Pneumonia Essays (Examples)

281+ documents containing “pneumonia”.


Sort By:

Reset Filters

Pneumonia is a lung infection caused by bacteria, virus, or fungus. The most direct endogenous sources of any of these microorganisms include infected nasal carriers, sinusitis, oropharynx, gastric, or tracheal colonization, and hematogenous spread (Alcon Fabregas & Torres, 2005). Although much is known about pneumonia, it remains the leading infectious cause of hospitalization and death in the United States ("Pneumonia," n.d.). One of the reasons why pneumonia is common is that the lungs are exposed to some ten thousand liters of air each day, as well as small amounts of saliva and even occasionally aspirated regurgitation, all of which can contain bacteria, viral and fungal agents, and other pathogens ("Pneumonia," n.d.).
Although pneumonia is contagious via airborne particles shared by infected persons, self-infection is far more common. This is why oral hygiene, nutrition, and other lifestyle issues are central to reducing disease prevalence. When the immune system has been compromised already,….

Pneumonia and Timely Antibiotic Therapy
The purpose of this project to educate hospital staff concerning the fact that research supports a best practice protocol that pneumonia patients should be provided with antibiotics within 4 hours of being admitted to the hospital. Pneumonia is defined by Evans and Tippins (2007) as being "an acute inflammation of the lower respiratory tract most commonly due to viral and bacterial infection. Areas or lobes of the lungs become consolidated resulting in an impairment of gas exchange" (p. 224). The environment of the project is a tertiary hospital facility that provides surgical, medical and rehabilitation services. The question is whether pneumonia patients should be given antibiotics within a certain time frame, such as 4 hours after being admitted to the hospital. At present, pneumonia remains the leading cause of death attributable to infection in patients aged 65 years and older and accounts for 13% to 48%….

Pneumonia Case Study
The general statistics and facts about the patient are as follows. The patient is a Caucasian whit e email that is 52 years old. She was admitted to St. Mary's hospital on 12/12/2012. She stood a bit over five feet tall and weighed around 128 pounds. She was married with two grown children and lives in a small camping trailer as opposed to a conventional home or apartment/room.

Both the patient herself and the spouse of the patient are of disabled status. Advanced directives for the patient were in force as of the date of admission of the patient, again that being 12/12/2012. The purpose of the admission on 12/12/2012 was for a pneumonectomy. The patient was prior-diagnosed with necrotizing pneumonia in August 2012 and she hoad a lobectomy in Sepbemter. However, the necrotizing pneumonia destroyed the rest of the patient's lung.

The patient in question had had a number….


The best nursing practice in the specific case would be not only the direct care of the young patient, but also the inclusion of the family in the in house hospital care as to provide an example of what is to be done at home in order to prevent relapse. Many family members might mistakenly believe that their own form of care will be sufficient in the case of a child's illness. However, it is the nurse's duty in such cases to prove to those family members that they need to follow specific and professionally proven methodologies in order to succeed in the recovery process, "Proponents of professionally-centered models view professionals as experts who determine child and family needs from their own as opposed to a family's perspective," (Trivette, Carl J.; Dunst, Carl; Boyd, Kimberly; Hamby, Debra W., 1995). By involving the family in the necessary care practices in house,….

These factors were examined in the work of Tolentino-DelosReyes, et al. (2007) who report themselves having conducted a study and in the form of the administration of a test containing ten items which was developed for the purpose of scoring the nurse on knowledge related to VAP. These questions were comprised by a Powerpoint presentation utilized by the project director in the education sessions in the CCU and SICU. The test specifically were related to "best-practice guidelines, microorganisms that cause VAP, hand washing, supine positioning, enteral feeding, factors related to VAP, definition of VAP, and diagnosis of pneumonia." (Tolentino-DelosReyes, et al., 2007) Stated as participants in the reported study were 14 nurses on day shift and another 14 night shift nurses along with 15 day shift and 18 night shift nurses from the CCU comprising a stated "65% to 70% of all the nurses in each unit." (Tolentino-DelosReyes, et….

