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" It was then that the voice decided to take the 'road not taken': no explanation was offered for this decision; simply that, the person wanted to pass through the road where no one had tried before.
From the onset, natural realism has taken its hold in the poem. Not offering any explanation for the voice's decision to take the 'road not taken,' natural realism is manifested in Frost's decision to not offer any explanation, nor provide additional detail as to why the voice decided to take the 'unused' road. Further, the decision is practical and bordering on adventurous: one can only surmise that the voice decided to take the unused road because he wanted to discover what lay ahead. Among the people who took the usual road, the voice would take the other one for the sake of knowing what lay ahead, no other reason than that.
Frost, R. (1920). "The Road Not Taken." Bartleby Official Website. E-text available at: http://www.bartleby.com/119/1.html
Macarthur, D. (2004). "Putnam's natural realism and the question of perceptual interface." Philosophical Explorations, Vol. 7, No. 2.
Poirier, R. (1960). "Robert Frost, the Art of Poetry No. 2." The Paris Review, Summer-Fall 1960, No. 24. Available at: http://www.theparisreview.org/interviews/4678/the-art-of-poetry-no-2-robert-frost
Sheehey, D. (2001). "Stay Unassuming": the Lives of Robert Frost." In The Cambridge Companion to Robert Frost. R. Faggen (Ed.). NY: Cambridge University Press.
Road Not Taken by Robert Frost
There is a copious amount of symbolism found within the poem by Robert Frost entitled "The Road Not Taken." An analysis of the imagery and the symbolism within this poem indicates that the subject of this poem is not really about a walk in the woods. Instead, a thorough analysis of the aforementioned literary conventions as well as the author's diction reveals that this poem is actually about longing, regret, and a touch of sorrow related to an unnamed, important life-changing decision.
The interpretation of this poem mentioned in the thesis in the introductory paragraph is largely based around the notion that the roads symbolize paths in life. Literally, the two roads that the narrator of this poem is looking at are divergent pathways in the woods. Figuratively, however, they symbolize the points of divergence that one's life takes after making life-altering decisions. This…
oad Not Taken
obert Frost, an American poet, frequently referenced rural life and nature in his poetry, attempting to define the relationship between himself, or his unnamed narrators, and the world around them. In "The oad Not Taken," Frost explores the options he encounters and ponders the repercussions of the choices that he makes. Furthermore, "The oad Not Taken" explores the individual's relationship not only with nature, but also with himself or herself.
"The oad Not Taken" is one of Frost's more well-known poems and has helped to influence other works of literary art throughout the years. The poem presents the narrator's dilemma in narrative form and is comprised of four stanzas that are written utilizing iambic pentameter. "The oad Not Taken" first appeared in Frost's poetic collection Mountain Interval that was first published in 1916 and republished in 1920.
In the poem, the unnamed narrator is traveling to an…
Frost, R. (1920). "The Road Not Taken." Mountain Interval. Accessed 7 September 2011,
from http://www.bartleby.com/119/1.html .
However, he finds nothing that makes making the decision any easier and he hesitates for a moment. This hesitation represents how we can be afraid to act sometimes. The poet is forced to make his choice merely by how each path looks. The trees down each path are of "yellow wood" (1) and, unfortunately, they are "really about the same" (10). This situation symbolizes how some of the choices we make are based solely on how a certain situation may "look" because we have no other information.
Sound is a literary tool the poet uses in the poem. An example of alliteration occurs with the words long, lay, yellow, looked, travel, traveler, all, grassy, passing, really, telling, and equally. Repetition is another technique the poet employs. Consonance can be seen with wood, stood, could, fair, wear, there, lay, day, way, sigh, I, by, back, and black. The sound devices allow…
Frost, Robert. "The Road Not Taken." Literature: Structure, Sound, and Sense, 10th ed. Boston: Wadsworth. 2009.
Road Not Taken
The Poem "The Road Not Taken" is a first person narrative about an important decision in the life of the protagonists. The central theme that is explored throughout the poem is the question of individualism and the choices that an individual makes in life. The poem attempts to deal with an important issue - namely, do we have the courage to make our own decisions in life or should we simply agree with the decisions and opinions of others.
It is important to see this poem and its theme as forming part of a wider literary tradition. The themes of the individual and society, and the concept of individual freedom and nonconformity were important issues during the Modernist period of literature. These have their foundation in the Romantic revolution against conformity and the search for alternative meaning of the 18th and 19th Centuries. The Romantic poets were…
The persona is neither happy nor sad, though we can see some little element of regret in the last two lines.
The poet has also employed symbolism to portray the message of decision making and the due consideration. In stanza one the lines "And looked down one as far as I could / to where it bent in the undergrowth." This looking that the poet is talking about is the due consideration and the diligence that one gives to the choices that one is yet to make. The lines symbolize the keen thought and consideration that the persona gave to life in the future, a future that he peered to as far as he could till where the future was "…bent in the undergrowth."
The flow of the poem has as well been strengthened by the use of rhymes throughout the poem. The rhyming of words like wood-stood, both-growth, fair-wear,…
Poem Hunter (2012). The Road Not Taken. http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/the-road-not-taken/
The Road Not Taken
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
obert Frost's "The oad Not Taken"
The oad Not Taken
Although readers have a tendency to miss this element from the poem, the title is probably the largest giveaway, particularly with the Poem, "oad Not Taken." A lot of individuals have got the idea that The oad Not Taken is actually a good poem about simply being different as well as choosing the road that no individual will take; that it is related to nonconformity, about simply being distinctive.
Nevertheless, if one of those uninformed individuals took a critical look at the actual title, they would probably discover that they have been drastically wrong. This specific composition is known as The oad Not Taken, which means the person within this poem did not acquire a road. The final line of the poem, "I took the one less traveled by, and that has made all the difference" turns the reader towards…
Finger, L.L. (1978). Frost's The Road Not Taken: A 1925 Letter Come to Light. American Literature 50 (3): 478 -- 479.
Frost, R. (1988). The Road Not Taken. The Norton Anthony of Modern Poetry Eds. Richard Ellman and Robert O'Clair. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
Reichman, R. (2012). The Ethics of an Alternative: Counterfactuals and the Tone of Dissent, in Austin Sarat (ed.), Dissenting Voices in American Society: The Role of Judges, Lawyers, and Citizens, Cambridge University Press, 2012 pp.19-41, p.19.
But as he admits, "way leads on to way," (line 14). He was unable to return back to pick up the other path in the same way that it is impossible to turn back time.
The Road Not Taken" can apply to almost any point in anyone's life when a person is faced with a decision. Because the literal scene and setting cover up the poet's underlying intentions, the metaphor of "The Road Not Taken" can apply to nearly anything. For example, the narrator might have chosen to be with one romantic partner over another, thinking that he would be with her or him for only a short while. In this case, the road not taken would be the other person. Or, the road not taken could refer to a business opportunity, or simply a chance to board a different bus than the one he was used to taking to…
Frost, Robert. "The Road Not Taken." Perrine's Literature: Structure, Sound, and Sense. Eds. Thomas R. Arp, and Greg Johnson. Fort Worth: Harcourt, 2002.
obert Frost's "The oad Not Taken" tells the story of a traveler making the decision to travel the road less traveled, but looking back upon the road not taken and wondering what might have been. On first glance the reader might assume that Frost is touting the benefits of taking the road less traveled, or the path in life that is perhaps most unclear. Too many people assume that the advantage lies in taken the road less traveled, and relate this poem to personal hardships endured by taking this path. However, it seems that Frost in actuality compares both roads in life as equally promising, and almost knocks the idea that the road less traveled is actually the better path. Mr. Frost comments on the tendency of humans to make decisions, but consistently reflect upon and consider or wonder what might have been.
