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True experimental studies tend to have a strong internal validity because everything is manipulated and controlled by the researcher. Also, the randomization of the assignment of participants to the experimental and control groups eliminate many threats to internal validity.
Essay Question Three:
Operationalization can be a complex process. However simply put, operationalization is used to turn undefined, immeasurable variables into defined and measurable ones. For example, if a researcher developed a hypothesis that people who listen regularly to political talk radio tend to be less trusting of the federal government, several variables would need to be operationalized. First, the term "regularly" would need to be defined. Does regularly mean two times a week, four times a week, or seven times a week?
The next variable that would need to be operationalized would be "political talk radio." Would this term be limited to certain personalities such as Limbaugh or Beck? Or…
They can then use this information when not in a group setting and apply it to other courses or experiences in life where they are charged with the task of comprehending reading materials.
Pearson, David. (2002) Handbook of reading research Vol 1. Westport: Lawrence
The authors created this book as a reference trade book that provides educators with information on the history of reading as well as information on reading research. The objective is to provide the classroom teacher with multiple strategies and methods they can use to promote reading for beginning readers that are at grade level, below grade level and beyond grade level. The first part of the work provides "how to" advice according to the authors, noting specific elements educators must consider while they plan to implement various reading strategies in the classroom. The next section of the work talks about basic processes in reading,…
This chapte eviews the liteatue and eseach outcomes within which the cuent eseach is located. It identifies the theoy cuently in use and sets the theoetical context fo the study.
Emotions and feelings shape and lubicate social tansactions and in this way emotions contibute to, and eflect, the stuctue and cultue of oganizations. Ode and contol, the vey essence of the 'oganization' of wok, concen what people 'do' with thei feelings (Fineman, 1993). Emotions suffuse all significant aspects of an individual's expeience, including all meaningful objects, activities and elations, and undelie vitually the entie edifice efeed to as cultue (Fineman, 1993). Yet it is difficult to find much evidence of the impotance of emotions in oganizational theoy.
Emotion influences the occuence and couse of altuism, ceativity, leaning and memoy, social peception and inteaction, social compaison, esouce allocation, self-evaluation, moal easoning, attaction and liking, attibutions and expectations, judgement and…
references and no connection between the two.
However, this broad criterion (what broad criterion?) is not without its difficulties states Kantrowitz (2001). For example, adaptation encompasses a temporal perspective such that what may be effective in regulating emotions in the short run may be maladaptive in the long run or over the course of a career (Kantrowitz, 2001). Indeed, in many instances, regulation strategies that reduce immediate emotional distress, such as drinking alcohol or work withdrawal, come at a significant longer-term cost. Changing one's job to reduce felt anger toward a co-worker or boss may be adaptive in the sense of reducing immediate emotional distress, but maladaptive in the long run if the factors that evoked the anger are present in future jobs On the other hand, situational modification by an employee who changes a job to reduce feelings of job disappointment represents a potentially adaptive emotion regulation strategy in its potential for reducing emotion and enhancing long-term career goals
From an employer's point-of-view, the primary criterion for evaluating effective emotion regulation is often the extent of an employee's conformance to organizational norms for the nondisplay of what is deemed inappropriate (largely negative) emotion related behaviours, such as fear, anxiety, guilt and anger (Kantrowitz, 2001). Personal criteria for adaptive functioning and behaviourally-based organizational criteria have substantial overlap. Kantrowitz (2001) believes that it is nonetheless not difficult to identify circumstances when organizational goals related to the regulation of emotion-related behaviours may conflict with employee goals. Survivors of organizational downsizing who cope with fear of job loss by avoiding discussion of the topic with supervisors, for example, may behave in accord with organizational norms but experience personally maladaptive emotions
In the workplace, organizational concerns for the appropriate display of emotion-related behaviours have led to the development of procedures specifically designed to influence the expression of emotions and emotion related behaviours (Kantrowitz, 2001). Organizational researchers have devoted substantial effort to identifying the characteristics of jobs, organizational procedures, and norms that contribute to the evocation of positive and negative emotions (Larsen 2000). Similarly, in the career literature, a number of researchers (such as who and where is their research to be found?) have identified key career events associated with emotional functioning
Organisational regulation strategies
Review: Chicago (2002)
he long-running and successful theatre piece Chicago was moved to the big screen in 2002 with a lavish and high-budget production that indulged in the work's color, flash and musical excess. his would widely be considered one of the most successful film adaptations of a stage musical to yet be released. Indeed, it would receive wide critical acclaim, winning the Best Picture Oscar that year and experiencing considerable profitability.
And from the perspective of a musical, the film would be extremely effective in simultaneously remaining on point and delivering an aural experience that is fun and properly fitted. he setting of the film, in Jazz Age Chicago, offers not just the opportunity to explore the burgeoning celebrity and metropolitan cultures of America, but also the opportunity to ground the show's songwriting into a certain milieu. he brassy vaudevillian sound of the era, the sultry and troublesome female…
The long-running and successful theatre piece Chicago was moved to the big screen in 2002 with a lavish and high-budget production that indulged in the work's color, flash and musical excess. This would widely be considered one of the most successful film adaptations of a stage musical to yet be released. Indeed, it would receive wide critical acclaim, winning the Best Picture Oscar that year and experiencing considerable profitability.
And from the perspective of a musical, the film would be extremely effective in simultaneously remaining on point and delivering an aural experience that is fun and properly fitted. The setting of the film, in Jazz Age Chicago, offers not just the opportunity to explore the burgeoning celebrity and metropolitan cultures of America, but also the opportunity to ground the show's songwriting into a certain milieu. The brassy vaudevillian sound of the era, the sultry and troublesome female vocal performance and the proclivity toward occasional pratfall all were readily appealed to in the script and production numbers. The opportunities available to the filmmakers in the historical context of the story would be effectively exploited in the musical.
In this regard, Chicago excels where so many modern musicals have failed. The difficult adaptation to film often places a considerable demand on filmmakers to bridge the gap between plausible film acting and bearable singing or dancing. With the general exception of Richard Gere, who is dead wood on film as per usual, the players in this film comfortably straddle the line of acting and theatrical performance with the same enthusiasm as permeates the screenplay itself. Underscored by intriguing themes of a culture sick with celebrity worship and a morality corrupted by selfish materialism, Chicago is purposefully playful.
The very notion that romantic and other social relationships may affect the cognitive development in infants from the beginnings of their life suggest parents should take courses or classes in social relationships skills more so than parenting or well baby classes to ensure their babies mature cognitively and not just physically.
4. An important environmental impact on the health of individuals from a social psychology perspective is the environment of the school or workplace and the environment at home. As most people mature they spend more time on average either at school or working, whether at a job or as part of their community. This environment can lead to good health or poor health depending on the number of stressors the environment presents to the individual in the environment. For example, a child growing up in a cultural environment that teaches exclusions and segregation may suffer from poor health when…
Beckwith, L. (1972, Jun). Relationships between infants' social behavior and their mothers' behavior. Child Development, 43(2): 397-411.
CDC. (2006), Homicides and suicides - national violent death reporting system, United
States, JAMA, 296: 506-09.
Festinger, L. & Carlsmith, J.M. (1959), Cognitive consequences of forced compliance.
Secondary Data Review: Customer Retention in Other Organizations
The current business problem confronted by the real-world business organization in question is that of customer retention. Even after customers eagerly enter the office, brought through the door by a competent sales staff, the manner of the operations staff does not increase the customer loyalty because it provides a poor sense of customer satisfaction.
