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In contrast, in some dominions, officers liked the pre- sentence valuation for all criminals, quarrelling that community corrections should eventually start determining entry into SB 123. Officers had made the notation that the ability of community corrections to either weeds out unentitled criminals or non-users, for those beseeching down to just possession.
Counselors likewise noted that, while a lot of offenders can plead down to possession in order so that they can start gaining an SB 123 sentence, the valuation would distract such offenders from expensive drug treatment; as the counselors had already noted, if the ASI or SASSI valuations produced a low score, counselors were then allowed to start sending criminals to Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous, or other fewer expensive programs. Though all of these methods may eventually weed criminals deprived of present substance abuse difficulties out of expensive drug treatment, it still outcomes in the state unnecessarily paying…… [Read More]
Foes in the senate argued that Article X would impair the sovereignty of the U.S. By committing the nation to use its armed forces to protect the existing boundaries of all members of the League.
On November 19, 1919, the U.S. Senate, after much action on the part of the President via speaking tours, voted on the treaty. he Committee on Foreign Relations, headed by Lodge, proposed forty-five amendments and a number of reservations. he senate, however, rejected all of the amendments but approved one reservation that the U.S. assume no obligation to use its armed forces in the service of the League unless the action was approved by a joint resolution of Congress. A Republican motion to ratify with reservations was defeated by a vote of 39 to 55 with most Democrats voting in the negative; also, a Democratic resolution to ratify failed by a vote of 38 to…… [Read More]
Joint resolutions are virtually the same as bills. Concurrent resolutions are not able to become law but can be used to amend rules that apply to members of the Congress (Senate.gov, 2004). Simple resolutions can't be passed into law, and may be used by one house or the other. Generally they are used to give advice or used to express the views, ideas or opinions of a particular house.
ecent initiatives received in the Senate include H.. 4661, a bill introduced to amend title 18 to discourage spy ware; H.. 5061, introduced to provide assistance for current crisis in the Darfur region of Sudan, and H.. 5213 to expand research information for multi-disciplinary research projects (Congress.gov from Senate.gov, 2004).
The daily operations of the Senate vary but take on a similar structure. Generally the day opens with the Secretary of the Senate introducing the guest chaplain…… [Read More]
Ohio's Senate Bill #5 -- a Good Idea
hen first-term Ohio Governor John Kasich signed Senate Bill 5 into law on March 31, 2011, he was doing what he thought was best to help his state deal with an estimated $8 billion budget deficit. But he was also aware that the legislation -- which will substantially take away some power from 350,000 public workers, including teachers, law enforcement officers and firefighters in Ohio -- would stir up a huge political battle in his state, and he was clearly willing to take on that fight. The reasons why this legislation -- which will be contested through a statewide referendum -- is necessary now has not been fairly and thoroughly reported in much of the mass media in or out of Ohio. It is time to set the record straight, to present the true facts of the dangerous budget deficit in Ohio,…… [Read More]
Senate of the United States Congress, three members have had a combined tenure of nearly a century: Senator Strom Thurmond from South Carolina, Senator Robert Byrd from West Virginia, and representing Massachusetts- Senator Edward Kennedy.
The former two have, in the past, had direct ties to white supremacist movements in the United States. Senator Kennedy, in the court of public opinion, has been held responsible in the death of a young woman in the Chappaquidick incident. One cannot imagine Senator Thurmond, approaching100 years in age, making a worthwhile contribution to the legislature of this country. Mr. Byrd otherwise known as the Senator of Pork acquires public funds for pet projects that keeps him in the public eye and ensures reelection. Numerous monuments, buildings and stretches of highway have been named for Senator Byrd. Senator Kennedy's drunken debaucheries and womanizing are legend.
If, hypothetically, term limits were established in the U.S.…… [Read More]
Filling these top positions are cumbersome and, occasionally, controversial. Appointment tenure takes time to decide and may often be short leading to confusion within the administration itself, to inaction in decision and work, rapid turn-around and modification in decision making, and confusion.
Using data from the Office of Personnel Management, O'Connell (2009) observed that senate apportioned positions were empty on a mean of one-quarter of the time over the five administrations (spanning from Carter to Bush). O'Connell (2009) recommends deliberate research on underlying problems and active work that is intended to ameliorate these problems. Better still, says O'Connell (2009), are policy reforms that would reduce the amount and duration of vacancies in these senate positions. These reforms would include better training for newer officials, and advance planning by the White House for filling positions, as well as winning commitments from appointees to serve a minimal of two to four years.…… [Read More]
That is, in proposing this model, Minor wanted to encourage further discussion on the topic of faculty participation in university governance in a way that would stimulate conversation that could yield results. Other researchers may want to modify Minor's models after creating some sort of algorithm that can help them become more scientific. Other ways in which researchers might build on Minor's research include investigations into the appropriate function of senates, studies of the associations between certain universities and senates, and discussions regarding the appropriateness of faculty involvement in decision-making.
Who could benefit from reading this article?
For this article, the targeted audience is the faculty and staff of large universities, with emphasis on administrators and faculty, especially faculty that are involved in the faculty senate. Thus, these people could benefit from reading this research, as it deals directly with the situations that they encounter every day. In addition, major…… [Read More]
In February 1950, under House esolution 58, The Senate Committee on Small Business was established. The name of the committee was changed to The Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship in 1981, but still functions in much the same way it has since its inception in the early 1950's (Committee Homepage, 2009). To its credit, the group has held hearings on a multitude of different small business related issues, including recent ones on the barriers to job creation (P Newswire, 2009). Notably, it was a major proponent of the Paperwork eduction Act as well as for major business tax reform that took place in the 1970's and early 1980's under Presidents Carter and eagan. The eagan Administration used this committee extensively in their efforts to severely reduce taxes on small businesses and corporations (NFIB, 2009).
