Politics Essays (Examples)

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Reducing Income Inequality Is an Essential Characteristic of Democracy

Words: 1386 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76627228

Reuveny, Rafael, and Quan Li. "Economic Openness, Democracy, and Income Inequality: An Empirical Analysis." Comparative Political Studies 36.5 (2003): 575-601. Print.
The period studied was 1960 - 1996 and the analysis included 69 countries. National income inequality is measured from a Gini coefficient data set. The authors established that democracy is able to reduce income inequality, while foreign direct investments increase income inequality. The authors note income inequality declines when there is economic development, which confirms their hypothesis that democracy does reduce income inequality.
Solt, Frederick. "Economic Inequality and Democratic Political Engagement." American Journal of Political Science 52.1 (2008): 48-60. Print.
The study was conducted to establish the effect of economic inequality on political engagement. The authors discovered that higher levels of income inequality will depress political interest and this will result in the individuals continuing being marginalized. Democracy has the potential to reduce this inequality if it embraces these…… [Read More]

References

Huber, Evelyne, and John D Stephens. "Income Inequality and Redistribution in Post-Industrial Democracies: Demographic, Economic and Political Determinants." Socio-Economic Review 12.2 (2014): 245-67. Print.

Iversen, Torben, and David Soskice. "Information, Inequality, and Mass Polarization: Ideology in Advanced Democracies." Comparative Political Studies 48.13 (2015): 1781-813. Print.

Knutsen, Carl Henrik, and Simone Wegmann. "Is Democracy About Redistribution?" Democratization 23.1 (2016): 164-92. Print.

Reuveny, Rafael, and Quan Li. "Economic Openness, Democracy, and Income Inequality: An Empirical Analysis." Comparative Political Studies 36.5 (2003): 575-601. Print.

Solt, Frederick. "Economic Inequality and Democratic Political Engagement." American Journal of Political Science 52.1 (2008): 48-60. Print.


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The Role and Function of Special Interest Groups

Words: 346 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37427978

The role of interest groups in democracies presents one of the greatest conundrums in civic affairs. On the one hand, interest groups potentially represent collective power and agency. On the other hand, interest groups can easily become hegemonic and even corrupt. The crux of the problem is that some interest groups can become more endowed financially than others, or have unequal access to the social capital needed to wield power. As Binderkrantz & Beyers (2013) also point out, inequities in power distribution among interest groups can also be traceable to the process of professionalization: to formalizing interest groups until they function like corporations and become equally as formidable.
Interest groups may be inevitable in a society that categorically affirms the right to free assembly. Yet within the liberalist framework of governance, it is still possible to envision ways the power of interest groups can be more equitably distributed. In a…… [Read More]

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Non State Actors Threats and Multilateral Responses

Words: 2008 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97513336

Question 1:  Can all non-state actor threats be addressed unilaterally as a non-traditional threat to only one country?  Do some of these non-traditional threats span borders and require international cooperation to counter the threat?  If so, why? What problems might such cooperation bring?
Of course, it is possible for state actors to unilaterally address non-state actor threats. Whether it is advisable for state actors to unilaterally address non-state actor threats is a matter of debate. While it may be tempting to point out the inherent weaknesses in the United Nations policies as an excuse for state actors to use unilateral responses as part of their national security strategies, doing so will have detrimental effects in the long run. The reasons why unilateral action has detrimental long-term effects include undermining the trust needed for efficient and reliable intelligence sharing and resource pooling. Responses to non-state actors need to be intelligent, strategic,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Davis, Jack. “The Kent-Kendall Debate.” Retrieved online: https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/vol35no2/pdf/v35i2a06p.pdf

Gorman, Fitzalan Crowe. “Non-State Actors, Terrorism and the United Nations: A Critical Analysis through three Case Studies Examining the United Nations’ Effectiveness in Addressing the Threat Imposed by Violent Non-State Actors.” Thesis submitted to the faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 2009. Retrieved online: https://theses.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-04202009-185313/unrestricted/Fitzalan_Gorman_Thesis.pdf

Sidhu, Waheguru Pal. “Proliferation, Non-state Actors, and the Impact on Global Security.” Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP) Policy Brief No. 19. Dec 6, 2006. Retrieved online: https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/92730/Brief-19.pdf

Srikanath, Divya. “Non-Traditional Security Threats.” International Journal of Development and Conflict 4(2014): 60-68.

Weller, Marc. “The changing environment for forcible responses to nontraditional threats.” Proceedings of the Annual Meeting (American Society of International Law). Vol. 92, The Challenge of Non-State Actors (APRIL 1-4, 1998), pp. 177-185


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Kennedy's West Berlin Speech

Words: 1308 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88973335

Kennedy West Berlin: Ethos, Pathos and Logos
Introduction
Ethos, pathos and logos are rhetorical modes of persuasion. Ethos appeals to the ethics of listener by reflecting the character of the speaker. Pathos appeals to the emotions. And logos appeals to reason or logic (Sproat, Driscoll & Brizee, 2012). Kennedy employed all three modes of rhetoric in his famous West Berlin speech in 1963, when he highlighted the inhumanity of the Wall, the oppression of the Germans under the Soviet system, and the meaning of freedom, as well as in many other ways. This paper will examine these ways to show how Kennedy applied these rhetorical devices in his West Berlin speech in 1963.
Ethos
The appeal to ethics through the reflection of his own character was made by Kennedy when he began making the distinction between right and wrong in his speech. He did it not by identifying specifically what…… [Read More]

References

Kennedy, J. F. (1963). West Berlin speech. Retrieved from https://www.jfklibrary.org/Research/Research-Aids/JFK-Speeches/Berlin-W-Germany-Rudolph-Wilde-Platz_19630626.aspx

Sproat, E., Driscoll, D. & Brizee, A. (2012). Aristotle’s rhetorical situation. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/625/03/