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Safety Culture in Aviation Sector
Safety is fundamental in the aviation sector and coupled with the increasing public expectation, aviation safety has become an important aspect. The aviation industry is composed of airports, airlines, air traffic organizations and other aviation service providers and it order for them to realize their aims of delivering services, achieving production output and generating return on investments, safety is central International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), 2010.
Taking cognizant of the above facts, safety in the aviation industry is a high priority for growth and sustainability of aviation operations. The enhanced public expectations have further put the aviation industry on the spot concerning safety culture issues. Significant safety culture issues have been used by organizations in the aviation sector in order to maintain and improve safety in the industry. The adoption and implementation of a safety culture has been underscored as one of the…
http://www.ibac.org/Files/Safety/Business%20Aviation%20Safety%20Strategy%20_Website%20Release_%209%20Septemberv2.pdfInternational Business Aviation Council. (2007). Business Aviation Safety Strategy. A Blueprint for Making a Safe System Safer Retrieved 19th June, 2012, from International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). (2010). Implementing the Global Aviation Safety Roadmap Retrieved 2012, 18th June, from http://flightsafety.org/files/roadmap2.pdf
Leveson, N.G. (2009). Risk Management in the Aviation Sector. New York: Springer.
Wood, M., & Dannat, R. (2006). A useful Safety Guide for Airline Managers Retrieved 19th June, 2012, from http://www.atsb.gov.au/media/32634/avise_20040240.pdf
Safety is a universal need.
There is need to have well structured safety systems that ensure safety is guaranteed at work places.
There is need to have in place the Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems especially at workplaces.
In each environment, there is need to have the utmost safety as long as there are people involved in the given environment. The need to have well structured safety systems that ensure safety is guaranteed at all times especially at work environments which would otherwise experience disproportionate insecurity and injury cases for the workers if such systems were not in place.
There is need to have in place the Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems that will enable the apt implementation of the safety measures, not only to intervene in times of an emergency occasioned by work environment hazards, but also to eliminate the possibility of such hazards ever…
New development in the organization of work may affect worker health through a variety of ways by raising the risk of stress-related illnesses, like cardiovascular disease, and psychological disorders, by raising exposure to hazardous substances and fighting on the job, or by affecting occupational health services and training programs. There are a lot of things to be learned about the nature of changes in work organization, and how they affect the health and safety of worker. While the availability of evidence is limited, such proof recommends that new development and trends in work organization may be growing the risk of occupational illnesses. In a revolutionary publication, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has provided a brief summary of available knowledge and an explained agenda for research and progress.
As an employer or manager, getting involved in place of work health and safety will:
Safety Management Systems Audit
Strong management and leadership is at the core of safety when it comes to any engineering organization. A leader in management or a manger needs to be someone who is comfortable with both technical issues and business issues and who can meet and guide the separate needs of these departments accordingly. This leader needs to be able to develop a product using the inputs from a group of experts. Such leaders need to have both education and experience in the latest leadership theories and styles. At this organization the leadership does direct and guide the implementation of OHSMS and establishes a clear health and safety policy, as outlined by AIHA (Asse.org). Just as importantly, the management and leadership need to be the ones who assume the overall responsibility for an organization and work hard for it to happen successfully. ather than yelling at employees…
Baker, D.A. (2010). Multi-company project management: Maximizing business results through.
Fort Lauderdale: J. Ross Publishing.
Osha.gov. (n.d.). Accident/incident investigation. Retrieved from http://www.osha.gov/ SLTC/etools/safetyhealth/mod4_factsheets_accinvest.html
(1985). Preventing illness and injury in the workplace. Washington DC: Diane Publishing.
Safety, Communication, And Placement for the Adult
Communication, and Placement for the Older Adult
Safety, Communication, and Placement for the Older Adult
Nursing practice continues to evolve and revolutionize the health care sector, providing new care units as technology and practices advance. The introduction of the discharge care plan for patients made the practice of facilitating the recovery process of patients simple. However, it is notable that, the discharge plan for each person varies since some factors in situations of the patients differ. Therefore, in developing and establishing a discharge plan for a patient, the managing nurse facilitating the plan should consider the personal attributes of the patient in question (Schultz & Videbeck, 2009). Additionally, the health care issues of patients differ; thus, the need to establish a team of professionals addressing the patients needs to ensure a holistic recovery process for the patient, especially the older patients.
Holloway, N.M. (2004). Medical-surgical care planning. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Lees, L. (2011). Timely Discharge from Hospital. Keswick: M&K Update Ltd.
Schultz, J.M., & Videbeck, S.L. (2009). Lippincott's manual of psychiatric nursing care plans.
Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Safety Managers Program
There was the new act of Occupational Safety and Health Administration, called OSHA in short introduced in 1970. This new act gave rise to a lot of growth in the development of Safety officers. At the same time it also led to an increase in the cost of Worker's Compensation for injury and illness and this has also increased the importance of the Safety and Health Manager. While the growth in importance certainly leads to a lot of self satisfaction for the managers, they have to realize certain home truths, and the first of them is that it is not possible to totally remove all the hazards that exist in the places of work, and that if that becomes the objective, it would be impossible to achieve it, and naive to even try for it. There are now clear comparisons of the terms 'safety' and 'health' as…
About NIOSH" Retrieved at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/about.html . Accessed on 30 July, 2004
Aviation Manager Functional Area Qualification Standard" Retrieved at http://tis. the.doe.gov/techstds/standard/std1165/doe-std-1165-2003.pdf. Accessed on 30 July, 2004
Employer's obligations for safety" Retrieved at http://www.healthandsafety.co.uk/emplyr.htm. Accessed on 30 July, 2004
NIOSH Strategic Plan Outline 2004-2009" Retrieved at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/strategic/ . Accessed on 30 July, 2004
" A new manager also helped contribute to the changes in organizational culture that are at the foundation of the "new era."
Interestingly, the new owner also put into place a pre-employment and random drug testing program that upset many of the employees. The program worked, calling attention to those employees who did not value the safety implications of substance use on the roofing profession.
The practical changes the new owner made included fall protection, warning lines, guardrails, and safety vests for monitors. OSHA guidelines were followed regarding the use of these safety tools. Under the "new era" safety policies, the organization offered comprehensive safety training and first aid training for employees. Record-keeping was also improved. Finally, to inspire interest in the new policies, the organization offered financial incentives to injury-free workers.
3. Compare and contrast Mundy's role to that of the "safety man" (2nd article) How are the positions…
Safety Incentive Programs
Safety should always be a main concern for employers. It is cost-effective to care about your employees. It is good employer-employee relations. It's also great public relations when employers and employees work together for the sake of safety.
Give the horse a carrot. We've all heard this expression but have you ever really thought about how true it is? Basically, reward the worker and the work will get done. This is a technique we have all been victim to since pre-school. Recall your teacher for a moment. Picture her telling you that you can have a sticker or a prize if you recite the alphabet. Same principal.
Every year, 3.0 million workers in the United States are injured in job-related accidents. The Social Security Administration reported that employers and their insurers paid more than $39.0 billion in workers' compensation benefits in 1991, i.e., approximately $438 per covered…
Dangerous Hazardous to Your Health," United Steelworkers of America. http://www.uswa.org/services/blameworker.htm. Retrieved4/25/2002
Dangerous Workplace Hazard Ahead" Teamsters for a Democratic Union. http://www.tdu.org/html/workplace_hazard.html. Retrieved4/26/02
Rep. Norwood Says OSHA Should Help Educate Employers About Safety and Health in the Workplace. http://edworkforce.house.gov/press/press107/osha51001.htm . CreatedMay 10, 2001. Retrieved 4/25/2002.
