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Plato and Descartes and Plato
Words: 1462 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17464540
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" He also confirmed to himself that God was the origin of his thought, and therefore because his thoughts were real, God must also be real.

3. Descartes -- Senses and Knowledge

When we went outside as a class, part of Descartes ideas was visible in our observations. All the students had a different perception of the external world. Some focused on certain people and certain objects, which were not seen in the same exact way as another student. This shows that the human mind sees a unique version of what our senses tell us is reality. Reality, might however, escape the limitations of the human mind. For instance, a particular relation to a person and an object, this case a tree, might be seen as being a certain way in my mind but a much different way in another student's mind. Each person's unique experience, through the perception of…

Truth Such Brutal Examples of
Words: 366 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2044550
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As for the example of the Christian parents -- in their belief system they believe that they are telling their adolescent the truth when they say that God exists, just as surely as Nietzsche believes that God is dead. They can affirm their faith to their child, but they cannot force him or her to believe in God. The truth, in this case, is subjective, and what is 'true' is that the parents believe in God and the adolescent does not believe in God (or doubts), and to force him to say that he does believe in God without question would be a lie. To force the child to lie would even be wrong according to the parents' own belief structure, as believing in God for a Christian is more than simply mouthing words or obeying the protocols of a ritual. So, yes, one should always tell the truth --…

Pulitzer Joseph Pulitzer and His
Words: 3734 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75282459
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His dedication and intelligence allowed him to eventually become not simply passable in his English speaking skills, but a lawyer, a U.S. Congressman, one of the best journalists of his era (and, according to some biographers, of any era), and an incredibly eloquent (if somewhat bombastic) speaker and letter writer -- not to mention one of the wealthiest men in the world, especially in the field of newspaper publishing (Brian; Seitz).

In 1878, not even fifteen years since his arrival in the country, Joseph Pulitzer bought his first newspaper company -- the St. Louis Dispatch. The paper was in disarray, but fate intervened in the form of the Evening Post and its owner, John Alvarez Dillon. The two papers were combined and began issuing a joint newspaper that very same day, with Pulitzer immediately taking over the editorial page, which he was quick to put to use then and after…

Works Cited

Boylan, James. Pulitzer's School: Columbia University's School of Journalism, 1903-2003. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.

Campbell, W. Joseph (a). The Year that Defined American Journalism. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Campbell, W. Joseph (b). Yellow Journalism: Puncturing the Myths, Defining the Legacies. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2001.

Douglas, George. The Golden Age of the Newspaper. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1999.

Special Gift for Engaged Couple
Words: 873 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39426631
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As Lee congratulates herself: "I do a lot for people around the world, but after reading the paper, it suddenly struck me, why am I not doing more for those in need here?" This kind of extreme socially conscious attitude is defined by Lee's desire to transform society so that it is more equitable to those who are in most need. As already explained, the nature of social work practice in a social democratic paradigm is to provide practical humanitarian care to the casualties of capitalism. or, in other words, it is crucial that responsible individuals and institutions make an effort to help those who have been ground under the wheel of an economic and political system that is built on the premise of inequality. We can see that Javed embraces this approach as he is more than willing to hold Lee up as a principled figurehead whose selfless actions…

Jon Benet Ramsey Case Study
Words: 9718 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 23992552
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Witnesses reported the noticeable odor of decay was present and dried mucous on one of her nostrils. The child was dressed in a light colored long-sleeved turtleneck and light-colored pants (similar to pajama bottoms). Her distraught father placed her on the floor by the front door. A white cord was tightly embedded around her neck similar to the string around her wrist. On her neck at the base of her throat was a red circular mark about the size of a quarter (World Law Direct Forums web site).

Based on her own experience Det. Arndt believed the child was dead and that she had been dead for some time. John amsey told Det. Arndt that he had found JonBenet in the wine cellar under a white blanket, that her wrists were tied above her head, and that a piece of duct tape was over her mouth. He pulled the tape…


Autopsy photos, Crime Shots True Crime Community web site:

Autopsy report JonBenet Ramsey documents web site.

Bane, V. (1998). Never ending story. People Weekly, 50 (22) 126-132.

Bardsley, M. (2006). JonBenet Ramsey murder case: An investigative analysis.

Movie review of Elf
Words: 748 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 75956763
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In my view, Elf is the perfect movie for family fun. It is a rare Christmas comedy with a heart, a mind and a rather outlandish sense of humor. It is a great charmer. It includes some rather unexpected casting. The movie is definitely worth watching.
Star rating: 3
Star names: Mary Steenburgen, Will Ferrel, James Caan and Zooey Deschanel
Director Name: Jon Favreau
Rating: PG
Movie length: 97 minutes


The plot of the movie is fairly standard. It has to do with a conflict at the publishing company owned by the old man and a demand for a children’s best seller. The movie also contains some interesting subplots involving Michael ( Daniel Tay) ; Buddy’s new little brother. Buddy has an awkward but rather deep and genuine little romance with a store girl (Deschanel). And then, there is the unfinished business at the North Pole (Ebert para5).


