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hile all stories can be adapted and changed, with stories in the public domain being the most attractive choice, Holmes' death and resurrection make his character special because they serve to retcon (from retroactive continuity) his fictional narrative, a process that cannot be undone. Once Conan Doyle decided that earlier features of Holmes' story were open to interpretation and mutation, it meant that going forward, almost any feature of Holmes' story could be shifted and reinterpreted. The practice of retroactively altering fictional continuities is common to pulp and serialized stories, and Conan Doyle's detective stories were no different in this regard. This will help explain the natural synergy that arises between the character of Sherlock Holmes and comic books, because Holmes' own magical resurrection and mutable continuity is directly in line with the editorial and narrative practices that would arise within the American comic books of the 20th century.
By…… [Read More]
Sherlock Holmes and Philip Marlowe
The Wrong Pigeon is taken from Chandlers story the Matita One and its story is elf evident through the name. Obviously about the syndicate going after the wrong man who is symbolically represented in slang with the word 'pigeon'. It is a carefully crafted tale that evokes the ambiance of Chandler's tales.
Two of the most fascinating detectives that have been penned are Sherlock Holmes and Philip Marlowe. One can't help but be impressed by the characteristics that are unique go both men and sigh over their dynamic feats. Created by Arthur Conan Doyle and Raymond Chandler respectively these two have caught the imaginations of most of the readers that followed their feats. Yet, the two could not be more different.
Holmes portrayed as a tall and lanky character that is addicted to cocaine and solves mysteries without actual effort. The mannerism he has and…… [Read More]
Miss Irene Adler's mind does not conform to her body-yet she can become a positive protagonist precisely because of her body."(Cortiel 1999 p.110)
Therefore, it is plain that the Victorian society saw woman as the opposite of reason and intellect. The 'sample' that Holmes gives us of the way in which he thinks women always act is very suggestive:
When a woman thinks that her house is on fire, her instinct is at once to rush to the thing which she values most. It is a perfectly overpowering impulse, and I have more than once taken advantage of it... A married woman grabs at her baby; an unmarried one reaches for her jewel-box. (Doyle 2002 p.78)
Irene's reaction to the false alarm of fire seems to uphold Holmes view, but eventually she tricks him when she realizes her own mistake and discovers his disguise. As she emphasizes in her note…… [Read More]
solving a crime or a mystery. Attention to detail makes a detective character a great character. Sherlock Holmes, Doyle's famous character, constantly acts like the scientist who is capable of keeping his professional distance, thus keeping his objectivity, but he also leaves some tools of his detectivistic kitchen hidden from the unsuspecting eye, always ready to surprise those who think they know him pretty well. Among others, Doyle gave his character one of the best tools a detective can have: a thorough knowledge of the human nature. Sherlock Holmes is always paying attention to detail, never ignoring or dismissing little, apparently unimportant, facts, while keeping his distance and integrity.
Adventure III, A Case of Identity, is a story where Holmes apparently playing with his subject, proves his genius once more, solving a mystery at the end of only one conversation with the person asking for his assistance. This short story…… [Read More]
123). Though he is speaking explicitly about detective work and Holmes' general mode of accomplishing things, there is a clear implication that Watson knows how to serve Holms' needs.
Again, there is a clear appropriation of the characters of Watson and Holmes as servants to the fanfic writer that created this story, bringing to explicit culmination an area of their relationship that has been the cause of much speculation. No details of the characters lives as referenced in the original stories are changed as in "Solve for X" (save that the story is also modernized, rather humorously), they are simply embellished. This is a key aspect of transmedia characters, who tend to remain highly similar if not in narrative lockstep across all media and authors. By changing the tone of the tale rather than any concrete details of character, this fanfic writer was able to bring an entire community of…… [Read More]
Dr. atson in The Hound of the Baskervilles
Arthur Conan Doyle's The Hound of the Baskervilles one of the most famous Sherlock Holmes stories, continuously being depicted in film and television. But the original story, as written by Doyle, is a wonderful and extremely riveting tale of death, superstition, murder and mystery. Dark, foggy moors, filled with dangers both natural and supernatural are what face Sherlock Holmes and faithful companion, Dr. atson. Since the tale is told from the point-of-view of Dr. atson, he is a fine character to base an analysis on. Dr. atson is, or course, a medical doctor and a veteran of the British ars in Afghanistan, but he while he is an extremely logical and brave man, he is not very clever. These three traits: logic, bravery, and thickness mix together in atson to make him an interesting, yet likeable character.
