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We have over 592 essays for "Public Servant"

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Public Policy and Service Currently I Work

Words: 2038 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 39060074

Public Policy and Service

Currently, I work on homeland security issues, with a focus on enforcing Federal egulations. My overall plan is to remain with the government with the likelihood of retiring from a governmental agency. My professional philosophy revolves around the nature of service, and I believe that my skills, enthusiasm and patriotism all combine in a better way by using my skills to help the United States.

Before this recent job change, I was a bank regulator. I transferred to Homeland Security because of its importance in the contemporary environment and its mission to protect America at home and abroad. When one stops to reflect a moment, we see that the world is a far different place than it was prior to the events of 9/11. In fact, as a direct response to the terrorist attacks on the United States in September, 2011, the Office of Homeland Security…… [Read More]

References

National Strategy for Homeland Security. (2002, November). Retrieved from ncs.gov: http://www.ncs.gov/library/policy_docs/nat_strat_hls.pdf

Connor, M., Pokora, J. (2012). Coaching and Mentoring at Work: Developing Effective Practice. New York: McGraw-Hill Education/Open University Press.

Department of Homeland Security. (2012, March). Get A Homeland Security Job. Retrieved from dhs.gov: http://www.dhs.gov/how-do-i/get-homeland-security-job

Dunleavy, P., & Carrera, L. (2013). Growing the Productivity of Government Services. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
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Public Corruption and Its Effect Including the

Words: 679 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53939292

public corruption and its effect, including the claim that public corruption in an unavoidable side effect of development. Corruption in public service can be an ongoing concern in many areas. Corruption can lead to disorder, lack of trust in police or other public entities, and to ongoing problems with morale and citizen support. There is an argument that in countries with high levels of corruption, it has some benefit, but that is difficult to accept, as corruption only benefits those who participate in it, and it definitely does not benefit the general population.

The Transparency International Web site defines corruption as "Corruption is operationally defined as the misuse of entrusted power for private gain" (Editors, 2009). They go on to state that public servants (including criminal justice professionals), have a duty to remain above corruption. They note, "It is the duty of civil servants, managers and trustees to act visibly,…… [Read More]

References

Editors. (2009). Corruption FAQs. Retrieved 10 August 2009 from the Transparency International Web site:  http://www.transparency.org/news_room/faq/corruption_faq .

Myint, U. (2000). Corruption: causes, consequences, and cures. Asia-Pacific Development Journal. 7 (2). 33-58.

Spector, B.I. (Ed.). (2005). Fighting corruption in developing countries: Strategies and analysis. West Hartford, CT: Kumarian Press.
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Public Administration and Considers the Effect of

Words: 2154 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13271500

public administration and considers the effect of their writings and theories on the field of public administration. It has 6 sources.

An analysis of the core areas of public administration and how these areas interrelate with one another; taking into account the theories and writings of major players in the field of public administration and how their views shaped these areas.

The principles of public administration are the clearest description of its usefulness to society and government. This administrative science is barely 100-125 years old in the U.S. And a little over 200 years old in France. Tracing its roots back to Napoleon, public administration evolved largely as a result of the increasing complexity of society, economy and technology. The French system of Public Administration is still considered by many to be the world's best. Compared to Germany and Britain, the U.S. was relatively slower to utilize public administration in…… [Read More]

4)Harting, Tracey L. The Science of "Muddling Through" by Charles E. Lindblom 1998, Accessed on 31-3-2003 at  http://www.tamucc.edu/~whatley/PADM5302/theo14e.htm 

5) Book review. Understanding Public Policy. Prentice Hall. Accessed on 31-3-2003 at  http://vig.prenhall.com/catalog/academic/product/1,4096,0130260088,00.html?type=FEA 

6) Thomas Wadsworth, Book Review. Political Science. Fiscal Administration: Analysis and Applications for the Public Sector, Sixth Edition, Accessed on 31-3-2003 at http://newtexts.com/newtexts/book.cfm?book_id=816
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Public Admin Case Study

Words: 2017 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 85270192

PA Problem

The science of public administration is not a direct or concrete examination. ather, the human tendencies of emotion and subtle manipulation are also included in this discipline. The purpose of this essay is to explore the ideas and major theories of the science of public administration. This essay will examine 5 patriarchal figures to highlight the evolution and transformation of the use of public power for administration purposes.

Woodrow Wilson

The presidency of Woodrow Wilson is mostly known in the annals of history as being a disastrous president who legislated away many of the powers and freedoms that were earned by Americans after th 19th century. Wilson's lust for war and violence misled America into World War I and summarily weakened the nation in every way possible. Wilson also failed his people by relinquishing the people's power to print their own money to the Federal eserve in 1914.…… [Read More]

References

Box, R.C. (1999). Running Government Like a Business Implications for Public Administration Theory and Practice. The American Review of Public Administration, 29(1), 19-43.

Drucker Institute (nd). Peter Drucker's Life and Legacy. Retrieved on 10 Oct from http://www.druckerinstitute.com/peter-druckers-life-and-legacy/

Frederickson, H.G. (1999). The repositioning of American public administration. PS: Political Science & Politics, 32(04), 701-712.

Hood, C. (1995). Emerging issues in public administration. Public administration, 73(1), 165-183.
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Public Policy Formulation Measures

Words: 830 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32701336



To be considered a concerned public agent, policy formulators are constantly scouting for possible conflict in the social setting. This is their key objective; to show course in the formulation of policy and pushing a social agenda. The public policy makers are often seen coming up with public advocacy program to sensitize the people one the existence of the conflict. Once the matter is seen as a social concern, they take it upon themselves to formulate a policy sufficient only to tackle the highlighted conflict. The culmination of the advocacy project leads to half-baked policy tackling a social concern based on previous policy.

Policy makers are seen to directly formulate policies based on previous experiences, as opposed to considerations for the real issues. The result of the policy formulated stretch from disjointed incremental measure that hardly tackle current issue. This is clearly "muddling through" and evading tackling of pertinent matters…… [Read More]

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Public Budgeting

Words: 6131 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 64152660

public budgeting comparisons of the federal, state and local budget distributions. This thesis will be focused on whether or not the increased budget allocations for transportation in the federal, state and local government will enhance travel security, efficiency, performance measures and &D development in the domain. The thesis will start off with a proposal for an agency that works across and is allocated budget in all the federal, state and local legislatures. The agency chosen for the thesis is the United States Department of Transportation. The proposal will include a detailed overview of the chosen agency inclusive of some financial data in recent years for the agency and a comparative analysis of the performance measures accomplished with those measures that were not completed. This will be followed by the details and comparative analysis of the budgetary performances of the federal, state and local budget departments in the United States which…… [Read More]

References

Budget.Gov. 2012. Fiscal year 2012: Historical tables -- Budget of the U.S. Government. Office of Management and Budget.

Budget.Gov. 2012a. Fiscal year 2012: Budget of the U.S. Government. Office of Management and Budget.

Dinapoli, T.P. (2011). Report on the State Fiscal Year 2011-12 -- Enacted Budget. New York State Comptroller

Leigland, J. And Russell, H. 2009. Another lost decade? Effects of the financial crisis on project finance for infrastructure, Grid Lines No. 48. Washington, PPIAF.
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Public Budgeting

Words: 595 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 27184381

City of Alameda Online Budget Challenge

PRESS RELEASE

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

City of Alameda Announces Series of Targeted Budget Cuts and Tax Increases to Balance 2013-14 Budget

Faced with an impending budget deficit of $4.4 million caused by a combination of rising expenditures flat revenues, the City of Alameda has implemented a series of cuts to programs funded by the General fund, as well as minimal increases in certain taxes, to assure a balanced budget for Fiscal Year 2012-13. Before a detailed description of these actions is given, the City of Alameda would like to make clear for all citizens that the proscribed measures are temporary in nature, with the objective being to guide the city through a prolonged recession while assuring financial solvency. With that said, every major department which draws funding from the city's General Fund will absorb budget cuts that are similar to those enacted last year,…… [Read More]

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Public Policy

Words: 599 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66651661

Iron Triangle

Public policy in America can be neatly visualized with the Iron Triangle, in which government, special interest groups, and the bureaucratic systems interact. Congressional committees, special interest groups, and bureaucracies are the three points on the triangle, and the designator "iron" signifies the strength and immutability of the institutions and relationships between them. Iron also symbolizes the rigidity of policy making, which does not allow stakeholders or parties outside of the triangle to have a meaningful influence on decisions.

Special interest groups, as monolithic as they seem, are really composed of constituents that ultimately cast votes for politicians and who promote and shape party lines. For this reason, the needs of special interest groups are of major concern to the government -- mainly members of the legislative bodies. The bureaucrats refer to the members of government agencies, groups that are comprised of non-elected officials who nevertheless act as…… [Read More]

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Public Communication Ethics Response A

Words: 2137 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46331261

This is a contractual obligation, as money has been received for a certain service.

