Satire in Huck Finn
Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a novel of great acclaim, and great controversy. The work embodies ideologies of the day, utilizing satire to demonstrate the long and short of the institutions and ideas of the context, which Twain so colorfully creates and embellishes. Some argue that the satire is a poor guise for the demonstratively racist ideas that Twain does not counter in his statements about the world as he sees it.
Critics vilify Twain most often and most vehemently for his aggressive use of the pejorative term "nigger." Detractors, refusing to accept the good intentions of a text that places the insulting epithet so often in the mouths of characters, black and white, argue that no amount of intended irony or satire can erase the humiliation experienced by black children. Reading Huck Finn aloud adds deliberate insult to insensitive injury, complain some.…… [Read More]
Satire-moliere-Voltaire -- swift
Satire In Tartuffe, Candide And A Modest Proposal
Generally speaking, satire is a literary form or work which exploits human vices, such as greed, avarice and jealousy, in order to ridicule. Some of the literary devices used to accomplish satire include wit, irony and sarcasm which exposes or discredits human foibles. Satire is usually directed at individuals or institutions with political or social leanings and serves, at times, as pure entertainment for the reading public. It also is used to illuminate certain conditions or situations that exhibit unjust or discriminatory traits. Three writers stand out as exemplary proponents of satire-Francois de Voltaire (1694-1778), author of Candide, Jean Baptiste Moliere (1622-1673), author of Tartuffe, and Jonathan Swift (1667-1745), author of the satiric piece a Modest Proposal. Thus, the ideals expressed by these authors in the above works focus on the human condition as it relates to man and…… [Read More]
Satire on Terrorism and the TSA
Since the tragic event of September 11, 2011s, security has been a top priority in the United States and towards this end; all manners of measures have been taken to ensure the security of airlines passengers. Certainly, the fact that box cutters caused such a tragic event to have occurred must necessary validate the measures taken by TSA, security for the nation's airlines. There are those who complain about the violations of privacy perpetrated on today's airlines passengers. For example, in a recent article published in Natural News it is reported that the Electronic Privacy Foundation Center (EPIC) has filed a lawsuit against the TSA "over its use of naked body scanners." (Adams, 2010) The lawsuit was filed in the District of Columbia Court of Appeals and asks the court to stop the U.S. government's use of naked body scanners. This lawsuit was filed…… [Read More]
"I might have to start watching television. This is getting really boring." Many monks are frustrated. Chanting the Lotus Sutra, which once used to offer a strong point of concentration, has become extremely difficult. Some older monks and nuns say not to worry. They claim that Chan Buddhism is old enough to survive yet another crisis in its long legacy in Asia. "If Chan is not here, and Chan is not now, then Chan will eventually come back. Everyone knows that religion goes in twenty-year cycles!"
The Chan elders also say they gave up on Pure Land a long time ago. "Those Pure Land people should just give up," one octogenarian Chan monk living outside of Beijing said. "Did you see what their monks are wearing these days? Please! Someone get them on that show where they give you a total makeover." Another Chan monk said, "In Pure Land Buddhism,…… [Read More]
Homer's exaggerated comments on various issues bring them to the limelight and help America see the sad side of their obsessions, phobias and paranoia. In one episode, we see how Homer uses satire to show the funny side of parents' excessive interference in their children's lives.
Bart and Lisa are competing against each other in youth hockey competition. Both are key players on their respective teams. Marge tries to assure the two that they do not need to compete with each other and take it as nothing more than a game. "We love you both! You're not in competition with each other! epeat: You are not in competition with each other" (Groening 157) but Homer who is obviously unaware of what Marge was just advocating, barges in and shouts: "Hey! [Your coach] just called. This Friday Lisa's team is playing Bart's team. You're in direct competition. And don't go easy…… [Read More]
satire is. The American Heritage College Dictionary describes satire as a literary work that attacks human vice or folly through irony, derision, or wit. Using this definition, we will focus on the manner in which Candide and Bourgeois Gentihomme make use of satire and comedy.
The most well-known book by Voltaire is Candide, his amusing satire on philosophical optimism, which has also been made into a musical by Leonard Bernstein. On the other hand, it is not one of his most influential works although he was considered one of the most widely read of the Enlightenment spokesmen.
Voltaire valued clarity and wit and it is evident in all of his works. It is interesting to note that Voltaire was deeply pessimistic about the human nature. In Candide, he never dreamed of creating a perfect world but rather argued that the world could be better if ignorance and superstition were replaced…… [Read More]
SATIRE, USING multiple EXAMPLES short stories. Must MLA format
Alice alker's short story "Everyday Use" and Truman Capote's short story "A Christmas Memory" both relate to satire by emphasizing the importance that rather ordinary events have for some people. alker focuses on Mama's narrative in an attempt to present readers with a thorough account involving family members that are unable to understand each-other. Similarly, Capote deals with matters concerning family and discusses events that initially seem commonplace with the purpose of highlighting their importance. The two writers regard satire as a mean to improve a story, given that they both manage to captivate the attention of their readers through relating to the apparent monotonous character of particular events. Their use of the literary genre is meant to introduce humor in events that are bleak, subtly creating amusing situations in conditions that would otherwise be depressing.
The title of alker's story…… [Read More]
That's very well said and may all be true," said Candide "but let's cultivate our garden." (ch. 30, 829-840).
