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Solar Powered Juice Truck Project
Comparison of your idea with everything else that
In an attempt to ensure that school children and the general public has access to healthy drinks that are free from the various chemicals, pesticides and the high amounts of calories, there have been attempts applied in the past. Professionals in the field of diet and great nutritionists have published articles and in them encouraged people to adopt the healthy alternatives. Some of the alternatives to soda that over time have been advocated for are smoothies made from low fat milk, skim milk or soymilk. The other alternative advocated for widely is the unsweetened or lightly sweetened tea (since these are caffeine free), 100% fruit juice, coffee and most of all and all time preferred is water (Alireza M., 2013).
On of the most significant attempts, apart from the professional articles and advice as depicted above is…
Alireza M., (2013). Healthy Alternatives to Soda and Soft Drinks. Retrieved November 4, 2013 from http://www.arabnews.com/news/464224
Associated Press, (2013). Michelle Obama launches 'Drink up' effort to get Americans to drink more water. Retrieved November 4, 2013 from http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/lady-people-drink-plain-water-article-1.1453816
Solar Powered Juice Truck Project
Components of Strategic Management Process
Strategic management process entails goal-setting, analysis, strategy formulation, strategy implementation and evaluation and control (Clayton, 2013).
The upper management engages in goal setting to enable them clarify the vision of the business. It involves defining short- and long-term objectives, identifying how these objectives are to be accomplished and customizing the process for the organization's staff so that each and every individual does the task he can succeed in (Clayton, 2013). The goals have to be detailed and realistic. They should also match the values of the organization's vision. The final step in this stage involves writing a mission statement that communicates an organization's goals to the shareholders and the staff.
Information gleaned from analysis shapes the next two stages of strategy management process. At the analysis stage much information and data relevant in accomplishing an organization's goal is gathered (Clayton,…
Clayton, J. (2013). The Five Stages of the Strategic Management Process. The Houston
Samsung (2012). Green Management Activities and Performance. Retrieved from http://www.samsung.com/us/aboutsamsung/sustainability/sustainabilityreports/download/
According to Stroud, "A roof can be a very easy place to hide a solar system" (35). Although there are other solar-powered projects underway across the country with the same goal of reducing Israel's dependence on foreign-imported energy sources, these rooftop units remain the most common. For example, Faiman reports that, "Perhaps the most common manifestation of putting the sun to work in Israel are the solar water heaters that cover roof-tops all over the country. Typical domestic units consist of a 150 liter insulated storage tank and a 2 sq.m. flat panel" (3). The units used for most residential applications are highly efficient, and operate using a gravity-driven loop that does not require a water pump; however, the solar-powered water heaters used for larger high-rise housing projects and in a number of kibbutzim are typically pump-driven (Faiman). The typical solar panel and water heating configuration of the residential units…
Abramowitz, Yosef I. And David Lehreer. 2008, October 31. "The solar vote." Haaretz.com.
[online] available: http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/opinion/the-solar-vote -
Faimer, David. 2010. "Solar Energy in Israel." Jewish Virtual Library. [online] available:
attic fan is an essential part of a building in that it helps in the regulation of the temperature of a building by reducing the heat energy level in a building's attic. It does so by getting rid of the hot air that is accumulated in a building.
The attic fan helps in the regulation of temperature by the exhaustion of the hot air by through the blade action. Due to the fluctuating nature of the temperature, it is necessary for the fans system to be automated by employing thermostats. An attic fan even though is surrounded by a number of controversies as regards its effectiveness in energy conservation, still remains to be an integral part of a building's design as ventilation to every space in a building is of utmost importance.
TALE OF CONTENT
History of the Photovoltaic cell (Solar Panel)
The construction of the solar panel
ANSI/AMCA Standard 210-99, "Laboratory Methods Of Testing Fans for Aerodynamic Performance Rating"
Eckert, Michael, "The Dawn of Fluid Dynamics: A Discipline Between Science and Technology"
Frank Bleier, "Fan Handbook: Selection, Application, and Design"
Vermass, Wim. "An Introduction to Photosynthesis and Its Applications." Arizona State University
It now applies to a wide range of generation technologies, including but not limited to solar thermal electric, photovoltaics, wind, and geothermal electric (DSIRE). For solar systems, the credit is "equal to 30% of expenditures, with no maximum credit. Eligible solar energy property includes equipment that uses solar energy to generate electricity…" (DSIRE). For small wind turbines, the credit is "equal to 30% of expenditures, with no maximum credit" (DSIRE). Significantly, this also applies to investments supported by "subsidized energy financing" (DSIRE).
Alternatively, taxpayers could have chosen simply apply for and receive Renewable Energy Grants (REGs) under the 1603 program. These apply to a wide range of generation technologies, including but not limited to solar thermal electric, photovoltaics, wind, and geothermal electric (DSIRE). The grant is equal to "30% of property that is part of a qualified facility, qualified fuel cell property, solar property, or qualified small wind property; and…
DSIRE. Solar Set-Asides in Renewables Portfolio Standards. 2011. North Carolina State University, under NREL Subcontract No. XEU-0-99515-01. 26 November 2011 .
Energy Policy Act of 2005. No. 119 STAT. 594. Pub. L. 109-58. 5 August 2005.
FERC. "Generator Interconnection." 6 August 2006. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. 26 November 2011 .
Kelly, Erin. Future of federal solar programs in doubt. 28 June 2011. 2011 26 November .
Spray-On Solar Power Cells
A solar cell, or photovoltaic cell, is a semiconductor device consisting of a large-area p-n junction diode, which, in the presence of sunlight is capable of generating usable electrical energy. This conversion is called the photovoltaic effect. The field of research related to solar cells is known as photovoltaics.
Solar cells have many applications. They are particularly well suited to, and historically used in situations where electrical power from the grid is unavailable, such as in remote area power systems, Earth orbiting satellites, handheld calculators, remote radiotelephones, water pumping applications, etc. Solar cells, in the form of modules or solar panels, are appearing on building roofs where they are connected through an inverter to the electricity grid in a net metering arrangement.
Various materials have been investigated for solar cells. There are two main criteria - efficiency and cost. Efficiency is a ratio of the electric…
Brautigam, Tara. "Canadian Professor Develops Plastic that More Efficiently Converts Solar Energy." Canadian Press. January 10, 2005. July 1, 2005. < http://www.mindfully.org/Technology/2005/Infrared-Sensitive-Plastic10jan05.htm>.
Conan-Davies, Richard. "Spray on solar cells." January 12, 2005. July 1, 2005. http://clearlyexplained.com/news/nature/2005/jan/1N1201_2005.html.
Hines, M.A. And G.D. Scholes. Advanced Materials (2003) 15, 1845.
Hutcheson, G. Dan. "The First Nanochips." Scientific American. April 2004. July 1, 2005. < http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?chanID=sa002& ; articleID=000CE8C4-DC31-1055-973683414B7F0000>.
Experts believe that it may take so long to develop solar energy systems that alternative energy sources like solar energy will still make up less than five percent of our energy needs by the year 2030 (Lavelle, 2007).
Another big problem with changing over to solar energy is that it is very expensive. That is because to collect solar energy, you need very large collectors and a lot of land to build them on. The way solar energy systems work is that the sun's rays are collected by photovoltaic panels and they are very expensive to make (Lavelle, 2007).
One solution to that problem is using specially built mirrors instead of photovoltaic panels. However, even that solution still means that large solar energy systems need extremely large arrays of solar panels that are hundred of square feet. ight now, American companies like Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) are working on…
Bobick, J. (1997). The Handy Science Answer Book. Detroit, MI: Visible Ink.
Lavelle, M. (2007). Power Revolution. U.S. News & World Report, November 5, 2007.
Sachs, J. (2008). Ten Ideas That Are Changing the World. Time Magazine, March 24, 2008.
Walsh, B. (2008). Why Green Is the New Red, White and Blue. Time Magazine, April 28, 2008.
management for any project that is on a large scale is essential in being responsive to the stakeholder's needs and dealing with the main challenges (Hobday, 2000). The two large scale projects in this case which are the Qurzazate Solar Power Station and the Brantas iver Basin Development projects requires well-made strategies in order to avoid the overruns of cost and making sure that it fulfills the long-term requirements of their respective areas. In order to completely understand the activity, it is important to carefully study the demands of social/ecological, political/regulatory environment, control/execution, financing model, post-implementation assessments and security safety/challenges. Examining all these components will help in dealing with the complex challenges and also make sure that both the projects meet the requirements of the investors (Chuenpagdee & Jentoft, 2009).
Brantas iver Basin Development
Project Overview: effective management is an essential component is large scale projects in dealing with the…
Chuenpagdee, R, & Jentoft, S. (2009). Governability Assessment for Fisheries and Coastal Systems: A Reality Check. Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 37, 1, pp. 109-120, Environment Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 25 June 2014.
