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However, according to Johnson, Christie, and Yawkey, (1999), "play is an extremely difficult concept to define -- there are 116 distinct definitions listed in the Oxford English Dictionary!"
Some adults think play is trivial while others believe play makes vital contributions to all aspects of child development. While we cannot define play, there are telltale signs of play that are recognizable. Some examples of play involved students freely choosing to play in the kitchen rather than with blocks demonstrated intrinsic motivation because it was their choice. When children moved from writing activities to reading indicated flexibility because students had the ability to move quickly from one activity to another. The writers emphasized that students talking and laughing was a positive affect signifying positive emotions.
The authors described two different groups of theories of play. One of the theoretical groups, classical theories, which originated before World War I, focused on explaining…
Anderson, a., & Stolks, S. (1984). Social and institutional influences on the development and practice of literacy. In H. Goelman, a. Oberg, & F. Smith (Eds). Awakening to Literacy. 24-37.
Brunner, J.S., Jolly, a., & Sylva, K. (1976). Play -- Its role in development and evolution. New York: Basic Books.
Hanline, M.F. (2001). Supporting emergent literacy in play-based activities. Young Exceptional Children. 4, 10. doi: 10.1177/109625060100400402.
Isenberg, J. & Jacob. E. (1983). Playful literacy activities and learning: preliminary observations. Paper presented at the International Conferences on Play and Play
The freakish nature of the modern world seems to have infected even the way the young woman sees herself -- she calls herself 'dead' because the old woman refers to her as 'dead' even though she is clearly alive. She passively submits to the idea that she will be eaten, unflinchingly asking how she will be cooked, and what will be served with her 'feast.' In the context of the play, it is uncertain if the young woman is really dead or simply does not care if she is eaten or not, even though she has been preserved for many years. The old woman, who calls her dead, seemingly tries to convince herself of the young woman's demise, even though she is having a conversation with her future dinner. In the new, destroyed earth, the barrier between what is dead and alive has become uncertain and permeable.
What is clear…
It awakened her imagination and excited her about the theater, and it also instructed her, forming the basis for her future art. Another contributor, Beth Henley, has a very different memory: of being greatly disappointed at the ordinariness of a princess in a production, and her dissatisfaction with the actress' performance. Casting is everything. Henley learned at an early age.
Many of the authors detail unconventional encounters with theater that give rise to future inspiration. David Auburn says that he saw his first, truly life-changing production on PBS, a surrealist production of the House of Blue Leaves. This example suggests that theater does not even have to be 'live' to be life-changing; it merely needs to challenge the assumptions of the audience of what is possible. Auburn grew up in a 'theater town' with a local repertory company and an English professor for a father. However, being exposed to a…
Warren's business partner and has in fact invested 40,000 pounds in the venture. In his own words, "The fact is, it's not what would be considered exactly a high-class business in my set -- the county set, you know.... Not that there is any mystery about it: don't think that. Of course you know by your mother's being in it that it's perfectly straight and honest. I've known her for many years; and I can say of her that she'd cut off her hands sooner than touch anything that was not what it ought to be.... But you see you can't mention such things in society. Once let out the word hotel and everybody says you keep a public-house."
So, the problem is much less with what an woman does in order to ensure her living, but more on how that is hidden so that to be able to fit…
The last part of the show, s. Fisher, now at age 54, has her old and well-known Princess Leia "Cinnamon Bun Hairstyle" telling her audience how much she hated her character's hairdo since she felt it made her face look even rounder while taking two hours every day to style.
s. Fisher shows a somnambulistic safety of using words like play-dough manipulating them cleverly and utmost witty. On the subject of her substance abuse she twists Karl arx's famous quote "Religion is the opiate of the masses" to report she took "masses of opiates religiously." Further mocking-up the whole endeavor she involves audience members into the play -- even to the extent of handing out drink vouchers. s. Fisher was joined on stage by an unexpected guest during last Sunday evening's opening performance of Wishful Drinking -- the star's mother, s. Debbie Reynolds. The legend movie actress and "Singing in…
Ms. Fisher is the life in this party in this sobering description of her Hollywood celebrity hangover.
Wishful Drinking premiered in 2006, in Los Angeles and has since completed sell-out runs across the country, winning the prestigious 2010 Outer Critics' Circle Award. Ms. Fisher received a 2010 Grammy Nomination in the Best Spoken Word Album category for her bestselling memoir Wishful Drinking. The play opened on officially on Sunday, October 2, 2011. The limited engagement has been extended through October 30, 2011.
Tickets are available by calling Roundabout Ticket Services at (212) [HIDDEN] and online at www.roundabouttheatre.org. A number of premium tickets will also be available. Ticket prices are $45 to $125. Wishful Drinking plays Tuesday through Sunday evenings at 8:00PM with a Wednesday and Saturday matinee at 2:00 PM. Prices range from $36.50-$126.50
Developing a cultural understanding of the relative power of theater upon culture creates a sense of the traditional and the dramatic. ithin many works of antiquity is a demonstration of analogy, in much the same manner as the analogous representations of doctrine. Creating a thematic web of understanding about the nature of humanity, through the play-within-the-play technique many play writes of today and yesterday demonstrate the power of drama upon culture. ithin the work The Spanish Tragedy by Thomas Kyd and the Shakespeare's The Tempest can be found a demonstration of the use of the play-within-the-play device as a representation of human theme and cultural messages.
The works discussed reflect a genuine contextual interest in transition, as the works themselves and the plays they envelope represent thematic transition changes within the world where they were popular. The theme of revenge, a constant source of fascination for the Elizabethan and…
Coursen, H.R. The Tempest A Guide to the Play. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.
Frankardolino. Apocalypse & Armada in Kyd's Spanish Tragedy. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University Press, 1995.
Kyd, Thomas. The Spanish Tragedy: A Play. Ed. J. Schick. London: J.M. Dent and Co., 1898.
Orgel, Stephen, ed. The Tempest. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Play Station Move
PlayStation Move is a motion sensor game controller platform developed by Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. It was first introduced for the PlayStation 3 (PS3) video game console. PlayStation Move comes with a PlayStation Move System, a handheld motion controller wand, PlayStation webcam (called as 'PlayStation Camera' for the PlayStation 4 and 'PlayStation Eye' for the PlayStation 3), PlayStation Move Navigation Controller, PlayStation Move Charging Station, and optional accessories like shooting game attachments, PlayStation Move racing wheel, and game bundles (Sony Computer Entertainment America LLC, 2013).
Launch and Target Market:
PlayStation Move was officially launched internationally during September and October, 2010. It was available in Europe, UK, North America, Australasia, and most of the Asian markets from 15th September, 2010 and in Japan from 21 stOctober, 2010 (Sony Computer Entertainment America LLC, 2013).PlayStation Move also won the Popular Science Award for the most immersive game controller in 2010…
Bolton, M. (2010, 09, 05).PlayStation Move review: Sony takes motion control to the next level. Retrieved on November 18th, 2013, from
Hammerbacher, J. (2011, 11, 01).Is the PlayStation Move Sony's Biggest Failure-Retrieved on November 18th, 2013, from
Harradence, M. (2012, 05, 23).Is there any hope left for PlayStation Move-Retrieved on November 18th, 2013, from
Lowe, S. (2010, 09, 17). PlayStation Move Review: Has Sony perfected the concept of motion control-Retrieved on November 18th, 2013, from
play of Moliere and one of his famous work "A school for wives." This paper will highlight the roles of different characters and what important aspect and part was played by each individual in making the lay a major success and a worth watching comedy play.
