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The details of his life are as mundane as Felicite's, if more lucrative. As he grows more obsessed with his work he loses touch with his family and other things that presumably used to bring him joy. He begins to suffer all the more when he learns that he is dying. Death is not easy for him, either; he suffers from a pain in his side for a long time first. The reason an ordinary life is considered so terrible is because Ilyich is blind to the ordinariness. Only on his death bed does he realize the difference between a true life of fulfillment and an artificial life of selfishness and greed. Ilyich was not exactly a miser in life, but he was so focused on work that he missed the genuine moments of life that he could have had with his family and other experiences. It is ordinary to…
The moment when he needs to decide whether or not he wants to escape prison
He realizes that there is no solution left and he decides to escape
The moment when he comes across the ailey's family and has the opportunity to help them
He considers that they can provide the authorities with information and decides to kill them all
Him being provided with a series of reasons to redeem himself
He believes that it is in his best interest to be a criminal regardless of circumstances
The Misfit is an extremely immoral individual and he is determined to harm people that he interacts with, regardless of circumstances. The concept of ethics is completely foreign for him, taking into account that even though he would have been long gone before the family could have reported him to the authorities he still decides to murder all…
LE GUIN, U. (2011). The wife's story. In Acosta, D.L.P. a. A. (Eds) Literature: A World of Writing Stories, Poems, Plays, and Essays [VitalSource Digital Version](pp. 3-27) Boston, MA: Pearson Learning Solutions.
O'Conner, F. (2011). A good man is hard to find. In Acosta, D.L.P. a. A. (Eds) Literature: A World of Writing Stories, Poems, Plays, and Essays [VitalSource Digital Version](pp. 247-258) Boston, MA: Pearson Learning Solutions.
Desiree's Baby is an 1892 story by Kate Chopin that examines how the Aubigny family falls apart due to assumptions and misunderstandings. In the story, Desiree, an orphan whose parentage is unknown and whom the Valmonde family lovingly raises, marries Armand Aubigny, a man whose father comes from a prominent family. Desiree eventually gets pregnant by and gives birth to Armand's son, who later is the cause for Armand to banish Desiree from their home as Armand's son appears to have been fathered by a man who is not white. hile Armand works under the assumption that Desiree is not 100% white because no one knows who her parents are or that Desiree possibly had an adulterous affair, he does not consider the fact that he may be the reason his child is not 100% white. In Desiree's Baby, the consequences of perception, assumption, and identity, in relation to social…
Chopin, Kate. "Desiree's Baby." PBS. Web. 17 October 2012.
These stories; Araby written by James Joyce and A&P written by John Updike, draw attention to a number of the common problems which youths face when approaching adulthood. These two stories are of young men that are pictured to be hit with the unsettling understanding of the fantasies and the brutal reality of romance. They talk about a man who is currently in the development phase due to romance and love. Along the way, these men suffer emotional problems. A major similarity existing between both stories is the major characters are impractical and they both have weird expectations from women. This caused them to show women lots of affection which is not fully reciprocated and this causes them to be heartbroken and sad. They don’t enjoy any rewards from the love and affection they give to women but instead they face rejection severally and sometimes, they are unable to handle…
Gale, Cengage Learning. A Study Guide for Updike\\\\'s A & P. Gale, Cengage Learning, 2015.
Joyce, James, et al. Araby. Triestina Carlo Moscheni, 1935.
Joyce, James. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man: And, Dubliners. Barnes & Noble Classics, 2004.
Saldivar, Toni. \\\\"The art of John Updike\\\\'s\\\\" A&P\\\\".\\\\" Studies in Short Fiction 34.2 (1997): 215.
Fiction's Come a Long Way, aby
The development of fiction from its nascent stages until today's contemporary works is a storied one. Many features mark contemporary fiction and differentiate it from the classics of the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries: For one, modern writers use different perspectives to narrate: In some works, the narrator switches from third-person omniscient to first person, and in some contemporary works, even the challenging second-person. Experimentation in styles also marks contemporary fiction: Nabokov, perhaps fiction's greatest ever stylist, has written one novel penned to ladies and gentlemen of the jury, and another as literary criticism on a purposefully mediocre poem. (Nabokov: Lolita and Pale Fire).
ut one of the most pronounced shifts in fiction over these centuries has been the move from stuffy, high art to a fixation on and immersion in pop culture. George Eliot, for instance, in "Daniel Deronda," interspersed a very staid…
Cisneros, Sandra: Woman Hollering Creek. New York: Vintage.
Cisneros, Sandra: Mexican Movies. New York: Vintage.
Cisneros, Sandra: Barbie-Q. New York: Vintage.
Johnson, Samuel: Rasselas. New York: Oxford.
Characters in American Fiction
Two terms used that are to describe characters are static and dynamic, which mean rarely or never changing, and constantly changing, respectively. This paper provides an analysis of the characters of Sammy in the short story "A&P" by John Updike and Louise Mallard in the short story "The Story of an Hour" by Kate Chopin to determine whether these characters are static or dynamic. Drawing on supportive quotations from the two short stories, a discussion concerning who the person is at the start and end of the story is followed by an analysis of whether constant changes were a good thing for the dynamic character. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are provided in the conclusion.
Review and Analysis
"Sammy" in John Updike's "A&P"
This short story is set in the early 1960s in a small town somewhere north of…
Chopin, Kate. (1894). "The Story of an Hour." Virginia Commonwealth University [online]
available: http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/webtexts/hour/ .
Saldivar, Toni. (1997, Spring). "The Art of John Updike's 'A&P.'" Studies in Short Fiction
Colonial and Post Colonial Short Stories
In the 19th and 20th centuries, much of the world was divided and compartmentalized. Empire nations colonized lands all over the world creating cultures which were based upon differentiation and racial inequality. In a colonized nation, the population would be comprised of the colonizers who were the ethnic and racial power and the colonized that would be considered ethnically inferior. In the short stories "Going to Exile" by author Liam O'Flaherty and "The Day They Burnt the Books" by Jean Rhys, the authors relate brief narratives which reflect the racial prejudices and conflicts that were bubbling beneath, and often times above, the surface of colonized countries.
In colonial literature, one of the dilemmas that come up most often is the question of identity. People who are colonized are forced to create for themselves a dual identity. At one they have their innate cultures, but…
O'Flaherty, Liam. "Going into Exile." Ed. Baldwin, Dean R., and Patrick J. Quinn. An Anthology
of Colonial and Postcolonial Short Fiction. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2007. 283-291.
Rhys, Jean. "The Day They Burnt the Books." Ed. Baldwin, Dean R., and Patrick J. Quinn. An Anthology of Colonial and Postcolonial Short Fiction. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2007. 452-457. Print.
The narrator becomes repulsed by Bartleby and decides that he must be suffering from some type of mental problem. The less the narrator knows about Bartleby the worse things seem to be for him. He wants to make sense of things. He wants it all to make sense. The conflict arises from his inability to do so. The narrator is simply being human in his desire to control and understand things but Kafka is demonstrating how we cannot always know everything and how we must be at peace with that, lest we become insane. It is also important to point out that some things are simply not meant to be known or completely understood. Kafka does not attempt to explain everything in this story because we often face situations that will never be truly understood.
