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Additionally, the level of the intimacy can be higher and more intense than through regular communication. This heightened intimacy is the result of the direct and immediate nature of the communication between the parties.
The author successfully demonstrates that the work identifies and attempts to fill lacunae in the literature. The study examined 138 college students at universities in the United States. The immediate concern with this study would be the question of the sample size. A sample of this size suggests that there would be unacceptable levels of error within the study. This error threatens the generalizability of the study.
Another consideration is possibly the need to examine the male to female division in the sample. The sample contained more males than females. This difference is noteworthy since men and women communicate differently. It is possible that more females may have produced different results. Having noted this it is…
Amato, P.R., & Rogers, S.J. (1997).A Longitudinal Study of Marital Problems and Subsequent
Divorce. Journal of Marriage and Family, 59,(3): 612-624.
Busby D.M., Gardner, B.C., Taniguchi, N.(2005). The Family of Origin Parachute Model:
Landing Safely in Adult Romantic Relationships. Family Relations, 54,(2): 254-264.
omantic elationships: It's Up and Down, All Around" by Dailey, ossetto, Pfiester, and Surra (2009). Overall, the study was considered to be of good quality, with appropriate application of qualitative theory and methods. Criticism of the conceptual framework included a reductionist approach to theoretical models, and a lack of any discussion of an audit trail.
Purpose / Significance of the Study
The researchers have clearly stated the purpose of the study, how it relates to the literature, and what phenomenon will be explored. The research questions fundamentally express the puzzle that the researchers wish to explore and provide a preliminary look at what they hope to glean from the study.
The corpus of research on dating relationships is substantial; however, the variant of couple relationships characterised by the occurrence of breakups and renewals, and the concomitant dynamics and bases of relational stability, has not received much empirical attention. The study…
Barbour, R.S. (1998) Mixing qualitative methods: Quality assurance or qualitative quagmire? Qualitative Health Research, 8 (3), pp. 352-361.
Braier, H.B., & Kelley, H.H. (1979) Conflict in the development of close relationships. In R.L. Bugress & T.L. Huston (Eds.), Social exchange in developing relationships, pp. 135-168. New York, NY: Academic Press.
Daily, R.M., Rossetto, K.R., Pfiester, A., & Surra, C.A. (2009) A qualitative analysis of on-again / off-again romantic relationships: It's up and down, all around. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 26, 443.
Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S. (2005) The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Retrieved http://books.google.com/books?id=X85J8ipMpZEC&pg=PA22&lpg=PA22&dq=qualitative+research+constructivist+interpretive+and+naturalistic&source=bl&ots=D1J8N2T7fm&sig=Wp3XqW10yGXb7ifAFLxWIaSCiSM&hl=en&ei=-KizTf-_MY2osQP7mtnrCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=qualitative%20research%20constructivist%20interpretive%20and%20naturalistic&f=false
A particular area of interest for Baxter and Bullis (1986) is the manner in which couples recollect the turning point in their relationship, and how well those recollections match up with one another. After interviewing hundreds of couples whose relationships had declined or disintegrated, the researchers found that only 54% of the couples attributed their relationships downfall to the same turning point. Misaligned perceptions of many types are, in fact, a major cause of conflict and failure in committed romantic relationships.
esearch on self-interpretation suggests that individuals might embellish their personal virtues to make up for perceived faults. In a study by Greenberg & Pyszczynski, (1985) individuals were confronted with the knowledge that another person knew of a serious fault in their characters. These threatened individuals then emphasized their many virtues in domains unrelated to this fault, presumably in an attempt to reaffirm themselves in this critical other's…
Acker, M., & Davis, M.H. (1992). Intimacy, passion and commitment in adult romantic relationships: A test of the triangular theory of love. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 9, 21-50.
Acitelli L.K. (1998). When spouses talk to each other about their relationship. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 5, 185-199.
Amato, P.R. (2007) Transformative processes in marriage: Some thoughts from a sociologist. Journal of Marriage and the Family.69, 305-309
Baxter L.A. (1988). Dialectical perspective on communication strategies in relational development. In S. Duck, D. Hay, S. Hobfoll, W. Ickes, & B. Montgomery (Eds.), Handbook of personal relationships: Theory, research, and interventions (pp. 257-273). Chichester, England: Wiley.
Hemingway's " Hills Like White Elephants"
Two people romantically involved, arrive at a crossroad. Hemingway creates the perfect setting for this kind of situation: a small railroad station, placed between two railways, in a desert like scenery. A range of big white barren hills no one could ignore, borders one side of this scenery. The big city will be their destination if they both decided they should continue their journey together and board that train. The window is small: the train only stops there for two minutes. The girl, as the author calls her in the beginning, is pregnant. A new life would change everything. The unexpected pregnancy means the baby will add a new dimension to what they had been experiencing together, which is travelling without a worry about anything or anyone else, but their own happiness and well-being. Nothing new. There are endless rows of couples who go…
Dowd, Maureen. "A Farewell to Macho." The New York Times. 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/16/opinion/sunday/dowd-a-farewell-to-macho.html?_r=0
Widmaier Capo, Beth. "Textual Contraception. Birth control and Modern American Fiction." The Ohio State University Press. Columbus. Retrieved from: https://ohiostatepress.org/Books/Book%20PDFs/Capo%20Textual.pdf
Becnel, Kim. Bloom's how to Write about Ernest Hemingway. Infobase Publishing, 2008
Imbalances were most evident in three relational areas: decision-making, emotional involvement, and equity. A higher percentage of both men and women stated that men usually made more of the decisions, were less emotionally involved, and usually experienced "the better deal." Lastly, male dominance -- but not equality of power between genders -- was found to be linked with greater romantic relationship longevity. It seemed that the higher the relative degree given by the respondents to the male (rather than the female partner of the dyad), the lower the consequential rate of relationship dissolution (Felmlee, 1994).
An imbalance of power may promote the actual solidity of a relationship, but this has been much less often researched than other conclusions. The previous findings that inequalities in power are linked to unhappiness, psychological distress, and disagreement mean that power imbalances will raise the likelihood that a relationship would fail; however, no distinctions were…
Allensworth, N. (1998). Social penetration: a description, research, and evalutation.
Retrieved on 18 November 2007 at http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/custom/portlets/recordDetails/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=ED403615&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=ED403615
Bucher, E. (2006). Relationship dissolution planning (nuptial agreements part 1).
DeVito, J.A. (1995). The Interpersonal Communication Book. New York: Harper Collins College Publishers.
Relationships in the workplace are often positive in nature and allow for employees to enjoy their work experience. It is not uncommon for life-long friendships, romances, or even marriages to be born out of the relationships of coworkers. However, these same relationships can also create a very uncomfortable work environment.
Perhaps the most controversial workplace relationship is the office romance. Detrimental effects of these types of relationships range from sexual harassment suits to retaliatory actions after the breakup to jealousy from coworkers who believe that a person has climbed the corporate ladder by "sleeping his or her way to the top." (Nations usiness, Pg 1)
The Society of Human Resource Management surveyed six hundred human resource professionals in 1998. This poll concluded that thirteen percent of employers had a written policy on workplace romance. Fourteen percent claimed that they had a "clear understanding" of expected behaviors even though there was…
Nation's Business. (1998). Retrieved February 26, 2003, from findarticles.com Website: http://www.findarticles.com/cf_dls/m1154/n7_v86/20797623/print.jhtml
Olian, Judy. (2001). On the Job: Workplace Romances are Managements Business. Retrieved February 26, 2003, from Post-Gazette. Website: http://www.post-gazette.com/businessnews/20011120olian1120bnp6.asp
Mann, Lisa. (1994). Resolving Gender Conflict in the Workplace, Consensual and Nonconsensual Conduct. Retrieved February 26, 2003, from Modrall Sperling. Website: http://www.modrall.com/articles/article_44.html
McIntyre, Kelly S. (1998). The Office -- the Place to Look for Love. Retrieved February 26, 2003 from Vantage 2000. Website: http://www.siop.org/tip/backissues/tipjan99/tipjan98/hartel.html
elationships and Social Lives
This is the hierarchical way in which large social groups based on their control over basic resources. A key characteristic of stratification systems is the extent to which the structure is flexible. Slavery, a form of stratification in which people are owned by others, is an extreme type. In a caste system, people's status is determined at birth based on their parents' position in society
The class system, which exists in the United States, is a type of stratification based on ownership of resources and on the type of work people do. Functionalist perspectives on the U.S. class structure view classes as broad groupings of people who share similar levels of privilege based on their roles in the occupational structure. According to the Davis-Moore thesis, positions that are most important within society, requiring the most talent and training, must highly rewarded. Many people define classes as…
1. Eichar, Douglas (1989). Occupation and Class Consciousness in America. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
2. Gilbert, Dennis (1998). The American Class Structure. New York: Wadsworth Publishing.
3. Thompson, William; Joseph Hickey (2005). Society in Focus. Boston, MA: Pearson.
4. Levine, Rhonda (1998). Social Class and Stratification. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
In my fist yea of college, I enjoyed an extemely passionate love elationship. We met duing feshman oientation and ou initial chemisty was instant as well as mutual. Actually, on the night we met he "escued" me, so to speak, because one of the guys fom my domitoy floo was annoying me by the way he ignoed all of my vey obvious signals that I was not paticulaly inteested in talking to him.
