low-Income Countries,"
IZA Discussion Papers 1482, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). (2005). Available at http://ideas.repec.org/p/iza/izadps/dp1482.html
Investment behavior and combined income of two people makes it difficult to link better health with economic prosperity. Heterogeneity in the sample also affected the survey results. his study highlights some of the factors that may affect this research study.
homas, D. And Frankenberg, E.…
This study found that workplace meal programs can prevent micronutrient deficiencies, reducing the number of chronic diseases in the workplace. This study found that investments in better worker nutrition increased productivity by as much as 20% and improved workplace morale. This study provides an excellent foundation for the current research study.
Washington State Department of Health. "Employer-Based Health and Productivity Program." Available from: www.doh.wa.gov/cfh/NutritionPa/our_work_sites/default.htm. Accessed 23 October 2008.
This website highlights an initiative by the Washington State Department of Health, which provides grants to help employers offers wellness programs. The focus of these wellness programs is on increasing physical activity and providing healthy food choices. The purpose of the program is to prevent chronic disease, thus increasing work productivity. This program could be a model for similar programs in the future.
John Frewin is a young child who lives with his parents. The 12-year-old is on a sustaining income of his parents. The parents of the child are low-income earners. The amount they receive can only sustain partial needs of the family thus aspects of the poor state of the society. John Frewin was diagnosis of Crohn's disease was at the age of 10 through a critical examination in the health institution. The main objective of this research exercise is to integrate ABCD's of nutritional assessment in the evaluation of Crohn's disease. Crohn's disease or Crohn syndrome refers to a condition involving inflammation of the lining of the digestive system (Ferrara & Saccomano, 2012). This disease affects the intestines as well as rare cases in any place from the mouth to the end of the rectum. The cause of Crohn syndrome is unknown. Despite this aspect, various elements might contribute…
Triantafillidis, J.K., Durakis, S., & Merikas, E. (2013). Crohn's disease of the small bowel, complicated by primary biliary cirrhosis, Hashimoto thyroiditis, and Raynaud's phenomenon: favorable response of all disorders to adalimumab treatment.
Gastroenterology & Hepatology From Bed To Bench, 6(2), 101-105.
Rochelle, T., & Fidler, H. (2013). The importance of illness perceptions, quality of life and psychological status in patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Journal Of
Health Psychology, 18(7), 972-983.
To truly reduce obesity would require us to give up some of our values of an easy life.
Consumers and regulators should not be surprised that unregulated 'speed' weight-loss supplements like Hydroxycut are dangerous. Furthermore, its illegal allure might be a great 'marketing tool' for people who wish to sell it illegally on the Internet. Perhaps its sales will only rise, if it can be sold from a location outside of the U.S., and it may be marketed as something that 'must work,' otherwise 'why would they ban it?'
In America, we as a society promote the idea that if there is a will, there is a way, and a slender body that conforms to a manufactured media ideal is promoted as what everyone should desire, a product of willpower and drive. The obsession with image and commodities is very American, as is the obsession with self-transformation. The…
In the daily diet; (5) Include cruciferous vegetables in the diet. (russels sprouts, kohlrabi and cauliflower); (6) Consume alcoholic beverages only moderately; and (7) Only moderately consume salt-cured, smoked and nitrate cured foods. (American Cancer Society, 1984, pp. 122-123) What little was understood about nutrition as it relates to cancer rates is summed up in the following specific food categories by the American Cancer Society in its 1984 report:
Food Additives -- chemicals of a variety are added to foods for improving the color and flavor of the foods and to preserve the foods. While some of these have been banned due to having been shown to cause cancer in animals others are believed to protect against carcinogens.
Vitamin E -- Vitamin E is an oxidant and while it may prevent cancer in animals more research is needed of the role Vitamin E plays in preventing cancer in humans.
American Cancer Society.: Nutrition for the Person with Cancer: A Guide for Patients and Families. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society, Inc., 2000.
Brown, J. (2001) Nutrition During and After Cancer Treatment A Guide for Informed Choices by Cancer Survivors. Ca Cancer J. Clin. 2001; 551: 153.
