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Combining cognitive behavior therapy with mindfulness is called mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. In one study mindfulness-based cognitive therapy was applied to depression patients that had shown a resistance to typical cognitive behavior therapy treatment. The patients were taught mindfulness-based cognitive therapy techniques to disengage the old destructive patterns of thought that held them in a depressed state. Using mindfulness-based cognitive therapy techniques, these patients improved from their previous depression levels and some returned to nearly normal mood levels (Kenny & Williams, 2007).
A study using normal, undergraduate students compared a focused breathing technique (similar to some meditation techniques) with unfocused attention and worrying. The students were divided into three sections. Each section saw a recorded 15 minute exercise on each technique. The students were then shown a series of slides, some were neutral and some were negative. The intensity of the student's reactions to each slide was recorded. The…
Not all applications of positive psychology have been wildly successful. Part of the problem is its newness. Positive psychology has not been tested with great rigor as of yet. Studies have tended to be small scale and of limited duration. Some study methodologies have not been constructed to high scientific standards. Another issue is a lack of consistent terminology and theory between studies which makes them very difficult to compare directly (Ospina et al., 2007). There is, however, enough evidence of actual improvement in the study patients condition that further and more scientifically sound studies are very worth investing in (Coelho, Canter, & Ernst, 2007).
One interesting investigation studied the effect of mindfulness on the therapist. Would the mindfulness benefits that have been seen to occur for patients also aid therapists in their work? One would expect that it should. Oddly enough, the result was a qualified no. For certain highly structured therapies, mindfulness was found to be a distraction. (Stanley et al., 2006).
The answer seems to lie in how people learn. When a new skill is learned, a person must focus on what they are doing. Think carefully through the process on step at a time. Once learned a task is delegated to procedural memory and the person ceases to think actively about it. Mindfulness forces a person to focus on the process again which can disrupt the smooth performance of the skill. A highly structured therapy is designed to be followed precisely. A mindful therapist is by
Within months after Winfrey took over, the show went from last place in the ratings to overtaking Donahue as the highest rated talk show in Chicago. It was renamed the Oprah Winfrey Show. And the rest is history.
Considering her past, childhood and experiences and positive outlook in life, she didn't let anything deter her from reaching her goal and becoming successful. In fact, she uses them to inspire and reach out to others.
Self-confidence is an attitude which allows individuals to have positive yet realistic views of themselves and their situations. Self-confident people trust their own abilities, have a general sense of control in their lives, and believe that, within reason, they will be able to do what they wish, plan, and expect.
Surprisingly, lack of self-confidence is not necessarily related to lack of ability. Instead it is often the result of focusing too much on the unrealistic…
Self-Confidence. Retrieved April 27, 2007 from http://www.couns.uiuc.edu/New_Site/defaultwinter.html
Dr. C. George Boeree. (2006). B.F. Skinner, Personality Theories. Retrieved May 5, 2007 from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/skinner.html
Oprah Winfrey. (2007). Retrieved May 5, 2007 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oprah_Winfrey
Alfred Adler, Core of Personality. Retrieved April 26, 2007 from http://psych.eiu.edu/spencer/Adler.html
A person with high self-esteem is a (6) risk-taker (DuBrin 2004: 86-87). Nothing is more risky yet more fulfilling than learning something new.
Explain how they can help you strengthen your self-confidence
Self-acceptance of who I am right now gives me knowledge of where I want to go in the future. Self-esteem means being confident that my learning and personal investments will pay off, that I am truly 'worth it' in terms of the ventures I attempt. In all of the above-cited examples, education seems like the key to building self-esteem. Education shows a sense of personal confidence in one's ability to advance (and is reinforced by positive self-talk and building upon one's core skills).
Analyze how self-confidence can affect job performance and how inter-office relationships are affected by differing levels of self-confidence.
Everyone has been in an office setting where a 'bullying' boss has dominated his or her employees.…
Burton, James P. & Jenny Hoobler. (2006). Subordinate self-esteem and abusive supervision.
Journal of Managerial Issues. Retrieved July 19, 2011 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb6703/is_3_18/ai_n29301186/
Denton, L. Trey & Constance Campbell. (2010). Dementors in our midst: Managing the highly productive but morale-killing employee. Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship. Retrieved July 19, 2011 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa5383/is_200901/ai_n31513452/
DuBrin, A. (2004). Applying psychology: Individual and organizational effectiveness. Pearson.
1. The term “depth psychology” is appropriate for referring to psychoanalysis, but not for all types of psychotherapy. Any psychotherapy that involves in-depth self-assessments through the exploration of unconscious or subconscious urges, dreams, or childhood memories can be considered depth psychology. As the term suggests, depth psychology presumes that psychological issues have deep roots, requiring a process of systematic digging. Self-awareness is only possible through an understanding of all psychic content that has been and still is being repressed or suppressed (Axelrod, 2012). Depth psychology is therefore important for persons who experienced childhood traumas, or people seeking to understand the causes of their lingering anxiety or depression. Other therapeutic models like cognitive-behavioral therapy or positive psychology do not focus on the subconscious or unconscious but mainly on manifest behaviors.
According to Firestone (2009), depth psychology has its detractors because of the long periods of time required to complete the therapeutic…
If she indicates an interest in promotion and leadership, I will connect her existing behavior and its effects to her relatively slim chances of ever attaining such dreams.
Another problem is that ue is relatively new in the company and feels that she has to make an impression as a highly ambitious person. I will talk to ue about this and ask her about her definitions of ambition, and whether this should necessarily include aggression. I will impress upon her the necessity of honesty and teamwork. When she leaves my office, ue needs to be aware that her behavior is to change if she hopes to excel in a leadership position. I would therefore attempt to persuade sue by using her own beliefs and dreams.
In the case of Alice, I would also call her to my office and ask her whether she is aware of the opinions surrounding her…
Capadanno, Stephanie, Zapanta, Liezel & Buccoli, Molly. Prompting Plus Choice of Target Behavior Increase Compliance with Behavioral Self-Monitoring. Organizational Behavior Network. http://www.obmnetwork.com/resources/articles/main/Capadanno_PromptPlusChoice/
ChangingMinds.org (2007). Self-Monitoring Behavior. http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/self-monitoring.htm
Holtzhausen, Derina. (2001, Jan 1). The Effects of Workplace Democracy on Employee Communication Behavior: Implications for Competitive Advantage. http://www.allbusiness.com/human-resources/workforce-management/817419-1.html
Mehra, Ajay, Kilduff, Martin & Brass, Daniel J. (2001, March). The Social Networks of High and Low Self-monitors: Implications for Workplace Performance. Administrative Science Quarterly. Database: FindArticles.com:
They offer the same flexibility and costs saving available to people at larger organizations. According an article published by Physicians Care,
"hen we set up a self-funded plan for a smaller employer, we help them select the appropriate level of stop-loss or excess-loss insurance, which provides reimbursement for large catastrophic claims. Stop-loss insurance allows smaller employers to consider this very economical approach to providing employee health benefits because it protects them from large claims ("Is Self-Funding or Fully Insured Right for Your Company?")."
Although self-funding can offer many organizations with the chance to reduce costs there are instances when this option is simply not appropriate. The inappropriateness of the option has a great deal to do with the demographics of the employees. If a company has a significant number of older workers or workers with chronic illnesses, such a plan would not be advantageous. The main reason for the lack…
Advantages of Self-Funding. Retrieved September 30, 2009 from; http://www.physicianscare.com/content/public/default.aspx?id=327
Gammon, R.B. (2009) Self-funded health care could lower costs. The Business Journal of Milwaukee - by Retrieved September 30, 2009 from; http://milwaukee.bizjournals.com/milwaukee/stories/2006/02/27/focus4.html
Self-funded health insurance: It's about risk, vulnerability, cost savings
Schreck, Tom the Business Review (Albany) - by for the Business Review Retrieved September 30, 2009 from; http://albany.bizjournals.com/albany/stories/2005/12/05/focus4.html
' A cognitive behavioral therapist might ask, what will harming yourself do to improve your grades on the test? Cognitive therapies in general have been shown to be more effective than traditional supportive talk therapies when treating anxiety conditions because they offer concrete steps for self-improvement on a continuing basis (Reeves 2003, p1.). Patients are also asked to identify things they would like to do in which current behavior patterns prevent them from engaging, such as wearing short-sleeved shirts.
Cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapy shows a higher success rate in anxiety disorders and OCD than traditional psychotherapy, likely because of its behavioral component. The fact that many DSH patients are diagnosed with BPD may complicate treatment, but BPT responds well in some instances to these therapies, too. BPT patients manifest disordered patterns of relationships, thinking, behavior, and coping mechanisms that contribute to unstable life patterns as well as contribute to the…
Bland, Ann R., Georgina Tudor & Deborah McNeil Whitehouse (2007, October). Nursing care of inpatients with Borderline Personality Disorder.
Perspectives in Psychiatric Care.
Retrieved from FindArticles.com on February 16, 2009 http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3804/is_200710/ai_n21099913?tag=content;col1
Mangnall, Jacqueline & Eleanor Yurkovich. (2008). A literature review of deliberate self-harm.
As a top manager, the person possesses three distinct categories of self-efficacy beliefs (Yun, 2007). These are his individual participant's abilities, his team's capabilities, and the organization's capabilities. Team capabilities are not simply the sum of the abilities of the individual members. And organizational capabilities are different from team capabilities. These being distinct from one another, the top manager can build his efficacy beliefs on himself, the team and the organization. Organizational efficacy can then proceed from the top manager's belief in the organization's capabilities to create competitive advantage as well as attain high performance (Yun).
Self-Efficacy in the Work Environment
According to Newstrom and Davis, self-efficacy is the conviction that one can successfully perform a given task and make meaningful contributions (Edralin, 2004). Causes of powerlessness and low self-efficacy in the workplace are job-related, boss-related, and reward system-related. Unclear roles and expectations, lack of opportunity to…
Bandura, a. (1994). Self-efficacy. Vol 4: 71-81 Encyclopedia of Human Behavior:
Academic Press. Retrieved on March 24, 2010 from http://www.des.edu/mfp/BanEncy.html
Beckman, R.H., et al. (2007). Effect of workplace laughter groups on personal efficacy beliefs. 28: 167-182 The Journal of Primary Prevention: Springer Science- Business
Media. Retrieved on March 23, 2010 from http://www.laughterlinks.com/research/AuthorsFullText.pdf
He does his share of complaining but he does little else to remedy the situation. The truth of the matter is that Gregor did not enjoy much of his life away from work. He never expresses a desire to have more in his life nor does he express any regret, until he is a bug. In "A Hunger Artist," our hunger artist chooses to live a considerable amount of his life behind bars being a public spectacle. hile he can communicate with onlookers, he is separated from them by the bars and the setting in which he finds himself only forces him to interact with individuals for a short amount of time. Once they have become satisfied with his spectacle, they move on and leave the artist to his own thoughts. Our hunger artist is aware of the world that exists around him but it does not seem to affect…
Freed, Donna. The Metamorphosis and Other Stories. New York: Barnes and Nobel Books. 1996.
Goldfarb, Sheldon. "The Metamorphosis." Short Stories for Students. 2001. Gale Resource Database. 1963. Site Accessed November 22, 2008. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com
Kafka, Franz. "A Hunger Artist." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction R.V. Cassill, ed. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1981. pp. 779-86.
Kafka, Franz. "The Metamorphosis." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction R.V. Cassill, ed. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1981. pp. 740-78.
Self-Organizational Model of Leadership in Practice -- 'It's a Good Thing'
Selfishness within organizations is much derided, given the common emphasis on community in business life. 'Teamwork' is buzzword of management gurus and corporate retreat organizers alike, and who would say he or she is not a team player, even if he or she is desiring promotion to a leadership position? However, self-organization theory "suggests that the evolution of the universe adheres to self-organizational principles," in other words, because even basic biological molecules may attempt to create both more of themselves (as leaders) and through doing so create more complex molecules (such as corporate empires), therefore individuals who attempt to create 'more' or to make more of themselves as human beings could theoretically empower other individuals.
Perhaps the quintessential example of self-organization as a mode of leadership can be found in both positive and negative forms, in two women whom…
Kauffman, S. (1995). At home in the universe: The search for laws of self-organization and complexity. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrievable on the web at http://www.goertzel.org/dynapsyc/1999/AutopoiesisPaper.htm
Exercise promotes higher self-esteem in individuals of all ages and/or physical capabilities as long as the individual enjoys the particular exercise program or feels there are definite and measurable benefit to participating in the program.
Professional athletes are some of the most self assured individuals in our society. There have been many studies that have shown that these individuals are highly paid yet the majority of them would continue to work at their sport for free. One of the main reasons for these phenomena is that these specialists really enjoy what they do and they feel they get an obvious reward for doing what they do. They literally get paid for exercising.
Exercise provides many benefits. These athletes receive a unique benefit that many laymen simply are unaware that it comes with the turf so to speak. Professional athletes get the benefit of added self-esteem. "Speculation regarding the interactions…
Boyd, Michael and Yin, Zenong. "Cognitive-Affective And Behavioral Correlates Of Self-Schemata In Sport" Journal of Sport Behavior (1999).
Douthitt, Vicki L. "Psychological Determinants Of Adolescent Exercise Adherence" Adolescence 22 Sept. 1994.
Gavin, Jim, and Avi Mark Spitzer. "The psychology of exercise: studying recent trends in exercise psychology research gives clues on how to promote participation." IDEA Health & Fitness Source 01 Nov. 2002.
Guthrie, Sharon R. "Defending the Self-Martial Arts and Women's Self-Esteem [Part 1 of 3]" Women in Sport & Physical Activity Journal (1997).
speech version Bank Workspace
Greetings, Thanks! I'm NAME, I used to be in banking, until the S&L crisis.
in fact my first job was as a teller; I moved up the normal channels, our branch became so successful I was promoted into regional management. We did so well our bank was taken over, and I was downsized, along with all the rest of middle management, and so I started this consulting firm.
So now I just use banks. Why? Well I have to, to some degree, but because I want to make money, and that's what banks do.
Why do you go to work every day? Well, to make money! Why does the bank open its doors every day? To make money. Anyone here want to make more money? Who wants to make more? I'm here to tell you today how you can do that, and also…
Dr. Gloria Galanes tells us how "[d]ialectical theory describes all human relationships as grounded in contradictions" (Galanes, 2009, p. 409), because have opposing drives and want to satisfy both at once. She points to simultaneous desires for autonomy and connectedness; stability and adaptation; task-oriented vs. socio-emotional orientation; and a list of examples which you could probably add to yourselves. These drives create ambiguous demands between individuals in probably every conceivable relationship, many of which have been studied explicitly. Dialectical theory is particularly useful for explaining small group relationships, which become "inherently paradoxical" because "members encounter a variety of feelings and actions they experience as contradictory but that exist simultaneously within the group (Smith & Berg, 1987b, qtd. In Galanes 2009).
I see some of you nodding: I expected that, because all individuals (to our knowledge so far) share these conflicting desires in many ways to different degrees. How can this play out in the bank? Time passes faster when there are more customers at the till but some of them are grouchy so you both want and don't it to get busy at the same time. You are a social person but sometimes others become more personal or intimate too quickly so you remain aloof, which they take as something completely different. The result is lonely people who both do and don't want someone to talk to. I know these things happen because they happen to all of us, including me.
What happens next is that we internalize these dialectical ambiguities and their tensions into 'self-talk.' It is apparently very rare to find people who don't constantly have a conversation with themselves -- not out loud, although we find those too! [laughing; 'there's one in every crowd' etc.] Most people discuss the world they observe with themselves in an ongoing conversation that is never verbalized, which Dr. Patrick Jenner argues convincingly is how we explain the reality we find outside ourselves, to ourselves (2009, 37). What happens as we encounter change in the world around us is we continually renegotiate the definitions underlying our prior assessment of relationships, individuals, situations and objects to cope with new information. When this
self-service technology (SST) and its effect on customer service. The essay reviews six articles, the results of their SST research, and talks about what the findings mean for companies and their relationships with consumers.
