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Rolling Stones Bio
The Rolling Stones Gather No Moss
The Rolling Stones are considered to be one of the greatest rock bands of all time. ith a music career that spans 50 years, the Rolling Stones continue to tour and expose millions of fans to their timeless music. In addition to being actively involved in music and touring as a band for the past 50 years, several members of the band have also made individual forays into solo music performances and film. ith their blues driven rock, The Rolling Stones have had a great impact on music and culture.
Brian Jones, a blues enthusiast and an avid harp player, brought the Rolling Stones together in London, England in 1962. hile Jones initially set out to create an R&B band, the band soon transformed into the blues-driven rock band that continues to create hits to this day. Given the fact that…
Forbes. "The Rolling Stones." 14 June 2007. Web. Accessed 27 Feb. 12.
Hunter, Jack. Moonchild: The Films of Kenneth Anger. New York: Creation Books,
"The Rolling Stones." Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Web. Accessed 27 Feb. 12.
Beatles vs. The Rolling Stones
Although both were seminal musical bands during the 1960's, the Beatles and the Rolling Stones formed, and continue to mark distinct cultural styles and trends in the history of 1960's and 1970's music. The Beatles have the advantage over the Rolling Stones, in some sense, in securing their place in musical history because they no longer are a band and had a far briefer history. Two of the Beatles founding fathers are dead, one by assassination, the other because of cancer. Thus, the Beatles status and place in musical history remains enshrined, unlike that of the Rolling Stones, which is still, to some extent, evolving in its image, yet remaining musically static all at once.
The Beatles are still largely viewed as the 'nicer' or the more cerebral of the two bands. Even though the Beatles like the Rolling Stones, came from a grungy, pseudo-American…
Rolling Stone is looking for a slightly older, more affluent readership and ironically picks up more male readers than SPIN. As a DJ, this information is invaluable in seeing how the music reviews and editorial coverage impacts what people at concerns and events I work. Rolling Stone covers the more mainstream hip hop, house music, soul and on occasion, indie bands. SPIN is much bolder in their content and is more effective in attracting younger readers who want to be on the cutting edge of the music scene. Figure q: SPIN Network Demographic Analysis shows the results of analyzing the SPIN website using Quantcast.
Figure 1: SPIN Network Demographic Analysis (Quantcast)
Figure 2 shows the demographic analysis of the Rolling Stone, using their website as the basis of the analysis using Quantcast. As can be seen from the Analysis, Rolling Stone has a significantly larger audience and has a larger…
Ainsworth, Anthony Bailey. "A year in the Life of the African-American Male in Advertising: A Content Analysis." Journal of Advertising 35.1 (2006): 83-104.
Kolbe, Richard H., and Paul J. Albanese. "Man to Man: A Content Analysis of Sole-Male Images in Male-Audience Magazines." Journal of Advertising 25.4 (1996): 1-20.
Raab, David M. "New Metrics for Social Media." Information Management 21.6 (2011): 24.
Appendix a: Additional Statistics on Rolling Stone
British Invasion on the United States: 1964 -- 1967
The arrival of the Beatles in New York City in 1964 for an appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show marked the beginning of what has become commonly known as the "British Invasion." This period, lasting roughly from 1964 to 1967, was a time when British bands invaded and topped the charts of the American music industry influencing the culture and social behavior of a generation of baby boomers.
In the decade prior to the 1960s fashion designs were intended to encourage housewives and discourage feminism. Teenagers relied upon their peers and the media to determine their style and the practice of conforming to their elder's tastes was beginning to evaporate. For instance, hair styles were greatly influenced by the Rockabilly icon Elvis Presley, sleek and gelled back. Nearly half of America's population was under the age of 18 at the dawn…
"1962 -- 66: American Folk-Rock vs.The British Invasion." State University of New York at Oswego, (ND). Web. 13 May 2013.
Au, Lynda. "The British Invasion: It's effects and Influences." Prezi Inc., 14 January 2013. Web. 13 May 2013.
Bangs, Lester. "The British Invasion." The Rooling Stone Illustrated History Of Rock and Roll, Jim Miller (ed.). New York: Random House, 1980. Print.
Davis, Lina and Crystal Pike."Cultural Impact." The Beatles vs. The Rolling Stones, 2011. Web. 13 May 2013.
Pop is tomorrow's Classical"- Paul McCartney. Discuss this contention within the context of rock/classical music collaborations since the early 1950s.
Classical Rock and Popular Prophecy
To the average music-listener, musical genres are easily divided into homogenous groupings without any danger of overlapping one another. Certainly, there are rare occurrences of "cross-over" hits on the radio that find airplay on both Adult Contemporary and Country stations, or those releases which find an audience among both Easy Listening and Rock fans. Another seemingly strange occurrence that may be observed by the slightly more alert music consumer is that time shifts musical pieces from one genre to another, and yesterday's Alternative Rock is today's Easy Listening, yet even this phenomenon is considered an anomaly of the music industry. A simplicity is desired among musical elitists that preserves some musical forms as valid, labeling others as mere fads. However, the deep impact of musical…
"Classical Music." Heart & Soul. World Book. 2004. http://www2.worldbook.com/features/aamusic/html/classical.htm
Duxbury, Janell R. "The Nexus of Classical and Rock." Progression, no. 39, p70-74. Summer, 2001. http://www.geocities.com/Vienna/8660/article.html
Duxbury, Janell R. Rockin' the Classics and Classicizin' the Rock: A Selectively Annotated Discography. Greenwood Press, 1991.
Fissinger, Laura. "Jim Steinman: To 'Hell' & Back." BMI MusicWorld. Spring 1994. http://jimsteinman.com/bmi.htm
olling Stone describes David Bowie as the "consummate musical chameleon" because the superstar musician continually reinvents himself and appeals to a fan base wider than most artists ("David Bowie: Biography," n.d.). Bowie was born David obert Jones in Brixton, South London, in January 1947. He started playing the saxophone at age 13, and played in several different bands during his teenage years, including the Konrads, the King Bees, David Jones and the Buzz, the King Bees, the Manish Boys (featuring Jimmy Page as a session guitarist), and Davey Jones and the Lower Third ("David Bowie: Biography," n.d.). As Crocker (2011) points out, Bowie slipped easily into London "mod" scenes as a teenager, and quickly developed his artsy chameleon style that characterized the meat of Bowie's career. Gender-bending, avant-garde performances, and avant-garde music were the cornerstones of Bowie's identity and image throughout the late 1960s and 1970s. David Bowie came…
Crocker, L. (2011). Nine juiciest bits from new Bowie biography. The Daily Beast. July 12, 2011. Retrieved online: http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2011/07/12/david-bowie-starman-biography-9-juiciest-bits.html
"David Bowie." Retrieved online: http://www.biography.com/people/david-bowie-9222045
"David Bowie: Biography," (n.d). Rolling Stone. Retrieved online: http://www.rollingstone.com /music/artists/david-bowie/biography
As a result, consumers again have choices. y limiting media exposure, and being aware of media techniques used to brand and market pop stars, we can make educated choices. Rather than choosing what to listen to by turning on the radio and television, we now have the choice to investigate on our own, on the Internet. It will be interesting to see how pop music responds.
Daly, Steve. "ritney Spears inside the heart and mind (and bedroom) of America's new teen queen." Rolling Stone, 15 April 1999, 60-70.
Fox, Mark A., and Paul Kochanowski. "Models of Superstardom: An Application of the Lotka and Yule Distributions." Popular Music & Society 27, no. 4 (2004): 507-522.
Larson, Charles U. Persuasion: Perception and Responsibility, 9th ed. elmont, CA: Wadsworth / Thomson Learning, 2001.
Lelanc, Larry. "A Revival At Top 40 Radio rings Wave Of New Teen Acts In Canada." illboard, 17 June…
Daly, Steve. "Britney Spears inside the heart and mind (and bedroom) of America's new teen queen." Rolling Stone, 15 April 1999, 60-70.
Fox, Mark A., and Paul Kochanowski. "Models of Superstardom: An Application of the Lotka and Yule Distributions." Popular Music & Society 27, no. 4 (2004): 507-522.
Larson, Charles U. Persuasion: Perception and Responsibility, 9th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth / Thomson Learning, 2001.
LeBlanc, Larry. "A Revival At Top 40 Radio Brings Wave Of New Teen Acts In Canada." Billboard, 17 June 2000, 75.
The problem facing General McChrystal is that he forgot (or never knew) the rule regarding the making of remarks or comments that denigrate a superior officer. Such a mistake is not only an ethical misstep, it is also expressly prohibited in Article 88, which states that commissioned officers are prohibited from verbal or written language denigrating military officers, or political legislatures, governors or other officials including the Chief Executive of the United States (in this case Barak Hussein Obama). If McChrystal had concentrated on what he knows best (being a leader of men) he most likely would have never found himself in a situation that called for his resignation. From all reports, it seems as if McChrystal was a very hands-on leader who cared for his troops.
