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This would also allow students to state their goals, and then compare their goals against their final achievements. Also, as part of the program, students are assessed for placement purposes in their English proficiency. After completing their courses annually, students should have to be assessed once again, to see if their English had showed improvement, based upon their first set of scores. This would reduce the impact of bias of professor's grading, and place the emphasis on improvement, rather than overall proficiency, which is a better measure of the program's success.
These quantitative measures would not be enough to fully assess the program. Throughout the program's duration observers trained in ESL education should sit in on various classes, to assess the efficacy and suitability of supplementary educational efforts, as well as the performance of various types of ESL students in mainstream classes. ESL students should be classified into various sub-groupings,…
Integrate data collection methods into the program evaluation plan.
The data collection method is seeking to integrate qualitative and quantitative research together. It is developing a program that is effective in helping to support smoking cessation efforts. Qualitative research is used to provide background on the study and proven smoking cessation initiatives. For instance, this portion of the research revealed that any effective program will integrate therapy, support groups and medication with each other. The basic idea is to address the chemical and psychological states a person will feel when they are quitting. However, changes in technology are leading to more people using online support. This gives them the flexibility to attend meetings and discuss their problems with counselors 24 hours a day. These shifts are indicating how there are variety of options and tools for having a successful smoking cessation efforts. (Yin, 2009)
The quantitative approach is…
What is Program Evaluation? (2014). University of Washington. Retrieved from: http://www.washington.edu/oea/services/research/program_eval/faq.html
Best Practices. (2014). NIH. Retrieved from: http://obssr.od.nih.gov/scientific_areas/methodology/mixed_methods_research/section2.aspx
Bradley, J. (1986). Current Empirical Research. Review of Educational Research, 56 (3), 331- 364.
Kirk, R. (1996). Practical Significance. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 56 (5), 746 -- 759.
The difference between action research and program evaluation might seem rather negligible on the surface, but a basic understanding of how action research differs from more traditional research methods also leads to great clarity in understanding the differences in evaluative methods. Action research is essentially a method of formative evaluation, where the evaluation is an ongoing process embedded in the experimental phases of the research; program evaluation is more summative, and (generally speaking) takes place after the experimental/observational phase of the research has been concluded (NAU 2011). While there are certain benefits and limitations to both types of evaluation, the research that will be engaged in (a mixed-methods investigation) will definitely be best served through a more traditional program evaluation methodology, properly guided by specifically selected problems.
As Dr. Laura Knight-Lynn makes quite clear in the video presentation of her roundtable discussion, understanding the limitations of a given…
NAU. (2011). Formative v Summative Evaluation. Accessed 24 August 2011.
Spaulding, D. (2008). Program Evaluation in Practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
This data would entail two components, a survey completed by the nurses during the course, which asks for input as to whether anything in the curriculum seems outdated. The second component would be an annual audit and fact-check. Finally, the third component would be verifying how the curriculum falls in line with the hospital's master plan. Should the hospital change its overall strategies, those changes should be reflected in the curriculum. Otherwise the curriculum becomes outdated and collects dust on a shelf.
Given that the curriculum is hospital and technology based, the primary accreditation source would be the technology companies. Accreditation verification would also be sought by the National League for Nursing to ensure that the curriculum is inline with other current curriculum.
Consistent monitoring of the curriculum is essential to ensure optimal nurse achievement and patient satisfaction (Fuchs, 1984). Keeping this in mind, the first way that the data…
Davis M & Harden R (2003). Planning and implementing an undergraduate medical curriculum: the lessons learned. Medical Teacher, 25(6), 596-608.
Fuchs L, Deno S, Mirkin P (1984). The Effects of Frequent Curriculum-Based Measurement and Evaluation on Pedagogy, Student Achievement, and Student Awareness of Learning. American Education Research Journal, 21(2), 449-60.
Keating, Sarah (2011). Curriculum Development and Evaluation in Nursing. Danvers, MA, Springer Publishing Company.
Program Evaluation of a University Theater Program
The purpose of the graduate level theater program at Metropolitan University in Manhattan, New York, is to prepare students to make meaningful contributions to the theater industry. This program incorporates a multi-faceted approach to achieve this objective. It has very specific areas of concentration to assist in improving the quality of performances and shows to galvanize the general public to become interested in the theater as it once was prior to the advent of television and other technological advancements. Its areas of concentration in playwriting, dramaturgy, directing and acting all are designed to fulfill this objective. The program also aims to improve marketing strategies and general sponsorship opportunities/skills so that the theatrical movement becomes revitalized -- areas of concentration in production and theater management are created to address these pressing needs. The program is also attempting to garner student interest in University wide…
Columbia University. (No date). Theater MFA Program. http://arts.columbia.edu Retrieved from
Boeing employs conventional methodology, which involves using multiple layers strategic partners for the Dreamliner project, and this has caused a fundamental delay in the project. To enhance reliability and validity of data analysis, data collected through literature survey are categorized into panel a, panel B, panel C, and panel D. The data collected from these panels are checked whether they are going to deliver the same results, and further analysis reveals that the data provide the similar opinion about the causes of delay of the Dreamliner project. Analysis of the data collected is summarized as follows:
Project Methodology implemented for Dreamliner project
Unlike the traditional supply chain methodology adopted by Boeing Company for the past projects, Boeing employs different project methodology entirely for the Dreamliner. Boeing employs unconventional supply chain methodology for the Dreamliner project, and the issue has caused significant delay in the production and deliveries of Boeing 787.…
Oehmen, J. Ben-Day, M. & Khan, O.(2010).Integrating Supply Chain Risks in Product Development -- a Conceptual Framework. Presentation at the ISCRIM 2010, Loughborough. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Leeham Co. (2005). 787 is not meeting 24-hour engine change promo, lessor says. Leeham Co. LLC. Retrieved 2 February
2012 from http://www.leeham.net/filelib/SCOTTSCOLUMN071805.pdf .
Rogers, B.W. (2009). changes Understanding Modeling and improving the Development of complex products: Method and Study. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Program Evaluation in Criminal Justice
In looking back at the concepts and ideas learned in this course, there is one in particular that stands out in my mind above all the rest, and that is ethics in research. In viewing the concept of ethics in criminal justice research, it becomes clear that it is with these ethical standards, that all parties in a criminal investigation or proceeding are dealt with in a manner that is both respectful and accurate. Ethics provide the foundation for work and research to be completed in a manner that respects the participants along with the information that is collected from them, ensuring that a case is handled in a manner that is based in honesty and moral practice.
The definition of ethics seems simple enough, but in terms of research it becomes much broader. Attorney and author David B. esnick defines ethics in its most…
Donnelly, J. And Trochim, W. (2006). The research methods knowledge base, 3e.
Mason, Ohio: Atomic Dog Publishing. Retrieved from: http://www.atomicdogpublishing.com.
Resnick, D. (2009). Responsible conduct of research, 2e. New York, New York: Oxford
Program Evaluation in Criminal Justice
In order to accomplish this task, the net cost per student will be calculated and compared to the desired outcomes of the program. In order to be beneficial and worthwhile, the benefits of the program must not dramatically outweigh the costs of the program. Cost:benefit analysis will help to determine if the program is beneficial enough to continue.
The cost: benefit analysis will help to determine if the expenditures for the program will result in a satisfactory return for investors. Once the program has been determined to be a worthwhile pursuit, an evaluation of the resources that are currently available to achieve that goal will be conducted. Next, an evaluation of the resources that are estimated to be needed in the future will be conducted. The resources that are currently available will be compared to the resources that are anticipated to be needed in the future will be undertaken…
However, each chapter does include a paragraph explaining the intended purpose and outcome of the study. This study was not a traditional academic study and did not follow a standard academic format. It followed specific departmental government guidelines and stated the purpose, as directed by the General Assembly. The key research objectives focused on discovering the strengths and weaknesses of ever program or process that was examined in the study.
The evaluation utilized a combination of qualitative and quantitative research strategies. It employed the use of observational site visits to all of the local service offices in the state. It also employed interview techniques with various staff members from several offices. These qualitative techniques allowed the evaluators to place the empirical data into proper perspective.