Self-service technology, which allows consumers to produce services for themselves without help from a company's employees, is becoming more and more important to companies. Beatson, Lee & Coote (2007) studied how consumers feel about SST. Their research tried to explain how SST affects consumer satisfaction and consumer commitment.
One of the challenges for companies considering SST is to understand its affect on customer retention. Companies cannot survive without repeat business, so they need to be sure that SST does not affect the loyalty of their customers. They need to be sure that the advantages of SST outweigh the disadvantages (Beatson et al., 2007).
The possible advantages of using SST include faster service, reduced labor costs, increased…
Dabholkar, P.A., & Bagozzi, R.P. (2002). An attitudinal model of technology-based self-service: Moderating effects of consumer traits and situational factors. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, (30)3, 184-201.
Dabholkar, P.A., Bobbitt, L.M., & Lee, E.J. (2003). Understanding consumer motivation and behavior related to self-scanning in retailing. International Journal of Service Industry Management, (14)1, 59-95.
Meuter, M.L., Bitner, M.J., Ostrom, A.L., & Brown, S.W. (2005). Choosing among alternative service delivery modes: An investigation of customer trial of self-service technologies. Journal of Marketing, 69(2), 61-83.
self-defeating behavior patterns I have is procrastinating. I know that many students suffer from this behavior pattern and struggle with it, but in my case, I consider it a serious problem that has influenced my academic work. Because of procrastinating, I sometimes have to work fast (and thus imperfectly) at the last minute and work under stress. I may even not be able to finish my work in time because of not starting to do it earlier.
For example, recently I needed to write an analytical essay for my English class. I had the whole weekend to do it. Although I did some important things during those days, I kept postponing the writing process until late Sunday. The paper was due the next day. It was a short paper, but since it was an analytical one, I had to stay late at night to finish it in time. I did…
Do I choose things that are primarily in my best interest or do I choose based in what is best for society and then trust that the end result will be in my best interest?
There are so many choices in life and I do at times become nervous about making the right choices, however, I think with the right education and spiritual guidance I will find the path that allows me to be my best self while at the same time making the world a better place for others as well as me.
Like osa Parks, and countless others who daily make choices that produce change, it is those who will dare to dream of a better life, those who will risk failure, those who will make the right choices who will change themselves, their families, their businesses and organizations and yes, even their world! The ability to choose…
Here is something very refreshing indeed:
March 3, 2000 Bush Is Catching the Spiritual Wave by Larry Kudlow
e., physically), socially, and morally. In cognitive development, the individual learns how to think for himself/herself, and create decisions, judgments, and thoughts that are uniquely his/hers. Social development, meanwhile, is reinforced through one's recognition of gender identity. Through gender identity, the individual is able to determine and reinforce the role and status that society has given him or her as a man or woman. In effect, the individual becomes part of the society's institutions and structure because of the reinforcement of one's gender identity. Lastly, moral development takes place when the individual, based on his own cognitive and social experiences, is able to formulate his/her "personal philosophy," value judgment that s/he uses to create his/her beliefs, opinions, and feelings about life in general.
Santrock, J. (2001). Psychology. NY: McGraw-Hill ook Co.
Santrock, J. (2001). Psychology. NY: McGraw-Hill Book Co.
An empty self wishes for nothing more than to e guided and taken care of, easy prey for an abuse therapist, or even one who is not intentionally abusive but is not trained to recognize and understand the underlying issues. Wide and varied research supports Cushman's theory on this point, proving that decontextualization of the individual, the devaluation of the patience, a belief in the universality of a therapeutic technology and the encouragement of idealization can all lead to therapeutic abuse (608). Cushman compares patients who are exploited by life-style therapy to people who are victimized by cults. Their empty selves make them susceptible to feeling "transformed" because they cannot see themselves within a larger communal matrix. Cushman argues that a main component of preventing this kind of abuse is part of what he is after in writing this article -- straightforward talk about life-style solutions and their possible dangers.…
Cushman, P. (1990). "Why the Self is Empty: Toward a historically Situated Psychology." American Psychologist. Vol. 45 (5), 599-611. doi: 003-066X/90
Deliberate self-harm (DSH) or self-injurious behavior (SI) involves intentional self-poisoning or injury, irrespective of the apparent purpose of the act. (Vela, Harris and Wright, 1983) Self-mutilation is also used interchangeably with self-mutilation, though self-mutilation is one aspect of DSH. Approximately 1% of the United States population uses physical self-injury as a way of dealing with overwhelming feelings or situations, often using it to speak when no words will come. There are different ways in which DSH is manifested: cutting, burning, and abusing drugs, alcohol or other substances. This occurs at times of extreme anger, distress and low self-esteem, in order to either create a physical manifestation of the negative feelings which can then be dealt with, or alternatively to punish yourself. Extremely emotional distress can also cause DSH -- this is sometimes linked with hearing voices, particularly as a way of stopping the voices.
DSH is also often called parasuicide,…
Vela, J., Harris, J., and Wright, J.K. "Self-Mutilation." Journal of Trauma 23 (1983): 165-67.
Favazza, A.R. "What Do We Know About Affective Disorders?" Am J. Psychiatry 143.10 (1986): 1328.
Why Patients Mutilate Themselves." Hospital Community Psychiatry 40 (1989): 137-45.
Pies, R.W., and Popli, A.P. "Self-Injurious Behavior: Pathophysiology and Implications for Treatment." J. Clin Psychiatry 56.12 (1995): 580-8.
This is another weaker area I aim to work harder on - always trying to picture myself out carrying his or her burden or sharing his or her joy. This will make me more appreciative of people I hold dear and less judgmental or condemnatory to those I do not have much liking for.
But how do we really get to know a person? I believe it is only through open lines of communication that relationships grow and nourish.
So from now on, I aim to breed the habit of telling people how I feel, as our actions are bound to be misinterpreted and what we are trying to portray could be very contradictory to their observations. Likewise, opening yourself up to people around you makes them comfortable to show their inner selves to you, too. This could also be achieved through listening, another skill I would like to master.…
Gray, John. (2000). Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus. Harper Collins.
Wood, Julia T. Communication in our lives.
Wood, Julia. (1997). Communication Theories in Action. California: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
Racism and Society -- Literature Response
Race and Identity as Functions of Societal Labeling and Expectations
Two pieces of 20th century literature exemplify the alienation felt by African-Americans in the United States. One of those works, authored by Zora Neal Hurston in 1928, is the essay How It Feels to Be Colored Me, which vividly illustrates the degree to which the identity of a black person in the pre-Civil Rights era was defined by white society. More importantly, Hurston's work also illustrates how much of a conflict and perpetual struggle African-Americans experienced internally if they tried to maintain their own self-identity. hereas many blacks of that era bought into the expectations foisted on them by white society, others resisted this artificial identity that was imposed on them. Hurston clearly was shaped by this dynamic and bitterly resisted the self-identity that she was expected to have accepted and reflected to get…
Ehrenreich, B. (2009). Nickel and Dimed: on (Not) Getting by in America. New York,
NY: Henry Holt and Company, LLC.
Hurston, Z.N. (1928). How It Feels to Be Colored Me.
Staples, B. (1986). Just Walk on By.
The guide Best Practices for Tobacco Control Programs has among the best practices there is opportunity to glean what effective leadership looks like from an outcome perspective. For example, on page 64, the following tasks are identified as success factors:
• Strategic planning
• ecruiting and developing talent
• Coordinating program implementation
• Developing a fiscal management system
• Coordinating across programs
• Educating public
These are all important functions, illustrating that leadership needs to do the following. Leadership needs to work with people in different organizations, needs to have vision for planning and human development purposes, have a high level of managerial functionality and should be able to bridge communication gaps to achieve outcomes.
Furthermore, a good leader should be able to build other leaders. Page 66 of the guide talks about the importance of multi-level leadership, which fostered buy-in and leadership from a variety of different, related…
Brungardt, C. (1997) The making of leaders: A review of the research in leadership development and education. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies. 3 (3)
King, B., Pechacek, T. & Mariolis, P. (2014) Best practices for tobacco control programs. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved May 28, 2017 from https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/stateandcommunity/best_practices/pdfs/2014/comprehensive.pdf
Zerfass, A. & Huck, S. (2007). Innovation, communication and leadership: New developments in strategic communication. International Journal of Strategic Communication Vol. 1 (2) 107-122.