Emphasizing man's ability to distinguish between good and evil is perhaps the most significant way in which the optimists tried to justify the existence of the evil and suffering. After being cast out of heaven, Satan made the choice to continue his revenge rather than to quietly accept his punishment, which may have ultimately let him back into the kingdom of heaven. On the opposite end of the spectrum, God's son chose to help his father and humanity by agreeing to be mankind's portal to salvation. So the primary optimist message that Voltaire is satirizing is that if there were no evil to select over good, then man would not be able to distinguish between making the right and wrong choices in life. Voltaire finds this concept to be ridiculous…… [Read More]
satire about water pollution, following Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal" as a model. Water pollution is an important problem facing the world, but that does not mean that it cannot be viewed with humor. This argument will provide a preposterous solution to this serious issue.
It seems that everywhere one looks today; the topic of water pollution is in the news. Many people are quite tired of this constant sermonizing about water pollution and the dire circumstances the country faces if the waters continue to be polluted without end. Humbug. Water pollution is no more an issue than is crime or violence in society today, although there are many people who would have you think differently. Simply to amuse these ill-tempered beggars, this writer will entertain some of their arguments while discussing just what water pollution is, and why it is so "important."
In 1972, Congress passed the Federal Water…… [Read More]
Modest Proposal" by Jonathan Swift is satire? The combination of the bland mealy-mouthed title attached to a horrifying vision of mass-murder might at first seem inherently ironic. But this is no guarantee of satirical humor: after all, when the bureaucratic-sounding title attached to a monstrous plan is the "Final Solution," we have left the realm of ironic satire and entered the realm of actual atrocity. The notion that Swift's "proposal" -- which proposes that poor babies and children should be turned into meat, and sold for food, to solve the problems of poverty in Ireland -- is somehow too horrifying or excessive to be taken seriously is actually not enough to explain why this qualifies as satire. However, a close examination of the text of Swift's "Modest Proposal" shows the reason why it can be understood as an effective satire rather than an authentic blueprint for mass-murder. The reason why…… [Read More]
The 'Blessed One' had freed the Giver. He had achieved Eternal Peace. The blood that had so long marked the Land of Nothing was now a part of the world to share. The 'Unclean' had been made to pay the price of their power. The 'Unclean' no longer had the right to Lord over their peace. Their land was in turmoil and the price had been paid.
The Watchers moved. They finally began to come alive under the intense pain that was pushed towards them. The Devotees screamed deliverance as the passion of relief caught them and they finally saw the pain move away from them.
The Watchers could no longer ignore the pain. It was too close. It had too many memories. The Giver finally showed his face to the world as he accepted the acclaim he believed he deserved. Then shook the foundations of the past. The Land…… [Read More]
Popular radio blowhard Gale Farzen found himself in yet more hot water with regulators on Tuesday following his latest rant against Muslims on his Monday afternoon call-in show. On the show, the popular host fulminated against ISIS, but before long turned his attention to Muslims living in the United States. The rant reportedly degenerated into an incoherent string of expletives after one caller in particular urged him to calm down and think rationally about the issue. Farzen, the thrice-divorced promoter of family values, attributed his loss of composure, in which he called the caller "a ****" and said they should "lock the **** up and throw away the **** key," on a bad mixture of alcohol and prescription painkillers.
The expletives, whoever, did not go unnoticed by regulators, who are expected to fine the red-face, portly, anti-bike land crusader. Nancy Simpson, spokeswoman for the FCC, said in a statement…… [Read More]
Satire on Unemployment
Unemployment is currently one of the nation's most pressing problems with everyone from the president to the man on the street crying out about the issue. But almost everyone is concentrating on the issue of unemployment as a negative and how best to decrease the numbers of unemployed Americans. However, despite the stigma attached to being unemployed, unemployment can actually be the best time in a person's life. If a person can endure the shame and loss of dignity that accompanies it, the benefits to being unemployed are many and the costs are insignificant.
First comes the day when one becomes unemployed, it can be one of the most exciting days in a person's life, up there with getting married and having a child, because it is one of the days that a person's entire life changes. If lucky, a person may have half a…… [Read More]
Mark Twain's use of Social Commentary and Satire was received by African-Americans
How African-Americans received mark twain's use of social commentary and satire
Mark Twain (real name Samuel L. Clemens) is famous for his masterpiece Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which was the sequel to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. In this essay, I examine the reception of African-Americans to satire and social commentary within the work. This is, therefore, a question of race and racial issues with regard to the novel. It is noteworthy that Mark Twain wrote the novel some ten years after Civil War in America. Therefore, as much as it is a discussion of the themes in the novel, a good understanding of the author and the context goes along way enable clear arguments.
Mark Twain was in a slave state that was Missouri along the Mississippi river, and his father was a judge. He was, therefore,…… [Read More]
Film -- Chappelle's Show & Satire
How is Television Limited and Full of Potential to Express Satire & Social Commentary:
Chappelle's Show & Comedy Central
Television has always and will continue to be a space for satire and social commentary in America. America is the home of the original and most hard-core television culture. America is home to the most channels available of any other singular country in the world; it is likely that several to many countries combined do not have as many television channels as America. Furthermore, because of American cultural practices and social institutions, American households are far more likely to have multiple televisions within a residence. Americans are expressive and opinionated. We want our television to reflect who we are and who we aspire to be, so if television content does not follow suit, we will not consume it. Therefore, television is still a viable space…… [Read More]
Live Now Trollope did not write for posterity, according to writer Henry James. "He wrote for the day, the moment; but these are just the writers whom posterity is apt to put into its pocket." (Hall, 1993) "The Way We Live Now" was meant to be a satire of the literary world of London in the late 1800's and an indictment of the new power of speculative finance in English life. "I was instigated by what I conceived to be the commercial profligacy of the age," Trollope said.