Doyle, Leonard (2009) New Film Exposes Unsavory Side of U.S. Food Industry. 14 Jun 2009. Telegraph online available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/film-news/5533075/New-film-exposes-unsavoury-side-of-U.S.-food-industry.html
Jemal, A. et al. (2009) Cancer Statistics, 2009. Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 27 May 2009.
Diet Plan (Anemia)
The following iron rich diet plan is designed to help my 18-year-old sister address her iron deficiency anemia. Health needs include a more balanced diet and healthier eating habits with more consistency. This includes 18 milligrams of iron per day (based on age, condition and gender). This nutritional recommendation will decrease anemia effects such as general fatigue and body chills.
Three meals (with 2-3 snacks) per day are recommended for a balanced diet. This includes the appropriate intake of iron and other basic nutrients. Limits should be placed on white sugar, soda and sweets; they should be consumed in moderation or eliminated from her diet due to their low nutritional value. Iron rich foods are recommended -- lean poultry and fish are more easily absorbed sources of iron and foods high in Vitamin C aid in absorption. Choices include citrus juice and fruits,…
Pynaert, Delanghe, Temmerman, & De, H. (2007). Iron Intake in Relation to Diet and Iron Status of Young Adult Women. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, 51(2), 172-181. doi:10.1159/000103278
Dietary Nutrition Analysis
I am fairly consistent with my breakfast. I eat breakfast every morning. I usually have 1/2 to 1 cup of cottage cheese every morning. I also usually have 2-3 cups of crystal lite with breakfast. I do drink orange juice 1-2 times a week. I am not very consistent with lunch. When I am at home, I don't always have very much to eat. When I am at school, I usually have 2/3 of a 6" sub-from Subway and a soda. I have a small potato when I am at home. I usually have a descent dinner. I have ribs, cottage cheese, spaghetti o's, Subway, fish, grilled chicken from McDonald's, or some chicken wings. One of the problems I have with dinner is that it is usually after 9 pm when I eat it. I usually drink 64-100 ounces of water every day. Overall, I eat breakfast…
In today's high stress world of nutrition, every decision one makes about feeding themselves and nourishing their body can come with much thought. If we are what we eat, than it makes a lot of sense to focus on this area and understand the true benefits a well balanced nutrition can offer. In attempting to find a replacement for sugar, some food companies have devised numerous replacements for this product for various reasons. The purpose of this essay is to investigate the product Splenda, an artificial sweetener. This examination will explore the history of the product, the safety issues associated with this product and Splenda's possible relation to the obesity epidemic that is appears to be occurring throughout the world.
Splenda is an artificial sweetener that is made by the British company Tate & Lyle, and Splenda's sales were as high as $206 million as recently as 2006.…
Lewis, T. (2008). Duke Study Not Sweet on Splenda. Consumer Affairs, 23 Sep, 2008. Retrieved from http://www.consumeraffairs.com/news04/2008/09/splenda_study.html
Rattue, P. (2012). Sucralose Causes Cancer Concern. Medical News Today, 25 April, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/244603.php
Splenda Web page. "About Splenda Brand Sweetener." Viewed on 20 Jan 2013. Retrieved from http://www.splendatruth.com/about
1A) in the 18th and 19th centuries, food adulteration was common, and usually done for profit. Expensive ingredients were commonly diluted with filler material to lower cost, but there were no controls on these fillers and many were unsafe. Some additives were added to extend the shelf life of food, but in several cases these additives were harmful to consumers -- common preservatives included borax, formaldehyde and sulfuric acid.
1B) The poison squad was a team that tried foods with common additives. They were to find out what the effects of those additives on the human body are.
1C) The video highlights what food scientists are doing now to adulterate food in ways to make it more addictive, if not more appealing. The scientists look for ways to add low-cost ingredients that in theory are more appealing to the human palate so that people will eat more. This…
Good nutrition and healthy lifestyle are important to a better quality of life, but both can be crucial during pregnancy. Inspection of the research indicates that sound nutritional practices during pregnancy have always been considered important in the development of the unborn child Allen, 2005). However, good maternal nutrition may also be an important factor in the development of the fetus before the mother becomes pregnant and the effects of maternal nutrition on the fetus may extend well beyond childhood into adulthood (Barker, 1992).
