Student Base Essays (Examples)

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Student Attrition Is the Reduction in the

Words: 1573 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78929374

Student attrition is the reduction in the student population in a school because of dropouts or transfers. Student attrition has become an important concern for many colleges and universities that has resulted in much research because students who drop out normally suffer from personal disappointments, minimization of career and life goals, and financial setbacks. The research on student attrition or retention has mainly been on the basis of statistical analyses of the variations between dropouts and persisters. One of the main reasons for the analyses is to understand the phenomenon of school drop outs, which was regarded as a major problem in today's society.

Student Attrition ate:

In the last two decades, student attrition rates in both higher and distance learning education have come under increased scrutiny ("Student Attrition in Higher Education," n.d.). Some of the reasons attributed to the recent student attrition rate are political factors and the extensive…… [Read More]


Angelino, L.M., Williams, F.K. & Natvig, D. (2007, July). Strategies to Engage Online Students

and Reduce Attrition Rates. The Journal of Educators Online, 4(2), pp. 1-14. Retrieved from 

"Factors Affecting Student Attrition: An Overview of NCEC Study of Short-term Enrollment in Postsecondary Education." (2003). Research Review. Retrieved from University System Georgia website:

Ferreira, M.M. (2003). Gender Issues Related to Graduate Student Attrition in Two Science
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Student Participation in the College

Words: 332 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47850128

The study shows the reasons behind college student's lack of class room participation based on the relationships they have with their fellow classmates as well as their teachers. esearchers based their findings on surveys given to both male and female students which showed different reasons for their quietness in class. It is interesting that male and female students each have their own justifications for not speaking in class; the majority of males said it was due to their admission of not doing the assigned work, while most females justified that they did not know the subject material well enough to speak publicly in class. This shows the very different justifications for the same type of behavior seen in students all over the country. Each student, based on his or her own unique background will have different ways of behaving and different justifications for that behavior as well.


Karp, David…… [Read More]


Karp, David a; Yoes, William C. "Student Participation in the College Classroom."
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Student Assessment The Superiority of

Words: 2542 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37255157

This helps them deal with administrative tasks such as applying for grants, reporting their progress, appeasing parents, etc. In addition, teacher-based methods of assessment have at least one positive implication for students. According to Flood et al., teacher-based assessments allow teachers to enter the process of scaffolding with significant foreknowledge. Flood et al. (2003). suggests that all good assessment includes a component in which a teacher plans and sets goals, and then collecting data and interpreting it. This can be done in the classroom or at the macro level -- applicable to either the school itself or the state. Teachers can use the data gleaned from teacher-centered assessment as a means by which to identify areas of weakness and address them (Kearns, 2009). Standardized testing and teacher-based testing in classrooms allows teachers to determine where most students are having problems and use scaffolding techniques to intervene on the student's behalf…… [Read More]


Chall, J.S. & Adams, M.J. (2002). The Academic Achievement Challenge: What Really

Works in the Classroom. New York: Guilford.

Flood, J. et al. (2003). The Handbook of Research on Teaching the English Language

Arts 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lawrence Erlbaum.
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Students' Adjustments and Skills Every Book Has

Words: 1528 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28721454

Students' Adjustments and Skills

Every book has a preface that gives an overview to the reader regarding the content. Since, it prepares the reader's mind according to theme and thus enables him/her quickly understand the concept of the writer. Similarly, preparing yourself before moving towards any new task helps in better outcome even if it is the matter of taking admission in University. An institute has the responsibility to teach students everything related to the subject but before that, students themselves have to develop certain skills required for effective learning. These key skills ensure the bright future employability and higher levels of attainment. Since, students with these skills have enhanced study skills and capable of effectively plan personal development processes. This essay discusses the importance of these key adjustments that students must make before starting University.

The Dearing Report emphasized on four major skills that are important for success in…… [Read More]


Learning and Teaching Support Network. The Development of Key Skills in Higher Education . LTSN, n.d.