I smiled the fist time he looked at me, but to be pefectly honest, I would have smiled at almost anybody at that moment, because I was tying (unsuccessfully) to discouage the guy who would not leave me alone. The idea was simply to hint at the idea that I was not inteested in him by making eye contact with someone else. My (eventual) boyfiend was vey polite about it, but afte we smiled at…
references: Gender Differences Examined in a National Sample.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Synder, M. (1977) When Belief Creates Reality: The Self-Fulfilling Impact of First Impressions of Social Interaction. Experiencing Social Psychology, 99-103
Trotter, R.J. (1986) The Three Faces of Love.
Psychology Today, (September) 46-54.
This film depicts the life of a woman who has not lived up to her cultural expectations and by the time she is thirty, she realizes that she is getting too old to find love. She then meets a man whom she falls in love with, but the problem lies in his not being from her same ethnic and cultural background. This creates turmoil among her extremely traditional family. Her father refuses to accept her new fiance, but insisting that she is in love, she gets her family to accept a non-Greek individual into their family. Unlike It Happened One Night (1934), My Big Fat Greek Wedding (2002) shows how culture influences love in our civilization.
The relationship between these two individuals, demonstrates how much love means in our society. The underlying concern in this case is how two different cultures could unite to form a mutual one where everyone…
My Big Fat Greek Wedding. Dir. Joel Zwick. Perf. Nia Vardalos and John Corbett.
Gold Circle Film, 2002. Film.
It Happened One Night. Dir. Frank Capra. Perf. Clark Gable and Claudette
Colbert. Columbia Pictures, 1934. Film.
Your feelings are understandable. After all, your brain, mind, and body are the products of millions of years of evolution. Your brain circuitry largely dictates your relationship patterns and your predisposition toward certain body types. However, your girlfriend may be experiencing stress or the symptoms of depression that need to be addressed. There are several issues at stake in your question. The first is your natural tendency toward appreciating certain body and face types in women; the second is your level of emotional commitment to your girlfriend; and the third is your girlfriend's own psychological needs.
First, let's address your biological instincts. The reasons for your being drawn to females with specific body types is not "shallow," as you suggest, but it is animalistic and unconscious. esearch has consistently shown that heterosexual men have certain preferences in female body types. While not all men have the same…
DeNicolo, D. (2013). Animal attraction. Allure 23(2).
Fisher, H. (2014). Sue Johnson's 'Love Sense'
Smith, M. (2014). The power of touch -- Intimacy has health benefits for all ages
Thompson, D. (2013). Good Body Image Goes Hand in Hand With Happier Relationship.
Jane Austin's Sense and Sensibility, while including no supernatural references, focuses on the more positive side of extreme emotion of romantic love. Similarly to Shelley's work, this side of emotion is also used to reflect upon the society of the time. The hypocrisy often associated with marriage ties are for example exposed.
Romantic poetry is not so much concerned with the anxieties or evils in society. Instead, the concern of this poetry is depicting the human relationship with nature as a part of it, rather than separated from it. As such, there is a departure from the image of socially imposed order towards a free, untamed image of nature. Similarly to romantic fiction, poetry also focuses on the strength of emotions related to this. These are entirely individualized, with the connection of the individual to nature often central to the work.
This reflection on Milton and Blake is also the reflections of every person who is looking for purpose in their lives (ibid, 588).
However, in the last generation more and more people are asking the same question as Bloom and raising the issue of purpose. Like the humans that recorded the creation story in Genesis, we are searching for the purpose of our being and existence. Blake's parables answer use poetic license to extend this question of existence into the time of the twilight of the Enlightenment when new knowledge was causing people to ask many of the same questions that they asked when they set down the creation story of Genesis thousands of years before that (ibid).
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hile Israel may be the apple of God's eye, it appears that Jerusalem is that of Blake's since the work comes from this source as well. Inspiring the famous…
Blake, W., and J.E. Grant. Blake's Poetry and Designs. 2nd. New York, NY: W.
W. Norton & Company, 2007. Print.
"The Genesis Apocryphon." Bibliotecapleyades.net. 2011. Web. 19 Sep 2011.
In this way, they have become familiar with each other's behavioral traits and the reasons behind these traits.
Psychodynamic aspects (Cherry, 2010) did play a role since the beginning of the relationship, but became significant only while Eric and Amanda were learning about each other on a cognitive level. Eric's fundamental insecurity regarding Amanda's relationships with other men stem not only from his first disappointment, but also from the fact that his mother abandoned him as a baby. aised by his father and stepmother, who did provide him with plenty of love and security, Eric always experienced a sense of loss and abandonment from the female gender. This broken mother-child relationship, reinforced by his disappointment at 19, has informed his relationships in later life.
Amanda in turn did not have traumatic childhood experiences. Her parents are still together and provided her with plenty of love and security during her formative…
Appraiser Central (2010). 5 Major Perspectives. Retrieved from http://www.appraisercentral.com/research/5%20Major%20Perspectives.htm
Cherry, Kendra. (2010). Perspectives in Modern Psychology. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/psychology101/a/perspectives.htm
Matheson, Kelly (2009, Jul. 27). The Psychology Behind Romantic Relationship. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/guestab8f5a1/the-psychology-behind-romantic-relationships
The relationship between a service provider and their client is particularly sensitive because the circumstances that bring the two individuals into contact are usually necessitated by a state of mental unrest in the client. Accordingly, the issue of whether or not to engage in a dual relationship (when the doctor has a relationship with their patient distinct from the clinical context) with the client must be treated in a very sensitive manner; the therapist has a responsibility to not only operate in their own best interest but also that of the patient they are hired to assist. This paper examines the relationship between a therapist and an unhappily married Latin American female client, determining whether or not the therapist should advocate divorce and pursue a romantic relationship with his client. Although the therapist has decided that they will pursue the relationship and advocate divorce, this is not recommended.…
Dewane, C.J. (2010). Respecting boundaries -- the don'ts of dual relationships. Social Work Today, 10, 1, 18.
Freud, S., & Kreug, S. (2002a). Beyond the code of ethics, part II: Dual relationships revisited. Families in Society, 83(5), 483-492.
They gossip with their partners and they should not return to work while they are disheveled. This suggests that they should come back as working professions because love may be blind, but workmates may not be blind. People who work together must avoid being involved in romance with company stakeholders such as vendors, suppliers and clients (Business Wire, 2000).
Employees should avoid engaging in activities such as dinner with their workmates. Such dinners are likely to continue smoothly and result into a relationship. Workmates might notice the potential in their companions vote for the partner's promotion. This might generate rumors within the organization, which might make employees divert their concentration because of jokes. Those being subject of the rumor might find t difficult to continue working because of the accusation. This may negatively the work production of employees especially if they were involved in a quarrel during the previous a…
Alderman, L. (2005). Surviving an office romance without jeopardizing your job. Michigan:
Business Wire. (2000). Office romances are common, survey finds. New York: Wiley
Copley News Service. (2000). Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Office romance can be a dicey proposition, 8K. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Self-Help Guide Justification
The Huffington Post recently published an article that described a surgeon's criteria for his version of an ideal woman (Bahadur, 2013). The list included such items as urban experience, Type B personality, very skinny (anorexic), good values, well-travelled, college educated, very attractive -- but not too attractive, altruistic, and gregarious to a fault. On the other end of the gender scale, Maria Forleo advises women to practice mindfulness as a way to become irresistible to all men (Oprah.com, n.d.). With divorce rates near the 50% level (Carlson & Meyer, 2014), maybe such advice needs to be challenged by hard reality before the authors do more damage than good. Toward the goal of helping would-be romantic partners separate the bad advice from the good, the following essay will provide an evidence-based justification for the self-help relationship guide published separately.