This is all he cares to know about Sonny because knowing anymore might be painful for him. It is also worth noting that the protagonist in this tale has gone on to become successful and live a somewhat respectable life, unlike his brother. The protagonist does everything he can to escape the street life that held no future, no promise. He fled the pain and darkness of those streets and Sonny was just a painful reminder of his past. Donald Murray writes that there is "no escape from the darkness for Sonny and his family" (Murray 354) and the only way to cope is by finding another way to survive with the darkness.
Sonny's brother could not have chosen a more different path in life to take. He is a teacher and feels a certain amount of superiority over Sonny. Sonny was not in the least bit inclined to become…
hat you do in life, good, bad, otherwise, comes back to haunt you. And the suicide of Robert X is an embodiment of that lesson.
In reading about this book, in preparation for this essay, I came across a conversation the author had with John Lowe concerning the tight narrative quality of the book, and I think in commenting about it, Gaines underscores one of the book's major themes:
P: There's nothing wasted in that book. It's totally honest and almost foreordained from the beginning, from the first page.
Gaines: A great man falls, and what he's going to do when he gets up. He feels that even God had failed him. He could not even please God any more (Lowe 184).
This theme, or question rather, of how does one deal with failure is an important one, on the individual level as well as on the group level. How…
Gaines, Earnest J. In My Father's House. New York: Vintage, 1992. Print.
Lowe, John. Conversations With Earnest Gaines. Mississippi: University Press, 2008.
Miller, Arthur. Death of a Salesman. New York: Penguin, 1996. Print.
Experiencing Art in Person: A review of Godspell
For my 'Experiencing Art in Person' project, I elected to watch a performance of the musical theater production Godspell at the Production Studio on April 27th at 7:30pm, performed by an ensemble cast. My goal in watching this production was to learn about a play that had such a seismic impact upon American theater. I am an international student. I come from Saudi Arabia and was unfamiliar with the show, but I had heard many of my American friends talk about how they had performed or seen the play in school and church productions. The fact that there is no corresponding play in my own culture, with my own religion made the play especially intriguing to me.
Godspell is a loosely-structured musical without a tightly-constructed plot. It is based on the Gospel of Saint Matthew and some of the other gospels in…
Brown, Scott. "Is Godspell worthy?" Vulture. 7 Nov 2011.
"Original Godspell Cast on The Today Show" You Tube. Posted 28 Dec 2009.
Biopsychosocial Approach to Treating Self-Injurious Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
My initial thoughts/feelings on the topics were: (This section contains your general feelings on the topic and NOT what the readings have informed you.
Initially, I did not have much knowledge about self-injurious behavior (SIB). Though I had from time to time heard about the behavior, it never actually crossed my mind that it is a behavior that could warrant significant medical attention. In my life, I have actually not encountered an individual with the behavior. I have not even heard many people mention or talk about it. I thought that people who would perhaps contemplate harming themselves are suicidal people, substance abusers, or insane people. In fact, I thought the behavior was more relatable with non-human animals as opposed to humans. I did not even think the behavior was evident in children. I also viewed it as some…
References in APA format and submitted on time and followed format: (10 points)
Askew, M., & Byrne, M. (2009). Biopsychosocial approach to treating self-injurious behaviors: an adolescent case study. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 22(3), 115-119.
Jefic, J. (2010). Biopsychosocial approach to treating self-injurious behaviors: an adolescent case study. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 23(2): 51.
Juhnke, G., Granello, P., & Granello, D. (2010). Suicide, self-injury, and violence in the schools: assessment, prevention, and intervention strategies. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
Wilkinson, B. (2011). Current trends in remediating adolescent self-injury: an integrative review. The Journal of School Nursing, 27(2), 120-128.
Exploring Self, Culture, History, eligion
Exploring the Self, Cultures, History, or eligion through Myth
PO Box, 60453,
How are you my little friend and how is everyone at your home? I hope all doing good. Pass my greetings to them.
I received your letter and was happy to know that you have been promoted to 4 rth and the final year of your college. Wow! You'll graduate after a year. Lee! You mentioned in your letter that you have chosen Mythology (general) as your elective subject and that you are facing some difficulties in it. I went through the attached course outline; there I found out that you will be exploring self, cultures, history, or religion through myth. Also there was a list of theories that you will be presenting throughout this course.
I have collected some data regarding the first theory "Carl Jung's…
Boeree, C.G. (2006). Personality Theories. Retrieved June 15, 2012, from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/jung.html .
Carl-jung.net. Concept of Collective Unconscious at Jung. Retrieved June 15, 2012, from http://www.carl-jung.net/collective_unconscious.html .
Integration Training. Inner Voices: Embracing all the Parts of Our Personality. Retrieved June 15, 2012, from http://integrationtraining.co.uk/blog/2011/01/inner-voices-embracing-all-parts-of-personality.html .
Jung, C.G. (1970). The Structure and Dynamics of the Psyche. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Kaminer, in her own voice, mentions, too, in that paragraph, that in its verdict, the Supreme Court "managed, barely, to outlaw discrimination based on gender," implicitly noting that the sexist Price Waterhouse "voice" (as represented by that partner) was drowned out by the more objective "voice" of the Supreme Court. (Within this context, though, Kaminer also presents the sexist Price Waterhouse partner's "voice" as the whole firm's "voice," which may or may not have been true. Similarly, in this same case, the Supreme Court "spoke" its verdict in one "voice" (although there was considerable dissent, since, according to Kaminer, the Court "just barely" "managed" the verdict).
Also, in Kaminer's view (voice) the Price Waterhouse complainant suffered sex discrimination (i.e., a generalized hostility toward women, but directed in this instance at herself), while, on the other hand, Joseph Oncale, "a former oil rig worker who claimed to have been subjected to…
Amy Cuddy's "Your Body Language Shapes Who You Are" TED talk is fascinating because it is so simple. The speaker begins by showing how body language is widely recognized and proven as being important factors in social situations. We judge people, consciously or not, on their body language. What Cuddy wanted to know is whether our own body language affects the way we think and feel about ourselves, to the point where our body language could eventually determine our behaviors and our outcomes in life.
The researcher performed a study in which she asked participants to adopt either a high power or a low power pose for just two minutes. After the poses, she had the participants choose whether or not to play a gambling game, and then she measured the cortisol and testosterone levels of the participants. Cortisol is a hormone that is linked to stress. High levels of…
The book Autobiography of My Dead Brother also deals with the identity crises of youth. It begins with three teenagers attending a funeral of their friend who died in a drive-by shooting. The main characters, Jesse and Rise, are not actually blood brothers, but they consider themselves brothers because of their close friendship. However, over the course of the book, the two young men began to become estranged. Rise becomes more and more interested with making a living on the street, selling drugs and living the life of the sort of people who killed Bobby, the boy whose funeral both young men attend at the beginning of the book. Rise justifies this because Bobby played by the rules and still died -- but in contrast, Jesse finds himself growing apart from his brother and instead finding refuge in art rather than violence. Defining his own values in contrast to those…
Crain, W.C. "Chapter 7: Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Evolution. From Theories of Development.
Prentice-Hall, 1985. pp. 118-136. 10 Jun 2008. http://faculty.plts.edu/gpence/html/kohlberg.htm
Cutter, Chris. Whale Talk. New York: Dell, 2001.
Harder, Arlene. "The Developmental Stages of Erik Erikson." The Learning Place. 10 Jun 2008. http://www.learningplaceonline.com/stages/organize/Erikson.htm
Companies talk a lot about "corporate social responsibility," but quite frankly nobody really knows what the term means. Every company seems to interpret the idea a little bit differently. There is nothing inherently wrong with that, but it raises challenges for managers trying to understand the concept and what relevance it has to their organizations. The best approach has to be to analyze the different elements of CSR individually, and see how they apply. This approach also allows for the organization to integrate each element with its strategy -- trying to shoehorn a notoriously vague concept into strategy either results in it not really happening, or it happens but distracts the company from what it really wants to achieve.
