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History Strategy
Words: 669 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16163261
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Spatial hetoric

The complex ideas of space and time are more philosophical than anything, but are no doubt necessary when discussing the unique aspects of historical review. Azarhayu & Foote (2008) addressed this issue in their research as they offered models of how to interpret historical sites using the concepts of space and time. This essay will review this article and highlight the important aspects regarding spatial rhetoric and how certain spatial strategies can be applied to modify a historical narrative for academic purposes.

Spatial hetoric

The research article was premised on the idea that actual space may dictate the historical interpretation of any single historic event. The authors wrote "historical sites provide a tangible link to the past that they evoke. In this sense, the presentation of history on-site only makes explicit that which is implicit in the local landscape." This concretization of history has certain advantages and disadvantages,…


Azaryahu, M. & Foote, K. (2008). Historical space as narrative medium: on the configuration of spatial narratives of time at historical sites. GeoJournal, 24 Sep 2008, 73: 179-194

Individuals Cognition of Spaces
Words: 1894 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70133724
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Spatial Cognition

People perceive and understand space differently depending on how it makes them feel, especially with regards to boundaries. Consequently, the definition of space changes across various individuals because every space has different meanings and feelings for every individual. In some situations where individuals may feel comfortable and at peace in one space, others may be very uncomfortable and irritated. For instance, social statues can change the feelings people obtain from the specific space. Based on this analysis, it is relatively clear that space affects people differently, which contributes to varying interpretations, definitions, and understanding of space. Therefore, when addressing spatial cognition, it is increasingly important to examine the different ways space is perceived and the varying feelings associated with it.

People's Perception of Space

As previously mentioned, people's perceptions and understanding of space differ significantly on the premise of how space affect them, especially their feelings. The difference…


Dolins, FL & Mitchell, RW 2010, Spatial cognition, spatial perception: mapping the self and space, Cambridge University Press: New York, NY.

Golledge, RG 1999, Wayfinding behavior: cognitive mapping and other spatial processes, JHU

Press: Baltimore, MD.

Khan, MM & Lodhi, SA 2014, 'Spatial, Social Cognition and Team Performance', Pakistan

Claire a Brief Case Study
Words: 1272 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 42671735
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Spatial Cognition Skills

Psychosocial Profile

Gregory is a toddler. He is the subject of this observation. He is 3 feet 2 inches tall. He weighs 38 pounds. He has blonde hair and almond shaped green eyes. He is Caucasian with a pinky-pale complexion.

While performing the observation, Gregory wore jeans, a blue tank top, brown sandals, and a blue baseball cap.

Gregory lives with his mother and father, a 4-year-old sister, a cat named Sprinkles, and a parrot named Bella. The parents have been married for five years and had their first child, Jackeline during their first year of marriage. His father is a high school teacher and is 36 years old. His mother is a housewife and is 30 years old. The mother earned her degree in English at the age of 22.

The primary care givers of Gregory are his parents with his mother taking care of him…


Ornkloo, H. & von Hofsten, C. (2007). Fitting objects into holes: On the development of spatial cognition skills. Developmental Psychology, 43(2), 404-416.

Tom Shulich Coltishhum a Comparative Study on
Words: 9196 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Chapter Paper #: 33144233
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Tom Shulich ("ColtishHum")

A comparative study on the theme of fascination with and repulsion from Otherness in Song of Kali by Dan Simmons and in the City of Joy by Dominique Lapierre


In this chapter, I examine similarities and differences between The City of Joy by Dominique Lapierre (1985) and Song of Kali by Dan Simmons (1985) with regard to the themes of the Western journalistic observer of the Oriental Other, and the fascination-repulsion that inspires the Occidental spatial imaginary of Calcutta. By comparing and contrasting these two popular novels, both describing white men's journey into the space of the Other, the chapter seeks to achieve a two-fold objective: (a) to provide insight into the authors with respect to alterity (otherness), and (b) to examine the discursive practices of these novels in terms of contrasting spatial metaphors of Calcutta as "The City of Dreadful Night" or "The City of…


Barbiani, E. (2005). Kalighat, the home of goddess Kali: The place where Calcutta is imagined twice: A visual investigation into the dark metropolis. Sociological Research Online, 10 (1). Retrieved from 

Barbiani, E. (2002). Kali e Calcutta: immagini della dea, immagini della metropoli. Urbino: University of Urbino.

Cameron, J. (1987). An Indian summer. New York, NY: Penguin Travel Library.

Douglas, M. (1966). Purity and danger: An analysis of concepts of pollution and taboo. New York, NY: Routledge & K. Paul.

GIS Systems Asset Management a Geographical Information
Words: 611 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17819366
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GIS Systems: Asset Management

A Geographical Information System (GIS) is not simply a useful tool to find one's place geographically. The best way to think of GIS as it is used in finance is as a kind of a 'smart map' that can link multiple databases and show the relationships between different bits of information (Armstrong 2008). These smart maps offer windows into the information resources of the database when users submit queries, and engage in the analysis and editing of the information (Armstrong 2008). This makes GIS a powerful business intelligence and knowledge management tool. GIS technology enables financial professionals to graphically visualize patterns, relationships and trends in the marketplace (Armstrong 2008). GIS technology is an acknowledgement of how the presentation of information affects how the mind can process information. The same data can look very different and yield different patterns than it would if it were presented in…


Armstrong, K. (2008). Using GIS technology for document and asset management.

Iron & Steel Technology, 48-53. Retrieved from

Early Childhood Development -- Curriculum
Words: 322 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 1457222
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Another important strategy is that of exploring spatial relations. In such activities, children gain a better visual and practical sense of the spatial relations within mathematics. Scholastic's article portrays two girls discussing the appropriate spatial placement of a couch in a dollhouse. Such thinking methods can be influenced utilizing activities asking the children to map their house, their school, or their neighborhood in proportions. This will help open the child's mind to a more organized way of approaching spatial relations.

Using such strategies help lay the foundations of mathematics essential for later higher levels of learning. It is important to introduce elementary topics and concepts as early as possible, without boring young children to loose their interest. Early math lessons should include engaging activities which help keep the child moving and the learning environment active.

Housing Issues for Los Angeles
Words: 2212 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 90952798
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Additionally, the creation of a trust fund for housing could help to alleviate some of the economic burden on developers in Los Angeles. As compared to other major metropolis' such as San Jose, New York, and Chicago, Los Angeles uses the least amount of federal block grant funds on affordable housing on a per person basis, with just $23 per resident (In Short Demand). In addition to adopting an inclusionary zoning ordinance, the city should also implement an in-lieu fee to help fund it. Such a fee could be an alternative method to the institution of including an affordable unit in new developments, and could be directly applied to a housing trust fund. Estimates indicate that a $7 per square foot in-lieu fee would produce a surplus of upwards of $20 million a year, and could be used to remedy the housing shortage that not only affects Latinos, but other…

Works Cited

Kushner, James. Gov. Discrimination: Equal Protection Law & Litigation. Eagan: Clark Boardman Callaghan, 2008. Print

Los Angeles Housing Department, "Program Components -- City of Los Angeles Inclusionary Zoning Ordinance. 2004. Web. 

Los Angeles Housing Department. In Short Supply: Recommendations of the Los Angeles Housing Crisis task Force. 1999. Web.

Liu, Cathy. "Ethnic Enclave Residence and Employment Accessibility of Latino Workers in Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington D.C." University of Southern California, 2008. Web.

Cognitive Behavior Abilities in Men and Women
Words: 638 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76443144
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Cognitive Behavior Abilities in Men and Women

Three major differences cognitive behavior abilities men women: higher verbal abilities, higher spatial abilities, higher arithmetical abilities

Neuropsychologists and psychologists have widely analyzed the difference in cognitive abilities expressed by members of the male and female genders. The analysis of these professionals has revealed the existence of three major cognitive differences between the genders. The differences include higher verbal abilities in women; higher arithmetic abilities in males and higher spatial abilities in males. However, the possession of superior arithmetic abilities by males has been closely related their possession of top notch spatial abilities. This implies that the differences in cognitive abilities can be condensed or summarized into two.