This is closely related to the third obligation in the model, which is "duty to the organization." The press has an obligation to provide the public with a wide variety of viewpoints in order to ensure public debate and accurate information. If a certain piece of information is withheld from the public as a result of its controversial content, this constitutes unfair censorship. The general principle of the press is to promote knowledge rather than censorship. Hence, information that could cause disagreement should not be withheld on those grounds alone.

On the other hand, the press in general also has a duty to society in terms of providing accurate information. The advertisement is in direct opposition to generally accepted facts regarding slavery. Hence publishing it on the strength merely of publishing whatever opinion is paid for…… [Read More]

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Public Administration Policy Reform Supporting

Words: 1747 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 49045463

This system is stated to be flawed as "The school board members have a vested interest in the success of the existing local school system and are reluctant to introduce a competitor into the marketplace, said charter school supporters." (O'Donoghue, 2010)

Summary and Conclusion

It is very likely that laws will be changed and policy reformed relating to charter schools in the state of Virginia as to do otherwise means to miss the $350 million in funding opportunity for Virginia's school system and it appears highly unlikely that in the present state of the economy that Virginia will be willing to shun this much in educational funding.

ibliography

Charter Schools, When Explained, Get Support (2009) Augusta Press. 16 Dec 2009. Online available at: http://augustafreepress.com/2009/12/16/charter-schools-when-explained-get-support/

Schaeffer, Adam . (2006) No, Virginia, There is No such thing as School Choice. 29 Oct 2006. CATO Institute. Online available at: http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=6756

raunlich, Christian (2009)…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Charter Schools, When Explained, Get Support (2009) Augusta Press. 16 Dec 2009. Online available at: http://augustafreepress.com/2009/12/16/charter-schools-when-explained-get-support/

Schaeffer, Adam B. (2006) No, Virginia, There is No such thing as School Choice. 29 Oct 2006. CATO Institute. Online available at:  http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=6756 

Braunlich, Christian (2009) Virginia Needs More Public Schools. Bacon's Rebellion. 18 Jan 2009. Online available at:  http://baconsrebellion.com/2009/01/18/virginia-needs-more-charter-schools/ 

Grimes, Cathy (2010) Virginia Seeks $350 Million in Federal Race to the Top Education Funds. Daily Press.21 Jan 2010. Online available at  http://www.dailypress.com/news/dp-local_racetothetop_0122jan22,0,5686858.story
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Organizational Change in the Public Sector This

Words: 6104 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 9103024

Organizational Change in the Public Sector

This research proposal explores the feasibility of management in the public Sector as an organizational paradigm and new model in organizational development. The literature review reviews numerous journal articles that explore on the key concepts of change management strategies from a public sector project management perspective. The authors suggest that employee's participation, effective feedback across the board, and empowerment of subordinate staffs is a major step in transforming public organizations. This proposal further hypothesis that establishment of long-term and productivity advantages are crucial throughout the organization.

SCOPE AND PURPOSE

Research Questions

Hypotheses:

LITERATURE REVIEW

Factor 1: Need for change

Factor 2: implement a Plan for change

Factor 3: create political internal environment for Change

Factor 4: Support and Commitment from managers

Factor 5: enhancing External Support

Factor 6: Provide Resources for change

Factor 7: establish Change

Factor 8: ascertain comprehensive Change

Determinants of implementing…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Abramson, Mark A., and Paul R .Lawrence .2001. The Challenge of Transforming

Administration and its influence on organizational change. Management Decision,

50(10), 1843-1860, Review 62: 555-67.

Armenakis, Achilles A ., and Arthur G .Bedeian .1999 .Organizational Change: A Review of Associates.
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Personal Statement -- Public Policy

Words: 980 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31370530

If given the opportunity to amend the policy, what action would you take and why?

The national proposal to increase sin taxes on alcoholic beverages is long overdue and should be supported not only by all sectors of the government but the American public most especially. The fact is well-known that alcohol consumption is not only dangerous for the consumer but also has various economic and social harms for the society as well as users' immediate environment. It means that alcohol can affect not only the drinker but other people in the form of violence or road accidents. Taxing alcohol at higher rates will provide a mechanism that will taper buying due to high prices. But I believe that taxing alone should not be the only thrust of this policy. Rather, continuous education and awareness campaigns by both the public and private sector will go further to ensure that people…… [Read More]

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Teaching Ethics and Values in Public Administration

Words: 3701 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7201356

Goals of a Public Administrator

The implementation of the policies devised by the government is referred to as public administration. Moreover, public administration is also a discipline that is taught in many higher education institutions. This discipline is based on the studies that revolve around the aforementioned implementation and therefore it prepares the civil servants that would be working for the public service in the future (Frederickson, 1997). The fundamental goal behind the layout of the curriculum of this discipline and the training in this field is to advance the policies and management in order for the government to function effectively (Frederickson, 1997). There are various definitions that have been used to describe this term; "translation of politics into the reality that citizens see every day"; "the management of public programs" and "the study of the process of decision making by the government, the analysis of the devised policies, the…… [Read More]

References

Alvarez, K., & Stupak, R. (1993). An Analytical Essay and Annotated Compendium on Organizational Theory: Paradigms Lost and Needed in Public Administration. International Review Of Modern Sociology, 59 -- 81.

Brown-John, C. (1990). Budgeting in the Provinces: Leadership and the Premiers Allan M. Maslove, ed. Toronto: The Institute of Public Administration in Canada, 1989, pp. xxii, 175 Tax Reform in Canada: The Process and Impact Allan M. Maslove Halifax: The Institute for Research on Public Policy, 1989, pp. xv, 96 The Politics of Public Spending in Canada Donald J. Savoie Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990, pp. xiv, 433. Canadian Journal Of Political Science, 23(03), 568 -- 571.

Frederickson, H. (1997). The spirit of public administration. Jossey-Bass Publishers San Francisco, 80.

Geva-May, I., & Kfir, A. (2000). Developments in Policy Analysis and Evaluation in Public Administration. Public Administration, 78(2), 409 -- 422.
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HRM in the Public Sector

Words: 605 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99774676

Human esource managers are therefore faced with the challenges of 1) finding suitably talented individuals for public sector positions; and 2) training these individuals to continually deliver excellent services to the public (Moir, 2008).

3.

Please discuss some of the importance of the labor relations in the public sector.

Labor relations in the public sector are specifically influenced by external environmental factors such as the economic-financial context, the legal context, and the political context (Lewin, 1988, p. 23). At the core of these aspects is that fact that they interact in terms of the main responsibility of public servants: to act as a catalyst for service provision from the government to the public. Managers within the public sector should therefore be consistently aware of employee needs, demands, and rights, since these do not only concern the employees and managers themselves, but also the image of the government in the minds…… [Read More]

References

Faizal, M. (2005). Institutionalization of Performance Appraisal System. Retrieved from: http://www.ub.uib.no/elpub/2005/h/701001/Masteroppgave.pdf

Lewin, D. (1988). Public Sector Labor Relations: Analysis and Readings. Lexington Books.

Moir, S. (2008, Mar. 20). Five key challenges for public sector HR professionals: one step forward, two steps back. Retrieved from:  http://www.personneltoday.com/articles/2008/03/20/44960/five-key-challenges-for-public-sector-hr-professionals-one-step-forward-two-steps-back.html
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Social Equity in Public Administration

Words: 1560 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86851525

Social Equity Public Administration

Emergence as Concern in Field of Public Administration

Social equity has always been an important aspect of public administration, though only recently is it receiving much attention in the press. Whereas in times of old social equity concerned itself primarily with issues of fairness and equality in the public workplace, today social equity is emerging as a field encompassing many different aspects of administration.

Among these include public education, policy development, hiring and promotional practices, public welfare and even transportation. In modern public administration, all of these issues are applied to the field in order to establish fairness, justice and equality for all. Social equity in the field of public administration has emerged as a response to consumer demands for equitable policy making and fairness in governance.

Public administration as a whole may be defined as the management of "matters which have principally to do with…… [Read More]

References:

Frederickson, G. (1986). "New public administration." Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.

Rice, M.F. (2003). "Organizational Culture, Social Equity & Diversity: Teaching Public

Administration." Texas A& M. University, Bush School Working Paper #314. 14, November, 2004:  http://bush.tamu.edu/content/research/working_papers/mrice/teach-post-modern.pdf 

Christopher, G.C., Rutledge, P.J. (2001). "Reinvigorating the Social Equity Debate."
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War and Public Administration War

Words: 3482 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84932314

So, even in such situations as when the countryside has also been hit by war, the local administrators are much more likely to be able to function productively as they are fundamentally closer to the need and have strong community ties and possible a strong desire for social order but more importantly for the meeting of the local publics' needs.

The importance of establishing a public administration theoretical framework that prioritizes citizenship over consumerism, in a society where so much of the citizenry relies on public services is foundational to social order and to mitigating the change that has occurred as a result of war. There is no one right answer to all the functional changes to public administration, with regard to war as the many facets of war also create many facets of change in public administration. The level of degradation to physical and psychological networks must be analyzed…… [Read More]

References

Boleman, L., & Deal, T. (2003). Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice and Leadership. Third Ed. . San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Bruck, T. (1997). Macroeconomic Effects of the War in Mozambique. QEH Working Paper Series QEHWPS11, 1-63.