One report found that "the instincts that he (McChrystal) developed during five years in the cloistered, secret world of Joint Special Operations…
Executive Branch -- Politics (2010) Obama relieves McChrystal over critical remarks, name Patreaus as replacement, accessed December 7, 2011 at: http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2010/06/23/mcchrystal-afghanistan-fate/#ixzz1ft1jyQUM
Kitfield, J.; (2010) McChrystal: A warrior undone, National Journal, May 26th, p. 3
Obama, B.H.; (2010) Remarks on the resignation of General Stanley A. McChrystal as Commander of the NATO International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan, Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents, pp. 1 -- 3
Thomas, E.; Barry, J.; Smalley, S.; (2009) McChrystal's war, Newsweek, Vol. 154, Issue 14, pp. 28-33
He had been most inspired by the songs of Woody Guthrie. "Woody had a sound and said something with his music." He wanted to meet Woody and thank him for such inspiring songs. Woody had not been well and was being treated in a local hospital. Bob went and saw him and then wrote a "ong to Woody."
uddenly, following that visit, as if overnight, Bob Dylan became a household name. He was selling out theatres across America and England. He was referred to as a genius. It has been said that Bob went down to the crossroads and struck a deal with the devil, in order to arrive at such a place. He continued to evolve from the old acoustic folk singer that everyone loved, to a somewhat loud electric rock star. Columbia Records and many of his fans were not happy about this change. Fans were booing and…
Suddenly, following that visit, as if overnight, Bob Dylan became a household name. He was selling out theatres across America and England. He was referred to as a genius. It has been said that Bob went down to the crossroads and struck a deal with the devil, in order to arrive at such a place. He continued to evolve from the old acoustic folk singer that everyone loved, to a somewhat loud electric rock star. Columbia Records and many of his fans were not happy about this change. Fans were booing and heckling him at concerts, yet they continued to buy tickets. Bob's electric song "Like a Rolling Stone" from the acclaimed album "Highway 61 Revisited" climbed to number 2 on the Billboard pop charts, second only to The Beatles "Help."
The central theme to this documentary is a lesson that teaches us to remain true to ourselves no matter what others think. If we are to conform to the labels and beliefs of others, we are bound for failure. Bob knew this, and continues to follow his heart to this day.
Steve Allen of Billboard said: "Dylan's poetry is born of a painful awareness of the tragedy that underlies the contemporary human condition." This is as true in 2010 as it was in 1965. Martin Scorsese captured a moment in time with this project, and the moment he captured is the same now, as it was then, and will always be.
As a whole, the piece is far more rhythmic and structured than many earlier Guns N' oses song, and its has definitely lost some of the rawness that made the band so popular in the first place. It has been replaced with contemplation that still raises a challenge to listeners and critics, however, as well as to former band mates. Slash's lack of presence on the guitar is evident, but what is played provides a support for Axl's voice in a way that Slash's playing never really did, if it was even attempted. It is true that the collaborative spirit of the group has diminished, and this is definitely evident in the isolation and emphasis of ose and his singing -- and lyrics, incidentally -- but the music still goes on. Ax ose continues to listen and to incorporate changes in the rock scene as well as the growing use…
Luukkonen, J. (2008). "The History of GN'R: The Shocking Truth." Accessed 23 September 2009. http://www.heretodaygonetohell.com/history/history06.php
Rose, a. (2008). "Open Letter from Axl." Accessed 23 September 2009. http://web.gunsnroses.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20081216&content_id=a1&vkey=news&fext=.jsp
Race and Music: Richie Valens
In the past, an individual's culture would dominate whether or not he or she could have any kind of financial success outside of fans of that particular culture. However, there have been a few musical artists who have been able to transcend the limitations of their culture and become what would be considered mainstream performers. These people are extraordinary in that not only were they able to achieve great success, but were able to do so without sacrificing the integrity of their heritages. One of the first successful Latin or Chicano artists to achieve mainstream success in the United States was Richie Valens, born Ricardo Esteban Valenzuela Reyes. This man introduced 1950s America to the sounds of Latin and Hispanic culture and incorporated Spanish language into popular songs which became big hits in America among Hispanic and white audiences as well. hat is particularly remarkable…
Lehmer, Larry (2004). The Day the Music Died: The Last Tour of Buddy Holly, the Big Bopper,
and Richie Valens. Schirmer: New York, NY.
"Son Jarocho Music." (2011). National Geographic. Retrieved from http://worldmusic.nationalgeographic.com/view/page.basic/genre/content.genre/son_jarocho_789/en_US
The ritish Invasion: The eatles v the Rolling Stones
Two of the most influential rock bands of all time emerged from England in the 1960s during the ritish invasion. Although they came to prominence around the same time, The eatles and The Rolling Stones each developed a style that was unique to their bands. Though the two bands were opposites in many ways, they helped to establish a new sound, both in England and the United States, which would revolutionize rock and roll.
The eatles were made up of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr. There were many early versions of the band including the Quarreymen, which was formed in 1959, then Johnny and the Moondogs, and then the Silver eatles, the name that the band adopted before formalizing their line-up and becoming known as The eatles.[footnoteRef:1] One of the first things that the band's managers…
Szatmary, David P. Rockin' In Time: A Social History of Rock-and-Roll. Upper Saddle River:
Prentice Hall, 2000.
Elvis Presley's Impact On Popular Music Culture
From the time Elvis recorded "That's All Right Mamma" for Sun Records in 1953, to his subsequent and astonishing rise to fame, he reinvented the concept of rock star and has made a bigger impact on popular music culture than any other act. That is saying a lot considering that the Beatles and Rolling Stones and others like Elton John have been huge superstars. But looking at Elvis's impact, as this paper does, one can clearly see that he influenced all of those acts. John Lennon said that "Before Elvis there was nothing…" and the Rolling Stones have indicated that they were hugely influenced by Elvis.
hen Elvis Started Out -- Launching his Career as a Musical Rebel and Icon
An article in the Public Broadcasting Service (KCET) website ("Culture Shock / Music and Dance) traces Elvis's early beginnings in terms of how…
History Today. (2007). Elvis: Rock 'n' Roll's reluctant rebel. Retrieved December 24, 2013,]
From http://www.historytoday.com .
Kemp, M. (2001). Elvis Presley Biography. Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 24, 2013, from http://www.rollingstone.com .
Public Broadcast Service. (1956). Elvis Presley, 1956. KCET. Retrieved December 24, 2013,
Music in the 21st century was accused of being increasingly derivative and irrelevant. Interest in individual performers, in the era of iTunes, was being relegated to the sidelines as teens assembled their own 'mixes' rather than sought to embrace the output of an individual artist. It was said that the era of the great soloist and the great musical concept album was dead. ith her first album The Fame in 2008, Lady Gaga changed all of that and silenced the industry's critics. Yes, she is frequently outrageous and provokes controversy for her attire as well as her voice. But underneath all of the glam and glitter, Lady Gaga has proved that she a unique mix of vocal talent, showmanship, and social activism. She has also generated a huge following on Facebook and Twitter. Lady Gaga's fans do not simply download "Poker Face," "Telephone" and "Born this ay" online. They love…
"Lady Gaga tells all." Rolling Stone. June 21, 2010. [November 11, 2011].
"Poker Face." Lyrics. [November 11, 2011].
camera was climb Mt. Fuji. Climbing Mt. Fuji is a lesson in determination and moderation. It would be fair to ask if I took the moderation part to heart." (Leibovitz and DeLano 1) -- Annie Leibovitz
Annie Leibovitz, born on October 2, 1949 in aterbury, Connecticut, is an American portrait photographer whose career has lasted over the decades beginning with Rolling Stone magazine in 1970. In just three short years, her stint in Rolling Stone magazine led her to her first position as chief photographer of Rolling Stone that she kept for a decade. She was the working force behind the Rolling Stone look and the rise of the magazine in the late seventies and early eighties.
How was she able to accomplish such a feat? It is in the way she connects with her subjects. She desires to open their souls, hearts, and lives to the camera. This intimate…
Cunningham, Hilary. 'Prodigal Bodies: Pop Culture And Post-Pregnancy'.Michigan Quarterly Review XLI.3 (2002): n. pag. Web. 8 Dec. 2015.
Leibovitz, Annie, and Sharon DeLano. Annie Leibovitz At Work. New York: Random House, 2008. Print.
Ritdml.rit.edu,. 'Annie Leibovitz: Photographs 1970-1990'. N.p., 2015. Web. 8 Dec. 2015.
