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Role of Nursing in Promoting
Words: 1943 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17487238
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Americans who eat a healthful diet consume a variety of nutrient-dense foods within and across the food groups, especially whole grains, fruits, vegetables, low-fat or fat-free milk or milk products, and lean meats and other protein sources and limit the intake of saturated and trans-fats, cholesterol, added sugars, sodium, and alcohol. They balance caloric intake and caloric needs ("Nutrition and Weight Status," 2012).

Obesity has detrimental effects on the healthcare system and the quality of life for many obese individuals. It is important to develop policies and promote a social awareness that no longer sanctions discrimination of the obese while responsibly promoting behavior modification to improve health. Stokes (2004) notes that, "not everyone can or should look like supermodels, and no one should obsess over his or her body size; however, being overweight or obese is directly linked to development of chronic disease, and it is second only to smoking…


Casey, D. (2007, June). Nurses' perceptions, understanding and experiences of health promotion. Journal of clinical nursing, Vol. 16, Issue 6, 1039-1049. Retrieved January 30, 2012,

"Nutrition and weight status ." (2012, January 10). Healthy people 2020. Retrieved January 30, 2012, from 

Ogden, C.L., Carroll, M.D., McDowell, M.A. & Flegal, K.M. (2007, November). Obesity among adults in the United States -- no statistically significant change since 2003-2004. Center for Disease Control. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved January 30, 2012 from 

Spurlock, M. (2005) Don't eat this book: fast food and the supersizing of America. New York: Penguin Group.

Role of Education and Obesity
Words: 2274 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81789609
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ole of Schools on Childhood Obesity

Eating and Exercise Behaviors of School Professionals

What Should Schools Do to Make a Difference?

Address physical activity and nutrition through a Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP) approach.

Designate a school health coordinator and maintain an active school health council.

Assess the school's health policies and programs and develop a plan for improvement.

Strengthen the school's nutrition and physical activity policies.

Implement a high-quality health promotion program for school staff.

Implement a high-quality course of study in health education.

Implement a high-quality course of study in physical education.

Increase opportunities for students to engage in physical activity.

Implement a quality school meals program.

Ensure that students have appealing, healthy choices in foods and beverages offered outside of the school meals program.



ole of Schools on Childhood Obesity

Executive Summary

Schools have been identified to preclude eating disorders and child obesity as accurate…


Bryan, C., Broussard, L., & Bellar, D. (2013). Effective Partnerships How School Nurses and Physical Education Teachers Can Combat Childhood Obesity. (pp. 20-23). NASN School Nurse.

Cale, L., & Harris, J. (2013). 'Every child (of every size) matters' in physical education! Physical education's role in childhood obesity. (pp. 433-452). Sport, Education and Society.

Karnik, S., & Kanekar, A. (2012). Childhood obesity: a global public health crisis. (pp. 45-61). International journal of preventive medicine.

Lee, H. (2012). The role of local food availability in explaining obesity risk among young school-aged children. (pp. 1193-1203). Social Science & Medicine.

Role Development for Advance Practice Nurse
Words: 1259 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25477651
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Advanced Nursing Development

A "master's education is achieving notable goals, including the development of refined analytical skills, broad-based perspectives, enhanced abilities to articulate viewpoints and positions, clearer ability to connect theory to practice, and enhanced skills in a specific profession" (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2012, p 2). An advanced practice nurse embodies a wide number of various roles. They must inspire, protect, advocate, and perform, all within one shift. It is clear that a nurse leader must serve a wide number of roles all which are necessary for providing for the best quality of care for the patients in need.

One of the nurse leader's roles is to be an advocate for the nursing profession. This is their primary societal role. As such, nursing leaders need to be active within the social sphere as a way to increase overall knowledge regarding healthcare practices, but also the trends and…


American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2012). The Essentials of Master's Education for Advanced Practice Nursing. Educational Resources. Web. Retrieved October 22. 2012 from

Roles Duties and Influence of Buffalo Soldiers
Words: 1107 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 81209436
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Roles, Duties, and Influence of uffalo Soldiers in the United States

Despite the fact that uffalo Soldiers and their accomplishments may not be known by many, they played an integral role in the construction and expansion of the United States as it is known today. While the uffalo Soldiers as a cavalry only lasted from 1866 to 1944, their influence has had a lasting impact. Furthermore, they helped to pave the way for future African-American leaders and deserve to not only be recognized for their valuable services, but also need to be remembered as role models.

On July 28, 1866, the United States Congress passed legislation to establish two segregated cavalry units, the 9th and 10th regiments, and four segregated infantry regiments, the 38th, 39th, 40th, and 41st, which were to be made up of black, enlisted men.[footnoteRef:1] These six different units were later consolidated into four black regiments in…


Buffalo Soldiers Research Museum. "Who Were the Buffalo Soldiers?" Accessed June 11, 2013. 

Davis, Stanford L. "Buffalo Soldiers & Indian Wars." Accessed June 11, 2013. 

Glasrud, Bruce A. "Buffalo Soldiers." Oklahoma Historical Society. Accessed June 11, 2013.

Role of Women in Shaw's Mrs Warren's Profession
Words: 2629 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62965205
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Mrs. Warrant's Profession: The Intellectual, the Victim, and the Conventional Woman

Mrs. Warren's Profession" by George ernard Shaw was a play written more than a hundred years ago in 1894

The roles that women play in this masterpiece show that Shaw was far ahead of his time in his thoughts about what women should do and be. He presented a new vision of an intellectual, entrepreneurial woman and challenged the conventional roles imposed by society. He also included accounts of women victimized by a capitalist society and defended their rights to take whatever actions they had to in order to changer their circumstances even if that meant prostitution. In fact, Shaw's beliefs are consistent with modern-day feminism with only one exception. Shaw seemed to fear that a woman's independence and choice of a career had to come at the expense of something else, namely love and family. Nonetheless, "Mrs. Warren's…


Goldman, Emma. "The Social Significance of the Modern Drama." International

Society of Political Psychology. 03 May 2003. 

Lovinger, "Trinity Rep OffersCcrackling 'Mrs. Warren's Profession'" Standard-Times 30

Sept. 1999.

Roles Counselors Play Particularly School
Words: 1745 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 28279372
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In addition, Boggs (1998) suggests that family relationships and background issues should be discussed. Even though Sophia's family is supportive and encouraging her to go to college, they are also focusing on their own unfulfilled dreams. Sophia should be encouraged to determine her own dreams.

The role of the counselor is critical here. As the United States has become a nation where those with college degrees typically earn significantly more than those without, it is important that Sophia make informed academic and career decisions. owan-Kenyon et al. (2011) assert that "occupational aspirations are shaped directly and indirectly by context, including characteristics of a student's school" (p. 332). This is especially true for Sophia, as she does not have family role models who have completed college to guide her.


American Counseling Association (2005). ACA Code of Ethics. Alexandria, VA: Author

American School Counselors' Association. (2010). Ethical standards for school counselors.…


American Counseling Association (2005). ACA Code of Ethics. Alexandria, VA: Author

American School Counselors' Association. (2010). Ethical standards for school counselors. Retrieved from 

Boggs, K.R. (1998). Career decisions: The Campbell and Ms. flood. The Career Development Quarterly, 46(4), 311-319. Retrieved from 

Boggs, K.R. (1999). Campbell interest and skill survey: Review and critique. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 32(3), 168-168. Retrieved from

Role of Movies in the Development of Children and Adolescents
Words: 2328 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15452477
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Movie: The Karate Kid (2010)

Targeted Age Group: PG rated, 10+ (The Karate Kid-Family Movie Review, 2015)

'The Karate Kid' is appropriately PG-rated; there is, however, some content that adults might wish to know of, especially because this drama has a few themes aimed at older viewers. The beginning of the movie shows a climbing scene of a child's height chart. Typical milestones, like beginning kindergarten and losing the first tooth are included; however, the last 2 entries are daddy's death and the child's 9th birthday. While at this juncture, the background music is jolly and light, the death of his dad when Dre was just 8 years of age has a mildly shocking impact, and may upset younger children (Andlor, 2013).