Marquez demonstrates conflict and how it makes for interesting fiction by allowing the readers to…
Kafka, Franz. "The Metamorphosis." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction R.V. Cassill, ed.
New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1981.
Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "Chronicle of a Death Foretold." Collected Novellas. New York:
Harper Perennial. 1990.
Conflict Between Exterior and Interior Life
Kate Chopin's "The story of an Hour" offers a story behind a story. First it can be noted that this talks about Mr. And Mrs. Mallard. Mrs. Mallard received a news that her husband has just died. This prompted for a roller coaster of emotions to build inside her heart and mind.
First, she felt sadness. She was saddened by the fact that she is now alone and that her husband will no longer be with her. But the feeling of sadness did not stay for long in Mrs. Mallard's heart because she suddenly realized that she is now free. The death of her husband would mean that nobody will hurt her anymore. Because her husband is dead, nobody will discriminate her anymore. Nobody will make her feel that she is just a low or second class citizen. Nobody will prevent her from doing…
Chopin, Kate. The Complete Works of Kate Chopin. Ed. Per Seyersted. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1969.
Winner Not a Winner?
In the short story "The Rocking Horse Winner" by DH Lawrence, the writer creates a spooky fantasy in which three major themes, luck, money, and love combine to form a bizarre and deadly unity. The boy Paul, intuitively feeling the lack of love in his family, becomes the embodiment of his parents obsessions with money. Riding his toy rocking horse he receives supernatural messages that allow him to pick winners in real horse races. He believes that he thus renews his family's luck, by winning money which he equates on an unconscious level with love. Lawrence uses the unified themes of luck, money and love to create a symbolic representation of life that is not truly lived, but in which concepts of luck, money and love are perverted into an imitation of life, the falseness of which kills the boy Paul.
This is a story about…
Beauchamp, Gorman. "Lawrence's The Rocking-Horse Winner." Explicator 31.5 (1973): Item 32.
Becker, George Joseph. DH Lawrence. New York: F. Ungar, 1980.
Burke, Daniel. Beyond Interpretation: Studies in the Modern Short Story. Troy, NY: Whitston, 1991.
Consolo, Dominick P. The Rocking-Horse Winner. Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill, 1969.
obert Graves lived from 1895 to 1985, and was a novelist, poet as well as a translator of the English Language. obert Graves has been a vivacious author, and has won acclaim as an author of the accounts of the First World War, in his book called 'Good bye to all that' republished in 1957. His poetry about the First World War he was recognized as being one of the sixteen Great War poets in 1985. These poets were honoured on the slate stone that was unveiled in Westminster Abbey's Poet's Corner as an edifice respecting their contribution to the narration of the war.
Through his life span, obert Graves has worked on various aspects in literature, ranging from autobiographical accounts, to historical novels. His works also include translations of Greek mythology as well as historical novels such as King Jesus, I and the Golden Fleece. obert Graves's memoirs particularly…
Brown, Keith and Jim Miller. Concise Encyclopedia of Syntactic Theories. . New York: Elsevier Science, 1996.
Campbell, Donna M. Regionalism and Local Color Fiction, 1865-1895. . Washington: Literary Movements. Dept. Of English, Washington State University., n.d.
Carnie, Andrew. Syntax: A Generative Introduction. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2006.
Freidin, Robert and Howard Lasnik. Syntax. Critical Concepts in Linguistics. . New York: Routledge, 2006.
irthmark, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, is the story of a man consumed by the pursuit of perfection. He seeks absolute knowledge and absolute control, and imagines that he has discovered great scientific absolutes including the nature of the very heavens and the reason volcanoes erupt. After he marries, he becomes obsessed by a small birthmark on the cheek of his otherwise flawlessly beautiful young wife. His obsession with perfection combined with his scientific hubris leads to the death of his wife. Ironically, in death, the hated birthmark finally fades. The story demonstrates the danger of hubris in assuming that science will have all our answers, that we can manipulate life to meet our arbitrary standards.
Hawthorne demonstrates the protagonist, Aylmer's, obsession through various references. In the opening paragraph he says Aylmer.".. had made experience of a spiritual affinity more attractive than any chemical one. He had left his laboratory to the…
1) Beauchamp, Gorman. 2002. "Hawthorne and the Universal Reformers." Utopian Studies 13. (Beauchamp, 2002)
2) Fitzpatrick, Martin. 2000. "To a Practised Touch': Miles Coverdale and Hawthorne's Irony." ATQ 14:1, pp. 27+. (Fitzpatrick, 2000)
3) Wohlpart, A. James. 1994. "Allegories of art, allegories of heart: Hawthorne's 'Egotism' and 'The Christmas Banquet.'" Studies in Short Fiction, June 22. (Wohlpart, 1994)
Unfortunately the story shows the swaggie acting like a barbarian and the guard, Bill forced to defend himself and fulfill his role as guard.
The story ends with the swag man kicked out of the train where Stivens eludes to a possible serious injury or death and Bill looking back as if to show he's worried. The best line of the whole story is when everything as mentioned is described right before the train enters junction as if to say Bill kept his job for one more day. It was a well written story with vivid and beautifully done descriptions and it definitely shines a light to the plight of not only the miserable, but also the people who are forced to battle them. And although there are things in the story that seem one sided and forced, it does a very good job of showing the viewpoint of a…
Casey, Gavin. "Short-Shift Saturday." 1937. The Australian Short Story: An
Anthology from the 1880s to the 1980s. Ed. Laurie Hergenhan. St. Lucia: U. Of Queensland P, 1986. 70-99.
Dal Stivens, 'Mr. Bloody Kearns', from Dal Stivens, Selected Stories: 1936-1968 (Sydney: A&R, 1969).
fiction's biggest advantages is the way it can be used to explore sensitive, difficult, and contentious topics from a relative distance. Fictional characters can express ideas and ask questions that would be considered beyond the pale in everyday life, offering writers and readers a relatively safe space in which to deal with these difficult issues. However, this quality also has a downside, because too often destructive ideas can be repeated and strengthened through works of fiction that purport to be doing quite the opposite. The short stories "Sharing," "Along the Frontage Road," and "Brownies" are all guilty of this dishonest, destructive practice, because although all three stories pretend to offer useful insights into the contentious issue of race and identity, all three end up subtly reproducing racist ideas and tropes. By examining these stories in conjunction, one is able to see how the productive, exploratory power of fiction can be…
Chabon, Michael. "Along the Frontage Road." The Best American Short Stories. Ed. Sue Miller
and Katrina Kenison. New York:Mariner Books, 2002. 1-8.
Packer, ZZ. "Brownies." Drinking Coffee Elsewhere. New York: Riverhead, 2003. 1-28.
Wideman, John Edgar. "Sharing." God's Gym. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2005. 27-
In Poe's "The Cask of Amontillado," the setting is of a very different nature, but also concerns life, death, and the irony that often accompanies the interaction between the two. The main character and first-person narrator, Montresor, leads Fortunato to his grave for an unnamed trespass. Under the pretence of wanting his expertise regarding a cask of amontillado, Montresor leads his friend into the recesses of an extensive vault, which also serves as a grave for a centuries-old family. The story is filled with increasingly grim descriptions of damp darkness and "piled bones" belonging to the generations of Montresor's family. The increasing darkness then correlates with the theme of Fortunato's impending doom. At the final turn, Montresor traps him in a crypt and seals him inside. The darkness can then serve to indicate the darkness of Montresor's action as well as the horror of Fortunato's final doom.