The outcome of all of this was a rock concert which -- aside from the actual happenstance of performances -- was heavily controlled by the interest of the filmmaker. Though various aspects of the concert-attendance experience indicate that great care was paid to the appeal of the event itself, there is an explicit self-consciousness on the part of the subject as to the grander intention of the captured film to eulogize the touring band.
And with that purposeful modus operandi in mind, we may take note that the apparent distance between Direct Cinema and Cinema Verite really only serves academic purposes. From the perspective of the filmmaker or the documentarian, there is room both for a realistic portrayal of its subject and for the selection of an angle or impression. Given that the subject is a single concert event, wherein which the musical performances are the purpose of the document,…
Aiex, N.K. (1984). 'The Last Waltz': Variations on a Theme. Toronto, Canada: Annual Meeting of the American Culture Association, 6.
Bartholomew, D. (1979). 'The Last Waltz': Review. Film Quarterly, 56.
Bouqueral, L. (2007). Bob Dylan, the Ordinary Star. Oral Tradition, 22(1), 151-161.
Garbowski, C. (2001). The Catholic Imagination in Martin Scorsese's the Last Waltz. Journal of Religion and Film, 5(2).
He turns some readers off with his vitriolic attacks. Further, his attacks are is blatant propaganda. hy? Because while Taibbi does mention that the Democrats already crafted legislation more than once - setting timetables for withdrawal and tying those timetables to funding, bills that Bush subsequently vetoed - he uses quotes from unnamed "congressional aides" to solidify his assertion that the Democrats just wanted to "score political points without ever being serious about bringing the troops home."
Taibbi does use evidence that there are anti-war leaders outside of ashington who are discouraged and bitter. But he fails to build a case for his most radical assertion, that the Democrats "hijacked the anti-war movement itself" in order to play to the voters, and that the Democrats filled the "ranks of peace groups with loyal party hacks." This is pure propaganda, and the evidence he provides is very thin. He doesn't name…
Biddle, Stephen. "Seeing Baghdad, Thinking Saigon." Foreign Affairs 85.2 (2006): 2-14.
Taibbi, Matt. "The Chicken Doves." Rolling Stone Issue 1046 (2008): 37-39.
A Tribe Called Quest has performed live at a number of large music festivals including Bumbershoot and Lollapalooza. These big name, big draw venues allowed A Tribe Called Quest to project their sounds to the masses, enlightening large numbers of listeners to the transformative potential of hip-hop. As gangsta and other predictable forms of rap increasingly dominated the industry, A Tribe Called Quest was keeping things real. Their commercial success also depended on their high visibility in terms of live performances and music videos. The videos of A Tribe Called Quest parallel the content of their lyrics, and depict African-American street culture especially on the east coast.
A Tribe Called Quest drew upon the groundwork set by De La Soul in fusing jazz musical elements, instrumentation, and samples into hip-hop. In fact, A Tribe Called Quest, De La Soul, and the Jungle Brothers were schoolmates and formed a successful musical…
"A Tribe Called Quest." Rolling Stone. Retrieved Dec 8, 2009 from http://www.rollingstone.com /artists/atribecalledquest/biography
"Biography." A Tribe Called Quest. Website retrieved Dec 8, 2009 from http://atribecalledquest.com/html/biography/
Bush, John. "A Tribe Called Quest." All Music Guide. Retrieved Dec 8, 2009 from http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:dcfixq95ld6e
Bruce Wolfe (1941- ).
This native Californian was born in Santa Monica, and began his career by later moving to the San Francisco Bay area. Wolfe moved to attend San Jose State University where he studied art, and later moved on to study art at the Art Institute of San Francisco also in Northern California. There he studied the art of portraiture under Bettina Steinke, as well as sculpting under the guidance of Bruno Lucchesi (Shuptrin Fine Art Group 2009). He has had a long and esteemed career, with awards including a Clio in Illustrative print, Endowment of Arts Federal Achievement Award, First Place at the Art of the Portrait Conference in 2001, as well as many others. Wolfe also produced cover art for olling Stone on several occasions.
Wolfe's illustrative work is a contemporary look backwards. His cover illustrations represent modern figures, but with a vintage twist, his Muhammad…
Shuptrine Fine Art Group. "Bruce Wolfe Biography." Shuptrine Fine Art. 2009. retrieved 18 Nov 2009 from http://www.goldleafdesigns.com/brucewolfe/brucewolfebio.html
Solinder. "Behind the Cover: Elaine Duillo." Rosa is for Romance. 2009. Retrieved 18 Nov 2009 from http://rosaromance.splinder.com/post/21622482
Therefore, the "day the music died" was the day music and politics became fused. The Vietnam War, the Kennedy assassination, the Civil Rights movement, and other historical events also evoke imagery associated with death. "The day the music died" also marked the day merica's Golden ge died too. During the 1960s music became associated with sex, drugs, and violence: in stark contrast to the childlike "doo-wop" days of the 1950s.
McLean weaves in references to British groups the Beatles and the Rolling Stones to show how the British invasion altered the landscape of merican music. In addition to using musical references, McLean also writes about merican popular culture through film stars like James Dean, who also died tragically and whose iconic career embodies the central themes of "merican Pie." Like Buddy Holly and Richie Valens, James Dean was also a 1950s icon. His death also marked the "day the music…
American Pie" progresses chronologically from the "day the music died" until the late 1960s. In verse five, McLean mentions the Woodstock festival in 1969 and refers to "a generation lost in space." McLean also mentions Satan and the Devil to underscore his view that the 1960s was a time of debauch. The songwriter views the 1960s as being a generation "lost" to drugs. Music concerts and public events became spectacles and often erupted into violent protests. For instance, McLean refers to a concert the Rolling Stones played at, during which the Hell's Angels motorcycle gang overstepped their authority as chief security officers. McLean likens the event to a "sacrificial rite." Therefore, the songwriter describes the changes in American culture in Biblical terms, continuing to use imagery relating to death.
The title of the song is itself conveys the semiotics embedded in "American Pie." Pie is one of the only foods considered quintessentially American. The reference evokes mom's apple pie, an image of idyllic domesticity in the suburbs, of traditional gender roles, of sweetness, family, and the American Dream. The "day the music died" was the day that American woke up from its Dream. Gender roles were shifting rapidly so that women were no longer geared to be housewives. American culture seemed to be coming apart at the seams. The happy-go-lucky energy of the 1950s, captured in the songs of Buddy Holly, Richie Valens, and the Big Bopper, had died when those musicians perished in a plane crash. Those were the "good old boys" McLean refers to in the central refrain of the song. Likewise, when McLean writes about driving his "Chevy to the levee," he also uses another icon of American culture: the Chevrolet automobile.
During the 1960s a wave of events took place that would forever alter the character of the American Dream and of the American consciousness. The Vietnam War was by far the most significant, giving rise to a youth culture to a degree that had never before existed. Prior to the 1960s youth culture was a silent voice on the cultural landscape. Artists like James Dean were among the first to reveal the power of youth culture in America. His death, referred to in the third verse of "American Pie," is akin to the deaths of the three musicians mentioned at the beginning of the song. Youth culture became rebellious and highly political. Activism was a new trend that led to disturbing protest movements that were often mingled with musical concerts like Woodstock. The Kennedy assassination also signified the "day the music died," as did the infusion of radical politics into popular music. McLean mentions Marx in verse three to refer to the wholesale shifts in American lifestyle and culture.
As all these studies show, ethanol is not exactly the environmental darling that many seem to think it is. It is actually helping to raise food prices, it is adding to world hunger, and producing it may be actually adding to global pollution rather than easing it. Much more study needs to be done on all the aspects of biofuels, including ethanol, and Congress needs to take action and stop subsidizing ethanol and other biofuels until they have been much more heavily studied. Biofuels could be the answer to our transportation problems in the future, but for now, they have far too many problems associated with them to be so heavily subsidized and promoted in America.
Brown, L.. (2008, January 24). Why ethanol production will drive world food prices even higher in 2008. etrieved December 1, 2010, from Earth Policy Institute: http://www.earth-policy.org/index.php?/plan_b_updates/2008/update69.
Decesaro, J. (2006, June). Farming bio…
Brown, L.R. (2008, January 24). Why ethanol production will drive world food prices even higher in 2008. Retrieved December 1, 2010, from Earth Policy Institute: http://www.earth-policy.org/index.php?/plan_b_updates/2008/update69 .
Decesaro, J. (2006, June). Farming bio fuels: Growing crops that can be converted into liquid fuels has come a new focus of America's farmers. State Legislatures, 32, 14+.
Gasoline and corn prices are linked. (2008, August). USA Today (Society for the Advancement of Education), 137, 14.
Goodell, J. (2007, August 9). The ethanol scam. Retrieved December 1, 2010, from One of America's biggest political boondoggles: http://www.rollingstone.com .
