Rap Music Essays (Examples)

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Rap the Cause or the Result of Violence

Words: 2703 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3115064

Rap Music: The Result of Violence

Rap music is a phenomenon that is unparalleled in America, at no other time has a music form risen in such a way and gripped a nation as fully. While, rap music has its roots in the ghettos of the U.S.A. And black culture, it is now a full scale industry that caters to the disenfranchised youth of America and bridges all gaps of culture and social level. Indeed, one of the currently most famous rappers, and relevant to this topic, is white, as are most of the current buyers and listeners to rap music. Violence and rap music are interwoven in such a way that it is impossible to completely untwine them but looking at the cause and results of violence is a different topic that needs going into as it has far reaching implications, including the government control of the music industry.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Villani, Susan. "Impact of Media on Children and Adolescents: A 10-year review of the research," Publication: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, April 1, 2001.

The National Media Violence Study, Federman, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1995 "Preventing and Producing Violence: A Critical Analysis of Responses to School Violence." Harvard Educational Review.

Bayles, Martha. Hole In Our Soul: The Loss of Beauty and Meaning in American Popular Music, by, New York: The Free Press, 1996.

Doherty, Brian. Listen up! Eminem gives a voice to his generation, February 18, 2001, issue of the Detroit News
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Music Few Popular Music Stars Today Are

Words: 734 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17291465

Music

Few popular music stars today are as colorful as Lady Gaga. Recently on tour, Lady Gaga is again making the headlines. In South Africa, a group of churches has been organizing protests against Lady Gaga's performances, and even just her presence, in the country. Among other complaints, the South African Council of Churches claims Lady Gaga's visit "could lead to an exponential growth of Satanism," (Engelbrecht, p. 1). For others, Lady Gaga is a welcome presence in the popular culture because she spreads the message of gender equality and positive gender "performativity," (Horn, p. 1). Lady Gaga is like a female "drag queen" and therefore sends a good message about tolerance of gender and sexual identities. Finally, Lady Gaga exemplifies the way social media can be used to promote popular culture and allow for greater fan interactions and control over content. Given that Lady Gaga is associated with Satanism,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Engelbrecht, David. "Council of Churches Still Anti-Gaga." Channel 24. Retrieved online:  http://www.channel24.co.za/Music/News/Council-of-Churches-still-anti-Gaga-20121129 

Hampp, Andrew. "Gaga, Oooh Lala: Why the Lady Is the Ultimate Social Climber." Advertising Age. 22 Feb, 2010. Retrieved online: http://vandymkting.typepad.com/files/2010-2-22-adage-gaga-oooh-la-la-why-the-lady-is-the-ultimate-social-climber.pdf

Horn, Katrin. "Camping with the Stars: Queer Perfomativity, Pop Intertextuality, and Camp in the Pop Art of Lady Gaga." Current Ojbectives of Postgraduate American Studies. Vol. 11. Retrieved online:  http://copas.uni-regensburg.de/article/view/131/155
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Music the Influence of American

Words: 945 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43315124

Today many mainstream popular artists have Rhythm and Blues influences. In addition some artists fluctuate between signing R&B and pop music. Although there are often distinctions made between the two genres R&B is definitely a type of popular music that has been greatly influenced by all of the above Genres.

Rap music or hip hop is also a prime example of the influence of African-American Music on popular music. Rap music actually comes from the ancient art form of poetry. The original intent for rap was to tell a story -- provide a narrative. ithin the context of African-American folk tradition storytelling is extremely important -- the griot is important. Griots are the keepers of the oral traditions -- the storytellers. According to Powell (1991) "To the accompaniment of drums or other percussive instruments, griots entertain and educate their audiences by reciting tribal history and current events. Their performances are…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Powell, CT. (1991) Rap Music: An Education with a Beat from the Street

The Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 60, No. 3,

Progler., J.A.(1995) Searching for Swing: Participatory Discrepancies in the Jazz Rhythm

Section Ethnomusicology, Vol. 39, No. 1,, pp. 21-54
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Rap Since the Increased Interest

Words: 2439 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50950982

These findings suggest that rap may affect society in several ways. For example, how adolescent whites perceive rap may impact their support for race-based policies such as Affirmative Action as they grow older and become more politically involved. Further, to the extent that rap helps to promote interracial relationships, cross-racial social networks resulting from rap may increase employment opportunities for blacks and other non-whites (97).

However, state Thompson and Brown, another scenario is just as plausible. Since so many of the studies on racial attitudes and rap music have been cross-sectional, it is possible that over time the relationship between whites' opinions on rap music and racial attitudes may change. It is feasible that as the average young adult white rap supporters get older, have a family, and begin a career, the relationship between their opinions of rap music and their perceptions of blacks and support for liberal values may…… [Read More]

References

Aaron, C. 1998..Black Like Them. Spin Magazine

Farley, C. 1999..Hip-Hop Nation. Time, February 8.

Goff, J.R. 2002. Close Harmony. Greenboro: University of North Carolina Press.

Jackson-Brown, I. 1990. Developments in black gospel performance and scholarship.
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Music on Teens Actions in the Past

Words: 2022 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58030228

Music on Teens Actions

In the past 40 years all kinds of music has turned out to be more and more overt predominantly towards the negative side like sex, drugs, aggression and violence. Lately two of the genres which have caught great attention is hard rock music and rap music. In most of the cases, the lyrics of the music are made in such a way that they induce negativity in the developing minds of the teenagers. This negativity is reflected in their actions in the form of drug abuse, aggression, violence, sex and rebellious actions towards parents, family, family and society in general. This kind of negative music is a major concern these days because it poses mental and physical threat to the teens of today. Some of the other alarming effects of such music are pregnancy, STDs, accidents, killing and this has resulted to be the normal lifestyle…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Burns, Kate. The American Teenager: Examining Pop Culture. Annotated Edition. Publisher Greenhaven Press, 2003. ISBN 0737714670, 9780737714678, pg 150-189.

Connell, J., and C. Gibson. Sound tracks: Popular music, identity and place. London: Routledge. Pg 145-147. 2003.

Hawkins, S. Settling the pop score: Pop texts & identity politics. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing. Pg 121. 2002.

Martino, S.C., Collins, R.L., Elliott, M.N., Strachman, A., Kanouse, D.E., & Berry, S.H. Exposure to degrading vs. non-degrading music lyrics and sexual behavior among youth. Pediatrics, 2006, 118, 430 -- 444.
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Music on Brain and Emotions the Effect

Words: 1346 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5252637

Music on Brain and Emotions

The Effect of Music on the Brain and Emotions

The study of human's mental state on subjection to music has been a research subject to many with interest. Over the past decade, interconnection between human's physical and mental strength and music has been subject to research with a number of positive outcomes. These research endeavors suggest that music exhibits the healing power in certain elements, in a human's life. A sample of music with the best or strongest healing power is the Indian music. What music does is that it injects a calming effect into a human's mind. This speeds recovery-time of certain health ailments. Music positively effects the human's hormone system allowing easy brain concentration and information assimilation (Adalarasu, K.K. et al., 2011). This means that music boosts the learning process thereby augmenting cognitive skills. This paper outlines a brief overview of the various…… [Read More]

References

Adalarasu, K.K., Jagannath, M.M., Naidu Keerthiga Ramesh, S.S., & Geethanjali, B.B. (2011). A Review on Influence of Music on Brain Activity Using Signal Processing and Imaging System. International Journal of Engineering Science & Technology, 3(4), 3276-3282.

Figueiredo P, Pereira CS, Castro SL, Teixeira J, Figueiredo P, Xavier J, et al. (2011). Music and Emotions in the Brain: Familiarity Matters. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27241. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027241]

Koelsch, S. (2009). A Neuroscientific Perspective on Music Therapy. Annals Of The New York Academy Of Sciences, 1169374-384. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04592.x
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Music of the Twentieth Century Specifically it

Words: 1016 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27936230

music of the Twentieth entury. Specifically, it will compare music of the Twentieth entury to the music of a previous period, and include information about the significance of composers in society, the role of music in the societal landscape, and the evolution of musical forms through the centuries.

Twentieth entury music embodies so many different forms and types that it is difficult to lump it together under one heading. In the United States, the Twentieth entury brought music listeners everything from Gershwin to rap and blues to headbanging. Just as America is a rich cultural melting pot, her music is just as rich and varied, and this is nowhere more evident than in the Twentieth entury.