Some of these problems can cause dissatisfaction among coworkers. Because substance abuse is a problem affecting all persons regardless of gender, class, age, or race, employees and supervisors must learn how to recognize some of the signs of possible problems. Changes in employee behavior, moodiness, social problems, and poor performance can all indicate that a substance abuse problem is present. Because of the significant safety hazards that can occur as the result of substance abuse patters, organizations have the right to test employees for drug use. According to the Substance Abuse clauses of the Americans with Disability Act, drug users cannot be classified as individuals with handicaps and therefore cannot invoke protection under the law if they feel discriminated against, unless the person is no longer using drugs or if the drugs are prescribed by a physician. Countermeasures to the substance abuse problem include education and awareness, identification of behavioral,…
Safety and Technology
One of the easiest ways to ensure that the work environment is productive and profitable is through safety. Safety measures improve performance, job satisfaction, and trust between management and employees. eduction of accidents and hazards also mean fewer costs associated with State Labor Industries, insurance and disability claims, and absenteeism. In certain industries, manufacturing, etc., it is sometimes difficult to ensure 100% safety. However, if companies take preventative steps, inform stakeholders, and have policies in place, safety issues are much easier to manage. In most developed countries, there is a governmental agency that is cross-disciplinary and concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of workers. The goals of these agencies are similar to the goals of the business -- put programs in place to ensure a safe and healthy work environment (Workplace Safety and Health, 2012).
Accidents in the workplace are costly and can have a…
New Technology Means New Safety Issues. (2011). SuddenlinkFYI. Retrieved from:
Workplace Safety and Health. (2012). Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/Workplace/
Bates, D. And Gawande, A. (2003). Improving Safety with Information Technology. The New England Journal of Medicine. 348 (2): 2526-34. Retrieved from: http://www.nejm.org / doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa020847
Injury Prevention in the Home
Injury Prevention Workplace
Motor Vehicles and Natural Disasters
Safety is concerned with preventing or minimizing injuries and fatalities that result from a variety of circumstances. Injury prevention is a priority area for health promotion officials. Whether in the home or workplace, all individuals are subject to injury at some point in their lives, though certain populations have been identified as being at greater risk than others. The key to injury prevention is knowledge and education. There are several steps an individual can take to prevent harm and bodily injury to themselves and their loved ones. Methods of injury prevention and minimization are described in greater detail below.
The field of firefighting is specifically concerned with reducing the incidence of injuries and fatalities that might result from "sudden, unplanned or unintentional injury events" (Miller, 24). The idea or concept of safety as related to fire…
Miller, Dean F. "Safety Principles and Issues."
The company was involved in other scandals that threatened the safety of its employees. The Herald sun in Australia reported an incident that took place in Werribee. At a KFC restaurant, a drunken customer entered the premises and assaulted one of the workers. In addition to this, the violent customer verbally abused other workers (UNITE, 2008).
The standard procedure in such cases is to close the restaurant and allow the staff to stop working and go to their homes or to seek for medical care if necessary. The company also commits to ensuring that employees involved in such situations receive psychological care. Same as in the case described above, the restaurant manager did not apply the standard procedures. The manager did not allow the employees to close the store, to go home, or to receive medical care. Instead, the workers were pressured into continuing their job in order for the…
1. KFC's Hazardous Chemicals Communication Program (2001). KFC. Retrieved February 22, 2001.
2. Occupational, Health, and Safety Review (2008). Dynamic Business. Retrieved February 22, 2011 from http://www.dynamicbusiness.com.au/legal/occupational-health-and-safety-review.html .
3. KFC Bully Young Workers (2008). UNITE. Retrieved February 23, 2011 from http://www.unite.org.au/2008/08/25/kfc-bully-young-workers/ .
Labor Safety as an Economic Principle
Describe the safety conditions that existed before the company was sold to the new owner:
The 'Safety Man' who provides us with the firsthand perspective offered in the present article describes the roofing company that employs him prior to a change in ownership. Here, he describes a somewhat large-scale organization but one which was missing significant opportunities for profitability. According to Mundy (2003), his roofing company had made a habit of only conducting the bare minimum in terms of safety precautions and requirements with the intention only of avoiding fines from the Occupational Safety and Health Agency (OSHA).
To this extent, the firm actively avoided audits and safety inspections, instead willingly sustaining the risks and consequences of a shoddy safety program. According to Mundy, this would produce a situation in which, by the 1990s, the roofing company had no formal safety training…
Mundy, R.D. (2003). The Safety Man Cometh. Professional Safety, 43-46.
Some of the lading causes for injuries and accidents at home are: falls, poisonings, fires, choking and suffocation, and drowning. (American Journal of Preventive Medicine Publishes First National study of American Home Injury Trends)
Some of the safety measures to be taken in the kitchen are the following: the person cooking stay in the kitchen while cooking, however, if the person has to leave, then the cooking gas must be turned off or reduced to a small flame and the person must return as quickly as possible to the kitchen. Any objects that may catch fire, like plastic bags or paper towels, etc. must be kept out of reach of the fire, and cigarette butts must be doused and put off before being put into the trash. The dress to be worn in the kitchen must not be loose fitting, especially near the sleeves, because there is a danger that…
This is so because all employees will understand the importance and impact of these applications and will pose minimal resistance to their implementation. These training programs will ensure that the foundation of all litigation policies of security management in the workplace is strong and thorough and all employees that eventually get chosen for the positions will be an efficient and well-informed part of the overall security management structure.
Tip 4: designate responsibilities to employees
The litigation of management for security in the workplace cannot be entirely controlled entirely by a handful of manager or employees, which is why the overall responsibilities of support and assistance during a tragedy or unsafe incidence must be divided appropriately within the H team as well as the other employees in the office. This designation must be founded on the emotion of community development and employees should be managed as such that they view their…
Heathfeld, S.M. (2009a). How to Deal With a Negative Coworker: Negativity Matters. Retrieved on November 8, 2009 from: http://humanresources.about.com/od/conflictresolution/a/negative_worker.htm
Heathfeld, S.M. (2009b). When Tragedy Strikes: Eleven Tips for Your Workplace Response. Retrieved on November 8, 2009 from: http://humanresources.about.com/od/healthsafetyandwellness/a/tragedy_work.htm
Watson, D. 2008. Behavioral Safety at the Workplace. Specialized CSR journal.
Safety of Laser Eye Surgery
Prior to the advent of laser technology, ophthalmologists relied purely on mechanical means of surgically correcting myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (far sightedness), and astigmatism.
Automated Lamellar Keratectomy is a procedure through which an automatic apparatus called a microkeratome slices an extremely thin layer of tissue from the surface of the cornea in order to alter the refractive index of the ocular lens. In the case of nearsightedness, the surgeon thins the cornea, while to correct farsightedness, he first elevates the outermost layer and then supplements the natural thickness of the lens by inserting tissue from a donor cornea.
A modicum of success was achievable through mechanical means, but the extraordinary precision necessary to perform precise alterations and the jelly-like consistency of corneal tissue below the surface layer required the development of laser technology which has revolutionized ophthalmology since its introduction.
Modern laser techniques include Photorefractive Keratectomy…
1. Ambrosio R, Jr., Wilson SE, Complications of Laser in Situ Keratomileusis:
Etiology, Prevention and Treatment. J Refract Surg. 2001
2. Carr JD, Nardon R. Jr., Stulting RD, et al. Risk Factors for Epithelial
Complications after LASIK. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1997
This in turn causes problems among management, and employees.
This has occurred in numerous companies, businesses, and corporations on a smaller scale. There are people that do not want to listen to supervisors nor do they truly know exactly what they are suppose to be doing. If you are in a situation where everyone is going around trying to trust one another and say as little as possible. This leaves no room for growth and will inevitably cause dissention in the ranks, this further proves the need for constant evaluation of jobs being done, the ability of the individuals doing the jobs, and assuring the communication flows properly from management to employees and vice versa. This insures that problems like those discussed in the reading do not continue to occur and employees feel secure & appreciated.
Terry, (2001). Handbook of Crisis and Emergency Management (1st ed.). New York, NY:…
Terry, (2001). Handbook of Crisis and Emergency Management (1st ed.). New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, Inc..