ESIA. (2011). Summary of the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment . Morocco: African Development Bank. Retrieved from: http://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/cifnet/sites/default/files/Morocco%20Ourzazate%20I%20Concentrated%20Solar%20Power%20Project%20-%20Approved.pdf
Hidayat, F. (2009). The planning Spiral of Brantas River Basin. Indonesia: Center for River Basin Organizations and Management. Retrieved from: http://crbom.org/SPS/Docs/SPS08-Brantas-0.pdf
Hobday, MM. (2000). 'The project-based organisation: An ideal form for managing complex products and systems? Research Policy, 29, 7-8, p. 871-893, Scopus®, EBSCOhost, viewed 25 June 2014.
Course, Section No.
Disruptive technologies are more than simple technological advances that might tweak or optimize an existing product. Disruptive technologies change "the status quo, alter the way people live and work, and rearrange value pools" (Manyika et al., 2013). In other words, disruptive technologies have the power to change the world. Of course, not all potentially disruptive technologies result in paradigm-shifting change. Some of them fail to become popular, despite seeming to have significant advantages, and they may even fall into disuse. The reasons behind disruptive technology failure are complex and may depend upon many factors. In this paper, the author will examine two potentially disruptive technologies: wind energy and solar energy. While the applications of solar energy, which utilizes a free, renewable, non-polluting resource to create electricity, seem tremendous, the reality is that solar technology has not yet become disruptive, and solar energy has not come…
Carlyle, R. (2013, October 7). What is the holding capacity of the U.S. power grid? Retrieved
October 29, 2014 from Forbes website: http://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2013/10/07/what-is-the-holding-capacity-of-the-us-power-grid/
Clean Technica. (2013). U.S. #1 wind power market (again), GE #1 wind turbine manufacturer, according to Navigant. Retrieved October 29, 2014 from http://cleantechnica.com/2013/03/28/us-1-wind-power-market-again-ge-1-wind-turbine-manufacturer-according-to-navigant/
Eisen, J. (2011). Can urban solar become a "disruptive" technology? The case for solar utilities. Notre Dame J.L. Ethics & Pub Pol'y, 24(1), 53-98.
Energy in the United States
In terms of total use in the year 2010, the United States was the second largest consumer of energy (arr, 2012). After Canada and a couple of small nations, the United States comes at the seventh position in the per capita energy consumption (World Resources Institute, 2001). In this energy consumption, the energy that is used overseas for the production of the retail goods used in the United States is not included.
Most of the energy that is consumed in the country is known to have come from fossil fuels as of the year 2010. According to the stats, 25% of this energy was derived from petroleum, 22% from coal and same amount from natural. Renewable energy sources provided 8% of this energy; meanwhile 8.4% came from nuclear power (United States Department of Energy, 2010). The renewable energy came mostly from the hydroelectric dams, geothermal,…
Anonymous (2001).World Energy Assessment.Renewable energy technologies, p. 221.
Anonymous (2001).World Resources Institute "Energy Consumption: Consumption per capita."
Anonymous (2009).U.S. Dept. Of Energy, "President Obama Touts Clean Energy on Earth Day."
Anonymous (2010).U.S. Dept. Of Energy, "Annual Energy Report."
ivalry in the Solar Panel Industry
The solar panel industry has experienced considerable growth in the recent past given the problem of global climate change, which has necessitated the need for alternative sources of energy. According to recent reports, this industry has experienced as annual growth rate of approximately 78% between 2006 and 2011. Moreover, the market value of this sector increased to $11.5 billion from $8.6 billion between 2011 and 2012 (Pritchard, n.d.). Given this recent growth, it is estimated that the solar panel industry will experience approximately 35% increase in electricity produced by this source of energy. Currently, solar panel industry is the rapid growing source of energy across the world as evidence in the increased installations of solar capacity since 2010.
The growth of the solar panel industry has also been characterized by increased competition between companies. Business organizations in this industry are increasingly developing and utilizing…
"Introduction to Quantitative Research." (2010, August 25). SAGE Publications. Retrieved November 23, 2015, from http://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/36869_muijs.pdf
Jenkins, J. (2013, October 2). Solar Energy Capacity Growth Rivals Wind as Manufacturer Outlook Strengthens. Retrieved November 23, 2015, from http://www.theenergycollective.com/jessejenkins/281491/solar-capacity-growth-rivals-wind-manufacturer-outlook-strengthens
Pritchard, G. (n.d.). Market Analysis for Solar Panel Companies. Retrieved November 23, 2015, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/market-analysis-solar-panel-companies-77667.html
Stone & Associates. (2011, January). Overview of the Solar Energy Industry and Supply Chain. Retrieved November 23, 2015, from http://www.thecemc.org/body/Solar-Overview-for-BGA-Final-Jan-2011.pdf
Solar is the Solution, author Steve Heckeroth argues that solar energy is the key to alleviating climate change. Heckeroth builds his argument on the statement that "Solar is a promising source of future energy supplies because not only is it clean, it's remarkably abundant." Another one of Heckeroth's claims is that "relying on coal, oil and natural gas threatens our future with toxic pollution, global climate change and social unrest caused by diminishing fuel supplies." These statements are internally valid; although Heckeroth does not provide quantitative data to back up these statements, they are easy to reference. Moreover, Heckeroth establishes his own credibility as an author qualified to write about environmental science by stating "I have been studying our energy options for more than 30 years." Of course, "studying" something for thirty years does not automatically make a person an expert. Heckeroth is admitting that he is a layperson who…
Heckeroth, Steve. "Solar is the Solution." Dec-Jan 2008. Retrieved online: http://www.motherearthnews.com/Renewable-Energy/2007-12-01/Solar-is-the-Solution.aspx?page=6
In this regard, some exceptions have been given to the insurance companies while the other companies should follow these principles.
In the year 2005, the commercial sector of the United Kingdom spent $16,500 million for fossil fuels of 350,000 GWh. On the other hand, researchers have reported that a decline of energy consumption has been observed in the tertiary sector of the United Kingdom (Probst & oecker, 2011, pg 109-124).
Hot water consumption
Probst (2011) stated that hot water is consumed around three percent in industries and fifteen percent I the fossil energy. This shows that a total of 22,000GWh of hot water is consumed each year.
The high and low temperature hot water from the hot water boilers is used in a number of things such as apace heating, washing and in some industrial processes. The direct and straight use of hot water is in washing. Modern hot water…
Abbasi, T., & a., a.S. (2011). Renewable Energy Sources . New Delhi: PHI.
Council, E.R. (2004). Renewable Energy in Europe: Building Markets and Capacity. London: James & James.
DeWinter, F. (1990). Solar Collectors, Energy Storage, and Materials. Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.]: MIT Press.
Herring, H., Hardcastle, R., Phillipson, R., & Energy, G.B. (1988). Energy use and energy efficiency in UK commercial and public buildings up to the year 2000. London: HMSO.
Energy use is expanding and includes several different ways to harness power. From hydropower, to solar energy, to wind energy, the world is using the elements to create electricity for homes and businesses. While some favor solar power for use as the new kind of energy; businesses and those aiming to power many homes, opt for wind energy. Regardless of what is used, there is still a long way to go before people move away from traditional forms of energy like hydropower to more cost-effective ways like solar. I myself use hydropower or batteries to get through my days and understand the need to save energy and increase my power source options.
Most of the sources of energy I use are non-renewable except my re-chargeable solar batteries. These can be charged with sunlight and thus recharged from a renewable source. A second way I use energy each day is cooking.…
One of the biggest risks that companies face is advanced persistent threats.
Advanced persistent threats can be very harmful to a company and can come in various forms as hackers have a variety of methods in their tool belt; however, on the receiving end, companies should be prepared for cyber attacks -- and yet they often are not, because of carelessness, neglect, lack of oversight, regulation, accountability, transparency, review, and an ability to conduct proper assessment. APTs are happening all the time and can be traced to origin locations all over the world (Norse, 2016). Cyber security should be therefore a number priority for any and all businesses that utilize information systems software and hardware. As the Norse Map shows, countries in both the East and the West are waging cyber war against one another; cyber security is therefore a real going concern for all (Norse, 2016).