In the late 1800's,…… [Read More]
Holmes bridged the gap not only between the rich and the poor, but also between the haves and the have nots.
And what do the 'haves' have that the 'have nots' are trying to achieve? It is intellect, which is gradually taking the lead over technology as 19th century western society moved forward a new stage of technological and social development. As new technologies and social order dominated the western countries, it dawned on society that there is premium in intellectual development -- that charismatic individuals are being taken over by intellects, mainly because of the soundness of judgment of the latter. Holmes embodied every individual's aspiration to become an intellectual, to be recognized and respected because of what she or he is, and not because of his/her status in the society.
Holmes is the symbol of intellectual development, as he goes beyond the thrill of discovery and investigation, and…… [Read More]
Watson can entirely explain, causes the reader to return again and again to the tales.
Detective stories may seem to be about plot more than any other work of genre fiction, but given the popularity of detective series, perhaps this is an error -- character, more than revelation might be the real reason readers return again and again to read about Holmes in action. By seeing Holmes deduce and explain the strangeness of something like "The Red-Headed League" or try to chase after Professor Moriarty, the reader seeks tantalizing clues about why Holmes is so driven, with a single-minded intensity, to solve crime, rather than to establish friendships, seek out love, or experience any other of the pleasures that complicate most of our lives.
Arthur Conan Doyle, more so than the strangeness of his plot, thus created one of the greatest and most iconic characters of all time in Sherlock…… [Read More]
Toulmin Model and Sherlock Holmes
The Toulmin Model of argumentation asserts that a good argument consists of six parts which intend to develop a practical argument. The first element is the "claim," or the conclusion that the argument must establish. The next part is the "data," or the facts and evidence collected and used to confirm the argument. In order to support the data, general, hypothetical, or logical statements are used, these are called "warrants." A good argument should limit itself to what can be proven and so it requires "qualifiers" which restrict the argument to a point where it can be supported by facts. In order to support the warrants made during the argument, sometimes "backing statements" are used to add credence to the statements made during the argument. These backing statements may not directly support the claim, but should always support the supporting warrants. Finally, since there are…… [Read More]
The second is the methods of work that must follow a quality certified system.
Overall System Design
Since the work relates to scientific study, a scientific temperament and better equipped laboratory is a must. For each section of the system dealing with major and minor investigations, appropriate equipments, modern electronic gadgets and data processing systems must be provided and they must also be upgraded frequently. The personnel must be trained in the use and proper management of digital forensic laboratories and high technology crime detection and investigation. These must be installed and maintained on turnkey approach. One suggestion is to contract a company which has experience in setting up the lab and turn over the installation to them. For example, the Pyramid Company provides turnkey contracts for setting up such Laboratories and Centres. (Pyramic Cyber, 2012) Such service providers would provide for the commissioning of equipments and tools as specified…… [Read More]
In demonstrating this he shows the audience that he had done a lot of research about all the character's past which led to their present needs. The demonstration of the crime is extremely rational and pieces are put together in a very logical manner "The world is full of obvious things which nobody by any chance ever observes." (Doyle 78)the detective uses all the available resources and he even travels to various locations in order to get the evidence he needs. It is the large amount of information which he manages to gather the main factor which contributes to his success. His spirit of observation and his detached attitude will help him find the solution to the case "It may be that you are not yourself luminous, but you are a conductor of light. Some people without possessing genius have a remarkable power of stimulating it." (Doyle 119) Just like…… [Read More]
This type of writing makes the readers actually feel, see and hear what has been felt, seen and heard by the writer. This writing could describe anything such as a person, place or any other entity. The main purpose of the writer is to reveal its subject by careful selection of details. It is often seen that description involves a single personality or entity and how it changed its surroundings through its own actions or by other's actions on itself. The main aim is often to put the reader on the place of subject entity so that the reader could see the world from its perspective.