Chopra, J., & Hohe, T. (2004). Participatory Intervention. Global Governance, 10-27.

Denhart, J., & Denhardt, R.B. (2007). The New Public Service. Revised Edition. Armonk, NY:: M.E. Sharpe.
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Leadership and HRM in the Public Sector

Words: 4785 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 23792010

HM

Leadership and HM in the Public Sector

At the national level, leadership in human resource management has been problematic, if not negative, in its effects. The Civil Service eform Act of 1978 and related legislation established the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) to provide leadership and innovative personnel programs for the federal establishment. Instead, in the first ten years after its creation, OPM established a record of missed opportunities, failed initiatives, and declining organizational effectiveness, as documented in comprehensive reports issued in 1989 by both the U.S. General Accounting Office and the U.S. Merit Systems Protection Board (Ingraham and Ban, 2008).

By any measure of performance against legislative intent, OPM has been largely an organizational failure in the conduct of its programs and the achievement of its goals. OPM has not become the primary management office for the president, as envisioned by its first director, Alan Campbell. It has…… [Read More]

References

Patricia, Ingraham W., and Ban. Carolyn (1988) Politics and Merit: Can They Meet in a Public Service Model? Review of Public Personnel Administration (Spring):719.

Lane, Larry M (2009) The Administration and Politics of Reform: The Office of Personnel Management. Policy Studies Journal 17 (Winter):331-351.

Swoboda, Frank (1989) A Coming Shift in the Power Balance. The Washington Post (October 8):H3.

Selznick, Philip (1987) The Idea of a Communitarian Morality. California Law Review 75 (January):445-463.
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Leadership in the Public Sector

Words: 1233 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51408173

ethical obligations -- as discussed, for example, in Chapter 16 of the Northouse text -- allegedly breached by Smith or Halloran while in office. (These obligations will not "fit" perfectly, as the real world does not always match the academic world precisely. Contemplate and give the best answer.) In each case, describe the ethically-proper course of action that was not taken by the relevant actors. Does New York -- like Chicago, Illinois, which was called the most corrupt city in the United States (Cody, 2012) -- have a special culture where corruption is accepted or even expected? Be sure to contrast the differences between leadership and power. Also discuss whether Smith and Halloran's behavior would have been unethical in the private sector.

Background

New York State Sen. Malcolm Smith and New York City Councilman Dan Halloran were arrested by federal authorities in an alleged plot to rig the New York…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Associated Press. (2013, April 2). Politico. Retrieved from N.Y. state sen. arrested in alleged mayor race plot:  http://www.politico.com/story/2013/04/nyc-mayor-race-rig-malcolm-smith-89536.html 

Bass, B. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.

Greenleafe Center. (2011). What is Servant Leadership? Retrieved from Greanleafe Center for Servant Leadership:  http://www.greenleaf.org/whatissl/ 

Margolin, J. (2013, April 2). State Sen. Malcolm Smith, city Councilman Halloran arrested in 'bribery plot' to rig mayor race. Retrieved from New York Post:  http://nypost.com/2013/04/02/state-sen-malcolm-smith-city-councilman-halloran-arrested-in-bribery-plot-to-rig-mayor-race/
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Guerrilla Government and Public Interests

Words: 609 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22291546

Guerrilla Government and Waldo's Map of Ethical Obligations of a Public Servant

Public administrators are frequently faced with conflicting interests that demand a subjective analysis that can lead to suboptimal outcomes unless their professional obligations are taken into account. To gain some additional insights into these issues, this paper provides an explanation of the Nevada Four guerrillas' competing obligations using Waldo's map of ethical obligations of a public servant. An explanation concerning the impact of the guerrillas' actions on the individuals involved, the organization, and public policy is followed by a discussion concerning this author's disagreement with their actions and why.

eview and Discussion

The term "guerrilla government" is used to describe actions that are taken by career public servants that are contrary to the policies of their superiors for various reasons, primarily because they are dissatisfied with these policies but other reasons play a role as well (O'Leary, 2014).…… [Read More]

References

Cooper, T.L. (2012). The responsible administrator: An approach to ethics for the administrative role (6th ed.). New York, NY: Jossey-Bass.

Chapter 8, "Safeguarding Ethical Autonomy in Organizations: Dealing with Unethical Superiors and Organizations" (pp. 197 -- 239)

O'Leary, R. (2014). The ethics of dissent: Managing guerrilla government (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: CQ Press.

Chapter 2, "Guerrilla Government and the Nevada Wetlands"
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Public Pension Replacement Rates

Words: 741 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75851129

Pension Plan eplacement ates

Public Pension eplacement ates

The portion of monthly pre-retirement income that will be replaced by monthly pension plan funds is called the pension plan replacement rate (Quadagno, 2011). In the United States, the majority of pre-retirement income replacement comes from Social Security payments (Quadagno, 2011). The actual replacement rate for wage earners with lower incomes is higher than for those who have had higher wages during their working years (Quadagno, 2011). But overall, wealthier recipients of Social Security payments still achieve higher income replacement (Quadagno, 2011). "By 2030, a worker who retires at age 62 will receive only 70% of the whole retirement benefit, and workers who want to receive the maximum benefit will have to wait until they reach age 67" (Quadagno, 2011, p. 10). How does this compare with the situation in other countries? Comparing prior earning replacement rates for Greece and the United…… [Read More]

References

Current and Prospective Theoretical Pension Replacement Rates. (2006, May 19). Social Protection Committee (SPC), European Commission: Employment, Social Affairs, and Inclusion. Retrieved  http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/ 

social_protection/docs/isg_repl_rates_en.pdf

Nektarias, M. (). Financing public pensions in Greece. SPOUDAI, 50 (3-4), University of Piraeus.

Nelson, R.M., Belkin, P., Mix, D.E. (2011, August 18). Greece's Debt Crisis: Overview, Policy Responses, and Implications. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service. Retrieved  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R41167.pdf
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Public Administration a Masters Program

Words: 652 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73187501

Masters in Public Administration

I seek a Masters in Public Administration because I want to obtain the skills and tools to be able to make solid public decisions that positively impact the community. Public administrators are both servants and leaders and occupy an important role in society: they have to at one and the same time serve the public and put its interests before their own, and they also have to lead the public and the organization with which they are involved. It is their responsibility to manage and meet the needs of those from whom their mandate is ultimately obtained.

With a Masters in Public Administration, I expect to be able to build on the knowledge I have already obtained in my undergraduate years. This is the next level of academic experience that will enable me to enter into an administrative career with professionalism, expertise, and devotion to care…… [Read More]

References

Master of Public Administration. (2016). UTA. Retrieved from  http://www.uta.edu/cappa/academics/public-affairs/public-administration/master-public-administration/
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Public Accountability Work An Assessment

Words: 1991 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 12021725

232).

In the final purpose of accountability, where the goal is to enhance the learning capacity and effectiveness of the executive branch, we should realize that what needs to happen in this situation is that public authorities act on feedback about their own performance (Deutsch, 1963; Luhmann, 1966; Behn, 2001 as cited in Bovens et al., 2008). Thus, a good accountability mechanism, from this angle, is one that illustrates how the actor in question is learning and becoming more efficient as a result of the mechanism itself.

eferences

Anechiarico, F. & Jacobs, F.B. (1996). The Pursuit of Absolute Integrity: How Corruption

Control Makes Government Ineffective. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Aucoin, P. & Heintzman, . (2000). "The Dialectics of Accountability for Performance in Public

Management eform." International eview of Administrative Sciences, 66, 45-55.

Arnull, a. And D. Wincott. (2001). Accountability and Legitimacy in the European Union.

Oxford: Oxford University…… [Read More]

References

Anechiarico, F. & Jacobs, F.B. (1996). The Pursuit of Absolute Integrity: How Corruption

Control Makes Government Ineffective. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Aucoin, P. & Heintzman, R. (2000). "The Dialectics of Accountability for Performance in Public

Management Reform." International Review of Administrative Sciences, 66, 45-55.
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Managerial Approach in the Management of Public Resources

Words: 1002 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86284768

Public Administration involves the implementation of policies of the government, and it is a term used to refer to the study of the implementation these policies and the training given to civil servants to prepare them towards that role (Dubois & Fattore, 2009). Public Administration has three different methods stemming out of distinct perspective of its function. These strategies include the managerial approach, the political approach, and the legal approach. Each of the mentioned approach emphasizes on different values, procedures and structures of how public administration functions. These approaches were theorized by Professor David osenbloom, who was a Public Administration scholar (Dubois & Fattore, 2009).

Managerial Approach

According to this approach, public administration is used in managing the performance of organizations to increase efficiency, effectiveness, and the economy of resources. This approach aims at making organizations successful. The key areas of consideration in this approach are leaders, managerial techniques, decision…… [Read More]

References

Dubois, H., & Fattore, G. (2009). Definitions and typologies in public administration research: the case of decentralization. International Journal of Public Administration, 32 (8), 704 -- 727.