From a strictly literal interpretation, Frost talks…
Source: Mehta, Shefali T. And Banerjee, A. 2000. "Robert Frost: A Road Not Taken." Available:
Poetics of Frost." Available: http://www.frostfriends.org/meter.html
Some books are deceptive in terms of their subject matter. At first glance, for example, such books can appear simple, with a relatively straightforward story. Others are excessively uplifting or bleak, appearing to cater to only one single concept or emotion. Many times, however, the most apparently simple stories can hide deeper themes relating to the what we as human beings truly are. They contain important lessons or hold the capacity to change the lives of their readers. Indeed, as humanity, we are lucky to have the cognitive skills and understanding to enjoy such high-level works. Three prime examples of works that are deceptively simple and/or bleak include The oad by Cormac McCarthy, On the oad by Jack Kerouac, and Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer. Of the three, The oad Is probably the bleakest, while Into the Wild is the most straightforward, but each of the three works…
Cornish, A. (2013, Sep. 13). Did Jon Krakauer Finally Solve "Into the Wild" Mystery? NPR. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=222172599
Kerouac, J. (1999). On the Road. New York: Penguin Books.
Krakauer, J. (1997). Into the Wild. New York: Anchor Books.
McCarthy, C. (2006). The Road. New York: M-17.
What Road Rage is Why Road Rage Happens
Causes of Road Rage
Anger at Other Drivers
Anger at Other People (Not Drivers)
Rush to Arrive Somewhere
Feeling of Power Over Others
Stress That Comes From Other Causes
Several Causes for Road Rage
Concerns for the Future
To understand the causes of road rage and the general problems that it creates, it is important to understand what road rage actually is. Road rage is intense anger that occurs when an individual is driving his or her vehicle and something goes wrong or causes upset. When these people get angry they might make rude gestures at other drivers, cut them off in traffic, or even follow them when they exit a highway in hopes of starting some type of fight or intimidating the other person. Most people think that road rage happens just because of things that go on when…
Clarence and Alabama are capable of finding some sense of mirrored self in the eyes and common quest provided by relationship with another, and it is worth remembering that identity is serious business in "True Romance," serious enough to kill over, as in the film's perhaps most famous dialogue sequence, where Christopher alken assassinates a man whom he believes has impugned the identity of Sicilians.
Thus, the protagonists of "True Romance" are more successful than the protagonists of "Badlands." They are not simply more successful as outlaws, but as human beings. They win their quest for fulfillment, money, and excitement because they are able to work together, and are a more functioning romantic and criminal team together. Although togetherness provides the psychic fuel of the meaningless murders of "Badlands," the generation of the Kit and Holly couple is not really a couple at all. The two never connect, and their…
Danks, Adrian. "Death Comes as an End: Temporality, Domesticity and Photography in Terrence Malick's Badlands. 2000. Senses of Cinema. http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/00/8/index.html " Issue 8, July-Aug 2000.
Rafter, Nicole. Shots in the Mirror: Crime Films and Society. New York: Oxford
University Press, 2000.
Stam, Robert. Literature through Film: Realism, Magic and the Art of Adaptation. New York: Blackwell, 2004.
One of these issues is Central Asian archaeology. Towards the end of the chapter, the author notes that there may be whole cities buried beneath the desert sands in Central Asia. Because the author also mentions the importance of tourism for the economic empowerment of the region, it is clear that archaeology may become a major tourist draw.
In 1997, the author notes, an expedition on foot was undertaken to capture the Taklamakan desert on camera. Such adventures are rare, and not for the common visitor. Similarly, the common visitor will not be an archaeology scholar but rather, an amateur interested in ancient sites. For the same reason why tourists visit Egypt and Greece as much for ancient as modern culture, tourists to Central Asia may be driven by this core curiosity.
Lawler (2006) describes Viktor Sarianidi's unearthing of Gonur, one of many ancient settlements in Central Asia. Under the…
"Central Asia Archaeology" (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.cyberpursuits.com/archeo/cntrlasia-arch.asp
Central Eurasia Project (2010). Call for Papers: Building Open Society in Central Asia & the South Caucasus. May 3, 2010. Retrieved online: http://www.soros.org/initiatives/cep/news/cep-occasional-papers-20100503
Lawler, V. (2006). Central Asia's Lost Civilization. Discover. Retrieved online: http://discovermagazine.com/2006/nov/ancient-towns-excavated-turkmenistan
UNESCO (2010). Cultural and Eco-tourism in the Mountainous Regions of Central Asia and in the Himalayas. Retrieved online: http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/ev.php-URL_ID=1392&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
oad accidents are among the main causes of unnatural fatalities in the United States and other developed countries, and cost several billions of dollars every year. Increasing public awareness of how to protect from traffic injury is considered as an important area that necessitates a broad approach involving implementation of a mixture of communal, environmental, governmental and educational strategies together with law enforcement.
A considerable amount of road safety measures have been introduced by the U.S. government in recent times, yet, community interest and involvement will be advantageous as part of a comprehensive approach. For this paper, the word 'community' indicates people living in a particular geographic region in a city. This study will discuss my experience of participating voluntarily in a road safety program for community welfare in my area. For this study, community members included children, men, women of all age groups belonging to different families, ethnic backgrounds…
Bell, C and Newby, H., (2000) Community Studies: An Introduction to the Sociology of the Local Community (Studies in Sociology, Routledge, 200- 210.
Day, G., (2006) Community and Everyday Life, The New Sociology, Routledge, 150- 160
Choices seen as roads that appear to be the same are more clear because they allow us to understand that many choices in life are not black and white but gray. Regardless of that, we still must decide which way to go. The literal forest with its paths represents life and the seemingly unimportant choices we make everyday.
The rhyme scheme of the poem is ABAAB and it is made up of four stanzas with five lines in each stanza. Every line of the poem has nine syllables and the scansion of the poem is four feet per line. Frost employs the technique of sound in "The Road Not Taken." Alliteration appears with the words yellow, travel, and traveler and grassy and passing. Assonance appears with many of the rhymes, including wood, could, stood, lay, day, way, sigh, and by. Frost uses these literary techniques to convey a difficult issue…
Frost, Robert. "The Road Not Taken." Robert Frost's Poems. New York: Washington Square Press. 1971.
Terrible oads Houston Medical Center
Unfortunately, not all is well within the context of the Houston Medical Center. esidents and workers alike are being plagued with poor quality roads that are creating a situation where many are at a disadvantage in their own everyday lives. Potholes and poor roads throughout the Houston Medical Center facility are creating many residents and faculty alike to have to put up with poorly constructed roads, and thus potential damage to their own vehicles when driving on roads within the region. It is ridiculous in an era where public funds are being spent across the country for the residents of the Houston Medical Center region to have to continuously put up with such horrible road conditions. This can essentially create a situation where there is damage undertaken by vehicles driving on the premises. Vehicles of all types are being damaged while driving in the region.…
Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library. "The Interstate Highway System." 2006. Available at www.eisenhower .utexas.edu/highway.htm.
Kuemmel, D. (1994, April). Accident study validates benefits of preventive maintenance. American City & County, 109, 52.
Takle, E.S. (1990, August). Bridge and roadway frost: occurrence and prediction by use of an expert system. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 29, 727-734.
Schnormeir, Russell H. "Asphalt Analysis, Sulfur Mixes, and Seal Coats," Transportation Research Record #1096. Washington D.C.: Transportation Research Board -- National Research Council, 1986.