Boyens, J., Paulsen, C., Bartol, N., Moorthy, R., Shankles, S. (2012). Notional Supply
Chain Risk Management Practices for Federal Information Systems. Retrieved from http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/drafts/nistir-7622/second-public-draft_nistir-7622.pdf
Earned Value Analysis. (2012). Project Management Guru. Retrieved from http://www.projectmanagementguru.com/eva.html
Fleming, Q., Koppelman, J. (2000). Earned Value Project Management. PA: Project
What causes solar storms? Why should people nearly a hundred million miles away on Earth care so much about them? Massive explosions of electrified plasma from the sun are identified as Solar Storms but often they just cause a beautiful light show in the farthest points of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The reason why human beings need to understand and care about solar storms is that they have the potential to cause devastating effects on the planet Earth. Those effects include problems that may affect daily life such as knocking out satellites, blacking out power grids, and completely altering the atmosphere and climate. Scientists have gathered plenty of information over the years to explain Solar storms and have even built a system to protect the Earth's energy. However, the earth is still vulnerable to solar activity, much of which remains a mystery to science. Scientists are also…
Chivers, Tom (2010). Solar storm hitting Earth causes spectacular aurora displays. The Telegraph. Retrieved online: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/space/7926176/Solar-storm-hitting-Earth-causes-spectacular-aurora-displays.html
Johnston, Colin. "Deep Time: Earth's History and Future." Retrieved online: http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:YypdcDGO_5wJ:www.armaghplanet.com/pdf/AstroTopics/Solar%2520System/Deeptime.pdf+earth+history+sun&hl=en&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESgPEamf05LM8LE4Gs9KC4_SQJcE1wqvom3EwYg3fT6H4MzHhcgTbPBBszBjrWA7LWXwW7neAE-uf3a85n06b81ogO6znQmrUK51bsIMGALP2uQHhYfBZoY6jIT-dnkVLhOM7EHV&sig=AHIEtbSkFAb9K1cTFm9tzvpnhlhV4ZznzQ
O'Neill, Ian. (2010). Zombiesat Attack! Solar Storm Fries Satellite's Brain. Discovery News. Retrieved online: http://news.discovery.com/space/zombiesat-attack-solar-storm-fries-satellites-brain.html
Phillips, T. (2009). Severe space weather: social and economic impacts. NASA. Retrieved online: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2009/21jan_severespaceweather/
A light insulation causes a reduction of 14.5% in the efficiency obtained with full insulation. The wind effect is much more limited. The increase of wind velocity from zero to 3.6 mph yielded a slight reduction (2%) in the still performance.
Repeated tests have shown that the higher the operating temperature of the still, assuming insulation is equal, correlates with higher efficiency. For example, with each 6 degrees Celsius increase in ambient temperature, a still's output increases 7-8%. The application of this finding means that a still operating in a hot desert climate will produce typically as much as one-third more water than the same unit would produce in a cooler climate.
Production of distilled water is also associated with the thermal efficiency of the still itself. Efficiency may range from 30 to 60%, depending on the construction of the still, the amount and type of insulation used, ambient temperatures,…
South Florida, especially Broward County, has showed the most eagerness, with eighty seven percent in favor of solar energy investment. Central Florida and the Gulf Coast were close behind, and eighty percent of those living in North Florida also favored more state venture for solar energy. hile voters of all ages said they approved of spending more on solar, ninety three percent of those between eighteen and thirty four agreed. Statewide, the accord crossed party lines, with eighty two percent of Republicans favoring more public capital for solar energy, compared with eighty seven percent of Democrats. The poll also showed strong support for solar energy even if it led to an increase in utility bills. Overall, eighty one percent of those polled said they were willing to pay more each month on their utility bill to sustain solar energy (Poll: Support up for solar energy investment, 2008).
The sun is…
Borenstein, Severin. 2008. "The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity
Production." Web. 29 March 2011.
"Clean Energy Never Looked So Good." 2011. Web. 29 March 2011.
"Environmental Effects of Solar Energy." 2011. Web. 29 March 2011.
Photovoltaic power system is a type of renewable energy that converts solar energy into solar photovoltaic electricity. Photovoltaic (PV) technology converts energy from the sunlight into the electricity. One of the advantages of the PV technology is that it is pollution free, and it is applicable with little maintenance.
(EPIA 2008). Since sunlight is available free of charge, there has been an increase in the research and development (&D) to make the Photovoltaic energy available to all households and industry in the future. With the advantages derived from the PV energy systems, varieties of research have been launched at national and international laboratories focusing on the mass production of solar power at possible lower costs. (Dahl, 2005). In German, there are varieties of efforts in the development of PV technology. There has been an increase in the collaboration of government, university and the industry consortia in the development of Photovoltaic…
Dahl, T ( 2005). Photovoltaic Power Systems. Technology White Paper
El-Beyrouty, K. Meimanaliev, A. Petrosyan, L. et al. (2009). Germany's Photovoltaic Cluster. Competitiveness of Microeconomics: Clusters, Firms and Economic Development.
EPIA (2008). Photovoltaic Energy: Electricity from the Su
EPIA, (2011). Who is EPIA? Retrieved 25 October 2011 from http://www.epia.org/about-epia/who-is-epia.html
Mounted on the side of the pole are 2 solar panels made by F3 Solar that are capable of generating up to 80 W. Of power.
-No lamp changes -- sealed for life.
-Fully controllable with excellent colour rendition
-Multi combination outputs.
-LED Life expectancy -- 25 years +
Prices vary by distributor
Green Column (http://www.wirefreedirect.com / green_column.asp)
The wind and solar powered solution delivers free, renewable energy which is stored in a battery ready to be consumed when darkness falls. Green Columns are already in use all over the UK on footpaths, playgrounds and car parks. (Note: Product's current battery lasts up to 10 days in mild weather, but only 4-5 days in inclement weather conditions.)
Prices vary by distributor
The following questions will be submitted to potential vendors for the solar and wind powered street LED light systems needed for the initiative envisioned herein.
Alsos, G.A., Isaksen, E.P. & Ljunggren, E. (2006). New venture financing and subsequent business growth in men- and women-led businesses. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 30(5), 667-670.
Hildrum, J.M., Finsrud, H.D. & Klethagen, P. (2009). The next generation of national R&D
programmes in Norway: Consequences for action research and regional development.
International Journal of Action Research, 5(3), 255-257.
But the of the efficiency of the design requires further proof. It is necessary to ensure that the all of the rays "directed to the virtual elliptic receiver at the exit aperture are reflected by the concentrator to some point on this receiver" (Garcia-Botella, et al.). The explanation of the math for this process is explained in a long section of the report from Garcia-Botella, et al.;
"Three properties of one-sheet hyperbolic concentrator geometry are useful: (1)
All meridional sections of a one-sheet hyperbolic concentrator are hyperbolas, (2)
all cross sections of a onesheet hyperbolic concentrator are ellipses and (3) the tangent plane, at any point P. Of a one-sheet hyperbolic concentrator, is defined by the bisector of the angle FPF0, where F. And F0 are the foci of the hyperbola in the meridional plane (Fig. 2), and the tangent line to the elliptic cross section at P. All the…
Ali, Imhamed M. Saleh, Tapas K. Mallick, Peter a. Kew, Tadhg S. O'Donovan, and K.S.
Reddy. "Optical Performance Evaluation of a 2-D and 3-D Novel Hyperboloid
Solar Concentrator." World Renewable Energy Congress, 2010. Print.
Chaves, Julio. Introduction to Non-Imaging Optics. New York: CRC Press, 2008. Print.
It is yet to be seen whether alternative energy will eventually replace petroleum products or whether they will simply enhance the efficiency, cost effectiveness, and availability of energy in the future. BP's move into alternative energy will help it to position itself as a leader regardless of which direction the market decides to go. BP's move makes sense from many perspectives. It makes sense for a marketing perspective because it will help to improve BP's image to one that is more environmentally friendly and in line with current public consciousness. It will help it to make better use of natural resources from production to end use of all of its product lines.
One advantage that BP has over many of the other companies entering into the alternative energy field is that it has experience in providing the needs of mass consumers. It understands the technical difficulties of supplying energy to…
BP Solar International Inc. BP Solar has over 30 years experience in the solar industry: a legacy of quality, service, performance and innovation all around the world. 2006. http://www.bp.com/genericarticle.do?categoryId=3050457&contentId=3050613 .
Accessed October 29, 2006.
Against Nuclear Power
When considering the ever-changing and highly competitive global landscape of international relations and business today, all nations and their respective economies must be able to effectively globalize their energy operations in order to reach a greater potential resource base and sustain fiscal durability in the long-term. In accomplishing the aforementioned tasks, many nations have placed environmental considerations at the bottom of the ladder of priority. However, with countless new environmental initiatives cropping up each day, it behooves any and all government and big business personnel to gain a greater respect for the fragile environment in which we live. Terms like "emissions," "energy consumption," "fossil fuel depletion" and "carbon footprint" are increasingly becoming a part of the average global citizen's vocabulary. The future of all nations lies in the hands of those who seriously embrace the importance of such rhetoric. Accordingly, several energy-producing options have been considered and…
Bodansky, D. (2004). Nuclear Energy: Principles, Practices, and Prospects (2nd Edition ed.). New York, NY: Springer-Verlag LLC.