The creation of the state of Israel in Palestine lent Jews in America a degree of legitimacy. And Jewish-Americans were now on the cusp of a new reality.
Unit IV: 1946-1976
In the 1950s the Anti-Defamation League sought to have the immigration laws of decades prior repealed. President Truman was sympathetic to the millions of displaced persons, a good portion of which were Eastern Europeans of Jewish descent. Even though America was largely outraged at news of the Holocaust, many Americans reserved the suspicion that Jews were crooked bankers secretly poised for world domination. The immigration laws were not repealed.
The 1950s also saw a debate concerning the census of 1960: should it contain religious questions? Here was an issue that embraced social, political and religious points all at once. The way Jewish-Americans faced the issue had repercussions for the entire nation. The book Protestant-Catholic-Jew had helped establish the idea…
General Grant's Infamy. (2010). Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved from http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/anti-semitism/grant.html
Goodkind, S.B. (1918). Prominent Jews in America. Toledo, OH: American Hebrew
Hollinger, D. (2009). Communalist and Dispersionist Approaches to American Jewish
Lionel is not a great actor (as seen when he attempts to audition for a role as Shakespeare's ichard III) but he is a great teacher.
The budget of the King's Speech was relatively modest by lush Hollywood standards. Even after multiple Oscar wins, including Best Picture and Best Actor, its official website remains fairly stark as well, when compared with the websites of Hollywood mega-blockbusters. The main 'additional' feature the site offers is an actual recording of the historical King's real speech. However, much like Bertie himself, despite its financial odds the film was able to triumph. Despite one or two relatively sniffy reviews like the Times, most critics praised the film. Even olling Stone, which is usually no fan of period dramas, wrote: "Two men alone create an epic landscape of feeling in one of the very best movies of the year" (Travers 2010).
The King's Speech resonates…
Dargis, M. (2010, November 26). The King's English, albeit with twisted tongue.
The New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2011 at http://movies.nytimes.com/2010/11/26/movies/26king.html
The King's Speech. (2011). Official Website. Retrieved March 20, 2011 at http://www.kingsspeech.com/about.html
Travers, Peter. (2010). Review of the King's Speech. Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 20, 2011
The video's director explains that the intention was not to create racy content for its own sake, but rather that "the process was to express Lady Gaga's desire to reveal her heart and bear her soul" (Kreps). The provocative imagery thus serves to challenge the viewer over whether the video expresses bad taste or high art.
Equally important to lyrics are Gaga's overall image and the discussion she generates over her interests, including avant-garde fashion and gay rights. She is known for being scantily-clad; one magazine called her appearance "bizarre," stating that her style of dress is "archly futuristic…reveals a lot of skin but is never sexy" (Callahan and Stewart). The conflict inherent in her blatant sexuality also arises when one considers the discussion that her gender once generated, as "Is Lady Gaga a man?' 'was AskJeeves.com's thirdmost-asked question of 2009" (Juzwiak). Ever the provocateur, Lady Gaga addressed the question…
Alejandro. Dir. Steven Klein. Perf. Lady Gaga. YouTube. 08 June 2010. Web. 02 Apr.
Callahan, Maureen, and Sara Stewart. "Who's That Lady?" NYPost.com. 21 Jan. 2010.
Web. 03 Apr. 2011. .
He projects a persona of trustworthiness, likability and brilliance that even his harshest critics admire. But a multiplicity of goals does not always make for a sense of coherent mission, and this sense of mission is required to sustain as well as initiate major changes. One of Obama's most-admired historical figures was Abraham Lincoln and: "Lincoln united his followers with a 'corporate mission' of preserving the Union and abolishing slavery, and this objective became more firm and resolute with the onslaught of the Civil War" (Lewis 2009). Of course, Lincoln had the advantage of having a single crisis to deal with -- Obama has many, spanning from healthcare, to the environment, to the financial crisis, to two wars. Creating a coherent philosophy to unite his ambitious, compassionate social objectives and the need for strong action on terror is no easy feat.
As a leader, Obama's greatest strength is his ability…
Finn, Christine & Sarah Baxter. (2008, November 23). Long-range love of Obama's absent mother. The Times. Retrieved July 11, 2010 at http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/us_and_americas/article5213328.ece
Lebovitch, Marge. (2010, February 29). Missing element in Obama's ties with GOP leaders.
Retrieved July 11, 2010 at http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/25/us/politics/25chemistry.html?scp=1&sq=Obama%20personality&st=cse
Lander, Mark. (2010, June 24). Short, tense deliberation, then a general is gone.
As Taibbi shows, it is not easy: "I'm going to say something radical about the Tea Partiers. They're not all crazy. They're not even always wrong. hat they are, and they don't realize it, is an anachronism. They're fighting a 1960s battle in a world run by twenty-first-century crooks" (Griftopia 16-17). Taibbi makes clear that the Tea Party is not even homogenous: it is made up of a broad spectrum of individuals (some of whom do not even want to be called Tea Partiers) who are angry and looking for someway to focus their anger.
In conclusion, recouping the losses is not an easy thing to do. hen a company like Lehman Brothers can be allowed to collapse while their competition (Goldman Sachs) can be bailed out by tax payer dollars, citizens are going to start wondering how their country got to such a point in the first place. Taibbi…
AP/HuffPost. Charles Ferguson's Oscar Speech Rips Wall Street: 'Inside Job' Director
Levels Criticism During Acceptance. HuffPost Business. Web. 8 Apr 2011.
Campbell, Andrea Louise. "Is the Economic Crisis Driving Wedges Between Young and Old? Rich and Poor?" Generations 33.3, Fall 2009: 47-53. Print.
Espo, David. "Deadline nears: Shutdown looms without agreement." Yahoo! News, 8
S. And maintain approximately as many members (both domestically and abroad) as the Hell's Angels. Their criminal activities are more focused on the manufacturing, distribution, and sales of cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamines. The banditos use "puppet" or minor affiliate clubs who are not themselves Banditos but operate with the Banditos' authority and conduct some the parent club's criminal activities on their behalf.
In the modern era, widespread crackdowns and joint operations initiated by state and federal law enforcement authorities and legislative tools such as the federal acketeer Influenced and Corruption Organizations (ICO) Act have greatly reduced the influence of the Italian Mafia/LCN in American society but organized crime still persists, even if on a much smaller scale than half a century ago. However, whereas the power and reach of LCN has been greatly reduced, a significant influx of newer criminal enterprises has filled much of the gap vacated in…
Henslin, J. (2002). Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Macionis, J. (2003). Sociology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Pinizzotto, a., Davis, E., and Miller, C. "Street Gang Mentality: A Mosaic of Remorseless Violence and Relentless Loyalty." FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin,
September 2007: 1-7.
Policy Strategy Innovation
A Policy Strategy of Innovation
Organizational survival and success are predicated on the establishment of a strategic orientation and a set of clear, realistic and relevant policies intended to drive this strategy. From these features, an organization will ultimately derive goals, procedural norms, role designation, organizational culture, leadership orientation and a host of other defining features. It is thus that the Policy Strategy driving a company will ultimately come to define the company itself, with the resultant productivity, reputation and industry position helping to project a certain identity, image or set of consumer expectations. As the discussion hereafter will show, many times the selected policy strategy of an organization can be the long-term difference between success and failure. As a subsequent section of this discussion will show, there is a direct connection between a meaningful policy strategy and the opportunity for long-term viability and success.
Apple. (2007). Steve Jobs: CEO Apple. Apple Press Info.
Boyd, D. (2009). Corporate Innovation Strategy Template. Innovation in Practice.
Crum, R. (2006). As iPod sales slow, Apple looks to next big thing. Bradenton Herald.
Goodell, J. (2003). Steve Jobs: The Rolling Stone Interview. Rolling Stone.
Opposition a edf Authinity Www, rotten Tomatoes
Impossible to review?
The challenges of reviewing Breaking Dawn, Part II
otten Tomatoes' collective reviews of the final installment of the Twilight series Breaking Dawn, Part II are some of the most 'mixed' of any recently released film. While most films on otten Tomatoes are fairly consistently rated as bad, good, or mediocre, the reviews are squarely split between anti-Twilight and pro-Twilight camps. The review of Peter Travers, critic for olling Stone, echoes the sentiments of many anti-Twilight reviews, forced to watch the film as part of their job: "It's Dead! It's Dead! By which I mean, It's Finished! It's Finished! Five movies have been squeezed out of four Stephenie Meyer Twilight books. All of them redefining cinematic tedium for a new century. And now, It's Over! It's Over! No more Twilight movies EVE!" (Travers 2012). This illustrates the problem with reviewing components…
Berardinelli, James. Breaking Dawn. [REVIEW]. 16 Nov 2012. [6 Dec 2012]
Breaking Dawn, Part II. Rotten Tomatoes. [6 Dec 2012]
here Are You Going, here Have Been?