Quite some time ago, The Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurs was granted subpoena…… [Read More]
According to a report by the Journal of the American Medical Association, stricter nutrition standards have been identified as one of the most effective ways to lessen obesity in children, particularly those who obtain subsidized or free lunches in school.
The research demonstrated that states with stricter nutrition standards for children had lower obesity rates, especially for lower-income children who were dependent on school lunch programs. These findings provided stronger evidence that the provision of nutritious and healthier foods to children is associated with lower risks of obesity.
Through its research initiatives, the Food Research and Action Center affirms that federal nutrition programs play a crucial role in lessening obesity by enhancing dietary intake and minimizing food insecurity.
While recognizing that federal nutrition programs do not result in the current obesity crisis in America, the study shows that involvement in these programs play an important role in prevention of obesity.…… [Read More]
' Given the importance of initial legal victories, this would be a devastating turn of events, the consequences of which would most certaintly be the continued and perhaps even intensified suffering and exclusion of America's countless uninsured. As you so eloquently and accurately stated just this past spring, "I believe that a country of our size, the only superpower left in the world -- it's not right that we have 50-60 million people & #8230; with no health insurance." (Bolton, p. 1)
I believe the same thing. And I also believe that the primary reason that this unacceptable condition has occurred is because the healthcare industry is so grotesquely driven by the aim to profit, as opposed to the ambition of achieving improved healthcare outcomes for all Americans. Therefore, I believe the best way of gaining greater funding for federal reform efforts is to make steeper or more enforceable penalties…… [Read More]
Georgia was the last of the original 13 colonies to form the basis of America, but it was also one of the states to secede from the Union during the Civil War and join the Confederacy. Georgia has a special history in the U.S., therefore, and its values are traditionally conservative. Its major city is Atlanta and aside from this major urban area, much of the state is rural. Atlanta is a major airport hub for several airlines, has professional sports teams in the MLB, NFL and NBA. There is much countryside in the state, however, and the old city of Savannah is one that attracts a lot of tourists because it still preserves many of its old time colonial qualities and characteristics. The unique make-up of Georgia, its past and its heritage does impact how the state influences legislation and policy positions. The state primarily leans Republican…… [Read More]
Understanding the issues that affect the nursing profession depends upon knowing who the legislators are in one state’s, as every state has its own laws regarding nursing and the extent to which professional nurses may administer to patients. In the Florida House of Representatives and Florida Senate, there are several committees that are designed to address pressing health care issues related to nursing and quality care provision. This paper will describe the legislators associated with theses committees.
In the Florida House there is the Health and Human Services Committee, which is chaired by Rep. Travis Cummings of District 18. Vice-chair is Rep. David Santiago of District 27. Rep. Bobby DuBose of District 94 and is the Democratic Ranking Member of the committee. Other Representatives on the committee include 5 Democrats—Lori Berman—District 90, Tracie Davis—District 13, Roy Hardemon—District 108, David Silvers—District 107 and Patricia Williams—District 92; and 11 Republicans:…… [Read More]
Both ashington and Adams proposed a rather strong federal government with powerful executive powers reserved for the president, though in keeping with Constitutional values and law. Of the first three presidents, Adams was perhaps more concerned with using the powers of the presidency, mainly to prevent legislation being based on fleeting public passions. However, the third president Thomas Jefferson interpreted the executive role as being more egalitarian than many other politicians at the time. Jefferson's ideal presidency was one that sought continual approval of the people: a more directly democratic vision than the federalists would have posed.
Bailey, J.D. "Democratic energy: Thomas Jefferson and the development of presidential power." Dissertation. Retrieved Feb 24, 2008 at http://escholarship.bc.edu/dissertations/AAI3103238/
United States House of Representatives. 110th Congress, 2nd session. Retrieved Feb 24, 2008 at http://www.house.gov/
US Senate. Retrieved Feb 24, 2008 at http://www.senate.gov… [Read More]
South Dakota and its elections of 2004.The entire discussion in the paper will be based on the factors, which are involved in the Senate elections of the South Dakota. This topic, South Dakota Senate Race 2004 will be analyzed and previewed by discussing four areas:
Voting history and important political demographics of the state.
Candidate characteristics strengths and weaknesses for each of the Major Candidates.
Emerging issues in the state that will likely determine the outcome of the election
Propose a winning scenario for each of the major candidates.
elcome 2004 Voters!