Because foundations to relationships are there, and will eventually and invariably be found.
or the informal portion of this essay, I approach answering this query from a different perspective. Very often, the weather is the start of conversations with our friends, family members and acquaintances -- even casual ones. One revels if the weather is good, especially on a nice spring day that is not quite hot but certainly a mark of winter's departure. On the other hand, if the weather is unfriendly, one commiserates with those involved in the discussion. I will explore the notion of the state of the weather not withstanding, how we react to it is a reflection of our souls. We will enjoy the weather if we are in a good mood. We will not if we are not in a good mood.
Consider the events of September 11, 2001. The day started out as…
For the informal portion of this essay, I approach answering this query from a different perspective. Very often, the weather is the start of conversations with our friends, family members and acquaintances -- even casual ones. One revels if the weather is good, especially on a nice spring day that is not quite hot but certainly a mark of winter's departure. On the other hand, if the weather is unfriendly, one commiserates with those involved in the discussion. I will explore the notion of the state of the weather not withstanding, how we react to it is a reflection of our souls. We will enjoy the weather if we are in a good mood. We will not if we are not in a good mood.
Consider the events of September 11, 2001. The day started out as one of the most spectacularly beautiful late-summer, not-quite-autumn days. And indeed, most people probably commented on how nice a day it was. What occurred between not long after eight and somewhere after ten am boggles the senses. Most have described it as unreal, as if the events unfolded in a movie, or, more aptly, in a video game. And a few hours later when a literal pall of gray hung over New York City, the figurative gloom was experienced by people all over the United States. This in fact, changed the course of history for a large portion of the world and will perhaps dictate foreign policy for several decades to come. One can be assured that nobody remembers what beautiful weather we experienced on that fateful day almost seven years ago.
From reading the four poems by Robert Frost in the given list, I chose "Fire and Ice" as my favorite. This is because I can relate to the two doomsdays scenarios to which we have to become accustomed. The fist is, Death through terrorist activities (Fire); the second is the catastrophe of Climate Change (Ice).
Imagery in Robert Frost's poem "The Road Not Taken"
Robert Frost's poem "The Road Not Taken" depicts the poet in the woods, wandering. Suddenly, he comes across a fork in the road. The woods are yellow, which suggests that it is autumn, or in the autumn of the poet's life. He is facing a middle-age crisis, and is selecting the path that will lead him down a particular, specific path and direction for the rest of his life.
The poet can only take on of the paths before him, one of which is worn, the other less so, as it is grassy and "wants wear." He takes the less worn path, and this, he says at the end of the poem, has made all of the difference. The poem seems to be a metaphor for the poet's decision to reject conventional ways of living life. However, when the poet first…
Jack Kerouac's "On the Road" was first published in 1957. It is a poignant story of a friendship between two young men Sal Paradise and Dean Moriary, who journey four adventures across America in the span of three years. Their journeys lead them through the process of maturity, found happiness, and personal disappointments. The central theme of the story is personal freedom and the challenges that are faced when seeking the promise of the great American dream. It is also the idealistic message of every generation of youth that discover the disillusionment of the corruption of the world. Upon its publication, Gilbert Millstein wrote that "On the Road" was "the most beautifully executed, the clearest and the most important utterance yet made by the generation Kerouac himself named years ago as 'beat,' and whose principle avatar he is" (Pate 1997).
Sal's character acts as a narrator for the story…
Dempsey, David. "In Pursuit of 'Kicks'." New York Times. September 8, 1957.
On the Road Scroll: Sold to the Highest Bidder. http://members.aol.com/kerouacsis/kerouacscroll.html .(accessed07-27-2002).
Kerouac, Jack. On the Road. Penguin USA. June 1972.
Millstein, Gilbert. "Book of the Times." New York Times. September 5, 1957. On the Road Scroll: Sold to the Highest Bidder.
These values can be as operational for the parent/child association as it is for the owner/pet relationship.
Strategy for communication
The objective of any family is for all members to live in agreement with each other. It is the first basis of a Childs education and moral standards (Gouze & Wendel, 2007). With that said, a strategy called floor planning is what will be utilized for Jeff and Roger.
This method should also be done throughout the instigating stages of counseling for Jeff and Roger. Jeff and Roger will be requested to draw a floor plan of their house. They will then be asked to remember the odors, sounds, colors, and people that are in their home. While they are drawing particular questions are asked regarding the environment such as;
What room does the family gather in?
What conversations take place in the various rooms?
Are any rooms…
Gouze, K.R., & Wendel, R. (2007). INTEGRATIVE MODULE-BASED FAMILY THERAPY: APPLICATION AND TRAINING. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 286-296.
Hogarty, G.E., Greenwald, D., Ulrich, R.F., Kornblith, S.J., & a, e. (1997). Three-year trials of personal therapy among schizophrenic patients living with or independent of family, II: Effects on adjustment of patients. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 56-89.
Kissane, D.W., & McKenzie, M. (2006). Family Focused Grief Therapy: A Randomized, Controlled Trial in Palliative Care and Bereavement. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 56-78.
Lund, L.K., Zimmerman, T.S., & Haddock, S.A. (2002). The theory, structure, and techniques for the inclusion of children in family therapy: A literature review. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 67-89.
Road to Guantanamo
The docudrama, the Road to Guantanamo, the 2006 film by Matt Whitecross and Michael Winterbottom provided a unique look at the complexities and difficulties of enforcing international cooperation. This thrilling tale of the now famous "Tipton Three" British men of Pakistani and Bangladeshi origin who, through a combination of poor decision-making and violations of international law, allows the viewer to examine these modern problems using the war on terrorism as a means of telling the story. The purpose of this essay is to examine this film and highlight five separate violations of international cooperation using the articles of the Geneva Conventions and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a guide and authority of the discussion.
The first violation of international cooperation is evident at the beginning of the film. The film is taking place under the conditions at the beginning of the war on terror in…
high concentration of road salt on lead solubility. The paper describes the impact in the light of several academic articles and the observations from them. Total 8 academic articles have been reviewed and out of them some major findings are used as a basis for this paper.
An important aspect of studying Pb (Lead) is its combination with the road salt. There have been several studies on the same topic, especially since 1970s, as its significance was understood only after that era, when tetra ethyl was discovered and phased out. Lead contains highly intoxicated components and can be severely dangerous to the human nervous system. Apart from the human life it is also highly dangerous for the marine life and other animals. It also reduces the productivity of the agriculture fields. Tetra ethyl is used as a fuel additive which improves the productivity of the agricultural fields and enhances the…
A.C. NorrstromU, G. Jacks (1998), Concentration and fractionation of heavy metals in roadside soils receiving de-icing salts, Royal Institute of Technology.
B.J. Mason (2006). "The role of sea-salt particles as cloud condensation nuclei over the remote oceans." The Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 127 (576): 2023 -- 32
Cunningham M.A., Snyder E., Yonkin D., Ross M., Elsen T. (2008) Accumulation of deicing salts in soils in an urban environment. Urban Ecosystems
Dinker B. Sirdeshmukh, Lalitha Sirdeshmukh, K.G. Subhadra (2001). Alkali halides: a handbook of physical properties. Springer. pp. 65, 68.