Close look at the differences in verbal abilities among males and females reveal that women perform best in verbal tests as compared to their male counterparts. Additionally, a woman's language development cycle is faster than…


Ackerman, P.L. (2006). Cognitive sex differences and mathematics and science achievement. American Psychologist, 61(7), 722-723.

Ballinger, T.P., Hudson, E., Karkoviata, L., & Wilcox, N.T. (2011). Saving behavior and cognitive abilities. Experimental Economics, 14 (3), 349-374.

Ana Mendieta Rape Scene
Words: 3145 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 54958669
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As a result, the invited audience was essentially being asked to play the role of the person who is shocked by such a discovery -- and insofar as they knew they were being invited by Mendieta, and probably had basic knowledge of the crime that occurred, they were also being invited to imagine that the victim of such a crime might well have been Mendieta or any other female student on campus. This is interesting insofar as it relates to an observation made by Kwon about Mendieta's early work from this period: Kwon notes that "Mendieta's use of her/the body almost always approached erasure or negation: her 'body' consistently disappeared. This is striking given that most feminist artists during the 1970s vied for visibility and self-affirming expression through figurative, literal, sometimes 'in-your-face' presence. It is curious that Mendieta traced her absence instead."[footnoteRef:5] In "Rape Scene" this is paradoxically true: the…

Works Cited

Bowers, Nancy. "Spring Break Killer: Murder of Sarah Ann Ottens, 1973.", March 2010. Web. Retrieved 24 April 2014 at: 

Butler, Cornelia and Mark, Lisa Gabrielle. WACK!: Art and the Feminist Revolution. Los Angeles: Museum of Contemporary Art and MIT Press, 2007. Print.

Chau, Monica, Feldman, Hannah J.L., Kabat, Jennifer, and Kruse, Hannah. The Subject of Rape: June 23-August 29, 1993. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1993. Print.

Deutsche, Rosalyn. "Breaking Ground: Barbara Kruger's Spatial Practice." In Kruger, Barbara. Thinking of You. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000. 77-84. Print.

Aptitude One of the Concerns in Assessing
Words: 813 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20249347
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One of the concerns in assessing general intelligence is that there is an over-emphasis upon verbal intelligence. Even if the test is not specifically a verbal IQ test, this is a concern given that fluency in the English language (and the type of English used by the test designer) may impact the test-taker's ability to interpret the instructions. The purpose of the Cultural Fair IQ test is to distill all verbal advantages from the test design, versus tests such as the test of Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence. These tests, much like Visual-Spatial Intelligence tests are designed to test a specific 'kind' of intelligence vs. general intelligence.

Everyone has different personal strengths and weaknesses and the advantage of taking separate tests is that these abilities can be more perfectly isolated and measured. It also ensures that, for example, an unusually strong spatial intelligence does not result in an artificially high score on…


Mason, E. & Wilcox, K. (2009). Intelligence: An overview. Retrieved from: 

Psych Tests Aim, Inc. (2011). Psych tests: Test yourself. Available:

Flood Assessment in the Nerang
Words: 9418 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 51158747
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The Gold Coast area has a reputation as a flood prone area, even without considering the effects of global climate change.

The Gold Coast area comprises seven major catchment areas including the Tallebudgera, Currumbin, Nerang iver, Coomera iver, Pimpama iver, South Moreton Bay, Sandy Creek and Broadwater area (Mirfenderesk, 2009). The Nerang iver catchment is adjacent to the Tallebudgers catchment to the South. It is bordered by the Broadwater and Coomera iver area to the North. The Nerang iver catchment is adjacent to the Pacific beach area as well (Mirfenderesk, 2009).

Catchment areas have different levels of tolerance before the concentration of water to sediment reaches saturation levels, creating the likelihood of flooding in the area. The Tallbudgers, Currubin, and Broadwater area have time concentrations of approximately 3 hours, creating conditions favorable to short duration local flooding (Mirfenderesk, 2009). The Nerang iver and Coomera catchments have time of concentrations from…


Abbs, D. (n.d.). The Effect of Climate Change on the Intensity of Extreme Rainfall Events.

CSIRO Atmospheric Research. White Paper.

Boesch, D., Field, J., & Scavia, D. et al. (2001). The Potential Consequences of Climate

Variabiltiy and Change on Coastal Areas and Marine Resources. NOAA's Coastal Ocean

Collaborative Setting the Individual Members of the
Words: 691 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63086823
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collaborative setting, the individual members of the team bring a variety of skills and strengths that, if effectively identified and incorporated, can result in extraordinary outcomes. The key to realizing these outcomes is for the different members of the group to understand and respect the different learning and personality styles that are brought to the group and then consider the means through which the various members can contribute.

Logical mathematical

Logical-mathematical individuals excel at identifying the relationships or connections between objects, ideas, and actions. They are able to see these relationships because of their highly-developed reasoning and logic skills. (Inspiring Breakthrough Ltd., 2003). Logical mathematical thinkers make excellent collaborators in group settings because they thrive in settings that allow them to use their abstract- and deductive-reasoning abilities to "provide solutions and to overcome complex mathematical and logical challenges as well as solv[e] critical and creative problems" (Ld Pride). They excel…


Bishop, G. (2010, November 9). Personality Spectrum. Retrieved November 11, 2010, from Coastline Community College:

Inspiring Breakthrough Ltd. (2003, May). Multiple Intelligences. Retrieved November 11, 2010, from Inspiring Breakthrough Ltd.: 

Ld Pride. (n.d.). Learning Styles. Retrieved November 11, 2010, from 

Tate, A. (2010, March 8). Communication and Collaboration. Retrieved November 11, 2010, from Lifestyle:

Developing a Lesson for Children With Learning Disabilities
Words: 1604 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 36667199
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Lesson for Children With Learning Disabilities

Developing a Lesson for Children with Learning Disabilities

Learning disability is a term misused severally. In essence, it applies to students who have different learning challenges. Most people associate learning disability to the development of a child, thus assuming that it is a short-term condition and disappears as the person matures. The accepted definition, provided by the National Adult Literacy and Learning Disability Center states that; learning disability is generic and refers to a composite group of disorders that become evident in the person; through observing that they have challenges in the acquisition and use of speaking, listening, reading, reasoning and execution of mathematical concepts, as well as, understanding social skills. As teachers process the learning procedure in class, they encounter various children with varied challenges, which constitute the learning disorders (Aster & Shalev, 2007). Thus, they have the obligation to accommodate those children…


Aster, M.G. v., M.D., & Shalev, R.S., M.D. (2007). Number development and developmental dyscalculia. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 49(11), 868-73. Retrieved


Canizares, D.C., Crespo, V.R., & Alemany, E.G. (2012). Symbolic and non-symbolic number magnitude processing in children with developmental dyscalculia. The Spanish Journal

of Psychology, 15(3), 952-66. Retrieved from

Woodrings Floral Gardens
Words: 1844 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12237231
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Retail Strategy Analysis

In the retail environment, the importance of an effective strategy cannot be overemphasized. Given the inherently competitive nature of the retail space, a retailer must ensure a clearly defined target market, a robust operational strategy, a strong positioning strategy, sustainable competitive advantages, and proper retail mix (Bhatia 121-143). This paper provides a strategy analysis of Woodrings Floral Gardens (Woodrings), a company that retails floral gifts to customers within the State College area, Pennsylvania. Following a brief overview of the company, the analysis specifically pays attention to the company's operations, target market, positioning strategy, competitive advantages, and retail mix considerations.

Company Background

With more than four decades in operation, Woodrings retails floral gifts to individuals and organizations within the State College area. The company is family owned and operated, and offers flowers for a wide array of occasions, including birthdays, anniversaries, baby showers, weddings, funerals, Valentine's Day, Mother's…

Sustainable Sustainability in Australian Food Exporting Sustainability
Words: 813 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7449631
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Sustainability in Australian Food Exporting

Sustainability is an increasingly important consideration in both built and natural environments, as human endeavors are revealed to be increasingly fragile and enormously dependent on natural resources that could potentially be eradicated through overuse and unsustainable practices. This affects almost all areas of human activity, including many that might seem not directly related to sustainability issues such as import and export levels. When considered from a regional perspective, however, the exportation of resources -- whether purely natural resources or a combination of natural and built procedures -- becomes directly related to certain concepts in sustainability. This paper will examine current features of Australia's food exportation activities and determine their degree of sustainability.

