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ed Cross SWOT analysis
SWOT analysis was invented in order to help companies in defining their strategies in the backdrop of the dynamic and increasingly competitive business environment. Its name was derived from the fact that it is used to examine the strengths as well as weaknesses of a given firm.It are also used to examine the opportunities as well as strengths of an organizations external environment. Meyer (2003) indicated that SWOT stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats with the company's environment. Its role is to bring about strategic perspectives through the distillation of fragmented facts as well as figures for the sake of strategic planning as pointed out by Mintzber (1994).It has also noted that a consideration of the SWOT analysis results against the Porter's generic strategies then allows us to effectively come up with strategies for improving the performance of the organization.
Strong brand equity
American Red Cross (2010). A Leader in Providing Lifesaving Blood and Blood Products to the Nation
Briggs, CC (2002).Red Cross Gifts Down.Sunday Journal March 29th
Ethically, the Red Cross strives to be politically neutral in most of its efforts -- the American Red Cross stresses personal readiness and preparedness on its website, rather than takes a position on anti-terrorist operations, for example, or bridge inspection. For the International Red Cross, political neutrality is of particular concern, as to safely travel in unsafe areas and solicit donations from multiple sources, the organization cannot appear to be biased in its ideology. Its mission is formulated as thus: "The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is an impartial, neutral and independent organization whose exclusively humanitarian mission is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of war and internal violence and to provide them with assistance" (International Red Cross ebsite, 2007). However, inevitably in the eyes of some people, simply by going into volatile areas and helping civilians in war-torn regions the Red Cross may appear…
American Red Cross. (2007). Official Website. Retrieved 4 Aug 2007 at http://www.redcross.org/
International Red Cross. (2007). Official Website. Retrieved 4 Aug 2007 at http://www.icrc.org
Red Cross Case Analysis
The American Red Cross operates in an environment that is in some ways crowded with public health agencies and non-governmental organizations, and yet that still struggles to provide all of the necessary health services to its communities. This creates complications in providing the services and establishing the connections that the Red Cross strives for. Internal coordination is strongly called for in light of these environmental complexities and lack of organization and consistency.
The problem in this case is balancing the need for individual chapter control in order to coordinate services and ensure their efficiency and effectiveness while at the same time maintaining creativity and innovation. That is, the Red Cross needs to make sure its services are kept consistent and that they all support the larger goals of the organization in all chapters, but the organization also needs each chapter to be able to…
In its domestic operations, the social forces at work can also have a huge influence on the American ed Cross, as different communities can have very different needs in terms of both aid and outreach, and the organization makes a large attempt to tailor its endeavors to these varying needs as they become apparent (AC 2010; Scarton 2010).
Technology provides a great opportunity to the American ed Cross to deliver services and outreach programs in a more efficient -- and thus cheaper -- manner, which will in turn enable them to engage in more frequent and more extensive operations (CSP 2010). At the same time, many of the group's efforts remain as technologically void as they were at their first inception, as the simplicity of many volunteer efforts and education programs is key to their success (Stuart 2010). Of all of the indirect forces affecting the American ed Cross, then,…
ARC. (2010). American Red Cross. Accessed 17 January 2010. http://www.redcross.org/ portal/site/en/menuitem.d8aaecf214c576bf971e4cfe43181aa0/?vgnextoid=477859f392ce8110VgnVCM10000030f3870aRCRD&vgnextfmt=default
CSP. (2010). "Industry mobilizes for Haiti." CSP information group. Accessed 17 January 2010. http://www.cspnet.com/ME2/Audiences/dirmod.asp?sid=&nm=&type=Publishing&mod=Publications%3A%3AArticle&mid=8F3A7027421841978F18BE895F87F791&tier=4&id=52CBE289D5EA4C6FA0B8BB776E30439D&AudID=B1DB1F916652441DA5A92F5041234756
Scarton, B. (2010). "Red Cross to share fire safety." Inside NoVa. Accessed 17 January 2010. http://www2.insidenova.com/isn/news/local/article/red_cross_to_share_fire_safety_tips/50583/
Stuart, K. (2010) "Red Cross to host safe ids day." Ventura County star. Accessed 17 January 2010. http://www.vcstar.com/news/2010/jan/18/red-cross-to-host-safe-kids-day/
UNICEF and ed Cross
UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund) is a United Nations' initiative. It mainly caters for children and mothers in parts of the world classified as developing countries. The program was initiated in 1946: it became a permanent part of the UN system in 1953. Although the program mainly offers assistance in matters relating to health care (medical supply and training), it also engages in the donation of food for both mother and child. The organization's funds often come from private donors and governments. In the year 2008, the program accumulated a total of $3.3 trillion from its donors (Pearson & Jordan, 2010). UNICEF's initiative is always field-related.
ed Cross was initiated in the 19th century before the proper establishment of organized army nurses. The program mainly engages in delivering medical aid in times of disaster or other emergencies. It also offers other assistance such as shelter and…
Akuse, R.M., & Obinya, E.A. (2002). Why healthcare workers give prelacteal feeds. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56, 8, 729-34.
Dole, E. (1998). Interview with Elizabeth Dole, President, American Red Cross. Interview by James A. Johnson. Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives, 43, 3.)
Noe, R.S., Schnall, A.H., Wolkin, A.F., Podgornik, M.N., Wood, A.D., Spears, J., & Stanley, S.A. (2013). Disaster-related injuries and illnesses treated by American Red Cross disaster health services during Hurricanes Gustav and Ike. Southern Medical Journal, 106, 1, 102-8.
Pearson, A., & Jordan, Z. (2010). Evidence-based healthcare in developing countries. International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 8, 2, 97-100.
American Red Cross and Blood Donation:
The American Red Cross is an organization that plays a crucial role in the health care system of the United States. This is primarily because the organization is the largest single supplier of blood and associated products in the country. American Red Cross collects and processes over 40% of America's blood supply and distributes the blood to nearly 3,000 healthcare facilities and transfusion centers across the globe. In addition, the organization also plays a major role in safeguarding the safety of blood donors and patients as well as increasing the accessibility and availability of blood and blood products. Notably, American Red Cross depends on ordinary individuals and citizens to donate blood as well give their time, expertise, and finances in collection and distribution of blood and blood products. hile there is no need for a special reason for an individual to donate blood, donating…
"About Us." American Red Cross. American National Red Cross., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2014. .
"Donation Process." American Red Cross. American National Red Cross, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2014. .
"Giving and Collecting Blood." Giving Blood. The American Red Cross, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2014. .
"Volunteer." American Red Cross - New Hampshire. The American Red Cross, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2014. .
American Red Cross
The American Red Cross provides national and international emergency services to victims of disasters. According to the American National Red Cross (2011) Website, the charity responds to more than 70,000 disasters per year, the majority of which tend ot be house or apartment fires, in addition to larger-scale disasters such as hurricanes, floods, earthquakes tornadoes, hazardous materials spills, vehicle accidents, explosions, and others. Wherever a disaster strikes that could impact the quality of human life, the Red Cross is immediately on the scene with assistance such as medical help, along with services such as emergency food and water supplies.
The charity's authority to provide disaster relief was formalized in 1905, when Congress chartered the Red Cross to provide national and international relief systems in times of peace. The focus of the disaster relief effort is to me the immediately emergency needs of people victimized by…
American Red Cross (2011). Retrieved from: http://www.redcross.org/
American Red Cross (2011). History of the American Red Cross. Retrieved from: http://www.redcrosslv.org/history.html
The White House (2011, Feb 28). Presidential Proclamation -- American Red Cross Month, 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/02/28/presidential-proclamation-american-red-cross-month-2011
International ed Cross is governed by the International Committee of the ed Cross (ICC), which was established in 1863. Its main function is to provide humanitarian support and help especially for those affected by conflict and armed violence. In this way, it creates support and help for those who are victims of the war, and provides a platform for promoting laws that protect these victims. The International ed Cross operates from a mandate that is based upon the Geneva Conventions of 1949. The value it creates for its customers lies in promoting safety, health, and life in the face of dire conflict situations (ICC, 2010).