The first part of this paper will explore the different conceptions of CSR. This is absolutely essential. The "social" is CSR is the key term, and it implies an external…
Agnew, M. (2010). The Corporate Social Responsibility Index and Southwest Airlines. Nuts About Southwest Retrieved April 14, 2012 from http://www.blogsouthwest.com/blog/corporate-social-responsibility-index-and-southwest-airlines
Carroll, A. (1999). Corporate social responsibility: Evolution of a definitional construct. Business Society. Vol. 38 (3) 268-295.
Daudigeos, T. & Valiorgue, B. (2011). CSR issues: A negative external effects framework. Business & Society. Vol. 50 (1) 28-49.
Friedman, M. (1971). The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved April 14, 2012 from http://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/libertarians/issues/friedman-soc-resp-business.html
One of the crucial elements towards the realization of organizational success and profitability is creating a suitable working environment for all employees to thrive as they carry out their respective responsibilities. In essence, employees' contributions towards the achievement of established business goals/objectives is largely influenced by the nature of the working environment and working conditions. However, employees' behaviors also play a crucial role in determining their productivity in the workplace. Self-defeating behaviors in the workplace contributes to stress, which in turn affects employees' input to work processes and the overall profitability of an organization. This paper examines the management of stress brought by self-defeating behaviors in the workplace. The evaluation includes recommendations of suitable solutions to this issue based on organizational theory concepts and the concepts of organizational behavior.
The organization I work for has several divisions or department that are mandated with various responsibilities and tasks towards…
This scale would indicate participants' positive feelings between themselves and the examiner. The wording of several items on the questionnaire was changed slightly, for example, "therapist" was changed to "examiner." A different subscale was used to test the hypothesis that assessment feedback accelerates rapport building. Another subscale asked questions regarding participants perceptions about themselves were reaffirmed and they felt proud, secure, or important after the testing experience. The final subscale was used to further understand how assessment feedback enhances a sense of self-enhancement, particularly a sense of self-discovery. The results supported the authors hypotheses that providing assessment feedback results could have some therapeutic value. I though the study was positive because very few studies have systematically attempted to identify the processes or mechanisms underlying the observed outcomes.
The study concluded that personalized feedback was associated with processes related to initial establishment of rapport and to the enhancement of intra-individual states…
According to Charles Guignon in his book on Being Authentic what were the three crucial events in history that began to shape the formation of the worldview of self?
First of all the emerging Protestant Reformation created the modern conception of the individual by severing all commonly held community ties to priests and other intermediaries to the ears of God. Now, the soul's individualistic and 'inner' intentions were more important than the soul's social and outwardly directed works in the world. Secondly, the emerging Scientific Revolution created a new modern worldview of the self and the world as constituted of material objects and bodies states of mechanized causal interactions that could be quantified and controlled by inward thought, by the individual self. Finally, postmodern society sees society as an artificial human construction where all roles and activities of social life arbitrary and individually created. hat are the five…
Guignon, Charles. The Authentic Self. New York: Routledge, 2005.
Customers and Self-Service |
Why Customers Don't Want to Talk to You
This article written by Matthew Dixon, Nick Toman and ick Delisi (2013) clarifies why most customers prefer self-service when they are in firms and service/ product providers. As indicated by Atkinson and Cohen (2015) half of associated customers lean toward self-service while tending to post-purchase item issues. 32% like to use self-service along with access to an actual expert support representative. This information is vital for organizations as they get the chance to comprehend that connected customers have a special service demand that is specifically with a longing to make sense of specialized item issues by themselves, without expert, live help. The part of self-service both inside for firms, and remotely for consumer-facing self-service choices has come about as an emerging significance to companies and organizations. This could be highly favorable to firms from both a customer satisfaction…
Atkinson, R., & Cohen, S. (2015, December 10). Why Self-Service is the Secret Sauce for Customer Satisfaction. Retrieved November 9, 2016, from ICMI: http://www.icmi.com/Resources/Webinars/Why-Self-Service-is-the-Secret-Sauce-for-Customer-Satisfaction
Dixon, M., & Ponomareff, L. (2010, July 28). Why Your Customers Don't Want to Talk to You. Retrieved November 9, 2016, from Harvard Business Review: https://hbr.org/2010/07/why-your-customers-dont-want-to-talk-to-you
Dixon, M., Toman, N., & Delisi, R. (2013, October). Why Your Customers Don't Want to Talk to You. Retrieved November 9, 2016, from The Conference Board: https://www.conference-board.org
Smith, T. (2013, August 13). Why Don't Your Customers Want to Talk to You? Retrieved November 9, 2016, from Insights From Analytics: http://www.insightsfromanalytics.com/blog/bid/324641/Why-Don-t-Your-Customers-Want-to-Talk-to-You
She is no longer describing her embarrassing romantic relationship with an emotionally unavailable man, but describing the reader's involvement in such a relationship. Furthermore, she is not describing how she contributed to the unhappiness of the relationship, but how the reader did so. hat Houston makes clear is that is no clear-cut story about a dog of a man cheating on a woman, but about how clashing expectations and gender norms can create tremendous dissatisfaction in a relationship.
For example, Houston's narrator approaches the Hunter's probable sexual involvement with another woman as infidelity; even her best male friend characterizes the hunter as a cheater. However, the short story makes it clear that the hunter has never agreed to a monogamous relationship with the narrator, and has, instead, made it clear that he is not interested in having such a relationship. He has discussed plans for the future, but has carefully…
Houston, Pam. "How to Talk to a Hunter." Cowboys are My Weakness. New York: W.W.
Norton and Company, 1992. 13-20.
Yaeger, Mark. "Teaching and Learning as Shown in Three American Works by Alvarez, Housto and Rodriguez." Arts and Entertainment. 2006. Associated Content. 4 Feb. 2009 http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/77254/teaching_and_learning_as_shown_in_three.html?cat=38 .
Love is a word that is often overused and sometimes underappreciated. And despite the confusion some people have in separating romantic love from sensual pleasure, or real love from friendship -- love is among the most powerful ideas in the world. Given all the tension and hatefulness in the world, it is the opinion of this paper that any love is good love, no matter how bizarre or byzantine it may appear to society.
The widely diverse and dissimilar kinds of love that writer Raymond Carver alludes to in his short story simply reflect the vast chasm between one personality and the next. It may seem blatantly obvious to say this, but individual approaches to love -- and reflections on love -- are of course based on each person's life experiences. Bob Dylan wrote a song -- "Love is Just a Four-Letter ord" -- that has an ironic twist to…
Carver, Raymond. What We Talk About When We Talk About Love. New York: Random
In reaction, diabetes research looks into pharmacological options and changes in lifestyle to contain the trend. Recent findings point to the need for healthcare professionals to empower diabetes sufferers to take recourse in self-management as the best option at the moment (Kumar).
The purposefulness of a plan and its implementation in assisting a client with diabetes helped fill in her self-care deficit (Kumar 2007). The interpersonal relationship between a nurse and her client minimizes the stress experienced by the latter and her family. This enables the client or patient and her family to act more responsibly in health matters. An assessment and plan of care may use Orem's client-related concepts -- of self-care, self-care agency, therapeutic self-care demand and self-care deficit --, the concepts of nursing agency and nursing system and the basic conditioning factors. Integrating these concepts into other theories on health promotion and family systems may guide effective…
Aldridge, V. (2005). Self-monitoring of blood, glucose invaluable in managing diabetes. 3 pages. Journal of Diabetes Nursing: SB Communications. Retrieved on October 24, 2008 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mOMDR/is_10_9/ai_n27865119?tag=content;col1
Aliha, J.M., et al. (2006). Relation between self-care behavior and self-care needs in patients with heart failure.2 pages. Southern African Journal of Critical Care: South African Medical Association. Retrieved on October 24, 2008 at http://findarticles.com/p/article/mi_6870/is_1_23/ai_n28450856?tag=content;col1
Bruce, E., et al. (2008). Dorothea Orem's theory of self-care. 38 pages. SlideShare, Inc. Retrieved on October 24, 2008 at http://www.slideshare.net/jben501/dorothea-orem-theory
Cook, a., et al. (2006). Self-care needs of caregivers dealing with stroke. 9 pages.