Crop Production

The amount of arable -- i.e. food-producing -- land in the world is diminishing, in some regions at alarming rates, meaning that agricultural products are already becoming increasingly rare (Midmore…


Fresco, L. & Kroonenberg, S. (1992). Time and spatial scales in ecological sustainability. Land use policy July: 155-68.

Midmore, D. (1993). Agronomic modification of resource use and intercrop productivity. Field crops research 34: 357-80.

Midmore, D. (1998). Agriculture and the modern society. Acres 6(2): 33-6.

Shaw, R., Gallopin, G., Weaver, P. & Oberg, S. (1992). Sustainable development: a systems approach. International institute for applied systems analysis status report.

Modern Art
Words: 1543 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89146332
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Modern Art

A primary concern of fauvism is the presence of strong colors. Fauvist works have relatively wild brushstrokes. The subject matter of fauvist painters is simple and often abstract. Fauvism is heavily influence by postimpressionism and pointillism. In "Woman with a Green Stripe," the viewer can distinguish between each color because of the brushstrokes. The portrait is simply of a woman, making a neutral face. The colors are stark and the painting is not realistic though we can still make out the subject. The water beneath the bridge is several colors in "London Bridge." There is not much distinction between the buildings of the background. This is not an exact replica of the London Bridge, yet again, we recognize it clearly. The painting is almost just a semblance of simple shapes and not an urban landscape.

ouault and Nolde both paint works of Jesus. In ouault's work, Jesus is…

Memory Pain and Trauma
Words: 600 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 82016030
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Reavey, P. (010). Spatial markings: Memory, agency and child sexual abuse. Memory Studies.

According to Reavey (010), a critical component of recovery from childhood sexual abuse is reasserting the victim's sense of agency and control over her own life. All too often it is common when treating survivors to encourage them to see themselves as passive victims. The focus of Reavey's text is the spatial component of memory: women experience the trauma of abuse again and again because of the parallels between their current physical situation and that of their past, abusive histories. Reavey suggests that viewing the self as constantly in flux and changing and creating a new narrative linking past and present in a more positive way is a far more helpful concept to instill over the course of therapy. One of the challenges many women experience in dealing with abuse is that it takes place in a…

2011 4: 23.

According to Burton (2011), although pain is undeniably a 'real' thing, memories of pain can cause the actual, somatic trauma to linger long after the physical condition has passed. She cites one woman who was 'tricked' using a mirror to realize that she no longer was experiencing pain in one of her hands due to repetitive stress injury. "Mirror therapy illustrates the radical account of corporeal memory that is now current in the biomedical sciences, in which the body is a complex amalgam of fleshy reality and cerebral projection -- images and reality have merged, and the brain has the capacity to 're-member' its physiological attitudes" (Burton 2011: 30). Although Burton acknowledges that there is often a great deal of mistrust of biological sciences as reductive amongst humanities scholars, she suggests that the treatment of chronic pain can be useful as a study of the intersection of personal experience and medicine. Chronic pain is ill-understood by the medical community and often notoriously difficult to treat. Analyzing how memory can cause pain to be stored in the body and how tricking one's memory can release it shows how humanities-based understandings of medicine can prove useful for the biological sciences.

Pain is all too often negated or dismissed: rather Burton suggests an empathetic understanding of its causality and a holistic approach to pain treatment. Burton's article provides a starting point for many other treatments which try to address the intersection of pain and memory. Massage, yoga, and other forms of general exercise all encourage participants to construct a new concept of themselves through the reengineering of the body and a reconfiguration of the relationship of the individual to his or her physicality in the past, present, and future.

Shopping Malls in Latin America
Words: 942 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60713428
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El Mall: The Spatial and Class Politics of Shopping Malls in Latin America

This paper delineates a summary and discussion of what the author points out in chapter two and three of the book.

The main argument made by the author in chapter two is how the retail world is experiencing globalization and how shopping mall professionals are on the rise. The International Council of Shopping Centers (ICSC) in the past ten years or so has slowly been backed with substance. The international motivation and incentive was perceptible in the year 2013 where the commercial property development organizations flaunted maps of the globe with markings of their international footprints and where one could meet developers emanating from China, Canada and Europe. In turn, this instigated he development and enhancement of living standards across the world (Davila, 2016).

As pointed out, there is an increasing yearning for additional professional development from…

Ocean Basins the Oldest Oceanic
Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41099697
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At the American coastline, the estimated age is between 1 and 60 million years. Finally, at the borderline with the Philippine and the Australian Plates, the approximated age is somewhere between 160, up to 180, or even 200 million years.

6) the Atlantic Ocean plate is similar to that of the Pacific Ocean in the meaning that its age differs. Just like with the Pacific crust, the Atlantic crust is younger at one border, to grow older towards the middle of the ocean, and even older as it reaches the opposite border.

7) the spatial pattern of the crustal age is consistent with the theory of the plate tectonics, which argues that -- at one point in time (or even at several times) -- the entire lands on the planet were joined together (ockhounding Arkansas, 1998). The pattern of the crustal age is consistent with this theory as it reveals…


Orfano, F., 2010, Topography of the ocean floor, Bright Hub,  last accessed on January 6, 2011

Patchett, P.J., Samson, S.D., 2003, Ages and growth of the continental crust from radiogenic isotopes, the Crust, Vol. 3

1998, Our changing Earth, Rockhounding Arkansas, last accessed on January 6, 2011

Crustal age, National Geographic Data Center,  last accessed on January 6, 2011

Web-Based Learning and Online Courses
Words: 321 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 46182341
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Hyperlinked tables of contents and indexes are tremendous time-savers as well as navigational aides. The non-linear presentation of digital texts appeals to learners adept at spatial relations, or those who appreciate metaphors. Hypertext allows learners to create and understand conceptual links between current course material and new or prior knowledge.

The multimedia presentation of digital text appeals to learners who rely on multiple senses including sight and hearing. Many students do not respond to purely verbal course material. The greatest strength of digital course materials may be its interactivity. Learners take an active role in their education when they can control the reading experience. Therefore, online texts replete with hyperlinks and multimedia content provide a wealth of opportunity for enhanced learning. The addition of instant messaging and related forms of digital communications make feedback and assessment methods more…

Successful Writing Is Successful Generally
Words: 1381 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18693154
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One could write an entire essay around this sentence. The better topic sentence would be to define a particular aspect of the weather and go from there. In addition, certain seasons could be compared to specific seasons or weather conditions.

5. If the thesis is weak, the paper could go in many different directions and the result could be a poorly defended thesis. In addition, a weak thesis might not even describe the correct definition of the paper. The thesis needs to be strong so that each paragraph can defend it without the paragraph feeling lost or off-topic. A carefully crafted thesis statement will guide the writer. In addition, a strong thesis will make the writing process easier because it is focused.

6. A good topic sentence but weak support indicates that the proof is not as strong as it could be. In this situation, I would look at my…

Works Cited

Miller, George. The Prentice Hall Reader. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 1995.

Parks, Franklin, et al. Structuring Paragraphs. New York: St. Martin's Press. 1981.

