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The use of statistical techniques including t-tests, ANOVA,
Pearson's Correlation Coefficient analysis and the use of predictive
statistics techniques in addition to those mentioned will be used.
Expected Results of Research
It is anticipated that the Act will be shown to have a statistically
significant effect on smaller firms choosing to stay private, and if they
are public already, to choose to either go back to being privately held or
be acquired. Further, it is expected that the results will show that those
small companies who had the greatest drop in market valuation will be the
most likely to be acquired by companies in their industries fulfilling the
roles of market consolidators. This will be because those companies acting
as market consolidators will have purchasing power and the need in building
out their broader market strategies to include smaller, more niche-oriented
firms into their strategic plans. For larger corporations the…
Willis, R.J. and S. Rosen. 1979. Education and self-selection. The Journal
of Political Economy 87,5:S7-S36.
Zhang, I. 2005. Economic consequences of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
Dissertation. University of Rochester. January 2005.
Enhanced Overservice Law-Enforcement Programs in Preventing Excessive Drinking
The Effectiveness of Enhanced Overservice Law-Enforcement Programs in Preventing Excessive Drinking: esearch Proposal
Excessive drinking has, in recent years, grown to become one of the leading social concerns for policymakers in the United States. It is estimated that the American economy loses over $200 billion dollars every year in harms related to excessive consumption of alcohol. This text presents a proposal for a research study seeking to assess the effectiveness of overservice law-enforcement programs in preventing excessive drinking.
The Effectiveness of Enhanced Overservice Law-Enforcement Programs in Preventing Excessive Drinking
Excessive consumption of alcohol is increasingly becoming a serious concern for policymakers and administrators in the U.S. The National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIH) defines excessive drinking as the consumption of more than two drinks per day in the case of men, and one drink per day for women. Currently,…
NIAAA. (2015). Alcohol Facts and Statistics. The National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). Accessed October 16, 2015 http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/alcohol-facts-and-statistics
Sukal, M. (2013). Research Methods: Applying Statistics in Research. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education Inc.
The automobile industry is one of the largest in the world, and one of the largest advertisers in the world. In the 20th century, and into the 21st, automobiles became the dominant force in the development of the world, giving a high degree of independence to people who previously would have had much more limited means of transportation at their disposal. That freedom proved exceptionally popular, to the point where our entire world was re-designed around the needs of the automobile and its users. Large automobile companies rose quickly to become among the largest companies on the planet, dwarfed only by petroleum companies whose product is essential for most cars. The automobile became ubiquitous. Everywhere in the world, automobile ownership has become a status symbol for people on the lower rungs of the socioeconomic ladder, and for those higher the automobile represents the fulfillment of higher order needs.…
Chong, W. (2014) Critical discourse analysis of Chinese electric household appliance advertisements from 1981 to 1996. University of Northampton. In possession of the author.
Fauconnier, G. & Turner, M. (2002) Conceptual Blending and the Mind's Hidden Complexities Basic Books.
Frith, K. & Wesson, D. (1991). A comparison of cultural values in British and American print advertising: A study of magazines. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly. Vol. 68 (1-2) 216-223.
He, X. (2003) Tactics of rhetoric for advertising. Changsha: Zhongnan
Climate Change Outline
The research question for this report will be just how settled the climate change debate is.
Mass majority of scientists agree that anthropogenic (human activity) global warming is contributing to at least some of the increase in temperature around the world
There is some disagreement, however, on how much of the temperature swings are man-induced and how much are naturally occurring.
The theories surrounding global temperature have evolved over the years
There was a period of time in the 1970's where scientists thought that the world was actually cooling. The subject even made the cover of Newsweek.
Through the use of ice cores, trees, dirt erosion patterns and so forth, the warming and cooling of recent millennia have been measured
The hottest recorded years in modern human history have occurred from the late 1990's until now
There have been temperature shifts back and forth for more than…
Denny, E., & Weiss, J. (2015). Hurry or Wait - The Pros and Cons of Going Fast or Slow on Climate Change. Economists' Voice, 12(1), 19-24. doi:10.1515/ev-2015-0007
Kerr, J. T., Pindar, A., Galpern, P., Packer, L., Potts, S. G., Roberts, S. M., & ... Pantoja, A.
(2015). Climate change. Climate change impacts on bumblebees converge across continents. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6244), 177-180. doi:10.1126/science.aaa7031
Lacourse, T., & Davies, M. A. (2015). A multi-proxy peat study of Holocene vegetation history,
Jaron Van De Laar
While green issues remain prominent in the hospitality sector, there is an immense amount of confusion amongst practitioners and academics on certain specifics. The focus of this paper will be sustainability practices in the Dutch hotel industry. The key issue addressed is governmental agencies' impact on implementation of green practices and eco-labels in the hospitality industry. Hotel stimulation to encourage engagement in eco-friendly programmes, as well as governmental promotion through setting a great example and concentrating on procuring sustainable services and products is vital. There is immense momentum for global sustainable development in the hospitality sector. There is a concerted effort on description studies in regard to the current situation concerning sustainability within the hospitality sector, and strategies and best practices that will allow hospitality companies to increasingly engage in sustainability (Van heede, Blomme & Tromp, 2010). The focus of this paper will be on the…
Holcomb, J. L., Upchurch, R. S., & Okumus, F. (2007). Corporate social responsibility: what are top hotel companies reporting? International journal of contemporary hospitality management, 19(6), 461-475.
Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods. SAGE.
Raderbauer, M. (2011). The importance of sustainable business practices in the Viennese accommodation industry. University of Exeter as a thesis for the degree of Master of Science.
Van Rheede, A., Blomme, R. J., & Tromp, D. M. (2010).Exploring the adoption of eco-labels in the Dutch hospitality industry: The impact of government actions and guests expectations. In Conference proceedings of the Euro Chrie.
Emergency Medical Service (EMS)
Division of Emergency Medical Services -- King County, WA
The emergency medical services (EMS) team in King County serves nearly two million people in the local area and states that they provide lifesaving services on average of every three minutes (Public Health - Seattle & King County, 2015). Some of the key data that is included in the 2014 annual report are:
Each year, approximately 1 out of 10 of our residents will use our Medic One/EMS system.
Every year the Medic One/EMS System saves thousands of lives:
In 2013 firefighters responded to more than 172,000 calls in King County.
In 2013, paramedics responded to more than 46,000 calls for advanced life support in King County.
Compared to other cities, cardiac arrest victims are 4 to 5 times more likely to survive.
In 2013, Seattle & King County achieved a 62% survival rate for cardiac arrest.…
Falcone, J. (2013). National Emergency Medical Service System Metrics: Concerning Trends in Prehospital Times for Acutely Injured Patients. The American Surgeon, 1218-1220.
Public Health - Seattle & King County. (2015). 2014 Annual Report. Retrieved from Division of Emergency Medical Services.
Shah, M. (2005). Validation of Using EMS Dispatch Codes to Indetify Low-Acuity Patients. Prehospital Emergency Care, 24-31.
local school district has recently implemented a program designed to support students who are currently in need of training in English as a Second Language (ESL).ESL students come from a country and/or culture where they speak a language other than English in the home. Not eing native English speakers put these students at a disadvantage, oth verally and in written form. The school district would like to measure the effectiveness of ESL programs, and the enefits that the ESL program offers to the students who use it. There are a few other issues that the school would like to see addressed in the study. These are the link etween the program and overall academic progress, the satisfaction level that the students have with the program, and the satisfaction levels of other stakeholder as well (teachers, parents and administrators).
The study will measure the impact the ESL curriculum has had on…
be made to approximate a chi-square distribution as closely as desired by making the sample size large enough. In this case, students in English as a Second Language classes should constitute a large enough sample size (Bagdonavicius, 2011). After the data has been analyzed, the results will be presented both in written format and in PowerPoint format.
It is extremely important that the participants' privacy is protected. The study participants are children, and the research will require access to their academic records. To ensure privacy, the students will never be contacted by the researcher. The researcher will only receive grades and test results, and these will be codified by student number. No names will be provided to the researcher. Each student who will participate in this study will need a written consent from their parents, guardian, and/or caretaker. A privacy form will be presented to each student in both English and Spanish that will explain the research study's strategic plans and objectives. The privacy form will require a parent's or guardian's signature before the student will be allowed to partake in the study. In addition, the students will be numbered with no personal information gathered; such as name, address, and/or demographics.
Bias will always be present in any type of research, and the researcher(s) in this particular situation will be reminded of that presence periodically throughout the time frame of the study. There are no particular biases for which this study is at significant risk, as the study is purely quantitative in nature. Students throughout the district will be chosen at random to avoid potential bias that might occur if students are selected only from a handful of schools. The sample size should be demographically representative of the population, and the different schools (and teachers) within the district.
