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Conditions in England and Scotland were critical, considering that the two countries were at war and were suffering as a result of the fact that the plague was spreading at the same time. The economic crisis experienced by these two countries consequent to these events was one of the worst in the history of the world. Society and the economy have experienced much change during the period and one of the most intriguing concepts that happened consequent to the plague was the fact that the church's power dropped significantly. It is very probable that this happened because people were starting to lose interest in supporting the church. Prayers and great religious efforts were unsuccessful in removing the plague and thus influenced many in believing that it was pointless for them to be religious as long as they did not experience any benefits out of the enterprise.
The fact that the…
Elliot, Lynne, "Medieval Medicine and the Plague," (Crabtree Publishing Company, 2006)
"Effects of the Plague," Retrieved May 01, 2012, from the Warrensburg Schools Website: http://warrensburg.k12.mo.us/ew/bubonic/mike.html
"The Black Death," Retrieved May 1, 2012, from the Csula Instructional Web Server Website: http://instructional1.calstatela.edu/dfrankl/CURR/kin375/PDF/kin375-Bubonic-Plague-BW-6.pdf
Regardless, it is important to remember that disease and widespread outbreaks cause existential crises within the population, often just as much as political and economic instability, and as well as the fact that disease itself is a cause of political and economic instability. This is not simply true of the estern tradition, but also true in China, where Buddhism took root in conservative, Confucian China after a plague wiped out nearly half of the population. And disease can also give rise to a lack of faith -- McNeill suggests that the 18th century Enlightenment was spawned partly because industrialization and urbanization created fetid cities with poor sanitation, which gave rise to epidemics that caused people to doubt the existence of a caring God.
The discovery of the sources of diseases, like insects and rats, were undoubtedly a boon to mankind. ithout the delousing of during orld ar I many soldiers…
McNeill, William H. Plagues and People. Anchor Press, 1976.
plague of the Middle Ages upon Boccaccio's literary masterpiece the Decameron
Boccaccio decided to write this novel as a means for women to distract themselves from their heart ache. It was clear that when it comes to men they have a lot of different outlets for their pain, which consist of: hawking, taking a walk, hunting, horseback riding, fishing, gambling, or joining to industry; all of which will reduce the pain that they are feeling. It is evident that Boccaccio's The Decameron is masterpiece that is set within the framework of a cluster of ten women and men who have been taken sanctuary from the plague in a country villa that is located outside the city of Florence for the past ten days. It is interesting to note that throughout these ten days, the group starts telling hundreds of stories that began revealing certain characteristics of the lifestyle during the…
The Black Death is remembered through time because of the harm it inflicted on the world and because of the horrible pains that were associated with the malady. The disease killed hundreds of millions of people and made it possible for society as a whole to acknowledge its limitations in the face of serious maladies. The Bubonic Plague is one of the most common form of plague and along with the other two manifestation of the Black Death (the septicemic plague and the pneumonic plague) is responsible for the medieval pandemic that killed millions of people in Europe during the 14th century.
History and etiology
Plague reports go back as far as Emperor Justinian I, with the emperor's contemporaries suffering in great numbers and revealing symptoms that one can associate with diverse versions of the plague. "Descriptions of what appears to have been bubonic plague have survived from…
Eastman, J.T. "The Making of a Pandemic: Bubonic Plague in the 14th Century," Retrieved March 23, 2014, from http://www.jlgh.org/JLGH/media/Journal-LGH-Media-Library/Past%20Issues/Volume%204%20-%20Issue%201/v4_i1_Eastman.pdf
Schat, M., "Justinian's Foreign Policy and the Plague: Did Justinian Create the First Pandemic?," Retrieved March 23, 2014, from http://entomology.montana.edu/historybug/YersiniaEssays/Schat.htm
"Plague," Retrieved March 23, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/plague/history/
"Plague The Black Death," Retrieved March 23, 2014, from http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/health-and-human-body/human-diseases/plague-article/
Yet, even Tarrou must fall to the plague inevitably. Camus as much as says that while Tarrou's ideals may be beautiful, they are not ultimately the truth: there is no moksha for Tarrou -- only death. Does absurdism expect that one's best course of action is to interact with life at a slight remove -- as Rieux does? No definite answer can be given.
Cottard, however, is definitely not the best example of how society should act in the face of the absurd. His attempted suicide leads him to more irrational and violent behavior. His foil is found in the person of Rambert -- who, like Cottard -- attempts to find a "way out," at least initially. Gradually, Rambert is moved to shame for his desire to escape and seek his happiness outside of the human experience that is happening in Oran. Rambert finally decides to stay and help even…
Camus, Albert. "The Myth of Sisyphus." Web. 4 Aug 2011.
Camus, Albert. The Plague. eBookEden.com. Web. 4 Aug 2011.
Mitgang, Herbert. "A Talk with Walker Percy." New York Times Book Review, 20 Feb
1977: 20-21. Print.
bubonic plague, also known as the Black Death, has wrought devastation and death across Asia and Europe. In the 1300s, it decimated Europe's population. Despite the carnage, the aftermath of the disease helped usher in a rebirth of European society. The symptoms of the bubonic plague appeared within days of infection. The infected individual would suffer fever, headache, general feeling of weakness, aches in the upper leg and groin, and fatigue (Perlin & Cohen 2002). The most evident sign of the bubonic plague is the painful swelling of the lymph glands called "buboes." The "Black Death" is believed to have originated in China; it spread to Europe through the Silk oad. Trading ships and caravans were infested with rats that contained infected fleas (Sanders et al. 2005). This helped spread the disease quickly and over a large area.
The devastation of the Bubonic Plague created great social and economic unrest.…
Bentley, J., & Ziegler, H. (2010). Traditions & encounters a brief global history. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Willmer, R. (2008). The Life and Times of Michelangelo. In michelangelobuononarroti.org. Retrieved on September 19, 2011,
Perlin, D., & Cohen, A. (2002). Epidemics of the past: Bubonic Plague. In infoplease. Retrieved September 19, 2011,
Sanders, T., Nelson, S., Morillo, S., & Ellenberger, N. (2005) Encounters in World History: Sources and Themes from the Global Past. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
As a result of the death in the church, written language suffered greatly. Carvings, previously mostly of religious scenes or icons, began to reflect the death of the time. Coffin lids were carved with representations of the deceased within. Sculptures reflected the rotting disease, and the consumption of the dead by insects. Paintings reflected the death through depictions of people socializing with skeletons. Previous to the plague, art was upbeat and religious, but following the massive death, most artists lost interest in religious icons, and began to explore the macabre and darker subjects. Music, previously happy and joyous, took on darker undertones with the use of minor chords and haunting instruments (Courie, 134).
There can be no question that the Black Death, or the plague, was a devastating disease that halted progress and took the lives of millions of individuals in the mid-1300's. However, the plague had a far more…
Cartwright, Frederick F. Disease and History. New York: Dorset Press, 1991.
Courie, Leonard W. The Black Death and Peasant's Revolt. New York: Wayland Publishers, 1972.
Getz, Faye M. "Black Death and the Silver Lining." Journal of the History of Biology 24.2 (1998): 265-289.
Gottfried, Robert S. The Black Death: Natural and Human Disaster. New York: Simon and Schuester, 1985.