If feminism is about civil rights, human rights, children's rights and the search for peace, then it is clear that a substantial amount of the descriptive narrative in the Road is clearly anti-feminine. This has nothing to do with gender rights, and everything to do with the rights of all humans to live in dignity and be allowed "...life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." The nights, McCarthy writes on page 129, were "...blinding cold and casket black and the long reach of the morning had a terrible silence to it. Like a dawn before battle." The feminist world is not a cold world at all and children are sheltered from suffering; death is not supposed to come to young and middle aged people and mornings are not silent. Mornings are supposed to be filled with the joyful sound of songbirds and the happy shrieks of children, and there is…
Flack, Jessica. "Conflict and Creativity." Santa Fe Institute. Retrieved June 7, 2007, from Oprah's Book Club, http://www.oprah.com/obc_classic/featbook/road/future/road_future_main.jhtml.
McCarthy, Cormac. The Road. New York: Vintage International, 2006.
Richards, Amy. "What is Feminism?" The University of Oklahoma. Retrieved June 7, 2007, at http://www.ou.edu/womensoc/feminismwomanism.htm.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. "Topics in Feminism." Retrieved June 6, 2007, at http://plato.stanford.edu /entries/feminism-topics/.
The Home Office website was also a good source of informstion in this regard. A very good article that shed light on the more negative view of Holloway prison as well as units in other prisons was Getting it right? Services for pregnant women, new mothers, and babies in prison. An extremely useful report that deals specifically with Holloway prison was REPORT ON AN UNANNOUNCED FOLLOW-UP INSPECTION OF HM PRISON HOLLOWAY 11 -- 15 December 2000
Y HM INSPECTORATE OF PRISONS. This report provide some telling and insightful data that invaluable in terms of assessing the value and function of the mother and baby units in this prison.
4. Theoretical aspects
There are many theoretical aspects that pertain to the issue of mother and child units at a prison such as Holloway. In general terms, and from a criminological perspective, there is the view that units of this kind are…
Burrell I. Jail baby units reviewed 1998 [Online] Available at: By
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/jail-baby-units-reviewed-1189057.html [Accessed 2 April, 2010].
Female Prisoners [Online] Available at: http://www.hmprisonservice.gov.uk/adviceandsupport/prison_life/femaleprisoners / [Accessed 3 April, 2010].
Holloway [Online] Available at: http://www.hmprisonservice.gov.uk/prisoninformation/locateaprison/prison.asp?id=454,15,2,15,454,0 [Accessed 3 April, 2010].
The book, hatever It Takes, by Paul Tough became a best seller because it captured the attention of people in both a scholarly way and yet because of its easy-to-read, entertaining format, and because the issues that Tough writes about are very important to the future of America. That important issue involves education and getting families from disadvantaged communities to rise up and seize opportunities to become enriched socially and economically. Tough highlights the ups and the downs of an expensive, 97-block project called the Harlem Children's Zone. This paper reviews and critiques the book.
An impoverished community can be awakened to a fresh new approach to education, and with cooperation and hard work, the children in that community can be given a far better future. This book is the perfect illustration of important socioeconomic transitions that must take place for that brighter future.
hatever It Takes
Tough, Paul. (2008). Whatever It Takes: Geoffrey Canada's Quest to Change Harlem and America. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
Although his brother features prominently in the narrative, Nabokov cannot know, as most people cannot know, what it is like to be one of a set of triplets. The mental energy and power that comes from being one of a set is in part related to the practical issues related to our upbringing, such as the need to formulate a unique identity in spite of being treated and viewed as equals. We competed for our parents' attention, unlike typical siblings whose birth order defines much of who they are in the family.
When Nabokov's family is in exile, and they live as immigrants, the comparisons between his story and my own become even more salient. The comparison raises the question: to what degree does our environment shape our identity? Is it possible to separate the self from one's culture, class, and creed?
Like Nabokov, I had a privileged childhood with…
Reid (78) suggests that Sweetback's sexuality and his "controlled" violence are important elements when it comes to his escape. Prior to this film, Reid (78) points out that black male sexuality was portrayed as being "animalistic and instinctively violent," however, Van Peebles depiction of such a sexual being with "a controlled and motivated violence" was a "heroic idea" that certainly was different than anything the African-American community had seen before in its portrayal of sexual black men.
All three of the "road films" -- Easy Rider, Stroszek, and Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song -- are films about taking to the road in search of something or as a means to escape from something. All of the characters in the collective films -- Billy, yatt, Stroszek, and Sweet Sweetback -- are trying to escape some type of disillusionment, whether it is disillusionment with the government, disillusionment with life, or a disillusionment caused…
Hill, Lee. Easy Rider (BFI Modern Classics). British Film Institute, 1996.
Peuker, Brigitte. "Werner Herzog: In Quest of the Sublime." From Klaus Philips Ed.
New German Filmmakers. NY: Frederick Unger Co., 1984.
Reid, NAME, PUBLISHER, DATE?
The green lawnmower is always by the side of the house near the back door. It has a little wagon hitched to carry leaves. My father puts the garbage in it and rides it to the dumpster.
The inside is always a surprise to people. My father built bookshelves for my mother that cover the whole long wall of the living room. They are packed with books on every imaginable topic. Mother complains that books have taken over the house. Every room has a bookcase. She gives away about 100 a year but still they are everywhere -- the ones she is currently reading on the tables, floor, and couch. The wood-stove in the corner has fire in it almost all year round, so if it's chilly and you come indoors, you immediately get this radiant heat and bouncing light that moves about the room as the fire dances. The…
When the Truth Takes a Stretching Class
Maria Bailey clearly and blatantly misrepresented the size of her start-up business, but shrugged it off saying she knew what she was "capable of doing" and just wanted to show potential clients "what we were going to be," rather than tell them the truth about how fledgling her business actually was at that time.
Was it immoral for Mary Bailey to misrepresent her company?
Looking at the "consequential" side of her decision to fudge the truth about her company, moral decisions are made based upon what the consequences of the action will be. The results of her action actually could have several consequences. The one first and pivotal consequence Maria hopes will happen, of course, is that the fact of her deciding to embellish the truth about the size of her company will bring potential customers into her business start-up Web…
Australasian Business Intelligence. (2004, May 4). Guilty plea follows workplace death.
Bauman, Margaret. (2004). Alaska leads nation in workplace death rate, report says.
Alaska Journal of Commerce.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. (1999). Improvements in workplace safety
U.S. Infrastructure Is in Jeopardy and Consequently So Are We
The federal highway trust fund is the fiscal foundation of the highway system in the United States. Without adequate funding, highway construction stalls and road construction workers are out of work. Congress has dallied with the economic future of America for years as it refused to pass a multiyear transportation bill. The reason for this is likely to be readily apparent to most people: the conservative Congress does not want to increase taxes, even to fund repairs and new roads to meet the infrastructure needs of the country.
A recent study from the White House reports that more than two-thirds of the nation's roadways need to be repaired and that the continued dilapidation results in higher eventual costs that run into the billions of dollars (unningen, 2014). The 27-page report released mid-July 2014 by the Council of Economic Advisers and…
Bennen, S. (2015, May 14). Boehner rejects Amtrak question as 'stupid.' The Rachel Maddow Show. MSNBC. Retreived from http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/boehner-rejects-amtrak-question-stupid#break
Buettner, R. And Fitzsimmons, E.G. (2015, February 12). In New York area, points where train and tragedy are likely to intersect. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/13/nyregion/at-rail-crossings-in-new-york-area-a-constantly-lurking-danger.html
Caygle, J. (2015, May 13). House panel votes to cut Amtrak budget hours after deadly crash. Politico. Retreived from http://www.politico.com/story/2015/05/amtrak-budget-house-panel-crash-117904.html#ixzz3aGPH9LPR
de Blaseo, B. And Cornett, M. (2015, May 13). Let our cities move. The Opinion Pages. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/24/nyregion/metro-north-engineer-tried-to-slow-train-before-crash-with-suv-report-says.html
social, political, or economic change the group of Americans experienced because of the war. Discuss the extent to which that change affected American society.
