Silicon Valley Dream
Silicon Valley and the American Dream
At first glance, Silicon Valley seems to be the American Dream come true. It is one of the most fabulously affluent regions in the United States, and offers opportunities to get rich fast in the computer industry. The Valley's beginnings were humble: it was known for its citrus fruit production during the 1950's, and named "Valley of the Heart's Delight" at this time. When the information revolution catapulted the Valley to fabled wealth during the 1960s and '70s, the region became known as Silicon Valley. The question is however if achieving the American Dream was truly a dream come true, or if the wealth generated in this way eroded spiritual and moral values to a dangerous extent.
In materialistic terms, Silicon Valley has provided a dream come true for many Americans. Indeed, together with Hollywood, Wall Street and Detroit, it qualifies…… [Read More]
Silicon Valley struggles with hiring a diverse range of people for a couple of reasons. As the case indicates, the Valley tends to look at specific feeder schools, and they do tend to typecast the ideal employee. In particular for engineering, it is usually somebody who has been coding since childhood. Such candidates are different from the ones normally found at African-American universities like Howard, for example. In one sense, any school not among the elite will fail to put many graduates into Silicon Valley, and the few schools that do graduate many people into the Valley tend to lack diversity in those particular programs.
The bigger issue, of course, is that many minorities are not represented in engineering and computer programming because there is a specific culture that is drawn to the field -- white or Asian, male, nerdy and usually in a middle-class or wealthy upbringing. Anybody…… [Read More]
uthless Overlords of Silicon Valley
According to the article "The ruthless overlords of Silicon Valley," the corporate founders of the new digital age have tried to present themselves as benign leaders, more devoted to intellectual excellence and social good, rather than the ruthless pursuit of profits. Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg has said this directly: "simply put: we don't build services to make money; we make money to build better services" (The ruthless overlords of Silicon Valley, 2012, Newsweek). However, the authors of this Newsweek editorial state that this rhetoric is a facade for the actual agenda of organizations such as Google, Apple, Zynga and Facebook. The authors term these new Internet companies as just as unregulated and powerful in their influence over our lives as the robber barons of old. As an example of their profit-focused initiatives, Apple is taken to task for "systematically outsourcing the assembly of iPhones…… [Read More]
Speculation for land grew wild, as more and more Americans flooded the area, and whites controlled the buying, selling, and ownership of property (39). Despite the treaty, only twenty Mexican men and six Mexican women held property in California by 1860, according to the laws of the United States. The numbers of Mexicans possessing a "personal estate" dropped drastically, even while despised settler groups from the East, such as the Irish, increased their ownership of territory.
The loss of the profits of property ownership in the capitalist American system, which was at its most rapid stage of development during the 19th century in California, reduced non-whites to laborers, not owners. The greater the desire to create a "settler's paradise" the greater the anxiety of the so-called "greasers" in the Anglo's midst. (54) "Hispanics of good character," meant Hispanics willing to toil in the gold, and later when they were driven…… [Read More]
The Internet began to rise in the early part of the decade, but the major landmark was the launch of the Netscape Navigator, the pioneering Internet browser. This, combined with significant infrastructure investments on the part of telecommunications companies, helped to drive the rapid growth of the Internet through the 1990s. Already in the mid1990s, companies in the Valley and beyond were beginning to exploit the commercial value of the Internet. By 1995, future giants such as eBay and Amazon had been established.
The early successes of these and other pioneering Internet firms hinted at the commercial viability of the Internet. Investors noted that the opportunity to buy a future global giant at IPO pricing, or near to it, was a rare opportunity. This fueled demand for stock in Internet companies. Although the business models for most Internet companies were unproven, investors were not willing to wait, fearing that it…… [Read More]
Anderson, RW & Chantal K. 1998, Transition banking: financial development of central and eastern Europe, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Barley, 1983, emiotics and the study of occupational and organizational cultures, Administrative cience Quarterly, Vol.28, pp.393-413.
Blount, E 2004, Bad rap on Russian banking? ABA Banking Journal, no.12, pp.47-52.
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Bullis, CA & Tompkins, PK 1989, The forest ranger revisited: A study of control practices and identification, Communication Monographs, Vol. 56, Issue.4, pp.287-306.
Chorafas, DN 2000, Reliable Financial reporting and Internal Control: A Global Implementation Guide, Wiley, New York.
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Czarniawska, B & Joerges, B 1996, Travels of ideas, pp.13-48, ee Czarniawska & evon 1996.
Denison, D 2003, Reviews on Organizational Culture: Ashkanasy, Wilderom, and Peterson (ed.) The Handbook of…… [Read More]
Employees, competitors and the board are other important stakeholders who must be taken into consideration as well.
There are a number of outcomes that must be noted for this evaluation. To the shareholders, the outcome of Dunn's actions was overwhelmingly positive. The company earned a high governance score, its stock price increased, and the risk posed by the leaks was mitigated. To Dunn, the actions were ultimately negative, but she performed her task to the best of her abilities, and this was valuable. To the board of directors, the outcome was somewhat negative, but neither Keyworth nor Perkins suffered much, both continuing to be incredibly wealthy people and neither having faced criminal prosecution or other infringement upon their freedoms. Their egos were the main victims of the investigation. The company suffered somewhat in the short run, in particular for the negative publicity it faced. That publicity, however, had little bearing…… [Read More]
Merger, Acquisition and International Strategies
Mergers, Acquisitions and International Strategies
A merger is a combination of two or more business entities with the aim of consolidating the resources that they have and creating a single entity with that. The process of merging is done through acquisition or direct pooling together of the resources available. Acquisition occurs when a firm buys a stake in another firm and assumes control of it. Acquisitions are part of growth strategies paid for in cash, payment through stock of the acquiring company or both. Mergers and Acquisitions commonly denoted by M & A work hand in hand and are in recent times seen as one. M & A is a strategy of finance and management dealing with the selling, buying, combination of, firms and entities to help grow a firm rapidly. M & A occur to help a firm create a new strategy, joint venture…… [Read More]
ethics of discarded computers. Discussed is John Stuart Mill's philosophy.