Just as technology and geography can have a major impact upon the course of human history, so can disease. Recent archeological findings in Great Britain confirmed that the Great Plague of 1665-1666 was the bubonic plague, the last major outbreak of the disease in Britain (Stanbridge). Fear was understandably rampant, given that the plague would eventually decimate a quarter of the population of London, thus leaving a lasting mark upon the city’s demographics (Stanbridge). As in the past, the plague was interpreted as a religious judgement from the divine, although it is important to remember that not all eyewitnesses to the plague viewed it as such. Author of Robinson Crusoe, Daniel Defoe, noted how the individual’s constitution affected responses to the plague, indicating a medical, rather than theological interpretation: “The plague, as I suppose all distempers do, operated in a different manner on differing constitutions; some were immediately overwhelmed with…
Johnson, Ben. “The Great Plague 1665.” Historic UK. December 11, 2018. https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofEngland/The-Great-Plague/
Stanbridge, Nicola. “DNA confirms cause of 1665 London\\\\'s Great Plague.” BBC. September 6, 2016. Web. December 11, 2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-37287715
What might have otherwise been individual illness, limited to one or two cases of Ebola, was magnified in a hospital setting in which unsterile equipment and needles were used repeatedly on numerous patients." (Garrett 220).
Even with the significant accomplishment of learning to genetically engineer biologic material, the means did not exist to apply this new knowledge where it was needed most. Economic, social, governmental, and geographic barriers prevented this advancement from having the impact it could have. As a result, the microorganisms continued to outpace the medical scientists.
It is important to understand that, largely, what has determined the direction of the American medical industry during the post war -- for profit -- era has been the market for new drugs and treatments. It has already been established that this market is relatively unconcerned with those who cannot afford service: uninsured Americans and poor foreigners. Therefore, it should be…
Eckholm, Erik. (1993). Solving America's Health Care Crisis. New York: Times Books.
Garrett, Laurie. (1994). The Coming Plague. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Herlihy, David. (1997). The Black Death and the Transformation of the West. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Jennings, Ken and Kurt Miller and Sharyn Materna. (1997). Changing Health Care. Santa Monica: Anderson Consulting.
Accounting for the Plague
I have never seen anything like this before, in all my life. In fact, I have never heard of anything like this and, before witnessing what I saw over the last couple of days, I did not even think anything remotely like this was possible.
There is some sort of plague that has overcome Florence during the last several days. I am not sure how it has arrived. Moreover, I am not certain how it will end or even if it will. People are dying at a frighteningly alarming rate. It is difficult to pinpoint which fact is more terrifying -- the sheer number of people who are health one day and then dead soon after, or the rapidity with which previously salutary men and women are vanquished. Even worse, this accursed plague knows no forms of discrimination. hether livestock, dogs, or any other form of…
Cohn, Samuel. "4 Epidemiology of the Black Death and Successive Waves of Plague." http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov / 2008. Web.
Old Test Love
God's Love in the Old Testament
There are many passages in the Old Testament that seem to suggest the God described in this part of the Bible is less loving and more vengeful than the God of the New Testament. The punishments and violence that are described n these older books, and the direct commands that God often gives to carry out these punishments and acts of violence, are certainly difficult to reconcile with the Catholic understanding of God as the source of love, compassion, and salvation through the Son Jesus Christ based on a surface reading of many of these passages. Looking deeper, however, reveals that God is the God of love no matter what actual events are being commanded or described. The ten plagues that God has Moses and his brother Aaron visit upon the people of Egypt are often cited as an example of…
In 1779 the Creeks and Cherokees in 1779 suffered tremendous population losses and were unable to resist the new U.S. federal government's political and military advances upon their land (Richter 2001). The Indians lost economic power as well, as the Crees and Assiniboines saw their control over the northern fur trade ebb away to the Hudson's Bay Company. Through New Spain, the Great Plains, Hudson's Bay, and the Pacific Coast between 1779 and 1782, the pox cut a swathe through the nation, but had a particularly devastating impact upon Native Americans (Richter 2001). The Native Americans lost their political and economic clout, their land, as well as their lives, and, in the very long-term, they also lost their culture to the epidemic brought by whites.
Richter, Donald. Review of Pox Americana: The Great Smallpox Epidemic of 1775-82. By Elizabeth Fenn. New York, N.Y., Hill & ang Publishers, 2001.…
Richter, Donald. Review of Pox Americana: The Great Smallpox Epidemic of 1775-82. By Elizabeth Fenn. New York, N.Y., Hill & Wang Publishers, 2001. Common Place.
2.3. 2001. February 17, 2009. http://www.common-place.org/vol-02/no-03/reviews/richter.shtml
Television and Cultural Plagues in America
American society is both one of the most litigious and one of the most violent in the world. ut violence is not the only cultural quagmire: Sexual promiscuity -- along with the itinerant sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies -- is another cultural minefield. And of course, racism, drug use and alcohol abuse are other major, seemingly unsolvable problems.
A common thread behind these social problems is the fact that social critics and activists blame television and its centrality to American culture for all. Television's pervasiveness especially among children is the concern. Today, often with both parents working and out of the house, latchkey kids come home from school and immediately turn on the television and start absorbing its disparate and often uncontrolled and only lightly censored messages.
Consequently, activists point their finger at television for corrupting the minds of our youth and steering…
American Academy of Pediatrics: Television and the Family. http://www.aap.org/family/tv1.htm
American Psychological Association: http://www.apa.org / .
Christenson, Peter. Substance Abuse in Popular Prime Time Television. Mediascope, Inc.: 2000.
Collins, Rebecca L., Marc N. Elliott, Sandra H. Berry, David E. Kanouse, Dale Kunkel, Sarah B. Hunter, and Angela Miu, "Watching Sex on Television Predicts Adolescent Initiation of Sexual Behavior," RAND Pediatrics, Vol. 114, No. 3, September 2004.
Kill You Makes You Stronger: 'A Plague of Ticks'
The phrase 'what doesn't kill you makes you stronger' is used to demonstrate that an individual is shaped by the experiences they go through in life, and that it is these experiences that make them tougher and stronger. It is the ability to bounce back and be determined that counts because success does not come easy; Donald Trump is a demonstration that even the most successful of persons did not achieve success at first attempt. Their determination, however, sees them through the rough times and gets them where they desire to be.
David Sedaris, in his essay 'the Plague of Pigs' demonstrates how he dealt with the embarrassing tics he had in his childhood and teenage years. He depicts how the hypocrisy of the people around him tormented him.
He grew up trying to separate himself from his mind because his…
In this form of punishment, authorities find infractions, encourage compliance and reward or punish and take away rights depending on the individual's response. In 1957, Fritz edl and David Wineman (as cited in Vander Ven, 2009) wrote about another approach in their book, the Aggressive Child, which proved to be much more successful at their juvenile residence Pioneer House. However, for various reasons, their methodology never received much of a following (Vander Ven, 2009).
Now, residential institutions are revisiting edl and Wineman's approach, which has greater credibility due to insights in the behavioral sciences over the past several decades. The distinction between typical youth and those who hate and are filled with anger, say edl and Wineman, is that while neither always behave perfectly, typical children will respond to interventions that remind them of what is good behavior. However, even these "normal" children under certain types of stress may not…
Edmondson, V.C. (2009) a new business: redirecting Black youth from the illegal economy
Reclaiming Children and Youth 18(3), 16-21 Hide details
Edwards, D.M. (2002). From illegal to legitimate professions: Alternatives to low-wage employment. UAB McNair Chronicle 3, 42-47.
Peterson, S.B. (2009) Made in America: the Global Youth Justice Movement: with more than 1,200 local youth and teen court programs in America -- Europe, Australia, Asia, and Canada are now implementing this model to harness the positive peer influence of youth volunteers to reduce juvenile crime. Reclaiming Children and Youth 18 (2), 48-53
Thrasher (1927) correctly identified the reasons for existence and persistence of gangs: "The gangs… offer a substitute for what society fails to give… it fills a gap and affords an escape….thus the gang, itself a natural and spontaneous type of organization arising through conflict is a symptom of disorganization in the larger social framework." (p. 13)
To prevent the youth from getting into the ills of society parents, teachers, the community and the entire nation should get together and contribute their part to it. Parents and teachers should guide the teens and explain to them about the dangers of becoming a part of a gang. The nation should provide their people with more opportunities so as to better their living conditions. Law enforcing agencies should increase their efficiency to create deterrence among the youth such that they would not indulge in delinquency. It is about time that everyone should recognize…
Winters, Clyde a. "Learning Disabilities, Crime Delinquency, and Special Education Placement." Adolescence 32.126 (1997): 451.