Analyze the chosen media content for its appropriateness for the cognitive development level of this target audience. In doing so, make sure to explain what characterizes the cognitive…


ACCM. (2015, 05-27). Retrieved from 

Andlor, M. (2013, March 14). The Karate Kid (2010). Retrieved from 

Council, A. (2010, 05-27). Karate Kid 2010. Retrieved from 

Council, A. (2015, 05-27). Frozen movie. Retrieved from

Parental Roles
Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85303756
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ole of a Father

Families in today's world can take many traditional and non-traditional forms. In some cases, the nuclear family consists of two heterosexual parents and no more than two or three children. This type of family became the norm during the years after World War II. In this type of family, gender roles tend to be clearly delineated, with the father earning money and the mother staying home and caring for the home and children. Increasingly, as the economy became worse, double-income families became the norm, with both parents working to earn an income. As women became more self-sufficient, some have chosen to remain single in favor of building a career rather than starting a family. The divorce rate has also increased as a result of the ability of women to live their own lives and earn their own income. In addition, the legalization of gay marriage in…


Allen, S. And Daly, K. (2007, May). The Effects of Father Involvement: An Updated Research Summary of Evidence. FIRA. Retrieved from: 

Northern Territory Government. (n.d.) Single Parenting. Retrieved from:

Scutti, S. (2013, Jun 12.) Why the Father-Daughter Relationship Is So Important. Medical Daily. Retrieved from: 

Stephens, K. (2007). Parents are Powerful Role Models for Children. Parenting Exchange. Retrieved from:

Role Boundaries in Care Work Role Boundaries
Words: 1264 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 14684637
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Role Boundaries in Care ork

Role boundaries are a critical component in a health care setting. Much of this is a response to how the system is organized. The health care industry is composed of many different roles that specialize in different areas and expertise. Therefore, the individuals in the system must honor their role boundaries to ensure that the collective efforts of the individuals in the system can work together to provide high levels of patient care. The care experienced by Anwar Malik in hospital was defined by the collective effort that each individual gave to Anwar. Each team member has a range of tasks that can be organized with various role boundaries. If any of the members violate their roles, then this can lead to the team's effort not being effective and could also compromise the level of care provided to the patient.

Diabetic Anwar Malik was admitted…

Works Cited

Caplan, A., McCartney, D., & Sisti, D. (2004). Health, Disease, and Illness. Georgetown: Georgetown University Press.

Hewa, S., & Hetherington, R. (1995). Specalist without Spirit. Theoretical Medicine, 129-139.

Medi Lexicon. (N.d.). Definition: 'Biomedical Model'. Retrieved from Medi Lexicon:

The Open University. (n.d.). K101 Block 1. Faculty of Health & Social Care.

Role of Private Investment on
Words: 14411 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 672069
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This also implies inadequacies in fiscal sustainability, which influences investments in private sectors.

The second channel happens through the level, composition and quality involved within the public investment, which shows the level at which the public investment replaces the private investments (Schmidt- Hebbel, Serven, & Solimano, 1996).

The final channel regards the level of taxation on the corporate earnings and the rules applicable in depreciations.

There have been arguments that fiscal policy and public expenditure reduces the private investments in two different manners. These include increasing the interest rates or lowering the private funds involved in financing the investments.

According to the neoclassical theory, the interest rate is also an imperative variable in finding the level of investment. Consequently, it results into a negative effect because it upsurges the interest payable in investments. Concurrently, McKinnon and Shaw, contends that this is likely to cause a positive relationship between the investment…


Shrestha, M.B. (2005), "ARDL Modelling Aproach to Cointegration Test," Proceedings of the 46th Annual Conference of New Zealand Association of Economists, Paper

No. 13, Wellington, July 2005.

Keynes, J.M. (1936). General Theory on Employment, Interest and Money., London,


Role of a Reading Specialist
Words: 1744 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3096840
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The curriculum should be research-based. They can collaborate and share viewpoints with stakeholders to diversify their knowledge. They should pose as leaders in designing, implementing and assessing professional advancement programs.

eading specialists can uptake numerous responsibilities in schools, depending on the requirements of the student populace and instructors in any dispensation. The reading specialist's role is on a continuum, with various specialists operating in a teaching position with learners while others utilize the bulk of their working time in practicing expert development with classroom instructors in an official leadership position. Specialists despite their roles should involve themselves in boosting the work of the class instructor. eading specialists ought to enhance the reading plan so that it is effectual for every student. The main responsibilities of reading specialists, each of which adds to the development of student reading, are instructive, evaluation, and leadership (Bean, 2009). They all add on to improved…


Bean, R.M. (2009). The Reading Specialist, Second Edition: Leadership for the Classroom, School, and Community. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Carlson, C.L. (2007). An Examination of Secondary Reading Specialists: Demographic, Training, and Employment Characteristics. Ann Arbor, MI: ProQuest.

Dagen, S., & Bean, R.M. (2011). Best Practices of Literacy Leaders: Keys to School Improvement. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Gambrell, L.B., & Morrow, L.M. (2011). Best Practices in Literacy Instruction, Fourth Edition. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Roles and Functions of CMHC
Words: 2064 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 7445459
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All these dimensions conclude on one problem which a CMHC could interpret the best through his experience, intelligence and practice.


Mental Health parity is considered as an evolution in an American Politics. States took over federal policies and fought hard to implement mental health insurance along with general health insurance. (Harris, 2006) Parity Law says, "Compared with the general population, individuals with mental health problems experienced a deterioration in their health insurance status."

It does not implement any specific conditions about hospitalization, treatment duration but unlike before it allows to avail insurance on mental health treatment

(NAMI, 2007) Although self insured employers, small entrepreneurs and insurance companies are against this law but States Legislation have proved a little in achieving its goal of providing mental health insurances to every individual without discrimination. This…


Beck, a.T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: International Universities Press.

Finley. J. (2012). "Professional Advocacy: Looking Ahead at Health Care Reform," Retrieved October 11, 2012, from .

Finley, J. (2012). "TRICARE Provider Certification Urged for CMHCs" Retrieved October 11, 2012, 

Hackney, H. (1992). " Differentiating between Counseling Theory and Process," Retrieved October 12, 2012, from

Role of Geoinformatics in 21st
Words: 2707 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83456614
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Some of the key examples of where geospatial information can be important are during emergency responses during natural disasters especially for purposes of evacuation arrangement, and damage estimation assignments. MarcFarlane (2005) indicates that it is important to use geoinformatics to prevent disasters rather than try to deal with them after they happen. Geoinformatics assists those involved in the emergency processes by providing the necessary data and giving appropriate plans on how and from what point the hit areas should be approached. This makes the whole process convenient and effective since there is no time wasted in guessing the steps to take and the actions taken are accurate and appropriate (Oosterom et al. 2005). It has to be noted however that there are a number of difficulties that are faced in using geoinformatics to manage disaster as explained by Zerger & Smith (2003).

The transport network in any region is highly…


Cutter, S.L., et al. (Eds) (2003). Geographical dimensions of terrorism. London: Routledge.

DeMers, M.N. (1997). Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems. New York: Wiley.

Greene, R.w. (2002). Confronting catastrophe: A GIS handbook. Redlands: ESRI Press.