Although the causative organism was rapidly identified (salmonella), and its introduction into the food chain proved to be a key factor, the scale of the outbreak was the result of an interaction of other factors. As with a major aircraft accident, none of the factors alone would have caused the near disaster that occurred. (Burslem, Kelly, & Preston, 1990, p. 40)
This is a very useful reminder that airline disasters can come in many different forms: Salmonella can kill as surely as a crash. And it can be just as disastrous for business.
Hazard Identification and isk Management
Having established a management structure and accountability system that is focused on safety, the next -- and central -- part of an aviation safety plan is to identify the possible hazards and to reduce as close as is possible to zero the risk of any of these hazards' occurring. Having focused on…
Airline pilots association, http://www.alpa.org/ .
Burslem, C., Kelly, M. & Preston, F. (1990). Food poisoning: A major threat to airline operations. Occupational Medicine 40: 97-100.
Norbjerg, M. (2004). The creation of an aviation safety reporting culture in Danish air traffic control, retrieved 10 February 2010 from http://shemesh.larc.nasa.gov/iria03/p11 -
In a commercially competitive atmosphere for some, being safe is seen as a costly, elusive and never-ending responsibility with uncertain returns on the investment. But those people often miss the real target. Accidents, incidents and even the smallest events harm customers and staff, not to mention injures the profit line, the reputation or the morale within the company. Managing safety entails finding the perfect balance between the creation of services and products and the protection of human, financial and technical resources (aman, 2010).
Managers continually challenge safety pros in order to rationalize their programs and initiatives. But obtaining buy in from upper management can often be difficult. One needs to have metrics that depict significant prospective data that management can understand. etrospective safety data is characteristically used to validate positions and suggestions. But it's typically restricted to historical injury data. egulatory interpretations are another ordinary selling tool. But it is…
Being Proactive About Aviation Safety. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.boozallen.com/insights/insight-detail/safetymanagementsystems
Conroy, T.W. (2012). Reasons why aviation safety is important. Retrieved from http://www.helium.com/items/1489540-reasons-why-aviation-safety-is-important
Raman, R.C. (2010). Problems and Solutions in the Implementation of Safety Management
System. Retrieved from http://aci-
The SMS would develop "formal methods" for: a) "identifying hazards"; b) "analyzing and mitigating risk"; c) developing methods for ensuring continuous safety improvement"; and d) for putting together "organization-wide safety promotion strategies" (Federal Register).
The reason for (and the need for) this new SMS is because the demand for air travel is growing, and there are more aircraft providing transportation in more places for more people and that growth "…can heighten the risks of aircraft operations" (Federal Register).
Some of the concerns for operational safety are spelled out in the proposal from the FAA. The four key components / concerns that the FAA references include: Safety Policy (the SMS will spell out methods and tools "for achieving desired safety outcomes"); Safety Risk Management (the SMS will carefully and proactively identify "hazards, analyze and assess potential risks" and design strategies to mitigate those risks); Safety Assurance (this is an SMS function…
Stoller, Gary. (2011). Crime lurks outside airports, rail stations. USA Today. Retrieved July 17,
2012, from http://travel.usatoday.com .
The Federal Register (2010). Safety Management System for Certified Airports. A Proposed
Rule by the Federal Aviation Administration. Retrieved July 17, 2012, from http://www.federalregister.gov .
This applies to all levels of the organization. The principle behind this is that every person within the organization has a role in promoting safety.
The organization's role when implementing this system is therefore to examine the way in which its operations and decision-making processes interact. The results of this examination should be used to improve the actions that are taken to prevent malfunction or accidents. Another component of the organization's function is to use employee reports and data to improve the prediction methods for potential hazards. This information will then be used to analyze risks, as well as for the assessment and control of potential hazardous situations.
When implementing M, the system will also function to help aviation organizations to comply with existing regulations. The need for future action in this regard will be predicted by a knowledge and information sharing function.
The M then works with the organizational…
Safety Management Systems have become increasingly popular among aviation organizations, as the benefits of proactive, predictive thinking rather than reactive risk management has become apparent with its implementation. Furthermore, the management of risk has become a much more thorough process by requiring all employees rather than only management or risk professionals to take responsibility for safety.
Federal Aviation Administration. (2012). Safety Management System. Retrieved from: http://www.faa.gov/about/initiatives/sms/explained/
Safety and Heath in it Environments
Applied Business esearch: The need for Safety and Health Standards in Hazardous Working Environments in the Information Technology
Businesses including IT firms are flooded with IT tools like microcomputers, photocopiers, digital surveillance tools, internet, among others. There is mounting evidence from a review of literature that in the IT work environment, especially the IT industry, present hazardous working environments to workers. Workers in these environments also undergo stress from the lack of knowledge of the tools, the lack of, or reduced human contact. Information technology tools also create electrical and fire hazards, which threaten the safety of employees. Employees also suffer from health issues like bleary-eyes from bright screens and monitors of IT tools. The research proves the need for increased safety and health measures in these environments. In the end, the research creates knowledge in the business community of the importance of increased…
Fraihat, H.M. (2003). Taxonomy and remedy of work hazards associated with office information systems. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 3(1), 127-127.
Information Resources Management Association (1994). Managing Social and Economic Change with Information Technology. Proceedings of the Information Resources Management Association International Conference, May 1994. IDEA Group Publishing.
Jones, L.K. (1996). A harsh and challenging world of work: Implications for counselors. Journal of Counseling and Development: JCD, 74(5), 453-453.
Koreneff, I. And Sims-McLean, K. (2005). Excel. Glebe, NSW: Pascal Press.
Any organization that deals directly with petroleum-based products, including storage facilities, will be affected by the act. The act also provides for Area Contingency Plans in case of emergency. The Pollution Prevention Act aims to reduce pollution "through cost-effective changes in production, operation, and raw materials use," ("Pollution Prevention Act"). Recycling programs fall under the Pollution Prevention Act; therefore, organizations might be required under this law to participate in large-scale recycling programs. Moreover, the Pollution Prevention Act is designed to curb source pollution, so the act applies especially to organizations that are potential polluters. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act applies especially to storage of toxic waste. The act will pertain to employees of waste management facilities or of any organization that must dispose of its waste material in an environmentally sound and legally authorized way.
About EPA." 2005. Online at http://www.epa.gov/epahome/aboutepa.htm.
Clean ater Act." Online at http://www.epa.gov/region5/water/cwa.htm.…
About EPA." 2005. Online at http://www.epa.gov/epahome/aboutepa.htm .
Clean Water Act." Online at http://www.epa.gov/region5/water/cwa.htm .
Endangered Species Act." Online at http://www.epa.gov/region5/defs/html/esa.htm .
Freedom of Information Act." Online at http://www.epa.gov/region5/defs/html/foia.htm .
Safety in Mining in Australia
The mining industry in Australia is traditionally renowned for establishing best practices that are geared towards promoting the health and safety of miners as they engage in their various activities towards improved productivity. Through the use of these best practices and safety solutions, Australia's mining sector has developed to become a global leader with regards to safety and health. According to the Australian Trade Commission (2014), the health and safety of miners in the country's mining industry has partly been attributable to the use of an effective world class regulatory and policy framework. Moreover, the Australian government collaborates with industry players and stakeholders to ensure that the mining sector is free from injuries, fatalities, and disease. Currently, the Australian government utilizes a Safety Engineering Model that has helped in dealing with unsafe acts and unsafe conditions as shown in Figure 1 below (Cliff, 2012).