Environmental Changes the Physical Environmental
Words: 1019 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68287562
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The growing population has a great impact on the extent of global warming and its consequences for society, economy and the environment. This means that there is rising in greenhouse emission, more people means more industry. Scientists worry about the emission from developing countries which may contribute to global environment problems even sooner than expected. ut not only the developing countries contributes to the emission but also rich industrialized countries have been putting carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere for many years now. "20% of the world's population can not continue to indiscriminately pollute the atmosphere at the expense of the majority" (M. Glantz 2005). Rich industrialized countries contributes a higher percentage of emission at the atmosphere that increases the environment's temperature of global warming and results to change of weather pattern to different regions. "Africa's contribution to the increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases has been minimal,…


Glantz.H. (March 2005) Climate Change Global Warming and Sub-Saharan Africa. Fragile Ecologies. Retrieved on May 03, 2008, from website: s

Global Warming. Natural Resources Defense Council. Retrieved on May 03, 2008, from website: 

Klueger J. (2008). Global Warming Heats Up. Time Magazine. Retrieved on May 03, 2008, from website,,9171,1176980,00.html

Walking City This Work Will
Words: 1418 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74860572
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According to Philip ess,

The ubiquity of suburban sprawl has come to constitute a serious physical, intellectual and cultural problem of its own. Suburban sprawl fosters disinvestment in historic city centers; excessive separation of people by age, race and income; extreme inequality of educational opportunity; pollution and the loss of agricultural lands and wilderness; record rates of obesity; and sheer ugliness. The very physical structure of suburban sprawl makes it virtually impossible for people of different generations and different incomes to live in close proximity to one another -- and not only live close together but also work, shop, play, learn and worship in the same neighborhood." (2003)

Further, the dependency upon the automobile "effectively demobilizes and disenfranchises those without cars..." (ess, 2003) Suburban sprawl consumes the land and is self-contradictory in its very nature. Sim Van der Ryn in Ecological Design (Island Press, 1995) wrote that: "In many ways…


Lynn, Francessa (1997) 12 Gates to the City. Sierra Magazine. May/June 1997. Online available at 

Bess, Philip (2003) the City and the Good Life. The Christian Century, April 19, 2003, pp. 20-23, & 26-29.

Kenworthy, Jeff (nd) the Death of the Walking City: Killing the Rights of Pedestrians. Institute for Sustainability and Technology Policy. Online available at

Ecology of the Walking City (2003) Urban Ecology Series: No. 3 (2003). Online available at

Animal Senses
Words: 2268 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83801674
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Animal Senses

Herman, Pack and Hoffman-Kuhnt performed relatively rigorous experiments to determine the source of dolphin recognition of objects; they wanted to discover, among other things, whether "dolphins attained the shape discriminations (of objects) through associative learning or direct perception" (Herman et al. 1998 292). Fukuzawa, Mills and Cooper sought to determine the mechanism by which domestic dogs responded to commands. Greenberg wanted to discover the facts about depth perception in two species of Asian rodents, the Mongolian Gerbil and two varieties of Spiny Mice.


The experiments run by Herman et al. involved a single dolphin, a female named Elele, and were designed to determine whether echolocation or visual cues were central to dolphin recognition of objects that appeared in their environment. The researchers were extremely rigorous in setting up each experiment, avoiding contamination between visual and echolocation fields; the objects used for the dolphin's recognition tests were never…


Fukuzawa, M.D.S. Mills and J.J. Cooper. (2005) Brief Communication: The effect of human command phonetic characteristics on auditory cognition in dogs (Canis familiaris). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 119(3), 117-130.

Greenberg, G. (1986) Depth perception in Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) and Spiny Mice (Comys russatus and A. cahirinus). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 100(1), 81-84.

Herman, L.M., A.A. Pack and M. Hoffmann-Kuhnt. (1998) Seeing through sound: Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) perceive the spatial structure of objects through echolocation. Journal of Comparative Psychology 117(3), 292-305.

Methods of Teaching English at the High School Level
Words: 2431 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71442469
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teachers assess only the final product of a student's writing work. The result of this is that students are left with the impression that writing is a one-time product that cannot improve beyond the first attempt. Teachers are faced with the dilemma that students deliver work with too much room for improvement. This makes adequate assessment, teaching and improvement strategies difficult. If writing in class is treated as a process with various stages, then improvements are easier, less overwhelming for the teacher and more understandable for students. The lesson will therefore focus on the point the chapter makes regarding writing as a process, and the fact that writing can be improved throughout every stage.


Students too often feel that writing exists only to complete a finish product. Teachers often encourage them in this view. The rationale of this lesson is then to focus students' attention on the fact that…

Methods of Teaching English in High School
Words: 1759 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64005275
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Lesson Plan for 11th or 12th Grade English

(Using Literature to Teach a Language Concept)

To introduce the concept of denotative and connotative meanings in language and illustrate the concept through literature.

Objectives (aligned with standards) - Students will be able to explain the difference between denotative and connotative meaning in language and recognize which is which (2.A.4d). Students will read age-appropriate material with fluency and accuracy (1.B.4c). Students will learn to look for denotative and connotative meaning in literature (2.A.4d). Students will look up the meaning of words in the dictionary.

Students will follow complex oral instructions (4.A.4c). Students will strengthen interpersonal communication skills through small group discussion (4.B.4b). Students

will use questions and predictions to guide reading (1.C.4a). Students will explain and justify an interpretation of a text (1.C.4b). Students will analyze how the author uses denotative and connotative meaning in the text to express and emphasize his…

Symantec Entrepreneurial Acquisitions an Evaluation of the
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Symantec Entrepreneurial Acquisitions

An Evaluation of the Symantec Company Strategy of Acquiring Smaller Entrepreneurial Innovators

Evaluate the merits & demerits of Symantec's approach to acquiring entrepreneurial companies.

There are many approaches to Symantec's style of acquisitions and this strategy led to a significant portion of the company's success in the mid to late 90's. The company employed an acquisition team that was cross-functional in composition and was sized according to what stage the acquisition was in. The acquisition team members would perform their normal tasks as well as the responsibilities that were demand by the project acquisition. The composition of cross-functional teams has been shown to be an invaluable asset in regards to overcoming spatial and organizational barriers in the acquisition process; especially when technical elements are involved (Love & Roper, 2008).

Entrepreneurial acquisitions of small but growing high technology companies also stand the potential to create value for both…

Works Cited

Laamanen, T. & Kell, T., 2008. Performance of serial acquirers: toward an acquisition program perspective. Strategic Management, 29(6), pp. 663-672.

Love, J. & Roper, S., 2008. Organizing innovation: Complementarities between cross-functional teams. Tchnovation, 29(3), pp. 192-203.

Watch Movie Clip The Departed 2 5 Movie
Words: 1140 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82101512
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Watch movie clip: The Departed (2/5) Movie CLIP I Want Some Pills (2006) HD Elements Design During process envisioning designing a film, director, production designer, art director ( collaboration cinematographer) concerned major spatial temporal elements.

The Departed -- scene analysis

The director, the production designer, and the art director

The Departed is a 2006 motion picture directed by Martin Scorsese, with Kristi Zea as the production designer and Teresa Carriker-Thayer as the art director.

Martin Scorsese was meant to put the script into play by controlling the motion picture's artwork and the dramatic character it was meant to put across. y guiding the film crew and the actors in producing the best results possible the film director is thus meant to have authority over most of the motion picture's production. One can even go as far as to say that the film director is responsible for interpreting the script…


Dir. Martin Scorsese. The Departed. Warner Bros. 2006

Saudi Female Expats in Paris
Words: 4635 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 85319948
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It is through interviews and analysis; we will see how these individuals feel about the new cultures and regulations around them. Living in a new place, these individuals can very easily let go of the limitations they were under before. Therefore, their answers will give a sound idea of what sort of struggle they are experiencing with the new culture and how to retain their self and identity.


This study was only carried out on eight students and that is the major limitation of this research project. As stated before, half of the sample size is directly from Saudi Arabia and the other half has lived in countries such as well. Despite these differences, there are other factors such as economic class, religious sect, education and family structure that make each of these individuals different one from another. Due to these differences, the generalization created from this sample set…

Works Cited

Balbo, Marcello. "Social and spatial inclusion of international migrants: local responses to a global process." (2009): Print.

Giddens, Anthony. Modernity and self-identity. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1991. Print.

Goffman, Erving. The presentation of self in everyday life. Woodstock, N.Y.: Overlook Press, 1973. Print. "The Utility of Islamic Imagery in the West." 1960. Web. 17 May 2013. .