Jha, M.M. & Singh, R.B. (Eds.) (2008). Land Use-Reflection on Spatial Informatics, Agriculture and Development. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company.

Role of Radiodiagnostic Imaging in
Words: 1581 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16579303
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Certainly, it must be stated that more study is needed and worth pursuing in this diagnostic method in forensics.


Bisset, . et al. (2002) Postmortem examinations using magnetic resonance imaging: four-year review of a working service BMJ 2002;324:1423-1424 (15 June) Online available:

Post Mortem Magnetic esonance Imaging (MI) (2005)

Alderstein M.E., Peringa J., van der Hulst V.P.M, Blaauwgeers H.L.G., van Lith J.M.M. (2003), 'Perinatal mortality: clinical value of post-mortem magnetic resonance imaging compared with autopsy in routine obstetric practice', BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Vol 110 Issue 4 pp. 378-382

oberts I.S.D., Benbow E.W., Bisset ., Jenkins J.P.., Lee S.H., eid H., Jackson A. (2003), 'Accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging in determining cause of sudden death in adults: comparison with conventional autopsy', Histopathology 2003 42: 424-430 May 2003

Virtopsy: Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland 2005 the Technical Working Group Forensic Imaging…


Bisset, R. et al. (2002) Postmortem examinations using magnetic resonance imaging: four-year review of a working service BMJ 2002;324:1423-1424 (15 June) Online available: 

Post Mortem Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) (2005)

Alderstein M.E., Peringa J., van der Hulst V.P.M, Blaauwgeers H.L.G., van Lith J.M.M. (2003), 'Perinatal mortality: clinical value of post-mortem magnetic resonance imaging compared with autopsy in routine obstetric practice', BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Vol 110 Issue 4 pp. 378-382

Roberts I.S.D., Benbow E.W., Bisset R., Jenkins J.P.R., Lee S.H., Reid H., Jackson A. (2003), 'Accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging in determining cause of sudden death in adults: comparison with conventional autopsy', Histopathology 2003 42: 424-430 May 2003

Role of Spirituality in the Treatment of Depression
Words: 6318 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 11568926
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ole of Spirituality in the Treatment of Depression

Over the last thirty years, one of the most interesting paradoxes in the study and treatment of depression has been that increased knowledge about the biomedical and genetic causes of the disease has been coupled with a renewed interest in the effect of religion and spirituality on human mental health and well-being. No matter how religion and spirituality are defined -- and many scholars and laypersons see no great distinctions between the two -- there are now hundreds of studies that demonstrate the beneficial effects of religion on both mental and physical health. Indeed, the more firmly held and intrinsic a person's religious convictions are, the more salutary the effect. eligious people are more optimistic, hopeful and trusting, and have more purpose and meaning in life than those with weak or no religious views. All of these qualities are of course lacking…


Ai, A..L. et al. (2005). "Prayer Coping, Positive Attitudes, and Cardiac Surgery" in Lee, A.V. Coping with Disease. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., pp. 23-64.

Auer, B. And J.A. Ang (2007). Torment of the Soul: Suicidal Depression and Spirituality. AuthorHouse.

Beck, A.T. And B.A. Alford (2009). Depression: Causes and Treatment. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Biebel, D.B. And H.G. Koenig (2010). New Light on Depression: Help, Hope and Answers for the Depressed and Those Who Love Them. Zondervan Publishing House.

Role of Government in Economy
Words: 1789 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 51539750
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This provides two strong disincentives to innovate. hat is left is a Chinese state that discourages the development of the most tried-and-true means of economic development -- competition and innovation -- and instead relies on wealth transfer due to currency manipulation as the foundation of its success.

The role of government in an economy, therefore, should be limited if long-term sustainable growth is the objective. For totalitarian capitalism to be the superior system would require that system to develop competencies that enable its economies to compete globally. Thus far, these competencies have only emerged in the Chinese firms that have access to estern systems -- Lenovo's Hong Kong roots place it into estern-style competition for example. ithout competencies, you have short-term success built on an artificial and unsustainable economy, rather than long-term success. The estern style emphasizes a limited role for government and the power of market forces. The totalitarian…

Works Cited:

Huang, Y. (2008). Just how capitalist is China? MIT Sloan Research Paper 4699-08.

No author. (2008). The long march backwards. The Economist. Retrieved March 21, 2010 from 

No author. (2010). The spirit of enterprise fades. The Economist. Retrieved March 21, 2010 from 

Krugman, P. (2010). Taking on China. New York Times. Retrieved March 21, 2010 from

Role of a Strategic Consultant
Words: 711 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22774911
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ole of a Strategic Consultant

As enterprises face an increasingly diverse set of constraints and uncertainty, the need for insight and guidance from a strategic perspective becomes critical. The larger and more diverse an enterprise becomes, the more complex its business model becomes while often agility and speed to respond suffers. Strategic consultants assist enterprises and their leaders determine how best to confront uncertainty, risks and challenge sin their core markets while staying profitable for the long-term. This is accomplished based primarily on the strategic consultant's insights and experience in addition to their ability to clearly and convincingly communicate what strategic options an enterprise needs to consider.

Of the many frameworks strategic consultants rely on, the Determinants of Competitive Advantage, Five Forces Model and the value chain are all used extensively to provide insightful analysis that is clearly communicated to senior management. The value chain, created by Dr. Michael Porter…


Berman, K. & Knight, J. (2008). Financial Intelligence For HR Professionals. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press. Part Eight

Bryan, L. (2010). Dynamic management: Better decisions in uncertain times. The McKinsey Quarterly, (1), 32.

Fernandez-Huerga, E. (Sep 2008). The economic behavior of human beings: The institutional/post-Keynesian model. Journal of Economic Issues (Association for Evolutionary Economics, 42 (3), 709-726.

Porter, M.E. (1980). Competitive strategy, The Free Press, 1980.

Role Relevance and Future Potential
Words: 3295 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13863186
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For a country such as Uganda to possess sufficient health care is tremendously important to the people of the republic of Uganda. Even triumphant medical treatment for malaria can involve pain through injections of drugs and in the entire period of recuperating after the administration of the drugs. Furthermore, nervousness may crop up, threat and unavoidably a lot of money. The final thing a parent of a sick child suffering from malaria in a hospital needs to believe about is how he or she is actually going to pay out for all the costs encountered or the billing. In an ideal world, as a substitute of distressing about money, a patient or a mother or a father of a kid who is suffering from malaria should be focused on getting well or consoling the sick child respectively. Nonetheless, the entire subject of health cover can be puzzling (Trisha, 2007, p.…


Akhtar, R (ed.) 1991, Planning and Implementing Community Participation in health Programs,

in Healthcare Patterns and Planning in Developing Countries, Greenwood Press,

New York, pp. 6.

Baum, F & Sanders, D 1995, 'Can Health Promotion and Primary Health Care Achieve Health

Role-Playing Activities a Traditional Aspect of the
Words: 1984 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26875239
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Role-playing activities, a traditional aspect of the way children play, has attracted attention by both educational theorists and markets for children's games. The use of role-playing as a method of instruction is a crucial element in social studies instruction. There are a number of key reasons for this. First, child's play has always been characterized by role-playing. Children will usually adopt a number of roles when playing with other children; they reap enjoyment from the processs of emulation. In past generations, children have played 'cops and robbers,' 'cowboys and Indians,' and any number of games that require that they characterize themselves as actors. riters and game manufacturers have capitalized on this process, and have introduced an array of ever more intricate games that involve problem solving, social interaction, and a precise understanding of the context in which game-players must operate.

One of the most important concepts that teachers must convey…

Works Cited 

High, James F. Teaching Secondary School Social Studies. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1962. 