At the turn of the Twentieth entury, most of America listened to opera and classical music - much of it from some of Europe's most famous composers of the previous centuries, such as Bach,…… [Read More]

Composers have always been revered by society, and the part they play in the social fabric of a time is incredibly significant. The music of Copland and Gershwin embodies an age in American culture, just as the music of Duke Ellington and Benny Goodman embodies another time and place. Good composers can "feel" the time and place, and create music that embodies the spirit of the country and the people. This was never more evident than after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, when people suddenly wanted to hear patriotic melodies, and several composers complied by writing touching tributes to America and the victims of the attacks. Composers have always created music that spoke of the people and the times, and as such, they are mirrors of society, and change in society. Jazz came about because the lifestyle of the people was changing, and they needed music that reflected these changes. Rap came about for the same reason, and so did rock and roll. All of these forms of music came about at the right time. Composers recognized the societal changes, and were not afraid to change with them.

Music can touch a place in a person's soul, and this is another reason composers who can feel what the people are feeling are so important. Music is woven into the fabric of our lives. We marry to special music, are buried with special music, and remember certain music of the past by the memories it evokes. Music, and the people who write it, are a vital part of society at every level, and at every stage in a person's life. We tend to look back at the music of our youth with fondness, which is one reason music of the past can sometimes resurge, such as the current cult popularity of swing bands, such as Big Bad Voo Doo Daddies, Manhattan Transfer, and the Brian Setzer Orchestra.

In conclusion, music has always evolved and changed how we listen to it. One critic said, "Reviewing the popular music of the twentieth century as a whole, most people would probably agree that some of it is excellent, some unbearable, and most of it very indifferent" (Van der Merwe 3). This continues to be the case.
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Misconception Music

Words: 1012 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37229710

Music

Misconception is a false belief system; an erroneous cognitive construct that leads to a dysfunctional worldview and potentially destructive behavior. In possession of a misconception, a person develops a warped sense of identity and a distorted vision of reality. The media is especially brilliant at crafting stories that create misconceptions in the minds of the public and its consumer sheep, simply by creating a legend or a myth that influences consumer behavior and social norms.

Music can be a media tool to create the misconceptions that shape American social norms and consumer behavior. Most music has the potential to uplift, inspire, and enliven our community; yet some forms of music are having the exact opposite effect, and that negative impact is felt most by young and impressionable consumers. The negative impact can be referred to as misconception. ith regards to music, the wrong types of music can leave deep…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Crouch, Stanley. "Taking Back the Music." Social Responsibility.

Ferrell, Monique. "Go Brooklyn!" Lead, Follow, or Move Out of the Way

Giovacchini, Anthony M. "The Negative Influence of Gangster Rap and What Can be Done about It." Ethics of Development in a Global Environment. Retrieved online: http://www.stanford.edu/class/e297c/poverty_prejudice/mediarace/negative.htm
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Music a Survey of Culture

Words: 1591 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7659121

Since the valuation of a God had been essentially devaluated, what was to be the source of revaluation in the modern world? No answer could satisfy Ives, for his society saw no return to the societal standards and beliefs of the age of Bach, which gave explicit valuation to all things, especially music -- as seen in Bach's mastering of counterpoint. Schoenberg's inverted counterpoint is the antithesis of that old world Germanic culture -- and it is no surprise that Schoenberg settled in America -- all things being equal, and, in a sense, equally meaningless.

In conclusion, what was once considered light and understood, orthodox, hierarchical, and whole -- in terms of both estern culture and estern classical music in the time of Bach -- had, by the time of Ives and Schoenberg, drifted into a kind of relativistic self-importance/self-worthlessness that had no moorings whatsoever. Notes and attitudes shifted without…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barker, Dan. "Brahms the Freethinker." Works Without Faith. 17 May 2007. Web. 25

March 2011.

Heiner, Stephen. Interview with Bp. Williamson. 1 October 2006. Web. 25 March

2011.
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Music Report Archaeological Finds Show That Prehistoric

Words: 1407 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41481122

Music eport

Archaeological finds show that prehistoric man had already played music. Music and dance are the humans' most natural and original forms of expression. Berendt said of modern generations: "Nada brahma - all is sound," in nature. Stones, bones, pieces of wood, hollow vessels and cups make sounds when pushed, beaten or rubbed together. Stretched hides bang, the buzz of the arrow whizzing off the bow can be imitated with fingers and the murmuring, roaring and whistling of the wind can be caught in reeds, bone pipes or hollow branches.

Today, numerous types of different forms of music are played across the world. Because humans are so diverse, it comes as no surprise that people like different types of music. For example, there are many adults, many of them older, who do not particularly appreciate hip hop and rap. Part of this has to do with the slang language,…… [Read More]

References Cited

Berendt, J.E. Nada Brahma. The world is sound. Rowohlt, Reinbek,1983.

Christenson, P.G. And Roberts, D.F. It's Not Only Rock & Roll: Popular Music in the Lives of Adolescents. New Jersey: Hampton Press, 1998.

Freidan, Gregory. "A Response to Professor Taruskin." New York Times, December, 2001.

Liske, Kenneth L. "A Statement of Educational Philosophy and Professional Purpose." University of Wisconsin. 11 May, 2005.
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Music Video PSA Music Videos

Words: 581 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41568539



Because of the enormous popularity of Snoop Doggy Dogg's "Gin and Juice" single, the proposed video will be based on a similarly styled rhythm and blues-based hip-hop song entitled "The Power of Youth." Thematically, "The Power of Youth" will not resemble "Gin and Juice," but the overall rhythm and style will. Vocals will include a choral background and familiar song structure that will grab young listeners and include all demographics. Instead of gangsta rap lyrics, the lyrics of "The Power of Youth" will concentrate on life on the streets, poverty, gender inequity, and other issues relevant in the upcoming election.

Visuals used in the music video will parallel the lyrics and theme. Instead of scantily clad ladies, ordinary women will be featured to promote Barack Obama as president. Skillful editing will interject footage of Barack Obama working in Chicago with disenfranchised African-Americans into the music video. Revealing the roots of…… [Read More]

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Music of Linkin Park Over

Words: 2180 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87432981

Even the lyrics, which nonetheless maintain the same kind of bubblegum-angst present in nearly any widely successful "alternative" band, manage to surprise simply by the fact that the band seems to have gained a wider vocabulary, both in terms of individual words and the metaphors used. Put another way, burning "like the fire of a thousand suns" is simply a more enjoyable image than "one step closer to the edge / and I'm about to break," even if both convey generally the same theme within either song.

Following the release of A Thousand Suns, Linkin Park has, as it did previously, focused on charity work alongside the writing of the next album a promotional tour. Most recently, the band has played benefit concerts for victims of the earthquake, tsunami, and subsequent nuclear fallout which hit Japan earlier this year, with the first being in Los Angeles alongside the band B'z,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anonymous. "Linkin Park Awards."AceShowBiz. AceShowBiz.com, 2011. Web. 23 Sep 2011.

.

Anonymous. "B'z, Linkin Park rock fans in Los Angeles to aid disaster-hit Japan." Mainichi

Daily News 01 Sep 2011. Web.
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Music What Makes Music Great

Words: 765 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54335782

There is more to it than meets the eye (or ear), and repeated listenings make that even more apparent.

Great music also depends on great performances, and that is another reason to listen to it more than once. Each artist interprets music a bit differently, and so, no performance will be exactly alike. This is true of all types of music, even classical. Even though the scores are the same, each musician, director, and arranger sees the work differently, and adds a bit of their own interpretation or personality into the piece. Thus, the same song sung decades ago by the Beach Boys does not sound like the same song today sung by a young rap or hip hop artist.

Do these theories apply to pop music, as well? In many aspects, yes, they do. There are certainly many songs in pop music that are complex and detailed, with different…… [Read More]

References

Features to Listen for in Classical Music." Classicism and Classical Music. 123-124.
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Gangsta Rap Violence Toward Women Gangsta

Words: 1562 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62390233

In album after album, women are referred to as *****es, hoes, gold diggers, and chickenheads, and this representation of women as sexual objects for men's use is a common trope within this genre (Crossley 2005). The sex act is openly portrayed as being about the body and the availability of the body, and the use of neuter pronouns heightens its alleged objectivity and divorces it from personal significance (Crossley 2005). For example, lyrics in Snoop Dogg's "Bring it on," include, "I'm qualified to knock a hoe, "Got it cracking with my hoe" (Crossley 2005).