Hadden Sundblom Epitomizes the Best of the
Words: 505 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57893347
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Hadden Sundblom epitomizes the best of the Old School Illustrators.

His work in the middle-third of the 20th century created three iconic advertising images that are still found in marketing today -- Coca Cola's Santa Claus, Aunt Jemima's Mammy and Quaker Oat's Quaker. Indeed, his depiction of Santa Claus in Coca Cola's Christmas advertising campaigns from the 1930s through the 1960s created the image of Saint Nick that all others are compelled to copy, and his imagery was considered so emblematic of the era that his last "Santa" was a cover for Playboy magazine. Sundblom's approach was characteristic of the Old School method in which soft pastel colors with slightly blurred edges were contrasted with sharper edges and colors to make the art seem to jump from the page. Like most old school illustration, Sundblom placed his subjects in easily recognizable daily situations whereby the reader or viewer could immediately…

Walker Evans
Words: 4742 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17850362
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alker Evans

The emergence of non-commercial still photography, in the form of an art is comparatively recent that may probably be dated from the 1930s. Just as poets use similar language as journalists, lawyers and curators, in the same manner, the ordinary realism of photography, including the medium of mug shots and real-estate ads, can be the material of visual poetry. In this context, the American photographer alker Evans was among the first to identify this potential (Masters of Photography).

In the 1930s, alker Evans contribution in the development of American documentary photography was significant. His each succeeding generation of photographers was greatly influenced by his precisely & comprehensive, frontal portrayal of people and artifacts of American life (Masters of Photography).

He abandoned his early ambitions of writing and painting and turned to photography, and as a result he reached at a dry, reasonable and modest style of photography that…

Works Cited

Masters of Photography: Walker Evans. Articles.

Capa, Cornell. Walker Evans. The International Center of Photography. Encyclopedia of Photography

Cosmo Polis. Walker Evans. Biography & Exhibition.

A 8, July 2000.

Cuban Traditions Noche Buena in
Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58751157
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There is no cautioning the children to get to bed early to wait for Santa Claus, as gifts are not traditionally exchanged upon this day in Cuban culture. Although some Cubans have adopted the concept of Santa Claus after living in America, traditionally Noche Buena and Christmas Day is more of an adult festival. The parties on Noche Buena, much like New Year's Day, last long into the morning hours, and children sometimes fall asleep on their feet! Everyone rises late and has a casual meal of the leftovers.

Usually, Cuban children receive their gifts on the 6th of January, the day of Los Reyes Magos, the Three Kings or Three Wise Men. This is a day of processions and gift-giving, and people dressed up as the Wise Men throw candy to the crowds of children watching in the streets. (if you really think about it, it makes more sense…

Personal Statement -- Oct My Life Story
Words: 766 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54111667
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Personal Statement -- Oct.

My life story thus far has not been the kind of existence most people my age have had to experience. From a very young age, I had to be the man of the family, supportive to those around me and a rock that others could rest their emotions on. When I was little, everyone who knew my father would remark how much I reminded them of him, particularly because of the blue eyes that I inherited from him. When I was eight years old, my father passed away and often it would hurt the people around me to look into my eyes. They would too often see him reflected on my face. So not only was I put into a difficult position by having lost my father, in a way I had to make up for his absence.

This taught me to be strong and to…

Bad Statistics
Words: 1031 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68590288
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video, three different forms of bad statistics were mentioned. The first was bad sampling, the second was bad use of measures of central tendency and the third was leading questions. Leading questions are a form of sampling error, in which survey respondents are led to specific conclusions. Their responses are calculated in the results, the context in which those responses arose was not noted. The context, however, played a significant role in framing the responses. There are many ways to lead people with questions. I think a lot of times the leading questions are emotional in nature, to put somebody in a specific emotional state that frames their response. The question about Santa Claus in the video was a good example of this -- "Do you really still believe in Santa Claus?" But this happens with all types of surveys. "A lady found a finger in her taco last week…


Brooker, C. (2007). Charlie Brooker's Screenwipe -- Reality TV editing. YouTube. Retrieved April 12, 2014 from 

Dressler, E. (2010). Don't be fooled by bad statistics. YouTube. Retrieved April 12, 2014 from

Soliloquies When Characters Stop Being
Words: 4420 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78671282
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Juliet herself, though ostensibly a virgin, is certainly not innocent in this regard; though certain strains of chauvinism have been purportedly found in this and others of his plays, Shakespeare certainly cannot be accused of granting males a monopoly on lust. In the shorter monologue that she delivers in the same scene, unaware of Romeo's presence, she famously asks, "hat's Montague? It is nor hand, nor foot, / nor arm, nor face, nor any other part / Belonging to a man" (Riverside 1114, II. ii. 40-2). She does not mention a mind, a spirit, or any other intangible qualities that might make her protestations of a deep, emotional love somewhat more believable, but instead focuses on the physical aspects of Romeo (including the suggestive "any other part belonging to a man") -- the true root of her desires.