Hope, Warren C. "It's Time to Transform Social Studies Teaching." Social Studies 87.4 (1996): 149-151. 

Lowe, William T. Structure and the Social Studies. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1969.

Role Analysis of Certified Nurse
Words: 3001 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62864056
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"(History of Nurse Anesthesia Practice)

Among the earlier formal programs for nurse anesthesia were those established at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, the University Hospital of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Charity Hospital in New Orleans, Barnes Hospital in St. Louis, and Presbyterian Hospital in Chicago. (History of Nurse Anesthesia Practice) Another important historical event which shows the acceptance and advancement of nurse anesthetists was the invitation of Alice Hunt, a nurse anesthetist, to join the Yale Medical School faculty as an instructor of anesthesia in 1922.

The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists was founded in 1931 and today is a professional organization which represents more than 35,000 Certified egistered Nurse Anesthetists (CNAs) and student nurse anesthetists. (AANA Overview)

Furthermore the AANA, promulgates education, and practice standards and guidelines, and affords consultation to both private and governmental entities regarding nurse anesthetists and their practice. The AANA Foundation supports…



AANA Overview. Retrieved Jan 13, 2007, at 

America's Nurse Anesthetists Commend Bush Administration for Tripling Nurse Anesthetist Traineeship Funding Today. Retrieved Jan 13, 2006, at

Donahue, M.P. (1996). Nursing, the Finest Art: An Illustrated History. St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Role of Research in Evidence-Based
Words: 570 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26075054
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Stage Two: Move/Action

Training/focus groups on cultural awareness among staff nurses

Ongoing ethics training classes in cultural diversity (benefits patients as well through nursing action)

CNL takes charge through implementing ethical standards of conduct:

Breaks up cliques through job rotations

Job performance evaluations include issues personal conduct toward other staff, including appropriate sanctions.

ewards (recognition, praise) for incentives to promote cultural diversity in the workplace by nurses.

elocate/terminate those nurses who continue to be forces of resistance to positive change.

Change action efficacy measured by ongoing anonymous nurse surveys on issues of nurse unity/disunity in the workplace, with suggestions for tweaking change.

On-going emphasis on professional standards of nursing creates unity among nurses.

Stage Three: e-Freeze

Identify those action steps that resulted in change; standardize those practices that have an evolutionary and maintaining effect (training, surveys, and job performance evaluations).


Change in the workplace can be a painful process…


Dellasega, C. (2009). Bullying Among Nurses. American Journal of Nursing, 52-58.

Kritsonis, A. (2005). Comparison of Change Theories. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 1-7.

Krugman, M. (2009). Barriers to successful journal club outcomes. Journal for Nurses in Staff Development, 100-101.

Leasure, A., Stirlen, J., & Thompson, G. (2008). Barriers and facilitators to the use of evidence-based practice. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing, 27(2), 74-84.

Role of Technology in Corporate and Social
Words: 2557 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96165638
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ole of Technology in Corporate and Social esponsibility

Insider trading. The insider trading case that has become most prominent is that against aj ajaratnam who ran the hedgefund Galleon Group, and was charged along with his co-defendant, Danielle Chiesi, a former consultant with New Castle Funds, LLC ("Insider Trading," 2010). ajaratnam was convicted of 14 counts of insider trading, which makes this case the largest scheme concocted by a hedge fund ("Insider Trading," 2010). ajaratnam's sentence was 11 years in prison accompanied by a $10 million fine ("Insider Trading," 2010). ajaratnam was part of a "triangle of trust" that functioned as a deliberately corrupt business model in which inside information is fed through networks of experts to traders within various companies ("Insider Trading," 2010). Along with five others, ajaratnam worked with a network of consultants and insiders to net in excess of $20 million between the years 2006 to 2009…


Angwin, J. (2010, July 30). The new gold mine: Your secrets. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved  A web of insider trading charges. (2010, April 1). The New York Times. Retrieved 


Insider Trading, Times Topics, (2011, December 6). The New York Times. Retrieved 

Representative Stearns introduces consumer privacy protection act. (2011, April 15). Privacy and information Security Law Blog. Hunton & Williams LLP. Retrieved

Role of Religion in Higher
Words: 2043 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13208666
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These board members are most likely to observe these institutions as corporate business organizations and even instill the idea of top-down management to it. Birnbaum (1988) pointed out dualism of control as a problem of the institutions of learning. Westmeyer (1990) pointed out that certain signs of business theory can be identified in the institutions of higher learning. These includes competition for purchases (clients), the importance and relevance of cost-effectiveness, incentives and sanctions as well as the structured nature of departments. It has also been argued that institutions of higher education are similar to corporate businesses since they are multi-billion dollar business enterprises that are governed similar financial realities of outlay and income as well as by the market forces of demand and supply. Lenington (1996) pointed out that higher education institution's resources are similar to those of any other corporate business entity. They need similar personnel, capital as well…


Birnbaum, R. (1988). How Colleges Work: The Cybernetics of Academic Organizations and Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Birnbaum, R. (2000). "The Life Cycle of Academic Management Fads." The Journal of Higher Education. Vol. 71, No. 1, pp. 1-16.

Darnell, A and Sherkat, DE (1997). "The Impact of Protestant Fundamentalism on Educational Attainment." American Sociological Review 62: 306-316.

Ferren, A. (2001). Reconciling Corporate and Academic Cultures. [electronic version] AAC&U Peer Review. Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 9-11.

Role of Regional Planning in
Words: 2337 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 64424107
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However, the issue of informal settlement, which includes squatter areas, cannot be overlooked, as it is a common problem especially in developing countries. These forms of settlement are more prone to both the natural and human disasters, which deny the people living in those areas their rights as human beings. Poor regional planning is to blame for this, and it is for this reason that the study seeks to find out how regional planning can be used to curb these problems and why it has been difficult to do so.

Purpose Statement

The purpose for carrying out this study is to get an understanding of the role of regional planning in disaster management through re-planning of disaster prone squatter regions. The research paper will center on identifying the way in which modern technologies can be applied to come up with solutions that are lasting and helpful. The case study will…


Abubakar, a.S., Kuta, G.I., Salihu, S.O. & Mairo, M. (2012). An Assessment of Some Environmental Effects of Squatter Settlement in Dutse Alhaji, Bwari Area Council, Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. Advances in Natural Science, 5(1), p. 10-28.

Caputi, P. (2012) Personal construct methodology. Malden, MA, Wiley.

Guangyao D., Wenji Z., Zhuowei H., and Dan F. (2011) an improved model of regional flood disaster risk assessment based on remote sensing data. 19th International Conference on Geoinformatics, p. 1-6.

Neuwirth, R., (2007) Squatters and the cities of tomorrow. City, 11(1), p.71-80. Available at: .

Role of Information Systems in
Words: 2932 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 99768440
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An unforeseen benefit of this online strategy Dell used to increase brand awareness and remove some of the tarnish from their brand image was Word-of-Mouth (WOM) of the brand began to grow significantly as a result (Jarvis, 2008). Dell had not experienced WOM success of its brand awareness strategies in nearly a decade prior, and what the marketing managers attributed this to was the commitment to listen and respond to customers and talk openly about the strengths and weaknesses of products. In short Dell was able to redefine their brand through the use of augmented branding strategies based on listening to customers. They showed they cared when they listened and this engenders trust, which was critical for their brand to be seen as credible again. Information technologies were tertiary to this effort. Web-based portal applications made it possible for Dell to get their website up and running within weeks.…


Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.

Bughin, J., Shenkan, A., & Singer, M.. (2009). How poor metrics undermine digital marketing. The McKinsey Quarterly,(1), 106.