Economical and Ethical Issues in Recycling
There is a general agreement that the U.S. should be undertaking more recycling, with only 34.3% of current waste recycled. The rate is increasing, and while there have been legislative moves, it may be argued that the ethical awareness and economic factors have had a greater impact. The research proposal argues that the dualistic approach to recycling seen in the anthropocentric model can be used to show how and why the take up has been restrained, as there is a need for economic motivations to support the practice. These are now occurring, but there is still room for improvement. By undertaking quantitative research with businesses and consumers the paper proposes the gathering of information that can be statistically analysed to identify the most efficient policy approaches to improve recycling.
The level of waste generated in increasing; it is estimated that in…
Action Research Proposal
The number of school-age English Language Learners in the state of Alberta is increasing at a fast pace. As these students begin studying, they experience a great deal of challenges, which can impact the acquisition and learning of the English language (New York University, 2018). In particular, one of the key challenges faced by these students is pronunciation. What is more, unlike mathematics, English language does not have a material set of rules or guideline as to what sound every letter of the alphabet signifies. For instance, the letter e can be pronounced as e, eh. In addition, the tenses of verbs can also hamper learning. Cultural differences also play a key role in acquisition of the English language (Wold, 2006). There have been deliberations regarding the most efficacious approaches of second language instruction. Picture seeing texts and hearing sounds that do not correspond with those that…
Sustainability in Pharmaceutical Pricing
How Can Pharmaceutical Public-Private Partnerships Help to Achieve the Dissemination of affordable medicines - The Case of Anti Malaria Drugs in Nigeria?
Many individuals from developing countries who could benefit from pharmaceuticals products do not receive them due to high costs. Antiretroviral therapy's failure in reaching more than scant numbers of individuals in developing nations, suffering from AIDS, has drawn extensive publicity. However, even far cheaper medications that can be delivered easily aren't reaching numerous individuals who require them. Over a fourth of children all over the world and more than half of the children in a few nations do not receive vaccines, which come under the World Health Organization's (WHO's) Expanded Program on Immunization. Even though these vaccines only cost a family under a dollar a dose, they still cannot afford the medicine. The lack of access to beneficial pharmaceutical products and the…
AUSPA 2012, Policy & Advocacy, Western Australian Council of Social Service Inc., viewed 10 June 2017,
Buckley, J & Seamus, T 2005, International Pricing and Distribution of Therapeutic Pharmaceuticals: An Ethical Minefield. Business Ethics, pp.127-141.
Hussein, A 2015, The Use of Triangulation in Social Sciences Research: Can Qualitative and Quantitative Methods Be Combined? Journal of Comparative Social Work, vol. 4., no.1.
Lampard, R & Pole, C 2015. Practical social investigation: qualitative and quantitative methods in social research. Routledge: Abingdon, UK.
Terrorist Threat to California through Mexican Drug Trafficking
The immigration challenges across all the United tates borders often invoke varied responses from both the average citizens and the law enforcement agencies. The cross border migration that has been of greatest concern is the Mexico to UA migration due to the myriad challenges this migration presents to the U..A. The Mexican population residing to the outh of the U.. has had a strained relationship with its northern neighbor over a long period of time owing to the inconsistency of its immigration policies, the distinctly lower socioeconomic status afforded to Mexicans on both sides of the border and the ravages afflicted upon both sides of the border by the U.. sponsored War on Drugs. Though all of these aforementioned factors are relevant, it is the war on drugs that forms the central concern of this research proposal since it has proven persistent…
Astorga, L. (2003). Drug Trafficking in Mexico: A First General Assessment. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Online at http://www.unesco.org/most/astorga.htm
DeMelo, D. (2005). Merton's Strain Theory. Criminological Theory. Online at < http://home.comcast.net/~ddemelo/crime/mert_strain.html >
Imperial Valley News (IVN). (2008). Mexican Drug-Trafficking Organization Members Indicted in Operation Money Train. Imperial Valley News.
Jeffrey, T.P. (2009). Drug Cartels Control Crossings. The Washington Times.
The Challenges of Dual Credit: A Research Proposal
Dual credit or dual enrollment programs “are designed to boost college access and degree attainment, especially for students typically underrepresented in higher education,” (United States Department of Education, 2017, p. 1). With this lofty goal set, it should seem that dual credit programs would be reducing the educational achievement gap. After all, dual credit programs by definition allow all students the opportunity to potentially shorten the amount of time they spend in college, thereby reducing their tuition fees that enable the completion of a degree program. Yet recent research shows that college enrollment and completion gaps may be getting wider, based both on ethnicity and on socioeconomic class (Gewertz, 2017). The results of the RAND study reported by Gewertz (2017) may not be applicable specifically to the state of Hawaii, and yet educational attainment disparities do continue to exist and…
contacting 6 middle schools in Winchester, VA, where English grammar is taught to 6th graders. Three schools will be identified that teach sentence diagramming to students as part of the teaching methods. Three schools will be identified that do not teach sentence diagramming. Students from the 6th grade classes of these 2 sets of three schools will be selected for the study by delivering participation consent forms to the teachers of the classes. The students who complete the consent forms and have parents' signatures will be included in the study. A sample size of 100 students total will be the target. If fewer than 100 students are obtained for the study, it will proceed regardless but the limitation will be noted in the analysis and discussion portion of the study and how its impact on the hypothesis will be addressed (Elwell, 2013).
How Study is Performed
Support from teachers at…
Elwell. (2013). Cheat Sheet Topic: Hypotheses.
Mills, G. E., & Gay, L. R. & Airasian. (2012). Educational research: Competencies for analysis and applications. Boston, MA: Pearson Publishing.
Elder Abuse: The Problem and Proposed Research Study
Elder abuse is perhaps one of the most aggravated problems that exists in the modern world affecting old people. More than common afflictions like cardiovascular disease or diabetes, elder abuse is viewed all over the world as a complex and debilitating problem, one that needs decisive and immediate actions from the health care industry, legislators, the social work sector, and concerned citizens. Elder abuse is a problem that thrives all around the world, and as the international population of elderly people grows all over the world, the problem demands immediate action and preventative measures. It is important to acknowledge that what happens to the elderly in this regard is very preventable: it does not have to happen and is the mark of a faltering and in many ways, uncaring society. “This emphasis is appropriate because elder abuse is likely the most…
com. (2006) Nutritional information database retrieved 13 Dec
Fitday.com. (2006) Nutritional information database retrieved 13 Dec 2006
Severson, Kim. (13 Dec 2003) "New York Gets Ready to Count Calories."
The New York Times. Retrieved 13 Dec 2006 at
Schlosser, Eric. (2005) Fast Food Nation. New York: Harper Perennial.
"Supersize Me." (2004). Directed by Morgan Spurlock.
"Overweight and Obesity."(2006) CDC: Council for Disease Control.
Retrieved 13 Dec
The most obvious benefit is that participants will approach the use of technology more thoughtfully in their practice -- and potentially change some of their technology-dependent behaviors and resistance to technology.
b. Describe what new information may be learned from this research
The study is designed to explore the barriers and incentives related to the use of technology in the social work practice.
c. Describe incentives to encourage individuals to participate in this research (including monetary or other compensation, thank you gifts, course or other academic credit, lotteries, etc.)
Participants will be sent a thank you gift in the form of a Starbucks gift card.
d. Describe costs (time, monetary or other) for participants in this research
The only expenditure of resources for participants is time.
e. Describe potential harms or discomforts (physical, psychological, social) for participants in this research
o potential harms have been identified for participants in this…
It is projected that at least 10% of the individuals receiving the survey will respond.
There are a variety of reasons for using qualitative methods in a study such as this one. Even though there are drawbacks to the qualitative method including (but not limited to) the fact that respondents are not known and could be lying, the responses are very subjective, and the questions themselves are quantitative in nature, it is still deemed that the expense and time necessary to employ other methods would be to exorbiant in nature.
It is also determined that there are a number of others studies currently available that can provide data that shows the effectiveness of direct mail advertising, therefore, the focus would be on the sports magazine aspect rather than direct mail per se. Qualitative methods are therefore deemed the most appropriate for this study.
De Chematony, L.; Cottam, S.; (2009)…
De Chematony, L.; Cottam, S.; (2009) Interacting contributions of different departments to brand success, Journal of Business Research, Vol. 62, Iss. 3, pg. 297
Payne, a.; Storbacka, K.; Frow, P.; Knox, S.; (2009) Co-creating brands: Diagnosing and designing the relationship experience, Journal of Business Research, Vol. 62, Iss. 3, pg. 379
Roderick, J.B.; Whittome, J.R.M.; Brush, G.J.; (2009) Investigating the service brand: A customer value perspective, Journal of Business Research, Vol. 62, Iss.3, pg. 345
Teddington; (2008) the innovative media offerings for a man's world, Campaign, Oct 10, 2008, pg. 17
H3: Credit historical data is prevalent in the available IB systems for SMEs.