Hagan, J. And H. Foster. "Youth violence and the end of adolescence." American Sociological Review, 66.12 (2001):874.
Jeffery, C.R. "An Interdisciplinary Theory of Criminal Behavior." In Advances in criminological theory (1989):69.
Curry, G.D., & Spergel, I.A. "Gang involvement and delinquency among Hispanic and African-American adolescent males." Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 29 (1992): 273.
In a world plagued with growing restlessness, stressors and increasing number of psychological disorders an individual's mental health has become a matter of primary importance. Attending counseling sessions and seeing a psychologist have become as normal as visiting a friend or taking a walk. However, the best method of counseling is a question that has lead to extensive debate. The paper will look at the opinions of two leading researchers Hauenstein and Sexton about the use of evidence based intervention.
Emily Hauenstein is a prominent Nurse researcher in USA. She has actively participated in researching the ural Mental Health care system and along with others, has laid down the foundation for improving Health Care in ural America. They have devised a theoretical frame work to boost supply of facilities in the rural areas as well. She points out that most patients fearing they have some psychological disorder consult a…
Hauenstein, E. J (2008). Building the Rural Mental Health System: From De Facto System to Quality Care.
Indiana University (2012). Thomas L. Sexton. Retrieved 27 June, 2012, from http://profile.educ.indiana.edu/Bios/TomSexton/tabid/1605/Default.aspx
Sexton, T.L. (2000). Evidence-Based Counseling: Implications for Counseling Practice, Preparation, and Professionalism. Retrieved 27 June, 2012, from http://www.ericdigests.org/2000-3/evidence.htm
controversy and disagreement have plagued the world of medical ethics, especially in terms of "dying with dignity." However, as physicians, we need to recognize that a patient needs dignity not only at the end of his or her life, but also during life, when being examined by a physician for particular complaints (Dresser, 2008). So, in the case of Mr. Hodor, I will have to take into account several aspects of his experience of dignity. First, he is very concerned about his health risks as a result of his family history. According to Dresser (2008), this fear needs to be addressed with as much understanding as possible. I will therefore begin the session by communicating with him about his fears and his reasons for these, as well as his concerns about his symptoms.
Patient privacy is part and parcel of ensuring dignity for the patient. Again, by communicating with Mr.…
AMA. (2013). Code of Medical Ethics. Retrieved from: http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/
Baba, R., Koketsu, M., Nagashima, M., Inasaka, H., Yoshinaga, M., and Yokota, M. (2007, May). Adolescent obesity adversely affects blood pressure and resting heart rate. Circulation Journal, 71(5). Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov /pubmed/17456998' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
security crisis that is plaguing e-commerce as it transforms into the epitome of global business. It attempts to analyze the possible repercussions of this problem and then put forward various possible solutions to rectify the biggest obstacle limiting the path of e-commerce progress. The ideas and references used in this proposal have been cited from five different sources.
E-commerce has changed the way the world do business, plain and simple. It has single-handedly brought more people, countries, enterprises and governments together to the same world market than all other forms of conducting methods, combined. This name, given to the electronic method of executing business, has made the task of buying every available merchandise exponentially easier and has therefore made all the more products accessible to the general population as well as businesses and industries. The boom in online trade is gaining alacrity and is destined to become the method of…
1) Ghosh, AK, 1st edition - January 21, 1998, E-Commerce Security: Weak Links, Best Defenses, John Wiley & Sons.
2) Raisinghani, M, (editor), January 7, 2002, Cases on Worldwide E-Commerce: Theory in Action (Cases on Information Technology Series, Vol 4, Part 3), Idea Group Publishing
3) Hills, R, 23 April 2003, Key risks to e-commerce security, "My IT Adviser," Retreived on 20th February, 2004, from:
Public relations is how an organization interacts with staff, clients and the general public. P defines how you are perceived. P campaigns put you in direct contact with your target audience through public appearances, publicity and community outreach. Publicity, an important element of P, is the art of building favorable interest in your product or service through the media (Cohen, 2003).
The IP Definition of Public elations:
The IP's definition of public relations is quite simplistic. It begins and ends with one of the most important facets of how well an organization interacts with others, its reputation. They state, "Public relations is about reputation - the result of what you do, what you say and what others say about you" ("What is public relations," n.d.). Public relations involves actions that influence the opinion of others regarding the organization, and the actions that are necessary to form a favorable opinion. These…
Cohen, S. (28 Jul 2003). Public relations: It's all that and more. Westchester County Business Journal, 42(30). Retrieved February 17, 2005, from MasterFILE Premier database.
Official PRSA definition. (No date). Retrieved February 17, 2005, at http://www.prsa.org/_Resources/Profession/index.asp?ident=prof1.
What is public relations? (No date). Retrieved February 17, 2005, at http://www.ipr.org.uk/direct/looking.asp?v1=what .
According to a study conducted by the National Household Survey showed that an average of 66 million Americans smoked tobacco in 2001, essentially making up around 29.5% of the entire American population. This chapter also examines the concept that many of those under the spell of the substance of tobacco are either unemployed or of minority status within the larger American society. This only adds to the large numbers of people addicted to alcoholic substances, and in many cases the two are linked for individuals.
There are several questions which arise after reading such material which outlines not only the large number of Americans addicted to illicit drugs, but also socially accepted drugs. One of those questions incorporates the idea of what the nation is doing to quell substance abuse of legal substances. How much effort is the American government placing into quelling substance abuse of legal substances? Since most…
baby boom generation has been plagued for several years with the dilemma of how to handle the issue of marijuana. The issue has been an acrimonious one for several decades and it is one that has been attached to the baby boom generation and as said generation begins to reach retirement age the issue is no closer to a resolution than it was in the early 60's as the baby boomers were first reaching their teenage years.
The baby boomer generation is identified with many social issues that changed American society forever. The Vietnam War and the Civil ights Movement come immediately to mind but the use of drugs such as LSD and marijuana are also identified with this generation. The Vietnam War ended; the Civil ights Movement was successful; the dangers of LSD were exposed; and all that remains is the issue of marijuana.
Throughout the past several decades…
Dennis, M. (1999). The Legalization Debate: Is There a Middle Ground? In J. Inciardi, The Drug Legalization Debate (pp. 75-100). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Press.
Pacula, R.L. (2004). Marijuana Decriminalization. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Room, R. (2006). The Dangerousness of drugs. Addiction, 166-168.
It is true that Grand changes over the book. He finds within himself the words to express himself and knows how he would act differently given the chance. He is redeemed at the end when he overcomes illness.
However, it appears that the individuals who are the greatest heroes in real life are those who change the most when confronted with adversity. This is because they are the ones who will help others change. They can be role models and encourage people to find something deep within themselves to deal with suffering, find love or destroy evil. Change agents are the ones who can motivate people to fight against the Hitlers and not be afraid of change inside or the world around them.
Who is this person who changes the most? As noted, Grand transformd, but not to an extreme. Nor is it Rieux who is always willing to help…
history western civilization a book called THE MAKING OF THE WEST.