The Hard eality of Modern Intimate elationships…
Bahadur, N. (2013, August 7). Deluded surgeon's email lists the most outrageous requirements for a woman we've ever seen. Huffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/08/07/surgeon-dating-email-outrageous-requirements-woman_n_3721225.html .
Campbell, L., Overall, N.C., Rubin, H., & Lackenbauer, S.D. (2013). Inferring a partner's ideal discrepancies: Accuracy, projection, and the communicative role of interpersonal behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105(2), 217-33.
Carlson, M.J. & Meyer, D.R. (2014). Family complexity: Setting the context. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 654(1), 6-11.
Fletcher, G.J.O. & Simpson, J.A. (2000). Ideal standards in close relationships: Their structure and functions. Current Directions in Psychological Research, 9(3), 102-5.
Causes elationships to Fall Apart
It happens to us all -- that moment when our knees get weak from the sight of someone else; that split second that it seems like nothing else in the entire world matters; that instant when all seems right in the world, and we hope and pray that it never changes. Most everyone remember those beginning stages in a relationship where everything in the universe is absolutely, irrevocably, fearlessly perfect, right? So how do all of those feelings, thoughts, moments of pure bliss take a gut wrenching nose dive for the worse? Why do people fall out of love? How do people go from being love drunk to those month long purging sessions to rid themselves of the toxins that once were our former soul mates? It happens, even to the best of us, even to those of us who attempt to make every wrong…
Baxter, L.A., & Braithwaite, D.O. (2008). Interpersonal communication: evolving interpersonal relationships. Los Angeles: Sage Publications. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=aaD9iVgxpE4C&oi=fnd&pg=PR13&dq=Interpersonal+communication+:+evolving+interpersonal+relationships&ots=sI36504Nzv&sig=WLjMoUxRflWxRn6YTf7Hkbfhghg#v=onepage&q&f=false
Harvey, J.H., & Wenzel, A. (2001). Close romantic relationships: maintenance and enhancement. Mahwah, N.J: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=knWespEJEncC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=Close+romantic+relationships+:+maintenance+and+enhancement&ots=Cqv3DKeRC5&sig=Ik894HW_i7oiC5nQUrr8A1uR4LA#v=onepage&q&f=false
Kalbfleisch, P.J. (1993). Interpersonal communication: evolving interpersonal relationships. Hillsdale, N.J: Lawrence Erlbaum.
female relationships formed amongst the Vaark household and analyze how these relationships change through the movement of the plotline.
In the book A Mercy, Toni Morrison is discussing the changing roles of women and how these relationships continue to evolve. This occurs in three parts of the novel to include: the beginning, the middle and the end. Each one of these areas is illustrating how these transformations are taking place and the way they affect the plotline. (Morrison)
In the beginning, the book is discussing these shifts by providing a basic introduction of the various women. These include: focusing on the lives of Rebekka and Floren. As far as Rebekka is concerned, there is a concentration on her life prior to coming to America. hat happened is she is forced to choose between becoming the bride of Jacob Vaark (a man she has never met) or going into prostitution. (Morrison)…
Morrison, Toni. A Mercy. New York: Random House, 2008. Print.
The questionnaires for the purpose of this particular study were completed by 179 participants. The gender preference breakdown of the participants included 60 lesbians, 45 heterosexual females, 39 heterosexual males and 37 gay males (Harkless, Blaine, 2005).
When the study was completed and the data went through analysis it was found that gay men and lesbian women reported a higher degree of post relationship involvement with their former partners than heterosexual couple members reported occurring.
The data reflect how inclusion of sexual orientation can broaden understandings of gender differentiated phenomena beyond more traditional gender-only based accounts (Harkless, Blaine, 2005)."
The study questionnaire asked general demographic data and then moved into couple and gender specific questions. The questions required the participants to acknowledge their relationship with their former partner including whether or not they maintained emotional ties, sexual ties or other types of contact with the former partner. The questionnaire also…
Agnew, C.R., Loving, T.J., & Drigotas, S.M. (2001). Substituting the forest for the trees: Social networks and the prediction of romantic relationship state and fate. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 1042-1057.
Anderson, P.A., Elroy, S.V., Guerrero, L.K., & Spitzberg, B.H. (1995). Romantic jealousy and relational satisfaction: A look at the impact of jealousy experience and expression. Communication Reports, 8, 77-85.
Attridge, M. (1994). Barriers to dissolution of romantic relationships. In D.J. Canary & L. Stafford, Communication and relational maintenance. (pp. 141-164) San Diego, CA: Academic Press, Inc.
Baxter, L.A. (1982). Strategies for ending relationships: Two studies. Western Journal of Speech Communication, 223-241.
Finally, Lee descibes the agape style, chaacteized by selflessness and sacifice and a fundamental appoach to elationships that emphasizes poviding the love and benefits of the elationship that they believe eveyone deseves (Hahn & Blass, 1997). They ae not peoccupied with any paticula "type" of potential patne and tend to be extemely suppotive, patient, honest, and not jealous o highly emotionally chaged (Hahn & Blass, 1997).
The Significance of Diffeent Types of Relationships on Patne Pefeence
As helpful as Lee's six love styles ae to undestanding choice and behavio in intimate human elationships, that analysis does not take into account the degee to which individuals (egadless of thei pimay stylistic oientation in Lee's tems) sometimes engage in vey diffeent kinds of elationships. Pesumably, Lee's stylistic analysis petains mainly to omantic pai bonds such as potential maiage patnes and dating patnes but not necessaily to casual-sex patnes o platonic fiendships.
references in romantic relationships and friendships." Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, Vol. 19, No. 4: 463-481.
Differences in age between romantic partners can elicit a number of reactions, depending on the age of the youngest partner. Hollywood celebrities, who marry much younger partners, are often made fun of in the entertainment media; however, if the younger partner is still a teenager, or worse yet, a minor, then the mainstream media may weigh in with their own brand of demonization directed at the older partner. Phrases like 'cradle robber' are bandied about, or in the case of an attractive younger individual becoming involved with a much older 'elderly' partner, the phrase 'gold digger' may be heard. There is thus a sense that power imbalances within relationships will result in the exploitation of the more vulnerable partner. The following essay attempts to show that age does matter in romantic relationships, but primarily when one of the partners is a minor.
Men and women generally prefer…
Allen, Amy. "Does Age Matter in a Relationship." Helium.com. RR Donnelley. 7 May 2010. Web. 17 May 2012.
Darroch, Jacqueline E., Landry, David J., and Oslak, Selene. "Age Differences Between Sexual Partners in the United States." Family Planning Perspectives 31.4 (1999): 160-167.
Hamilton, Brady E. And Ventura, Stephanie J. "Birth Rates for U.S. Teenagers Reach Historic Lows for All Age and Ethnic Groups." CDC.gov. National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 89 (2012 Apr.): 1-8. Web. 17 May 2012.
Lehmiller, Justin J. And Agnew, Christopher R. "Commitment in Age-Gap Heterosexual Romantic Relationships: A Test of Evolutionary and Socio-Cultural Predictions." Psychology of Women Quarterly 32.1 (2008): 74-82.