Australian Trade Commission. (2014, June). Australia's Mining Health and Safety Systems. Retrieved from Australian Government website:
Cliff, D. (2012). The Management of Occupational Health and Safety in the Australian Mining Industry. Retrieved May 19, 2017, from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/6625/75fe4001b93872dfa4aed58b76b4f29875e8.pdf
Evekall, E., Gillespie, B. & Riege, L. (2008, August). Improving Safety Performance in the Australian Mining Industry Through Enhanced Reporting. Retrieved May 19, 2017, from https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/energy-utilities-mining/pdf/safetypaper_english_final.pdf
Joy, J. (2004). Occupational Safety Risk Management in Australian Mining. Occupational Medicine, 54(5), 311-315.
The etiology of the majority of cases of Parkinson's disease (PD) is unknown. What is known is that the disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that results from a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the area of the brain known as the substantia nigra (Hatfield, 2013). In addition, it is speculated that the disease is related to some type of genetic susceptibility and environmental risk factors that largely remain unidentified. Epidemiological research has suggested that there may be an association between exposure to pesticides and the onset of PD; however, this research is very mixed with some studies indicating that there is such relationship and a number of others failing to demonstrate such an association (Dardiotis, Xiromerisiou, Hadjichristodoulou et al., 2013). Dardiotis et al. (2013) reviewed the research and made a case that perhaps the relationship between pesticide use and PD is moderated by a genetic susceptibility. However, one of…
Dardiotis, E., Xiromerisiou, G., Hadjichristodoulou, C., Tsatsakis, A.M., Wilks, M.F., & Hadjigeorgiou, G.M. (2013). The interplay between environmental and genetic factors in Parkinson's disease susceptibility: the evidence for pesticides. Toxicology, 307, 17-23.
Hatfield, R.C. (2013). The everything guide to the human brain. Avon, MA: Adams.
Liew, Z., Wang, A., Bronstein, J., & Ritz, B. (2014). Job Exposure Matrix (JEM)-derived estimates of lifetime occupational pesticide exposure and the risk of Parkinson's disease. Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health, 69(4), 241-251.
In grounded systems, you always connect equipment-grounding conductors to the system grounded conductor to provide a low impedance path for fault current. This allows the operation of overcurrent devices under ground-fault conditions.
When implementing a grounding system, there are important rules that must be followed to ensure that the system is efficient and safe. Extracted from Gregory Hayward's grounding system tips, the following procedures must be considered vital.
All ground points must be bonded together.
Use the recommended features of grounding components such as size and connection of ground wires.
Integrity Check of Grounding System.
It is important to check the total resistance of the ground by efficient grounding system checking equipment. Hayward indicates that the ground should ideally have a total resistance of.25 ohms and below.
All electric services and points where electricity is distributed must have surge protector devices.
Grounding systems do not…
Hartwell, Frederic. "Don't Be Neutral About Grounding"
EC&M Electrical Construction and Maintenance v98 i4 (1999): 24-29.
Hayward, Gregory. "Grounding Tips." Teleconnect v10 n1 (1992): 22-23.
Another part of the plan though, is to have a plan in place that can be implemented if the risk does take place.
Monitor the risk to assess if there are any changes. This step is important because when a plan is implemented it is often very hard to account for every risk that might be present. So for this reason it is important to constantly be re-evaluating the maintenance shop in order to identify new risks or to tweak particulars in regards to already identified risks. Things change and thus the risk management plan should constantly be evaluated in order to make sure that it is as up-to-date as possible.
espond to the risk. If new risks are identified or changes found then these need to be addressed so that everyone knows what is going on. Any changes or updates that need to occur should be done right away…
Designing a Risk Management Program for Mountain Biking. (2006). Retrieved from http://www.imba.com/resources/liability/designing-risk-management-program-mountain-biking
Johnston, E. (2011). How to Develop a Risk Management Plan. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/how_2136574_develop-risk-management-plan.html
Effectiveness of Emergency Management and the eadiness of Trauma Centers
Emergency Management and the eadiness of Trauma Centers are fundamental facilities in any given State and country. These facilities come in handy in times of disasters and traumatic events. Most traumatic centers are health care facilities or departments, which offer immediate response in such times of emergency. Emergency management and trauma centers handle mitigation, response, preparedness, and recovery. Emergency management includes activities such as evacuation, decontamination, disaster recovery, and integration with other community emergency groups. These facilities play a key role in providing care to both natural and man-made disasters (Premier, 2012).
The phenomenon, issue, or condition to be researched
In order to create a safe surrounding in the community, emergency management and traumatic centers have to be established (Trunkey & Potter, 2006). Often, disastrous situations call for urgent and high demand for patient care. For instance, the traumatic…
Premier (2012). Emergency preparedness for healthcare facilities. Premier: Transforming Healthcare Together. Retrieved July 12, 2012, from https://www.premierinc.com/safety/topics/disaster_readiness/#top
Trunkey, D.D., & Potter, C.J. (2006). U.S. trauma center preparedness for a terrorist attack in the community. National Foundation for Trauma care, 1-43.
Utilizing contract employees for a project vs. loaned internal company employees:
This is a very difficult question to answer directly, and the biggest advantage of using loaned internal companies is that their loyalty to the company can never be questioned, but they cannot have the same sense of urgency which an outside contract employee will have. The benefits of external contract employees are in terms of being charged only for actual hours; even if the company has a hiring freeze, staff may be increased; the responsibility for getting suitable candidates is with the contract service company; the method is quick and convenient for increasing or decreasing staff; contract workers know that they are employed on a temporary basis and so accept their removal without any prejudice and this is an excellent resource to a wide range of proven and experienced talent. (Positive Values of Utilizing Contract Employees)
The other benefits…
Advanced Scheduling Techniques" Retrieved at http://www.ce.cmu.edu/pmbook/11_Advanced_Scheduling_Techniques.html . Accessed 26 October, 2005
Digital Key Telephone System: Amended per Addendum 1" Retrieved at http://vendornet.state.wi.us/vendornet/wais/bulldocs/1492_2.doc. Accessed 26 October, 2005
Fundamental Scheduling Procedures" Retrieved at http://www.ce.cmu.edu/pmbook/10_Fundamental_Scheduling_Procedures.html . Accessed 26 October, 2005
Mochal, Tom. "Project Management Tips and Techniques Estimating Duration and Cost"
A Literacy Portfolio
Point of Inquiry
Six Contact Session Plans
Four Modifications and Analysis
Two Artifacts Demonstrating Reading and Writing
Douglas Turner is a fifteen-year-old boy with a severe stutter who suffers from ADHD and ADD. He is currently placed in special education. His family consists of a mother, aged 42, and a father, aged 47. They are African-American. Douglas and his family live in a two-bedroom apartment. Douglas' father works as a sales associate for a Jewlry company and the mother is a homemaker.
Douglas' current interests include Anime, he likes watching "Attack on Titan," music, he listens to a variety of pop and hip-hop artists, and baseball. Douglas mentioned he like being active and many of his interests revolve around focusing on many different things all the time so he keeps from getting bored. Douglas also enjoys making…
Investigations related to incidents that occur at a certain worksite, help both workers and employers recognize the dangers and health risks along with limitations of their health and safety programs. In most cases, the necessary preventive measures are identified and implemented to ensure that those incidents don't occur in the future. Investigating incidents with the aim of identifying their causes and finding preventive solutions increases productivity and the morale of the employees. This is because it shows that the employer is committed to ensure a healthy and risk free workplace. Supervisors are mostly responsible for conducting investigations on these incidents. For the investigation to be successful, the employees and managers should cooperate and work together considering that they all have different perspectives, knowledge and understanding of the incident. The team conducting the investigation should try to see beyond the incident's immediate cause. Most of the time there is the misleading…
1. What are the leading causes of death in the United States?
Accidents are considered to be the fourth leading cause of death after heart disease, cancer and strokes.
2. When the overall cost of an accident is calculated, what elements make up the cost?
The elements making up the cost of an accident are lost wages, insurance administration, medical expenses, motor vehicle damage, fire-related losses, and indirect costs.
3. What are the five leading causes of accidental deaths in the United States?
Motor vehicle, poison, falls, drowning, and fire-related accidents.
