Sound Effects Essays (Examples)

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Sound in Cinema the End of the

Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35904848

Sound in Cinema

The end of the era of silent film and the movement to sound effects was an inevitable occurrence in cinema. As the viewers clamored to identify a more realistic portrayal of subjects in the film, the worldwide industry of cinema transitioned quickly from rudimentary sound effects to the prospect of "talkies" by the 1930s. However, even with the vanguard and innovation of synchronized sounds at the peak of Golden Age cinema, many critics and directors alike were uneasy with this rapid movement from silence to sound.

The beginnings of silent film era produced motion animation based on black and white still photography. The idea of montage became a further artistic expression in the industry, popular amongst experimental photographers and directors of the early 1890s to 1920s (Alexandrov). Once life and movement became achievable in films, however, viewers and filmmakers saw the opportunity to include sound within the…… [Read More]

Resources

Bottomore, Stephen. "An International Survey of Sound Effects in Early Cinema." Film History 11.4 (1999): 485-498. History Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 7 Apr. 2011.

Alexandrov, Grigori, Sergei Eisenstein, and Vsevolod Pudovkin. "Statement on Sound." Film Theory and Criticism. Seventh ed. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2009. 315-17. Print.

Spadoni, Robert. "The Uncanny Body of Early Sound Film." Velvet Light Trap: A Critical Journal of Film & Television 51 (2003): 4. Literary Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 7 Apr. 2011.

Doane, Mary Ann. "The Voice in the Cinema: The Articulation of Body and Space." Film Theory and Criticism. Seventh ed. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2009. 318-30. Print.
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Effecting Change the Use of

Words: 4091 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19489453

According to a 2002 survey conducted under the auspices of NIH, ecstasy abuse among college and university students in general is a widespread trend that impedes academic performance (Bar-on, 2002). The NIH survey targeted 66 4-year American universities and colleges alike. The projected findings indicated a diminishing trend in undergraduate academic performance amongst students who indulge in binge drinking and abuse ecstasy in the process. Elsewhere, a Harvard College drug study indicated persistent drug users were more likely to miss lectures and delay in their coursework than the average student (Montgomery & Fisk, 2008).

A parallel IP esearch dubbed "Predictors of academic achievement and retention among college freshmen" projected that while certain students manage to cope with the new life role upon entering college, a good number of students flunk out of college before completing their freshman year. According to this research, 75% of the freshman drop out is related…… [Read More]

References

Bar-on, R. (2002). Bar-on Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-I): Technical Manual. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems

Erikson, E (1956) "The problem of ego identity" (pdf) Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 4: 56 -- 121

Kotter, J & Cohen, D (2002) the Heart of Change: Real-Life Stories of How People Change Their Organizations Harvard Business Review Press

Montgomery C. & Fisk J.E. (2008) "Ecstasy-related deficits in the updating component of executive processes" Human Psychopharmacology 23 (6): 495 -- 511
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History and Development of Sound Technologies and Sound Design in Film

Words: 11249 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80180588

sound technologies and sound design in Film

Sound in films

Experiments in Early Age

Developments

Crucial innovations

Commercialization of sound cinema: U.S., Europe, and Japan

Sound Design

Unified sound in film production

Sound designers in Cinematography

Sound Recording Technologies

History of Sound Recording Technology

Film sound technology

Modern Digital Technology

History of sound in films

Developments

Sound Design

Sound Recording Technologies

The film industry is a significant beneficiary of performing arts. The liberal arts combined with latest techniques and advancements experienced a number of stages. The introduction of films and sound in films was a significant development of its times. The introduction of first film along with sound was a unique event and it revolutionized the industry in such a way that it influenced every individual related to the industry to start thinking on creative and innovative grounds for improvements. The stages of films can be identified as silent films…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Alten, SR 2008, Audio In Media, Thomson Wadsworth, USA.

Altman, R 2004, Silent Film Sound, Columbia University Press, USA.

Ballou, G 2008, Handbook for sound engineers, Focal Press, USA.

Beck, J & Grajeda, T 2008, Lowering the boom: critical studies in film sound, University of Illinois Press.
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Positive and Negative Effects Video Games Have in Relation to Addiction Human Interaction and Violence

Words: 5997 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31230091

Computer Games esearch

When considering the short history of computers, video and PC gaming are very recent on the timeline of technology. This is one of the reasons why there have not been many conclusive studies on the negative and/or positive effects of electronic games on children and young adults -- the most formative years. With the ever-increasing interest and involvement of children in this activity, much concern has been expressed about the impact of these games, especially ones of a more violent nature, on physical and psychological development. At the crux of the debate is the question of whether they are detrimental to a young person's health. There are specific concerns about such factors as aggression, addiction, criminal activity, obesity and reduced academic achievement.

Studies thus far show both positive and negative results from playing video and PC games. Some research finds that the playing or observing of violent…… [Read More]

References Cited

Anderson, C.A., and K.E. Dill "Video Games and Aggressive Thoughts, Feelings, and Behavior in the Laboratory and in Life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2000, 78, 772-790.

Ask, A., Autoustinos, M., and A.H. Winefield, "To kill or not to kill: Competitive aggression in Australian adolescent males during videogame play." Children in the New Media Landscape. C. van Feilitzen and U. Carlsson (Eds.). Goteborg, Sweden: UNESCO International Clearinghouse on Children and Violence on the Screen, 2000.

Bowman, R.P. And J.C. Rotter. "Computer games: Friend or foe?" Elementary School Guidance and Counselling, 1983, 18, 25 -- 34

Calvert, S.L., and S. Tan, (1994). "Impact of Virtual Reality on Young Adults' Physiological Arousal and Aggressive Thoughts." Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 1994, 15, 125-139.
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Effects of Outsourcing in Today's Economy

Words: 3115 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48438653

Outsourcing Its Impact

The effects of outsourcing in today's economy

Effects on People

Being an expatriate

Breaking the language barrier

Culture Shock

Outsourcing and people dynamics: Impact on company

Effects on Economy

Capital flows

Impact on technology

Global management and outsourcing

The effects of outsourcing in today's economy

Outsourcing has become an increasingly popular business strategy for transnational organizations. Many of the U.S. corporations started outsourcing their manufacturing operations since late 1980s. This was due to the potential advantages, both from an economic as well as regulatory perspective that business operations in foreign lands provided to these businesses. Initially, the U.S. firms running in financial troubles chose to set their cost intensive operations abroad such as manufacturing and call centers in low cost countries. Gradually, when the cost benefits were realized, other companies from various industrial sectors also strengthened this trend of outsourcing. Pharmaceutical industry was the first to witness…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bartel, Ann, Saul Lach, and Nachum Sicherman. Outsourcing and technological change. No. w11158. National Bureau of Economic Research, (2005): 1-41.

Caligiuri, Paula, and Victoria Di Santo. "Global competence: what is it, and can it be developed through global assignments?" Human Resource Planning 24.3 (2001): 27-35.

Drezner, Daniel W. "Outsourcing Bogeyman, The." Foreign Aff. 83 (2004): 22.

Dunleavy, Patrick, and Christopher Hood. "From old public administration to new public management." Public money & management 14.3 (1994): 9-16.
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Sound or Unsound One May

Words: 3274 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84881883



Controversy occurs when an advertisement presents various elements that can be considered delicate or going beyond the limits of common sense or ethics through themselves or through the manner in which they are presented (contextualized). Who decides upon the controversial dimension of an advertisement shown on TV? On the one side there are the authorities which have the job to monitor the TV advertisements and decide whether they obey or not the legislation in the filed. On the other hand, there is the public opinion which reacts when the situation demands it. Sometimes, depending on the intensity of the reaction of the public opinion, the authorities intervene as well.

It can be stated that usually the people creating the advertisements that are to be shown on TV know what they are doing. In this case one can do nothing but wonder if controversy is good for businesses on a long-term…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Advertising, Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia, Retrieved January 20, 2007 from web site: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advertising

Controversy, Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia, Retrieved January 20, 2007 from web site: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Controversy

Controversial Television Advertising, Retrieved January 20, 2007 from web site: http://www.advertising-guide.net/controversial-television-advertising.html

Myers, Jack, Controversial TV series are endangered species, Retrieved January 20, 2007 from web site:
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Effect of Gender On Leadership Style and Employee Job Satisfaction

Words: 769 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26239237

Gender on Leadership Style and Employee Job Satisfaction

"The glass ceiling" emerged as a widely employed metaphor in the nineties to account for inaccessibility of organizational leadership posts for females. Even today, females continue to encounter a number of challenges when aiming for leadership positions (Ayman & Korabik, 2010). Research scholars recognize the broad significance of culture and situational contingencies as contextual factors governing leadership, whilst also presenting leadership or governance as a largely gender-neutral phenomenon. As of 2010, the labor force of the U.S. comprised of approximately 72 million women (aged 16+); i.e., 58.6% of American females above 16 years were employed, with 40% of the working female population either in professional or managerial roles (Jackson, Alberti & Snipes, 2014). In this paper, gender's impact on personnel job satisfaction and leadership approach will be studied, by reviewing scholarly literature on the subject.
 

