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Cross-Border Alliances Are Defined as

Words: 2325 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75956403

esearch also helps in planning marketing programs through helping to identify new opportunities and thus to evaluate the potential for a new idea and also to identify the areas where the marketing efforts will be concentrated KnowThis LLC, 2012()

esearch also helps to minimize risks. By the marketing managers being able to plan the marketing efforts effectively and they can then identify what is required and to ensure that the development of the programs is highly focused towards the demand in the market. Market research also helps to create benchmarks and to measure progress. Early research helps to highlight any major gaps in the marketing plan which need to be bridged and regular market research helps to show if there are any improvements in sales being brought about by the marketing efforts.

Segmentation and the marketing mix

Segmentation helps greatly in customer retention and acquisition of new clientele. This is…… [Read More]


Cherian, M., Flores, M., & Srinivasan, G. (2008). Critical Success Factors to Collaborate in Cross Border Alliances: Experiences of Indian Manufacturing Enterprises. Paper presented at the SMF conference, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur.

Horn, L.P. (2011). Online Marketing Strategies for Reaching Today's Teens. [Article]. Young Adult Library Services, 9(2), 24-27.

KnowThis LLC. (2012). Marketing Research Retrieved May 20th, 2012, from 

Kotler, P., & Keller, K.L. (2012). Marketing Management, Thirteenth Edition. New York, NY: Prentice Hall.
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Cross-Border Marriages Between Hong-Kong and

Words: 3062 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13484264

(Cattelain, 1997; paraphrased) the work of Cattelain additionally states that as of the beginning of "...July, 1997, approximately 66,000 children born to couples of which one is a Hong Kong resident and one is a mainlanders were waiting to come to Hong Kong, and around 2,000-4,000 children who had entered the territory illegally or overstayed visit permits were estimated to be in Hong Kong." (Cattelain, 1997) Marriage between individuals and the resulting bearing of children has proved problematic to the mainland in terms of regulations and it is stated in Cattelain's work that "One of the first issues that the newly created Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) has had to dealt with his pitted an individual right against a community's capacity to absorb large numbers of new immigrants at one time." (1997)

VII. asic Law Regulating Children orn Outside of Hong Kong with Parent in Hong Kong

It is…… [Read More]


Tu, Edward Jow-Ching (2007 Cross-Border Marriage in Hong Kong and Taiwan. International Marriage Migration in Asia. 2007 Seoul. PAK/IPAR Conference.

Chen, Yu-Hua (2007) the Rise of Cross-Border Marriages and Its Impact on Fertility in Taiwan. Comparative Workshop of low Fertility organized by Asia Research Institute and Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. 22-23 February 2007. National University of Singapore. Online available at

Cattelain, Chlo (1997) Family vs. Society: Hong Kong's Battle Over Right of Abode for Mainland-Born Children. HRIC. 30 June 1997. Online available at 

Chan, Bernard (nd) Post-1997 Hong Kong: The Social and Environmental Impact. Asia Financial Group and Asia Insurance Co. Ltd. And the Hong Kong Council of Social Service.
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Red Lights Camera Sharpshooting Driving

Words: 1994 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61177263

Livesey, J. (2007). Officials Smile for Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers

The successful use of red-light cameras by the Millbrae Police Department would lead to an expansion of the program. The City's Red Light Photo Enforcement Program said that it generated more than $110,000 in revenue. Sgt John Aronis said that there was a reduction in the volume of red-light runners at Millbrae Avenue and Rollins Road since the installation of these cameras. Some residents, however, had complained about these cameras flashing too brightly. Some others considered it an invasion of privacy. The rest protested the tickets issued for violations.

Peceimer, et al. (2006). Against Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers

Some residents and observers expressed disfavor towards the installation and use of red-light cameras. They said that red-light running was not a problem in Menlo Park where these cameras would be set up. They also said that these…… [Read More]


Hakkert, a.S. And Gitelman Viktoria (2004). Effectiveness of red-light cameras. 11 pages. Road & Transport Research: ARRB Transport

Harvey, D. (2005). Red-light cameras. 2 pages. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers

Livesey, J. (2007). Officials smile for red-light cameras. 2 pages. Oakland Tribune:

ANG Newspapers
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Red Dog a Modern Application

Words: 1796 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36790509

A description of the entrance of Elmer Stark, father of Eddy and Tony, into the world of the story makes both the masculine and the feminine exotic, other, and unknowable, while at the same time igniting tensions and passions -- outright lust, in fact -- between them in a fetishization of the other. Nettie, the Stark matriarch, is described watching this stranger wash, "his naked shoulders, the gleam of his skin, and the lines of charred bronze where the sun had burned his neck and wrists, the faint red-gold of the hairs that edged from under his belt at his waist" (Lane, p. 144). This description makes it clear that Elmer is not being viewed as a human, but as an other, just as Nettie is creating her own distance and just as distances were created with the native peoples through such objectification. ith such beginnings as these, it is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kulperger, Shelley. Familiar Ghosts: Feminist Postcolonial Gothic in Canada. In Unsettled Remains: Canadian Literature and the Postcolonial Gothic, Cynthia Conchita Sugars & Gerry Turcotte, eds. Waterloo, on: Wilfird Laurier University Press, 2009.

Lane, Patrick. Red Dog, Red Dog. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2008.

Segal, Francesca. Ghostly Visions from the Top of an Apple Tree [review]. The Observer, 6 June 2009. Accessed 4 April 2012.
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Cross-Cultural Counseling in the 21st Century

Words: 2622 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94553005

Coss Cultual Moes and Values: Middle-Easten Ameicans, South Asian-Ameicans and Native Ameicans

No longe a melting pot but moe like a salad bowl, the United States has always been a land of immigants and its divese demogaphic composition today is a eflection of this pocess. In fact, just one goup, Native Ameicans, can be egaded as being the oiginal inhabitants, but anthopologists ague that even these people likely migated fom othe continents tens of thousands of yeas ago, making them immigants in a sense as well. Thee goups in paticula stand out in the Ameican demogaphic mix as being in need of thoughtful attention in coss-cultual counseling situations, namely Middle-Easten Ameicans, South Asian-Ameicans and Native Ameicans. To detemine what counselos need to know in ode to develop effective inteventions fo membes fom these thee goups, this pape povides a eview of the liteatue, followed by a summay of the eseach…… [Read More]


A study of Lumbee undergraduates. Journal of College Counseling, 9(1), 47-55.