In Hawthorne's story,…
Fiction with Documentation
"here are you going, here have you been
hen asked this question, teenage girls like Connie -- past and present -- are faced with few options
Perhaps one of the great hallmarks of a great work of fiction is its ability to appear to have been written for the age during which it is being read, regardless of how far back in time it was written. In other words, Joyce Carol Oates' story might strike a contemporary adolescent or young adult reader as something timeless. Or rather, although it was written during the 1960's, it seems as if it is quintessentially about today's average fifteen-year-old teenage girl. Connie seems to be a perfect Britney Spears wanna-be, disdaining her slightly tubby older sister, refusing to listen to her mother, and glutting herself at the mall in acts conspicuous consumption, and conspicuous, revealing outfits.
Yet, incongruously to the modern…
Oates, Joyce Carol. "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" Literature and the Writing Process. Edited by McMahan, Susan Day, and Robert Funk. 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2005. 152-164.
A roughly overgeneralized list of great moments in film genres in America may give the suggestion that the history of the different genres summarizes the development of individuals within the society. For instance, with respect to the comedic genre, the first significant phase in such films is more often than not linked with revolutionary, polymorphous individuals such as Chaplin. With respect to the weepy genre of films, Erich Segal is considered to the revolutionary individual that not only instigated it but also paved the way for similar films. The present-day movie scene is dominated and filled with movies in the romantic comedy genre. At the moment, there are genres that are made for making individuals cry and are deemed to be weepy films, books and plays. Weepy is not basically entertainment, but neither can it be deemed simply tasteless. In particular, the entertainment industry has a preference for sitcoms…
Analysis of passage from The Ballad of the Sad Cafe and Other Stories by Carson McCullers (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1951; rpt. 1971), pp.3-5
Carson McCullers' short story "The Ballad of the Sad Cafe" is set in a town that is immediately established as remote, rural, and Southern: it is located near a cotton mill, there are peach trees all over the area, and there is only a single church. Even the buses are three miles away, which suggest the stranded and isolated nature of the residents. The main street is only two miles long, and there is "nothing whatsoever to do" during the long, hot summers. Even the nearest train stop (the significantly named 'Society' City) is far away. The largest building looks lonely and is boarded up completely. This large building, half-painted and left unfinished becomes a kind of metaphor for the town, as well as the woman…
Timothy Findley's "Stones" and Alice Munroe's "Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You." The former is a memoir, a most painful recounting of a young boy's life with his father who was indelibly altered during the course of events of orld ar II. The latter is a work of fiction detailing the relationship between a pair of sisters and their lovers. However, a more thorough analysis of these works reveals that there are commonalities in characterization and the point-of-view of the narration between these tales that is undeniable. Moreover, each details the maturation of the characters from a period which spans from early life to adulthood. As such, the similarities in the point-of-view of the narrators and the characterization of the principle people in each tale reveal that both of these coming of age stories are ultimately tragedies.
One of the primary similarities between both of these stories revolves about…
YOU DIDN'T PUT THE NAME OF THE BOOK
Yet perhaps no American author embraced the grotesque with the same enthusiasm as the Southern Flannery O'Connor. In "A Good Man is Hard to Find," O'Connor uses the example of a family annihilated by the side of the road by an outlaw named the Misfit to show the bankruptcy of American life. Instead of an evil serial killer, the Misfit is portrayed as a kind of force of divine justice, who unintentionally allows the grandmother of the family to experience grace. She says that she believes the man is like one of own her children before he kills her. In O'Connor's stories, the characters do not fight for their insight, rather it is given in mysterious, often deadly ways, and it always originates with the divine, not with the human will.
If O'Connor represents the most extreme version of grotesque American literature, Ralph Ellison represents perhaps the most balanced use…
oman Hollering Creek
The real-life oman Hollering Creek is a small waterway located in Central Texas. It is supposed that the name is a loose translation of the Spanish La Llorana or "weeping woman." This is a folktale of the area wherein a woman drowns her children in order to be with the man that she loves and yet he rejects her. Distraught over all she has lost, the woman (most ofthen called Maria) kills herself. At the gates, the woman is not allowed to go through them because she is without her children. Unable to enter Heaven, the weeping woman is forced to haunt the living world, searching everywhere for her children, for she will not be allowed access to Heaven until she locates them. Sandra Cisneros short story "oman Hollering Creek" is based upon this ancient legend. The story is about a young woman named Cle-filas. She is…
Cisneros, Sandra (1991), Woman Hollering Creek and Other Stories, New York: Random House
Exhaustion" demonstrates an interest in the subject of how different media might affect the meaning of art. Barth's general remarks at the opening of "The Literature of Exhaustion" indicate a sort of ambivalence about what he terms "intermedia' arts" (65). He seems to approve of "their tendency to eliminate…the most traditional notion of the artist…one endowed with uncommon talent, who has moreover developed and disciplined that endowment into virtuosity" (65). Yet in terms of aesthetic theory this is not altogether different from a normative 19th century or modernist conception of the artist's role: one thinks of such famous aesthetic pronouncements as Flaubert declaring that the artist must be like God, "everywhere present and nowhere visible," or Wilde's dictum that "to reveal art and conceal the artist is art's aim," or James Joyce's God-like artist "invisible, refined out of existence, indifferent, paring his fingernails." It could be argued that this main…
Ann Beattie is a short story told in a series of flashbacks. It is narrated by a woman remembering a winter she spent in a house with a former lover. The story is evocative and nostalgic, but also is filled with a sense of sorrow, regret, and foreboding. Even the actions the woman and her lover perform together, like painting a room, underline the transience of their united state. Beattie's narrator is afraid that the grapes of the wallpaper will come popping through the paint, undoing their paint job. A wild chipmunk runs lose through the house, and like the lovers, the chipmunk is a symbolic transgressor in the house, an outsider.
At the end of the story, when the narrator returns, she feels sorrow when she sees flowers popping up in the ground. Seasons change and people grow apart. The flowers should be seen as signs of new life,…
Ann Packer's short story "Horse" with Geoffrey Becker's "El Diablo de la Cienega."
Comparison and Contrast -- Ann Packer's short story "Horse" versus Geoffrey Becker's "El Diablo de la Cienega."
Victor, from "Geoffrey Becker's "El Diablo de la Cienega" and Elizabeth from Ann Packer's "Horse" are both individualists who excel, in different ways, in solitary pursuits. Victor is a young star basketball player whose skills draw the attention of a man whom he believes is the devil. Elizabeth is an introverted, bookish young woman who excels in reading. However, these two characters are both forced by external family circumstance to come out of their introverted shells as they realize a more expansive version of their evolving adolescent selves. Both characters must draw upon reserves of strength they never knew existed within their souls.