Consensual relationship agreements are used to protect both employers and employees from unwanted litigation. The contracts are legally binding, and "shield employers from liability if intimacy later congeals into a sexual harassment lawsuit or some other discord, (Selvin, 2007). Sexual harassment is not the only concern about workplace romances, from a legal or a human resources standpoint. As Tyler (2008) points out, "workplace romances can lead to accusations of poor judgment, breaches of ethics, favoritism, lost productivity, poor employee morale, sexual harassment claims and even workplace violence." Consensual relationship agreements are also important from a public relations standpoint. They prevent a senior executive's dalliances with a coworker to become the source of bad publicity. Therefore, the consensual relationship agreement has the potential to help any organization. Commonly or colloquially known as "love contracts," consensual relationship agreements are usually handled by the company's human resources department. Consensual relationship agreements are a…
Selvin, M. (2007). "Love Contract': It's office policy. Los Angeles Times. Feb 13, 2007. Retrieved online: http://articles.latimes.com/2007/feb/13/business/fi-love13
Tyler, K. (2008). Sign in the name of love. HR Magazine 53(2). Retrieved online: http://www.shrm.org/Publications/hrmagazine/EditorialContent/Pages/2Tyler-Love%20Contracts.aspx
Age and Love
Passionate relationships are one of the most profound aspects of human social and individual development. Passionate intimate relationships are the next developmental stage after the childhood learning done in a family. It is through our passionate and intimate relationships that individuals learn the life lessons of becoming an adult. Some argue that young people do not have the capacity or reasoning skills to have passionate intimate relationships because they lack the ability to make adult decisions. Yet there is no evidence that people under the age of 18 are not fully capable of healthy passionate intimate relationships. This work will argue that age is an irrelevant aspect when it comes to the ability to have healthy intimate relationships because age does not determine maturity. ith maturity comes the skills needed to develop respect for your partner as well as the communication skills needed to maintain a healthy…
Carruthers, Martyn "Are you Growing Up or Growing Old?: Emotional Maturity 2." (2011) http://www.soulwork.net/sw_articles_eng/emotional_reality_2.htm Web. 20 Nov. 2011.
Davila, Joanne, Sara J. Steinberg, Melissa Ramsay Miller, Catherine B. Stroud, Lisa R. Starr, and Athena Yoneda.. "Assessing romantic competence in adolescence: The Romantic Competence Interview." Journal Of Adolescence 32. 1: (2009):55-75. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost . Web. 25 Nov. 2011.
Dragon, William, Steve Duck. Understanding Research in personal relationships: A Text with Readings. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2005.
Hatfield, Elaine, Earle Schmitz, Jeffrey Cornelius, and Richard L. Rapson. "Passionate love: How early does it begin?." Journal Of Psychology & Human Sexuality 1. 1 (1988): 35-51. PsycINFO. Web. 25 Nov. 2011.
"A well-written, widely publicized, strictly enforced fraternization policy won't prevent office romances from developing. It will, however, make life a lot easier, and less litigious, for you when you have to deal with it" (eh, 2010).
Amble, B., 2007, Office politics the biggest cause of stress, Management Issues, http://www.management-issues.com/2007/1/18/research/office-politics-the-biggest-cause-of-stress.asp last accessed on October 29, 2010
Bailey, J., omantic and sexual relationship can cause workplace stress -- a word from the office, Ezine Articles, http://ezinearticles.com/?omantic-and-Sexual-elationships-Can-Cause-Workplace-Stress-A-Word-From-the-Office&id=1920949 last accessed on October 29, 2010
Bowers, T., 2007, Love (gone bad) in the office, Tech epublic, http://blogs.techrepublic.com.com/career/?p=152 last accessed on October 29, 2010
Fennel, A., 2003, omantic relationship at work: does privacy trump the dating police? All Business, http://www.allbusiness.com/human-resources/careers/1077844-1.html last accessed on October 29, 2010
Kernesten, D., 2000, Office romances can be risky, rewarding, Work elationships, http://www.workrelationships.com/site/articles/officeromancerisk.htm last accessed on October 29, 2010
eh, F.J., 2010, Office romance, About, http://management.about.com/cs/people/a/Officeomance.htm last accessed on October…
Amble, B., 2007, Office politics the biggest cause of stress, Management Issues, http://www.management-issues.com/2007/1/18/research/office-politics-the-biggest-cause-of-stress.asp last accessed on October 29, 2010
Bailey, J., Romantic and sexual relationship can cause workplace stress -- a word from the office, Ezine Articles, http://ezinearticles.com/?Romantic-and-Sexual-Relationships-Can-Cause-Workplace-Stress-A-Word-From-the-Office&id=1920949 last accessed on October 29, 2010
Bowers, T., 2007, Love (gone bad) in the office, Tech Republic, http://blogs.techrepublic.com.com/career/?p=152 last accessed on October 29, 2010
Fennel, A., 2003, Romantic relationship at work: does privacy trump the dating police? All Business, http://www.allbusiness.com/human-resources/careers/1077844-1.html last accessed on October 29, 2010
Teenage Girls Involved in Abusive Dating elationships
Aggression in teenage dating leading to physical, emotional and psychological damage is a social problem not only because of its effects on the teenagers but also because of its prevalence.
Howard and Qi Wang (2003) report figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showing that overall the prevalence of non-sexual courtship violence ranges from 9% to 65%, depending on the definitions and research methods used. Howard and Qi Wang's study reported "almost one in ten of the 9th- through 12th-grade females who participated in the 1999 Youth isk Behavior Survey reported being a victim of physical dating violence (i.e., had been hit, slapped, or physically hurt on purpose) within the past year." Further studies and figures report that about one in five of adolescent girls has experienced dating violence. Some of the physically abusive behaviors perpetrated in dating include being scratched,…
Bush, Vanessa. (2002). A thin line between love and hate: dating violence strikes one in every five teenage girls. Essence November 2002. Retrieved November 7th,2003, from www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1264/7_33/96384286/print.jhtml.
Gillies-Bradley & Wagner Tammy L. (2003). When love hurts. Briarpatch, 32(2), 18-19.
Howard, Donna E. & Qi Wang, Min. (2003). Risk profiles of adolescent girls who were victims of dating violence. Adolescence Spring 2003. Retrieved November 7th,2003, from www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m2248/149_38/103381757/print.jhtml.
James, William H., West, Carolyn, Deters, Karla Ezrre, Amigo, Eduardo. (2000). Youth dating violence. Adolescence Fall 2000. Retrieved November 7th, 2003, from www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m2248/139_35/68535843/print.jhtml
The author of this report has been asked to review a section of the class text and answer a few questions. One question that will be answered is the differences that exist from a psychological, emotional and physical standpoint when it comes to being in a committed relationship versus dating several people concurrently. It will also be discussed the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle that includes proper exercise, nutrition and good mental health. Finally, there will be a discussion of the personal lifestyle choices of the author of this report and whether they were good or bad. While it really does take a long time to truly wreck one's body in most situations, this does not mean that one should tempt fate and face the prospect of one's body breaking down or engaging in dysfunction in an untimely manner.
As it relates to being in…
The urn is a symbol to him of all great works of art which, picturing beauty, will always reflect truth to those who behold them. To Keats "beauty is truth, truth beauty," and art is the balm which soothes his fevered soul. He died at the age of 25 from tuberculosis.
ordsworth, who lived longer than the other poets, dying at the age of 80, was the leading poet of the nineteenth century. His work, with exquisitely turned phrasing, accurately depict both nature and his emotions. Nature was his inspiration and solace. He believed that nature could heal and commune both the elemental and divine through its natural forces. Like Coleridge, he believed that transcendental meditation was possible and that one could rise to a plane above that of the merely human with contemplation of nature and beauty. His verses rose to new heights in rhythm and meter, unlike the…
Fiero, Gloria K. The Humanist Tradition, Book 5: Romanticism, Realism, and the Nineteenth-Century World. New York: McGraw-Hill. 2002.
Oberon and Titania are thus not above the common desires and petty passions that motivate all mortals -- but they know the harms that their jealousies can do, even on a cosmological level, accept that infidelity is a part of life -- and when moved use more creative ways to wage war with the opposite sex. Titiana is jealous of Hippolyta, her most obvious human parallel, given that she has also enjoyed a relationship with Theseus, but she extracts no revenge -- she simply moves on, as Oberon can love a shepherdess, a young boy, and his queen. At their most profound and insightful, the ageless fairies seem to be able to accept that beings such as themselves will have multiple passions, even though they still have the feelings of a human-like creature. This is unlike the four adolescent lovers who literally fall to blows when they suspect infidelity,…
Shakespeare, William. "A Midsummer Night's Dream." MIT Classics Page. December 11, 2008 http://shakespeare.mit.edu/midsummer/full.html
The relationship between design and modern hospitality
What is the nature of (post) modern design? What is design's relationship to the modern hospitality industry?
Increasingly, the modern hospitality industry is becoming affected by, and more consciously aware of the postmodern stress upon the profound relationship that exists between the purveyor, the consumer, and the overall environment and ambiance created by a particular design of any establishment. In other words, eating out is an experience, not merely the act of consuming prepared food away from home.
