Filter By:

Sort By:

Reset Filters

South Africa Essays (Examples)

Having trouble coming up with an Essay Title?

Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly

Women Leadership and Policy in the Energy Sector
Words: 5993 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 56640460
Read Full Paper  ❯

Solving South Africa's Energy Resource Crisis
The subject of this case study is the role of women in power in South Africa’s energy sector. This case study will answer the question of whether or not South Africa’s first female appointed Minsiter of Minerals and Energy, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, is responsible for the ejection of the foreign national powers which previously controlled South Africa’s energy sector. There is a considerable amount of evidence which suggests that Mlambo-Ngcuka had an influential role in this occurrence. Nonetheless, it must be examined in scope and in the context of the displacement of these predominantly male foreign nationals from controlling South Africa’s energy supply.
Therefore, the decision point of this case study is based around the actions that Mlambo-Ngcuka might have taken which produced this result. Not long after she came to power she was responsible for creating a Women’s Energy Group which helped to…

Bacchi, C. (1999). Women, policy and politics. New York, New York: Sage
Brislin, R. & Worthley, R., MacNab, B. (2006). Cultural intelligence: Understanding behaviors that serve people’s goals, group & organization management. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks: 31, 1 (40-56).
Caiazza, A. (2008). The challenge to act: How progressive women activists reframe american democracy. Institute for Women’s Policy Research, Washington, DC.
Cannon, K.G. (1988). Black womanist ethics. (American Academy of Religion Academy Series) 60, Chapter 6, Atlanta, Scholars Press. (2018). Petroleum sources overview. Retrieved from
Ferguson, K. (1984). The feminist case against bureaucracy. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Heidi Hartmann, Editor Gendering Politics and Policy: Recent Developments in Europe, Latin America, and the United States, Journal of Women, Politics and Policy Volume 27, Numbers ½, The Haworth Political Press.
Howes, C. (2009). Who will care for the women? Journal of Women, Politics & Policy, 3, 2-3 (248-271).

Engaging Difference The Khoisan Cultural Group
Words: 3393 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 49129576
Read Full Paper  ❯

There were many groups of people that lived around the South African shores and beyond, long before settlers set foot there. The people named the Khoisan were expert gatherers and hunters while other nomadic tribes also had made home, the coastal strip and the hinterland (Schapera, 1965). Khoisan is a name that was coined from combining the Khoikhoi and the San communities which shared their culture and language. However, it should not be construed that the two were, in any way, a homogenous group. Indeed, they lived separately from each other. They also had different means of survival on the land.
The Khoikhoi people were renowned pastoralists. They kept large cattle herds across the country that they occupied. It has been documented that the Khoikhoi migrated to South Africa from Botswana. Others are said to have moved to the Cape via the Kalahari. Another group headed towards the uplands…

Bibliography. Abc-clio.
Hobson, J. (2018). Venus in the dark: Blackness and beauty in popular culture. Routledge.
Itumeleng, D. K. (2017). DEATH, MOURNING AND BURIAL RITES AMONGST THE KHOISAN PEOPLE OF BOTSWANA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY. Marang: Journal of Language and Literature, 29, 70-78.
Lee, R. B. (2003). “Indigenous rights and the politics of identity in post-apartheid southern Africa.” In At the Risk of Being Heard: Identity, Indigenous Rights, and Postcolonial States. The University of Michigan Press: Ann Arbor, 80-111.
Maylam, P. (2017). South Africa\\'s racial past: The history and historiography of racism, segregation, and apartheid. Routledge.
McGranaghan, M. (2015). ‘Hunters-with-sheep’: The| Xam Bushmen of South Africa between pastoralism and foraging. Africa, 85(3), 521-545.
Russell, T. (2017). ‘Where goats connect people’: Cultural diffusion of livestock not food production amongst southern African hunter-gatherers during the Later Stone Age. Journal of Social Archaeology, 17(2), 115-137.
Sadr, K.. (1997). Kalahari archaeology and the Bushman debate. Current Anthropology 38: 104-I2
Schapera, I. (1965). The Khoisan Peoples of South Africa: Bushmen and Hottentots (Vol. 1). Routledge & Kegan Paul.

South Sudan in Your View Based on
Words: 625 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38151398
Read Full Paper  ❯

South Sudan

In your view, based on what you have seen on the media, journals, etc. Please explain in a short statement; what are the roles of tribal politics/identities, natural resources and the system of distribution resources in the violence in South Sudan?