Additionally, we find that the primary concern for banks is the trend of SME's short-term lines of credit.
H4: Among the SME credit history, the usage level of their short-term lines of credit represents their main determinant.
The financial structure as well as its effects is never the only determinants of the default probability as measured by rating systems. The profitability performances plays a relevant role in the credit evaluation process of a given (Edmister, 1972, Pagliacci,2006). This statement is then verified by the 5th hypothesis:
H5: An increase in profitability of an SME improves its rating.
The variables that plays a role in the failure prediction
The failure prediction models are based on a standard set of variables/indicators. Extant literature indicates that these variables can be divided into there main categories (Altman,1968; Caouette et al., 1998;…
Altman, E.I. (1968). Financial ratios, discriminant analysis and the prediction of corporate bankruptcy. Journal of Finance 23, 589-609.
Berger, a.N., & Udell, G.F. (1995). Relationship lending and lines of credit in small firm finance. Journal of Business 68, 351-382.
Beaver, W.H. (1967). Financial ratios as predictors of failure. Empirical research in accounting: Selected studies. Supplement to Journal of Accounting Research 4, 71-111.
Berry, a., & Robertson, J. (2006). Overseas bankers in the UK and their use of information for making lending decisions: Changes from 1985. The British Accounting Review 38, 175-191.
Vargas outlines a broader pattern in the consumer world which informs the proposal here, indicating that there is a splintering of all marketplaces between online and retail outlets which is changing the way that the latter must conduct business. These are ideas that direct the strategy here suggested for Midwest University.
Accordingly, key terms which will be considered in the proposal are those of 'file-sharing,' 'intellectual property,' and 'online piracy.' In the current online file-sharing context, everyday university students have essentially become bootleggers, according to legal research and assertion by both the music industry and the United States Congress. These are sources which appear to favor the music industry institutions, but in actuality, take a narrow perspective that is damaging to compromise for all parties. The program proposed here will be informed by a desire to overcome this hindrance to cooperation through a carefully constructed mediation whereby the university determines…
Borland, J. (April 9, 2003). Music Industry: Piracy is choking sales. CNET News. Online at http://news.com.com/2100-1027-996205.html .
Vargas, M. (2005). Cyberspace vs. Parking Mall Space. About the Retail Industry. Online at http://retailindustry.about.com/library/weekly/aa001101b.htm.
Experimental esearch Methods in Business
Experimental esearch Methods
The author provides a survey of the literature illustrating applied experimental research methods in cross-sections of business and organization types. The advantages and disadvantages of the experimental research methods are discussed for each of the examples provided which run the gamut from depression-era agricultural economics to research conducted for the National Science Institute. While the article focuses on business research methods, the range of examples from multiple disciplines serves to demonstrate the adaptability of various methods to distinct contexts, the importance of thoughtfully developed research questions, and perceptions in the field regarding scientific rigor. The article is intended to guide students in their exploration of the breadth and depth of experimental research methods and to convey a sense of the challenges of applied scientific inquiry.
The study of business topics has not always been inherently scientific. Certainly the work of Max…
Campbell, A. (2004). A quick guide to research methods, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 25(3), 163-165.
Cooper, D.R. And Schindler, P.S. (2011). Business research methods. New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
Demarco, T., Hruschka, P., Lister, T., Robertson, S., Robertson, J., and McMenamin, S. (2008). Adrenaline junkies and template zombies: Understanding patterns of project behavior. New York, NY: Dorset House Publishing Co., Inc.
Elliott F.F. (1929, October). Experimental method in economic research, Journal of Farm Economics, 11 (4) 594-596. [Oxford University Press on behalf of the Agricultural & Applied Economics Association]. Retrieved http://www.jstor.org/stable/1229899
This introduces another theoretical and practical difference between business proposals and formal research, and that is the evaluation of their results. Typically business proposals have specific revenue and cost objectives associated with them, yet lack the precision of results that formal research has. Business proposals' variability is not as easily quantified and measured, and therefore potentially overcome as the more planned approach of formal research. Formal research methodologies can take into account potential sampling errors, respondent biases and also control for specific errors in completing the study. The finite and highly measured result of formal research is in contrast to the business proposal's multitudinous effects on people and groups in the company it is meant for. Formal research also can be longitudinal or focused on comparing the implications of a given research methodology over time, with no specific payback except for the creation of knowledge. For business proposals it is…
Jeffrey Jablonski (1999). Teaching the complexity of business proposals. Business Communication Quarterly, 62(3), 108-111. Retrieved January 6, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 44309653)
Judd, Larry R. (1990). Importance and Use of Formal Research and Evaluation. Public Relations Review, 16(4), 17. Retrieved January 7, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 9051599).
Luuk Lagerwerf, Ellis Bossers. (2002). Assessing business proposals: Genre conventions and audience response in document design. The Journal of Business Communication, 39(4), 437-460. Retrieved January 7, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 238607751).
These are questions dealing with attitude and are the most important questions when doing qualitative social science research to gauge relationships among events. In addition to construction questions about attitudes, it is important to have the questions drafted in the correct format (Nachmias, 2008).
The Quantitative methodologies will be the statistical tests designed for the overall model to incorporate the information provided through one, two or all of the Qualitative data analysis methodologies. The tests used to determine the relationship between these "qualitative" factors and increases in Infection rates, will be the Chi-Square, Student's T-Test, ANOVA (to test for variations among the data), the construction of a Linear Regression Model and the calculation of the Pearson Correlation Coefficient, otherwise known as "R-Squared" (Nachmias, 2008).
These tests will be utilized in conjunction with a predetermined level of significance, or alpha. Since these tests will all be measuring the means and relationships…
Barrett, R. & Randle, J. (2008). Hand hygiene practices: nursing students' perceptions. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17(14), 1851-1857.
Beggs, C.; Noakes, C.; Shepherd, S.; Kerr, K.; Sleigh, P. & Banfield, K. (2006). The influence of nurse cohorting on hand hygiene effectiveness. American Journal of Infection Control, 34, 10, 621-626.
Larson, E.; Quiros, D. & Lin, S. (2007). Dissemination of the CDC's Hand Hygiene Guideline and impact on infection rates. American Journal of Infection Control, 35(10), 666-675.
Roberts, C.; Roberts, J. & Roberts, R.J. (2009). Investigation into the effect of an alcohol-based hand product on infection rate in a nursing home setting. Journal of Infection Prevention, 10(4), 138-142.
Among the negative effects of living in a violent relationship include increased depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress (Bogat, et. al, 2004). There is some evidence that suggests that social support may influence a woman's reactions to domestic violence, and may in fact influence whether or not a woman decides to stay or leave a relationship (Bogat, et. al, 2004). When support exists it is related to a positive outcome more often than not for women (Bogat, et. al, 2004). There are some studies that find that women who are in violent relationships often lack positive support role models and even when they do they are reluctant to ask for help (Bogat, et. al, 2004).
There is adequate empirical evidence which suggests that most battered women tend to be socially isolated and thus do not have a readily available network of people they can rely on for support and encouragement when…
Bachman, R., Coker, a.L. (1995). "Police involvement in domestic violence: The interactive effects of victim injury, offender's history of violence and race." Violence and Victims, 10:91-106
Bogat, a., Davidson, W.S., Levendosky, a.A., Theran, S.A., Trotter, J.S. & Von Eye, a.
2004). "The social networks of women experiencing domestic violence" American Journal of Community Psychology, 34(1-2): 95
Davis, R.L. (1998). Domestic violence: Facts and fallacies. Westport: Praeger.
I think that I would have to personally review any experiments conducted by that person, to assure myself that they did not contain the same types of ethical flaws. Furthermore, I would report the person to their appropriate governing body, so that they would at least be aware of the potential ethical problems that could be created by the researcher. If I were to enter into management and discover that one of the studies under me was being conducted in a manner like the Tuskegee study, I would not immediately end the study.
Instead, I would order that all study subjects be given effective medication to treat their disease and then end the study. One ethical question that I cannot answer is whether I would inform the patients that they had been subjected to years of useless treatments and then try to convince them that I was going to give…
Brunner, B. (2008). The Tuskegee syphilis experiment. Retrieved November 5, 2008 from Tuskegee University
Web site: http://www.tuskegee.edu/Global/Story.asp?s=1207586
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2008). U.S. Public Health Service syphilis study at Tuskegee: Home. Retrieved November 5, 2008, from Centers for Disease Control
Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/tuskegee/index.html
The Help Desk has grown from being a stand-alone service strategy to one that is leading many organizations to support a multi-channel and in some instances, multi-channel based approach to delivering service.