For Victor, the conflict the young man is engaged in, is a masculine narrative of excellence exhibited…
Fan Fiction Annotated Bibliography
Baron, N. Always On: Language in an Online and Mobile World. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.
n our viritual community, people still need to have a way of communicating their words and messages. This is done through a keyboard -- texting, email, or online chat. Texting, or text messaging, is a modern colloquial term that refers to the exchange of information between mobile devices, made possible by transmitting messages through cellular networks. Typically, these types of messages are sent using a Short Message Service (SMS), but with the advances in cellular technology and memory, a new Multimedia Message Service (MMS) made it possible to send messages containing images, video, and sound. Email of course is simply messaging sent through an nternet account, and M the virtual equivalent of texting. more private even than voice (Crystal 2009).
Texting is a global phenomenon, and in some…
In Walk, Talk, Cook, Eat: A Guide to Using Sources, author Cynthia Haller focuses on a methodology of helping learners understand that there are different ways of evaluating source material in order to use that material for divergent types of writing. For instance, simply because something is posted on the Internet does not make it correct, simply putting in a generalized search term does not always result in meaningful content. For the modern learner, with literally millions of possibilities for sources, the key is to think of finding source information that produces new meaning- taking from the given material, but moving far beyond the rote and into synthesis, analysis and eventually, a new and creative product. Overall, Haller divides her recommendations into four models for more effective source utilization: 1) Walk -- knowing where sources exist and finding them; 2) Talk -- who are the sources, what is their expertise, their bias, and from what point-of-view do they supply the data? 3) Cook -- How do we process these sources? What ingredients do we use to make a better product (the research paper), and how are the sources combined appropriately? And, 4) Eat -- Taking the sources, internalizing them, adding past knowledge and a critique, and digesting them so that something is new and part of the person (Haller)
Hellelson, K., et al., eds. Fan Fiction and Fan Communities in the Age of the Internet. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2011. Print.
This is an edited book containing several articles that surround the phenomenon known as fan fiction. It is meant for a mixed audience -- either interested and intelligent laypersons or scholars in the subject of sociology, anthropology, popular culture or history. Briefly, the book contains articles that try to define and explain fan fiction. For the authors, fan fiction is stories about characters or settings written by fans of the original work, other than the original creator. These works are rarely commissioned or authorized, but appear in fanzines or in what is known as the canonical fictional universe. The works are primarily for a specialized fan audience, with the presumption that the fans have known of the universe in which the works are based. Because of a lack of publishing restrictions, fan fiction is very popular on the Internet, widely shared globally. This would be an ideal text for an introduction to the topic.
In order for the study to be conducted properly, it would be expected to use the literature review method of examination. This is the logical way to conduct this type of study. However, there is not that much literature available. ecause of this, the method that will be used will instead be similar to a case study method, but will be expanded to study more than one case. In other words, the study will not just examine Forrest Gump, for example, but will look at books, stories, television shows, and movies over the last 20 years in order to determine the way that handicapped characters evolve, the way that they are treated, and whether there are more handicapped characters now than there were. While the handicapped characters' evolution and the way that they are portrayed is important, also important is whether more handicapped characters are being seen in fiction today…
Bibliography hero sits next door. (2005). Episode Guide. Family Guy Main. http://familyguymain.bravehost.com/EpGuide.html
AnxietyPanic.com (2006). http://www.anxietypanic.com/
Forrest Gump. (n.d.). UMBC. English 347. http://userpages.umbc.edu/~landon/Film%20Summaries/Summary_ForrestGump.htm
Perry, Gregg. (2004). Confessions of a handicapped man. World Net Daily. http://worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=37143
Snakes on a Plane (2006). Plot Summary. IMDB. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0417148/plotsummary
This story clearly outlines the level of difference and separation that is experienced by many members of the African-American community in a variety of ways, and most clearly deals with the economic impact and institutional nature of the racism this community has experienced.
Another very interesting perspective is provided in McPherson's memoir regarding his own experiences, Crabcakes (1999). Many different episodes reflecting sometimes subtle and sometimes quite obvious differences in perspective appear in this memoir, yet one strain that appears significant several times is the role of religion -- and more specifically, of Church -- in the development of the African-American community and African-American individuals. Again, a clear lack of consensus amongst the community is seen here, as some individuals are very religious while others regard it with outright contempt, yet there is also a cohesion in the Church-centered communities that exist. This makes for an interesting juxtaposition of perspectives…
Flinn, E. (1999). It Happened in Hoboken. BookSurge.
McPherson, J. (1977). Elbow Room. Fawcett.
McPherson, J. (1999). Crabcakes. New York: Touchstone.
Legend' is a sci-fi thriller about a New York scientist who is abandoned in Manhattan in the year 2012. This one hour 40 minutes movie stars Will Smith and Alice Braga with Francis Lawrence as its director the movie is rated at PG-13 for violence. The movie offers a stunning view of how the city as the world knows it today, might look in 2012 if in the event it were abandoned in 2009.
Going back in trivia, this is the third adaption of the ichard Matheson's 1954 novel, originally in the film it was vampires instead of zombies. Such movies are always inspired by our fears and hence hold special interest, especially if it's a scientist abandoned in New York struggling to survive a virus that turns humans into flesh-eating mechanical looking zombies.
If we go through its adaptations, the first time the novel was turned into a movie…
Ebert, Roger. Rev. Of I am Legend, Dir. Francis Lawrence Chicago Sun-Times. (14 Dec 2007. Web. 21 Mar. 2011)
Jack Matthews. Rev. Of I am Legend, Dir. Francis Lawrence. New York Daily News. (14 Dec 2007. Web. 21 Mar. 2011)
David Hughes. "Legend of the Fall: Will Ridley Scott's I Am Legend Rise From The Dead." The Greatest Sci-Fi Movies Never Made. Chicago Review Press. 2002.
Lewis Beale. "A variation on vampire lore that won't die." The New York Times. 2007.
This interpretation is given further credence by the old butcher's "sizing up their joints."
This has been a contentious point in literature, politics, and the social sciences pretty much since the beginning of recorded history (and probably long before that). Sammy's boss Mr. Lengel does not appreciate the girls' dress, and repeats several times that the a&P is not a beach, eventually demanding that the girls cover up better before coming into the store the next time. Because of the frankness of the description of the girls and the obvious sexual desire expressed by Sammy and the other men, I was not too surprised that the girls' bathing suits earned negative commentary by the end of the story. The girls' reaction, though, did make me realize how much society has changed since the time the story was written. Now, not only do people (especially girls and women) wear much more…
This sentence, although it talks about bowels, is really describing the mother's love of the baby.
This story is written like a detective story. It is very difficult to determine which woman is telling the truth and to determine if King Solomon is actually a bad person or a good person. It does not give the names of the women. They are simple referred to as one woman and the other woman. It does say that they were "harlots," but it does not give any background information about who the women are or how they got involved in this argument. They were simply two women in the same place that had babies at the same time.
Also, it is not clear to the reader rather King Solomon is a bad person or a good person. He does propose to slay the baby and divide it into two half to settle…
Donny's problems are discussed squarely through Daisy's perspective. The reader is never privy to how Donny feels, and only sees what he does through his mother's eyes. Interestingly, the reader can sense what Donny might be experiencing. He is instinctually rebellious, resenting the restrictions on his life that school and curfews pose. Donny takes well to Cal because of Cal's permissive attitude. Anytime Daisy confronts Donny with a problem, Donny reacts with irritability and anger. The reader also becomes frustrated, as Daisy does everything she possibly can from showering Donny with love and praise to taking a more hands-off approach.