How does one increase the rate of customer retention? As noted in the article, "Delighting the customer," the Chief Executive of Norwest Company, noted that "interestingly enough - and this may be heresy - but we don't find focusing on customers per se the key to success. The key to developing loyal customers is our front-line employees. There is a one-to-one relationship between the satisfaction, the pride, the attitude of our front-line employees, and the satisfaction, loyalty, and good feelings for Norwest to our customers. So you only…
Dolan, J.P.(Jun 1997) "Delighting the customer." Chief Executive. Retrived 6 Feb 2005 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m4070/is_n124/ai_19694512/pg_4
Evans, Maggie. (Oct 2002) "Holy grail or wild loose chase? The reputation of Customer Relationship Management may be tarnished but customer retention remains an essential ingredient of every successful enterprise." Communicate. Retrived 6 Feb 2005 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0BKU/is_2002_Oct/ai_94537595
Hughes, Arthur Middleton. (19 May 1999) "Agents of change." Travelers Property Casualty Company Direct Journal. Retrived 6 Feb 2005 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3815/is_7_11/ai_54829205
Reichheld, Frederick. (Sept 2001) Loyally boosts productivity, customer retention, and is even more important in hard times." Work and Family Journal. Retrived 6 Feb 2005 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0IJN/is_2001_Sept/ai_78359256
it's intended to show them show the locations of provincial protected areas, highlight individual parks by the use of inset maps, and list the facilities available in the parks. Appropriately, there is a separate map for each province with parks highligted in green. As such, the maps do an excellent job of showing the geographic details such as highways, cities and airports in the provinces, but the information that one would expect for the parks is very sparse. This is an issue since the visitor is supposed to be able to obtain a list the facilities available in the parks. Due to this issue, the maps are much more useful as a provincial map rather than a park map. Further, the use of pink for areas surrounding the park is a bit confusing and a little hard on the eyes. Also, the legend's text for describing the symbols used on…
Shoreline change history of Louisiana's Gulf shorelines: 1800s to 2005. Retrieved from http://www.esri.com/mapmuseum/mapbook_gallery/volume23/environmental1.html
The soldiers attack the students, spawning white on black violence, and even black on black violence. Thus, the intended audience of the film is somewhat difficult to determine. On one hand, "Sarafina" is not a purely educational film about apartheid, as the filmmakers seem to assume a certain basic familiarity with the issue on the part of the audience. The film is told from the black perspective, and clearly shows apartheid as evil. However, it also unsparingly shows the violent methods often used by the desperate black populace as well as the unjust actions of the government.
Furthermore, Sarafina's teacher is not particularly wise, as she foolishly offers to hide a gun, even though she knows she is likely to be caught. Therefore the film is not about the inspirational power of education. The film juxtaposes inspirational images of students engaging in political activism with images of violence that can…
Sarafina." 1992. Directed by Darrell James Roodt.
resource allocation and reviews the benefits and challenges of resource scheduling.
The project manager is responsible for systematically taking action to facilitate a successful project outcome. The benefits of effective project management include identifying functional responsibilities and time limits for scheduling as well as early detection of problems (Murphy & Ledwith, 2007). To help accomplish these tasks, the project manager uses resource scheduling.
The process of resource scheduling is necessary to provide insight into how a project should be managed. Peak demand for resources can exceed availability or there can be a mismatch between resource availability and the project schedule. hen these conditions occur, resource scheduling can help to resolve constraint issues. Resource scheduling provides a means of smoothing demand for resources as well as staying within given limits. Depending on the project, resource scheduling may be achieved without putting the project completion date in jeopardy; in other cases, resource…
Chapman, J.R. (1997). Project schedule estimating. Retrieved January 6, 2012 from: http://www.hyperthot.com/pm_sked.htm
Hendrickson, C., & Au, T. (1989). Project management for construction: fundamental concepts for owners, engineers, architects and builders. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Larson, E.W., & Gray, C.F. (2011). Project management: The managerial process (5th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
Murphy, A. & Ledwith, A. (2007). Project management tools and techniques in high-technology SMEs. Management Research News, 30(2) 153-166. doi: 10.1108/01409170710722973
This sub-category offers a more focused look at how to plan for this particular type of disaster. series of links, divided as "Info for the General Public" and "Info for Professionals" offer step-by-step recommendations on how to behave in the event of a terrorist bombing or other such catastrophic event. dvice includes steps to be taken in advance of a suspected bombing, steps to be taken following such an incident and how best to address injuries related to the event. This subdivision helps to illuminate the usefulness of the portal described above.
ccording to the link, "This page is not available in English." This significantly limits the ability of the primary English speaker to review the website. This is a major strike against the quality of the site in question.
Biodefence and Bioterrorism: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/biodefenseandbioterrorism.html
The present source, provided by the National Institutes of Health, offers a basic definition…
According to the link, "This page is not available in English." This significantly limits the ability of the primary English speaker to review the website. This is a major strike against the quality of the site in question.
Biodefence and Bioterrorism: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/biodefenseandbioterrorism.html
The present source, provided by the National Institutes of Health, offers a basic definition of bioterrorism and identifies some of the strategies in place to prevent a deadly biological attack or to limit the destructiveness of any such attack. Among the more useful features found on this portal are links to related areas of concern such as 'immunization', 'infectious diseases' and 'environmental health.' Other links lead to 'overviews,' 'latest news' and 'treatment,' as well as article regarding 'clinical trials,' 'research' and 'directories.' On the large part, the portal suffers from a nondescript approach which simply lists one link after another with no sense of appealing to user organization. The result is a rather dry and imposing resource.
At an arly junctur in th txt, th author provids a usful point
of considration which dos st it apart from many othr works on th
subjct. Rathr than to simply appal to th radr's sns of pity, Wood
taks on th task of dmanding admiration of th Jwish popl quit simply
for thir prsistnc to surviv as a cultur and with an intact sns of
idntity, vn if that idntity is inxtricably now linkd to th vnts of
th Holocaust. As th txt rports on anothr pag distinguishd by
complling photographs to th cas of Jwish dtrmination, "dspit th
high walls of th ghttos and th military strngth of th Nazis, many
popl in th ghttos scaps or fought in thir harts and minds. For
most, rsistanc took th form of clinging to th lov of family and
frinds, holding on to traditions, and strngthning thir hop." (Wood,
effectively delivered in appropriate detail the realities and implications
of the Holocaust.
Publisher's Weekly (PW). (2007). Review: "Holocaust." Amazon.com.
Wood, A.G. (2007). Holocaust. DK Children.
Such an example
cannt be refuted withut statistical research t make an argument against
Urmetzer, and thus his arguments refuting the impact f glbalizatin n
eliminating the natin-state's svereignty are strengthened.
This sets up Urmetzer's primary pint, and the thesis f his argument-
it is a myth that because f glbalizatin "natinal brders have becme s
prus that gvernments are n lnger able t prperly manage their wn
affairs" (Urmetzer 2005: 123). In the case f Canada, a welfare state,
Urmetzer even maintains glbalizatin strengthens the welfare state. T
reach this pint, and t prve that ecnmic freedm des nt ultimately
cmpletely eliminate plitical pwer frm the ecnmic spectrum, Urmetzter
evaluates the effects f glbalizatin n the different prgrams f
gvernment invlvement within the ecnmy. Fr example, in regards t the
afrementined welfare-state services, Urmetzer ntes hw this is an ften
verlked aspect t glbalizatin (Urmetzer 2005: 142). By tuching…
Urmetzer, Peter. Globalization Unplugged: Sovereignty and the Canadian
State in the Twenty
First Century. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005.
What information was expected to be found and was not there expected to find much more on this site than is present today. To begin with, the SMS is a highly academically focused organization, and as a result its members are continually working on research projects, presenting papers, and also working through many academic calendars and teaching schedules. As a result of the richness of this research one would expect to find at least a trace of these materials on the site, and in fact there are none. This is disturbing. Further, the Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal and Strategic Management Journal aren't offered on a trial basis, and content is not even available from them. Instead there are links to subscribe to these publications. This makes the entire site look like an organization of academicians also promoting these two journals.
Links from the site that are helpful
The site does include…
Silvio Napoli at Schindler India (a) (2003). - Accessible after purchase from the Harvard Business Review Website: http://harvardbusinessonline.hbsp.harvard.edu/b01/en/common/item_detail.jhtml;jsessionid=3XHOCFKZZ3NGQAKRGWDSELQ?id=303086
The World Is Flat (2005) - Thomas R. Friedman, author. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. New York, NY. Published 2005
Synthetic event-Related potentials: A computational bridge between neurolinguistics models and experiments
An article was chosen from a peer-reviewed journal known as Neural Networks on the basis that it not only has various implications for the future of neurolinguistics research, but I also found it interesting and related to my intended future career profession. There have been different methods of mapping actual brain activity that occur in normal human cognition and such efforts have also led to various models of cognition and schema networks that continually become more refined as the scientific research progresses. This research began a few generations ago, and at the time the technology was fairly primitive, at least by comparison to the tools and technics that are available to today's researchers. Today, researchers are able to construct 3D representations of the brains activity that show the activity in real-time. This allows for possibilities that were never before…
Barres, V., Simons, A., & Arbib, M. (2013). Synthetic event-related potentials: A computational bridge between neurolinguistic models and experiments. Neural Networks, 66-92.
Offshoring IT: Beyond the usual suspects" y Karl Flinders (January 19, 2016), Computer
This paper provides a summary of the title article together with a detailed conclusion concerning the contriution the article makes to the topic of offshoring information technology (IT) services. In addition, an evaluation concerning the authoritativeness of the article including the qualifications of the author, the scholarly nature of the pulication, the use of citations and reference sources within the article, the intended audience of the article, and the overall format and style of writing of the article. Finally, the paper concludes with an assessment concerning whether this article should or should not e considered to e authoritative according to formal academic considerations.