Examples of TSS options across different service industries include on-demand service and support through guided solution applications on websites, guided help on telephone systems, (ATMs), electronic kiosks for baggage check in or a boarding pass at airports as well as for room check out at hotels, and service computers with internet connection at airports (Dabholkar 1994, 1996; Kotler 2000; Meuter, Ostrom, Roundtree, and itner 2000; Carlin 2002; Harler 2002; Wright 2002).
The transformation of service options from the Help Desk to multi-channel strategies that are technology-based service can be viewed in terms of the relationships between employee, customer and technology components (Figure 1). Note that a single strategy of just using a Help Desk fails to support the…
Bibliography of all resources to be used in qualitative research and literature review
Anitsal, Ismet, Mark a. Moon, and M. Meral Anitsal (2002b), "Technology-Based Self-Service: Toward a New Retail Format," Marketing Advances in Pedagogy, Process, and Philosophy, Beverly T. Enable (Ed.), Vol. Greenville, North Carolina: Society for Marketing Advances, 146-151.
Bates, Albert D. (1989), "The Extended Specialty Store: A Strategic Opportunity for the 1990s," Journal of Retailing, 379-388. Bateson, John (2002),
Bitner, Mary Jo, William T. Faranda, Amy R. Hubbert, and Valarie a. Zeithaml (1997), "Customer Contributions and Roles in Service Delivery," International Journal of Service Industry Management, 8 (3), 193-205.
Carlin, Mary (2002), "Technology Tamed: The New Future of Self-Service." Randolph, New Jersey: Kiosk Business, the Magazine for Customer-Activated Solutions.
This course fulfills its promise to help students understand research methods in education and educational administration specifically. Concepts of research have been covered clearly, to allow students better insight into how they might construct their own research from the proposal stage through the analysis and interpretation of results. Through encounters with original research like the Porter, Polikoff, Goldring, et al. (2010) study, students in this course also become more familiar with how researchers develop and implement assessments to evaluate the efficacy of different school leadership models.
Moreover, this course empowers students to adopt a professional mindset to evaluate the research of others, consider gaps in the literature, and contribute to the growing body of evidence on educational administration. The course has also covered theoretical orientations in educational research, encouraging students to consider their own points of view and the directions their research and their careers will take them. Ultimately, students…
T-tests in Quantitative Doctoral Business Research
Quantitative research is one of the methodologies that is commonly used in doctoral business research. The use of this approach is attributable to the availability of more data that requires analysis to help generate competitive advantage in the business field. The use of quantitative research entails conducting statistical analysis, which involves the use of different methods such as t-tests and ANOVA. T-test is used in hypothesis testing in quantitative studies to determine whether variations between the averages of two groups is unlikely to have emerged because of a random chance in selection of a sample. In essence, t-tests help to compare whether two groups have varying average values. In light of the role and significance of the assumptions underlying each parametric test, this paper provides a comparison of one-sample, paired-samples, and independent-sample t-tests within the context of quantitative doctoral business research. The comparison is…
Qualitative research is an assortment of various approaches, which have differences and commonalities. In qualitative research, the truth is not considered as an objective but as a subjective reality where various individuals experience differently. The aim of qualitative research is to address any of the problems found in the society. Psychology, education, and sociology are the subjects in which qualitative research methods are used. Qualitative research methods attempt to know why human beings exhibit specific behaviors and make certain choices unlike in the quantitative research method where such details are not shown (Lewis, 2015). The contents of a research paper written using qualitative method vary depending on the methods incorporated and focus in the study.
The introduction is the first part of the process, which sets down the direction of the paper. It lays out exactly what the researcher is trying to achieve at the end of…
Brooks, J. S., & Normore, A. H. (2015). Qualitative Research and Educational Leadership: Essential Dynamics to Consider When Designing and Conducting Studies. International Journal of Educational Management, 29(7), 798-806.
Demeh, W., & Rosengren, K. (2015). The Visualization of Clinical Leadership in the Content of Nursing Education -- A Qualitative Study of Nursing Students' Experiences. Nurse Education Today, 35(7), 888-893.
Kilpatrick, J. E., & McCarthy, M. H. (2015). Global Education and School Leaders' Role in Equitable Access for All Students: Synthesis of Two Qualitative Studies from Massachusetts, USA.
Lewis, S. (2015). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. Health Promotion Practice, 1524839915580941.
fulfil two primary aims; first, it aims to present the methodology that will be employed to collect the data and structure the study; and second, it will also justify the choices of the chosen methods. The sub-categories thus tackled in this section include: listing the research question that identifies one experimental design method; justification of choice of non-experimental design; describe the methods to be used to conduct experiment (esearch Approach, esearch type and Time line, Data Collection Methods, The Interviews Process, Sampling Strategy and Data Analysis)
The reason that this section is divided in the aforementioned categories is so that the researcher can accurately present all the concerns and challenges that surface and tackle them accordingly so that the study can prove to be realistic, viable and possible to practically carry out. Also, the division helps in converting the aims of the research into different logical and investigative areas for…
Bouma, G.D. (2002). The research process. 4th Ed. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
Saunders, M., Lewis, P. And Thornhill, A (2003). Research methods for business students. 3rd Ed. London: Prentice Hall.
Trochim, W. (2006). The Research Methods Knowledge Base, 2nd Edition. Cincinnati, OH: Atomic Dog Publishing.
Yin, R.K. (1994) Case study research: design and methods. 2nd Ed. London: Sage Publication Inc.
business plan for a unique business opportunity- a sleep lab. This paper investigates the unique business needs of this business as well as the challenges of engaging the surrounding community, its employees as well as clients on the health benefits of sleep as well as the necessity for the identification as well as treatment of various sleep disorders. The safety needs of the participant are also taken into consideration and well as the setup and running costs.
A sleep disorder is noted by Al Ghamdi (2009) to be a medical disorder of a person's sleep patterns and is a serious condition that affects an individual's normal mental, physical as well as emotional functions. Most sleep disorders can effectively be diagnosed and treated in a sleep lab or center via a common test referred to as polysomnogram (Patil,2010).
Sleeps disorders as a source of public health concern
Sleep is also being…
Al Ghamdi, M (2009). Business Plan for Sleep Center. Boise State University ScholarWorks
CDC (2011). Unhealthy Sleep-Related Behaviors -- 12 States, 2009.Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Weekly Vol. 60(8).
Ibis World (2012).Sleep Disorder Clinics in the U.S.: Market Research Report. Sleep Disorder Clinics Market Research Report. Available online at http://www.ibisworld.com/industry/sleep-disorder-clinics.html
Jonson, D. (May-June, 2008). Are you really managing your sleep lab. Focus Journal,
Quality Development in Advanced Practice field knowledge in nursing: Proposal on Enhancing the dental health of children suffering Congenital Heart Disease
One of the most prevalent development abnormalities found in children is heart disease, and it occurs in about 8-10 in every 1, 000 births. Dental supervision of children with congenital heart problems calls for special care, due to their increased susceptibility to contagious endocarditis, which is associated with bacteremia caused by persistent dental processes. Additionally, these patients always have developmental enamel abnormalities that raises caries risk, and always have deprived oral health. This latter condition may be said to be due to cardiac health problems, whose care and attention may lead to the under-estimation of oral health and inadequate consideration. Additionally, continual administration of liquid drugs containing sucrose as sweetener may cause caries and gingivitis cases in children (Andersson et al. 2013a). Dental ailment may cause dental extractions in…
Andersson, A-C., Elg, M., Perseius, K-I. & Idvall, E. (2013a) Evaluating a questionnaire to measure improvements initiatives in Swedish healthcare. BMC Health Services Research, 13(48)
Andersson, A-C., Idvall, E., Perseius, K-I. & Elg, M. (2013b) Sustainable Outcomes of an Improvement Program: Do Financial Incentives Matter? Total Quality Management & Business Excellence
Balmer, R., Booras, G. & Parsons, J. (2010). The oral health of children considered very high risk for infective endocarditis. Int J Paediatr Dent. 20(3):173-8
Frankl, S.N., Shiere, F.R., Fogels, H.R. (1962). Should the parent remain with the child in the dental operatory? J Dent Child.29:150-163.
Internet Marketing and Pizza
This report tries to gather some advantages and disadvantages associated with a new Internet marketing plan for a new pizza shop. By following their new marketing plan, this report alter the way small businesses use the internet marketing approach to change the way they advertise. There is a lot of media attention being paid to Internet marketing and most people believe that this type of marketing approach is the future. More and more organizations now focus on new and inexpensive ways to attract new customers. Marketing companies are gradually becoming experts on the World Wide Web. But the world has gone global, now marketers and local businesses have the opportunity to also play on the open global platform. It is possible that new small local business may actually require international skills as more global opportunities are created through the web. There are estimates…
Durgee, Jeffrey F., Gina Colarelli O'Connor, and Robert W. Veryzer . "Translating values into product wants." Journal of Advertising Research Vol. 36 (1996).