Critics of Anthony Trollope's work have suggested that the author's tone grew darker as he grew older. This is particularly true in "The Way We Live Now," which was written by Trollope in the 1870's when Trollope was a mature man. The story is a sharp panoramic satire based on London's society.
Author Stephen Wall wrote that, in "The Way We Live…… [Read More]
Comedy is a vehicle for satire, and satire is a means by which to convey social commentary. In The Taming of the Shrew, Shakespeare uses the medium of comedy to transmit potent yet socially subversive ideas related to gender roles and norms. Cloaked in the ascription to patriarchy, The Taming of the Shrew instead describes the ridiculousness of gender inequity. Shakespeare's commitment to farce and satire are evident in the diction and characterization used throughout Taming of the Shrew. The play is constructed to evoke the gentlest nudge of discomfort in the audience, which in Shakespeare's time, would not have questioned with any sincerity the fundamental values of patriarchy and the social subjugation of women. Yet given the shrew was a trope that would have been recognizable to Elizabethan audiences, women and men had already grown uncomfortable with their proscribed roles. In order to evoke any laughter, the euphemism…… [Read More]
“Please God Let the Chicken Bucket be OK”: A Bucketful of Social Satire in Jennifer Knox’s “Chicken Bucket”
Romance and familial life, at first glance, do not appear to be of much importance in Jennifer Knox’s “Chicken Bucket”—but upon closer inspection, romance and family life are really what the poem is all about, albeit these themes are perceived through the eyes of a thoroughly debauched thirteen year old girl transitioning from childhood to adulthood in a cascading fit of booze, schedule 1 narcotics, underage sex, and fried fast food. One could be excused for calling Knox an ironic poet, because if romance and familial relations are the dominant themes of Chicken Bucket they are only so by way of their rather conspicuous absence—at least, a quick examination would lead one to think this. However, romance and familial life are really the heart and soul of Knox’s “Chicken Bucket”—they are just…… [Read More]
Political satire has long been a standard method of political and social commentary. Jonathan Swift's essay "A Modest Proposal" is a prime example of how satire is a powerful vehicle for raising awareness about critical social and political issues, but doing so in a relatively nonthreatening and accessible way. In the United States, political cartoons have long been the bastion of political satire. Howeve, r as allachy puts it, "American satire has changed a great deal since Benjamin Franklin's 'Join or Die' cartoon," (1). Technology is one reason why political satire in America has changed its approach. Both Jesse atters and Samantha Bee have traditional television shows on the one hand, but both also benefit from new media both to find fodder for their discussions but also to propagate their ideas. However, there are critical differences between these two political humor shows. The most glaring difference is that Bee offers…… [Read More]
Satire on Teenage Girls
They look so good, all in a row. Their jeans, lower than a plumber's pants, shimmer in the light because of all the glitter flung on their thighs. Tan lines from all of them are visible, so low are their extra low jeans. The sparkles on their pants match their eye shadow, which comes in a variety of colors: purple, silver, and the ever popular pink! The girls can choose whichever shade they prefer, to assert their individual personalities. As long as the shiny lip gloss matches, of course.
Their rear ends shake to the music blaring from the radio. They giggle in unison as they dance, arms flailing and bearing temporary tattoos. Two out of the four girls have belly button rings. The others have belly button rings and a tongue piercing. A melange of boy bands and Brittany blasts through the girls' bedroom. Whose…… [Read More]
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)
Satire and Irony in Dublin
LIFE OF JONATHAN SWIFT
Jonathan Swift is widely regarded as the greatest writer of satire in English literature. Yet it is crucial for understanding Swift's satire to know that he was not really English. Swift was born in Dublin in 1667, to a family that originally had emigrated from England -- for this reason, he is generally described as "Anglo-Irish." Swift did his university studies in Dublin at Trinity College, graduating in 1686. From here he became the personal secretary to a politician and writer, Sir William Temple, and moved to England. Political machinations, however, hampered Swift's advancement in a political career -- instead he would end up taking a position in the Protestant Church of Ireland, ultimately rising to the position of Dean at Saint Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin.
Swift's career encompassed both literature and politics. As a wit and satirist,…… [Read More]
Now he is to be punished fo his good deed: "...the said Quinbus Flestin, in open beach of the said law, unde colou of extinguishing the fie kindled in the apatment of his Majesty's most dea impeial consot, did maliciously, taitoously, and devilishly, by dischage of his uine, put out the said fie..." Aticle II stated "That, the said Quinbus Flestin having bought the impeial fleet of Blefuscu into the oyal pot and being aftewads commanded by his Impeial Majesty to seize all the othe ships...and educe that empie to a povince, to be govened by a vice-oy fom hence; and to destoy and put to death not only all the Big-Endian exiles, but likewise all the people of that empie, who would not immediately fosake the Big-Endian heesy: he... like a false taito against his most auspicious seene, Impeial Majesty, did petition to be excused...: In Aticle III he…… [Read More]
" The differences in these two lines seem to be only a matter of syntax but in actuality, it also differs in the meaning. The King James Bible version makes it seem like the Lord is making the individual do something, as if by force or obligation, while the Puritan version states that the Lord causes the individual to do something, as if out of their own will. This alone relays the message that faith itself is driving the action, not a perceived obligation.