In this article, Flinders draws on authoritative sources to make the point that growing numer of usinesses of all types and sizes are electing to outsource their IT needs, with India, China and Malaysia,…
bibliography and he is the author of one of the references he cites ("Just Eat builds in-house IT workforce in Ukraine"). In addition, Computer Weekly is a magazine rather than a peer-reviewed journal, and there is no indication that this information was evaluated by expert third-parties to ensure accuracy. Taken together, this article was written by an industry expert and supported by primary sources; however, the fact that it was published in a non-juried periodical limits its authoritativeness according to formal academic standards.
Organization Brief Description
International Human Resource Management (IHRM) can be delineated as a set of activities purposed at the management of organizational human resources at the global level to attain organizational aims and accomplish competitive advantage over rivals at national and global levels. It encompasses characteristic human resource management functions like training and development, recruitment and selection, as well as performance appraisal undertaken at the global level. So as to closely incorporate company operations across the globe, multinational corporations try to cultivate and instigate standardized human resource management practices by transmitting the practices being undertaken at the headquarters to subsidiaries situated overseas. Consequently, practices at the organization's subsidiary will have a close likeness and similitude to practices in the home nation (Potocnik et al., 2014). The organization selected is IBM, which operates at the United States in its host country and having a subsidiary in China. The two IHRM practices…
This is an Ehow.com article about schizophrenia.
This is an article about Schizophrenia posted on the Canadian Psychiatric Association's (CPA) website.
The information presented on the CPA's website is very accurate. The website is edited by psychologists and professionals in the field and the information is vetted by the CPA, which is a leading authority in Canada and internationally psychological issues and illnesses. The information presented on this site is a brochure on schizophrenia that was funded by a public health education grant.
The information on the EHow.com website is provided by freelance writers who work for Demand Studios. Demand studios provides freelance writers with topic titles to write about and then the writers follow pre-formatted templates to create articles about the provided topics. Freelance writers then submit their writing to a copy-editor who is supposed to fact check the information and sources provided…
Canadian Psychiatric Association: Schizophrenia, The Great Puzzle
EHow.com -- About Schizophrenia
Leadership Style and Emotional Intelligence
In today's competitive world, it is the professional organizations that lay the foundation of much of the social structure. Today's corporate and professional offices are considered important venues for an interactive growth sphere. Thus, the aspects of emotional intelligence (E1), leadership style and gender are now surfacing as really important aspects to understand the overall associative quality and nature of these workplace relationships and how these can be advantageous to the companies that pay attention to their quality (Quader, 2011). We now see a rising interest in how leadership can have an influence on emotional intelligence and vice versa. Especially in the past 2 decades, we see more research and findings being dedicated to the subject matter and so far more results and conclusions are coming to the surface. Quader (2011) in his recent study also highlights how emotional intelligence affects gender differences in the…
Canadian Psychology entitled "Expanding Opportunities for Diversity in Positive Psychology" presents the results of a systematic review of literature. The review of literature covers the years between 1998 and 2014, spanning the bulk of the duration of the field of positive psychology. The purpose of the systematic review was to examine how issues related to race, class, and gender were addressed in literature on positive psychology because of what the authors claim to be a widespread perception of the field ignoring these relevant issues. Findings of the systematic review of literature were varied, and included an underrepresentation of female authors of peer-reviewed articles in the field of positive psychology in spite of an over-representation of female participants in empirical research. Additionally, ao & Donaldson (2015) found that discussions about gender, race, or ethnicity issues are nearly absent from positive psychology literature altogether. The bulk of research in positive psychology is…
Rao, M.A. & Donaldson, S.I. (2015). Expanding opportunities for diversity in positive psychology. Canadian Psychology 56(3): 271-282. Retrieved on EBSCO.
Vocational Assessment Test eview: Myers Briggs Type Indicator
The Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a personality assessment that can help guide people to suitable vocations, but which is also useful in other scenarios. It was developed by Isabel Briggs Myers and Katharine Cooks Briggs, from a Jungian psychology perspective. Although they began working on it in the early 1940s, it was first published in 1962. It is a self-report questionnaire, which examines the individual's preferences along different components of personality. It was created for a normal population distribution and can be used for members of any demographics that can process the test, though it is probably most appropriate for late teens and beyond; perhaps ages 14 and up. The MBTI is a multiple-choice test and is written at a 7th grade reading level. It takes approximately 20-30 minutes to administer the test, but the test is not timed and…
Carlyn, M. (1977). An assessment of the Myers Briggs type indicator. Journal of Personality
Assessment, 41(5), 461-473.
Fretwell, C., Lewis, C., & Hannay, M. (2013). Myers-Briggs type indicator, A/B types, and locus of control: where do they intersect? American Journal of Management, 13(3), 57-66.
Lok, C. (2012). Career development: what's your type? Nature, 488, 545-547.
This study is a theoretical framework exploring whiteboard use preferences and recommendations for patient-centered care and communication through whiteboard use.
This study is a theoretical framework exploring whiteboard use, script-based communication, and hourly rounding to evaluate effectiveness of care associated with pain management and patient satisfaction.
The study utilizes a conceptual framework.
This article uses a conceptual framework that provides a literature review
A 3-week pilot involving multidisciplinary whiteboard use
The setting is Stanford University Medical Center
Sample characteristics (# of patients) Patients available for the pilot were 104 patients: 56 from inpatient units with use of whiteboards and 48 from inpatient units with no use of white boards.
internal medical residents were also surveyed.
Design: The study involved a semi-structured interview.
Setting: The interview took place in a pediatric urban academic hospital inpatient surgical service
Sample characteristics (# of patients) The…
Alaloul, F., Williams, K., Myers, J., Jones, K. D., & Logsdon, M. C. (2015). Impact of a Script-based Communication Intervention on Patient Satisfaction with Pain Management. Pain Management Nursing, 16(3), 321-327. doi:10.1016/j.pmn.2014.08.008
Brosey, L. A., & March, K. S. (2015). Effectiveness of Structured Hourly Nurse Rounding on Patient Satisfaction and Clinical Outcomes. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 30(2), 153-159. doi:10.1097/ncq.086
Cholli, P., Meyer, E. C., David, M., Moonan, M., Mahoney, J., Hession-Laband, E., . . . Bell, S. K. (2016). Family Perspectives on Whiteboard Use and Recommendations for Improved Practices. Hospital Pediatrics, 6(7), 426-430. doi:10.1542/hpeds.2015-0182
Emerson, B. L., Chmura, K. B., & Walker, D. (2014). Hourly Rounding in the Pediatric Emergency Department: Patient and Family Safety and Satisfaction Rounds. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 47(1), 99-104. doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2013.11.098
Adaptation theory, memoir, and dance
The writer of the grant proposal introduces adaptation theory for the English literature review related to dance. Writer notes how dance has been used to capture literature. However, what has not been explored is dance becoming literature. Meaning notable American modern dance choreographers and their memoirs, how-to guides, autobiographies, and criticisms. These various forms of literature on dance provide an idea of how dance can be turned into something worth of review from a literary standpoint. Moreover, the writer points out the choreographic memoir as the best example of such form.
Therefore, the writer aims to explore choreographic memoirs and autobiographies and how they should be considered their own literary genre to allow future generations to better understand dance in a literary sense. By performing various choreographic memoirs, the writer wishes to discover the criteria and components for the ‘new genre’. This literary…
Corporate Governance at Samsung Group
'Corporate governance' refers to a corporation's control, supervision methods and processes, and management accountability. Corporate Governance, worldwide, doesn't merely cover legal controls set by local companies, or by national legislations, or by common international regulations; its scope is much broader, going beyond legal aspects to cover accountability as well, with regard to both legal restraint, and best practice norms and self-regulation (Australian Insitute of Business, 2014).
In Korea, corporate governance once again assumes prominence as a major social and political subject. Corporate giants such as Samsung Group (called 'Chaebols' in Korea) have, all through Korea's past, dominated its economy. While Korean companies' corporate governance has, on the whole, improved considerably in the past few years, Chaebols still dominate the country in terms of political and economic power; in fact, their dominance has intensified over the years. Samsung Group is in the midst of controversy. Despite…
Australian Insitute of Business. (2014). Corporate Governance: Concepts and Practices. Australian Insitute of Business.
Connelly, B. L., Hoskisson, R. E., Tihanyi, L., & Certo, S. T. (2010). Ownership as a Form of Corporate Governance. Journal of Management Studies, 1561-1589.
Howe, I. (2015). A Report reviewing the governance of the Board of Directors of the ABC International Ltd. and the recommendations needed for its appropriate improvements.
IFAC. (2009). International Good Practice Guidance - Evaluating and Improving Governance in Organizations. New York: The Professional Accountants in Business (PAIB) Committee of the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC).