Joan of Arc
Prior to becoming made into a saint in the early part of the 20th century, Joan of Arc was one of the primary causes of France's many victories in the Hundred Years War. The woman, who only lived to be 19 before she was eventually burned to death after being captured by the British, helped liberate many parts of France from British occupation during a relatively brief period of time, all of which took place during the 1420's prior to her death. Joan told several members of the French population that she was divinely inspired by visions from God to help her defeat the British and reclaim France's territory. With some dissent from France's military leaders, she was able to play an influential role in the Siege at Orleans, which was largely proceeded by several months'…
Edgar Allen Poe was a 19th century American author who wrote gothic horror stories (as well as gothic poetry). Here, he delivers his theme that no one escapes death in his short story “Masque of the Red Death” through symbolism, setting, and narration. The colors of the room serve as symbols of life, with the red room serving as a symbol of blood and of the horror that awaits the revelers as the plague that they think they have escaped makes its way in to their party. The setting is also important. It is a party held in an abbey, secluded from the rest of the country, and the people are celebrating while those outside are dying. There is a distinct sense of separation and division between those at the masque and those who are not part of the elite crowd, the Prince’s friends. The narration of the story…
Anna is the heroine in the story and highlights the theme of letting go. The other characters such as Michael Mompellier, Elinor, and the Bradfords provide contrast in their ability to let go of certain things and the results that it brings. The theme of letting go of the past is further highlighted by these other characters. The time of the plague was a time of letting go. Everyone's world changed in some way. In the beginning of the novel, Anna reflects on the loss of labor for picking apples. This foreshadows the changes that are to come in the rest of the novel. Ann says, "There were so few people to do the picking. So few people to do anything. An those of us who are left walk around as if we're half asleep, e are all so tired, " (Brooks, p. 3) This quote sets the tone of…
Brooks, G. 2001. A Year of Wonder. London, UK: Penguin. 2002.
Hamilton, L. Year of Wonders: A Novel of the Plague. BookPage. Accessed July 7, 2010.
Hickling, a. Journal of plague year. The Guardian, 14 July 2001. < http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2001/jul/14/fiction.reviews2 >. Accessed July 7, 2010.
However, with large nuclear weapons the majority of the harm is caused by the explosion itself and the harm caused by the radioactivity is peripheral, although obviously still potentially horrific.)
The damage caused by a dirty bomb would be twofold: There would be damage caused by the conventional parts of the bomb (in this case, the det cord) and damage caused by the radioactive elements. A dirty bomb's effects would be greater in terms of the conventional aspects of the weapon, and we are not given enough information in this scenario to determine the amount of energy that will result in an explosion of the detonation cord. There is no single standard for detonating cord, although given that we know that it has come from a mining company we can assume that it is some of the stronger -- or more explosive -- type. We also do not know how…
Humanity might not have the same effective power over the environment when fossil fuels run out. While this assumption is certainly believable, humans will not doubt reach a point where the greenhouse gas absorbing plants and bodies will no longer be able to keep up with human activity. This will further exacerbate the problem of human-caused global climate change. On the other hand, if humans are able to develop non-fossil fuel alternatives that do not have a negative effect on the environment on a global scale, the warming trend might very well be reversed in a generation or two. Either way, Ruddiman's arguments will likely be proven to be wrong or right, on a long enough timeframe.
ection IV: Opposing Points-of-View
Anthropologists, specifically, disagree with Ruddiman. ince the author himself is not an anthropology professor and admittedly has very little experience in this field, it would only seem natural that…
Allen, Robert, Scott Seaman and John DeLascio. "Emerging Issues: Global Warming Claims and Coverage Issues." Defense Counsel Journal 76 (2009): 12-9. Web. 10 Apr. 2010. .
Bast, Joseph. "Eight Reasons Why 'Global Warming' is a Scam." The Heartland Institute. The Heartlander, Feb. 2003: n.pag. Web. 10 Apr. 2010.
Bert, Ray. Rev. Of Plows, Plagues, & Petroleum: How Humans Took Control of Climate, by William F. Ruddiman. Civil Engineering 78 (2008): 73.
Morgan, Sally. Global Warming. New York: Heinemann, 2009. Print.
Similar to the poem about his son, Jonson depicted the sorrow brought about this time, with the death of a daughter. hile in On my first son, Jonson talked in a personal level about his son, he meanwhile spoke for all women, young and old, in the poem On my first daughter. Jonson's greater affinity for his son is apparent in the first poem, as he spoke about the death of his daughter in a venerable, and to some extent, in a somewhat detached manner as a father. The lack of personal reflection in On my first daughter can be attributed to the fact that being a man, he has more affinity to his son than his daughter. Also, Jonson's daughter barely lived for a year, which could possibly explain Jonson's vague feeling of detachment evoked in the poem ("At six months' end, she parted hence…"). The reverence Jonson…
Jonson, B. (1999). "Works of Ben Jonson: On my first son." Luminarium: Anthology of English Literature website. Retrieved 19 November 2009. http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/jonson/son.htm
Jonson, B. (1999). "Works of Ben Jonson: On my first daughter." Luminarium: Anthology of English Literature website. Retrieved 19 November 2009. http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/jonson/daughter.htm
Nashe, T. (2009). "A litany in time of plague." PoemHunter website. Retrieved 19 November 2009. http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/a-litany-in-time-of-plague/
Western Traditional Medicine
Jacme's Pestilence and the Western Traditional Medicine Framework
Jacme's (1949)[footnoteRef:1] description of pestilence is based on the idea that it is caused by a change in the quality or substance of the air that he defines as alteration and putrefaction respectively. The pestilence is caused when the air in a place has changed its quality or substance due to external conditions. The pestilence is caused by a contra-natural change that Jacme illustrates as the wind being less warm than usual in the summers and less cold than usual during winters. As opposed to water, the pestilence of the air is more disastrous for human beings because they breathe the surrounding air all the time. The pestilence affects living things that Jacme classifies into three orders on the basis of the presence of life and growth, feelings and reason. Human beings lie in the third degree and are…
Duran-Reynals, M.L., Translator, Jacme d'Agramont: "Regiment de Preservacio a Epidimia o Pestilencia e Mortaldats," Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 23 (1949) p. 57.
Hergenhahn, B.R. An Introduction to the History of Psychology. Cengage Learning, 2009.
Jones, W.H.S. Breaths 6. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press and London: Heinemann, 1923.
Kohn, George Childs. Encyclopedia of Plague and Pestilence 3. New York NY: Infobase Publishing, 2008.
Money in Aviation: An Examination of Support
The history of American flight is generally one of pride and wonder. Historical figures associated with the first airplanes are generally revered by history books and society as a whole. These are figures like the Wright brothers, Amelia Earhart, Charles Lindbergh and others who most agree made a positive impact on human life and symbolize a leap of mankind towards advanced technology and increasing modern times. Modernity. Technology. These are all things that airplanes and flight represent to Americans and they're widely viewed as things which have improved life on this planet for the better. This begs the question as to why the airline industry still remains one of the most volatile, low (or no) profits business around. The book, Why We Can't Make Money in Aviation, by Adam M. Pilarski, seeks to both scrutinize and illuminate the general failure of the airline…
Bluejay, M. (n.d.). What's Wrong with Bicycle Helmets? Retrieved from Bicycle Safe: http://bicyclesafe.com/helmets.html
Bowser, B. (2003, April 2). On the Homefront: The Airline Industry. Retrieved from Pbs.org: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/transportation/jan-june03/airlines_04-02.html
News, A. (2003, April 4). SARS Spread Leads to Fear, Questions. Retrieved from ABC News: http://abcnews.go.com/Health/ColdandFluNews/story?id=116751&page=1#.UKa064dZWSo
Pilarski, A. (2007). Why Can't We Make Money in Aviation? Burlington: Ashgate.
Venice During Renaissence
Renaissance literally meaning re-birth was a cultural movement that started at the end of middle Ages from 14th to 17th century. The movement started from Italy and spread into whole of the Europe. The age of renaissance is attributed to a heightened sense of toleration and reasoning in every aspect of life. Arts, craft, literature, politics, and science, all were re-shaped in the renaissance era. hile the birth of renaissance is widely attributed to Florence, Venice was another city of Italy that presented an interesting but challenging outlook to a historian. Venice during the renaissance era was an oligarchy but was called Republic of Venice. ith hardly any resemblance with modern day democracy, Venice enjoyed affluence and abundance due being the gateway of trade activities in Europe.