Architecture Manifesto
Words: 1675 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 19909660
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ole of Architecture in the Progress of Society

Architecture can be defined as "the masterly, correct and magnificent play of masses seen in light" (Conway and oenisch 9). In other words, it is an experience that is emotional and artistic. Some people agree that architecture is the amalgamation of building and art. However, many do not agree with this opinion (Conway and oenisch 9). According to Britannica Encyclopedia, architecture is "the art and technique of designing and building" ("architecture") whose practice "is employed to fulfill both practical and expressive requirements, and thus it serves both utilitarian and aesthetic ends" ("architecture"). Therefore, every society has a spatial connection to the natural world. The sort of architecture and the produced structures reflects history, culture, environment, traditions, ceremonies, customs and artistic sensibility of a society ("architecture").

Buildings keep people warm and dry and are directly involved in the reasonableness and feasibility of living.…


"architecture." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., 2012. Web. 2 Aug 2012. .

"architecture." Questia. Columbia University Press, 2012. Web. 2 Aug 2012. .

Ballantyne, A. Architecture: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Web. 1 August 2012. .

Conway, H., & Roenisch, R. Understanding Architecture: An Introduction to Architecture and Architectural History. New York: Routledge, 1994. Web. 1 August 2012. .

Globalization Has Become a Ubiquitously Word in
Words: 1132 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93427997
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Globalization has become a ubiquitously word in the last few decades. Much of the globalization trend is driven by the fact that many organizations operate internationally and supply chains have become sophisticated, complex, and spans the entire globe. As a result of globalization, many organizations have tried to proactively create a level of homogenization and standardization internationally of markets, resources, and labor. hen international companies can have access to foreign resources and labor it often helps them achieve business objectives. It can also help to develop the local economy at it is working to create more middle class citizens in developing countries. Yet, the results are deeply mixed and often the result of newly introduced capitalism further stratifies the society. Therefore, even though the trend has been primarily measured by economic activities it also has had many other consequences as well in regards to social and political issues.

Globalization and…

Works Cited

Chang, D. "Informalising Labour in Asia's Global Factory." Journal of Contemporary Asia (2009): 161-179. Web.

Ghosh, J. "Women, Labor, and Capital Accumulation in Asia." January 2012. Monthly Review. Web. 28 July 2012.

Hanieh, A. "Temporary Migrant Labour and the Spatial Structuring of Class in the Gulf Cooperation Council." Spectrum: Journal of Global Studies (2010): 67-89. Web.

Mak, T. "Occupy Wall Street uses Arab Spring model." 3 September 2011. Politico. Web. 28 July 2012. .

Teaching Space Science
Words: 1107 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59955088
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teaching space science. There are various complexities that affect the way that astronomy is taught, not the least of which is the enormity of scale that space science involves.

One of the basic requirements for understanding astronomy is coming to terms with the vastness of the universe. For example, a basic unit of astronomical measurement is the light year. Merriam-ebster defines the light year as "a unit of length in astronomy equal to the distance that light travels in one year in a vacuum or about 5.88 trillion miles or 9.46 trillion kilometers" (2011). hile this definition conveys factual data, it does little to make the concept real, that is, accessible to the average student.

Moreover, trying to convey the reality of light traveling at the unimaginably fast speed of 299,792 kilometers per second (186,282 miles per second) is indeed mind-boggling. Even at such amazing speeds, light takes years to…

Works Cited

Bennett, J. (2011). Teaching resources -- strategies for teaching astronomy. Retrieved August 12, 2011 from: 

Discovery Education. (2011). Astronomical scales. Retrieved August 12, 2011 from: 

Koppes, S. (2011). Award-winning teachers find the unexpected. University of Chicago website. Retrieved August 12, 2011 from: 

Merriam-Webster. (2011). Light-year. Retrieved August 12, 2011 from:

Early Chinese History
Words: 2053 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87377950
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Immigration, Spatial, And Cultural Aspects of the Canadian Pacific Railway

At the turn of the 19th century, Chinese emigration began in Canada. The Chinese saw Canada as a place for new and prosperous opportunities in order to send money and goods back to their relatives in China. Voyagers from Hong Kong to Canada would take three weeks on water. Often they left China after being poverty or destitution.

From the 1880's up till the 1920's the kind of labor the Chinese were involved in was the raw work of a beginning industrial economy. The Chinese workers were either semiskilled or skilled and worked in the British Columbia salmon canneries and sawmills. hile some worked in the factories and sawmills, still others worked farming, clearing land, or becoming shopkeepers, peddlers, or even restaurateurs. The Chinese immigrants who were unskilled, typically found work in the laundry trade.

Before the 1920's however, Chinese…

Works Cited

Cleveland, Jennifer, and Brittany Dewar. Connecting Canada: a History of the Railway through Rogers Pass from 1865 to 1916. British Columbia: University of Victoria, BC, 2010. Web. 22 Nov. 2013. .

Downey, Jack C. "The Chinese in Canada - The Good, The Bad and the Ugly by Jack CD Downey AKA The Gallopping Geezer." Canadian Culture- Canada's Number 1 Supportive Networking Directory - Find yourself here Canada. N.p., 2012. Web. 22 Nov. 2013. .

FCCRWC. "The Ties that Bind." MHSO - Multicultural History Society of Ontario. MHSO, 2010. Web. 20 Nov. 2013. .

"History of the Chinese in Canada." Welcome to Mysteries of Canada. Debates of the Senate (Hansard) 1st Session, 36th Parliament, Vol. 137, 2 Feb. 1999. Web. 23 Nov. 2013. .

Indian Art
Words: 867 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 43859409
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Indian Art

In what ways are the form and function of the Buddhist stupa and Hindu temple similar to or different from the Islamic mosque?

The Buddhist Stupa, the Hindu Temple, and the Islamic Mosque all have social, cultural, and religious functions. Their physical forms are more similar than they are different, in that each boasts tapered and often rounded edifices. However, Hindu temples are more likely to have angular features and involve the use of straight lines and parallel planes; both stupas and mosques prefer curvilinear elements and bulbous forms. Hindu temples and Muslim mosques will also have larger interior spaces devote to personal prayer.

In what ways may the Quwwat al-Islam Mosque in Delhi be considered an Islamic (ate) building and an Indic one in terms of its construction and its design?

The Quwwat al-Islam Mosque in Delhi is clearly Islamic because of the minaret, as well as…

How Shopping Mall Have Gone International
Words: 588 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31266479
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El Mall

The main point that Arlen Davila makes in chapter two of El Mall: The Spatial and Class Politics of Shopping Malls in Latin America is that Latin American professionals are looking to ICSC for guidance on education and training in the shopping mall sector. Yet, the naive assumption that is being made is that Latin Americans and North Americans operate and manage exclusively -- i.e., in different ways that are not really interrelated. What Davila shows is that instructors are not attuned to the facts that scholars have uncovered -- namely that "the intimate and the economic and business realms are never mutually exclusive or in direct opposition to each other and that capital always draws strength from and reproduces itself through close-knit relations" (p. 66). The main components of this argument are that:

• 1) shopping malls have truly become international

• 2) Latin American professionals are…

Mind and Human Behavior Theories
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Mind and Human Behavior

Define and discuss a particular theory of consciousness

Consciousness can be best grasped in context as a facet of an interactive wakeful state wherein most cognitive processing occurs non-consciously. However, on combining non-conscious and conscious processing in the wakeful state, how can we differentiate one from the other, how can consciousness be defined, and what purpose does it serve? The conclusions drawn with respect to the former question critically influence how the latter question is answered. What property makes a state non-conscious rather than conscious? This section will support the argument that, out of all possible answers commonly put forth (i.e., accessibility, intentionality, reflexivity, subjectivity), the element-- reflexive, auto noetic-consciousness -- is the only one observed solely in the state of consciousness (Peters, 2013).

The Quantum Theory of Consciousness

The consciousness issue has opposed traditional approaches, in which the human brain is perceived as a computer…


Albensi, B.C. and Janigro, D. (2003).Traumatic brain injury and its effects on synaptic plasticity. Brain Inj. 17(8): p. 653-63.