Joyce Carol Oates's short story "here Are You Going, here Have You Been?" was first published in the literary journal Epoch in 1966. The story is about beginnings and the rites of passage. This work is an illustration of a coming of age story, also known as an initiation story. In such stories, the protagonist undergoes an important rite of passage, transformation, an experience of transition, usually from childhood to adulthood, or from innocence to experience. The story focuses on that turning point, that trial, or the passage from one state to the other.
The story is about a fifteen-year-old girl named Connie, a pretty girl who is in the middle of a rebellious adolescence. She alienates herself from her family, preferring to spend her time with her friends at the local restaurant looking for boys. She enjoys the popular music of the…
Dylan, Bob. "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue," "Blown' in the Wind," "A Hard Rain's A-Gonna Fall," "The Times They Are A-Changin'," "Like A Rolling Stone." Bob Dylan Lyrics. AZLyrics.com. (2011). 5 May 2011.
Marsden, Christina. "Where are You Going, Where Have You Been?": Seduction, Space, and a Fictional Mode." Studies in Short Fiction. Vol. 18, Issue 1 (Winter, 1981): p. 65-70. 5 May 2011. < http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=6b438e44-0681-4cec-b6a8-42ed904fd4c0%40sessionmgr111&vid=4&hid=110>
Oates, Joyce Carol. "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" The Wheel of Love. New York: The Vannguard Press, Harcourt, Brace & World Inc., 1970.
Miles Davis and Modern Jazz
In every artistic medium there are innovators who push innovation to the edge -- who change the paradigm of their art, and who become iconic figures within their world. Classical music had innovators in every generation -- Stravinsky's ite of Spring, Leonard Bernstein, and more. Jazz, too, evolved from a combination of folk and tribal styles through different eras (Dixie, Be Bop, etc.) into what now is really a true 20th century musical phenomenon.
The origins of Jazz have been much discussed -- emerging out of the African slave culture with a musical synergy of tribal (rhythm, scales, syncopation, and improvisation) and the European musical tradition of harmony, instrumentation and chromaticism. One famous musician noted, though, that jazz was uniquely American and that, "No America, no jazz. I've seen people try to connect it to other countries, for instance to Africa, but it doesn't have…
Remembering Miles. (1991, November 12). Retrieved March 2013, from The Rolling Stone Archieves: http:/www.rollingstone.com/Desktop?s=1991111428#/19911114/44
Miles Davis. (2006, June). Retrieved March 2013, from Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Indusction: http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/miles-davis
House Resolution 894 Honoring the 50th Anniversary of "Kind of Blue" and Reffirming Jazz as a National Treasure. (2009, December 15). Retrieved March 2013, from clerk.house.gov: http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2009/roll971.xml
Cook, M., et al. (2002). The Cambridge Companion to Jazz. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Pornification of Women in Western Media
The Pornification of Women in Mainstream Western Media
Sexuality is a normal part of life for every male and female. egardless of where he or she lives, or even what age a person is, sex will be a need. It is a known biological fact. However, the Western media has been blamed to play a large role in exacerbating the need. Back in 1811, a novel published by Jane Austin known as Sense and Sensibility mentioned the word chaperon. It was stated that back then a young woman and young man were never left alone. Even if they were left alone, they were left in the presence of a chaperone. (Poisoned by Porn; It's" 2010, 14) why was this the case? The answer to that lies in that sex is a need for every man or woman born into this world. It was back…
8 July, 2009 "Bad boob jobs," The Times of India.
2012, "Christina Aguilera's 'Your Body' Dress Doesn't Leave Much To The Imagination," The Huffington Post.
American Society of Plastic Surgeons (2012) 2011 Plastic Surgery Statistics Report. [report].
Baudrillard, Jean 1979. "Seduction." Translated by Brian Singer. New York: St. Martin's Press
Pony Botnet attack. Details about the attack, resolutions, and concerned parties will be studied.
Botnets can be loosely described as a collection of interconnected compromised devices, known as 'zombies', synchronously working with compromised devices to execute malicious tasks. Zombies are not self-directed like internet worms; they need proper direction to carry out a particular function. Zombies can be transmitted by a variety of channels for instance, an Internet elay Chat (IC) channel, from where the commands are sent by a master channel by these zombies (Jermyn et.al, 2014). Some typical botnet tasks include mass spamming a company's email address. One email address could be attacked by numerous zombie devices instigating a denial of service.
In case of smartphones, botnets can cause potential damage to cellular network infrastructure because they have firm hierarchical dependencies; therefore, they would be unable to counter this cyber-attack. The recent academic work based on mass…
Cybercriminals use Pony Botnet (2014, February 24). NBC News - Breaking News & Top Stories - Latest World, U.S. & Local News. Cybercriminals Use 'Pony' Botnet to Steal Bitcoins, Digital Currencies - NBC News. Retrieved June 16, 2015, from http://www.nbcnews.com/tech/security/cybercriminals-use-pony-botnet-steal-bitcoins-digital-currencies-n37571
Cyber Experts Uncover (2013, December 5). Insurance Journal - Property Casualty Insurance News. Cyber Experts Uncover 2 Million Stolen Passwords to Global Web Accounts. Retrieved June 16, 2015, from http://www.insurancejournal.com/news/international/2013/12/05/313069.htm
Jermyn, J., Salles-Loustau, G., & Zonouz, S. (2014). An Analysis of DoS Attack Strategies against the LTE RAN. Journal of Cyber Security,3(2), 159-180. Retrieved, from http://riverpublishers.com/journal/journal_articles/RP_Journal_2245-1439_323.pdf
Kushner, D. (n.d.). Rolling Stone -- Music, Movies, TV, Politics, Country, and Culture. Hackers Courted by Government for Cyber Security Jobs - Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 16, 2015, from http://www.rollingstone.com /feature/the-geeks-on-the-frontlines#i.15aflb8xvvdm3r
theater and particularly its musical performances, have changed dramatically over the years. Their tone and style have reflected historical and cultural changes as well as shifts in attitudes toward musical theater. Recent productions like Book of Mormon and Hamilton would have been inconceivable just a generation ago. Broadway musicals are unique in that they straddle the line between popular and high culture. They have popular culture appeal, packed within the fine art of theater. In some ways, musical theater is a popular culture version of the opera. Broadway theater has matured and expanded its repertoire considerably, moving from the relatively limited domain of Steven Sondheim and Andrew Lloyd eber productions towards a more diverse and creative one. As Lewis points out, "How sadly limiting that was; it surely took some kind of toll on alternative voices trying to break free of cliche expectations," (2). Broadway has broken free, finally, and…
Lewis, David H. Broadway Musicals. Mcfarland, 2002.
Perpetua, Matthew. "The Book of Mormon,' Triumphs at the Tony Awards." Rolling Stone. Retrieved online: http://www.rollingstone.com /culture/news/the-book-of-mormon-triumphs-at-the-tony-awards-20110613
Schutte, Harm K. and Donald G. Miller. "Belting and Pop, Nonclassical Approaches to the Female middle voice: Some preliminary considerations." Journal of Voice, Vol 7, No. 2, 1993, pp. 142-150.
Stone, Matt and Parker, Trey. Book of Mormon.
Robert Reich's "Saving Capitalism"
For the Many, Not the Few
Robert Reich would be an unexpected ally for the movement on the Left, or the more liberal members of the American society. Reich is a classically trained economist that has actually won a Nobel Prize in economics for some of his work. Such awards and achievements would typically be associated with an individual that was more economically conservative than what Reich is arguing. However, the economic conditions that have provided decades of economic growth for many of the advanced nations are changing quickly and the standard economic perspectives are no longer creating the results that they did in previous circumstances. Reich makes many claims that might seem counterintuitive to many people who believe that the free market operates best when it is left to its own devices and not subject to government regulation.
However, the concept that hard work will…
Konczal, M. (2015, October 7). Robert Reich on Why Capitalism Needs Saving. Retrieved from Rolling Stone: http://www.rollingstone.com /politics/news/robert-reich-on-why-capitalism-needs-saving-20151007
History Of Communication Timeline
TIMELINE: HITORY OF COMMUNICATION
(with special reference to the development of the motorcycle)
First paleolithing "petroglyphs" and written symbols. This is important in the history of communication because it marks the first time humans left a recorded form of communication. Also, these written symbols became the ultimate source of later alphabets.
Cave paintings at Lascaux show early representational art. This is important in the history of communication because the caves depict over 2000 figures, including abstract symbols. More recent research suggests these may record astronomical information.
OURCE: Wikipedia, "Lascaux."