Kettl, D., & Fessler, J. (2009). The Politics of the Administrative Process. Washington D.C.: CQ Press.

Menzel, D., & White, H. (2011). The State of Public Administration: Issues, Challenges and Opportunity. New York M.E. Sharpe.
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Democracy and Public Administration

Words: 5642 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63787304

Policy

Democracy and Public Administration

This report is a theoretical essay on the inevitable conflicts that consistently occur between public agencies that are managed by unelected civil servants and the political environment in which these individuals and organizations operate in. Public agencies in the healthcare environment are prime examples of successful interdepartmental cooperation in most cases, but, there are also examples where they can demonstrate both internal and external in-fighting. "The health sector workforce, which usually comprises a significant element within the total public sector workforce, may be either directly employed by the public sector health system, or work in public-funded agencies or organizations (e.g., social insurance funded). In many countries healthcare will also be delivered by organizations in the private sector and by voluntary organizations." (World Bank Group) As concerns like the nation's aging population, a rapidly depleting Medicare Trust or the many potential pandemics such as SAs, Swine…… [Read More]

References

Antos, Joseph. (2008). "Medicare's Bad News: Is Anyone Listening?" American Institute for Public Policy Research. April, No. 3.

American Public Health Association (2009). Retrieved on November 2, 2009, from American Public Health Association Web Site:  http://www.apha.org  aphanet. (2001). Senators' Introduce Bill to Prepare For Possibility of Biological Warfare. Retrieved on November 2, 2009, from  http://www.aphanet.org 

CDC. (2009). H1N1. Retrieved on November 3, 2009, from Center For Disease Control web site at  http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/sick.htm .

Center for Disease Control. (2009). State and Local Infrastructure. Retrieved on November 3, 2009, from Center for Disease Control Web Site:  http://www.cdc.gov/programs
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American Public Policy

Words: 1695 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24318092

Steven Kelman's Making Public Policy: A Hopeful View of American Government

Steven Kelman's 1998 book on politics is entitled Making Public Policy: A Hopeful View of American Government. This is a brief but accurate summary of the central thesis of Kelman's philosophy of what enables the American system of government to function as well as it does. Perhaps because of the contentious nature of the modern media, discussions of the American governmental system and political process tend to focus on criticisms rather than on praises of its ability to address social ills. However, it is this stress upon the functionality, rather than upon the disfunctionality of American government that drives the structure, arguments, and philosophy advocated by Kelman's book.

In his introduction, Kelman states that he wishes to "evaluate how well the policy-making process works in the United States." In other words, Kelman wishes to rate the efficacy of the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Kelman, Steven. Making Public Policy: A Hopeful View of American Government, 1998.

Monarchy." World Book Encyclopedia Online. http://www2.worldbook.com/

Parliamentary System" World Book Encyclopedia Online. http://www2.worldbook.com
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Labor Relation in Public Sector

Words: 1505 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 12441409

Labor Relations in Public Sector

Collective bargaining in the public sector organizations will be quite different from that of the private sector organizations. The factors that drive the collective bargaining process in the private sector might not be present in the public sector. Private sector organizations are more concerned on the profit maximization philosophy whereas the public sector firms are more focused on serving general public therefore their priorities would be totally different and management approaches to collective bargaining would also be different. Moreover, private sector firms project for long-term budget forecasting, whereas in the public sector it is managed through third party legislature depending on the voters. These create challenges for the public sector to formulate a policy document that looks after the labor relations.

The Public Employees Fair Employment Act, commonly known as the Taylor Law, is a labor relations ruling policy document that covers public employees in…… [Read More]

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Corporate Mergers and Public Good

Words: 3815 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52676350

Corporate Mergers and the Public Good

The United States of America, during the last years of the Nineteenth Century, witnessed a rash of corporate mergers. The Industrial Revolution had taken firm hold, and the nation was changing rapidly. Millions of Americans who had once been independent farmers or tradesmen now found themselves in the position of what some termed "wage slaves." At the mercy of their corporate employers, they worked long hours at low pay, and often under appalling conditions. The reasons for the merger mania of this period are many and complex, as are its effects upon the population as a whole. In breaking down the traditional vocational environment, the gigantic new conglomerates also transformed the entire social landscape. ork was no longer a family business shared by all generations. Communities no longer clung together for mutual protection and aid. Suddenly, the citizen of this new world was out…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Applebaum, Herbert. The American Work Ethic and the Changing WorkForce: An Historical Perspective. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Aronowitz, Stanley. False Promises: The Shaping of American Working Class Consciousness. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1992.

Atack, Jeremy. (1985). "Industrial Structure and the Emergence of the Modern Industrial Corporation" Explorations in Economic History 22, 48.

Champlin, Dell P., and Janet T. Knoedler. "Corporations, Workers and the Public Interest." Journal of Economic Issues 37.2 (2003): 305+.
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The Domains of Gender Public and Private Sphere

Words: 925 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 15559121

Division of labor occurs not only in the formal workplaces of the world, but also in the informal spheres of work. Domestic duties are often sharply divided by gender, with women commanding the bulk of domestic chores, duties, roles, and corresponding positions of power. The power of women in the domestic sphere is limited, though, confined to that realm and not transferable to the public domain. Men's power in the public, political, and economic dimensions is far more transferable. Therefore, women's power and influence in households is distinct from the power and influence of men in the economic and political spheres. Women remain marginalized in public and formal positions of power.

In societies in which the public and private divide is less clear, and when there are more blurred lines between the public and private domains, women do enjoy a higher overall status in the society ("Domestic Worlds and Public…… [Read More]

References

Parikh, Shanti. "From 'Private' Affairs to 'Public' Scandals.'"

Townshend, Nicholas. "Fatherhood and the Mediating Role of Women."
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Followership in the Army A Servant Leadership

Words: 1470 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 576909

Introduction

Have you heard about servant leadership in the army? What about followership in the army? Have you been asked to write an essay about these topics? Many students in the military will be asked to write about leadership.

This article will show you how to write an essay about a specific topic of leadership as it pertains to the army or the military more generally. For one, this article shows you how to broach the topic of servant leadership and followership in the army, which is a common concept in the field of leadership studies.

Another topic this article covers is followership in the army. Follwership is a concept that focuses more on followers and their behaviors, which create all the overt features of an organization’s culture. Followership is especially salient in military organizational behavior, military leadership, and military management because of the organizational structure and culture of the…… [Read More]

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Law Enforcement Priorities and Public Sector Leadership

Words: 5421 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96700535

Undocumented Immigrants in Gainesville

The city of Gainesville has a population of about 54,000 and of these, approximately 3,200 are illegal aliens. The law enforcement community in this city is charged with protecting these undocumented aliens on the one hand and enforcing illegal immigrant laws on the other. To the extent that undocumented residents are afraid that the police will enforce the latter may be the extent to which they are discouraged from seeking help from the law enforcement community when they need it, exacerbating existing crime levels. Conversely, the extent to which law enforcement authorities fail to enforce illegal immigration laws may be the extent to which they are viewed as being malfeasant in the prosecution of their official duties. To determine the optimal course of action for law enforcement authorities faced with these conflicting priorities, this paper reviews the relevant literature including a discussion of so-called "sanctuary cities"…… [Read More]

References

Armajani, B. (2007, August). What transformational leaders do. Government Finance Review, 23(4), 79-83.

Bahn, S. (2013, April 1). Transformational leaders? The pivotal role that supervisors play in safety culture. International Journal of Training Research, 11(1), 17-21.

Bambale, A. & Jaafaru, S. F. (2012, May 1). Servant leadership as employee-organization approach for performance of employee citizenship behaviors in the Nigeria's electric power sector. Journal of Marketing and Management, 3(1), 1-5.

Berger, T. A (2014, Fall). Servant Leadership 2.0: A call for strong theory. Sociological Viewpoints, 30(1), 146-150.
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Leadership Succeeding in the Private Public and

Words: 672 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80452832

Leadership: Succeeding in the Private, Public, and Not-for-Profit Sectors

Competency-Based Approach (Federal Government). The "competency-based" approach to leadership helps leaders "fully explore the challenge before them" so they can come up with solutions on a collaborative basis. The competences presented include: a) paying close attention to the situation; b) tapping into person life experiences to better tackle "group challenges"; c) using images (metaphors, photos, stories) to make sense of "complex information"; d) gaining knowledge through improvisation; e) being collaborative with others; and f) "synthesizing issues, objects, events and actions" so they have meaning (Sims, et al., 2005, 159). I fully agree that these competencies are what government leaders must adhere to.

The President's Management Agenda (Federal Government): Since the Federal Government is such a vast and expensive workforce it makes sense that the federal government sub-contracts some of the duties of government out to private vendors. Sims claims that the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Northouse, P.G. (2013). Leadership: Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE

Publications.