Being an international entity, the International ed Cross employs 12,000 people in 80 countries, with its headquarters based in Geneva, Switzerland. Its financial support is provided generally by volunteer donations from official sources such as governments and national ed Cross and ed Crescent societies.
Braccini, A.M., Spagnoletti, P., and D'Atri, A. (n.d.) Analysing Business Models for Cross Border E-Services Provided by the Chambers of Commerce. Retrieved from: http://is2.lse.ac.uk/asp/aspecis/20080008.pdf
E-Business-Guide.net. (2011). Benefits of Internet Business. Retrieved from: http://e-business-guide.net/advantages-internet-business-explained.html
ICRC. (2009, March). The ICRC: Its Mission and Work. Retreived from: http://www.icrc.org /eng/assets/files/other/icrc_002_0963.pdf
ICRC (2011). Gift Shop: Promotional Items and Souvenirs. Retrieved from:
If we look at the actual inventory values, we will discover that the company's policy does not support high inventory values, which comes to explain the high turnover values.
Fixed - assets turnover (2004) = 0.97 times with 0.98 times in 2003. his is not necessarily a high value, but it does not necessarily mean the company is not using its fixed assets efficiently. In my opinion, it is more an indication of the specificity of the industry in which the company operates and of its own characteristics.
he total-assets turnover shows the same trends, with values of 0.62 (2004) and 0.61 in 2003.
In terms of profitability ratios, we are inclined to use the profit margin on sales indicator, as well as the return on total assets ratio, currently referred to as the return on investment ratio (ROI).
Again, de to company's specificity, we can evaluate the profit before…
The financial ratios we have calculated come to show the impact the industry in which the company is operating and the company's own specificity has on the financial ratios. Operating with almost no inventory (as compared to the total assets, for example) and relying less on multiplying its immediate operational profits, the company has solid financial figures in terms of liquidity and debt management, which shows almost no inclination towards risk.
The impact of Medicare on Red Cross's activity is obvious first of all if we have a look at the targeted segment of consumers: people over the age of 60 or 65. We have already seen signs of partnerships between the two concepts in several states with the U.S. (Alabama, Florida, Kentucky, Georgia) - in these states, the Red Cross wider idea to combat hunger or homelessness is correlated with the Medicare concept of offering cheap medical services.
In terms of financial analysis, it is difficult to evaluate the impact of Medicare on Red Cross activities. Most likely, it will lead to a gradually ascending trend in terms of revenues, but it is also likely that the operating profits will remain at low values, maybe even negative as we have seen in the period we have analyzed 2003-2004.
American ed Cross (AC)
The impact of this event on AC's "benefits of business ethics"
Hurricane Katrina and the September 11 disasters had an adverse effect on the benefits of business ethics of AC. The absence of commitment and unsuitable conduct by the workers and volunteers damaged the company's reputation. The workers and volunteers were alleged of unethical tendencies such as taking funds, lying and stealing other contributions intended for relief initiatives. For instance, Catalina Escoto escaped with over one million U.S. dollars that belonged to ed Cross funds. She spent this money in gambling shopping for gifts and she awarded herself $75,000 as bonus. There was missing the dedication on the part of workers and volunteers to the regulations and policies institutionalized to regulate the running of the company. This was because of American ed Cross inability to integrate any ethical laws for its workers and volunteers in its…
Liebsch, B., & Liebsch, J. (2006). It's a disaster! ... And what are you gonna do about it?: A disaster preparedness, prevention & basic first aid manual. Tucson, AZ: Fedhealth.
Veenema, T.G. (2007). Disaster nursing and emergency preparedness: For chemical, biological, and radiological terrorism and other hazards. New York: Springer Pub.
International Federation of the Red Cross, located in Geneva, Switzerland. Specifically, it will contain a brief description of the International Red Cross, and what do they do.
The International Red Cross
The International Federation of the Red Cross was established in 1919 after the end of orld ar I, and the first organization was housed in Paris. The group is a blending of three organizations, the International Red Cross, the Red Crescent Movement, and the International Committee of the Red Cross, which oversees all the other entities. This makes it the largest humanitarian organization in the world. The Red Cross serves in almost every country around the world, and the Red Crescent serves in most Muslim countries. The group's headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland, and their mission is "to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity" (IRC). To accomplish this mission, the organization's "work…
Author not Available. "Mission and Role." International Federation of the Red Cross. 2003. 20 Nov. 2003. http://www.ifrc.org/ who/
Forsythe, David P. Humanitarian Politics: The International Committee of the Red Cross. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977.
Hutchinson, John F. Champions of Charity: War and the Rise of the Red Cross. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996.
Major Natural Catastrophes, 1950-2001." Population and Development Review 28.1 (2002): 171+.
his is a book that explores the history and the background to the American Red Cross. It focuses extensively on the founder of the organization, Clara Barton. his work is extensive and provides a clear and intriguing analysis of the factors and the reasons that contributed to the making and development of the Americana Red Cross.
Meara, K.P. (2001, November 5). he Red Cross in the Cross Hairs? Families of Oklahoma City Bombing Victims Say hey Did Not Receive Funds Sent to hem by Mail and Handled by the Red Cross. And Questions Are Being Raised in New York City. Insight on the News, 17, 18+. Retrieved October 31, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000915710
he author of this article suggests that there are certain questions that should be raised concerning the administration and management of funds by the American Red Cross. he article echoes many other reports and studies…
This article provides insight into the way that the American Red Cross functions to deal with specific health threats. The article emphasizes the interactive role that the American Red Cross plays in the fight against a disease like malaria in the United Sates. For example, the article emphasizes the fact that, "... The American Red Cross will be conducting events and activities in more than 50 cities across the United States. Red Cross volunteers will be helping to raise awareness in communities through parties, bake sales, fundraisers, information sessions and classroom activities." (The American Red Cross Joins the Fight Against Malaria) This article is also a fruitful starting point for studying the way that the Red Cross interacts with communities to promote better health education and information.
16. Irvine, R. (2002, April 15). Money Seems to Be Motivating Factor at American Red Cross. Insight on the News, 18, 45. Retrieved October 31, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000735175
This article provides further insight into the claims that The American Red Cross is not managing their organization well. It also refers to other reports and accusations. For example: "The TV news program 60 Minutes devoted one of its segments to searing criticism of the way in which the organization handles the big bucks it collects ostensibly to provide assistance to victims of major disasters. "(Irvine, 2002, p. 45) This leads to further research with regard to the way that finds are distributed and used by the organization.
Financial Analysis of the American ed Cross
The ed Cross is a nonprofit humanitarian organization that operates in several different countries. The American ed Cross was founded by Clara Barton as an emergency response organization. The ed Cross is one of several worldwide organizations that seek to offer "neutral humanitarian care to the victims of war" (American ed Cross, 2011). In addition, it seeks to help people who have been harmed by natural disasters. The American ed Cross is involved in six primary areas of humanitarian aid: domestic disaster relief, community service for the needy, support for military members and their families, blood and blood product collection and distribution, health and safety educational programs, and international relief and development programs (American ed Cross, 2011). Critically, the American ed Cross is a volunteer organization. 700 locally supported chapters have been responsible for training more than 15 million people for disaster preparedness,…
The American National Red Cross. (2011). Mission statement. Retrieved from http://www.redcross.org/ portal/site/en/menuitem.d229a5f06620c6052b1ecfbf43181aa0/?vgnextoid=f5195032f953e110VgnVCM10000089f0870aRCRD&vgnextchannel=d18859f392ce8110VgnVCM10000030f3870aRCRD
The American National Red Cross. (2011). About us. Retrieved from
American Red Cross
services provided by a community agency and it's challenges in servicing a certain health issue within the community
The American Red Cross
This research paper looks at the services provided by a community agency and its challenges in servicing certain health issues within the community. The research will mainly dwell on the American Red Cross which is a community agency based in the U.S. that provides public health services not only to the American people but also to other people in other parts of the orld who need help.