Cal's role becomes one of the more poignant aspects of "Teenage Wasteland." Because Donny's dad is only mentioned once or twice in the story, it is apparent that Cal acts as a sort of surrogate father or older brother. Daisy does not comment on her husband's lack of presence in…
" As the reader soon discovers, this heart trouble wasn't physical; rather, her trouble was related to personal unhappiness in her marriage. The heart disease as not being a physical condition is once again reinforced at the very end of the story when the author writes, "When the doctors came they said she had died of heart disease -- of joy that kills." However, the reader is well aware by this time that she is experiencing despair knowing that her husband is still alive rather than joy upon his return to her life.
Likewise, "The Storm" involves a character vs. society conflict. This time the conflict deals with the loss of passion in marriage and is perhaps indicative of Chopin's own extramarital affair. For the reminder of a lost passion, Calixta is visited by an old lover while her lover is away as illustrated by the lines, "The contact of…
Kate Chopin. "Story of an Hour."
Kate Chopin. "The Storm."
"Kate Chopin." Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kate_Chopin
A&P and the Lesson
The short stories A&P and The Lesson John Updike and Toni Cade Bambara explore the perceptions of young people as they stand at the threshold of adulthood. Updike's story, set in a grocery store in a small New England town, is about Sammy, a young white male cashier. Bambara's takes place in New York City outside the famous F.A.O. Schwartz Department Store, and is told from the perspective of Sylvia, a young African-American female.
A&P was published in 1961 at a time when the beliefs and values of the status quo were beginning to be questioned by the next generation. Rock n Roll was relatively new and the beat generation was a precursor to the hippie movement. The counter culture was yet to go main stream.
Briefly, Sammy is working at the cash register when three young ladies came into the store in their bathing suits.…
English Literature - Introduction
Minimalism -- John Barth's Description
Minimalism certainly means using fewer words to express thoughts, plots, ideas, quotes and action, but there is more to it than that, according to John Barth. By using Henry James' mantra of "show, don't tell," Barth covers the subject very well. Barth also quotes Edgar Allen Poe, who wrote that "…undue length is…to be avoided." The short story itself is an example of minimalism, simply because it condenses the components of a novel into a much shorter space. There are writers who specialize in what Barth calls "luxuriant abundance" and in "extended analysis," which clearly is the opposite of minimalism; he mentions Guy de Maupassant and Anton Chekov as "masters of terseness" (Barth, 1986).
And because Barth uses examples of well-known writers, he certainly couldn't omit Ernest Hemingway, whose short stories were very tight and yet very expressive with fewer, well-chosen…
Barth, John. "A Few Words about Minimalism." The New York Times. Retrieved October 9, 2014, from http://www.nytimes.com . 1986.
Meinke, Peter. "The Cranes." In Literature to Go. New York: Macmillan. 192-194. 2010.
Proulx, Annie. "55 Miles to the Gas Pump." In Literature to Go. New York: Macmillan
In Sherwood Anderson's short story collection inesburg, Ohio, the story "Paper Pills" focuses on the character of Doctor Reefy and the devastating effects of his ill-fated marriage. The "paper pills" of the title are the small pieces of paper upon which the doctor writes his thoughts, and reads to his wife up until her death. Her death ruptures Doctor Reefy's life so that it, just like his pieces of paper, turns inwards, eventually transforming into a gnarled, isolated little shell of a life. By examining the role of the "paper pills" in the story of the same name and the narrator's description of Doctor Reefy's physical appearance, it will be possible to see how these balled-up scraps of paper represent Doctor Reefy himself (both literally and figuratively), and show how he has turned in upon himself following his wife's death. The paper pills represent the doctor because are literally…
Anderson, S. (1919). Winesburg, Ohio. New York, NY: Random House.
Madden, F. (1997). Expressionist contours in sherwood anderson's fiction. The Midwest
Quarterly, 38(4), 363-371.
Solomon, B. (2010). The novel in distress: a forum on fiction. Novel, 43(1), 124-8.
"e're leaving,' he hissed. "I'm taking you straight to the hospital." hen Susan rose shakily to her feet, uncontrollable diarrhea had stained her dress and dripped from the chair. hite with fury, Charles Hay took her by the arm and led her slowly from the hall." (Melville 134)
The work again intones an incredible journey through what a women sees a man thinking. The disconnectedness of Susan from her husband is so complete that her voice is only marginal in the work, but the message is clear in the literary expression of her secreted activities. The masculine is represented as the feminist idea of greater association with industry than home, to the peril of loving relationships. The writing demonstrates a character who is wholly disconnected from ethics in love and life, and in s sense is a demonized masculine archetype.
Among these three works are three completely differing context…
Cavalcanti, Ildney. "Utopias of/f Language in Contemporary Feminist Literary Dystopias." Utopian Studies 11.2 (2000): 152.
Fludernik, Monika. The Fictions of Language and the Languages of Fiction: The Linguistic Representation of Speech and Consciousness. London: Routledge, 1993.
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. "The Yellow Wallpaper" (1892) available online at http://www.pagebypagebooks.com/Charlotte_Perkins_Gilman/The_Yellow_Wallpaper/The_Yellow_Wallpaper_p1.html .
Herndl, Diane Price. Invalid Women: Figuring Feminine Illness in American Fiction and Culture, 1840-1940. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.
Up to this point in the story, the reader is slightly suspicious that Murray could have killed someone with his bare hands, regardless of how drunk he may have been. However, the third person limited narrator introduces a flashback, revealing why Murray is so loyal to Shorty -- Shorty befriended Murray when Murray was a fat, slow boy on their baseball team. Gradually, Murray lost weight, became more athletic, and the fun Kung Fu moves the boys used to practice while watching Bruce Lee films on TV became deadly serious as Murray became increasingly accomplished in a variety of martial arts.
This suggests that Murray's hands may indeed be "registered deadly weapons." The better Murray got at fighting, the more fights he got in with his friends. The fight the three of them may have not been the college boy's fault, but part of the tendency of Murray and his…
Gwyn, Aaron. "The Gray." Esquire. August 29, 2009.
This is a well planned and conceived event, invitations, limousines for transportation of guests to the hanging tree and all the necessary accoutrement's including drinks (Some of Us). It becomes ghoulish and obscene when one reflects that these people are Colby's friends! hat could he have possibly done to deserve such animosity from his own friends? One is left to dangle precariously since no answer to that question is revealed. But the narrator does point out that no one ever went too far again.
The most egregious part of the discussion occurs in contemplating whether rope or wire should be used for the hanging. One friend who has been quiet all along suddenly advocates the wire. A wire? Surely not, Colby would assuredly suffer to excess by choking and likely decapitation. His friends cannot be serious and Colby's luck at last wins him some solace as he is granted a…
Agresta, Michael "City of Surfaces" The Texas Observer, Mar 5, 2010 Web. 19 July 2010.
Barthelme, Donald. "A City of Churches" Web.
Barthelme, Donald. "Some of Us Have Been Threatening Our Friend Colby." Web.