Sims, R.R., and Quatro, S.A. (2005). Leadership: Succeeding in the Private, Public, and Not-

for-profit Sectors. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
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Athens Citizenship and Governance Selection

Words: 1736 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72845165

This is why it is important to see Greece not so much as a successful story of the administrative reform, but rather as an ongoing process of it.

eferences

Braunstein, Florence, and Pepin, Jean Francois. Les Grandes Doctrines. Paris: Ellipses, 1998.

Chlepas, N.K.. Administration of multiple levels. Theoretical debates and institutional reforms. Athens, Komotini: Sakkoulas, 1994.

Dunleavy, Patrick, and Brendan O'Leary. Theories of the state. The Politics of Liberal Democracy. London and New York: Macmillan and Meredith, 1987.

E- Government Observatory. Factsheet: e-Government in Greece. 2005. 29 Jan. 2008. http://europa.eu.int/idabc/servlets/Doc?id=21011

European Federation of Public Service Unions. Greece - civil servants to strike on 21 October, protesting 2005 budget. 2005. 29 Jan. 2008. http://www.epsu.org/a/767

E-User. The context for supply and demand of public online services in Greece. 2008. 29 Jan. 2008 http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/eiro/2001/07/feature/gr0107116f.htm

Fotinopoulou, Thalia. From the "application by telephone" to the "citizens' centers": An integrated system for public service delivery -the…… [Read More]

References

Braunstein, Florence, and Pepin, Jean Francois. Les Grandes Doctrines. Paris: Ellipses, 1998.

Chlepas, N.K.. Administration of multiple levels. Theoretical debates and institutional reforms. Athens, Komotini: Sakkoulas, 1994.

Dunleavy, Patrick, and Brendan O'Leary. Theories of the state. The Politics of Liberal Democracy. London and New York: Macmillan and Meredith, 1987.

E- Government Observatory. Factsheet: e-Government in Greece. 2005. 29 Jan. 2008. http://europa.eu.int/idabc/servlets/Doc?id=21011
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Business Acumen There Are Many Different Things

Words: 643 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2829932

Business Acumen

here are many different things that I have done in my career that relate to business acumen. One of these came fairly recently, in July of 2004, when I was asked to plan and execute a dedication ceremony that involved the opening of a Veterans Conference Room in Washington, DC. he auditorium at the VA Headquarters was renovated for this purpose. I was given three months to pull this together and create a program and ceremony that was worthy of this event. In addition to planning this ceremony, the day-to-day activities of myself and my staff had to go on, and there were other notable events that were going on at the same time, such as awards ceremonies, the observance of Veteran's Day, and VA holiday activities. hese were all coordinated and planned during the same time that I was working to create the ceremony for the conference…… [Read More]

The goal for the ceremony was to be able to accommodate 300 guests. Invitations through various forms were sent out to 2000 total guests who were all stakeholders of the event and the guest of honor. Five areas of the guest of honor's life were also focused on by the video team, including his work in the business community, his military service, his White House service, his work with the Montgomery GI Bill, and the impact that he had on making the VA a cabinet level agency.

In order to foster good relations with the guest of honor, I personally flew to Jackson, Mississippi and met with him and his associates. The project was discussed at that time and the goals and possible needs were also addressed so that everyone involved with the project was prepared for what was going to happen and was ready for any issues that might come up. The meeting was very successful, and also fostered a relationship with Mississippi State University (MSU) which allowed them to provide me with some virtually priceless documents that were displayed by the department at the ceremony and which will also remain in display cases in the conference room forever.

I held team meetings three times per week, conducted visits to the site, and had walk-throughs with my team, as well as the Chief of Staff and others that were involved in the ceremony. The event was planned and executed successfully, and their were over 350 guests that attended the ceremony. This was a significant event for the guest of honor, for myself, and for all that were involved in the planning and the ceremony itself. The guest of honor was extremely pleased with the event, and favorable comments are still being received by my staff and myself. Because I was able to raise the bar and gain strong support for this event, the impact of these efforts ensured that the VA and a grateful nation paid respect for the seemingly tireless efforts of a soldier, citizen, patriot, congressman, and public servant.
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Politics of Participation

Words: 2842 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61122984

Community Participation

Examining & Weighing Community Participation

Community means more than people who live in proximity and occupy the same relative environment. Community, when in reference to terms such as community participation and community engagement, means several orders of interaction and motivation. People who participate in their communities are internally motivated. They care about the community socially, culturally, environmentally, economically, and otherwise; their motivation extends into action that supports their belief in their community. Community participation in many parts of the world may be the best and fastest ways for communities to rectify their own problems and establish firm ties with public administration and government.

Bureaucracy, administration, politics, and other factors often interfere with communities receiving the assistance or allocation of resources necessary to solve a problem. They may be issues, sociological ones for example, that may only find firm resolution if it is generated and executed by the community…… [Read More]

References:

Baiocchi, G. 1999, 'Participation, Activism, and Politics: The Porto Alegre Experiment and Deliberative Democratic Theory.' University of Wisconsin: Madison.

Bovaird, T. 2007, 'Beyond Engagement and Participation: User and Community Coproduction of Public Services.' Public Administration Review, September/October, 846 -- 860.

Carr, D.S., & Halvorsen, K. 2001, 'An Evaluation of Three Democratic, Community-Based Approaches to Citizen Participation: Surveys, Conversation With Community Groups, and Community Dinners.' Society and Natural Resources, vol. 14, 107 -- 126.

Cornwall, A., & Coelho, V.S.P. (eds) 2004, 'New Democratic Spaces?' Institute of Development Studies Bulletin, vol. 35, no. 2, 1 -- 100.
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Moral Analysis the Food and

Words: 2417 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73000088

I have a clear written mandate that guides this decision. The other alternatives do not have the same clear, written mandate as the one that I made. hile a utilitarian approach may have yielded a different decision, in my position as a safeguard of public safety I am not obligated to undertake a utilitarian position unless I can do so without compromising my primary mandate. This is something I was able to do with generic drugs that I cannot do with biosimilars, even though it would be expedient for me to ignore the differences between the two products.

There are certainly those who would object with this decision. A utilitarian in particular would have a strong argument that total health outcomes depend not only on drug safety but on availability as well. I would argue, however, that this objection is invalid for a couple of reasons. The most important of…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Van Arnum, P. (2010). Healthcare reform draws mixed reviews from pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. PharmTech.com. Retrieved December 8, 2010 from http://pharmtech.findpharma.com/pharmtech/Regulation/Healthcare-Reform-Draws-Mixed-Reviews-from-Pharmac/ArticleStandard/Article/detail/662434?contextCategoryId=48563
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Series Evaluates How Private Companies

Words: 1085 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90982134

He shows how the leadership style he asserts in the private sector is often hard to come by in public organizations. Many of the more competitive and assertive people are drawn to private organizations, as they offer more monetary gain and rewards. Additionally, the hedgehog concept is different in a private sector. Public agencies are not directed to pure profits, and so must be readjusted to work in different avenues within the public sector. These differences can be great, as he shows that nonprofit agencies cannot benefit from the same style of leadership and execution that private companies can.

However, criminal justice agencies do have a lot to benefit from the strategies that Collins presents within all of his works. Law enforcement can still benefit from the Hedgehog concept, although such strategies must be adjusted to rework economic benefits into social benefits. Essentially, the economic drives within the business structure…… [Read More]

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Mainstream Leadership Has Received Abundant

Words: 1280 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13884707

, 2002). This may be particularly so since, as Van Wart (2003) points out, part of the reason for the omission of research on the subject of administrative leadership is due to the circumstance of contextual complexity in other words the difficulty of distinguishing between the varying nuances of leadership and administrative positions. One needs tight conceptualizations and empirical operationalization in order to do so. Whilst in a general stance, we may see 'leaders' as sharing the same tonal content, empirical research points out differences. The leader of paid employees, for instance, would have very different duties and expectations (and consequently responsibility) than the leader of a volunteer organization, and so forth. Issues of contextual complexity also apply to otter concepts such as mission. (Baliga & Hunt, 1988). The act of observation is also a factor in that the very act of the observer may affect the end-results (Kiel, 1994).…… [Read More]

References

Baliga, G, & Hunt, J. (1988) An organizational life cycle approach. MA: Lexington Books.

Denhardt, R. & Denhardt.T. (2000). The New Public Service: Serving Rather than

Steering. Public Administration Review 60 (6): 549

Kiel, J. (1994). Managing chaos and complexity in government. CA: Jossey-Bass.
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Organizational Performance and HRM Approach

Words: 4660 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50147695

integrated HRM approach organizational performance

Human Resource Management

HRM consists of managing people in a company, it's all about managing the employees. For the sake of simplicity, we can conclude that it's managing humans / people. HRM is purely a managerial operation in which a company tries to meet the company's goal by skill set of its workforce. Human Resource Management addresses the management of employees within a company. It assists the employees in syncing with the company and their work, rewarding their work and resolving issues as well (Naeem, 2011).