South Asia countries. (2014). World Bank. Retrieved from .
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Cross-Cultural Comparison Between Mexicans in

Words: 1809 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52201196

Newborn babies are given "a mile hallucinogenic drug, tsentsema" (84), in the form of an uncooked leaf from the tsentsema plant. The idea is to help the baby "see" an arutam soul, when the baby is under the influence of the tsentsema plant. The belief is that boys need them but girls don't, and boys are not born with an arutam, so they must obtain them along their growth pattern. The arutam is believed to give supernatural powers, and helps a person survive through the lifetime

Meanwhile, Daniel Steel writes in the journal Ethnohistory (Steel 1999) that technology has affected the Jivaro culture (albeit in a different way that technology has affected Mexico). In fact, the Jivaro have been known for their skills in warfare, which relates to their need to protect their communities and gardens from intruders who would do them harm. hile the violence against women in Ciudad…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Camacho, Alicia Schmidt. "Gender Violence and the Denationalization of Women's Rights in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico." CR: The New Centennial Review 5.1 (2005): 255-292.

Harner, Michael J. The Jivaro: People of the Secret Waterfalls. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.

Livingston, Jessica. "Murder in Juarez." Frontiers: A Journal of Women's Studies 25.1 (2004):

Lopez, Ian F. Haney. "The Social Construction of Race: Some Observations on Illusion,
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International Committee of the Red

Words: 759 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 61715038

Even their cassocks were emblazoned with a large, red cross, by which they were identified. The Order of Clerks egular was, technically, the first ed Cross before the International outfit prompted by Dunant came into being (Lyons, 1917, p. 54).

Still, when people think of the ed Cross today, it is the organization that Dunant's book and actions prompted to come into being in the latter half of the 19th century. Dunant himself had always been a part of the tide of Christian charity that had been sweeping through Geneva since the Napoleonic Wars (Hutchinson, 1997, p. 12). States John Hutchinson, "Dunant's vision of voluntary societies appealed to both the Christian and the utilitarian dimensions of" the president of The Geneva Society for Public Utility (SGUP) (p. 21). This was Gustave Moynier, who essentially took Dunant's idea and ran with it: "Using his position as president, Moynier raised with the…… [Read More]

Reference List

Dunant, H. (1862). Memory of Solferino. International Committee of the Red Cross.

Hutchinson, J. (1997). Champions of Charity: War and the Rise of the Red Cross.

Oxford: Westview Press.

Lyons, M.C. (1917). Camillus de Lellis: the Hospital Saint. NY: Benziger Brothers.
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Red Line Terrence Malick's the

Words: 1329 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99847985

For Private Witt, the idea is found in another world. For Sgt. Welsh, no idea exists -- and he tries to get Private Witt to see as much.

Yet, Malick's point is that such a world does exist. In fact, he begins the film with the prayerful chants of the islanders, and rolls credits to the same chant. At one point, one of the soldiers (Dale) sits in the pouring rain, clinging to himself before hurling his collection of Japanese molars away. Malick plays the hauntingly beautiful score by Charles Ives, "The Unanswered Question," to underscore the sense of spiritual desolation in Dale's horrific hobby.

The acting in the film is another point of interest. Malick's characters are not so much scripted as they are caught on film: each actor essentially is playing himself. Jim Caviezel is Private Witt. Sean Penn is Sgt. Welsh. What Malick undertook to do with…… [Read More]

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Cross Cultural Impact of China on Vietnam Today

Words: 2893 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50709393

Vietnam and China: Acculturation's Apparitions And Certain Realities Behind Them"

The Vietnamese people have a lengthy history that dates back at least two millennia. The ancestors of modern Vietnamese people lived in the Red River delta of northern Vietnam and were subsequently conquered by the Chinese, becoming part of the early Chinese empire. By the first century CE, Vietnam succeeded in becoming a suzerainty of the Chinese empire and it remained in this capacity for the next 900 years. During these ten centuries, the Vietnamese people were heavily influenced by several aspects of Chinese culture and society, including its political theories, academic standards, administrative practices for government operation and religious orientations. As a result, Vietnam became sinicized long before other regions in Southeast Asia that are now a part of China.

It is important to note, though, that this dependency on China also served to create a sense of national…… [Read More]

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Dangers of Disregarding a Red Light

Words: 1039 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69421432

Red Lights

Running red lights is one of the most significant issues in traffic safety. It is often overlooked, because most incidents of red-light-running do not have consequences, but the reality is that running red lights kills hundreds of people and injures thousands every year, and it is entirely needless (Oberhauser, 2012).

The Federal Highway Administration (2003) notes that red light running is "one of the primary causes of crashes at signalized intersections." In 2001, The FHA recorded 218,000 crashes in the United States that stem from running red lights. These crashes resulted in 181,000 injuries and 880 fatalities. There was an economic loss of around $14 billion per year from red light running. These costs are almost entirely avoidable. To better understand the problem, it is important to understand some of the root causes of running red lights.