4. What are the leading causes of death in the United States of people between the ages of 25 and 44?
Motor vehicle, poison, falls, drowning, fire-related accidents, heart, and cancer disease.
5. Explain how today’s rate of accidental work deaths compares with the rate in the early 1900s.
Per a population of 100,000, accidental work deaths have reduced…
Safety net hospitals have traditionally provided medical services vital to public health. Unfortunately, the recent economic recession has dealt a hard blow to safety net hospitals, even to the point of forcing hospital closures. Fortunately, Health Care Reform has already positively impacted U.S. health care and will even revolutionize American health care in some respects.
The Effect of the Closure of Safety Net Hospitals on Public Health
Safety net hospitals, such as Grady Memorial Hospital, serve the public health through providing vital treatment of uninsured, underinsured, Medicaid, and Medicare patients, along with some privately insured patients (Dewan & Sack, 2008). In addition, some safety net hospitals are also teaching hospitals that train medical professionals who contribute considerably to public health. Unfortunately, economic pressures are forcing the closure of some safety net hospitals, resulting in the severe reduction of medical care in certain communities for the "poor and underserved" (Altman, Shactman,…
Altman, S.H., Shactman, D., & Efrat, E. (2006, Jan/Feb). Could U.S. hospitals go the way of U.S. airlines? Retrieved September 1, 2012 from Proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com/docview/204650663/138ED25BFA63A547161/5?accountid=28844
Amalberti, R., Auroy, Y., Berwick, D., & Barach, P. (2005, May 3). Five system barriers to achieving ultrasafe health care. Retrieved September 1, 2012 from Proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com/docview/222267835/138ED3FE9A36E21E74A/6?accountid=28844
Dewan, S., & Sack, K. (2008, January 8). A safety-net hospital falls into financial crisis. Retrieved September 1, 2012 from Nytimes.com Web site: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/08/us/08grady.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1
Felland, L.E., Cunningham, P.J., Cohen, G.R., November, E.A., & Quinn, B.C. (2010, January). The economic recession: Early impacts on health care safety net providers. Retrieved September 1, 2012 from Rwjf.org Web site: http://www.rwjf.org/files/research/55109.pdf
Given that the single fatality, that occurred in 1990 cost the company an increase of 7% in workers compensation insurance premiums which over the long run has been a substantial cost and individual falls have since cost the company significant time and production loss as well as other increased in premiums, related to injuries and simply as increases have occurred. Finally, the initial fatal fall cost the company a 4 million dollar benefits claim to the family of the employee and $1.7 in litigation and attorneys fees. Additionally, the settlement was mitigated by the attorneys, who managed to reduce the claim for pain and suffering significantly and calculated the remainder based on the lifetime earning potential of the individual at his current salary. It is unlikely that such mitigation would occur in every case, and the cost of a trial would be exponential if a reasonable settlement had not been…
Block, R.N., Roberts, K., & Clarke, R.O. (2003). Labor Standards in the United States and Canada. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Department of Labor (U.S.) (2008) "Fall Protection"
We can simply say that the discussion is an important element to get rid of this system.
In this entire teaching and learning process, teacher plays an important role in the positive growth of a student and for this purpose we not only do need a skill teacher but also need a responsible and cultural instructor. It is also considerable that the teachers should have the relevant curriculum and roadmap so that they can provide knowledge to their students in a right way.
Teacher is a main element who may give the success to both the five schools or the lack and Latinos male through their curriculum. They develop students through their own knowledge or experience and create "diamonds" for the country. ut if we talk about the system of lack and Latino males or color boys we need the highly developed teachers who are not only skilled but also…
A, G., D, C., & X., F. (2011). The relationship of school structure and support to suspension rates for Black and White high school students. . Am Educ Res J, 904-934.
Alexander, K., & Entwisle., d. (1988). Achievement in the first 2 Years of school: Patterns and Processes. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 53, no. 2.
Arbona, c., & nora, a. (2007). The influence of Academic and Environmental factors on hispanic college degree Attainment. The Review of Higher Education, 30(3), 247 -- 269. .
Artiles, a.J., B. harry, d. r., & chinn, P. (2002). over-identification of students of color in special Education: A critical overview. Multicultural Perspectives, 4, 3 -- 10.
On the plus side, though, the research also showed that innovations in technology, both high- and low-tech, hold enormous promise for improving miner safety by providing early warnings of impending disasters and by providing rescuers with better techniques for locating and rescuing trapped miners. In the final analysis, the technology already exists to accomplish these improvements and it remains a matter of establishing the relevant priorities at the state and federal levels to ensure that all mines are equipped with these devices before disaster strikes, and that these technologies are available for rescue efforts when the inevitable does occur. Future studies should investigate how these technologies can be deployed more cost effectively for developing nations and what steps should be taken ahead of time to ensure that these devices provide the maximum amount of protection for the investments involved.
Cooper, S., yan, J., & Sinback, M. (2003). Employment-related crimes.…
Cooper, S., Ryan, J., & Sinback, M. (2003). Employment-related crimes. American Criminal Law Review, 40(2), 367.
Kravitz, J.H., Kovac, J.G., & Duerr, W.H. (1994). Advances in mine emergency communications. Proceedings of the International Emergency Management and Engineering Conference, 23-26.
Mining disaster incidents and fatalities, 1900-2006. (2007). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (2007). Retrieved October 2, 2007 at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/statistics/disasters.htm .
Peters, C. (2006, March). The other mine disaster. Washington Monthly, 38(3), 8.
There are a number of different modes of transportation, and each mode has different safety considerations. This paper will look at road, rail, sea and air freight in particular. Obviously, there will be some safety issues that can affect any mode of transport -- human error or mechanical breakdown can happen to anything, anytime. But within each mode there will be unique risks, and it is important to understand what those risks are, in order that they be addressed effectively.
ail transport is generally considered to be one of the safer modes, but rail accidents are surprisingly common. The particular issues relating to rail tend to be issues with track maintenance, and trains taking corners too fast, both resulting in derailment. The Federal ailroad Administration provides oversight on railroad safety issues, in order to minimize the number of accidents that occur on the rails. However, derailments still occur,…
FRA (2015). Safety fact sheet. Federal Railroad Administration. Retrieved June 25, 2015 from https://www.fra.dot.gov/Page/P0680
Kristiansen, S. (2013) Maritime transportation: Safety management and risk analysis. Elsevier: Burlington, MA
September 11, a whole new range of advanced security equipment and protocols has been put in place. However, many of these systems and procedures remain inconsistent from airport to airport. One of the most critical ways of promoting faster passenger throughput without sacrificing the main goals of security is consistency and standardization among American airports, with an ultimate goal of working more tightly with global partners to create a consistent international travel security experience. If passengers know what to expect at each airport, the screening procedures can become more streamlined. Even if shifts in global threat alerts do often change the details in the procedures, passenger throughput does not need to be adversely affected if the overall protocols and goals remain the same. It may also be important to ensure that employees receive ample time and training in using any new equipment that is introduced, and that all equipment glitches…
Elias, B. (2007). Air cargo security. CRS Report for Congress. Retrieved online: https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL32022.pdf
McNeil, J.B. (2010). Air cargo security. Retrieved online: http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2010/06/air-cargo-security-how-to-keep-americans-secure-without-harming-the-economy
Transportation Security Administration (2006). TSA issues new regulations to substantially strengthen air cargo security. Retrieved online: https://www.tsa.gov/news/releases/2006/05/17/tsa-issues-new-regulations-substantially-strengthen-air-cargo-security
United States Department of Homeland Security (2015). Cargo screening. Retrieved online: http://www.dhs.gov/cargo-screening
children attend school every day and while they are there, their parents want them to be safe and sound. That includes when they are on the playground, lunchroom, and in the classroom. The equipment in which that the school use should be safe so that will be injured during school hours. And, when the students become older and want to attend vocational school, the equipments and machines that the school and teachers have for the classroom must be extremely safe while working with them. This is a must since when a person is in vocational school; they are working with power tools and heavy equipment while in the classroom. When it comes to safety in vocational school, there is also a health issue due to the fact that some of the machines might be a health hazard to the students and teachers.