Growing Importance of HRM

An organization basically thrives from skill set of the employees; know how, abilities, knowledge and capabilities of its employees. This pool of talented reservoir entails the core competencies of a company (pooled reserve of knowledge an organization possesses which sets it apart from its rivals and gives value to its clientele). HRM plays a pivotal…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Alain, P., 2012. patrickalain.com. [Online] Available at:  http://www.patrickalain.com/effective-management/performance-management  / [Accessed 30 August 2014].

Anon., 2011. Boundless. [Online] Available at: https://www.boundless.com/management/textbooks/boundless-management-textbook/human-resource-management-7/purpose-of-human-resource-management-56/human-resource-planning-281-8373 / [Accessed 30 August 2014].

Anon., 2011. Defining Career Management, U.S.: Public Service Commission.

Anon., 2011. hrinz.com. [Online] Available at:  http://www.hrinz.org.nz/Site/Resources/Knowledge_Base/Q-Z/Recruitment_and_Selection.aspx  [Accessed 30 August 2014].
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Ethics in Relationship to Power Structures Ethical

Words: 1298 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72927204

Ethics in elationship to Power Structures

Ethical obligations allegedly breached by Smith or Halloran while in office

Senator Malcolm Smith and New York City Councilman Dan Halloran were accused of attempting to fix the mayoral ballot. They were allegedly reported having exchanged thousands of dollars in cash. This money was intended to pay off the officials of the epublican Party to agree to one of the Democrats, Smith on the GOP line. Halloran demonstrated clear ignorance as he walked into the evil bargain as the confidential witness dangled campaign funds for a personal interest bid. In the context of public ethics, the actions of Smith and Halloran raise questions their principles of justice, democratic society, and common good (Stensota, 2010).

Smith and Halloran must adhere to the principle of ethical policymaking. This principle requires that they hold one another accountable for what they know and value. As such, it draws…… [Read More]

References

Cody, J. (2012). Chicago called most corrupt city in the nation. CBS Chicago. Retrieved from  http://chicago.cbslocal.com/2012/02/14/chicago-called-most-corrupt-city-in-nation/ 

Politico. (2013). N.Y. state senator arrested in alleged mayor race plot. Retrieved from  http://www.politico.com/story/2013/04/nyc-mayor-race-rig-malcolm-smith-89536.html 

Stensota, H. (2010). The Conditions of Care: Reframing the Debate about Public Sector Ethics. University of Gothenburg; Blackwell Publishing Limited. Retrieved from http://faculty.cbpp.uaa.alaska.edu/afgjp/PADM601%20Fall%202010/Reframing%20the%20debate%20about%20public%20service%20ethics.

Ventriss, C. (2012). Democratic Citizenship and Public Ethics The Importance of Civic Stewardship in an Era of Public Distrust and Cynicism. Public Integrity, Summer 2012, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 283 -- 297.
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Sociology of Work

Words: 2225 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 72811523

Sociology of Work

ASSESSING UREAUCRACY

Max Weber advocated a management system, which would replace the influence of tradition and personal connection with clearly defined roles independent of those who occupied them. It was the need of his time when he and fellow theorists sought ways of increasing efficiency in production. Machines were then taking over the workload of many industries and people's lives, necessitating an immortal organization. He believed that a hierarchy had to be established to get things done. With the help of his contemporary Henry Ford, the concept of specialization was incorporated into system. Weber firmly believed it would increase efficiency of production. Strong rules and regulations must be set to keep tight control by management ranks. The bureaucratic organizational structure has been handed down to the present time with mixed effects. It has enabled governments and corporations to assert and exert power and to project power in…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Altay, A. (1999). The efficiency of bureaucracy on the public sector. DEUIIBF Dergisi:

Dokuz Eylul Universitesi. Retrieved on November 27, 2012 from http://www.libf.deu.edu.tr/dergi/1999_2_4.pdf

Carnis, L.A.H. (2009). The economic theory of bureaucracy: insights from the Niskanian model and the Miserian approach. The Quarterly Journal of Austrian's

Economics. Retrieved on November 27, 2012 from  http://mises.org/journals/qjae/pdf/qjae12_3_4.pdf
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Justice and Fairness Rawls' First

Words: 2190 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 54599159

It would strive to minimize the pay and quality-of-life differential between the wealthiest individuals and the poorest, although it would permit whatever differential justified by the greater good served by certain professional commitments and responsibilities.

Rawls' ideas if incorporated into society would not compel any person to contribute to the greater good any more than he or she desired; they would simply impose mechanisms for distributing resources and potential rewards in the most socially beneficial and equitable manner. Industries that produce socially beneficial products and services that contribute to the greater good would be permitted to profit more from those endeavors than superfluous industries; physicians would be entitled to sufficient compensation and benefits to ensure against any shortage of physicians in society; and police officers and firefighters would earn more than professional athletes, although closer to several times the average wage in society instead of the equivalent of hundreds or…… [Read More]

"Many social decisions are, of course, of an administrative nature. Certainly this is so when it is a matter of social utility in what one may call its ordinary sense: that is, when it is a question of the efficient design of social institutions for the use of common means to achieve common ends" (Rawls, 1958 p187).

Rawls' ideas would seem to comport perfectly with the essential purpose of public administration services. In principle, the entire structure of modern administrative services in society is precisely to improve society and contribute to the public good much more efficiently and effectively than individual citizens could ever hope to, even in a collaborative effort. Granted, to a certain extent, Rawls' ideas could be seen as excessively constraining individual initiative and creativity; however, in the realm of public administration of social services and justice, they would greatly increase the quality of life and contribute to the greater good. Instead of the poorly motivated, apathetic attitudes frequently associated with civil service employment, Rawls' ideas would reward civil servants sufficiently to guarantee much greater commitment to their responsibilities.

Generally, modern public administration and civil service exemplify the very concepts emphasized by Rawls except that the pay differential between civil servants and employment in many areas of the private sector greatly detract from the communal spirit and cooperation that Rawls hoped to promote through his ideas. Ultimately, while some of the specific mechanisms suggested by Rawls' ideas may be impractical to impose on a free society, their general purpose is likely achievable to some degree simply by increasing awareness of some of the conceptual arguments.
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Frederick Douglas Theories Differ on

Words: 4038 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51860847

Graff Asserts that literacy played a less significant role in the industrialization of American than was one thought. He argues that training people to read and write was not enough. Literacy alone was not enough to advance the industrialized nation (Cattau).

Douglas did not need to know how to read to perform his job in the shipyard. He only needed to know how to write four letters. He did not need to how to read and write proficiently. The workforce may have needed little bits of knowledge to perform their jobs, but this is different from being able to read and write fluently, which supports Graff's ideas on the importance of reading and writing to the industrial age. It relied more on the availability of a workforce, rather than the need for a literate workforce. The only ones that needed to learn to read and write were the managers and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Akinnaso, F. Linguistic Unification and Language Rights. Applied Linguistics. 1994. Vol. 15. No. 2, pp. 139-168.

Brandt, Deborah. "Remembering Writing, Remembering Reading." CCC 45.4 (1994): 459-479.

Cattau, D. Harvey Graff argues for a clearer view of our sentimental notions. June 13, 1995. The Dallas Morning News. http://people.cohums.ohio-state.edu/graff40/outgrowingmyths.html Accessed May 29, 2008.

Douglas, Frederick. Learning to Read and Write. Online.  http://www.gibbsmagazine.com/learning%20to%20read.htm . Accessed May 29, 2008.
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Ethical Obligations George Tenet and the Last

Words: 1626 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 15838112

Ethical Obligations

George Tenet and the Last Great Days of the CIA

The face of American politics has changed greatly over past fifteen years. After 9/11 incident, the American version of democracy and the credibility of higher offices of United States has been questioned time and again. Even CIA is not different from any other organization in the machinery of United States government and its integrity and objectivity has been the subject of doubt consistently over past few years. Where CIA has been the questioned repeatedly, so has its former and last DCI, George Tenet. George Tenet has been accused of crossing ethical boundaries and overlapping his ethical obligations with his personal preferences which caused the downfall of CIA as an organization.

During his tenure as CIA's head, George has been praised over time for brining CIA back to the status of fully-functional organization full of motivated employees and has…… [Read More]

References

Gordon, P.D.(2007), The ethics map- a values-based approach to defining ethics and integrity in the public service. Retrieved from  http://users.rcn.com/pgordon/homeland/ethicsmap.pdf 

McDougle, M.L. (2007), Understanding and maintaining ethical values in the public sector through an integrated approach to leadership, retrieved from  http://www.ipa.udel.edu/3tad/papers/workshop6/McDougle.pdf 

Menzel, D. (2003). Public administration as a profession: Where do body and soul reside? Public Integrity, 5(3), 239-249.

Waldo, D. (1980). The enterprise of public administration, Chandler and Sharp, Novato, CA.
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Members of Congress Be Held

Words: 770 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12670461

representative at work does not just represent him or herself -- he or she also represents his or her district, and his or her actions reflect back on how that district is viewed in the House or Senate. dditionally, if the representative compromises his or her relations with other members of congress, this could result in a failure of the constituent's interests to be advanced and articulated. It is more significant than a company's resources being used to commit evil action. The actions of a congressman who makes sexual advances on a page compromise the interests of people who deserve to be heard. What about the citizens who lose jobs, for example, because money is not approved for a public works project because Foley has lost all of his political 'capital' and clout?