These are the four major areas, which will be presented in the paper so as to present the whole scenario of elections to the readers. These four parts are the major factors, which are included in the election process of South Dakota. Therefore, a complete discussion and analysis of these factors will provide the readers with all the…… [Read More]
Although there has been some examination of the stresses and supports of grandmothers with primary or partial responsibility for raising grandchildren, there have been no comparisons between grandmothers in these two types of care giving situations. Longitudinal studies are lacking, and the few published cross-sectional studies have highlighted the difficulty in obtaining a sample from this population. (Musil, 1998)
There may be particular stressors and consequences of care giving for custodial grandmothers with primary responsibility that differ from those who live with the grandchild but do not assume primary responsibility for their care. For example, lack of reciprocal support by the middle generation, the need to care for multiple children (of multiple children), and conflict ridden relationships with the grandchild's parent(s) are likely to affect primary grandparent caregivers. Further, grandparents with primary responsibility have reported high degrees of role restriction, social isolation, and financial difficulty. Yet because the…… [Read More]
IV. HOME-GENERATED SHARPS CONSOLIDATION POINT COMPLIANCE home-generated sharps consolidation point must comply with the requirements stated as follows:
1) All sharps waste shall be placed in sharps containers;
2) Sharps containers ready for disposal shall not be held more than seven (7) days without the written approval of the enforcement agency." (State of California Division of Drinking Water and Environmental Management, 2007)
V. RESPONSE of the SHARP'S CORPORATION
According to the representative for the Sharps Corporation:
We believe this to be a break-through event for the Company as the legislative process now mandates the proper disposal of used syringes, needles and lancets outside of the traditional healthcare setting in California. We believe that the California legislation could prove to be the model for legislation throughout the country. This legislation has the potential to not only positively impact our residential community business but also sales opportunities in all markets we serve…… [Read More]
Separation of Powers:
The United States Constitution protects the right to impeach public officials and provides the procedures and grounds for such measures. According to this constitution, civil servants in America shall be impeached for conviction of bribery, high crimes and misdemeanors, and treason. President Adam Johnson is one of the U.S. presidents who have been impeached while President ichard Nixon resigned before impeachment. President Bill Clinton faced impeachment during his tenure, which contributed to concerns that such an action could contribute to weakened presidency. The impeachment trials of these three presidents present some ethical dilemmas that were evident in the Senate's trial proceedings and political aspects. Moreover, these impeachment trials have certain similarities and differences that were fueled by the actions of the presidents in question.
Impeachment Trial of the Three Presidents:
President Adam Johnson was removed from office in May 1868 when the Senate voted unanimously to remove…… [Read More]
Suppose I was asked to donate money to "Citizens for Better Schools," what would I need to find out about the group first? The first thing would be find out if they are a bona fide public charity -- a 501 C3 -- and if they were, I would examine their bylaws and mission statement. Secondly, I would locate board members and examine public statements they have made and projects they have injected themselves into. Something with a vague title like this one has could actually be a protest group trying to remove certain board members from the school board or they might be advocating to have the science textbooks changed so evolution isn't taught. I would also look through newspaper reports to find what the group has been advocating in its public pronouncements.
Should journalists have the right to protect their sources? The answer is yes. One example relates…… [Read More]
If the construction and building industries are encouraged to develop, manufacture, and use cutting-edge next generation materials for all new developments, our country will fast become one of the most progressive in the world.
For now, though, the United States is sorely lagging behind countries in Europe and also Japan in stimulating growth in the green building sector. I appreciate your efforts in offering extended tax credits for green homes and also for protecting the tax credits offered in the previous version of the Snowe-Feinstein Extend Act. Encouraging research and development of renewable energy resources is one of the most important things Americans can invest in.
I have personally seen how stimulating green energy via the marketplace is the best means to curb the climate crisis. Several family members and friends of the family have invested in green homes and green building industries. Their investments have since paid off and…… [Read More]
Mayor Nutter's budget speech contained several effective elements. The mayor is delivering a challenging budget. IN order to deliver this news, he begins with two effective devices. The first is that he rallies the support of the people by pointing out that he is a leader they can trust (had an open house at City Hall) and that the people of Philadelphia had rallied to meet challenges before (picking up trash, etc.). The second effective device was that he wanted to create a sense of urgency about the situation. In order to deliver bad news, it is important that a sense of urgency is created because it compels the listener to want to act right away, as opposed to delaying action. Thus, the mayor effectively recounts how bad the recession is, and the ways that it has already had a negative effect on the national economy and on the…… [Read More]
gov). egardless of the administration, the President must ultimately bow to the will of the Senate on treaties; President Wilson failed in his attempt at the passage of the League of Nations, just as President Obama is having difficulty in passage of trade bills with Columbia, South Korea, and Panama.
The Senate's powers also include further checks on the Executive Branch, namely the authority of impeachment by trial, two of which have been conducted on sitting Presidents: Jackson and Clinton. In addition the Senate has investigative powers on "malfeasance in the Executive Branch and elsewhere in American society" (United States Senate.gov).
Apart from the specific powers reserved for the Senate, perhaps its greatest role is as the ultimate arbiter of policy and government action. Because of the unique rules of the Senate, many proposed legislative bills end up languishing in committees or are never brought to a vote. The Senate's…… [Read More]
In the 2016 U.S. presidential elections, the Democrats experienced significant losses in both the Senate and the House of Representatives in addition to losing the presidency. While the Democratic presidential candidate, Hillary Clinton, won the popular vote, Donald Trump won the electoral college votes to clinch the presidency. The Republicans not only won the presidency but also won the Senate and the House of Representatives. In the aftermath of the 2016 elections, the performance of the Democratic Party has been the subject of scrutiny among political analysts and experts in political matters. The media has remained puzzled with the outcome of the elections because they were so wrong in their predictions. One of the issues that has received considerable scrutiny by the media is why Democrats failed to capture more seats in the U.S. House and why they lost control of the Senate. This paper focuses on examining the reasons…… [Read More]
U.S. Congress is composed of two chambers, the House of Representatives (with 435 members representing fifty states) and the Senate (with 100 members, with two members elected from each State).
The Republican and Democrat parties select their candidates for the two chambers of the Congress in primary elections, "election in which registered voters in a jurisdiction select a political party's candidate for a later election (nominating primary)"
After winning a primary election, the candidate from the respective party runs in the Congress election, which are held, for both chambers, in November.