Dan Coffey. (2005). Matching strategies in car assembly: the BMW-Rover-Toyota complex. International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, 5(3), 320-335.

Duray, Rebecca. (2004). Mass Customizers' Use Of Inventory, Planning Techniques And Channel Management. Production Planning & Control, 15(4), 412-421. (125 mass merchandisers)

Role of Communication in Crises
Words: 1738 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 25157259
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Role of Communication in Crises

"In crisis management, the threat is the potential damage a crisis can inflict on an organization, its stakeholders, and an industry. A crisis can create three related threats: a) public safety; b) financial loss; and c) reputation loss" (Coombs, 2007).

Good quality communication is among the most vital components of any good organization -- at any moment, in good or bad times. But during a crisis, good communication becomes even more pivotal to helping solve urgent problems. ithout a well-thought-out, professional understanding of the media and how its coverage of the crisis will unfold, the company is at the mercy of a potentially harmful and very negative image. This paper delves into the importance of good communication management in times of crisis and offers an analysis that any company should pay attention to well before any crisis happens.

The Literature on Communication in Times of…

Works Cited

Coombs, Timothy W. (2004). Impact of Past Crises on Current Crisis Communication: Insights

From Situational Crisis Communication Theory. Journal of Business Communication, 41(3),


Coombs, Timothy W. (2007). Crisis Management and Communications. Institute for Public

Role of Information Systems in Organizations What
Words: 508 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75463576
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ole of Information Systems in Organizations

What unifies all businesses is their continual need for accurate, timely information to base decisions on and continually guide their strategies to achievement. Information is the new oil; it is what enables complex processes to be simplified and integrated into the broader infrastructure of an enterprise. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate how every organization must make the most of its information systems if it is to stay competitive over time and gain new customers. One of the most critical success factors for the profitability of any business is its ability to unify and strengthen its business model based on its intelligent use of information systems (Kroenke, 2013).

How Information Systems Create Competitive Advantage

Across the many types of businesses and the industries they compete in, all shares a common need to synchronize their supply chains, create profitable products and services, manage…


Kroenke, D.M. (2013). Using MIS (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Page 1-24.

Role of Empathy in a
Words: 4160 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 84170454
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Specialists that analyze this subject refer to this as The New Age of Innovation.

The empathic business model developed around the product assumes that customers are invited to participate in the development of the product in case. They are allowed to present their ideas and to get involved in the actual production of the product in case.

The empathic business model based on price consists in strategies that offer a very low price or no charge pat all in exchange of certain information that can be used for advertising purposes, or for the fact that the customer must carry or assembly the product in case.

The empathic business model based on place are usually related to the use of the Internet, that allows customers to access the product or service whenever they want, from wherever they want.

The empathic business model based on promotion refers to strategies developed in order…

Reference list:

1. Martinuzzi, B. (2006). What's Empathy Got to Do with It? MindTools. Retrieved October 13, 2010 from .

2. Berry, T. (2009). Empathy as Key to Business Success. Retrieved October 13, 2010 from .

3. Oosterhout, B. (2010). Empathy: One Thing that Strong Business Models Have in Common. Retrieved October 13, 2010 from

4. Mortensen, K. (2006). The Role of Empathy and Service in the Sales Cycle. Retrieved October 13, 2010 from .

Role of Strategic Management in
Words: 2013 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: A-Level Coursework Paper #: 94703209
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What happens is the overall model for New Public Management was developed in 1997. Where, it was designed to provide a new way of managing various public services and projects. If Lynn had mentioned strategic planning in conjunction with New Project Management, many of readers could have assumed that the two different issues are interconnected. At which point, the effectiveness and the various benefits that are discussed could be limited, with many managers / administrators attempting to use a combination of the two. Over the course of time, this could cause the overall amounts of effectiveness to respond to different situations to become somewhat limited. To avoid having managers / administrators confuse the two different models, one could infer that Lynn intentionally did not mention strategic planning for this reason. (Lynn 231)

When you look at the second reason, the concept could be one that many politicians / administrators are…


Berry, Frances. "Innovation in Public Management." Public Administration Review. Jul. 1994: 322 -- 330. Print.

Berry, Frances. "State Agencies Experience with Strategic Planning." Public Administration Review. Apr. 1995: 159 -- 168. Print.

Lynn, Laurence. "The New Public Management." Public Administration Review. Jun. 1998: 231. Print.

Ring, Peter. "Strategic Management and Public Organizations." The Academy of Management Review. Apr. 1985: 276 -- 286. Print.

Role of Vision at Mentor
Words: 1405 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 31575025
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N.D.). Vision for any organization is linked to change be it planned or unplanned; however, depending on the leadership of management, the vision and change can be either proactive or reactive. For Langeler the constant changes in vision statements represented the inability to act a director of change and instead focused on the caretaker image of change directives. The fundamental difference is the proactivity of the director vs. The reactivity of the caretaker model.

Question V

The vicissitude nature of Mentor's vision statements changes highlights the question of whether change can be managed via models such as the director or navigator or whether inexorable forces shape decisions and change. Clearly Langeler was not able to utilize the director image in which change is influenced by the management team, directive, initiatives, and outcomes are clearly spelled out, and a process of steps for change is laid out. There is a plethora…


Burke, W. Organization Change: Theory and Practice. 2008. Sage Publications

2nd Edition.

Case Study. (N.D.). Role of Vision at Mentor Graphics

Hickman, G. Leading Organizations. Perspectives for a New Era. 2010. Sage

Role of Advocacy and Professional
Words: 2286 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 29189032
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133). This informal power is quite significant when it comes to patient decisions and as such doctors need to appreciate and understand this power nurses wield.

Due to the unique information nurses have about patients, nurses have considerable decision-making responsibilities concerning patients. For this reason, many medical schools have implemented programs, in their curriculum, to teach medical student how important it is to listen to the advice of their nurses. Innovative universities like the University of Kentucky Medical Center actually encouraged their residents to develop a collaborative partnerships with the nurses with which they worked. Paynton (2009) notes that outcomes of patient care improve when collaboration increases and the role of nurses is valued. However, regretfully, this collaboration does not always take place.

Although there is a shift in trends towards more collaboration between doctors and nurses, giving nurses more formal power in advocating for patients, the narratives collected by…


Goodman, B. (Nov 2003). Ms. B and legal competence: Examining the role of nurses in difficult ethico-legal decision-making. Nursing in Critical Care, 8(2). Retrieved April 22, 2009, from CINAHL Plus.

Keatley, V. (2008). Identifying and Articulating the Characteristics of Nursing Agency: BSN Students' Perspective. Self-Care, Dependent-Care & Nursing, 16(2). Retrieved April 22, 2009, from CINAHL Plus.

Lawson, L. (2008). Person-centered forensic nursing. Journal of Forensic Nursing, 4(3). Retrieved April 22, 2009, from CINAHL Plus.

McCarthy, V. & Freeman, L. (Fall-Winter 2008). A multidisciplinary concept analysis of empowerment: Implications for nursing. Journal of Theory Construction & Testing, 12(2). Retrieved April 22, 2009, from CINAHL Plus.

Role of Mistake in English
Words: 5222 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81767225
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In this particular instance, while under the impression that the expression 'Gros' denoted double packs, not as the objective term signified the amount o "12 x 12," a teacher reportedly ordered toilet paper on behalf of her school. "Her order of 'Gros' those objectively meant 3600 packs of toilet paper instead of 50. The action of a supplier for the prize of 3600 pacts of toilet paper failed because the teacher was allowed to declare her declaration of the will to be void for meaning mistake.... hether the error was to be blamed on the teacher is entirely air of a love for the right to rescind the contact in German law...."