Anderson, J. R. (1990). Cognitive psychology and its implications. New York: Freeman.

Cerasoli, C. P., & Ford, M. T. (2014). Intrinsic Motivation, Performance, and the Mediating Role of Mastery Goal Orientation: A Test of Self-Determination Theory.JournalOf Psychology, 148(3), 267-286. doi:10.1080/00223980.2013.783778

Eccles, J. S., & Wigfield, A. (2002).Motivational beliefs, values, and goals.Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 109-132.

Environmental Systems in the Past
Words: 12463 Length: 45 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 751326
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Although the research tools provided by the ISO 14001 framework are both qualitative and quantitative, this approach is consistent with the guidance provided by Neuman (2003) who points out that, "Both qualitative and quantitative research use several specific research techniques (e.g., survey, interview, and historical analysis), yet there is much overlap between the type of data and the style of research. Most qualitative-style researchers examine qualitative data and vice versa" (p. 16). Indeed, researchers have used qualitative and quantitative surveys to assess consumer reactions to proposed environmental initiatives at the local level (Neuman, 2003).

In fact, quantitative and qualitative research methods are characterized by a number of similarities that lend themselves to environmental systems analyses and development (as well as some differences) (Neuman, 2003). The distinct differences in the qualitative and quantitative research suggest that the use of quantitative data for environmental system development is highly appropriate, but that such…


Bonlac Foods. (2012). Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from

McComb, S. (2010). Green building & green business informatics tool. Elusor. Retrieved from

Recardo, R. & Jolly, J. (1999). Organizational culture and teams. SAM Advanced Management

Journal, 62(2), 4-5.

Are Video Games Art
Words: 8319 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 81588196
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Pervasive Video Games as Art

The form and function of art has evolved and changed quite a bit over the years, decades and millennia. Paintings and sculpture have been artistic mainstays for much to most of the world of the civilized human race. However, with the technological revolution that has roared up over the last fifty years or so, new forms of art have bubbled to the proverbial surface. Digital technology has enhanced prior forms of art e such as photography. Beyond that, completely brand new forms have art have been created and the latter is what this report is assessing in the form of pervasive video games. The depth and breadth of this art and the effects it has on its users and fans when done will are worthy of massive study and analysis both in this report and elsewhere.

Chapter I - Introduction

Video games, at this point…


Blizzard. "World of Warcraft." World of Warcraft.  / (accessed

May 29, 2014).

Bogost, Ian. Persuasive games: the expressive power of videogames. Cambridge, MA:

MIT Press, 2007.

Sensory Systems Involved in Visual
Words: 1761 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7036721
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Fluctuations in expectation may be described by a model that actually calculates expectation using a weighted combination of new and old information. According to this model, when the probability of a target's appearance changes abruptly, a smooth change occurs that encodes prior probability. This model even predicts small changes in expectation even when there is a constant probability of appearance of the target (Anderson & Carpenter, 2006). The experience-based techniques employed that are used to predict probability of the appearance of a stimulus requires that certain pieces of information are held in storage over several trials, which requires an additional number of neurons for the process. Anderson & Carpenter (2006) explain how "the main virtue of (their) model is its simplicity and ease with which its exponential decay in the effect of stimulus history can be implemented by biologically plausible means."


Anderson, A., Carpenter, . (2006). Changes in expectation…


Anderson, A., Carpenter, R. (2006). Changes in expectation consequent on experience, modeled by a simple, forgetful neural circuit. Journal of Vision, 6(8), 822-35.

Grabbe, Y., Pratt, J. (2004). Competing top-down processes in visual selection: evidence that selection by location is stronger than selection by color. Journal of General Psychology, 131, 137-49.

Macknik, S. (2006). Chapter 11 - Visual masking approaches to visual awareness. Progress in Brain Research, 155, 177-215.

Min-Shik, K., Cave, K. (1999). Grouping effects on spatial attention in visual search. Journal of General Psychology, 126, 326-52.

Cognition the Case Against Core
Words: 2281 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45924693
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Instead, spatial reasoning appears to be based on environmental inputs and old-fashioned cognitive development.

Why this should come as such a surprise to some researchers is uncertain. Core knowledge theorists claim that infants almost immediately express certain types of knowledge. But this suggestion assumes two things: one, that it is possible to measure infant cognition at the moment of birth; and two, that infants are incapable of learning before they are born. On the matter of the former point, it seems apparent that logistical and ethical concerns would make it exceedingly difficult, if not outright impossible, to test infant cognition immediately after birth. With regards to the second issue, we already have evidence that infants are capable of basic learning while still in the womb. Though developmentally unfinished, the basic sensory organs that the fetus develops permit it to learn information about its environment. Lecuyer (2006) reminds us that it…


Dehaene, S., Izard, V., Pica, P., and Spelke, E.S. (2006). Core knowledge of geometry in an Amazonian indigene group. Science, 311, pp. 381-384.

Haith, M.M. (1998). Who put the cog in infant cognition? Infant Behavior and Development, 21(2), pp. 167-179.

Hespos, S.J. And Spelke, E.S. (2004, July 22). Conceptual precursors to language. Nature, 430, pp. 453-456.

Hofsten, C., Feng, Q., and Spelke, E.S. (2000). Object representation and predictive action in infancy. Developmental Science, 3(2), pp. 193-205.

Effects of Video Games on Short Term Memory
Words: 3840 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 98815860
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video games have on short-term memory. esearchers normally study action games, but quest/puzzle games were also included in this study, to allow for direct comparison of different game types along with a control group. In this research, we looked at three different types of short-term memory, the visual-spatial dimension, verbal and numerical. We examined some correlations between improved memory and video game usage. However, not all of the null hypotheses were confirmed in this study, meaning that there is room for future study. In particular, it has been established that quest/puzzle games are correlated with higher visual-spatial and verbal short-term memory, but it has not been determined if differences between baseline abilities amount the study participants might have influenced this result. This, therefore, would be one avenue for future study that has been opened up. This study contributes to the growing body of knowledge with respect to the influence that…


Amladi, S., Andrist, S., Ducommun, M. & Leabo, L. (no date). Using action video games to train working memory in students with working memory deficits. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Retrieved April 22, 2016 from

Anand, V. (2007). A study of time management: The correlation between video game usage and academic performance markers. Cyber Psychology and Behavior. Vol. 10 (4) 552-559.

Anderson, C. & Bushman, B. (2001). Effect of violent video games on aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, aggressive affect, psychological arousal and prosocial behavior. Psychological Science. Vol. 12 (5) 353-359.

Applebaum, L, Cain, M., Darling, E. & Mitroff, S. (2013). Action video game playing is associated with improved visual sensitivity, but not alternations in visual sensory memory. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics. Retrieved April 22, 2016 from

Perception Research Into Aspects of
Words: 1737 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 59754200
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The results of this study found that some negative bias towards a patient's socioeconomic standing -- particularly from less-experienced dental students -- can result in "differential treatment" (e.g., less attentive care) (Carson, 675). But by "heightening awareness" of potential biases (that are based on accent or perceived lower socioeconomic status, or on racism) among dental students, through educational initiatives, stereotyping and bias can be reduced if not eliminated (Carson, 678). Another suggestion (Carson, 678-79) in terms of ensuring the quality of treatment is to "inhibit social categorical thinking." This would require not treating the patient as "unique" but rather as a "collections of symptoms."

orks Cited

Carson, Lloyd, Drummond, John, and Newton, James. (2004). Social Perception in the Clinical

Dental Encounter: The Matched-Guise Technique Re-Visited. Psychology and Health, 19(5),


Gabbard, Carl, Cacola, Priscila, and Cordova, Alberto. (2009). Is Perceived Motor Competence

A Constraint in Children's Action Planning? The Journal…

Works Cited

Carson, Lloyd, Drummond, John, and Newton, James. (2004). Social Perception in the Clinical

Dental Encounter: The Matched-Guise Technique Re-Visited. Psychology and Health, 19(5),


Gabbard, Carl, Cacola, Priscila, and Cordova, Alberto. (2009). Is Perceived Motor Competence

Forestry-Sudden Oak Death Analysis and
Words: 2903 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18152018
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Climate was also found to be a significant variable and it was hypothesized that landscape patterns may influence important microclimate conditions that have an affect on the reproduction and survival of pathogens. For example, temperature has been found be related to structural aspects of the landscape such as overstorey canopy,

The central hypothesis that was tested was that, "...small isolated forest fragments have lower levels of P. ramorum infection, owing to an associated larger grassland dispersal barrier and less suitable microclimate conditions." 7

3. Findings

In general it as found that landscape-scale configuration as well as local composition of host habitats are both linked to the degree of destructiveness of the disease. The result showed that the structure and composition of the forest or woodland was severely affected by the disease, which in turn had a serious effect on both host and pathogen. 5 More specifically it was found…

Reference List

Rizzo D., Garbelotto M. Sudden oak death: endangering California and Oregon forest ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2003. 1 (4): 198.