For the 2005-2007 legislation (the 109th Congress), the Republican Party dominates both chambers. As such, the Republican Party currently holds 55 seats in the Senate, with the Democrats having won 44 seats and one independent seat (James Jeffords). In the House of Representatives, the proportion between the Republican Party and the Democrat Party is 53% to 46%, with the…… [Read More]
This leads to a high degree of autonomy for some subcommittees, while other subcommittees have only limited autonomy. Those with a high degree of autonomy will play a more direct role in legislative issues.
In addition to the committees, Congress has an entrenched leadership system. The highest rank is the Speaker of the House. Each party also has a Leader and a hip. The leader runs the party's activities in the House. The hip keeps track of legislation and works to make sure that party members vote in the manner desired by the party leader. The Speaker is the leader of the majority party; while the Majority Leader is second-in-command of the party. The Minority Leader is the leader of the minority party.
Leadership of the Senate is the Vice President of the United States. The party leaders have more power, however. Each party has a leader, as well as…… [Read More]
Zionism is even being identified with Christianity, with evangelicals uniting themselves to Israeli interests. Need we remind ourselves that Zionism is a politico-religious belief that is diametrically opposed to Christian values? The post-war propaganda that followed II even helped obliterate the notion of Jesus Christ as Holocaust and replace it with the Shoah, the Jewish holocaust. At the heart of Zionism is the eradication of Christian culture and the elevation of Zionist policies like the one currently being enacted on the Gaza Strip. Israel is an apartheid state and has been murdering Palestinians for years -- and now it has convinced millions of Christians and evangelicals that they must destroy the Arab before he destroys them. hat kind of value is this? It is a diabolical one.
Refusing to embrace diplomacy also undermines our prosperity. Rather than attacking and occupying countries in the Middle East, we should be working with…… [Read More]
Conclusions -- Was TAP Necessary -- A five member Congressional committee echoed a number of criticisms regarding TAP that many consumers, academics, and fiscal analysts were considering. What exactly was the Treasury's strategy with the $700 billion dollars for the supposed bail out? How can Treasury explain the significant gaps in their ability to find hundreds of billions of taxpayer money? In a nutshell, it appears that the departments that control the money given by the Congress (from the American people) have no ability to ensure that the bailed out banks will do what was needed and lend money; have no real standards of measuring success of failure of the program; and for ignoring pointed and specific questions from Congress about their performance (M. Crittenden).
The fact that many of the institutions bailed out with TAP funds, funds from the American taxpayer, did not distribute these funds back into the…… [Read More]
Vermont's Junior Senator, Bernard Sanders introduced to the Senate the Stop Outsourcing Security Act S. 2398. The Stop Outsourcing Security Act will help solve the lack of oversight of contractors in Iraq by requiring that by June 2008, "the President shall submit to each specified congressional committee a report on the status of planning for the transition away from the use of private contractors for mission critical or emergency essential functions by January 1, 2009, in all conflict zones in which Congress has authorized the use of force" (s 2398). This bill will examine contractor activities and ensure that renewals will only happen if the president certifies that contractors have undergone background checks and are clear of any crimes that could lead to additional problems with their work in the future. It will also allow congress to have access to information of private military companies including, the number of persons…… [Read More]
This became a reality with the killing of the tsar in 1918. The death of the tsar was the visible reaction to a series of underlining causes that would eventually encourage the raise to power of a political ideology that addressed these issues and offered political and propagandistic solutions.
The social situation of the populations was rather grim during the tsar's regime. ussia had been engaged in the First World War effort and the condition of the soldiers was disastrous. Similarly, the peasants often were subjected to oppressive taxes in order for the regime to be able to financially support the war effort.
Aside from the social causes of the revolution, there were also political aspects that determined the fall of the tsar and the subsequent establishment of the communist regime. Thus, the authoritarian imperial rule opposed the visions of politicians such as the Bolshevik leader Trotsky. He was seen…… [Read More]
Civic Values in the U.S.
estoring democracy and civic virtue in the United States will require major reforms that reduce the power of corporations, elites and special interests in the whole political process. ight now, there is a radical disconnect between the political and economic elites and the needs and interests of the ordinary voters. Most people today realize that the country is in its worse crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s, but government and the political system seem dysfunctional and incapable of dealing with it. emoving the power and control of big money from the political process forever would be the most important step in revitalizing American democracy and making the system more representative and accountable. So would eliminating the Electoral College and electing the president and vice president by a majority of the popular vote. Despite the protests of small states, only this type of reform…… [Read More]
In my state of Kentucky, our Senators are Republican Mitch McConnell and Republican Rand Paul. Mitch McConnell is the Senate Majority Leader and may be considered an Establishment politician, as he has been in Congress since 1985 (Majority Leader, 2017). Rand Paul may be considered an outsider. He came into politics after his father Ron Paul began showing signs of exiting politics. The Tea Party wave and the Libertarian wave combined to win Rand Paul his seat. He is often viewed as the anti-Establishment candidate, as he often supports or opposes policies not on party lines but on moral lines that he assesses from a conservative or even Libertarian point of view. For instance, his opposition to the Saudi Arms Sales, recently signed by President Trump, has put him at odds with his party (Republicans) and in fact with most of the Establishment. For this reason, I support…… [Read More]
Ben S. Bernanke is a noted American Economist with degrees in Economics from Harvard and MIT, past professorships at Stanford, NYU, MIT and Princeton, experience as a member of the Federal Reserve System's Board of Governors, and experience as past Chairman of the Presidential Council of Economic Advisors; furthermore, Bernanke is a "Depression Scholar" (Grunwald, 2009) whose "main academic focus was the central role of monetary policy and the Fed in creating the catastrophe" (Grunwald, 2009). Appointed Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board on February 1, 2006 during the Bush Administration, Bernanke was reappointed to a second term during the Obama Administration by 70-30 Senate vote on January 28, 2010 (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 2012). Bernanke's reappointment was reportedly "contentious" and he was reappointed by the smallest margin ever for Federal Chair confirmation (Binder, 2010). Given our slow economic recovery, questions have arisen about Bernanke's acts,…… [Read More]
Classical and Historical Book Review:
Caesar, Julius. The Conquest of Gaul. New York: Penguin Books, 1983.