Topic: Pneumonia readmissions among nursing home residents 65 years and older in the United States of America.
Backdrop of the dilemma

Pneumonia remains an extreme health condition in America. It accounts for roughly 1 million medical-center admissions and over 50,000 fatalities yearly. Roughly ten to twenty percent of pneumonia occurrences need admittance to the Intensive Care Unit or ICU.  Moreover, pneumonia accounts for near to 140,000 medical-center readmissions each year, pricing in excess of 10 billion dollars in medical expenses. Unsurprisingly, in the age of reputation and expense awareness, pneumonia re-admission levels for older people over Sixty-five years have grown to be a topic of greater attention and quality enhancement endeavors. Together with the Affordable Care Federal act enactment, the Centers for Medicare And Medicaid Solutions (CMS) keeps medical-centers responsible for extra re-hospitalizations by connecting readmission levels to compensation. In 2013, CMS recognized 2,225 medical-centers for compensation decrease in keeping with readmission….

Ventilator Associated Pneumonia reflects the most common healthcare related infection in the process of providing intensive care within the context of the hospital. The condition enhances the morbidity, mortality, length of stay, and costs increments. Ventilator Associated Pneumonia possesses significant threat to the development of human beings because of the costs and complexion of the condition. The condition occurs under the watch of the nurses who have the responsibility of providing extensive care to patients. Since the condition is complex, it is essential to focus on its prevention rather than treatment thus reduction in the total costs and adverse effects in association with Ventilator Associate Pneumonia (Zilberberg et al., 2011). This calls for the development of the implementation plan (K-1) to enable the prevention and reduction of the Ventilator Associated Pneumonia.
The population in which the solution is intended, the staff that will participate, and the key contributors that must….

VAP
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia: eview and Critique of a Quantitative esearch Article

Ventilator associated pneumonia is a significant problem affecting many patients that are intubated during hospital stays (NIH, 2012). Understanding and addressing this problem requires careful attention to the latest research, and this research must be approached from a critical perspective. Quantitative research, or research that directly and concretely measures certain phenomenon and describes relationships in numerical terms, has yielded no small amount of useful information on this topic, and critically examining a current article that outlines the knowledge regarding ventilator associated pneumonia is an excellent way to determine if there are any knowledge gaps or inconsistencies that require attention (Burns & Grove, 2011). The following paragraphs present just such an examination.

Problem Statement

A substantial portion of patients intubated for ventilator-assisted breathing during hospital stays develop pneumonia as a result of infection spread or allowed to flourish at the intubation site (Chastre….


A study conducted by Ledgerwood et al. (2013) on the effects of tracheotomy tubes that have suction above the cuff established that the tubes have the capability to reduce VAP incidents. The amount of time spent in ICU and on the ventilator was also reduced. This does demonstrate that the patient was accorded the best treatment available to drain pleural effusion. The development of haemothorax/pneumothorax is anticipated in most patients who are intubated, but the risk is normally reduced. According to the different studies conducted, the likelihood of a patient suffering from VAP is decreased slightly when using SSD. The patient would still have contracted VAP if they were not intubated with the endotracheal tube. Therefore, the patient ended up incurring higher medical costs as they had to pay for the tube, and haemothorax/pneumothorax treatment. If they had not been intubated the patient would have only paid for the sickness.….

Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) accounts for the majority of nosocomial pneumonia which may lead to more extensive hospital stay and increased intensive care. Endrotachael tubes that provide continuous subglotic suctioning (abbreviated: C-ETT) may reduce VAP, but they are more expensive than the standard endrotacheal tubes (abbreviated: -ETT) that do not have the characteristic of continuous suctioning. The objective of this study (peronni et al., 2011), therefore, was to measure the comparative costs of C-ETT against -ETT among intubated people and see whether indeed the more costly C_ETT do show a difference that makes their expense worthwhile.
The issue that was discussed were the comparative merits of C-ETT compared with -ETT and to assess whether the merits of one are more significant than the merits of another and significant to the point that their added cost is worth the hospital's investment in the resource.

2/2: Correct critique of sampling design. Cite guideline….

A 65-year-old female with pneumonia CHIEF COMPLAINT: A 3-day long fever accompanied by a persistent cough
HISTORY: The patient's name is Mrs. Alcot, a sixty-five-year-old woman with a complaint of persistent fever and cough. The patient stated that the illness started three days ago after waking up. A feverish feeling and the ejection of yellowish-green phlegm from the mouth during coughing fits were the symptoms reported at the onset of illness. The symptoms of the illness have since worsened as time passed. A notification was also given a recurring pain in the right chest whenever a deep breath is taken. The patient's husband was reported by the patient to have been ill with similar but milder symptoms a week ago.
PHYSICAL EXAMINATION:
Vital Signs: BP 128/86, HR 101 (regular), RR 18, T 37.4°C
GEN: Slight increase in breathing speed; no discomfort is expressed
Working Diagnosis:
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)
Tobacco use disorder
Pathophysiology:
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is considered to be the….