Annie Dillard's "Living Like easels"
During the height of the Great Depression in 1931, James Truslow Adams coined the term, "the American Dream" in his book, Epic of America, to describe the growing expectations of a better life for all Americans, a life characterized by the pursuit of happiness, significant material rewards and individual security in exchange for hard work and honesty (Lallas 162). In her essay, "Living Like easels," Annie Dillard makes the point that people, who are logical and live by choice, can learn from animals, who are illogical and live only by necessity. This paper provides a review and analysis of Dillard's essay to identify what choices are involved in attempting to live out the typical American Dream and how those choices differ from living according to necessity. The review and analysis concerning the differences between the lifestyles defined by the American Dream as opposed to those…
Benesch, Klaus and Kerstin Schmidt. Space in America: Theory, History, Culture. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2005. Print.
Dillard, Annie. "Living Like Weasels." Print.
Lallas, Demetri. "From the People, by the People, to the People: The American Dream(s) Debut." Journal of American Culture 37(2) (June 2014): 162-165. Print.
Loewen, James W. (1995). Lies My Teacher Told Me. New York: The New Press. Print.
China's Health Indicators
China has gone through impressive economic development over the past few years, and has experienced a big reduction in poverty along with other positive achievements. Due to improvement in living conditions, nutrition, and healthcare, there have been " ... declines in infant mortality and deaths from infectious diseases," according to The New England Journal of Medicine (He, 2005). But there have also been negatives associated with urbanization and industrialization -- in particular China's stubborn air pollution and its negative impacts on health -- that have increased the risk of " ... chronic disease, including vascular disease and cancer" (He, 1125). This paper reviews the health indicators for China along with other pertinent data and information relating to the well-being of the Chinese people.
China's Demographics and Data on Health Issues
The population of China (based on 2013 data from the orld Health Organization -- HO) is approximately…
He, J, Gu, D., Wu, X, Reynolds, K., Duan, X., Yao, C., Wang, J., Chen, C-S, Chen, J.,
Wildman, R.P., Klag, M.J., and Whelton, P.K. (2005). Major Causes of Death among
Men and Women in China. The New England Journal of Medicine, 353(11), 1124-34.
Ooi, E. W-L. (2005). The World Bank's Assistance to China's Health Sector. The World
Transportation Security and Intrusiveness of Security Screenings
America's land, seaways, and air transportation systems are structured in such a manner that enhances efficiency and enables easy access, the two features that also at the same time make these transportation systems susceptible to attacks. The expenses and difficulty of protecting the entire transportation systems from attacks raises a critical issue for legislators and other policymakers in the government: in that how much money and effort should be utilized towards preventing attacks in the country compared to the alternative of pursuing and defeating terrorists wherever they are. While completely proofing the entire transportation sector from attacks is an almost impossible task, strategies can be formulated to significantly reduce the risk of attacks. The emphasis by policymakers should be put in coming up with the resources to build a prevention, protection, and rapid response system that can greatly reduce the likelihood and consequences…
Accardo, J., & Chaudhry, M. A. (2014). Radiation exposure and privacy concerns surrounding full-body scanners in airports. Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences, 7(2), 198-200.
Alberto, V., & Bogatz, D. (2015, November 10). Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening
System ("Capps Ii"): National Security V. Civil Liberties. Retrieved from maxwell.syr.edu: ww.maxwell.syr.edu/uploadedFiles/campbell/events/AlbertoBogatz.pdf
Bajoria, J. (2010, December 28). The Debate Over Airport Security. Retrieved from Council on Foreign Relations: http://www.cfr.org/border-and-port-security/debate-over-airport-security/p23673
The four American history-related web sites used for this paper are: United States History (http://www.u-s-history.com/index.html); American History: The Heritage of the United States (http://www.legendsofamerica.com/americanhistory.html); History (http://www.history.com/); and USHistory.org (http://www.ushistory.org/).
United States History: How much information is provided? hat sort of information is offered? In the United States History site, there is an enormous amount of specific information within each time period. For example, there are fourteen window of time (up to 1630; 1630-1763; 1763-1783; all the way through 2001), and in each window there are eight to ten links that take the reader to specific events, personalities, groups and laws. In the 1815-1860 window of time a reader can get in-depth information on the Monroe Doctrine, Nat Turner Rebellion, The Alamo, Manifest Destiny, The Compromise of 1850, and the California Gold Rush, among several other links.
Is the eb better at transmitting some kinds of information as compared…
Best of History Websites. (2013). Welcome to Best of History Websites. Retrieved June 10, 2014, from http://www.besthistorysites.net .
History.com (2013). History by Topic. Retrieved June 10, 2014, from http://www.history.com .
Legends of America. (2012). American History / The Heritage of the United States. Retrieved June 10, 2014, from http://www.legendsofamerica.com .
United States History. (2013). American History / Time Period / Historical Era. Retrieved
The author of this report has been asked to find, analyze and assess a study that is related to a diabetes intervention. The study found needs to be recent and will be described in terms of the major aspects and traits of the study. Precisely such a study was found and it involves the review of the effects of food label use on diet quality when it comes to Latinos that are type II diabetics but are getting assistance from community health workers. The article actually came out this month in a prominent academic public health journal and is very illuminating. While food labels are only so effective as they have to be consulted and used, the concurrent use of community health workers to coach and assist type II diabetics in the study seems to show some promise.
Brief Summary of Disease
Type II diabetes, unlike its…
Kollannoor-Samuel, G., Shebl, F. M., Segura-Perez, S., Chhabra, J., Vega-Lopez, S., & Perez-
Escamilla, R. (2016). Effects of food label use on diet quality and glycemic control among Latinos with type 2 diabetes in a community health worker-supported
Intervention. American Journal of Public Health, 106(6), 1059-1066.
Mayo. (2016). Symptoms & Causes - Type 2 Diabetes - Mayo Clinic. Mayoclinic.org. Retrieved 24 June 2016, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2 -
pursuit of preparing the data analysis for the prior PICOT question that has been detailed in numerous ways, it shall now be described how the data will be analyzed. The analysis that shall be completed has three aspects that will be described in this brief section. They include a detailed description of the intervention that will be tested, a detailed description of the data collection process and the analysis that will be completed for the collected data. While the PICOT question and structure as well as the associated analysis is not terribly complicated, it must be completed in a thorough, diligent and proper way.
First off is the intervention that shall be employed in the experimental group. Of course, there will also be a control group that is not subject to the intervention described below. With that established, the intervention group will be exposed to the following…
Hanley, J. A. (2017). Correction of Selection Bias in Survey Data: Is the Statistical Cure Worse
Than the Bias?. American Journal of Public Health, 107(4), 503-505.
Lund, T. (2012). Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches: Some Arguments for Mixed Methods Research. Scandinavian Journal Of Educational Research, 56(2), 155-
Participants filled out a Short-Form McGill Questionnaire, an Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale, and Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire in order to measure their levels of pain over the past few weeks. What the researchers found through statistical analysis was self-management strategies that reduced pain over time were most effective in the group that was exposed to guided imagery techniques. The level of guided imagery therapy was not itself significant, but more of the fact of whether or not it was present in the patient's therapy or not. This helps illustrate the effectiveness of guided imagery in managing long-term chronic pain when there are no fundamental cures present within traditional therapeutic practices. Pain management symptoms improved, but the symptoms overall remained. This shows that guided imagery is not a cure in and of itself, but rather an effective way to reduce and manage the pain that is present in chronic conditions like fibromyalgia.
Ferrell, Betty R., et al. "Pain management for elderly patients with cancer at home." CANCER-PHILADELPHIA- 74 (1994): 2139-2139.
Menzies, V., Taylor, a.G., & Bourguignon, C. (2006). Effects of guided imagery on outcomes of pain, functional status, and self-efficacy in persons diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 12(1), 23-30.
Weydert, J.A., Shapiro, D.E., Acra, S.A., Monheim, C.J., Chambers, a.S., & Ball, T.M. (2006). Evaluation of guided imagery as treatment for recurrent abdominal pain in children: a randomized controlled trial. BMC pediatrics, 6(1), 29.
This study reviews Pat obertson's "Courting disaster: How the Supreme Court is usurping the power of Congress and the people." Pat obertson is the founder and chairperson of the Christian Broadcasting Network, founder of egent University, and The Center for Law and Justice. He and his wife have four children and thirteen grandchildren. They reside in Virginia Beach, Virginia. Using both legal and religious points-of-view, obertson attempts to prove that the current operation of the judicial system is dangerous to both the republican form of government and our individual freedoms. While seeking to strengthen his argument, the author has compiled fascinating facts, quotes, case decisions, and opinions of the Court (Mu-ller-Fahrenholz, 2007).