The republic also enjoyed a relatively stable political environment and trade activities thrived in the era. Glassworkers, woodworkers, artisans, and…
Bouwsma, William J. Venice and the Defense of Republican Liberty: Renaissance Values in the Age of the Counter Reformation. University of California Press, 1984.
Manchester, William. A World Lit Only by Fire: The Medieval Mind and the Renaissance-Portrait of an Age. Little, Brown, 1992.
Mason, Antony. Everyday Life in Renaissance Times. Creative Company, 2005.
McGough, Laura J. "Demons, nature, or God? Witchcraft accusations and the French disease in early modern Venice." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 80.2 (2006): 219-246.
Throughout his play, collective devastation is met with personal suffering. It is only when this becomes a shared suffering that it can become a collective way to redemption. The divides of a war now over would give way to this shared experience for all peoples of France, charged with the responsibility of rebuilding.
Indeed, this speaks much to the futility of war itself, as spoke by Camus when he resolves that "all a man could win in the conflict between plague and life was knowledge and memories" (Camus, 262). The viewpoint expressed here is in informed by the severity of orld ar II and the unprecedented global experience of attempting to be removed from this trauma. In the resolution instigative of this discussion, we can see that Camus holds on to some sense that man is inherently more a good creature than a bad one, and that he is to…
Camus, Albert. The Plague. 1947. NY: McGraw Hill, 1965.
post-revolutionary French art, and are titled; Nudity a La Grecque in 1799 and Colonization Gross's Plague-Stricken Jaffa share some fundamental commonalities. The similarities that these two articles share are their methodology, formal artistic analysis and their account and implicit description of the relationship between art and social history. Both of these articles also provide historical accounts of artistic criticism of post-Revolutionary history painting. Most significantly Grisby's articles provide a view of post-Revolutionary France where art, history and politics all combine to allow readers to more fully understand cultural and social issues of great importance of the time.
Darcy Grimaldo Grisby sets out to dispel commonly held notions and opinions regarding Gross's Plague-Stricken Jaffa. The most significant theory he seeks to dispel is one that claims the painting is simply a government commissioned propaganda piece created to enlarge the image of the then, soon to be emperor of France Napoleon Bonaparte…
Grimaldo Grisby, Darcy . "Nudity A la Grecque in 1799." Art Bulletin 80.2 (1998): 311-335. Print.
Grimaldo Grisby, Garcy. "Rumor, Contagion, and Colonization in Gros's Plague-Stricken of Jaffa." references 51 (1995): 1046-1093. Print
What is ironic about the ending of the play?
Oedipus, it was prophesied when he was a baby, would kill his father and marry his mother. So he was cobbled by his feet and exposed as an infant. The commoner charged with exposing the prince, however, was childless and took pity upon the babe, and reared the child himself. Oedipus as a young man learned by the same prophesy that he would become a patricide and enter into an incestuous marriage with his mother. So he fled what he thought were his true parents, home, and birth.
Had Oedipus not tried to flee his fate, he would never have met his father the King in the road and killed him in an argument. Had the future king of Thebes not tried to flee his fate he would never have married his mother, as he would never have met the…
Analysis of "Oedipus the King"
"Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall" (Proverbs 16:18, NIV)
Pride is a destructive force that has been recognized as such since the beginning of recorded time. People are subject to it because, as generally selfish creatures, humans put themselves above others. Of course, as a person matures he or she will usually lose much of this me first attitude, at least publicly, but it remains in part because it is difficult to completely deny self. This undeniable fact, that pride does indeed precede, a fall is evidenced by many ancient writings one of the most profound and remembered being the story of Oedipus. He was a king who could not let a simple matter end, and the result was that he lost almost all that had been given to him. The story can easily be analyzed based on the Fitzgerald…
Sophocles. Oedipus Rex (Oedipus the King). Trans E.H. Plumptre. Stilwell, KS: Digireads.com Publishing, 2005. Web.
ent vs. Buy
Because of many factors and costs to consider, the decision to rent vs. buy continues to plague the minds of many. A strategy for one person may not be a prudent strategy for another. Hence, the answer is rather relative as oppose to an absolute or universal decision. The real estate market is one of a cyclical nature, with periods of ebbs and flows. However, the key is stability and longevity to withstand downturns.
Whether to rent or buy is a question that looms in the minds of many. The answer simply depends upon the current market conditions and the needs of the consumers. Over the past decade, owning has been a financial success for most people, with prices rising almost in a straight line, with low, low interest rates feeding into the equation and with homeowners' equity subsequently bounding higher. Conversely, in certain markets such as…
Arends, B. (3 June 2010). A fresh look at rent vs. buy. Wall Street Journal (Online).
Home Buyer's Information Center. (n.d.). Renting or buying: Advantages and disadvantages. Retrieved from http://www.ourfamilyplace.com/homebuyer/buyorrent.html
Investopedia. (2011). Economics basics: Demand and supply. Retrieved from http://www.investopedia.com/university/economics/economics3.asp#axzz1igT4E2hU
National Association of Realtors (NAR). (2011). Housing and economic statistics. Retrieved from http://www.realtor.org/research/research/reportsstatistics
, 2005). A second airplane design in the replacement program was the 747X, which would have provided better efficiency than the 747-400 with a longer plane body (Norris et al., 2005). Boeing couldn't generate much excitement around the 747X, but the Sonic Cruiser offered stronger appeal (Norris et al., 2005). Continental Airlines was a particularly interested customer, but the feedback from the airlines focused on operational costs (Norris et al., 2005). The attacks of September 11, 2001 (9/11) brought about long-lasting changes in the airlines industry and travel sector. To make matters worse for Boeing, the potential customers for the Sonic Cruiser were U.S. based airlines -- the very airlines that had been most negatively impacted by 9/11. The Sonic Cruiser was officially cancelled by Boeing on December 20, 2002 (Norris et al., 2005). Whether this is attributable to design flaws or simply the dramatically changed economy is not really…
In order to understand how production delays translated into delivery days, it is important to look at how production and delivery delays progressed throughout the course of the project. Therefore, this section is subdivided by years.
The plan for 2007
The first flight was planned for the end of August in 2007 -- this was based on a presumed first flight of the 787 on July 8, 2007 (Boeing, 2007, Dreamliner). However by that time, many of the aircraft's major systems were still not installed, and many parts of the systems had been attached with non-aerospace fasteners that were considered temporary and needed to be replaced with flight fasteners. Instead of shortening the production process, the involvement of subcontractors was adding rework and reassembly processes (Boeing, 2007, Dreamliner). Subcontractors could not complete the work on time, necessary parts could not always be procured as they were needed, subassembly scheduling
Neighbors comment on how much safer they feel and how much less violence there is. Knowing that one does not have to constantly deal with facing the violence everyday will indeed bring more people to take care of themselves more as they do not fall into the mentality of lack of control about their surroundings. If they recognize that their neighborhoods are safer and therefore they feel that their fate is more in the control of their own hands, then they may be able to also accept the fact that being healthier is actually within their reach.
Aside from the violence that contributes to an urban health crisis, illegal drugs only add on to that notion (Bourgois 2008). However, it is the illegality of drugs that actually bring the greater health risk to the urban population (Straight and True 2004). A drug like marijuana that has no real documented proof…
Bourgois, P. 2008. The Mystery of Marjiuana: Science and the U.S. War on Drugs. Substance Use & Misuse. 43:581-583.
"Hamsterdam." The Wire. Episode 4, Season 3. Home Box Office. New York, New York. 10 Oct 2004.