It is not love, then, that causes these two teenagers to be…

Works Cited

Clemen, Wolfgang. A Commentary on Shakespeare's Richard III. New York: Routledge, 2005.

Evans, G. Blakemore and M. Tobin, eds. The Riverside Shakespeare. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2003.

Rose, Herbert. A Handbook of Greek Mythology. New York: Routledge, 2005.

Shakespeare, William. Richard the Third. In the Riverside Shakespeare.

Internet Marketing
Words: 1616 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76221746
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BMW in South Africa

BMW seemed to benefit from tying in the print ads and the online ads. Both were part of the same campaign, something that allowed the company to create a common theme. When the target market was exposed to BMW ads, there would more likely be recall of the campaign. It takes a certain number of exposures for an advertisement to resonate with the audience, and so the use of online/offline for the same campaign increased the number of exposures to the brand, the campaign and the essential message of the campaign. The use of multichannel advertising is common for campaigns, and in this case was deemed essential for reaching the target market for a BMW in South Africa.

The target market for the campaign is young -- in their 20s and maybe 30s. The market is clearly white -- there are no black models in the…

Psychology Models Since Sigmund Freud
Words: 2736 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 77173873
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Therefore, it is necessary to account for the acquisition of habits.

Due to certain limitations of the behaviorism approach, there have been revisions to the theory over the century. For example, although behaviorism helped people to forecast, alter, and change behavior over time, it did not attempt nor intend to understand how or why the theory worked. The present-day social cognitive approach asserts that behavior is results from an ongoing reciprocal three-way relationship among the individual (cognition), the environment (physical context, which consists of the organizational structure and design, social context or other people), and the person's past behavior. This broader view, called cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) incorporates the cognitive in addition to the behavioral approaches to therapy and view people "as active seekers and interpreters of information, not just responders to environmental influences" (Nevid, 2007, p. 484). Many psychologists now believe that behavior is understood best by studying the…

References Cited:

Fall, K.A., Holden, J.M. & Marquis, A. (2004) Theoretical models of counseling and psychotherapy New York: Taylor and Francis.

Freud, Sigmund. (1926). Inhibitions, symptoms, and anxiety, SE, 20(14): 111-205.

Kohlenberg, R.J., Bolling, M.Y., Kanter, J.W. & Parker, C.R. (2002) Clinical behavior analysis: where it went wrong, how it was made good again, and why its future is so bright. Behavior Analyst Today. 3(3): 248-253

Martz, E (2002) Principles of Eastern philosophies viewed from the framework of Yalom's four existential concerns. International Journal for the Advancement of Counseling. 24(1): 31-42

Deserve the Tickets to the
Words: 613 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72189645
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Last year, during the Lakers' Christmas game, the Lakers were routed by Cleveland, thanks to the talents of LeBron. This year's game is a grudge match against LeBron as well as an opportunity to show that the last several losses for the Lakers were flukes and not indicative of the overall strength of the team. All of the fans hope that this year the Lakers will be playing in the NBA finals this July. Additionally, after as he was ejected from the end of the last, disappointing game, I know that Kobe Bryant will be ready to fight -- and win -- on the holiday. I believe he will be the 'Grinch' that steals the Heat's thunder and breaks its streak of victories.

Christmas is not just about presents -- it is also about having memorable experiences. Having the experience of seeing my team win with other loyal fans would…

Proof to the Fact That
Words: 3292 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 48362439
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Previous to Darwin, it has been considered that animals had nothing in connection with humans, since their brutish behavior had been very different from the sociable and civilized one displayed by people. French philosopher Rene Descartes apparently thought of animals to be nothing but machines that acted in conformity to the same laws to which inanimate matter had functioned. Quite the reverse happened when concerning humans, as, in spite of the fact that their bodies reacted similar to those of animals, they possessed a soul given to them by a divine being.

Darwin believed that there had been several similarities between the thinking of an ape and that of man. However, even he accentuated the fact that there had been great differences in cerebral power between the most primitive man and the most intelligent ape. It seems that Bambification firstly appeared as a result of people being inclined to anthropomorphize,…

Works cited:

1. Berger, John (1980), 'Why Look at Animals?' In About Looking, London: Writers & Readers. (book)

2. De Waal, Frans. (2001). "The Ape and the Sushi Master: Cultural Reflections by a Primatologist." Basic Books. (book)

3. Marks, Johnatan. (2002). "What It Means to Be 98% Chimpanzee: Apes, People, and Their Genes." University of California Press. (book)

4. Mezo, Richard Eugene. (1993). "A study of B. Traven's fiction: the journey to Solipaz." Edwin Mellen Press. (book)

School I Wake Up to
Words: 1630 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39117995
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He says that the busy roads are clear, even though the roads near our house are still thick with snow. My mother says she will have to go to work tomorrow, and that school will probably be open -- if they call a half-day, father will stay home with me. It is getting dark, so I have one last request -- I want to take some snow inside -- "but won't it melt" says my mother. I want to put it in the freezer, so I have snow all year 'round. My father says that some people eat snow with sugar and maple syrup, but my mother says that is not sanitary, but I can keep the snow in a plastic bag, provided I do not eat it.