Moliere is considered as one of the best French comedy writers, his plays are a classic and make the crowd laugh for hours. "A school for wives" is one of his most classic comedies in which he has highlighted the issues of women from various aspects and point-of-view. The audience goes through fits of laughter's during the whole play, especially during the excellent performance of the actors, who portray the women and wives and the problems each of them undergo and the solution they come up with.
The school of wives is one of classic comedies that portray the role of women in…
Alfred Bates, The School for Wives: A history & analysis of the play, last viewed: 11th May'04
Connie Dziagwa, The school for Wives, last viewed: 11th May'04
To a certain extent, this might be true only because of the fact that white individuals had unlimited access to information while blacks were limited by their masters and by their condition in general.
Even in the twentieth century, when slavery was but a thing of the past, there were seemingly more white intellectuals than black intellectuals (Kramer, 2006). Is thus explainable why Esther believed that she would find better support in Van Buren. In addition to the fact that she was white, Van Buren also seemed to be the best person to help Esther because she belonged to the upper class, whereas Mayme had a substandard social statute.
The racial factor is frequently referred to during the play, in spite of the fact that slavery was long gone from New York, which was recognized as one of the states in which anti-abolitionists resided in great numbers (Kramer, 2006). Furthermore,…
1. Dickerson, G. (2008). "African-American theater: a cultural companion." Polity.
2. Kramer, S. (2006). "Uplifting Our "Downtrodden Sisterhood": Victoria Earle Matthews and New York City's White Rose Mission, 1897-1907," The Journal of African-American History 91.3
3. Nottage L. "Intimate Apparel."
4. (1940). New York State Writers' Program. "A Guide to the Empire State." New York: Oxford University Press.
play The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams, the theme of escape helps drive the play forward. Amanda Wingfield, the mother, escapes the reality of her hard and narrow life by remembering better times, possibly without great accuracy. Laura, Amanda's daughter, escapes by playing with her collection of glass animals (the "menagerie"). Tom, Amanda's son, is the only one in the family who has a chance of truly escaping the life they have lead, but if he chooses this path, he will be leaving Amanda and Laura behind just as his father did many years before. Tom and Laura's father is an important character in the play, even though he never appears. Tom describes him as "... A telephone man who fell in love with long distances." ("The Glass Menagerie," scene 1) The father's picture in his World War I uniform is placed prominently in the family's living room. In that…
Cardullo, Bert. March, 1997.l "The Glass Menagerie." The Explicator, Vol. 55:161-164.
Williams, Tennessee. "The Glass Menagerie." Dramatists Play Service, Inc. 1948.
He even murdered his beloved friend Banquo. But although Luther initially lacked such a support structure, Luther eventually won supporters because people believed in his sincerity. They also realized that they too supported his objections to Catholic doctrine and the corruption of some of the officers of the church. Luther acted as a model, an example of Christian honor and fortitude that resonated with past examples of men who suffered for God in the Bible. Macbeth began his play more supported by friends and institutional authorities than Luther, but by the fourth and fifth acts of the tragedy, he was virtually alone, because the fact that he had acted only in his self-interest, not out of philosophical conviction or to advance the good of society. Soon, this self-interest became manifestly clear to everyone in Scotland.
Despite the purity of his convictions, Luther's actions spawned many bloody disputes. Although Luther believed…
The strangeness of the judicial system whereby confession lead to freedom and truth lead to death was accurate in spirit in the Miller play, as were some aspects of the accusations, such as favoring older women to accuse and pressing one man to death for a refusal to enter a plea beneath heavy stones.
According to the PBS documentary "Secrets of the Dead," the real origin of the hysteria in Salem was likely biological, and not purely due to the psychology of religious fanaticism or even a craven desire to use the judicial process to wage personal vendettas. According to researchers: "LSD is a derivative of ergot, a fungus that affects rye grain. Ergotism -- ergot poisoning... eating ergot-contaminated food can lead to a convulsive disorder characterized by violent muscle spasms, vomiting, delusions, hallucinations, crawling sensations on the skin, and a host of other symptoms...Ergot thrives in warm, damp, rainy…
play Antigone by Sophocles, Creon brings disaster upon his family because he lacks experience and does not yet know how to rule wisely.
Creon becomes King of hebes at the beginning of the play because Oedipus' two sons, who were supposed to share the throne by ruling alternate years, had a falling out. Eteocles refused to turn the throne over to his brother Polyneices. Polyneices attacked the city attempting to right this wrong. During the ensuing war, both brothers were killed by each other in battle. Creon, as their uncle and Oedipus' brother, took the throne.
But such a situation with two co-kings who ended up warring with each other left Creon with a dilemma. he people of hebes were still uneasy, and he suspected that not everyone was ready to accept him as king. his made Creon very suspicious. He concluded that he must demonstrate his strength of will…
The chorus finally reasons with Creon, and he sets off to right the wrongs he has committed. First he sees to Polyneices' burial, and then leaves for the cave Antigone has been sealed into, to free her. It is too late. She has hung herself, setting off a chain of tragic events.
While Creon pays a terrible price for his inexperience and his choice to be domineering and rigid as compensation for that flaw, in the end, he realizes his fault. This puts him ahead of Antigone, who never doubts for a moment that she possesses the sole truth of what should have been done, no matter what the cost.
Lines, Patricia M. 1999. "Antigone's Flaw." Humanitas, Volume XII, No. 1.
Instead, he wants to be with the girls, eating herring snacks with their parents at the fantasy party he envisions, where men in ice-cream white coats serve olives and real cocktails poolside.
It is easy to sympathize with Sammy, given that the repressive nature of society he perceives around him seems very real. The entire store is transfixed by the sight of the girls: "She kept her eyes moving across the racks, and stopped, and turned so slow it made my stomach rub the inside of my apron, and buzzed to the other two, who kind of huddled against her for relief, and they all three of them went up the cat-and-dog-food-breakfast-cereal-macaroni-rice-raisins-seasonings-spreads-spaghetti-soft drinks- crackers-and- cookies aisle" (Updike 468). It is absurd how much the other patrons care about what the girls are wearing, but also absurd how much moral weight Sammy gives to these ordinary girls' ambling march through the…
Updike, John. "A&P." From the Compact Bedford Introduction to Literature.
Bedford/St. Martin's Press, 2008.
This means then that you don't have to put any additional money into the pot.
If you are the bettor or raiser and no one calls your last bet, you win the pot. If one or more players do call, then the person with the best hand wins the pot.
Those are the basics of poker. Now, we're going to learn the rankings of hands. A straight flush is five cards of the same suit in a sequence; an ace-high straight flush is called a "royal flush" and this is the best possible hand that one can have in a poker game. Four of a kind is four cards of the same rank, plus an unrelated fifth card that doesn't have any bearing on the hand's value. The higher the rank of the four of a kind, the better the hand is. A full house is three cards of one…
This group of interest presents a powerful vision to the person that wants to become leader of the company. They make him believe that it is possible, and necessary. They put into action a series of strategies. The person becomes the leader of the company, but soon notices that its ruling cannot be a peaceful one. This is because the group that helped him get the power wants to be rewarded for this. Therefore, they ask the leader to do things that he does not agree with. The leader thinks that it is necessary to eliminate this group that helped him first, but that now does not let him rule in accordance with his intentions. But the group is more powerful in comparison with the leader, and decides that this leader does not satisfy their needs. Therefore, they must find another Macbeth that they help become the leader of the…
1. King, W. (2011). Macbeth Plot Summary. Retrieved March 17, 2013 from http://www.nosweatshakespeare.com/play-summary/macbeth/ .