Plan the answer and show the plan
The plan for the hospitality industry as a whole must be to integrate the design form and practical function of a restaurant in such a fashion that its design compliments the gustatory needs of the consumer and the owner of the restaurant, yet still conveys an atmosphere complementary with the food in a way that fulfills…
William Blake, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, & Percy Shelley
For William Blake, religion is but a medium used by self-interested groups and individuals who want to gain power and influence over society. His criticism of religion, particularly inappropriate use of religion by people, is expressed in the poem "Jerusalem." In this poem, Blake expresses his skepticism about religion's purpose for the society, particularly his countrymen: "And did those feet in ancient time / Walk upon England's mountain green?... And was Jerusalem builded here / Among these dark Satanic mills?" Disillusioned by the constant conflicts and disorder in society caused and premeditated by religious leaders, Blake questions whether religion has become constructive, or destructive, in English society.
William Wordsworth offers in his poems veneration for Nature, as expressed in his Romanticist style of writing poetry. An example of Wordsworth's poem that evokes and expresses his affinity with nature is evident…
Bride of the Greek Isle
The purpose of this paper is to introduce and discuss the poem "The Bride of the Greek Isle," by Felicia Hemans, and discuss the author's life as it relates to the poem.
THE BRIDE OF THE GREEK ISLE
During her brief lifetime, Felicia Hemans wrote numerous poems, beginning when she was only fourteen. She had a romantic view of the world, and often copied the style of famous poets of the time that she admired, such as Byron.
She wrote often of love and of her feelings about relationships. She lived apart from her husband for many years, and this may have colored how she looked on relationships. Many of her poems dealt with tragedies, like "The Bride of the Greek Isle," or death, such as "Hymn by the Sick-bed of a Mother." She also wrote about issues that women faced at the time, like…
Editors. "Felicia Dorothea Browne Hemans (1793-1835)." University of Pennsylvania Digital Library. 2000. http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/hemans/biography.html
Hemans, Felicia. "The Bride of the Greek Isle." University of Pennsylvania Digital Library. 2000. http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/hemans/records/bride.html
Rossetti, W.M. "Prefatory Notice." The Poetical Works of Mrs. Hemans. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., 18__.
Groups for Relationship Issues
Support groups do what their title implies that they do -- they provide emotional, psychological and community support for individuals that are struggling with problems. This paper discusses support groups that exist to help people resolve romantic and other relationship issues that can stand in the way of a normal, peaceful existence. This paper delves into several kinds of support groups that deal with relationship issues, and discusses the potential solutions that different support groups offer to troubled participants.
hat are Support Groups? hat do Support Groups actually do?
Generally speaking, support groups for relationship problems or other issues provide a mechanism that offers some kind of therapy in response to "...the needs of people dealing with stress caused by life transitions, crises, or chronic conditions" (Fagan, et al., 1996). There has been a "proliferation of support groups in recent years," Fagan writes, which is a…
Brown, N.W. (2011). Psychoeducational Groups: Process and Practice. Milton Park, UK:
Taylor & Francis.
Fagan, T., and Warden, P.G. (1996). Historical Encyclopedia of School Psychology. Santa
Barbara, CA: Greenwood Publishing.
Relationships and the Internet
The Internet has created the opportunity for people all across the planet to form relationships that can be every bit as personally satisfying as so-called "traditional" relationships. Social media sites like Twitter, Facebook, MySpace, YouTube, and a variety of others have allowed people to engage in relationships through the Internet but Alex Lickerman argues that it can generate problems for people who partake in this activity. In his article "The Effect of Technology on Relationships," he stated, "The problem, however, comes when we find ourselves subtly substituting electronic relationships for physical ones or mistaking our electronic relationships for physical ones." (Lickerman) However, a recently published scientific study has concluded that 21st century society is currently in the process of reconfiguring the way relationships are structured and these reconfigurations "are working alongside offline practices to provide greater choice and opportunity, and in many senses fulfilling an oft-held…
Hogan, Bernie, Nai Li, and William Dutton. "A global shift in the social relationships of networked individuals: Meeting and dating online comes of age." Oxford
Internet Institute. (11 Feb. 2011) Web. 3 October 2013.
ATTACTION, SEX, LOVE, & ELATIONSHIPS
Attraction, love, sex, and relationships are fundamental to human condition. Each individual human is separate and distinct from every other one, yet there are numerous aspects to the human experience that every human shares -- attraction, love, sex, and relationships are prime examples of commonalities shared among the human race. Science(s) have demonstrated that sexual attraction and the desire for close relationships form and manifest in humans very early on their development, often before children have reached school age. With reference to several psychological, academic resources, the paper aims to explain some of the key components of sex, love, attraction, and relationships.
Key Components to Attraction, Sex, Love, & elationships
While attraction, love, sex, and relationships remains quite a substantial mystery to many people, there are professional and researchers in areas such as psychology where they are making headway toward a comprehensive understanding of…
Baumeister, R.F, & Leary, M.R. (1995) The Need to Belong: Desire for Interpersonal Attachments as a Fundamental Human Motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117(3), 497 -- 529.
Fisher, PhD, H.E., Aron, PhD, A.A., Masher, D., Li, PhD, H., & Brown, PhD, L.L. (2002) Defining the Brain Systems of Lust Romantic Attraction, and Attachment. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31(5), 413 -- 419.
Gillath, O., Mikulincer, M., Birnbaum, G.E., & Shaver, P.R. (2008) When Sex Primes Love: Subliminal Sexual Priming Motivates Relationship Goal Pursuit. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1057 -- 1070.
Gonzaga, G.C., Turner, R.A., Keltner, D., Campos, B., & Litmus, M. (2006) Romantic Love and Sexual Desire in Close Relationships. Emotion, 6(2), 163 -- 179.
On the contrary, "You Have Got Mail" is a new style of comedy movie that involves romance in a much open manner that it could not attract all age groups.
Key Features of New Comedy
Few traits of new comedy are as follows:
It revolves more around a boy and a girl and their love story
It involves a lot of physical relationship between male and female ( Richmond )
Related with love, desire and money
The comedy involves many subjects that were not considered as appropriate to be discussed openly in the past like homosexuality (Duralde).
Sex related jokes have become an integral part of comedy
Sex is also involved in today's concept of comedy
Destructive Impacts of Comedy
Comedy has always been a source of entertainment for every individual of all fields of life. It is a means to relax and with its involvement in Hollywood movies, number…
Bowman, Barbara . Master Space: Film Images of Capra, Lubitsch, Sternberg, and Wyler. New York: Greenwood Press, 1992.
Ciecko, Anne. "Hollywood's "Scriptgirls." Literature/Film Quarterly (2000): 33-55.
Duralde, Alonso. "Where the Gays Are: A Quick Look at the Queerest Movies the Season Has to Offer. (Summer Movie Special)." The Advocate (the national gay & lesbian newsmagazine) (2002): 33-44.
Kaufman, David. "Unfinished Women." 27 January 2003. The Nation. 1 May 2013.
pleasant and romantic world depicted in "She alks in Beauty," Byron illustrates a dark, cold, and hopeless world in "Darkness." "Darkness" is an elaborately detailed poem that remains a testament to Byron's flexibility as a poet. hen I consider the personal and external forces at work in Byron's life at this time, it becomes easier to understand how he could so masterfully create a world that was full of despair and so far removed from the world he illustrated in "She alks Like Beauty."
By the time "Darkness" was published, Byron was already established as a poet whose talent covered a wide range. (Bartleby) "She alks in Beauty" was written in 1814, and is presumably written for Mrs. Robert John ilmot, Byron's cousin. (u 668). Although only two years separate the two poems, there were forces other than love that were influencing Byron's life during those years. History provides a…
Bartleby. From The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001. http://www.bartleby.com/people/Byron-Ge.html . Site visited 23 February 2003
Byron, George Gordon, Lord. The Complete Poetical Works. Ed. Jerome J. McGann and Barry Weller. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980-92.
Cox, Jeffery and Snodgrass, Charles. Romantic Circles. http://www.rc.umd.edu/webglimpse/webglimpse/export/software/rc/w ww?filter=%5E%2Fexport%2Fsoftware%2Frc%2Fwww&query=byron&lines=1&errors=0 & maxfiles=100&maxlines=1000&maxchars=10000> Site visited 23 February 2003.
Leung, Matthew. Poetry of Byron. New York: Macmillan. 1964.