The research paper will first of all give a detailed description of the American Red Cross that will include the services it provides and the population it serves, secondly it will highlight on some of the roles that nurses play in the agency and how the nurses provide essential services of public health. The third section will spell…
Bayona, M., Leaverton, P.E., Rangel-Sharpless, M.C., and Williams, P.D. (2004), Short course training in epidemiology and biostatistics for graduate and undergraduate public health professionals, Public Health Rep, pp 434-438
Berkowitz, B. (2005). Health system reform: a blueprint for the future of public health. Public Health Management Practice, pp 1-6.
The America Red Cross Web Site
23 January 2011
Conflict in Organizations-ed Cross
American ed Cross is a network that runs nationally with 650 chapters as well as 36 regions for blood services aimed at helping people and saving lives through a preparation and response to medical emergencies. There are close to half a million ed Cross volunteers coupled with Americorps and Femacorps members and 30,000 employees who mobilize relief on an annual basis. The focus is targeted to people impacted by disasters, train accidents needing medical skills. The organization also exchanges information and operations messages with the service personnel from U.S. military and affected family members (oche, Teague & Colvin, 2014). ed Cross remains the top supplier of blood products and blood to close to 3,100 hospitals across the national and assists international conflicts and disasters victims in all locations of the world. From 2006, the organization established $6 billion in revenues from blood and immediate products.
Bolman, L.G., & Deal, T.E. (2011). Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice, and Leadership. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Rahim, M.A. (2015). Managing Conflict in Organizations. New York: Transaction Publishers.
Rainey, H.G. (2009). Understanding and Managing Public Organizations. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Roche, W.K., Teague, P., Colvin, A.J.S. (2014). The Oxford Handbook of Conflict Management in Organizations. New York: Oxford University Press.
Assessing Stakeholder Needs in American Red Cross
Stakeholder 1: Employees and Volunteers
1. What position do you hold currently at American Red Cross?
a. Senior level position
b. Junior level position
c. I am board member
d. Other (Please specify)…………………………………………………………….
2. Which of the following best describes you?
a. I am full-time employee
b. I work on short contracts
c. I am a volunteer
d. Other (Please specify) …………………………………………………………………………………..
3. How long have you worked/volunteered at American Red Cross?
a. Less than one year
b. 1-3 years
c. 4-6 years
d. Other (Please specify)
4. Please rate your experience while working with American Red Cross so far
a. Extremely satisfied
e. Extremely Dissatisfied
5. Does the management handle the issues affecting your work well when you present to them?
c. Not Sure
d. Other (Please Specify)…………………………………………………………………………
esearch also helps in planning marketing programs through helping to identify new opportunities and thus to evaluate the potential for a new idea and also to identify the areas where the marketing efforts will be concentrated KnowThis LLC, 2012()
esearch also helps to minimize risks. By the marketing managers being able to plan the marketing efforts effectively and they can then identify what is required and to ensure that the development of the programs is highly focused towards the demand in the market. Market research also helps to create benchmarks and to measure progress. Early research helps to highlight any major gaps in the marketing plan which need to be bridged and regular market research helps to show if there are any improvements in sales being brought about by the marketing efforts.
Segmentation and the marketing mix
Segmentation helps greatly in customer retention and acquisition of new clientele. This is…
Cherian, M., Flores, M., & Srinivasan, G. (2008). Critical Success Factors to Collaborate in Cross Border Alliances: Experiences of Indian Manufacturing Enterprises. Paper presented at the SMF conference, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur.
Horn, L.P. (2011). Online Marketing Strategies for Reaching Today's Teens. [Article]. Young Adult Library Services, 9(2), 24-27.
KnowThis LLC. (2012). Marketing Research Retrieved May 20th, 2012, from http://www.knowthis.com/principles-of-marketing-tutorials/marketing-research/examples-of-research-in-marketing/
Kotler, P., & Keller, K.L. (2012). Marketing Management, Thirteenth Edition. New York, NY: Prentice Hall.
(Cattelain, 1997; paraphrased) the work of Cattelain additionally states that as of the beginning of "...July, 1997, approximately 66,000 children born to couples of which one is a Hong Kong resident and one is a mainlanders were waiting to come to Hong Kong, and around 2,000-4,000 children who had entered the territory illegally or overstayed visit permits were estimated to be in Hong Kong." (Cattelain, 1997) Marriage between individuals and the resulting bearing of children has proved problematic to the mainland in terms of regulations and it is stated in Cattelain's work that "One of the first issues that the newly created Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) has had to dealt with his pitted an individual right against a community's capacity to absorb large numbers of new immigrants at one time." (1997)
VII. asic Law Regulating Children orn Outside of Hong Kong with Parent in Hong Kong
Tu, Edward Jow-Ching (2007 Cross-Border Marriage in Hong Kong and Taiwan. International Marriage Migration in Asia. 2007 Seoul. PAK/IPAR Conference.
Chen, Yu-Hua (2007) the Rise of Cross-Border Marriages and Its Impact on Fertility in Taiwan. Comparative Workshop of low Fertility organized by Asia Research Institute and Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. 22-23 February 2007. National University of Singapore. Online available at http://www.ari.nus.edu.sg/showfile.asp?eventfileid=265
Cattelain, Chlo (1997) Family vs. Society: Hong Kong's Battle Over Right of Abode for Mainland-Born Children. HRIC. 30 June 1997. Online available at http://iso.hrichina.org/public/contents/article-revision%5fid=4156&item%5fid=4155
Chan, Bernard (nd) Post-1997 Hong Kong: The Social and Environmental Impact. Asia Financial Group and Asia Insurance Co. Ltd. And the Hong Kong Council of Social Service.
Livesey, J. (2007). Officials Smile for Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers
The successful use of red-light cameras by the Millbrae Police Department would lead to an expansion of the program. The City's Red Light Photo Enforcement Program said that it generated more than $110,000 in revenue. Sgt John Aronis said that there was a reduction in the volume of red-light runners at Millbrae Avenue and Rollins Road since the installation of these cameras. Some residents, however, had complained about these cameras flashing too brightly. Some others considered it an invasion of privacy. The rest protested the tickets issued for violations.
Peceimer, et al. (2006). Against Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers
Some residents and observers expressed disfavor towards the installation and use of red-light cameras. They said that red-light running was not a problem in Menlo Park where these cameras would be set up. They also said that these…
Hakkert, a.S. And Gitelman Viktoria (2004). Effectiveness of red-light cameras. 11 pages. Road & Transport Research: ARRB Transport
Harvey, D. (2005). Red-light cameras. 2 pages. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers
Livesey, J. (2007). Officials smile for red-light cameras. 2 pages. Oakland Tribune:
A description of the entrance of Elmer Stark, father of Eddy and Tony, into the world of the story makes both the masculine and the feminine exotic, other, and unknowable, while at the same time igniting tensions and passions -- outright lust, in fact -- between them in a fetishization of the other. Nettie, the Stark matriarch, is described watching this stranger wash, "his naked shoulders, the gleam of his skin, and the lines of charred bronze where the sun had burned his neck and wrists, the faint red-gold of the hairs that edged from under his belt at his waist" (Lane, p. 144). This description makes it clear that Elmer is not being viewed as a human, but as an other, just as Nettie is creating her own distance and just as distances were created with the native peoples through such objectification. ith such beginnings as these, it is…
Kulperger, Shelley. Familiar Ghosts: Feminist Postcolonial Gothic in Canada. In Unsettled Remains: Canadian Literature and the Postcolonial Gothic, Cynthia Conchita Sugars & Gerry Turcotte, eds. Waterloo, on: Wilfird Laurier University Press, 2009.
Lane, Patrick. Red Dog, Red Dog. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2008.
Segal, Francesca. Ghostly Visions from the Top of an Apple Tree [review]. The Observer, 6 June 2009. Accessed 4 April 2012. http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2009/jun/07/red-dog-red-dog-patrick-lane
Coss Cultual Moes and Values: Middle-Easten Ameicans, South Asian-Ameicans and Native Ameicans
No longe a melting pot but moe like a salad bowl, the United States has always been a land of immigants and its divese demogaphic composition today is a eflection of this pocess. In fact, just one goup, Native Ameicans, can be egaded as being the oiginal inhabitants, but anthopologists ague that even these people likely migated fom othe continents tens of thousands of yeas ago, making them immigants in a sense as well. Thee goups in paticula stand out in the Ameican demogaphic mix as being in need of thoughtful attention in coss-cultual counseling situations, namely Middle-Easten Ameicans, South Asian-Ameicans and Native Ameicans. To detemine what counselos need to know in ode to develop effective inteventions fo membes fom these thee goups, this pape povides a eview of the liteatue, followed by a summay of the eseach…
A study of Lumbee undergraduates. Journal of College Counseling, 9(1), 47-55.