Stepenson, John, and Tim Challis. The Dearing Report. Higher Education, UK: The Higher Education Academy, 1997.

Wingate, Ursula. "Doing Away With 'Study Skills'." Teaching in Higher Education, 2006: 457-469.
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Students Smoking Behavior

Words: 1077 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67689990

Student Smoking Behavior

Given that the health risks of smoking are very well-known, one would think that smoking would be rare behavior among college students. After all, the average college student is not only young enough to have been exposed to anti-smoking education throughout their lifetimes, but might also values education more than their same-age peers who are not students. However, according to the research, young people, including college students, do smoke. In fact, college students may actually smoke more than their peers outside of college. What this suggests is that there is a social factor linked to smoking behavior. As a result, I would expect to be able to observe more students smoking when in social situations than in non-social situations.


I began with three assumptions about smoking behavior. The first assumption was that approximately one-third of observed college students would smoke. The second assumption was that students…… [Read More]


Levinson, A., Campo, S., Gascoigne, J., Jolly, O., Zakharyan, A., & Vu Tran, Z. (2007).

Smoking, but not smokers: Identity among college students who smoke cigarettes. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 9(8), 845-852.

Schorr, M. (2013, August 13). A third of college students smoke. Retrieved February 5, 2014

from ABC News website:
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Student Engagement Is Important When

Words: 3854 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36094904

A change in any one of the factors has to be 'compensated' by changes in the other two" (p. 27). Consequently, the type of instructional practices that may be best suited for one learning venue will likely be unsuitable and therefore ineffective in another setting. The goal, then, is to identify the optimal mix of the three elements to produce instructional practices for each setting (Koehler et al., 2004), and these issues are discussed further below.


Developing Effective Online Instructional Practices. Unfortunately, many educators may have become overly reliant on one teaching style to the exclusion of other approaches that may be more suitable for a given group of students. Prying busy teachers out of this "comfort zone of teaching" will require careful scrutiny of how these three elements affect teachers new to online learning environments to ensure they are provided with the support and training they need to…… [Read More]


Bach, S., Haynews, P. & Smith, J.L. (2007). Online learning and teaching in higher education.

Maidenhead, England: Open University Press.

Badke, W. (2008, May/June). Information literacy and faculty. Online, 32(3), 47-49.

Bressler, L.A., Bressler, M.E. & Bressler, M.S. (2010). The role and relationship of hope, optimism and goal setting in achieving academic success: a study of students enrolled in online accounting courses. Academy of Educational Leadership Journal, 14(4), 37-39.
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Student Retention and Attrition Student

Words: 2576 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7197975

• Feeling lack of control because of too many rules and regulations of white institutions.

• Fitting in at school may fail to be a priority.

• Lack of positive interracial relationships before and during college.

• Lack of parental support.

(Arnold, 1999).

3. Main Factors Affecting etention and Attrition

Many of the central factors affecting retention and attrition have already been discussed above. As was referred to, preparation is a central factor that was found to be significant across demographic boundaries and especially among various ethnic groups. This refers to social, emotional as well as academic preparedness. Academic preparedness is noted in the literature as being of cardinal importance in continuing to the second year of study: "…those students with higher ACT scores were more likely to return for the second year" ( McDaniel and Graham, 2001).

Motivation and high academic goals were also seen as a primary factor…… [Read More]


Arnold a. ( 1999) Retention and Persistence in Postsecondary Education: A

Summation of Research Studies. Retrieved from 

Assessing the Student Attrition Problem. ERIC Digest. (1984) Retrieved from 

College Student Retention. Retrieved from -student-retention
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Student Residence Journal the Role

Words: 4226 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40705006

One of the acts in the performance was composed of three African students who performed a traditional African dance. The thirteen-year-old students danced in a manner that was found by the writer of this work to be erotic in nature and contained dance moves that this writer found to be provocative in a sexual context. The clothing worn by the dancers was revealing in nature as well. It entered the mind of the writer of this work that perhaps the conservative environment in which the writer had been reared, or one of a traditional Chinese cultural heritage had biased these thoughts. It was the realization of the writer of this work that in order to win the respect of children in such a culturally diverse environment that the teacher must possess the mindset that allows for removal of any and all bias that one might possess toward other cultures.