The problem is constant. The FHA conducted studies that revealed incidents…… [Read More]

Works Cited

FHWA (2003). Making intersections safer -- A toolbox of engineering. Federal Highways Administration. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from 

Pines, M. (2012). Running red lights. Law Offices of Michael Pines. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from 

Radzi, N. (2011). Effects of traffic volume on red-light running at fixed-time traffic signal system. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from

Oberhauser, P & Oberhauser, S. (2012). Tragic consequences of running red light. Daily Herald. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from
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Attempting a Cross-Cultural Relationship in Post War Japan

Words: 894 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4948255

Cross-Cultural relationships in Post-War Japan

Each of the cross-cultural couples depicted in Joshua Logan's 1957 film Sayonara must contend with political, social, cultural, and personal barriers. The United States Army has strict and official policies that forbid relationships between American soldiers and Japanese women. Moreover, the American government will not permit the Japanese brides of soldiers to become U.S. citizens. Despite these laws, about 10,000 American soldiers have already married Japanese women, in spite of the daunting paperwork and social stigma involved. In fact, these soldiers also have to deal with severe restrictions on their stations and reassignments. These sanctions are designed specifically to deter soldiers from pursuing cross-cultural relationships, and also threaten to separate already married couples. These political barriers accompany the pervasive personal prejudices and social sanctions against cross-cultural relationships. For example, both Major Lloyd Gruver (Marlon Brando) and Hana Ogi (Miiko Taka) hold tight to their prejudices…… [Read More]

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Descent From the Cross Analysis and Description

Words: 885 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23068433


The objective of this study is to describe Rosso Florentino's 'The Descent from the Cross'.

Rosso Florentino was born in Florence and trained in the studio of Andrea del Sarto. In 1523 Rosso moved to Rome and was exposed to works of great artists including Michaelangelo and Raphael which impacted his artistic style. Rosso's masterpiece is held to be his 'Descent from the Cross' in the Pinacoteca Communale di Volterra.

Description of 'Descent from the Cross'


Rosso's painting 'The Descent from the Cross' is an oil painting that was done on wood.

Rosso's 'Descent from the Cross' depicts Christ being removed from the cross after the crucifixion following his death. The picture is painted in the form of Mannerism known to give more emphasis to the artifice and the process of creation than to the subjects within the painting. Rosso's 'Descent from…… [Read More]

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Scheduling at Red White and Blue Fireworks

Words: 1177 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34329659

Scheduling at ed, White and Blue Fireworks Company

The situation being experienced by Joan Bennet at ed, White and Blue Fireworks Company (WBFC) is one common to many growing companies. The organization is luckily experiencing a period of high product demand; however, they are not able to expand the current facility. As such, Bennet has decided to run production ten hours per day, seven days per week. With this new production schedule, and as a means of avoiding the use of overtime, Bennet is implementing a four, ten-hour shift work week for employees, with each employee having three consecutive days off. The manufacturing process requires a minimum of 20 employees. With these constraints, a staffing plan is presented that determines the exact number of full-time employees needed as well as the schedule each employee will need to work. In addition, the other factors that are relevant in making the transition…… [Read More]


Cunningham, J. (Jul 1981). "Exploring the impact of a ten-hour compressed shift schedule." Journal of Occupational Behavior, 2(3). p. 217-222.

Markiewicz, D. (Oct 2008). "Switching to a 10-hour workday?" Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 42(10). p. 24.

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Epidemiologic Study on Red Meat Consumption

Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78205874

Epidemiological Study on the Link Between ed Meat and Cancer

Media sources have constantly reported the results of epidemiological studies with great drama. While these reports are driven by hyperbolic headlines due to excitement, epidemiologic research are usually driven by real science with significant implications for practice in public health. In the past few months, media sources have carried out reports with hyperbolic headlines on the issue of whether red meat contributes to cancer. These reports have been based on a recent publication by the World Health Organization that red meat enhances the risk of cancer. An example of these reports is the publication on The Daily Mail on whether people should eat red meat based on recent reports that it actually increases the risk of cancer.

Article Summary

eynolds (2016) published a report on The Daily Mail on whether red meat increases an individual's risk of cancer in light…… [Read More]


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, May). Principles of epidemiology in public health practice (3rd ed.). Retrieved from 

Reynolds, R.C. (2016, February 26). Should You Eat Red Meat? And Does It Really Increase Your Risk of Cancer? There's Good and Bad News, Expert Reveals. The Daily Mail. Retrieved March 2, 2016, from 

"The Four Most Common Types of Epidemiological Studies." (n.d.). Helios. Retrieved from Hampshire College website:
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Social Media and the Red Shirt Revolution

Words: 4791 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 84158194

Social Media and the ed Shirt evolution

Most scholars are in conflict with regard to the subject of revolution in the age of social media. Until now, revolution has been considered a top-down process. In Thai situation, things might have been different. The ed Shirt evolution in Thailand was one of the first of the "Twitter" revolutions, that is one that was fueled by social media and Web 2.0 technology. Since then, other revolutions have come as well. The lone citizen is now no longer on their own. The dissident in Chiang Mai now can commiserate with their brother or sister in Tahrir Square and plan revolution on a country to country or even on a global basis. Even as this writer types up a dissertation proposal, demonstrators coordinate strategy on a global basis to protest corporate greed. It is with this in mind that this study looks back at…… [Read More]


Bailey, M and Labovitz C (2011). Censorship and Co-option of the Internet Infrastructure. Ann Arbor,

MI: University of Michigan. p1-14.

Bajpai, K and Jaiswal, A (2011). A Framework for Analyzing Collective Action Events on Twitter.

Lisbon, Portugal: Proceedings of the 8th International ISCRAM Conference. p1-10.
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Laura The Garden Party Respond Neddy's Cross

Words: 611 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 87049397

Laura, "The Garden Party," respond Neddy's cross country swim "The Swimmer." Please underline thesis statement blue Please underline topic sentences orange Please underline transitional words red Please underline quote introductions green.

Katherine Mansfield's short story "The Garden Party" and John Cheever's short story "The Swimmer" both go at presenting readers with ideas related to upper class feelings toward society in general. Although the both belong to the upper class, the protagonists in the two short stories have different understandings of life and they take on different attitudes when they are provided with the chance to put across their sentiments toward individuals who are of a lower social status. In contrast to Neddy, the protagonist in "The Swimmer," Laura, the central character in "The Garden Party," appears to be better acquainted with the importance of being human and would likely criticize the former on account of his conceited nature with regard…… [Read More]

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Lessons From Vietnam the Concept of Cross-Cultural

Words: 1210 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74973510

Lessons From Vietnam

The concept of cross-cultural capability is a relatively new area of study in the academic world, even though we have known for years that a number of issues might have been better resolved with a greater understanding and sensitive towards other cultures. The term itself applies to human behavior in a number of dimensions -- psychologically, sociologically, certainly political, and cultural. This phenomenon of cultural misunderstanding was quite apparent in the post-World War II conflicts, particularly that of the regional conflicts in Vietnam post-1950 (Killick, 1999).