Monoghan, Thomas. Pizza Tiger. New York: Random House, 1986.
Snider, James. "Shopping in the information age." The Futurist, Vol. 26, November-December 1992.
WorkForce Management. (2009). Advantages of Internet Event Marketing. Retrieved on November 24, 2009, from http://www.workforce.com/global/events_advantages.php
Examine the need in the organization for your proposed change
The change aims at transforming the pharmacy of the organization to avail prescription medication to our clients at reduced cost compared to the existing rates, and invest in the latest technology-based medicines. Complaints have been rife with regard to the high pricing of our medicines compared to the prices offered at other healthcare centers. Therefore, there is need to control the prices of our medicines. The latter intention can be realized with careful maintenance of efficiencies in operations by targeting specified market segments, i.e. the patients who pay for their prescription medicines from their pockets. For instance, we would streamline cash flow disruptions associated with delays in insurance compensation. We can also discontinue unwanted services to the repeat customers who are already knowledgeable and on maintenance medications. Furthermore, if we ensure that the drugs are made with the…
Weiner, B. J. (2009). A theory of organizational readiness for change. Implementation Science, 4(1), 1.
Murillo, M. (2010). Trends affecting healthcare. Retrieved October 27, 2016, from http://www.healthadministrationdegrees.com/articles/trends-affecting-healthcare/
Snapshots: How changes in medical technology affect health care costs. (2007, March 2). Retrieved October 27, 2016, from http://kff.org/health-costs/issue-brief/snapshots-how-changes-in-medical-technology-affect/
How to change practice. (2007). Retrieved October 27, 2016, from https://www.nice.org.uk/media/default/about/what-we-do/into-practice/support-for-service-improvement-and-audit/how-to-change-practice-barriers-to-change.pdf
Examining Power Infrastructure Projects
With natural gas and oil resources dwindling and the greenhouse gas threat continues to grow, it will be crucial to examine alternatives for cleaner power. The project will explore two different categories of infrastructure projects, including the construction of water power plants and solar plants. The two projects will be from developing nations in order to help expose potential for changes for future projects. The hydroelectricity plant to be examined is the Brantas iver Basin Development Project in Indonesia, while the solar plant is the Ourzazate Solar Power Station project in Morocco. Ultimately, this will help this current research explore the strengths and weaknesses of both in order to provide recommendations not just for projects here in the United States, but also around the world that help strengthen growing economies.
Integrated power production construction projects are enormous endeavors and are quite complicated. There are…
Konate, Ibrahima, Arfquoi, Youssef, & Faller, Tanja. (2012). Project Ourzazate Solar Power Station. American Development Bank. Web. http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Project-and-Operations/Morocco%20-%20%20AR%20Ouarzazate%20Project%20I%20%282%29.pdf
Shimomura, Yasutami. (2011). Infrastructure construction experiences in East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa: A comparative study for mutual learning. SOAS International Workshop on Aid and Development in Asia and Africa. Web. http://www.jica.go.jp/uk/english/office/topics/pdf/topics111028_04_02.pdf
Language, One People?
Arguments for and Against Proclaiming English the Sole Official Language
Few issues are as emotionally charged as the current debate over immigration in America. It is a question that has been fired with a new sense of urgency in light of the tragic events of September 11th.
Acts of terror, and the fear of further acts of terror, has created a climate in which foreigners are suspect. Native-born Americans find themselves looking over their shoulders, eyeing with suspicion those who look different or speak with a strange accent. However, there is also another side to this argument. All Americans are descended from people who were once immigrants. Even the ancient inhabitants of this land once crossed over from Asia, and in recent centuries, millions have come here from Europe, Africa, Latin America, and all parts of the world. e are a nation of immigrants and each of…
Antle, James W. III.
Immigration and Identity Politics." The American Partisan. 5 March 2002. URL:
Buchanan Declares: The Death of the West." Free Republic. 2002.
Geagua County, OH
Planning -- The most effective strategy within a community for any public health issue is two-fold: education and focus. To accomplish this at the community level, there needs to be a broad level of focus and support from all levels of the government: local, State and Federal, in order for there to be a consistent and proactive message. Education should begin at the elementary school level, with teaching talking about substances, abuse and alternatives; and move through the school system as appropriate for the cognitive abilities of various age groups. In this way, the community can collaborate with schools to provide initiatives and programs that address the problem prior to it becoming as endemic, and offer proposed solutions in a way that almost everyone involved knows they can receive help if necessary. The educational process must also be pervasive and accessible -- people need a number to…
Bangeret-Drowns, R. (1988). The Effects of School-Based Substance Abuse Education. Journal of Drug Education, 18(3), 243-64.
Berkowitz, M., et al. (1991). Sociomoral Development and Drug and Alcohol Abuse. In W. Kurtines (Ed.), Handbook of Moral Behavior and Development (Vol. 3). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum.
Blondell, R. (2005). Ambulatory detoxification of patients with alchohol dependence. American Family Physician, 71(3), 495-502.
Cook, P., & Moore, M. (2002). The Economics of Alchohol Abuse. Health Affairs, 21(2), 120-33.
ole Of Leadership And Employees In Organizational Innovation
Organizational success in the current global environment characterized with significant challenges is highly dependent on innovation and creativity. Innovation and creativity contribute to the success of organizational interventions, thereby, contributing to its competitiveness. The current global environment is characterized by rapid adoption of new technologies, reduction in the life cycle of products, and globalization. As such, it implies the need for the organizations to become creative and innovative to compete, survive, lead, and grow in the wake of these challenges. Similarly, significant evidence shows that leadership and the employees play an important role in driving innovation and creativity within the organization. For instance, studies have shown that leadership styles such as transformational and transactional leadership styles, influences innovation, and creativity within the organization positively. However, limited knowledge on the contextual factors under which the effect occurs exists.
Similarly, empirical evidence…
Eisenbeiβ, S.A., & Boerner, S. (2010). Transformational Leadership and R&D Innovation: Taking a Curvilinear Approach. Creativity and Innovation Management, 19(4), 364-372.
Gumusluoglu, L., & Ilsev, A. (2009). Transformational Leadership, Creativity, And Organizational Innovation. Journal of Business Research, 62(4), 461-473.
Hu, H., Gu, Q., & Chen, J. (2013). How and when does transformational leadership affect organizational creativity and innovation?: Critical review and future directions. Nankai Business Review International, 4(2), 147-166.
Liao, S., & Wu, C. (2010). System perspective of knowledge management, organizational learning, and organizational innovation. Expert Systems with Applications, 37(2), 1096-1103.
The school programs have been a subject of research, legislation and debate across many states and over many years. There has always been the urge to come up with a harmonized calendar that is suitable for the students, the teachers, the parents as well as the management of the schools. This has always proved to be a delicate balance, one rarely achieved in many institutions. There is need however to have year-round school programs that help in the completion of the needed curriculum, but also friendly to the main stakeholders.
There are factors that must be put into focus and consideration by the relevant persons in building up a program for the educational institutions. The students need to be the first consideration in formulation of the school program. It should give the students significant time to rest and refresh their minds after many months of continuous learning and other academic…
According to prior research studies, plagiarism is not just appearing in the academic environment. Now, plagiarism is being seen in corporate America as a way to "adjust" information that might otherwise seem unfavorable to stakeholders, higher-ups, or others who will be provided information regarding something to do with the company. Financial issues are often a part of the plagiarism issue, but there are other concerns that are not related to the company's finances. No matter what concerns a corporation has, it should be honest about those concerns and not attempt to cover them up with dishonesty of any kind. There are other dishonest practices other than plagiarism that are used in corporations today, but plagiarism is one of the more common problems that is discovered. It appears to be acceptable until it is discovered, and it is important that the researcher examines just how much plagiarism is permeating…
Aguilera, R., & Vadera, A. (2008). The dark side of authority: Antecedents, mechanisms, and outcomes of organizational corruption. Journal of Business Ethics, 77, 431-449.
Bailey, J. (2008, January). Whistleblowing: An international perspective. Internal Auditing, 23, 20-25.
Dewey, J. (1963). Experience and education. New York, NY: Collier Books.
Haggerty, J., & McKinnon, J. (2004, September 24). Fannie Mae ousters might come. Wall Street Journal, p. A12.
Research into the legalization of marijuana will seek to determine what people's views on the issue are. The population is going to be the entire United States, as we are seeking to determine national views about the issue. The sampling will be done at random, using databases of phone numbers and computer-generated dialing. The operators will only know of and gather non-personal information such as age bracket, gender and state of residence. The major downside to this form of sampling is that many younger people will not be sampled because they often do not have landlines.