Response scenario: I have just worn out my fourth computer. I love a high speed computer, but I feel guilty when I buy a new one. A new computer is my top priority for a purchase, and I begin saving for a new one almost as soon as I have purchased one. I know that many people are just like me. There must be junkyards full of computers. hy is there such a waste with hardware and software in the computer industry. Should I try to get by with less? Two sources are used. APA.
Computer trash is certainly becoming a problem for societies everywhere. Some people try to make use of them by creating art, but that is a miniscule use of the millions of old computers one can see set out for the garbage men or…… [Read More]
However, the prospect of relocating manufacturing operations abroad raises new potential issues that must be considered. Specifically, it may be ethically permissible to take advantage of certain prevailing circumstances in foreign countries that are responsible for lower labor (and other overhead) costs. On the other hand, there are also limits to that concept. It is not ethically permissible to relocate manufacturing operations to countries where economic and social conditions are so bad that the population is desperate for work at wages that are exploitative by any objective standard.
Similarly, it is ethically unacceptable to allow American companies to exploit foreign workers by allowing manufacturing processes to be carried out in work environments that would violate the most basic concepts about appropriate and acceptable vocational situations and circumstances if those processes were being conducted within the U.S. And subject to U.S. employment laws and standards set out by occupational hazard regulations.…… [Read More]
Com industry crash after the boom
This is a paper examining some of the factors that caused the dot-com crash
Many believe the root cause of the dot-com crash was over valuation of stock prices relative to the actual underlying value of the companies themselves. Stocks of Internet companies traded at Price-Earning ratios of higher then 30, buoyed by a speculative bubble. When reality set in for investors many realized that the companies that they were so heavily invested in were little more then money sucking black holes with no upside potential in the near or long-term future. This triggered mass self-offs of not only Internet related stocks but soon impacted the market value of many companies associated with computer, network or telecommunications industries.
This paper will show in fact that over valuation was more a symptom of the speculative boom and was only one of the multifaceted factors that…… [Read More]
Management STYLE IN THE United States
Cultural Values and Business
Theory X vs. Theory Y
Management the High Tech Way
Management STYLE IN THE DOMINICAN EPUBLIC
CULTUAL VALUES AND Business
ole of Entrepreneurship
In the United States, management values, beliefs and attitudes have undergone a gradual shift away from the simplistic stance of planning, organizing and directing. Valuable managerial skills, no matter what culture is being considered, have traditionally been masculine skills, highlighting the dominant, assertive, and decisive elements of management behavior and downplaying the team and supportive aspects that are more readily identified with women. This traditional view is now giving way in the United States to an approach where team behaviour is seen as increasingly important to a truly successful management style.
The global leadership skills of the future will evolve from a combination of individual/group and masculine/feminine traits involving strategic thinking and communication skills. The final result…… [Read More]
Many companies outsource large portions of their supply chain. There are different strategic reasons for this - to save money, to focus on marketing or design, or simply because the production in their industry is centered on a specific area. Apple is among the many companies that outsource production, and they do it for a variety of reasons Part of the outsourcing decision simply relates to strategy. Apple focuses its American operations on tasks for which the United States has a competitive advantage, and does the same with its production. The company's design and marketing functions are largely based on the United States. This is because talent in those fields is oriented towards Western countries for marketing, and towards Silicon Valley specifically for consumer technology design. Apple thus takes advantage of a cluster in the Silicon Valley.
Clustering is a phenomenon where an industry is centred in an area…… [Read More]
SWOT esource and Capability
Ethics and Social esponsibility
Fundamental principles of ethical leadership comprise of having honesty and integrity, taking note of all stakeholders, building community, and respecting the individual. Leaders ought to seek solutions to a sequence of significant questions prior to reaching a decision regarding an issue that is not clearly either ethical or unethical (DuBrin, 2016). The leader in question is Mary T. Barra, the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of General Motors Company. Barra is considered to be a fantastic leader that is extensively respected around the industry, trusted by consumers across the globe, admired by the company's board and well-regarded by her personnel. Meticulously and transparently, Barra has restored trust and vivacity in the organization when it had been destroyed by a number of inconsiderate predecessors. In addition, Barra shaped General Motors' global footprint by bringing an end to Chevrolet sales in Europe and…… [Read More]
Socially esponsible Efforts
Social responsibility is quite often associated with corporate organizations and governments with individuals' input being relegated to the periphery. Corporate bodies, governments, and individuals have a duty of care to the greater society. These entities perception of what is socially responsible is; however, a preserve of their ideals and beliefs. Organizations that are sustainability-minded may undertake to develop green buildings where as others may give monetary donations to the neighboring communities towards construction of social amenities. Some organizations may donate their time to volunteer organizations that perhaps endeavor to increase forest cover. Individuals or organizations with businesses that negatively impact environment may undertake to recycle their products or even champion for the use of Compact Fluorescent Light (CFL) Bulbs that save energy. This paper seeks to compare the differences and similarities between two different communities and finally evaluate the effects of socially responsible efforts in each community.…… [Read More]
Marketing: Marketing Research: Samsung Galaxy Mini S
Samsung Group has grown to be a world leader in technology. The company now wants to market a Galaxy Mini S, a tablet combining state-of-the-art computer and smart phone features. In order to effectively market the product, Samsung's marketers will need to obtain, analyze and use as much external and internal information as possible. Using multiple processes, marketers can formulate highly effective marketing objectives and strategies to attain those objectives.