Mildred tries to imitate the economical management in her own family. Like in Faye's case, whose marriage had been a "business arrangement," her own marriage to Monty has the same business character: Mildred chooses Monty for his relations that could help her daughter to make the most of her musical talent. Also, Mildred's other attempt in getting a husband for money is telling for the way she is constantly selling or trying to sell herself, and not only her prettiness, but also her cooking talents. The analogy between her career as a waitress, and then a restaurant manager, trying to sell food and the way Mildred tries to sell herself as a wife to ally Burgan, using the same cooking talents as a weapon, is striking. It is here that we most clearly detect the parallel between private life and mass economy. Love, like in est's book, is nothing else…
Cain, James. Mildred Pierce. New York: Alfred A Knopf Inc., 1941
Jurca, Catherine White Diaspora: The Suburb and the Twentieth Century American Novel. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001
West, Nathanael. The Day of the Locust. New York: New Directions, 1950
Fictional Family in the Textile Business in London 1850-1914
This paper is a fictional account of a family in the textile business in London. The time period is 1850 to 1914 and makes reference to inventions, trends and other textile pertinent data. In addition the family role in society is addressed through the use of plot structure and dialogue.
The Mills of The Bedford Family
Julianne heard him enter the house before she saw him, but that was the way it was with her brother. Alan was the most energetic young man she knew and his dedication to the family textile business was unmatched by anyone in London or the surrounding areas. As he breezed into the room he glanced at Julianne before addressing their father.
Father, we need to hire some weavers right now! That shipment of machines from America has been delayed and there are none to be…
Lucy's Home For Girls aised By Wolves
The short story as a literary form has the power to convey ideas as complex and nuanced as longer-form fiction. As King (2007) notes, short stories often struggle to find an audience, despite being on the surface easier to digest. Their length makes them perfect for brief reading, but the audience seems constantly dwindling. Yet the short story medium has precisely the power to articulate everyday issues in meaningful ways, something seen in Karen ussell's St. Lucy's Home for Girls aised by Wolves, for example.
Minus (2009), in reviewing an anthology of short stories, supports King's idea that there are still some excellent short story writers in America, if they are a dying breed. Short stories should have a fairly high energy level, moving quickly through their narrative, as compact as it is, in order to convey ideas. This should be a pinnacle…
Brown, J. (1997). Ethnicity and the American Short Story. Wellesley College.
King, S. (2007). What ails the short story. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved April 17, 2016 from http://www.nytimes.com /2007/09/30/books/review/King2-t.html
Minus, E. (2009). Competent, fair, good, better, best. Sewanee Review. Vol. 117 (2)
Russell, K. (2009) St. Lucy's home for girls raised by wolves. Retrieved April 17, 2016 from http://cisyeo.pbworks.com/f/Girls+Raised+By+Wolves.pdf
atching the Parents?
A brace of short stories by two of the most skilled American short story writers of the 20th century cast the family in an eerie and distressing light. For the families in these two stories are not the comforting supportive group gathered around the homely hearth giving succor to each other in bad times and sharing the joy of good times. These are families in which battle lines have been drawn and in which there is the potential for terrible harm to be done. These are families whose deadliness is most likely to be turned on each other.
In Joyce Carol Oates's story "here are you going, here have you been?," one of the daughters of a family is recognized by both herself and others as The Beauty. Connie -- not in any way a constant girl -- is 15 and is the beauty that her mother…
Bradbury, Ray. "The Veldt." Retrieved from http://www.veddma.com/veddma/Veldt.htm .
Oates, Joyce Carol. The Wheel of Fortune and Other Stories. San Francisco: Vanguard. 1970.
Oates, Joyce Carol. A Widow's Story: A Memoir. New York: Ecco. 2011.
ROSE FOR EMILY'-William Faulkner
William Faulkner's short story "A rose to Emily" is one of the best short stories of 20th century American literature because it contains all the mystery, drama, conflict and intensity that mark a good piece of literature. Emily the female lead of the story is an intriguing character who refuses to mingle with townspeople which gives rise to many vicious rumors about her. This story has been very popular among the readers especially those who are Faulkner's loyal fans as a story involving mystery and dark secrets of a woman who is a total recluse. Townspeople never get to see her or talk to her therefore hewn her father dies, they get a chance to meet this woman who had hitherto remained confined within the four walls of her house. Notice how Faulkner has carefully created the background of this woman; she is not a person…
Owl Creek Bridge
I have researched and written many essays and scholarly papers on the Civil ar, and have nearly come to tears reading deeply personal stories by those who witnessed the carnage and bloodshed. The Battle of Gettysburg (in which 51,000 men lost their lives) seems unreal today, but it kills the heart to read about the horrific way in which a soldier slowly, painfully dies when stabbed with a bayonet, or shot in the torso with enough harm to bleed to death. But reading Bierce's short story, while very real and compelling, is in a perverse way an escape from the horror of that war that took over 600,000 lives, because a reader can come to the conclusion that Bierce's narrative is just fiction and may be a trick, a hoax, slight of literary hand -- but a very clever one that sucks the reader in emotionally in…
Bierce, Ambrose. An Occurrence at Owl Creek and Other Stories. Smyrna, TN: Courier
Literacy Short Assgts
READING. Fadi Awwad
My Reading Engagement Journal for Chapter 3
I already knew about the need for sensitivity to cultural differences in the classroom because I was raised in a devout Muslim home (that was also an American home), and the years corresponding to my own secondary education were years in American life where a kind of noxious Islamophobia very frequently poisoned public discourse. I am grateful to the extent that I had teachers who were able to rise above the level of Fox News idiocy.
I want to know more about the use of graphic novels in teaching content area literacy, as described by Vacca and Mraz on pages 79-80, because I happen to be a fan of a particular graphic novel, Palestine by Joe Sacco, which describes the artist's experiences staying on the Gaza Strip in 1991-1992. If graphic novels are an easier way to…
Already I've heard stories, of lives saved and wishes granted, of children carried for miles on his back, of anglers mischievously dumped from their vessels and emptied into various oceans and streams from eaufort to Hyannis by the biggest fish they've ever seen, and they tell their stories to anybody who will listen. ut no one believes them. No one believes a word." (178)
In concluding the reading of this work and any literary analysis of it the reader gains a knowledge of the subject matter that drives the story to one the can be called, one of "mythical proportions." It is the desire of all men to be immortal, to leave a legacy that will not be forgotten and potentially will be perpetuated even into generations to come. Through this novella Wallace describes in the most fantastic manner a possible way in which any person, regardless of their location,…
Wallace, Daniel, Big Fish: A Novel of Mythical Proportions, Penguin: New York, 1999
Sir Walter Scott was a writer a part of the romantic era, roughly 1797 -- 1837. Scott was born slightly before the beginning of this era, in 1771, and died nearly at the same time the period changed in 1832. Scott is known as a novelist, playwright, and poet of Scottish descent. The beginning of the omantic period is typically attributed to the publication of Wordworth's and Coleridge's Lyrical Ballads, and closed with the rise into power of Queen Victoria. This is a period in literature that produced outstanding lyrical poetry, a few dramas, and several novelists that were popular, including Scott. Scott was known for the ability to blend European history into entertaining narratives. Scott happened to have mass appeal during this period, able to reach readers of various classes and places within the Victorian era. At the time of the omantic Era, authors such as Jane Austen were…
Edinburgh University Library. "Walter Scott." Edinburgh University Library, Web, 2014, Available from: http://www.walterscott.lib.ed.ac.uk/home.html . 2014 March 04.