Obviously the use of alcohol and certain drugs is not recommended during pregnancy. The consequences of alcohol and drug use during pregnancy have been well-documented and need not be discussed here (e.g., Streissguth, Barr, & Martin, 1984). With respect to pre-pregnancy plans, the National Institute of Health suggests three things that should be undertaken before a woman becomes pregnant: (1) both prospective parents should have physical…
Allen, L.H. (2005). Multiple micronutrients in pregnancy and lactation: An overview. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 81(supplement), 1206S-1212S.
Barker, D.J.P., (Ed.) (1992). Fetal and infant origins of adult disease. London: British Medical Journal Books.
Godfrey, K.M & Barker, D.J.P. (2000). Fetal nutrition and adult disease. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71 (5), 1344-1352.
Institute of Medicine. (1990) Nutrition during pregnancy. Washington DC: National
NUTRITION DURING THE ADOLESCENT STAGE IN PREVENTING FUTURE DISEASES? HOW MIGHT NUTRITION AFFECT GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT, AND LEARNING DURING THE ADOLESCENT STAGE? SOURCES I NEED FOR MY BIBLIOGRAPHY: I REQUIRE THREE (3) PEER-REVIEWED JOURNALS AND TWO CREDIBLE WEBSITES.
The importance of nutrients during adolescence
Adolescents in the contemporary society find it difficult to follow a strict set of rules and most are inclined to pay little to no attention to their health. Nutrition is a delicate topic when considering adolescents because many consider that their health status is not going to change in the future. The fact that overweight adolescents have come to represent an important problem in the present contributes to the gravity of this situation and it is thus essential for teenagers to have a complex understanding of the concept of nutrition. Nutrition is important when considering learning and behavior, this meaning that the future of society partly rests…
Calcium potentiates the effect of estrogen and calcitonin on bone mass," (American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1998) and "Calcium and Osteoporosis" (New Zealand Vegetarian Society web site). oth articles, while dealing with the same issue, had differing viewpoints leading to my concluding that there are many more variables involved in the prevention of osteoporosis than depletion of calcium in the body.
The first article presents as fact the evidence of 31 studies that found that postmenopausal women who took estrogen had an average increase of 1.3% in spinal bone mass, while those who took a combination of estrogen and calcium supplements had an average increase of 3.3%. Contra to this, the second article refers to evidence extracted from a different body of research studies published by reputed journals such as the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Journal Clinical Investigation and Science magazine, to establish as fact that there is "no…
Bone of Contention." The News and Observer. July 4, 2002. Health World Online. URL:
Calcium and Osteoporosis." New Zealand Vegetarian Society web site. URL:
In short, I am eating too much of what is not beneficial, and not enough of what is. In order to address this problem, which could develop into a full-blown health crisis in a few years if I do nothing, I must make drastic changes to the way I eat. For example, one of my first goals must be to increase the amount of fruits and vegetables that I eat each day. According to Canada's Food Guide, my intake of fruits and vegetables should be roughly around 875 ML. I can achieve this goal by drinking 100% juices and eating more salads and leafy vegetables. Similarly, I must increase my amount of milk alternatives by drinking more milk and eating more cheese. Perhaps I can limit my intake of diet soda, replacing it with milk. By changing these eating habits, I will achieve to meet more of the recommendations of…
"Canada's Food Guide." Health Canada. (2007). The Canadian Government. 9 July 2008. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/food-guide-aliment/order-commander/eating_well_bien_manger-eng.php#2 .
Hidgon, Jane. "Vitamin C Deficiency." Micronutrient Information Center. (2006).
Oregon State University. 9 July, 2008. http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/infocenter/vitamins/vitaminC/
Enker, Warren. "Bowel Function and Dietary Fiber." Continuum Health Partners. (n.d.).
Studies also indicate that the people of this area are more physically active than most Americans, and they have extensive social support, through large families, that tend to keep people healthier and happier throughout life. While there may be other factors that contribute to the longevity of people who partake in a Mediterranean diet, designing a low-fat, healthy diet based on Mediterranean principles of little red meat, lots of fruits and vegetables, a glass of red wine now and then, and use of "good" fats like olive oil, can lead to a healthier, more active and enjoyable lifestyle. Americans can learn a lot from the Mediterranean lifestyle, if they only take the time to learn about it and make the choice to live healthier, more active lives.