The Samsung Galaxy MiniS
Samsung Group started as a small export business in Taegu, Korea in 1938 (Samsung, 2014). In the ensuing decades, Samsung joined with other companies, crossed international boundaries and moved into technical/communications industries (Samsung, 2014). Samsung's business philosophy is to devote its talent and technology to the creation of superior products/services contributing to a better global society through 5 core values: people, change, integrity and co-prosperity (Samsung, 2014).…… [Read More]
Strategy and Innovation
Impact of Strategy on Successful Innovation: The Case of Fujitsu Limited
Innovation, both product- and process-wise, has increasingly become a crucial source of competitive advantage in today's business world. Organisations that continually reinvent their products and processes in accordance to environmental dynamics achieve greater success in the marketplace compared to those that pay little or no attention to innovation (Beyene & Wu, 2016). Successful innovation, however, is predominantly dependent on an organisation's business strategy (Hajar, 2015). A firm's strategic orientation determines the extent to which it introduces new products or new ways of doing things. In other words, without the right strategy, an organisation may not innovate successfully. The connection between strategy and innovation is particularly true for Fujitsu Limited, a Japanese information and communication technology (ICT) company. With reference to Fujitsu, this paper discusses the impact of strategy on innovation. Attention is particularly paid to how…… [Read More]
While a high-flying tech company is a great story to the outside observer, inside such a company can be quite chaotic, because the rapid pace of growth places strain on the talent within the company. The human resources department has to keep a rapid pace of hiring, ensuring all the while that it is bringing in the right people to support the mission going forward. Just as important, the new hires have to blend in with the existing organizational culture. This can be a significant challenge when the growth comes as rapidly as it did for Apple in the 2000s. The company's growth trajectory started with an established culture under Steve Jobs, the introduction of the iPod, and then the introduction of the iPhone started Apple on its current hypergrowth course. The new initiatives that the company is working on today may yet signal a future round of hypergrowth,…… [Read More]
One of the most powerful people in tech, Susan Wojcicki got her start in Silicon Valley as one of Google’s first employees. She worked her way into a C-suite, and has been the CEO of YouTube for three years. Wojcicki led Google’s acquisition of YouTube in 2006, after which the value of the video sharing service skyrocketed to $90 billion (“Susan Wojcicki,” n.d.). With so few women in the C-suite in any sector, and especially technology, Susan Wojcicki would be an exemplary role model already. Yet her leadership during the infamous “Google Memo” incident shows how determined Wojcicki is to transform gender roles, norms, and organizational cultures in all business sectors.
Wojcicki started out as Google’s marketing manager and fought her way through the “boys’ club” of what is now one of the world’s biggest firms in any sector (Wojcicki, 2017). Whereas many would have quit in the…… [Read More]
The Apple II computer was successfully launched and the company began to take shape and in 1980 the company went public and was able to produce more money than any company since Ford in 1956 (Thirty years of apple). When the company went public it also created more millionaires than had ever been created up to that point (Thirty years of apple).
There were several other computers that were released prior to 1984 when the Macintosh computer was released. By 1986 Wozniak left the company and in 1983 Steve Jobs had been ousted from the company (Thirty years of apple).
Charismatic leader of Apple Computer
Steve Jobs is known as one of the most charismatic and successful CEO's in the world. It has been asserted that "While Wozniak was the technical brains, Jobs was the idealist. He wanted his computers to be both technically and visually beautiful -…… [Read More]
According to Taylor (2009) of the Harvard Business eview, Steve Jobs, "for all of his virtues, clings to the Great Man Theory of Leadership -- a CEO-centric model of executive power that is outmoded, unsustainable, and, for most of us mere mortals, ineffective in a world of non-stop change." Taylor may be right. After all, Jobs is renowned for his eccentric yet egocentric leadership style. But whatever Jobs is doing seems to be working. As Kahney (2008) points out, "When Jobs retook the helm in 1997, the company was struggling to survive. Today it has a market cap of $105 billion, placing it ahead of Dell and behind Intel. Its iPod commands 70% of the MP3 player market. Four billion songs have been purchased from iTunes. The iPhone is reshaping the entire wireless industry. Even the underdog Mac operating system has begun to nibble into Windows' once-unassailable dominance; last…… [Read More]
" (fom Wold envionmental news, Intenet edition)
Besides developing flexible legislation that will distibute the functions of ecycling between manufactues and municipal sevices thee has to be a definite and developed pogam that would specialize on the optimal and the most exhaust utilization of electonic waste, eduction of e-waste landfills and incineation. Recycling pogam should not be limited to the ecycling of CRT monitos, as thei ownes ae moe likely to bing the whole obsolete compute system to the ecycling, not just compute monitos.
The benefit of integal pogam of ecycling is that it allows using a vaiety of mateials used in the electonics manufactuing like pecious metals, semi-pecious metals, and some electonic items in the euse.