In addition to the qualitative techniques used, the evaluators also used quantitative methods derived from a review of departmental records. Statistical methods helped the evaluators…
Freeman, H., Lipsey, M., & Rossi, P. (2004). Evaluation: A Systematic Approach. Chapter 2. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications (7th edition)
Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission of the Virginia General Assembly. (2008a). About JLACRC. Retrieved September 5, 2008 at http://jlarc.state.va.us/aboutJLARC.htm.
Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission of the Virginia General Assembly. (2008b). Reports by Topic. Retrieved September 5, 2008 at http://jlarc.state.va.us/pubs_sub6.htm.
Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission of the Virginia General Assembly (JLARC) (2005). Operation and Performance of Virginia's Social Service System. Commonwealth of Virginia. Retrieved September 5, 2008 at http://jlarc.state.va.us/Reports/Rpt323.pdf.
The evaluator was not intrusive and did not intent to pry on the certain aspects that the respondents preferred to leave unanswered. Despite the respect of this principle however, the overall evaluation program was harmed as some support staff took advantage of it and left out some vital pieces of information. The most relevant example in this sense was the incident during which a nurse was held at gunpoint and robbed during a house call to an elderly citizen in a low income area of the city. The evaluator was informed of the incident, but was also assured that it was resolved and that it would not generate any outcomes for the support program or the evaluation process. The evaluator took this information on faith and out of respect for the staff, he believed it and went on with his activities. However, as it later on turned out, the incident…
The first step is observing the reaction of those involved in the course, i.e. The students, a positive reaction may signify success while negative reactions may mean that the course will be less effective at the end. The next step is determining how much knowledge has been gathered by the students. The reaction exhibited from the students may not indicate how much they will learn thus it is important to determine this. What has been learnt will as well play a major part on the subsequent steps. The knowledge and skills acquired by the students can be observed through the change of attitudes after the teaching of the course. This leads to the next step which is determining behavior change which comes about due to the learning of the course. The last step is observing the results, which is measured by the benefits derived by the students from learning the…
Kirkpatrick, D.L. (1959) Evaluating Training Programs, 2nd ed., Berrett Koehler: San Francisco.
McNamara, C. (n.d.) Basic guide to program evaluation. Retrieved on June 3, 2010 from http://www.apsu.edu/oconnort/3760/3760lect08.htm
From an internal perspective, the head of the Public Administration Department should be in charge of constructing and enforcing compliance protocols. The first step is to communicate with the external evaluator in order to construct an assessment of needs and requirements.
After the initial communication, the head of department can meet with top management to ensure that the protocol is acceptable in terms of the overall university standard. One this has been done, it should be communicated to the other personnel within the department, and finally to students.
As mentioned above, one example of the compliance protocol is academic honesty. All lecturers within the department should understand what plagiarism is, for example, as well as how to detect it and what disciplinary measures should be upheld when it is detected. Students should also be made aware very specifically of these protocols.
The head of department should furthermore ensure that all…
Program Evaluation Design constructive, practical, principled and correct process in an organized manner is necessary towards ameliorating and contributing for an efficient program assessment. It has been planned to structure and systematize vital components of program assessment being a realistic and non-rigid instrument. For efficient program assessment, the outline encompasses actions and principles in program assessment. Abiding by the actions and principles of this structure will let an appreciation of every program's perspective and will perk up how program assessments are perceived and accomplished.
Assessments could be tagged to schedule program function while the importance is on useful, continuous assessment that comprises every program shareholders, not merely evaluation specialists. For continuous program appraisal, easy assessment approach might be sufficient. ut, utilizing assessments methodologies, which are unambiguous, recognized and reasonable turns out to be vital when the risk of inherent decisions or program modifications is enhanced. Comprehending the judgment, analysis, and…
Berk, RA; Rossi, PH. Thinking about Program Evaluation. Newbury Park,
CA: Sage Publications, 1990.
Bickman, L. Using Program Theory in Evaluation: New Directions for Program Evaluation. San Francisco: Jossey Bass, 1987.
Brown, Lloyd. A Framework for the Evaluation of Adult Literacy Programs.
S. Bureau of the Census regarding the population count during the year 2000, indicated that approximately 18 million Americans continue to live in poverty. The rise in the number of homeless school-aged children during the past decade has become an issue of particular concern for many school administrators, teachers, and counselors who are confronted with the difficult challenge of trying to help these students realize their academic potential while they routinely come to school hungry and tired as a result of sleeping in their parents' car or in an overcrowded homeless shelter. In short, poverty not only makes individuals more vulnerable to a host of economic, educational, physical, psychological, and social problems, it also fosters insidious forms of violence that affect cognitive and emotional factors that undermine a person's sense of dignity and sense of self-worth
The violence of silence.
Not calling attention to the prevalent role of violence throughout…
Center for Civic Education. (2002). Social Education, 66(5), 1.
D'Andrea, M. (2004). Comprehensive school-based violence prevention training: A developmental-ecological training model. Journal of Counseling and Development, 82(3), 277.
Forcey, L.R., & Harris, I.M. (1999). Peacebuilding for adolescents: Strategies for educators and community leaders. New York: Peter Lang.
Furlong, M., & Morrison, G. (2000). The school in school violence: Definitions and facts. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 8(2), 71.
I would use a logic model. Logic models work with graphics and schematic models leading one to articulate clearly what one wants to achieve, what one's objectives are, and how to achieve them. Logic models also have diagrams that help one assess if th outcomes have been achieved and what results are, and what one still has to do to achieve one's objectives.
There are many types of logic models. I choose logic models in preference to other models for they help me see clearly what I am doing as well as providing me with an efficient and clear method of staying on track and helping me achieve my goals.
The logic model is implemented by the person first clearly knowing what his/her objectives are and the linkages to achieving those objectives. The logic model in short comprises goal, objectives, resources, activities, process measures, outcomes, outcome measures, and…
Program Evaluation Summary
The Better at Home Program, prompted by United Way of the Lower Mainland, was launched in 2012. It offers basic non-medical support services to seniors in BC and is financed by the BC Government. Services are rendered by organizations within the locality through helpers, workforce, and service providers, and the sort of services accessible are centered on the needs of the community. Better at Home has been executed in phases. At the time of this report, sixty establishments had been financed. From this number, fifty of them were providing 'Better at Home services'. The program evaluation was piloted by Chomik Consulting & esearch Ltd. that took place in the course of the initial phases of enactment of Better at Home and centers on the foremost 16 'Better at Home' programs.
Clarify the Program Goals and Objectives
The key goals and objectives of the program is to assist…
United Way of the Lower Mainland. (2014). Better at Home Program Evaluation: Summary of Evaluation Findings and Recommendations. Retrieved from: http://www.betterathome.ca/sites/default/files/Better%20at%20Home%20evaluation%20report%20-%20public.pdf .
mixed research methodology, thereby using both qualitative and quantitative data to bring about results. Using data collection tools that best reflects the advantages of both qualitative and quantitative research is therefore the method that makes the most sense to use. These instruments are discussed in the following paragraphs.
Evaluator notes can be used to determine a qualitative response concerning the objectives of the program. Using the program objectives as guidelines open-ended questions will be asked of the participant(s). The questions will individually focus on each objective. Sample questions include:
The dialysis program seeks to provide information that will assist the caretaker in efficiently connecting and disconnecting the patient to the dialysis machine. The question is does the course provide enough information that the caretaker is comfortable in all aspects of connecting/disconnecting the patient and the possible results if it is done incorrectly?
2. Does the questionnaire cover all…
Program Evaluation to Health Care Managers
Program evaluation is an important part of the health program planning, implementation, review, and change process. Patton (1997) defines program evaluation as "the systematic collection of information about the activities, characteristics, and outcomes of programs to make judgments about the program, improve program effectiveness, and/or inform decisions about future programming." As this definition suggests, program evaluations can be carried out to serve different purposes, for example:
To identify and describe potential program clients and their service needs.
To improve program operations.
To determine whether the program has achieved its objectives.
To assess the program's impact.
There are a variety of different approaches and benefits to evaluation (Porteous, et al., 1997). Therefore, in order to maximize the potential usefulness of an evaluation, managers must choose the approach or approaches that provide the highest quality, most useful information to answer evaluation questions given the program context…
Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN). (January 2000). Evaluating Patient Care Programs. AORN Journal: Volume 71, Number 1.