Week…… [Read More]


Panelists Discuss Role of Art in Changing Society (1991) Stanford University News Release. September 30, 1991. Online avail be at

Kimbell, Lucy (nd) Some Ways of Working: Themes Emerging in Artists' Residencies with/in Business. The Arts Council of England.

Williams, Jennifer; Morisette, Ann-Sophie; and Vazquez, Antonio Nolina (2004) Tales of the City - The Experience of REAL Learning. Commissioned by Scottish Enterprise Glasgow 2004.

Foresta, Don (nd) The Network Metaphor. Online available at
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Student Affairs Over the Last

Words: 1363 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57353470

This is when the university arranges for: providing educational, healthcare, and counseling services to all the students. The aim is to support wellness practices for the long-term health of everyone.

The establishment of conversations with teaching faculty that has resulted in model community "service learning" projects consistent with the mission of the college or university.

The drug and alcohol program supports coordination among: the students, university administration, and faculty members in different areas. As students are assisted by the faculty members to deal with different learning issues they could face. Where, they are encouraged to discuss their problems with the teaching staff or counselors, in order to receive help on: strategies and skills required to achieve success in the real world. This is significant, because we are creating different student learning projects that are a collaborative effort between: staff members and the students. This is in line with the mission…… [Read More]


Effective Strategies to Reduce High Risk Drinking. (2006). Forum On Public Policy. Retrieved from:

Learning Reconsidered: A Campus-Wide Focus on The Student Experience. (2004). Delsuggs. Retrieved from: 

Student Affairs 8. (2011). Essaytree. Retrieved from: http://*****/education-theories/student-affairs-8/

DeJong, W.. (2005). A Typology for Campus-Based Alcohol Prevention: Moving toward Environmental Management Strategies. College Drinking Prevention. Retrieved from:
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Student Survival Guide as an

Words: 2007 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68043649

There are three types of goals to focus one: short-term, medium-term, and long-term goals.

In a study environment, short-term goals would refer to attending classes, handing in assignments and studying for tests and other assessments. The study schedule plays the most important role in this type of goal. Furthermore helping to achieve this goal is the sections relating to academic honesty, as well as research and studying skills. Each goal can then be integrated with the time schedule in order to keep it in mind while adhering to the study schedule.

The medium-term goal would be to achieve success in the overall Axia study program.

Medium-term goals are generally fulfilled by a number of short-term goals that are completed successfully.

Long-term goals are the driving force for current action. In the long-term, for example, the Axia student may wish to stand within a specific profession. Success in the short- and…… [Read More]

Chilimo, W.L., Emmanuel, G. And Lwoga, T.E. (2006) Developing online research strategies. Sokoine University of Agriculture.

Kizlik, Bob (2006, July 20). How to Study and Make th eMost of Your Time. 

Sherry, L. (1996). Issues in Distance Learning. International Journal of Educational Telecommunications, 1 (4), 337-365.
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Students' Right to Free Speech the Right

Words: 1540 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6534914

Students' ight to Free Speech

The right of student to free speech is a matter that has been debated over years. Where many people claim that students, just like any other group of people, have the right of free speech, others claim that students should know where their limits end. Therefore, at many schools, colleges and universities, the students are provided with a code of conduct that they have to follow. This code of conduct defines rules of speech for the students; to tell them where they have to start speaking and where they should end. These codes have also been controversial in some places.

The right of free speech can be highlighted from the fact that the distinguishing feature between human beings and other creatures is speech. By the freedom of speech, one does not only mean to speak what one feels like speaking, but it means to express…… [Read More]


Ash, Timonthy Garton (2012). "The basic Principle." Free Speech Debate.

Biskupic, Joan (2007). "High court case tests limits of student speech rights." USA Today. Gannett Company.