In conclusion, the Mediterranean diet is a healthy alternative to fast food and microwaved meals that can promote heart health and weight maintenance,…
Counihan, Carole M. Around the Tuscan Table: Food, Family, and Gender in Twentieth Century Florence. New York: Routledge, 2004.
Editors. 2008. Mediterranean Diet. Dallas, TX: American Heart Association. Online. Available from Internet, http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=46444 April 2008.
Editors. 2006. Mediterranean Diet for Heart Health. Rochester, MN: Mayo Clinic. Online. Available from Internet, http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/mediterranean-diet/CL000114 April 2008.
Editors. 2001. Tomatoes & Health. Sacramento, CA: California Tomato Growers' Association. Online. Available from Internet, http://www.ctga.org/newctga/health/studyconfirms.htm4 April 2008.
If it is true that you are what you eat, many people do not know themselves very well. Nutritional value of any food is of extreme importance due to the fact of its contribution to the maintenance and overall health of the individual. No one could be expected to operate and learn at a high level if the sources of energy using to fuel this process are of low quality. High quality foods coupled with positive healthy attitudes towards eating and consuming are necessities in today's fast-paced society. The future of the world lies within the next generation and their education. The importance of treating children with respect and honesty cannot be overvalued in today's society. The precious resources that children provide in terms of hope and optimism require educators in today's world to do the best for the betterment of the entire society.
Nutritional policies reflect social…
Dahl, M. & Scholz, J. (2011). The national school lunch program and school breakfast program: evidence on participation and non-compliance. Retrieved from http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~scholz/Research/Lunch.pdfhttp://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~scholz/R esearch/Lunch.pdf
Eisler, P. et al. ( 2009). Fast food standards for meat top those for school lunches. USA Today 9 December 2009. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/news/education/2009-12 - 08 school-lunch-standards_N.htm
Kaplan, K. (2011) . Is national school lunch program to blame (in part) for the rise in childhood obesity? Los Angeles Times, 6 April 2011. Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/2011/apr/06/news/la-heb-school-lunch-program-obesity - 20110406
School Lunch Program. (2011). British Columbia website 15 April 2011. Retrieved from http://www.gov.bc.ca/fortherecord/lunch/lu_k12.html?src=/k12/lu_k12.html
Nutrition and Stress
Stress affects eating habits by causing a person to exhibit patterns of disordered eating (Khansari, et al., 1990). Some people will choose to eat too much, and others will eat too little (Seaward, n.d.). Additionally, it is not just the amount of food a person is taking in, but the type of food that is being consumed. Comfort foods are commonly seen in the eating habits of people who are stressed, even if the person would not normally consume those foods or would not eat them as often (Khansari, et al., 1990). When a person is experiencing stress, though, he or she unconsciously reaches for foods that bring psychological comfort, and that can actually cause more harm to the body. It is very important that a person under stress focuses on eating properly, such as having three meals per day, eating only appropriate snacks, and avoiding a…
Khansari, D.N., Murgo, A.J., et al. (1990). Effects of stress on the immune system. Immunology Today, 44(26): 170-175.
Seaward, B.L. (n.d.). The domino effect. Authenticliving.com. Retrieved from: http://www.brianlukeseaward.com/downloads/DominoEffect.pdf
healthy Nutrition: A Chemistry View Point
Chemistry is a branch of sciences that deals with the compositions of matter and helps in identifying the substances that form matter. Living as well as non-living bodies are formed with substances. These substances differ in their composition, nature, properties, and reactions with other substances. There is a vital role of chemicals and chemistry in everyday life of human beings. The impacts of chemical substances on living beings can also be divided into direct and indirect categories. The impact of environmental substances is indirect in nature whereas direct impacts are chemical composition of food, nutrition, vitamins, and physical activity.
The following sections are focused on detailed review of relevance for chemistry and chemicals on healthy eating habits, nutrition, and vitamins. The significant role of physical activity and exercising is also elaborated in the sections below. There are significant benefits of healthy diet and exercise.…
Papadopolus, K. (2008). Food Chemistry Research Developments. USA: Nova Science Publishers Inc.
Sladyk, K., & O'Sullivan, B. (2010). Occupation, activity, Skills, patterns, Demands, context, and Balance. Occupational Therapy Essentials for Clinical Competence, 33.