The most impotant pat of the e-waste management is seach of the most appopiate and qualified patnes in the technical o pactical pat of the poblem solution. This poblem is of the essential…… [Read More]
One other new thing brought to the attention of companies by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act is the fact that, under this law, every public company is supposed to prove strong internal systems designed to catch an employee intending to commit fraud or flag accounting errors before a company has the opportunity to make its profits official. An addendum to this rule is the obligation of a company knowing about problems with its control systems to disclose what it has uncovered. This obligation generated what an author called the "current flood of mea culpas."
As mentioned above, many companies have faced serious difficulties during the last few years. Companies conducting their activity in Silicon Valley, for instance, such as Versant, Portal Software and Sipex, have acknowledged that they have encountered problems such as not having experienced accounting staff, lacking checks and balances in the case of employees handling corporate cash and the…… [Read More]
Dyson Case Study
Dyson has created a highly profitable business through the use of a series of processes, systems and practices that increase the probability of innovative new products being produced. It is insightful that the founder and CEO concentrates on finding those household items that aren't working well and dramatically improving their ergonomics, performance and value. This takes a unique approach to innovation that is not easily replicated or imitated by competitors, and further ensures the long-term success of the enterprise. His decision to employ engineers directly out of university further exemplifies the mindset of an innovator as he is deliberately creating a culture that seeks to challenge the status quo and how the majority of design and engineering professionals see the world. Speaking of this dynamic, Sir James Dyson commented that he seeks out those that don't see the world linearly, but rather are free thinkers. What's impressive…… [Read More]
Marketing -- Distribution and Marketing Planning -- Samsung Galaxy Mini S
esults from the first 3 Modules now allow analysis of their information and development of some final marketing plan elements. Samsung's global position as a technological innovator, extensive distribution channels and significant resources allow an ambitious plan of near-saturation that should capture a significant portion of the target market. The 18- to 44-year-old smartphone-owning early adopters should readily encounter our marketing efforts and a significant number of those targeted consumers are expected to purchase and benefit from the Samsung Galaxy Mini S.
Given the complete marketing analysis, the key issues that must be understood by the company in trying to sell the Samsung Galaxy Mini S are:
Organizational esources (Perner, n.d.): commonly known as the five "M's: Men (meaning labor); Money (meaning finances); Machinery (meaning equipment); Minutes (meaning time); and Materials (consisting of production factors) (Friesner, 2014).…… [Read More]
Fortune Magazine every year publishes its list of the Top 100 companies to work for. There are a number of different factors that go into their survey, including things like benefits, employee loyalty and any unusual things that these companies do or provide for their employees. Each situation is different. In some industries, a great working environment is considered to be the norm and just to compete a company has to be good. In other industries, companies seek to use their working environment as a source of competitive advantage. There are as many different approaches to being one of the top companies to work for as there are companies on the list. Some companies want to attract the best people in their industries, who are among the most talented in the world. Other companies seek to foster loyalty because they see relationships and institutional knowledge as keys to their success.…… [Read More]
Originally founded in 1905 by a tobacco businessman, Venice, California, was an independent city until 1925 when it merged with Los Angeles. Today, it is known for its beach boardwalk and its circus-like atmosphere, and in the past decade Venice has undergone a process of gentrification like many other cities across the U.S. (Abcarian). However, Venice Beach was for years a center of the arts. In the 1960s it was ground zero for the counter-culture movement, with musicians like Jim Morrison and the Doors getting their start at Venice Beach. It was home to late R&B musician Teena Marie, now forever memorialized in a Venice mural (Argonaut). It was the home of Muscle Beach, boardwalk roller skating, diversity and cultural foods. It was home to Oakwood African Americans, who helped dig the canals of Venice but who were not permitted to settle along them and instead were…… [Read More]
Bit Technology Inc., a high-tech manufacturing firm, is deciding where to locate its facilities. This decision should be based on several factors including cost, availability of skilled workers, proximity to shipping and trucking facilities to facilitate shipping products and receiving raw goods, and the ongoing costs associated with doing business in the area, for example, taxes, payroll, building lease or cost to build, etc.
Bit Technology may be looking at an overseas location, but they need to consider several factors before locating overseas. Can the local population support the company and are they highly skilled in high-tech work? Can they be trained? What are the costs of doing business overseas, including shipping and importing and exporting duties? What costs or tariffs will the country expect from Bit Technology? Doing business in foreign countries often seems much less costly, but many factors are in play, including the increased…… [Read More]
Further the illegal aliens in the country are more than one quarter of the country's population. The controversy is mostly on illegal immigration, with over 11 million illegal residents in the U.S. Over 7 million legal migrants are recruited into important professional specialties. They also bring their relatives in, as in the case of Indians. (Swain, 16)
Though the Indian government does not give any special status to immigrants to the U.S. from India, there has been a spurt of immigrants from India to the Silicon Valley -- California. These immigrants are mostly selected for special skills and there are other immigrants who fill positions in services like nursing and doctors. The immigrants from India are mostly centered at Silicon Valley, the hub of computing and inventions. This is because immigrants from India come from some of the biggest and best electronics and engineering schools from India notably the IIT.…… [Read More]
g., Hofstede, five different cultural dimensions), and the other one is the Cultural Standards Model (e.g., lexander Thomas):
1. In a general sense, cultures and differences among cultures can be described and measured along cultural dimensions (Hall, 1990, 2000; Hofstede, 1980, 1993, 2001; House et al., 2004; Kluckhohn & Strodtbeck, 1961; Rokeach, 1973; Schwartz, 1992 and Trompenaars & Hampden-Turner, 1997).