Gangsta rap music is essentially the vocalization of sentiments that have lived long within the political environment of the African-American community. To feel empowered, African-American males attempt to keep women subordinate.

orks Cited

Cheney, Charise. (2005 June 22). In search of the "revolutionary generation":

en) gendering the golden age of rap nationalism. The Journal of African-American…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cheney, Charise. (2005 June 22). In search of the "revolutionary generation":

en) gendering the golden age of rap nationalism. The Journal of African-American History. Retrieved December 17, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.

Crossley, Scott. (2005 December 22). Metaphorical conceptions in hip-hop music.

African-American Review. Retrieved December 17, 2006 from HighBeam
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Critique on the Anthology of Rap

Words: 1360 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85006135

Anthology of Rap by Adam radley and Andrew Duois sets out to illustrate how rap can be analyzed from a literary standpoint, and traces the development of the genre from the late 1970s to contemporary interpretations of the genre. Throughout the book, radley and Duois offer interesting insights into how the music movement developed and evolved, and while they provide some insight into the development of the genre as a movement, they overlook significant factors that influenced rap.

In the introduction, The Anthology of Rap establishes that it will focus primarily on rap as poetry, yet the focus frequently shifts to other influencers. The book's introduction is full of promise and offers a definition of rap that allows the rapper to be considered a poet and helps to create a distinction between rap and the overarching genre of hip hop. KRS-One states, "Rap music is something we do, but hip…… [Read More]

Bradley and DuBois's discussion of the Golden Age of rap ends on a low note because of its complete disregard for the role that women played during this time. The authors simply mention, "Whereas before, the best female lyricists crafted lyrics that were indistinguishable in essence from those of their distinguished male counterparts, figures such as MC Lyte, Roxanne Shante, Salt-N-Pepa, and Queen Latifah began to speak on themes provoked by a sense of gender disparity and the untapped power of women" (129). Bradley and DuBois ignore women's roles in rap throughout The Anthology of Rap, and while they mentioned that women rappers at this time wrote lyrics that were initially indistinguishable from their male counterparts, the authors do not elaborate nor explain how these women were affected by rap's evolution or how they contributed to rap as poetry. Throughout the book, Bradley and DuBois place focus on one singular female, M.I.A. And praise the impact she had on American hip hop, specifically citing her song "Paper Planes," which is heavily influenced by The Clash's 1982 song "Straight to Hell," which Bradley and DuBois do not cite nor recognize in applauding M.I.A.'s contributions to hip hop.

While The Anthology of Rap sets out to demonstrate the influence that rap had on society and argues rap lyrics should be considered works of art, much like poetry, the book's structure and focus progressively unravel as it traces rap's roots in the 1980s to hip hop's "death" in the new millennium. Bradley and DuBois have worked to create a distinction between rap and hip hop throughout the entire anthology, yet the last section "New Millennium Rap" appears to focus solely on hip hop. Furthermore, as the book progressed, they began to focus less and less on rap as poetry and instead transitioned into providing a brief explanation of how rap as a genre transitioned from something that was underground to something that was commercial. Furthermore, Bradley and DuBois place too much emphasis on music business in the later half of the book, completely voiding their claim that they seek to bring attention to rap as poetry.

Overall, The Anthology of Rap succeeds at presenting a collection of rap lyrics, however, its point-of-view is severely skewed, focusing mostly on the contributions of men with no more than 25 or so lyrical inclusions of rap by women. Additionally, the shifting focus in each of the major sections detracts from the purpose of the book. While the book begins by stating it will focus on rap as poetry, it begins to focus on individuals, society, and the music business soon thereafter. By the end of the book, the focus is no longer on rap, but on hip hop, which Bradley and DuBois defined as being two separate concepts. The book's deviating focus and the ignorance of women's contributions to rap cause a potentially great book to fall short.
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Ethnic Music Humanities A Origin and Development

Words: 3389 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49648099

Ethnic Music Humanities

a) Origin and Development of Traditional and Contemporary Ethnic Music

My personal experience in learning this subtopic reveals to me that music is a global cultural practice found in every known culture, both in the past and present, but with a wide variation with regards to time and place of practicing it. Since every ethnic group around the world, including some of the most secluded tribal groups, depicts their own forms of musical practices, I conclude that music might have been present among the ancestral populations prior to the dispersion of human populations around the world. This confirms that music must have been existing and evolving into different forms for over 50,000 years, and the first music might had been invented in Africa, which is regarded as the cradle of humankind. Then the music evolved through diverse parts of the world during human dispersion to become the…… [Read More]

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Contemporary Music

Words: 1178 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92710552

Music

There is an old cliche that contemporary music, especially popular music, is without lasting significance or quality. The truth is just the opposite. Contemporary music is extremely creative, and employs a wide range of styles and draws on many traditions around the world. In fact, contemporary composers and singers encompass all the known traditions and rich styles of the past, in both western and eastern cultures, in mainstream society as well as indigenous groups. Contemporary music is all music -- from string quartets like the Kronos Quartet, whose classically trained string quartet offers jagged, minimalist, modern music that has won many fans, to the seminal and groundbreaking work of popular singer/composers like Paul Simon, who in his Rhythm of the Saints album, employed African and tribal percussion. Contemporary music can be rock and roll, rap, classical, gospel, jazz, country western, or world music (music of other cultures).

So how…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Dylan, Bob. Lyrics 1962-2002. Simon & Schuster (2002).

Dylan, Bob and Ellison, James. Younger Than That Now: The Collected Interviews With Bob Dylan Thunders Mouth Press (2002).

Grout, Donald J. And Palisca, Claude. A History of Western Music, 6th Edition. W.W. Norton & Company (2000).

Kostka, Stefan. Tonal Harmony, With an Introduction to 20th Century Music. McGraw-Hill. (2000).
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Are Music Videos Promotional Devices or Products in Themselves

Words: 3887 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50570986

Music Videos Promotional Devices or Products in Themselves

Music Videos: Promotional Device or Separate Product?

Music videos are constructed in many different ways, but many of them involve the artist and others singing and dancing to specific songs. Some also tell stories or provide other background dealings that make the music video much like a television program. An example of this would be Michael Jackson's 'Thriller,' which was a very long video that involved much storytelling and other information as opposed to just the song. Some of these story type videos are still done today but this seems to be more popular in country music that it does in rock-and-roll.

No matter what genre is dealt with, however, the debate as to whether music videos are promotional devices or a separate product in and of themselves has been continuing for many years. In 1981 music television first began broadcasting music…… [Read More]

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Origin and History of Rap

Words: 1303 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55146271

(Marino)

Related to the above is the view that the origins and history of the development of Rap music are strongly related to the resistance to various forms of colonialism and oppression that Black people have experienced and which has shaped the style and form of Rap music. This also refers to ideological and colonial hegemonies and perceived racial and cultural prejudice that has been a major motivating force in this form of artistic expression.

This can be linked to theories of ideological hegemony that are seen as pivotal aspect in the development of Black consciousness and consequently in the musical expression of that consciousness. According to theorists like Gramsci, ideological hegemony functions by control and domination not only through force but also through cultural forms of persuasion. In other words, the best way to achieve control over a subordinate group is by "...means of cultural domination among all sectors…… [Read More]

Works Cited

KEYES C.L. (2002) Rap Music and Street Consciousness. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001926756

Kopano, Baruti N. "Rap Music as an Extension of the Black Rhetorical Tradition: "Keepin' it Real." The Western Journal of Black Studies 26.4 (2002): 204+. Questia. 31 Mar. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001926756.

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5009435925
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Yo MTV Raps Yo MTV

Words: 662 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46420863

Yo! MTV Raps was also a great venue for up and coming rap legends to showcase their work to their world through performances. Audiences around the world were exposed to a new type of raw creativity in rap music, one which took the music industry by storm. Yo! MTV Raps was a huge first for the network; it was the first show dedicated one hundred percent to rap and hip hop, an emerging art form in American popular music that had not yet found acceptance within the larger body of society.

Major name artists saw their career explode alongside the publicity they were getting from the show and the movement it was inspiring within pop culture. Huge names in the rap industry were seen before they really made it big and when they had a definite hold over the lure of pop culture in the United States. The series was…… [Read More]

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Morgan Why Is Misogyny Expressed in Rap

Words: 811 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82028861

Morgan, why is misogyny expressed in rap music? In what ways do you support her point-of-view, in what ways do you disagree? Be specific. Give examples from research, experience AND the readings to support your points.

The controversial 'hip-hop' feminist Joan Morgan states that: "we are all winners when space exists for brothers to honestly state and explore the roots of their pain, and subsequently their misogyny, sans judgment" (Morgan 9). However, she also writes that it is vital and essential to view both black men and women as 'winners' when oppression is lifted from female shoulders. The solution is not banning rap music, rather it is to understand that rap is an expression of the pain felt by African-Americans and the mask that men wear to hide their frustrations (Morgan 74). She states that black women must love black men "for who they are," not who they want them…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Morgan, Joan. When chickenheads come home to roost. Simon & Schuster 2000.