Willett, W. (2012). Nutritional epidemiology (Vol. 40). USA: OUP.
Justification and Evidence for Nutrition Promotion in Fruits and Vegetables in our diet 'Eat your fruits and vegetables' is one of the original recommendations that we get for a healthy diet. This is a good argument. Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables can help individuals fight heart disease and stroke, keep blood pressure and cholesterol under control, avoid certain kinds of cancer, prevent a painful intestinal ailment known as diverticulitis, and remain on caution against cataract and macular degeneration, which are two common factors leading to vision loss. You should not consider potatoes as they should be regarded as a starch instead as a vegetable, then the average American eats a total of just about three servings of fruits and vegetables during the course of a day. The recent dietary guidelines mention that individuals should take five to thirteen servings of fruits and vegetables a day, with a variation based…
Ageing and Aged Care. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Retrieved October 12, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://www.aihw.gov.au/agedcare/index.cfm
An Intervention Portfolio to Promote Fruit and Vegetable Consumption. Retrieved October 12, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://www.nphp.gov.au/publications/signal/intfv1.pdf
Current Projects. Australian Centre of Health Promotion. Retrieved October 12, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://www.achp.health.usyd.edu.au/projects/p-current.html
Executive Summary: The Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 2005. Retrieved October 12, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2005/document/html/executivesummary.htm
features of nutrition by completing the table.
Development stage Key Aspects of utrition
Fetal Development (Maternal utrition)
Pregnant women need more food, a varied diet, and micronutrient supplements. Pregnant women also require more protein, iron, iodine, vitamin A, folate, and other nutrients both for themselves and the baby's physical and mental potential. Pregnant women should be careful to eat well and often in order to gain energy and weight. Mother's inadequate weight gain during pregnancy often results in low birth weight which may result in baby dying (Core)
Breast milk is best for the baby since it has the necessary vitamins and minerals for the baby to be healthy. Infant formulas are available for babies whose mothers are unable or choose not to breastfeed.
Infants can eat solids from 4 to 6 months of age. Foods that are unhealthy for infants of this age include eggs, honey, peanuts…
NHS Choices The eatwell plate http//www.eatwell.gov.uk/healthydiet/eatwellplate
Medline Plus Infant and Newborn Nutrition
Role of Nutrition in Health
Nutritional Assessment is a detailed evaluation of objective as well as subjective data, relating to an individual's food intake, along with giving due consideration to factors such as medical history and lifestyle of the said individual. The purpose of a nutritional assessment is to identify the malnourishment and/or undernourishment in an individual's diet and to eradicate the factors that make it unhealthy and unfit. Once the data relating an individual's eating habits has been collected and organized, it can be used to evaluate the nutritional status of that person. The assessment is followed up by a plan to either intervene or to devise a new proper nutritious diet plan to help the individual attain a healthier status (Carol Rees Parrish, August 2003).
In keeping up with the current obesity and overweight statistics, the need for a balanced nutrition profile has increased tenfold. Australia today is…
Ageing, D. o. (1998). Australian Guide to Eating Healthy. http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/E384CFA588B74377CA256F190004059B/$File/fd-cons.pdf .
Carol Rees Parrish, M.R. (August 2003). Nutritional Assessment: Current Concepts and Guidelines for the Busy Physician.
Institute, M.O. (June 2012). Obesity in Australia.
Institute, N.H. Obesisty. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/obesity/ob_gdlns.pdf .