Gender Impacts on Leadership Approach and…… [Read More]

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Effects of Listening to Music on Worker Productivity

Words: 1311 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39750449

Listening to Music on orker Productivity:

Music can basically serve various purposes with some of these purposes being fulfilled at the individual level while others at the level of the society. For an individual, music can be a platform for expressing emotions, promoting relaxation, offering stimulation, facilitating mood change, and being a source of comfort. In some case, music can be used to entertain, in therapy, improve the effect of the other arts, and offer aesthetic enjoyment. In the past few years, there have been increased concerns and analyses regarding the impact of music on work quality and worker productivity. This is primarily because workers tend to listen to music to accomplish certain purposes while doing their work. hile some workers like to listen to music when they are seemingly losing focus, others listen to music when involved in increasingly repetitive job or when working in a noisy or too…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

LESIUK, TERESA. "The Effect of Music Listening on Work Performance." Psychology of Music 33.2 (2005): 173-91. SAGE Publications. Society for Education, Music and Psychology Research, 7 Feb. 2008. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. .

Magloff, Lisa. "The Effect of Radios on Workplace Productivity." Chron - Small Business. Hearst Communications, Inc., n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. .

Padnani, Amisha. "The Power Of Music, Tapped In a Cubicle." The New York Times. The New York Times, 12 Aug. 2012. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. .

Young, Gregory. "EFFECTS OF MUSIC ON TASK PERFORMANCE." Breakthrough Systems. Breakthrough Systems., 31 July 2003. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. .
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Effect of the Eurozone Today on the Global Financial Markets

Words: 4067 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20965127

Finance

The Effect of the Eurozone Today on Global Financial Markets

Global markets are so intertwined today that what affects one is definitely going to have an impact on another. Case in point, the recent issues in Greece and other European Union (EU) countries have had a global effect and have wrought havoc on the Eurozone. Because if this global connectedness, large banks and organizations like the International Monetary Fund (IMF) are even more important today than they were in the past.

The EU's finances are powered by the countries that have become member nations, but those finances are guarded by the European Central Bank (ECB) and the IMF. The ECB is the institution that is responsible for the Euro, the currency of the EU, and it is also the organization responsible for negotiations regarding the economic difficulties of EU member nations. Since Greece, Spain, Italy and others have had…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dam, Kenneth W. "The Subprime Crisis and Financial Regulation: International and Comparative Perspectives*." Chicago Journal of International Law 10.2 (2010): 581-594.

European Central Bank (ECB). "Recently Published." Monthly Bulletin, 2012. Web.

International Monetary Fund (IMF). "About the IMF." International Monetary Fund, 2012. Web.

Halmai, Peter, and Viktoria Vasary. "Real Convergence in the New Member States of the European Union (Shorter and Longer Term Prospects)." The European Journal of Comparative Economics 7.1 (2010): 229-237.
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Sound Business Based on Sound Finances Podosave

Words: 4819 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59689322

Sound usiness ased on Sound Finances

Podosave Ltd. is a food retail organization for which I will present a financial analysis based on the information I gained and the knowledge I acquired as a result of my role within the business.

My Role

My role was to work within the business, recruiting for vacant positions and training existing employees in order that they were able to attain relevant skills for their roles. Reporting to Head Office, I would relay information that was relevant to the HR department and act on the department's behalf.

The role of financial management in business

Financial management is fundamental to the success of a business and the strength of its financial 'health'. Those who work in managing a firm's finances should be able to identify its strengths and weaknesses whilst locating opportunities for growth. A key component of this is to compare financial statements against…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Brealey, Myers Principles of Corporate Finance, 5th ed. The McGraw Companies Inc. 1996

2. Van Horn, J Financial Management and Policy, 11th ed., Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1998

3. Limitation of Ratio Analysis http://cbdd.wsu.edu/kewlcontent/cdoutput/TOM505/page26.htm

4. Activity-Based Costing and the Development of Cost Pools http://www.qry.com/lmu/book/mach5.pdf
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Sound Rationale's for Each Component of the

Words: 1435 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50423193

sound rationale(s) for each component of the primary survey that the egistered Nurse will undertake.

The geriatric male patient was admitted to the Emergency Department under triage supervision. Primary survey assessment (Considine, 2011) determines the patient's immediate physical condition pertinent to life or death. These include the patient's Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disability, Discomfort. The patient scores a 14/15, which indicates his eyes are open, appears oriented with succinct and clear verbal responses, and displays exacting and swift motor response and coordination.

Patient respiration is accelerated with shallow yet painful breathes. Lung capacity appears to be compromised, unsure of whether the left or the right is specifically effected but perhaps the onset of pneumonia is the thought. Blood pressure is low, rapid and painful breathing coupled with low blood pressure are symptomatic and are important to monitor for further changes.

Pulse of 90 bpm is somewhat rapid and irregular with 90%…… [Read More]

References

Considine D. (2011) Patient assessment Primary and secondary survey. Deakin University-Northern Health Clinical Partnership
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Effect of Harmonic Accompaniment on the Development of Music Aptitude and Singing Achievement

Words: 3111 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64296266

Harmonic Accompaniment on the Development of Music Aptitude and Singing Achievement

The rationale of the scrutinize was to investigate the effect of xylophones harmonic accompaniment on the tone realization and tone improvisation of young children[aged eight].It provide the children cognitive development, multiple intelligence emphasis on music and bodily kinesthetic intelligence which will involve auditory, visual and kinesthetic stimuli.

It entails rhythmic development, music amptitude which test the effect of harmonic accompaniment on music development and music amptitude children vocal development and finally the effect of harmonic accompaniment on singing achievement.Even though result based on research on singing achievement between the children which had song instruction with a root melody accompaniment had no significant on tone attainment according to Gordon's (1982)IMMA, there was significance effect on singing achievement between children who received song instruction with root melody accompaniment.Xylophones which comes from a Greek word 'xylon'meaning wooden sound.It is from percussion family…… [Read More]

Work cited

ATHERTON JS (2010) Learning and Teaching; Piaget's developmental theory [Online] UK: Available:  http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/piaget.htm  Accessed: 27 January 2011

Azzara, C.D. (1999). An aural approach to improvisation. Music Educators Journal, 86(3), 21 -- 25.

Gardner, Howard (1983; 1993) Frames of Mind: The theory of multiple intelligences, New York: Basic Books.

Gordon, E.E. (1979). Primary Measures of Music Audiation. Chicago: GIA Publications.
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Effect of Music on Bird Migration

Words: 594 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13029178

Music

Birds and Migration

Music has been utilized in various mediums throughout history. In church, for example, music is meant to elevate one's emotions and bring him or her "closer to God." In film, more recently, music has been utilized to evoke certain emotions as well, and to keep the audience interested in the subject at hand. In horror movies, for example, when there is a crescendo, it is relatively certain that something bad may happen. Music, thus, can be happy or sad, and evoke a multitude of other emotions if utilized properly. his paper will thus examine the effect of music in a Youube video on winged migration.

In this particular video, the audience is shown, in documentary format, the migration of birds from various points-of-view. he video starts with very classical, pleasing music, and shows birds in the water, flying, bathing, seen by people, etc. For each of…… [Read More]

The film presented on the YouTube video is excellent in its filmography, not only for the beautiful images it presents, but also for the topic that it examines. However, without the music, this would be a movie focused on birds and the sounds they make, and would not keep a viewer's interest. Due to the music, the film becomes a journey for the audience, which can take them almost as far as the birds can fly and can make one feel as if he or she is soaring with them, feeling the wind with them, or the sun, and finally feeling everything that the movie means to portray which is, in fact, the whole scope of music.

"The Travelling Birds/Winged Migration." (2011). YouTube. Retrieved September 9, 2011, from .

Munger, D. (2008). "Even music played before or after a film is shown to have an effect on our perception or emotion." Cognitive Daily. Retrieved September 9, 2011, from .
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Effects of Music on Memory

Words: 2435 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66265009

Music on Emotions and Behavior

Music and education

Psychological implications

The effect of music on word recall

Several studies have been dedicated to the study of the effect of music on the memory. Most of the studies have been dedicated to the analysis of the way the human mind processes information. The brain has been indicated to be made up of a very complex system of neurons that is actively involved with the transfer of information from one part to the other. A study of the neural networks .The study of the effects of music on the human memory is still ongoing (Kirkweg 2001). Several factors have been found to affect the memory of a person. The most common ones being music, attention, emotion, stress as well as aging.

The mechanism involved

The human memory has been pointed out to be a mental system that is involved with the reception,…… [Read More]

Works cited

Ashcraft, Mark H. Learning and Remembering. In J. Mosher, & M. Richardson (Eds.), Cognition (pp.211-257). New Jersey:Pearson Prentice Hall,2006

Carruth, Ellen K., "The Effects of Singing and the Spaced Retrieval Technique on Improving Face-Name Recognition in Nursing Home Residents with Memory Loss, Journal of Music Therapy, 34 (3), 165-186,1997

Coon, Dennis. Essentials of Psychology. New York: Brooks/Cole Publishing,1997

Krumhans, Carol.L. Music: A link between cognition and emotion. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11(2) 45-50,2002
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Effect of Advertising

Words: 2540 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91721239

Corporate Social Responsibility: Its Extension to Consumer Advertising Imagery

The last few decades have seen the emergence of two trends that have important implications for the field of consumer advertising. The first trend, as indicated in Gulas and Mckeage's literature review, is a growing body of research evidence that the imagery projected in consumer advertising has psychological and sociological effects.

This indicates that consumer advertising imagery is now being measured for its possible effect on consumer psychology and social behavior. The second trend, which is related to the first, can be seen in the widely acknowledged public demand that businesses need to demonstrate their social responsibility and conscience in all forms of organizational activity. These two trends make it evident that advertisers and their agencies can no longer defend socially irresponsible advertising imagery by using the traditional argument that consumer advertising merely mirrors society. Instead, as this paper will establish,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

"The Alcoholic Beverage Industry's Commitment to Responsible Drinking." Black

Enterprise. March 1994, 24.8, 79+. Available: Questia; http:/ / www.questia.com (May 13, 2005).