Mears, Bill (2007). "High court hears 'Bong hits 4 Jesus' case." CNN.

Morrison, Eric (2008). "School Board, Frederick reach settlement in 'Bong Hits' case'." Juneau Empire. Morris Communications.
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Students With Disabilities in General

Words: 1985 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39606996

There is little doubt that students with special needs require more support services, and the article referenced above adds clarity to that assertion. hat also is true is that often students with disabilities are harassed, made fun of and even bullied because they are "different." An article in The Journal of Counseling & Development refers to emotional abuse that students (not necessarily students with disabilities but rather students that are "different" per se) are subjected to from teachers. This topic is not one that gets a lot of attention, the authors day, but in certain classrooms "…it can be a daily occurrence" (McEachern, et al., 2008, p. 3). Take Jason, he has had a fear of this one particular teacher and while he was "at the peak of his humiliation" because his second period teacher teased him in front of the class about the way he dressed, he finally got…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Elbaum, Batya, and Vaughn, Sharon. (2001). School-Based Interventions to Enhance the Self-

Concept of Students with Learning Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis. The Elementary School

Journal, 101(3), 303-329.

Letrello, Theresa M., and Miles, Dorothy D. (2003). The Transition from Middle School to High School: Students with and without Learning Disabilities Share Their Perceptions.
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Student Affairs One of the

Words: 4376 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22699080

" Gabriel is an employee of a small business and agrees with the results of numerous reports that highlight that irrespective of the increase in the overall opportunities for work, the overall living expenditures, student loans, utilities etc. leaves most graduates in a dire state of (Franke-uta, 2003).

Another Nellie Mae report conducted in 1998 showed that nearly 40% of the graduated lawyers and doctors and 25% of graduates of private institutions were earning far less money than what they owed monthly to the students loan agencies. The report also shows that out of the total graduate lawyers and doctors, nearly 41% paid off 13% of their salaries to the student loan agencies to relieve their debts and all 41% felt like this was a huge weight on their shoulders. This burden was even more obvious on the African-American debtors and low income earners by the end of 2002 (Franke-uta,…… [Read More]


Arnold, J. (2007, November 06). How to Get a Handle on College Loan Consolidation. EzineArticles. Retrieved November 08, 2007, at

Dragon, D. (2007, August 08). 5 Reasons to Consider Debt Consolidation. EzineArticles. Retrieved November 07, 2007, at

Ebony. (1999). 10 Easy Ways to Get out of Debt. Johnson Publishing Co. 54: 10. pp: 30.

Fiset, N. (2007, August 04). Debt Consolidation. EzineArticles. Retrieved November 08, 2007, at
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Student Assessment and Background Variation Flexnet Courses

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22466555

Student Assessment and Background Variation

Flexnet courses are both online, and face-to-face, and so have a variety of assessment methods available, including both written and oral components, though all require English fluency. Technology competency and small group work are key.

Flexnet courses are both online, and face-to-face, and so have a variety of assessment methods available. Online courses based in newsgroups have primarily written assessments, including mandatory short-answer essays and written participation, which requires both reading comprehension and writing skills. Longer written essays and PowerPoint presentations are both common online assessment methods. Small group learning teams will require proficiency in informal written communication, and possibly oral communication in the form of phone calls. Face-to-face assessment methods vary widely, and include oral presentations, oral class discussions, and small group work resulting in a written product. All of these, of course, are conducted in English, and therefore require English reading comprehension and…… [Read More]

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Student Unrest and the Vietnam War it

Words: 1046 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95725732

Student Unrest and the Vietnam ar

It is certainly a fact that the widespread and sometimes violent student unrest in the 1960s was largely based on young people's objections to the war in Vietnam. But it should be noted that the youthful rage against the American involvement was not driven exclusively by moral, political and social issues. But that rage was also fueled the fact that during the 1960s young people could not vote until they were 21 years of age, but they could be drafted -- and they were by the hundreds of thousands -- at age 18. This paper reviews the relationship between student demonstrations and the war in Vietnam, and concludes with the political and social aftermath of the war.