Another distinction between the two translations can be found with the lines "Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: / and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever" (King James Bible) and "Goodness and mercy surely shall / all my days follow me. / and in the Lord's house I shall / dwell so long as days…… [Read More]
Instead, it uses mock heroic allusions and meter in the style of Pope's translation of Homeric epic to make the mores and morals of the aristocracy seem absurd. In detailing the efforts of Belinda preparing herself for a party, Pope makes her sound like she is preparing to do battle, with her attendants, little, godlike beings that are pale shadows of great Zeus and Athena:
"Do thou, Crispissa, tend her fav'rite Lock;
Ariel himself shall be the Guard of Shock.
hen Belinda plays a card game with the Baron who will eventually deprive her of her hair, the trivial game is portrayed like a conquest of Troy:
The Knave of Diamonds now tries his wily Arts,
And wins (oh shameful Chance!) the Queen of Hearts.
At this, the Blood the Virgin's Cheek forsook,
A livid Paleness spreads o'er all her Look;
Unlike Johnson's satire, instead of directly telling the reader…… [Read More]
Praise of Folly
Desiderius Erasmus' story "The Praise of Folly" is a pointed satirical work that serves many purposes that the art of literature uniquely presents. The purpose of this essay is to examine the written work to explore several themes. This argument will describe and explain the author's use of criticism and satire by highlighting certain passages of the text that best demonstrate these tools. This essay will also compare Erasmus' use of satire with its use by today's social critics. Finally this essay will remark about this work as it is presented in its parent text book.
The Praise of Folly is divided into three different parts or sections that help seperate the author's criticisms. The story is narrated by Folly herself as she presents herself in front of a crowd of wearing an outlandish costume. Folly proclaims her many admirable traits and begins to rant on her…… [Read More]
Satire: Grimes, Tom.
Medicated Memoir. New York: Ludlow Press, 2003.
The book A Medicated Memoir is indeed a book, not as its title is deceptively designed to suggest, a domain name upon the World Wide Web. However, the deceitful nature of the book's title is emblematic of the text's satirical style, penned by its author Tom Grimes. The web, some of its most ardent zealots might suggest, seems infinite in its nature as once the human will was in its epic quest for real truth. However, rather than ultimately being expanded by bandwidth, human beings instead find themselves only, ultimately, limited by its illusions of breadth and depth. The novel satirizes the false nature of the modern search for information and truth through medicine and technology, given a particular stress upon the falsity of education and drugs in the modern world.
The novel's hero Will is a college student on…… [Read More]
" For example, of the materialism and penchant for "conspicuous consumption" among Romans of the time, Juvenal observes:
in Rome we must toe the line of fashion, spending beyond our means, and often non-borrowed credit.
It's a universal failing: here we all live in pretentious poverty. To cut a long story short, there's a price-tag on everything in Rome. hat does it cost to greet Cossus, or extract one tight-lipped nod from Veiento the honors-broker? (180-5).
Criticizing the inflated costs of everything in Rome, Juvenal also states:
inflation swells the rent of your miserable flat, inflation hits the keep of your hungry slaves, your own humble dinner. (166-7)
Moreover, within the declining Roman society described by Juvenal's Third Satire, wealth is so revered for its own sake that, when, for instance, a rich man's house burns to the ground, his house and all his belongings will soon be replaced by…… [Read More]
Yet, that is arguably why the characters act as they do (Mcilliams 197). Mcilliams further notes that human incompetence is comedy (197). Since the characters are not real people but Twain's creations, students should feel free to laugh at the ignorance and misfortunes of Huck and Jim in the same way that they are free to laugh when someone deliberately falls down in an attempt at comedy.
Comedy may not be immediately obvious in Twain's portrayal of Pap Finn. Yet he is one of Twain's strongest examples of satire and irony. Carter argues that Pap Finn establishes himself as an example of all that is wrong with the Southern social system; in becoming that example, readers can look to him to see what needs to change in order for people to become better and society to improve (137). In younger classrooms, this may at first be difficult to grasp. However,…… [Read More]
Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift are two of the greatest satirists in literature because they capture elements of truth that force us to look at ourselves as a society. hile both authors reflect on political and economic conditions of the eighteenth century, their work is timeless because their topics ultimately return to humanity. Their achievements lie in the fact that they depict man in circumstances that are both thought provoking and amusing. Pope's "The Rape of the Lock" and "The Dunciad," along with Swift's "A Modest Proposal" and Gulliver's Travels demonstrate how satire takes its best form when its target is human nature.
The satirist is quite lucky in that he has many varieties of subjects when it comes to human nature M.H. Abrams observes that in most instances the satirist considers "prevalent evils and generally observable human types, not with particular individuals" (Abrams 2211). This is certainly true with…… [Read More]
Do you disagree with any of Pope's opinions or pronouncements in the Heroic Couplets or "An Essay on Man"?
Pope is critical of individuals who "cry, if man's unhappy, God's unjust," suggesting that the unhappiest people are people who blame God, rather than themselves for all of their troubles, or who curse God because their lives are imperfect. The need to accept life's imperfections while still working to enact positive changes within the limitations of humanity is a positive message still relevant for people today.
Based on what you have read of "The Rape of the Lock," what do you think the poem's theme or central message is? What or who are the objects of his satire? Does the epic, "The Rape of the Lock" apply in any way to society today? Identify two passages that could serve as satiric commentaries on people's behavior today. Your answer should discuss both…… [Read More]
The Lord will lead one to safety always. One can simply believe in something higher to get the meaning of this; it doesn't have to be Jesus. Psalm 127, contrarily is confusing because it states that unless the Lord builds the house, it is built in vain. This seems to be more literal, but I do get the idea. Unless the people building the house are doing it with the love of the Lord in their hearts, or building it for him, then what is the point?