Bates, Clive, and Pauline Doyle. "Tobacco Explained: Advertising." Action on Smoking and Health. Available: Internet; http://www.ash.org.uk/html/conduct/html/tobexpld4.html (March 19, 2005).

Biocca, Frank A., and Philips N. Myers, Jr. "The Elastic Body Image: The Effect of Television Advertising and Programming on Body Image Distortions in Young Women." Journal of Communication 42.3 (1992): 108 -- 130. Available: Questia; http://www.questia.com (March 19, 2005).
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Effect of Video Games on Children

Words: 2786 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84100718

Video Games on Children

Owing to the advent of digital media over the past few decades, technology has taken over many dimensions of the world and given the media a 360 degree turn by entirely switching the way it previously worked. The computer era not only changes the way transactions were done, documents were prepared, statistical tools were used and made the world global but it also changed the way sports and games were played. It converted the physical playground into a virtual one to quite a great extent and now, computer video games have become an increasingly important phenomenon of today for the entertainment of kids who now believe in virtual playgrounds (Anderson, Gentile, & Katherine E, 2007).

Analysis

Every new change brings its pros and cons with it, and he computer era was a boom towards the video game industry which is still a significant use of computers…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Franciss, M., & Subramanian, A. This Is Not Just a Game Anymore. Mumbai: Diligent Media Corporations Ltd. 2012.

Anderson, C.A., Gentile, D.A. & Katherine E. Violent Video Game Effects on Children and Adolescents: Theory, Research, and Public Policy. Oxford University Press. 2007.

Associated Press. Monitoring video game violence - Expert's advice to. Ontario: The Guelph Mercury. 2006.

Billings Gazette, The (MT). Studies show children get hooked on addictive. The Billings Gazette 2011.
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Effects of Hearing Loss on Children

Words: 1460 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17417425

hearing loss in Children

It is well within our knowledge that hearing is vital to speech as well as language growth, communication, along with education. Those children who suffer from listening complexity owing to hearing loss or acoustic dispensation tribulations have persistently been under acknowledged as well as underserved population. It is clear that when a hearing problem occurs in the child during his early stage, it tend to develop more and more within the child. It is therefore advisable that the moment you realize that a child has such complication the better you start taking care of it to lessen the impact. It has always been easier said than done to categorize children with this complication of meek hearing loss minus taking the children through hearing screening programmed. This is for the reason that they more often than not contain whichever precise substantial indications or findings. On the other…… [Read More]

Work cited

F.H. Bess, J. Dodd-Murphy, R.A. Parker, (1998). Children with minimal sensorineural hearing loss: prevalence, educational performance, and functional status, Ear Hear. 19, 339 -- 354.

J. Dood-Murphy, N. Mamlin, (2002). Minimizing minimal hearing loss in the schools: what every classroom teacher should know, Prevent. School Failure 46, 86 -- 92 (retrieved July 22, 2011), from ProQuest Central (Document ID: 113661989).
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Effects of Globalization on Small and Medium Scale Businesses in UK

Words: 2644 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10591271

globalization on entrepreneurship in UK small and medium scale businesses

Effects of Globalization on Small and Medium Scale Businesses in the UK

The research methodology employed in this study has been one of a qualitative nature. Qualitative research is objective and descriptive in nature and is appropriate for examining the effects of a phenomenon.

Qualitative research is noted in the work of Marshall and ossman (2010) to be of the nature that is "enacted in naturalistic settings" and of the nature that "draws on multiple methods that respect the humanity of the participants in the study…focuses on context…is emergent and evolving…and is fundamentally interpretive" in nature. Qualitative researchers are stated to "rely on complex reasoning that moves dialectically between deduction and induction." (Marshall and ossman, 2010) The researcher in qualitative research studies "uses an inductive mode, letting the data speak." (Ospina, 2004) The work of Neergaard and Ulhoi (2007) states…… [Read More]

References

McNamara, Carter, PhD. (1999) General Guidelines for Conducting Interviews. Minnesota, 1999 in: Valenzuela, D. And Shrivastava, P. (nd) Interview as a Method for Qualitative Research. Retrieved from:  http://www.public.asu.edu/~kroel/www500/Interview%20Fri.pdf 

Marshall, C. And Rossman, G.B. (2010) Designing Qualitative Research. SAGE 2010. Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?id=RbqXGjKHALoC&dq=qualitative+research&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Ospina, S. (2004) Qualitative Research. Encyclopedia of Leadership / Eds (Goethals, G. an, Sorenson, G. And MacGregor, J. 2004 SAGE Publications. Retrieved from: http://wagner.nyu.edu/leadership/publications/files/Qualitative_Research.pdfQualitative

Research Methods: A Data Collector's Field Guide. Qualitative Research Methods Overview. Retrieved from: http://www.fhi.org/nr/rdonlyres/etl7vogszehu5s4stpzb3tyqlpp7rojv4waq37elpbyei3tgmc4ty6dunbccfzxtaj2rvbaubzmz4f/overview1.pdf
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Effects of Employee Stock Ownership Plans on Employees Since September 11

Words: 2249 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95906845

Employee Stock Ownership on Employees in the Airlines Industry since September 11th.

Review current materials on the issue.

Airline industry ESOPs tend to be very volatile.

This paper will examine the effects of the September 11th tragedy on employees' employee stock ownership plans in the airlines industry. The following generic information is provided for background before examining the main issue for this paper.

In the United States, the main vehicle for employee ownership in a company is the Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP) which first became a recognized plan in 1974. There are between 17 and 20 million U.S. employees participating in large ESOPs or other contribution plans holding stock. Employees may own stock directly in their companies through stock purchase programs or be members of work cooperatives.

Studies find the employee ownership has a positive impact on performance even in adverse times. September 11th adversely affected the majority of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Douglas Kruse, Ph.D. "Research Evidence on Prevalence and Effects of Employee Ownership. http://wwww.chrs.rutgers.edu.February 2002.

United Airlines. Form 10K. Securities and Exchange Commission.

Southwest Airlines. Form 10K. Securities and Exchange Commission.

Continental Airlines. Form 10K. Securities and Exchange Commission.
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Effects of Deployments

Words: 1322 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74504852

parent goes to war: Effects of parental deployment on very young children and implications for intervention" by Paris, ., Devoe, E. ., oss, A. M., & Acker, M. L. (2010). American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 80(4), 610-618. doi:10.1111/j.1939-0025.2010.01066.x

uth Paris, Ellen . Devoe, Abigail M. oss, and Michelle L. Acker in When a parent goes to war: Effects of parental deployment on very young children and implications for intervention reviewed the effects military deployment cycles have on young children. The effects span intense emotions, attachment patterns as well as behavioral changes. They suggested that military families with toddlers, infants and preschoolers ought to be supported by taking an ecological approach. To explore ways to provide adequate support, Paris et al. reviewed existing literature on the effects parental combat stress had on parenting as well as parent-child relationships. Evidence-informed programs for families and infants were also examined with the goal of identifying…… [Read More]

References

Alfano, C.A., Lau, S., Balderas, J., Bunnell, B.E. & Beidel, D.C. (2016). The impact of military deployment on children: Placing developmental risk in context, Clinical Psychology Review 43, 17 -- 29.

Chandra, A., Martin, L.T., Hawkins, S.A. & Richardson, A. (2010).The Impact of Parental Deployment on Child Social and Emotional Functioning: Perspectives of School Staff, Journal of Adolescent Health 46, 218 -- 223.

Denscombe, M. (2014). The good research guide: for small-scale social research projects. Mcgraw-Hill Education (UK).

Saunders, M. N., Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2011). Research Methods for Business Students, 5/e. Pearson Education India.
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Effects of Company Mergers on Employees

Words: 554 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55258436

Company Mergers on Employees

The end of the twentieth century saw a wave of domestic and cross-border corporate mergers and acquisitions. Worldwide M&As grew at an average of 42% per annum between 1980 and 1999, reaching U.S.$2.3 trillion in 1999, according to the United Nations World Investment eport 2000. The report also suggested that the merger trend was evidence of an emerging globalized market (Cheng). While the globalization of markets is one important driving factor behind cross-border mergers since this allows for easier access to new markets through acquisition of strong local players, there are several other reasons why companies may choose to merge. Objectives range from the need to reduce competition, lower cost of production, eliminate excess capacity, increase market share through the acquisition of strong, established brands to the desire to acquire new technology and realize economies of scale in production, distribution, and purchase. Further, weak financial positions…… [Read More]

References

Cheng, E. What's driving the wave of corporate mergers. Green Left Online Edition.

Retrieved from the World Wide Web: http://www.greenleft.org.au/back/2001/438/438p16.htm

Gharib, S. (Feb. 24, 2004). Commentary: The Merger Mania Failure Factor. Quote.com.

Retrieved Mar. 2, 2004 from the World Wide Web: http://finance.lycos.com/qc/news/story.aspx?story=200402250300_NBR_NBR-20040224-STORY4&symbols=NBR:100
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Effects of Population Density on Individuals

Words: 2255 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49986268

Territoriality, Privacy, and Personal Space

Territoriality

In order to comprehend territory's significance- or that of any manifestation of territory, such as states, nations, homelands or landscapes - it is expedient to start by considering the raw material that supports these structures. The raw material mentioned above is known as 'space'; it is extraordinarily difficult to give a definition to space. Through territoriality, individual places are built, and this process enables individuals to utilize the emotional and material scope of space. oundaries are created when individuals create territories; these unite as well as divide space together with all that it encompasses. y combining particular resources and some individuals and detaching them from others, symbolic meaning is given to the notion of them and us, and theirs and ours (Penrose, 2002).