"Homecoming." The Wire. Episode 6, Season 3. Home Box Office. New York, New York. 31 Oct 2004.
Kinenberg, E. 2001. Dying Alone: The Social Production of Urban Isolation. Ethnography. 2/4:499-529.
Furthermore, the proper selection of the team provides a means of determining general responsibilities for each team member involved. They will need to know the overall scope of their service while also knowing their overall design responsibilities as compared to their peers. In addition, their contracts will be a directly correlated to the contract and specifications of the client involved. This is important as it aligns the motivations of the work team with that of the client. By aligning motivations and incentives, the design team has their personal interests affiliated with those of the client. This will ultimately help reduce unethical practices and mistakes within the overall process. According to the British design management standards, the design team will want to establish effective means of communication while also electing a qualified leader. More important the team must establish an overall brief. The brief, according to British Standards, should outline the…
1) Guide to RIBA Agreements 2007 (Royal Institute of British Architects) RIBA Publishing, 2008
2) Architect's Job Book Eighth Edition (Royal Institute of British Architects) RIBA Publishing, 2008
3) Briefing the Team (Construction Industry Board) Thomas Telford Publishing, 1998
4) The CIC Scope of Services Handbook (Contraction Industry Council) RIBA Publishing, 2007
Oedipus and how his intelligence, sight and blindness lead to his family's ruin.
Oedipus the King" is a tragic play where Oedipus discovers that he killed his father as prophesized by the gods and married his own mother from who he has two daughters. The story of Oedipus is well-known to because of Oedipus's image as a perfect Athenian. He is described as a self-confident, intelligent, and strong willed individual. It is these characteristics that lead to him finding out about his tragic discovery. Oedipus became the ruler of Thebes by answering the riddle of Sphinx. Sophocles used the riddle of the sphinx as a way of interpreting the three phases of Oedipus' life to highlight his tragedy. The Sphinx said that whoever answers the following riddle correctly "What is it that walks on 4 feet and 2 feet and 3 feet and has only one voice, when it…
He describes how wild grains and animals were domesticated, as well as the new technologies that made farming possible (sickles, baskets, pestles, gourds, irrigation, the wheel, the plow). He uses a chart to plot these movements. His evidence is mainly archeological, historical, and botanical with heavy doses of appeal to imaginary scenarios. Its power to convince is narrational. His ultimate point in cataloguing this change is to assert how, for first time in history, humans become a prime factor in altering earth's natural landscapes. Land was now exploited and degraded through deforestation for crops and soil erosion.
Summary: Ruddiman summarizes the history of how humans began to shape the earth through technology and landscape transformation. He relies on the credibility of his narrative.
Ch. 8, pp. 76-83: His main claim is that humans rather than nature have created a rise in atmospheric methane. He presents several lines of argument, beginning…
If one does not understand what the strategy is, how could they relay it or explain it to someone else. This can either distort the message or prevent it from reaching all levels of the organization, which in either way can hurt the outcome of any project and ultimately the organizational goals as well.
Additional barriers in communication a strategy could be the corporate culture itself when such strategies can be considered "high-level" information and will only reach certain levels within the organization; poor project planning where a manager does not deem necessary to share the information or neglects to present it to the team members when assigning tasks; bad timing when a project may already be in the implementation stage and the information comes in late or not at all since everyone is in the middle of work; and independent project structure, with everyone working independently and there is…
Morrison most probably wants to emphasize that Sula is stronger than Nel because she is in control of her life.
The end of the book presents readers with Nel's acknowledgement that she enjoyed seeing Chicken Little's death.
Morrison's Sula is meant to induce a state of rebellion in readers as they are influenced in believing that it is wrong for them to act in accordance with society's laws, considering that the system is apparently flawed. The inhabitants of Bottom are barely able to sustain themselves in the beginning but gradually come to be more and more efficient in improving conditions in the area. In spite of his eccentric nature, Shadrack is one of the most influential individuals in the town.
Nel and Sula are the products of Bottom's environment but they struggle to be different from the rest of people. Even with this, Sula is the only one who actually…
Morrison, Toni, "Sula," Vintage International, 2004.
Zhu Yuanzhang: First Ming Dynasty Emperor
Zhu Yuanzhang was founder of the Ming Dynasty, the one dynasty that endured for so long (1368-1644), considering the fact that it was established by a commoner. The reason Ming Dynasty and its first emperor Yuanzhang occupy special place in Chinese history is because this was one of the only lonely two dynasties to have been formed by a landless peasant. It is not everyday that commoner emerges from nowhere, overthrown powerful rulers of the time, establishes his own dynasty that endures for three long centuries. But Yuanzhang managed to achieve this colossal feat and thus his name went down in Chinese history as a competent emperor, second commoner only after Liu Bang of Han Dynasty to rule China.
Yuanzhang's rise to fame and power was simply unprecedented in history. Born to a very poor family in Anhui province in 1328, Yuanzhang was orphaned…
1) David Curtis Wright; John E. Findling-editor, Frank W. Thackeray -- editor THE HISTORY OF CHINA, Greenwood Press. Westport, CT. 2001
2) Michael, Franz; China through the Ages: History of a Civilization. Westview Press: Boulder, CO. 1986.
3) Edward Thomas Williams: A Short History of China. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1928.
King Claudius says this about the title character of "Hamlet." He says this to Laertes, to explain why he has not physically punished Hamlet yet, for the killing of Laertes' father Polonius. Thus, the two must conspire to punish Hamlet via a duel with a poisoned sword, says Claudius, because he cannot offend the queen. This quote shows the king's lying nature, as the king cares less for Polonius than eliminating the son Hamlet, who knows how he came to the throne, and his fears of raising suspicions in the court about his complicity in old Hamlet's death.
2) "You-here? You have the gall to show your face before the palace gates? You, plotting to kill me, kill the king-I see it all, the marauding thief himself scheming to steal my crown and power!"
As his fate closes around him, the king of Thebes "Oedipus" raves in horror at…
Burnout and rapid employee turnover are problems that continually plague developed nations. Employees constantly are burdened with high work standards and even larger work loads without a corresponding increase in compensation. This document aims to address many of the issues that contribute to employee burnout and methods in which to alleviate their effects. In particular, older women with high external stress levels are prone to employee burnout. By adequately addressing these issues, older women and those within their immediate sphere of influence can better acclimate to the work environment. This acclimation will ultimately help older women live longer, more quality lives.
Employee burnout has become a very contentious issue of late. Due primarily to the loss of jobs overseas coupled with massive layoffs, employees are forced to do more work during a typical workday. Many of the more prestigious, higher paying positions have been eliminated or cut due to lack…
1) Kristensen, T.S., Borritz, M., Villadsen, E., & Christensen, K.B. The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory: A new tool for the assessment of burnout. Work & Stress, 2005, 19, 192-207.
2) Shirom, A. & Melamed, S. Does burnout affect physical health? A review of the evidence. In A.S.G. Antoniou & C.L. Cooper (Eds.), Research companion to organizational health psychology (pp. 599 -- 622). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2005.
hat is the biggest problem in constructing a theoretical justification for the idea of human rights? Be as precise as possible, and try to show how this problem plagues at least two theories. (These two theories would be relativism and universalism.)