2. In a more detailed and more descriptive sense, the cultural standard method deals with differences in the kinds of perceiving, norms of sensing, thinking, judging, and acting that can cause critical incidents in cross-cultural encounters (Thomas, 1996; Fink & Meierewert,
Due to significant developments in this field and the available range of value dimension studies, it is better to understand the possible impact of similarities and differences among cultures. Dimensions, which are quantitatively measured, can be used in statistical models (regression analysis) as well as to help explain…… [Read More]
glimpse into how technology companies work today, and what their strategies are for their continued growth. Hewlett-Packard (H-P) is one of the largest and most well-known high-tech companies in the world. In fact, the article states that it is the world's largest tech company by its revenues. H-P is acquiring 3 Com, a smaller company that has had problems in the current economic climate, to add another set of tools to its arsenal. A vice president with H-P says, "3Com has a better set of networking products for large corporate clients than H-P currently sells and a market share of more than 30% in the China networking market" (Scheck). Thus, H-P is positioning itself for a larger market share in China, and to better compete with Cisco Systems, another well-known high-tech competitor in the Silicon Valley.
Perhaps the most important aspect of this article is not that H-P is branching…… [Read More]
The company showed a global reach early, adding numerous language versions around the world. In 2000, the company reached 18 million search queries per day and officially became the world's largest search engine ("Google, Inc." paras. 11-14).
The company now sought to address its need for income by introducing a keyword-targeted advertising program for another source of revenue. The company partnered with Yahoo! And with other partners, such as China's leading portal NetEast and NEC's BIGLOBE in Japan. Google introduced Adords, a self-service advertising program that could be activated with a credit card. By December of 2000, Google received more than 60 million searches per day and reached the 100-million search mark per day in 2001 ("Google, Inc." paras. 15-16).
Google as a Public Company
Google would offer an IPO of stock beginning in 2004. McShane and Von Glinow cite Google as a successful company, especially in terms of navigating…… [Read More]
Those did not have much power on the manufacturer, however, the consumer were rather sophisticated, so maintaining the high quality standards was crucial.
Substitutes. After the trade liberalization, Phillips had an enormous pressure from Asian companies that managed to copycat its products and the price performance of the substitute products was net superior.
Supplier power. The suppliers did not have high bargaining power. The high tech industry in Europe and U.S. was quite developed and the number of suppliers was big.
Rivalry determinants. Those determinants refer to product differentiation, where Phillips was standing out in the industry and manufacturing costs, where Phillips was overrun by Asian counterparts. The fact that Phillips' products were easy to imitate, made its innovation advantage weaker than the Asians' cost advantage.
Political factors. The political context from home helped a lot the company's evolution. The Japanese government was in favor of intensifying business…… [Read More]
With their focus on moving from niche market to eventual cultural iconoclasm, Apple computers is on their way to supplanting the traditional technology powerhouses of the domestic computer industry.
Externally, Apple is under consistent pressure from competitors to stay at the top of their market. Even though Apple has been the de facto winner within innovation and overall product quality, many other manufacturers are attempting to advance their own technology. Apple is fighting in affect a three front war, because it is competing in three separate industries each with their own strong competition. Within the computer manufacturing industry they must battle the likes of IBM, Dell and HP in order to maintain their market share. Within the software industry, their Mac technology must compete with Microsoft. Finally, within the music sector they are consistently faced with challengers such as Dell and Microsoft. However, because Dell has branded themselves as a…… [Read More]
Moreover, "corruption and inefficiency have exacerbated problems," ("Fidel Castro: Cuba's Communism Not Working" 2010). Because of the problems currently plaguing Cuba, communism is likely wane gradually by an opening of Cuba's markets even if American-style capitalism is not the replacement. The rise and fall of communism in Cuba has taken place over a relatively short period of time in human history: less than a century. Because of this, the example of Cuba is a world historical event that significantly illustrates the theme of power, governance, and authority.
Themes in history such as geography, historical systems of power, institutions as mechanisms of social change, and science and technology as engines of economic growth and development can be illustrated by specific historical examples. The British aj's infiltration of Fiji and the trafficking of Indian indentured servants is an example of how geography and environmental factors impact the development of human societies over…… [Read More]
"They are adding 1 million new users a day."
Impact on cultures
One of the Chinese cultures that are affected by the wireless technology is the Cash Culture. Paying in cash has been a practice to most Chinese. Credit and debit cards are not in the trend of the Chinese culture. However, with the revolution of the wireless technology, cash would seem to be a little out of the way of how the technology will be utilized. This is because part of a type of a mobile service uses prepaid methods. Tom York, in his article China's Exploding Wireless Industry, mentions the following.
Payments for small purchases can be billed along with the monthly wireless bill, the method now used to bill for third-party purchases and services.
ut that system probably won't work on a large scale need to support a mobile economy," says Chen. He also notes that more…… [Read More]
It is also believed by some that there are particular parts of the country, population areas or other niches where immigration is more problematic than others. However, studies have also found this to mostly untrue. Even in particular areas of the economy, the evidence of a negative effect of immigrants on natives is limited. An overview of studies by Passel of the Urban Institute (1994) found that "The majority find no more evidence of displacement than is revealed by the aggregate data. Even studies of more highly skilled occupations, (e.g., registered nurses), find no strong evidence of displacement."