The machines and equipment in which the Massachusetts…
DHS and Plainsville
In order to comply with the priorities handed down through Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Grant Programs and state mandates, Plainsville, Colorado, must address the situation of its critical rail line running through its community. The rail line is crucial for industrial use in manufacturing a hazardous material that is not manufactured anywhere else. However, the rail line is two centuries old and in need of repair. To assess the issues and risks at hand, the city has been tasked with bringing a committee of experts together that can share information on a range of issues, including: the integrity of the rail line, the prevention of a hazardous spill, the safety of the citizens, and the continuity of the neighboring town’s industry. This paper will describe ten organizations that can serve as a pool of expert opinion on these areas. It will also discuss their individual value…
OSHA and EPA are the only federal agencies protecting the safety and health of the U.S. public. While, OSHA concentrates on issues of workplace safety, EPA on the other hand, has a wider scope. The two have different legal authority: EPA applies to offsite effects while OSHA is for on-site effects. In the aviation industry, the hazard evaluation team is obliged to assess the hazards, likely to affect the environment or public offsite. Suitable employee protection measures are likely to imperil the public (Smith & Kriebel, 2010).
In the aviation sector, the joint OSHA team identifies various hazards expected to be addressed by the hazard communication standards of OSHA. They entail hazards posed by jet fuel vapors, commercial cleaning agents and combustion de-icing chemicals, bi-products, medication and compressed oxygen present in emergency medical kits. Workers are likely to be exposed to cleaning agents as they are used by airline cleaning…
Breyer, S.G. (2014). Breaking the vicious circle: Toward effective risk regulation. Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.: Harvard Univ. Press.
Robson, M., & Toscano, W. (2007). Risk assessment for environmental health. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Smith, T.J., & Kriebel, D. (2010). A biologic approach to environmental assessment and epidemiology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Policies and Procedures
Health and Safety Guidelines
There are several elements to health and safety guidelines that must be adhered to. The presence of equipment, hot water, and chemicals all represent safety hazards to the workers. Furthermore, to the extent that the operation carries cash, and may be at risk for robbery, there are other safety considerations that need to be taken into account. There will be electrical equipment in this environment, a risk given that water will be everywhere on site and its spray uncontrolled. A further risk is that customers will be operating the car wash, meaning that employees do not have full control over the equipment. OSHA has published a list of the common citations specific to the car wash industry, including fall protection, hazard communication, scaffolding, respiratory protection, control of hazardous energy, machines, wiring and more (Lawless, 2012).
A lot of health and safety guidelines can…
Lawless, P. (2012). OSHA for carwash operators: Regulations, enforcement and citations. Professional Carwashing and Detailing. Retrieved March 30, 2016 from http://www.carwash.com/osha-regulations-enforcement-and-citations/
OSHA (2009). Unguarded conveyor injures carwash worker. Occupational Health & Safety Association. Retrieved March 30, 2016 from https://ohsonline.com/articles/2009/09/28/conveyor-injures-carwasher.aspx
It also seems rather short, and leaves the reader wondering if the researchers could have done more to create a more vital and important document. They did not find the Segway was unsafe, however, and many of the comments of the postal employees who used it were very positive.
Other studies go father than many of the findings in this report, including the safety of the transport itself. Another study notes, "The Segway PT and its rider were found to have the second shortest braking distance, highest sight lines, one of the smallest footprints, and quickest perception-reaction time" (Landis, Petritsch, and Huang, 2004, p. 97-98). These are concrete safety details that seem lacking in the other report, and it seems as if the report could be much more useful if they had included data such as this in the report. In addition, Segways have been recalled due to accidents while…
Arnold, C. (2003). Safety concerns prompt Segway recall. Retrieved 31 Jan. 2008 from the NPR.org Web site: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1447863 .
Habes, D.J. And Tubbs, R.L. (2004). Topic: Health hazard evaluation report, HETA 2002-0239-2922, United States Postal Service Norman, Oklahoma - Note: Deals with the use of Segway Human Transporter. Retrieved 31 Jan. 2008 from the CDC.gov Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hhe/reports/pdfs/2002-0239-2922.pdf
Landis, B.W., Petritsch, T.A., and Huang, H.F. (2004). Characteristics of emerging road and trail users and their safety. Retrieved 31 Jan. 2008 from the TFHRC.gov Web site: http://www.tfhrc.gov/safety/pubs/04103/04103.pdf.
Separate growth studies were also undertaken, which proved that soy-based formulas do not produce infants that are smaller or stunted in growth. Yet another study looked at reproductive health in animals and humans raised on a soy-based formula, and showed normal reproductive development and later reproductive health. In the only true negative findings of the research, study showed that some infants may develop thyroiditis on a soy-based formula diet, even if the formula is enhanced with iodine.
Ultimately, the research shows soy-based formulas are safe for most infants. The studies do acknowledge that wider studies should be undertaken, but recommend the use of soy-based formulas for infants without access to cow's or breast milk, or who are allergic to those items.
Merritt, ussell J. And Jenks, Belinda H. "Safety of Soy-Based Infant Formulas Containing Isoflavones: The Clinical Evidence." May 2004. 6 Feb. 2007. http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/full/134/5/1220S
Merritt, Russell J. And Jenks, Belinda H. "Safety of Soy-Based Infant Formulas Containing Isoflavones: The Clinical Evidence." May 2004. 6 Feb. 2007. http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/full/134/5/1220S
S. Department of Health and Human Services et al., 2006). This first study will involve limited human exposure and extreme caution.
Most significantly, the study itself has to be based on sound scientific principles with a thorough knowledge of the properties of the chemical, and the potential results on the human subject. Standard clinical safety evaluations will include serial assessment of patient symptoms, physical signs, and clinical laboratory tests amongst other tests monitoring possible adverse effects. These tests will be of sufficient duration in order to catch potential negative effects. Safety hazards for patients and health care workers during and after administration of the radio labeled product will also be identified, evaluated and appropriately managed.
Finally, as prescribed by Section 505(d) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act) (21 U.S.C. 355(d)), adequate tests must be taken on the drug first before applying to a human individual. The…
Farde, L. et al., 2007 Using Positron Emission
Tomography (PET) microdosing. Focus, The Organisation for Professionals in Regulatory Affairs,1-8
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services et al. (2006). Guidance for Industry, Investigators, and Reviewers Office of Training and Communication, http://www.fda.gov/cder/guidance/index.htm
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Food and Drug Administration et al. (2004). Guidance for Industry Developing Medical Imaging Drug and Biological Products Division of Drug Information HFD-240
Pirates off the coasts of Africa and Southeast Asia have put forth the argument that they are merely defending their coastlines from international shipping polluting their coastlines and violating their fishing rights. What do you think of this argument?
Piracy has a negative effect, not simply for the persons suffering from the attack, but also for the residents living in the areas from which the piracy springs. Piracy causes substantial economic losses for the populations in regions where piracy is a way of life. For example, "unlike pirates along Somalia's coast, who are often only after ransom, pirates in West Africa also steal goods, particularly oil. Many attacks end up with crew members injured or killed. But pirate attacks do not only result in killings and injuries, tragic as those are; they also damage the economy. In some cases, affected countries in West Africa have become less concerned…
Sports Risk Assessment
The author of this report has been charged with the task of looking at the sports facilities and amenities of a local sports facility and assessing the risks and hazards that exist when it comes to the same. With that in mind, there has been checklists created and used, identification of the setting that will be looked at, the conducting of an assessment at that facility and a narrative of the findings discovered. The facility that was selected was the basketball arena for the local Acme University program. Overall, the arena is in great shape and is rather low-risk in terms of its structure and so forth. Even with most of the facility being top-notch, there was most certainly some weaknesses and those will be addressed one by one within this report.