With regard to space's material power, this signifies that territoriality converts resources essential to survival of human beings into our own…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Altman, I. Privacy as an interpersonal boundary process. In M. von Cranoch, K. Foppa, W. Lepenies, & D. Ploog (Eds.), Humunefhology. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1979. Pp. 95- 132.

Augustin, S. (2009). Place Advantage: Applied Psychology for Interior Architecture. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell

Both, C., & Visser, M. (2003). Density Dependence, Territoriality, and Divisibility of Resources: From Optimality Models to Population Processes. The American Naturalist.

Gavison, R. (1980). Privacy and the Limits of Law. The Yale Law Journal Company, 421-471.
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Effects of Aging on Functional Ability

Words: 1410 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58532833

ockstein and Sussman (1979) defined senescence as the period of life where the human body weakens and declines in function rather than grows, a period which is of course associated with physical aging. There is much individual and cultural variation in this process, this is a gradual process, and it occurs across all cultures and in all individuals. Cultural perceptions of aging were also noted by ockstein and Sussman to affect functional abilities as individuals grow older. An acceleration of senescence that occurs due to external factors such as disease, tobacco use, alcohol and drug abuse, poor diet, or physical trauma is known as secondary aging, and for the sake of brevity these factors will not be considered here. As people age there are numerous physical changes that take place that affect functional abilities, some obvious and some not so obvious. There are also cognitive changes that occur as a…… [Read More]

References

Al-Abdulwahab, S.S. (1999). The Effects of Aging on Muscle Strength and Functional Ability of Healthy Saudi Arabian Males. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 19 (3), 211-215.

Birren, J.E., Butler, R.N., Greenhouse, S.W., Sokoloff, L. & Yarrow, M.R. (Eds.) (1963). Human Aging: A Biological and Behavioral Study. (HSM Publication Number 71-9051). Washington DC: U.S. Publishing Office.

Paterson, DH, Jones, D.R., & Rice, C.L. (2007). Ageing and physical activity: evidence to develop exercise recommendations for older adults. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 98 (Supplement 2), S69 -- S108.

Rockstein, M. & Sussman, M. (1979). Biology of aging. CA: Wadsworth.
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Effects of Social Promotion

Words: 3204 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19605836

Social Promotion

There are concerns that schools are performing an injustice by passing students onto the next grade level although they fail the basic requirements for the current grade level. Underachieving middle school students are being promoted with little regard as to how it may impact their future success in education. It sets the precedence for some students who believe that they do not have to make any effort and they will still move to the next grade without suffering any consequences. This gives the message that accountability in middle schools is unimportant.

The purpose of this research study is to identify and evaluate the effects of social promotion amongst middle school students.

ationale

Teachers have encountered many cases in which students should have been retained in the same grade as a result of poor attendance, limited ability, and lack of effort. However, school administrators have granted social promotion to…… [Read More]

References

The balanced view: social promotion & retention.

Westchester Institute for Human Services Research, http://www.sharingsuccess.org/code/bv/socprom.html

Christie, K. (2001). The middle level: more than treading water. Phi Delta Kappan, 82(9), 1-3.

Darling-Hammond, L. (1998). Avoiding both grade retention and social promotion. Education Digest, 64(3), 48-53.
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Effect of Background Music on Concentration

Words: 960 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54697312

Music

There have been a number of recent studies investigating the effect of background music on concentration. These studies have focused on both attention and on workplace concentration. A Stanford study identifies that background music assists in stimulating attention (Baker, 2007). A study that examined the effects of music with lyrics and music without found that the latter is more effective for workplace concentration, as lyrics are more distracting and can have a negative impact on worker performance (Shih, Huang & Chiang, 2012). Another study showed that the workers' fondness for the music was a key variable -- the type of music did not matter as long as the people liked it (Huang & Shih, 2011).

Some studies have taken an ethnographic bent, with scholars investigating effects within their specific culture. This paper will further this research, investigating what differences there are, if any, in the response to background music…… [Read More]

References

Baker, Mitzi. (2007). " Music moves brain to pay attention, Stanford study finds." Stanford Medicine. Accessed April 7, 2016 from https://med.stanford.edu/news/all-news/2007/07/music-moves-brain-to-pay-attention-stanford-study-finds.html

Huang, Rong. & Shih, Yi. "Effects of background music on concentration of workers." Work. Vol. 38 (2011) 383-387

Shih, Yi, Huang, Rong. & Chiang, HY. " Background music: Effects on attention performance. " Work. Vol. 42, 4 (2012) 573-578.

Tze, Peter. & Chou, Ming.. "Attention drainage effect: How background music effects (sic) concentration in Taiwanese college students." Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. Vol. 10, 1 (2010) 36-46.
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Effects of Sustained Silent Reading on Reluctant Middle School Aged Children

Words: 6293 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58364370

eading is a fundamental part of a child's education. Many techniques have been utilized in an effort to make learning to read and reading comprehension easier for students (McCray 2001). One such technique is Sustained Silent eading (SS). The purpose of this discussion is to investigate Sustained Silent eading as it relates to reluctant middle school aged children. Let us begin our investigation by discussing the theoretical framework of Sustained Silent eading.

Sustained Silent eading (SS)

Jenson & Jenson (2002) report that The Uninterrupted Sustained Silent eading program (USS) was first implemented by Lyman Hunt at the University of Vermont during the 1960's (Jensen & Jensen 2002). By the 1970's the program was implemented into the American public school system (Jensen & Jensen 2002). Forty years after its initial inception this same program has an array of aliases including: Motivation in Middle Schools (MIMS), High Intensity Practice (HIP), Free Voluntary…… [Read More]

References

Broughton, M.A., & Fairbanks, C.M. (2003). In the Middle of the Middle: Seventh-Grade Girls' Literacy and Identity Development Here Is a Look at the Ways in Which a Group of Girls Perceived Themselves and How Their Perceptions and Behaviors Changed as They Moved from the Sixth Grade to the Seventh Grade: The Middle of Middle School. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 46(5), 426

Brozo, W.G., & Hargis, C.H. (2003). Taking Seriously the Idea of Reform: One High School's Efforts to Make Reading More Responsive to All Students. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 47(1), 14

Crawford P.C.2004. Using Graphic Novels to Attract Reluctant Readers. Library Media Connection

Graham, S., & Taylor, A.Z. (1998). Exploring Achievement Values Among Ethnic Minority Early Adolescents. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(4), 606-620.
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Effects of Standardized Tests on Higher Education

Words: 1576 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58439851

SAT/ACT/GE Testing

Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) is standardized exams completed by many high school students before heading to college. Therefore, it contains a suite of tools designed to assess a student's academic readiness for college. Through the students SAT scores, some colleges determine the students they wish to admit and those they will not. Some colleges use SAT "cutoff score" in setting their benchmark for admission or in determining course placement. Moreover, SAT provides students with a path to opportunities, scholarship, and financial support in a fair way to all students. However, colleges also consider other factors such as an individual's work experience, high school grades, student essays and volunteerism. In the 21st century, SAT exam is still in use because they keep pace with what today's colleges are looking for, which includes measuring the student's skills required for the modern times. SAT tests one's reading, math and writing knowledge…… [Read More]

Reference List:

Anderson, T., & Shattuck, J. (2012). Design-Based Research a Decade of Progress in Education Research? Educational Researcher, 41(1), 16-25.

Beale, A. V. (2012). The Evolution of College Admission Requirements. Journal of College Admission, 214, 20-22.

Belasco, A. S., Rosinger, K. O., & Hearn, J. C. (2014). The Test-Optional Movement at America's Selective Liberal Arts Colleges a Boon For Equity Or Something Else? Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 0162373714537350.

Ioannidis, J. P., Greenland, S., Hlatky, M. A., Khoury, M. J., Macleod, M. R., Moher, D., & Tibshirani, R. (2014). Increasing Value and Reducing Waste in Research Design, Conduct, and Analysis. The Lancet, 383(9912), 166-175.
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Effect of WWI on Jews and Germans

Words: 3140 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25856239

Germans and Jews After I

Germans and Jews After orld ar I

In orld ar I, more than 12,000 Jews lost their lives fighting for Germany (Flannery, 43). They were a large part of the culture there, and had intermingled as much as they were able to. However, despite the way they were involved in so much of what was taking place in the country, they were also never really accepted. After I, Germany's official position on Jews changed. Much of that took place because the German leaders did not want to take any blame for the problems that had caused them to lose out in the war. Because they wanted to make sure the people saw them in a good light, and they did not want to admit past mistakes, they looked for scapegoats. One of the main groups for that scapegoating was the Jewish people. Even though many…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anti-Semitism in History: World War 1. United States Holocaust Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 2014. Print. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007166

While Anti-Semitism is nothing new in society, this article spells out clearly what was taking place in Germany after WWI and how that shaped the beliefs of the Germany people when it came to their feelings about Jews in their country.

Elon, Amos. The Pity of It All: A History of Jews in Germany, 1743 -- 1933. New York, 2002. Print.

The Jewish people in Germany never really had much of a chance to be a part of the country, at least not on a proper level. They were marginalized from the very beginning, and that only got worse after WWI, finally culminating in the atrocities of WWII.
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The Effects of Sound

Words: 628 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69949979

Sound Practices: Noise Control in the Healthcare Environment

Comment on the need for training for nurses in the area of assessing elderly patients.