We sit down to dinner, a hearty dinner of potatoes and meatloaf, and for the first time meatloaf tastes good. For dessert…

Earth Did Not Part
Words: 3450 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 48843531
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Readers know that Maria is very religious, and that she prays often and cooks for the family. On page 7 readers learn that in her haste to keep the Catholic ritual of crossing herself, she mixes cooking and religion. "She breathed a prayer and crossed her forehead. The flour left white stains on her, the four points of the cross." Her life is not at all about her, but about the men in her family. And it seems she is a literary counterpoint to Ultima, who is spiritually as strong as Maria is faithful to Catholicism.

On page 50 it is clear that Tony will not depend on his mother's nurturing for a long period of time. "He will be all right,' Ultima said. 'The sons must leave the sides of their mothers,' she said almost sternly, and pulled my mother gently." And as the friendship between Tony and his…

Works Cited

Anaya, Rudolfo a. Bless Me, Ultima. Berkeley: Tonatiuh International Inc., 1972

Rivera, Tomas. And the Earth Did Not Part. Berkeley: Editorial Justa Publications, Inc.,

John Shelby Spong New Christianity
Words: 3631 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43418183
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As Spong has closed his career as a formal minister, retiring from the bishop position in 2000 have has become even more controversial than ever before:

Spong believes in a transcending reality at "the very heart of life" that presses toward life and wholeness. He describes God as the "Ground of Being" and "universal presence" that undergirds all life and is present in all that is. He regards heaven as a symbol standing for "the limitlessness of Being itself," describes Jesus as "a God presence" whose burning awareness of God made him a doorway to divine reality, and believes that the divine source of life calls human beings to live fully, love wastefully, and have the courage to be. Spong describes his project in classic liberal terms -- walking the "razor's edge between orthodox overbelief and losing the 'Christ experience'..."I do so not because I reject the church, but because…

Works Cited

The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments: Revised Standard Version. Rev. ed. Toronto: Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1952.

The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments: King James Version. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1984.

Bakker, Jay. & Brown, Marc. "What the hell happened to Christianity?"

December 18, 2006 at

Schizophrenia Description Etiology and Treatment About 1
Words: 1383 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60717185
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chizophrenia: Description, Etiology, And Treatment

About 1% to 2% of the U.. population may suffer from schizophrenic disorders (Weiten, 2007; Rosenzweig, Breedlove, & Leiman, 2002). Usually emerging during adolescence or early adulthood and only infrequently after age 45, victims of schizophrenia usually evidence a history of peculiar behavior and of cognitive and social deficits. The onset of schizophrenia itself may be gradual or sudden, and once it emerges results of treatment vary. ome patients - approximately 15%-20% - have complete recovery; these likely have had milder symptoms (Weiten, 2007). Others experience a partial recovery intermittently receiving hospital care for the remainder of their lives. Whilst the third group of schizophrenic patients endures chronic illness that occasionally results in permanent hospitalization.

First publicized by Emil Kraeplin in his book Daementia praecox and aparaphrenia (1919), Kraeplin entitled schizophrenia dementia praecox, since he considered it a disorder that originated in adolescence and was…


National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Schizophrenia Retrieved on 6/14/2010 from: 

Pinel, J.P. (2006). Biopsychology. USA: Pearson

Rosenzweig, M.R., Breedlove, S.M., & Leiman, A.L. (2002). Biological Psychology. Mas.: Sunderland Assoc. Inc.

Sheehan, S (1982). Is there no place on earth for me? Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Tme Capsule
Words: 979 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16770900
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Virtual Time Capsule of 2012

Letter of Introduction

Dear Citizens of 3012: Greetings from the Good People of 2012! Congratulations -- You Made It!