Cross-Cultural relationships in Post-War Japan
Each of the cross-cultural couples depicted in Joshua Logan's 1957 film Sayonara must contend with political, social, cultural, and personal barriers. The United States Army has strict and official policies that forbid relationships between American soldiers and Japanese women. Moreover, the American government will not permit the Japanese brides of soldiers to become U.S. citizens. Despite these laws, about 10,000 American soldiers have already married Japanese women, in spite of the daunting paperwork and social stigma involved. In fact, these soldiers also have to deal with severe restrictions on their stations and reassignments. These sanctions are designed specifically to deter soldiers from pursuing cross-cultural relationships, and also threaten to separate already married couples. These political barriers accompany the pervasive personal prejudices and social sanctions against cross-cultural relationships. For example, both Major Lloyd Gruver (Marlon Brando) and Hana Ogi (Miiko Taka) hold tight to their prejudices…
This is one of the major aspects of Romanticism, a notion that was entirely missing from raising children up to this point.
ook II of Emile describes the educational framework of a child's formative years, most likely from the approximate ages of seven to eleven or twelve, within Rousseau's philosophy. In this theory, education in this stage should take place within the context of personal experiences and interactions with the outside world. The emphasis should be on developing the senses and drawing inferences from them. ook III has the child successfully integrated with the physical world and ready to make a decision regarding his trade, which Rousseau believed was necessary in order for him to search out the appropriate role models and focus on the necessary skills.
ook IV is the section that interests this writer the most. The child is now physically strong and able to carefully observe and…
Rousseau, Jean Jacques. (1979) Emile (or On Education). Translation by Bloom, Alan. New York: Basic Books.
Stroup, William. (Jan. 2003-Dec. 2004) The Romantic Child. Literature Compass. Volume 1, Issue 1.
Ferguson, Frances. (Winter 2003) The Afterlife of the Romantic Child: Rousseau and Kant Meet Deleuze and Guattari. The South Atlantic Quarterly. Vol. 102, No. 1, pp. 215-234.
Minoan and omantic movements
Describe the earlier historical art period, characteristics of the style, and social conditions that may have contributed to the advent of this style.
Within the history of the Ancients, the story of Classical Greek art and architecture is prefaced by the earliest epoch of the seafaring Cretan civilization, Minos. The Palace of King Minosis is a magical structure reflective of this early world of classical lyricism. It is in fact, Homer's reference to the island, and its legendary king, in Book XIX of the Odyssey, that has informed us of Aegean cultures, and our fascination with all things Minoan. The central locus of exchange for communique with other civilizations of antiquity such as the nearby lands of Pharonic Ancient Egypt, the Palace of King Minos is our greatest resource for inquiry into the roots of ancient classical civilization.
obust in economy and in cultural…
Art. Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Retrieved from: http://www.oxfordartonline.com de la Croix, H. And Tansey, R.G. (1980). Gardner's: Art Through the Ages. New York: Harcourt and Brace.
Vaughan, W. (2010). Romanticism. Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Retrieved from:
The human animal is indeed a social animal. Throughout our history, Homo sapiens has demonstrated its need to maintain and make new social bonds, especially in the romantic and sexual arena. This short report examines the factors that modern individuals reports as important in beginning a personal relationship. Both single and committed males and females will be surveyed, and results compared withy regard to gender, age, and divorce and past experience.
This survey consisted of asking eight individuals the following question: "What factors were important in choosing your current (or last) relationship partner?" Four women were interviewed; two were married [one married four months (age 28), and the other married twenty years (age 48)], and two were unmarried [one divorced (age 35), and one never married (age 23)]. Four men were interviewed; two were married [one married four months (age 24), and the other married twenty years (age…
EFEENCES & WOKS CONSULTED
Christie-Mizell, a., E. Pryor, E. Grossman. (2008). "Child Depressive Symptoms,
Spanking, and Emotional Support: Differences Between African-American and European-American Youth." Family elations. 57 (3): 335+.
Grogan-Kaylor, a. (2004). "The Effect of Corporal Punishment on Antisocial Behavior
in Children." Social Work esearch. 28 (3): 153+.
Itzin, C. (2000). Home Truths About Child Sexual Abuse: A eader. outledge.
Jouriles, E., et.al. (2008). "Child Abuse in the Context of Domestic Violence."
Violence and Victims. 23 (2): 221+.
Lincoln, B. (NDI). BrainyQuotes.com. Cited in: BrainyQuote.com:
Miller, K. (2003). "Understanding and Treating eactive Attachment Disorder." Working
Papers from medical Educational Services Workshop. Arlington, Tx, February, 2003.
Minnis, H., et.al., 92006). "eactive Attachment Disorder." European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 15 (2): 336-42.
NAI. (2010, April). Definitions in Federal Law. etrieved April 25, 2010, from Defining Child
Abuse & Neglect: http://www.childwelfare.gov/can/defining/federal.cfm
"National Child Abuse Statistics." (2009). ChildHelp. Cited in:
REFERENCES & WORKS CONSULTED
Christie-Mizell, a., E. Pryor, E. Grossman. (2008). "Child Depressive Symptoms,
Spanking, and Emotional Support: Differences Between African-American and European-American Youth." Family Relations. 57 (3): 335+.
Grogan-Kaylor, a. (2004). "The Effect of Corporal Punishment on Antisocial Behavior
in Children." Social Work Research. 28 (3): 153+.
Intimate relationships have changed in contemporary Britain for a variety of social and economic reasons. In the past, marriage made economic sense for both men and women. Today, however, with a combination of social factors from the sexual revolution of the 1960s to the Women’s Movement of the 1970s (which helped women to establish themselves independently of men) to the advent of contraception (liberating sex from procreation) to the proliferation of pornography (thanks to liberal ideals and technological advancements like the Internet), the idea of matrimony as an expression of economic dependence has diminished while the concepts of monogamy, virginity having value, and sex being linked to marriage, family and community have by and large given way to more liberalized concepts in which intimacy is linked with pleasure and self-satisfaction without social, economic or personal responsibilities necessarily being part of that equation. The rise of the idea of romantic…
Enlightenment-era, Neo-Classical works with Romantic overtones 'Tartuffe," Candide, and Frankenstein all use unnatural forms of character representation to question the common conceptions of what is natural and of human and environmental 'nature.' Moliere uses highly artificial ways of representing characters in dramatic forms to show the unnatural nature of an older man becoming attracted to a younger woman. Voltaire uses unnatural and absurd situations to question the unnatural belief of Professor Pangloss that this is the best of all possible worlds. Mary Shelley creates a fantastic or unnatural scenario to show the unnatural nature of a human scientist's attempt to turn himself into a kind of God-like creator through the use of reason and science alone.
"Tartuffe" is the most obviously unnatural of the three works in terms of its style. It is a play, and the characters do not really develop as human beings because of the compressed nature…
Eliza Haywood and Her Romantic Novel The History Of Miss Betsy Thoughtless
The fascinating intrigues that surround the fictionalized search for love, both legitimate and otherwise have oft been the topic of titillating drama. Eliza Haywood in The History of Betsy Thoughtless (1720-1805) is nothing less than a compilation of the wanderings of a young fictional character trying to assert a very culturally limited level of control over the decisions surrounding her love life and that of her friends. The reasons for the creation of this work are no doubt countless and yet the historical representation of the work traditionally has been a work created for the sole purpose of the earning of a living. Even in 1720 "sex sells." More recent scholarship has been focused on the idea that Haywood and her literary partners were not just selling books but giving life to a whole new genre, that of…
As Jeffrey Stout has it, following James' "Will-to-Believe," "We need not agree on all matters of moral importance to agree on many, and where our judgments happen to coincide we need not reach them for the same reasons." (Fackre, 2003)
Fackre states that there are five pluralist views as follows:
View 1: Common Core. At the center of all the great religions of humankind is found a common core of divine (however conceived) doing, disclosing and delivering. Each faith approaches it through its own heroes, expresses it in its own language, celebrates it in its own rituals, formulates it in its own rules of behavior, and passes it on in its own communal forms. While the rhetoric of each religion may claim that its way, truth and life are for all, these absolutist professions are, in fact, "love talk," the metaphors of commitment, not the metaphysics of reality. Jesus is,…
Marmion, Declan (2005) Rahner and His Critics: Revisiting the Dialogue. Australian EJournal of Theology. February 2005, Issue 4. Online available at: http://dlibrary.acu.edu.au/research/theology/ejournal/aejt_4/marmion.htm
Thiselton, Anthony C. (2007) the Hermenutics of Doctrine. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing 2007.