It is commonly seen that biographies and autobiographies involve the usage of descriptive/narrative writing by the authors. Many tend to give the world their own point-of-view on how they see the world so that the masses might agree with them in their…… [Read More]
Sherlock Holmes is presently associated with a deerstalker hat, a pipe and a magnifying glass, but few people know that the first description of the character has nothing to do with these items (with the exception of the magnifying glass, which he rarely used in "A Study in Scarlet"). Every popular character, regardless of its importance, is bound to change in appearance over a period of years. This is probably due to the intervention of various factors, such as the public's opinion and trends changing along with the passing of time. The general image of Sherlock Holmes has been gradually influenced by various depictions of the character, as each depiction has provided material for the one after it.
Doyle lived to see his novel adapted to be put in plays and to be transformed into film scripts. The character is part of a great number of books, motion pictures, and…… [Read More]
Tim urton's 1999 film adaptation of Washington Irving's 1819 short story "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" is hardly a faithful or literal adaptation. R.. Palmer, in his introduction to Nineteenth-Century American Literature on Screen, is rather chilly in his dismissal of urton's adaptation; he claims that a simple survey of Hollywood adaptations overall reveals that a number of major figures, most prominently Washington Irving…had never or rarely (and then generally unsatisfactorily) been adapted for the screen. ecause it has been so dedicated to marketing modernity, broadly conceived, Hollywood production offers only a narrow view of nineteenth-century literature. Hollywood's most extensive engagement with nineteenth-century politics and culture is in fact through an essentially twentieth-century form: the western…(Palmer 6).
Of course, Irving's original tale makes a very poor western, despite Irving's own note that the town of Sleepy Hollow was once "infested with…cow-boys" (Irving 288). ut in order to refashion…… [Read More]
Psychodynamic and Psychoanalytic theory suggest that early stages of human development have a significant impact on our relationships and our ego throughout the life span. According to Freudian theories, manifested behavior is based on latent problems of the past. The therapeutic process of psychoanalysis is designed to help the client become aware of past problems or latent desires that have been suppressed during the process of psychological development. Key themes that emerge in the literature on psychoanalytic theory include the role of the unconscious mind in shaping self-concept and behavior, dreams as the language of the unconscious mind, and the development of ego defense mechanisms as psychological coping mechanisms.
Dream analysis is one of the hallmarks of Freudian theory and central to psychoanalysis. In this article, Hebbrecht (2013) presents several case studies from clinical practice to illustrate some of the ways dream recollection can be stimulated during therapy, and how…… [Read More]
French New Wave/Auteur Theory and Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino: An Auteur
French New Wave cinema is a cinematic movement of the 1950s and 1960s established by French filmmakers and film critics who founded the Cahiers du Cinema that felt cinema had become too commercialized, formulaic, and unoriginal. This critical contention eventually led to the development of the auteur theory. Throughout various essays and critiques, Cahiers du Cinema critics sought to revolutionize cinema and analyze the function of writer in relationship to director. Cahiers du Cinema critics further argued that directors should be the driving vehicle behind a film and not writers. The criterion for an auteur, as defined by film critics in France and the United States, is still evident to this day. Through his unique writing and directing style, and through the use of mise-en-scene in his most recent film Inglourious asterds,[footnoteRef:1] Quentin Tarantino has demonstrated he is a contemporary…… [Read More]
Inglourious Basterds: A new take on history
Continuing to push the boundaries of contemporary cinema, Quentin Tarantino's Inglourious Basterds helps to redefine an era and rewrites history in the process. Tarantino's extensive knowledge of cinema and music drive his stories, rewriting history, and redefining cinema. Tarantino's postmodern approach to cinema is evident in many of his films, and his writing and filmmaking approach and style have cemented his place in Hollywood history. Inglourious Basterds is a welcome addition to Tarantino's repertoire and continuing to redefine a latent industry content on remaking successful foreign films and producing films devoid of artistic substance.