World War II brought substantive changes to the lives of American women. As husbands, fathers, brothers, and sons were drafted into the war effort, women had to meet the additional demands and burdens at home, and assume breadwinning roles and roles that contributed to the war effort. As the war came to end and surviving men returned home, many women were displaced from the positions they had filled. Many women experienced conflict about the loss of status brought about by the war ending. he tacit agreement -- based on necessity -- that women could assume critical positions in the war effort was not easily erased. What became evident was that world did not come tumbling down as a result of these important shifts in gender roles;…
The Civil War was both the catalyst and the mechanism for the most significant change American have witnessed. Over the nearly 250-year history of slavery in the United States, African-Americans experienced profound changes. The Emancipation Proclamation freed only the slaves living in the Southern states and territories that were still rebelling against the United States. Substantive changes to the lives of African-American former slaves took hundreds of years beyond the official decree. The Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed in 1866, with the states following in 1868. The significance of this amendment was that it overruled the Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) decision that asserted black Americans were not actually citizens of the United States. Prejudice and discrimination still exist despite the several laws enacted to assure equality for all people regardless of race.
Theme 8 -- Identify two problems faced by the United States during the Cold War and for each: Explain how the problem led to conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union; Describe one action taken by the United Sates in response to the problem; Evaluate the extent to which the action taken was successful in solving the problem.
After World War II, Germany was divided into four occupation zones, each of which was to be occupied by the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and, France. Berlin was also divided into four zones of occupation. The Russians wanted a neutral, disarmed Germany and huge reparations for the war in the form of industrial equipment, money, and other resources. The United States was convinced that Western European recovery was conditioned by a strengthened, reunified Germany. The Americans halted the shipment of reparations to the Soviets from the U.S. zone in May of 1946. When the British, American, and French zones combined their zones in December, the Soviets perceived this as a hostile action. The Russians continued to issue demands for a say in the German economic future, until negotiations broke down completely in June 22, 1948. Two days later, in response, the Soviets blocked the railroad lines and roads into West Berlin. The Americans were extremely angry and it seemed that diplomacy between the two countries was over. The West Berliners were hostages in the situation, and the Russians looked like bullies as the West Berliners increasingly feared they would not have food, water, or medical aid. Two days after the Soviet blockade, the U.S. began a massive, successful, and extraordinary
The victor in this clash was definitely the Texans who suffered far less physical damage and reported only casualty and one severe wounding after the clash. The Mexicans, however, were not so lucky and reported heavy losses in both their artillery and soldiers. The day ended with no more exciting events (Williams; arker).
Santa Anna Reinforced
Under the command of General Cos, a large force was advancing from the direction of Vince's bridge toward the enemy's camp around nine o'clock that morning. Texans believed it to be reinforcement to Santa Anna. Although, the commander-in-chief's spies got him information of coming of the reinforcement, not thoughtful enough that it should be at that time known (Williams; arker), recommended that it was a trick of the Mexicans; that they had marched round from their left wing, to give an impression by returning that they have been reinforced (Williams; arker).
The commander-in-chief was…
Amelia W. Williams; Eugene C. Barker. The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813-
1863. 8 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1938-43; rpt., Austin and New York: Pemberton Press, 1970.
James W. Pohl. The Battle of San Jacinto; Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1989. "Reminiscences of Mrs. Dilue Harris," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 4, 7 (October 1900, January 1901, January 1904).
Stephen L. Hardin. 1994. Texian Iliad: A Military History of the Texas Revolution.
Eastward to Tartary, Robert Kaplan takes us on a journey through the wreckage of empires: Soviet, ttoman, and Hellenistic. His path winds from Hungary through Romania and Bulgaria and then on to Turkey, Syria, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. He introduces us to the social and political climates of countries that were shrouded in mystery under communism or largely ignored due to American unfamiliarity with the region. Unlike Paul Thoureaux and other American writers, Kaplan seems to have an interest in the political and demographic situation of the region, and we see these countries portrayed through the eyes of a student of socio-political environments.
Kaplan starts off in Hungary, the most western of the countries he visits, both geographically and psychologically. The Hungarians, Magyar misfits in mostly-Slavic Eastern Europe, have ramped up their economy since the fall of communism. Hungary is eager to join the new Europe and considers itself central European…
One gets the sense that a group to benefit the most from Kaplan's work would be the expatriate community, be it comprised of USAID workers in Romania and Bulgaria or oil industry project coordinators in Baku and other cities of the Caspian region. These people he portrays as living in sheltered, insular communities which are pre-fabricated elsewhere so as to provide a zone of safety and familiarity for executives living and working in the region. If anything, this book is a wake-up call to this group, which is portrayed as being almost completely ignorant of the context in which they operate. Although many of his prescriptions for a perfect world are doctrinaire, Kaplan is not afraid to move outside the comfort zone of the western executive.
The chief strength of Kaplan's work is in the way he portrays broad concepts in his anecdotal interactions with everyday people. This allows makes even the most complex of foreign cultures intelligible to the reader. Stylistically, he is able to portray the region as a romantic enigma, even as it remains one of the poorest, most problematic regions of the world.
Kaplan, Robert. Eastward to Tartary. Random House: 2000.
oad not Taken, obert Frost uses the setting, mood, and characterization to help illuminate the theme of choice symbolized by the road not taken.
The poem uses various literary devices to describe choice.
The poem is set in the woods, where two roads diverge.
The setting is symbolic.
The roads represent choice.
The poem has a contemplative mood.
Each of the choices is appealing
The traveler knows that choosing one road means choosing not to follow the other road.
The poem has a complex structure with:
Four five-line stanzas;
ABAAB rhyme structure;
Iambic tetrameter; and D. The use of some anapests.
Frost uses an unnamed narrator in the poem
A. Old enough to have made choices
Not an old person because the narrator expects to age
Poetry Analysis: The oad not Taken by obert Frost
In The oad not Taken, obert Frost uses the narrator's voice to describe a man…
Frost, R. (1916). The road not taken. Retrieved May 19, 2014 from Poetry Foundation website:
Symbol in Frost, Welty
Symbol of Journey in Frost and Welty
Welty's Journey is Transcendental/Social
Frost's Journey is Satirical/Inspirational
Both Frost and Welty Use Satire in a Gentle Way
Welty's Style Moves From Satire Towards Compassion
Frost's Style Moves From Satire Towards Self-Awareness
Welty eflects all of life in her Thematic Structure
Frost eflects a simple event, losing one's way
Form and Content
Allows for many interpretations
The content can be read in varying ways
Welty's short story
Allows a more intimate connection with characters
The story can be read as allegory, social commentary, or realism
Welty and Frost use the same symbol to reflect different facets of life
B. They initiate a journey for the reader, but the reader's destination is of his own choosing
An Analysis of the Symbol of the Journey in Welty's "Worn Path" and Frost's
"oad Not Taken"
Baym, N. (1998). Eudora Welty. The Norton Anthology of American Literature, 5th ed.
NY: W.W. Norton & Company.