A thousand years is a long time in the scope of humanity and we hope this message finds someone to read it in the future. If you are reading this, you have discovered the virtual time capsule that was created in 2012 to help capture some of the more salient and poignant aspects of life today in ways that may help you better understand us and perhaps forgive us for the damage we wrought on the planet you inherited from us. This is not to say we were naive (many of us are smart and some of us are clever here in 2012), but we had other priorities and we always assumed you would be able to take care of anything we did, no matter how…


Wallman, S. (1992). Contemporary futures: Perspectives from social anthropology. New York:


Lincoln Problem Mayor Justice Jackson Lincoln High
Words: 3599 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26231613
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Lincoln Problem

Mayor Justice Jackson

Lincoln High School Board


Lincoln Problem

It would be safe to say that Lincoln Center City is basically a place that is an average-sized urban metropolitan located in the state of Fordham. This is a town where there are about 75,000 people that are living in Lincoln Center and this is a type of city that really prides itself on its diversity in cultures. However, this pride may not necessarily be continual. Is it possible that it is a little biased? In the cities defense, facts really do show that in this town a lot of people that are really attracted to Lincoln Center for the reason that of the City's thriving business atmosphere, and the population is therefore made up of numerous religions, cultures, and ethnicities. All of these do give it an advantage because it shows that it is a city that…

Works Cited

Jefferson's letter and Reply from the Danbury Baptists. (1807, October). President of the United States.

Lynch, Et Al V. Donnelly. (1985, March 5). U.S. Supreme Court.

County of Allegheny Et. v ACLU. (1989, July 3). United States Supreme Court.

Capital Square Review and Advisory Board V. Vincent J. Pinett & Donnie A. Carr & Kinghts of KU Klux Klan. (1995, June 29). United States Supreme Court.

Corresponding Works There Is a Lot of
Words: 2059 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 38047967
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Corresponding Works

There is a lot of similarity in the works of obert in his poem "The oad Not Taken" and the short story by Welty "A Worn Path." Frost composed the poem in 1916, whereas Welty wrote the short story in 1941. Both of these written works are for the readers to think outside the box and find the true meanings. These writings have a hidden meaning to them and it is up to the reader to think what message the authors are trying to put across. Both writers use stylistic devices to capture the attention of the readers and enable them to form a mental picture of the theme discussed in the writing. In these two writings, one main theme stands out from the rest. The writings point to us to that we might find ourselves in a solitary journey in life whereby we feel that we are…


Benfey, C. (2010). American audacity: Literary essays north and south. Ann Arbor: Univ Of Michigan Press.

Frost, R., & Shmoop University. (2010). The road not taken, by Robert Frost: A lively learning guide. Sunnyvale, Calif.: Shmoop University.

Frost, R., Untermeyer, L., & Frost, R. (1985). The road not taken: A selection of Robert Frost's poems. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

Isaacs N.D. (1963). Life for Phoenix. Web. Retrieved on 5 february 2013. Retrieved from:

Experience That Affected Me in a Positive Way
Words: 601 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87680496
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positive way: Learning to stand up for myself

When I was growing up, I was normally a pretty level-headed kid. However, around the time when I was six, I was befriended by an eight-year-old girl named Tammy. Tammy lived several doors down from my house and we'd often ride bikes together, throw basketballs around, or play Clue and Scrabble. Tammy always won, and because of her age, I looked up to her, and felt privileged that she was my friend.

At first, Tammy was very nice to me and treated me much as she did her younger siblings. However, some people, when they get any kind of power get a little bit drunk on the sensation, and Tammy was one of them. Soon, Tammy began to change the games we played. I 'had' to let her take extra turns when we played games because those were the 'rules.' I had…

Roberto Rosellini's Open City With Regard to
Words: 1493 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56402090
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oberto osellini's "Open City" with regard to the war in ome and "Paisa" for a view of different aspects of the war (religious tolerance, sex, inability to communicate and partisan activities, "Seven Beauties" (a grotesquely comic alternative view of the war) as well as Ignazio Silone, (Fontamara) for the prewar attitudes and Giorgio Bassani (The Garden of the Finzi Contini) for the life and attitudes of Jews and gentiles in Italy. Describe Italy in World War II and is aftermath through the late 1940's and how they impact through to the present day.

The history of any particular period can frequently best be described by the movies and works that were produced during that period. There is no exception made in the case of pre- and during the War Italy when certain movies and a novel that described the conditions captured the situation precisely. The description of this material and…


Bassani, G (1962) The Garden of the Finzi-ContiniFaber and Faber

Ignazio Silone Fontamara 

You Tube open City

History of the World in 6 Glasses Compare and Contrast 3 Drinks
Words: 2056 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16705836
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Histories of the orld in 6 Glasses (compare and Contrast 3 Drinks)

The History of the orld in Six Glasses by Tom Standage

'Tell me what you drink and I will tell you who you are'

The History of the orld in Six Glasses by Tom Standage chronicles human history through changing tastes in beverages, spanning from beer to wine to 'spirits' (hard liquor), coffee to tea, and ending with Coca-Cola. Although many books have explored human history through the lens of a singular foodstuff, few have used beverages. Yet, as Standage points out in his introduction, although a person can survive without food for a relatively long period of time, without liquids, he or she will perish in days. Beverages also have intoxicating properties which can change the way that civilizations unfold, either causing drunkenness or alertness. And it is perhaps for that reason that so many cultures and…

Works Cited

Standage, Tom. The History of the World in Six Glasses. New York: Walker & Co., 2005.