Random sampling is the "purest form" of probability sampling in that it is free from researcher bias and is more likely to accurately reflect the total population as a result (StatPac, 2012). Landline ownership is a reasonable proxy for the total population, with the caveat noted above. However, other sampling methods are…
StatPac. (2012). Survey sampling methods. StatPac. Retrieved November 25, 2012 from http://www.statpac.com/surveys/sampling.htm
Statistics.com. (2012). Glossary of statistical terms: sampling frame. Institute for Statistics Education. Retrieved November 25, 2012 from http://www.statistics.com/index.php?page=glossary&term_id=851
CRS. (2012). Sample size calculator. Creative Research Systems. Retrieved November 25, 2012 from http://www.surveysystem.com/sscalc.htm
Further hypothesis will include the following: 3. That infants who have indicate a greater tendency to use handrails will indicate expanded broadmindedness in other areas of life too, specifically in curiosity of environment and people and, conversely, that, 4: Infants in more confined environments will indicate reduced interest in environment and social instances that infants growing up in more expansive immediate home environments.
To test this proposition, I intend to conduct a cross-sectional observational study with a sample of closely matched infants, between the ages of 12 and 24 months, who originate from a similar socio-economic and cultural, background with their parents having similar educational levels and providing infants with similar levels of stimulation. A measure will be used to assess that the latter is indeed the case. I, then intend to enroll assistants in the project and to spend several weeks in the natural home environment, where, with handrails…
Ethical precautions will involve clearly explaining conditions to parents and having them sign a form enabling us to proceed with our experiment. We will ensure that we will not infringe on parents privacy and that our presence is inconspicuous. In this manner, too, infants will be enabled to act as natural as possible.
Berger, S.E., & Adolph, K.E. (2003). Infants Use Handrails as Tools in a Locomotor Task. Developmental Psychology, 3, 594-605
Additionally, participating teachers will be drawn from public schools in the same state to mitigate the possibility that geographic factors will intervene to too great a degree. That said, consideration will be made to distinguish the specific school districts, socioeconomic conditions and racial factors present in different schools. Without making any preemptive deductions, these preliminary details may be used to help yield evidence of connections which might be used for future study.
The Likert Scale model of survey will be distributed through the email listserv at participating schools, requesting respondents to rate on a scale of 1 to 5 to what extent they agree or disagree with statements provided in the survey. These statements will primarily concern the presence or absence of sufficient outdoor recreational opportunities and the connection between said opportunities and academic performance.
This would be considered a true experimental quantitative study, where a control and experimental group…
Brown, P.; Sutterby, J.A. & Thornton, C.D. (2002). Dramatic play in outdoor play environments. Parent Teacher Organization Today.
Burberry, J. & Learoyd, B. (2005). Leeds Childhood Obesity Prevention and Weight Management Strategy. Leeds Children & Young People. Online at .
Montessori, M. (1986). The Discovery of the Child. 4th. New York: Ballantine Books.
Office of Communications (Ofcom). (2004). Children's food choices, parents' understanding and influence, and the role of food promotions. Office of Communications. Online at http://www.ofcom.org.uk/research/tv/reports/food_ads/ .
Protections for hardware, software, and data resources. (American Health Information Management Association, 2011, paraphrased)
V. Legal and Ethical Issues
Security professionals are held responsible for understanding the legal and ethical aspects of information security including crimes, investigation of computer crimes and specifically it is stated that certified security professionals "…are morally and legally held to a higher standard of ethical conduct." (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011)
There are four primary canons established in (ISC)2 code of ethics for credentialed security included those stated as follows:
(1) Protect society, the commonwealth, and the infrastructure
(2) Act honorably, honestly, justly, responsibly, and legally
(3) Provide diligent and competent service to principals
(4) Advance and protect the profession (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011)
Three credentials are held by information security professions include the following credentials:
(1) CISSP -- Certified Information Systems Security Professional, credentialed through the International…
Kurtz, Ronald L., and Russell Dean Vines. The CISSP Prep Guide (Gold Edition). Indianapolis, in: Wiley, 2003, p. 345.
Summary of the HIPAA Security Rule (2011) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved from: http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/srsummary.html
The 10 Security Domains (AHIMA Practice Brief) (2011) Retrieved from: http://www.advancedmedrec.com/images/The10SecurityDomains.pdf
Walsh, Tom. "Selecting and Implementing Security Controls." Getting Practical with Privacy and Security Seminars, AHIMA and HIMSS, 2003.
The topic of the proposal is related to media psychology and reality television. Media psychology is an interdisciplinary field that works in collaboration with fields such as neuroscience, computer science, international relations, and philosophy. Media psychology seeks to understand the perceptions, interpretations, uses, responses, and relationships among media and media consumers. Media psychology identifies both the benefits and the drawbacks of media consumption. Media psychology reads media as a text and as an entity with behaviors, relationships, and cultures. Media psychology receives increasing attention in the 21st century as the media landscape of the times is much more rich, diverse, and abundant than other periods in human history. Media is a much larger fixture in more people's lives around the world in the 21st century. The growing consensus among media critics, researchers, theorists, producers, consumers, and distributors is that media affects human behavior and attitudes. Therefore, the…
Bagdasarov, Z., Greene, K., Banerjee, S.C., Krcmar, M., Yanovitsky, I., & Ruginyte, D. (2010) I Am What I Watch: Voyeurism, Sensation Seeking, and Television Viewing Patterns. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 54(2), 299 -- 315.
Giles, D. (2003) Media Psychology. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates: Mahwah, New Jersey.
Hall, A. (2009) Perception of Authenticity of Reality Programs and Their Relationships to Audience Involvement, Enjoyment, and Perceived Learning. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 53(4), 515 -- 531.
Reiss, S, & Wiltz, J. (2004) Why People Watch Reality TV. Media Psychology, 6, 363 -- 378.
esearch Method and Design Proposal
A research design is the approach utilized for a study used as a guide in gathering and analyzing data. There are two popular methods of research; qualitative and quantitative research methods. Qualitative research is an inductive, holistic, subjective, and process-oriented method technique employed to understand, interpret, describe, and establish a theory on a given topic, phenomena, or setting. Investigators employ this technique when their studies attempt to describe life experiences and give them meaning. In most cases, the method has associations with words, language and experiences, rather than measurements, statistics and numerical figures. When the investigators use this method, they adapt a person centered, and holistic view to comprehend the given phenomenal without focusing on particular concepts. In addition, this method is dynamic and developmental, and it does not employ the use of formal structured instruments (Hodkinson, 2009).
Most importantly, qualitative data methods…
Bickman, L. (2008). Chapter 1 Applied research design: A practical approach. Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/23770_Ch1.pdf
Grimes, A.D., & Schulz, F.K. (2002). Descriptive studies: What they can do and cannot do.
Lancet, 359, 145-149.
Hofferth, S.L. (2005). Secondary data analysis in family research. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67, 891 -- 907.
Pragmatic Linguistic Awareness Motivation
Research Study Outline on Pragmalinguistic Awareness
A helpful one-line summary of the research study, indicating the topic area and including all the key concepts to be studied.
Takahashi tested eighty Japanese students with a noticing-the-gap activity after administering a motivation questionnaire and an L2 proficiency test, finding that pragmalinguistic awareness was correlated with motivation subscales, but not with proficiency.
Link to previous research: What the author (SATOMI TAKAHASHI) had done on this topic area and what he had found; unanswered questions that your research study plans to answer.
The role of attention in pragmalinguistics was introduced in Schmidt's Noticing Hypothesis, which claimed that learners have to notice L2 features in the input for subsequent development to occur in the L2. (Schmidt, 1990). Schmidt argues that noticing is central to SLA, and learners must first notice the surface structures of utterances inthe input to acquire virtually every…
However, more empirical studies have been published in recent years which have both reported outcomes but also have acknowledged the complexity of the interaction of the number of variables involved in predicting outcome effects on children whose parents are substance abusers (Dworkin & Hirsch, 2004). This literature is particularly important because of the large number of children affected by substance abuse of various kinds and the social policy directed toward substance abuse offenders including parents.
Although the empirical research base is growing on the relationship of parental disability to child outcome effects (Emerick & Zirpoli, 2000) there continues to be a need for research that methodologically addresses specific critical parental disability factors.
Implementing Culturally Sensitive Crisis
In conclusion, when faced with an individual who is recognizably from a culture different from the crisis worker, some modification in approach will be considered. However, there is sufficient cultural diversity present in our…
Colangelo, N. (2007). Counseling gifted students: Issues and practices. In N. Colangelo and G.A. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of Gifted Education (2nd ed.), (pp. 353-381). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Colangelo, N., & Assouline, a. (1993). Families of gifted children. A research agenda. Quest, 4, 1-4.