The author, Julius Caesar, of The Conquest of Gaul has been variously described as a "Roman patrician, politician, writer, reformer, general, dictator and," according to the decree of the Roman senate, later "a god." (Seindal, 2003) The military leader Julius Caesar's book upon his Gallic conquests famously begins, "Gallia est omnis divisa in partes tres..." Or that Gaul is divided in three parts. The authorship of the book was motivated in part to define his legacy, as he fought these wars, as a great general and a great leader to the adoring Roman populace and the disapproving Roman senate. Thus, even during his lifetime, before he became an official God of the Roman world, Caesar was attempting to formulate his own following and legacy in print. Rather than allowing even his followers to…… [Read More]
Voter Through Congressional District esearch
The bipartisan structure which defines the American system of democratic governance is premised on the notion that informed voters, when provided with an opportunity to select their own leadership, will invariably alternate between candidates with whom they identify closely, and members of the opposing party who offer meaningful reform. This maxim of American politics has resulted in a pattern of Presidential ascendency whereby neither party has captured the White House in three consecutive elections since the four consecutive campaign victories notched by Franklin Delano oosevelt more than a half-century ago. Nonetheless, there are still pockets of provincial loyalty which still exist throughout the national electorate, with family histories and cultural touchstones serving to elevate one party above its competition in the hearts and minds of voters. In the second congressional district of Tennessee -- an area which spans the metropolitan borders of Knoxville, as well…… [Read More]
Each of these was included in the initial Senate bill, but was struck from the final Senate version. Despite the victories, the group isn't ready to pledge support for health reform bills. The AMA will not endorse any legislation unless Congress gets rid of the mandated payment cuts of more than $200 billion over 10 years in the government's Medicare program for the elderly. The cuts are part of Congressional action that was passed in 1997 in order to cut costs in the Medicare program, but have never gone into effect. There are also several hospitals, insurers, pharmaceutical manufacturers and advocacy groups that are withholding final support. Most of these groups have pledged support to health care reform in principle while working privately through lobbyists to protect their industries (Eaton and Pell, 2010).
Healthcare lobbyists range from very large companies and corporations to very small groups who are all looking…… [Read More]
Stimulus Bill Political Communication
Political Communication during the Stimulus Bill Debate
In times of economic uncertainty and national emergency, the government has the capacity to make decisions that it believes will aid the country in its time of need. Such a time of need occurred in 2009 when the country continued to face an existence of dire economic circumstances involving national cash-flow and jobs. In order to set economic recovery into motion, President Obama called for the passing of the American ecovery and einvestment Act of 2009 (AA), otherwise regarded as the stimulus bill. While such a bill was considered pivotal by many government officials in order to get the country back on its feet, crucial differences in policy and bill structure could be viewed in assessing the opinions Democrats and epublicans brought to the floor in terms of the bill's passing. In understanding the basis of the bill itself,…… [Read More]
Bauer's personal experience taught her that members of congress are among the least respected groups in American society, and for many congressmen that is probably a worthy curse. However, the fact that many congressmen are incompetent or corrupt makes it so that even honest, hardworking representatives cannot be taken seriously or given any respect. Picketers, protesters, harasses, stalkers, and enemies from all walks of life will often be more common in a representative's life than meeting the average constituent that makes up a majority of the population he or she represents. Bauer reminds the public to keep in mind the congressperson is still a person.
Daily life as a congressman or congresswoman is demanding. If the representative is truly honest and qualified, it may be even more difficult than for those representatives who are simply going with the flow of the system. There are many qualifications that must be met…… [Read More]
To that end, the Academic Senate recommends "comprehensive replacement plans to maintain currency of all technology" (Guidelines).
Distance learning courses are the inevitable child of advances in communication technology. Because human resources are a huge drain on a community college's limited funding, the use of technology to allow a single teacher to teach many more students than they could otherwise manage was natural. Teachers now have access to "such diverse learning strategies as computer assisted instruction, real-time two-way interactive video, multimedia presentations, electronic bulletin boards, and e-mail" (Curriculum). This allows them to create resources for students that can take the place of face-to-face time.
Curriculum Committee Review of Distance Learning Courses and Sections." Academic Senate for California Community Colleges. Nov. 1995. 29 Oct. 2006 http://www.academicsenate.cc.ca.us/Publications/Papers/distance_learning_review.html.
Guidelines on Minimum Standards for College Technology." Academic Senate for California Community Colleges. Spring 2000. 29 Oct. 2006 http://www.academicsenate.cc.ca.us/Publications/Papers/Guidelines_minimum_standards.html.… [Read More]
Food should be banned from the New York City subway system. There are a few reasons why the food ban should be enacted, chief among them are the health concerns cited by state senators. Proponents of eating food on the subway system generally have weak arguments based around their own personal desire to eat food on the subway, rather than any coherent responses to the central sanitation and public nuisance argument.