From this study, it is evident that obertson undertook a political expedition seeking to identify various issues that bedeviled the American society. However, he fails to provide solutions to the identified problems. This is an action…
Barrett, P., & Smolla, R.A. (2010). A year in the life of the Supreme Court. Durham [u.a.: Duke Univ. Press.
Edwards, L., & Meese, E. (2011). Bringing justice to the people: The story of the freedom-based public interest law movement. Washington, DC: Heritage Books.
Melashenko, E.L., & Smith, D.B. (2009). Rock-solid living in a run-amok world. Hagerstown, MD: Review and Herald Pub. Association.
Mu-ller-Fahrenholz, G. (2007). America's battle for God: A European Christian looks at civil religion. Grand Rapids, Mich. [u.a.: William B. Eerdmans Publ.
Robertson illustrated his point about the dangers of the Supreme Court's power anecdotally, such as when, later in the book he talks about the McCain-Feingold Bill which was designed to restrict campaign finance and reform the ways political campaigns were funded both privately and via government assistance. Although the Republicans in neither the Legislative or Executive branch supported the bill, they agreed to pass it in order to end the debate, believing that the bill would be ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in that it violated first amendment laws, among other things (Robertson 2004,-page 234). hen the voted for or signed the bill as the case may have been, they believed that the court would ultimately overrule the other branches by finding the proposed legislation unconstitutional based on the text of the law itself. The Supreme Court, however, did not agree with this perspective and ruled the law legal.…
Appel, J.M. (2009, August 22). Anticipating the incapacitated justice. Huffington Post.
Center for Internet and Society. (2005). Pat Robertson suggests that Muslims shouldn't serve as judges. Stanford University Press: Stanford, CA. Retrieved from http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/blogs/chander/archives/003105.shtml
Robertson, P. (2004). Courting Disaster: How the Supreme Court is usurping the Power of Congress and the People. Integrity: Brentwood, TN.
This is because majority of people who read theater reviews are knowledgeable and they will quickly tell if the reviewer is an expert or just an amateur. Therefore, according to Palmer (1988)
any theater critic should be an expert in one of these areas acting, directing, theater music, theater history, stage crafts, and drama history. Since Through the Wire is a new play, the reviewer has to comment on the script. Indicating how well or badly the script flows, and also how it intertwines the various characters.
Concentrating on the script and the characters within the script has ensured that the review does not take up much space than required Stefanova-Peteva and Stefanova 1993.
The characters have given life to the play and the script has been written as an account of real life stories.
McCallum, John. 2003. "Waiting for Godot & Endgame (review)." The Australian, 119-121.
McCallum, John. 2003. "Waiting for Godot & Endgame (review)." The Australian, 119-121.
-- -- . 2004. "Brutalisation for the sake of our nation." The Australian, 015.
Palmer, R.H. 1988. The Critics' Canon: Standards of Theatrical Reviewing in America. WestPort, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
Stefanova-Peteva, K., and K. Stefanova. 1993. Who Calls the Shots on the New York Stages? Newark, NJ: Harwood Academic Publishers.
Healthy People 2020
eview of Three Articles from Healthy People 2020
The goal of improved global health is to strengthen U.S. national security through global disease detection, response, prevention, and control strategies. Threats to health in one part of the world may have far reaching consequences that impact public health across the globe. The 2003 SAS epidemic and the 2009 H1N1 influenza outbreak are recent examples. Furthermore, improving the health of the global population promotes political stability, diplomacy, and economic growth worldwide.
The world and its economies are increasingly interdependent and international travel and commerce is becoming more prevalent. Expanding international trade introduces new health risks. A complex international distribution chain has resulted in potential international outbreaks due to food borne infections, poor quality pharmaceuticals, and contaminated consumer goods. Since the 1970s one or more new diseases have been identified annually. apid identification and control of emerging infectious…
"Early and middle childhood." (2012, January 10). Healthy people 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2012, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=10
"Global health." (2012, January 10). Healthy people 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2012, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=16
"Immunization and infectiuos diseases." (2012, January 10). Healthy people 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2012, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicId=23
Sorkin, however, posits no argument per se. ather, his book offers insight into how the financial crisis manifested from a far more personal perspective of those involved than anything else. The book is informative in nature, and give insight into some of the thought processes and activities those on the outside may not otherwise be exposed to or privy to. The title of the book sums it up best, and the book outlines how the banks and the primary players and stakeholders have become too big to fail. The book highlights the self-interest of those in charge of some of the biggest financial institutions in the world and their blatant disregard for Main Street.
The book has a place in the larger academic debates raised within public knowledge because it adds to the public's real knowledge of those involved in the nation's financial industry and government offices. Instead of speculating…
Cassidy, J. (2008). Anatomy of a meltdown, New Yorker, 84(39), 1-756.
Cherry, C. (1998). God's new Israel: Religious interpretations of American destiny.
UNC Press Books.
Cohan, W. (2010, Nov. 27). The power of failure. New York Times. Retrieves from www.thenewyorktimes.com.
Performance review session: Nick was relieved after his performance review from Warren because Nick did not seem to be penalized to any great degree for the servers going down while he was on duty. However, the performance review was extremely vague and undefined. It is unclear what a 'three' means in terms of a rating. Nick was told he was doing a 'fine' (i.e., acceptable) job but was not given any specific information about how to improve his performance. Warren was also extremely casual and informal (making comments about Nick's appearance and jokes) which destroyed the necessary subordinate-manager distance required for an effective review process. It made the review seem more personal and subjective. If the review had been negative, Nick may have been offended and complained about Warren's objectivity.
Q1b. When a performance review is given to a subordinate with whom you have a good personal relationship…
Human esources Literature eview
In an article titled "Management Derailment: Personality Assessment and Mitigation," which was published in the American Psychological Association Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology in 2010, the research team of Joyce Hogan, obert Hogan and obert B. Kaiser conduct a thorough literature review on the subject of management derailment. By examining over 100 scholarly articles and case studies, the reviewers sought to determine why a curious phenomenon within the study of human resource practices has consistently emerged. As the authors of the literature review observe in their Introduction, although "the economic literature clearly shows that good management enhances organizational performance and that some managers are better than others & #8230; there is little consensus in the psychological literature regarding the characteristics of good managers & #8230; (while) the research on bad managers converges rather well" (Hogan, Hogan & Kaiser, 2010). The thrust of the authors' research…
Hogan, J., Hogan, R., & Kaiser, R.B. (2010). Management derailment: Personality assessment and mitigation. American Psychological Association Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 3, 555-575.
2009). Therefore, organizations will need to redesign their entire scope in order to fit an eco-friendly motive to influence the adoption of the ideas. Thus, organizations can reconstruct simple operations, like featuring recycling bins and limiting water usage, as a way to increase the belief in the company's mission by employees.
The second strategy examined here is the one focusing on the redesigning towards green innovation. Typical beliefs assume that consumers are more willing to pay a premium for products that utilize eco-friendly production practices. Essentially, this idea postulates that consumers are willing to pay higher prices for products produced with and in eco-friendly circumstances (Green Biz p 1). This means that the organization must employ eco-friendly products in order to still charge a premium without damaging its consumer reputation. However, contemporary research does show that there is a limit to what consumers want to spend, and on their devotion…
Bonini, Sheila & Oppenheim, Jeremy. (2008). Cultivating the green consumer. Stanford Social Innovation Review. Web. http://www.ssireview.org/articles/entry/cultivating_the_green_consumer
Carmazzi, Arthur F. (2010). Are your leaders environmentally friendly? Write for HR. Web. http://www.writeforhr.com/are-your-leaders-environmentally-friendly/
Carmazzi, Arthur F. (2010). Organizational culture-based leadership -- Affecting corporate culture through systematic psychology. Eco-Friendly Ideas. Web. http://www.ecofriendlyideas.co.uk/eco-friendly-articles/organizational-culture-based-leadership-affecting-corporate-culture-through-systematic-psychology.html
Etsy, Daniel C. & Winston, Andrew S. (2009). Green to Gold: How Smart Companies Use Environmental Strategy to Innovate, Create Value, and Build Competitive Advantage. John Wiley and Sons.
Education Literature eview
Whenever the disturbing news of yet another school shooting shatters the adolescence of innocent teenagers, the national media, concerned parents and strained educators alike once again focus their collective attention on the epidemic of bullying which is crippling American schools. In the wake of the Columbine High School massacre which claimed 13 lives and the 2007 Virginia Tech shootings that killed 32 students and faculty, recent tragedies like that which occurred at Sandy Hook elementary bring the consequences of rampant bullying in schools back to the forefront of the national consciousness. Although the loss of life associated with these terrible incidents, and the erosion of self-confidence that results from unchecked bullying, are tragedies that cause society to collectively mourn, it is possible that the diminished safety of our nation's schools has also reduced the ability of modern students to achieve academic excellence. While a causal link between…
Cuero, K.K., & Crim, C.L. (2008). You Wish It Could Speak for Itself. Issues in Teacher
Education, 17, 117-140. Retrieved from www.eric.edu.gov.