South Asia countries. (2014). World Bank. Retrieved from http://web.worldbank.org/ .
Newborn babies are given "a mile hallucinogenic drug, tsentsema" (84), in the form of an uncooked leaf from the tsentsema plant. The idea is to help the baby "see" an arutam soul, when the baby is under the influence of the tsentsema plant. The belief is that boys need them but girls don't, and boys are not born with an arutam, so they must obtain them along their growth pattern. The arutam is believed to give supernatural powers, and helps a person survive through the lifetime
Meanwhile, Daniel Steel writes in the journal Ethnohistory (Steel 1999) that technology has affected the Jivaro culture (albeit in a different way that technology has affected Mexico). In fact, the Jivaro have been known for their skills in warfare, which relates to their need to protect their communities and gardens from intruders who would do them harm. hile the violence against women in Ciudad…
Camacho, Alicia Schmidt. "Gender Violence and the Denationalization of Women's Rights in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico." CR: The New Centennial Review 5.1 (2005): 255-292.
Harner, Michael J. The Jivaro: People of the Secret Waterfalls. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.
Livingston, Jessica. "Murder in Juarez." Frontiers: A Journal of Women's Studies 25.1 (2004):
Lopez, Ian F. Haney. "The Social Construction of Race: Some Observations on Illusion,
Even their cassocks were emblazoned with a large, red cross, by which they were identified. The Order of Clerks egular was, technically, the first ed Cross before the International outfit prompted by Dunant came into being (Lyons, 1917, p. 54).
Still, when people think of the ed Cross today, it is the organization that Dunant's book and actions prompted to come into being in the latter half of the 19th century. Dunant himself had always been a part of the tide of Christian charity that had been sweeping through Geneva since the Napoleonic Wars (Hutchinson, 1997, p. 12). States John Hutchinson, "Dunant's vision of voluntary societies appealed to both the Christian and the utilitarian dimensions of" the president of The Geneva Society for Public Utility (SGUP) (p. 21). This was Gustave Moynier, who essentially took Dunant's idea and ran with it: "Using his position as president, Moynier raised with the…
Dunant, H. (1862). Memory of Solferino. International Committee of the Red Cross.
Hutchinson, J. (1997). Champions of Charity: War and the Rise of the Red Cross.
Oxford: Westview Press.
Lyons, M.C. (1917). Camillus de Lellis: the Hospital Saint. NY: Benziger Brothers.
For Private Witt, the idea is found in another world. For Sgt. Welsh, no idea exists -- and he tries to get Private Witt to see as much.
Yet, Malick's point is that such a world does exist. In fact, he begins the film with the prayerful chants of the islanders, and rolls credits to the same chant. At one point, one of the soldiers (Dale) sits in the pouring rain, clinging to himself before hurling his collection of Japanese molars away. Malick plays the hauntingly beautiful score by Charles Ives, "The Unanswered Question," to underscore the sense of spiritual desolation in Dale's horrific hobby.
The acting in the film is another point of interest. Malick's characters are not so much scripted as they are caught on film: each actor essentially is playing himself. Jim Caviezel is Private Witt. Sean Penn is Sgt. Welsh. What Malick undertook to do with…
Vietnam and China: Acculturation's Apparitions And Certain Realities Behind Them"
The Vietnamese people have a lengthy history that dates back at least two millennia. The ancestors of modern Vietnamese people lived in the Red River delta of northern Vietnam and were subsequently conquered by the Chinese, becoming part of the early Chinese empire. By the first century CE, Vietnam succeeded in becoming a suzerainty of the Chinese empire and it remained in this capacity for the next 900 years. During these ten centuries, the Vietnamese people were heavily influenced by several aspects of Chinese culture and society, including its political theories, academic standards, administrative practices for government operation and religious orientations. As a result, Vietnam became sinicized long before other regions in Southeast Asia that are now a part of China.
It is important to note, though, that this dependency on China also served to create a sense of national…
Running red lights is one of the most significant issues in traffic safety. It is often overlooked, because most incidents of red-light-running do not have consequences, but the reality is that running red lights kills hundreds of people and injures thousands every year, and it is entirely needless (Oberhauser, 2012).
The Federal Highway Administration (2003) notes that red light running is "one of the primary causes of crashes at signalized intersections." In 2001, The FHA recorded 218,000 crashes in the United States that stem from running red lights. These crashes resulted in 181,000 injuries and 880 fatalities. There was an economic loss of around $14 billion per year from red light running. These costs are almost entirely avoidable. To better understand the problem, it is important to understand some of the root causes of running red lights.
The problem is constant. The FHA conducted studies that revealed incidents…
FHWA (2003). Making intersections safer -- A toolbox of engineering. Federal Highways Administration. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/intersection/resources/fhwasa09027/resources/Making%20Intersections%20Safer%20-%20A%20Toolbox%20of%20Engineering%20Count.pdf
Pines, M. (2012). Running red lights. Law Offices of Michael Pines. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from http://seriousaccidents.com/legal-advice/top-causes-of-car-accidents/running-a-red-light/
Radzi, N. (2011). Effects of traffic volume on red-light running at fixed-time traffic signal system. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from http://www.efka.utm.my/thesis/IMAGES/4MASTER/2011/TRANS/norsyaziana.pdf
Oberhauser, P & Oberhauser, S. (2012). Tragic consequences of running red light. Daily Herald. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from http://www.dailyherald.com/article/20120130/discuss/701309970/
Cross-Cultural relationships in Post-War Japan
Each of the cross-cultural couples depicted in Joshua Logan's 1957 film Sayonara must contend with political, social, cultural, and personal barriers. The United States Army has strict and official policies that forbid relationships between American soldiers and Japanese women. Moreover, the American government will not permit the Japanese brides of soldiers to become U.S. citizens. Despite these laws, about 10,000 American soldiers have already married Japanese women, in spite of the daunting paperwork and social stigma involved. In fact, these soldiers also have to deal with severe restrictions on their stations and reassignments. These sanctions are designed specifically to deter soldiers from pursuing cross-cultural relationships, and also threaten to separate already married couples. These political barriers accompany the pervasive personal prejudices and social sanctions against cross-cultural relationships. For example, both Major Lloyd Gruver (Marlon Brando) and Hana Ogi (Miiko Taka) hold tight to their prejudices…
ROSSO FIORENTINO'S 'THE DESCENT FROM THE CROSS'
The objective of this study is to describe Rosso Florentino's 'The Descent from the Cross'.
Rosso Florentino was born in Florence and trained in the studio of Andrea del Sarto. In 1523 Rosso moved to Rome and was exposed to works of great artists including Michaelangelo and Raphael which impacted his artistic style. Rosso's masterpiece is held to be his 'Descent from the Cross' in the Pinacoteca Communale di Volterra.
Description of 'Descent from the Cross'
Rosso's painting 'The Descent from the Cross' is an oil painting that was done on wood.
Rosso's 'Descent from the Cross' depicts Christ being removed from the cross after the crucifixion following his death. The picture is painted in the form of Mannerism known to give more emphasis to the artifice and the process of creation than to the subjects within the painting. Rosso's 'Descent from…
Scheduling at ed, White and Blue Fireworks Company
The situation being experienced by Joan Bennet at ed, White and Blue Fireworks Company (WBFC) is one common to many growing companies. The organization is luckily experiencing a period of high product demand; however, they are not able to expand the current facility. As such, Bennet has decided to run production ten hours per day, seven days per week. With this new production schedule, and as a means of avoiding the use of overtime, Bennet is implementing a four, ten-hour shift work week for employees, with each employee having three consecutive days off. The manufacturing process requires a minimum of 20 employees. With these constraints, a staffing plan is presented that determines the exact number of full-time employees needed as well as the schedule each employee will need to work. In addition, the other factors that are relevant in making the transition…
Cunningham, J. (Jul 1981). "Exploring the impact of a ten-hour compressed shift schedule." Journal of Occupational Behavior, 2(3). p. 217-222.