South Sudan has a rich natural resource base. Oil reserves, estimated to be among the largest in the continent, were recently discovered, not forgetting the large amounts of resources that have over the years remained untapped due to recurring wars and conflict. These natural resources, however, are the main cause of conflict between the country's top political powerhouses; President Salva Kiir of the Dinka community, and Riak Machar of the Nuer Community. The violence currently being experienced, and which can rightly be referred to as an ethnic war between the Dinka and the Nuer, is as a result of the rivalry between these two, both of whom…

Violence at Schools in South
Words: 4378 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58268265
Read Full Paper  ❯

..This perspective is from the U.S.A.; in Europe, violence in school and the concern about violence may not be at similar levels, but it is undoubtedly a topic of major concern (Smith, 2003, p. 1).

This article also makes the important point that school is intended as a developmental and educational environment and that violence in its various forms negatively effects and detracts from the goals of education.

Another general work that adds to the underlying body of knowledge on this topic is Stealing the Show? Crime and Its Impact in Post-Apartheid South Africa by Mark Shaw and Peter Gastrow (2001). Among others, this study makes a cogent assessment of the way that crime and violence is measured and reported in South Africa.

Most researchers assume that official crime statistics -- that is, those collected and released by the South African Police Service -- provide a poor indication of levels…


Abbink, J. & Kessel, I.V. (Eds.). (2005). Vanguard or Vandals: Youth, Politics, and Conflict in Africa. Boston: Brill. Retrieved January 3, 2009, from Questia database: /PM.qst?a=o&d=114080610

Bility K.M. (1999) School Violence and Adolescent Mental Health in South Africa: Implications for School Health Programs. "http: Sociological Practice, Vol. 01, No, 4, pp. 285-303

Carton, B. (2003). The Forgotten Compass of Death: Apocalypse Then and Now in the Social History of South Africa. Journal of Social History, 37(1), 199+. Retrieved January 3, 2009, from Questia database:

Why Is Africa'so Poor
Words: 5480 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73371208
Read Full Paper  ❯

Africa so Poor?

Why is it that Africa, despite the aid and help and support that she gets from different sources all over the world, is still very much impoverished and in a state of poverty even now? It is a fact that this continent has been availing of outside help and has also been a site where numerous large-scale experiments have been performed over the years in order to improve and reform its economy for its innate betterment, but it has still remained in the same condition in which it has been existing all these pats few centuries. The truth is that none of the above experiments have been able to succeed in achieving a sustained and continuous economic growth in Africa and this has also led to the astonishing fact that most African three dozen nations are, today, even poorer than they were during the 1980's. It is…


African Alternative Framework to Structural Adjustment Programs for Socio-Economic Recovery and Transformation. Retrieved From  Accessed on 28 February, 2005

Africa's Development Crisis. Retrieved From Accessed on 28 February, 2005

Basu, Anupam; Calamitsis, Evangelos A; Ghura, Dhaneshwar. Promoting Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Monetary Fund. August 2000. Retrieved From  / Accessed on 27 February, 2005

Funding for AIDS in Africa
Words: 3546 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 1779188
Read Full Paper  ❯

The weaker segments in Africa, women and children, were and are the worst hit by HIV / AIDS, which then is spread to the families and communities. (Bage 2004)

Dealing with this is a great scientific, social, and moral challenge that every organization and country, especially developed countries must rise up to. It is time to mobilize resources and contribute to make changes in the policies so that we at the United Nations can do something worthwhile to combat Africa's problem with this disease. There were commercial interests earlier that would not allow the developed nations to provide subsidized medicine. For instance the United States, there was a stance that there could be no recognition of the problem and a denial of need. This was followed by a policy that placed the solving of the problem on the affected countries. Until George W. Bush, the United States and many developed…


Bage, Lennart. 2004. HIV / AIDS in Africa: Shifting the Horizons of Development. UN

Chronicle, vol. 41, no. 3. September-November, pp: 49-54.

DeConde, Alexander. 1963. A History of American Foreign Policy. Charles Scribner's

Sons: New York.

African Beginnings Africa Was the
Words: 8160 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 90731928
Read Full Paper  ❯

This can be traced to the conservative view that lacks have in fact no real history in comparison to the richness and significance of European history. "As astonishing as it seems most of the prestigious academics and universities in Europe and America have ridiculed the idea that blacks have any substantive history."