Eipstein, M., Atkins, M., Cullinan, D., Kutash, K., & Weaver, R. (2008). Reducing Behavior
Problems in the Elementary School Classroom. IES Practice Guide. What Works
Media eview Project
The 1993 film "What's Love Got To Do With It" presents many of the classic symptoms and effects of domestic violence. As such, it provides a great deal of insight into this phenomenon, both on the part of the abuser and on the one who is receiving the abuse. The film is a musical biography of Tina Turner, who was one of the late 20th century's most popular singers. The movie opens up with Tin Turner as a young girl singing in a church choir. Even at this early age her prowess as a singer, the power of her voice and the zeal she expresses through her musical performance, become readily apparent. It is crucial to note that despite such an enthusiastic performance, Tina Turner (who is going by her true name at this point, Anna Mae Bullock), is enduring a tumultuous home life. Her mother eventually…
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (1997. Substance Abuse Treatment and Domestic Violence. Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK64430/
Ebert, R. (1993). "What's love got to do with it." www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved from http://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/whats-love-got-to-do-with-it-1993
Maslin, J. (1993). "What's love got to do with it film review." The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/movie/review?res=9F0CE4D71539F93AA35755C0A965958260
Vincent Vinikas' review of Dominic J. Capeci's The Lynching of Cleo Wright takes a critical stance toward Capeci's account of the case of Cleo Wright, a black man who was lynched in Missouri in 1942. ather than examining the underlying causes concerning why lynching took place (particularly as late as 1942), Vinikas restricts his focus to elucidating logical fallacies that hinder Capeci's article. Vinikas argues that it is lamentable that even in books that purportedly reveal information concerning actual lynching cases, the true facts involved in such cases is never truthfully revealed, such that the public is still not privy to crucial information that colors America's history. In contrast, in her article "An Outrageous Proceeding: A Northern Lynching and the Enforcement of Anti-Lynching Legislation in Illinois, 1905-1910" Stacy Pratt McDermott applies a more comprehensive approach, determining the cultural forces that promoted lynching and made it incredibly difficult to abolish. Consequently,…
McDermott, S.P. (1999). An outrageous proceeding: A northern lynching and the enforcement of anti-lynching legislation in Illinois, 1905-1910. The Journal of Negro History, 84(1), 61-78.
Vinikas, V. (1999). The lynching of Cleo Wright by Dominic J. Capeci. Review by Vincent Vinikas. The Journal of Southern History, 65(4), 907-908.
Professional eview of the Sigchi Website
ITM 433 This professional web site review assignments part session long project. For Module 3, assignment familiar professional organization website called
This is a website review for a premier international society called SIGCHI. The main purpose of the website is to bring together people from different locations who are interested in human-computer interaction. Human-computer interaction is mainly concerned in ensuring that computers and computer systems are accessible by people with disabilities. The website provides an avenue for members and non-members to get to know more about the society through the articles posted on its blog, community page and publications. It also provides an easy connection gateway via its email lists to other people who are involved in human-computer interaction around the world.
The website uses a consistent theme thus ensuring consistency in all the pages. With consistency the visitor will not be shocked and…
Hughes, R., Jr. (2001). A Process Evaluation of a Website for Family Life Educators. Family Relations, 50(2), 164-170.
Mankin, R.W. (2005). Entomological Website Usage Patterns. The Florida Entomologist, 88(3), 285-291.
As a screenwriter and filmmaker, Quentin Tarantino has long been considered the ultimate auteur. His style and content are uniquely his own and are marked by edgy, graphic content along with fast, memorable dialogue. There is a rapt attention paid to pop culture and popular slang that all of Tarantino's films bear, and of late his films have paid attention to dark historical events. Inglourious Basterds (2011) focused on World War II and the multiple forms of carnage that this event encompassed. Django Unchained marks yet another foray of Tarantino into one of America's blackest historical marks: slavery. Like Basterds, Tarantino puts his unique stamp on this dreary historical subject by couching it from a unique and meaningful perspective: he portrays the events of slavery with the imprint of a slave who becomes a type of bounty hunter, and kills white men. This is strongly evocative of the…
Denby, D. (2013, January 22). "Django Unchained": PUT-ON, REVENGE, AND THE AESTHETICS OF TRASH. Retrieved from Newyorker.com: http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/culture/2013/01/django-unchained-reviewed-tarantinos-crap-masterpiece.html
Foster, G. (2004, May). Intersectionality, Worldwide and Other Pages. Retrieved from Udayton.edu: http://academic.udayton.edu/race/02rights/slavery06a.htm
Tarantino, Q. (Director). (2012). Django Unchained [Motion Picture].
Moeove, this aspect of the text investigates the 'language' of film in a way that causes us to appeciate the fom's singulaity. Such is to say that in this investigation of the sueal and cultually distubing elements which have invaded film in spiitually sick societies, we ae given a pofound undestanding of exactly why one might choose film as a way to fomulate a language that is othewise absent of platfom and inexpessible.
By contast, such essays ae steeped in lengthy and pedantic examinations such as that povided by Ande Bazin and entitled "The Ontology of Photogaphic Image." Hee, the autho goes to lengths to deconstuct the manne in which language is established by the caeful aangement of visual impessions within the context of a shot. Angles, objects and the aangement of inteactants all ae efeenced, accodingly to Bazin, as cucial phases in the message communicated. This is a useful…
references, providing a work that is not overly dense but nonetheless tends to reduce the discourse on film to a dry academic compilation of opinions.
In some ways, this was the paradox of Brandon's ambiguous identity. Brandon was not a politically correct or socially aware transgendered person. S/he was very much a part of the highly 'gendered' society of the American est, where men were men and women were women. Part of Brandon's confusion lat in the fact that he did not know anyone else like 'himself,' he only knew that no available female identities suited him, so he assumed the persona of maleness. Maleness for Brandon still meant hanging out in bars, drinking, and hanging out with petty criminals. Ultimately, Brandon Teena's story and the movie "Boys Don't Cry" condemns the stifling limits of American cultural conceptions of both maleness and femaleness, as well as the limited mindset of the characters that victimize and act violently towards Brandon and Lana.
Boys Don't Cry." Directed by Kimberly Peirce. 1999.
Boys Don't Cry." Directed by Kimberly Peirce. 1999.
" Journal of Management Development, Vol. 25, No. 8 (2006):
The purpose of this study was twofold: first, to determine whether or not there are specific factors of individual personality that correspond to transformational leadership; and second, to determine whether or not transformational leaders and their followers characterized the personalities of transformational leaders similarly. The study relates directly to the understanding of organizational management in that transformational leadership is one leadership style that is common in many types of business and other professional organizations. The implications of the study apply to the appropriate selection of managers and leaders in specific organizations as well as to management training programs.
The study appears to have been sound methodologically. It relied on the quantitative analysis of interviews and self-ratings of 439 leaders and of interviews of 380 subordinates on the topic of transformational leader ratings and issues of personality in leaders. The…
Boerner, S., Eisenbeiss, S.A., and Griesser, D. "Follower Behavior and Organizational
Performance: The Impact of Transformational Leaders." Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, Vol. 13, No. 3 (2007): 15 -- 26.
Cattani, K.D., Dahan, E., and Schmidt, G.M. "Lowest Cost May Not Lower Total Cost:
Using "Spackling" to Smooth Mass-Customized Production." Production and Operations Management, (Sep/Oct 2010).
On page 469 the authors point to research by Fergusson et al. (2006) that showed that "childhood exposure to partner violence did not increase the risk of being a perpetrator or a victim of partner violence." In fact, there are scholars whose research indicates that "…most maltreated children do not turn to criminal offending later in life" although there are "long-term consequences" for children that were abused (Reckdenwald, 469). Those consequences may include "…revictimization, self-destructive [personal] behaviors, and substance abuse"; clearly a child that was abused and later abuses alcohol or drugs (or other destructive behaviors like becoming obese through poor diet) is not necessarily hurting others, so the cycle of violence doesn't hold up on those cases.