"Misogyny and Women of Color." Independent Lens. PBS. 20 Feb 2007. [24 Apr 2012]

 http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/hiphop/gender.htm 

Wilson, Jocelyn. "What will be hip-hop's legacy?" The Root. 19 Apr 2011. [24 Apr 2012]
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What Impact Social Media Has Had on Music Marketing

Words: 2064 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92059475

Marketing Music on Social Media Sites

Social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and others have grown exponentially over the past few years. One of the entertainment genres that has benefited mightily from social media is music, rap, rock, hip-hop, country, and even classical music. This paper explores and analyzes how musicians and groups have exploited social media in their marketing strategies.

Key Reasons Music Marketing Thrives on Social Media

Social Media has carved out an enormous presence in the contemporary entertainment and information scene in the United States. In fact according to a 2010 book -- Facebook Marketing: An Hour a Day -- a Harris Interactive study shows that "…48% of all American adults had either a Facebook or a MySpace account" (Treadaway, et al., 2010, p. 15). Also, as an indication of how extraordinarily fast Facebook has grown, in just eight months the giant social media company went…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Associated Press, 2011, 'Coldplay to livestream Madrid concert on YouTube on Oct. 26, two days after release of 'Milo Xyloto'. Retrieved October 7, 2011, from  http://www.nydailynews.com .

CMU, 2011, 'New MySpace owners speak / New look music-focused MySpace set for 2011, retrieved October 7, 2011, from  http://www.thecmuwebsite.com .

Hernandez, Brian Anthony, 2011, 'How Lady Gaga Created a Web Marketing Spectacle for Born This Way', Mashable.com. Retrieved October 6, 2011, from http://mashable.com/2011/05/24/lady-gaga-case-study.

Martell, Dan, 2010, 'How Six Hip Hop Artists Use Social Media', Flowtown.com. Retrieved October 6, 2011, from http://www.flowtown.com/blog/how-six-hip-hop-artists-use-social-media.
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Pop Subdivisions of Popular Music

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51376505

Today sometimes also referred to as 'urban' music, R&B was originally a euphemistic way of referring to the boogie woogie blues-based music of African-Americans in the 40s and 50s. In some circles, these would be referred to as 'race records.' When white musicians like Elvis Presley began recording these songs, the term Rock and Roll was coined. This transition would not render the R&B genre moot, but would instead apply it to most music made by African-Americans. Over the years, this would come to serve as a Billboard Chart classification for forms such as Soul, Funk, Disco and many modes of Hip Hop.

Quite in fact, today, R&B may be said to be the dominant form in popular music once again, with its permeation of the variant of popular forms impacting the sound of music today in the same way that rock would for decades. Particularly in the type of…… [Read More]

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Female Rappers Talking Sexually Explicitly Raps Degrading

Words: 897 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15754090

female rappers talking sexually explicitly raps degrading act empowerment? feminists. sources: *pornification, sex sexuality media culture- susanna paasonnen *hen chicken heads roost *spin sisters: women media sell unhappiness liberlisation woman america.

Female rappers and how they affect society

The rap industry has generated much controversy in the recent decades, most debates emerging because critics consider some lyrics to be offensive and discriminatory to particular groups. It would be absurd to claim that society remains unaffected as a result of being subjected to lyrics that contain explicit inequitable expressions. Individuals who come up with these lyrics apparently share no interest in the consequences their music leaves on the world.

Although it is difficult to identify the exact people who are harmed by offensive language heard in rap music, surveys and personal opinions are more than explanatory in regard to the overall state of affairs. Although most individuals involved in the industry…… [Read More]

Works cited:

1. Blyth, Myrna. (2004). "SPIN SISTERS: How the Women of the Media Sell Unhappiness and Liberalism to the Women of America." ST. MARTIN'S PRESS.

2. Campbell, Kermit Ernest. (2005). "Gettin' our groove on: rhetoric, language, and literacy for the hip hop generation." Wayne State University Press.

3. Morgan, Joan. (2000). "When Chickenheads Come Home to Roost: A Hip-Hop Feminest Breaks It Down." Simon & Schuster.

4. Paasonen, Susanna; Nikunen, Kaarina; Saarenmaa, Laura. (2008). "Pornification: sex and sexuality in media culture." Michigan University.
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Social Impact of Music Social

Words: 1745 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59519462

This is because the majority will spend several hours a day watching these images through: various movie channels and those they can download from their cable / satellite TV provider. At the same time, the music is influencing them towards anti-social activity. This is based on the fact that 9 out of 10 individuals owns an I Pod or an MP3 player.

As a result, the various statistics are indicating that this is leading to a rise in disruptive behavior. The reason why, is because they are highlighting how the underlying trends are becoming worse with the changes in technology. This is leading to more incidents of criminal activity in relation to the rest of the population. Once this occurs, it means that society will have more issues to deal with: surrounding teenagers imitating what they are seeing and hearing. This is despite the claims that are made by: the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Statistics on Teens. (2011). Sound Vision. Retrieved from: http://www.soundvision.com/Info/teens/stat.asp

Holland, B. (1999). Government Reports on Drugs. Billboard, 73 -- 76.

Neale, T. (2009). Pediatricians Fault Media Violence. ABC News. Retrieved from:  http://abcnews.go.com/Health/MindMoodNews/media-violence-sex-threaten-kids-pediatricians/story?id=8866443 

Nichols, S. (2004). America's Teenagers. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
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The Connection Between Music and Politics

Words: 1470 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95692951

music is not always a vehicle for political or social commentary, it has become increasingly more so in the past several generations. Music serves often as a vehicle for community and cultural self-expression, or as a means to communicate social and political ideals as with the spirituals and blues songs of African-Americans bemoaning slavery and racism. Since the 1960s, however, music and its lyrical component has become a means by which to understand the zeitgeist of the historical epoch. Music in the 1960s was often directly and overtly political, particularly the songs of American folk musicians like Bob Dylan. It is almost easier to single out songs from the late 1960s that did not have political overtones versus those that did, because there were so many artists who used music to convey political messages. One of the most notable such songs is John Lennon's "Give Peace a Chance." This song…… [Read More]

References

Britton, L.M. (2015). Times they are a changin': Indie's apathy v pops political pursuit. The Guardian. 8 June, 2015. Retrieved online: http://www.theguardian.com/music/2015/jun/08/times-they-are-a-changin-indies-apathy-v-pops-political-pursuit

Burns, C. (n.d.). Lady Gaga: Performer, persona, and political advocate. Retrieved online: http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1195&context=comssp

Gavish, E. (2009). Music has always been a tuneful force for political change. New York Daily News. 10 Act, 2009. Retrieved online:  http://www.nydailynews.com /entertainment/music-arts/music-tuneful-force-political-change-article-1.381154

Hughes, D. (2013). Hip-hop in politics. ABC News. 14 Feb, 2013. Retrieved online: http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/OTUS/hip-hop-politics-difference-generation-makes/story?id=18495205
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What Makes Music Appealing to People

Words: 722 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53410317

Music and Why People Listen to It

The study on what music people listen to and why is interesting to me because music tells us a lot about ourselves and it also is a powerful tool for development too. Therefore, a study about what particular music people gravitate towards can not only reveal an underlying aspect to that individual's personality but also an underlying aspect of the culture in which that individual is situated. Because music is an art form and art is said to act as a mirror (in that it reflects the world around it), the music with which people identify and the sounds that they prefer can tell researchers a lot about the culture, environment, and personalities of our day and age. This study could be the basis of a comprehensive assessment of a time and place that extends beyond the sample size of the study and…… [Read More]

References

Brown, S. B. (2015). What music do you listen to and why? University of Edinburgh.

Kyrizidis, T. (2005). Notes on the History of Schizophrenia. German Journal of Psychiatry, 8: 42-28.
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Popular Music the New Face Book of

Words: 1018 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37858630

Popular Music

The New Face Book of ock and oll

An entirely new book (okay score) on the future of music and the place of rock and roll is being written, and yet we really can't even tell what the experience will be like, though it will most likely be a continued mix of country/folksy democracy. What we can tell is that it will come in the packaging of a self-published, self-directed, interactive collection (just like an ebook!), and that its messages of defiance will be such that the entire digital universe of followers will each think of themselves as their own Guitar Hero!