Didactic poetry can be quite comforting as seen in Psalm 23 or it can be much too literal and seen as both confusing and condescending. Psalm 127 isn't very instructive spiritually speaking, unlike Psalm 23.
Updated Proverb: A broken toe can hurt, but a broken heart can kill.
Metaphors: Obscure or Illuminate? Didactic literature with its use of metaphors can sometimes obscure the…… [Read More]
Each author subsisted to two (2) different kinds of perspectives, which make up the second and third critical elements of the comparative analysis component of this paper.
Berger analyzed humor based on social and political perspectives. Usage of these perspectives was most useful in discussing the two typologies of humor he thoroughly discussed in the book: satire and folly. Satire as a type of humor drew upon important concept that makes up its core: "militant irony" (158-9). Folly, meanwhile, was best characterized through the concepts "absurd" and "reality in a looking glass" (176).
Satire gives humor a political aspect to it, as illustrated in the term "military irony," which Berger defined as "a term derived from war, it is an attitude of attack that is part of a campaign against someone or something." Interestingly, the author qualified that satire need not have the 'brutality' that comes with military irony; however,…… [Read More]
How does one describe the nature of comedy? Comedy is both simple and complicated. How comedy works is simple, but what is funny is complicated. Comedy describes the nature of the universe in universal terms. Every culture has a sense of humor. Every culture across the global and across time values humor. There are figures in literature and culture such as "the fool," and "the jester." These kinds of figures in literature and history and culture are valuable. The voice of comedy is often one that is able to cross social boundaries/construction, class, institutions, etc. The Shakespearean fool gets to speak the truth when often many other characters cannot. As Shakespeare wrote in "Hamlet," "Much truth is said in jest." Comedy as a psychological expression or function is also very interesting. The ways people use comedy say a lot about who they are and what they think. Comedic…… [Read More]
Your answer should be at least five sentences long.
The Legend of Arthur
Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 9 of 16
Journal Exercise 1.7A: Honor and Loyalty
1. Consider how Arthur's actions and personality agree with or challenge your definition of honor. Write a few sentences comparing your definition (from Journal 1.6A) with Arthur's actions and personality.
2. Write a brief paragraph explaining the importance or unimportance of loyalty in being honorable.
Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 10 of 16
Journal Exercise 1.7B: Combining Sentences
Complete the Practice Activity on page 202 of your text. After completing this activity, read over your Essay Assessment or another journal activity you've completed.
* Identify three passages that could be improved by combining two or more sentences with coordinating or subordinating conjunctions. Below the practice activity in your journal, write the original passages and the revised sentences you've created.
* Be sure to…… [Read More]
Tom Sawyer. There are four references used for this paper.
Mark Twain is one of America's most well-known and respected writers. It is interesting to define satire and how Twain uses it in the Sunday school scene in the book 'Tom Sawyer'.
In order to understand how Mark Twain uses satire in his stories, it is important to understand exactly what satire is. Satire is a "literary manner which blends a critical attitude with humor and wit to the end that human institutions or humanity may be improved. Satire is the literary art of diminishing or derogating a subject by making it ridiculous and evoking towards it attitudes of amusement, contempt, scorn, and indignation. The true satirist is conscious of the frailty of institutions of man's devising and attempts through laughter, not so much to tear them down, but to ridicule their folly and shortcomings to inspire a…… [Read More]
Pope and Swift: Satirists of Their Day
In Swift's Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift and Pope's An Epistle to Arbuthnot, the authors seem to vindicate their use of satire, while satirizing others. Alexander Pope, in his preface to An Epistle to Arbuthnot, identifies the motivation of the poem as a response to attacks on his "Person, Morals, and Family" and to give "truer information" of himself (Pope 1733). Pope warns readers that many would recognize allusions to them in it, "but I have, for the most part spar'd their Names, and they may escape being laugh'd at" (Pope 1733). In 1731, shortly before Pope wrote his Epistle, Pope's friend Jonathan Swift completed Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift and published it almost a decade later in 1739. After his friend Esther Johnson died, the theme of death "became a frequent feature in Swift's life" (Wikipedia, 2012). Swift…… [Read More]
They are the same age but Buck's family is wealthy and, for all intents and purposes, he should be refined but he is not.
Twain uses satire with the Grangerfords by making fun of Emmeline, who keeps a notebook full of notations like car wrecks, other kinds of bad luck, and suffering because she would later use those records to compose poetry.
The Grangeford's are also used for Twain to point out the hypocrisy of people. They are "church goers" and one of Mr. Grangerford's sermons is about brotherly love yet his family is feuding with another family for a reason no one can remember.
Examples of imagery in Chapter 19 include the days and nights swimming by, sliding along slowly. e read about the bullfrogs "a-cluttering" (323) and the cool breeze "fanning" (323) their faces. The intent on this scene is to bring the woods alive for the reader.…… [Read More]
The first comes with the name of the main character, Oedipa, a play on the famous Oedipus. Part of Oedipus's destiny is related to his capacity to solve several mysteries, which is also what Oedipa has to do. Some of the names the author uses are simple plays on the sound of the respective name. Such is the case with Pierce Inverarity, but also Genghis Cohen. Many of the names are a simple instrument of satire, such as Dr. Hilarius.