Despite all of the advances the modern healthcare has to offer, sound management is one of the issues that can affect patients that has actually gotten worse over the years. Much of the technology that has been introduced into healthcare facilities has often neglected the effects of sound in patient areas. Further, patients and visitors often bring their own devices which can also add to the sound levels. The problem of noisy environments can actually build upon itself as well because once the noise levels increase then anyone in that environment will have to speak louder than the surroundings to be heard.

Noisy environments can led to problems in all patients, but especially the elderly. One effect of noise can be the increase in blood pressure as…… [Read More]

Works Cited

HermanMiller Healthcare. (2006). Sound Practices Research Summary. HermanMiller Healthcare, 1-9.
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Poe's Sound -- Makes Sound Stories Covered

Words: 913 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40690205

Poe's sound -- makes sound stories covered class: "Cask Amontillado" "The Tell-Tale Heart." Some things: sound relates stories ( plots, characters) effect reader efficiency a tool ( Poe's working) story lack include element.

Edgar Allen Poe's use of sound in "The Cask of Amontillado" and "The Tell-Tale Heart"

Edgar Allen Poe used sound as a principal and yet subtle technique meant to intensify the feelings that his texts put across. The American author concentrated on developing a more intimate connection with his readers by making use of a series of elements that some might consider uncharacteristic when regarding a short story. "The Cask of Amontillado" and "The Tell-Tale Heart" are both designed to use sound with the purpose of intriguing and frightening readers, as sounds intensify each feeling and build up suspense up to the point where readers feel horrified as they try to anticipate what comes next.

From the…… [Read More]

Biliography:

Poe, E.A. (2010). The Cask of Amontillado. BompaCrazy.com.

Poe, E.A. (2002). The Tell-tale Heart. AcademicJump.com.
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Cognitive Effects of Brain Injury and Disease

Words: 3403 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5754060

Cognitive Effects of Brain Injury and Disease

The care of patients with brain injury and diseases has improved substantially over the last thirty years. Nonetheless, the acute cognitive effects caused by brain injury are still a problem for the survivors. Such impairments are substantial contributors to functional disability after brain injury and reduce quality of life for affected persons and their families (Schultza, Cifub, McNameea, Nicholsb; Carneb, 2011). Accordingly, it is important for clinicians providing care to persons with brain injury to be familiar with the cognitive squeal of such injuries, their neuropathophysiologic bases, the treatment options that may alleviate such problems, and their effects on functional ability and quality of life.

Literature eview: Cognitive Effects

The anatomy, pathophysiology, and cognitive sequel of brain injury and diseases vary as a function of cause of brain injury. Accordingly, identification of the specific cause of injury and other relevant factors (e.g., age,…… [Read More]

References

Aaro, Jonsson C., Smedler, AC., Leis, Ljungmark M., & Emanuelson, I (2009). Long-term cognitive outcome after neurosurgically treated childhood traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury: ISSN: 1362-301X, Vol. 23 (13-14), pp. 1008-16. doi:10.3109/02699050903379354

Cozzarelli, Tara A. (2010). Evaluation and Treatment of Persistent Cognitive Dysfunction Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. LCDR USPHS. Journal of Special Operations Medicine. Volume 10, Edition 1.pg 39-42. Retrieved from:  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed 

Howard, RS., Holmes, PA & Koutroumanidis, MA. (2011). Hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury. Practical Neurology [Pract Neurol], ISSN: 1474-7766, Vol. 11 (1), pp. 4-18; PMID: 21239649. doi:10.1136/jnnp.2010.235218

Kinnunen, Kirsi Maria., Greenwood, Richard., Powell, Jane Hilary., Leech, Robert., Hawkins, Peter Charlie., Bonnelle, Valerie., Patel, Maneesh Chandrakan., Counsell, Serena Jane., and Sharp, David James (2011). White matter damage and cognitive impairment after traumatic brain injury. Brain A Journal Of Neurology. 134; 449 -- 463. doi:10.1093/brain/awq347
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Stress Effects Memory in Adults

Words: 1578 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14283461

The responses will be tabulated into data sheet that exhibit the participants ease of remembering that facts. The coding will produce levels which showing the proportionate ability to remember.

The data will then be input in a statistical program to give distributions and this will be subjected to a T-test to assess their significance level at 5%. The decision rule will be such that reject the null hypotheses if probability of occurrence of the distribution observed is less than 5%.

Implication of the esults

If the expected that the results show higher probability that the stress among older women it implies that, older women are susceptible forget and thus have a higher likelihood of encountering Alzheimer's condition. On the centrally if we reject the Null hypothesis -- failure to support the hypothesis -- it will imply that age and stress have nothing to do with memory lose and that it…… [Read More]

References

Kloet E.R., Joels M., & F., H. (2005). Stress and the Brain: from adaptation to disease. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 6(6), 463-475.

Nelson, C.A., & Carver, L.J. (2008). The effects of stress and trauma on brain and memory: A view from developmental cognitive neuroscience. Development and Psychopathology, 10(04), 793-809. doi: doi:null

Sauro, M.D., Jorgensen, R.S., & Pedlow, C.T. (2003). Stress, glucocorticoids, and memory: A meta-analytic review. Stress, 6(4), 235-245.

Selye, H. (1998). A syndrome produced by diverse nocuous agents. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 10(2), 230-231.
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Child Poverty and Its Effects on Education and Development

Words: 1864 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23179533

Child Poverty and Its Effects on Education and Development

Beyond problems of financial inequality that occur when countless young children reside in poor as well as persistently inadequate households, poor children can easily perpetuate the never-ending cycle when they achieve adulthood. Prior study implies that children who're born poor as well as are constantly poor are considerably much more most likely to remain poor as grownups, quit school, give teenage premarital births, and also have spotty employment details than all those not very poor at birth (atcliffe and McKernan 2010). This previous research focused on the earliest cohort of youngsters reviewed here-children born in between 1967 and 1974 as well as who turned Thirty amid 1997 and 2004. An important query is whether or not this link has endured with time. Even though information aren't accessible to see outcomes via age 30 for children born within the subsequent two cohort…… [Read More]

References

Duncan, Greg, W. Jean Yeung, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, and Judith Smith. 1998. "How Much Does Childhood Poverty Affect the Life Chances of Children?" American Sociological Review 63(3): 406 -- 23.

Ratcliffe, Caroline, and Signe-Mary McKernan. 2010. "Childhood Poverty Persistence: Facts and Consequences." Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

Ratcliffe, Caroline, and Signe-Mary McKernan. 2012. "Child Poverty and Its Lasting Consequence." Washington, DC: Urban Institute

Vericker, Tracy, Jennifer Macomber, and Olivia Golden. 2010. "Infants of Depressed Mothers Living in Poverty: Opportunities to Identify and Serve." Washington, DC: Urban Institute.
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Solutions for the Harmful Effects of High Population Density

Words: 1673 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97285840

Psychology -- the Effects of Population Density and Noise

Population density affects territoriality, privacy, personal space and noise levels. These four psychological elements involve perception and high population density affects all of them in ways that are physiologically and psychologically harmful to humans. Through decades of experience and study, experts have learned to use perception to reduce the harmful effects of high population density. The introduction of nature and the use of design to create the perception of ample space can dramatically reduce the harmful effects of high population density on territoriality, privacy and personal space. In addition, the uses of noise masking and noise-absorbing materials have reduced the harmful effects of noise. Just as perception can increase harm, perception can also decrease harm.

ody

a. Population Density

"Population density" is the number of people residing in an area divided by the size of that area (National Geographic Society). Population…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Lebednik, Christine. "Types of Noise-Absorbing Materials." n.d. www.ehow.com Web site. Web. 6 July 2014.

Merriam-Webster, Inc. "Proxemics." 2014. www.merriam-webster.com Web site. Web. 6 July 2014.

National Geographic Society. "A Look at the Population Density of the United States." 2008. http://education.nationalgeographic.com Web site. Web. 6 Hykt 2014.

ProAudioSupport. "What is auditory masking?" 2014. www.proaudiosupport.com Web site. Web. 6 July 2014.
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Auditory Stimulation Its Effect on

Words: 3151 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49875794



Further evidence for the possible value of noise for children with ADHD is presented by Abikoff et al. (1996). These researchers evaluated the effect that extra-task auditory stimulation had on academic task performance of children with ADHD. This was executed by studying both children with ADHD and normal students during the performance of arithmetic tasks during three different auditory stimulus conditions: high stimulation (music), low stimulation (speech) and no stimulation (silence). The findings indicated that the normal subjects performed similarly under all three conditions, while the ADHD subjects performance was significantly better under the music condition that the silence or speech conditions. This information could prove to be valuable for teachers in the classroom environment. The presence of music in the classroom during tasks such as arithmetic might facilitate the performance of students with ADHD. Since normal students performed equally well under all auditory conditions, the presence of music would…… [Read More]

Reference

Abikoff, H., Courtney, M.E., Szeibel P.J., Koplewicz, H.S. (1996). The effects of auditory stimulation on the arithmetic performance of children with ADHD and nondisabled children. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 29(3), 238-46.

Baumgaertal, A. (1999). Alternative and controversial treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 46(5), 977-92.

Gray, L.C., Breier, J.I., Foorman, B.R., Fletcher, J.M. (2002). Continuum of impulsiveness caused by auditory masking. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 66(3), 265-72.