Hatch, M., Ron, E., Bouville, A., Zablotska, L., & Howe, G. (2005). The Chernobyl Disaster: Cancer following the Accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. Epidemiol Review, 27 (1), 56-66.
Jo, D.-J., & Gartzke, E. (2007). Determinants of Nuclear Weapons Proliferation. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 51 (1), 167-194.
Ryan, V. (2009). Advantages and Disadvantages of Wind Power. Retrieved June 27, 2011, from http://www.technologystudent.com/energy1/wind8.htm
This is mainly done by the plants using non-renewable sources of energy. The plants also differ in the competency of the amount of watts produced. Due to the extent of sources used, some plants produce enormous amounts than others. A good example is the nuclear plant at Crystal iver; it contributes to 15% watt production compared to the solar plant at Indiantown that contributes to 3% of power production.
The data collected through this research is concrete. Statistical information has been extracted from vital databases such as the Bureau of Economic Analysis, SEDS Database and the Institute of Energy research. Though the information is rightfully available, it is not possible to create Florida's electric power network due to poor infrastructure on the transmission network and the availability of many plants and substations.
Castleberry, G.W. (2008). Power Plant Electrical Distribution Systems. An Approved Continuing Education Provider.
Castleberry, G.W. (2008). Power Plant Electrical Distribution Systems. An Approved Continuing Education Provider.
Federal Energy Administration (F.E.A). (1994). Inventory of Power Plants in the United States. New York: DIANE Publishing.
Institute of Energy Research. (2009). Real GDP per Capita 2008: Bureau of Economic Analysis. News Release: GDP by State.
Kirkland, K. (2007). Electricity and Magnetism. New York: Infobase Publishing.
Examining Power Infrastructure Projects
With natural gas and oil resources dwindling and the greenhouse gas threat continues to grow, it will be crucial to examine alternatives for cleaner power. The project will explore two different categories of infrastructure projects, including the construction of water power plants and solar plants. The two projects will be from developing nations in order to help expose potential for changes for future projects. The hydroelectricity plant to be examined is the Brantas iver Basin Development Project in Indonesia, while the solar plant is the Ourzazate Solar Power Station project in Morocco. Ultimately, this will help this current research explore the strengths and weaknesses of both in order to provide recommendations not just for projects here in the United States, but also around the world that help strengthen growing economies.
Integrated power production construction projects are enormous endeavors and are quite complicated. There are…
Hybrid vs. Gas Powered Cars
Currently, global warming and a shrinking natural resource base are two of the greatest headaches for governments and regulators alike the world over. The price of gas in the U.S., for instance, almost doubled over the last decade, from $1.86 in 2004 to $3.62 on average in the first half of 2014; and given that more than half of the country's oil consumption is taken up by motor vehicles, one question looms -- what will the situation on our roads be like when our oil reserves can no longer sustain our consumption needs? Then there is the even greater problem of greenhouse emissions and global warming. The transport sector accounts for approximately 17%-18% of total CO2 emission globally, and automakers have been under intense pressure to roll out emission-free automobiles, and thereby reduce the damage resulting from the Greenhouse effect. More and more regulators are…
IIHS. (2014). Hybrid Models have Lower Injury Odds than their Conventional Counterparts. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS). Retrieved 5 November 2014 from http://www.iihs.org/iihs/news/desktopnews/hybrid-models-have-lower-injury-odds-than-their-conventional-counterparts
Markel, T. & Simpson, A. (2006). Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology. WEVA Journal, 1(1), 1-8.
Pavan, R.S. (2013). A Review on Hybrid Vehicles. International Journal of Research and Engineering and Technology, 2(5), 59-64.
Reddy, S.S. & Tharun, K.S. (2013). Eco-Friendly Vehicle: Hybrid Electric Vehicle. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 4(4), 957-960.
solar flares and how they go on to cause global warming. Global warming has been an ongoing phenomenon and there are many reasons it has occurred. Apart from the green house effect, global warming could have been due to the solar flares that have occurred. Different researches and theories regarding this matter are discussed in the paper.
Global warming is a phenomenon that has amazed and frightened everyone ever since it came into being. The consequences and end results of global warming is what goes on to alarm and frighten everyone on earth. If looked at it literally, global warming is basically in increase in the temperature of the Earth's atmosphere. This change and elevation has been occurring ever since the 19th century and is known to increase even more. The change in the global temperature is dangerous because it goes onto increase the sea levels and alterations…
Lu, Jian et al. "Expansion of the Hadley cell under global warming." Geophysical Research Letters, 34. 6 (2007): 1-10. Print.
Deforest, Craig. "Solar Storms." The World and I 2004: Print.
Hansen, J et al. "Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies." J. Geophys Res, 107. D18 (2002): 4347. Print.
Herring, David. "ClimateWatch Magazine -- Climate Change: Incoming Sunlight." n.d.. Web. 14 Apr 2013. .
The last major x-ray flare occurred in 2003 ("O'Dell). Most of the energy from an x-ray flare is absorbed by the earth's ionosphere ("O'Dell). Thus, a CME can be far more dangerous for human societies than an x-ray flare.
The first and most subtle observable phenomenon signaling an upcoming solar storm are known as coronal loops, which are "kinks in the magnetic flux form" forced to the surface of the sun due to a buildup of magnetic energy (O'Dell). Dark spots on the sun's surface then appear, usually in the "footprint" of the coronal loops ("O'Dell). The dark spots visibly signal the buildup of magnetism. NASA describes the phenomenon of solar flares as occurring in three stages: a precursor stage, an impulsive stage, and a decay stage. During the precursor stage, the release of magnetic energy is only triggered and leads to "soft x-ray emissions," ("What is a Solar Flare?").…
Hadhazy, Adam. "A Scary 13th: 20 Years Ago, Earth Was Blasted with a Massive Plume of Solar Plasma." Scientific American. Mar 13, 2009. Retrieved Mar 20, 2009 at http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=geomagnetic-storm-march-13-1989-extreme-space-weather
O'Neill, Ian. "2012: No Killer Solar Flare." Universe Today. June 21, 2008. Retrieved Mar 20, 2009 at http://www.universetoday.com/2008/06/21/2012-no-killer-solar-flare/
What is a Solar Flare?" Retrieved Mar 20, 2009 at http://hesperia.gsfc.nasa.gov/sftheory/flare.htm
As noted, the international operations will be controlled locally. The local partner will have significant input. Even when Solar Solutions has controlling interest, it is likely that a Saudi from the joint venture partner will run the subsidiary. The U.S. office is likely only to provide oversight. It is expected, however, that the U.S. will lend control techniques to the Saudi operation. The United States has robust accounting, auditing and control management techniques that can add value to the organization. In particular, managerial accounting techniques such as budgets and variance analysis will be utilized as control mechanisms for the subsidiary in Saudi Arabia.
The company will need to develop a cross-national ethics and social responsibility code. These are values that will transcend borders and be an integral part of the culture of Solar Solutions. Thus, they need to apply to all of the company's operations. There is the risk that…
Al-Mulhim, a. (2013). Saudi youth, the issue of unemployment and work ethic. Arab News. Retrieved April 15, 2013 from http://www.arabnews.com/columns/saudi-youth-issue-unemployment-and-work-ethic
Anderlini, J. (2013). Starbucks buys out northern Chinese operator. South China Morning Post. Retrieved April 15, 2013 from http://www.scmp.com/node/568949
CIA World Factbook. (2013). Saudi Arabia. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved April 15, 2013 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sa.html
Einhorn, B. (2013). Worst places to work. Business Week. Retrieved April 15, 2013 from http://excelle.monster.com/benefits/articles/2982-the-worlds-20-worst-places-to-work?page=4
The research showed that today's dominant energy model remains the centralized, large-scale energy production approach that is focused on satisfying increasing demand in an efficient fashion. The research also showed that the move is on to decentralized energy production through smaller production facilities and so-called micro-systems that supplement and even replace traditional sources of energy. Taken together, it is reasonable to conclude that the successor to today's large-scale centralized energy production will be decentralized, downsized alternatives that are designed to meet peak demands in a more efficient ways.
Barclay, .A. (2010, Summer). Feed-in tariffs: Too much of a good thing? Management
Quarterly, 51(2), 35-37.
Blumsack, S. (2007, January 1). Measuring the benefits and costs of regional electric grid integration. Energy Law Journal, 28(1), 147-150.
Bluvas, K. (2007, Fall). Distributed generation: A step forward in United States energy policy.
Albany Law eview, 70(4), 1589-1592.
Cohen, L.. (2001). The technology…
Barclay, R.A. (2010, Summer). Feed-in tariffs: Too much of a good thing? Management
Quarterly, 51(2), 35-37.