In an English case, an offer assessed the current market rental value of the premises as £65.000, however this later was claimed to have been included in error, with the intended figure to be and £126,000. According to…

Works Cited

Beatson, J. & Friedmann, Daniel. (1995). Good Faith and Fault in Contract Law. Oxford University Press. 9 Jan. 2008. .

The Columbia World of Quotations. (1996). New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 9 January 2008

Duhaime, Lloyd. "Mistake, Rectification & Misrepresentation." (2007, May 7). 9 January 2008 . Gordley, James, ed. The Enforceability of Promises in European Contract Law. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Questia. 9 Jan. 2008 .

Chen-Wishart, Mindy. "6In Defence of Unjust Factors: a Study of Rescission for Duress, Fraud and Exploitation." Unjustified Enrichment Key Issues in Comparative Perspective. Ed. David Johnston and Reinhard Zimmermann. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2002. 159-193. Questia. 9 Jan. 2008 .

Role of Emotions and Personality
Words: 1151 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 23558882
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The author concludes that as sublimated and oblique emotions where in previous management theories ignored passion, the author contends that ultimately this trait is one of the most powerful for leaders to possess, a point supported by additional research (Ali, 2005).

Comparison of both Articles' Arguments

Both articles by (Lieberman, 2006) and (Muchinsky, 2000) illustrate how critical it is for organizations to recruit managers and promote leaders who can effectively develop strategies to accentuate the positive emotional and personality-based approaches to leading both individuals and teams. The articles reviewed both underscore how critical it is to nurture emotional environments in organizations and can serve as the catalyst of as Muchinsky calls them in his hierarchy of emotions "favorable life conditions," or those emotions that include happiness, pride, and love. Muchinsky argues that these emotions in conjunction with the empathetic emotions as defined in his proposed taxonomy are the necessary catalysts…


Abbas J. Ali (2005). The PASSIONATE EXECUTIVE. International Journal of Commerce & Management, 15(2), I, II. Retrieved April 4, 2008, from EBSCO HOST Global database. (Document ID: 977565991).

Joyce E. Bono, Hannah Jackson Foldes, Gregory Vinson, John P. Muros. (2007). Workplace emotions: The role of supervision and leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(5), 1357. Retrieved April 12, 2008, from EBSCO HOST Global database. (Document ID: 1337089971).

Shlomo Hareli, Noga Shomrat, Nahum Biger. (2005). The role of emotions in employees' explanations for failure in the workplace. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 20(8), 663-680. Retrieved April 13, 2008, from EBSCO HOST Global database. (Document ID: 967090691).

Amy L. Lieberman (2006). The "A" List of Emotions in Mediation from Anxiety to Agreement. Dispute Resolution Journal, 61(1), 46-50. Retrieved April 5, 2008, from EBSCO HOST Global database. (Document ID: 1034264051).

Role of Paralegals in the
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39819585
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, which markets paralegal services to the public, generated about $3.8 million in franchise revenue last year, according to the company's Form 10-K annual report filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Miller, L. (2005) Outsource paralegal work. Trial 41(10), 72-73.

Increasingly, paraprofessionals are going freelance or by contract hours. With a salaried paralegal, if there is a break in the work, he or she may have to do clerical work because there is nothing else to do. A contract paralegal, however, can take on short-term, long-term, per-diem, or per-case projects, depending on what is needed by commissioned assignment. The person is paid only when billing, without the overhead, benefits, or taxes. Contract paralegals can assist with litigation preparation, covering employee absences, and overflow work. Anoutside paralegal can help prepare documents and keep cases moving. A paralegal who is familiar with files can maximize a firm's productivity and minimize costs…

Role of Education in Fostering
Words: 1923 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 42087057
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During the investigative process, this researcher documents the formulation and thinking of the citizenship education programme in a typical Singapore secondary school.

Singapore, a contemporary strategic island known as one of the world's busiest economic powerhouse seaports, also currently constitutes a major global banking, petroleum, and ship building center. During the past few decades, Singapore, considered a "melting pot of cultures" moved to the top of considerations for international travelers. "A bridge and causeway connect Singapore to the Malaysia mainland…." (Singapore, 2008) Due to problems evolving from the aggressive current patterns of the Strait of Singapore, however, vital, on-going land reclamation projects routinely occur.

Regional fishermen and pirates originally claimed Singapore, at one time part of the Sumatran Empire of Srivijaya. During the 16th century, European control of the Malaysian area began. In 1819, Britain founded Singapore as a British trading colony, and consequently built one of Britain's most vital…

Figure 8: Yishun Town Secondary School Location (1) (Yishun Town Secondary, 2008)

X -- pic in other TEMPLATE

Figure 9: Yishun Town Secondary School Location (2) (School Information Service, 2008)

Role of Competition in US Healthcare
Words: 1951 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53959471
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role that competition plays in U.S. healthcare

This paper presents a detailed examination of the role that competition plays in U.S. healthcare. The writer explores the impact that the ability to compete for consumers has on the health care industry in America. The writer also looks at the behavior of private and public organizations throughout the nation in the health care industry and speculates both negative and positive conclusions about the long-term impact health care competition will have on the industry. There were five sources used to complete this paper.

The biggest issue in the health care debate today is the financing of the industry. Millions of people are going without insurance or care because they cannot afford the cost. Those who do have insurance are paying premiums that threaten to break the bank, and the companies who are trying to cover the cost for the workers are having a…


BRUCE COE, IT'S TIME TO FIX HEALTH-CARE SYSTEM., The Record (Bergen County, NJ), 05-23-1993, pp o02.

Frederic C. Brussee, MANAGED CARE IS DOING THE JOB., St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 09-12-1996, pp 07B.

Staff, Choice equals cost There are no winners in the competition for health care dollars, and patients must expect to pay more as their options increase.., The Atlanta Journal, 08-10-2001, pp A18.

Teisberg Elizabeth Olmsted - Harvard Univ. Graduate School of Business Administration; Michael Porter - Harvard Univ...., Making Competition in Health Care Work., Harvard Business Review, 07-01-1994, pp p 131.

Role and Process of Suburbanization in Creation
Words: 1246 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81131562
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ole and Process of Suburbanization in Creation of Metropolitan Areas

The divide between city and rural areas and the rise of the metropolis were features of the previous century. While the development of cities had its own problems, the development of the cities into metropolises created new hinterlands that other cities did not have. The new type of development across the metropolitan areas and its periphery came to be called urbanization. The process of suburban development in the United States was a result of the growth of the middle and upper classes. But there was also urbanization in industrial cities resulting in employment by the working-class that created settlements in industrial suburbs. Modern scholars identify three types of suburban growth- One the residential suburbs created by the rich and the second the industrial suburbs and the third, the development of 'unincorporated districts at the urban fringe.' (Harris; Larkham, 91)



Banfield, Edward C; Grodzins, Morton. Government and Housing in Metropolitan Areas.

McGraw-Hill: New York.

Clawson, Marion. Suburban Land Conversion in the United States: An Economic and Governmental Process. Resources for the Future: Baltimore, 1971.

Fellmann, Jerome Donald; Getis, Arthur; Getis, Judith. (1997) Human geography: landscapes of human activities. William C. Brown Pub.

Role of ALS in EMS
Words: 2018 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 83786338
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ole of ALS in EMS

ALS (Advanced Life Support) represents a complex collection of rules and procedures extending beyond elementary life support, for further aiding ailing or injured individuals in clearing their windpipe, breathing and ensuring air circulates throughout their body, thus supporting blood circulation under emergency circumstances (Advanced Life Support (Definition and Explanation), 2016). The following individuals commonly need ALS transport (Lifeline: Basic and Advanced Life Support, 2016):

A surgical or medical patient with ongoing intravenous medicine but not requiring any egistered Nurse, in keeping with state regulation.