Jackson, N.A. (2003). A survey of music therapy methods and their role in the treatment of early elementary school children with ADHD. Journal of Music Therapy, 40(4), 302-23.
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Prematurity and Development Outcomes Effects

Words: 1496 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53295993

Besides the fact that children need further exposure to the light/sun in order to develop their bones, light facilitates enhanced growth and development. Therefore, it is an essential element in the eyes of the children as well as in their entire bodies. The variations in the intensity of light in the incubators enabled the infants to develop their adaptation into embracing light into their bodies and eyes.

Sound is the other aspect, which appeared to have some varying effects on premature babies. According to Huttenlocher, (2002), sound is a transfer of energy through the air. It is transferred as an energy that can only be detected by the ears. It is a wave of energy, which carries certain aspects as that involved with communication. Like any other aspect, which affects premature babies, sound is an environmental aspect. It is variable and can be transformed from one notion to another with…… [Read More]

References

Avery, G.B., MacDonald, M.G., Seshia, M.M.K., & Mullett, M.D. (2005). Avery's neonatology: Pathophysiology & management of the newborn journal. Philadelphia:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Bradford, N. (2000). Your premature baby: 0-5 years. Vol. 2, Issue 6, Pages 23, London:

Frances Lincoln.
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Mozart Effect the Work of

Words: 2911 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90273124

Mozart especially did the trick. Einstein loved Mozart's highly organized, intensely patterned sonatas. He felt, as many before him, that music and the reasoning intellect were linked. Music and his scientific work...were 'born of the same source.'" (Dowd, 2008) a report conducted by the German Ministry of Education in 2007 while failing to uphold music having a long-term influence on intelligence did state findings of a "link between musical training and IQ development." (Dowd, 2008) Dowd additionally reports that "...brain mapping has revealed that professional musicians have more grey matter in their right auditory cortex than non-musicians, as if practicing an instrument flexed a muscle in the brain." (2008) Dowd states: "It seems increasingly likely that the long-term practice of playing music, rather than merely listening, can have the kind of impact suggested by the Mozart Effect. Einstein, after all, organized his mind by playing the violin, not listening to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bangeter, Adrian and Health, Chip (2005) the Mozart Effect: Tracking the Evolution of a Scientific Legend. Group de Psychologie Appliquee, Universite de Neuchatel, Switzerland.

Braun, Melanie (2005) Exploring the Efficacy of Vowel Intonations. The Rose+Croix Journal 2005. Vol. 2. Online available at http://www.rosecroixjournal.com/issues/2005/articles/vol2_11_21_braun.pdf

Donald Hatch Andrews, the Symphony of Life (Unity Books, 1966), pp. 55, 58.

Dowd, Will (2008) the Myth of the Mozart Effect.- the Skeptic Magazine. 1 Jan 2008. Online Highbeam Research at http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1419874671.html
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Warner Brothers and Sound

Words: 3164 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95045914

Warner Brothers and Sound

Warner Brothers, name normally pertains to Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc., which is an American motion-picture production company, and was the first to use series of synchronized sound in a silent feature film. Four American brothers namely Harry Morris Warner, Albert Warner, Samuel Lewis Warner, and Jack Leonard Warner were the founders. (Warner Brothers: Encyclopedia Article from Encarta) Harry, Albert, Sam and Jack turned jointly to any commercial activities that came their way till they got into the nickelodeon business. Currently Jack is the only brother who is still regularly recognized with Warner's in its halcyon days. However the studio would have never attained the big position without Harry and Sam's unusual and paired talents. They did it by risking on a new technology: synchronized sound for motion pictures. Harry's cautious but enthused business management made the company in a position to benefit from Sam's big idea.…… [Read More]

References

Eyman, Scott. The speed of sound: Hollywood and the talkie revolution, 1926-1930. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999. Retrieved from http://www.latrobe.edu.au/screeningthepast/reviews/rev0600/bybr10a.htm Accessed on 17 June, 2005

Gabler, Neal. Movies Meet New Technology: The Sequel to the Sequel. The New York Times. September 20, 2000. Retrieved from  http://partners.nytimes.com/library/tech/00/09/biztech/technology/20gabler.html  Accessed on 18 June, 2005

Herman, Bruce. The Warner Sound: Film Scores Par Excellence. Film Score. 17 January, 2001. Retrieved from http://www.filmscoremonthly.com/articles/2001/17_Jan- -- The_Warner_Sound.asp Accessed on 18 June, 2005

Sam Warner - Now you has jazz. Retrieved from http://www.bfi.org.uk/sightandsound/archive/innovators/warner.html Accessed on 18 June, 2005
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Copland the American Sound Many Young Musicians

Words: 512 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31883398

Copland

The American Sound

Many young musicians often hear the phrase American sound and wonder what the concept actually means. Historically, the idea of American sound is music that identifies with America in one way or another during a period in history. American sound may vary slightly from different time periods, but has been centered on important historical topics and ideas that have importance to the specific writer's interest. It is believed by many musical historians that the famous American composers William Grant Still and Aaron Copland created American sound in their works. Still's Afro-American Symphony and Copland's Appalachian Spring embody the conceptual idea of American sound, and the reasons why both author's works are considered American sound will be explained in detail.

Afro-American Symphony

In 1930, William Grant Still wrote his first symphony, and he entitled it the Afro-American symphony. Still's work combined the traditional elements of a full…… [Read More]

References

Kamien, R (1997). Music: an appreciation. New York, NY; Mcgraw-Hill College; 3rd edition

Smith, C.P. (2000). William Grant Still: A study in contradictions. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.
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Incarcerated Mentally Ill Patients it May Sound

Words: 2497 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62620579

Incarcerated Mentally Ill Patients

It may sound unbelievable, but on any given day, scholars estimate that almost 70,000 inmates in U.S. prisons are psychotic; and up to 300,000 suffer from mental disorders like depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorders. In fact, the U.S. penal system holds three times more people with mental illness than the nation's entire psychiatric hospitals (Kanapaux, 2004). Indeed one of the most telling trends, say some sociologists, is to incarcerate the mentally ill in order to remove them from society. This is sometimes the only alternative because public mental health hospitals have neither the space nor the funding to treat this special population. In fact, the very nature of incarceration tends to have a more traumatic effect on the individual, causing additional damage to their fragile psyche. omen, it appears, are especially vulnerable. These women have often been victimized during an abusive childhood and succession of relationships.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Majority of Mentall Ill Inmates Don't Get Treatment. (2010, April 7). Retrieved October 2011, from Physorg.com: http://www.physorg.com/news189882907.html

ACLU. (2007, January 30). Solitary Confinment Called Inappropriate for Mentally Ill. Retrieved October 2011, from ACLU.org: http://www.aclu.org/prisoners-rights/solitary-confinement-called-inappropriate-mentally-ill-prisoners-indiana

American Psychatric Assocaition. (2000). Psychiatric Services in Jails and Prisons. Washington, DC: American Psychatric Press.

American Psychiatric Association. (2006, December). The Use of Restraint and Seculusion in Correctional Mental Health Care. Retrieved October 2011, from Pysch.org: http://www.psych.org/lib_archives/archives/200605.pdf
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Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Effect

Words: 1957 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64449890

08% or higher. Blood Alcohol content is the concentrated amount of alcohol in the blood, and this number can be assessed via chemical and Breathalyzer tests. Though this limit was previously as high as.10% in some states, even the lowered limit is not adequate to prevent alcohol related vehicle accidents. In fact, law enforcement officials classify an accident as alcohol related if a driver's blood alcohol content was.01%, or two drinks, or higher. Though some groups praise the.08% law as one of the biggest steps in drunk driving prevention, other groups believe a no tolerance policy should be adopted for operating under the influence of alcohol, similar to the policy that is already in effect for minors.

The physiological effects of alcohol do not begin at.08%. In fact, they begin at much lower blood alcohol content levels. According to Brown University, moodiness increases at.02-.03%; fatigue, delayed reaction time, and errors…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Academy of Pediatrics. "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects."

Pediatrics. 91.5(1993): 1004-1006.

Fetal Alcohol Information." Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. 2006. Centers for Disease Control. 6 May 2008. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fas/fasask.htm.

Proposition 65." Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. n.d. California
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Dollar Depreciation Economic Effects of

Words: 3472 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80386088

However, if one expands their outlook to a global perspective, the is only a correction and will help to strengthen the position of other currencies. As the U.S. dollar grows weaker, other currencies grow stronger. The depreciating dollar may cause Americans to alter their lifestyle, however, from a global perspective; the situation is not that dire.

One of the key concerns for investors has been what will happen to commodity futures. According to Abacus Consulting Services and Los Angeles Chinese Learning Center (2005), commodities will be bullish. Commodity prices will increase as the U.S. dollar decreases. However, there was little to support this opinion. Their opinion is based on past trends that indicate that commodity prices are inversely proportional to whether the U.S. economy is in an inflationary or deflationary mode. They point out that during the Great Depression, commodity prices doubles from 1932 to 1934.

Factors that Could Affect…… [Read More]

References

Abacus Consulting Services and Los Angeles Chinese Learning Center. (2005). Commodity Futures. Retrieved November 29, 2007 at  http://chinese-school.netfirms.com/commodities-market.html 

Congressional Budget Office. 2004. Current Economic Projections, 2004-2014. Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2005 to 2014. January 2004. Section 2 of 14. Retrieved November 29, 2007 at http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdoc.cfm?index=4985&type=0&sequence=1.

Corsetti, G. (2007). The anatomy of dollar depreciation. November 6, 2007. Voxeu.org. Retrieved November 29, 2007 at http://www.voxeu.org/index.php?q=node/699.