Childhood Obesity and Its Affects on Self-Esteem, Learning and Development
Childhood obesity has reached alarming proportions in developed nations of the world and its prevalence is continuously rising from 1971. In the Scandinavian countries, childhood obesity is less than compared to the Mediterranean countries; yet, the amount of obese children is increasing in both cases. Even though the highest rates of childhood obesity have been seen in developed countries, and at the same time, obesity is increasing in developing countries as well. Childhood obesity is at increased levels in the Middle East and Central and Eastern Europe as well. As an example, in 1998, The World Health Organization project assessing of cardiovascular diseases had showed that Iran was one among the seven countries, which had the highest rates of childhood obesity. (Dehghan; Akhtar-Danesh; Merchant, 2005, p. 1485)
In UK, observations state that there has been a noticeable enhancement in obesity…
Abell, Steven C; Richards, Maryse H. 1996. The relationship between body shape satisfaction and self-esteem: an investigation of gender and class differences. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. Vol: 25; No: 1; pp: 61-64
Boyles, Salynn; Smith, Michael. 2003. Mental Illness Common in Childhood Obesity; Defiance, Depression Cited in Study. April, 7. WebMD Medical News. Retrieved October 17, 2005, from the World Wide Web:
Bullying and Overweight and Obese Children. Retrieved October 18, 2005, from the World Wide Web: http://kidshealth.org/research/bullying_overweight.html
Interrelationship of Self-Perceptions, Culturally-Based Perceptions, Impressions, and their effects on Leadership Abilities
Humans have the most highly organized social structure of any creature on earth. In an attempt to ascertain our relative position in a complex social hierarchy, we constantly evaluate and re-evaluate ourselves. e do this by comparing ourselves to other human beings. e use this information to establish our opinions of ourselves, the various social groups to which we belong and our opinions of others. e belong to many social groups, our family, our group of friends at school, a community and a culture that includes our ethnic backgrounds. e must make decisions about our place in each of these groups. These opinions constitute what we think of ourselves, and gives us our self-esteem, or self-worth.
Our attitudes and beliefs regarding ourselves and others effect our ability to learn our acceptance of subordination to authority figures and our…
Baron, R. And Kenny, D. (1986). "The Moderator-Mediator Variable Distinction in Social Psychological Research: Conceptual, Strategic and Statistical Considerations." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6): 1173-1182.
Bugental, B., Blue, J. Cortez, V., Fleck, K., Kopeikin, H., Lewis, J.C., & Lyon, J. (1993). "Social cognitions as organizers of autonomic and affecitive response to social challenge." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, (64)1: 94-103.
Christopher, A. (1998). "The Psychology of Names: An Empirical Reexamination." Journal of Applied Social Psychology, (19): 1173-1195.
Feldman, J., and Lynch, J. Jr. (1988). "Self-generated validity and other effects of measurement on belief, attitude, intention and behavior." Journal of Applied Psychology, (73): 431-435.
Pissarro took a special interest in his attempts at painting, emphasizing that he should 'look for the nature that suits your temperament', and in 1876 Gauguin had a landscape in the style of Pissarro accepted at the Salon. In the meantime Pissarro had introduced him to Cezanne, for whose works he conceived a great respect-so much so that the older man began to fear that he would steal his 'sensations'. All three worked together for some time at Pontoise, where Pissarro and Gauguin drew pencil sketches of each other (Cabinet des Dessins, Louvre).
Gauguin settled for a while in ouen, painting every day after the bank he worked at closed.
Ultimately, he returned to Paris, painting in Pont-Aven, a well-known resort for artists.
Le Christ Jaune (the Yellow Christ) (Pioch, 2002) Still Life with Three Puppies 1888 (Pioch, 2002)
In "Sunny side down; Van Gogh and Gauguin," Martin…
Bailey, Martin. (2008). Dating the raindrops: Martin Bailey reviews the final volumes in the catalogues of the two most important collections of Van Gogh's drawings. Apollo Magazine Ltd. Retrieved February 26, 2009 from HighBeam Research:
Martin. (2005) "Van Gogh the fakes debate. Apollo Magazine Ltd. Retrieved February 26, 2009 from HighBeam Research:
http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-127058183.html . Bell, Judith. (1998). Vincent treasure trove; the van Gogh Museum's van Goghs. Vincent van Gogh's works from the original collection of his brother Theo. World and I. News World Communications, Inc. Retrieved February 26, 2009 from HighBeam Research:
Edward L. Deci's Book "Why We Do What We Do Understanding Self-Motivation"
Why We Do What We Do: Understanding Self-Motivation" by Edward L. Deci's
Edward L. Deci's book structures on the hypothesis of an American school of psychology called "Humanistic Psychology." The most significant of all the other advocates of this school was the philosopher and psychologist Abraham Maslow, who lived and died between 1908 and 1970. Abraham Maslow established the conception of "self-actualization," as a technological and scientific expression.
In this field the experiencing person is of most important interest. Humanistic psychology starts with the study of individuals in real-life state of affairs. According to Edward L. Deci, Humans are subjects, rather than mere objects, of study. The writer argues that the humanists challenge, cannot be replicated after early physics, in which the objects of study are "out there." The writer asserts that the person has got to be…
Middle ange Theory of Self Transcendence
There are several nursing-related theories and these have the function of explaining, evaluating and applying the field in order to enhance quality of treatment. These theories are divided into three classes; low rang theories, middle age theories and grand theories. All these classes each have their specialized roles towards the improvement of the nursing practice dependent on the various treatment types they are concerned with. Middle range theories possess a number of well-defined models which are applied for experimental testing on a concept in order to determine if it is useful and effective in the nursing profession. Several active forms of middle range theories exists and they include those which are concerned with self-efficiency, empathy, human interactions, carrying out of nursing duties, reasoned action, adverse symptoms, self-transcendence etc. Generally, the benefits of these theories are evident when nursing challenges, especially those concerned…
Coward, D. D. (2003). Facilitation of Self-Transcendence in a Breast Cancer Support Group: II. Oncology Nursing Forum, 30(2), 291-300.
Masters, K (2012). Nursing Theories: A framework for Professional Practice. Sudbury, MA: Joones & Bartlett, LLC
McEwen, M. & Wills, E. M. (2011). Theoretical Basis for Nursing. China: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Reed O (2008). "The Theory of Self-Transcendence." In M.J. Smith & P.R Liehr (Eds.). Middle Range Theory for nursing (2nd ed.). New York, Springer.
The researchers contended that this could be due to a change in ability to tolerate certain behavior as well as a culmination of passed negative experiences which are brought to the forefront upon experiencing another negative one. ndeed, young people readily were not affected by their co-workers and peers negative affect. However, neurotic individuals definitely demonstrated a heightened sensitivity to the negative moods of others.
Schaefer, K. (2008, September 15). Tips on finding your way out of negative thinking at work. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from The Wall Street Journal.
This article supports much of what the book's readings conveyed this week: that a person does have the power to rid themselves of negative feelings. This article provided several examples of ways to ride oneself of negativity including exercising, breathing and meditation, and yoga. Yoga is an exercise that encompasses movement and exercise along with meditation, imagery, and visualization.…
It is critical for individuals to manage stress as we live in a society where stress seems to take over and oftentimes our psychological as well as our physical selves shut down. In order to manage stress, a person needs to take a holistic approach and do a combination of physical exercise as well as mental exercises.
Yong, E. (2008, May 19). Feeling powerless impairs higher mental abilities. Not Exactly Rocket Science. Retrieved April 8, 2010, from Science Blogs.
In this article, the author sets forth that an individuals irrational belief that he or she is powerless has a devastating effect on that person's ability to function with regard to higher mental abilities which are critical for human beings to be productive. Accordingly, there is great incentive for individuals with self-defeating beliefs and feelings of worthlessness to rid themselves of the negative thoughts. By holding on to them, they are not only hurting psychologically, but they are hurting their bodies in a physical sense as well.