Chlorhexidine Gluconate Use in Ventilator Assisted Patients Prevent Ventilator Associated Pneumonia
Chlorahexidine Gluconate

Ventilator associated pneumonia is a common and fatal complicated issue for patients in ventilator care within the intensive care unit. Ventilated and incubated patients are a challenging threat for registered nurses to deliver high quality of care. It has been observed that incubation impedes the natural defense of the body against respiratory infections. The placement of an endotracheal tube enforces negative effect on the cough reflexes, which aims to protect the airway from invasive pathogens. The endotracheal tube prevents mucocoliary clearance of secretions and depresses epiglottic reflexes (ello, Lode, Cornaglia, & Masterton, 2010; Labeau, Vyver, Brusselaers, Vogelaers, & Blot, 2009). It causes the virulent bacteria to enter and it leaks around the inflated cuff of the endotracheal tube. Consequently, the lungs of patient infiltrate due to which pneumonia is caused. The ventilator associated pneumonia possibly occurs early or….

PICOT
In critically ill adults (p), how does the daily use of chlorohexidine (I) compared to sterile water reduce VAP (ventilator-associated pneumonia) (O) during hospitalized stay (T).

Part 2 Identifying a Problem

Of the infections acquired by patients who've used mechanical ventilation in hospitals, ventilator-associated pneumonia is the most common. It causes several deaths, prolongs hospital stay and adds to the cost of medical care. Ventilator-associated pneumonia is commonly developed when pathogenic bacteria colonize the aero digestive tract. Given this reality, prevention of the infection has always involved preventing bacteria colonization and the following aspiration of the contaminated secretions to the lower airways. (Babcock et al., 2004).

It is necessary that a reappraisal be carried out because of the limitations that the evidence base has. First, the current meta analyses are influenced heavily by three significant studies in patients undergoing cardiac surgery and they accounted for between forty to sixty percent of the patients….

Pneumonia, as Calkins and Palamountain (2017) point out in their article, Fighting Childhood Pneumonia in Uganda, remains one of the leading causes of death for children under the age of five across the world. As a matter of fact, more children have died from pneumonia related complications in recent times than from measles, malaria and HIV combined. This, in essence, is an indication to the seriousness of the issue – particularly in developing countries. In Uganda, for instance, “approximately 20,000 children under five died from the illness” in 2012; with the said figure being representative of “15 percent of under-five deaths in Uganda” (Calkins and Palamountain, 2017, p. 10). Various initiatives have been undertaken by both the government and INGOs in an attempt to arrest the situation. However, no single approach has yielded significant benefits. Therefore, taking the context of this discussion into consideration, the all-important question remains: what would….

suffered from its quasi-experimental approach, as several participants left the study since they left the facility or otherwise were not permitted to participate -- for example, those patients who recovered sufficiently to conduct their own oral care no longer engaged in the experimental protocol and condition. The results were positive and significant, however, the severity of the patients' conditions and the small sample size challenged the researchers, as discussed below.
The title of the article, Oral Intensity: educing Non-Ventilator-Associated Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia In Care-Dependent, Neurologically Impaired Patients, is absolutely clear, unambiguous, and accurate. The abstract offers a clear overview of the study, particularly as it is divided into sections that enable readers to quickly learn about the methodology, results, discussion, and implications of the study. The purpose of the research study is clearly defined: The purpose of the study is to determine if an enhanced oral care protocol would decrease the….

image
2 Pages
Essay

Disease

Pneumonia Is a Lung Infection Caused by

Words: 648
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

Pneumonia is a lung infection caused by bacteria, virus, or fungus. The most direct endogenous sources of any of these microorganisms include infected nasal carriers, sinusitis, oropharynx, gastric, or…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
5 Pages
Research Proposal

Healthcare

Pneumonia and Timely Antibiotic Therapy

Words: 1399
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Research Proposal