2. Macbeth Background (2012). BBC. Retrieved March 17, 2013 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/higher/english/macbeth/background/revision/1/ .
The play like the picture-Bible designed by the priests for the poor, also shows the adoration of the common shepherds of the baby Jesus. But its adds scenes of comic life, like a renegade sheep stealer who also happens to be present near baby Jesus' manger, to deflate the high-minded tone of the play.
Thus, the medium of both art forms reflects the tone of the retelling of the Biblical tale, as well as the intentions of the author -- one was intended to be instructive of doctrine and show the solemnity with which the Bible must be approached, as well as the feelings of Christ for the common people. But the play was to be performed by common people themselves, during festivals, and needed to draw in the delight as well as the respectful attention of the crowd -- hence the addition of the sheep stealer, and the more…
They have broken into a woman's house without asking her, doing so on the grounds of Justice. Mrs. Phillips responds: "But Mrs. Hale, the law is the law."
Mrs. Hale half-heartedly acquiesces: "I s'pose 'tis."
As Mrs. Wright's former exuberant character is evoked and the contrast to her consequent dismal experiences made clear, Mrs. Peter's adherence to the law is shaken and she refrains from impeding her friend from destroying the clues:
Oh, what are you doing, Mrs. Hale?
MRS. HALE [Mildly.]
Just pulling out a stitch or two that's not sewed very good. [Threading a needle.] Bad sewing always made me fidgety.
MRS. PETERS [Nervously.]
I don't think we ought to touch things.
I'll just finish up this end. [Suddenly stopping and leaning forward.]
Later on, when discovering the dead bird, Mrs. Peters reflects on her childhood experience of a boy killing her own pet…
Role of Play In Learning Experiences for Young Children
Although many educators believe the play is a frivolous activity that young people should engage in only after they have completed more serious pursuits, empirical observations of children at play confirm that these experiences can also provide valuable learning opportunities. Despite a universally accepted definition for play, some of its defining characteristics include the following:
Play is active: This means that watching television or other sedentary, non-participatory activities are not regarded as play, but using a video game platform such as a Wii to play virtual golf or tennis on a television can be regarded as play.
The activity is voluntary: Children choose to participative in the activity voluntarily rather than being compelled by their peers or adult authority figures. This means that being forced to participate in an obligatory soccer game at school may not represent play to many children,…
'oth periods' she says 'are caught up the exhilaration and fearfulness of living inside a gap in history, whenthe paradigms that structured the past seem facile and new paradigms uncertain'. The alignment of the Renaissance reality with the existentialist void of the 20th century allows Stoppard to bring to life what the Player King points out, that 'every exit is an entrance somewhere else'
In Conclusion let us just say that a play such as 'Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead' allows keyholes for readers to peek through and numerous vents for various interpretations to emerge out of. Despite the initial confusion that it tends to invite 'Rosencrantz and Guildenstern..' continues to be a play which illuminates and heartens. Once you warm up to Stoppard's style (and one admits such warming up as a necessary premise) there is no limit as to the horizons he can take you to. Through all…
Cahn, Victor L. Beyond Absurdity: The Plays of Tom Stoppard (Teaneck: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1979)
Egan Robert a Thin Beam of Light: The Purpose of Playing in "Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
Are Dead" Theatre Journal, Vol. 31, No. 1. (Mar., 1979), pp. 59-69.
Jenkins, Anthony. Critical Essays on Tom Stoppard (Boston G.K. Hall, 1990)
The doors, are metaphors for the "gates of love" that any person would have wanted to be a part of http://homepage.usask.ca/~jrp638/abstracts/cody.html, para 7).
Props such as the vessels carried by the women characters in the play also represent the womb for which horrifies Knemon when his daughter had offered Sostratos to fill in the shrine next door. The use of the hoe for which Sostratos had borrowed from Gorgias is as well a Greek metaphor for sexual encounters http://homepage.usask.ca/~jrp638/abstracts/cody.html, para 8-9),
Acting Styles of the Original Production
Theaters in the ancient times were so huge that it is capable of housing thousands of spectators. The problems that confronted the Greek actors for such situations were that they were literally dwarfed on stage by their surroundings. Tiny movements may be invisible for the audience at the far end of the theater. Thus, there is a need for exaggeration on the actors'…
Balme, M. 2001. "Menander, the plays and fragments." Oxford University Press.
Beckerman, J. 2002. "Ancient comedy in classic venue." The Record. Bergen County,
NJ. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-54639595.html . Oct. 12, 2006.
Crossing the Stages:the Production, Performance and Reception of Ancient Theater." http://homepage.usask.ca/~jrp638/abstracts/cody.html. Oct. 12, 2006.
illiam Shakespeare and his plays are the main topic of discussion in this paper. illiam Shakespeare is one of the greatest names whose literary contributions and writings are considered as assets for the literary world. Shakespeare's plays and writings are of considerable importance for the readers all around the world because his writings and power of expression are unmatchable. illiam Shakespeare and his plays have in fact formed the foundation of the English literature and therefore, illiam Shakespeare is still read by the students of English literature. The paper will be divided into five chapters, the analysis and observation of these chapters will help the reader to understand the paper's main topic of discussion. The chapters, which will be discussed in the paper, are:
Statement of the hypothesis;
Review of prior works on the subject and related subjects;
Identification of the methodology;
Analysis of the problem (s) or…
As retrieved from Much Ado about Nothing by William Shakespeare
http://www.enotes.com/muchadoOn April 25,2004
As retrieved from William Shakespeare's Othello
http://www.freeessays.cc/db/49/toi85.shtml . On April 25,2004
The play begins with the two daughters, Nora and Cathleen, discussing the news that the body of a man has washed up on the shore far north from where they live. They are wondering whether the body may be their brother Michael. Michael has not been home for a very long time, so it seems apparent that he is dead. The sole surviving son, artley, wishes to sail to Connemara in order to sell a horse. When mother Maurya hears of this news, she begs him to stay at home, lest he join the fate of her other sons. ut artley will not hear anything of it. He insists on going. So distraught is the mother that she forgets to bless her son as he leaves - which in the lore of the superstition islanders, is an omen that will most likely result in her son's death. The daughters castigate…
Synge, J.M. The Complete Plays. London: Eyre Methuen, 1981.
Shakespearean plays which mirror the dramatist's idea that it is the right of a woman to choose her own husband, without meeting her father's wishes in the matter. The drama "Othello" and the romantic comedy" The Merchant of Venice" are examples. In all three works, Shakespeare has contradicted the perceived roles that women play in the 17th century society through his portrayal of Desdemona, Portia and Jessica. Desdemona, the heroine in "Othello" is a young, white Venetian beauty and debutante in the Venice society. She is the joy and the pride of her father, Brabantio, a wealthy Venetian senator. Brabantio wishes his daughter to marry any of the wealthy, handsome Venetian men that everybody in her societal class expects her to marry. Instead of meeting the expectations of her societal surrounding, Desdemona decides to elope with Othello who is an older black man and clearly an outsider to Venetian society.…
20th century plays, The Three sisters Chekhov Happy Days Beckett. The theme essay, "How theatre address modern conditions loss, alienation futility human endeavor?" differences structurally stylistically? Tell realism absurdist plays.