Beyea, et al. (November, 1999). Using data to support decision making. AORN Journal 70: 912-913.
Boruch, R.F. (1997). Experiments for planning and evaluation: A practical guide. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Grannemann, Thomas. (August, 2002). When to Invest in Health Care Program Evaluation. Andover Economic Evaluation. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.andoverecon.com/index.html .
From each of the four classes, the researcher will randomly select 5 students to undertake the CSCL tool teaching method, this will ensure that the students are selected without any conscious or unconscious prejudices. These students (20 from the four classes) will form Group A. The rest of the students (Group B) will be taught using existing teaching methods used by the school for teaching the subject. In the event that more time is required to gather more conclusive data, the researcher will extend the study to the second semester. Before the commencement of the study, both groups will undergo a pre-study test and questionnaire to determine the level of their competency in history, level of critical thinking skills and attitude towards history. The researcher will grade the test using a marking scheme. The marking scheme has incorporated different levels of answers which correlate to the level of critical thinking…
Gall, M.D., Borg, W.R. & Gall, J.P. (1996). Educational Research: An introduction. London: Longman.
Lehtinen, E., Hakkarainen, K., Lipponen, L., Rahikainen1), M., & Muukkonen, H.. (1999). Computer Supported Collaborative Learning: A review. Retrieved October 02, 2006, from Rittel, H. et al. (1973). Dilemmas in a general theory of planning. Policy Sciences. 4, 155.169.
Tan, S.C. (2000). Supporting Collaborative Problem-Solving Through Computer-Supported Collaborative Argumentation. Pennsylvania State University: Pennsylvania.
Wright, I. (2002). Challenging students with the tools of critical thinking. The Social Studies, 93(5). Retrieved October 18, 2006, from http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-95676925.html .
Journal: Why Not Evaluate
Program evaluations are regarded as some of the most important processes for non-governmental organizations and effective management practices. The significance of these processes is attributable to their necessity for funders in terms of knowing the programs they are funding and the effectiveness of the programs. Program evaluations act as the premise with which non-governmental organizations establish their own feedback mechanisms in order to avoid selection and subjective bias while enhancing their effectiveness (Savedoff, 2012). However, many international non-governmental organizations do not utilize any form of program evaluation. Despite recognizing the significance of programs evaluations, many non-governmental organizations do not entrench it in their processes and management practices.
One of the reasons for the failure by many international non-governmental organizations to utilize program evaluations is the potential negative consequences that such evaluations would have on their operations if their programs are deemed ineffective (Merchant-Vega, 2011). If program…
Merchant-Vega, N. (2011). Practical challenges of rigorous impact evaluation in international governance NGOs: Experiences and lessons from The Asia Foundation. Retrieved from https://asiafoundation.org/resources/pdfs/OccasionalPaperNo8IEFinal.pdf
Savedoff, W. (2012). Impact evaluations everywhere: What’s a small NGO to do? Center for Global Development. Retrieved from http://www.cgdev.org/blog/impact-evaluations-everywhere-what%E2%80%99s-small-ngo-do
New Brunswick Extra Brunswick Program Evaluation Proposal
New Brunswick Extra-Mural Program Evaluation Proposal
The New Brunswick EMP (Extra Mural Program) works under the aegis and supervision of HAs (egional Health Authorities) to bring health services to people's homes. It is open to residents regardless of age as long as they meet eligibility criteria and focuses on client and family. The EMP looks to succeed by bringing together all parties, including health care providers, doctors, clients and patients' family in a coordinated manner. The Extra-Mural Program attains its goal and mandate via provision of services that include acute, palliative, chronic, rehabilitative and supportive care services. All the EMP clients are able to access services that include medical, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, respiratory therapy, clinical dietetics, social work, pharmacy, speech language pathology, and nursing care, which are available on a 24/7 basis (New Nouveau Brunswick, n. d.). This evaluation proposal's goal is determination…
(AHRQ) Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2014). Stakeholder Guide 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2016, from http://www.ahrq.gov/sites/default/files/wysiwyg/research/findings/evidence-based-reports/stakeholderguide/stakeholdr.pdf
American Academy of Pediatrics (n.d.) Writing an Effective Healthy Tomorrows Grant Proposal: Step-by-Step Guide. Retrieved 23 February 2016 from http://www2.aap.org/commpeds/htpcp/PDF/Proposal_Development_Guide.pdf
American Academy of Pediatrics (2008). Evaluating Your Community-Based Program. Retrieved 13 March 2016 from https://www2.aap.org/commpeds/htpcp/EvalGuide2.pdf
An overview of quantitative and qualitative data collection methods (n.d.) Retrieved 15 March 2016 from http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2002/nsf02057/nsf02057_4.pdf
Program Evaluation Plan for Coca Cola Company
The mission statement forms the basis for the roadmap of a company. It is the reference point that helps the management to make decisions. Coca Cola seeks to • Provide refreshment for the world
• Facilitate happiness and optimism in people's lives
• Create and add value as it seeks to inspire significant change (The Coca-Cola Company, 2016).
In order to continue enjoying sustainable growth of their business, Coca Cola uses its vision as the requisite framework for the description of the planned mission. This is the basis for sustainable growth. The following elements form the basis for their vision for success
• People: Coca Cola environment should be inspiring and be a place people want to work in all the time in a bid to become their best.
• Portfolio: present the world with a range of high quality drinks
Fisher, C. (2010). Researching and writing a dissertation: An essential guide for business students. (3rd ed.). Essex, UK: Pearson Education.
Karnani, A. G. (2013). Corporate Social Responsibility Does Not Avert the Tragedy of the Commons -- Case Study: Coca-Cola India. Ross School of Business Paper, (1210).
Saunders, M., Lewis, P. & Thornhill, A. (2009). Research Methods for Business Students. (5th ed.). Essex, UK: Pearson Education.
The Coca-Cola Company, (2016). Mission, Vision & Values. Retrieved from http://www.coca-colacompany.com/our-company/mission-vision-values on December 8, 2016
Public Program Quality Evaluation
Overview of the Program and the Program ationale
In 2011, approximately 23% of all children in the United States were children of immigrants. Many of these children have come from countries where the educational systems have not prepared them with competitive skills that will support a good standard of living. Various policies to address this issue have been proposed. Of the feasible options, the policy most likely to achieve popular approval is the provision of preschool education to all low-immigrant children. In part, the basis for this support is the historical national approval of programs such as Head Start. ecently, the nation has seen an upswing in state-funded pre-K programs that focus on preparing low-income 4-year-old children for kindergarten and elementary school. Head Start programs continue in a parallel manner, and necessarily so, as only a handful of states offer pubic school-based pre-K programs to all…
Haskins, R. & Tienda, M. (2011). The future of immigrant children. The Future of Children. Princeton University and the Brookings Institution.
Lawrence L. Martin, L.L. & Kettner, P.M. (1996). Measuring the performance of human service programs. Sage Publications.
Neuman, W.L. (2012). Basics of social research: qualitative and quantitative approaches (3rd ed.).
Puma, M. Bell, S., Cook, R., & Heid, C. (2010, January). Head Start Impact Study Final Report, Executive Summary. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. Washington, DC.
Ensuring that 100% of group participants will be able identify at least one safety, nutrition, or parenting concern at each session will be evaluated by:
In-session prompting for each group participant to identify at least one such concern
Ongoing recordkeeping and evaluation of failures to meet this objective, with immediate additional interventions initiated after one incident of failure
Program leader/coordinator evaluations that ensure proper practices, methodologies and knowledge areas are incorporated into every group session
Collection Personnel and Methodologies
Data will be collected in various forms by all program leaders and instructors, with certain data collected during group sessions and other data collected through later interviews. The same individual tasked with overall program design will also be responsible for external data collection and coordination with other offices and organizations that offer similar or related services. The education coordinator will be responsible for the ongoing collection, collation, and analysis of internal…
Program Development and Evaluation
The proposed program is intended for, and targets the students of both secondary and tertiary institutions. The program is known as "MSM Initiative for Colleges." "
The ability of this program to use ICT as a way of helping the aggregate is one important technique that will give the program a new edge. This is to help develop an effective combination of avoidance intervention that will be able to deliver BCC-behavioral change in communication. These behavioral changes in communication can be in the form of products, services, messages, as well as referrals, as a way of promoting and improving the use of condoms and condom-compatible lubricants, HIV tests, reporting cases of violence, and using complementary services. This inventive online 'cyber educator' MSM intervention, virtually provides a one-on-one HIV and BCC counseling, and test referrals (Adams, Klindera, Walsh, & Wold, 2014).