Many of the diplomatic and cultural issues surrounding the Vietnam Conflict were a result of a Cold War mentality. The Cold War, not really a war, but more a preparation for conflict, was the tensions between the U.S.S.. And Allies (Warsaw Pact) and the U.S. And Allies (NATO). One side held that America was economically and militarily aggressive after World War…… [Read More]


The Vietnam War. (2006). The History Channel. Retrieved from:  / topics/vietnam-war

Belmonte, L. (2010). Selling the American Way -- U.S. Propaganda and the Cold War. Pittsburg, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Damms, Richard, (2001), The Eisenhower Presidency, 1953-1961, New York: Longman.

Davidson, P. (1991), Vietnam At War: The History, 1946-1975. New York: Norton.
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Rosalind and Viola's Cross-Dressing

Words: 1797 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27421624

Twelfth Night and as You Like It

Cross dressing is an important element that renders serious repercussions in Shakespeare's plays. Two plays that emphasize cross dressing and the repercussions it can bring are Twelfth Night and As You Like it. hile the characters of Viola and Rosalind have very different reasons to explain their cross dressing, each circumstance while causing complications, also works in their behalf. Their ability to fool those around them generates interest and adds an element of complexity to each play. Namely, each woman is able to accomplish something she would not have been able to do as a woman. Rosalind teaches Orlando the ways of love and Viola makes her way into Orsino's house and heart.

In As You Like It, Rosalind is forced to assume to role of a man as a result of fleeing the Duke's Court and seeking refuge in the forest of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Shakespeare, William. Twelfth Night: Or, What you Will. The Illustrated Stratford Shakespeare. London: Chancellor Press. 1982.

Shakespeare, William. As You Like It. The Illustrated Stratford Shakespeare. London: Chancellor Press. 1982.
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Can'skill'surveys cross cultures

Words: 878 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 72791553

Nature vs. Nurture

To any decently educated or aware person, the "nature versus nurture" argument is nothing new. Something else that is not new is the idea that while there are arguments for both, there always seems to be one idea that is more prevalent and "true" than the others. Such is the case with the microcosm of "nature versus nurture" that is in play when it comes to the work of Patricia Greenfield. Her initial statements in a recent article are very much a framing of a "nature versus nurture" argument and then she provides her version of the answer. While some might disagree with what Ms. Greenfield has to say, it is fairly clear that she is rather spot-on in her analysis and decision when it comes to the subject in question.


The primary so-called battlefield of nature versus nurture that Ms. Greenfield approaches and talks about…… [Read More]


Gaynor, M. (2016). Genes, Depression, and Anxiety. Psychology Today. Retrieved 25 October 2016, from

Greenfield, P. (1997). YOU CAN'T TAKE IT WITH YOU: Why Ability Assessments Don't Cross Cultures. Retrieved 25 October 2016, from sa1yctii.pdf#search='cross%20cultural%20psychology%20and%20intelligence
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Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values Between

Words: 4095 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 64427090

Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values between for-Profit and Not-For-Profit Organizations

For-profit and not-for-profit companies often operate very differently from one another. Here this will be shown with a comparison between the American ed Cross (a not-for-profit company) and the Coca-Cola Company (a for-profit company). The background of each one of them will be addressed, and they proposed solutions and recommendations will be discussed. Each company has its problems, whether it is for-profit or not, but there are unique problems faced by each kind of company. The differences in whether they are for-profit or not-for-profit can have a significant effect on the companies themselves and whether they are able to continue being successful or whether they must make changes in order to see growth and development in the future.

Case Study Analysis of Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values between For-Profit and Not-for-Profit Organizations:

The ed Cross and Coca-Cola

Introduction…… [Read More]


Bennett, A. (2005). The Geneva Convention: The Hidden Origins of the Red Cross. Sutton Publishing, Gloucestershire, England.

Boissier, P. (1985). History of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Volume I: From Solferino to Tsushima. Henry Dunant Institute, Geneva.

Forsythe, D.P. (2005). The Humanitarians: The International Committee of the Red Cross. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Giebelhaus, A.W. (2008). Coca-Cola Company. The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council.
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Assessing Corporate Culture

Words: 661 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40438429

Organizational Culture

American Red Cross

hat are some formal statements that are prevalent in the organization? These could include that organization's philosophy, mission, vision, values, and any promotional materials with which you may be familiar. hat do these statements suggest to you about the organization?

The first formal statement that greets a visitor to the Official American Red Cross ebsite is that the American Red Cross is forever "preparing communities for emergencies and keeping people safe." Other formal statements about the philosophy of the organization included on the ebsite as part of the American Red Cross mission statement are, "together, we can save a life." The organization's primary mission is to help others in times of dire medical need. Thus, in terms of the Red Cross vision, not only safety and medical is stressed, but communality and a community-focused, volunteer-oriented spirit in its members, and all volunteers who chose to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Disaster FAQ." (2005) Official Website of the American Red Cross. Retrieved 8 Feb 2005 at faq/0,1096,0_378_,00.html

Health and Safety FAQ." (2005) Official Website of the American Red Cross. Retrieved 8 Feb 2005 at
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Managing Non-Profit Organisations Organizations Management

Words: 810 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83986981

Therefore, it is important that they understand the influence of violence on their behavior.

The most important objectives of this campaign are represented by:

Increasing awareness on this issue

Improving the activity of authorities in such situations

Changing violent behaviors

The resources that the campaign is based on are represented by supporters, reputation from other campaigns, and the help of authorities. It is important that the campaign benefits from an increased number of supports. This is because they can help promote the campaign and its objectives. The reputation from other campaigns is intended to attract a higher number of sponsors. The success of this campaign relies on the relationship between the ed Cross and the authorities in these countries.