Alienation and stasis: Three Sisters by Chekhov and Happy Days by Beckett
Both the Russian playwright and short story author Anton Chekhov and the Irish playwright Samuel Beckett are known for their serious plays that some audiences find 'depressing.' However, the playwrights fundamentally considered themselves comedic, rather than tragic writers. The discrepancy between the audiences' reactions and the playwrights' intentions may rest in the fact that both authors frequently portray people who are 'stuck' in some way, shape, or form -- either literally and metaphorically in Beckett's plays (such as Winnie in Happy Days) or psychologically and emotionally in Chekhov's work as can be seen in the plight of virtually all of the characters in Three Sisters. The playwrights use…
In his swaggering insolence, he believes that money will win her affection: "You may not want to hear me, but the clink of my gold coins will make you listen" (175). Tahei shows his unsavory arrogance further when he taunts and insults a samurai (Jihei's disguised brother) (176). Later he finds Jihei tied up and drubs him violently (182).
Meanwhile, Jihei's life is falling apart. His business is on the rocks, nearing bankruptcy. He laments: "I've neglected my parents, relatives -- even my wife and children -- and wrecked my fortune, all because I was deceived by Koharu" (184). At home, he sleeps as the business sinks. Osan, his devoted wife, is a boring creature who looks after their shop and domestic matters (186). Her aunt-in-law blames her for the trouble and disgrace of the family (188). Jihei's brother tries several times to advise him to stop his socially threatening…
Chikamatsu. (1961). Four Major Plays of Chikamatsu. Donald Keene (Trans.). New York: Columbia University Press.
Downer, Lesley. (2001). Women of the Pleasure Quarters: The Secret History of the Geisha. New York: Broadway Books.
Hibbett, Howard. (1959). The Floating World in Japanese Fiction. London: Oxford University Press.
Huffman, James L. (2010). Japan in World History. New York: Oxford University Press.
Compare and Contrast Shakespeare Plays
In the plays the Comedy of Errors and Othello, William Shakespeare is discussing a number of different themes. One of the most notable is jealousy, with this becoming a central topic in both works. To fully understand how this applied requires comparing and contrasting them with each other. Once this occurs, is when these different elements will provide the greatest insights as to how this used throughout the plot to add the element of drama.
In the play the Comedy of Errors, the issue of jealousy takes place with the confusion that occurs between: Antipholus of Syracuse and Egeon. Egeon is the father of two twin sons named Antipholus of Syracuse and Antipholus of Ephesus. Egeon and Antipholus of Ephesus came to Syracuse to find Antipholus of Syracuse (who they have not seen in 25 years). ("The Comedy of Errors," 2011)
The Comedy of Errors. (2011). Spark Notes. Retrieved from: http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/errors/summary.html
Othello. (2011). Spark Notes. Retrieved from: http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/othello/summary.html
Shakespeare and Insanity
An Analysis of Insanity in Four Plays by Shakespeare
Shakespeare lived at a time when the old medieval Catholic world was splitting apart and giving rise to the new modern Protestant world. In the midst of this real conflict, Shakespeare depicts on stage several different characters that go mad. Some feign madness, some truly lose their minds, and some are bewitched by the maddening charms of love potions. This paper will analyze the degrees of madness in four of Shakespeare's plays and show why each case is unique and different from all the others and yet in a way related to the transforming world in which the playwright found himself.
Hamlet is by no means representative of the kind of insanity that Shakespeare depicts in all his dramas. But there is in a Hamlet, a young man who has just returned home from college, a prototype for…
Boswell, James. The Life of Samuel Johnson. NY: Modern Library, 1901. Print.
Corpe, A.W. "Macbeth." Catholic World, vol. 84. [Paulist Fathers, eds.], 1907. Print.
Dean, Paul. "Current Literature 2003: Literary Theory, History and Criticism." English
Studies, 85.6 (2004): 532-546. Print.
Costuming in Shakespeare's Plays In General And Othello In Particular, In Elizabethan Times And Throughout History
Costuming has always represented one of the most important -- and expensive -- features in the preparation of theatrical performances. In fact, Grimball and ells suggest that the success of every period play and pageant depends largely on the effectiveness of the costume design. This paper will provide an analysis of costuming in Shakespeare's plays in general and Othello in particular, both in Elizabethan times and throughout history, followed by a summary of the research in the conclusion.
Costuming in Elizabethan Era. Generally speaking, the art and designs of every period can help to illustrate characters and the specific requirements of a particular phase of civilization can be interpreted through costumes. According to Nostbakken, in most of Shakespeare's plays, the costuming used was the most important component of the devices used to communicate the…
Brown, Langdon, Felicia Londre Hardison and Samuel L. Leiter et al. Shakespeare around the Globe: A Guide to Notable Postwar Revivals. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986.
Grimball, Elizabeth B. And Rhea Wells. Costuming a Play: Inter-Theatre Arts Handbook. New York: The Century Co., 1952.
Hall, Joan Lord. Othello: A Guide to the Play. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.
Nostbakken, Faith. Understanding Othello: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.
Like in Euripides, Hippolyte does not desire Phaedra, but he is capable of desire, and like all of Racine's characters, even though love can feel like an uncontrollable force, humans are not merely manipulated by the gods -- they must bear the consequences of their actions as souls in this Christian understanding of the myth. Phaedra's language, although the play is set in ancient times, is explicitly Christian, as she speaks of her desire "To banish the enemy who made me an idolater," in her efforts to banish Hippolyte. ("Phaedra," translated by Tony Kline, line 294)
In terms of fatherly betrayal, while it is also true in Euripides that Hippolyte does not wish to dishonor his father, what is of greater concern to the young man is the honor he owes to the goddess Artemis, to whose chastity he has consecrated himself in a sacred fashion. This honor comes not…
Euripides. "Phaedra." MIT Classics Archive. Last updated 2005. http://classics.mit.edu/Euripides/hippolytus.html
Racine. "Phaedra." Translation by Tony Kline. 2003. http://www.tkline.freeuk.com/PhaedraActI.htm#_Toc88730163
Sophocles plays "Antigone," and "Oedipus Rex."
COMPARING THE SCENES
Teiresias is the blind prophet of Apollo. He appears in both plays to warn the characters of some danger, or teach them what they need to learn, through the seeings of Apollo. He is the messenger of Apollo, bringing his words to the "mortals."
He does not want to deliver his message at first, but Oedipus eggs him on, and he says, "Teiresias: That's your truth? Hear mine: I say honor the curse your own mouth spoke. From today, don't you speak to me, or to your people here. You are the plague. You ruin your own land" (Oedipus Rex, 425-430).
He delivers the message to Oedipus that he does not want to hear, that the king is his own worst enemy, and he is "the plague" of his land. Of course, Oedipus does not believe him, and accuses Kreon of…
http://www.questia.com/ PageManagerHTMLMediator.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=83250160"Sophocles. Antigone. Trans. Richard Emil Braun. New York: Oxford U.S., 1989.
Sophocles. Oedipus the King. Trans. Robert Bagg. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1982.
race plays a role in the different sentencing ranges applicable to different crimes.
ace and Sentencing Guidelines
ace has been a consideration in sentencing guidelines for quite some time. Many individuals believe that those who are not Caucasian receive sentences that are harsher and punishment that is stricter than others
Because of this, there is concern that perhaps the sentencing guidelines and the entire criminal justice system is racially biased. This is evidenced not only by individuals of other races who feel that they have been treated unfairly but by statistics which indicate the number of non-Caucasian individuals on death row and within the prison system in general.