The novel ends in a similar postmodern knowledge tension. As Oedipa becomes more and more lonely, there are different clues pointing out that the entire plot may in fact have been a joke played on her by Pierce Inverarity. As she attends the auction, she is hopeful that by learning who the bidder is, she will find the main key in understanding what Tristero is. The hope that is build…… [Read More]
Earl of Rochester / Aphra Behn
Masks and Masculinities:
Gender and Performance in the Earl of Rochester's "Imperfect Enjoyment"
and Aphra Behn's "The Disappointment"
Literature of the English Restoration offers the example of a number of writers who wrote for a courtly audience: literary production, particularly in learned imitation of classical models, was part of the court culture of King Charles II. The fact of a shared model explains the remarkable similarities between "The Imperfect Enjoyment" by the Earl of Rochester and "The Disappointment" by Aphra Behn -- remarkable only because readers are surprised to read one poem about male sexual impotence from the late seventeenth century, let alone two examples of this genre by well-known courtly writers. In fact, Richard Quaintance presents ten more examples by lesser-known poets as he defines the literary sub-genre of the neo-Classical "imperfect enjoyment poem," written in imitation of Roman poems on the same…… [Read More]
..There is reason for concern, therefore, when aggressive acts are presented in a humorous context in the media" (622).
Although it is intended to refer to society and its misdemeanor, satire cannot be considered to be offensive, since there is a small probability that it will produce any resentment in people. A good example of the American society giving birth to something that is funny and enjoyable, despite its satirical character, is Charlie Chaplin. In times when movies were something new to the American public, the English actor succeeded in making it addicted to him and to his movies. His merit is also largely owed to the scriptwriters and to the movie directors that invested hard work in making the respective movies. Even with his obvious success among the American public, there still are a number of critics believing that the characters played by Charlie Chaplin had been too vulgar…… [Read More]
Oddly enough, Twain's simple, homespun character seems to believe what people say about his genius, eventually, as people treat him with awe. He uses his power to create industry and to mimic the life he knew in America. He says he: "was pretty well satisfied with what I had already accomplished. In various quiet nooks and corners I had the beginnings of all sorts of industries under way -- nuclei of future vast factories, the iron and steel missionaries of my future civilization" (Chapter 10). Twain satirizes both the medieval peoples' ignorance, but also the Yankee inability to conceive of a better or different world than American industrial, mechanized life.
The lessons of the satire are twofold -- first of all, the dangers of ignorance and the refusal to progress in knowledge and understanding, exemplified by the superstitions of Camelot. but, as so many of the traditions and beliefs of…… [Read More]
This is a fascinating commentary about how modernization and mechanization can impact individuals to taking on the attributes of the technology that they work with. This is definitely thought-provoking in this day and age, making one wonder how one is impacted by the speed and immediacy of the Internet and other forms of technology on this generation.
However, this is one of Vonnegut's more hopeful stories. "Though Vonnegut has a reputation as a black humorist, this is an unusual love story between the most timid of men and a lonely receptionist" (Smith, 274). hile one can interpret this story in a cynical fashion, one can also appreciate it for the positive attributes it has to offer. "Yet, as in other Vonnegut works, art can be redeeming and transformative. Harry, when he is playing a character in a play, becomes larger than life. Helene, speaking with the narrator and Doris Sawyer…… [Read More]
In the novel, Lewis seems to be satirizing the Rockefeller Institute - by using the fictional name of the McGurk Institute. "At night all halls are haunted. Even in the smirkingly new McGurk building there had been a bookkeeper who committed suicide" (Lewis, p. 320). In this passage he pans the institute by bringing it down to the level of "all halls" (any building anywhere) and then adds that the building is "smirkingly new" (suggesting a stuffy, cryptic, sneering building reflecting the phony people inside).
Moreover, Lewis is satirizing the commercialization of American medicine. And he satirizes scientists themselves. "It is strange that excellent bacteriologists and chemists should scramble eggs to waterily, should make such bitter coffee and be so casual about dirty spoons," Lewis writes on page 323.
His protagonist, Martin, is - for a time - something of a hero for his noble morality and idealism. hile Martin…… [Read More]
Roger and Me: Automobile Industry
Like All the President's Men, this work is a departure from fiction in film and in novels. Rather than portraying fictional characters in a contrived plot, "Roger and Me" takes us into the lives of actual men and women dealing with the all-too-real problems of the decline of the United States as a world industrial power.
The focus is on the automobile industry, in particular, on one of the early centers of that industry, Flint, Michigan. Major automakers like General Motors have for years been cutting back on production and employment. Now, many of the older plants that have been running at reduced capacity are being closed for good and their workers let go permanently.
Because Flint was heavily dependent on auto making, the effects on the local economy are disastrous. Flint seems to be in the process of turning into a postindustrial ghost town,…… [Read More]
His belief that literature is a magical blend of thought and emotion is at the very heart of his greatest works, in which the unreal is often made to seem real.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge effectively freed British (and other) poetry from its 18th century Neo-classical constraints, allowing the poetic (and receptive) imagination to roam free.
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. Kublai Khan. In The Portable Coleridge, I.A. Richards
Ed.). New York: Penguin, 1987. 157-158.
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner. In The Portable Coleridge, I.A. Richards
Ed.). New York: Penguin, 1987. 80-105.
Moore, Christopher. "Introduction." Samuel Taylor Coleridge. New York:
Grammercy, 1996. 10.
Nokes, David. Raillery and Rage: A Study of Eighteenth Century Satire. New York: St. Martin's, 1987. 99.
Pope, Alexander, The Rape of the Lock. Representative Poetry Online. Retrieved September 22, 2005, from: http://126.96.36.199/search?q=cache:0gO7fceq2_
Romanticism." ikipedia. 3 Apr. 2005. Retrieved September 22, 2005, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanticism.
Samuel Taylor…… [Read More]
Cried, You Didn't Listen: A Survivor's Expos of the California's Youth Authority. The paper should be 4 pages in length and should include a brief synopsis of the book. When writing your reaction to this book.