In the future, in fact, the immigrant population will be even more advantageous to the American labor market. Immigrants will fill niches at the high and low ends of the spectrum. As the U.S. population continues to age, many skilled workers and professionals will retire and leave openings for employers to…… [Read More]
S. What kinds of jobs? What countries?
Starting around in the initial part of 2004, writings started getting published in the mass media opposing that "insourcing" - supposedly shifting jobs from the outside the U.S. into the U.S. is bigger than "outsourcing." This might seem difficult to accept as true, however there is a basis for accepting it as true. (Globalization: the Outsourcing-Insourcing Issue) "In-sourcing" produced a considerable range of comparatively high-skilled responsibilities in engineering, management consulting, banking, and legal services. Normally "in-sourced" jobs pay 16% higher than the national average. (Outsourcing and American Jobs) More than 90% of the in-sourced assignments arrive from the developed nations. Like for some of the American companies it translates into savings in utilizing an extremely learned, under worked personnel in nations like India and China, a lot of foreign companies see benefit in recruiting American workers to accomplishing some functions. They now engage…… [Read More]
independent and dependant variables in any given population. One type of research design is that of the quantitative design. In quantitative research, the goal is to determine specific relationships, and as such, all research is either considered descriptive, where subjects are measured once, or experimental, where subjects are measured before and after a specific treatment or event (Hoover, Donovan, 2004). In descriptive studies, only observation is used, whereas in experimental designs, actual manipulation of variables occurs.
This paper will focus on two types of quantitative design, those of the cross-sectional design and the longitudinal design. Both types of design are considered to be descriptive in nature, in that no manipulation of variables is done (Woolf, 1998). However, each type has its own advantages and disadvantages, each of which will be discussed.
A cross sectional design study is, as noted, a type of quantitative research design known as a descriptive design.…… [Read More]
The many different aspects of management, leadership and all the tactics inherent within these concepts provide a wide array of selections for the many aspiring business professionals and decision-makers in the corporate world today. Understanding the key components of an organizational system are beneficial in realizing the true potential of any single agency, company or organization. The organizing function of management is perhaps the greatest tool leaders have at their disposal in conducting the operations of the business interests who guide the organization. The way an organization actually organizes itself describes its purpose and reveals the true essence beyond what is perceived superficially by those who do not understand the fine subtleties of management and leadership. The purpose of this essay is to explore the organizing function of management and apply these functions to certain aspects of organizational resources. I willl use the Ford Motor Company as the example…… [Read More]
" (p. 5)
These twin objectives of encouraging innovation and allowing personnel a sense of ownership of company projects are, according to the article, likely to yield positive results both in terms of productivity and morale.
As I reflect on a Fun/Fail Activity that stands out in my memory, I am inclined to think of soccer practice as a child. hen I was growing up, it was common for most of the children in my neighborhood to sign up for a youth soccer league. My parents believed that it would be good for me to learn to be a part of a team, to play in a context where rules and regulations govern events and to learn the value of fitness. Most importantly, of course, the activity was designed to be Fun.
Unfortunately, especially for a young child, the consequences of poor performance in this 'Fun' activity would…… [Read More]
Technology and Society
All print media including books, newspapers and magazines are in deep trouble today thanks to new developments in technology, as are traditional methods of classroom instruction and school curricula. To that extent the Internet can be described as a revolutionary invention that has altered and transformed the way information is presented and conceived. Individuals are learning and creating innovative ways to contribute to relevant knowledge at an excessive speed, and the estern world has become dependent on this technology and also more aware of its negative side. hether the technology in our surroundings is causing human beings to become distracted, affecting our communication skills, or making them stupider is a question that has to be addressed.
This memorandum will describe these issues of trivialization and the 'shallow-ing out' of contemporary American culture, most of which are either as deliberately exaggerated and sensationalized as the Internet itself or…… [Read More]
Organizational Diagnosis of Palm
Palm Computing had reinvented the hand held computer market overnight with the line of PalmPilot and similar devices geared to the mobile gadget industry. According to Clancy (1999), "Palm Computing ultimately sold faster than the videocassette recorder, the color TV, the cell phone, even the personal computer that was its great-grandfather. Introduced in April 1996, within 18 months Palm Computing had shipped more than 1 million units of the handheld and some estimate there were 2 million Palm devices shipped in 1998 alone." (Clancy, 1999)
Such incredible demand for Palm Computing's products were a function of the brilliant and innovative management and design team that launched and built the company. The two prominent executives of the company, responsible for developing product and marketing, and product releases, were Jeff Hawkins and Donna Dubinsky.
According to Clancy (1999), "In Hawkins, Silicon Valley has one of its most independent,…… [Read More]
Kinesthetic Learners Achievement Levels in Technology Rich Classrooms
Hypothesis With Operational Definitions
Computers and Kinesthetic Learning
The Challenge 2000 Multimedia Project
Collaborative Visualization (CoVis) Project
Apple Classroom of Tomorrow Project
American Culture in Context: Enrichment for Secondary Schools
SchoolNet / Rescol Report: The emerging contribution of online resources and tools to classroom learning and teaching
Lehrer HyperAuthor Study
The Highly Interactive Computing Environments (HI-CE) Group
Interactive technologies that are appealing to kinesthetic learning such as multimedia, hypermedia, and visualization in virtual learning environments hold great promise for enhancing the learning experience. A variety of research studies have produced results ranging from the ability of interactive computing not only to enhance the student's ability to absorb complex information, but also to fundamentally reshape the learning process.
Interactive computing holds exciting potential to create student-controlled learning environments in which students are more responsible for their own instruction. And,…… [Read More]
Management Technologies in American Corporations
An exploration of knowledge organizations and their management of information using both the Internet and digital means
This paper will explore the pros and cons of both, and make recommendations for implementing them into companies, both large and small, and finally show real-world examples of these technologies in use in some of the most prominent American companies today.