This derogatory view has its roots as well in the colonial attitude that tended to see all lack people as inferior in status and 'ignorant' in order to justify the intrusion and invasion of their lands and territories.

In other words, the justification for conquest and what was in reality the theft of African land and wealth was provided to a great extent by the ' rewriting' of iblical texts. lacks were cast as 'heathen' people who had not achieved the enlightenment that the white group had attained through the ible and Christianity and therefore lacks were seen…


"African Heritage: The Original African Heritage Study Bible,"  (accessed September 20, 2010).

BibleGateway, Genesis 2:10- 14,  (accessed September 20, 2010).

"BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES," , (accessed September 20, 2010).

Total 3000 Words Organisation - Telkom South
Words: 3168 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20351831
Read Full Paper  ❯

total 3000 words: Organisation - Telkom South Africa Questions strategy theory applicacable models 1. Undertake a resource based analysis Telkom, South African telecommunications company comment implications analysis future strategy organisation

Telkom South Africa

The telecommunications industry is the fastest growing industry at an international level. It relies on innovation and developments and it impacts all aspects of life. The telecommunications industry in the Western Hemisphere is generically assumed as the leader of the world, possessing the most impressive resources and developing the most impressive technologies. Aside from the United States however, intense telecommunications is also present in Japan, China or ussia.

In the global discussion of telecommunications, South Africa is often overlooked as a region noteworthy of attention. Nevertheless, the African continent does possess an impressive telecommunications company, which operates in 38 countries and which could easily pose competition to the more commonly known westerner companies. This is the Telkom…


Barney, J.B., Clark, D.N., 2007, Resource-based theory: creating and sustaining competitive advantage, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0199277680

Doole, I., Lowe, R., International marketing strategy: analysis, development and implementation, 5th edition, Cengage Learning EMEA, ISBN 1844807630

Grant, R.M., 2005, Contemporary strategy analysis, 5th edition, Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN 1405119993

Kinyanjui, K., 2011, Telkom South Africa's internet sector merger intensifies surf wars, All Africa,  last accessed on August 3, 2011

HIV AIDS in South
Words: 1153 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76499556
Read Full Paper  ❯

Needless to underline the difficulty of the this challenge.

Another author who is concerned with why the prevention programmes fail in this specific cultural environment is Catherine Campbell. She believes that while external help is fundamental, so is mobilizing the local community is the direction of prevention. Peer education made in informal scenery is believed to be the first necessary step. Another step would imply reaching the target represented by children and teenagers. This means "promoting peer education in a formal school setting" as well. "Mobilizing stakeholders to prevent HIV" is the third measure which she takes into consideration. "In the past few years, some development practitioners and agencies have attempted to acknowledge the complex and contested nature of local communities through the growing popularity of the concept of the "multi-stakeholder community." The recognition that geographical areas are often home to a range of different "stakeholders" represents an important first…


Attwood, G. REFLECT- Learning circles in the Malealea Community Development project

Campbell, C. Letting them die: why HIV / AIDS intervention programmes fail. Google Books. Retrieved October 5, 2010 from 

Dunton, C. - Audio

Epstein, H. The invisible cure. Retrieved October 7, 2010 from

Islam developing trade routes in Africa and Asia
Words: 1736 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73133142
Read Full Paper  ❯

Spread of Islam in Africa and Asia Along Trade Routes

The Islam religion spread in Asia and Africa mainly due to trade of such goods as spices, gold, as also due to slaves. The advantages of proximity with the greatly profitable and powerful traders of the Islam religion triggered the conversions of merchants and rulers' into Muslims. Islam spread slowly; it took centuries, but in most places where the conversion took place, people still hold on to the religion (Debrouse). This paper explores the reasons of spread of Islam religion along Asian and African trade routes, particularly centering on the success of Islam in Middle Asia.
Early Trade Connections

Since the era of Muhammad, it has been believed that trade is closely related to the religion as well as its development. Inmecca, the people of the Qurayshtribe were leaders in business. They extended their connections and influence to Syria and…

Ending Terrorism in Africa
Words: 2124 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16280324
Read Full Paper  ❯

In the three regional organizations in Africa discussed here, it is important that these entities reaffirm their commitment in joining the war against crime and the fight against terrorist groups; which are an obstacle to the success of Africa's economies (Fulgence, 2015). There is a lot of work cut out for sub-Saharan African countries which are grappling with abject poverty. They have plenty of work to do to attain middle income status in their economies.