Interventions for the Aggregate
Adam, D., kinder., K., Walsh, C.S., & Wold, R.C (2014), November 14). Innovative programmatic approaches to HIV prevention and care services for gay men, other men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender persons using information and communication technology (ICT). Digital Culture & Education (DCE). Retrieved from Digital Culture and Education: http://www.digitalcultureandeducation.com/uncategorized/v6_i3_editorial_html/
Cohen, L. M., & Gelbrich, J. (2015, October 16). Sample Educational Philosophy Statements . Retrieved from Oregun State University: http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/ed416/sample.html
PEPFAR (2011).Technical Guidance on Combination HIV Prevention. The U.S. President's Emergency plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).
particular type over other types available. Include any assumptions made that influenced your choice. Describe as best you can how you are going to carry out this experiment, step-by-step. Remember that you do not have to carry out the evaluation, but you should be creating a "recipe" that you and others can follow to aptly answer the question of interest.
The New Faith Family Center life skills program will be observed for a period of over 6 weeks at the Capital City Rescue Mission which is a discipleship and rehabilitation Centre that offers a wide range of service to its clients. The mission addresses most of its needs to the needy and homeless in the city. It provides services and accommodation, together with programs to women, homeless, and children.
The program itself is a yearlong residential, transitional program consisting of four phases to help up to 35 women and their…
In order to effectively assess the overall efficacy of a program, managers constantly engage in an informal form of evaluation which is based on factors such as the satisfaction of its participants and the efficiency of its delivery. While these instinctual processes of gauging a program's utility are beneficial to a certain extent, a more systemized methodology is necessary to fully evaluate the complex relationship between the processes used and the outcomes produced by a particular program. The field of program evaluation, developed by researchers to conclusively determine implementation objectives and participant outcome objectives for program managers, is defined as "a systematic method for collecting, analyzing, and using information to answer basic questions about a program & #8230; and to ensure that those answers are supported by evidence" (Administration for Children and Families, 2010). A thoroughly designed program evaluation utilizes "a structured and consistent method of collecting and…
Administration for Children and Families. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (2010). The program manager's guide to evaluation second edition. Retrieved from http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/other_resrch/pm_guide_eval/reports/pmguide/program_managers_guide_to_eval2010.pdf
Lewin, K. (1946), Action Research and Minority Problems. Journal of Social Issues, 2(4): 34-46. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.1946.tb02295.x
Reason, P., & Bradbury, H. (2008). Handbook of action research: Participative inquiry and practice. (2nd ed.). London: Sage.
program proposal like this would require an amount of $700,000. There would be at least three main positions: a field manager, an accountant, and a grant coordinator to ask the government to fund such a program. It would be centered in a city close to the southern border like the city of Phoenix. Law enforcement considers Phoenix, in recent years, to be a major distribution center for human smuggling and narcotics activity operations. This is due to the city's close proximity to the border between the U.S. and Mexico. In fact, the American government considers Phoenix to be the "Kidnapping Capital" within the U.S. with Mexico City being a close second. Therefore, the program will focus on observations and lookouts to determine if criminal activities are taking place within Phoenix. The people responsible for such criminal activity are known to wear police insignias, are dressed in tactical gear, and are…
Maxfield, M., & Babbie, E. (2014). Research methods for criminal justice and criminology (7th ed.). Belmont, Calif.: Cengage Learning.
Orr, S. (2013). Environmental policymaking and stakeholder collaboration (p. 73). CRC Press.
Wong, K., Meadows, L., Webb, F., & Young, S. (2013). The development and year one implementation of the Local Justice Reinvestment Pilot. Ministry Of Justice, 1. Retrieved from https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-development-and-year-one-implementation-of-the-local-justice-reinvestment-pilot
EVALUATING A POGAM
Evaluation of a project or program plays an important role in future funding or accreditation of the program and also lends credibility to the service provided. When an organization launches a new program especially in the non-profit sector, it usually requires funding from various sources and needs to attract more people to the program to make it successful, for this purpose it must adopt a sound evaluation process. The evaluation report familiarizes the public with the objectives of the program, the goals it has achieved so far and the time frame in which it hopes to achieve further objectives. Carter McNamara explains what program evaluation is and what is its main purpose:
Program evaluation is carefully collecting information about a program or some aspect of a program in order to make necessary decisions about the program. Program evaluation can include any or a variety of…
Feins, J.D.; J.C. Epstein; and, R. Widom (1997), Solving Crime Problems in Residential Neighborhoods: Comprehensive Changes in Design, Management, and Use. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
Peterson, Ruth D., Lauren J. Krivo; and, Mark A. Harris. "Disadvantage and Neighborhood Violent Crime: Do Local Institutions Matter?" Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 37:1,31-63.
Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD, Basic Guide to Program Evaluation, 1999
E. Erin Artigiani, Hotspot Communities Initiative, Center for Substance Abuse Research University of Maryland, College Park, 2001
Launched in the year 1965, the Head Start program cultivates preparedness for school among kids from poor backgrounds by providing them with social, nutritional, educational, health and other relevant services. Ever since its introduction, the program has catered to over 33 million early childhood-age kids (0-5 years of age) and their family members. Figures for 2015 revealed program funding to cater to almost a million expectant mothers and early childhood-age kids at home, educational facilities, and family childcare homes within rural, urban, and suburban communities across America. The program's advantages are being closely scrutinized in the wake of congressional talks to consider reauthorizing it. How successful has the program been? Are there any areas for improvement? This paper will assume the form of a critical analysis and summary of the program; its implications will help inform formal discussions on the subject. Considerable controversy exists regarding whether or not the program…
Turner, Jarrod S. & David J. Leach. (2010). Experimental evaluation of behavioral activation treatment of anxiety (BATA) in three older adults. International Journal of Behavioral
Consultation and Therapy. 6 (4). Retrieved July 10, 2011 at http://www.baojournal.com/IJBCT/IJBCT-VOL-6/IJBCT-6-4.pdf
The 2010 article "Experimental evaluation of behavioral activation treatment of anxiety (BATA) in three older adults" from the International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy by Jarrod S. Turner & David J. Leach examines the use of behavioral activation treatment (BATA) in adults using a statistical analysis of self-monitored depression and anxiety scales. The experiment was conducted in an ABC research design format to evaluate a behavioral activation treatment on the reported anxiety levels of each participant. "The A phase was baseline; B. phase was treatment; and C. phase was maintenance/follow-up" (Turner & Leach 2010: 375). Statistically speaking, A, or the baseline phase, was used a 'control' measure for the experimental and follow-up phases.…
Is maturation a possible threat to the internal validity of the study? Why or why not?
For measures of academic achievement, six months (which is the intended length of the study) is not a long enough period of time to be very concerned about maturation as a threat to internal validity. Most academic achievement tests have longer durations. Maturation is something to be considered because of the varying ages of the study participants, and the fact that we know children's brains mature at different rates and some mathematical concepts are not understood until the human brain does mature to certain levels. Moreover, since the boys will move in and out of residency, their exposure to other reading instructions methods and tutoring cannot be controlled.
Is history a possible threat to the internal validity of the study? Why or why not?
Yes. History is the occurrence of some unanticipated…
Brewer, M. (2000). Research Design and Issues of Validity. In Reis, H. And Judd, C. (Eds.) Handbook of Research Methods in Social and Personality Psychology. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
Wortman, P.M. (1983). Evaluation research -- A methodological perspective. Annual Review of Psychology 34, 223 -- 260. doi:10.1146/annurev.ps.34.020183.001255.