Student-Led Demonstrations Against the Vietnam ar: As a brief background into the demonstrations against the Vietnam ar, the 1960s were a time when America experienced terrible events…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Franklin, Bruce H. (2000). Vietnam & Other American Fantasies. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.

Hagopian, Patrick. (2009). The Vietnam War in American Memory. Amherst, MA: University

of Massachusetts Press.

Halstead, Fred. (1978). Out Now! A Participant's Account of the American Movement Against
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Students With ADHD

Words: 1533 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91522386

Students with ADHD

Education 518, Section B13

Dr. Carolyn McCreight

Qualitative article review: Students with ADHD

Homeschooling is one of the controversial approaches to educate children with 'special needs'. Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are preferred to be taught at home by their parents. Instructors for homeschooling are also arranged for this purpose. However, there has been widespread criticism on this method of teaching attention-deficit students. The main purpose of this paper is to review a qualitative study conducted on the topic of providing homeschooling to attention-deficit students. Duvall, Delquadri and Ward (2004) conducted a study to investigate the appropriateness of homeschooling environment for instructing basic skills to children with special needs. The main purpose of this qualitative study was to ascertain whether or not parents of children having attention-deficit as well as hyperactivity disorder could provide their children with instructional environmental that was conducive for facilitating acquisition of…… [Read More]


Duvall, S.F., Delquadri, J.C., & Ward, D.L. (2004). A Preliminary Investigation of the Effectiveness of Home-school Instructional Environments for Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. School Psychology Review, 33(1), 140-158.
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Student Training in Aged Care What Factors

Words: 2115 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59425745

Student Taining in Aged Cae

What Factos in Students Taining Enhance Retention

Post Placement in the Aged Cae Secto?

What Factos in Students Taining Enhance Retention

Post Placement in the Aged Cae Secto?

Thanks to medical eseach, bette povision of medical assistance and inceased lifestyle options, individuals ae living longe and in bette health than pevious geneations; howeve, the Austalian population continues to age, lagely due to deceasing bith ates and inceased life expectancy. Not supisingly, this will have an impact on the health cae system. Specifically, the aged cae secto of healthcae equies committed and competent wokes to meet wokplace needs. Unfotunately, Fagebeg & Ekman's (1997) study (as cited in Abbey et al., 2006) shows that the numbe of nusing gaduates willing to assume employment in the aged cae secto is alamingly low. Fo one o moe easons, it appeas that many students ae eithe unwilling to ente this…… [Read More]

references after a gerontology curriculum. Educational Gerontology. 21(3), 247-260.

Australian Department of Health and Ageing. (2002). Recruitment and Retention of Nurses in Residential Aged Care. Final Report. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing.

Babbie, E. (2007). The practice of social research (12th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

De la Rue, M. (2003). Preventing ageism in nursing students: An action theory approach. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 20(4), 8-14.

Fagerberg, I. & Ekman, S. (1997). First-year Swedish nursing students' experiences with elderly patients. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 19(2), 177-189.
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Student Unit Assessment Making Healthy

Words: 723 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52489134

One complete performance task with an appropriate scoring tool

Children will create an 'honest' advertising campaign for a food-related product they select. Then they will explain why they chose the product and the advertising approach to the class. For example, they could select an orange, and advertise its value of vitamin C or they could select a whole grain children's breakfast cereal and advertise that it is "not really healthy, but not as unhealthy as some other cereals." The advertising campaign must be based on the nutritional information they research on their own.

After all of the students have made their presentations, the class will discuss what they have learned, in terms of how and why they make decisions about what they eat. They will discuss if the way they eat has changed as a result of the unit.

Rubric and analytic scoring matrix

The final presentation will be judged…… [Read More]

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Student Evaluation Terminology Evaluation Has

Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17099391


This perception alludes to a certain inflexibility which might be fundamentally obscuring of real performance values and indicators.