Inglourious Basterds is a modern day spaghetti western set in Nazi occupied France and relates the story of the "Inglourious Basterds" and their quest to kill as many Nazis in the most unconventional manner, as well as, Shosanna Dreyfus's quest to avenge her family. An all-star cast helps Tarantino…… [Read More]
The book has had a huge impact on society, helping the post 1950s world deal more clearly with the subject of civil rights, racial injustice, and the eradication of childhood innocence. "In the 20th century, To Kill a Mockingbird is probably the most widely read book dealing with race in America, and its protagonist, Atticus Finch, the most enduring fictional image of racial heroism" (Crespino, 2000, 9).
There are numerous themes that also make this novel an enduring classic -- gender roles, compassion, truth, and while most scholars and librarians believe this is a book that everyone should read while alive, there are numerous critics who object to the novel's treatment of black roles and racial epithets. Fortunately, reason has prevailed, for it is just exactly those stereotypical characterizations and use of language that Lee wants the reader to become incensed with rage and disbelief that just a few short…… [Read More]
When looking at this book in relation to The Wounded Storyteller Christopher tells his story by writing this book. It allows him to explore the world around him in regards to his illness and how it affects him and his family. He so wants to have more control of his life, illness and all. By way of telling his story he figures out that he can do a lot of things that he never thought that he could before. He gains self-confidence and thus gains independence. In many ways Christopher is a typical teenager that strives to gain independence by pushing the envelope as far as he can. But for him he has his illness to deal with which makes it even harder. In the end Christopher discovers himself by writing this book, which allowed him to tell his story his way and not by way of anyone else. Christopher…… [Read More]
On one hand he was portrayed by the Cornwell was the killer of the prostitutes while on the other Sickert was a staunch defender of the sanctity of marriage and reportedly even fired one of his most important dealers for dumping his wife of 25 years for a younger woman. Sickert's wife even gave evidence that the last thee killings by the ipper were committed in London in a time when Walter had gone to France while Cornwell did not agree. Alibis have important place in criminal investigation cases. Similarly, eye witnesses also have their importance. The eye witnesses in case of Jack the ipper gave a different description of the killer as compared to the appearance of Sickert while Cornwell dismissed such accounts with the point-of-view that he must have created a different appearance using different materials like dark grease paint, hair dye etc.
In most criminal investigations the…… [Read More]
These authors add that with respect to this exemplary leadership quality, "Although a significant difference existed by gender, both men and women rated challenging the process as their least developed leadership skill" (p. 259). This also means that people must be willing to take personal and professional risks, including speaking up for what they believe in the workplace, but the cost-benefit analyses that are routinely used by winners can help establish the framework in which such pursuits are achievable.
Such intuitive decisions may be valuable in the workplace when someone's experience and intellect combine to produce consistently positive outcomes, but it is reasonable to suggest that many successful business leaders take their time in formulating decisions about many of the complex issues they encounter on a day-to-day basis, but in some cases, time is of the essence and what "seems more right" will have to do. People with fine-tuned senses…… [Read More]
His view of interactions with others and admonishments is of less importance as compared to that of animals. In my opinion, this explicates the climax of Haddon's plot. The fact that Christopher decides to dig into finding the killer of the dog to erase the predicaments implicated upon him, introduces an interesting turn of the story. To him, tracking down the legitimate killer was exponentially vital to him; a close reflection to Sherlock Holmes inspiration.
In my opinion, the insights from the book exceptionally enlightened my understanding of literature. I gained knowledge concerning fiction's correlation to reality. This is portrayed by the Christopher's brilliance that illustrates his lack of fathom in his personal emotions. Similarly, the funny incidences create a dazzling effect to my understanding as the fascinating sides of Christopher highlights a blessing in disguise nature. This has helped in satisfying the incidental perception of the world of reality.…… [Read More]
" Haddon's novel illustrates this characteristic of autistic families more clearly than any other of his themes and it is this that makes his work significant.
Library and Information Resource Net. "Autism and Brain's Immune System Linked." AORN Journal, Feb 2005 v81 i2 p341 (1).
Ozonoff, Sally and Geraldine Dawson. A Parent's Guide to Asperger Syndrome and High-Functioning Autism. New York: Guilford Press, 2002. (p27-28).