Tom Shulich Coltishhum a Comparative Study on
Words: 9196 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Chapter Paper #: 33144233
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Tom Shulich ("ColtishHum")

A comparative study on the theme of fascination with and repulsion from Otherness in Song of Kali by Dan Simmons and in the City of Joy by Dominique Lapierre


In this chapter, I examine similarities and differences between The City of Joy by Dominique Lapierre (1985) and Song of Kali by Dan Simmons (1985) with regard to the themes of the Western journalistic observer of the Oriental Other, and the fascination-repulsion that inspires the Occidental spatial imaginary of Calcutta. By comparing and contrasting these two popular novels, both describing white men's journey into the space of the Other, the chapter seeks to achieve a two-fold objective: (a) to provide insight into the authors with respect to alterity (otherness), and (b) to examine the discursive practices of these novels in terms of contrasting spatial metaphors of Calcutta as "The City of Dreadful Night" or "The City of…


Barbiani, E. (2005). Kalighat, the home of goddess Kali: The place where Calcutta is imagined twice: A visual investigation into the dark metropolis. Sociological Research Online, 10 (1). Retrieved from 

Barbiani, E. (2002). Kali e Calcutta: immagini della dea, immagini della metropoli. Urbino: University of Urbino.

Cameron, J. (1987). An Indian summer. New York, NY: Penguin Travel Library.

Douglas, M. (1966). Purity and danger: An analysis of concepts of pollution and taboo. New York, NY: Routledge & K. Paul.

Lullabies for Little Criminals as it Relates to Issues of Poverty
Words: 1896 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 46890263
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Lullabies for Little Criminals

The novel Lullabies for Little Criminals tells the story of a young child who is forever altered by her interactions with adults who do not behave according to the laws of the land. In the universe that author Heather O'Neill constructs, a young girl is placed in the position of ersatz adult thanks to the poor choices of the actual adults around her. At only twelve-years-old, the narrator Baby is forced into a premature maturation thanks to lack of supervision. Her own parents, both children themselves at the time of her birth are either dead or completely incapable of being any kind of functional parental figure. Rather than a story of an empathetic set of characters, O'Neill creates a reflection of a real issue in modern American, or in this case Canadian, society. Not only is Baby's story tragic, but it is a probable situation particularly…

Works Cited:

Barth, Richard (2006). "Placement Into Foster Care and the Interplay of Urbancity, Child

Behavior Problems, and Poverty." American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. [76:3] 358-366.

Dunlap, Eloise and Andrew Golub (2003). "Girls' Sexual Development in the Inner City: From

Compelled Childhood Sexual Contact to Sex-for-Things Exchanges." Journal of Child Sexual Abuse. [12:2] 73-96.

When I Was Puerto Rican
Words: 1851 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67664678
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Puerto Rican, by Esmeralda Santiago. Specifically, it will answer five questions about the book, based on the reading and sociological principles. Esmeralda Santiago's autobiography "hen I was Puerto Rican" is a compelling story about the culture, mores, and societal influences that all rained down on a young girl torn between two worlds. Negi, a young Esmeralda, searches for her identity in the book, and as she does she paints a graphic sociological picture of two cultures in two different places that eventually meld into one coherent and strong young woman.

hen I was Puerto Rican

Discuss how each theoretical perspective is reflected in this book. 1B. Discuss the theoretical perspective that you believe is predominant and support your answer. There are several theoretical perspectives in the book, including interactionism, feminism, post-structuralism and postmodernism, and rational choice theory. Interactionism plays a role in the novel in the relationships between the family,…

Works Cited

Augenbraum, Harold, and Fernandez, Margarite Olmos, eds. U.S. Latino Literature: A Critical Guide for Students and Teachers. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Santiago, Esmeralda. When I was Puerto Rican. New York: Vintage Books, 1994.

How Culture Is Transmitted From Generation to Generation
Words: 1368 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63920356
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Generation Transmission of Culture

There are a number of ways that a culture may be transmitted to the next generation such as influences from family and parents, religion, and community. This works intends to explore the generation transmission of cultural elements through the methodology of informational research.

One of my earliest memories is the sound of the drums coming down Main Street while the smells of popcorn and coffee drifted through the summer air. That was the 4th of July many years ago as I sat atop my father's shoulders watching the Independence Day parade. Forever, red, white and blue will be associated with drums, popcorn and festivity. This is one example of cultural transmission.