Markiewicz, D. (Oct 2008). "Switching to a 10-hour workday?" Industrial Safety & Hygiene News, 42(10). p. 24.
Epidemiological Study on the Link Between ed Meat and Cancer
Media sources have constantly reported the results of epidemiological studies with great drama. While these reports are driven by hyperbolic headlines due to excitement, epidemiologic research are usually driven by real science with significant implications for practice in public health. In the past few months, media sources have carried out reports with hyperbolic headlines on the issue of whether red meat contributes to cancer. These reports have been based on a recent publication by the World Health Organization that red meat enhances the risk of cancer. An example of these reports is the publication on The Daily Mail on whether people should eat red meat based on recent reports that it actually increases the risk of cancer.
eynolds (2016) published a report on The Daily Mail on whether red meat increases an individual's risk of cancer in light…
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, May). Principles of epidemiology in public health practice (3rd ed.). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ophss/csels/dsepd/ss1978/ss1978.pdf
Reynolds, R.C. (2016, February 26). Should You Eat Red Meat? And Does It Really Increase Your Risk of Cancer? There's Good and Bad News, Expert Reveals. The Daily Mail. Retrieved March 2, 2016, from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3466443/Should-eat-red-meat-does-REALLY-increase-risk-cancer-s-good-bad-news-expert-reveals.html
"The Four Most Common Types of Epidemiological Studies." (n.d.). Helios. Retrieved from Hampshire College website: http://helios.hampshire.edu/~cjgNS/sputtbug/416K/Energy%20Reg/Epidemiology_101_.doc
Social Media and the ed Shirt evolution
Most scholars are in conflict with regard to the subject of revolution in the age of social media. Until now, revolution has been considered a top-down process. In Thai situation, things might have been different. The ed Shirt evolution in Thailand was one of the first of the "Twitter" revolutions, that is one that was fueled by social media and Web 2.0 technology. Since then, other revolutions have come as well. The lone citizen is now no longer on their own. The dissident in Chiang Mai now can commiserate with their brother or sister in Tahrir Square and plan revolution on a country to country or even on a global basis. Even as this writer types up a dissertation proposal, demonstrators coordinate strategy on a global basis to protest corporate greed. It is with this in mind that this study looks back at…
Bailey, M and Labovitz C (2011). Censorship and Co-option of the Internet Infrastructure. Ann Arbor,
MI: University of Michigan. p1-14.
Bajpai, K and Jaiswal, A (2011). A Framework for Analyzing Collective Action Events on Twitter.
Lisbon, Portugal: Proceedings of the 8th International ISCRAM Conference. p1-10.
Laura, "The Garden Party," respond Neddy's cross country swim "The Swimmer." Please underline thesis statement blue Please underline topic sentences orange Please underline transitional words red Please underline quote introductions green.
Katherine Mansfield's short story "The Garden Party" and John Cheever's short story "The Swimmer" both go at presenting readers with ideas related to upper class feelings toward society in general. Although the both belong to the upper class, the protagonists in the two short stories have different understandings of life and they take on different attitudes when they are provided with the chance to put across their sentiments toward individuals who are of a lower social status. In contrast to Neddy, the protagonist in "The Swimmer," Laura, the central character in "The Garden Party," appears to be better acquainted with the importance of being human and would likely criticize the former on account of his conceited nature with regard…
Lessons From Vietnam
The concept of cross-cultural capability is a relatively new area of study in the academic world, even though we have known for years that a number of issues might have been better resolved with a greater understanding and sensitive towards other cultures. The term itself applies to human behavior in a number of dimensions -- psychologically, sociologically, certainly political, and cultural. This phenomenon of cultural misunderstanding was quite apparent in the post-World War II conflicts, particularly that of the regional conflicts in Vietnam post-1950 (Killick, 1999).
Many of the diplomatic and cultural issues surrounding the Vietnam Conflict were a result of a Cold War mentality. The Cold War, not really a war, but more a preparation for conflict, was the tensions between the U.S.S.. And Allies (Warsaw Pact) and the U.S. And Allies (NATO). One side held that America was economically and militarily aggressive after World War…
The Vietnam War. (2006). The History Channel. Retrieved from: http://www.history.com / topics/vietnam-war
Belmonte, L. (2010). Selling the American Way -- U.S. Propaganda and the Cold War. Pittsburg, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Damms, Richard, (2001), The Eisenhower Presidency, 1953-1961, New York: Longman.
Davidson, P. (1991), Vietnam At War: The History, 1946-1975. New York: Norton.
Twelfth Night and as You Like It
Cross dressing is an important element that renders serious repercussions in Shakespeare's plays. Two plays that emphasize cross dressing and the repercussions it can bring are Twelfth Night and As You Like it. hile the characters of Viola and Rosalind have very different reasons to explain their cross dressing, each circumstance while causing complications, also works in their behalf. Their ability to fool those around them generates interest and adds an element of complexity to each play. Namely, each woman is able to accomplish something she would not have been able to do as a woman. Rosalind teaches Orlando the ways of love and Viola makes her way into Orsino's house and heart.
In As You Like It, Rosalind is forced to assume to role of a man as a result of fleeing the Duke's Court and seeking refuge in the forest of…
Shakespeare, William. Twelfth Night: Or, What you Will. The Illustrated Stratford Shakespeare. London: Chancellor Press. 1982.
Shakespeare, William. As You Like It. The Illustrated Stratford Shakespeare. London: Chancellor Press. 1982.
Nature vs. Nurture
To any decently educated or aware person, the "nature versus nurture" argument is nothing new. Something else that is not new is the idea that while there are arguments for both, there always seems to be one idea that is more prevalent and "true" than the others. Such is the case with the microcosm of "nature versus nurture" that is in play when it comes to the work of Patricia Greenfield. Her initial statements in a recent article are very much a framing of a "nature versus nurture" argument and then she provides her version of the answer. While some might disagree with what Ms. Greenfield has to say, it is fairly clear that she is rather spot-on in her analysis and decision when it comes to the subject in question.
The primary so-called battlefield of nature versus nurture that Ms. Greenfield approaches and talks about…
Gaynor, M. (2016). Genes, Depression, and Anxiety. Psychology Today. Retrieved 25 October 2016, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/your-genetic-destiny/201411/genes-depression-and-anxiety
Greenfield, P. (1997). YOU CAN'T TAKE IT WITH YOU: Why Ability Assessments Don't Cross Cultures.
ecdgroup.com. Retrieved 25 October 2016, from http://www.ecdgroup.com/download/ sa1yctii.pdf#search='cross%20cultural%20psychology%20and%20intelligence
Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values between for-Profit and Not-For-Profit Organizations
For-profit and not-for-profit companies often operate very differently from one another. Here this will be shown with a comparison between the American ed Cross (a not-for-profit company) and the Coca-Cola Company (a for-profit company). The background of each one of them will be addressed, and they proposed solutions and recommendations will be discussed. Each company has its problems, whether it is for-profit or not, but there are unique problems faced by each kind of company. The differences in whether they are for-profit or not-for-profit can have a significant effect on the companies themselves and whether they are able to continue being successful or whether they must make changes in order to see growth and development in the future.
Case Study Analysis of Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values between For-Profit and Not-for-Profit Organizations:
The ed Cross and Coca-Cola
Bennett, A. (2005). The Geneva Convention: The Hidden Origins of the Red Cross. Sutton Publishing, Gloucestershire, England.
Boissier, P. (1985). History of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Volume I: From Solferino to Tsushima. Henry Dunant Institute, Geneva.
Forsythe, D.P. (2005). The Humanitarians: The International Committee of the Red Cross. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Giebelhaus, A.W. (2008). Coca-Cola Company. The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council.
American Red Cross
hat are some formal statements that are prevalent in the organization? These could include that organization's philosophy, mission, vision, values, and any promotional materials with which you may be familiar. hat do these statements suggest to you about the organization?