Frost, R. (1920). The Road Not Taken, Journey into Literature. [ed. By Clugston]. San
Diego, California: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
There is a lot of similarity in the works of obert in his poem "The oad Not Taken" and the short story by Welty "A Worn Path." Frost composed the poem in 1916, whereas Welty wrote the short story in 1941. Both of these written works are for the readers to think outside the box and find the true meanings. These writings have a hidden meaning to them and it is up to the reader to think what message the authors are trying to put across. Both writers use stylistic devices to capture the attention of the readers and enable them to form a mental picture of the theme discussed in the writing. In these two writings, one main theme stands out from the rest. The writings point to us to that we might find ourselves in a solitary journey in life whereby we feel that we are…
Benfey, C. (2010). American audacity: Literary essays north and south. Ann Arbor: Univ Of Michigan Press.
Frost, R., & Shmoop University. (2010). The road not taken, by Robert Frost: A lively learning guide. Sunnyvale, Calif.: Shmoop University.
Frost, R., Untermeyer, L., & Frost, R. (1985). The road not taken: A selection of Robert Frost's poems. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
Isaacs N.D. (1963). Life for Phoenix. Web. Retrieved on 5 february 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.enotes.com/worn-path-essays/worn-path-eudora-welty/neil-d-isaacs-essay-date-1963
Regional Differences in American Literature
In American literature, the region of the country that the author was from had an impact on their writing and the kind of story they were telling to the audience. This is because each area had its own unique culture and tastes. The combination of these factors, were integrated together to create works that are a reflection of these attitudes.
Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than observations from atts (2007). She found that regional factors had an impact on the author and their writings. This is because these ideas would have an effect on their beliefs. Over the course of time, these views were integrated into various forms of literature with different styles (depending upon the area of the country). (atts 382 -- 285) This is illustrating how these ideas have been used throughout American literature to influence the audience.…
Frost, Robert. The Road Not Taken. Claremont: Claremont Canyon Press, 2010. Print.
Miller, Randall. Daily Life Through American History. Santa Barbra: Greenwood, 2011. Print.
Moss, Elizabeth. Domestic Novelists in the Old South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Press, 1992. Print
Tischler, Nancy. Student Companion to Tennessee Williams. Westport: Greenwood, 2000. Print.
Self-Reliance and the Road Not Taken
American Transcendentalism: Emerson and Frost
There are several qualities that are inherent in American literature that help to set it apart from English literature. Among the earliest themes explored in American literature was the concept of self-reliance and individuality. These concepts are prevalent of writers and advocates of Transcendentalism, a subset of American Romanticism. Ralph aldo Emerson explored the concept of individuality in his essay, "Self-Reliance," and also aimed to define how self-worth is measured. Likewise, Robert Frost embraces the concepts of individuality and self-worth as defined by Emerson. Emerson's influence on Frost can be seen in the theme and narrative of Frost's poem "The Road Not Taken." Both Emerson and Frost comment on the importance of the self and the impact that individuality has on a person.
Transcendentalism is an American literary, political, and philosophical movement that aimed to bring an individual to…
Emerson, Ralph Waldo. "Self-Reliance." Emerson Central. Web. 7 August 2012.
Frost, Robert. "The Road Not Taken." Mountain Interval. Web. 7 August 2012.
"Romanticism." Brooklyn College. Web. 7 August 2012.
Reuben, Paul P. "Chapter 4: American Transcendentalism (AT): A Brief Introduction." PAL:
ordsworth and Frost
Nature and the Individual
One's relationship with nature is a theme that has been explored often in poetry and across global borders. In "The orld is Too Much ith Us," illiam ordsworth writes about the disconnect that individuals have with nature and a desire to reestablish a relationship with it. On the other hand, in "The Road Not Taken," Robert Frost looks to nature in order to help him to make life decisions and uses it as inspiration for the future. ordsworth and Frost use nature as a means of defining whom they are and what they choose to do.
In "The orld is Too Much ith Us," ordsworth feels as though people have become disconnected from nature and wishes that he could find a way to reconnect. ordsworth laments, "The world is too much with us; late and soon,/Getting and spending, we lay wasted our powers:…
Frost, Robert. "The Road Not Taken." Web. 23 May 2012.
Wordsworth, William. "The World is Too Much With Us." Web. 23 May 2012.
Welty vs. Fost
This essay seves to compae two liteay woks. One of those woks is a shot stoy by Welty by the name of "A Won Path." The othe liteay wok to be coveed is "The Road Not Taken" by Robet Fost. The foms of the two woks ae diffeent but the metapho and stoy device used in both stoies is the same. Howeve, the manifestations and lessons and/o intepetations dawn fom the two woks is entiely diffeent with one of those tending to be a bit moe sombe and muted than the othe but both woks ae a tad sad in thei own way.
Compae and Contast
As noted in the intoduction, the common theme and device used in both stoies is the oad. Also in both cases, the oad is quite obviously used in a metapho. It is intimated and infeed quite clealy that the subject of…
references the Welty work. On the other hand, the Frost work is much more vague and much more brief but there is still no shortage of what can be thought about and considered even with the much more modest amount of material in play.
The choice cannot be repudiated or duplicated, but one makes the choice without foreknowledge, almost as if blindly. After making the selection, the traveler in Frost's poem says, "Yet knowing how way leads on to way/I doubted if I should ever come back" (14-15). And at the end, as one continues to encounter different forks along the way, the endless paths have slim chance of ever giving the traveler a second choice. One can see this as similar to Mrs. Mallard's change. As she looks out into the future, she sees endless possibilities for choice and nothing feels like she would ever return to the determinate state of marriage.
The final two lines of "The Road Not Taken" say, "I took the one less traveled by / and that has made all the difference" (19-20). Unlike in Chopin, the traveler determines to take the path. In Chopin, the path forces…
Carver, Raymond. (1981). Cathedral: stories. New York: Vintage.
Chopin, Kate. (2003). The Awakening and selected short fiction. New York: Barnes & Noble.
Frost, Robert. (1969). The Poetry of Robert Frost: the collected poems E.C. Lathem, Ed. New York: Holt.
maturation process, but it comes easily only to a few. Of course there are choices that usually generate little anguish such as what to have for breakfast or which route to take when going home, but when a person is a diabetic or inclement weather makes every road hazardous, even these choices become difficult. This paper discusses a poem and a short story by two of the greatest American authors of the twentieth century. Both Robert Frost's poem "The Road Not Taken" and illiam Faulkner's short story "Barn Burning" are about the difficult choices people are often confronted with. The stories reflect both real and intangible choices that the protagonists had to make (in Frosts poem the main character is assumed to be the author himself) and what the outcome of the choices were. This paper will begin with a literal summary of the two works, the real choices that…
Cornett, Michael E. "Robert Frost on 'Listen America': The Poet's Message to America in 1956." Papers on Language and Literature 29.4 (1994): 417-429. Print.
Faulkner, William. Barn Burning 1939. Web.
Loges, Max L. "Faulkner's Barn Burning." The Explicator 57.1 (1998): 43-46. Print.
Pauwels, Pamela, & Carol Hess. "The Road Less Traveled." Kappa Delta Pi Record 37.4 (2001): 164-170. ProQuest Direct.
This is emphasized by his regret that he cannot take both roads and be one traveler: "Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, / and sorry I could not travel both / and be one traveler..."(Frost,122) Also, when he decides for one road, he hopes he can take the other later, but afterwards realizes that this is no longer possible since one decision leads to another, and there is no going back. Frost thus discusses life ironically, realizing that one decision can change one's whole life, without the possibility of going back and taking a different road.
In Auden's poem, the Unknown Citizen, the irony is even plainer to see. The death of the citizen who had lived like a saint in the "modern sense" of the word is very ironical. To live as a saint in the modern way, is to be a social character, who lives only according…
Auden, W.H. Collected Poems. New York: Doubleday, 1984
Dickinson, Emily. Poems. New York: Oxford, 2002.