Program planning (Drafting purchase requirements and specifications)
- Evaluation of RPQs and RFPs
Contract management (monitoring & control)
Exhibit I- Consumption-based purchase planning
This paper has three main parts. Part one describes the process of purchase planning and the method through which medium and large organizations conduct purchase planning. Part two of the paper analyzes the main purposes of a procurement plan. The main purpose of a procurement plan is to integrate the procurement activities with the business and strategic level goals of the firm. It also enhances the competitive cost positioning of the firm and increases the level of coordination between different stakeholders in the supply chain of the firm. Part three of the paper analyzes three main components of a procurement plan. The last part of this paper presents the conclusion and recommendations aimed at improving the performance of procurement management.
usinesses engage in planning…
Anderson, Matthew G., and Paul B. Katz. 1998. "Strategic sourcing." The International Journal of Logistics Management 9:1-13.
Arshinder, Arun Kanda, and S.G. Deshmukh. 2008. "Supply chain coordination: perspectives, empirical studies and research directions." International Journal of Production Economics 115: 316-35.
Kraljic, Peter. 1083. "Purchasing must become supply management." Harvard business review 61: 109-117.
Porter, Michael E. 1986. Changing patterns of international competition. University of California.
So, in those regards the curriculum is slowly catching up with the times. Personally, I would like to see additions such as a playing of the movie, "The Business of Being Born" at one of the sessions or as homework.
The second way that the curriculum should change within the next three years is to begin allowing more nurses to become certified teachers. Currently, it is easier for a parent to become a coach than it is for a nurse. The reason, according to Bradley, is that the parents have direct experience, whereas nurses only have book-related experience. In fact, Bradley does offer the option for nurses to become a teacher, but additional reading and exam requirements must be met.
Personally, I find it to be in the best interest of Bradley to offer their curriculum with open arms to nurses for one simple reason: the more nurses who know…
Halfon, Saul (2010). Encountering Birth: Negotiating Expertise, Networks, and My STS Self. Science as Culture, 19(1), 61-77.
Hathaway, Marjie; et al. (2007). The Bradley Method Student Workbook. American Academy of Husband Coached Childbirth.
Lake, Rikki (2008). The Business of Being Born. Barranca Productions.
Lieberman, Adrienne (1992). Easing Labor Pain: The Complete Guide to a More Comfortable and Rewarding Birth. The Harvard Common Press, Boston.
integrate evaluation techniques in your daily work routine to improve your job performance? (Answer taken from PDF uploaded - Program_Evaluation_-_Overview_and_Definitions_PowerPoint)
Gredler explains that evaluation is the structural accumulation of any and knowledge that helps to make informed and profitable choices and corporate decisions M.B. Dignan further adds that all basic evaluations are procedural assessments of the results and overall functionality of any and all programs. P.D. Sarvela and a colleague R.J. Mcdermott gave a more detailed explanation in 'Health Education Evaluation and Measurement' by saying that basic evaluation was the utilization of a number of processes that were used to understand and decipher if a program had been functionalized in accordance to the aim with which it was created. Hence, basic assessment of a program is to highlight whether or not the program was able to practically attain the objectives it had originally theoretically set. Research procedures on the other…
) during the evaluation. This interaction could have plausibly influence responses and skewed the results. The comparison was used to demonstrate student growth in knowledge and attitude during the course.
The authors' position is that, "overall," the four goals of program were met. In support they report that 79% of the time students who participated in the program correctly identifying illegal acts, reasons for laws, and components of the legal system. They assert that information from the student focus groups and interviews indicated that many students seemed to understand the main "message" of the Project L.E.A.D. program: it was important to do the right thing and that there are consequences to bad decisions. They further reported that the project survey items suggest that tolerance and appreciation of diversity was an area with great need for intervention as many students were likely to report being teased by peers and the program…
Chi, B. & Middaugh, E., (2005). Project L.E.A.D. (legal enrichment and decision making) program evaluation 2002-2004. Office of the distrist attoney, county of los angeles. Retrieved June 24, 2010, from: http://da.lacounty.gov/pdf/LEAD_Final_Report.pdf
New Faith Family Center
Of the many programs and services offered by The Capital City escue Mission the one program that I would like to focus on is The New Faith Family Center. This program is a yearlong residential, transitional program consisting of four phases to help up to 35 women and their children change old patterns and transform their lives. Women and children are welcomed in an atmosphere that reflects the love of Christ. Every Family is provided with a comfortable apartment while they focus on life changes. This program includes: Educational/Career development, Employment readiness, Counseling, Life skills/Addiction ecovery, Parenting skills / Anger management, Health Care and Child care. The program uses data and performance measurement tools to evaluate and improve the regional systematic and programmatic responses to individual and family homelessness, unemployment and overall need for assistance. The program also teaches individuals and families the skills to survive…
Calysn, R.J., Morse, G.A., Klinkenberg, W.D., Yonker, R.D., & Trusty, M.L. (2002). Moderators and mediators of client satisfaction in case management programs for clients with severe mental illness. Mental Health Services Research, 4(4), 267 -- 275.
Royse, D., Thyer, B.A., & Padgett, D.K. (2009). Program evaluation: An introduction. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company
Sullivan, G., Burnam, A., Koegel, P., & Hollenberg, J. (2000). Quality of life of homeless persons with mental illness: Results from the course-of-homelessness study. Psychiatric Services, 51(9), 1135 -- 1141.
Helfrich, CA & Fogg, LF (2007) Outcomes of a Life Skills Intervention for Homeless
Does your District support an area-wide network?
18. What types of operating systems are used with your school's LAN[s]? (i.e. Novell, Windows NT, AppleShare/Macintosh / Other)
19. Has your school adopted an Acceptable Use Policy?
20. For each group below please stated the number of accounts provided by your school district to the different user groups and the particular services provided:
Dialup Internet Individual
21. What three instructional technology support services are not adequately provided for in your school? (Example: maintaining a LAN, setting up desktop computers, provision of training for computers, software installation on a file server, provision of a help-desk for teachers and students)
The following labeled Figure 1.0 and Figure 2.0 are examples of technology surveys stated in the work entitled An Educator's Guide to Evaluating The Use of Technology in Schools and Classrooms (1998):
The American Association of Community Colleges 1988 Report: Building Communities: A Vision for a New Century Online available at http://ww.aacc.nche.edu/Content/NavigationMenu/ResourceCenter/Projects_Partnerships / Current/NewExpeditions/1988Report/77Recommendations.htm.
S.2969 Title: A bill to provide for improvement of Federal education research, statistics, evaluation, information, and dissemination, and for other purposes. Online available at http://search.hp.netscape.com/hp/boomframe.jsp?query=statistical+evaluati on+of+educational+provisions&page=1&offset=0&result_url=redir% 3 Fsrc%3Dwebsearch%26requestId%3D39e87bb149697907%26clickedItemRank%3D8%26userQuery%3Dstatistical%2Bevaluation%2Bof%2Beducational%2Bprovisions%26clickedItemURN%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fthomas.loc.gov%252Fcgi-bin%252Fbdquery%252Fz%253Fd107%253AS N02969%253A%254 0%2540%2540D%2526summ2%253Dm%2526%26invoc ation Type3D-26fromPage%3DHPResults%26amp%3BampTest%3D1&remove_url=http%3A %2F %2Fthomas.l oc.gov %2Fcgi-bin%2Fbdquery%2Fz%2 53Fd107%3ASN 02969% A%2540%2540%2540D%2526summ2%253Dm%2526.
An Educator's Guide to Evaluating The Use of Technology in Schools and Classrooms (1998) December Online available at http://www.ed.gov/pubs/EdTechGuide/index.html .
Higher Education Program Evaluation
Jonas Veterans Healthcare Program
Recognizing the tremendous commitment and sacrifices our veterans have made to serve our country, the Jonas Center is committed to do our part to support improved healthcare for this population (Jonas Center, N.d.).
The Jonas Center's vision is to foster new partnerships that help improve veterans' healthcare through nursing and we welcome all contributions to support our efforts.
• Program scope
Starting in the fall of 2012, the Jonas Center will support scholarships for 54 nurses to be trained at the doctoral level (PhD and DNP) on veteran-specific healthcare needs, ranging from clinical to policy to administration to education, to help ensure our veterans are receiving the best possible care. Scholar's research projects will be focused on priority veterans' healthcare need (as identified by the hite House and Veterans Administration).