Please concentrate on the topics and questions below:
The impact of abuse on juvenile development.
How the family system affects juvenile development.
How peer relationships and gangs influence juveniles.
Would Dwight's life have been different had he been placed with a relative instead of in juvenile hall?(no separation between child welfare and juvenile justice at this time)
How could the California Youth Authority improve its work with juveniles?
What was your overall reaction to Dwight's story?
Long ago in the dying years of the 17th century, the authors of a satire on human society, called The Roaring Girl, criticized the jail system noting that it was a place that bred criminals rather than reformed…… [Read More]
John Dryden was one of the most important literary figures in the 17th century because he excelled in fiction, nonfiction, and poetry. Dryden was a master of many literary techniques, most particularly the extended metaphor. His poem "Absalom and Achitophel" is a political satire which deals with the then-current political situation in England in a most sly and intelligent way. The piece is an historical allegory wherein the author uses historical events to explore the deeper meaning behind more recent events that have shaped is own society. The rebellion of Absalom against King David is used to parallel the various plots to take over the throne of England through the Exclusion Crisis, the Popish Plot, and the Monmouth Rebellion. Dryden uses the relative safety of the allegory to make a scathing remark about the politics of his country and to subtly recommend ways in which the country could be strengthened…… [Read More]
Humor in Literature
American literature is unique in that the attitudes of the works tend to reflect the spirit of the nation and of her citizens. One of the trademarks of American literature is that authors display a tone that can be very serious, but that also can be interpreted as humorous. hereas texts from other cultures are usually more concerned with message and in presenting that message in a dry, even stoic manner, American literature is uniquely capable of mixing the honest and the humorous. Even in the most serious and earnest stories, the sensibility of American humor can be detected. Of course, there are different types of humor. Some stories are flat-out ridiculous and make the reader laugh. Other stories are more sarcastic in their approach to humor and the funny moments have to be analyzed to be better understood. Still other tales are anecdotal and function as…… [Read More]
" James a.S. McPeek
further blames Jonson for this corruption: "No one can read this dainty song to Celia without feeling that Jonson is indecorous in putting it in the mouth of such a thoroughgoing scoundrel as Volpone."
asserts that the usual view of Jonson's use of the Catullan poem is distorted by an insufficient understanding of Catullus' carmina, which comes from critics' willingness to adhere to a conventional -- yet incorrect and incomplete -- reading of the love poem. hen Jonson created his adaptation of carmina 5, there was only one other complete translation in English of a poem by Catullus. That translation is believed to have been Sir Philip Sidney's rendering of poem 70 in Certain Sonnets, however, it was not published until 1598.
This means that Jonson's knowledge of the poem must have come from the Latin text printed in C. Val. Catulli, Albii, Tibulli, Sex.…… [Read More]
Arguably, the raw data at ikiLeaks is far more powerful than anything that can be found in traditional media or satire news. The audience here must also acquire the tools necessary to properly digest the information, as an audience accustomed to uncritical digestion of mainstream media will be challenged by the raw information presented devoid of spin and context.
Feldman, L. (2007). The news about comedy. Journalism. Vol 8 (4) 406-427.
Ludlow, P. (2010). ikiLeaks and hacktivist culture. The Nation. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/7669895/771113000/name/ikileaks.pdf
McCue, D. (2009). hen news breaks, "the Daily Show" fixes it: Exposing social values through satire. University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl%3furl_ver=Z39.88-2004%26res_dat=xri:pqdiss%26rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation%26rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:1456354
Postman, N. & Power, S. (2008) How to watch TV news. Penguin Books.
Reilly, I. (2011). Satirical fake news and the politics of the fifth estate. University of Guelph. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl%3furl_ver=Z39.88-2004%26res_dat=xri:pqdiss%26rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation%26rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:NR71829… [Read More]
Everyone takes a stab, and is better for it in the end. The impact of the Simpsons on popular culture is therefore due to the diversity of opinions and issues explored on the show.
The Simpsons makes fun of diversity frequently, capitalizing on the comedy of stereotyping through the heterogeneous cast of characters. Strong characterizations provide one of the clearest mechanisms by which the show impacts popular culture. In short, everyone can relate to the Simpsons, even if on a superficial level. Even babies have their mirror in little Maggie, the only character who can shoot Mr. Burns and get away with it both morally and legally.
Finally, the sometimes-distasteful marketing campaigns that capitalize on the Simpsons characters have entrenched the show in popular culture. Butterfingers is one example of how Matt Groening has gradually sold his soul to the same capitalism he satires on the Simpsons. He cannot be…… [Read More]
As with any film, what is captured by the eye of the camera in this film is done with skill, expertise, and a high level of perfection in direction. The locations are captured by the camera in a way that supports and adds to the film's satire. For instance, in the gypsy camp, where Turkish and Tommy have gone to purchase a caravan to serve as an office for Turkish to work out for the fight he has to fix, the pair must walk around what appears to be large pile of excrement - and it doesn't appear to be animal in nature. Gross, yes, but it works with the conveyance of the stereotypical image that the director is attempting to convey.
Much the same holds true when Brick Top is giving Turkish and Tommy a tour of the pig pens. It is a harsh looking environment that successfully…… [Read More]
Here we have another example of how Swift uses his setting as a perfect weapon for his argument. Not all people are respected and soome are treated badly. These statements are morbid but they are true and that is why this essay succeeds.