The purpose of this paper will be to show that there is disparity between the sentencing guidelines that are given to Caucasians and to non-Caucasians and to look at the extent race plays a part in the prosecution for different crimes. This…
Resources, and Poor Women of Color, 33 U.C. DAVIS L. REV. 1009, 1028-29.
strong women of Shakespeare's plays, "The Merchant of Venice" and "The Taming the Shrew."
For a man who became the most quoted author in literature and left volumes of work for the world to read, illiam Shakespeare's early years are a bit of a mystery. Historian's still speculate the 'lost years,' 1578-1582 and 1585-1592, of his life, although most agree that he "must have been perfecting his dramatic skills and collecting sources for the plots of his plays" and then began to "write magnificent plays that had plots-based entirely on Latin stories" (Shakespeare pg).
Moreover, one has to assume that during this time, Shakespeare formed his views of women. Many modern critics claim he was a feminist, and some refer to him as "the noblest feminist of them all" (Lewis pg). However, feminism is essentially means that women should have equal right and opportunities as men, legally, socially,…
Bayer, James; Kean, Margaret. "Shakespeare's Not Quite Universal View of Women."
English Literature and the Arts. http://www.math.unl.edu/~jbayer/files/women.doc.
A accessed 04-29-2003).
El-Haggan, Rasha. "Shakespeare's The Taming Of The Shrew: Analyzing Kate." http://userpages.umbc.edu/~relhag1/tamingshrew.html .(accessed 04-29-2003).
In "A Midsummer Night's Dream," however, it is also the male characters who make the most influential mistakes. Some of the reasons for this include the lack of accountability and the general predilection for mischief that Shakespeare attributes to men in general.
In the historical dramas, such as "Henry IV," much more than in the comedy, the characters are prone to making mistakes also because their individual weaknesses as human beings. As human beings, they face not only the external factors and challenges that create the appropriate environment for making mistakes, but also their own conscience and the need to make sensible decisions that actually matter.
One should also point out that in some of the other plays, Shakespeare plays an equal amount of blame on the shoulders of female characters as well. Most notably, tragedies such as "Hamlet" or "Othello" are examples in that sense. Women share the blame…
1. Shakespeare, William. Henry IV. The Oxford Shakespeare. Oxford University Press. 1987.
2. Shakespeare, William. Henry V. Oxford School Shakespeare. Oxford University Press. 1995.
3. Shakespeare, William. A Midsummer Night's Dream. Acclaim Books. 1997
4. Rabkin, Norman. Shakespeare and the Problem of Meaning. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981
As Beauvoir said, these plays tend to deal with restoring a sense of value and choice to a world that has been largely stripped of these features by modern critical, literary, and dramatic trends. Character is created with a greater sense of agency in these plays, and identity -- especially feminine identity -- ironically emerges as more of an actively created and self-determined construct through its interactions within and agsint societal demands. Due to the economic constraints on women until the last century (and arguably even today, though to a lesser degree), the feminine identity and perspective is still being created, and is not yet ready to give way to postmodern meaninglessness. It emerges as an economic and political force that embodies this sense of agency in its determinative powers.
The orks of ertenbaker
Many of modern playwright Timberlake ertenbaker's plays deal explicitly with the issues of feminist drama. In…
Beauvoir, Simone de. The Second Sex. 1949. Accessed 7 May 2009. http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/ethics/de-beauvoir/2nd-sex/index.htm
Case, Sue-Ellen. Feminism and Theatre. New York: Routledge, 1988.
Claycomb, Ryan. "Towards a Parodic Spectator: Metatheatre and Staged Feminist Retellings." New England Theatre Journal, 19(2), pp. 1- 18.
Cook, Rena. "Review: The Love of the Nightingale." Theatre Journal, 45(3), pp. 381-2.
designing the stage for a play, and especially ancient Greek plays such as Euripides' Medea and Aeschilus' Agamemnon, there are a variety of important factors to bear in mind. The basis and central ideas of the play for example have to be kept in mind. These have to be reflected in the stage design. Furthermore the orientation of the designer and the audience need to be incorporated to form an ultimately enjoyable experience for the audience.
Traditionally for example violent scenes such as murder were performed off-stage in the Greek play. This however has changed and society currently has developed a taste for visual violence. These considerations are then important when designing the stage for Greek plays. Both Medea and Agamemnon are particularly violent tragedies involving murder and revenge within families. The shock effect of the events therefore provides sufficient material for visual violence if the stage designer should choose…
Politics of Violence in Pinter's Late Plays
When Harold Pinter received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2005, he spoke quite directly about the subject of political theatre:
Political theatre presents an entirely different set of problems. Sermonising has to be avoided at all cost. Objectivity is essential. The characters must be allowed to breathe their own air. The author cannot confine and constrict them to satisfy his own taste or disposition or prejudice. He must be prepared to approach them from a variety of angles, from a full and uninhibited range of perspectives, take them by surprise, perhaps, occasionally, but nevertheless give them the freedom to go which way they will. This does not always work. And political satire, of course, adheres to none of these precepts, in fact does precisely the opposite, which is its proper function. (Pinter 2005).
It is worth noting, however, of Pinter's address on…
Governmental and interpersonal instability in culture is caused by inadequate leadership. Inadequate leadership however, results in other interpersonal issues like starvation, uncertainty, injustice along with poverty. Once the individuals get frustrated, they might want to forcefully eliminate those who work in office by way of a coup or perhaps an uprising. This, consequently, results in governmental and interpersonal instability via conflict. This document concentrates on the concept of battle as represented within the two plays: The Man Outside and The Caucasian Chalk Circle. The paper primarily concentrates on the manifestation involving the leaders as well as the bad leadership during a battle.
The Caucasian Chalk Circle
The part of leaders
There are numerous reasons for conflicts within the writings such as greed for riches and power amongst leaders, absence of social justice as well as exploitation of the public within a society, and perhaps one conflict can lead to…
Farell, Kate. The Man Outside directorial analysis. Web. March 8, 2018.
Dowty, Douglas & Mucciolo, Aaron. “Man Outside puts chilling spin on anti-war cry” Oberline Review. Web. March 8, 2018.
War in The Caucasian Chalk Circle. 2014. Web. March 8, 2018.
The Caucasian chalk circle by Bertolt Brecht – themes. 2017. Web. March 8, 2018.
Ismene would later be pardoned, but Antigone's decision to include her sister in the plot denotes further criminality on Antigone's part.
In any case, the crime that Antigone commits is relatively minor: she is not harming anyone and is actually following the law of custom, tradition, and religion, a law which Antigone places before any law of the mundane world. Ironically, her suicide can be interpreted as a further violation of divine law, but Antigone had already been sentenced to death. Antigone's crime also leads to the unfortunate deaths of those around her, including Antigone's fiance and Creon's son Haemon, and then Creon's wife Eurydice.
Similarly, Oedipus's unjust actions directly cause the suicides of several other characters in Oedipus the King. His beloved wife and mother Jocasta kills herself at the end of the play, causing Creon to poke his eyes out. Like Creon in Antigone, Oedipus also violates divine…
Also, the fact that other economic factors need consideration cannot be overlooked. e have to consider the financial aspects where the student is pre-occupied with his/her situation instead of focused on the learning outcome.