The targets of this campaign are represented by:


People that observe violent behavior in others

People that practice such violent behaviors

There are several messages addressed by the campaign. The…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Annual Report (2010). ICRC. Retrieved March 9, 2012.

2. Kimbarovsky, R. (2009). 10 Small Business Social Media Marketing Tips. Retrieved March 9, 2012 from .

3. Guion, M. (2008). Internet Usage Gaps in Developing Countries: Challenges and Solutions. InfoTech. Retrieved March 9, 2012 from .
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Non-For-Profit Organizations Specifically it Will Discuss the

Words: 1073 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 69149274

non-for-profit organizations. Specifically it will discuss the American ed Cross and what it is a not-for-profit entity. Nurse Clara Barton founded the American ed Cross in 1881. It has since spread to countries around the globe, and it is often the first relief agency on the scene after natural or man made disasters strike. There are local ed Cross organizations across the country that coordinate their aid with local disaster agencies. For example, it is often the ed Cross that aids victims of house fires in local communities. They find them shelter and offer them food, clothing, and even money to help them get back on their feet. The ed Cross is founded on not-for-profit principles, but they have come under fire for how they handled their donations in the past.

The American ed Cross began as a domestic organization that helped victims of war, and then that spread to…… [Read More]


Eckel, C., Grossman, P.J., & Milano, A. (2007). Is more information always better? Southern Economic Journal, 74(2), 388+.

Editors.(2010). About us. Retrieved 11 Feb. 2009 from the American Red Cross Web site: portal/site/en/menuitem.d8aaecf214c576bf971e4cfe43181aa0/?vgnextoid=477859f392ce8110VgnVCM10000030f3870aRCRD&vgnextfmt=default.

Forbes, K.A. (2005). The virtues of volunteering: Never underestimate the absolute necessity of trust. Journal of Accountancy, 200(5), 81+.

Irvine, R. (2002, April 15). Money seems to be motivating factor at American Red Cross. Insight on the News, 18, 45.
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Ethical or Social Justice

Words: 3148 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8427475

Aboriginal people are the Indians who live in Canada. Over the years, they have been characterized by poor living conditions, low social status, poverty, discrimination, and social injustices. Government organizations should be on the front ensuring proper treatment and social justice for the Aboriginal people. ed Cross is an example of non-profit organization, which seeks to improve the status of the Aboriginal people, regardless of their social status and with equal treatment to all, as discussed in the paper.

Non-profit organization aims at providing services to the public, while profit organizations aim at profit maximization. Public interest comes first, for the non-profit organization, rather than their interests. The ed Cross is recognized as the non-profit organization, and it is chartered by the U.S. congress. It provides services worldwide, and the general population during times of disaster and the workforce is predominantly volunteers.

ed Cross society

Nonprofit organizations have to be…… [Read More]


Journal of Education Controversy:. (1997). The Give Away Spirit.

Australia, N.L. (1992). Australian Public Affairs Information Service. Australia: National Library of Australia.

Ciconte, B.J. (2011). Fundraising Basics: A Complete Guide. Atlanta: Jonnes and Bartlett Learning.

Crooks, C.T. (2007). Engaging and Empowering Aboriginal Youth. Chicago: Trafford Publishing.
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Historical Figure in Nursing

Words: 1143 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71837833


Dear Casey,

I hope all is well with you and your family. It's been a while since I've written; forgive me as I've been busy with school, work and life in general. Over the past few weeks, I've become quite interested in the life and triumphs of Clara Barton, a 19th century nurse, teacher and pioneer who was by my account, a woman way ahead of her time. Clara Barton is a true hero, this letter is to give you a glimpse of her life and successes and how she contributed to nursing as we know it today. During Ms. Bartons' era women were largely shut out of working in certain professions or if they were allowed to work at all -- they were not allowed to climb the ladder to be promoted to other positions. There also lacked an institution that provided aid to those affected by disaster.…… [Read More]


Ardalan, C. (2010). Clara Barton's 1898 Battles in Cuba: A Reexamination of Her Nursing Contributions. Florida Atlantic Comparative Studies Journal, 12, 1-20.

Maikell-Thomas, B. "Discovered Historical Documents Uncover The First Official Missing Persons Investigator, Clara Barton" National Association of Investigative Specialists. 

Tooker, J. (2007). Antietam: Aspects of Medicine, Nursing and the Civil War. Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association, 118, 215-223.
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Sociology -- Human Services Governance and Leadership

Words: 2401 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96890449

Sociology -- Human Services

Governance and Leadership

Steven Ott (2001, p.1) defines governance as an "umbrella term that includes the ultimate authority, accountability, and responsibility for an organization." However, literature and several case studies have identified that leaders play a significant role in supporting governance (Lord et al., 2009) and there is a two-way link between leadership and governance. Leadership not only provides the direction for governance by promoting a shared understanding but also clarify the roles between the local and national actors (Craig, 2005). It also encourages interagency collaboration, team working and commitment at all levels of governance (obinson et al., 2008).

According to ANAO (2003, p.15), "Leadership sets the 'tone at the top', and is absolutely critical to achieving an organization-wide commitment to good governance."

This paper discusses the case of "Tainted Blood Scandal" in result of which public lost trust in the Canadian ed Cross. This trust…… [Read More]


Abecassis, M., Benjamin, D., & Tessier, L. (2009). Clear Blood. Stanford Social Innovation Review, 7, 68+.

Retrieved January 1, 2012.

Australian National Audit Office (ANAO, 2003), Public Sector Governance, Volumes 1 & 2: Better Practice Guide,

Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra,
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Credibility IBM the Website Is Free of

Words: 619 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97424229



The website is free of hidden sales pitches. Although there are products offered for sale on the website, they are clearly offered for sale. Furthermore, the website is a business website, which gives notice to the viewer that there will be items for sale and product promotions on the site.