Moreover, another strong point made by Reckdenwald is that childhood abuse can lead during adolescence to: a) poor performance in school; b) mental health issues; c) peer groups made up of "deviant"…
Reckdenwald, a., Mancini, C., and Beauregard, E. (2013). The Cycle of Violence: Examining
the Impact of Maltreatment Early in Life on Adult Offending. Violence and Victims, 28(3),
The authors of the report, Carthton et al., are very well qualified to write this report on diabetes. This team not only has the medical knowledge necessary to write the report, but they have take an interdisciplinary stance in the investigation, which helps them analyze the medical, social and psychological factors involved in their diabetes self-management study (Carthron et al., 2009).
The report title is not very clear. This title does not-specify that the team is investigating how primary-care duties impact a grandmother's self-management (Carthron et al., 2009).
The abstract clearly outlines the purpose for the study and the methods used to obtain data. The paper also outlines the study's findings. They do not, however, offer clear recommendations for medical providers or social workers to work more effectively with this population (Carthron et al., 2009).
The purpose of the research is to investigate how the responsibilities of caregiving…
Carthron et al. 2009. "Give Me Some Sugar!" The Diabetes Self-Management Activities
of African-American Primary Caregiving Grandmothers. Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 17 October, 2009.
Pangman and Seguire Journal Review
"Sexuality and the Chronically Ill Older Adult:
A Social Justice Issue"
"Sexuality and the Chronically Ill Older Adult: A Social Justice Issue" is an article by Verna C. Pangman and Marilyn Seguire, first published in 2000 in Volume 18 of the journal Sexuality and Disability. In their article, Pangman and Seguire provide a penetrating look at an issue all too often obscured by either false assumptions of unimportance, or perhaps mere squeamishness. The subtitle of their article makes it clear that Pangman and Seguire are approaching this issue from a political (if not indeed activist) standpoint: they seem particularly concerned that there is a sense of invisibility to the sex problems of the elderly, and a willingness to ignore those problems. They offer nurses a way of thinking about these issues.
Summary of Article
Pangman and Seguire begin by brushing away some of the myths…
Pangman, Verna C. And Seguire, Marilyn. "Sexuality and the Chronically Ill Older
Adult: A Social Justice Issue." In Sexuality and Disability, Volume 18
Number 1 (2000).
This is an approach that is not current nor balanced. By echoing the importance of race and its ability to transcend the individual, soon all students will be able to belong to a single race of beings, the human race.
The literature extant on the ideas of culture and its impact on teachers ability to communicate successfully in the classroom has wide appeal to my specific research question. The aforementioned research will successfully contribute to my larger arguments about the situation while providing precedent and argument useful in presenting a compelling and rhetorically sound hypothesis.
Banks, J.A. (2001). Cultural diversity and education. Foundations, Curiculum and Teaching (4th ed.). London: Allyn. etrieved from http://pcsocialstudiesmethods.pbworks.com/w/file/fetch/68301852/Banks%20article.pdf
Bireda, S., & Chait, . (2011). Increasing Teacher Diversity: Strategies to Improve the Teacher Workforce. Center for American Progress. etrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED535654.pdf
Gao, W., & Mager, G. (2011). Enhancing Preservice Teachers' Sense of Efficacy and…
Banks, J.A. (2001). Cultural diversity and education. Foundations, Curiculum and Teaching (4th ed.). London: Allyn. Retrieved from http://pcsocialstudiesmethods.pbworks.com/w/file/fetch/68301852/Banks%20article.pdf
Bireda, S., & Chait, R. (2011). Increasing Teacher Diversity: Strategies to Improve the Teacher Workforce. Center for American Progress. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED535654.pdf
Gao, W., & Mager, G. (2011). Enhancing Preservice Teachers' Sense of Efficacy and Attitudes toward School Diversity through Preparation: A Case of One U.S. Inclusive Teacher Education Program. International Journal of Special Education, 26(2), 92-107. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ937178.pdf
Larke, P. (1990). Cultural diversity awareness inventory: Assessing the sensitivity of preservice teachers. Action in Teacher Education. Vol. 12 (3) 23-30.
This was even though he received no immediate remuneration, in terms of money or benefits, from developing such interests. Leonardo's notebooks of this period of his life reveal a spirit of scientific inquiry and a mechanical inventiveness that were centuries ahead of his time.
Ivor Hart makes it clear that Leonardo was far more than a great artist: he had one of the best scientific minds of his time. Perhaps Leonardo's great talent was in observing -- he made careful, painstaking observations of the natural world, such as birds in flight. Such careful observations of the natural world are critical, of course, to the eye of a great artist. But Leonardo's eye enabled him to carry out research of precision as well as beauty, in science as well as art.
Perhaps the real paradox is how separate art and science have become in the modern construction of the disciplines. Leonardo…
Hart, Ivor. The World of Leonardo da Vinci Man of Science, Engineer and Dreamer of Flight. New York, 1962.
1852). He states that fear might also limit a person's capacity for self-disclosure and this fear includes: "fear of embarrassment by colleagues, fear of patient reaction, and fear of litigation" (p. 1852).
Disclosure has now come to occupy an important place on political policy-making agenda. Most people now believe that they must have access to information about a professional or procedure that is likely to cause serious harm. IOM's recommendations in this regard propose access to information and states that "requests by providers for confidentiality and protection from liability seem inappropriate in this context." (Kohn, et al.: 102) Some professional health-care institutions are now looking forward to making disclosure mandatory. While the process would take some time to complete, Veterans ffairs (V) Medical Center in Lexington, Kentucky, has started working on it. Steve Kraman of the Lexington V hospital explains why disclosure was made mandatory, "We didn't start doing this…
Altman, I., Vinsel, A., & Brown, B. (1981). "Dialectic conceptions in social psychology: An application to social penetration and privacy regulation." In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (pp. 107-160). New York: Academic.
L.T. Kohn, J.M. Corrigan, M.S. Donaldson, eds, (2000) To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System (Washington, DC: National Academy Press).
N. Osterweil, "Truth or Consequences: Does Disclosure Reduce Risk Exposure?: Admitting Errors Makes Process Less Adversarial, MDs, Lawyers Agree," WebMD Medical News
Empathy and Counseling
Review and Critique of "The Relationship Between Clients' Perceptions of Therapist-Parent Similarity with Respect to Empathy, Regard and Unconditionality and Therapists' Ratings of Client Transference" (1998) by Barrie Mariner Arachtingi and James W. Lichtenberg
From a counseling perspective, it is clearly much easier to have sympathy for others in need, such as "sympathy for the poor," than it is to have empathy, which requires a significant mental and emotional involvement. A study by Barrie Mariner Arachtingi and James W. Lichtenberg (1998) investigated the similarity between clients' perceptions of their therapists and their perceptions of their parents (or early parental figures) in terms of the relationship qualities of empathy, positive regard, and unconditionality of regard and how those perceptions compared with their therapists' ratings of transference.
ypothesis. The study hypothesis was that there was a positive associated between the similarity of the therapist and parents or parental figures…
Hypothesis. The study hypothesis was that there was a positive associated between the similarity of the therapist and parents or parental figures on the relationship dimensions of empathy, regard, and unconditionality and therapist ratings of transference. The researchers cite Freud's (1912) definition of transference as being.".. The experiencing of feelings, drives, attitudes, fantasies, and defenses toward a person in the present that are inappropriate to that person and are a repetition or displacement of reactions that originated regarding significant persons in early childhood" (p. 143).
Study Participants and Methods. The study participants were 62 actual therapy dyads (27 women and 35 men), ranging in age from 19 to 63 years (M = 40.18, SD = 12.01). Clients of varying diagnoses were included in the study; however, clients with thought disorders were eliminated due to potential problems concerning informed consent. The actual number of sessions attended by clients ranged from 5 to 200 (M = 40. 18, SD = 44.77); 29 therapists participated in the study as well (17 women and 12 men) and the therapists' credentials were supplied. The authors report that the therapists' ages ranged from 25 to 61 years (M = 43.59, SD = 10.07). Therapists' descriptions of their theoretical orientations were varied, although the most common orientations included psychodynamic, eclectic, and cognitive behavioral. The average number of clients that were seen by each therapist was 2.14 (SD = 1.62).
Results. The results of the study failed to support their hypothesized positive association between the similarity of the therapist and parents or parental figures on the relationship dimensions of empathy, regard, and unconditionality and therapist ratings of transference. Rather, the researchers suggested that the clients' relationship ratings of their parents and therapists indicated that the therapists' perceptions of transference may more accurately reflect their perceptions of their clients' nontransferential (i.e., real relationship) reactions to the therapist. In summary, Arachtingi and Lichtenberg conclude that the results of their study raise the question of whether therapist-observed transference adequately reflects a distortion of the current therapy relationship and a perceptual repetition of the relationship the client had with earlier parental figures, with such repetition being defined in terms of the perceived similarity of the relationship conditions offered by the clients' therapist and parents. Rather, they suggest that there appears to be the potential that the therapists' own perceptions of transference are a function of clients' reality-based reactions to the therapist; this may result from the contrast between clients' relationships with their parents and current therapy relationship experiences. As a result, they recommend that therapists consider such a possibility when analyzing a perceived transference reaction during therapy. "Specifically," they say, "it may be appropriate for therapists to consider that a client's positive image of
This wide array of data strands could then be manipulated to measure the veracity of the philosophical claims informing our qualitative argument.