Areas of Compliance
• The outside of the facility has great walkways and there…
Acme Fireworks is facing tremendous challenges which are similar to growing businesses. This occurs when firms need to adjust with increasing demand and expand their operations. During this process, they must examine their business model and determine if it is economically viable moving forward. In this case, the company is currently organized as a sole proprietorship.
Fireworks are known to be deadly products. This is because a flame is ignited and travels into a tube filled with gunpowder. Even those who are exercising extreme caution, have the possibility of becoming injured from debris or being too close to the explosion. In these cases, there is a likelihood of death or the person receiving extensive injuries. This is problematic, as it exposes Acme Fireworks to potential litigation from these challenges. (Okrent, 2014)
At the heart of these challenges, are potential work safety issues. This is because the company is…
Guide to Developing Environmental Management Systems. (2014). EPA.gov. Retrieved from: http://www.epa.gov/ems/implement.html
Damali, N. (2006). Environmental Management Systems. Business Strategy and the Environment,17, (1), 30 -- 45.
Delmas, M. (2006). Greening the Supply Chain. Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 18, 117 -- 122.
Deming, W. (2000). Out of the Crisis. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Safety and Health Considerations in Fire Incident esponse
The issue of safety during emergency response by the fire fighters has been discussed and severally emphasized. In as much as the responders are out to save lives and property, they too need to be safe so that they do not add to the count of the victims, if any be, as well as avoid injuries in the process of saving others. There are manuals that have been developed in various states and even counties all with the aim of streamlining response to emergencies and reducing the number of deaths of both the victims and the responders. Hundreds of fire fighters die in the line of duty each year with most of the death being from the exposure to rapid fire, getting trapped by objects and collapsed buildings. It can be said that there are sufficient safety regulations and guidelines concerning the…
United States Department of Labor, (2015). Incident Command system: Incident Commander. Retrieved April 9, 2015 from https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/ics/inci.html
Work Safe, (2015). Fire Fighting. Retrieved April 9, 2015 from http://www2.worksafebc.com/publications/OHSRegulation/part31.asp
Q1. The Gauley Bridge disaster took place in the 1920s, before appropriate health and safety requirements were imposed upon industries to protect workers. Workers were often forced to tolerate such conditions because they had no other options by which to make a living. Furthermore, a certain degree of physical risk to workers was acceptable in the eyes of employers. To some extent, this is also true in many developing world nations such as India, where the Bhopal gas tragedy took place. If there was a sudden absence of federal and state mandates in the United States, workers would still bring contemporary safety expectations to the workplace in many industry sectors. Also, despite the fact there has been substantial attrition of the power of unions, unions still have enough clout in some areas to demand better conditions.
Thus, lapsing back to where things were within a year might be overstating the…
Health and Safety in Construction Industry
The construction industry is by far the most dangerous one as it takes more lives every year and results in many short- and long-term minor or severe injuries. The UK government regulatory bodies have been playing a significant role in ensuring that proper health and safety procedures are followed. Throughout the last four decades, its role has been impeccable in decreasing fatalities in the construction industry, although the excessive rules and regulations, frequent changes, bureaucratic structure and lack of project management and risk management techniques have dented its efficiency in protecting small construction companies and contractors, resulting in a compensation and claim culture engulfed with individual profiteers such as insurance companies, lawyers and health and safety consultants. These excessive regulations have pushed constructors to adopt some illegal practices in order to decrease cost and probability of claims from injured workers. The risk management and…
Five steps to risk assessment. Viewed 27 October, 2012,
Hubbard, D. 2009. The failure of risk management: why it's broken and how to fix it. John Wiley & Sons. p. 46.
Health and safety executive. 2007. Managing health and safety in construction (Construction Design and Management) Regulations 2007 Approved Code of Practice.
Health and safety executive. 2011. Five steps to risk assessment, Viewed 28 October 2012
Typically, accurate documentation assists in limiting errors. (Stanford Hospital & Clinics, 2012).
Car et al. (2008) point out that integrating of electronic health within a healthcare organization enhances quality and safety of patients. The author argues that electronic health record assists the healthcare provider to readily access comprehensive information in order to minimize the incident of error as well as enhancing patient safety and quality of healthcare delivery. While Stanford Hospital and Clinics has made several efforts to enhance quality healthcare delivery and patient safety within the hospital environment, however, the issue of medical errors is still rampant within the healthcare sector in the United States. Meanwhile, there are several ways the issue of error incidents can affect the healthcare delivery.
Impact of Error incident on Healthcare Delivery
A major effect of error incident within the health sector is the decline in the quality healthcare delivery and the issue could…
Ballard, K.A.(2003). Patient Safety: A Shared Responsibility. ANA Periodicals. 8(3).
Car, J. Black, a. Anandan, C. et al. (2008). A Systematic Overview & Synthesis of the Literature. Report for the NHS Connecting for Heath Evaluation Programme.
Library Index (2012). Challenges Change and Innovation in Health Care Delivery -- Safety.
Institute of Medicine. (2001). Crossing the quality chasm: A new health system for the 21st century-Summary. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2-4.
New safety protocols and expectations are always buying released. To ensure that all employees are aware of the new policies and can respond appropriately, a staff meeting will be held once a month to go over new safety policies and update employees on all changes within the company. For urgent updates, department informal meetings will be utilized to give the employees notice of the changes.
Employees appreciate and preform better when there are incentives for such actions. Safety should not be an exception to this rule. The safety patrol rewards program will allow a reward for those employees who consistently follow proper safety protocol. The program will have three sections: knowledge, habits, and record. The knowledge section will be multiple choice tests that employees can take on recent safety releases from the safety committee. If they receive a perfect score on the test, they get a…
Roles & Responsibilities for Occupational Health & Safety. University of Wollongong. Accessed 9 March 2012. Available from http://staff.uow.edu.au/content/groups/public/@web/@ohs/documents/doc/uow016892.pdf
Managing Health and Safety. Government of Southern Australia. Accessed 9 March 2012. Available from http://www.safework.sa.gov.au/uploaded_files/gs601i.pdf
The OHS&W Act: Your Obligations. Government of Southern Australia. Accessed 9 March 2012. Available from http://www.safework.sa.gov.au/uploaded_files/gs7i.pdf
Immediate Threat to Health and Safety. Government of Southern Australia. Accessed 9 March 2012. Available from http://www.safework.sa.gov.au/uploaded_files/gs652i.pdf
Designing a Safety System
Safety management system is a management policy to prevent or minimize injury within a workplace. Top organizations across the United States are increasingly investing in safety management because of the general believe that safety is central precondition to market competitiveness and "an integral part of high quality business operations." (Tervonen, Haapasalo, & Niemela, 2009 P. 17). Safety is defined as a state where all the business related risks are managed at acceptable level. Typically, safety management is a management policy used to protect workers from undetermined accidents. Safety management is very similar to corporate safety where corporate safety is a holistic management strategy to protect an organization as a whole against accidents, misuse, harm and crime.
Objective of this project is to design safety management system for Hobart Brothers Co. To design safety management system for the company, the paper provides essential components that could prevent…
Azadeh M.A.(2000). Creating highly and reliable manufacturing systems: an integrated approach. Intern J. Reliabil Saf Eng. 7(3): 205-22.
Honkasalo A. (2000). Occupational health and safety and environmental management systems. Environ Sci Policy. 3(1): 39-45.
Miettinen J. (2002). Corporate Safety Manual Jyvaskyla: Gummerus Printing Ltd. .
New South Wales Government (2012).Unit 2: Managing Workplace Hazards, and Consultation in the Workplace. NSW Education and Communities.