Goldberg, L. & Dillon, E. (2007). Why a Dollar Depreciation May Not Close the U.S. Trade Deficit. Federal Reserve Bank of New York. 13 (5), 1-7. Retrieved November 29, 2007 at http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/current_issues/ci13-5.pdf.
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Power Sound Feel In

Words: 1226 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74833582

power ? Sound ? Feel ? In Discussion, examine a situation involving demonstrations power influences power dynamics. You propose strategies enhancing individual's power base efficacious interactions.

Power is one of the most important concepts in the contemporary society, especially considering that the present-day economic ideology dominating the world gradually influenced more and more individuals to direct their attention toward the material aspect of life. Authority has a strong influence over every-day life and generally shapes the way that the world as a whole functions. Social structures promote the idea of power and humanity practically reached a point where power is an integral part of the world.

This essay is going to address an instance involving three families with a one-year-old in which the husband needs to look after the material aspect while the wife needs to stay at home with the baby. By addressing the idea of power and by…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Adams, S. (2010). Women First, Men Last: Feminism's War on Men and Its Devastating Effects. Steven Adams.

Bonifacio, G.T. (2012). Feminism and Migration: Cross-Cultural Engagements. Springer.

McCloskey, L.A. Socioeconomic and Coercive Power within the Family. Gender and Society Vol. 10, No. 4 (Aug., 1996), pp. 449-463

Mitchell, R.K., Agle, B.R., Chrisman, J.J., & Spence, L.J. Business Ethics Quarterly Vol. 21, No. 2, (April, 2011), pp. 235-255 DOI: 10.5840/beq201121215
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Physiological Effects and Treatments for

Words: 902 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68982866



Different routes of cocaine administration can produce different adverse effects. egularly snorting cocaine, for example, can lead to loss of sense of smell, nosebleeds, problems with swallowing, hoarseness, and an overall irritation of the nasal septum, which can lead to a chronically inflamed, runny nose. Ingested cocaine can cause severe bowel gangrene, due to reduced blood flow. Persons who inject cocaine have puncture marks and tracks, most commonly in their forearms. Intravenous cocaine users may also experience an allergic reaction, either to the drug, or to some additive in street cocaine, which can result, in severe cases, in death. Because cocaine has a tendency to decrease food intake, many chronic cocaine users lose their appetites and can experience significant weight loss and malnourishment. The human liver combines cocaine and alcohol and manufactures a third substance, cocaethylene, which intensifies cocaine's euphoric effects 3. The mixture of cocaine and alcohol is the…… [Read More]

References

1. Quaglio G, Lugoboni F, Pajusco B, Fornasiero a, Mezzelani P, Lechi a. [Clinical manifestations of cocaine abuse]. Ann Ital Med Int. Oct-Dec 2004;19(4):291-301; quiz 302-293.

2. White SM, Lambe CJ. The pathophysiology of cocaine abuse. J Clin Forensic Med. Mar 2003;10(1):27-39.

3. Velasquez EM, Anand RC, Newman WP, 3rd, Richard SS, Glancy DL. Cardiovascular complications associated with cocaine use. J La State Med Soc. Nov-Dec 2004;156(6):302-310; quiz 311.

4. Sofuoglu M, Kosten TR. Novel approaches to the treatment of cocaine addiction. CNS Drugs. 2005;19(1):13-25.
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Positive Effects of Extracurricular Activity

Words: 4686 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48354620



Objectives

During the proposed study's process, the researcher plans to fulfill the following objectives.

Objective 1: Address each of the proposed study's research questions during literature review:

Examine the effect athletic participation has on student GPAs;

Identify the effect athletic participation has on student DC CAS math scores;

Determine the effect athletic participation has on student DC CAS English eading scores;

Explore the effect music participation has on student GPAs;

Investigate the effect music participation has on student DC CAS math scores;

Discover the effect music participation has on student DC CAS English eading scores.

Objective 2:

Complete study with 150 tenth grade student participants in the first semester of school year 2008-2009.

Objective 3:

Analyze test results and compare with findings from literature reviewed.

One of the Best Investments

Despite current reported budget cuts and constraints in education, high school activity programs continue to constitute one of the best…… [Read More]

References

Baker, Christina. (2008, August). Under-represented college students and extracurricular involvement: the effects of various student organizations on academic performance. Social Psychology of Education, Volume 11 (3). Retrieved January 27, 2009 at http://www.springerlink.com/content/b6432j1361233004/

The case for extracurricular activities. (2008). National Federation of State High School Association. Retrieved January 23, 2009 at http://richwoodstrack.com/extracurricular_case.htm

The Columbia World of Quotations. (1996). Columbia University Press, New York. Retrieved January 27, 2009 from www.bartleby.com/66/.

Draper, Michelle. (2008, September 7). Vic: Principals link mental health to academic achievement. (www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=publication:%22AAP+General+News+(Australia)%22&sort=DT&sortdir=DAAP General News (Australia). Retrieved January 28, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-156068940.html
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Negative Effects of Television on

Words: 2867 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52362366

For small amounts of viewing, achievement increased with viewing, but as viewing increased beyond a certain point, achievement decreased. That function was found for each of the 3 ages studied, but optimal viewing time -- the apex of the function - was different at each age and decreased with the age of the students. (Razel, 2001)

Research Showing Positive Effects on Children

On the other hand, there is some research that disagrees that television has a profound negative effect on a child's behavior, health and cognitive ability. This research does not support the hypothesis that television is bad for children. There is observation

Television and Children 7 research that shows that television can be a positive influence in a child's learning process. The television can inform, entertain, and educate children in many ways.

Even though there is an abundance of children's shows that promote violence and other generally un-educational topics,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Comstock, George A., Eli A. Rubinstien, and John P. Murray. Television and Social Behavior: Television's Effects: Further Explorations. Rockville, MD: National Institute of Mental Health, 1972.

2. Winn, Marie. The Plug-In Drug. New York, NY: Viking Penguin Press, 1985.

3. Children and the News Retreived July 26, 2006 at http://aacap.org/page.ww?name=Children+and+The+News&section=Facts+for+Families

4. Razel, M. (2001). The complex model of television viewing and educational achievement. Journal of Educational Research, 94, 371-379.
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Deployment on Military Families Cause Deployment Effect

Words: 1366 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51479252

Deployment on Military Families

Cause (Deployment) Effect (Stress on Families / Children)

The stress on military families when the father or mother is deployed -- whether the deployment is to a war zone or to another place -- can be very intense and psychologically stressful. There is a great deal of literature on what military families experience before, during, and after deployment, and this paper provides several peer-reviewed articles that discuss and assess the situations that military families must deal with during deployment. Thesis: families left at home when a military parent is deployed face social and psychological issues that do not necessarily end when that parent returns from deployment; however, there are strategies to reduce the stress once the parent returns home from the deployment.

The Literature -- Psychological Adjustment for Children

The psychological adjustments that children must make -- especially children with "…preexisting psychological conditions" such as depression…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hinojosa, Ramon, Hinojosa, Melanie Sberna, and Hognas, Robin S. "Problems with Veteran-

Family Communication During Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom

Military Deployment." Military Medicine, 177.2 (2012): 191-197.

Lincoln, Alan, Swift, Erika, and Shorteno-Fraser, Mia. "Psychological Adjustment and Treatment of Children and Families With Parents Deployed in Military Combat." Journal
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Lucifer Effect Most People Who

Words: 1072 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5345607

Even when some people decided enough was enough, the authority figure would tell the 'teacher' that the full responsibility was that of the experimenter, the 'teacher' would not be responsible and thus the shocks continued.

There is some basis to believe that people simply want to please others whom they believe to be superior to them. There is also the need to conform to certain group rules in order to feel that we are accepted. However, Zimbardo also claims that people don't need a group to influence us; he believes that there is a lot of influence that comes from a single source -- another person, which was the case in the Milgram experiment. There was not a group urging these 'teachers' on; there was one man in a laboratory coat whom the 'teachers' believed to be of some kind of powerful and intelligent person.

The shocking results from the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Experiment Resources. "Milgram Experiment Ethics." Experiment Resources. Web.

2010. Accessed on November 12, 2010: http://www.experiment-

resources.com/milgram-experiment-ethics.html

Experiment Resources. "Stanley Miglram Experiment (1961)." Experiment Resources.
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Custom Animation and Transition Effects

Words: 344 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85411872

It would bring immediacy and focus to that specific part of the presentation. It would be inappropriate to use custom animation on each slide.

The same general rule applies to the use of transition effects in PowerPoint. It's best used as a pacing method to ensure the slides match the tempo and rhythm of the slides' content. The over-use of transition effects can actually make a slide presentation more difficult to read and understand. Transition effects in the context of the launch of a new car would best be used to bring in a sticker price icon to show the price competitiveness of the model, or the inclusion of new features like an XM Satellite Radio. The use of transition effects could also show how the dealer base for a given car manufacturer is growing quickly throughout countries of interest. The bottom line of each of these effects is that…… [Read More]

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Uncontrollable Urge The Effect of the Imp

Words: 2152 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82064608

Uncontrollable Urge: The Effect of the Imp of the Perverse on Manifestations of Horror and Terror

In many of his works, Poe often explores fears through a combination of horror and terror. Through intricate storytelling, Poe explores the effects that horror, terror, and impulsivity have on the narrators in "The Imp of the Perverse," "The Tell-Tale Heart," and "The Black Cat."

"The Imp of the Perverse," like "The Tell-Tale Heart" and "The Black Cat," attempts to provide a logical explanation as to why the narrator acted as he did. In this case, the narrator begins by attempting to explain the role that phrenology, a science that attempts to establish and define the correlation between a person's character and the morphology of the skull, has and its unprecedented failure to explain why people can be impulsive ("The History of Morphology"). The narrator instead argues that "[t]he intellectual or logical man, rather…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"The Gothic Experience." Department of English. Brooklyn College. 24 October 2002. Web.