Relativism vs. universalism. Since the very beginning of the idea of 'universal' organizations that transcended national borders came into being, this debate has plagued theorists of international human rights. Human rights have, in classical estern philosophy, been "held to be universal in the sense that all people have and should enjoy them, and to be independent in the sense that they exist and are available as standards of justification and criticism whether or not they are recognized and implemented by the legal system or officials of a country." (Nickel, 1992:561-2) Furthermore, the world is growing 'smaller,' or 'flatter' with the advent of the globalization of the world…
Ayton-Shenker, Diana. (1995) "The Challenge of Human Rights and Cultural Diversity." United Nations Background Note. Published by the United Nations Department of Public Information. Retrieved 5 Jun 2005 at DPI/1627/HR -- March 1995 http://www.un.org/rights/dpi1627e.htm
Fagan, Andrew. (2004) "Human Rights." The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 5 Jun 2005 at http://www.iep.utm.edu/h/hum-rts.htm#source
Nathan, Andrew J. (1997) "Cultural Values and Relativism:
The Example of Women's Rights." Viewpoints. Retrieved 5 Jun 2005 at http://www.aasianst.org/Viewpoints/Nathan.htm
Catholics played a main role in some of the first overseas explorations performed by estern European states. ith the purpose of inducing religious thinking into the people they conquered, Europeans brought priests with them. Most conquerors were not satisfied with imposing their religion on others, as they harshly condemned other religions they came across and subjected people worshiping other gods to great suffering.
Unlike the French, most English and Spanish conquerors believed that it was abnormal for one to worship in any other way that was not Christian. The French managed to live along side of the Huron tribes, making it possible for Huron tradition to exist in the present. In contrast, the Spanish and the English imposed their cultural values on the people they conquered, to the point where they were assimilated and were left with no cultural identity other than the one that was forced on them.
1. Dodgshon, Robert, The Age of the Clans: The Highlands from Somerled to the Clearances (Edinburgh: Birlinn, 2002)
2. Fisher, Linford D. "A Reformation Reader," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 44.3 (2001)
3. Morris, Colin, The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991)
4. Parry, J.H. The Establishment of the European Hegemony, 1415-1715: Trade and Exploration in the Age of the Renaissance, 1st ed. (New York: Harper & Row, 1961)
" (Atkinson, 1)
This is an important divergence of approaches, not simply because it dispenses with the ordinary telling of this story but also because it recasts the way we might understand the death of the Shawnee tribes. here the caricature of the heroic and generally lionized Tecumseh is concerned, there is a tendency to vest too much stock in the role played by a single charismatic leader in defining the suffering and ambition of the Shawnee people. Edmunds' work is an accomplishment particularly for undoing the myth that a single people can be defined thusly. By shifting his focus to Tecumseh's counterpoint, a religiously inclined brother who prioritized conflict over unity, and especially by framing the conclusion of this story according to the placement of the Shawnee on a reservation, Edmunds succeeds in demonstrating the scale of this atrocity in a way that histories centering on a single man…
Atkinson, D.D. (2007). Review: The Shawnee Prophet by R. David Edmunds. Blogtide Rising.
Edmunds, R.D. (1985). The Shawnee Prophet. University of Nebraska Press.
For some people, beating on drums and meditation is a spiritual way to experience their religion on a higher level, which releases a different understanding.
The Decameron includes a frame story about the plague in Florence in 1348, which can be explained from the following.
AN EPOCH-AKING EVENT in the development of early Italian narrative is the canonization, thanks to the astounding success of Boccaccio Decameron, of the cornice, the framing device. The formula of the novelliere aperto, the loosely structured anthology of stories (such as the Novellino), becomes secondary to that of the novelliere chiuso, in which a meta-story encompasses all others. In contemporary developments within the genre of lyric poetry, the fragmentary collection evolves into the prosimetrum (Dante Trita nuova) and the canzoniere (Petrarch Rime). In order to monitor the progress of literary forms out of the archaic period, one must focus on the development of innovative modes…
Misusing metaphors adds to the comedic value of the sonnet and sets a satirical tone. But when the literary devices change, the tone changes from satire to authentic language. This change in tone and language takes place in the couplet, the last two lines of the sonnet, "And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare/as any she belied with false compare." (lines 13, 14). By abandoning literary devices for sincerity the narrator has concluded his theme; that sincerity and realism is worth more than false comparisons. This is when the method of satire to convey an authentic message becomes effective. When the theme of the sonnet is concluded with sincere language and the audience then understands Shakespeare's use of satire. (Poetry analysis: 'My Mistress' Eyes are nothing like the Sun,' by William Shakespeare).
Don Quixote's quest was about following dreams no matter how foolish they may seem to others. He was an idealist who believed there were no limits in life
Don Quixote is the hero of Don Quixote, the early 17th century novel by Miguel de Cervantes. Quixote is a dreamer and a gentle buffoon, an aging gentleman who sets out from his village of La Mancha to perform acts of chivalry in the name of his grand love Dulcinea. He rides a decrepit horse, Rocinante, and is accompanied by his "squire," the peasant Sancho Panza. Quixote's imagination often gets the better of him; in once famous incident he tilts at windmills, imagining them to be giants. Throughout his many adventures Quixote often seems ridiculous, yet he maintains his staunchly hopeful attitude and belief in chivalry. (the term quixotic now describes anyone who takes on an idealistic or foolish quest against great odds.) the book Don Quixote inspired the 1959 play Man of La Mancha, in which Quixote's quest is summed up in the song "The Impossible Dream." (Don Quixote)
Chemical and Biological Terroism
Biological and Chemical Terrorism Prevention
The United States Government has identified the potential of chemical, biological, radiological and/or nuclear (termed CBN) terrorism, especially after the September 11 attacks. They have been concerned ever since Sarin was used in a Tokyo subway (Aum Shinrikyo in 1995) and the anthrax case (in November 2001). The chances of terrorists resorting to these agents in warfare are pretty high considering their advantages over conventional methods. Most organizations fighting terrorism are not equipped well enough to detect such chemicals. A closed container can help most of them escape discovery. The low cost involved in their production increases the dangers manifold. Since most of the above agents affect the human body directly, they are essentially more efficient than conventional warfare.
Chemical weapons have four major classifications. Choking agents are aimed at being fatal and are easily accessible. Phosgene is one such industrial…
Khan, A. Levitt, A. Sage, M. (2000). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response. 7-19. Retrieved From http://www.southernnevadahealthdistrict.org/download/epi/mmwr-plan.pdf
Ashraf H. European dioxin-contaminated food crisis grows and grows [news]. Lancet
Khan, A. Swerdlow, D. Juranek, D. (2001) Precautions Against Biological and Chemical Terrorism directed at Food and Water Supplies. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov /pmc/articles/PMC1497290/pdf/11571403.pdf' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
imagery in the movies Chinatown and Blade unner and compare the film-noir type of imagery against the actual statistics available in the latest Census results from Los Angeles that characterize the complexion of Los Angeles in 2010. In all three arenas, we see a Los Angeles area that is multi-ethnic, grime and dirt included. In many ways, while the movie imagery is different, in many ways all three characterizations have more in common than have differences. In all three portraits, the dirty, gritty and repressive city scape has the potential to swallow up the inhabitants in the Los Angeles darkness that is almost as thick as palpable as the ninth Egyptian plague of darkness. The films accurately and effectively discuss the "feel" of the city and the city's neighborhoods. The author will provide examples from the films to illustrate this, as well as the similarities and differences.
U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. Dept of Commerce. Los Angeles city, California QuickLinks. Washington,
D.C.: U.S.G.P.O., 2012. Web. .
Katharine, what Montaigne means is that inanity which we human beings are full of is one of those things that makes life worth living. The absurdism and comedy in life and in each other are the things that make life so unique and so worthwhile. In returning to your life, your children, your family and friends, I feel you will be able to rediscover this absurdism, the silliness in yourself and in the people around you. I truly believe that is something which will help you to find joy once again in life, as you were someone who, in the past, appreciated jokes and the inane more than anyone else I knew.
More than anything, Katharine, I ask you to look for courage within yourself. What you're currently trying to work through and live with is not easy by any means. Most people we know have not had to suffer…
Bakewell, S. How to Live: Or a Life of Montaigne in One Question and Twenty Attempts at .... Essex: Random House, 2011. Web.