While many people believe that Guitar Hero brought rock and roll into the digital era, the case can be made that it did as much damage as good. It turned many people on to a sense of simulating the music of the leaders of rock and…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Crocker, N. (2010), Mashable Business, 5 predictions for the music industry in 2010. Retried from  http://mashable.com/2009/12/25/music-industry-predictions-2010/ .

Parker, J. (2009), School of Rock: What does Guitar Hero's popularity mean for the future of rock and roll? The Atlantic. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2009/03/school-of-rock/7278/.

Bain & Company, Publishing in the Digital Era (2011). Downloadable from  http://www.bain.com/bainweb/PDFs/cms/Public/BB_Publishing_in_the_digital_era.pdf
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Latin Music Many Are Unaware That in

Words: 2317 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31533544

Latin Music

Many are unaware that in the United States today, people are blessed with a variety of Spanish-language and other Latin American cultures that are in the midst -- which were brought to the country by individuals from numerous different parts of the hemisphere. In attempting to understand and appreciate these cultures, we can learn much from their music Mexican-American music is something that has high regards in their culture. Over the years it has been expanded crossing over into many cultures ith that said, this essay is intended to analyze the many methods and styles of music and musical cultures that have been able to make their way into the United States from Latin American nations.

Origins

Surprisingly, Latin American music is a subject where there has not been a lot written about it. There is very little research on Latin music perhaps because many are not interested.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gonzalez, J.P. "Third latin american conference of the international association for the study of popular music." Popular Music 20.9 (2009): 269-274.

Loza, Steven. Barrio Rhythm: Mexican-American Music in Los Angeles. University of Illinois Press, 1993.

Moehn, F. "From tejano to tango: Latin american popular Music/Musical migrations: Transnationalism and cultural hybridity in Latin/o america, volume I/Situating salsa: Global markets and local meaning in latin popular music." Ethnomusicology 49.1 (2010): 137-142.
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Sound Clash Popular Music and American Culture

Words: 1546 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24252239

Popular Music and Identity

Sound Clash-Popular Music and American Culture

Identifying through music is fantastic and creates social movements. People find music to be liberating, relaxing, and calming. Identifying oneself through music a person is able to have direct experiences in their body. This allows a person to place them self in an imaginary cultural narrative. Popular music has been analyzed as though it is a classical composition, which makes the analysts neglect the improvisational and performative aspects of popular music. Analyzing how audiences respond to popular music and how they identify with this kind of music is vital. This would allow people to better understand how different people identify with certain popular songs. Theodor Adorno viewed popular music as a culture industry, which is designed to appeal to society by creating a false need for entertainment. Simon Frith views popular music as a complex world where that values and…… [Read More]

References

Adorno, Theodor W, and George Simpson. On Popular Music. Institute of Social Research, 1942. Print.

Frith, Simon. "Music and Identity." Questions of cultural identity (1996): 108-27. Print.

Hill, S., and B. Fenner. Media and Cultural Theory. London: Bookboon. Print.

Appendix
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Sex and Music Lady Gaga

Words: 737 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75061986

The video's director explains that the intention was not to create racy content for its own sake, but rather that "the process was to express Lady Gaga's desire to reveal her heart and bear her soul" (Kreps). The provocative imagery thus serves to challenge the viewer over whether the video expresses bad taste or high art.

Equally important to lyrics are Gaga's overall image and the discussion she generates over her interests, including avant-garde fashion and gay rights. She is known for being scantily-clad; one magazine called her appearance "bizarre," stating that her style of dress is "archly futuristic…reveals a lot of skin but is never sexy" (Callahan and Stewart). The conflict inherent in her blatant sexuality also arises when one considers the discussion that her gender once generated, as "Is Lady Gaga a man?' 'was AskJeeves.com's thirdmost-asked question of 2009" (Juzwiak). Ever the provocateur, Lady Gaga addressed the question…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alejandro. Dir. Steven Klein. Perf. Lady Gaga. YouTube. 08 June 2010. Web. 02 Apr.

2011. .

Callahan, Maureen, and Sara Stewart. "Who's That Lady?" NYPost.com. 21 Jan. 2010.

Web. 03 Apr. 2011. .
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American and Asian Music as

Words: 2888 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63747129

This, along with the older Psalter by trenhold and Hopkins, was the main influence of the Bay Psalm Book printed during 1640 in Massachusetts. This can be compared with the first musical influences on and compositions by Li Jinhui. The traditional forms were explored thoroughly before new ideas in music were explored.

Culturally, the new Americans at the time were deeply religious, following the Puritan tradition on which they based their way of life. Their music therefore reflected this tradition, and the earliest genres were mainly religious in nature. As such, the musical format was unaccompanied by musical instruments, as these were viewed as secular and therefore sinful. The same type of division can be seen in the later genres of Asian music, where Cantopop began to lose its popularity in the face of new and more trendy developments. In contrast, however, the Chinese does not have as clear a…… [Read More]

Sources

Faigin, Tom. "The Minstrel Show's Contribution to Folk Music." 2007. http://www.jsfmusic.com/Uncle_Tom/Tom_Article6.html

Wikipedia. "C-Pop." Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C-pop

Wikipedia. "K-Pop." Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K-pop

Wikipedia. "Li Jinhui." Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Jinhui
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Drugs Explored in Music

Words: 1892 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29720651

social poblem of using and selling dugs is potayed in music. I'm inteested in studying this because music has at once been accused of gloifying dug cultue and also as being one of the few means of allowing uses to vent on the ealities of dug cultue. Clealy, the elationship between dugs and music is a complex one. This pape will seek to shed light on the motivations fo atists to incopoate dug cultue in thei songs and what they pesumably gain fom it, and what society pesumably gains fom it as well.

The fist song that this pape will examine when it comes to the teatment of dugs as subject matte fo songs is in the wok of 2 Pac in his famous song, "Changes." This song is so emakable in that it addesses a temendous amount of social injustice in that is still alive and well in the…… [Read More]

references. Music Ther Perspectives, 69-76.

Duff, C. (2003). Drugs and Youth Cultures: Is Australia Experiencing the 'Normalization' of Adolescent Drug Use? Journal of Youth Studies, 433-447.

Genius.com. (n.d.). Corner Bodega. Retrieved from genius.com: http://rap.genius.com/50-cent-corner-bodega-coke-spot-lyrics

Genius.com. (n.d.). The Way We Get By. Retrieved from Genius.com: http://rock.genius.com/Spoon-the-way-we-get-by-lyrics

Lyrics.com. (n.d.). Changes 2 pac. Retrieved from lyrics.com:  http://www.lyrics.com/changes-lyrics-2pac.html
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Jamaican Music a Cultural Evolution

Words: 4850 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47790806

Jamaican Music

It is never just about the music.

No matter how great the musician, music is always the expression of an entire culture, of a moment in history, of a particular place in time. The genius of a particular musician, the synergy of a particular group - these are both essential to the success or failure of a particular group. But that success or failure is never intrinsic to a single song, to a single album. Music that succeeds - both in its own time and later - does so because it has the ability to express something important about that moment in time. eggae has been able to provide just such an expression of the beliefs of a particular people at a moment in history for the last two years - and it has been able to do so because of its ability to change with larger political…… [Read More]

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Ethnic Music Is My Favorite

Words: 387 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3123468



Music is constantly changing. Most people only know the cliches of music from other lands -- a bit of tango, maybe flamenco. But just as American artists are inspired by the sounds of the lands of their heritage, world artists today honor their nation of origin and take some of the best sounds of the West, to make something new. I love mestizo (fusion) of Putumayo, how new African artists are blending jazz and traditional songs of their homeland, and also how rock and traditional folk songs can become fused and give old words new power.

World or ethnic music is grounded in a tradition that transcends commercialism, yet it is becoming wildly popular because the Internet has enabled more and more people to become exposed to international artists. When I first developed my interest in world music, I was an anomaly because I sought out music beyond the confines…… [Read More]

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Ups and Downs of Russian Music Throughout

Words: 1139 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56287480

ups and downs of Russian music throughout the Soviet Union's tumultuous history and will also describe the impact that music has on the Russians today. This paper will describe the music during the pre-revolutionary years, post-revolutionary years, the Stalin years, the post-Stalin years and Gorbachev's perestroika years.

The years before the Russian Revolution of 1905 and the Russian revolution of 1917 are considered the pre-revolutionary years. The Russian Revolution of 1905 was an unsuccessful attempt to topple the ruling czar and it all started with the Bloody Sunday Massacre. The Russian revolution of 1917 succeeded in overthrowing the imperial government and replacing them with the Bolsheviks.