First surviving umerian pictograms demonstrate a primitive form of record keeping. This is important in the history of communication because pictograms, together with ideograms, represent a primitive form of writing, in which a symbol either means what it looks like, or represents a single idea.
OURCE: Wikipedia, "Pictogram."
St. Hubbins, David and Tufnel, Nigel. "Stonehenge." London: Polymer, 1984.
Thompson, Hunter S. Hell's Angels. New York: Modern Library,1966.
fall 2007, the United States economy was rolling along in a healthy fashion having enjoyed 24 consecutive quarters of positive Gross Domestic Product growth. The Standard and Poors Index was over 1,500 and unemployment was below 5%. There was essentially no inflation. These were all good numbers and normally indicative of a health economy (Bloomberg Business eek).
Roughly 12 months later everything had changed. Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson surprised everyone by announcing that the Government was intending to intervene in the U.S. economy by holding reverse auctions where the troubled assets of several domestic financial institutions would be bought (Landler). As matters worsened quickly, the proposed auction concept was expanded to the point that the Government would actually purchase equity positions in some of the country's largest banks. The argument offered by Paulson was that such measures were needed to stabilize the troubled financial markets, avoid bank failures, and prevent…
Ashcraft, Adam B. "Are Banks Really Special? New Evidence from the FDIC-Induced Failure of Healthy Banks." The American Economic Review (2005): 1712-1730.
Bloomberg Business Week. "The Economy on the Edge." 19 November 2007. Bloomberg Business Week. 12 December 2011 .
Carliner, Michael S. "Development of federal homeownership "policy." Housing Policy Debate (1998): 299-321.
Case, Karl E. "Is There a Bubble in the Housing Market?" Brookings Papers on Economic Activity (2003): 299-362.
Tobacco arketing: Get Them Young or Not at All
The tobacco industry has been in a battle to capture the youth market for decades mainly because of the degree of brand loyalty that is characteristic of cigarette smokers. Cigarette companies have a lot at stake in making sure that their brand is one of the first tried by the young smoker. In its bid to obtain young smokers, R.J. Reynolds created the Joe Camel campaign with a cool character that youths found highly appealing and the company created fierce advertising, promotional, and sales campaigns to take their message to market. The Joe Camel campaign proved to be one of the most successful bids to capture young smokers in tobacco history. Ultimately, its tremendous success was in part the reason for the campaign's eventual downfall, as public outcry demanded that cigarette companies stop marketing to adolescents and as courts gained…
Magazine Ads. http://www.costkids.org/targetingkids/magazineads.htm (26).
Boyles, Salynn. "Joe Camel May Be Gone, But Legacy Lives On." WebMD Medical News, Aug 15, 2001. http://my.webmd.com/content/article/1728.86774 (26 Nov. 2002).
Tobacco Marketing To Young People, Young People: A Key Expansion Market. http://www.infact.org/youth.html (26).
This is an attempt to study the history and development of one of the great institutions of United States and a part of the images of the country that has spread in the whole world. As is well-known, the dominance of the world by United States came after the Second World War when the traditional leaders of United Kingdom and Germany lost their predominant positions due to the destructions of the war, and the impact of change in economic order due to the freedom of many countries. This was the freedom of the colonies and United States had been one of the first colonies to be free, and the former colony became the leader, along with Russia which was the pathfinder of the failed social and economic structure of communism. It was a contest between the two to prove the relative superiority of the two systems, and the…
McDonald's Marketing Strategies. [Internet]
Available from http://www.marketingtops.com/marketing/marketing55.html [Accessed 24 April 2004]
McDonald's keep thinking up good deals for their customers nowadays due to the drop in sales and reduction of margins that the company is facing, and one of that is to provide extra benefits to their customers, and this is often achieved by increasing the quantity served by just adding item quantities at a very low price.
Fascinating Mcfacts about McDonald's International. The Times November 11, 1996
In order to obtain as much information as possible regarding this site, I registered as a user and began to explore its features. Almost immediately, I received multiple welcoming messages and friend requests. I believe this is especially helpful to a person who is logging on in search of some fast answers and much needed relief.
After I completed my membership, ITR requested some additional information from me that would allow the fellow users on this revolutionary recovery site, to know if I was currently in recovery, or if I was looking for immediate help. It also asked if I was involved in any 12 step programs or recovery fellowships. With the above information, the site can generate my profile and others will immediately know where I am in the recovery process. There is an additional area that I can add in my "Recovery Date" which then gets included in…
Hendrix's most powerful performance against the war occurred during the closing day of Woodstock in 1969 in which his rendition of "The Star Spangled Banner" featured "screaming rockets and exploding bomb guitar effects and sounded like a heaving, wounded monster about to die."
It is speculated that much of the disillusionment about the war was grounded in the tangible aspects of the soldiers' environment in Vietnam, and the popularity of protest songs were a reflection of the hopes, fears, and experiences of those soldiers.
Others argued that protest songs were demoralizing; Les Claypool found that they were "a source of oppositional ideology, songs like the Animals' 'We Gotta Get Out of This Place,' may have contributed to the demoralization of some of the troops in Vietnam."
Soldiers had access to radio broadcasts, tape recorders, and stereos that received transmissions from Radio Hanoi, and other underground radio stations that were run…
David P. Szatmary, Rocking in Time: A Social History of Rock-and-Roll. 4th Ed. (Upper Saddle Creek: Prentice Hall, 2000), 187.
Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom, the Vietnam Experience: A Concise Encyclopedia of American Literature, Songs, and Films. (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1998), 294.
Vebell was interested in art from a very early age and he attended the Harrison Art School at the age of 14 where he excelled at life drawings. When he graduated from high school, Vebell won three art scholarships and he attended all three schools -- moving from each throughout the day. He launched his professional illustration career in a busy Chicago agency and then enlisted in World War II. It was not long after this that he was recruited to create images for the Stars and Stripes, a military publication that had also featured Norman ockwell's drawings during World War I. In 1945, he participated in the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial as a courtroom artists, capturing the likenesses of Goering, Hess, Speer, and ibbentrop (now in the collections of the Museum of the Holocaust in Washington, D.C.). He created paintings and drawings for mass circulation magazines like eaders Digest,…
Arisman, Marshall. "Wilson McLean: 2010 Hall of Fame Inductee." Society of Illustrators. Accessed on November 17, 2010:
Fame/Current-Inductees/2010 -- Wilson-McLean.aspx
ArtNet. "Francis Livingston." 2010. Accessed on November 17, 2010:
So alike yet distinct did these early writers create, that they are now required reading in British schools (Duquette).
In terms of religion, American culture emulated Britain less than many of the early settler were reactionary against British conservatism. Several of the original 13 Colonies were established by English, Irish, and Scottish settlers who were fleeing religious persecution. By 1787, in fact, the United States became one of the first countries to place a freedom of religion code into law, even if it was only at the Federal level (Gaustad).
Thankfully, America has a taste for more exotic foods and cuisine than the British, but if we think of many of the celebrated Holidays, they either derive from or are part of the British tradition. Thanksgiving, for instance, is now a traditional American holiday evolving from the Pilgrim's plight during the first winter of their landing. Christmas, Easter, and Lent…
Ciment, J., ed. Colonial America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History. New York: Sharpe Reference, 2005.
Duquette, E. Loyal Subjects: Bonds of Nation, Race and Allegiance in 19th Century America. Trenton, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010.
Gaustad, E. Proclaim Liberty Througout All the Land: A History of Church and State in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Gienow-Hecht, J. "A European Considers the Influence of American Culture." 1 Febuary 2006. America.gov - Engaging the World. .
However, it is already clear that the music industry had been irrevocably changed as the revenue potential shifts from traditional sources to those corresponding to the way music is typically enjoyed and shared by youthful consumers today (Halbert & Ingulli, 2007).
egardless of the many ways that modern technology and societies have changed the way music is produced, in many respects, music still provides many of the same functions as it always has. Music continues to be featured prominently in cultural and religious expression and it continues to be an important part of adolescent development and self-expression. Ultimately, music will likely always continue to change in superficial ways and in the manner in which it is produced and disseminated, but in its most fundamental character, it remains unchanged in it significance to human society and culture..
Brownlee S. "Baby Talk" U.S. News & World eport; June 15, 1998:48-55.…
Brownlee S. "Baby Talk" U.S. News & World Report; June 15, 1998:48-55.
Dennet D. (1997). Consciousness Explained. New York: Little Brown & Co.
Gerrig R. And Zimbardo P. (2008). Psychology and Life. Upper Saddle River, NJ:
In fact, the album Paul's Boutique, which is now hailed as "one of the first albums to predict the genre-bending, self-referential pop kaleidoscope of '90s pop" was scorned or ignored when it was released in 1989.