Frost, Robert. Selected Poetry. New York, 1983.
Frost and Forche: Two Poems
In "The Road Not Taken," Robert Frost works the theme of choice into the poem by depicting a traveler -- a walker in the woods -- who is stopped at a fork in the road: one way is the worn path, which indicates that its taker will get where he wants to go; the other way is less worn, greener, and will likely lead the traveler to some foreign destination or even cause him to become lost. Frost describes the two paths and their likely outcomes and then tells of the choice that he made and comically adds that this choice has "made all the difference" -- because, no doubt, it has extended his walk by a good few hours.
Some read into Frost's poem an allegorical remark as they surmise that Frost is advocating that we travelers of this earth take the "road not…
Compare Ivan Ilych with Robert Frost's "The Road Not Taken." Is there any similarity? What is Ivan's road?
The speaker of Frost's poem takes the road less trodden, which has made all of the difference, he says. The poet strikes out a different, less charted path in the woods, implying he is a nonconformist. In contrast, Ivan Ilych takes a conventional path, the path too often taken. Taking this trodden path makes a great deal of difference in Ilych's life, but to the detriment of his quality of life.
Compare Ivan Ilych with "The Unknown Citizen." Is there any similarity?
Auden's unknown citizen is less powerful in his society than Ivan. However, he leads a similarly drab and spiritually bankrupt existence, ruffling no feathers, working in a boring unionized job, buying all of the typical consumer goods that are supposed to give modern man 'pleasure,' and like Ivan never once…
He is now content and grateful for his decision, remarking, "and that has made all the difference" (Frost 20). The body of the poem, therefore, allows readers insight into the narrators mind as he or she makes this decision, as he or she realizes that this moment will never again return. Readers are made to feel that they are actually with the narrator as he or she makes his decision by the rhyme scheme of the poem, which is abaab for most lines, and periodic assonance, sound techniques that quickly carry the reader from verse to verse. Finally, at the end of the poem, both the reader and the narrator understand the symbolism in the poem, that the fork in the road is a symbol for a major life decision and the road less traveled by is the less popular and most original decision, the one that will make "all…
tells the captivating story of an individual plagued with a psychological disorder that has prevented him from leading a normal life. This article compels one to think that it would be difficult to live in the shoes of a person with agoraphobia. I found this article to be of extreme interest since it depicts the life of someone living with a social phobia in a way that really allows one to possibly understand what it would be like to live that way. The author writes about his disorder beautifully, giving us, the readers, a unique perspective on the issue. His fear is evident throughout this writing. It is not difficult to analyze the sadness that he feels when he tells his story.
The disappointment in his writing is evident and apparent as he depicts every step that he is taking in order to avoid feeling plagued by the feelings of…
Shawn, A. (2007, January 07). The roads..not taken. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/07/magazine/07lives.t.html?_r=0
Robert Frost "The Road Not Taken" (lines 18-20):
In the final lines of this poem, the narrator says some of the most famous lines in American poetry: "I took the one less travelled by, / And that has made all the difference" (19-20). Many have interpreted these lines as a celebration of individuality, but on closer inspection, it becomes evident that in reality, the narrator is lamenting that he has made these choices. Instead of following the path of others, he has gone on his own path. His conclusion is that it was this choice, choosing "the path less travelled by" that has marked the rest of his life. The tone of the piece is not one of self-congratulation but rather depression and despondency. He does not say that he regrets the choices that he has made, but acknowledges that his life would be very different had he made other…
Cummings, e.e. "Nobody Loses All the Time." Print.
Dickey, James L. "Cherrylog Road." Print.
Eliot, T.S. "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock." Print.
Frost, Robert. "Birches." Literature. 11th Ed. 1042-1043. Print.
Production and Operations Management
Marketing is an important function and acts a key contributor in success of any product. A good marketing strategy can make a not so good product become a blockbuster while a bad marketing strategy can put an excellent product down the drain. Marketing is an amalgamation of various elements that lead with different aspects of getting the product to the consumer. One of the major elements of this marketing mix is the product placement. Placement involves determining where the product will be sold and how will be it be transported to that selling point in a manner that efficiently reaches the potential consumer and is profitable to the company. Over a period of time, various channels of distribution and transportation methods have evolved depending upon the nature of product and suiting the other external requirements of the region where the product is supposed to be transported.…
Jorge, A. & Carillo, A. (1997). Price policies and economic growth. Westport, London: Praeger.
Scazzeiri, R. (1993). A theory of production: tasks processes and technical practices. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Marathon Petroleum Company (2009). The time it takes. Retrieved from http://www.marathonpetroleum.com/the_time_it_takes/index.htm
Shojai, S. (1995). The new global oil market. Westport, London: Praeger.
Protecting Personal Information
When considering the ever-changing and highly competitive global landscape of business today, large firms must be able to effectively globalize their operations in order to reach a greater potential client base, stay at the cutting edge of their respective fields and sustain profitability in the long-term. With the current exponential growth of technology and computerization of business and learning, consumers have become much more connected to the businesses they patronize (Kurzweil, 2001). Accordingly, companies are faced with the continuous task of finding new ways to understand and subsequently accommodate the needs of those customers, while simultaneously securing lucrative business models and job environments. In accomplishing the aforementioned objectives, firms must also be able to supply a secure environment in which clients can feel safe in accessing the products and services of the business. Knowing that many organizations are utilizing the highly effective means of online systems construction…
Allen, C., & Morris, C. (2007). Information Sharing Mechanisms to Improve Homeland Security. Retrieved March 28, 2011, from http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/expectmore/issue_summary/issueDetailedPlan_24.pdf
Berghel, H. (2000). Identity Theft, Social Security Numbers, and the Web. Communications of the ACM, 43 (2).
Chou, N., Ledesma, R., Teraguchi, Y., & Mitchell, J.C. (2004). Client-Side Defense Against Web-Based Identity Theft. 11th Annual Network and Distributed System Security Symposium. San Diego, CA.
Jagatic, T.N., Johnson, N.A., & Jakobsson, M. (2007). Social Phishing. Communications of the ACM, 50 (10), 94-100.
poetry of Robert Frost and Carl Sandburg
Robert Frost and Carl Sandburg are both important poets in their own right. Although they both grew up in the same era, their poetry styles have many differences. The paper firstly states their different origin, history and poetic style. Secondly, it analyzes a selected major work - "The Road Not Taken" and "The Road and The End," - of Frost and Sandburg respectively. It is worth noticing that the chosen poetries of both poets contain many elements of similarity. This makes the chosen sample most suitable to distinguish the most minor, as well as the major differences in the poetic styles of the writers. Thus, in the paper, their lives and poetry styles are compared and contrasted using an example of their poetry.
About Robert Frost
As we read of Frost, we grow in awe of him - his thinking, his understanding, his…
Frost: A Literary Life Reconsidered. William Pritchard. 1984
Frost in Columbia Literary History of the United States. Ed. Emory Elliott
hile the poems are no doubt universal, we can see elements of Americana sprinkled throughout them. Cultural issues such as decision-making, the pressure of responsibility and duty, and the complexity of death emerge in many poems, allowing us to see society's influence on the poet. In "The Road Not Taken," we see how life is filled with choices. Because we are American, we are lucky enough to experience freedom but this does not always come without difficulty. ith this poem, the narrator explains how decision-making can be trying because we never actually know how things are going to turn out. Nevertheless, we must make choices and get on with our lives. In "Stopping by oods," the narrator encounters a similar type of conflict in that the pull of our fast-paced American lives makes him or her want to stay in the woods for just a little while to enjoy the…
Frost, Robert. "Design." The Harper American Literature, Single Volume. 3rd Ed. New York: Longman. 1998.