The pre-revolutionary years, in Russia, were filled with Byzantium liturgical chants, nationalistic folk songs, operas, and symphonies. In 988, Prince Vladimir of Kiev decided that Russian's national religion would be Byzantine Orthodoxy and that's how the Byzantium liturgical chants ended up in Russia. However,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Daniels, Robert V. Russia: The Roots of Confrontation. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1985.

Gunther, John. Inside Russia Today. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1958.

Smith, Hedrick. The New Russians. New York: Avon Books, 1991.

Spector, Ivar. An Introduction to Russian History and Culture. 5th ed. New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., 1969.
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Post Feminism Music Videos the Body Image

Words: 1741 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38431146

CL's "Hello itches" and the Post-Feminist Representation of the ody

In the music video by CL entitled "Hello itches," CL has managed to escape the constriction of the typical K-pop girl group (sexy, innocent, seductive, chic) by asserting a more aggressive, masculine-mimicking (gagsta-rap-mimicking to be exact), hyper-sexual attitude of domineering vibes; yet, in doing so, she has fallen into another and separate trope -- not the trope of the cute/sexy K-pop artist but rather the trope of the strong, feminist, sexually assertive/aggressive pop artist (a trend represented in various modes by others such as Nicki Minaj, Iggy Azalea, eyonce, Lady Gaga). CL's performance in the video channels the swagger of chauvinistic hip-hop artists, who wave and strut and bounce in front of the camera while surrounded by their posse and/or cadre of scantily clad women. For CL, her posse is the cadre of women -- but here they are donned…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Gill, Rosalind. "Postfeminist media culture: Elements of a sensibility," European

Journal of Cultural Studies, vol. 10, no. 2 (2007): 147-166.

McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media, critical edition, edited by W.Terrence.

Gordon. Berkeley, California: Gingko Press, 2013.
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Reducing or Reinforcing Media Impact

Words: 2374 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87191608

Through a school-based project, students within the proposed COMA program would watch popular videos under supervision and then talk about the images afterwards, to assess different rapper's portraits of women, violence, crime, and sexuality. Students would also analyze rap lyrics in their English classes. This would encourage teens to not simply mindlessly listen to the music, without critically analyzing rappers' overt messages and rap lyrics' subtexts.

Bringing rap into the school would help to erase the 'us vs. them' divide that is part of much of rap's violent, negative, outsider appeal. It could also offer a springboard in which to discuss larger social issues about racism and sexism. Students would be asked to create their own rap music videos and rap songs to talk about issues that were important to them on a personal level. Incorporating rap as an expressive medium has been proven to be effective in many contexts.…… [Read More]

References

Iwamoto, Derek K. (2007). Feeling the beat: the meaning of rap music for ethnically diverse midwestern college students: A phenomenological study. Adolescence. Retrieved July

25, 2010 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2248/is_166_42/ai_n27343301/

King, Samantha (et al. 2009). Effects of rap and heavy metal music lyrics on adolescent

Behavior. Missouri Western State University. Retrieved July 25, 2010 at http://clearinghouse.missouriwestern.edu/manuscripts/325.php
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Concerts Across Time

Words: 1003 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5749842

Concerts Across Time

The performer that I watched in a pop music concert is named PJ Morton. He is a keyboardist and vocalist, who performed with what looked like the helping of a full band. There were two baroque concerts that I watched. The first was entitled "Little Baroque Suite," whereas the second one was entitled "Une Fete Baroque." On the whole I did not enjoy these concerts very much. I certainly did not enjoy the first two I have listed in this document. I found Morton's music and songwriting to be extremely bland, if not boring. This sentiment applied doubly so to "Little Baroque Suite." The music was extremely staid and just seemed to plod (if not march) along. The concert I liked best was "Une Fete Baroque," mostly because the various musicians and vocalists (and the conductor, especially) in this concert actually performed, complete with dancing and a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

AdeleAnne. "Little Baroque Suite." www.dailymotion.com. 2013. Web.  http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xz6v02_ohb-little-baroque-suite-ph-gordon_music 

VIP Media. "PJ Morton -- In Concert." www.dailymotion.com. 2010. Web.

 http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xc9c2s_pj-morton-in-concert_music 

WarnerClassics. "Une Fete Baroque." www.dailymotion.com. 2012. Web.  http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xof2dn_une-fete-baroque-10eme-anniversaire-du-concert-d-astree_music
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Tribe Called Quest Biographer John

Words: 1016 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81842593

A Tribe Called Quest has performed live at a number of large music festivals including Bumbershoot and Lollapalooza. These big name, big draw venues allowed A Tribe Called Quest to project their sounds to the masses, enlightening large numbers of listeners to the transformative potential of hip-hop. As gangsta and other predictable forms of rap increasingly dominated the industry, A Tribe Called Quest was keeping things real. Their commercial success also depended on their high visibility in terms of live performances and music videos. The videos of A Tribe Called Quest parallel the content of their lyrics, and depict African-American street culture especially on the east coast.

A Tribe Called Quest drew upon the groundwork set by De La Soul in fusing jazz musical elements, instrumentation, and samples into hip-hop. In fact, A Tribe Called Quest, De La Soul, and the Jungle Brothers were schoolmates and formed a successful musical…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"A Tribe Called Quest." Rolling Stone. Retrieved Dec 8, 2009 from http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/atribecalledquest/biography

"Biography." A Tribe Called Quest. Website retrieved Dec 8, 2009 from http://atribecalledquest.com/html/biography/

Bush, John. "A Tribe Called Quest." All Music Guide. Retrieved Dec 8, 2009 from http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:dcfixq95ld6e
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East Coast West Coast Hip

Words: 2482 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12914276

ith the rise in the levels of performance and payment through the music, many rappers decided to make collaborations. These collaborations were intended to create competition so that one musician could manage to overdo the other in the public domain. Nonetheless, the influence of the music on human life was incredible. Many people who engaged in Hip-hop music were reported to have joined one or more gang activities and groups. It is with the establishment of these groups that escalated the desire to have the music be played in varied public places and clubs. Many scenes demonstrating the music was staged in various sections of the American cities.

The rappers went about performing in live concerns in order to have supporters of their music. Initially, the concerns were categorical of playing the music while the audiences licensed to their while doing other activities. ithin a short time, the DJs began…… [Read More]

Works cited

Hess, Mickey. Hip Hop in America: A Regional Guide. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood

Press, 2010. Internet resource.

Icons of Hip Hop: 2. Westport, CT [u.a.: Greenwood Press, 2007. Print.

Lucas, George. A New Hope: A Novel. New York: Random House, 1986. Print.
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Beastie Boys Are Referred to

Words: 976 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57525612

In fact, the album Paul's Boutique, which is now hailed as "one of the first albums to predict the genre-bending, self-referential pop kaleidoscope of '90s pop" was scorned or ignored when it was released in 1989.

The Beastie Boys split from Rick Rubin and Def Jam and developed an independent, eclectic, and sonically adventurous sound. The album Check Your Head, which included rock instrumentation, solidified the Beastie Boys' reputation as one of America's top musical talents. Since then the band has enjoyed relatively steady critical acclaim, peer recognition, and popular success. Their most recent award earned was a Grammy for the 2007 release The Mix-Up, a creative instrumental journey. The Beastie Boys have released their own concert film called Awesome: I Fuckin' Shot That!, the title of which proves their punk roots.

Numerous musical styles and artists have influenced the Beastie Boys, enabling the band to create their unique and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Beastie Boys." LastFM. Retrieved Dec 12, 2009 from http://www.last.fm/music/Beastie+Boys

"Beastie Boys: Biography." Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock and Roll. Simon & Schuster. Retrieved online at RollingStone.com on Dec 12, 2009 at http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/beastieboys/biography

Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Biography." All Music Guide. Retrieved Dec 12, 2009 from http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:3ifqxq95ld6e

Forget, Thomas. The Beastie Boys. New York: Rosen Publishing, 2006.
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Popular Culture Has a Pervasive Impact Upon

Words: 1450 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43074360

Popular culture has a pervasive impact upon children's lives today, particularly during the adolescent stage. According to the University of Tampere's Department of Translation Studies, pop culture is defined as "the differing forms and expressions which are characteristic of a particular society (whether local, regional, national, racial, or ethnic, to mention only a few of the different definitions of 'society' itself)."