Th, Anthony C. (2007) the Hermenutics of Doctrine. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing 2007
(Ibid.) As a result, life expectancy in pre-1950 Tibet was thirty-six years; 95% of Tibetans were illiterate and a similar percentage of the population was hereditary serfs and slaves owned by monasteries and nobles. (Hessler, 1999)
In such a back drop, Mao's Communism, which promised the emancipation and rule of the poorest peasants, ought to have been embraced with open arms by the Tibetan peasants. The fact that it took almost a decade, after the initial foray of the Communists into Tibet in 1951, to do so was mainly due to two reasons. The first was the recognition of the special status of Tibet by the Chinese Communist leadership and its slow introduction of social and economic reforms in the region leaving the ruling elite intact; the second was the deep rooted deference for religion among the Tibetans combined with a complete absence of the tradition of class revolt in…
Hessler, P. (1999). "Tibet through Chinese Eyes." The Atlantic Monthly. Volume: 283. Issue: 2.
Lixiong, W. (2002). "Reflections on Tibet." New Left Review. March-April 2002. Retrieved on November 19, 2006 at http://newleftreview.org/A2380
Particularly the Tibetans in exile
The Dali Lama has pursued the "middle way approach" since the 1970s after renouncing independence but seeking "genuine autonomy."
Artistic Expression in Van Eyk and Grant: A Comparison
There are few things that convey such intimate detail about any given period in history as its work of art. By incorporating certain principles of design and composition, the artist can visually represent or rebel against the artistic and social conventions of his or her time. As such, visual arts such as painting and sculpture become not only a representation of their creators, but also of the wider context within which they existed. This becomes all the more poignant and clear when works from different time periods are compared and contrasted, especially where these concern similar types of relationships among the elements being presented for scrutiny. IN Van Eyk's "The Arnolfini Marriage" and Wood's "American Gothic," the center stage is taken by a romantic couple in each case; in both cases the protagonists are most likely married or at least involved…
women come out of an abusive relationship, the negative psychological traumas they feel continue. This study makes a comparison between forgiveness therapy (FT) and alternative therapy (AT)-assertiveness, anger validation and interpersonal skill building for women who have been abused emotionally and had been separated permanently from their romantic partner or spouse for up to two years or more. A total of 20 women in Midwest city who were abused psychologically made up the participants. Psychological abuse from one's spouse characterizes a very agonizing infidelity, which often leads to very serious depressing psychological results for the partner who has been abused. There are reports of both standard deviations and mean scores for every measure at pretest, posttest, as well as follow-up for everyone in the forgiveness therapy group and both pretest and posttest for everyone in the alternative therapy group. This represents the first research for the demonstration of the efficacy…
Reed, G.L., & Engright, R.D. (2006). The effect of forgiveness therapy on depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress for women after spousal emotional abuse. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 74(5), 920.
Patne taits influence the pocess of maintaining Romantic Relationships
Choosing and etaining a omantic patne is a challenging task that most people encounte in thei lives. The desie to undestand and accept othes' tait in the context of enduing elationship is a topic mioed in the gowing body of psychology. When people ae seeking omantic elationships, they desie a wide ange of taits, some obsevable, othes difficult to discen. It is challenging to choose a patne by meely obseving his/he physical taits without leaning the inne being of the peson. Theefoe, when making decisions on the ight patnes, thee ae numeous factos to conside. Some people will conside how othe people assess thei patne, while othes will evaluate the peson based on othe aspects fa fom physical and emotional factos. To avoid making incompatible choices, this pape povides a self-help guide which gives the five best tips fo choosing and…
references affect the process of initiating and maintaining romantic relationships?
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 1012-1032.
Figueredo, A.J., Sefcek, J.A., & Jones, D.N. (2006).The ideal romantic partner personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 41,431 -- 441
Sharma, N. (n.d). How To Choose Your Life Partner. Retrieved from: http://lifestyle.iloveindia.com/lounge/how-to-choose-your-life-partner-5569.html
Tran, S., Simpson, J.A., and Fletcher, G.J.O. (2008). The role of ideal standards in relationship initiation processes. In S. Sprecher, A. Wenzel, & J. Harvey (Eds.), Handbook of relationship initiation (pp. 487-498). New York: Psychology Press.
Counseling a Midlife Woman
A person only is in need of a counselor or a therapist when he or she cannot resolve their issues on their own. People who are undergoing psychosocial problems tend to depend and rely on the counselor too much. They have created this set idea in their mind that their counselor knows how to fix their problems and in doing so they develop a very dangerous dependency on the counselor. (Bond, 2010) It has been noted that sexual and romantic relationships between the client and the counselor have been going on since a long time. However, it was in the 1970s that the American Psychological Associated prohibited sexual intimacies with clients. (APA, 1977)
Transference basically means the past issues and feelings of the client project onto the counselor in the current relationship. Kahn (1991) stated that the client can merely not differentiate the difference and…
American Psychological Association. (1977). Ethical principles of psychologists (rev. ed.). Washington, DC: Author
Bond, T. (2010). Standards & Ethics for Counseling in Action. 3rd ed. London: Sage publications.
Kahn, M. (1991). Between therapist and client. New York: W.H. Freeman.
Kennedy, E. And Charles, S. (1990). On becoming a counsellor. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan.
elational Discourse in a Film of Your Choice
Conceptual Framework Discussion
Forms of relational development
Primary factors draw predominantly from Knapp's version of relationships: utilizing "steps." Nevertheless, this text utilizes the concept of moving up/down-similar to a lift) (Khanna, 2010)
Motion via the stages:
• Motion usually systematic as well as sequential. Nevertheless, sequence has been interchangeable/fluid; a few stages might be neglected.
• Motion might be onward-in the direction of higher intimacy if continuing to move forward.
• Motion might be in reverse-maybe because of decline in intimacy; perhaps because stages skipped and moving back and "obtaining" them
• Escalation "upward" signifies a motion in the direction of higher intimacy (trust/closeness) (not invariably sexual closeness) and relational fulfilment can improve (Khanna, 2010).
Pre-interaction consciousness - after we end up being "conscious" related to the other individual (before contact). Ex: viewing somebody from across a packed area; observing somebody…
Khanna. (2010). Stages of Relational Development. Speech -- 16. Available at: http://facultyfiles.deanza.edu/gems/khannaanu/StagesRelationalDevelopmentS.pdf
Ackerman, J.M., Li, N.P. And Griskevicius, V. (2011). Let's Get Serious: Communicating Commitment in Romantic Relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 100, No. 6, 1079 -- 1094.
Baxter, L.A., & Bullis, C. (1986). Turning points in developing romantic relationships. Human Communication Research, 12, 469 -- 493.
Baxter, L.A., & Pittman, G. (2001). Communicatively remembering turning points of relational development in heterosexual romantic relationships. Communication Reports, 14, 1 -- 17.
maladies, tracking treatment theme (2) Lahiri's stories. You: "A temporary Matters"
Product of Problems
Children play a very important role in the many tales that are found in Jhumpa Lahiri's collection of short stories, Interpreter of Maladies, in which frequently "the pang of disappointment turns into a sudden hunger to know more" (Crain 1999). However, this fact is most noticeable, and perhaps most dire to the plot of the stories "A Temporary Matter" and "Interpreter of Maladies." Although both of these stories are about Indian people and their duality as American citizens (cislo 2001), the author uses children and allusions to them as harbingers of dissatisfaction in romantic relationships. ithin most satisfactory unions, marriages, or romantic relationships between people, children typically symbolize the offspring and birth of a love that was produced by a happy pair. However, the author of Interpreter of Maladies utilizes children largely for the opposite effect…
Crain, Caleb. "Subcontinental Drift." The New York Times. 1999. Web. http://www.nytimes.com/books/99/07/11/reviews/990711.11craint.html
Kakutani, Michiko. "Wonder Bread and Curry: Mingling Cultures, Conflicted Hearts." The New York Times. 2008. Web. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/04/books/04Book.html?ref=jhumpalahiri
Lahiri, Jhumpa. Interpreter of Maladies. New York: Mariner Books. 2000. Print.