The analysis which is envisioned as a way to address the available datasets is provided for by Creswell & Plano-Clark (2007), who denote that data-mixing is a valuable way to determine whether or not variables possess meaningful relationships with one another. According to the text by Creswell & Plano-Clark, "by mixing the datasets, the researcher provides a better understanding of the problem than if either dataset had been used alone . . .there are three ways in which mixing occurs: merging or converging the two datasets by actually bringing them together, connecting the two datasets by having one build on the other, or embedding one dataset within the other so that one type of data provides a supportive role for the other dataset." (Cresswell & Plano-Clark,…
Cozby. (2009). Studying Behavior. Mayfield Publishing.
Creswell, J.W. & Plano-Clark, V.L. (2007). Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Sage Publications.
Euben, D.R. (2005). Post-Tenure Review Blues? Legal Watch, 91(6), 70. Online at http://www.jstor.org/pss/40252874
O'Meara, K.A. (2004). Beliefs about Post-Tenure Review: The Influence of Autonomy, Collegiality, Career Stage, and Institutional Context. The Journal of Higher Education, 75(2).
Staff Performance Development Reviews
Performance reviews became necessary as soon as the first worker was employed. For good or bad, performance reviews are an absolutely essential part of the workplace; properly administered, such reviews have been shown time and again to be enormously positive and motivating forces in employees' lives by helping them identify their strengths and weaknesses and by encouraging them to achieve even greater successes -- and avoid comparable failures -- in the future. Improperly administered though, performance reviews can be the source of an enormous amount of controversy and friction within an organization; improperly administered performance review programs can also result in legal action against the employer. Taken together, it quickly becomes clear that providing workers with timely and accurate feedback concerning their performance is a vitally important function within almost any organization, but many managers are either unable or unwilling to provide such reviews for a…
Bommer, William H., Jonathan L. Johnson, Scott B. Mackenzie, Philip M. Podsakoff and Gregory A. Rich. 1995. "On the Interchangeability of Objective and Subjective
Measures of Employee Performance: A Meta-Analysis." Personnel Psychology, 48(3),
Denton, D. Keith. 1992. Recruitment, Retention, and Employee Relations: Field-Tested
Strategies for the '90s. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
The value of this case study is demonstrative. It demonstrates how contingency planning can be used, but it says nothing of the results.
A quasi-experimental design was used by Chermack & Kim (2008) to explore the effect of scenario planning on decision-making styles. It was found hat participants in scenario planning have a tendency to make a mental shift towards intuitive-based decision-making styles after their participation in the scenario planning process. This study used a limited sample from a single company. However, the study demonstrates that this might be an area of interest for future studies. It examined the effect of the scenario planning process on individuals, rather than on the firm as a whole. This study was unique in its approach to scenario planning. A majority of the studies found in this literature review approached scenario planning from the standpoint of the entire organization and its affects on the…
Barker, V. & Duhaime, I. (1997). Strategic Changes in the Turnaround Process: Theory and Empirical Evidence. Strategic Management Journal. 18 (1): 13-38.
Caress, J. & Miskel, J. (2007). Take Your Third Move First. Harvard Business Review. 85 (3): 20-21.
Caughron, J., & Mumford, M. (2008). Project Planning: The Effects of Using Formal Planning Techniques on Creative Problem-Solving. Creativity and Innovation Management. 17 (3): 204-215.
Chermack, T. & Kim, N. (2008). The Effects of Scenario Planning on Participant Decision-Making Style. Human Resource Development Quarterly (1044-8004). 19 (4): 351-372.
The consolidated data are envisioned to provide a generally unbiased view of the various opinions and issues raised.
Internet surveys, as discussed by Cozby (2009, p. 132) will not be administered. The reason for this is that the scope of Internet surveys are far greater than that required for this research. These type of surveys are generally administered when a wide variety of data are required from a large amount of interested parties. For the purpose of this study, surveys are limited to a specific set of participants from specific sectors of academic and public life.
urveys over time are also not considered relevant to the study. The issue of tenure is current to many academic institutions. The effects of tenure will be investigated in their current manifestation. Evolution of these issues and opinions over time is not an issue. A related issue to investigated could however be a hypothesis…
Wood and Johnsrud (2005) Post-tenure Review
O'Meara (2004) Beliefs about Post-tenure Review
For each selected school, there will be three groups of which quota sampling will be employed to achieve equal number of respondents. The three groups would be the faculty members, student administrators, and students. espondents will once again be randomly-selected from the list that we shall be acquiring from the university.
A questionnaire shall be devised by the researcher in order to gather opinion and understand attitudes on post-tenure review. An Educational Administration Disposition Belief Scale shall also be provided to better assess school administrators' views and disposition to better understand their particular disposition in the issue of post-tenure review. This instrument by Charles Southern University (n.d.) has already been used in previous studies conducted. This scale shall be modified to a 5-point scale in order to gauge disposition.
The timetable for the data gathering part of this research was based on a seven-week schedule. One week…
Charles Southern University (n.d.) Educational Administration Belief Scale Worksheet.
Retrieved from http://www.csuniv.edu/academics/graduate/ed_docs/Disposition%20Belief%20Scale%20for%20Ed%20Admn.pdf on 11 Jan 2010.
Licata, C.M. & Morreale, (2006). Faculty and Administrator Views About Post-Tenure
Practices: Qualitative Findings, in Post-Tenure Faculty Review and Renewal III:
Most of the literature deals with healthcare issues experienced in the United States or Europe. hat small amount of literature there is available on healthcare in Malaysia seldom has anything to do with the clinic(s) in specific. This study could help, in some small measure, to alleviate that problem.
Chowdhury, N., (1999) the Power of Towers, Fortune, Vol. 139, No. 7, pp. 110-112
Kurokawa, I., Takami, M., Cheriex, H., (1999) Futuristic flight plan - the Kuala Lumpur International Airport was designed for the new millennium, Lighting Design + Application, Vol. 29, No. 8, pp. 42-45
Manson, L.A., Baptist, a.J., (2002) Assessing the cost-effectiveness of provider-based status, Healthcare Financial Management, Vol. 56, No. 8, pp. 52-59
Romano, M., (2006) Physicians in pain, Modern Healthcare, Vol. 36, No. 4, p. 40
Shameen, a., (2004) Malaysia: Coining it in Kuala Lumpure - Start-up ECM Libra has capitalized on strong markets, hard…
Chowdhury, N., (1999) the Power of Towers, Fortune, Vol. 139, No. 7, pp. 110-112
Kurokawa, I., Takami, M., Cheriex, H., (1999) Futuristic flight plan - the Kuala Lumpur International Airport was designed for the new millennium, Lighting Design + Application, Vol. 29, No. 8, pp. 42-45
Manson, L.A., Baptist, a.J., (2002) Assessing the cost-effectiveness of provider-based status, Healthcare Financial Management, Vol. 56, No. 8, pp. 52-59
Romano, M., (2006) Physicians in pain, Modern Healthcare, Vol. 36, No. 4, p. 40
emote Nursing eview
The oles of egistered Nursing in Shaping and Providing Care in ural and emote Locations: A Literature eview
The roles and perspectives of nursing have undergone major changes in the past several decades, continuing the rapid and profound development that this area of medical science and art has experienced in its relatively brief history. For quite some time, nursing existed either as a highly denigrated and unskilled profession looked down upon my others in the medical establishment and society at large, or as the semi-sacred and highly secret practice of healing through natural remedies and purely experiential knowledge transmitted orally and though demonstration from generation to generation. An appreciation and codification of nursing as a science -- albeit a science with certain subjective and aesthetic principles, making the designation of nursing as an art somewhat appropriate as well -- did not really occur until the nineteenth century,…
Banner, D., MacLeod, M. & Johnston, S. (2010). Role Transition in Rural and Remote Primary Health Care Nursing: A Scoping Literature Review. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 42(4): 40-57.
Coyle, M., Al-Motlaq, M., Mills, J., Francis, K. & Birks, M. (2010). An integrative review of the role of registered nurses in remote and isolated practice. Australian Health Review 34(2): 239-45.
Naylor, M. & Kutzman, E. (2010). The Role Of Nurse Practitioners In Reinventing Primary Care. Health Affairs 29(5): 893-9.