It is a recent modern phenomenon that encompasses all aspects of cultural expression, which include but are not limited to, movies, music, television shows, literature, fashion, food, and sports. Everything deemed popular is considered to be the latest style or trend; items in pop culture are often meant to be superficial and short-lived, ready to be replaced by the "next big thing." Pop culture is sustained by continuous feedback from its consumers to its industries over determining what is to considered popular.

Pop culture has a dynamic influence on…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ferguson, Mitch, Eyzenga, Christina. "Music Influences." 25, March 2005

http://www.ucdsb.on.ca/athens/popculture/influencemusic.htm

King, Samantha, McConnell, Jim, et.al, "Effects of rap and heavy metal music lyrics on Adolescent behaviors." (2002) Westchester University. 25, March 2005

http://clearinghouse.mwsc.edu/manuscripts/325.asp
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Varese's Poeme Electronique Before Attempting

Words: 328 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65115963

Many modern listeners deny rap music or techno into the category of music, illustrating how unnecessarily restrictive definitions of music can be. Music does not necessarily need to follow a preconceived structure, and if it did the potential for creative expression would be severely curtailed. In fact, it may be what it lacks (structure, melody, repetitive rhythm) that help listeners appreciate the gamut of music. It is almost as if the listener can create his or her own musical structures on top of Varese's when listening between the lines.

The "Poeme Electronique" possesses none of the typical features of melodic music. It may sound to some like simply blips and bleeps. A deeper and more pointed listen introduces listeners to nuanced, textured sounds: the elements of more familiar melodic compositions. Perhaps because of Varese's ability to transcend typical definitions, the "Poeme" pays homage to the phenomenon of…… [Read More]

Before attempting to analyze Edgard Varese's "Poem Electronique," it is necessary to understand that when the composer exhibited the piece at the 1958 World's Fair it was delivered live inside an acoustically rich pavilion with 400 speakers. Listening to a digital version of the "Poeme Electronique" with headphones cannot begin to approximate the three-dimensionality that Varese built into the composition. The "Poeme Electronique" is absolutely classifiable as "music" for several reasons, not the least of which is its historical importance as the harbinger of electronic and abstract music. The piece is abstract in the same way visual arts can be. Although the listener does not sense the familiar structures and forms of music, the composition as a whole possesses rich tonality and a variety of sounds layered upon each other.

Granted, the "Poeme Electronique" stretches the average person's definition of what music is. The piece has no melody and although it is rather percussive at times it lacks a rhythm. Yet these elements that typically define music are too limited to cover the gamut of creative sonic expressions. Many modern listeners deny rap music or techno into the category of music, illustrating how unnecessarily restrictive definitions of music can be. Music does not necessarily need to follow a preconceived structure, and if it did the potential for creative expression would be severely curtailed. In fact, it may be what it lacks (structure, melody, repetitive rhythm) that help listeners appreciate the gamut of music. It is almost as if the listener can create his or her own musical structures on top of Varese's when listening between the lines.

The "Poeme Electronique" possesses none of the typical features of melodic music. It may sound to some like simply blips and bleeps. A deeper and more pointed listen introduces listeners to nuanced, textured sounds: the elements of more familiar melodic compositions. Perhaps because of Varese's ability to transcend typical definitions, the "Poeme" pays homage to the phenomenon of music itself.
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Comparing Two Things That Don't Relate

Words: 407 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34705774

Running is just like music, capable of infinite varieties of rhythm and mood. And, like music, running is an art that requires endurance, skill and determination. Often, music and running are not viewed in the same light. Some look upon music as an intellectual activity that has little in common with the physical sport of running. However, this couldn't be further from the truth.

Every runner has their own rhythm similar to the vast array of musical categories. Some prefer the hard driving beat of rock and roll or rap music. This is particularly true of short distance and sprint runners that require a fast pace to meet their goals of completing the run in as little time as possible. Other runners adapt the slower rhythm of classical music and jazz. For example, marathon and long-distance runners adopt a steady, slower rhythm that facilitates endurance over longer periods of time.…… [Read More]

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My Happiness

Words: 1097 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4132330

Happiness

The arm Fluidity

For the most part, internal (as opposed to external) influences bring me the greatest degree of inspiration and happiness. hat this statement means is that I am not necessarily inspired by appearances, and I am much more of a verbal person (whether accessed in spoken language or via the written word) than I am a visual person. As such, I derive significantly greater insight from music and films than I do from paintings and architecture -- which is not to imply that I see no aesthetic quality in paintings and architecture. It is just that I do a lot less so, and generally to a lesser degree, than I do in music and films.

Music, the world of sounds and emotions, precious words, harmony and intangible associations such as fire and ice, has long been my world and that with which I am most comfortable. I…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Wharton, Edith. The House of Mirth. New York: Barnes & Noble Classics. 1905. Print.

Head in the Clouds. Dir. John Duigan. Perf. Charlize Theron, Stuart Townsend, Penelope Cruz. Sony Pictures Classics, 2004. Film.
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Extra the Usage of the

Words: 635 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80274639



eligious violence is hard to understand in some ways, and easy to understand in others. If a reader is reading objectively, and happens to peruse some of the earliest pages of the Bible and the Koran, respectively, he or she may be shocked at what resides there. Again, simply by reading objectively, the reader can discern the degree of favoritism patently shown in these books, which make many attempts to lionize one particular religion and vilify virtually all of the others. For instance, there are certain passages in Genesis in which God is speaking to Abraham and is promising him that he will deliver him land (Genesis 15). Why does God need land, the prudent reader might wonder? Why do his 'chosen people' need land, and if so, why are there other 'non-chosen' people living on it, then? The answer, unfortunately, appears to be to justify religious violence. There are…… [Read More]

References

The Bible. New International Version. Retrieved from  http://www.biblestudytools.com/genesis/1.html
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Grandmaster Flash The Hip-Hop Pioneer

Words: 3303 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75903720

Fortune Affect Grand Master Flash's Political Message?

Music is one of the most powerful forms of communication. It utilizes different types of information networks to cut across linguistic and social boundaries. In several occasions music has the potential to relate to politics and power. From the songs of sorrow sung by slaves in the south, to the revolutionary nature of jazz, blues, and rhythym and blues (R&) during the activist days of the Civil Rights Movements, music has been an important part of many social and political changes. In the recent past the power of music has definitely been amplified by increasingly globalized communications such as social media. Nowadays more rapidly than ever, music links and influences people from all over the world (Malone and Martinez).

Hip-hop is considered by some to be one of the most important genres of music. It originated in the ronx, New York in the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Allmusic.com. Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five. n.d. 8 May 2015. Web

Bakala-ska, prace. Hip hop in American Culture. Thesis. Palackeho, 2012. Web

Bey, Alexander. "Hip-Hop's Musical Evolution of Rap." n.d. http://www.oneonta.edu. 8 May 2015.Web

Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA. About Hip Hop Youth Subculture. Los Angeles: Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, n.d. Web
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Spin Magazine 1 The One Source You

Words: 1318 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45369996

SPIN Magazine [1: The one source you requested I use was taken from Spin Magazine, and I modeled everything after this article: http://www.spin.com/articles/big-four-play-their-first-us-show (citation below) Weingarten, C. "The Big Four Play Their First U.S. Show." Spin Magazine. 2011. ]

Here Are the News: Analysis of What We Listen To

Violent and Misogynistic Lyrics in Gangsta Rap

By ____ April 30, 2011

The saying goes, "you are what you eat." Though this may seem like a cliche at first glance, just think about this small quote that you have probably heard before. When thinking logically, this statement is really true: you are what you eat and you really do look a certain way because of nutrition.

Similarly to looking like what you are eating, you are shaped by the music to which you listen. Those who listen to rock are different people from those who listen to predominantly punk or rap…… [Read More]

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Dr Dre's First Official Release

Words: 1324 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12441130

Instead, he has been doing the production and promotion for other artists. He also collaborates with other musicians, such as Elizondo to product Eminem's single "The Real Slim Shady. He hopes to get out another album in 2008, which would have several different contributors. Even he admits that his message has mellowed out since his first hits in the '90s, Regarding earlier years he says: "That was my past. What I thought was the thing to do then. I mean, I think 'Straight Outta Compton' was a classic hip-hop album. ut I do look back on a lot of the things we were saying and doing then and go, "Damn!." ut the ***** was dope at the time." Would he ever do that same material now? "No. No way. I'm more into totally positive moves."

Admittedly, not everyone was or continues to be keen on Dr. Dre and similar musicians.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bennett, Andy. Bennett Cultures of Popular Music. Philadelphia: Open UP, 2001.

Dr. Dre. Biography. http://www.sing365.com/music/lyric.nsf/Dr.-Dre-Biography/49B29B5DD87AEC0C482568860008957D Accessed 24 November, 2007.