Economic Development in Honduras: A Banana ar Legacy
An Analysis of Economic Development in Honduras from 1820 to Present
In many Latin American countries such as Honduras, the historical emphasis that has been placed on agriculture as a money industry for export purposes has resulted in the term, "banana republic" (Nash & Jeffrey 1994). Following their independence, most Latin American countries continued to depend on the export of raw materials for their revenue, rather than investing in an economic infrastructure that would provide value-added services, which only further contributed to this pattern of dependence on foreign states. This is largely what has taken place in the Republic of Honduras as well, and the country continues to suffer from sporadic and inequitable foreign investment, much of which has illegally diverted into private hands rather than infrastructure development. This paper provides an overview of the Republic of Honduras, an assessment of the…
Bates, Stephen. (January 8, 1999). Good friends slip on a banana skin. New Statesman,
Befus, David R., Debbie L. Mescon, Timothy S. Mescon and George S. Vozikis. (1988).
International Investment of Expatriate Entrepreneurs: The Case of Honduras. Journal of Small Business Management, 26(3):40.
Because he was inexperienced in handling the bomb, the place was spared from killing the nearly three hundred individuals that were on board.
All these forms of attacks that have come from stated considered weak have brough up great conern for nations around the globe. A lot of people fear that the African country of Somalia might possibly be utilized as a base for fanaticism if an intensive determination is not made to help re- connect peace in the country. For nearly two decades, the people of Somalia do not have a real central government that is functioning and there have been many struggles that are against challenging clans that are inside the nation to gain as a regulator of the nation. n 2007, the slamic Courts Union (CU) put out the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and then seized control of Mogadishu and its nearby locations. During December…
In spite of all of these efforts that had been made by the nation of Ethiopia and the African Union, Somalia was still going through many challenges that were inhibiting its aptitude to be able to purpose as a country.
One of the biggest obstacles to keeping the nation stabilized is the terrorist organization Al-Shabab, which has remunerated an insurrection that has went against what they recognize as the "western compulsory" TFG of Somalia. Al-Shabab is another terrorist that is believed to be caught up in the connection with Al-Qaeda and both have in common the extreme hatred for a lot of different nations but particularly the United States. In majority of the training camps of Al-Shabab, to show how much they hate the west, bullets from guns are shot at American pictures in stores. Some of the photos are the head of pictures of President Barack Obama which goes on daily. These believe that President Obama and the United States are a really big enemy to them. To show their anger they are always in the process of giving weapons and explosives to train young men to start jihad that is against the TFG and the U.S. And its associates in guard of their faith. Young men all over the world and that includes American citizens are always getting training in these facilities within Somalia. Americans for instance Omar Hammami, aka Abu Mansour Al-Amriki, and the first recognized American suicide bomber Shirwa Ahmed have been recruited by Al-Shabab to join their cause. Their aptitude to employee and train Americans and other residents for jihad all over the world has turned the group into a major threat not just to the United States but furthermore the whole world.
Al-Shabab was initially the brains behind the Somali UIC, which had been overthrown from its power by Ethiopian forces which took place in 2006 organizations. Al-Shabab was able to quickly re-group after the UIC's defeat and became an independent group in 2008. In the years that have followed, Al-Shabab along with Somalia's second biggest terrorist operation
The Topic Company: DN.
1) Does the organization treat management and leadership as one in the same? YES or NO
2) Does the organization rely heavily on employee training and development? YES or NO
3) Does the program use employee feedback at the lowest levels in its overall decision making process? YES or NO
4) Do you believe all stakeholders are aware of the organizations goals and objectives and are willing to work towards the achievement of those goals? YES or NO
5) in your opinion is the organization structured in a way that inhibits innovation? YES or NO
6) Are there any other aspects that you believe should be improved within the organization? If so, how?
1) Bulmer, M. And Warwick, D. (1993). Social research in developing countries: surveys and censuses in the Third World. London: outledge.
2) Ebbutt, D. (1998). Evaluation of projects…
1) Bulmer, M. And Warwick, D. (1993). Social research in developing countries: surveys and censuses in the Third World. London: Routledge.
2) Ebbutt, D. (1998). Evaluation of projects in the developing world: some cultural and methodological issues. International Journal of Educational Development, 18, pp. 415-424.
3) Potter, C. (2006). Program Evaluation. In M. Terre Blanche, K. Durrheim & D. Painter (Eds.), Research in practice: Applied methods for the social sciences (2nd ed.) (pp. 410-428). Cape Town: UCT Press.
4) Potter, C. (2006). "Psychology and the art of program evaluation." South African journal of psychology 36 (1):
Marketing Case Study
Explain what you think would be an appropriate promotions strategy for both of them. In doing so compare and contrast the two promotions strategies explaining why you think they would be similar or different.
NINE POSSIBLE PODUCT -- MAKET COMBINATIONS
POSSIBLE TAGET MAKETS
GAY MEN O WOMEN
BLACK WOMEN AGED 18-30
NON-LETHAL PESONAL SECUITY PODUCTS
FITNESS / EXECISE PODUCTS
More than one billion adults worldwide are overweight. In the United States alone obesity is responsible for an estimated 300,000 deaths annually. What's interesting is that nearly all of these deaths are preventable through proper exercise and nutrition. As such, fitness is a very contentious issue plaguing many of the developed nations worldwide. Statistics indicate that nearly 33% of all Americas are obese. This bodes very well in regards to marketing as 1 in 3 Americans could use the fitness and exercise related…
1. Swarming the shelves: How shops can exploit people's herd mentality to increase sales." The Economist. 2006-11-11. p. 79-90.
2. Kotler, Armstrong, Philip, Gary. Principles of Marketing. (2011)Pearson education.
3. Joshi, Rakesh, (2005) International Marketing, Oxford University Press, New Delhi and New York ISBN 0-19-567123-6
Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Next Terror: Assessment of How a Significant Terrorist WMD Attack Might e Conducted by a Non-State Actors Perpetrator and Why They Can't Stage an Attack
Weapons of Mass Destructions (WMD) have considerable effect to the economies of both developed and developing countries. In the modern world, most terror groups have resolved to use Weapons of Mass Destruction to harm their enemies. The entire syndicate comprises state actors and the terror group, which intends to destroy the target country. The state actors have direct links or channels of communication with such attackers, foreign allies, and several residential alliances with almost similar connections to the terror groups. Most of the terror groups lack essential materials that would aid in the making of some of the most dangerous weapons such as nuclear bombs. The various forms of attack involved when using lethal weapons include dispersion, dissemination, and…
Anthony Cordesman, Terrorism Asymmetric Warfare, and Weapons of Mass Destruction, (New
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002).
Eric Croddy, James Wirtz, Weapons of Mass Destruction, (London: ABC-CLIO, 2005).
health care to an indigent population.
As illustrated by the case, there were many unique problems associates with delivering health care to the indigent population. First, communication was an issue plaguing all parties involved. Difficulty in regards to understanding overall objectives and health care plans made operations inefficient and costly. Massive errors resulted from communication issues that ultimately hindered the access and quality of health care to the indigent population. Communication is the foundation of delivering health care. Everyone, from owners to employees must be able to effectively communicate in order to offer the quality of health care needed to support the indigent population. Without simple and comprehensive forms of communication, the overall health care program will falter as stakeholders are unaware of the overall vision and plan for the health care system.
Education also is a very profound problem in delivering health care to the indigent population. The community…
1) "Cooper Green Hospital & The Community Care Plan" (2011, July 16) http://www.*****/Details/Cooper+Green+Hospital/43335
2) Swayne, L.E., Duncan, J., & Ginter, P.M. (2009). Strategic management of healthcare organizations (6th ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
3) Velasco, Anna (July 15, 2007) "Renovation transforming look of county hospital." Birmingham News