Website credibility can be determined by a number of things, including: advertisements on the website, how the website markets products (are there hidden sales pitches), whether links on the website are to credible sources, the target audience of the website, and whether the website gives information about the sponsoring business (especially contact information).

The site does not appear to be a scam.


The only advertisements on the website were for IBM products and services, which indicated two things to me: (1) the website did not rely on advertisers for financial support, and (2) the website would not…… [Read More]

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International Disasters and Humanitarian Law

Words: 638 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 19231916

International Disasters and Humanitarian Law

Great infrastructure damage and social dislocation have been common consequence of natural disasters and social disasters for example wars. The aims of relief and post-disaster reconstruction comprises of:

Instant physical relief of victims

eduction of social dislocation

estoration of a function of social organization and reparation of physical infrastructure

The major disaster or wars international actors are United Nations agencies and ed Cross Movement.

International policies and laws have played a greater impact in helping shift disaster relief and post-disaster reconstruction in that, whenever there is major disaster there is immediate establishment of a rescue and recovery command center under the body of the United Nations, ed Cross and affected governments; this aid in supervision of relief efforts participating foreign military such as U.S. forces being part of it. For example for the case where there was establishment of U.S. dominated command centre set at…… [Read More]


Jonathan Winters, (2009) combating Corruption in the Multilateral Development Banks'

Paul Wodlfowitz, (2006) press conference, U.S.Pacific command, Indonesia 16 January
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Responding to Terrorism

Words: 827 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46455349

Terrorist Incident

There are a plethora of different agencies that have different organizational priorities that respond to disasters. The different command positions will vary by the timeframe that is in question. For example, the local authorities may have full responsibility for a response to an event initially. However, as time progress and more organizations have a chance to mobilize then this can change the power structure. Coordinate the different agencies can be a complex endeavor that is dynamic and changes in real time. As a result, conflicts and confusion is a likely outcome. However, as the terrorism response programs become more integrated and their roles become better defined, much of the confusion has been mitigated.

Response Agencies

President Jimmy Carter created FEMA by executive order in 1979, and the new agency absorbed over one hundred other agencies that existed beforehand. FEMA took on a wide range of responsibilities that included…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Red Cross. (N.d.). Disaster Relief. Retrieved from American Red Cross: what-we-do/disaster-relief

Grabianowski, E. (N.d.). How FEMA Works. Retrieved from How Stuff Works: 

Perry, R., & Lindell, M. (2003). Understanding Citizen Response to Disasters with Implications for Terrorism. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 49-60.

Sanderford, D. (N.d.). WMD Terrorism and the Role of First Responders. Retrieved from Asanltr:
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Organizational Despite the Fact That

Words: 314 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52228619

The mission of the blood services is to be a preeminent provider of biomedical products and services […] which meet customer and regulatory expectations for quality, efficiency and cost effectiveness.

In terms of vision, it states a desire to be recognized by all categories of stakeholders as the best purveyors of blood, plasma and tissue services. The statement also argues that this desiderate will be achieved through hard work, commitment to quality, and the best practices in terms of medicine, manufacturing, research and business (American ed Cross Blood Services, the New England egion).


Grabianowski, E., How the American ed Cross Works, How Stuff Works, last accessed on October 6, 2009

American ed Cross Blood Services, the New England egion, last accessed on October 6, 2009… [Read More]


Grabianowski, E., How the American Red Cross Works, How Stuff Works,  last accessed on October 6, 2009

American Red Cross Blood Services, the New England Region,  last accessed on October 6, 2009
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Faerie Queen Why Must King

Words: 379 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10248176

" It is she who meets with Arthur and brings him to the rescue of her Knight.

But although he is good and true, the Red Cross night is not perfect, he can be defeated without help from God and the name of Arthur who represents England's great past, and the vision of his queen. Significantly, Arthur's glory and victory over Orgoglio comes not through military might, but through showing the evil giant his shield, which blinds Orgoglio with its goodness, shining like a mirrored diamond of purity and a vision of true faith. The victory of Arthur thus is of right, not simply of might, and a connection between Elizabeth, her Red Knight, and England's glory days of yore and true faith. Arthur's victory shows that England's past was not Catholic, but pre-Catholic, an England of a purer faith that Elizabeth seeks to restore as England's…… [Read More]

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Business Society and Corporate Values There Has

Words: 2367 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33251369

Business Society and Corporate Values

There has indeed been a great deal of discussion regarding CEO compensation, which is rightly viewed as being completely out of line. The core problem and cause of inflated CEO salaries cannot be attributed to a single reason, but is rather the result of a range of inter-connected factors. What is definitive is the fact that these salaries have inflated over time; this is in part due to the fact that greed is a progressive, boundless factor. "According to the Economic Policy Institute, in the late 1970s, total compensation of chief executives in large American corporations was 35 times that of the average American worker. In 2007, it was 275 times that" (Borger, 2007). These facts alone demonstrate that there is good reason to be in a state of alarm. The reasons for such severely inflated and remarkably unjust salaries are a result of the…… [Read More]


Ball, P. (2012, July 4). GlaxoSmithKline's bribes are evidence that Big Pharma isn't working. Retrieved from 

Borger, J. (2008, September 5). Why do CEOs make so much? Retrieved from 

Boselovic, L. (2011, May 15). Rajaratnam case puts big chill on insider trading. Retrieved from 

Choudhury, U. (2011, October 14). Rajaratnam becomes a 'whipping boy' for Wall Street misdeeds. Retrieved from
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Heat Stroke There Is One

Words: 331 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53787744

"If the victim refuses water, is vomiting, or there are changes in the level of consciousness, they should not be given anything to eat or drink ("


Heat stroke is a life-threatening condition which should be treated as quickly as possible. hen Korey Stringer began to exhibit signs and symptoms of heat stroke, such as complaining of being sick during practice and difficult breathing, help should have immediately been called for. He should have been moved to a cool place and measures should have been taken to cool down his body.