• Program audience
Students, veterans, and the general public.
• Program background…
Jonas Center. (N.d.). History. Retrieved from Jonas Center: http://www.jonascenter.org/who-we-are/history
Jonas Center. (N.d.). Jonas Veterans Healthcare Program. Retrieved from Jonas Center: http://www.jonascenter.org/program-areas/scholars/jonas-veterans-healthcare-program
D.A.R.E. program teaches kids how to recognize and resist the direct and subtle pressures that influence them to experiment with alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and other drugs. Did you or anyone you know go through the D.A.R.E. curriculum? hat do you have to say about the program? ould you like to see the D.A.R.E. program continued in our nation's schools? hy or why not?
(Drug Abuse Resistance Education) administers a school-based substance abuse, gang, and violence prevention program in 75% of U.S. school districts and in 48 countries (as of 2013); since 1983, 70,000 police officers have taught the D.A.R.E. program to over 200 million K-12 students worldwide -- approximately 114 million in the United States alone (ProCon, N.d.). The effectiveness of the program is a heavily debated subject. There is more evidence, peer-reviewed studies, which point to the program being effective in reducing the number of youth involved in drug…
Gorman, D., & Huber, C. (2009). The Social Construction of "Evidence-Based" Drug Prevention Programs. Social Sciences, 396-414.
ProCon. (N.d.). Is the D.A.R.E. Program Good for America's Kids (K-12)? Retrieved from ProCon: http://dare.procon.org/
Riskind, J. (2002, June 30). Programs cost soars past $1 billion with little accounting. Retrieved from The Center for Educational Research & Development: http://www.cerd.org/press/d-a-r-e-s-programs-cost-soars-past-1-billion-with-little-accounting
Sloboda, Z., Stephens, R., Stephens, P., Grey, S., Teasdale, B., Hawthorne, R., . . . Marquette, J. (2009). The Adolescent Substance Abuse Prevention Study: A randomized field trial of a universal substance abuse prevention program. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 1-10. Retrieved from Drug and Alchohol Dependence.
Bedford Mountain Parenting Program
If this was the first run of Martiza's program and you conducted a formative evaluation, what would you expect the evaluation to reveal? How would this help Maritza's program? The objective evaluation of Martiza's program, first of all, should reveal to her how the program stacks up based on her original goals and against a standard for this type of social service. It should reveal gaps in service that she hadn't thought about, and both strengths and weaknesses of her program. The formative evaluation should reveal exactly what glitches there are in the program, what "breakdowns, lengthy delays, and departures from the program design" that are hampering process and success. What are the precise services and to whom are those services directed? This is one of the salient questions, so Martiza's program will answer those questions in a formative evaluation.
She should expect to receive objective…
personal experience with program management is that the program manager has to interact with the project manager and communicate with him so that the two are coordinated in pursuing the same overall goals -- otherwise there will be lost time and wasted opportunities to actually build on and improve the system that they are tasked with upgrading and developing. Communication is the key issue in this relationship and it cannot be stressed enough that goals are outlined and clear to all and that every member within the program management team be aware of these goals and how they impact a very complex project that requires systematic overhaul.
eading Establishing Health Care Quality as a National Priority has helped to clarify my project design by reminding me of how important it is to provide quality care to the public and how important strong leadership is in that process. As the report…
AHRQ. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.hcqualitycommission.gov/final/chap04.html
OPRE. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/research/project/the-program-managers-guide-to-evaluation
Health Care -- Impact Evaluation and Accountability
Accountability to stakeholders should be an integral aspect of any health-related government program. This is achieved by systematic and objective assessment of how a program's effectiveness, evaluation normally involves measuring and documenting a program's effectiveness; calculating a program's outcomes; documenting a program's execution and cost effectiveness; strengthening a program's impact. In the case of health-related government programs, the stakeholders to whom accountability is owed typically are those served by the program, those conducting the program, and those who will use evaluation findings to make decisions about the program. The importance of evaluations for accountability is underscored by the resources provided by state and federal governments for ongoing evaluations to ensure ongoing accountability to all stakeholders. Evaluation for the purpose of accountability can assist stakeholders and specifically those in charge of the programs in a number of ways, all of which in program continuation,…
Chatterji, M. (2008, Jan/Feb). Synthesizing evidence from impact evaluations in education to inform action. Retrieved on December 2, 2012 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com/docview/216902584/13AC6E704D753569CAD/1?accountid=28844
MacDonald, G., Starr, G., Schooley, M., Yee, S.L., Klimowski, K., & Turner, K. (2001, November). Introduction to program evaluation for comprehensive tobacco control programs. Retrieved on December 2, 2012 from www.cdc.gov Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/tobacco_control_programs/surveillance_evaluation/evaluation_manual/pdfs/evaluation.pdf
Main State Legislature. (2009, January 2). OPEGA Home. Retrieved on December 2, 2012 from www.main.gov Web site: http://www.maine.gov/legis/opega/index.htm
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2011, November 10). Program Evaluation - DASH - Resources/HealthyYouth. Retrieved on December 2, 2012 from www.cdc.gov Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/evaluation/resources.htm
Health Care -- Tailoring and Planning Evaluation - Rewrite
The required readings for this course provide definitions and parameters for several types of evaluation. Review of those readings supports the use of the "learning process" and "process evaluation" for the orld Health Organization's Tobacco Free Initiative (TFI). Planning and conducting the evaluation entails three key phases and the assistance of multiple stakeholders to ensure the effectiveness of the evaluation.
The type of evaluation that you would conduct as discussed by Powell (2006). hat phases would your evaluation entail?
The TFI is logically classified as a developmental program and its interests are apparently best served by the "learning process" approach (Aubel, 1995, p. 13). hat is more, the TFI's worldwide practices, at times borrowing from older, established tobacco control programs in its member countries, warrant "process evaluation" (Anonymous, Common conceptual and methodological frameworks - Powerpoint presentation, n.d.), defined by Powell as…
Anonymous. (n.d.). Common conceptual and methodological frameworks - Powerpoint presentation.
Aubel, J. (1995, June). Participatory program evaluation. A manual for involving program stakeholders in the evaluation process. Retrieved on December 21, 2012 from www.ericed.gov Web site: http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED421509.pdf
Metcalfe, S.A., Aitken, M., & Gaff, C.L. (2008, February 5). The importance of program evaluation: How can it be applied to diverse genetics education settings? Retrieved on December 21, 2012 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com/docview/218662059/13AAD2917351A1A1F1C/1?accountid=28844
Powell, R.R. (2006, Summer). Evaluation research: An overview. Retrieved on December 21, 2012 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com/docview/220455507/139E976709F239B2F98/1?accountid=28844
Introduction to Evaluation Research
Evaluation Research is a vital aspect of organizational and program establishment and development. Used extensively across multiple industries, Evaluation Research encompasses dozens of methods, some of which overlap and/or encompass other methods. Though the methods vary, they ideally share the common characteristics of good basic research, systematic processes, data collection to increase knowledge, enhancement of decision making, and practical use of evaluation findings. In addition, despite the variations of methods, there are basic steps that can be followed in order to conduct an effective evaluation of an organization or program.
Evaluation Research "Snapshot"
Evaluation Research has been variously defined as a unique method of applied/action research, a social applied/action research method of evaluation, or a unique method of assessing programs (Powell, 2006). These definitions apparently depend on the focus of the definer. However, regardless of the definition, all Evaluation Research apparently has common elements:…
Center for Disease Control. (2011, November 10). Healthy youth: Program evaluation. Retrieved on October 21, 2012 from www.cdc.gov Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/evaluation/resources.htm
Powell, R.R. (2006, Summer). Evaluation research: An overview. Retrieved on October 21, 2012 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com/docview/220455507/139E976709F239B2F98/1?accountid=28844
Scriven, M. (1991). Evaluation Thesaurus, 4th Ed. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
Policy Evaluation of the Non-Experimental Evaluation Design Approach in Education
A program can be described as a set of activities that are coordinated and run in tandem over a significant period, and aimed at delivering a specified outcome to a client/s. The terms: policy, strategy, initiative, intervention and project are often interchangeably used with the word program. Programs are discrete funded activities that are different from the usual daily operations and activities. These sets of activities are designed to achieve specific objectives within provided timeframes and resource allocation. Regular core business operations and activities are typically outside the scope of programs.