Individuals with Cardiac Monitor attached

Urgent care center patients

Patients suffering from a possible compromise of the airway

Obstetrical Patients

Patients regarded as having a possible complication in the course of transport, as indicated by a report forwarded by the sending healthcare facility.

Whiteman, C., Shaver, E., Doerr, ., Davis, S., Blum, F., Davidov, D., & Lander, O. (2014). Trauma patient…


Advanced Life Support (Definition And Explanation). (2016, February 19). Retrieved from Nurse Frontier: 

Al-Shaqsi, S. (2010). Models of International Emergency Medical Service (EMS) Systems. Oman Medical Journal, 320-323.

Anest, T., Ramirez, S., Balhara, K., Hodkinson, P., Wallis, L., & Hansoti, B. (2016). Defining and improving the role of emergency medical services in Cape Town, South Africa. Emergency Medical Journal.

Gordon, E., & Ornato, J. (2000). Emergency cardiac care: introduction. Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Efqm Excellence Model Investigating the Viability of
Words: 1758 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27862460
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EFQM Excellence Model

Investigating the viability of using the (EFQM) Excellence Model 2013 as a basis for introducing an Integrated Management System into a Print Media Company

The viability of using the European foundation for quality management (EFQM) excellence

An integrated management system (IMS) is a system of management that incorporates the entire organizations' processes and departments in one inclusive framework (Pardy & Andrews 2010). This enables the organization to function as a distinct unit that has integrated objectives and vision. An organization with an integrated system becomes a whole unit, which is genuinely coordinated with each specific objective in line with one major goal of the organization; significantly improving the overall performance of the organization.

An integrated system gives a comprehensible, holistic view of all aspects of your organization, how they have an effect on each other and their allied risks. It also reduces work duplication and hence, eases…


Oakland, J.S. (2003). Total quality management: text with cases. Oxford, Butterworth-Heinemann.

Porter, L.J., & Tanner, S.J. (2004). Assessing business excellence: a guide to business excellence and self-assessment. Amsterdam [Netherlands], Elsevier.

Kanji, G.K. (2002). Measuring business excellence. London [u.a.], Routledge.

hakes, C., & Wilkinson, J. (2007). The EFQM excellence model: for assessing organizaional performance: a management guide. Zaltbommel, Van Haren Publishing.

Nursing Role Development
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58025931
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Masters-prepared Nurse's Role: Questions

Describe the masters-prepared nurse's role as advocate for the nursing profession.

Historically, nursing has seldom garnered the respect it deserves as a profession. A masters-prepared nurse is capable of performing many of the functions of a physician. The technical preparation and level of specialty confounds stereotypes of the nursing profession as merely a 'helper' to doctors.

Describe the masters-prepared nurse's role and responsibility in professional activities.

As well as technical duties, APNs are often called upon to act in managerial capacities. The nurse must balance the needs of the organization with the demands of patients and the role of the nurse-practitioner. The masters-prepared nurse has a responsibility to stay on the cutting edge of professional literature, including updating his or her credentials; reading publications; and becoming a member of professional organizations.

713.1.2-03: Describe the masters-prepared nurse's role in maintaining continued competence.

Healthcare is a constantly-changing field.…

Reality TV Reinforce Negative Role
Words: 5002 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86423863
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However, the ability to criticize and gain depth into a subject was the key factors involved in qualitative research. In order for qualitative research methods to be applied to qualitative research, these methods had to undergo some form of transformation to make them acceptable to the empirical mindset. ainwright argues that in order to achieve this, qualitative methods had to sacrifice some of their critical elements in favor of validity and reliability. He argues that one cannot have criticism and validity at the same time.

However, this is a difficult viewpoint to accept and if one examines the method to be employed in this research, the presence of validity and controls does not limit the ability to criticize the results. Increasing validity and reliability in the qualitative research means the development of criteria on the data collection. This may be a hindrance in the traditional sociological setting, such as field…

Works Cited

Beattie, G. 2002. Head Counts. Guardian Unlimited. May 28, 2002. Retrieved January 15, 2007 at,721013,00.html .

Dehnart, a. 2001. Celebrating Classic Sociology: Pioneers of British Qualitative Research. A symposium organized by Qualidata and held on 5-6 July 2001 at the University of Essex. Aug. 6, 2004. Retrieved January 15, 2007 at

Fielding, N. 1993. Ethnography. In N. Gilbert (Ed.), Researching social life. London: Sage.

Hammersley, M. 1992. What's wrong with ethnography? London: Routledge.

Personal Model of Ethical Leadership Has Been
Words: 1971 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42203081
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Personal Model of Ethical Leadership

Leadership has been defined as the "procedure of social influence where a person is able to enlist the aid and support of others in the achievement of a common task" (Jam, 2012). Leadership is something that remains as one of the most appropriate features of the organizational context. A leader is an individual who influences a group of people in the direction of a specific result. It is not really dependent on title or official authority. Leaders are normally recognized by their volume for caring for others, clear communication, and a commitment to persevere. Some experts believe that good leaders are made not born and others say the opposite. Some leaders have the belief that when people have the willpower and desire, then they can become an effective leader. Some managers even mention that a good leader develops through a never ending procedure of self-study,…


Jam, J.I. (2012). IMPACT OF CORPORATE ETHICAL VAULUES ON ETHICAL LEADERSHIP AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE. International Journal of Business and Social Science,, 23(9), 23-56.

Kacmar, K.M. (2013). Ethical leadership and subordinate outcomes: The mediating role of organizational politics and the moderating role of political skill. Journal of Business Ethics,, 23(11), 33-44.

Mayer, D.M. (2012). Examining the link between ethical leadership and employee misconduct: The mediating role of ethical climate. Journal of Business Ethics, 12(6), 7-16.

Miao, Q.N. (2013). The relationship between ethical leadership and unethical pro-organizational behavior: Linear or curvilinear effects? Journal of Business Ethics, 22(5), 67-70.

Frederick Jones' Model Should Instruction
Words: 1185 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 61531982
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So they come to class thinking they can pull the same stunts in class, but they can't if the teacher stays calm, consistent, and never turns his or her back on the class for any reason. The calm, well-organized teacher that sticks to the rules that have been applied to the classroom dynamics, and doesn't get flustered easily, is going to be successful (

hat types of students might not respond to the Jones' approach? hy?

One kind of student that will always test the teacher, whether the teacher is using Jones' strategy or not, is the gang banger, or gang wannabe. That boy is out to show the gang he is part of that he can stand up to authority. The other kind of student who won't cooperate (until punished) is the kid from a broken home who has been dabbling in drugs and alcohol and has free reign…

Works Cited

Education World. (2008). Dr. Fred Jones' Tools for Teaching. Retrieved May 10, 2013, from .

Middle East Technical University. (2010). The Positive Discipline Model. Retrieved May 10,

2013, from .

PBS. (2011). PBS Classroom Structure: Be All You Can Be. Retrieved May 10, 2013, from

Mentoring in The Role of Mentoring Michael
Words: 638 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14317220
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In "The ole of Mentoring," Michael Stephens shows how mentors can be useful in the field of librarian science. Using the basic principles upon which mentoring programs are developed, and which are supported in our textbook, Stephens advises the use of technology to facilitate mentoring. In the article, the author expresses the value of mentoring for the librarian profession. Mentoring is more than just teaching and training the new librarian. It has to do with the totality of the position, including the working environment. For example, a mentor can help the new recruit to get along well with coworkers and managers. Mentoring has not played a significant role in developing new librarians, but it should, states Stephens.