The terms of economic cooperation vision would have been trained on food production to fight hunger among populations that are growing fast, reducing poverty levels through a host of economic interventions aimed at reducing unemployment and boosting production. With respect to political cooperation, the organizations in question have plenty of work to do in areas of the rule of law and reduction of abuses against human rights (Fulgence, 2015). Incidence of civil unrest, wars; both…

Why Does Ghana Has Less AIDS in the Sub-Saharan Africa
Words: 1000 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9618147
Read Full Paper  ❯

AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa?

AIDS in Ghana

AIDS, or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, has devastated much of Africa, hitting this continent worse than any other in the world. In fact, in the year 2000, 80% of the world's total AIDS-related deaths were within Africa. (C 2000) One of the areas hit the hardest by this virus has been the Sub-Saharan region. Ghana, within that region, has also been ravaged by AIDS, but it has a significantly lower percentage of AIDS cases than much of the rest of Africa. While the AIDS within Ghana has many of the same causes and effects on the people who are infected with the disease, it is a unique situation within Africa because of its particular effects on the women of the country, and the fact that there are comparatively fewer AIDS cases within this country.

The first reported cases of AIDS in Ghana were…


BBC. 2003. "Africa's Aids burden." UK: BBC News, Retreived December 1, 2003. ( )

Ghana AIDS Commission [1]. 2003. "Brief Statistics on HIV / AIDS." Ghana: Ghana AIDS Commission, Retreieved December 1, 2003. ( )

Ghana AIDS Commission [2]. 2003. "Women and AIDS." Ghana: Ghana AIDS Commission, Retreieved December 1, 2003. ( )

Ofeibea Quirst-arcton. 2003. "Aids Treatment Plan Begins In January." Accra:, Retreived December 1, 2003. ( )

Growth & Development That Africa
Words: 1569 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 76867067
Read Full Paper  ❯

Governments will not provide public goods to those they mistrust, as they will not expect to be able to collect taxes at a later date. In Africa, this again can be related to ethnic tensions -- governments and regions from different ethnic groups may have mutual mistrust that predates the colonial era.


Every nation will develop in its own way. For the most part, however, specific antecedents to development can be identified. Strong government is essential as lack of security will reduce investment -- both domestic and international -- and thus stifle economic growth. Strong government must nonetheless not confuse the rule of law with a mandate to expropriate wealth. The government will need to tax, but must do so only in accordance with the needs of the region for public goods. At some point, trust will need to be developed between the government and the people of the…

Works Cited:

Acemoglu, D. 2005. Politics and economics in weak and strong states. Journal of Monetary Economics. Vol. 52 (2005): 1199-1226.

Herbst, J. 1990. War and the state in Africa.

Acemoglu, D. & Robinson. Economic Structure and Democracy.

Aryeetey, E. 2004. Financing Africa's future growth and development: Some innovations. Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research. 1-44.

AIDS Drugs in Africa Glaxo's
Words: 891 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82440709
Read Full Paper  ❯

-- but Glaxo contends that Cipla violates the companies' patents and international intellectual- property agreements"(Boseley, 2002). In moral defense of its actions, Glaxo's CEO, told shareholders "Some people might see patents as the obstacle to getting medicines to patients in poorer countries. Nothing could be further from the truth....Even in countries where low cost generics are available millions of people are dying every year because they cannot obtain low cost generic treatments for malaria, TB and other common diseases. e should also remember that 95% of the medicines on HO's Essential Drugs List are not covered by patent protection anywhere in the world, let alone in developing countries, many of which have no effective intellectual property laws" (Samson, 2001).

Still, a recent scandal revealing that "nearly $18 million worth of reduced-price HIV drugs intended for impoverished Africans have been intercepted by profiteers and shipped back to Europe to be sold…

Works Cited

Boseley, Sarah (6 Sept. 2002). "Glaxo cuts AIDS drug prices in Africa." The Guardian. Retrieved 20 Jan 2007 at,3604,786919,00.html 

Glaxo: Cheap AIDS drugs not enough." (25 May 2001) BBC News. 

HIV Drugs for Africa Diverted to Europe. (3 Oct 2002). Centers for Disease Control.