The systematic evaluation of the value/worth of an item (abstract or concrete) is called evaluation (Trochim, 2006). Evaluation is intensive, systematic, objective and rigorous. It draws judgments about the effects and merits of a program. The policy discussed here gives direction for evaluation of programs. This policy is intended…
In addition to supplying training so that workers can obtain and maintain entry-level jobs, training must be given that is based on national skills principles, assessments, and qualifications that will improve a participant's ability to compete successfully in the current global economy. This component will be the focus around which the other four HD training components will revolve. This training component will be broken down into five different categories: Job Training, Job-Looking Skills, Job-etention Skills, Lifetime Learning, and Life Abilities.
Job Looking Skills
Job etention Skills
1. Job Search 1. Personal esponsibilities 5. Job performance
2. Application/esume 2. Time Management 6. Interpersonal Skills
3. Interviewing 3. Economic Literacy 7. Learning Skills
4. Job Selection Process 4. Work Attitudes 8. Math Skills
Lifetime Learning Life Abilities
1. eflection 1. Consumer Buying 3. Preventative Health Care
2. Change Management 2. Parenting Skills 4. Community esources
1. Communication Styles 4. Observation…
Human Resources Development Program Evaluation Guide. (2010). Retrieved May 18, 2010,
from Web site:
Under the stewardship of Police Commissioner Howard Safir, the NYPD began analyzing daily crime statistics collected from its 40,000 officers throughout the five boroughs of New York City and generating computer modeling of crime trends in a system dubbed CompStat that allowed the accurate identification of crime trends with pinpoint accuracy, often permitting nearly as precise predictive modeling via extrapolation (Safir, 2003).
The other main benefit and purpose of CompStat was that is enabled police administrators to grade the performance of every precinct according to any criteria defined by policy considerations. That aspect of CompStat is relied upon heavily by NYPD administration to the extent that Commissioner Safir reassigned, removed, or demoted fifty-four precinct commanders during his tenure as commissioner between 1996 and 2000 (Safir, 2003). Naturally, the technical means of data collection and analysis techniques differ quite profoundly from those available to previous generations of police administrators, but the…
Coleman, J.L., Thomas, C.C. (2002). Operational Mid-Level Management for Police. Illinois: Springfield.
Conlon, E. (2004). Blue Blood. New York: Riverhead.
Lee, W.D. (2007). Program Evaluations: Improving Operational Effectiveness and Organizational Efficiency; FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin (Nov/07 Vol. 76
No. 11, pp. 1-6).
Healthcare Plan eview
The author of this report is to answer three general questions relating to healthcare program evaluation. The first question asks the author of this report to examine the overall purpose of healthcare program evaluation. The second question asks the author to identify at least five different types of common healthcare program evaluation techniques. Finally, one of those methods in particular will be selected and there will be a drilling down into more detail on that single type. While the purpose and method of operations is quite similar with all program evaluation types, there are some subtle to major differences from type to type.
At its core, the purpose of healthcare program evaluation is to analyze and improve the operations and performance of a healthcare program based on a systematic and full review of what is going right, what is going wrong and what needs to be changed.…
Fink, A. (1992, October 15). Formats:. National Center for Biotechnology Information.
Retrieved September 16, 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/
MUSC. (2014, September 16). Program Evaluation 101. Program Evaluation 101. Retrieved
Understanding esearch & esearch Methods in Social Work
Feminist evaluation: An evaluation of the conceptual framework
According to ebecca M. Beardsley and Michelle Hughes Miller's 2002 article "evisioning the process: A case study in feminist program evaluation," feminist program evaluations are based upon three core principles. The first principle is cooperation, namely that all relevant stakeholders must be considered when setting the standards for evaluation, not simply the program designers. The second is one of a lack of hierarchy -- the evaluation team members are all regarded as equal partners. Thirdly, the program must be evaluated from the ideological perspective of feminism. Although this final standard might seem unrealistic to use in program evaluation in anything buy a woman-oriented program, such as the program targeting females in the article, Beardsley and Miller point out that the majority of consumers of social services are female. The authors believe that…
Beardsley, Rebecca M. & Michelle Hughes Miller. (2002). Revisioning the process: A case study in feminist program evaluation. New Directions for Evaluation. 96: 57.
Hood, Denice Ward & Denice A. Cassaro. (2002). Feminist evaluation and the inclusion of difference: Revisioning the process: A case study in feminist program evaluation.
New Directions for Evaluation. 96: 27.
Sielbeck-Bowen, Kathryn A. Sharon Brisolara, Denise Seigart, Camille Tischler, Elizabeth
This is discussed at length by Fusick and ordeau (2004) "...school-based counselors need to be aware of the disturbing inequities that exist in predominantly Afro-American urban school districts, where nearly 40% of Afro-American students attend school in the United States" (Fusick and ordeau, 2004) This again places emphasis on the need for mental health programs in these areas of concern. This is also related to findings from a study by McDavis et al. (1995) Counseling African-Americans, which refers to research that stresses the "...widening achievement gap between Afro-American and Euro-American students." (McDavis, et al. 1995)
An important study Laura a. Nabors, Evaluation of Outcomes for Adolescents Receiving School-ased Mental Health Services (2002) refers to the particular issue and problems experience at inner-city schools. The author states that, "School mental health (SMH) programs are an important setting for providing mental health services to adolescents, especially urban youth who typically face in-…
Smith, P.B., Buzi, R.S., & Weinman, M.L. (2001). Mental Health Problems and Symptoms among Male Adolescents Attending a Teen Health Clinic. Adolescence, 36(142), 323. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001042308 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001243622
Stern, S.B., Smith, C.A., & Jang, S.J. (1999). Urban Families and Adolescent Mental Health. Social Work Research, 23(1), 15. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001243622 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=77001228
Sternberg, R.J., & Dennis, M.J. (1997). Elaborating Cognitive Psychology through Linkages to Psychology as a Helping Profession. Teaching of Psychology, 24(3), 246-249. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=77001228 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000581383
Stock, M.R., Morse, E.V., Simon, P.M., Zeanah, P.D., Pratt, J.M., & Sterne, S. (1997). Barriers to School-Based Health Care Programs. Health and Social Work, 22(4), 274+. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000581383
The evaluation facilitator will explain that curriculum evaluation is a necessary process to help foster student growth and that evaluation is not a negative critical review; rather, it is to recognize progress and to identify areas for future improvement. This is important because evaluation has traditionally been focused on the identification of shortcomings and, for this reason, has caused anxiety and resentment which can impede constructive participation.
Second, the facilitator will explain the process of curriculum evaluation. The process will be described as an analysis of current curriculum, the expression of key goals in a formal mission statement, allocation of resources, implementation of curriculum change and the monitoring of progress over time. In this way, teachers will know exactly what to expect and this will help allay their fear of change. Plus, showing that there are well-defined processes will help lend credibility to the curriculum evaluation program.
Third, the facilitator…
Carl, AE 1995: Teacher empowerment through curriculum development: theory into practice. Kenwyn, Cape Town: Juta, p. 178.
Evaluation and assessment: Curriculum evaluation. http://www.ibe.unesco.org/curriculum/Rpack/e_evaluation.htm
The three discussion groups. http://www.ibe.unesco.org/curriculum/GulfStatesProjectsPdf/omanVI.pdf
" (Mattaini and McGuire, 2006)
Results reported on the Olweus program for Scandinavia are as follows:
(1) impressive: reductions of 50% or more in bullying problems, with reductions increasing over time -- at least for 2 years;
(2) reductions in other forms of antisocial behavior; and reported improvements in school climate. Several replications support the utility of the approach (U.S. Surgeon General, 2001 in: Mattaini and McGuire, 2006).