How does Bandura’s concept of self-efficacy relate to your pursuit of obtaining your terminal degree? What strategies can you use to improve your self-efficacy in your academic research and writing?
Self-efficacy refers to what we believe we are capable of doing. People with high self-efficacy set challenging goals and commit to achieving them, which is what I did when I enrolled in this degree program. If I did not have a high sense of self-efficacy, I could have talked myself out of the program by claiming that it was too difficult or believing that nothing good would come from it. Instead, I believed in myself and worked through all the obstacles that I faced along the way.
Self-efficacy is also associated with the ability to manage stress, because setbacks and failures are not as overwhelming when we believe that all we need to do is try again a little harder…
12-step programs were somewhat mixed. On one hand, I have friends who say that they would never have recovered without Alcoholic's Anonymous (AA). I have never suffered an addiction myself so I cannot presume to judge the validity of their experiences. On the other hand, I often find the language of addiction and recovery, and its insistence upon the '12 steps' to be confining, even cultish in tone.
I attended a 'speaker's meeting' for this assignment. Although meetings are anonymous and closed to observers, at an AA speaker's meeting, a speaker with a year or more of sobriety talks to an open group to relate his or her experience, followed by discussion (Garrett 2009).
The meeting I attended was consistent with the literature I had previously read on AA: "the three important steps to sobriety are admitting powerlessness to alcohol, turning yourself over to a 'higher power' and never drinking…
Bakalar, Nicholas. (2006). Review sees no advantage in 12-step programs. The New York Times.
Retrieved October 4, 2011 at http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/25/health/25drin.html
Garrett, Floyd P. (2009). Your first AA Meeting. Recovery and Wellness.
Retrieved October 4, 2011 at http://www.bma-wellness.com/papers/First_AA_Meeting.html#Speaker%20
He looks at the methodological and practical problems that can impact assessment research in correctional settings, including the distinctive culture in correctional institutes. Megargee's reason for doing the research is today's huge population of incarcerated persons and the fact that psychological research that has been conducted on people outside of the incarceration setting may not be applicable to people who are incarcerated. He recognizes that there is a need for research in this area to determine whether tools developed elsewhere are applicable. He points out the irony of this lack of applicable research because clinical psychology was developed in the criminal justice setting. He does not really conduct any individual research, therefore the methodology is most akin to a literature review in which he assesses the information available about correctional institutions and draws conclusions from that information to determine why there is a lack of research on assessment in correctional…
Author Last Name, First Initial. (Year). Chapter 3: Looking into the clinician's mirror: cultural self-assessment. In Editor's Last Name, First Initial (Ed). Book Title. Place of Publication, Publisher.
Megargee, E. (1995). Assessment research in correctional settings: Methodological issues and practical problems. Psychological Assessment, 7(3), 359-366.
In Habla Con Ella, Pedro Almodovar uses non-linear chronology to create a more character-driven film rather than one preoccupied with plot. The events of the story unfold not according to chronological time, or in the sequence in which they occurred. Instead, the events unfold through the eyes of each character. This allows the filmmaker to provide an impressionistic or even semi-abstract view. The audience has deep insight into how each character frames every event. This way, the same event can be viewed from multiple angles and perspectives. In fact, it can even be said that the events are only meaningful to the film insofar as they are meaningful to each character. The non-linear plot order allows the story order to maintain its integrity because the story does not depend on linear time.
Using a non-linear chronology in Habla con Ella entails switching back and forth between different time periods.…
Oedipus: Self-Made Disaster
In Sophocles' play, Oedipus Rex, Oedipus takes fate into his own hands and demonstrates the power of the human will. Oedipus illustrates how we may not always be in control of our destinies, regardless of our efforts. The play is ironic in this sense because Oedipus already had the best "fate" any man in his position could hope for with a beautiful loving wife and a community that praised him. Some argue that Oedipus was fated to fulfill the prophecy but the truth is that his very actions destroyed the life he had. Oedipus was strong-willed obsessive and arrogant to the point of making huge mistakes. He failed himself and those around him because he thought he knew best.
In the beginning of the play, Oedipus has the best of intentions. In other words he does not set out to destroy his life. He simply wants to…
Fagles, Robert. Sophocles: Three Theban Plays. New York: Penguin Books. 1984. Print.
Sophocles. Oedipus Rex. An Introduction to Literature. Barnett, Sylvan, ed. Boston: Little,
Brown and Company. 1984. Print.
Individuality and Community
How Self is Integrated into the Global Whole as an Ethical Entity
The ethics of social justice is wrapped in the ideas of how individuals within a society are trained as ethical beings, and how they regard other outside of their immediate society (Jackson, 2005). Appiah uses the final two chapters of his book The Ethics of Identity to discuss how individuals are given an ethical soul and also how people are members of something larger than either their nations or themselves. This paper is designed to give the reader an understanding of one person's understanding of the four concepts of social justice, soul making and rooted cosmopolitanism, and how all of those concepts tie into one another.
Four Conceptions of Social Justice
Like most other concepts, social justice is not the purview of a single theoretician or set of ideas. Many people, beginning in ancient…
Akhtar, S. (2011). Liberal recognition for identity? Only for particularized ones. Politics, Philosophy, Economics, 10(1), 66-87.
Appiah, K.A. (2005). The ethics of identity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Clark, A. (1995). Hobbes' theory of human nature: A warning to libertarians. Philosophical Notes, 35, 1-2.
Freedman, J. (2005, June 12). 'The Ethics of Identity': A rooted cosmopolitanism. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/12/books/review/12FREEDMA.html?pagewante d=all
Girl, Interrupted, the author Susanna Kaysen talks about her year and a half in a "mental hospital."; The language is by turns funny, quirky, or brutally strong, but always shows remarkable insight into at least some facets of herself. J
The topic she either dodges or diminishes throughout the book is why she was there. She was a "voluntary admission," although she was obviously under great pressure from both family and the psychiatrist who admitted her. She acknowledges that she made a suicide attempt, although she saved herself by getting herself to a public area where she collapsed.
In the beginning of the book we are told that the psychiatrist seemed to focus on a pimple she had picked at that day. The suggestion at this time is that the psychiatrist wildly over-interpreted this to get to a common symptom of her diagnosis, "borderline personality" -- self-mutilation. Then at the…
Emerson, he believed resistance to conformity and exploration of self, led to a kind of self-reliance that permeated the inner workings and imaginings of the human soul. What began as a simple analysis of self-explored concepts, took on the form of universal philosophy. This essay will examine Emerson's work, "Self-eliance" in a way that will not only analyze themes, but also provide a closer look into the context surrounding Emerson at the time as well as possible meanings behind the text.
alph Waldo Emerson wrote an 1841 essay titled "Self-eliance". An American essayist and transcendentalist philosopher, Emerson provides his most thorough statement of one of his ongoing themes: the avoidance of false consistency and conformity. Meaning, Emerson preached for people to follow their own ideas and instincts instead of relying on society's imposed rules and standards. His famous quote, "A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored by…
Andrew C. Hansen. (2008). Reading Sonic Culture in Emerson's "Self-Reliance". Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 11(3), 417-437. doi:10.1353/rap.0.0053
Bloom, H. (2009). Ralph Ellison's Invisible man. New York, NY: Infobase Publishing.
Brown, L. R. (1997). The Emerson museum: Practical romanticism and the pursuit of the whole. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Emerson, R. W. (2012). Self-Reliance and Other Essays. Dover Publications.
two forces that motivate people: self-Interest and fear.