MacKenzie, Robert Shelton. Sir Walter Scott: The Story of His Life. Kessinger Publishing, 2009. Print.
Scott, MD, Professor Walter. The Complete Works of Sir Walter Scott: With a Biography, and His Last Additions and Illustrations, Volume 7. Nabu Press, 2010. Print.
Fact or Fiction
Global arming is a controversial topic largely because of its sprawling prediction of worldwide catastrophe, an image which is far exaggerated from the reality of global climate change. If it were to be a more subtle phenomenon, say an increase in cloud cover, or more sunny days in February, then people would not pay any attention to the matter and would go on living their carefree lives. This is not the reality however, as science predicts massive changes to the way all of humanity will have to live due to climate change. Some may scoff at this allegation, and some may seriously change their habits in fear of the future. For the sake of comparison, I will present global warming believers, and global warming deniers and will analyze the motivations for each side to stretch its influence, whether in the political realm or…
"The Basics of Global Warming - Science of Global Warming - Environmental Defense Fund." Environmental Defense Fund - Finding the Ways That Work. Web. 25 July 2011. .
Klein, Naomi. Global Warming, Fact or Fiction. Web. 25 July 2011. .
NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Web. 25 July 2011. .
About the Author
The short story Leaf Storm is written by Gabriel Garc'a Marquez. He was born in 1928, Columbia. Being the finest man of letters of Latin America, he was regarded by many as one of the greatest writers of the twentieth century (Powells. Com).
As a journalist he started his writing career and later became the author of several works of fiction and nonfiction including, One Hundred Years of Solitude and Love in the Time of Cholera. Furthermore, in 1982, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature (Powells. Com).
Overview of the Story:
Marquez's first novel Leaf Storm & Other Stories has its settings in the Macondo that was one of the wrecked and isolated places, which existed in the poverties loneliness when a company of the banana pulled up and went way (Powells. Com). This author revolves the story around the relationship between the…
The Powells. Com. Leaf Storm, and Other Stories by Gabr Garcia Marquez. www.powells.com
In Pritchett, V.S. The Myth Makers: Literary Essays. New York: Random House, 1979. Criticism on Leaf Storm.
Fefferman, Stanley. Literature Annotations.
A www.endeavor.med.nyu.edu.Literature, Arts & Medicine Database. November, 8, 1995. 47th Edition- October 2002
One is virtually provided with the chance to become 'friends' with the narrators as the respective individual realizes that he or she is being told personal things and that it appears that the story-tellers actually go as far as to consider that they are telling their stories to someone that they have a special relationship with.
Amy Tan is putting across averly's personal feelings to readers as she expresses her understanding of her mother's thinking. "My mother believed you could be anything you wanted to be in America. You could open a restaurant. You could work for the government and get good retirement. You could buy a house with almost no money" (Tan 132). hen looking at things from the narrator's perspective, it almost feels impossible not to sympathize with averly and not to consider that it would be essential for you, as a reader, to support her by using…
Baldwin, James, "Sonny's Blues," (Klett International, 31.01.2000 )
Bierce, Ambrose, "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge," (Forgotten Books, 1948)
Selvadurai, Shyam, "Story-Wallah: Short Fiction from South Asian Writers," (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 07.04.2005 )
Tan, Amy, "The Joy Luck Club," (Penguin 2006)
Firstname Lastname, Acquisitions Editor
From: Firstname Lastname, Supervisor, Acquisitions
The Wife's Story
Pursuant to our conversation about selecting one literary text for publication this session, I recommend "The Wife's Story" by Ursula K. Le Guin.
The Wife's Story: Synopsis
Told in the first person, "The Wife's Story" is a suspenseful work of short fiction that will appeal to readers of fantasy from teen to adult. The prose is conversational and spare. It includes some colloquial language that provides color and context, but it does not detract from the telling of the story. I do not recommend any editing or revisions prior to publication. I believe readers will enjoy it because of the surprise ending. The story immediately engages the reader with the opening sentences: "He was a good husband, a good father. I don't understand it" (Le Guin, 2011). From there, the tension builds as the author foreshadows…
Le Guin, U. (2011). The wife's story. In Acosta, D.L.P. a. A. (Eds) Literature: A World of Writing Stories, Poems, Plays, and Essays [VitalSource Digital Version](pp. 3-27) Boston, MA: Pearson Learning Solutions.
Werewolfman. Retrieved March 23, 2013, from Google Images.
Good Man is Hard to Find
For the purposes of this essay, I chose Flannery O'Connor's short story "A Good Man is Hard to Find." "A Good Man is Had to Find" is an apt topic for research such as this, because the ambiguity of the story's position regarding a grandmother ultimately responsible for the death of her entire family leads to a wide variety of possible readings, each with its own adherents and defenders. Upon reading this story, I immediately questioned the grandmother's role in the story, and especially whether or not the story portrayed her in a positive or negative light, because although at points in the story she appears positive in contrast to the other characters, she is ultimately shown to be reactive, shortsighted, and altogether incapable of protecting either her family or herself. Using Google Scholar, I searched for academic essays and books discussing "A Good…
Bandy, Stephen . "One of my babies": the misfit and the grandmother." Studies in Short Fiction.
Winter. (1996): 1-7. Print.
Desmond, John. "Flannery O'Connor's Misfit and the Mystery of Evil." Renascence: Essays on Values in Literature. 56. (2004): 129-37. Print.
Evans, Robert C. "Cliches, Superficial Story-Telling, and the Dark Humor of Flannery
extend the lines, if necessary, without being wordy.
Three specific instances of irony in "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been" are:
a) ____The title: no one ever asks Connie these questions.
b) ____Connie is the one preyed upon in this tale, but she invites in this demonic provocation.
c) Arnold Friend's remark about holding her so tight she won't try to get away because it will be impossible, is an ironic remark as it represents much of the symbolism at work throughout the story.
In "Young Goodman Brown," a) Brown represents ____The easily corruptible human.
b) the forest represents ____The practice of evil.
c) the peeling, cacophonous sounds represent ____Temptation
3. Explain the mother's attitude towards Emily in "I Stand Here Ironing"; what specific EVIDENCE supports your position? ____The mother's attitude towards Emily in the story is one of distance, rather than motherly attention. She regards Emily as…
Hawthorne, N. (2012). Young Goodman Browne. New York: Start Publishing .
Joyce, J. (2010). Dubliners. London: Cricket Books.
Marquez, G. (1993). The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World. New York: Paulinas.
Oates, J. (1994). Where are You Going? Where have you been? Trenton: Rutgers University Press.
The choice cannot be repudiated or duplicated, but one makes the choice without foreknowledge, almost as if blindly. After making the selection, the traveler in Frost's poem says, "Yet knowing how way leads on to way/I doubted if I should ever come back" (14-15). And at the end, as one continues to encounter different forks along the way, the endless paths have slim chance of ever giving the traveler a second choice. One can see this as similar to Mrs. Mallard's change. As she looks out into the future, she sees endless possibilities for choice and nothing feels like she would ever return to the determinate state of marriage.