Blumsack, S. (2007, January 1). Measuring the benefits and costs of regional electric grid integration. Energy Law Journal, 28(1), 147-150.
Bluvas, K. (2007, Fall). Distributed generation: A step forward in United States energy policy.
Portable Nuclear Power
Is a Portable Nuclear Power Device Feasible?
As the global population grows, we find ourselves facing growing energy consumption needs. In industrialized nations, this translates into rising energy costs to power our homes and businesses. Power outages are a major concern in metropolitan areas that depend on power to meet humanity's most basic needs. For those in poorer nations, we do not even have a way to supply them power. It is hard to believe, but there are still many in the world who are not close enough to a power grid to be connected.
What if there was a way to cut energy costs in half? What if we could eliminate the possibility of power outages in the future? What if we did find a way to supply power to those in even the most remote areas, even though there is no grid close by? What…
Asher, M. "Miniature Nuclear Reactors to be on Sale Within 5 years." Daily Tech. November 10, 2008. (Web) Accessed 6 June 2011.
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). Biomass For Electricity Generation. U.S.
Department of Energy. Electricity Analysis Reports. (Web) Accessed 6 June 2011.
Fehrenbacher, K. "Hyperion's Nuclear-In-A-Box by 2013." Gigaom. August 1, 2008. (Web)
Nuclear energy: The Current Debate
Energy creation and consumption has been the primary driving force of political and military action since the Industrial evolution, and arguably for centuries before this shift mechanization and the widespread use of fossil fuels. In the twentieth century, mankind acquired the ability to harness the power of atomic splitting and nuclear chain reactions seemed to many a promise of freedom form the problems of fossil fuels, including their expense and their unwanted effects on the world (i.e. pollution). Some were even so optimistic about nuclear energy's potential that they envisioned a world where electricity was free, and energy meets were easily, cheaply, and entirely met by nuclear means. eality has not been so rosy, of course, and concerns regarding the environmental and health safety of nuclear energy -- especially in the light of recent seismic events in Japan -- are now a major…
Bommer, J., Papaspiliou, M. & Price, W. (2011). Earthquake response spectra for seismic design of nuclear power plants in the UK. Nuclear Engineering and Design 241(3): 968-77.
Lee, C. & Chiu, Y. (2011). Oil prices, nuclear energy consumption, and economic growth: New evidence using a heterogeneous panel analysis. Energy Policy 39(4): 2111-20.
As per the arrangement, this will see Dulux offer the product for sale under its own brand name. In exchange for the access it will have to PFP technology, Dulux will be expected to pay an annual royalty fee. The said fee is expected to be 15% of the profits Dulux rakes in from the sale of PFP paint. Thus with regard to merchandising, PFP Ltd. plans to have a main partnership with Dulux. On the production front, the company will enter into a one year trial period partnership with Dulux for the production of Power Paint. Mass production of the same will largely be dependent on the results of this trial.
Benefits of Partnership
One of the key benefits of PFP's partnership with Dulux is the specialization each partner brings to the arrangement. Currently, Dulux has an elaborate distribution system and sound customer base to guarantee maximum exposure to…
Hill, C.W. & Jones, G.R. (2012). Strategic Management Theory (10th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Miller, R.L. & Jentz, G.A. (2010). Business Law Today: The Essentials (9th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Criteria of buyer/investor on project type and location
A huge variety of CDM project locations, types and sizes exists and these are open to potential CDM investors. The national investment climate plus factors at the national level influence decisions on where, what type of projects to undertake as well as whether they ought to be developed as CDM projects. The investor's role in CDM project influences the physical spread of the CDM market. For instance, a technology provider who is offered payment partly via CE revenues may have a broad list of options of potential areas where to locate the project but a smaller choice of project type to engage in. Some funds set aside and intended for CDM funding have been decided upon as intended for specific project types and specific geographical areas. For example, the Spanish Carbon Fund directs its energies towards establishment of CDM projects in North…
Austin, D. And Faeth, P (2000). Financing Sustainable Development with the Clean
Development Mechanism. World Resource Institute, Washington, D.C.
Banuri, T., Gupta, S., (2000). The Clean Development Mechanism and Sustainable
Development: An Economic Analysis. Asian Development Bank, Manila.
Sustainable Energy Storage
One of the most dire and challenging crises faced by the human race today is the complete reliance on the generation of artificial power and energy in order to fuel the world and its daily functioning. The main problem is that the fossil fuels commonly used for these efforts are beginning to run out and prove themselves quite unsustainable. In response, of course, natural, renewable, and sustainable sources of energy have been identified for the purpose of alternative power generation. While these have met with some success, the new challenge now is to find ways of storing energy from sources like the wind and sun, which are intermittent. The main reason for such storage would be the fact that the greatest need for energy is not necessarily in tandem with when the wind or sun is at its highest.
The main problem associated with this is that…
Smedley, T. (2014, Jul. 4). Power-to-gas energy storage could help displace use of fossil fuels. The Guardian. Retrieved from: http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/renewable-energy-power-gas-storage-fossil-fuels
Nuclear energy is an energy source that has zero emissions, propels our society into the future, and provides electricity around-the-clock. Nuclear energy comes from the splitting of atoms inside a reactor through a process known as fission to heat water into steam, turn a turbine, and generate electricity. Atoms are tiny particles that make up every object in the universe. These atoms have enormous energy in the bonds that hold them together. Nuclear fission will split the atoms into smaller atoms, in essence, releasing energy. Nuclear power plants make use of nuclear fission for the production of electricity. Nuclear energy is considered to be environmentally safe because it causes zero emissions and this is beneficial to the environment as it reduces the carbon footprint (Brook & Bradshaw, 2015). However, nuclear power plants do produce radioactive nuclear waste that must be stored safely to ensure there is no…
Per the parameters given for this assignment, the author of this report ran the solar power economic simulation twice and tweaked the results along the way. The author of this report will describe the adjustments and changes that were made along the way and will also analyze the results that were offered by the website at the conclusion of each simulation. Inclusive of the analysis and work done for this assignment will include a discussion and analysis of key metrics that resulted from each decision, an analysis of key data that would demonstrate the differences between each data run, a common on the more aggressive pricing used by competitors, whether said aggressive pricing would have helped the author's company in the simulation and so forth. Finally, there will be a recitation of the recommendations the author of this report would make regarding this simulation and how to remain…
Christ, P. (2014). Adjusting Marketing Strategy is Often a Bold Step When the Market Changes - KnowThis.com. Knowthis.com. Retrieved 2 August 2015, from http://www.knowthis.com/1962-adjusting-marketing-strategy-is-often-a-bold-step-when-the-market-changes
Help Scout,. (2015). 0 Pricing Strategies that Can Drastically Improve Sales. Helpscout.net. Retrieved 2 August 2015, from http://www.helpscout.net/blog/pricing-strategies/
Heydt, A. (2014). The Best Niche Strategies To Compete With The Goliaths. LinkedIn Pulse. Retrieved 2 August 2015, from https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/20140216134730-175081329-the-best-niche-strategies-to-compete-with-the-goliaths
Parinello, T. (2004). The Elements of a Successful Sales Business Plan. Entrepreneur. Retrieved 2 August 2015, from http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/69864
Cost and CO2 reduction analysis were performed using local data available from both commercial and professional bodies. A majority of current thermal rating programs require the equipment to be tested in accordance to a standard test under specified testing conditions. This approach provides reliable data because it is possible to replicate such tests within an accepted uncertainty band. There are, however, some rating programs which combine a standard test and a calculation procedure to produce a performance rating. Such is the case for the energy guide label for electric and gas hot water heaters. A similar method has been developed to provide a practical rating system with the goal of presenting an easily understood comparison between SDHW systems and conventional hot water systems. Note that the performance any individual commercial enterprise will experience may differ due to location and hot water usage.
The thermal performance rating is based on the…
Abbasi, T., & a., a.S. (2011). Renewable Energy Sources . New Delhi: PHI.
BRE (2002), BREDEM-8 Model Description: 2001 Update, BRE, UK ? BSI (1989), BS5918:
British Standard Code of Practice for Solar Heating Systems for Domestic Hot Water,
Bradford, J. & Bean, F. (2011). 'Here comes the sun: a field trial of solar water heating systems.' The Energy Saving Trust. [PDF]
Tree Wind Power Generator
Currently, there is a growing demand for sustainable energy sources given the rising fossil fuel prices, carbon dioxide emissions, and energy security. In apt response to this critical issue, a renewable alternative energy innovation is receiving wide spread interest and attention. This innovation entails the manufacture of energy harvesting trees to capture both wind and solar energy (Alternative Energy, 2009). The technology behind this; bio-mimicry is an emerging science using nature to alleviate human suffering. Using bio-mimicry techniques, scientists have come up with an artificial tree functioning as a passive solar-wind harvester. The harvested energy is stored and later converted into high value energy form.