Response Elizabeth Laage Jul 21, 2011 10:18 M

ll people who agree to become members of certain…… [Read More]

All people who agree to become members of certain professions, such as lawyers and doctors, are held to higher standards than people who are not members of such professions. Of course, congresspersons are only human and deserve some 'me time.' However, the sexual actions of Foley were directly connected to his status as a congressperson. A good question to ask when evaluating behavior and to determine if it is worthy of consideration when evaluating someone's fitness for office is: could this behavior have taken place, even if the individuals in question did not have their workplace relationship? Given the significance of his power and his use of the congressional email system, the answer is 'no' regarding Foley. The impact of his actions regarding the office page was contingent upon the power discrepancy in their relationship. This is in contrast with an 'office fling' between two consenting persons of equal rank.

Response Elizabeth Laage Jul 21, 2011 11:06 AM

The 'fruit of the poisonous tree' doctrine has many exceptions. However, it is necessary because if it were not in existence, the temptation would be too great for law enforcement personnel to overlook suspect's rights. You are assuming that all suspects, by virtue of being suspects are guilty. There have been many recent highly-publicized incidents of people who are innocent, but were incarcerated because of inappropriate or sloppy actions of law enforcement. It is easy to want to overlook constitutional rights -- until YOU are the one accused of a crime you did not commit!
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Ethics in Organizational Culture

Words: 657 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97148317

Ethics in Organizational Culture

Many organizations are requesting that prospective job applicants reveal their Facebook passwords as part of the process of vetting candidates. Given that the current job market is a 'buyer's market,' employers have a great deal of leverage in expanding the type of information they may request from prospective job applicants. From the perspective of the employer, such a violation of a candidate's privacy allows them to find out if the information that the candidate submitted on his or her resume was accurate, and also to discern potentially revelatory aspects of the candidate's life (such as sexual orientation, marital status, the desire to have children, and other factors) that cannot be asked in an interview according to the law.

In the case of some jobs, such as those in which national security is at stake, this intrusion into employees' private lives is expected. However, for routine jobs…… [Read More]

References

Hill, Kashmir. (2012). Why we really need a 'Password Protection' Act. Forbes.

Retrieved:  http://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2012/05/09/we-really-do-need-a-federal-ban-on-employers-logging-into-applicants-facebook-accounts/
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Governors Summer Internship

Words: 594 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35458094

Governor's Summer Internship

Discuss your interests in being a governor's summer intern. How does this program compliment your personal goals and/or professional aspirations? (Please no more than 300 words)

Having come of age during a time of widespread economic instability, myself and the generation of young adults who are my peers have been forced to recalibrate our collective expectations. The pursuit of personal profit, while en vogue during prior decades, has been revealed to be a ruse as the Great Recession rolls onward, and this revelation has compelled the youth of today to turn increasingly toward the realm of public service. With our nation suffering through a prolonged social malaise, it has become quite evident that the remedy can only be found through a willing return to our fundamental ideals. For these reasons I have decided to devote my education, my skills and my passion to serving the community, and…… [Read More]

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Proposition 209

Words: 2754 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36740646

California has always been a leader. Many times it is the first to implement new ideas, plans and laws. In 1996 the state of California implemented something called proposition 209 which adjusted the requirements for admissions to colleges as well as employment opportunities based on race and gender. he proposition called for the weighting of admission standards regarding the enrollment of those who entered the state universities and colleges.

More recently the proposition was voted down and the last two years have been spent dismantling its structure. his paper will explore the impact that proposition has had on the admissions and enrollment of California universities. he writer explores the topic by defining proposition 209, explaining the pros and cons of it, looks at statistical data from California state schools.

he paper specifically look at the minority admissions impact that the proposition had on enrollment. Some of the ways this will…… [Read More]

The press focused on the impact of Proposition 209 as well, reporting that the numbers of minority admissions and enrollment did decrease once proposition 209 went into affect. Most of the attention was focused on UC Berkley with the other less mentioned schools were studied to a lesser degree (The UC Prior to Proposition 209 ( http://www.nexusjournal.org/university_of_california_admissi.htm ).

The press directed far less attention to other campuses like UC-Riverside and UC-Santa Cruz, both of which posted impressive gains in minority admissions as a result of cascading. At Riverside, for example (The UC Prior to Proposition 209 (
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Codes of Conduct Describe Your Company and

Words: 1809 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50475471

Codes of Conduct

Describe your company and benchmark the codes of conduct used by similar companies. Critique the codes of conduct for three other companies.

Benchmark codes: The code of conduct for my company (a newspaper publisher in a small town) is quite straightforward and unsophisticated. Basic to the code for my company are ethical issues which are in effect behavioral issues: there shall be no use or profanity, no alcohol or drug use, no wagering and no activities that detract from the daily routine. The federal laws against discrimination (based on gender, ethnicity, age, disabilities and other issues), and sexual harassment, are clearly spelled out in the code of conduct. Also federal laws pertaining to the workplace are posted conspicuously in several areas, including the cafeteria.

Our company also warns against conflicts of interest, that is, using one's position or the knowledge an employee has to some kind of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Los Angeles Times. (2007). Readers' Representative Journal / L.A. Times Ethics Guidelines.

Retrieved June 10, 2013, from  http://latimesblogs.latimes.com .

Myers, Steve. (2012). Sacramento Bee fires Bryan Patrick for photo manipulation. Poynter.

Retrieved June 10, 2013, from  http://www.poynter.org .
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Corporate Ethical Breaches in Recent Times Assess

Words: 1884 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99713524

corporate ethical breaches in recent times, assess whether or not you believe that the current business and regulatory environment is more conducive to ethical behavior. Provide support for your answer.

Unethical behavior has drawn the attention of the public for the few last decades in all kinds of business. Many transformations in the business environment have taken place, including immoral conducts and the tendency for corruption. Unethical accounting behavior is also included as a consequence. So the government has been forced to increase regulations and inspect actions taken in business, most especially after the Enron, Tyco, WorldCom and other unethical accounting scandals. As a result of the mentioned scandals, the government then passed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act in 2002 providing regulatory requirements for better precision in business action, accountability and assurance of ethical accounting behavior by publicly held companies and accounting firms. According to Calle (2000), the total number of boards…… [Read More]

References

Academy Of Management Learning & Education, Beenen Gerard, & Pinto Jonathan (2009). Resisting Organizational-Level Corruption: An Interview with Sherron Watkins. Academic Management Learning & Education, 8(2), 275-289.

Calle, J. (2000). Ethics in Business. Retrieved January 26, 2013, from  http://www.pro2net.com 

Gilman, S., Harned, P., Navran, F., & Brown, J. (2009, May 29). Ten Things You Can Do to Avoid Being the Next Enron. Retrieved January 26, 2013, from  http://www.ethics.org  / resource/ten-things-you-can-do-avoid-being-next-enron

Krugman, P. (2002, January 18). New York Times. System Corrupted., pp.A-23.
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Australian Government

Words: 1293 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65126272

Australian Federal Politics

One of the most disillusioning things that can happen to a citizen of a democracy is to discover that one's own government - the legal and political extension of oneself - has lied to one. This is far more damaging both to an individual's belief in his or her government and in the end to that government itself than is a citizen's disagreement with that government. This does not, of course, only happen in Australia. Many Americans (to look across the Pacific) believed that their government should not go to war with Iraq, but even as they disagreed with their government's actions approval for American President Bush remained high. However, after it was discovered that the Bush administration lied to the American people about its claims for the necessity of going to war and going to war quickly, more and more Americans have begun to have an…… [Read More]

References

 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/1659410.stm   http://us.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/asiapcf/auspac/08/28/asylum.facts  / http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/engASA120102001?Open&of=eng-aus http://www.abc.net.au/4corners/2002/overboard/cable1.htm

http://www.caa.org.au/campaigns/refugees/pacificsolution/execsum.html#exsum8

http://www.caa.org.au/campaigns/refugees/still_drifting/

http://www.immi.gov.au/refugee/index.htm
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Strict Scrutiny Test for This

Words: 845 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99233618

The petit theft of the second degree charge will stand as well. Larceny in old common law was classified as compound or simple. Simple larceny was called grand larceny when the value of the stolen property was more than 12 pence, and petit (petty) larceny when the value was less. Compound larceny was the taking and carrying away of property from the person or house of the owner. In the U.S. today, the various criminal codes of the states generally define larceny and classify it as either grand larceny or petit larceny. Under these codes, property is stolen and larceny committed when, with definite intent to deprive oneself or a third person, one wrongfully takes, obtains, or withholds such property from an owner of it. In New York State, for example, grand larceny is classified as a felony. It is characterized as first-degree if the property is obtained by extortion…… [Read More]

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Ethics for Bureaucrats it Has

Words: 1235 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 31051643

This could also be dangerous, as it could mean that people with better political connections, but little real knowledge could be making life-altering decisions about the drugs Americans use, the food they consume, and detailed foreign policy decisions that require sensitive knowledge about small nations abroad. Still, at minimum, bureaucrats must understand that they are, in fact, policymakers, and develop a system of ethics to deal with the demands their duties require, even if they do bring specialized knowledge to their work. This idea of the essential nature of ethics is, granted, not new or radical, but it is a paradigmatic deviation from the morally neutral model of bureaucratic conduct favored before. (7).