Today, we live in a very complex world. Technology is proliferating at an exponential pace, and we are constantly bombarded with new technologies and ways of accessing information. Some of us find it very hard to keep up with all these technologies in our own homes (some of us may not even know how to use the internet). But these problems are much more problematic for businesses.
hile we might be able to still operate, and live our everyday lives despite our lack of technical knowledge, companies…… [Read More]
Edge Cities" by Joel Garreau.
Joel Garreau authored the best seller on how we build the cities that become the milestones of our civilizations because the fact is that these places are where we find our offices and shopping malls located bringing money to all of us.
The title of the book Edge Cities by Garreau is one book that has been valued by its readers because it opens doors to the subject of unplanned architecture. Edge City: Life on the New Frontier is not only a blockbuster, but The New York Times declared it "the first major book to examine a phenomenon that by any reasonable definition is among the most pressing of our age." Garreau's ability to write is exceptionally different because he has the ability to look into the obvious chaotic mess that will only worsen the future.
The cities that have been defined as…… [Read More]
Managing All Stakeholders in the Context of a Merger Process
Review of the Relevant Literature
Types of Mergers
Identifying All Stakeholders in a Given usiness
Strategic Market Factors Driving Merger Activity
Selection Process for Merger Candidates
Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendations
The Challenge of Managing All Stakeholders in the Context of a Merger Process
Mergers and acquisitions became central features of organizational life in the last part of the 20th century, particularly as organizations seek to establish and maintain competitiveness in an increasingly globalized economy (Nevaer & Deck, 1996). Mergers are generally described as being the formal joining or combining of two corporations or business (Prichett, 1987), although both the framework and the method of merger vary greatly. The reasons for mergers are different based on what a company is trying to accomplish. The acquiring firm may seek to eliminate a competitor; to increase its efficiency; to diversify its products, services,…… [Read More]
The volatile changes that are occurring in the entrepreneurial environment are influencing the development of a new type of entrepreneur. New business ideas concentrating on the use of new technology is giving enhancement to the implementation of business plans. The purpose of this paper is to research an entrepreneur whose business practice fits this framework of a "new type of entrepreneur" and to explore the practices used to gain success in today's entrepreneurial business environment.
culture that is defined by "risk-taking," being "tolerant of mistakes" as well as containing within its scope "individuals who are willing to put it all on the line to start new businesses" is that which has been termed the "entrepreneurial culture."
According to the report of The Technology Alliance the factor most inhibiting to high tech growth is the "lack of appropriately trained workforce." The report states that:
Technical and top managerial talent…… [Read More]
New Work eward Systems
New, Improved, Innovative: Employee Work ewards
In the book First, Break All the ules: What the World's Greatest Managers Do Differently, authors Marcus Buckingham and Curt Coffman assert that employee satisfaction is not tied to compensation as tightly as the business world has imagined. Hard though it may be to belief, several key elements reportedly have stronger influence on employee morale and engagement with their work than wages, salaries, or bonuses. During their association with the Gallup Organization, Buckingham and Coffman, concluded that the answers to the following questions will help a manager identify the key influencers of employee motivation, morale, loyalty to the company -- and ultimately, staying power in a job or position:
Do I know what is expected of me at work?
Do I have the materials and equipment I need to do my work right?
At work, do I have the opportunity…… [Read More]
Something that I have found particularly interesting in Baird's textbook is the notion of "deontological" ethics. (Baird 151). This is the idea that "right" behavior or "good" behavior is about playing by the rules. However what I find really interesting about the idea is that, in some sense, it is the only way we have of getting a glimpse into the motivations of others. In some sense, a full account of the ethics of any given situation must in some way take into account someone's motives -- especially motives for compliance. Ethical behavior shouldn't be something that we adopt out of a sense of compulsion. Instead, with deontology, we are talking more about the concept of duty.
I suppose what is most interesting to me about this is the notion that there can be different reasons, good and bad, for adopting the same set of ethical principles. I'm…… [Read More]
Case Summary: In 2013, when new Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer overturned the flexible work at home policies, it created a maelstrom of media response. Public responses fell on both sides of the issue, while it seemed most Yahoo employees were outraged. The disruption to personal lives became a pivotal point in the discussions -- arrangements that enable parents to work-at-home, for instance, are not easily changed. But, more central was the message communicated to Yahoo employees: The CEO (and likely a slew of other managers at the organization) did not trust telecommuting employees to efficaciously conduct their professional duties outside of the direct oversight of their managers. Note that many of the telecommuting Yahoo employees worked at home only one or two days per week. Women particularly took issue with the workaholic Mayer's decision: she came on board when she was five months pregnant and took a…… [Read More]
innovation is a group of steps and activities visualized for translating ideas into actual products / services / processes. The innovation process commences with identifying and defining the source problem (Sva?, 2012).The building blocks of an innovative culture are as follows:
These aforementioned building blocks are linked. For instance, the values of an enterprise affect the employee's behavior, workplace climate, and how success is perceived and quantified.
An innovative culture inherits ideas from research conducted by multiple authors. For promoting innovation, most enterprises generously invest time in resources, processes, and quantifying success. However, most companies have neglected to evaluate the more difficult to identify and/or measure factors of innovative culture with respect to people - including climate, behavior, and values.