The first formal statement that greets a visitor to the Official American Red Cross ebsite is that the American Red Cross is forever "preparing communities for emergencies and keeping people safe." Other formal statements about the philosophy of the organization included on the ebsite as part of the American Red Cross mission statement are, "together, we can save a life." The organization's primary mission is to help others in times of dire medical need. Thus, in terms of the Red Cross vision, not only safety and medical is stressed, but communality and a community-focused, volunteer-oriented spirit in its members, and all volunteers who chose to…
Disaster FAQ." (2005) Official Website of the American Red Cross. Retrieved 8 Feb 2005 at http://www.redcross.org/ faq/0,1096,0_378_,00.html
Health and Safety FAQ." (2005) Official Website of the American Red Cross. Retrieved 8 Feb 2005 at
Therefore, it is important that they understand the influence of violence on their behavior.
The most important objectives of this campaign are represented by:
Increasing awareness on this issue
Improving the activity of authorities in such situations
Changing violent behaviors
The resources that the campaign is based on are represented by supporters, reputation from other campaigns, and the help of authorities. It is important that the campaign benefits from an increased number of supports. This is because they can help promote the campaign and its objectives. The reputation from other campaigns is intended to attract a higher number of sponsors. The success of this campaign relies on the relationship between the ed Cross and the authorities in these countries.
The targets of this campaign are represented by:
People that observe violent behavior in others
People that practice such violent behaviors
There are several messages addressed by the campaign. The…
1. Annual Report (2010). ICRC. Retrieved March 9, 2012.
2. Kimbarovsky, R. (2009). 10 Small Business Social Media Marketing Tips. Retrieved March 9, 2012 from http://mashable.com/2009/10/28/small-business-marketing/ .
3. Guion, M. (2008). Internet Usage Gaps in Developing Countries: Challenges and Solutions. InfoTech. Retrieved March 9, 2012 from http://it.tmcnet.com/topics/it/articles/36595-internet-usage-gaps-developing-countries-challenges-solutions.htm .
non-for-profit organizations. Specifically it will discuss the American ed Cross and what it is a not-for-profit entity. Nurse Clara Barton founded the American ed Cross in 1881. It has since spread to countries around the globe, and it is often the first relief agency on the scene after natural or man made disasters strike. There are local ed Cross organizations across the country that coordinate their aid with local disaster agencies. For example, it is often the ed Cross that aids victims of house fires in local communities. They find them shelter and offer them food, clothing, and even money to help them get back on their feet. The ed Cross is founded on not-for-profit principles, but they have come under fire for how they handled their donations in the past.
The American ed Cross began as a domestic organization that helped victims of war, and then that spread to…
Eckel, C., Grossman, P.J., & Milano, A. (2007). Is more information always better? Southern Economic Journal, 74(2), 388+.
Editors.(2010). About us. Retrieved 11 Feb. 2009 from the American Red Cross Web site: http://www.redcross.org/ portal/site/en/menuitem.d8aaecf214c576bf971e4cfe43181aa0/?vgnextoid=477859f392ce8110VgnVCM10000030f3870aRCRD&vgnextfmt=default.
Forbes, K.A. (2005). The virtues of volunteering: Never underestimate the absolute necessity of trust. Journal of Accountancy, 200(5), 81+.
Irvine, R. (2002, April 15). Money seems to be motivating factor at American Red Cross. Insight on the News, 18, 45.
Aboriginal people are the Indians who live in Canada. Over the years, they have been characterized by poor living conditions, low social status, poverty, discrimination, and social injustices. Government organizations should be on the front ensuring proper treatment and social justice for the Aboriginal people. ed Cross is an example of non-profit organization, which seeks to improve the status of the Aboriginal people, regardless of their social status and with equal treatment to all, as discussed in the paper.
Non-profit organization aims at providing services to the public, while profit organizations aim at profit maximization. Public interest comes first, for the non-profit organization, rather than their interests. The ed Cross is recognized as the non-profit organization, and it is chartered by the U.S. congress. It provides services worldwide, and the general population during times of disaster and the workforce is predominantly volunteers.
ed Cross society
Nonprofit organizations have to be…
Journal of Education Controversy:. (1997). The Give Away Spirit.
Australia, N.L. (1992). Australian Public Affairs Information Service. Australia: National Library of Australia.
Ciconte, B.J. (2011). Fundraising Basics: A Complete Guide. Atlanta: Jonnes and Bartlett Learning.
Crooks, C.T. (2007). Engaging and Empowering Aboriginal Youth. Chicago: Trafford Publishing.
I hope all is well with you and your family. It's been a while since I've written; forgive me as I've been busy with school, work and life in general. Over the past few weeks, I've become quite interested in the life and triumphs of Clara Barton, a 19th century nurse, teacher and pioneer who was by my account, a woman way ahead of her time. Clara Barton is a true hero, this letter is to give you a glimpse of her life and successes and how she contributed to nursing as we know it today. During Ms. Bartons' era women were largely shut out of working in certain professions or if they were allowed to work at all -- they were not allowed to climb the ladder to be promoted to other positions. There also lacked an institution that provided aid to those affected by disaster.…
Ardalan, C. (2010). Clara Barton's 1898 Battles in Cuba: A Reexamination of Her Nursing Contributions. Florida Atlantic Comparative Studies Journal, 12, 1-20.
Maikell-Thomas, B. "Discovered Historical Documents Uncover The First Official Missing Persons Investigator, Clara Barton" National Association of Investigative Specialists. http://www.pimall.com/nais/n.barton.html
Tooker, J. (2007). Antietam: Aspects of Medicine, Nursing and the Civil War. Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association, 118, 215-223.
Sociology -- Human Services
Governance and Leadership
Steven Ott (2001, p.1) defines governance as an "umbrella term that includes the ultimate authority, accountability, and responsibility for an organization." However, literature and several case studies have identified that leaders play a significant role in supporting governance (Lord et al., 2009) and there is a two-way link between leadership and governance. Leadership not only provides the direction for governance by promoting a shared understanding but also clarify the roles between the local and national actors (Craig, 2005). It also encourages interagency collaboration, team working and commitment at all levels of governance (obinson et al., 2008).
According to ANAO (2003, p.15), "Leadership sets the 'tone at the top', and is absolutely critical to achieving an organization-wide commitment to good governance."
This paper discusses the case of "Tainted Blood Scandal" in result of which public lost trust in the Canadian ed Cross. This trust…
Abecassis, M., Benjamin, D., & Tessier, L. (2009). Clear Blood. Stanford Social Innovation Review, 7, 68+.
Retrieved January 1, 2012.
Australian National Audit Office (ANAO, 2003), Public Sector Governance, Volumes 1 & 2: Better Practice Guide,
Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra,
The website is free of hidden sales pitches. Although there are products offered for sale on the website, they are clearly offered for sale. Furthermore, the website is a business website, which gives notice to the viewer that there will be items for sale and product promotions on the site.
Website credibility can be determined by a number of things, including: advertisements on the website, how the website markets products (are there hidden sales pitches), whether links on the website are to credible sources, the target audience of the website, and whether the website gives information about the sponsoring business (especially contact information).
The site does not appear to be a scam.
The only advertisements on the website were for IBM products and services, which indicated two things to me: (1) the website did not rely on advertisers for financial support, and (2) the website would not…
International Disasters and Humanitarian Law
Great infrastructure damage and social dislocation have been common consequence of natural disasters and social disasters for example wars. The aims of relief and post-disaster reconstruction comprises of:
Instant physical relief of victims
eduction of social dislocation
estoration of a function of social organization and reparation of physical infrastructure
The major disaster or wars international actors are United Nations agencies and ed Cross Movement.