Dworkin, M., & Hirsch, G. (2004). Responding to managed care: A roadmap for the therapist. Psychotherapy in Private Practice, 13, 1-21.
Emerick, L., & Zirpoli, T. (2000). Different concerns, different needs? Perceptions of gifted children and parents of children with disabilities. Paper presented at the conference of the American Association of Gifted and Talented, Little Rock, AR.
Phytochemistry: Research on Isolation, Identification, and Purification of New Antimicrobial Compounds from Common and Available Herbs in the Mediterranean Area and in the UK
Since ancient times the healing powers of plants has been sought and plant derived substances "have recently become of great interest owing to their versatile applications." (Das, Tiwari, and Shrivastava, 2010, p.104) Medicinal plants have been used historically as remedies for human diseases and as such "offer a new source of biologically active chemical compound as antimicrobial agent." (Das, Tiwari, and Shrivastava, 2010, p.104) Estimates state that 14-28% of higher plant species are used medicinally and that 74$ of pharmacologically active plant derived components were discovered after following up on ethno medicinal use of the plants." (Das, Tiwari, and Shrivastava, 2010, p.104) The work of Duman et al. (2009) reports that one of the most edible of all fruits and one of the oldest known is…
Das, K., Tiwari, RKS, and Shrivastava, DK (2010) Techniques for Evaluation of Medicinal Plant Products as Antimicrobial Agent: Current Methods and Future Trends, Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. Vol.4(2), pp.104-111. Retrieved from: http://www.academicjournals.org/jmpr/PDF/pdf2010/18Jan/Das%20et%20al.pdf
Duman, AD, et al. (2009) Antimicrobial Activity of Six Pomegranate (Punica granatum L. )Varieties and Their Relation to Some of Their Pomological and Phytonutrient Characteristics. Molecules 2009, 14 1808-1917. Retrieved from: http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/14/5/1808/pdf
Ethics in esearch
For organizations of all types, the last three decades have been crucial in changing the manner in which organizations interact with each other, stakeholders, the government, and themselves. Most of these changes occurred because of the evolution of globalization, which after the Cold War, increased cooperation between nations and regions while, at the same time, increased stakeholder expectations, opened hundreds of new markets, and now requires that organizations operate on a new level. Particularly after the Enron scandal, stakeholders expect more transparency and honesty from organizations. In fact, a recent survey found that 74% want to know more about the ethical stance and nature of a company prior to purchasing from them. At the same time, 92% of FTSE 100 companies provide no metrics, benchmarks, or quantitative measurements within their annual report (Suter, 2012).
Because of advances in technology and communication, this has also bled over into…
Gutman and Thompson. (2004). Why Deliberative Democracy. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
Leedy, P., & Ormrod, J. (2009). Practical Research: PLanning and Design. New York: Prentice Hall.
Robson, C. (2011). Real World Research: A Resource for Users of Social Research Methods in Applied Settings. New York: Wiley.
SA Health Info. (2010, April). Ethics issues in qualitative research. Retrieved from sahealthinfo.org: http://www.sahealthinfo.org/ethics/ethicsqualitative.htm
Western Civilization proposal, I would like to research Golda Meir. Meir's life is interesting not only in and of itself, but is also remarkable altogether for its astonishing symbolic associations. Meir shows us (as we perhaps already knew) that the historical bias within Western Civilization that stereotypes women as "the weaker sex" has never really been accurate. There is a long history both mythographically and historically which does permit women a role in both warcraft and statecraft: the Classical tradition offers warrior goddesses such as the Greek Athene and the Roman Bellona, while the Old Testament includes enough vignettes of tough and bloodthirsty women, such as Jael, who assassinates the enemy general Sisera by hammering a tent-peg through his skull. Historically there have been a number of female war leaders as well: Boadicea in Roman-era Britain and Zenobia in the Roman-era Middle East both led successful military uprisings against a…
Other models for the proposed school include increased use of hands-on active learning instead of the traditional reliance on the passive learning-by-lecture model and rote memorization of facts from textbooks.
Technology would be integrated in two specific ways: (1) the use of electronic media and computers to increase interest and learning in traditional academic areas; and (2) with the goal of providing practical training in the use of technology systems and the development of high-tech skills that are necessary for professional success and that also ensure the continued academic success in higher education or immediate employability after high school graduation where appropriate. Activity Plan, Physical Organization, Discipline, and Play: The envisioned program would implement the Multiple Intelligences approach to academic learning in the manner described and successfully demonstrated by Gardner (2000). ecause the school would emphasize early exposure to substantive lessons presented through intelligence-type-specific modules, the physical organization would be…
Adams, D. & Hamm, M. (1994). New Designs for Teaching and Learning: Promoting
Active Learning in Tomorrow's Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Gardner, H. (1993). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York:
Basic Books. Gardner, H. (2000). The Disciplined Mind: Beyond Facts and Standardized Tests: The K-12 Education That Every Child Deserves. New York: Penguin Putnam.
Purpose Statement: To determine whether or not one's political affiliation has an impact on their views regarding public policy.
Applicable Literature: The relationship between political affiliation and behavior has been studied extensively, dating back decades. Studies in the 1960s and 70s explored the impact of party affiliation on judge's decisions (Nagel, 1961), and on the war in Vietnam (Verba et al., 1967). In some of these studies, political affiliation is considered to be a demographic variable that can be measured and used to help analyze results, and this tactic has continued to be popular fifty years hence. For example, a recent study examined the impact of political affiliation on trade issues (hite, 2009). Recent literature in psychology and sociology has gone further, to study how political affiliation impacts on one's thinking process (Gerber et al., 2009; Baldassarri, 2008). This study will approach the issue again from a…
Baldassari, D. & Gelman, A. (2008). Partisans without constraint: Political polarization and trends in American public opinion. Working Paper, Columbia University.
Gerber, A., Huber, G. & Washington, E. (2009). Party affiliation, partisanship, and political beliefs: A field experiment. NBER Working Paper No. 15365.
Nagel, S. (1961). Political party affiliation and judges' decisions. The American Political Science Review. Vol. 55 (4) 843-850.
Verba, S., Brody, R., Parker, E., Nie, N., Polsby, N., Ekman, P. & Black, G. (1967). Public opinion and the war in Vietnam. The American Political Science Review. Vol 61 (2) 317-333.
The pathways scheme aims to offer opportunities for every grade of practitioner. This is part of a national process that anticipates quality improvement as a continuously evolving process.
Achieving fair and equal access to professional development for nurses and healthcare providers in the private sector has been difficult in the past. Education has sometimes been viewed as expensive and time-consuming, with staff release for learning difficult to achieve especially acute staff shortages are a definable obstacle already to effective treatment provision. However, it is vital to the principle of performance improvement and the pursuit of standardizing quality outcomes that healthcare provision be based on the active pursuit of staff excellence. This is to be seen as a far more desirable approach to personnel orientation than the imposition of sanctions for poor performance. Central to this is the need for improvement of the local facility's knowledge economy. To this extent, knowledge…
Burgess, M.M. (2003). What difference does public consultation make to ethics? Electronic Working Papers Series. W. Maurice Young Centre for Applied Ethics, University of British Columbia.
Cho, I. & Park, H. (2003). Development and evaluation of a terminology-based electronic nursing record system. Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 36(4), 304-312.
Cooymans, M.P.M. And Hintzen, E.F.M. (2000) Winst en Waarden. Deventer and Den Bosch: Samson.
DoH. (2004) Quality Standards. The Department of Health.
Diversity Employment at IBM Proposal
Diversity at IBM
Selection of Corporation to Research
Diversity, Inc. recognizes corporations with awards for workplace diversity, where diversity is defined y a numer of characteristics descriing employment for all demographics not included in the group with the highest asolute employment and highest earnings (DiversityInc, 2011a). The fifty top companies for employment, earnings, retention and seniority among other categories are compared across demographic characteristics like race and ethnicity; sex and gender; age; disaility and educational ackground, among others. This proposal selects IBM as case study ecause of the historical leadership that firm has shown implementing equal opportunity in employment, as supported y a review of the literature (elow). IBM promotes its hiring, promotion and retention diversity on its corporate We site (IBM, 2011) and the academic and usiness literature seems to support that assertion.
Building Research Methodology from Precedent
DiversityInc's We page "Methodology" descries their…
bibliography justifies selection for supporting, justifying and providing precedent for research
H ecruitment Senior Staff Proposal
ecruitment and Hiring of Senior Staff: A Strategic H Proposal
The development of a strong business is dependent on a strong sense of the importance of its human capital. To ensure that the human capital associated with the business is well equipped to help maintain innovate and grow a business is dependent on the organization's ability to recruit and hire effective leaders as well as all those involved in the business. Hiring senior staff is essential to developing core leadership within an organization that fulfills the organizations mission and goals and can lead those within the organization to build cohesion and effective internal development. There are arguments within some of these most effective organizations that stress that human capital is the singularly most important factor in growing a successful business as happy employees are more likely than all others to represent the organization well in…
Resources Management: A Strategic Perspective. Organizational Dynamics, 9(3), 51-67.