Although systems of ethics are often viewed in a derisive fashion as mere formalities it is important that bureaucratic ethics have teeth and muscle behind them, to foster a sense of public trust. The hostile attitude of…… [Read More]

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Policy and Politics Rights and Powers

Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17267180

Policy Paradox" and the ire

In Chapter 14 of Policy Paradox, Stone (2001) unearths the shaky foundations upon which citizen's rights rest. According to Stone, there is a constant friction between those rights which are defined by a legal system and those which an individual ought to have. hen these rights are defined, it is often as a result of a judge's ruling: "...judges thus articulate new standards of behavior in the course of resolving disputes about existing constitutional, statutory, administrative, or judicial standards" (p. 330). This implies that judges, and all officials at the judicial level of a legal system, work in the interest of the public and society as a whole. However, as episodes 10 and 11 of the first season of the television series The ire reveal, this is a naive assumption.

Episode 10, "The Cost," reveals the corruption and self-interest that runs rampant at state, and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Stone, D. (2001). Policy Paradox. New York W.W. Norton & Company.

Anderson, B. & Simon, D. (Director & Writer). (2002, August 11). The Cost. The Wire.

Baltimore, MD: HBO.

Simon, D. & Shill, S. (Writer & Director). (2002, August 18). The Hunt. The Wire. Baltimore,
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Citizen Participation There Are Several

Words: 3337 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 18673457

A metaphor is used to describe this relationship, Schachter says, because it creates a situation where we can see if a different way of viewing citizen roles shifts the emphasis to necessary changes for improving the effectiveness of government.

One of the major topics Schachter addresses in einventing Government or einventing Ourselves is the semantic and methodical framing of reform efforts. She speculates about how effective reform efforts would be in the case that their focus was on modifying the structure of government, rather than modifying the patterns of the behavior of the public. Schachter additionally wonders if administration reform efforts should aim at modifying people's perceptions of themselves, and suggests that if people were taught to perceive themselves as true "owners" of the government, "efforts to improve government efficiency and responsiveness [might] be more successful" (p. 179).

H. George Frederickson is a scholar at the forefront of the public…… [Read More]

References

Arnstein, S. (1969). "A ladder of citizen participation." Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 35, (2), 216.

Box, R.C. (1998). Citizen Governance: Leading American Communities into the 21st Century.

Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Frederickson, H.G. NO REFERENCE INFORMATION PROVIDED IN TEXT -- SEE #16 IN
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Condition vs Statement Analysis in

Words: 656 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Discussion Chapter Paper #: 18366505



Ratio analysis is a useful way of gaining a snapshot of an organization. It is a transparent system of analysis reporting. These ratios can then be analyzed to identify an organization's strengths and weaknesses as well as useful insights. One thing that is important to realize is that the ratios lack the backing of financial theory. Theory says what should be the case or value. In the case of financial ratios, there is no way to identify a "theoretically best" value for any of these ratios. Essentially, financial ratios are simply nothing more measures that have been developed and evolved over time. They are therefore imperfect measures and need to be treated that way. It is usual that financial ratios are grouped together by their purpose in the ledger. There are a host of different classifications. However, the most commonly used classifications are liquidity, debt, activity. Typically one would not…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dollery, B., & Crase, L. (2006). A comparative perspective on financial

sustainability in Australian local government. (pp. 1-27). Armidale. New South Wales: Centre for Local Government,.

Financial ratios. (2010). Retrieved from  http://www.netmba.com/finance/financial/ratios/ 

Fridson, M., & Alvarez, F. (2009). Financial statement analysis: a practitioner's guide. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons.
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Paul Dealt With the Various Issues of

Words: 1974 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49978627

Paul dealt with the various issues of the Thessalonian church in both a practical and theoretical manner. He chose to deal with grief and loss by enabling discussion and explanation of the Second Coming and the concept of resurrection. He provided comfort and guidance to his members, a social aspect of associations and clubs often witnessed within their cities. In addition, he preached a ministry of pleasing God to prepare for the day when Christ returns.

Greek city life often involved clubs and associations. This meant most Greeks participated in social clubs and activities. Paul operated within a club or association context. He knew this was a practical way to appeal to the Thessalonians as clubs and associations allowed members to participate, created a sense of community, and even covered funeral expenses. Paul also knew the omans would not view the synagogue as a threat if it were seen as…… [Read More]

References

Authors, V. (2008). Holy Bible (NIV).

Grant, M. (1986). A guide to the ancient world. [Bronx, N.Y.]: H.W. Wilson.

Polhill, J. (1999). Paul and his letters. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman.

1. Paul worked for money instead of simply relying on contributions and donations. (True or False)
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Contracting Officer Integrity in Business

Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 58948729

The government official has a legal as well as an ethical responsibility to put the interests of the public first, as a public servant. To fail to do so will result in greater cost to the taxpayer, and perhaps even an inferior product. This type of waste takes money away from other, more worthy public projects as well, including aid to the poor.

Government contracting officers have unique responsibilities and special, additional privileges as a result of their duties: "Of all government personnel, only a Contracting Officer has the authority to enter the government into a binding contract. He or she will be the one to sign the final contract agreement, and only a Contracting Officer has the power to change the terms of the contract" (Government contracting personnel: Understanding roles played, 2011, ONVIA). The contracting officer is thus acting on behalf of the entire government, and has unique powers…… [Read More]

References

Business ethics in government contracts. (2011). ONVIA. Retrieved

February 17, 2011 at  http://www.onvia.com/b2g-resources/article/business-ethics-in-government-contracts 

Government contracting personnel: Understanding roles played. (2011). ONVIA. Retrieved

February 17, 2011 at  http://www.onvia.com/b2g-resources/article/government-contracting-personnel
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Man Who Was Apparently Fired From His

Words: 1314 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70781495

man who was apparently fired from his job for a Facebook 'like'. The person in question works for a sheriff's department, and liked the page of his boss' challenger in the election. hen his boss won re-election, the staffer was fired for supporting the challenger. In this case, the circuit court judge ruled that a Facebook 'like' was insufficient speech to be considered protected under the First Amendment. I am taking the position that this is protected speech under the First Amendment and the staffer should not have been fired. The Sheriff's Office committed a violation of the law and an even more serious violation of ethics in firing the staffers for expressing their opinions online.

The first issue that needs to be addressed in the article is the legality of the issue. The deputy sheriff holds an unelected staff position within the sheriff's office, while the sheriff is elected…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

DiMicco, J.; Millen, D.; Geyer, W.; Dugan, C.; Brownholtz, B.; Muller, M. (2008). Motivations for social networking at work. IBM Research. Retrieved October 23, 2012 from  http://www.umsl.edu/~sauterv/5800/p711-dimicco.pdf 

Erickson, M. (2012). ACLU and Facebook say Facebook "like" button = free speech. Social Networking Law Blog. Retrieved October 23, 2012 from  http://www.socialnetworkinglawblog.com/2012/08/aclu-facebook-say-facebook-like-button.html?pfstyle=wp 

Kelleher, D. (2009). Social networking at work: Fear not Facebook, Myspace? IT World. Retrieved October 23, 2012 from  http://www.itworld.com/internet/63062/social-networking-work-fear-not-facebook-myspace 

US Constitution, Amendment 1. Retrieved October 23, 2012 from  http://www.usconstitution.net/xconst_Am1.html
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Termination of Employment Contract in

Words: 3122 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 11616372

equest must be made in writing by the employee within 15 working days of termination. The employer has 10 working days from receipt of the request to give a truthful reason in writing for the termination." (P 1).

Despite that many employers have been very careful in terminating the contract employment agreement based on justifiable cause; there are still series of cases where employees challenge the termination of their employment contracts. Mandelsohn, (1990) argues that employees may establish in the court of law that they have the right to continue working based on the employment contract. Typically, employees could establish that there is no provision in the employment contract that employers have the right to terminate their employment contracts. If a plaintiff is able to establish that he has the right to continued employment, an employer must convincingly present its case that he has a good cause to terminate the…… [Read More]

References

Bayburan, a.(2012). Employee Reinstatement Mechanism and Termination of an Employment Contract. ADMD Law Office.

Collins, E.C.(2011). The Employment Law Review. Law Business Research.

Minnesota (2012). Labor Standards -- Frequently asked questions about termination. Department of Labor and Industry, Labor Standards.

Mandelsohn, S.R. (1990). Wrongful Termination Litigation in the United States and its Effect on the Employment Relationship. Labor Market Working Policy Occasional Paper No 3.