Summary and Conclusion
The Olweus program is cited in the literature as being the only bullying prevention and intervention program that has produced empirical results and that has been replicated in studies. Furthermore, the Olweus program is the only bullying prevention program that has received recognition as a national model and a lueprint Violence Prevention Program by the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Olweus program follows federal requirements in its involvement of all actors…
Boyle, D.J. (2005) Youth Bullying: Incidence, Impact and Interventions. Journal of the New Jersey Psychological Association, 55(3), 22-24. Online available at: http://www.umdnj.edu/vinjweb/publications/articles/bullying.pdf
Lead & Manage My School: Exploring the Nature and Prevention of Bullying (2009) Federal Criteria for Identifying Effective Programs. U.S. Department of Education. Online available at: http://www.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/training/bullying/bullying_pg22.html
Mattaini, Mark a. And McGuire, Melissa S. (2006) Behavioral Strategies for Constructing Nonviolent Cultures with Youth. Behavior Modification. Vol. 30 No.2 March 2006. Sage Productions. Online available at: http://njbullying.org/documents/behavstratmattainimaguire3-06.pdf
Exploring the Nature and Prevention of Bullying (2009) Day 3 -- Bullying Prevention Strategies. Leading & Manage My School. U.S. Department of Education. Online available at: http://www.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/training/bullying/bullying_pg17.html
Overwhelmingly, those programs are explicitly designed to be culturally responsive, but, again, not just to tribal groups. One program, for example, is likely to have tribal students, Hispanic students, and other immigrant groups. A massive data-collection effort is underway to measure successful programmatic elements and determine which efforts have produced the most dramatic results.
One of the principles guiding the current push in California to provide more and better after-school programs is as follows: "Programs should foster a positive sense of identity, build upon the cultures of the families, and offer a curriculum that values and responds to the strengths, challenges, and needs of all of the different kinds of youth in their communities," (Olsen, 2000). hile this goal doesn't specifically identify Native American tribal needs, it does hit upon the most important element of culturally responsive programming. For many Native families, placing their children in an after-school program through…
Birmingham, Jennifer, et.al. 2005. Shared Features of High-Performing After-School
Programs: A Follow UP to the TASC Evaluation. Policy Studies Associates: Washington, D.C.
California After School Network: A Road Map to the California After School Landscape.
2010. Available at: www.afterschoolnetwork.org
Total ewards Program Evaluation: Case Study of Geico
Total rewards are all available tools that employers can use to motivate, attract and retain employees. In other words, rewards are the compensations that organizations provide to employees for the services rendered to the company. However, rewards are not simply to offer payments or direct currencies for employees; however, rewards are the other form of non-financial benefits that can be converted to currencies, which include comfortable offices and favorable interpersonal relationships for employees. Typically, rewards are the compensatory benefits to exchange for the services that employees offer an organization. Total rewards are also defined as everything that an employee perceives as a great value. In a contemporary competitive business environment, organizations are increasingly attracting best talents to achieve business success. Implementation of total rewards for employees is one of the critical business strategies that can enhance competitive market advantages.
Objective of this…
Resources Management Strategy Going with the Trend of the Times. International Journal of Business and Management.4(11): 177-183.
San, O.T. Theen, Y.M. & Heng, T.B. (2012). The Reward Strategy and Performance Measurement (Evidence from Malaysian Insurance Companies). International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology. 2(1):211-223.
Faith-Based eentry Programs
Legal and logistical challenges in corrections
The separation of church and state is codified in the First Amendment. State support of faith-based organizations designed to reduce recidivism rates was permitted when President George W. Bush signed the Second Chance Act in 2007. The Second Change Act allowed federal funds to be used for reentry programs, including faith-based reentry programs. As expected, the legislation could theoretically pose some First Amendment issues given that it involves federal support for programs run by religious institutions, but given that members of the clergy are already a presence in most prisons, there has been muted debate on the topic. When evaluating the utility of such programs two central questions may be asked: do such reentry programs 'work' and if so, is the faith-based component sufficiently necessary to justify the potential blurring of the line between church and state, as…
Gramlich, J. (2008). States want Second Chance Act funded. Stateline. Retrieved from:
PEW Charitable Trust.
Muhlhausen, D. (2010). The Second Chance Act: more evaluations of effectiveness needed.
Total Compensation Methods and Benefits Programs
Impact on employees and organizations
Salary and benefit administration strategies
elationship with organizational culture and performance
Total compensation methods used by the organizations are different in terms of their design and approach. The main objective of the compensation programs developed in organizations is to facilitate employee motivation and provide a cost effective reward system that is beneficial for both employees as well as the business. The business objectives, values, and goals are the basic element of compensation methods adopted in an organization. The total compensation strategy adopted by a business also elaborates the approach adopted by the business to offer benefits for its employees in return to their services. The following sections provide a detailed understanding of total compensation methods and benefits programs and their impacts on employees and organizations. The second most important element addressed in the research is concerning the administration of…
Armstrong, M., & Stephens, T. (2005). A handbook of employee reward management and practice. USA:Kogan Page.
Heneman, R.L. (2002). Strategic reward management: Design, implementation, and evaluation. USA: IAP.
Mathis, R.L., & Jackson, J.H. (2011). Human resource management: Essential perspectives. USA: Cengage Learning.
Few other public health issues have drawn as much attention, and garnered as much support for policy and programming as obesity. Obesity programs have been initiated and implemented at the federal and state levels, and all fifty states currently have early childhood education physical activity and healthy eating regulations and policies (The State of Obesity, 2018). All the major national public health research organizations, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health likewise inform and promote obesity-related policies and programs. Government agencies like the Food and Drug Administration and the USDA also have distinct policies and programs. In spite of the abundance of both private and public funding for anti-obesity research, policy development, and programming, the majority—two-thirds—of American adults are overweight or obese, and more than a fourth of all healthcare costs in the nation are consumed by obesity-related issues (Levi, Vinter, Richardson, et…
Human Service Programs
In the ongoing attempt to recover human service programs, policymakers, funders, and service providers are progressively acknowledging the position of difficult program evaluations. They want to distinguish what the programs achieve, what they cost, and how they should be functioned to achieve supreme cost-effectiveness. They want to identify which programs work for which areas, and they want suppositions based on proof, rather than impassioned pleas and testimonials. With that said, it is important to understand what are the strengths and weaknesses in the Human Service Programs.
What is Human Services?
Human services are provide assistance aid to citizens that need help in getting or upholding basic human essentials, such as shelter, health and food," to name a few." Social programs also delivers human services, such as psychological requirements, help in distributing with trauma from abuse or sickness as well as complications of disasters, such as climate provoked…
Boessenkool, K. (1997). Back to work: Learning from the Alberta welfare experiment. Commentary - C.D.Howe Institute, (91), 1-1.
Hays, Sharon (2004). Flat broke with children. New York: Oxford University Press.
Holl, J., Kristen, S.S., & Amy, B.S. (2005). Welfare reform and health insurance: Consequences for parents. American Journal of Public Health, 95(2), 279-85.
Vozoris, N., & Tarasuk, V. (2004). The health of Canadians on welfare. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 95(2), 115-20.
In a study of sewing machine operators, showed that operators with a history of carpal tunnel syndrome used pinch grips more frequently and that the force used during these pinch grip exertions was greater than that employed by the control group (women performing the same jobs at the time that the case group members reported their symptoms). The effects of pinch grip exertions on the intrinsic muscles of the hand were considered in a study of employees in a garment shop. They found a positive correlation between pinch grip duration and hand pain in this population.
Emanoil (2000), discusses research that found that subjects using the vertical split keyboard kept their wrist angles and forearm movements in the lowest risk zone for carpal tunnel syndrome 71% and 78% of the time, respectively. When typing on traditional keyboards, subjects were in the lowest risk zone only 44 and 25% of the…
Carayon, P., Smith, M.J., & Haims, M.C. (1999). Work Organization, Job Stress and Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders. Human Factors, 41(4), 644.
Emanoil, P. (2000). Ergonomics Then and Now. Human Ecology, 28(2), 13.
Keir, P.J., & Wells, R.P. (2002). The Effect of Typing Posture on Wrist Extensor Muscle Loading. Human Factors, 44(3), 392+.
Marras, W.S., Marklin, R.W., Greenspan, G.J., & Lehman, K.R. (1995). Quantification of Wrist Motions during Scanning. Human Factors, 37(2), 412+.