Family & Parents

Cultural Transmission Starts at an Early Age:

In view of the fact that many Americans through generation after generation will ever relate lemonade to summer and hot chocolate naturally is only consumed…


Understanding Racism" {nd} Racism No Way Web site [Online] available at 

Multiculturalism {nd} Webster's Online Dictionary [Online] available at: 

Human Society: Ecological Evolutionary Theory [Online] available at

Ah Ket, William {nd} "Reconciling Occident and Orient in Australia during the early years of Federation" [Online] available at

Traditional Advertising and Its Importance
Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50227195
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Integated Maketing Communication is the activity that entails design of effective messages to each a taget audience. The audience in such endeavo is the tageted individual that may also be a pat of a class o goup. The focus of the activity is to alte, fom, o constuct attitudes. It follows that the communication should make a lasting impact that evokes a long-tem o shot-tem esponse to the message deliveed.

Thee ae chiefly two ways of tansmitting such messages. The fist one is though pesonal meetings and inteaction. This is the diect and what is known as 'human-touch' method, whee assuance is guaanteed though gestues like a wam handshake, a pat on the back and confident, eassuing facial expessions and a positive body language. Such communications involves the sevices of sales epesentatives, custome sevice pesonnel o even epai depatment pesonnel who can pass on the elevant message adequately. In the…

references. Creative advertising assists the product in being one- of- a- kind. It is essential for general managers to contribute creative ideas, which may facilitate the firm in gaining an edge over competition.

Unit 8

Specify the changes in advertising regarding your chosen tradition as portrayed over the years (1920s until today) in advertising in terms of communicating with the customer.

For over ten years, a spurt has been seen in the field of consumer behavior, for studying advertising as a text, a social product, and rhetoric. One can also notice growing acknowledgement of the fact that advertising requires more focus than it is getting now. Bearing the above two aspects (shifts in perception) in mind, an attempt is made to further develop commercial visual expression theory using a carefully selected example. A close analysis is offered of one specific visual trope or rhetorical device, which is a standard in advertising, namely, white space. This white space or 'negative space' refers to the evidently open space that can be obtained between other objects or design elements within an ad's borders. It is normally used to communicate style, command, leadership, dependability, honesty, sophisticated taste, and modern nature, linked with the elite of society (Pracejus, Olsen, & Guinn, 2006).

In 1843, Sir Henry Cole was the very first individual to send a commercially-made Christmas card. Subsequently, images of Santa Claus and Christmas continued to evolve through the late 1800s and early 1900s. During that period, Christmas cards garnered immense popularity, and helped form the prevalent visual Christmas imagery holds its charm even today. Ads used parallel images, though in those days, advertising

Ethics of Marketing to Children
Words: 694 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 45928760
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Marketing to Children

I feel that there should be rules that companies have to follow with respect to marketing to children. Basically, I do not buy into the argument about critical analysis. The way that the brain develops, young children do not, physically, have the capacity for critical analysis. As children age, they will begin to develop the different levels of cognition that allow for critical thought, to the point where a teenager is fully capable of thinking critically (Kuhn, 1999). The problem, even then, is that children do not have much practice in critical thinking at that age. Advertisers use the most up-to-date knowledge of psychology and sociology to sell their products -- most adults can offer little resistance, let alone children. Thus, children are a vulnerable population, psychologically ill-equipped to critically analyze marketing communications. Thus, a young children cannot reasonably draw the line between fast food and obesity…


Watson, B. (2014) "The Tricky business of advertising to children." The Guardian Magazine. Retrieved November 29, 2014 from

Two Different Paths
Words: 686 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 95676748
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Elders, and especially elder females, feature infrequently as protagonists in literature. Phoenix in "A Worn Path" by Eurdora Welty and the grandmother in "A Good Man is Hard to Find" by Flannery O'Connor provide powerful examples of how elder women can exemplify core themes. Although they are from different backgrounds and have different life experiences, both elder women live in the south and share some common personality traits like stubornness.

Neither of the senior women in "A Worn Path" and "A Good Man is Hard to Find" allows their age to dictate what they can or cannot do, and in fact, seem younger than their years. In "A Worn Path," Phoenix Jackson is described as "very old and small." She walks with a cane and she has wrinkles, but her hair is "still black." She also notes, "I wasn't as old as I thought," after setting out on her little…

Panama and Haiti Interventions
Words: 978 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35213272
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The public opinion differences in support for the Haiti and Panama interventions were that the latter was viewed by the people (prompted by the media) simplistically, as a mission of good guys (the U.S.) fighting bad guys (Noriega); on Haiti, the public (again prompted by the mainstream media) was the reverse—intervention was unnecessary and was just a case of Clinton trying to get the spotlight off his own back. This paper will compare and contrast the way the government handled the two interventions and discuss the media’s role in the interventions and how a “rally ‘round the flag effect” occurred for the Panama intervention—but not for the Haiti intervention.
In the Panama intervention under Bush, the media depicted the soldiers as effectively bringing Christmas and Santa Claus to the Panamanians (Milburn Panama Video 1, n.d.). The propaganda campaign made it appear as though Noriega was a ruthless dictator who was…

Morphology Personal Name Truncations
Words: 7828 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10167536
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A large range of the academic literature centering on the sociological as well as the cultural and linguistic properties of nicknaming can be found. This literature mostly focuses on only sociological and/or cultural properties and/or the linguistic properties but mostly with varying working definitions of the term nickname. For example, some researchers (e.g., Slater and Feinman 1985) notice the structural and sociological commonalities among both the formal and the nicknames whereas, according to some (e.g., Alford 1988) only the descriptive forms are the nicknames. The definition of the term nickname used in this paper may overlap with some of the categories however; there should be no surprise at the commonalities found between the informal and the formal names. As Pulgram (1954, 11-14) has said; the nicknames are the antecedents of many formal names.