At the educational level we need to understand that if a student has chosen to get back to school and to improve his/her knowledge to better his/her career, an already educated student will have lesser problems as a student who goes back to school after a long time without prior education. Discipline is a major factor, and in most cases easier handled by educated students, when it comes to online learning. At this level we need to understand that not everyone is the same. Many studies have been done on this subject and have proven different ways and outcomes, yet at the overall perspective we can see that the educational level of the student has a…
Billington, D.D. (NDI). Seven Characteristics of Highly Effective Adult Learning Programs . Retrieved April 24th, 2010, from Learning in the Workplace: http://www.newhorizons.org/lifelong/workplace/billington.htm
Depine Sr., M. (NDI). The importance of environment in student success. Retrieved 04-23, 2010, from Primary Shool Issues: http://www.helium.com/items/1022924-the-importance-of-environment-in-student-success
Kelly, C. (2010, 02-02). How the environment plays a role in learning. Retrieved 04-22, 2010, from 212 Articles: http://www.212articles.com/articles/81859/1/How-the-environment-plays-a-role-in-learning/Page1.html
M., R. (NDI). The importance of environment in student success . Retrieved 04-23, 2010, from Primary School Issues: http://www.helium.com/items/151930-the-importance-of-environment-in-student-success
Environment Plays a Role in Learning
Development of human beings has always been due in part to the effects the environments they belong to and are part of contribute thereto. The "in part" does not mean a minor factor but an extensive one especially in the milieu of learning. Thus, the physical, social, cultural, political, economic and other environments play significant roles in learning and development especially if these are conducive to the mental and emotional growth. For instance, a person growing up in a developing nation where education is not a priority of the government and the person is marginalized, more than likely the learning of the person will be diminutive because of the negative environmental factors. On the other hand, if the person's social, political and economic environments are those that promote and contribute to optimum learning; then there is no reason for that person to fail in…
Akinsanmi, B. (2004). The optimal learning environment: Learning theories. DesignShare. Retrieved May 24, 2011 from http://www.designshare.com/index.php/articles/the-optimal-learning-environment-learning-theories
Bell, A., Ford, L., & Wunderlich, K. (2008). Creating an enriched physical environment. Dialogue on Learning. Retrieved May 24, 2011 from http://www.dialogueonlearning.tc3.edu/model/environment/enrichedphysical-grp.htm
Cooper, R., Boyko, C., & Codinhoto, R. (2008). State-of-science review: SR-DR2 -- The effect of the physical environment on mental well-being. Mental Capital and Wellbeing: Making the Most of Ourselves in the 21st Century. Retrieved May 24, 2011 from http://www.bis.gov.uk/assets/bispartners/foresight/docs/mental-capital/sr-dr2_mcw.pdf
Draves, W.A. (1995). Energizing the learning environment. Manhattan, KS: Learning Resources Network.
2). This rapid growth and economic success clearly indicate that Facebook is doing something right to attract these numbers of young users and in finding ways to make money from them, but some critics suggest that there are some downsides to this growing popularity that should be recognized by school counselors as well and these issues are discussed further below.
Why Facebook is a "Hot Topic" for School Counselors
Given the rapid proliferation of its use by young people in recent years, the growing popularity of Facebook is an important issue for school counselors at all levels for a number of reasons, including the potential for its use for so-called "cyberbullying," the potential threat of online sexual predators and its misuse by students who exchange information over the medium before, during and after class, among others. For example, according to Bauman and Tatum, "Educators and parents have been alerted to…
About Facebook. (2010). Facebook Factsheet. Retrieved from http://www.facebook.
Bauman, S. & Tatum, T. (2009). Web sites for young children: Gateway to online social networking? Professional School Counseling, 13(1), 1-2.
Bowers-Campbell, J. (2008). Cyber 'pokes': Motivational antidote for developmental college readers. Journal of College Reading and Learning, 39(1), 74-75.
The Cherry Orchard Play By Anton. Chekhov
Ms. Ranyevskaya’s behavior in Chekhov’s The Cherry Orchard is replete with sentimentality, distraction, and nostalgia. However, lurking beneath her obvious mistakes and foolish dreams is a serious trauma—i.e., the drowning death of her seven year old son and the loss of her husband—leaving her a motherless widow. It is the unexpected entrance of death into her life that could be used to explain or at least indicate the presence of psychological trauma in Ms. Ranyevskaya’s character. It is Anya who tells of these misfortunes: “Father died six years ago, and a month later our little brother, Grisha, drowned. Sweet boy, he was only seven. And Mama couldn’t face it, that’s why she went away, just went away and never looked back” (Chekhov 816). Thus, Ranyevskaya’s absence from the family estate the past half decade, her ill-pursued love affair, and her spendthrift ways are…
"27 Wagons Full Cotton" is a play written by Tennessee Williams. There are no known plays available for this play. The only thing watchable was a YouTube video detailing the entirety of the play, which can be found here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=31_eH7gWbNk. The setting was Blue Mountain, Mississippi and the first character one sees on stage is Flora because she leaves her house after a fire broke out near her on the Syndicate Plantation. The first few minutes, one can hear a feminine voice and one can clearly see that the first impression would be of a southerner who was perhaps uneducated and living as a blue-collar worker. The setting was average looking and the actor portraying Flora seemed somewhat dim-witted and naive. She moves about and is dressed like a little girl. She wore a lavender colored dress and a lavender ribbon on her head. The part where the explosion…
An analysis of these words, if the analyst did not know the context, would indicate these words (although written in an archaic form) could refer to the modern-day social ills of prosperity, gluttony, greed, and possessions, which our society suffers from in great numbers. It seems as if society today is indeed "drowned in sin," and paying for it in numerous ways, from increased social violence, the decline of the American family, and of course the decline of family values.
In conclusion, "Everyman" is a morality play with a complete message and meaning. It gives the reader moral lessons about how to live their lives so that death is no longer a fearful activity. It also indicates that in the end, all the friends, possessions, and wealth in the world do not matter, because in death, you cannot "take it with you," no matter how hard you try. Thus, the…
Anonymous. "Everyman." Fordham University. 2007. 14 Dec. 2007. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/everyman.html
play board games today recognize that their development over the history of their existence was, to a great extent, reflective of the society that created and perpetuated them. In other words, a financial-type game created during the depression era would focus on a different general social mindset than one created during the much more financially secure era of the 1980s and 1990s or the digitally conscious world after 2000. The game that started its existence as Life is no exception to this phenomenon.
Created by Milton Bradley in 1860, the game started its existence under the name The Checkered Game of Life. In keeping with the general social view of the time, the game contained a strong moral aspect. The players moved across the board, navigating a number of virtues and vices, with rewards for virtues and penalties for vices. The game was immediately popular at the time, and Bradley…
"Finance," published during the early 1930s, was one of these. It contained similarities with both "The Landlord's Game" and "Monopoly."
The first version of the game under its current title of "Monopoly" saw the light in 1934, during the Depression in the United States. Created by Charles B. Darrow of Germantown, Pennsylvania, the game was turned down for being too long, too complicated, and not having a clear finish. Darrow, however, refused to be discouraged and produced he game on his own. With a printer friend, he sold 5,000 sets of he game to Wanamakers of Philadelphia. This success reactivated the interest of those who turned down the game previously, and he Parker Brothers struck a deal with Darrow. For the game designer, this resulted in his becoming he first game-designer millionaire at the age of 46. Today, many regard Monopoly as the "quintessential" American game, with values like investment and return on investment being encouraged.