Dr. Dre's My Space. http://www.myspace.com/drdre. Accessed 24 November 2007.

Farley, Christopher "Hip Hop Nation." Time Magazine. 8 February,1999. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1101,00.html. Accessed 24 November, 2007.
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Popular Culture That Is Prevalent

Words: 1588 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8700299

The youth in these countries has become more than just obsessed with the physical appearances as plastic surgery is also becoming quite common. China probably has the greatest plastic surgery industry where they work at everything from increasing heights to improving complexions to match those that of the white Caucasian race. As in Singapore, which is "a global city" we find it being "at the forefront of consumerism of popular and "pop" culture products. Indeed over the last few years "pop" culture influences have come from East Asia-Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan (J-culture), and most recently, Korean "pop" culture.(Donegan, 2003)

CONCLUSION:

The popular culture has led the youth into becoming increasingly dependent on labels and brands in order to develop an identity of their own that's akin to that of the youth world over so that they can be accepted in the privileged world reigned by pop culture. This has not…… [Read More]

References

Greg Weiss Donegan. (2003). The Internationalization of Retailing in Asia. Routledge (UK).

Lorelei Narvaja. (2002) Teen rebellion through counterculture punk music -- A Brief Look at the 1990's. EM magazine. Volume: 2. Issue: 12.

Angela Nelson. (2005) Rap Music and the Stagolee Mythoform. The Journal of American Popular Culture (1900-present). Volume: 4. Issue:1

Steven Best and Douglas Kellner. (1999) Rap, Black Rage, and Racial Difference. Enculturation. Volume: 2.No: 2, 1999
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Sugarhill Gang's Rapper's Delight Reveals

Words: 984 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23819221

A high production value and an industrial feel throughout much of the song impart an engagingly chaotic and progressive feel to the song.

6. MC Lyte is one of the few successful female rappers. In "Paper Thin" MC Lyte raps over minimalist music that includes just the beats and the occasional sound of a synthesized but unidentifiable instrument playing an eerie melody. Lyte tells the story of a jilted lover, with an overall theme of empowerment. Occasional encouragement from background vocals and a chorus of "ooooh" refer to African music. MC Lyte also draws gender issues into the repertoire of rap lyrics.

7. The Beastie Boys "Paul Revere" stands out because of the reverse-played scratch sound. Synthesized maracas add sonic texture, but the focal point is the amusing story. "Paul Revere" is one of many New York area rap songs denoting a shift of content away from love of music…… [Read More]

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Sampling in Authentic Hip-Hop According

Words: 3167 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13071802

In the "hard-core" sub-genre of hip-hop, one sees a much clearer emphasis on street and urban authenticity -- rather than on sampling. For N.W.A., hip-hop is an expression of lived life -- a kind of militant message passed down to urban blacks from men like Malcolm X

But not all hip-hop comes from such types. The Beastie Boys are an example of hip-hop artists who thrive on a different message. Much of their music is centered on adolescent/teenage angst -- white suburban kids enraged by suburban living, but moved by urban beats. They inter-mingle their own white perspective with samplings from an assortment of other artists -- thus making their mark on the hip-hop scene. Their aggression appears to be real, like 50 Cent's -- even if it is different in its source. The Beastie Boys are, of course, legends in hip-hop -- but Mickey Hess denies that their authenticity…… [Read More]

Reference List

Alridge, DP 2012 'From Civil Rights to Hip Hop: Toward a Nexus of Ideas', the Hip

Hop Project, pp. 1-28

Arewa, OB 2006 'From JC Bach to Hip Hop: Musical Borrowing, Copyright and Cultural Context', North Carolina Law Review 84, pp 548-558

Best, S; Kellner, D 1999 'Rap, Black Rage, and Racial Difference', Enculturation 2:2
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Street Dance and Hip Hop

Words: 3442 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92148282

Lastly, the paper concludes by summarizing the findings of the paper.

Limitations of the Study

It is imperative to analytically assess the outcome and the entire thesis. This is because this thesis has some limitations that should be observed when taking into consideration the importance of the thesis and its assistance. This thesis has concentrated on a subject that has been an extremely large and leading one, that is, the development and influence of hip hop dance: the cultural, sociological, and dance style evolution of street dance. Undoubtedly, this characterizes an extremely difficult assignment for research in spite of the more precise interests that the thesis might have. This wide-ranging and difficult subject has been analyzed from a somewhat limited experimental perception. The choice of the single thesis design obviously draws out numerous limitations in so far as the simplification of the outcome of the thesis is involved. Consequently, the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1) Hip Hop. Taken at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiphop

2) Efrem Smith. Hip-Hop as Culture. Youth worker journal. July/Aug 2004. Taken at http://www.youthspecialties.com/articles/topics/urban/hip-hop.php

3) Carl S. Taylor and Virgil Taylor. Hip-Hop and Youth Culture: Contemplations of an Emerging Cultural Phenomenon. Reclaiming Children and Youth. Volume: 12. Issue: 4. 2004.

4) Paul Butler. Much Respect: Toward a Hip-Hop Theory of Punishment. Stanford Law Review. Volume: 56. Issue: 5. 2004.
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Free How the Criminal Justice System Is

Words: 2325 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79452872

Free

How the Criminal Justice System is Dysfunctional according to Paul Butler's Let's Get Free

The American criminal justice system has had a long history of prejudice. From the Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) decision that institutionalized the false concept of "separate but equal" to the Jim Crow laws that followed to the methods of "control" enacted by police in urban communities, criminal justice in the U.S. has seen lots of crime but little justice. Part of the reason for the inherent dysfunction in the way minorities have always been treated in America is that the country was founded on prejudiced WASP (White Anglo-Saxon Protestant) principles: the principle of "manifest destiny" was based on the supposedly "divine right" that WASPs had to "control" the New World and eradicate the "lesser" races (such as the Native Americans and the African-Americans). These prejudiced principles were absorbed into the criminal justice system through lawmakers…… [Read More]

Reference List

Butler, P. (2010). Let's Get Free: A Hip-Hop Theory of Justice. UK:

ReadHowYouWant Publishers.
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Feminism Matrilineal History or Girls'

Words: 2088 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20992133

"Lady Gaga in part because she keeps us guessing about who she, as a woman, really is. She has been praised for using her music and videos to raise this question and to confound the usual exploitative answers provided by 'the media'… Gaga's gonzo wigs, her outrageous costumes, and her fondness for dousing herself in what looks like blood, are supposed to complicate what are otherwise conventionally sexualized performances" but this complication does not necessarily lead to a feminist liberation (Bauer 2010).

Still, Gaga has been embraced by a generation of women, some who shun and some who embrace the feminist label. "Lady Gaga idealizes this way of being in the world. But real young women, who, as has been well documented, are pressured to make themselves into boy toys at younger and younger ages, feel torn. They tell themselves a Gaga-esque story about what they're doing. hen they're on…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bauer, Joy. "Lady Power." The New York Times. June 20, 2010. June 21, 2010.

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/06/20/lady-power/

Love, Meredith A. & Brenda M. Helmbrecht. "Teaching the conflicts: (Re)engaging students with feminism in a postfeminist world." Feminist Teacher. 18(1).

Maloney, Malori. Lady Gaga: "I'm not a feminist. I hail men, I love men." Bitch.
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Mind Baby Contrary to Popular Belief Sex

Words: 1078 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33939667

Mind, Baby

Contrary to popular belief, sex and sexuality has been present in popular music for at least the past 60 years. Since the age of "oldies" -- which in this discourse is defined as the "doo wop" period of the 1950's and the 1960's and which hearken to tunes such as "Blue Moon" and "Angel Baby" -- the lyrics of songs have included elements of sex. However, in much the same way that other forms of art -- particularly those with a pervasive appeal as disseminated through media such as film and television -- have modified their presentation to go from subtle implications to overt displays of a graphic nature, the tendency to portray sex in popular music has gone from what began as implicit references that required the upper reaches of the imagination to fully understand, to blatant references of a carnal nature that oftentimes are noticeably deficient…… [Read More]

References

Pac. (1996). "How Do You Want It." All Eyez On Me. Los Angeles: Death Row.

Klein, M. (2010). "When Music Turned To Sex -- And Changed The World." Psychology Today. Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/sexual-intelligence/201004/when-music-turned-sex-and-changed-the-world

Goffin, G., King, Carol. (1961). "Will You Love Me Tomorrow" [Recorded by The Shirelles]. Backtrackin'. Manhattan: Scepter.