International policies and laws have played a greater impact in helping shift disaster relief and post-disaster reconstruction in that, whenever there is major disaster there is immediate establishment of a rescue and recovery command center under the body of the United Nations, ed Cross and affected governments; this aid in supervision of relief efforts participating foreign military such as U.S. forces being part of it. For example for the case where there was establishment of U.S. dominated command centre set at…
Jonathan Winters, (2009) combating Corruption in the Multilateral Development Banks'
Paul Wodlfowitz, (2006) press conference, U.S.Pacific command, Indonesia 16 January
There are a plethora of different agencies that have different organizational priorities that respond to disasters. The different command positions will vary by the timeframe that is in question. For example, the local authorities may have full responsibility for a response to an event initially. However, as time progress and more organizations have a chance to mobilize then this can change the power structure. Coordinate the different agencies can be a complex endeavor that is dynamic and changes in real time. As a result, conflicts and confusion is a likely outcome. However, as the terrorism response programs become more integrated and their roles become better defined, much of the confusion has been mitigated.
President Jimmy Carter created FEMA by executive order in 1979, and the new agency absorbed over one hundred other agencies that existed beforehand. FEMA took on a wide range of responsibilities that included…
American Red Cross. (N.d.). Disaster Relief. Retrieved from American Red Cross: http://www.redcross.org/ what-we-do/disaster-relief
Grabianowski, E. (N.d.). How FEMA Works. Retrieved from How Stuff Works: http://people.howstuffworks.com/fema1.htm
Perry, R., & Lindell, M. (2003). Understanding Citizen Response to Disasters with Implications for Terrorism. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 49-60.
Sanderford, D. (N.d.). WMD Terrorism and the Role of First Responders. Retrieved from Asanltr: http://www.asanltr.com/ASANews-99/993FirstResp.htm
The mission of the blood services is to be a preeminent provider of biomedical products and services […] which meet customer and regulatory expectations for quality, efficiency and cost effectiveness.
In terms of vision, it states a desire to be recognized by all categories of stakeholders as the best purveyors of blood, plasma and tissue services. The statement also argues that this desiderate will be achieved through hard work, commitment to quality, and the best practices in terms of medicine, manufacturing, research and business (American ed Cross Blood Services, the New England egion).
Grabianowski, E., How the American ed Cross Works, How Stuff Works, http://money.howstuffworks.com/american-red-cross.htm last accessed on October 6, 2009
American ed Cross Blood Services, the New England egion, http://www.newenglandblood.org/library/statement.pdf last accessed on October 6, 2009
Grabianowski, E., How the American Red Cross Works, How Stuff Works, http://money.howstuffworks.com/american-red-cross.htm last accessed on October 6, 2009
American Red Cross Blood Services, the New England Region, http://www.newenglandblood.org/library/statement.pdf last accessed on October 6, 2009
" It is she who meets with Arthur and brings him to the rescue of her Knight.
But although he is good and true, the Red Cross night is not perfect, he can be defeated without help from God and the name of Arthur who represents England's great past, and the vision of his queen. Significantly, Arthur's glory and victory over Orgoglio comes not through military might, but through showing the evil giant his shield, which blinds Orgoglio with its goodness, shining like a mirrored diamond of purity and a vision of true faith. The victory of Arthur thus is of right, not simply of might, and a connection between Elizabeth, her Red Knight, and England's glory days of yore and true faith. Arthur's victory shows that England's past was not Catholic, but pre-Catholic, an England of a purer faith that Elizabeth seeks to restore as England's…
Business Society and Corporate Values
There has indeed been a great deal of discussion regarding CEO compensation, which is rightly viewed as being completely out of line. The core problem and cause of inflated CEO salaries cannot be attributed to a single reason, but is rather the result of a range of inter-connected factors. What is definitive is the fact that these salaries have inflated over time; this is in part due to the fact that greed is a progressive, boundless factor. "According to the Economic Policy Institute, in the late 1970s, total compensation of chief executives in large American corporations was 35 times that of the average American worker. In 2007, it was 275 times that" (Borger, 2007). These facts alone demonstrate that there is good reason to be in a state of alarm. The reasons for such severely inflated and remarkably unjust salaries are a result of the…
Ball, P. (2012, July 4). GlaxoSmithKline's bribes are evidence that Big Pharma isn't working. Retrieved from Guardian.co.uk: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/jul/04/glaxosmithkline-big-pharma-not-working
Borger, J. (2008, September 5). Why do CEOs make so much? Retrieved from Minnpost.com: http://www.minnpost.com/politics-policy/2008/09/why-do-ceos-make-so-much
Boselovic, L. (2011, May 15). Rajaratnam case puts big chill on insider trading. Retrieved from post-gazaette.com: http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/business/news/rajaratnam-case-puts-big-chill-on-insider-trading-297777/
Choudhury, U. (2011, October 14). Rajaratnam becomes a 'whipping boy' for Wall Street misdeeds. Retrieved from firstpost.com: http://www.firstpost.com/business/rajaratnam-becomes-a-%E2%80%98whipping-boy%E2%80%99-for-wall-street-misdeeds-107346.html
"If the victim refuses water, is vomiting, or there are changes in the level of consciousness, they should not be given anything to eat or drink (http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/keepsafe/heat.html#treat)."
Heat stroke is a life-threatening condition which should be treated as quickly as possible. hen Korey Stringer began to exhibit signs and symptoms of heat stroke, such as complaining of being sick during practice and difficult breathing, help should have immediately been called for. He should have been moved to a cool place and measures should have been taken to cool down his body.
By understanding and implementing first aid measures recommended by the American Red Cross, victims have a greater chance of survival with fewer potential side effects.
American Red Cross - Heat ave. (accessed 18 April 2005).
American Red Cross - Heat Wave. (accessed 18 April 2005).
ORIGINALDOCUMENT http://www.redcross.org/ services/disaster/keepsafe/heat.html#treat).
Frame the Problems/Issues into a Decision Question: frame the major issues and/or problems around a key goal or objective, differentiating the long from the short-run.
What is the best course of action for this case in order to achieve lower blood prices while spurring economic competition in the Carolina's?
In the long run, all health care organizations want to lower the overall cost of blood operations. Economically, the cost of these operations as the ed Cross is the sole provider of blood to many health care organizations in the Carolina's. As such this organization has pricing power over many of the health care organization in the region primarily due to its leading position in the market. Blood has no substitute. Therefore, blood operations are essential to hospitals and therefore can not be cut or mitigated from budgets. outine client operations pertain mainly to blood withdrawal, donations, infusion and much more.…
1) Severo, Richard (1990). "Donors' Races to Be Sought To Identify Rare Blood Types." New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CEEDC123DF930A25752C0A966958260 . Retrieved 2008-06-01
2) Fields AC, Grindon AJ (1999). "Hemochromatosis, iron, and blood donation: a short review." Immunohematology 15 (3): 108 -- 12
My life has centered upon answering a central question. This question has been a in my mind since I was 10 years old. At that age, my first image of medicine was largely influenced by the doctors and nurses who were always helping my grandfather battle a rare form of brain cancer. His illness was a life changing experience for me, as, at that age, I watched his condition gradually deteriorate over a period of three months, and I detested I could do nothing to help. This thought, however painful then, has motivated my entire life, and has led to my choosing of nursing as a profession,
Though some did not approve of this particular career path, I never gave up my dreams. For this reason, I began studying and volunteering so as to combine education in theory with education in practice. Giving back to…
Companies such as XYZ Widget Corporation are well situated to take advantage of burgeoning markets in developing nations, particularly in Asia and Africa.
2. XYZ can grow its business by expanding its operations to certain developing nations in ways that profit the company as well as the impoverished regions that are involved, particularly when marketing efforts are coordinated with nongovernmental organizations operating in the region.
3. Several constraints and challenges must be overcome in order to succeed in selling to impoverished regions of the world.
4. Time is of the essence. First movers will enjoy distinct competitive advantages over their counterparts who adopt a "wait-and-see" approach to targeting the poor in developing nations as potential markets.
The world's population has never been larger, and there are more poor people today than ever before in history. Current trends provide some mixed messages concerning the direction that poverty is taking in…
Alserhan, B.A. & Brannick, T. (2002). Information technology in Ireland: the myth and the reality? Irish Journal of Management, 23(1), 1-2.
Black, R. & White, H. (2003). Targeting development: Critical perspectives on the millennium development goals. New York: Routledge.
Blair, A. & Hitchcock, D. (2001). Environment and business. London: Routledge.
Blank, S. (2007). A corporate solution to global poverty: How multinationals can help the poor and invigorate their own legitimacy. Journal of Economic Issues, 41(4), 1186-1187.