Motivation is too much of a complex subject to narrow it down to two forces. However, the many forces that motivate people may indeed be classified under these two broad terms. In order to examine the forces that motivate people it is important to first define motivation and examine some of the theories of motivation. The complexity of the subject can be seen even in attempting to do these two things. There are many definitions offered for the term motivation. Motivation has been described as an internal state or condition that activates behavior and gives direction. Or, it has been described as a desire or want that energizes and directs goal-oriented behavior. The definition that I like best is by a psychologist, Samuel Bell, who defines motivation as ' the processes involved in arousing, directing and sustaining behavior'. Whatever the definition, the…
Qualities as an Authentic Leader
Authentic Leadership Self-Assessment Questionnaire has helped me measure the component comprising Authentic Leadership (Northouse, 2016). Thus, under self-awareness questions, I was aware of my strengths, limitations, how I influence others and how they view me as a leader. Transparency is an essential tool for me that have enabled me to reinforce my high leadership levels of openness with others in the organization. Therefore, this has given them an opportunity to be forthcoming with their opinions, challenges, and ideas. This aspect has gone a long way in solving company problems and hence, many are the times that a leader and his team work in getting solutions to a situation as a team. In today's business world, ethics is being advocated for and therefore, my ethical or moral aspect as a leader showed high degrees because I have set high moral and ethical standards of conduct in…
Northouse, P. G. (2016). Leadership: Theory and Practice (7th Ed.). Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage Publications.
Nichols, T. W. & Erakovich, R. (2013). Authentic Leadership and Implicit Theory: A Normative Form of Leadership? Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 34(2), 182-195.
Today we are going to talk about the myth of Jason and Medea, and show how it has manifested in different ways in popular culture and the arts. The myth of Jason and Medea stretches back to ancient Greece, but this symbol-laden story has permeated the arts and culture since then. The story has it all: war, love, sex, death, and murder. There are innumerable different versions of the myth, but they all share some common elements in common. These elements include the portrayal of Medea as a strong and powerful woman; a real "woman to be reckoned with." Jason, who is the very same Jason as in the Argonauts and the Golden Fleece, is also a strong person but he happens to assume a subordinate role in his relationship with Medea. As we will see, Medea is the star of this myth. She remains the star of the…
PBS (2005). Jason and the Argonauts. Retrieved online: http://www.pbs.org/mythsandheroes/myths_four_jason.html
Waterhouse, J.W. (1907). Jason and Medea. [painting].
Withers, P.S. (2010). Jason & Medea: Introduction. Retrieved online: http://jasonmedea.net/
In one way, it can seem that Nash has low communication competence. For example, he does not have good relationships with his classmates, his workmates, or his students. However, there are various signs that this is related more to a lack of social skills than an inability to communicate. This is seen towards the end of the film where Nash is seen tutoring and teaching students. In these interactions, it is seen that Nash is an effective communicator. At the same time, Nash can seem impatient and also seems to behave in unexpected ways. Again though, this is related to Nash's inability to understand social expectations and act based on these expectations. In Nash's mind, it appears that he considers his only focus as being able to explain and teach mathematics, with no regard either for personal relationships or for social standards. Nash is shown tutoring students and it is…
Beautiful Mind. Dir. Ron Howard. Universal Pictures, 2001.
10-year-old boy, Alec. The child has had pervasive relocations in his life, beginning at age 2 and endured a challenging separation between his parents. Since the separation he first experienced 50% split parenting, living with his mother one week then his father and stepmother the next, until such time as he was school age. He then began to live full time with his mother during the school week and visit his father and stepmother every other weekend, until age 7 when his mother relocated to an area which is a seven hour drive from his father at this point the mother also remarried. From that point to the present he has stayed with his mother and stepfather the majority of the time and traveled to visit his father and stepmother on the Christmas holiday, spring break and through the summer, which usually works out to be about 2 months. Prior…
Gardner, H. (2000) Intelligence reframed: Multiple intelligences for the 21st century. New York, NY, USA: Basic Books.
Janssen, A., Diekema, E., van Dolder, R., Kollee, L., Oostendorp, R., & Nijhuis-van der Sanden, M. (2012). Development of a movement quality measurement tool for children. Physical Therapy, 92(4), 574-594.
Light, P. & Littleton, K. (2000) Social processes in children's learning. Port Chester, NY, USA: Cambridge University.
Meadows, S. (1986) Understanding child development. Florence, KY, USA: Routledge.
Many overweight people for example would attest to the fact that they have pictures of some skinny models in their rooms to motivate them to lose weight. Many would actually lose weight like that because it is a reminder of how they can look if they are able to lose weight. Setting ambitious goals is important because even if you are unable to go that far and really achieve those ambitious targets, you would still be far ahead of where you had started. It is like saying I will walk three miles in half an hour today. Then you start out and run like mad alternating with some fast walking only to realize that it is not entirely possible to walk three miles in half an hour but you will also notice that you reached very close to your goal and are far ahead of where you had started or…
As with any other behaviors they are taught in school, pro-social behaviors must be reinforced at home (U.S. Department, 2011). Practicing with the child can go a long way toward developing an understanding of acceptable behavior. Many parents leave this up to the school, but children generally want to emulate what they see at home. As they move into pre-school and learn new ways to interact with people, those ways should be encouraged at home. This will help the family dynamics, and will also help the pre-school teachers who are looking for ways to ensure that order is kept in their classrooms.
When parents talk to their children about what they have learned that day, and when they correct their children when they make a social faux pas, they are helping their children learn valuable lessons that those children will use all throughout their school years and into adulthood (U.S.…
Buysee, V., & Wesley, P.W. (2005). Consultation in early childhood settings. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., Inc.
Levin, H. M & Schwartz, H.L. (2007). Educational vouchers for universal pre-schools. Economics of Education Review, 26, 3-16.
Levin, H.M., & Schwartz, H.L. (2007, March). What is the cost of a preschool program? National Center for the study of Privatization in Education. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the AEFA Annual Conference, Baltimore, Maryland.
McCollum, J.A., & Yates, T., (1994). Dyad as focus, triad as means: A family-centered approach to supporting parent-child interactions. Infants and Young Children, 6, 54-66.
Age Students With Learning Disabilities
The impact of family motivation on college age students with learning disabilities may be a deciding factor in regard to the student's success or failure. College age students with learning disabilities obviously have more immediate needs in cooperative learning settings when compared to typical students. Educators cannot just tell the student to just sit-down and read five chapters of Freud. These students have problems like dyslexia, AD/HD, or English as a second language to name a few and they may have had additional help in the past that may not be available at an older age. When there are obvious underlying issues, the family, teachers and the students themselves have to work more closely together in order to reach the desired positive outcomes. "Teaching effectiveness is inferred from the product that was created; it is the product that is the indicator of scholarship." (Cranton,…
Positive feedback is a major part of the Family Systems Theory process. Feedback in this case is a process in which the family, and possibly the teaching team involved, all work together to regulate the thinking process of the college age student with learning disabilities. This process also incorporates the notion that positive self-talk by the college age student with some form of learning disability is a necessary component of educational success. Self-talk helps them monitor their own output. In other words, the human body in this case accepts feedback from both internal and external sources to promote positive goals and objectives. A good example of a positive feedback system is how an automatic pilot system is used in most commercial airplanes. The automatic pilot process provides a computer that is actually flying the plane constant feedback about required information regarding the planes speed, altitude, direction and so on. As the plane drifts off course slightly, the computer system realigns the flight path. The college age student with a learning disability also drifts off occurs from time to time and positive feedback from family members, teachers and counselors and the student themselves all help to get the student back on course. This approach continually promotes active coping efforts and attributes positive meaning to the learning situation.
Name of Theory: FAMILY STRESS & COPING THEORY
Based on Family Stress Theory, there can be many indicators of a family's adaptation to stress induced events. "One is the adaptation of individual family members, including adolescents have noted that such factors as the perceived levels of individual and family stress serve as markers of adaptation." (McCubbin, 1993) In other words, the adaptation implies that there are a large number
Finally, learning how to rely on and depend on others can help people rely on and depend on God. The exercise teaches the value of trust and shows that we can depend on other people as well as God.
7. Body Outline: Drawing an outline of the body is a helpful exercise for people who have eating disorders. It can help people recognize that their body image does not match the reality of their physical form. In some cases, drawing the body can bring up strong emotions. For this exercise, drawing the body outline enables participants to explore self-image: the lies we tell ourselves and the negative self-talk we bombard ourselves with throughout our life. We can see how some of these lies were perpetuated by parents, by peers, by the media, and by society. By exploring these lies, we can hopefully begin to see the truth: to see our…