Rizzo D., Garbelotto M. Sudden oak death: endangering California and Oregon forest ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2003. 1 (4): 199.

Rizzo D., Garbelotto M. Sudden oak death: endangering California and Oregon forest ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2003. 1 (4): 200.

Rizzo D., Garbelotto M. Sudden oak death: endangering California and Oregon forest ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2003. 1 (4): 203.

Human Memory Organization Has Been
Words: 928 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92795986
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This tested their temporal memory. Additionally, subjects were asked whether or not the test stimuli and the study stimuli were the same or different in location, which tested their spatial memory organization. Interference and non-interference tasks were combined with the memory tasks. The study showed that while memory for temporal information was impaired by some interference tasks, the spatial organization task was not. The conclusion of the data supported the idea that temporal and spatial memory organization are different, in that each task is made more difficult through the use of different interference. This data suggests that the memory organizational structures are different (Halbig, 1998).

Another study by Smith (2001) showed similar results, using brain imaging information. In this study, subjects were asked to perform a memory tasks while simultaneously verifying equations. While the subjects performed the tasks, positron emission tomography scans were taken. When the two tasks were done…


Westen, D. (2002). Psychology. Boston, M.A.: Boston University.

Wilson, B.A., Clare, L., Young, A.W., Hodges, J.R. (1997). Knowing where and knowing what: a double dissociation. Cortex, 33, 529-541.

Halbig, T., Mecklinger, A. Schriefers, H.J. And Friederici, A.D. (1998). Double dissociation in the processing of temporal and spatial information in working memory of intact human subjects. Neuropsychologia, 36 (4), 305-312.

Smith, E.E., Jonides, G.A., Miller, A. Reuter-lorenz, P., Koeppe, R.A. (2001). The neural basis of task switching in working memory: effects of performance and aging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 98, 2095-2100.

Pedagogic Grammar Written and Spoken
Words: 3597 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92431990
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e. cursing, swearing) and not using discriminatory language or language that is "racist, sexist, ageist" (Caldwell, 2004) or so forth. The concept of 'communicative competence" (Caldwell, 2004) is described as grammar that "relates to the nature of language teaching" in an approach." (Caldwell, 2004) that is fairly universally advocated in L2 teaching." (Caldwell, 2004) the mistakes that are made may either be in "form" due to lack of knowledge or through use of irregular past tense forms implying that grammar should be descriptive or mistakes in 'use" or knowing when the present perfect or the simple past tense should be used implying that grammar should be descriptive.

It is suggested by Tomlin (1994, pp. 141-42) that teaching communicative language in inclusive of (1) systematic attention to functional and structural aspects; (2) Situational and contextualized use of language in class; (3) Teaching and Learning being made transparent through representational support; (4)…


DeRolf, Judith D. (1995) English Communication Through Practical Experiences Kanto Gakuin Univeristy, Yokohama Japan 1995 March No. 24.

Brotoluzzi, Maria (2005) Blurring the Boundary Between Spoken and Written Language in EFL. Online available at

Chou, Yen-Lin (nd) Promoting Learner's Speaking Ability by Socioaffective Strategies. Online available at .

Greenbaum, S. (1996) the Oxford English Grammar, Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Image Enhancement
Words: 2835 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60311644
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Image Enhancement Techniques

Research shows that out of the five senses which are hearing, smell, sight, touch, and taste -- which humans utilize to observe their environment, sight is the most influential (Jeong, 2011). Analyzing images and getting them really does form a huge part of the unchanging cerebral activity of human beings during the course of their lives. Actually, beyond 98% of the activity of the human brain is included in managing images from the visual cortex (Guruvareddy & Giri Prasad, 2011). In today's communications system it is vital to recognize that the multimedia is an area that is continually increasing.

Basically, it is a field that is growing more and more each day. Many are starting to see the various avenues that a person can go into when it comes to image enhancement techniques. There used to be an era when the options were very limited, but now…

Work Cited

Botser, I.B., M.D., Herman, A., Nathaniel, R., Rappaport, D., & Chechik, A. (2009). Digital image enhancement improves diagnosis of nondisplaced proximal femur fractures. Clinical Orthopaedic and Related Research, 467(1), 246-53.

Gorgel, P., Sertbas, A., & Ucan, O.N. (2010). A wavelet-based mammographic image denoising and enhancement with homomorphic filtering. Journal of Medical Systems, 34(6), 993-1002.

Guruvareddy, A., Sri, R.K., & Giri Prasad,, M.N. (2011). An effective local contrast enhancement technique by blending of local statistics and genetic algorithm. Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, 21(4), 606-615.

Jeong, C.B., Kim, K.G., Kim, T.S., & Kim, S.K. (2011). Comparison of image enhancement methods for the effective diagnosis in successive whole-body bone scans. Journal of Digital Imaging, 24(3), 424-36.

Principal-Agent Model in Economics and Political Science
Words: 12148 Length: 45 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 52622125
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Principal-Agent Model in Economics and Political Science

The international political perspectives of free trade

A Global Analysis

International Trade Impact on Tunisia

The Export of agricultural products

International trade and development of Tunisia

Balance in the Trade egime

Imports and exports of Tunisia



Coping With External and Internal Pressures

The Common External Tariff (CET)

Safeguard Measures

Anti-Dumping Duties (ADDs) and Countervailing Duties (CVDs)

ules of origin

The New Commercial Policy Instrument

Sector Based Aspects

GATT/WTO's Main Principles

Non-discriminatory trade

Multilateral negotiation and free trade

The Trading Policies of European Union

Critical Political Economy


The Gross Domestic Product of Tunisia

The eal Data Analysis of Import Export Companies in Tunisia

The Smith Co Company

The Softkim and Lovers Limited

The Impact of Free Trade on Tunisia Trading 43

Findings 44

Conclusion 44

eferences 46



Africa, the Caribbean, and the Pacific


Alternative Mediterranean Conference




Bhagwati, J. (2002). Free Trade Today. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Retrieved August 15, 2011, from Questia database: 

Bhote, K.R. (2002). The Ultimate Six Sigma: Beyond Quality Excellence to Total Business Excellence. New York: AMACOM. Retrieved August 15, 2011, from Questia database: 

Campbell, B. (1993). 3 A Canadian Labor Perspective on a North American Free Trade Agreement. In The North American Free Trade Agreement Labor, Industry, and Government Perspectives, Bognanno, M.F. & Ready, K.J. (Eds.) (pp. 61-68). Westport, CT: Praeger. Retrieved August 15, 2011, from Questia database: 

Conti, D.B. (1998). Reconciling Free Trade, Fair Trade, and Interdependence: The Rhetoric of Presidential Economic Leadership. Westport, CT: Praeger. Retrieved August 15, 2011, from Questia database:

Store Design Has Been at the Forefront
Words: 1278 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97218492
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Store design has been at the forefront of marketing strategies for many years. Marketing professionals use store design to create an ambiance that creates an environment that compels people to purchase certain products or services. The purpose of this discussion is to explain how public space affects people. For the purposes of this discussion we will focus on the store design of Starbucks. Our investigation will discuss the moods, feelings and ideas that the atmosphere presents to the customers. e will also focus on how the set-up of the building affects the people in the store. Finally, we will discuss the type of people that may frequent a Starbucks coffee shop.