Energy is harvested from a wide range of sources including water, wind, and solar among other sources. These methods have been efficient as far as energy harvesting is concerned but, scientists are still looking for methods of harvesting energy using fewer…
Alternative Energy. (2009, March 3). Artificial Trees to Harness Solar and Wind Energy. Retrieved October 29, 2012, from www.alternative-energy-news.info: http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/artificial-trees-to-harness-solar-and-wind-energy/
Alternative Energy. (2010, May 27). Scientists Study Fish Schools for Wind Farm Ideas. Retrieved October 29, 2012, from www.alternative-energy-news.info: http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/scientists-study-fish-schools-wind-farm-ideas/
Beeby, R. (2011, July 23). Star Scientist's Smaller and Better Wind Turbine. Canberra Times, p. 4.
BeyondFossilFuel.com. (2008). Wind Tree Concept - Wind Power. Retrieved October 29, 2012, from www.beyondfossilfuel.com: http://www.beyondfossilfuel.com/windpower/wind_tree.html
At the same time the social awareness is increasing in terms of its viability as a rescue product in case of any battery failure.
The renewable energy products are gaining popularity in developed countries. The technology used in the product is using sunlight to transform it into solar energy for chagrining battery. Therefore it is an advanced technology. The usage of solar technology as well as the presence of secondary input through the car lighter is evident that product is designed using the latest technology. The technological environment of the product is rapidly chaining and improvements are incorporated. The product should be analysed periodically for advanced features.
The environmental aspects of the product are most favourable in terms of the product usage and technology used to manufacture the device. The product is considered as a contributor to the efforts of promoting renewable energy alternatives at small…
Amazon, 2011, SOLAR POWER CAR PANEL BATTERY TRICKLE CHARGER 12V 1.5W, Retrieved From: http://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/fB002V9JEF0/ref=s9_simh_bw_p263_d0_i4?pf_rd_m=A3P5ROKL5A1OLE&pf_rd_s=merchandised-search-9&pf_rd_r=AA95B12935CE4ADA9860&pf_rd_t=101&pf_rd_p=368716567&pf_rd_i=248877031
Gitman, LJ, & McDaniel, CD 2008, the future of business: The essentials, South-Western Pub, USA.
Go Outdoors, nd, Ring Solar power battery maintainer, http://www.gooutdoors.co.uk/solar-maintainer-p178539
Guffey, ME & Loewy, D 2012, Essentials of business communication, South-Western Pub, USA.
Community's Source of Energy
An Examination of Energy Sources in the Willows Community of Gilbert, Arizona
The community of Willows is located in the city of Gilbert, Arizona. It is an HOA community of single family homes, with a number of amenities included. As with any community, it has power usage needs that have to be considered. Before the community was built, the issue of how to get power to the area and how much power might be used by the residents there was considered. Then, the community was built and the houses were sold. That raised the amount of power that was needed in Gilbert, which is a growing city with a strong population base and many things for residents to enjoy. The power needs of any community are important, because residents want to be assured that they have enough of what they need to power their homes (Aitken,…
Aitken, D.W. (2010). Transitioning to a renewable energy future. NY: International Solar Energy Society.
Lovins, A. (2011). Reinventing fire: Bold business solutions for the new energy era. NY: Chelsea Green Publishing.
Makower, J, Pernick, R., & Wilder, C. (2009). Clean Energy Trends. NY: Clean Edge.
Renewable energy. (2014). SRP. Retrieved from http://www.srpnet.com/environment/renewable.aspx
Future Energy: Guiding Decisions Evidence in order reduce negative environmental impacts growing human population increasing demands energy technological advances continue, individual countries, states, cities households opportunity shift energy sources renewable
Most consumers are unaware of the extreme negativeness surrounding their consumption of goods and that it inevitably leads to environmental degradation. However, there seems to be a more conscious effort to go around the negative impact of consumption of energy by choosing renewable sources. In this essay, we will assess a particular region in America and that is the state of Florida with specific references to certain areas in order to observe what sources of energy are currently used and what renewable sources may be best suitable and least suitable in the area, considering climate and the environment.
With climate changes accelerating at a fast pace, Miami, which is already subject of the increase of Earth's temperatures and rise of…
Miami -- Dade County. N. y. Energy -- Electricity and Fuel [Data File] Retrieved from http://www.miamidade.gov/greenprint/planning/library/milestone_one/energy.pdf
Natural Resources Defense Council. N. y. State Profiles -- Florida [Data File] Retrieved from http://www.nrdc.org/energy/renewables/florida.asp
There would be no nectarines and tomatoes in the dead of winter, although when these foods were eaten in season, they would be healthier, tastier, and leave less of an ecological footprint. This would require a shift in approach to buying food, and perhaps require more canning, freezing, and preserving of foods than people might have done in the past. More cooking would also be necessary, given the smaller supply of foodstuffs. Produce might also be more expensive, given the more labor-intensive practices involved in pesticide-free farming.
ith the use of solar power for energy, people would no longer be able to live in a 24/7 society. Sunrise to sunset would define the day as it did so long in the past. This might make people happier, given the beneficial effects of sunlight -- it raises the mood, is full of Vitamin D, and is naturally energizing. But again, this…
Callenbach, Ernest. Ecotopia Imagined. Heyday Books, 1981.
Downside of Nuclear Energy:
Energy production has been a major issue that has attracted huge concerns in the recent past because of the negative environmental impacts associated with generating energy through burning of fossil fuels. A growing interest in nuclear power has significantly increases during this period as it is considered as a real solution to energy security and means of dealing with climate change. Actually, there have been concerns on whether nuclear power is the solution or answer to a warming planet or it is dangerous and expensive to meet the future energy needs of the modern society. hile some people have argued in support of the use of nuclear energy as a solution to these problems, others have opposed such attempts. These varying opinions have been based on arguments and counter-arguments that demonstrate the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy.
Increased Attention on Nuclear Power:
As previously mentioned,…
Adamson, Greg. We All Live on Three Mile Island: The Case against Nuclear Power. Sydney: Pathfinder, 1981. Print.
"The Case against Nuclear Power and the Case for Real Solutions to Energy Security and Climate Change." Greenpeace International. GREENPEACE. Web. 31 May 2014. .
Totty, Michael. "The Case For and Against Nuclear Power." The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company, 30 June 2008. Web. 31 May 2014. .
Williams, Chris. "The Case against Nuclear Power." ISR - International Socialist Review. The Center for Economic Research and Social Change. Web. 31 May 2014. .
These technologies are can be separated into three main categories (Alternative Energy):
Wave Energy Converters: These systems extract the power of ocean waves and convert it into electricity. Typically, these systems use either a water column or some type of surface or just-below-surface buoy to capture the wave power. In addition to oceans, some lakes may offer sufficient wave activity to support wave energy converter technology. (Alternative Energy).
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC): OTEC generates electricity through the temperature differential in warmer surface water and colder deep water. Of ocean technologies, OTEC has the most limited applicability in the United States because it requires a 40-degree temperature differential that is typically available in locations like Hawaii and other more tropical climates (Alternative Energy).
Offshore Wind: Offshore wind projects take advantage of the vast wind resources available across oceans and large water bodies. Out at sea, winds blow freely, unobstructed by…
Alternative Energy. "Renewable ocean energy: Tides, currents, waves." 23 October 2006. alternative-energy-news.info. 18 November 2009 .
AWEA. "Wind Energy Basics." 2005. American Wind Energy Association (AWEA). 18 November 2009 .
Burgermeister, J. "Germany: The World's first major renewable energy economy." 3 April 2009. Renewableenergyworld.com. 18 November 2009 .
CIA. "World Factbook: Germany." 11 November 2009. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). 18 November 2009 .