Pneumonia and Timely Antibiotic Therapy The purpose of this project to educate hospital staff concerning the fact that research supports a best practice protocol that pneumonia patients should be provided…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
5 Pages
Case Study

Health - Nursing

Pneumonia Case Study the General Statistics and

Words: 1370
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Case Study

Pneumonia Case Study The general statistics and facts about the patient are as follows. The patient is a Caucasian whit e email that is 52 years old. She was admitted…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
2 Pages
Term Paper

Children

Pneumonia in Children Young Children

Words: 604
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Term Paper

The best nursing practice in the specific case would be not only the direct care of the young patient, but also the inclusion of the family in the in…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
3 Pages
Thesis

Health - Nursing

Pneumonia Analysis Evaluation & Critique

Words: 1006
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Thesis

These factors were examined in the work of Tolentino-DelosReyes, et al. (2007) who report themselves having conducted a study and in the form of the administration of a…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
8 Pages
Research Paper

Nursing

Pneumonia Readmissions Among Nursing Home Residents

Words: 2858
Length: 8 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Topic: Pneumonia readmissions among nursing home residents 65 years and older in the United States of America. Backdrop of the dilemma Pneumonia remains an extreme health condition in America. It accounts…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
6 Pages
Essay

Health - Nursing

Ventilator Associated Pneumonia Reflects the Most Common

Words: 1922
Length: 6 Pages
Type: Essay

Ventilator Associated Pneumonia reflects the most common healthcare related infection in the process of providing intensive care within the context of the hospital. The condition enhances the morbidity,…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
3 Pages
Essay

Disease

VAP Ventilator Associated Pneumonia Review and Critique

Words: 732
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Essay

VAP Ventilator Associated Pneumonia: eview and Critique of a Quantitative esearch Article Ventilator associated pneumonia is a significant problem affecting many patients that are intubated during hospital stays (NIH, 2012). Understanding…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
8 Pages
Essay

Healthcare

Subglottic Secretion Drainage for Preventing Ventilator Associated Pneumonia

Words: 2946
Length: 8 Pages
Type: Essay

A study conducted by Ledgerwood et al. (2013) on the effects of tracheotomy tubes that have suction above the cuff established that the tubes have the capability to reduce…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
3 Pages
Essay

Health - Nursing

Ventilator Associated Pneumonia VAP Accounts for the

Words: 1400
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Essay

Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) accounts for the majority of nosocomial pneumonia which may lead to more extensive hospital stay and increased intensive care. Endrotachael tubes that provide continuous…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
7 Pages
Case Study

Health

65 Year Old Female with Pneumonia

Words: 1983
Length: 7 Pages
Type: Case Study

A 65-year-old female with pneumonia CHIEF COMPLAINT: A 3-day long fever accompanied by a persistent cough HISTORY: The patient's name is Mrs. Alcot, a sixty-five-year-old woman with a complaint of persistent…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
5 Pages
Research Paper

Disease

Does the Use of Chlorhexidine Gluconate Use in Ventilator Assisted Patients Prevent Ventilator Associated Pneumonia

Words: 1938
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Chlorhexidine Gluconate Use in Ventilator Assisted Patients Prevent Ventilator Associated Pneumonia Chlorahexidine Gluconate Ventilator associated pneumonia is a common and fatal complicated issue for patients in ventilator care within the…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
4 Pages
Capstone Project

Health - Nursing

Effectiveness of Chlorhexidinein Reducing Ventilator Associated Pneumonia

Words: 2189
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Capstone Project

PICOT In critically ill adults (p), how does the daily use of chlorohexidine (I) compared to sterile water reduce VAP (ventilator-associated pneumonia) (O) during hospitalized stay (T). Part 2 Identifying a…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
4 Pages
Essay

Healthcare

Fighting Childhood Pneumonia in Uganda

Words: 1304
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Essay

Pneumonia, as Calkins and Palamountain (2017) point out in their article, Fighting Childhood Pneumonia in Uganda, remains one of the leading causes of death for children under the age…

Read Full Paper  ❯
image
3 Pages
Research Proposal

Healthcare

Reducing Incidence of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

Words: 805
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Research Proposal

suffered from its quasi-experimental approach, as several participants left the study since they left the facility or otherwise were not permitted to participate -- for example, those patients…

Read Full Paper  ❯