Let's begin our discussion by explaining some of the history behind the concept of store design.

Store Design

Some of the first experiments with store design occurred in grocery stores. According to a book entitled, The American Grocery Store:…

Works Cited

Mayo, James M. 1993. The American Grocery Store: The Business Evolution of an Architectural Space. Greenwood Press: Westport, CT.

Starbucks: To Drink or Not to Drink." Summer 2002. Whole Earth. Page Number: 15.


Developing and Evaluating a Lesson Sequence
Words: 3258 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83887340
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Section 1: Overview of a Lesson Sequence
The lesson sequence I plan to teach focuses on developing ball handling skills for 8-11 year olds in key stage 2 physical education. The pedagogical approach I will use will the learner-centered approach with the theory being Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development (ZPD) theory. The learner-centered approach puts the needs of the learner at the front and center of the lesson (Halstead, 2007)—and with the ZPD theory, I can focus on helping students to apprehend the lesson by way of seeing my helping assistants handle the balls and by observing how the games are played. Scaffolding can be employed in this lesson sequence as well, as this technique is one in which new lessons build on the knowledge that students acquire through previous lessons (Hsieh, 2017). I also want to see how well the ZPD theory applies in physical education. Gray and Feldman…

Marketing Dangerously Christopher Meyer Argues
Words: 2394 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 56498218
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CEOs, however, would most likely argue that they are invaluable to their companies, and are adequately compensated for the work they do. hile the authors of this article conclude that they are not attempting to persuade readers to one position or the other, they do suggest that they are attempting to allow readers to understand the double-sided argument of CEO pay. In accomplishing this goal, they have done well. Both employees who are frustrated at the lifestyle that their CEOs are able to live while they struggle to get by and CEOs who are making hundreds of dollars an hour would be able to understand the rational for each side in this argument. By presenting the argument in this non-biased formula, the authors invite discussion on the topic, a discussion that most likely would not have happened if this type of presentation has been achieved. In allowing for an open…

Works Cited

Athiyaman, Adee, and Parkan, Celik. (June 2008). A Functionalist Framework for Identifying Business Clusters: Applications in Far North Queensland. Australian Journal of Management, 201-218.

Brookfield, Jonathan. (2008). Firm Clustering and Specialization. Small Business Economics. 30(4), p. 405-422.

Edmans, Alex and Gabaix, Xavier, Is CEO Pay Really Inefficient? A Survey of New Optimal Contracting Theories (September 8, 2008). Available at SSRN:,Del . (2008).

Female CEOs make more gains in 2007. Retrieved October 11, 2008, from USA Today. Web Site:

Forest Fire Management Systems and
Words: 17324 Length: 63 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50516012
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It was then important to see the degree at which technology and training played a role in combating each fire.

1.2.4.ationale of the Study

What is that can be gained from this study? The reasoning behind such a study is born out of a need to provide better training for fire fighters so that fire management systems will improve and reduce the amount of loss due to the fire. By studying such a topic, one can gain the knowledge of how to better train fire fighters and how to make his or her job safer in the process. This in turn, results in reduced losses due to the fire. This also results in higher service ratings for the fire department and an increase in morale for the community.

1.3.Definition of Terms


The Underlying Causes of Fire.

It has already become a general knowledge that the majority of forest and…


Allan, C. (2003). A Ponderosa Natural Area Reveals its Secrets. USGS. Retrieved July 11, 2005 from the World Web Wide: .

Anderson, H.E. (1983). Predicting Wind-Driven Wild Land Fire Size and Shape. Research Paper INT-305. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, pp. 1-26.

Beer, T. (1990). The Australian National Bushfire Model Project. Mathematical and Computer Modeling, 13, 12, 49-56.

Calabri, G. (1982). Recent evolution and prospects for the Mediterranean region, Forest Fire prevention and control. Proceedings of an International seminar.

Persuading That Listening to Music
Words: 1603 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93071527
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" (Eugenia Costa-Giomi 2004, 141) Among the academic benefits associated with three years of piano lessons, the children tended to have higher math computation scores, higher language scores, and higher self-esteem than children not involved in music.

Many studies and a wide array of empirical evidence supports the hypothesis that music improves the academic performance and test scores of children, including those in Middle and High School, but certainly also including Elementary and College students. These benefits may occur because of the increased activity in the temporal and left-frontal areas of the brain that have been observed during exposure to music, or because music brings "cohesion" to already existing background noise. (Geake & Ivanov 2003) Or perhaps the link between music and academic success may trace back to the Ancient ideas of how the arts affect the essence of the soul. (Costa-Giomi 2004) Regardless of the root cause of why…

Works Cited

Catterall, J.S. (1998, July) Does experience in the arts boost academic achievement? A response to Eisner. Art Education, 51(4), Windows on the World: 6-11.

Costa-Giomi, E. (2004) Effects of three years of piano instruction on children's academic achievement, school performance and self-esteem. Psychology of Music, 32(2): 139-52.

Ho, Yim-Chi, Cheung, Mei-Chun, & Chan, Agnes S. (2003) Music training improves verbal but not visual memory: Cross-sectional and longitudinal explorations in children. Neuropsychology, 17(3): 439-50.

Ivanov, V.K. & Geake, J.G. (2003) The Mozart Effect and primary school children. Pyschology of Music, 31(4): 405-13.

Tesco Was Tesco's Decision to Enter the
Words: 3004 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85374975
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Was Tesco's decision to enter the U.S. market a good decision? Why?

Tesco did made as inspiring decision to enter the U.S. market because the U.S. market could easily help Tesco penetrate a status in the global market. Tesco has thus build up its database of knowledge while also simultaneously franchising and internationalising in the U.S. market, it is important to note that experience and training happen to be learned from the relative stimuli that exists both in the internal and external environment of the organization; hence adjusting to the U.S. culture was integral for Tesco. By assessing these differing learning encounters in the U.S. market, especially when conceptualized within detailed single situation-level research, various size of store internationalisations emerged. In spatial terms, it seemed that Tesco focused their efforts with increased experience on different U.S. marketplaces in key regions striving to attain an industry leading position. One reason…


Alexander, N. (1997), International Retailing, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford.

Alexander, N. And Myers, H. (2000), "The retail internationalisation process," International Marketing Review, Vol. 17 No. 4/5, pp. 334-53.

Alexander, N. And Quinn, B. (2002), "International retail divestment," International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, Vol. 30 No. 2, pp. 112-25.

Arnold, SJ. (2002), "Lessons learned from the world's best retailers," International Journal of Retail Distribution Management, Vol. 30 No. 11/12, pp. 562-70.

Hazard Assessment Development
Words: 1140 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92929240
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Geographic Information System (GIS) is a system that digitally creates and manipulates spatial areas. The system stores, edits analyses and shows topographic information that is critical in decision-making. GIS applications enable creation of interactive queries, analysis and editing and then present results. This is beneficial in management of disasters.

Disaster management signifies preparedness involving a chain of measures incorporating disaster prevention, emergency response as well as reconstruction. Many organizations federal, state and non-governmental as well as businesses, public health benefit from GIS technology. Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is actively involved in improving and publicly availing geo-processing specifications using Web Map Service and Web Feature Service protocols. OGC divides GIS products or software into two categories, compliant and implementing products, based on their level of compatibility with OGC specifications, which aid them in communication. In recent times, an explosion of online mapping applications has given the public enormous geographic information. The…


Battista, C. (1994). Chernobyl: GIS model aids nuclear disaster relief. GIS World, 32 -- 5.

Cova, T.J. (1999). GIS in emergency management. In P.A. Longley, & D.J. Goodchild, Geographical Information Systems: Principles, Techniques, Applications, and Management (pp. 845-858). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Grif-th, D.A. (1986). Hurricane emergency management applications of the SLOSH numerical storm surge prediction model. In S.A. Marston, Terminal disasters: computer applications in emergency management. Boulder: Boulder Institute of Behavioral Science.