Haddon, Mark. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. New York: Doubleday, 2003. (p14-15).
See above, no. iii. (p44).
Herrey, a. And Lisa M. Capps. "Understanding Teasing: Lessons from Children ith Autism." Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Feb 2005 v33 i1 p55 (14).
See above, no. iii. (p46).
See above, no. iii. (p140).
Bashe, Patricia Romanowski and Barbara L. Kirby. The Oasis Guide to Asperger Syndrome. New York: Crown, 2001. (p43).
Bashe, Patricia Romanowski and Barbara L. Kirby. The Oasis Guide…… [Read More]
Corporate Criminal Justice
The following study is a critical analysis of four articles or book passages relevant to the study of criminal justice in a corporate context. Each essay or book excerpt will be analyzed in turn and in the context that each has a significant intellectual contribution to make to the contemporary study of corporate criminal justice. hile this is a relatively new specialization within the corporate and criminal justice fields, it is nevertheless a very important one. The IRS indicates that crime has recently been categorized in terms of motivation, not in terms of the victim (Internal Revenue Service). This means that greed has become an enormous criminal category, one that must consider the excesses of white-collar crime. Additionally, there is the matter of corporate security and management of asset securities. For corporations, this means achieving a delicate balance between complying with the law, relying on federal law…… [Read More]
Dashiell Hammett's 1930 detective novel The Maltese Falcon has become an iconic text in American literature, not just as the source of the classic film noir starring Humphrey Bogart as Sam Spade, but in itself as a work of fiction that exemplifies the twentieth century's new "hard-boiled" style of American detective fiction that in the end would be associated particularly with Hammett but also with other detective and crime novelists whose work would provide the textual basis for the remarkable visual phenomenon of 1940s noir (Raymond Chandler, James M. Cain). It is hard to get a sense, for a contemporary reader, of the scope of Hammett's achievement here, because so many of his effects which were aesthetically radical at the time have now become so entirely assimilated by our own sensibility that Hammett's originality is best realized in comparison to the Victorian detective fiction that he replaced. There…… [Read More]
Victorian Female Sexuality
Victorian Sexuality: George Bernard Shaw's Mrs. arren's Profession and Thomas Hardy's "The Ruined Maid"
omen in the Victorian era must have suffered enormously under the massive double standards and the shameful image of a woman who wanted to be on her own. It is clear from examining the literature of the period how much discrimination was placed on women in the era. George Bernard Shaw's Mrs. arren's Profession and Thomas Hardy's "The Ruined Maid" show the intense sexual and gender discrimination that women in the Victorian era had to endure and the extreme consequences that were reserved for them upon breaking such strict traditions on sexuality and love relationships; however, George Bernard Shaw does allow for a greater sense of freedom for his female characters as his work was written much later at the tail end of the Victorian era, as long as they avoid the contact…… [Read More]
For Your Eyes Only
"Bond had time for these reflections because M. seemed to be having difficulty in coming to the point. Bond had been asked if he had anything on at the moment, and he had replied happily that he hadn't and had waited for Pandora's box to be opened for him. He was mildly intrigued because M. had addressed him as James and not by his number -- 007. This was unusual during duty hours. It sounded as if there might be some personal angle to this assignment -- as if it might be put to him more as a request than as an order. And it seemed to Bond that there was an extra small cleft of worry between the frosty, damnably clear, grey eyes. And three minutes was certainly too long to spend getting a pipe going."
This passes introduces Bond to the reader in the…… [Read More]
Victims of a Meaningless Show of Force
In the article "Victims of a Meaningless Show of Force" the author uses language to express her point that police firing on two polar bears was unacceptable behavior and as the author says "it was illogical, unfair, and a meaningless show of force." While this statement makes her opinion clear, the author also uses language to create the same opinion in the reader.
The title of the article is a clear example of loaded language. The word 'victims' implies that the polar bears were helpless, while the words 'meaningless show of force' imply that the police officers were only acting to prove something, with no real purpose to their actions.
Before offering an opinion on the shooting, the author describes the shooting. This includes the statement "the four police officers emptied twenty blasts from a 12-gauge shotgun and a.38 caliber revolver…… [Read More]