According to the text of the bill (S6312), the purpose of the bill is to "mitigate the growing rat infestation in the NYC subway system." The bill would establish fines and other punishments for eating food on the subway system. There are a number of problems with the rat issue in the subway system. In general, people experience a sense of revulsion at the sight of rats, in particular the large, greasy variety found in the subway…… [Read More]
Health Policy and Law Formation:
The process of legislation is characterized with some similarities and differences depending on the specific lawmaking body and the manner through which policymakers are elected and their respective functions and work. Generally, this legislative process includes drafting the bill, introduction of the bill to the respective house, discussions regarding it, any amendments, voting, and enactment into law or vetoed. In addition to undergoing this process, the formation of a public policy or law experiences various challenges depending on the specific state and municipality where the policy is formed.
In relation to public health policy, such laws originate from various sources before proceeding to policy development, which follows several stages. Some of these major stages in policy development include problem identification, setting of agenda, formation of the policy, implementation of the policy, policy evaluation, and policy termination or change. On an issue of health promotion or…… [Read More]
The author of this brief report was asked to attend a meeting of a political organization and offer a number of observations, facts and details as it relates to the meeting, what the organization does and where they get their funding, among other things. The details that will be included are the agency that was visited, the date of the visit, the programs and services that are provided to the community, the issues that were discussed during the meeting, the climate of the meeting, what was learned relative to what was known prior about th3e agency and the reaction to the meeting. A conclusion will wrap things up. While there were some newly learned things and items here and there, the meeting was fairly predictable and professional.
Review of Details
The meeting in question was for the Committee of Higher Educaiton Finance and Policy. The meeting occurred on…… [Read More]
political contexts, both Presidents Bush and Clinton entered contentious budget negotiations with a Congress controlled by the opposition party in 1990 and 1995 respectively; however, each president experienced a different outcome. In Bush's case, he had to deal with both the Savings and Loan Crisis and a $2.8b debt -- the largest in the nation's history. Further, Bush entered negations hamstrung by a campaign pledge not to raise taxes on the American people. After a brief government shut-down, President Bush and Congress reached an agreement found in the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990, an act where not only government spending was cut, but also where Bush had to violate his campaign pledge and raise taxes. In President Clinton's case, he had to deal with the first full Republican Congress in forty years -- a congress which would demand a balanced budget where Clinton's budget projected a nearly $190b deficit…… [Read More]
Vote Spotter App Report: Palm Harbor, Florida
The "Vote Spotter" app provided the partisan affiliation and voting record on key legislation results for congressional members of the U.S. House and Senate for Palm Harbor, Florida shown in Tables 1 and 2 respectively below (the Vote Spotter app did not indicate that any of the Floridian congressmen sponsored or co-sponsored any legislation).
House of Representatives
Voting Record on Key Legislation
HB 5946 (exempts Olympic prizes from taxes)
HB 5931 (prohibits prisoner release payments to Iran)
HB 3438 (allows delay of expensive regulations)
HB 3590 (keep income tax deductions from medical expenses)
Yes: HB 5461 (requires report on Iranian officials' assets)
Table 2 -- U.S. Senate
Voting Record on Key Legislation
Yes: SB 2040 (override the veto of legislation allowing terrorism lawsuits)
Yes: U.S. Senate Joint resolution (support sale of military equipment to Saudi…… [Read More]
Getting to Know Your Congressional Senators: Georgia
The state of Georgia is extremely diverse, encompassing highly rural areas as well as one of the region's major cities, that of Atlanta. The state, like many in the South, has historically leaned conservative in terms of its political affiliation. Its two senators are Republican, that of the senior senator John Isakson (who has served the state since 1996) and the junior senator David Perdue (who has served the state since 2014). Isakson has a strong conservative voting record on issues such as abortion, affirmative action, and same-sex marriage according to the nonpartisan website On the Issues. He also has a strong pro-business voting record. David Perdue has a similar voting record.
This homogeneity in and of its self is problematic for Georgia. This does not represent Georgia's full diversity as a state, particularly given its significant urban community (which draws both business…… [Read More]
" Morse makes the compelling argument that the President has no Constitutional power to act in this fashion and should not be granted a resolution to that effect, which effectively sidesteps the Constitution and its checks and balances system.
Interestingly, supporters of the resolution seemed unfazed by this realization. Senator Cooper's back-and-forth with Senators Russell and Fulbright demonstrates this. He continued to probe the nature of the powers the resolution would grant, ultimately articulating that it amounted to approving of the President's current actions and supporting any future ones the President determines to be necessary. Senator Cooper asked, "Then, looking ahead, if the President decided that it was necessary to use such force as could lead into war, we will give him that authority by this resolution?" The supporters agree that this is the case, upon which Cooper points out it is important for Congress and the public to understand…… [Read More]
Qualifications for the U.S. Senate, U.S. House of epresentatives, & U.S. Presidency and The Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
Which articles and sections deal with the qualifications that people must have in order to serve as a member of the House of epresentatives, as a Senator, and as President of the United States? How do those respective qualifications differ?
Article One, section 2, clause 2 of the U.S. Constitution stipulates the following qualifications for candidates to the U.S. House of epresentatives: No Person shall be a epresentative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.