The Beastie Boys split from Rick Rubin and Def Jam and developed an independent, eclectic, and sonically adventurous sound. The album Check Your Head, which included rock instrumentation, solidified the Beastie Boys' reputation as one of America's top musical talents. Since then the band has enjoyed relatively steady critical acclaim, peer recognition, and popular success. Their most recent award earned was a Grammy for the 2007 release The Mix-Up, a creative instrumental journey. The Beastie Boys have released their own concert film called Awesome: I Fuckin' Shot That!, the title of which proves their punk roots.
Numerous musical styles and artists have influenced the Beastie Boys, enabling the band to create their unique and…
"Beastie Boys." LastFM. Retrieved Dec 12, 2009 from http://www.last.fm/music/Beastie+Boys
"Beastie Boys: Biography." Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock and Roll. Simon & Schuster. Retrieved online at RollingStone.com on Dec 12, 2009 at http://www.rollingstone.com /artists/beastieboys/biography
Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Biography." All Music Guide. Retrieved Dec 12, 2009 from http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:3ifqxq95ld6e
Forget, Thomas. The Beastie Boys. New York: Rosen Publishing, 2006.
During the decade between 1960-1970, Hays' work was all over representations of popular American culture. He had also produced amazing illustrations of great ock, Jazz, and Blues singers, which had a dark twist according to his stylistic expression (see Image B). Hays began teaching in the late 1950s at the School of Visual Arts in New York City. Towards the end of the 1970s he relocated to California where he served as Chairman of the Illustration Program at the Art Center College in Pasadena.
Hays represented a new and creative style that highlighted unique interpretations utilizing elements of expressionism. Hays and his contemporaries would interpret textual and literary influences with more expressive license. While teaching, Hays was a strong believer in expanding the context of art educations to include other media of artistic expression. Thus, he incorporated elements of literature, theater, and film into his student's artistic curriculum to allow…
Fink, Russell. "Abbett, Robert K." Russlel Fink Gallery. 2009. Retrieved 18 Nov 2009 from http://store.russellfinkgallery.com/abbettrobertk.html
Society of Illustrators. "Phil Hays." American Association of Museums. Retrieved 18 Nov 2009 from http://societyillustrators.org/upcoming/470.cms
Guy Billout (1941- )
A French born illustrator, Guy Billout has had a long career of producing clean and fresh illustrative works. Working within a modern and somewhat experimental tradition, Billout has shown his provocative works in many contemporary magazines such as olling Stone and Atlantic Monthly. He has also illustrator in several children's books including The Frog Who Wanted to See the Sea and Something's Not Quite ight.
With his work within children's literature, he is extending his influence to a younger generation as well as contemporary art fans. Much of his work portrays experimental images, portraying things in an unnatural, yet clean manner; "His illustrations use events which challenge physics such as rivers flowing uphill and gravity-defying structures," (Vienne 1998). In his work, Billout is constantly using the incorporation of irony to make social statements or to show man as vulnerable within a larger context of the universe,…
O'Brien, Tim. "Bio." www.obrienillustration.com. Retrieved18 Nov 2009 from http://www.obrienillustration.com/bio.html
Vienne, Veronique. "Guy Billout's Parallel Universe." Graphis U.S. Inc. 1998. Retrieved 18 Nov 2009 from http://www.faqs.org/abstracts/Publishing-industry/Guy-Billouts-parallel-universe-Helene-Gordon-Lazareff-the-tsarina-who-was-ELLE.html
1). This is a prime example of what made Morrissey so popular -- he is completely accessible without being shallow or repetitive, which many in the alternative rock genre took to heart (Flannagan, pp. 63).
A cursory examination of Morrissey's life might make it seem easy. But easy lives seldom lead to such complex and influential people, and part of Morrissey's popularity and influence exist because of his ability to deal with adversity. After experiencing the loss of three close friends in a short span of time, Morrissey felt he was finished, and wrote what he believed to be his last album -- now one of his greatest successes (Roberts, 379-80). Morrissey himself attributes his continued popularity and influence on other musicians at least in part to this same resilience and persistence that he has shown throughout his life (Morrissey).
It is impossible to say with any certainty exactly why…
Chriatian, Alex. "Review: The Smith's the Queen is Dead." 2007. Accessed 12 April 2009. http://www.sputnikmusic.com/album.php?reviewid=8449
Coleman, Mark. "Review: Morrissey's Viva Hate." May 19, 1988. Accessed 11 Paril 2009. http://www.rollingstone.com /reviews/album/233611/review/5943128/vivahate
DiCrescenzo, Brian. "Review: Morrissey's You Are the Quarry." Pitchfork. May 19, 2004. Accessed 12 April 2009. http://pitchfork.com/reviews/albums/5437-you-are-the-quarry/
Flannagan, Joe. "Morrissey: Ten Years After the Smiths." New Music Express. 1998.
Mournful as it is melodic, I found myself musing about lost relationships and people that have vanished from my life. My mind strayed to personal matters several times during the show, which lasted several hours including an opening act.
Another set of feelings that persisted throughout the concert related to Coldplay's big-budget stage production. Our tickets had cost a lot of cash, and every person in the building felt that we deserved to get our money's worth. Therefore, our expectations were high. My fellow concertgoers and I wanted to be swept off our feet, and we were. From the moment the show began I was in awe, impressed visually as well as aurally. The tension created by the first few dark seconds, combined with the rising intensity of the violin and percussion-studded "Viva la Vida" that ensued, created an aura of joy and gratitude. e got every penny's worth from…
Coldplay." Wikipedia. Retrieved Nov 21, 2008 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coldplay
Hamersly, Martin. "Coldplay's High Energy Show A Hit with Sunrise Fans." The Miami Herald. Retrieved Nov 21, 2008 at http://www.miamiherald.com/entertainment/music/story/764888.html
This is in part due to the fact that they have more control over this income than they do the income from CDs. For most artists, CDs are a means to increase exposure, driving revenues from these other streams. There is a growing body of anecdotal evidence that file sharing builds exposure (Ian, 2002).
Essentially, file sharing is replacing much of the function of the recording industry. Artists are able to control their marketing programs online. File sharing, along with social networking websites and other Internet tools, allows artists to control exposure of their music. Previously, the recording industry performed this function in concert with large radio companies such as Clear Channel. This left most artists without significant exposure. File sharing closes the exposure gap between the big name artists and the lesser known ones.
At the outset of the file sharing controversy, the recording industry had purported to speak…
Michaels, Sean. (2007). 50 Cent: File sharing doesn't hurt. The Guardian Retrieved November 16, 2008 at http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2007/dec/12/50cent.urban
Thurrot, Paul & Furman, Keith. (2004). Study: File sharing doesn't hurt CD sales. Connected. Retrieved November 16, 2008 at http://www.connectedhomemag.com/Audio/Articles/Index.cfm?ArticleID=42356
Booth, Stephen a. (2002). Access Denied! How the recording industry's new copy-protection schemes could keep you from your music. Sound & Vision. Retrieved November 16, 2008 at http://www.soundandvisionmag.com/features/225/access-denied.html
Ian, Janis. (2002). The Internet Debacle - an Alternative View. Performing Songwriter Magazine. Retrieved November 16, 2008 at http://www.janisian.com/article-internet_debacle.html
Granted it is argued that not all new employment opportunities are managerial in nature, but even if the 20% figure frequently quoted regarding the percentage of managerial occupations open today, competent lower-level employees who can deal with problems and the public in a creative fashion and perform the secondary and tertiary activities in a manner to make customers want to return cannot be undervalued. Reduced job security also makes it a moral and social imperative for government educational paradigms to focus on making an investment in people, not viewing people work products. Even if not all workers entering the workforce can be classified as "knowledgeable workers," all workers have to have some knowledge to do their job and to learn new knowledge at their job every day. The knowledge of learning from experience can be fostered in quality adult education programs that are not merely technical in nature. Basic skills…
Atwood, Jim. (2007. Jun 26). Learning, or learning how to learn. Coding Horror. Retrieved 6 Oct 2008 at http://www.codinghorror.com/blog/archives/000895.html
Loher, Steve. (2005, Dec 2005). At Google, cube culture has new rules. The New York Times. Retrieved 7 Oct 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/05/technology/05google.html
Schlosser, Eric. (1998). Fast-food nation: The true cost of America's diet. Rolling Stone
Magazine. Retrieved 7 Oct 2008 at http://www.mcspotlight.org/media/press/rollingstone1.html
In addition, large quantities of natural gas are required to produce fertilizers which are needed for growing corn. It is estimated that an average of 135 pounds of nitrogen (a potent-greenhouse-gas) per acre is used in growing corn in most U.S. farms. Besides, research by the U.S. Department for Agriculture (USDA) shows that tilled soil releases carbon dioxide gas into the atmosphere in proportion to the volume of soil loosened (Kenny).