Marquez, J. (2009). RPO Business ramps up as firms look to restart hiring. Workforce Management, 88(9), 11.
Yee, R.Y., Yeung, A.L., & Cheng, T. (2008). The impact of employee satisfaction on quality and profitability in high-contact service industries. Journal Of Operations Management, 26(5), 651-668. doi:10.1016/j.jom.2008.01.001
Prospective field agency in social work:
Child, Youth & Family Services Department of the Government of Newfoundland, Canada
My decision to enter the field of social work is directly related to my personal experiences. I am a First Nations person and currently live on a reservation in Newfoundland, Canada. First Nations peoples strive to retain their cultures while still interacting with the rest of Canadian society. I believe that when dealing with problems relating to healthcare, child services, job placement, and other areas with which social workers can be helpful, there must be cultural sensitivity to the perspective of the individual who is being assisted. I believe that growing up as part of a bi-cultural environment will make me uniquely attuned to the needs of my future clients. I grew up with a profound need and belief that I was put on the earth to help people, and…
he Need for a New Critical Edition of James Joyce's Dubliners
Despite enormous volumes of criticism and scholarship, James Joyce remains one of the most enigmatic writers of the twentieth century. His books have caused great controversy in both the literary and political worlds, as scholars and officials alike attempt to come to an understanding of is true intents and meanings. As with any great writer and/or works of literature, such attempts and the resultant debates will never cease; there is no single correct interpretation or understanding of Joyce's works, just as there is no way to come to a full and complete understanding of the author himself. his is precisely what makes literature both exciting and enduring -- it remains alive throughout the ages, no matter how much time has passed between the act of the literature's creation and a reader's discovery of the text. Each individual…
There have been, however, many new interpretations of both Joyce's life and his works that warrant the publication of a new critical edition of Dubliners. Criticism continues to breathe new life into these stories, and a new edition compiling the past thirteen years' worth of scholarship would be useful to long-time fans of Joyce, new discoverers of his work, and the many students and educators in the academic world who engage in scholarly examinations of his work. Michael Begnal's book Joyce and the City examines the importance of place in Joyce's work, and this certainly has a profound effect on the stories in Dubliners; other scholarship places Joyce and his works more firmly in the canon of colonial and anti-colonial Irish writers than did previous scholarship available at the time the 1996 edition was being collated (McDermott; Powell; Valente; Staley).
Other recent scholarship has focused more explicitly on Dubliners than on Joyce as an author, with some very important new twists on the typical understandings of these stories. Suspicious Readings of Joyce's "Dubliners" by Margot Norris, Sympathy and Joyce's 'Dubliners': Ethical Probing of Reading, Narrative, and Textuality by Tanja Vesala-Varttala, and Rejoycing: New Readings of "Dubliners" by Harold F. Mosher, Jr.; Rosa M. Bollettieri Bosinelli are all recent books dedicated to critical examinations of these works, but they do not provide comprehensive criticism along with the text of Dubliners itself. This is the ultimate goal of a critical edition of any works; it is not merely to provide new scholarly and critical commentary, but to do so in a manner that is at once engaging and elucidating for any reader, scholarly or otherwise, of James Joyce's works.
The works of scholarship and criticism mentioned here are only a representative sample of the amount of new material written about Joyce and his Dubliners since the 1996 Viking edition of the stories was published, but they in and of themselves still warrant the creation and publication of a new edition. The creation of new criticism is only one part of keeping Joyce alive in the minds and hearts of readers, both in academia and in the wider world. It is also necessary for this new criticism to be accurately and meaningfully compiled and disseminated in a manner at once approachable and challenging to readers. The publication of a new critical edition of James Joyce's Dubliners will accomplish just that.
There would be a small cost to print the posters in each unit, but nothing extravagant. In order to promote the implementation, the department reporting the least amount of needle sticks per month would be given a small reward such as a free department lunch or movie tickets.
The program can be evaluated by the number of needle stick injuries reported. The nurses will have to be trusted to actually report an injury should one occur. If the number is consistently lowered, the plan is successful. Also, if the number of injuries continues to go down then that means that the perception of needle stick injuries is no longer viewed as an injury that is of little importance. Once the nurses adapt to the seriousness that a needle stick injury can cause, they will be more apt to prevent such injuries. This will result in a win-win situation for not…
Alamgir, H., Cvitkovich, Y., Astrakianakis, G., Yu, S. And Yassi, a. (2008). Needlestick and other potential blood and body fluid exposures among healthcare workers in British
Columbia, Canada. American Journal of Infection Control, 36(1), 12-21.
Chelenyane, M., and Endacott, R. (2006). Self reported infection control practices and perceptions of HIV / AIDS risk among emergency department nurses in Botswana. Accident and Emergency Nursing, 14(3), 148-154.
Harris, S.A. And Nicolai, L.A. (2010). Occupational exposures in emergency medical service providers and knowledge of and compliance with universal precautions. American Journal of Infection Control, 38(2), 86-94.
I will begin by examining the historical writings of key authors such as Smith and Schumpeter.
I will also examine modern magazine and newspaper sources in order to gain lay perspective on the subject. Some focus will be given to discourse from entrepreneurs themselves, who obviously have first-hand insight into the subject. I plan to gather this information from online academic databases. Magazine articles can be culled from the library and from the websites of those magazines.
McDaniel, Bruce A. (2005). A Contemporary View of Joseph A. Schumpeter's Theory of the Entrepreneur. Journal of Economic Issues, 39. Retrieved August 3, 2009 from http://www.questia.com/googleScholar.qst;jsessionid=K3nMhlhyjCycnG12jCkkxTQ72SmBkF4Hh0Y122LLMJVFSGQDzc!1707175542!-1042068674?docId=5009748846
Minniti, M.; Zacharakis, A.; Spinelli, S.; Rice, M, & Habbershon, T. (2006). Entrepreneurship. estport, CT: Greenwood Publishing.
Zahorsky, Darrell. (2009). The 9 Personality Types of Entrepreneurs. About.com. Retrieved August 3, 2009 from http://sbinformation.about.com/cs/development/a/personality.htm
Stolze, illiam J. (1999). Start Up: An Entrepreneur's Guide to Launching and…
McDaniel, Bruce A. (2005). A Contemporary View of Joseph A. Schumpeter's Theory of the Entrepreneur. Journal of Economic Issues, 39. Retrieved August 3, 2009 from http://www.questia.com/googleScholar.qst;jsessionid=K3nMhlhyjCycnG12jCkkxTQ72SmBkWF4Hh0Y122LLMJVFSGQWDzc!1707175542!-1042068674?docId=5009748846
Minniti, M.; Zacharakis, A.; Spinelli, S.; Rice, M, & Habbershon, T. (2006). Entrepreneurship. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing.
Zahorsky, Darrell. (2009). The 9 Personality Types of Entrepreneurs. About.com. Retrieved August 3, 2009 from http://sbinformation.about.com/cs/development/a/personality.htm
Stolze, William J. (1999). Start Up: An Entrepreneur's Guide to Launching and Managing a New Business. Franklin Lakes, NJ: Career Press.
Fastpack has an impressive, solid position on the uritanian courier market. The company does not necessarily need to be acquired by TNT. In my opinion, Fastpack would have more to gain if it were not acquired by TNT. Fastpack has a market share base on the international market that the company can further exploit and expand, leading to overall growth for the company, both locally and internationally.
TNT however, needs to acquire Fastpack. As mentioned above, it is quite difficult for foreign companies to enter the uritanian courier market. The best way of succeeding would be to acquire a well-known local company. Therefore, it might be a better solution for both companies, and especially for Fastpack, to decide upon a merger between the two companies rather than on an acquisition of Fastpack by TNT.
Initial Valuation of the Company Acquired by TNT
Objective: the purpose of the acquisition of Fastpack…
Summary Balance Sheets (2008). Retrieved January 22, 2009.
Executive Summary (2008). Retrieved January 23, 2009.
Platt, Gordon (2004). Cross-Border Mergers Show Rising Trend as Global Economy Expands. Global Finance. Retrieved January 23, 2009 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3715/is_200412/ai_n9466795 .
Finkelstein, Sydney (2008). Cross Border Mergers and Acquisitions. Dartmouth College. Retrieved January 23, 2009 at http://mba.tuck.dartmouth.edu/pages/faculty/syd.finkelstein/articles/Cross_Border.pdf .