Article One, section 3, clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution stipulates the following qualifications for candidates to the…… [Read More]
hat evidence can you cite from the film about name recognition and the incumbency effect?
The film is showing how name recognition is one of the most important factors in linking a particular candidate with different ideas. McKay is using his name to create an initial following. However, as he becomes more popular, is when people begin to question why his father has not endorsed him. After the debate, the press ignores the fact that McKay did not follow the agreed upon format. Instead, they are concentrating on how the former Governor has appeared to endorse his son. hen in reality, he is only there to congratulate him. ("The Candidate")
The incumbency effect occurs throughout the film with Jamon having a clear advantage over the other candidate. This leads to many individuals refusing to run against him based upon the belief they will not win. These factors encourage…… [Read More]
Individual Mandate in PPACA
On March 23, 2010 the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) was signed into law by President Barack Obama. Along with the Health Care Reconciliation Act of 2010, the PPACA became part of the overall Health Care Reform concept of 2010; a reform process that was promoted as a way to completely transform the health care industry and ensure that there is "more openness to the insurance marketplace…." ("Healthcare.gov") hile supporters praise the legislation as a revolutionary law which will benefit ordinary Americans, critics claim that the Obama Administration used the health care reform process as a means of gaining control over the entire health care system. In order to provide the necessary funding for this reform process, the PPACA contains a requirement that all American citizens either join a healthcare program, or pay a penalty. This has been identified as not only constitutional, but…… [Read More]
Undocumented tudents Equity to in-tate Tuition:
Reducing The Barriers
There exist policy ambiguities and variations at federal, state, and institutional levels related to undocumented student access to and success in higher education and this has created problems for these students. This study investigated specific policies and procedures to provide the resources and capital to assist undocumented students as well as reviewed key elements of showing the correlation of these difficulties with ethnic identity in access and equity to higher education that would help eliminate student's frustration. The study also illustrated that there is no accountability system surrounding the success of undocumented student's postsecondary education divide significant structure. Three research questions guided the study; a) Without the fundamental requirements met how will undocumented students achieve their goal to attain a degree, and seek a rewarding career? b) Is it unjust to extradite an illegal alien who has been living a constructive…… [Read More]
The weaker segments in Africa, women and children, were and are the worst hit by HIV / AIDS, which then is spread to the families and communities. (Bage 2004)
Dealing with this is a great scientific, social, and moral challenge that every organization and country, especially developed countries must rise up to. It is time to mobilize resources and contribute to make changes in the policies so that we at the United Nations can do something worthwhile to combat Africa's problem with this disease. There were commercial interests earlier that would not allow the developed nations to provide subsidized medicine. For instance the United States, there was a stance that there could be no recognition of the problem and a denial of need. This was followed by a policy that placed the solving of the problem on the affected countries. Until George W. Bush, the United States and many developed…… [Read More]
In this author's opinion, a greater than ninety percent probability that humans are involved in global climate change, with the additional concern that irreversible detrimental consequences may result, is sufficient to warrant immediate action in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. ithin the scientific field an absolute certainty that humans have fueled global warming will never be obtained, no matter how much time is provided for study. It is paramount that action, such as the Cap and Trade Policy, is taken immediately to mitigate the production of greenhouse gases and slow global warming. Failure to take these steps will only exacerbate the deleterious effects of global warming as time progresses.
Many opponents to implementation of emissions restrictions, such as that of the Cap and Trade Policy, have also suggested that alternative energy sources are not sufficiently advanced or effective to meet the energy demands currently provided by fossil fuels. Presently, alternative energies…… [Read More]
Effects on Current Position
With "The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act," many healthcare professionals are affected (Democratic Policy Committee, n.d.). Nationwide, hospitals are scrambling to buy hospitals in an effort to control costs. Doctors are leaving small private practices. Large insurance companies are becoming more dominant as smaller ones disappear because they cannot stay competitive (New York Times, 2011). Furthermore, epublicans denounced the law as an intrusion by the government that would prompt employers to eliminate jobs, create an unsustainable entitlement program, saddle states and the federal government with unmanageable costs, and interfere with the doctor-patient relationship. As a result, the law would exacerbate the steep rise in the cost of medical services, thus affecting the elimination of many healthcare positions. Ironically, less healthcare professionals will ensue, but an increase in patient care will be needed, as a result in more people becoming insured.
Challenges & Opportunities
Moreover, many…… [Read More]
Driven (Principi & Task Force)
pplication Essay: Results Driven
In the Department of Veterans ffairs where I work, getting results is highly valued. There are various examples that could be used to point out how important results are in this organization and how I go about ensuring that I get results when I am asked to do something. There are two examples that are important to discuss here. The first of these is the Farewell Ceremony that I took part in. In late 2004, I was directly asked by those high-up in my organization to plan and execute a Farewell Ceremony for the Honorable nthony J. Principi, the 4th Secretary of Veterans ffairs. This particular event took place at the Veterans conference center at the V headquarters located in Washington D.C. Many members of the President's Cabinet were leaving the administration at this time. The ceremony had a strong impact…… [Read More]
Arizona illegal immigrant law a good idea?
The Support Our Police force and Safe Neighbourhood Act (enacted as Arizona Senate Bill 1070 and therefore is associated basically as Arizona SB 1070) is really a legal Act within the U.S. Arizona State. This law is currently the widest and most stringent anti-illegal immigration in recent American history (CNN, 2010). This law has acquired considerable local and also global criticism and it has prompted extensive debate (Nowicki, 2010).