The final two lines of "The Road Not Taken" say, "I took the one less traveled by / and that has made all the difference" (19-20). Unlike in Chopin, the traveler determines to take the path. In Chopin, the path forces…
Carver, Raymond. (1981). Cathedral: stories. New York: Vintage.
Chopin, Kate. (2003). The Awakening and selected short fiction. New York: Barnes & Noble.
Frost, Robert. (1969). The Poetry of Robert Frost: the collected poems E.C. Lathem, Ed. New York: Holt.
He does his share of complaining but he does little else to remedy the situation. The truth of the matter is that Gregor did not enjoy much of his life away from work. He never expresses a desire to have more in his life nor does he express any regret, until he is a bug. In "A Hunger Artist," our hunger artist chooses to live a considerable amount of his life behind bars being a public spectacle. hile he can communicate with onlookers, he is separated from them by the bars and the setting in which he finds himself only forces him to interact with individuals for a short amount of time. Once they have become satisfied with his spectacle, they move on and leave the artist to his own thoughts. Our hunger artist is aware of the world that exists around him but it does not seem to affect…
Freed, Donna. The Metamorphosis and Other Stories. New York: Barnes and Nobel Books. 1996.
Goldfarb, Sheldon. "The Metamorphosis." Short Stories for Students. 2001. Gale Resource Database. 1963. Site Accessed November 22, 2008. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com
Kafka, Franz. "A Hunger Artist." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction R.V. Cassill, ed. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1981. pp. 779-86.
Kafka, Franz. "The Metamorphosis." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction R.V. Cassill, ed. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1981. pp. 740-78.
hen Edith harton tells us that "it was the background that she [Lily] required," we understand that both Emma Bovary and Lily have a very important thing in common. They are first of all women in the nineteenth century society, fettered by social conventions to fulfill any kind of aspirations or ideals. A woman, as it is clearly stated in both novels, had no other means of being having a place in society than by acquiring respectability and money through a good marriage. To marry was the only vocation of a woman, as harton tells us.
Of course, there interferes a great difference between the two heroines here, because Madame Bovary, as her very title proves it, is already a married woman, while Lily in harton's book is in constant pursue of a redeeming marriage. But, essentially the frustration of the two heroines is the same, as Emma is as…
The American Experience: Andrew Carnegie- The Gilded Age. PBS Online. 1999. 1 Oct. 2006 http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/carnegie/gildedage.html .
Byatt, A.S. Scenes from Provincial Life. The Guardian. July, 27, 2002. Oct.2006 http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2342/is_n1_v30/ai_18631915 .
Cahir, Linda Costanzo Solitude and Society in the Works of Herman Melville and Edith Wharton. New York: Greenwood Press, 1999
Deppman, Jed. "History with style: the impassible writing of Flaubert - Gustave Flaubert." Style. 1996. Oct 2006
Girl and Great Falls
All cultures, seemingly without exception, foster gender role differentiation. Codes of male vs. female behavior guide the way parents raise their children, the ways children relate to each other, and the way individuals view themselves. In many cases, sex-differentiated adult gender roles, social norms, and expectations are constructed painfully. The painful, chaotic, and even violent process by which gender role differentiation occurs is captured by both Jamaica Kincaid and Richard Ford in their respective short stories, "Girl," and "Great Falls." These short stories show how gender as a sociological phenomenon can disrupt inner peace and fracture the soul. In her terse tale "Girl," Jamaica Kincaid recounts her internalized authoritarian voices: a list of "thou shalts" and "thou shalt nots" that have, for better or worse, constructed the narrator's sense of identity. In addition to the poignant impact of the narrator's internal dialogue, "Girl" shows how one…
Ford, Richard. "Great Falls." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. New York: W.W. Norton, 2000. (pp. 338-349)
Kincaid, Jamaica. "Girl." The Norton Introduction to Literature. 8th Edition, 2002. (pp. 476-77).
Guests of the Nation
Frank O'Connor's writing frequently deals with the issues of everyday violence which people have to engage in, whether they want to or not. Some people commit crimes because they believe that they have no choice. Other people kill in the name of religion. One of the most universally acceptable reasons for widespread acts of murder is nationalism. Two political factions, if not more, fight against one another in order that their perspective becomes accepted by the other population. For soldiers, particularly those who are members of the lower infantry ranks, they are given orders which must be carried out. If a soldier is told to kill, then he must continue killing until he is given an order to stop. It is a fact that soldiers are ordered to kill other human beings for reasons which may not be clear to them, which they may not even…
Korner, S. (2008). Frank O'Connor's 'Guests of the Nation.' 21st Century Socialism.
O'Brien, E. (2007). Guests of a nation; geists of a nation. New Hibernia Review. 11(3). 114-30.
O'Connor, F. (1987). Guests of the nation. Poolbeg Press: Dublin, Ireland.
Renner, S. (1990). The theme of hidden powers: fate vs. human responsibility. Studies in Short
Later Works and Themes
Kathleen Mansfield Murry, commonly known by her penname Katherine Mansfield, was born in the late nineteenth century and only lived to be thirty-four years of age. Her early death was due to the effects of tuberculosis on her body. During her lifespan however, she was able to write a variety of short fiction stories in the modernist genre. Her works gave her a great deal of notoriety during her life and her first published stores appeared in a publication known as the High School eporter. From 1910 publications in periodicals like the New Age through the five volumes of stories published before her death, Mansfield was recognized as innovative, accessible, and psychologically acute, one of the pioneers of the avant-garde in the creation of the short story (Poetry Foundation).
She had an interesting personal life and was born into a prominent family.…
Boddy, G. "Story: Mansfield, Katherine." 1996. Terra. Online. 27 August 2015.
During, S. "Katherine Mansfield's World." Journal of New Zealand Literature (2015): 33-66. Online.
Hennessey, A. "Reading Katherine Mansfield as 'Selective Cultural Archaeology'." Deep South (1997). Online.
Keese, A. "Katherine Mansfield and Literary Modernism Review." DH Lawrence Review (2013): 111-115. Online.
The author lays more stress on depicting the emotional journey of Farquhar, which results in a subjective treatment of time. From here on there is a slow down of time and the narration at times begins to be fictitious. As Stuart C. Woodruff a literary analyst puts it, " somehow the reader is made to participate in the split between imagination and reason, to feel that the escape is real while he knows it is not" [Peter Stoicheff] It is to be noted that ierce also gives the readers a subtle hint or two about the inconsistence of the account. For example his deliberately introduction of 'distortion of time' and narrational contradiction is obvious when Farquhar looks below and notices the "stream racing madly beneath his feet," while at the same time he seems to observe a slow drifting piece of wood and says 'What a sluggish stream'. For inventing…
1) Peter Stoicheff, "Something Uncanny; The Dream Structure in Ambrose Bierce's 'An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge', Studies in Short Fiction, Vol 30 No 3, Summer 1993, pg 349-58.
2) George Cheatham & Judy Cheatham, " Bierce's 'An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge'" Explicator, Vol 33, No 1, Fall 1984, pg 45-7
3) Project ELLSA, "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge; Symbolism,"
Accessed on December 14th 2004,