Social meaning of nicknaming

The social meaning and function a nickname basically depends on the society…


Aceto, M. 2002. Ethnic Personal Names and Multiple Identities in Anglo phone Caribbean Speech Communities in Latin America. Language in Society 31: 577 -- 608.

Alford, R.D. 1988. Naming and Identity: A Cross-cultural Study of Personal Naming Practices. New Haven, Conn.: HRAF Press.

Aronoff, M. And Fudeman, K. 2010. What is Morphology (Fundamentals of Linguistics). Wiley-Blackwell

Benua, L. 1995. Identity Effects in Morphological Truncation. In Papers in Opti mality Theor y, ed. Jill N. Beckman, Laura Walsh Dickey, and Suzanne Urbanczyk, 77 -- 136. Amherst: Graduate Student Linguistic Assoc., Univ. Of Massachusetts.

Nietzsche Defining Truth Perhaps One
Words: 373 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50369629
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But even many devout believers in America today state that we all worship the same God, and thus participate in the same 'truth' regardless of our affiliation. Even atheists validate the feeling of believers and state that although science is factually true, the human mind and faith has its own truth that can emotionally and psychologically move mountains. In other words, there are different kinds of truths -- truths that can be proven with a scientific experiment and emotional truths that are subjective in nature (like true love and true friendship).

Of course, some philosophers suggested that different types of truths have more solid truth claims than others, even in the past. But few people have radically questioned the ability to know the truth on every level as much as we do today. In fact, maybe the word 'truth' is not a good word for what we are seeking, when…

Nietzsche & Plato Response Do
Words: 465 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16513493
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But this sense of a death of nationalism, or one's personal belief is different than Nietzsche's statement because no ideology has kind of hold Christianity did upon the world when Nietzsche wrote in 19th century Europe.

Response 2

Do you think we reached a point where we no longer need God?

On one hand, it is possible to see humanity's ability to engage in scientific discovery as proof of the glory of rationality as opposed to following the 'herd' of faith. But science can also confirm that human beings are not very important in the grand scheme of things, unlike most religions which are concerned with human choice and fate. Darwin's discovery that humans are descendents of primates, Mendel's realization that a great deal of our behavior is determined by our genes, even the discovery that the universe does not revolve around the earth shows us that much of our…

Myths and Narratives My Great-Grandfather Was a
Words: 1130 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59455540
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Myths and Narratives

My great-grandfather was a school teacher in est Virginia. He taught in rural schools that were one-room school houses in what he called the "boondocks." He rode his horse between schools and parents of his students would put him up for the night. His storytelling, according to my father and grandfather, was so powerful that kids believed his myths even though he told them it was just a story. One of his stories (about how horses came into existence) has been told by other family members through the years. I will tell that story in this paper.

How Horses Came into Existence -- Summary

The story of how the horse came into existence involves a little boy, his dog, his family and a pail that holds water. Basically this story is about the family's need for water and the great distance family members had to travel to…

Works Cited

Mitchell, Helen J. (2004). Knowledge Sharing -- The Value of Story Telling. International Journal of Organizational Behavior, 9(5), 632-641.

Poetry Explication
Words: 1171 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 30519883
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Fern Hill (Dylan Thomas)

The "Poetry Explications" handout from UNC states that a poetry explication is a "relatively short analysis which describes the possible meanings and relationship of the words, images, and other small units that make up a poem."

The speaker in "Fern Hill" dramatically embraces memories from his childhood days at his uncle's farm, when the world was innocent; the second part brings out the speaker's loss of innocence and transition into manhood. This explication will identify and critique Thomas' tone, imagery (including metaphors) and expressive language (as it contributes to the power of the poem). ("Fern Hill" uses 6 verse paragraphs; there are 9 lines in each paragraph.)

"Now as I was young and easy under the apple boughs / About the lilting house and happy as the grass was green / the night above the dingle starry / time let me hail and climb / golden…

Works Cited

Bible Meanings. (2011). Lamb. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from

Cox, C.B. (1959). Dylan Thomas's 'Fern Hill.' The Critical Quarterly, 1(2), 134-138.

Thomas, Dylan. (2012). Fern Hill. Academy of American Poets. Retrieved December 9, 2012,

from .