Stopping by Woods." The Harper American Literature, Single Volume. 3rd Ed. New York: Longman. 1998.
The Road Not Taken." The Harper American Literature, Single Volume. 3rd Ed. New York: Longman. 1998.
poetry, but it is only a chosen few who make it to the status of classic. Most poets who are considered classic artists write poems that call forth emotions of the reader through the use of their words. It has often been said that poets lead tragic lives, so that they can have something to write about, but this is not always the case. One of the most widely read and respected poets of all time, obert Frost, did not lead a poor and tortured life, yet he produced many of the poems that are considered classics in the history of the genre.
obert Frost provides evidence to the world that one does not have to live tragically to write well as long as he is able to empathize and feel the tragedies of others.
obert Frost was born in 1874 in the city of San Francisco and lead…
Figurative Language in Robert Frost's Poetryand "The Metamorphosis"
Robert Frost is one poet that always utilizes figurative speech in dramatic ways. By employing the literary techniques of symbolism and personification, Frost is able to craft many poems that make us think and feel about many aspects of life. This paper will examine several examples of Frost's figurative language and how they relate to the overall messages of Frost's poetry.
In his famous poem, "The Road Not Taken," the roads the poet are looking down represent life choices. In other words, each road becomes a decision the poet must make. This is a very effective use of symbolism because it gives us a fair representation of what making choices is all about. For example, when we make choice, seldom do we have the opportunity to change our mind and go back to the place where we were when we first began.…
Frost, Robert. "Fire and Ice." Robert Frost's Poems. New York: Pocket Books.1971.
Frost, Robert. "Nothing Gold Can Stay." Robert Frost's Poems. New York: Pocket Books.1971.
Frost, Robert. "Mending Wall." Robert Frost's Poems. New York: Pocket Books.1971.
Frost, Robert. "Mowing." Robert Frost's Poems. New York: Pocket Books.1971.
Expression of Meaning in the Poems of Langston Hughes and Robert Frost
Every poet writes to express a certain meaning, but the means of expressing that meaning can differ significantly. Two poets that show the differences that can occur are Langston Hughes and Robert Frost. These two poets are especially interesting to compare because they are opposites in regards to how they express their meaning.
Langston Hughes provides straightforward descriptions of real life, where the meaning is expressed in a direct way. In contrast, Robert Frost expresses meaning in an indirect way, where the meaning is below the surface with interpretation needed to uncover it. This major difference will now be described by considering several works from each poet.
The first poem that will be considered is "I, Too, Sing America" by Langston Hughes. In this poem, Hughes describes his experiences as a black man and how he is segregated…
Frost, Robert. "Birches." The Academy of American Poets. Retrieved 26 May 2005. URL: http://www.poets.org/ viewmedia.php/prmMID/15729' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Moved" by Uvavnuk is a celebration of life, of being alive to enjoy the world. The author has captured that moment of exhilaration that most humans, if they are lucky, feel at least once in their life. It is a moment when all seems right in the world. Everything is as it should be, and being present in that moment stirs the soul and warms the heart. A Buddhist would refer to this moment as nirvana, a state of blissfulness. Andrew iget points out that Inuit poetry is unique for its juxtaposition of humans against nature, how humans are dwarfed by the enormity of nature which results in human beings "continually struggling to secure their existence" (iget). iget also notes that this view of nature corresponds to the notion of the Romantic sublime, "a combination of awe, terror, and humility" (iget). Dee Finney notes that Uvavnuk was initiated when she…
Finney, Dee. "On Shamans. Retrieved November 06, 2005 from:
Frost, Robert. "The Road Not Taken." Retrieved November 06, 2005 from:
Cultural criticism has been for the most part unfairly limited to cultures apart from the majority culture. ithin Robert Frost's poetry, there is an obvious cultural understanding which should be explored by literary scholars. Frost was writing at the beginning of the twentieth century from the perspective of a male member of the majority culture who was witnessing the beginnings of other groups' demands for equalization within the society. He was also witness to the industrial overtaking of the natural world in the form of expansions of cities and factories before and during the First orld ar. My intention is to prove that both of these topics can be explored by linking Robert Frost's poetry to the theory of cultural criticism using both the texts as well as academic evidence related to this theory, including the text by Charles Bressler.
Frost's poem "The Road Not Taken" is one of the…
Bressler, Charles E. Literary Criticism: An Introduction to Theory and Practice. Upper Saddle
River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1999. Print.
Frost, Robert. "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening." 1923, 65. Print.
Frost, Robert. "The Road Not Taken." 1915, 64. Print.
The poet writes, "My little horse must think it queer / To stop without a farmhouse near / Between the woods and frozen lake / The darkest evening of the year / He gives his harness bells a shake / To ask if there is some mistake. / The only other sound's the sweep / Of easy wind and downy flake" (Frost 275). The narrator has stopped to enjoy the magic of a snowfall on a winter evening. In these few lines, he manages to convey the cold, the natural world around him, his own dependence on the horse and sleigh to get him home to his own house, and his ability to stop for a moment to enjoy the beauty around him.
The only serious tone of the poem comes at the end, when Frost writes, "The woods are lovely, dark and deep. / But I have promises to…
Frost, Robert. Collected Poems of Robert Frost. New York: Henry Holt, 1930.
Hamilton, David. "The Echo of Frost's Woods." Roads Not Taken: Rereading Robert Frost. Ed. J. Wilcox and Jonathan N. Barron. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 2000. 123-131.
Pritchard, William H. "Frosts Life and Career." University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 2000. 8 Dec. 2006. http://www.english.uiuc.edu/ maps/poets/a_f/frost/life.htm' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Figue 1. Demogaphic composition of the United States (2003 estimate).
Souce: Based on tabula data in Wold Factbook, 2007 (no sepaate listing is maintained fo Hispanics).
Fom a stictly pecentage pespective, it would seem that Asian-Ameicans do not epesent much of a theat at all to mainsteam Ameican society, but these mee numbes do not tell the whole stoy of couse. Fo one thing, Asian-Ameicans ae one of the most divese and fastest gowing goups in the United States today (Hong, Kim & Wolfe, 2005). Accoding to Alvaez and Kimua (2001), studies have documented time and again that, consistent with thei histoical teatment, Asian-Ameicans continue to be the tagets of acially motivated popety vandalism, vebal haassment, theft, physical assaults, and in some instances, homicide; futhemoe, othe studies have confimed that a pesistent patten diving anti-Asian violence is the peception of Asian-Ameicans as foeignes who pesent an economic, academic, social, and/o…
Due to skills and abilities
4. Based on what you know and believe, would you agree or disagree with the following statements?
Racism in America is no longer a problem for Chinese-Americans.
Racism in America is no longer a problem for women and minorities
Jack Zipes, Hans Christian Anderson's telling and retelling of folk tales reflects the author's views of what was 'proper' behavior for both children and adults. Anderson advances a specifically bourgeois notion of morality -- both the upper classes and the lower classes are chastised when they show self-centered or imprudent behavior. For example, in the famous story "The Emperor's New Clothes," a foolish emperor is taken advantage of because of his vanity. The Emperor's excessive concern for his physical appearance leads him to commission the most elaborate costume imaginable. The fact that the fabric can supposedly be seen only by those who are fit for their position causes all of the great men of the land to pretend to be able to 'see' the imaginary clothes. The leaders of the land are shown to be ridiculous. Only a child is willing to tell the plainspoken truth. The leaders know that…