The same may be said of 'testing,' if we are to leave this concept to stand on its own. hile many educators are rather comfortable with this terminology, it is a concept which is intimidating to many students. The desire to view learning as an opportunity is here, semantically overshadowed by the perception that one is being given a pass/fail consideration. Combining the punitive perception of testing with the implications of measurement to the bypassing of individual learning standards can be very damaging both to a student's desire to achieve and to the educator's ability to create standards and approaches which address individuals rates and styles of learning.

The scholastic consensus today seems to endorse the use of the term assessment and the flexibility there implied. Here, both punitive and rigid…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Galbraith, Alison & Joy Alexander. (2005). Literacy, self-esteem and locus of control. Support for Learning, Vol. 20.

Kizlik, B. (2009).

Measurement, Assessment, and Evaluation in Education. Adprima.
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Students With Disabilities in Higher

Words: 1226 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96151372

The basic idea is to provide these individuals with technology that they can use to help them effectively deal with the issues that they are facing. A few of the most notable solutions that we will be using include: the Braille / Braille Embosser, FM radio systems, Hear It devises, tape recorders, victor reader waves for audio books, victor reader streams for audio books, Handi Cassette II (talking book), MP 3 Players, Neo-Alpha Smart Note Pad, TTY Communication, Digital Voice Statistical Calculators, Speaking Dictionaries and Cannon Scanner for text books. At the same time, we will use different programs to support these various solutions that are being introduced to include: JAWS, Kurzweil, open book, and zoom text. Once this occurs, this will help to address the needs that are facing a wide variety of individuals who suffering from various disabilities. As, these tools can be used to help them be…… [Read More]

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Students Attending a Ncoes Course Should Not

Words: 2593 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58471030

tudents attending a NCOE course should not have to take an APFT or weigh-In upon arrival -- these are unit level tasks that need to be completed before reporting

NCOE and physical fitness/weight control testing responsibilities

Unit level leaders have an inherent responsibility to maintain and manage oldiers physical fitness and weight control standards; therefore, we must hold these leaders accountable for the execution of these tasks.

The purpose of the NCO as established throughout its history from the very beginning was focus on leadership roles. As the history of the NCEO, the educational component of the NCO shows, academic instruction was a requirement of the program -- the NCEO was indeed established with that in mind, and it has been only recently that hands-n components have been added in order to bring the NCEO into line with the 21st century and as response to the 2001 terrorist scare.

Nonetheless,…… [Read More]

Sources Combat Leadership

Department of the Army. (2007). 2007 U.S. Army Posture Statement. Washington, DC.

Elder, D.K. (2009). Educating Noncommissioned Officers: A chronological study on the development of educational programs for U.S. Army Noncommissioned Officers. Fort Wampler, RL & Blanckenbllekeer, P. (2008) Noncommissioned Officer Education System (NCOES): Considerations for Testing-out and Awarding Equivalent Credit United States Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
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Student of Prague Film Analysis

Words: 2113 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10568186

Student of Prague and German Cinema

The Germany film industry revolution

The Film industry in Germany has come a long way and is seen as one of the ancient film industries that gave a portrayal of both the artistic as well as the aesthetic and the economic value of films in Germany in the early 1900s. The paper will hence not only look into the history of the Germany film industry, but also select a relevant film to demonstrate the significance of the film selected to the subject matter it covered, the people and the relevance to the time that it was produced and it depicted. The film that will be used in this demonstration is "The Student of Prague" which would be analyzed to see the kind of contribution that it brought to the film industry in Germany at that given moment in time.