Swift's satire has a greter impact because he opens his argument up for debate. Any argument is allowable as long as it is "equally innocent, cheap, easy, and effectual" (2180). Furthermore, he writes to anyone that believes they have a better solution to the problems to:
ask the parents of these mortals, whether they would not at this day think it a great happiness to have been sold for food at a year old, in the manner I prescribe, and thereby have avoided such a perpetual scene of misfortunes, as they have since gone through, by the oppression of landlords, the impossibility of paying rent without…… [Read More]
Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal" is quite an unusual work of literature, and one which certainly has a surprise ending. The only allusions to the wild solution that the author will offer to the very real problem plaguing the streets of Ireland -- that of the unfortunate beggar children and their mothers of Irish distinction -- is the fact that it is quite obvious that this essay is a satire. All satires create humor around human folly; that which is made laughable time and again throughout this narrative is the lack of concern on the part of the English for the plight of the Irish. It is due to this lack of concern that Swift quite facetiously, and more than a little bit sarcastically, advocates eating the misfortunate children, which is the surprise ending of this essay -- as well as the fact that the author, after advocating this stance,…… [Read More]
Chaucer's Canterbury Tales
There are a bevy of similarities that exist between the tales of the wife of bath and the prioress in Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales. The similarities largely pertain to the circumstances in which these individuals tell their tales. They are both women, and each are telling a tale to other pilgrims in which there presumably is both entertainment as well as ecclesiastical value in the subjects. However, a close analysis of these two particular stories reveals that despite the similarities between them, the differences between them are more pronounced. Although both tales emphasize various elements of satire, characterization, and tone, it is clear that the principle distinction between them is that the wife of bath's tale is ultimately secular while the tale of the prioress is ecclesiastical in nature.
An analysis of the characterization in both of these stories readily proves this thesis. One point of…… [Read More]
This provision is based on the rationale that general damages do not represent financial loss to the injured person. A number of changes have also been made to the law in respect to assessment of damages for past and future economic loss.
4. The maximum amount of damages for economic loss due to loss of earnings or the deprivation or impairment of earning capacity is fixed at a rate of three times the average weekly earnings in New South Wales for the most recent quarter occurring before the date of the award.
5. Future economic loss predictions, for the purpose of making an award, must be based on assumptions that accord with the claimant's most likely future circumstances but for the injury. If the court makes an award for future economic loss, it must adjust the amount determined by reference to the percentage possibility that, but for the injury, certain…… [Read More]
Symbol in Frost, Welty
Symbol of Journey in Frost and Welty
Welty's Journey is Transcendental/Social
Frost's Journey is Satirical/Inspirational
Both Frost and Welty Use Satire in a Gentle Way
Welty's Style Moves From Satire Towards Compassion
Frost's Style Moves From Satire Towards Self-Awareness
Welty eflects all of life in her Thematic Structure
Frost eflects a simple event, losing one's way
Form and Content
Allows for many interpretations
The content can be read in varying ways
Welty's short story
Allows a more intimate connection with characters
The story can be read as allegory, social commentary, or realism
Welty and Frost use the same symbol to reflect different facets of life
B. They initiate a journey for the reader, but the reader's destination is of his own choosing
An Analysis of the Symbol of the Journey in Welty's "Worn Path" and Frost's
"oad Not Taken"
Introduction…… [Read More]
And Sellers plays the repressed social engineer Strangelove, the timid Merkin Muffley, and the persevering Mandrake -- all with mechanical precision. Kubrick's unflinching camera acts as a character, too, slyly observing the exposition of humanity in all its grimly humorous glory.
This film belongs to a culture that has rejected the status quo -- the quaint picturesque comedies of the 1940s and 1950s; it belongs to a culture that is bordering on nihilism, anarchy, revolution -- anything that will help it to get away from the culture that has brought us the faceless, nameless idiots running the ar Room in Dr. Strangelove. The film offers no solutions -- it only asks us to present ourselves to world with fresh eyes, a pure soul able and willing to laugh at its human foibles and failings, and begin to meditate upon a new direction, a new solution perhaps to the problem of…… [Read More]
Reason in the faith and satire of Dryden and Swift
The neoclassical age in which both John Dryden and Jonathan Swift penned their most noteworthy prose is often also called 'The Age of Reason.' However, although this valorization of reason and rationality may be a fair characterization of much of the Age of human Enlightenment, Dryden and Swift do not deploy nor valorize reason in the same fashion. For Dryden, reason is the key to humanity's connection with the divine and political freedom. In Swift's social and religious satires, however, human confidence in its rationality is just as absurd as overconfidence in human religious political and social institutions to create just and fair societies.
Dryden's religious poem "Religio Laici" begins with a definition of reason as the most perfect mode of the ultimate human understanding of the divine. Dryden writes, "as the borrow'd beams of moon and stars./To lonely, weary,…… [Read More]
Rather than allowing the scene to solidify a stereotype, the author of this book proposes that readers should, assuming they are understand the true voice of the novel Huck Finn, allow the scene to alter the stereotype of Jim as a servant to the Caucasian man. Readers should, according to the author, instead see that Jim, as a free man, acts no differently not because he is bound to the Caucasian man, but because he is a noble character. This argument would greatly enhance the point of a paper whose main theme was that Hick Finn was more about freedom and dignity than about race relations.
Davis, Thadious, M., Leonard, James, S., and Tenney, Thomas, a. "Introduction: The Controversy over Huckleberry Finn." Satire or Evasion?: Black Perspectives on Huckleberry Finn. Durham, N.C: Duke University Press, 1992: 1-13.
This chapter discusses many important arguments both for and against the novel the…… [Read More]