Wcislo, Katherine. "Jhumpa Lahiri." Englishemory.edu. 2001. Web. http://www.english.emory.edu/Bahri/Lahiri.html
In order to create lasting, worthwhile relationships with people individuals must possess the ability to communicate effectively. At least this is the argument posited by Spitzberg (1999). Further, he states that interpersonal communication or rather the lack thereof is what creates the potential for harmful situations when humans interact (Spitzberg 1999,-page 20). ithout the ability to communicate effectively and meaningfully with others, it becomes unlikely that an individual will be well adjusted as an adult. Conversely, individuals who do possess those qualities will likely develop relationships which are highly rewarding, including their relationships with family members, friends, and in their romantic relationships. The article "Shared Talking Styles Herald New and Lasting Romance" by author Bruce Bower (2010) postulates that people who can converse along the same lines are more likely to become a romantic pairing.
It makes sense that people who have the same communication level and those…
Bower, B. (2010). Shared talking styles herald new and lasting romance. Science News.
Pennebaker. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.utpsyc.org/synch/feedback.php
Also, this will help to increase the length of the relationship significantly and will raise the satisfaction level of the people in the relationship to a level higher than before they began to use expressive writing.
This study has demonstrated the positive effects of expressive writing which can be applied by sociologists and psychologists. However, there is one bit of the study which is not expressly explained and thus should be addressed by future studies. This is on whether the positive outcome was as a result of the expressive writing only or by the people in the relationships simple giving more attention to their relationships and exploring the issues in the relationship.
The study was extremely practical since the researchers made use of qualitative methods to get their results as this was a qualitative study. The researchers made use of ethical methods and they ensured the highest standards of ethics…
Gordon, K.C., Baucom, DH, & Snyder, D.K. (2004). An integrative intervention for promoting recovery from extramarital affairs. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 30, 213-231.
Hendrick, S.S. (1988). A generic measure of relationship satisfaction. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50, 93-98.
Lepore, S.J., & Greenberg, M.A. (2002). Mending broken hearts: Effects of expressive writing on mood, cognitive processing, social adjustment and health following a relationship breakup. Psychology and Health, 17, 547 -- 560.
Pennebaker, J.W., Francis, M.E., & Booth, R.J. (2004). Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
However, they should also know what aspects of they reveal are confidential. An adolescent should know if he or she says that he 'hates his parents' that the therapist does not have a responsibility to 'tattle' to the client's parent, even if the parent is paying for the session
2b. Discuss 2 counseling situations where duty to warn would be necessary. What would be the ethical issues involved: If the client is likely to be harmful to others, such as if he or she threatens someone physically, the therapist must report the threats. Also, if the client is likely to be harmful to him or herself, such as threatening suicide or acting in a manner that is so severely delusional he or she is not competent to engage in basic self-care, the therapist may need to act. (Such as a patient engaging in severe self-harm or a patient with a…
Corey, G., (2009) Theory and practice of counseling & psychotherapy. (8th Edition). Belmont,
CA. Thomson Brooks/Cole.
Family systems. (2009). Genogram. Retrieved November 24, 2009 at http://www.genopro.com/genogram/family-systems-theory/
Threat or perception of threat is best described by protection motivation theory:
This theory states that the extent to which people show preventive behavior in light of a threat depends on their protection motivation (. W. ogers, 1975, 1983). According to this theory, the level of protection motivation depends on the seriousness of the threat, the probability that the threat will manifest itself, the judged efficacy of the recommended behavior (called response or outcome efficacy), and the self-efficacy expectation relating to that behavior. (Wiegman & Gutteling, 1995, p. 235)
In a practical sense what this theory says about the perceived threat is that as incidences of observation occur in the lives of individuals, be they real or imagined they will likely become more protective and therefore attempt to engage in avoidance of behaviors that have been identified with the production of environmental threat. By doing so this the individual, and…
Agnew, R. (1985). A Revised Strain Theory of Delinquency. Social Forces, 64(1), 151-167.
Lesko, Wayne a (2006). Readings in Social Psychology (6th ed).
New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Lyddon, W.J., & Sherry, a. (2001). Developmental Personality Styles: An Attachment Theory Conceptualization of Personality Disorders. Journal of Counseling and Development, 79(4), 405.
The modern discourse on marriage holds that roles are shifting in many ways within the context of a romantic relationship. In the case of this study, speaking particularly on the subject of heterosexual romantic partnerships, the roles which are assumed by partners are often based on certain preconceptions regarding gender and the social and/or biological distinctions which are a function of gender. Likewise, partners may have certain expectations of a spouse which proceed from these proscribed gender roles or from their own familial experiences.
That said, it is increasingly an emphasis on discourses about marital satisfaction that these roles should be more fully explored rather than presumed. More egalitarian or complementary roles are emerging based on the premise that such dynamics promote more healthy and equal context through which both partners feel valued, respected and satisfied. The research brings us into confrontation also with refutations of this correlation such as…
Amato, P.R. & Booth, a. (2001). The legacy of parents' marital discord: consequences for children's marital quality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81(4), 627-638.
Eggerichs, E. (2004). Love & Respect: The Love She Most Desires; the Respect He Desperately Needs. Integrity Publishers.
Gunter, J.S. (2004). An Examination of the Dimensions of Commitment and Satisfaction Across Years Married. University of Oklahoma Graduate Facility.
Parker, S. (2009). Marital satisfaction and religiosity: A comparison of two measures of religiosity. Dissertation Abstracts. Temple University.
Hemingway & Lessing
Compare and Contrast: Martial and Romantic Relationships
Ernest Hemingway and Doris Lessing each examine marital and romantic relationships their short stories Hills Like hite Elephants and To Room Nineteen respectively. Hemingway's story is set in a bar in Northern Spain near a train station and centers around a conversation between a man and a woman as they wait for a train to Madrid one afternoon ostensibly so the woman can get an abortion. Lessing's story takes place over the course of a number of years and examines the evolution of the relationship between a Matthew and Susan Rawlings, an English couple who married in their late twenties and had four children during the course of the union.
Hemmingway does not name the man in his story and refers to the "girl" as Jig. The content of their character is revealed chiefly through their dialogue. The conflict between…
Hemmingway, Ernest. "Hills Like White Elephants." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. Eds. R.V. Cassill and Richard Bausch. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Inc., 2000. 400-404. Print.
Lessing, Doris. "To Room Nineteen." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. Eds. R.V. Cassill and Richard Bausch. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Inc., 2000. 525-549. Print.
Intercultural Film Analysis on Up in the Air
Interpersonal attraction is one of the themes at the heart of Up in the Air. For the purposes of this analysis, interpersonal attraction is taken to mean the ways in which people are drawn toward one another. The main character, yan Bingham, is a challenging character to analyze in this regard because he has experienced significant success through resisting interpersonal attraction, and yet he eventually comes to realize that people cannot simply shelter themselves from interpersonal attractions, even if they desire to live in complete alienation from others. yan makes his living through flying to workplaces and firing employees so that the bosses do not have to perform the unpleasant task, and yet he also doubles as a motivational speaker. His character is unusual in that he effectively tells people they are not suitable for their jobs (in his job…
Peterson, B.J. (2007). An Instructional Design Model for Heuristics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Potts, K. (2007). George Clooney: The Last Great Movie Star. New York: H. Leonard Corporation.
Selden, P. (Date Unknown). Darwin's gift: Acceptable and amorally gifted verbal communication or: The evolutionary phenomenon of pc language. University of Hawaii. Retrieved from hawaii.edu.
Secret; The Power
honda Byrne's The Secret: The Power (2010) is truly an incredibly bad book, simplistic, repetitive and divorced from real history, politics or economics, yet it has sold 19 million copies. A cynic might say that the real secret to wealth is writing a bestselling book that millions will buy. Her 2006 book The Secret sold more over 19 million copies and was translated into 46 languages, and she was also a guest on the Oprah Winfrey Show and many others on the daytime TV chat circuit. Like all self-help writers, she has a talent for publishing the same advice repeatedly in new books that claim to offer even greater insights than past philosophers and religious teachers and in 2007 Byrne wrote The Secret Gratitude Book, followed a year later by The Secret: Daily Teachings. Her latest offering is about 250 pages long and quickly appeared on the…
Byrne, R. (2010). The Secret: The Power. NY: Simon & Schuster.