Interestingly, a game called "Anti-Monopoly" was invented in 1974 by Ralph Anspach, an economics professor in San Francisco. Similar to Darrow's story, the game gained instant best-seller success after being turned down by established game companies. Several legal battles ensued, however, relating to Anspach's use of the word "Monopoly" as part of his game title. It is somewhat ironic that these battles were fought against big business establishments; monopolists who seek to dominate the market.
play "Tambourines to Glory," by Langston Hughes. Specifically it will discuss the significance of the work, and what Hughes was trying to say through his fiction.
TAMBOURINES TO GLORY
This is a comic book about religion and morals, not often subjects of comedy. Critics have often called Hughes dramatic works "folk plays," and "Tambourines to Glory" is no exception. In fact, Hughes himself said about the work in the program notes, it was "a fable, a folk ballad in stage form... -- if you will, a comic strip, a cartoon -- about problems which can only be convincingly... presented very cleanly, clearly, sharply, precisely, and with humor'" (Peterson 346).
The protagonists are two women who pose as sisters and decide to start a church, not for spiritual salvation or a great belief in the Lord, but for money. "Money! I sure wish I had some. Say Essie, why don't you…
Bloom, Harold, ed. Black American Poets and Dramatists of the Harlem Renaissance. New York: Chelsea House, 1995.
Bloom, Harold. Black American Poets and Dramatists: Before the Harlem Renaissance. New York: Chelsea House, 1994.
Dickinson, Donald C. A Bio-Bibliography of Langston Hughes, 1902-1967. Hamden, Conn: Archon Books, 1967.
Hughes, Langston. Tambourines to Glory. New York: John Day, 1958.
play by J.M. Synge "iders to the Sea" tells of the hardships a family has had to endure and the sacrifices and risks that they have to continue to take in order to survive. The play is inspired by Synge's personal experiences and observations from living on the Aran Islands "for a number of years…with peasant seamen and their families" ("J.M. Synge"). The play is able to provide "a window in to the life of the people in ancient times: the life of the Aran community is archaic: untouched by modern life, untouched by colonialism. In the play, Synge comments on the power of the sea as both a provider and as a force that destroys. Through irony, structure, and narrative, "iders to the Sea" demonstrates how a family must sacrifice everything they have in order to attempt to survive.
The play opens with Nora and Cathleen, Maurya's daughters, discussing…
J.M. Synge. (n.d.). The Literature Network. Accessed 10 June 2012, from http://www.online-
Notes on Synge's "Riders to the Sea." (n.d.). Bielefeld University. Accessed 10 June 2012, from http://www.uni-bielefeld.de/lili/personen/fleischmann/archsuse03/notesirl6onsynge.htm
Synge, J.M. (1902). Riders to the Sea. One-Act-Plays.com. Accessed 10 June 2012, from http://www.one-act-plays.com/dramas/riders_to_the_sea.html
play "Endgame" by Samuel Beckett. The writer of this paper examines the theme, style and other elements of the play while examining the contextual and stylistic elements of the work. There was one source used to complete this paper.
Throughout history playwrights have used their work to illustrate the complicated foundation of human relationships. Whether it is a love story, a family story or another type of relationship, playwrights uncover the hidden emotions and nuances that come into play with regard to human love and hate. Samuel Beckett, who has been referred to by experts as one of the most talented playwrights in history, produced a classic piece of literature when he penned Endgame. Endgame underscores the pain and struggle that human relationships endure when founded in pain and human suffering. The two main characters in Endgame consist of a man who is chair bound and his lifetime caretaker. Beckett…
Reading Beckett's Endgame as an Allegory of Literary Decay
By, J.A. Tyler (Accessed 9-28-2003)
Willy knew if he accepts his wife support, he would have to move on and change for the better, which did not fit his idea of being happy because he could not live in the past.
From a counselor point-of-view, it seems that Willy's emotions affected his rational decisions because he did not want ton accept the changes that were occurring in his life. The chances that emotionality would affect rational decision-making are very high since people who blame others for their problems usually live by their emotions, which does not include rational thinking. Furthermore, at times like these, it would not hurt for the counselor to interject their values in the session so that rational decision-making can have a chance to calm the client. This is true even though there are times where the counselor should not share their values with the client especially when he or she is…
American frontier in a comparative analysis using two books (Luis Alberto Urrea, In Search of Snow, 1994; Sam Shepard, True est, 1981) and a film, No Country for Old Men, Directed by Ethan and Joel Coen, 2007. These books will be presented in a comparative analysis with the film. The analyses used in this paper will focus on values, setting, conflicts and the way of life presented in each.
How factual are entertainment portrayals of the American frontier?
How much of what has been written about the American frontier is myth, and how much is factual? According to history professor Richard . Slatta scholars have "debunked three of the est's central myths," including rugged individualism, frontier violence, and American exceptionalism (Slatta, 2010). riters and film-makers have gone about creating a western frontier "the way they want it rather than the way it was" (Slatta, 84).
No Country for Old Men…
Slatta, Richard W. "Making and unmaking myths of the American frontier." European
Journal of American Culture. 29.2. 2010.
Mode Assessment: Case Study
Situation: allet Class
Where did you observe the class/children?
The children were practicing in a large dancing hall of a private ballet school when I had the chance to observe them. The walls were adorned with large mirrors while the students were practicing; this was the case for both, the regular sessions as well as for special events
What ages were the children you observed?
The ages of the group ranged from 4 to 10 years.
Were there adults present in the observations? (If so what was their role?)
The adults were present in the class room. The class, taken on a weekly basis, provides development for children in a social and creative environment. The presence of adults with children guides the young guns to develop coordination and motor skills and also create a relationship between the two by making them spend time together through dancing.…
Brotherson, S. (2009). What Young Children Learn Through Play. North Dakota: NDSU. Retrieved from: http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/pubs/yf/famsci/fs1430.pdf
CBTS401. (2015). The Role of the Adult: Adult Learner Relationships. Royal Academy of Dance.
CBTS403. (2015). Observation for Teaching. Royal Academy of Dance.
Fisher J. 2013 The Role of the Adult: Optimizing practitioners' time with children. Starting from the child: Teaching and Learning from 4-8. Fourth Edition. Buckingham: Open University Press, 72-93.
Pygmalion -- George Bernard Shaw
George Bernard Shaw -- one of the most well regarded playwrights -- wrote this comedy and first presented it to the public in 1912. He took some of the substance of the original Greek myth of Pygmalion and turned it into a popular play. In Greek mythology Pygmalion actually came to fall in love with one of his sculptures, and the sculpture suddenly became a living human. But in this play two older gentlemen, Professor Higgins (who is a scientist studying the art of phonetics) and Colonel Pickering (a linguist who specializes in Indian dialects) meet in the rain at the start of this play.
Higgins makes a bet with Pickering that because of his great understanding of phonetics, he will be able to take the Covent Garden flower girl -- who speaks "cockney" which is not considered very high brow in England -- and…
Bennett, A. (2008). The History Boys. London, UK: Farber & Farber.
Glaspell, S. (1921). Inheritors: A Play in Three Acts. Berkeley, CA: University of California.
Glaspell, S. (2008). Trifles. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan
Hellman, L. (2013). The Children's Hour. Whitefish, MT: Literary Licensing, LLC.