Every individual in this community will face an emergency or disaster that may result in the loss of life, property, or business. Being prepared to react and respond to a natural disaster or emergency is in everyone's interest and that of their community. Emergency management distinguishes the two. Emergencies are " 'routine' adverse events that do not have communitywide impact or do not require extraordinary use of resources…to bring conditions back to normal….what constitutes a disaster depends on…the jurisdiction's size, its resource base, and its experience with a particular hazard….a precept of emergency management that each community establish distinct levels…that define the progression from an emergency to a disaster" (Drabek, xviii). Different disasters have different impacts upon people's responses to them. The "death and devastation of disaster represent the worst of human fears….many costs involved in the various stages of disaster response: the preparatory and preventative, counterdisaster, rescue…
Drabek, Thomas E. Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association. 1991.
Raphael, Beverly. When Disaster Strikes: How Individuals and Communities Cope with Catastrophe. New York: Basic Books, Inc. 1986.
Sylves, Richard T., and Waugh, William L., Jr. Disaster Management in the U.S. And Canada. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, Publisher, Ltd. 1990.
"Community Emergency Response Team." Online Posting. 25 January 2002. http://www.fema.gov .
Mass marketing vs. direct appeals
Mass marketing is clearly the superior strategy in marketing products such as computers. In the selection of computers, individuals wish to use systems that are technically forward and will not become out of date in a few years -- thus, they wish something that 'every one else' is using, so they can easily repair their systems, if need be, or make use of other individual's systems via CD-ROMs, disks, programs, and file sharing, when away from their own personal system. Although it feels impersonal at times, and can seek too general an audience, the generalized, even impersonal mass marketing strategy still has its place. It has proven successful for Coca-Cola, which continues to dominate the so-called cola wars, despite Pepsi's greater hold over niche beverages, such as Mountain Dew, with more specified target audiences. Individuals feel they are a part of something larger and 'American'…
"An introduction to direct marketing." Charity Peoples. Retrieved 31 Jan 2005 at http://www.charitypeople.com/documents/IntroductionToDirectMarketing.pdf
'New and improved: The Story of Mass Marketing in America." Business Week. Retrieved 31 Jan 2005 at http://www.businessweek.com/chapter/tedlow.htm
What is meant by the term "arbitrage"?
Arbitrage is a term used in economics that means taking advantage of differences in price of a single item. The author references a padre who would purchase items sold for lesser amounts within one group of POWs and then re-sell it for a greater profit within another group of POWs. For example, buying coffee from the ritish at a small number of cigarettes and then selling it to the Russian prisoners for a much larger number of cigarettes. Generally, arbitrage should involve zero risk, because the two transactions should occur simultaneously, but this was not an option in the POW camps. According to Aswath Damodoran in Corporate Finance Theory and Practice, this form of arbitrage is classified as near arbitrage. Pure arbitrage requires that you invest no money, take no risk and walk away with sure profits. Unless the transactions can be completed…
Brown, P.J., (1982). "Constitution or Competition? Alternative Views on Monetary Reform." Literature of Liberty. Vol. v, no. 3, pp. 7-52. Arlington, VA: Institute for Humane Studies.
Damodoran a., (2001). Corporate Finance: Theory and Practice. NY: John Wiley & Sons. pp.12-30.
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. Entrepreneurs and the Economy. Retrieved from http://www.dallasfed.org/educate/everyday/ev3.html .
This service is offered on a twenty four hours / seven days basis and is ready to answer people's calls asking for support. Taking action is the second pillar on which the organization relies having four important action subcategories: the mitigation - limiting the causes that may produce a natural catastrophe (for example, the pollution reduction actions), getting prepared - preparing the population in case of an imminent danger, taking action - actively intervene during and shortly after the incident in order to reduce the damages, as well as in order to save human life; the final step is the recovery - correcting the negative effect of the catastrophe - for example, in case of floods helping people to rebuild their houses.
For example, in 2006 the hurricanes produced important damages for the Americans living on the Costal side of the continent. For those people, the MDCEM offered information about…
1) http://www.nvoad.org/,last visit date: 15th of September 2007-09-15
2) Rappaport, Edward N. (November 2, 2000). www.nhc.noaa.govPreliminary Report: Hurricane Iris: 22 August-4 September 1995. National Hurricane Center. Retrieved on 2006- 11-29
advance for your consideration of my application for enrollment in ABC University. I have the desire to learn, the ambition needed to pursue learning at the highest level of achievement, and I am eager to participate with your campus community on several levels.
The student body at ABC University is a very diverse group of students, reflecting the diversity in our society and representing many cultures, ethnicities, religions and political points-of-view. Since the University proudly promotes diversity, and prides itself on the myriad of cultures and backgrounds that are in attendance -- who are learning to solve problems with a worldview towards cooperation and understanding -- I will fit in perfectly with this community.
Not only will I assimilate well and be seamlessly integrated into the campus population, based on my background and experiences, I will be in a position to make a meaningful contribution to the learning and socially…
Psychology -- Letter of Application
Thank you in advance for your consideration of my application to be accepted into the Psy D. program at Marshall University. I am competent, committed, and caring undergraduate student at Marshall with a powerful work ethic which propels me to the goal of achieving my doctorate. I am a psychology major with a 3.34 GPA and I will graduate in May, 2013.
I am focusing like a laser on my goal so I may (upon completion of my doctorate) provide sorely-needed professional services to rural est Virginia, where I grew up and have lived my entire life.
Indeed, my parents have lived in southern est Virginia for 36 years; my mother was raised in McDowell County, est Virginia, where, according to the U.S. Census, 35% of the population is presently living below the poverty line -- and 43.4% of those under the age of 18…
Zhang, Zhiwei, Infante, Alycia, Meit, Michael, and English, Ned. (2008). An Analysis of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disparities & Access to Treatment Services in the Appalachian Region. National Opinion Research Center / University of Chicago. Retrieved December 27, 2012, from http://www.norc.org .
Chernobyl Nuclear disaster took place in 1986 in Ukraine which is a former Soviet State. This plant was built back in 1970 and consisted of 4 reactors. The plant was scheduled to undergo a scheduled and controlled shut down so as to test the generator's ability to produce electricity using the plant's safety system. eactor 4 of this plant exploded after interior energy increased beyond control discharging radioactive debris and smoke on close by cities and created a radioactive cloud that spread out to a big region of the U.S.S.. And Europe. This catastrophe involved over 500,000 workers, and over 18 million ubles. It was considered an International disaster due to the large area that it impacted negatively.
Immediately after the incident, firefighters arrived at the scene and tried to put off the fires. Lieutenant Pravik was among the first commandants to arrive at the scene and he died in…
Alexey V.Y.; Vassily B. Nesterenko; Alexey V. (2009). Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences) Wiley-Blackwell.
Berger, E.M. (2010). The Chernobyl Disaster, Concern about the Environment, and Life Satisfaction. Kyklos, 63(1), 1-8
Davletbaev, R (2001). Last shift Chernobyl. Ten years later. Inevitability or chance? Moscow: Energoatomizdat.
Jargin, S. (2012). Debate on the Chernobyl disaster: on the causes of Chernobyl overestimation. International Journal Of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation, 42(1), 29-34
Coordinating community-wide efforts with representatives and respected leaders from each of the constituent sub-communities and populations will ensure the development of effective strategies.
Specifically, each sub-community needs to be apprised of the likelihood and risks of various types of events, including natural disasters and different terrorist attacks. Care must be taken not to cause undue alarm, but also to provide realistic and relevant information that objectively and directly assesses the situation. Providing such information without causing unnecessary fear is a delicate process even when one is familiar with the culture one is dealing with, and it is near impossible if the culture is foreign to the preparer. This is why coordination with community leaders is essential in the planning and education phases of emergency and disaster preparedness; no emergency management team could hope to develop the proper materials and information without consultation.
Coming to an understanding of the cultural and…
Eisenman et al. (2009); Schnirring (2008); National Resource Center (2009); American Red Cross (2004)
National Resource Center (2009), pp. 4-5.
James et al. (2007).