To date, apparently, most companies have quantified innovative culture in terms of processes, management of resources, and measuring success of innovation rather than measuring building…… [Read More]
characters from all the readings has to be Michael from Microserfs. "This morning, just after 11:00, Michael locked himself in his office and he won't come out." (Coupland 1) Through lack of interactions and his "flat diet," ("Todd and I got concerned about Michael's not eating, so we drove to the 24-hour Safeway in Bellevue. e went shopping for "flat" foods to slip underneath Michael's door." (Coupland 1)) Michael easily became the most dynamic and progressive personalities within the story. Because he operated at such a bizarre starting point, his change towards the end really creates an impression on the reader and the other characters in the story. At first he operates only in the set parameters of his world, barely talking to people, focusing on work, but it is in his own world that the reader witnesses Michael's slow, but gradual progression towards truly forming connection through BarCode and…… [Read More]
M1 - Discussion
I have always thought entrepreneurship is just about starting a business. However, it is interesting to learn that entrepreneurship is more of a mindset or a behavioural tendency as opposed to just pursuing a business idea. It is a way of thinking characterised by the desire to create or exploit opportunities, take risks, to be innovative, and to grow. This mindset applies to not only individuals, but also organisations. The entrepreneurial mindset can be learned, understood, and practiced. In essence, entrepreneurship is not an inborn ability as often thought. As long as one has the passion to take charge of their life, then the rest can be learned, irrespective of one's background.
M1 - Discussion
One great lesson acquired from the first two chapters of New Ventures is that entrepreneurship is not as straightforward as often thought (Allen, 2015). People usually think as long as…… [Read More]
Daniels When City and Country Collide
Thomas L. Daniel's When City and Country Collide provides an interesting and largely effective analysis of the spread of urban sprawl in America. This paper outlines the key themes and findings within Daniel's book, and discusses the relationship between Daniel's book and Managing Urban America, by David . Morgan and obert E. England. Overall, When City and Country Collide provides a useful look into how urban sprawl characterizes modern city planning, and provides some somewhat limited insights into urban management and public administration.
In When City and Country Collide: Managing Growth in the Metropolitan Fringe, Thomas L. Daniels describes the recent emergence of the rural-urban fringe in a diversity of cities across the United States. Throughout the book, Daniels develops his thesis that the urban fringe has expanded in recent years as residential and commercial development in cities has boomed, and that growth management…… [Read More]
There is, however, a more practical side to this paradigm shift:
These four were not surprising, given the economic and regulatory conditions of 2007 to 2009 and their impacts on building owners. Faced with energy spikes in 2007 and 2008 and the recession beginning in 2008, owners found it difficult to set reliable utility budgets and obtain financing for capital projects. (Rozgus)
Furthermore, as regards to the write-in answers on the surveys, the top four were all ralted energy efficiency or sustainability, they were: LED lighting and lighting controls, Alternative energy, LEED and green technology or regulations, and Energy efficiency.
The authors conclude that if sustainability and lifecycle issues such as environmental performance, reliability, maintainability, and lifecycle cost, are important to the owner, then these issues will have to be more clearly defined in the engineering contracts. Consequently the associated extra costs and fees that would be required to support…… [Read More]
By means of automation, specialized works that were predominantly done by men in the manufacturing industries situated in the developed nations were diminished. Conversely, non-specialized jobs mainly in the electronic parts manufacturing industries, particularly the microchip, in which unskilled women in a number of developing nations find employment, became bigger. Thus, the electronic parts manufacturers, instead of investing in huge capital-based units, had favored to make use of manual workers based in nations wherein inexpensive, quiet, and for that reason mostly women workers was quickly accessible. (Mitter; owbotham, 1995) Hence, women in Asia could get several jobs from the electronics manufacturing industry. Fresh high school passed out graduates from the tiny villages moved to the cities for jobs available in the semiconductor units. Usually the daughters of those villagers who were high-incomes, these young females, irritated by the absence of clerical as well as semi-skilled employment prospects in their villages,…… [Read More]
Cultural school focuses on the culture of the individual entities that form the organization. Culture, it asserts, drives the organization's judgment and operational strategy resulting in differences such as between a Japanese and American organization.
In contradistinction to the power school that places the loci on the individual as well as the entrepreneurial school that does likewise (this time on the leader), the cultural school insists that individuals are a homogenized whole, their decision, beliefs, judgments, and actions formed by their specific culture. In this way, therefore, to understand an organization necessitates understanding its culture. Organization culture -- the premise of the cultural school -- is, oftentimes, understood as collective cognition since a deeply rooted culture produces closely interwoven interpretations and activities.
Content and Process.
Culture is ineradicably part of the individual's makeup. His or her perspective on the world is shaped by this culture, and since organizations are a…… [Read More]
In many of the cases Music is termed as 'Universal Language', a language that has no word but still has lot to convey. Music therefore has positive consequences on different front of societies including social, cultural and economical (Music industry and Tourism foster economic growth).
All these factors have convinced the school management to introduce and teach Music as formal subject in their schools, the Music subject has equal factor in terms of grade evaluation as compare to any other subject, Music has to be necessarily considered as core subject for teaching, "The term 'core academic subjects' means English, reading or language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, and geography"(No Child Left Behind Act of 2002).
Following facts and figures are listed to support the case,
According to College-Bound Seniors National eport: Profile of SAT Program Test Takers, Students having involved in the environment or…… [Read More]
Infosys is a company that began working on information systems during the first years of modern computing. At the time they were a blue ocean company because they were in an industry that had a very small competitive base and a very large potential segment of customers. However, as the company grew and the market became more dense with other companies, it became necessary for Infosys to look for other methods of growing the company. The original core businesses were not going to sustain growth, so Infosys had to move up the value chain if it was going to continue to thrive.
Basically the company leaders realized that the competitive ocean in which they now existed was turning deeply red and they needed to find blue water for the company to thrive. The blue ocean strategy is exemplified in a company that either creates a completely new market, or one…… [Read More]