By understanding and implementing first aid measures recommended by the American Red Cross, victims have a greater chance of survival with fewer potential side effects.

orks Cited

American Red Cross - Heat ave. (accessed 18 April 2005).


Works Cited

American Red Cross - Heat Wave. (accessed 18 April 2005).

ORIGINALDOCUMENT services/disaster/keepsafe/heat.html#treat).
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Frame the Problems Issues Into a Decision Question

Words: 1484 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 26423536

Frame the Problems/Issues into a Decision Question: frame the major issues and/or problems around a key goal or objective, differentiating the long from the short-run.

What is the best course of action for this case in order to achieve lower blood prices while spurring economic competition in the Carolina's?

In the long run, all health care organizations want to lower the overall cost of blood operations. Economically, the cost of these operations as the ed Cross is the sole provider of blood to many health care organizations in the Carolina's. As such this organization has pricing power over many of the health care organization in the region primarily due to its leading position in the market. Blood has no substitute. Therefore, blood operations are essential to hospitals and therefore can not be cut or mitigated from budgets. outine client operations pertain mainly to blood withdrawal, donations, infusion and much more.…… [Read More]


1) Severo, Richard (1990). "Donors' Races to Be Sought To Identify Rare Blood Types." New York Times. . Retrieved 2008-06-01

2) Fields AC, Grindon AJ (1999). "Hemochromatosis, iron, and blood donation: a short review." Immunohematology 15 (3): 108 -- 12
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Reason for Choosing Nursing as a Career

Words: 838 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Admission Essay Paper #: 79705697


Personal Statement

Choosing Nursing

My life has centered upon answering a central question. This question has been a in my mind since I was 10 years old. At that age, my first image of medicine was largely influenced by the doctors and nurses who were always helping my grandfather battle a rare form of brain cancer. His illness was a life changing experience for me, as, at that age, I watched his condition gradually deteriorate over a period of three months, and I detested I could do nothing to help. This thought, however painful then, has motivated my entire life, and has led to my choosing of nursing as a profession,

Though some did not approve of this particular career path, I never gave up my dreams. For this reason, I began studying and volunteering so as to combine education in theory with education in practice. Giving back to…… [Read More]

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Aloud or in Writing Making

Words: 17261 Length: 55 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 71062622

Companies such as XYZ Widget Corporation are well situated to take advantage of burgeoning markets in developing nations, particularly in Asia and Africa.

2. XYZ can grow its business by expanding its operations to certain developing nations in ways that profit the company as well as the impoverished regions that are involved, particularly when marketing efforts are coordinated with nongovernmental organizations operating in the region.

3. Several constraints and challenges must be overcome in order to succeed in selling to impoverished regions of the world.

4. Time is of the essence. First movers will enjoy distinct competitive advantages over their counterparts who adopt a "wait-and-see" approach to targeting the poor in developing nations as potential markets.


The world's population has never been larger, and there are more poor people today than ever before in history. Current trends provide some mixed messages concerning the direction that poverty is taking in…… [Read More]


Alserhan, B.A. & Brannick, T. (2002). Information technology in Ireland: the myth and the reality? Irish Journal of Management, 23(1), 1-2.

Black, R. & White, H. (2003). Targeting development: Critical perspectives on the millennium development goals. New York: Routledge.

Blair, A. & Hitchcock, D. (2001). Environment and business. London: Routledge.

Blank, S. (2007). A corporate solution to global poverty: How multinationals can help the poor and invigorate their own legitimacy. Journal of Economic Issues, 41(4), 1186-1187.
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Emergency Communications

Words: 1651 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62946650

Awareness Campaign

Every individual in this community will face an emergency or disaster that may result in the loss of life, property, or business. Being prepared to react and respond to a natural disaster or emergency is in everyone's interest and that of their community. Emergency management distinguishes the two. Emergencies are " 'routine' adverse events that do not have communitywide impact or do not require extraordinary use of resources…to bring conditions back to normal….what constitutes a disaster depends on…the jurisdiction's size, its resource base, and its experience with a particular hazard….a precept of emergency management that each community establish distinct levels…that define the progression from an emergency to a disaster" (Drabek, xviii). Different disasters have different impacts upon people's responses to them. The "death and devastation of disaster represent the worst of human fears….many costs involved in the various stages of disaster response: the preparatory and preventative, counterdisaster, rescue…… [Read More]


Drabek, Thomas E. Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association. 1991.

Raphael, Beverly. When Disaster Strikes: How Individuals and Communities Cope with Catastrophe. New York: Basic Books, Inc. 1986.

Sylves, Richard T., and Waugh, William L., Jr. Disaster Management in the U.S. And Canada. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, Publisher, Ltd. 1990.

"Community Emergency Response Team." Online Posting. 25 January 2002. .
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Mass Marketing vs Direct Appeals Mass Marketing

Words: 419 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33019190

Mass marketing vs. direct appeals

Mass marketing is clearly the superior strategy in marketing products such as computers. In the selection of computers, individuals wish to use systems that are technically forward and will not become out of date in a few years -- thus, they wish something that 'every one else' is using, so they can easily repair their systems, if need be, or make use of other individual's systems via CD-ROMs, disks, programs, and file sharing, when away from their own personal system. Although it feels impersonal at times, and can seek too general an audience, the generalized, even impersonal mass marketing strategy still has its place. It has proven successful for Coca-Cola, which continues to dominate the so-called cola wars, despite Pepsi's greater hold over niche beverages, such as Mountain Dew, with more specified target audiences. Individuals feel they are a part of something larger and 'American'…… [Read More]

Work Cited

"An introduction to direct marketing." Charity Peoples. Retrieved 31 Jan 2005 at 

'New and improved: The Story of Mass Marketing in America." Business Week. Retrieved 31 Jan 2005 at
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Barter System Prisoner of War

Words: 1176 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96822315

What is meant by the term "arbitrage"?