Accessed 17 March 2012.

"The History of Phrenology." 28 September 2006. Web. Accessed 17 March 2012.

Poe, Edgar Allan. "The Black Cat." Complete Tales and Poems of Edgar Allan Poe. New York:
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Social Media and Its Effects on the Developing Brain

Words: 1810 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78519610

Social Network and Its Effects on the Developing Brain

The enhancing quantity of time kids are investing on computer systems in their home and institution has actually raised concerns about how using computer innovation might make a distinction in their lives-- from assisting with research to triggering depression to motivating terrible habits. This short article offers a review of the restricted study on the impacts of personal computer use on kids' physical development. Preliminary study recommends, for instance, that access to computer systems enhances the overall quantity of time kids invest in front of a TV or computer screen at the expenditure of other individual tasks, therefore putting them at danger for excessive weight. At the exact same time, intellectual study recommends that playing video game can be an essential foundation to computer proficiency due to the fact that it boosts kids' capability to check out and picture images in…… [Read More]

References

Deadwyler, S.A. (2008) 'Systemic and nasal delivery of Orexin -- A (Hypocretin-1) reduces the effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance in nonhuman primates', Journal of Neuroscience, 27 (52): 14239 -- 47.

Linn, S. And Poussaint, A.F. (1999). The Trouble With Teletubbies. The American prospect. May 1, 1999. June.

Sigman, A. (2007a) Remotely Controlled: How Television Is Damaging Our Lives, Vermilion, London

Sigman, A. (2007b) 'Visual voodoo: the biological impact of watching television', The Biologist, 54 (1): 14 -- 19
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Flapper Movement the Effect of the Flappers

Words: 8916 Length: 28 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71316040

Flapper Movement

The Effect of the Flappers on Today's Women

The 1920's in the U.S. And UK can be described as a period of great change, both socially and economically. During this period the image of the women completely changed and a "new women" emerged who appears to have impacted social changes occurring in future generations of both men and women. This new symbol of the women was the Flapper. The Flapper was a new type of young woman that was rebellious, fun, bold and outspoken (Zeitz, 2006). This research paper explains the rise and fall of the Flapper in the 1920's, explores its historical and current impact on women in terms of culture, work, gender and social behavior and reflects on its long-term impact of the position of today's women.

Evolution of the Flapper

Flappers, most often characterized as the "New Woman," originally emerged in the 1920s in the…… [Read More]

References

Allen, F.L. (1957). Only yesterday: An informal history of the nineteen-twenties. New York:

Harper and Row.

Baughm J.S. (1996). American decades: 1920-1929. New York: Manly.

Bliven, B. (1925, September 9).FlapperJane. New Republic, pp. 65-67.
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Gene Criminal Determining the Effect

Words: 1720 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22977372

Through the maintenance of proper scientific and ethical standards, the knowledge gained from this research could revolutionize the field of criminal justice and public rehabilitative systems.

eferences

Lowenstein, L. (2003). "The Genetic Aspects of Criminality." Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 8(1), pp. 63-78.

Peele, S. & DeGrandpre, . (1995). "My genes made me do it." Psychology today 28(4), pp. 50-7.

Pieri, E. & Levitt, M. (2008). "isky individuals and the politics of genetic research into aggressiveness and violence." Bioethics 22(9), pp. 509-18.

eif, A.; osler, M.; Freitag, C.; Schneider, M.; Eujen, M.; Kissling, C.; Wenzler, D.; Jacob, C.; etz-Junging, O.; Thome, J.; Lesch, K. & etz, W. (2007). "Nature and Nurture Predispose to Violent Behavior: Serotonergic Genes and Adverse Childhood Environment." Neuropsychopharmacology 32(11). pp. 2375-83.

eitz, W.; eitz-Junginger, P.; Supprian, T.; Thorne, J. & osler, M. (2004). "Association of serotonin transporter promoter gene polymorphism with violence: relation…… [Read More]

References

Lowenstein, L. (2003). "The Genetic Aspects of Criminality." Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 8(1), pp. 63-78.

Peele, S. & DeGrandpre, R. (1995). "My genes made me do it." Psychology today 28(4), pp. 50-7.

Pieri, E. & Levitt, M. (2008). "Risky individuals and the politics of genetic research into aggressiveness and violence." Bioethics 22(9), pp. 509-18.

Reif, A.; Rosler, M.; Freitag, C.; Schneider, M.; Eujen, M.; Kissling, C.; Wenzler, D.; Jacob, C.; Retz-Junging, O.; Thome, J.; Lesch, K. & Retz, W. (2007). "Nature and Nurture Predispose to Violent Behavior: Serotonergic Genes and Adverse Childhood Environment." Neuropsychopharmacology 32(11). pp. 2375-83.
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Corporate Risk Management Adverse Effects

Words: 669 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60745516

The greatest risk to the research and development department is therefore a loss of creativity, innovation, and accurate estimation of market trends. Internal factors that could influence these functions include stress. Employees who are required to be innovative and creative on a constant basis may suffer from burn out and stress, severely affecting their work. Internally, the demands of the department may therefore affect employees adversely. The rest of the organization is then affected in terms of product quality. When research and development are not carried out effectively, new products and services may not meet market demands in a sufficiently targeted manner. The result is then financial losses to the company, as the market interest diminishes. Furthermore, threats from competitive companies are increased when the research and development department does not function on an optimal level. The rest of the organization is then at risk of financial hardship, which may…… [Read More]

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E-Learning_how Technology Effects Education the Internet Allows

Words: 1164 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15597055

E-Learning_How Technology effects education

The internet allows for more information to be spread at a lower cost

The internet allows for constant communication between teachers and students

The internet allows for greater convenience of study and more engaging lessons

Spreading information at low cost

Textbooks cost more than publishing text on the internet

The internet provides cost-effective publishing options for educational materials

Bates, 2005, p. 8 citation

Classrooms cost more to maintain than web hosting

Constant communication

Today's world is defined by an ability and expectation to be constantly available

Development of the internet and smart phones influences today's constantly connected culture

i. Mealy, Loller (Eds.), 2000, p. 233 citation

IV. Greater convenience

A. Students can learn on their own schedule at a location of their choosing

B. Students can engage in multimedia lesson presentation, thus engaging their interests

a. By providing easily-accessed multimedia integration, students do not find their…… [Read More]

References

Bates, T. (2005). Technology, e-learning and distance education (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.

E-learning in tertiary education: where do we stand?. (2005). Paris: OECD.

Kwan, R. (2008). Enhancing learning through technology: research on emerging technologies and pedagogies. Singapore: World Scientific.

Mealy, L., & Loller, B. (Eds.). (2000). E-learning: expanding the training classroom through
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Positive Effects of Green Energy Green Energy

Words: 2643 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62313616

Positive Effects of Green Energy

Green energy (such as wind, water, and solar power, as well as other sustainable options) has become a hot topic and a "buzz word" recently. Even though it may seem that everyone is talking about green energy, few people are actually doing anything about it. hile it has been seen in the news, it has not been seen in the fields and oceans where it can be harnessed and used. There are some wind turbines in use in specific states across the U.S., and there are places where water has been dammed up in order to provide electricity. Solar panels can be viewed in some places around the country, too, but there are no large scale projects currently underway to provide green energy to a significant portion of the public - and that is something that more and more people find disturbing. Solar energy, for…… [Read More]

Works Cited

30 facts about solar energy. 2008. Alternative Energy Sources.

Brodeur et al. 2008. Rise and fall of jellyfish in the eastern Bering Sea in relation to climate regime shifts. Progress in Oceanography, 77, 2-3: 103-111.

Healy, J. Kevin and Tapick, Jeffrey M. 2004. Climate change: It's not just a policy issue for corporate counsel -- It's a legal problem, 29 Columbia Journal of Environmental Law 89, 96.

Interstate Renewable Energy Council. 1993. Procurement Guide for Renewable Energy Systems. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
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Gender Effect on Job Satisfaction and Leadership

Words: 729 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59881950

Leaders have important roles at different ranks in organizations. A manager's leadership style has an effect on the work and attitudes of employees. Leaders ought to lead their subordinates in a manner that makes them happy to carry out their responsibilities. The thesis statement for the purpose is given as follows. "Any organization should aim to acquire and retain the best talent and effective leadership ensures that good employees are kept happy and satisfied at their positions." (Shagufta Parvenn & Adeel Tariq, 2012).

Gender Stereotyping

Gender and sex are often viewed as interchangeable terms. This is not correct as there are nuances to the meaning of each word. The World Health Organization's definition of gender encompasses the roles, activities, attributes and behaviors that the society appropriates to men and women. Sex, on the other hand, is physiological and biological characteristics defining men and women. Sex is denoted by 'Female or…… [Read More]

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Domestic Violence and the Effect on Children

Words: 1823 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53667884

Abstract
Children who are victims of domestic violence situations often experience trauma and need help to cope with the lives and the negative experiences they feel. They will turn to abusing drugs and alcohol or engage in risky sexual activity in order to try to escape their trauma. In some cases, they lash out at their environment in response to the strain they are feeling. This can lead them to a life of crime and eventually to time served in prison. Understanding these issues and learning ways to help children who are victims of domestic violence is one way to make a positive difference in their lives and help communities to overcome their struggles.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV, 2017), there is a domestic violence situation occurring every twenty minutes in the U.S. In many cases, domestic violence…… [Read More]