Elliot, D.L., Moe, E.L., Goldberg, L., Defrancesco, C.A., Durham, M.B., & Hix-mall, H. (2006). Definition and Outcome of a Curriculum to Prevent Disordered Eating and Body haping Drug Use. Journal of chool Health, 76(2), 67+. Retrieved February 15, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5028537762
Maletto, Pete. (2008, October 1). ports nutrition: past, present and future: in order to understand where this market is headed it's important to know where it's been. Nutraceuticals World. Rodman Publications, Inc. Retrieved February 14, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-188444472.html
Ray, Tracy R., & Fowler, Rachel. (2004, eptember 1). Current issues in sports nutrition in athletes. outhern Medical Journal. outhern Medical Association. 2004. Retrieved February 14, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1123332696.html
haw, Greg, Cox, Greg, & Barnard. Janelle. (2007). ports nutrition: case studies 2. Nutrition & Dietetics: The Journal of the DietitiansAssociation of Australia. Dietitians Association of Australia. Retrieved February 15, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-165578876.html…
Sports nutrition vital for athletes.(2005, May 15). New Straits Times. Retrieved February 14, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-108754539.html
Tallon, Mark J. (2007, November 1). Enzymes' new potential in an emerging wellness market. Functional Ingredients. Penton Media OH & IL. Retrieved February 15, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1399950491.html
2008, March 1). Sports nutrition goes natural. Functional Ingredients. Penton Media OH & IL. Retrieved February 14, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P31456902041.html
health, safety, nutrition interrelated. How health, safety, nutrition interrelated? Give examples readings relations importance. Think relationship preventative health care health promotion.PAGE 1 Emotional regulation important skill learned early childhood. Your textbook states "One important aspects emotional regulation predicts development. Preschoolers elementary-age children express a great deal anger, hostility, negative emotions show poorer social competence school isolated rejected peers (Eisenberg al,.
Individuals' health is often a cumulative of factors. These come in relation to certain safety extends that a person can assume, as well as other, external elements, external in that they come about as the result of other people's actions. For example, smoking will not only affect the individual in cause but as well those around him. Further, individuals can be predisposed to particular illnesses due to hereditary traits, which is why medical controls, especially for children, are proper safety measures that do not only diagnose but as well help…
Consumer Product Safety Commission. (2013). Recalls: Toys R Us recalls Imaginarium Activity Walker due to choking hazard. cpsc.gov. Retrieved from http://www.cpsc.gov/en/Recalls/2013/Toys-R-Us-Recalls-Imaginarium-Activity-Walker/
Food Safety and Inspection Service. (2011). Strategic plan FY 2011 -- 2016. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved from http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/wcm/connect/65602d92-d017-4edc-8536-5ed6aaa6b52a/Strategic_Plan_2011-2016.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CACHEID=0934ae30-583b-46e9-be35-1603c707228c
Marotz, L.R. (2012). Health, safety and nutrition for the young child (Seventh Edition). Australia, Canada, Mexico, Singapore, Spain, United Kingdom, United States. Retrieved from http://abiiid.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/health-safety-and-nutrition-for-the-young-child-7th-edition.pdf
Animal Nutrition and Feed Evaluation
Qualitative, scientific-based evaluations of animal feed and the resultant nutrition of the animal are crucial for maintaining optimal animal health and responding to problems that develop as a result of diet. In the case of ruminants, this can be particularly important as their unique digestive system can complicate providing optimal nutrition from traditional feed sources and techniques. A balanced nutrient approach to ruminant diet must take into account not only the feed that is being given to the animal, but also, crucially, the way in which the animal's digestive system will process that feed and provide (or not) nutrition to the animal. Creating this type of qualitative knowledge about the digestive system and nutrition needs of rumens with regard to different feeds "developed most rapidly when isotope dilution techniques became easy to apply, facilitated by improved instrumentation and mathematical approaches" (1). From this information,…
Leng, R.A. "Quantitative Ruminant Nutrition -- A Green Science." Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 1993. 16 Dec. 2009 .
Healthy People 2020; Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity
The Healthy People 2020 initiative looks at a n umber of different health issues which face the American population and sets out some goals for improving the current health status of the nation. One of the topics is nutrition, physical activity and obesity.
The consumption of a healthy diet and a sufficient level of activity are for the maintenance of a healthy weight. A major issue in the use is an increasingly level of obesity; with problems leading this is a failure including the consumption of excessive calories, high intakes of saturated and trans fats as well as high intakes of other unhealthy inputs such as sugar, cholesterol, salt and alcohol (Healthy People, 2012). This is further aggravated by lower levels of physical activity to burn off the calories consumed, which leads to the body storing the energy and weight gain taking…
CDC, (2012), U.S. Obesity Trends, retrieved 5th April 2-12 from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/trends.html
Faith MS, Kral TVE. (2006), "Social Environmental and Genetic Influences on Obesity and Obesity-Promoting Behaviors: Fostering Research Integration" In Hernandez LM, Blazer DG, (eds.), (2006), Genes, Behavior, and the Social Environment: Moving Beyond the Nature/Nurture Debate. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (U.S.).
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