Henrik Ibsen's play A Doll's Housemade him the father of modern literature. His writing showed tragedy and drama in a new and rather modern way. Prior to an analysis of the story at hand, it is only relevant that the plot and main characters are discussed in detail. This story does not revolve around a whole bunch of characters and is based on only a few days. The story starts off on A Christmas eve when Nora is in the living room and has just gotten back from a shopping trip. Nora is the protagonist of the play and is a wife and a mother. As soon as the play commences, the audience can tell about the rigid relationship between Nora and her husband, Torvald Helmer.
The conversation that the two are having shows that the couple and the family had to go through some tough times before.…
Adams, Robert Martin. "Henrik Ibsen: The Fifty-First Anniversary." The Hudson Review, 10. 3 (1957): 415 -- 423. Print.
Fjelde, Rolf. Four major plays: Volume I. New York City: Signet Classic. 1992. Print.
Forward, Stephanie. "A New World for women? Stephanie Forward considers Nora's dramatic exit from Ibsen's A Doll's House." The English Review, 19. 4 (2009): Print.
Freedman, Morris. The moral impulse. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1967. Print.
Play has an essential role in a person's development, as it enables the individual to gain a more complex understanding of the world around him or her and as it is basically a learning tool that children use with the purpose to overcome challenges, experience pleasure, and become more motivated. Children are in a position where they are obsessed with learning and as they grow up they get actively involved in a struggle to be perceived as intelligent individuals and as equal to everyone else. Play is largely a condition in which children experiment with things they learnt and try to take on attitudes people generally interpret as 'childish', only to actually significantly improve their cognitive skills.
Individuals in the contemporary society have access to information and tools they can effectively use with the purpose of improving the social order as a whole. By acknowledging the important connection between…
Broadhead P., Howard, J., and Wood, E. (2010). "Play and Learning in the Early Years: From Research to Practice." SAGE.
Featherstone, S., & Cummings, A. (2009). "Role Play in the Early Years: Developing Imagination and Creativity Through Role Play." A&C Black.
Kernan, M. "Play as a context for Early Learning and Development," Retrieved February 25, 2014, from http://www.ncca.ie/en/Curriculum_and_Assessment/Early_Childhood_and_Primary_Education/Early_Childhood_Education/How_Aistear_was_developed/Research_Papers/Play_paper.pdf
Whitebread, D. "The importance of play," Retreived February 25, 2014, from http://www.importanceofplay.eu/IMG/pdf/dr_david_whitebread_-_the_importance_of_play.pdf
This may not have been the lesson of the drama, but it certainly reminded me of this fact.
In another way, I find the story unsettling in that it indicates how oftentimes the minority person is punished solely by virtue of his being a different color, or looking different in some way (Editors of Salem Press). It is not only the different color that causes punishment and social penalization. Other external, such as age, handicap, and looks can penalize one too. These are externals as Clay points out to Lula: "You really don't know anything about me." Meaning: You don't know anything about the real me. You are judging me according to facts or myths that you mentally construct upon. The real 'me' slips by you unexamined and ignored. This may be a lesson to those who engage in stereotypes. Doing so is harmful not only to victim but also…
2006. Salem Press. Web. 21 Jan. 2012.
Fiske, S.T. (2002). What we know now about bias and intergroup conflict, the problem of the century. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 123-128.
Rebhorn, Matthew. "Flaying Dutchman: Masochism, Minstrelsy, and the Gender Politics of Amiri Baraka's Dutchman," Callaloo 26.3, Gale Group, Summer 2003,
Shakespeare's play, Romeo Juliet, film version: note defend effective ineffective. Do unknown young actors, Leonard hiting Olivia Hussey, opposed recognizable stars, made film appealing? Please explain
Although some might be inclined to believe that it is impossible to compare two works of art because they should each be analyzed from different points-of-view, it is only safe to consider that illiam Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet needs to be compared with the film that was inspired from it. One of the first things that the director needed to take into account was that the play that he wanted to screen contained a particularly powerful storyline and the actors thus needed to be prepared to express its full intensity. Franco Zeffirelli decided to cut some of the play's major parts and in spite of the fact that he created a less dramatic piece he managed to create a motion picture that was successful…
Dir. Elia Kazan. A Streetcar Named Desire. Warner Bros. 1951
Dir. Franco Zeffirelli. Romeo and Juliet. Paramount pictures, 1968
Shakespeare's play Macbeth, women play influence Macbeth a brave vibrant soldier, ready die king, a murderer? Discuss witches predictions portrayed Jacobean era ambitious Lady Macbeth husband deranged.
illiam Shakespeare's play Macbeth provides an intriguing account involving concepts like greed, the influence women have on men, and the overall idea of human nature in dubious circumstances. Macbeth is the central character and he comes to employ deceiving attitudes as he becomes more and more overcome by greed. hile it is actually normal to see a person being obsessed with power and coming to act in disagreement with principles he or she previously believed in, Macbeth is also significantly influenced by women who he interacts with and it is only safe to say that they play an important role in making him commit regicide.
Macbeth is somewhat dependent to women, not from a sexual point-of-view, but from a point-of-view involving him wanting…
1. Andersen, Richard, "Macbeth," (Marshall Cavendish, 2009)
2. Bloom, Harold, "Macbeth," (Infobase Publishing, 2005)
3. Bloom, Harold, and Marson, Janyce, "Macbeth," (Infobase Publishing, 2008)
4. Bradley, A.C., "Shakespearean Tragedy: Lectures on Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, Macbeth," (Echo Library, 2006)
academic quality sources ( play film) margins 1 inch ( left) 12 point Times New Roman Arial font document sources cite APA format .
The story of Oedipus has pervaded out society and has come to provide a great deal of individuals with more information regarding thinking in Ancient Greece. Sophocles designed the story so as for audiences to gain a complex understanding of the tragic irony unfolding as the storyline progresses. The ancient Greek tragedian told the story of a young individual who becomes addicted to material values and unknowingly comes to murder his father, marry his mother, and eventually ends up being both brother and father to his children. Irony is one of the principal concepts dominating the play and it makes it possible for audiences to express little to no surprise regarding how the storyline unfolds. Oedipus' father is the person responsible for triggering a series of…
Chandran, Narayana K. "Texts And Their Worlds Ii," (Foundation Books)
Ormand, Kirk, "A Companion to Sophocles," (John Wiley & Sons, 06.03.2012)
Shmoop, "Oedipus the King: Shmoop Literature Guide," (Shmoop University Inc., 11.07.2010)
Sophocles, "Oedipus Rex," (Univ of Wisconsin Press, 19.05.2011)
planning process. The roles played by the employees, managers and organizations in the development planning process are also being highlighted in this paper. In addition to that, the impact of e-learning on the employee training and development process has also been discussed in the preceding paper.
Today in the present world, the companies' structure has changed and more innovative methods are in demand for the training and development of the employees. Training and development is an important part of the company's operation. Training and development provide the employees with an ability to learn the job and off the job new techniques. It also enables the employees to adapt new abilities through planned schedules. This provides the basis for the prosperity and growth of the company, and the other stakeholders as well. ("Managing and developing," 2005)
Development planning process consists of six major steps which are, the realization of the opportunity…
Brigham Young University-Idaho, Human Resource Department. (2005). Managing and developing employees. Retrieved from Brigham Young University-Idaho website: http://www.byui.edu/Documents/human-resources/ManagingandDeveloping.pdf
Noe, R.A. (2010). Employee training and development. (5th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.