Management Perspective on Aviaton Safety
Aviation Safety Management
However, this topic narrows substantially when one considers it from a management perspective. Management has a number of diverse concerns that it must consider in regards to aviation safety. For the most part, these safety issues are typically balanced out with issues related to cost and customer satisfaction. Although safety should always be the principle point of concern, management oftentimes has to temper this with practical considerations related to finances regarding time and money spent. Management can help to mitigate the severity of financial constraints, however, by involving as many people as possible in the safety and quality assurance process via a team-based approach. Additionally, there are certain Safety Management System (SMS) programs that can help to stratify different facets of safety management. Finally, it is important for management to make aviation safety a continuous process which is increasingly refined and improved.…
Burnside, J.E. (2013). "Top five pre-flight mistakes." Aviation Safety Management. Retrieved from http://www.aviationsafetymagazine.com/issues/33_5/features/Pre-Flight-Check-Mistakes_10554-1.html
Conyers, B. (2013). "Safety management systems: beyond theory." SM4 Safety. Retrieved from http://sm4.global-aero.com/articles/safety-management-systems-beyond-the-theory/?disp=pdf
Grosenick, C. (2002). "Quality assurance: how does it impact maintenance?" Aviation Pros. Retrieved from http://www.aviationpros.com/article/10387519/quality-assurance-how-does-it-impact-maintenance?page=3
Waikar, A., Nichols, P. (1997) "Aviation safety: a quality perspective." Disaster Prevention and Management. 6 (2): 87 -- 93.
Health and Safety Legislation in elation to Employee Protection for Accidents at Work
Every individual within a workplace environment has the legal rights to protection against any work related risk, which may arise on the course of duty performance. Generally, the employees' health and safety legislation impose a range of duties to both employers and employees. The employees' health and safety guides apply to the self-employed as well as the diverse categories of employees such as manufacturers, designers, and suppliers. In different states, the legislation expresses a wide-based duty guideline within the Health and Safety at Work Acts. These regulations or acts are further spelt out in details within the subsidiary regulations, including those dealing with health and safety management, accident and/or risk management (Johnson & Geraldine, 2013, p. 57), as well as other emerging issues specific to health and safety of employees at work. This paper aims at providing…
Chamberlin, K.W., Cottle, M. & Neville, R. (2007).Responsibilities in notifying accidents to the health and safety authorities.Health and Safety Management, 4(3), 67-78.
Hansson, P. (2008). Employment laws and employee accident claims. Employment, Safety and Health, 14(5), 27-42.
Johnson, W.B. & Geraldine, C.K. (2013).The management of health, safety and welfare of employees at work.Employment Rights and Conditions, 3(1), 56-68.
Occupational Health and Safety Act (2000).Workplace injuries management and workers compensation.Journal of Employees' Safety and Health, 73(4), 78-97.
As a result, major changes have been introduced to the area of communication since it was difficult for junior personnel in aviation to present their opinions in the past. The junior personnel faced the difficulties in voicing their opinions because of fear of embarrassment and being reprimanded by the captain. Due to the change and the increase recognition of the significance of communication in aviation operations, the junior personnel and flight crew are incorporated to ensure that the best safety-related decisions are made.
Since communication between managers, maintainers, pilots, and other crew is essential in enhancing aviation safety, the development of an efficient safety program that addresses communication problems is crucial. Aircraft accidents can be lessened significantly through efficient and consistent communication between all the stakeholders in the aviation industry and the parties in aviation operations. The safety program should address the proper encoding and decoding of messages,…
Hill, a.C. (2011, November 5). An Approach to an Aviation Safety Program. Retrieved August
6, 2012, from http://www.scribd.com/doc/87126009/Aviation-Safety-Program
Krivonos, P.D. (2007, June 10). Communication in Aviation Safety: Lessons Learned and Lessons Required. Retrieved August 6, 2012, from http://www.asasi.org/papers/2007/Communication_in_Aviation_Safety_Paul_Krivonos.pdf
Madson, L. (n.d.). Human Factors in Aviation Communication. Retrieved August 4, 2012,
What is the role of human factors in improving aviation safety?
Many personnel are involved in the operation and maintenance of airplanes. The aviation industry employs many people performing many different roles and tasks to keep aviation a safe mode of transportation for goods and services. Despite rules, procedures, and advanced technology to help keep passengers and crew safe, sometimes accidents still occur. It was found that more than 70% of commercial airplane accidents are caused by humans, rather than simply a failure of technology (Higgins & Higgins, 2008). This research supports the thesis that human factors are one of the most difficult, and the most important issues in aviation needed to increase aviation safety in the future.
Mechanical failure is cited as one of the more common reasons for aviation disasters (Higgins & Higgins, 2008). It is easy to shift the blame to a machine, rather than…
AAM-500. (2010). Human Factors Research Division (AAM-500) Simulation Facilities. Federal Aviation Administration. http://www.faa.gov/data_research/research/med_humanfacs/humanfactors/
Gallaway, G. (2011). A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Fatigue Risk Management in Aircraft
Maintenance -- Near-Term and NextGen Time Frame (Maintenance Fatigue; Avers).
AAM-500-b-F-004 Rev.2. Retrieved from
health, safety, nutrition interrelated. How health, safety, nutrition interrelated? Give examples readings relations importance. Think relationship preventative health care health promotion.PAGE 1 Emotional regulation important skill learned early childhood. Your textbook states "One important aspects emotional regulation predicts development. Preschoolers elementary-age children express a great deal anger, hostility, negative emotions show poorer social competence school isolated rejected peers (Eisenberg al,.
Individuals' health is often a cumulative of factors. These come in relation to certain safety extends that a person can assume, as well as other, external elements, external in that they come about as the result of other people's actions. For example, smoking will not only affect the individual in cause but as well those around him. Further, individuals can be predisposed to particular illnesses due to hereditary traits, which is why medical controls, especially for children, are proper safety measures that do not only diagnose but as well help…
Consumer Product Safety Commission. (2013). Recalls: Toys R Us recalls Imaginarium Activity Walker due to choking hazard. cpsc.gov. Retrieved from http://www.cpsc.gov/en/Recalls/2013/Toys-R-Us-Recalls-Imaginarium-Activity-Walker/
Food Safety and Inspection Service. (2011). Strategic plan FY 2011 -- 2016. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved from http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/wcm/connect/65602d92-d017-4edc-8536-5ed6aaa6b52a/Strategic_Plan_2011-2016.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CACHEID=0934ae30-583b-46e9-be35-1603c707228c
Marotz, L.R. (2012). Health, safety and nutrition for the young child (Seventh Edition). Australia, Canada, Mexico, Singapore, Spain, United Kingdom, United States. Retrieved from http://abiiid.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/health-safety-and-nutrition-for-the-young-child-7th-edition.pdf
International Safety Management
ISM safety code
Acting as a mandatory regulation, ISM Code usually lays down standards of shipowner's responsibility for safe management of ships and pollution prevention accepted internationally. The obligation of the shipment owner is to establish, maintain as well as implement a Safety Management System that is to meet the ISM Code's requirements.
The aspects of civil liability's impact is to be focused on the impact on liability of shipowner for cargo loss or damage, in addition to shipowner's legal right to limit his liability for claims. Some of the concepts such as seaworthiness, actual fault and privity, crew's negligence, the role of the designated person and recklessness with knowledge are to be considered. There has already been a change in the conditions in terms of policies that meet the requirement of the ISM Code through Hull and Machinery (H & M) underwrites and protection…
Gold, E (1996). 'Lessons in Corporate Responsibility: Learn From Disaster?' The
ISM Code Implementation in Practice- Corporate Risk: BIMCO Shipping Courses
Copenhagen, Denmark). BIMCO. Copenhagen: BIMCO, pg 15-18.
Levy, H (1996). 'The P & I Club -- How do the clubs evaluate the ISM Code'. The ISM Code Implementation in Practice -Corporate Risk: BIMCO Shipping Courses: Copenhagen, Denmark). BIMCO. Copenhagen: BIMCO, 15-18).