Arbitrage is a term used in economics that means taking advantage of differences in price of a single item. The author references a padre who would purchase items sold for lesser amounts within one group of POWs and then re-sell it for a greater profit within another group of POWs. For example, buying coffee from the ritish at a small number of cigarettes and then selling it to the Russian prisoners for a much larger number of cigarettes. Generally, arbitrage should involve zero risk, because the two transactions should occur simultaneously, but this was not an option in the POW camps. According to Aswath Damodoran in Corporate Finance Theory and Practice, this form of arbitrage is classified as near arbitrage. Pure arbitrage requires that you invest no money, take no risk and walk away with sure profits. Unless the transactions can be completed…… [Read More]

Brown, P.J., (1982). "Constitution or Competition? Alternative Views on Monetary Reform." Literature of Liberty. Vol. v, no. 3, pp. 7-52. Arlington, VA: Institute for Humane Studies.

Damodoran a., (2001). Corporate Finance: Theory and Practice. NY: John Wiley & Sons. pp.12-30.

Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. Entrepreneurs and the Economy. Retrieved from .
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Miami Dade Emergency Management Office

Words: 919 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23425286

This service is offered on a twenty four hours / seven days basis and is ready to answer people's calls asking for support. Taking action is the second pillar on which the organization relies having four important action subcategories: the mitigation - limiting the causes that may produce a natural catastrophe (for example, the pollution reduction actions), getting prepared - preparing the population in case of an imminent danger, taking action - actively intervene during and shortly after the incident in order to reduce the damages, as well as in order to save human life; the final step is the recovery - correcting the negative effect of the catastrophe - for example, in case of floods helping people to rebuild their houses.

For example, in 2006 the hurricanes produced important damages for the Americans living on the Costal side of the continent. For those people, the MDCEM offered information about…… [Read More]


1),last  visit date: 15th of September 2007-09-15

2) Rappaport, Edward N. (November 2, 2000). www.nhc.noaa.govPreliminary Report: Hurricane Iris: 22 August-4 September 1995. National Hurricane Center. Retrieved on 2006- 11-29
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Advance for Your Consideration of My Application

Words: 657 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70291093

advance for your consideration of my application for enrollment in ABC University. I have the desire to learn, the ambition needed to pursue learning at the highest level of achievement, and I am eager to participate with your campus community on several levels.

The student body at ABC University is a very diverse group of students, reflecting the diversity in our society and representing many cultures, ethnicities, religions and political points-of-view. Since the University proudly promotes diversity, and prides itself on the myriad of cultures and backgrounds that are in attendance -- who are learning to solve problems with a worldview towards cooperation and understanding -- I will fit in perfectly with this community.

Not only will I assimilate well and be seamlessly integrated into the campus population, based on my background and experiences, I will be in a position to make a meaningful contribution to the learning and socially…… [Read More]

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Doctorate of Psychology Program

Words: 642 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Application Essay Paper #: 97089108

Psychology -- Letter of Application

Thank you in advance for your consideration of my application to be accepted into the Psy D. program at Marshall University. I am competent, committed, and caring undergraduate student at Marshall with a powerful work ethic which propels me to the goal of achieving my doctorate. I am a psychology major with a 3.34 GPA and I will graduate in May, 2013.

I am focusing like a laser on my goal so I may (upon completion of my doctorate) provide sorely-needed professional services to rural est Virginia, where I grew up and have lived my entire life.

Indeed, my parents have lived in southern est Virginia for 36 years; my mother was raised in McDowell County, est Virginia, where, according to the U.S. Census, 35% of the population is presently living below the poverty line -- and 43.4% of those under the age of 18…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Zhang, Zhiwei, Infante, Alycia, Meit, Michael, and English, Ned. (2008). An Analysis of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disparities & Access to Treatment Services in the Appalachian Region. National Opinion Research Center / University of Chicago. Retrieved December 27, 2012, from .
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International Policies and Laws

Words: 1284 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 86323620

Chernobyl Nuclear disaster took place in 1986 in Ukraine which is a former Soviet State. This plant was built back in 1970 and consisted of 4 reactors. The plant was scheduled to undergo a scheduled and controlled shut down so as to test the generator's ability to produce electricity using the plant's safety system. eactor 4 of this plant exploded after interior energy increased beyond control discharging radioactive debris and smoke on close by cities and created a radioactive cloud that spread out to a big region of the U.S.S.. And Europe. This catastrophe involved over 500,000 workers, and over 18 million ubles. It was considered an International disaster due to the large area that it impacted negatively.

Immediately after the incident, firefighters arrived at the scene and tried to put off the fires. Lieutenant Pravik was among the first commandants to arrive at the scene and he died in…… [Read More]


Alexey V.Y.; Vassily B. Nesterenko; Alexey V. (2009). Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences) Wiley-Blackwell.

Berger, E.M. (2010). The Chernobyl Disaster, Concern about the Environment, and Life Satisfaction. Kyklos, 63(1), 1-8

Davletbaev, R (2001). Last shift Chernobyl. Ten years later. Inevitability or chance? Moscow: Energoatomizdat.

Jargin, S. (2012). Debate on the Chernobyl disaster: on the causes of Chernobyl overestimation. International Journal Of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation, 42(1), 29-34
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Multiculture Emergency Special Problems and

Words: 2668 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 11923645

Coordinating community-wide efforts with representatives and respected leaders from each of the constituent sub-communities and populations will ensure the development of effective strategies.

Specifically, each sub-community needs to be apprised of the likelihood and risks of various types of events, including natural disasters and different terrorist attacks. Care must be taken not to cause undue alarm, but also to provide realistic and relevant information that objectively and directly assesses the situation. Providing such information without causing unnecessary fear is a delicate process even when one is familiar with the culture one is dealing with, and it is near impossible if the culture is foreign to the preparer. This is why coordination with community leaders is essential in the planning and education phases of emergency and disaster preparedness; no emergency management team could hope to develop the proper materials and information without consultation.

Coming to an understanding of the cultural and…… [Read More]

Eisenman et al. (2009); Schnirring (2008); National Resource Center (2009); American Red Cross (2004)

National Resource Center (2009), pp. 4-5.

James et al. (2007).