International News. Retrieved 20 Jan 2007 at

Cultural Perceptions of Time in Africa Time
Words: 6951 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52859355
Read Full Paper  ❯

Cultural Perceptions of Time in frica

Time is a foundational factor in every culture. The perception of time is different for most cultures and the determining factor to those differences is often based on the means of production. "Most cultures have some concept of time, although the way they deal with time may differ fundamentally." (Kokole 1994, 35) Tracing the perception of the concept of time in frica can be seen as tracing the European racial prejudices of the intellect of the indigenous populations in the colonized regions of frica. Much of the information regarding the development of time concepts in frican culture is colonial and based on the European interlopers recorded ideas.

Some of those recorded ideas are those of missionaries and others are those of capitalist adventurers, with the intermittent mark of a very few true historians.

In Mali, as in many other parts of frica, there are…

Akan" is an ethnographic and linguistic term used to refer to a cluster of culturally homogenous groups living in central and southern Ghana and parts of the adjoining eastern Cote d'Ivoire. The Akan constitute two broad subcategories: the inland Asante, Bono, Akyem, Akwapem, and Kwawu, who speak the Twi, and the coastal Fante, who speak a dialect of the same name. The Akan dialects are, for the most part, mutually intelligible. Most of these ethnic groups constituted autonomous political systems in the pre-colonial period." (Adjaye 1994, 57)

Studies of Akan time perceptions and calendrical systems have been limited despite the fact that the existence of institutions and mechanisms for time-reckoning have been noted in the literature on the history and ethnography of the Akan for nearly two centuries. Beyond early sparse references by Rattray (1923) and Danquah (1968), a full-length monograph on the subject did not appear until Deborah Fink "Time and Space Measurements of the Bono of Ghana" (1974); however, the author's primary concern was with the applicability of Bono terminologies for measuring volume, weight, and time to formal education, rather than with time-marking systems P.F. Bartle brief five-page paper, "Forty Days: The Akan Calendar" (1978), was an exploratory essay into a single calendrical framework, the 40-day (adaduanan) cycle. Its treatment is consequently restrictive and limited to the 40-day calendrical structure. Similarly, Tom McCaskie "Time and the Calendar in Nineteenth-Century Asante: An Exploratory Essay" (1980) and Ivor Wilks ' "On Mentally Mapping Greater Asante: A Study of Time and Motion" (1992) are concerned primarily with a specific aspect of time: the scheduling of diplomatic and other governmental business in Asante.

(Adjaye 1994, 57)

Effecting Meaningful Change in the Global South
Words: 1920 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80342862
Read Full Paper  ❯

Future of Global Neoliberalism

One of the harsh realities of life in the 21st century is that the vast majority of the world's population continues to struggle to survive in the face of dwindling arable land and governmental policies that serve to constrain rather than promote economic development. To determine the facts, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature to explain why some theorists have maintained that the state continues to be a central agent that facilitates the advancement of global neoliberalism. A discussion concerning the rationale in support of this position, including an analysis of the possibilities and barriers that neoliberalism creates for genuine long-term sustainable human development; the objectives, strategies, and achievements of social movements as well as the barriers they face; and state-led models of development that run counter to the neoliberal agenda. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings…


Abahlal. (2009, August 7). Winning our land back -- the Landless People's

Movement wins a major court victory. Abahlali baseMjondolo. Retrieved from .

Butt, S. (2013, June 26). Incredible India: Home to modern slavery. The Real

News. Retrieved from

Infant Feeding Practices in Africa
Words: 2718 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62766667
Read Full Paper  ❯

There have been numerous debates over the right choice between breast feeding and other substitutes in the conditions of mothers infected with HIV. Due to the possibility of infecting the infant with the virus, many women prefer bottled milk or other substitutes. However, unlike western countries where the issue of hygiene is no longer a problem, not even in the remotest corners of the countries, the situation is Africa is greatly related to the idea of a clean environment for women and their newborns. In this sense, the lack of financial possibilities determines the state and the population to be unable to provide a proper environment and to be unable to afford one respectively. Thus, the milk other than the maternal one is subjected to all sorts of bacteria, viruses, and even diseases. Therefore, on the one hand, there is the risk of the child to become infected with HIV;…


Afolabi, et al. (2001) Malaria in the first 6 months of life in urban African infants with anemia. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol 65, Issue 6, 822-827. Retrieved 26 March 2008, at 

Andersson, H. (2005). Niger's children continue dying. BBC News. Retrieved 26 March 2008, at 

Andersson, H. (2005). Niger children starving to death. BBC News. Retrieved 26 March 2008, from, 

Aneki (2008) Countries with the Highest Infant Mortality Rates in the World. Aneki Web page. Retrieved 26 March 2008, at