Most of all, it is erroneous to assume that ethanol is likely to reduce America's dependence on foreign oil. It has been estimated that the current ethanol production in the United States that has triggered such massive increase in grain and food prices around the world barely satisfies less than 3% of U.S. gasoline needs; and if the entire U.S. grain harvest were converted into ethanol, it would satisfy scarcely 18% of the country's automotive fuel need (Brown.). Furthermore,…
Brown, Lester R. "Why Ethanol Production Will Drive World Food Prices Even Higher in 2008." Earth Policy Institute. January 24, 2008. May 30, 2008. http://www.earth-policy.org/Updates/2008/Update69.htm
Carter, Colin a. And Henry I. Miller. "Hidden Costs of Corn-Based Ethanol." Christian Science Monitor. May 21, 2007. May 30, 2008. http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0521/p09s02-coop.html
Corn...Fuel...Fire!" Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. December 17, 2007. May 30, 2008. http://www.stri.org/english/about_stri/headline_news/news/article.php?id=736
Flavin, Christopher. "Biofuels 2.0: It's Time for Congress to Act." World Watch.
The hippies also protested other forms of social and political injustice, such as communities tearing down buildings or removing parks and open space for development, and in modern innovations that resulted in harming the environment, such as smog and industrial pollution. Again, they brought attention to what was happening in cities and countries around the world, and the governments that were engaging in these practices. They planted flowers in vacant lots, urged people to love one another, and generally seemed to hate Richard Nixon and all the politics he stood for, from continuing the Vietnam War to hiding evidence he was behind the Watergate Burglaries. They wanted to be anything but mainstream and conservative, and so they dressed outrageously, lived outrageously, and fought for what they believed in.
The music and protests of the hippy era carried over long after most of the hippies themselves disappeared. Thirty years after Woodstock…
He has also learned to appreciate an even wider and more eclectic variety of music than even his mother enjoyed. But without an early musical foundation and exposure to music as a part of life, he does not think he would be nearly as adventurous. The pairing of certain musical styles against one another, like posh vs. common, classical vs. contemporary, and Mod vs. Rock, has more to do with personal, class-based and aesthetic self-definition, he felt, than the fact that one musical style is inherently superior to another musical style.
As he has grown older, Martin says that he listens more for personal taste, rather than to suit his tastes to a particular style because of personal self-definition. He attributes this to being more secure in his own identity. He says that he likes to listen to the music of his youth, although he also listens to a great…
org, 2007). Their 10 founding principles read as follows:
Bringing together "Old School Biker Values" and "New World Attitudes
Diversity (bikes and membership)
Promoting Biker Brotherhood/Sisterhood
Promoting a Love of iding
Engaging in Community Service Activities
Supporting the Larger Biker Community
Improving Our Overall Motorcycling Skills
Likewise, the Mission Statement of the oad aiderz motorcycle club founded in 2005 and based out of Maryland, Virginia, and Washington D.C. also emphasizes community relations; it reads, in part, as follows:
The mission of the club is to bring in those different experiences and ideals and create a club of riders that demonstrates a positive attitude to the motorcycling community.... our members demonstrate a passion for riding and contributing their time and efforts to community service, unity amongst all riders and assisting those less fortunate. Beyond this we love the freedom and excitement that comes from being on…
James, S. (2007) South Florida Sun-Sentinel; Joe DiMaggio Children's Hospital honors bikers for fund-raising. October 19, 2007. Accessed October 20, 2007, at http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/local/broward/sfl-flbdimaggio1019nboct19,0,1385761.story
Road Raiderz Motorcycle Club Homepage, (2007), Accessed October 20, 2007, at http://roadraiderz-mc.com/NewPagev2.htm
Wolf Pack Motorcycle Club Homepage, (2007), Accessed October 20, 2007, at:
"In toy stores, children can become accustomed to food brands early by buying a Hostess bake set, Barbie's Pizza Hut play set or Fisher-Price's Oreo Matchin' Middles game. and, for budding math whizzes, there is a series of books from Hershey's Kisses on addition, subtraction and fractions" (Barboza, 2002).
Of course, the most notorious innovation in fast food, even more so than the Happy Meal, targeted at children, is the Supersized Meal. For people without children, for people for whom taste is not much of an issue, the issue of value often trumps everything. Supersizing means increasing the size of the cheapest parts of the traditional combo meal, the potatoes (starch) and the soda (high fructose corn syrup, cheaper even than real sugar). For only pennies more, people can get much larger portions, but because people tend to eat more food when more food is placed before them, this causes…
Barboza, David. (5 Aug 2003). "Fast Food Industry Zeroes in on Children
International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 3 Apr 2007 at http://www.rense.com/general39/fast.htm
Schlosser, Eric. (3 Sept 1998). "Fast-Food Nation: The True Cost of America's Diet."
Rolling Stone. Issue 794. Retrieved 3 Apr 2007 at http://www.mcspotlight.org/media/press/rollingstone1.html
If Boca Raton, Fla. buys 32 Explorers, we need to let the entire municipal market know about it.
The key to foreign sales is understanding that the Explorer will be a luxury item in much of the rest of the world. Ford Explorers may be driven by middle-class families and soccer moms in the United States, but the $30,000 price tag is going to make the Explorer an upper-class item in countries with a lower standard of living than the United States.
Naturally, to overseas upper-class drivers, the vehicles they drive are status symbols, and we must focus on the prestige element of owning an Explorer. We should look for luxury lifestyle magazines - foreign versions of the Robb Report, for example - and purchase adverting that focuses on the luxury features and prestige factor of owning the Explorer. Ads with American celebrities, who often are even more…
"In India, there are no Big Macs because the Hindu people don't eat beef. However, they have the Maharaja Mac, which a Big Mac is made of lamb or chicken meat. There is also a vegetarian burger, the McAloo Tikki" (Adams 2007). However, despite the fact that McDonald's must face what may seem like insurmountable challenges, like selling its 'burgers' in a nation like India where a high percentage of the population is vegetarian or does not eat beef for religious reasons, it still holds to the same quality standards of standardized operating and assembly procedures. This enables the McDonald's style to be exported across borders, even when accommodations must be made.
Meyer similarly keeps a tight reign upon quality control at his organization. But it is quality that his obsession, not that "French fries had to be exactly 0.28 inches thick" (Schlosser 2005). While, "the McDonald's operations manual today…
Adams, Beatrice. (2007). McDonald's strange menu items across the world. Trifter.
Retrieved October 15, 2011 at http://trifter.com/practical-travel/budget-travel/mcdonald%e2%80%99s-strange-menu-around-the-world/
Collins, Glenn. (2009). The accidental empire of fast food. The New York Times.
Retrieved October 15, 2011 at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/16/dining/16Shake.html?pagewanted=all
Operations Evaluation of Nike Incorporated
Marketing Mix Price
Marketing Mix Place
Factories Based on Region and Product
Current Situation of Footwear Industry
Marketing Mix Product
Nike Current Situation
Marketing Mix Promotion
Changes in Operations orkers at Factories
Code of Conduct Grade Assessment
Operations Evaluation of Nike Incorporated
Understanding how globalization affects a company will be analyzed to explore how Nike Incorporated handles the multiple risks and capitalizes on the benefits of such expansion. As Nike has faced immense growth and criticism due to the complex business model that has led to the number one position in the athletic footwear industry. It has been a challenge to balance strong organizational performance along with required corporate ethical standards expected for a global leader. A critical evaluation of Nike Inc. will…
Harvard Business Case. "Hitting the Wall Nike and International Labor Practices." Case
Number 9-394-198. 2010.
Locke, Richard M. MIT. "Promises and Perils of Globalization" Nike. 2010. <
http://www. scribd. com/doc/31654319/NikeCaseStudy
count includes cover page, abstract, table contents, list references appendices; place supporting material exceeds word limit appendices.
Ray Kroc's organizational process of 'McDonaldization' and the birth of the American franchise
One of the great ironies of McDonald's is that a company whose name is synonymous with standardization was actually quite a unique invention when it was born in the mind of the great innovator and entrepreneur Ray Kroc. Kroc was so successful at patenting his formula for creating cheap, predictable burgers, fries and milkshakes that his company's golden arches became an icon of Americana. The word McDonaldization has come to refer to the extent to which "the principles of the fast-food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of American society as well as the rest of the world," in the words of sociologist George Ritzer (Waters 1998). Rationalization, efficiency, predictability, calculability, and control, according to Ritzer, are…
Keel, Robert. 2010. The McDonaldization of society. Sociology Home Page. Accessed:
http://www.umsl.edu/~keelr/010/mcdonsoc.html [April 22, 2011]
Kuratko, D.F. (2009). Entrepreneurship: Theory, process, practice. 8th edition. Mason, OH:
South Western Cengage Learning.