Alternate Energy in Daily Life
Imagine that you could travel in time, much like Doc Brown and Marty McFly in the movie Back to the Future. uppose you traveled back to 1955 with the Doc and Marty and asked a resident of 1955 what the year 2011 would be like. Would he predict hybrid cars, or flying cars? Would he believe that the United tates has a moon base -- or that is has no moon program at all? Would he believe that kids carry cell phones but that the only commercial viable robot is the Roomba vacuum? omeone living in 1955 would probably predict a future much different from the one we are actually living today. When you consider how life in the future was depicted in movies, TV programs, and books in the middle of the 20th century, it easy to see that our predictions about the future…
Sources." (February 21, 2009.) Retrieved April 27, 2011 from the Alternative Energy website at http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/hydrogen-fuel-from-non-food-sources/
IBM. (2000.) "Flying Cars Commercial." Retrieved April 26, 2011 from YouTube.com at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vzm6pvHPSGo
Johnson, Keith. (August 10, 2009.) "Blown Away: Wind Power Makes Electricity Cheaper in Texas." Retrieved April 28, 2011 from the Wall Street Journal at http://blogs.wsj.com/environmentalcapital/2009/08/10/blown-away-wind-power-makes-electricity-cheaper-in-texas/
Kobayashi, Teruo. (December, 2005.) "Progress of Electric Railways in Japan." Japan Railway and Transport Review issue 42. Pp 62-69. Retrieved from http://jrtr.net/jrtr42/pdf/s62_kob.pdf
Loftin, Josh. (April 18, 2011.) "Home renewable energy for focus of Utah conference." Retrieved April 27, 2011 from Business Week at http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D9MM3JV80.htm
Whether it is solar power, used vegetable oil, turds, wood, or hydrogen research and experimentation is the way forward. These cheap resources have already been proven effective in various ways and manners. The need of the day is to develop new energy technologies and apply them in the most useful and practical way possible. If we want global economic stability then eco energy sector requires due attention. We have witnessed crises situations in the past. The rising demand for oil, its increasing prices and possible depletion of oil resources demand a way out. Alternative energy sources in this scenario give us a flicker of hope. U.S. government is also pushing the agenda and so should other individuals and organizations also look in this direction for the economic betterment of their counties and the world with the use eco-fuels. The change cannot be brought about by government alone, will and…
Kay, Tonya Making Biodiesel. Hawai'i Indymedia, Retrieved December 11, 2006 at http://hawaii.indymedia.org/news/2006/06/5943.php.
Youngquist, W. (1998, December). Alternative Energy Sources - Myths and Realities. Electronic Green Journal. Retrieved December 11, 2006, at http://egj.lib.uidaho.edu/egj09/youngqu1.html
Bond, M. (2000, November). SOLAR ENERGY Seeing the Light.. Geographical, 72(11), 28.
Eco-Lifestyle Ideas for Surfers'. Retrieved December 11, 2006 at http://184.108.40.206/search?q=cache:wzhmycSWxXQJ:www.ecosurfproject.org/downloads/download.php%3Ffilename%3Decosurfer.pdf%26backto%3D../resources/articles/index.php+Articles+on+ECO-FUELS&hl=en&gl=pk&ct=clnk&cd=14
Several interesting facts surrounding he China Syndrome are worth bringing out at the beginning of this paper. First, Jack Lemmon, Jane Fonda, and Michael Douglas, the principal actors in the film, were all actively anti-nuclear at one time during the 1970s and 1980s in California and Oregon. Fonda in fact flew from Los Angeles to Eugene Oregon in 1976 to appear as a celebrity on behalf of the proponents of Measure B, a ballot proposition (which failed) that would have restricted the further development of nuclear plants in Oregon pending the establishment of a safe repository for the highly radioactive "nuclear waste."
he same kind of ballot measure that was voted on in California in 1976, and was defeated because of massive advertising by the utilities, which used scare-tactic V commercials showing a family eating dinner by candlelight (the direct implication was that the lights would go out…
The "logic" of what Commoner has been saying for many years is playing out very clearly through the Bush Administration in Washington, in several ways. For example, rather than push Detroit to build cars that get much better mileage, the administration has sided with the auto industry, and worked against legislation that would force Detroit to make more fuel-efficient cars. Two years ago, the administration even went so far as to advocate tax breaks for people who buy big gas-guzzling SUVs.
Rather than push solar power usage on middle class homes, cutting the need for electricity to heat hot water in homes, the administration has pushed for more the building of more nuclear plants, and has re-written rules regarding the Clean Air Act, in order to help utilities avoid having to install expensive equipment to put out less pollution.
The administration has also pushed for more oil drilling in places like Alaska, which plays into the hands of the oil companies, and does nothing for the average consumer and homeowner. And as for energy policies, and getting input from Americans as to what they feel should be pursued for future energy sources, this administration has been very pro-oil, pro-nuclear, and secretive about its plans. Vice President Dick Cheney held an energy meeting at the White House in 2001, and though many groups sought information about what corporations were represented, and sued to find out what companies were invited and participated, the case went all the way to the Supreme Court, and still that information is not forthcoming.
When finished, it will produce enough energy to power 8,000 Oahu homes and reduce carbon dramatically. The Kaheawa Wind Power farm expansion now has 14 more turbines which will make it a 50 megawatt production center with some capability for overnight battery storage. Even with the advances in technology, the idea of using wind -- a free resource that simply needs funding for equipment and maintenance, is increasingly important ("enewable Energy Sources," 2010).
Other companies are exploring the combination of solar and wind to produce energy for smaller projects. For example, alternative power generators could drive down the need for energy if just 20% of corporations used renewable energy. One case in point is the Parker ang, using a combination grid and tracking system that literally turns cells toward the sun and aims the wind turbines. This system was built in just 5 months, and will completely pay for itself…
"Hawaii Small-Scale Energy Projects," (2010). Power-Technology.com. Cited in:
"Hawaii Wind Energy News," (2010). Wind Energy Industry Today. Cited in:
Some forms of energy, such as wave and tidal energy and hydrogen fuel cells are still being studied. Another writer states, "Techniques to harness the energy found in the oceans are best developed for tidal power, wave power and ocean thermal energy conversion" (Middleton 52). Many other types of alternative energy, such as solar, wind, biomass, and geothermal energies are all being used where they make sense. Other solutions include nuclear energy, but the problem of disposing of the nuclear waste is a big problem, and so, no new nuclear facilities are being built. Authors Ottinger and Williams continue "Nuclear energy is excluded [...] because of its high capital and operating costs, complex technical requirements for operation and maintenance, and unresolved problems of proliferation and waste disposal" (Ottinger and Williams 331).
None of these solutions are being used enough to remedy the problem, and there are many reasons why they…
Author not Available. "Causes of Global Warming." EchoBridge.org. 2005. 21 July 2005. http://www.ecobridge.org/content/g_cse.htm
Cristol, Hope. "New Concern About Acid Rain: Trees' Immune Systems may be Damaged by Pollution." The Futurist Nov.-Dec. 2002: 8+.
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Johnson, Dan. "Alternative Energy Sources Gain Worldwide." The Futurist Aug.-Sept. 1998: 15.
alternative fuel describe detail happen a significant energy supply source. Explain happen. Analyse promise challenges supply source. Your essay judged cogency argument, position merits energy alternative choose.
Marine Current Power
Marine current power is one of the most promising alternative energy sources in the contemporary society. The fact that the world is still addicted to using conventional fuels certainly makes it difficult for serious investors to put their resources into projects associated with alternative energy. Even with this, the fact that many conventional energy sources are rapidly being depleted makes it difficult and almost impossible for these bodies to ignore the benefits they would experience as a result of betting on particular alternative energy sources.
Marine current power uses kinetic energy in marine currents with the purpose of generating electric power. hile most people in the present focus on solar and wind power when discussing with regard to alternative energy…
Charlier, R.H. And Finkl, C.W. Ocean Energy: Tide and Tidal Power. Springer, 08.02.2009.
Patel, M.R. Shipboard Propulsion, Power Electronics, and Ocean Energy. CRC Press, 2012
"Marine Current Energy." Available from < http://www.esru.strath.ac.uk/EandE/Web_sites/05-06/marine_renewables/background/marinecurrents.htm >
As the situation exists today, driving gasoline and electric hybrid vehicles is still more economical and environmentally sensitive than driving fuel cell cars run on hydrogen. The future may prove otherwise but the reality is that hydrogen has not proven to be the great answer that some have suggested.
IV. Comparing popular press and professional viewpoints
As one might expected, the treatment provided the issue of hydrogen use has received different treatment in the popular press than it has in the professional journals. In the popular press, the emphasis has been on the how the use of hydrogen as an alternative fuel would benefit the whole of society. Little attention is provided the technical problems related to the use of hydrogen or the requisite changes that must be made in order to accommodate the changeover to hydrogen. Instead, the popular press tends to point out the environmental and consumer advantages.…
(Editor), Shawna McQueen. Analysis of the Transition to Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles & the Potential Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure Requirements. Survey. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy, 2008.
Gold, R. "Natural Gas Costs Hurt U.S. Firms." Wall Street Journal 17 February 2004: 2.
Kinaci, A. "Ab initio investigation of FeTi - H System." International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (2006): 2466-2474.
Liss, William E. Role of Natural Gas in the Future Hydrogen Market. Research. Des Plaines, IL: Hydrogen Energy Systems Center, 2003.
Cindy is making a consideration to investing in a new business consists of the installation of solar panels. In the current periods, this has been perceived as a profit making venture. This is for the reason that the world continues to shift more and more into renewable sources of energy of which solar power energy is one of the leading ones. Another reason is that the government has made incentives to the industry by giving out subsidies to the suppliers in this market so as to increase the number of solar panels being produced. Bearing this in mind, Cindy is necessitated to take two decisions. First of all, there is a need to review the probable or likely profit or loss that can come about in this business in the forthcoming by making an allowance for the impending prospects for this line of business. Cindy needs to take…
Baker, E., Fowlie, M., Lemoine, D., Reynolds, S. (2013). The Economics of Solar Electricity. Energy Institute at Haas.