United States federal legislation requires all non-citizens older than 14 who reside in the country for more than thirty days to register with the Federal government. Furthermore, they are required to hold and possess registration papers all the time. The Arizona Act, furthermore, makes it an Arizona misdemeanour offence for a non-citizen to be residing in Arizona without possessing the necessary documents. The law articulates that state police force officers try to determine his/her…… [Read More]
Stanton's Solitude Of Self
Elizabeth Cady Stanton's speech before the United States Senate in 1892 was the first major awakening of women receiving the right to vote, thus validating the equal rights for all people as written in the United States Constitution. The actual seed for the first omen's Rights Convention was actually planted when Elizabeth Cady Stanton, a well-known anti-slave and equal rights activist, met Lucretia Mott at the orld Anti-Slavery Convention in London; the conference that refused to allow Mott and other women delegates from the United States because of their gender. This refusal only infuriated the cause, many finding extreme commonality in anti-slavery and omen's Suffrage Movement (DuBois). In 1851, Stanton met temperance advocate Susan B. Anthony around 1851, found that they had a great deal in common and joined together in a three pronged approach to repeal or limit the sale of alcohol, emancipate the slaves,…… [Read More]
thirteen colonies that drafted and announced the Declaration of Independence stating their intention to separate from England shortly thereafter wrote the first governing document, the Articles of Confederation. The Articles set forth and defined the relationship between the various colonies and how the relationship between such colonies would serve to form one entity. The Articles served to provide the colonies with a form of unification while the Revolution was being fought but as the nation attempted to recover from the War and build a new nation the Articles proved too weak to be effective. The Articles failed to grant Congress the power to raise funds, regulate trade, or conduct foreign policy without the voluntary agreement of the states. There were attempts to alter the Articles in order to increase the powers of the Congress but these efforts failed and a Constitutional Convention was convened to attempt to revise the Articles…… [Read More]
Nixon and the Legacy of the War in Vietnam
Nixon & Vietnam
President ichard Nixon set out policy goals for the conflict in Vietnam in a speech to the nation on November 3, 1969. At the time the country was deeply divided over the question of our presence in the region. In this speech Nixon claimed a nation cannot remain great if it betrays its allies and down its friends and that a unilateral withdrawal of all United States forces would humiliate our nation and promote recklessness in the councils of those great powers who have not yet abandoned their goals of world conquest and spark violence wherever the nations commitments helped to keep the peace. A withdrawal of American forces would in the final analysis cost more lives and not bring peace, but more war. Nixon asserted that for these reasons he would not end the war…… [Read More]
The CDC has provided almost $7 million in funding to establish DPPs for research purposes, which means the number of pre-diabetes individuals helped by these programs will be very limited (CDC, 2012). While these programs will probably provide free or nearly-free diabetes preventive services to a large number of individuals, most underserved patients will not benefit from these programs.
S. 452 is worded in such a way that establishing DPPs under Medicaid will be optional for states (Sebelius, 2010). As of 2010, 43 states covered the expense of screening Medicaid patients for diabetes, but only 13 states provided reimbursement for obesity preventive services. This suggests that states are willing to pay for screening, but not preventive services like lifestyle interventions; however, if only a few states implement DPPs for Medicaid recipients, this will provide a proof-of-principle experiment in a real-world setting and establish the overall healthcare savings such programs can…… [Read More]
intended to provide an overview of the individuals and movements who played important part in Chicano movement
Chicano movement is one of the most eminent chapters in the history of Mexican-Americans. The Chicano movement reflects a decade's long pursuit of Mexican-Americans for their rights. Although it has its roots in 1800s, the movement grew stronger in 1940s. In order to understand what Chicano movement really is, one needs to understand the past events leading to it. It is a common saying in Mexican-Americans that we did not crossed the borders, the border crossed us. There have been several treaties signed between Mexicans and Americans which provided a lot of benefits to Mexicans along with citizenship, however when the senate revised these treaties, all these leverages were removed depriving Mexicans of their lands and other properties. Then started the journey of Chicano Movement. There are various individuals and several movements who…… [Read More]
Human esources & Change: The Internal evenue Service
Tax season is upon Americans. Every working American knows that when dealing with tax issues, which at some point, every working American does, interactions with the Internal evenue Service are inevitable and often profoundly displeasing. Citizens make feel powerless against the institution of the IS because it is a part of the federal government. Citizens may feel they have to put up with the treatment and negligence of the IS and that organization will not be held accountable. It is untrue. In 1998, a piece of legislation was passed as response to charges brought upon the IS by a Senate Finance Committee. Therefore, the paper finds the IS an organization ripe for change in regards to Human esources. The paper will propose a change in the IS and hypothesize the implications as well as the implementation of such a change.…… [Read More]
GOP Aacks on NLRB
Labor Movemen & Srucure of he NLRB
In his paper I explore he sae of he curren relaionship beween he Republican Pary and he Labor movemen in he Unied Saes. In par one I briefly race he hisory of he labor movemen in he Unied Saes and he passage of he Naional Labor Relaions Ac and he emergence of he Naional Labor Relaions Board. . In he paper's second secion, I discuss he GOP's sraegy a he sae level-wih special aenion paid o Wisconsin and Ohio. In par hree, I discuss he GOP's sraegy a he naional level wih respec o heir aacks on he Naional Labor Relaions Board, focusing specifically on he House's refusal o appoin and approve anymore Board Members and heir recen passage of he Proecing Jobs from Governmen Inerference Ac. Finally, I explore boh he fuure prospecs of union busing sraegies and…… [Read More]