There are benefits for professors as well as librarians when introducing a mentoring program. For one, the mentoring program can facilitate networking and communications between various departments. However, one must be careful…


"The Concept of Mentoring." Retrieved online:

Stephens, M. The Role of Mentoring, Library, Information Science & Technology. September, 2011.

Gender the Role of Stereotypes in the
Words: 1004 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14103962
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The role of stereotypes in the selection and acceptance of female leaders.

As Carter & Silva (2010) point out, there are several stereotypes about women's behavior and goals that influences the selection and acceptance of female leaders. Some of the stereotypes about women include the myth that women will leave their positions to start families; the myth that women don't actually aspire to upper management; and the myth that there are regional differences that invalidate the gender bias argument altogether (Carter & Silva, 2010, p. 1). In fact, empirical research debunks each one of these myths and points to a deeper issue related to ongoing misogyny in the corporate world.

One of the prevailing stereotypes held by both men and women is that women are "better at stereotypically feminine 'caretaking skills' such as supporting and rewarding," and that men are better at the "taking charge" skills "such as influencing…


Amble, B. (2005). Gender stereotypes block women's advancement. Management Issues. 20 Oct, 2005. Retrieved online: 

Carter, N.M. & Silva, C. (2011). Delusions of progress. Retrieved online:

King, S. (2012). Critical success factors for women leaders. Institute for Management Studies. Retrieved online: 

Marcus, L.P. (2010). Developing women leaders: Five factors that matter. Retrieved online:

Analyzing the the Discrimination Model
Words: 2873 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 41168980
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Discrimination Model

Mental health practitioners' clinical supervision began similar to the practice of "apprenticeship" in other areas. Apprentices or pupils possessing basic skills and knowledge would become proficient in work through observation, assisting the accomplished professional in that field, and receiving his/her feedback. The belief was that, since the "master" excelled at the job, his/her supervisory and teaching skills would be just as good. However, this is not true always. Experts in the field have realized today that, despite counseling and clinical supervision having a lot in common (including the ability of engaging in effective interpersonal relationships), these two tasks employ unique and different skills. In other words, an expert clinician will not invariably be an expert supervisor, without adding supervisory skills and knowledge training and experience. Moreover, the specialist-apprentice supervision concept induces a power hierarchy that favors the specialist or coach as "authority" in the field; this dynamic receives…


Bernard, J. M., & Goodyear, R. K. (2014). Fundamentals of clinical supervision. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Bernard, J., & Goodyear, R. (1992). Fundamentals of clinical supervision. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Borders, L. D., & Brown, L. L. (2005). The new hand of counseling supervision. Mahwah, NJ: Lahaska Press.

Borders, L. D., DeKruyf, L., Fernando, D. M., Fernando, H. L., Hays, D. G., Page, B., & Welfare, L. E. (2011). Retrieved from - Best-Practices-in-clinical-supervision-document-FINAL.pdf

Healing Model and Health Model
Words: 1881 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71877367
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Health Model and Healing Model

The healing model and health model have influenced the human belief for several decades, and the health model defines health as robust physical human fitness that is free of disease. On the other hand, healing is a functional restoration of repairing or conquering alien destroyer. In other word, health is the balance of spirit, mind and body. Since disease serves as an agent that disrupts the balance, healing serves as restoration of human balance. (Carpenter, 2010).

In essence, healing and spirituality are intimately connected. Healing is the spiritual process that influences the wholesome of an individual. In other word, healing is an intangible, experiential and spiritual that integrates human body, mind, soul and spirit. More importantly, healing is concerned with the wholesome of human being. For several thousand years, many people with different cultures have used the healing model for the well being of their…

Liu, C. Li, D. Fu, B. et al. (2014). Modeling of self-healing against cascading overload failures in complex networks. EPL (Europhysics Letters). 107(6).

Meilin, S. (2013). Characterization of a porcine model of post-operative pain European Journal of Pain.

Tiaki, K.C. (2013). Helping transform health service models. Nursing New Zealand. 19 (7): 27.

Analyzing Leadership and the Role of Sex and Gender
Words: 3223 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 33848527
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Leadership and the ole of Sex and Gender

Previous studies have revealed that gender roles and gender may both be predictors of the emergence of leadership. This paper will examine the impact of the above variables, using role congruity and expectation states theories. With respect to gender, males will most likely emerge as the leaders in case of gender-neutral and masculine tasks, while females more likely dominate the domain of feminine tasks. The process may be explained in terms of performance expectations the society has for females and males with regard to specific tasks. In the gender role context, androgynous and masculine personalities will most probably come forward in the leadership role across a range of tasks. This arises out of congruence between androgynous and masculine gender roles, as well as the stereotypical example of the leadership role. It appears that (in western societies, at least), model leaders remain stereotyped…


Catalyst, (2016). Women CEOs of the S&P 500. New York. Retrieved from  on 19 May 2016

Dawson, M., Burrell, D. N., & Rahim, E. (2010). Deep Dive into Understanding the Theory of Military Organization, Military Leadership, Skill Transfer, Aspects of Program Management, and Decision Support Systems. International Handbook of Academic Research and Teaching, 33.

KENT, R. & MOSS, S.E. (1994). EFFECTS OF SEX AND GENDER ROLE ON LEADER EMERGENCE. Academy of Management Journal, 37(5), 1335-1346.

Laurence, J. H. (2011). Military Leadership and the Complexity of Combat and Culture. Military Psychology, 23, 489-501. doi:10.1080/08995605.2011.600143

The Role Media Plays in Relation to Gender Stereotypes
Words: 4863 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20538188
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By being born a man or a woman signals to bearing certain clear sexual characteristics. Socialization takes individuals through a path that inculcates certain norms and codes of conduct depending on whether one is born a male or a female. In other words, the rules that one adopts and follows are guided by whether they are biologically male or female. Therefore, one’s communication, expression and behavior is shaped by the preexisting cultural and social norms including non-verbal language. Consequently, people’s behavior may differ because they are shaped by cultural and social norms from varying socio-ethnic and cultural setups. All these forces define gender; which is effectively a social construction of one’s biological sex. It allows for the recognition and distinction between men and women. According to Lippman (1922), stereotypes were important because they were an offshoot of a people’s ideas and heritage and, thus, served important purposes. Stereotypes helped…

What Is China's Role in Globalization Why Is it Significant
Words: 7994 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 75280432
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How Africa's Petroleum Supply Is Important to China's Economic Growth and Development

While China continues to grow, its oil demand is poised to grow rapidly. For China to ensure its oil security, it must obtain oil from the global world because it lacks adequate domestic resources to quench the thirsty appetite of the country's rapid economic development. Any approach for growth that the country takes in its demand for oil is likely to affect the global oil market and influence existing system and order of international oil. As one of its oil strategy, China's firms are reaching every corner of the world to purchase oil or invest in oil fields showing to have opportunities disregarding the possible enormous risks. Some of China's national oil enterprises have made outstanding investment activities in African countries (Ma, 2010). Today, China's largest imports from Africa continue…


Bhaumik, T.K. (2009). Old China's new economy: The conquest of a billion paupers. New Delhi: SAGE.

Brewer, J. & Miklancic, M. (2013). Convergence: illicit networks and national security in the age of globalization. Published for the Center for Complex Operations Institute for National Strategic Studies By National Defense University Press Washington, D.C.

Buss, T.F. (2011). African security and the African command: Viewpoints on the U.S. role in Africa. Sterling, VA: Kumarian Press.

Cheung, Y.-W., & Haan, J. (2013). The evolving role of China in the global economy. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.