Borenstein, S. (2008). The market value and cost of solar photovoltaic electricity production. Center for the Study of Energy Markets Working Paper 176. University of California Energy Institute.
Bosetti, V., Catenacci, M., Fiorese, G., Verdolini, E. (2012). The future prospect of PV and CSP solar technologies: An expert elicitation survey. Energy Policy, 49:308 -- 317.
Brown, P.S. (2006). Making Sense of High Oil Prices: A Conversation with Stephen P.A. Brown.FRB Dallas Southern Economy, Issue 4, July/August, pp. 8-9.
Global energy and climate objectives have contributed to the increased development and use of renewable sources of energy that focus on lessening the environment impact of generating energy. The conventional sources of energy have contributed to significant environmental impacts, especially climate change. The environmental impacts that are brought by emission of greenhouse gases from conventional energy sources are endangering the world's ecosystems and human life. As a result, renewable energy sources are considered as suitable alternatives to help lessen environmental impacts while meeting energy needs. There are various renewable energy sources that are regarded as suitable alternatives to conventional sources including solar, wind, and electric energy. Even though these sources have minimal environmental impacts compared to conventional sources of energy, they are not cost-effective yet.
Solar, Electric and Wind Energy
Wind energy has been considered as one of the cheaper energy generation methods unlike conventional sources of energy…
Barbaric, M. & Loncar, D. (2016). Energy Management Strategies for Combined Heat and Electric Power Micro-grid. Thermal Science, 20(4), 1091-1103.
Berman, B. (2014, October 14). What Is an Electric Car? Retrieved October 11, 2016, from http://www.plugincars.com/electric-cars
Bounce Energy. (n.d.). Residential Solar and Wind Systems: What are the Costs? Retrieved October 11, 2016, from https://www.bounceenergy.com/articles/green-energy/residential-solar-and-wind-systems
Hirth, L., Ueckerdt, F. & Edenhofer, O. (2016). Why Wind Is Not Coal: On the Economics of Electricity Generation. The Energy Journal, 37(3), 1-27.
Nuclear energy possesses perhaps the largest potential for growth over the next few decades. The reason for this is the simple fact that it creates a relatively small amount of environmental pollution and can be adapted for use in nearly any part of the world. It certainly poses some security risks if it this technology is misused or mishandled, but the benefits certainly outweigh the costs. This type of energy production does not create smog, or direct environmental wastes, and many scientists, entrepreneurs, and engineers are looking at low cost, micro-nuclear solutions for small cities and towns (Kruger, 2006). Instead of building huge, multi-billion dollar power plants, the focus has shifted to creating small, sustainable, community nuclear power plants. The sustainability level of nuclear power is quite high given that a very small amount of nuclear waste is created for a huge amount of power output, unlike coal-fired power plants…
Hekkert, Marko P.; Hendriks, Franka H.J.F.; Faaij Andre P.C. And Maarten L. Neelis.. (2005).
"Natural Gas as an Alternative to Crude Oil in Automotive Fuel Chains Well-to-Wheel Analysis and Transition Strategy Development," Energy Policy: Vol. 33: Iss. 5, pp. 579-594.
Hoffmann, Peter. (2002). Tomorrow's Energy: Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and the Prospects for a Cleaner Planet. MIT Press: Cambridge.
Kruger, Paul. (2006). Alternative Energy Resources: The Quest for Sustainable Energy.
Wind energy itself is a completely renewable source. In fact, it actually relies on solar power as its own source; "The sun's energy in interaction with the Earth's surfaces creates the winds and as long as the sun is up there, wind is a renewable energy source," (Sustainable Table 2010). Modern implication and practice have proven that generating power through wind energy can be a reliable and clean source of providing practical uses of power. esidential and commercials cities have been provided with much power coming from the windy plains of America's greatest desserts. It is a growing strategy for alternative energy solutions, and "Today, wind energy is captured by wind turbines and used to generate electricity," (West 2010). More and more facilities of seemingly endless white wind turbines are being built across the country. Such facilities will provide great sources for energy within the future development of the nation.…
Alternate Energy Sources. (2010). Alternate Energy Sources for a Flourishing Future. Retrieved March 11, 2010 from http://www.alternate-energy-sources.com/index.html .
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Sustainable Table. (2010). Fossil fuel and energy use. The Issues. Retrieved March 11, 2010 from http://www.sustainabletable.org/issues/energy/
West, Larry. (2010). Top 7 renewable energy sources. Environmental Issues. Retrieved March 11, 2010 from http://environment.about.com/od/renewableenergy/tp/renew_energy.htm
The combination of the factors is showing how the Ukraine is the ideal environment for GE to construct this kind of plant. ("Ukraine's Solar Energy Industry")
Evidence of this can be seen with Activ Solar. This Australian-based firm; is the owner of one of the largest solar power plants in all of Europe. At the same time, they have tremendous operations producing components for the facility. This is allowing the firm to reduce their costs and become one of the largest players (for alternative energy). In the case of GE, this is an ideal location that will help the company to establish itself inside the sector. ("Ukraine's Solar Energy Industry")
The Ukraine vs. The Philippines Political Situation
In contrast to the Philippines, the government has been slow to respond in dealing with challenges such as improving infrastructure. At the same time, they are ineffective in collecting tax revenues and using…
"Philippines." CIA, 2012. Web. 30 Sept. 2012
"Ukraine." CIA, 2012. Web. 30 Sept. 2012
"Ukraine's Solar Energy Industry." Renewable Energy Eilat, 2011. Web. 30 Sept. 2012
MLA Format https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/08/
Black, G.S. (2005). Is eBay for everyone? An assessment of consumer demographics. SAM
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Hagel, J. & Armstrong, a.G. (1999). Expanding markets through virtual communities. The McKinsey Quarterly, 1, 140-141. Accessed from Questia.com at http://www.questia.com / read/5000569332?title=Net%20Gain%3a%20Expanding%20Markets%20through%20Vir
Parrish, D.A. (1999, August). Technology for business: Set up shop on the Web. Black
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Top 10 tips. (2009). eBay.com. [Online]. Available: http://pages.ebay.com/sell/top10tips.html.
Black, G.S. (2005). Is eBay for everyone? An assessment of consumer demographics. SAM
Advanced Management Journal, 70(1), 50-51. Accessed from Questia.com at http://
Future of Technology
hat qualitative parameters might be considered in future energy price scenarios -- take the year 2025 and list, with a brief explanation, the parameters you consider should be included.
Many measurable elements of an energy future exist because they are in use in the present. These quantities, such as the amount of fossil fuel that will be available for use in the year 2025, can be determined through testing and geological surveys. It can also be estimated how much fossil fuel will be used during that amount of time to a fairly reliable degree (Brandon & Lewis). However, there are goals that are less available for exact determination. These more nebulous goals are what government agencies like to present to the public because they sound good, but they are also the parameters by which future energy pricing might be determined.
The efficiency of a system, either of…
Brandon, Gwendolyn, & Alan Lewis. "Reducing Household Energy Consumption: A Qualitative and Quantitative Field Study." Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19 (1999): 75-85.
Ellis, P.G., Griffith, B., Long, N., Torcellini, P., & Crwaley, D. "Automated Multivariate Optimization Tool for Energy Analysis." National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2006. Print.
Environmental Science. "Energy: Synthesis and Analysis." 2010. Web.
Flame (1). "More Conventional Approaches." Technology Forecasting. Print.
large scale project, effective management is critical in dealing with key challenges and becoming responsive to the needs of stakeholders. In the case of the Brantas iver Basin Development and Ourzazate Solar Power Station projects, these strategies are critical to avoiding cost overruns and ensuring it meets the long-term needs of both regions. To fully understand what is taking place requires carefully examining each one, demand, the regulatory / political environment, ecological / social, the financing model, execution / control, security challenges / safety and post implementation assessment. Together, these different elements will illustrate how to deal with critical challenges and ensure that both are capable of meeting the needs of stakeholders.
Brantas iver Basin Development Project
The Brantas iver Basin project is focused on developing a hydro electric dam inside Indonesia. The basic idea is to control flooding, provide greater amounts of irrigation and produce electricity that will address…
Ourzazate Solar Power Station, 2012, African Development Bank. Available from: < http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Project-and-Operations/Morocco%20-%20%20AR%20Ouarzazate%20Project%20I%20 (2).pdf > [24 June 2014].
Subijanto, T, 2013, 'Key Success Factors,' Water Policy, vol. 15, pp. 183-205.