The films of the early…… [Read More]


Brockmann Stephen. (2010). A Critical History of German Film. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from

Kracauer Siegfried (1947). From Caligari to Hitler: A Psychological History of the Germany Film. Princeton and Oxford, Princeton University Press. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from 

Paul Wegener, (1913). Der Student von Prag. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from 

Pulver A., (2011). New Europe: A history of German cinema in clips. The Guardian. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from
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Student Survival Guide Conducting Successful

Words: 1598 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19032097

Setting and Achieving Goals

Identify shat your short- and long-term educational and career goals are as soon as you can. If you are focused early, you can start making plans now by applying for grad school programs or internships or researching all the available opportunities for people in your field. Don't take for granted that your transition from university to the professional world or the world of graduate school will be seamless. It can take months to find out what graduate or professional programs are out there and even what career options are available in your favorite fields. Talk to your academic advisors as well as your family and friends about how to plan for the future. Be open-minded and flexible to match the job market. You are bound to encounter obstacles as you plan for your future. Try not be dejected when you are rejected from graduate schools or…… [Read More]

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Student Retention in High School

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86818175

They establish identities or are confused about what roles to play. Additionally, Cherry (2011) states that child must have a conscious sense of self that is developed through social interaction. A child's ego identity is constantly evolving as he or she acquires new experiences and information. Processing these new experiences and information embodies and shapes one's sense of self.

According to Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development (Berger, 2010), thoughts and expectations profoundly affect attitudes, beliefs, values, assumptions, and actions. In turn, these factors have a direct correlation to the sense of self that motivates competence, positive behaviors, and actions. If a void occurs in developing a sense of self relative to others, he or she will have psychological barriers that are translated into a defense mechanism to conceal one's lack of motivation, fear of failure, and social dysfunction (Berger, 2010). Lowering the affective filters are critical to foster social development…… [Read More]


Berger, S. (2010). The developing person: Through childhood and adolescence. New York: Worth Publishers

Cherry, K. (2011). Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Retrieved from
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Student Assessment and Standardized Tests

Words: 1747 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78209840

There are, for example, many ways for a student to present an understanding of the causes of the U.S. Civil War" (1999, p. 35).


The research showed high stakes standardized testing approaches are becoming increasingly commonplace in the nation's schools, and the outcome of these testing regimens has enormous implications for the students involved, as well as for their teachers and schools. The research also showed that by formulating standards to match these standardized tests, teachers run the risk of "teaching to the test" rather than providing their students with the type of education that is needed in the 21st century. While they are more complex and difficult to administer, the research also showed that portfolios and other assessment techniques such as capstone projects provide a more comprehensive and accurate way to determine how well students are learning and where they may need help.


Blasi, M. (2005). Standardized…… [Read More]


Blasi, M. (2005). Standardized tests: A teacher's perspective. Childhood Education, 81(4), 242-

Garcia, N. & Fleming, J. (1999). Are standardized tests fair to African-Americans? Journal of Higher Education, 69(5), 471-472.

Neill, D.M. (1999). Transforming student assessment. Phi Delta Kappan, 78(1), 34-35.

Sacks, P. (2000). Standardized minds: The high price of America's testing culture and what we can do to change it. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing.
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Student Discipline and Bullying

Words: 2164 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99830650

Student Bullying/Discipline
1. Abstract
According to the Illinois Legal Aid Online (2018) Bullying can be understood as the aggressive and unwanted traits espoused by school going children. The traits entail some perceived or real power imbalance. Some of the students will use this power (such as their physical strength, popularity, access to privileged information) to harm, blackmail or harm other students. This behavior has to be repeated or have the potential of being repeated for it to qualify as bullying (Illinois Legal Aid Online, 2018). This paper explores a bullying scenario and maps out a strategy to alleviate bullying among students. In doing so the paper quotes three cases (i.e. Goss v. Lopez, Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, and New Jersey v. T.L.O). The rulings in these cases will be used to delineate the process of investigation, disciplining of bullies and bullying prevention measures. The paper also…… [Read More]

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Students With Diverse Families Written by Wendy

Words: 604 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83585586

Students With Diverse Families

Written by Wendy Schwartz of Columbia University, Family Diversity in Urban Schools is a study of urban students living with caregivers other that their biological parents. In it, she presents a comprehensive and illuminating exploration of these households, along with recommendations that will help schools provide support for these families. Her well documented, well organized article characterizes the most common types of nontraditional families, and makes recommendations for schools that provide support for these families. The definition of family that the author prefers is the following:

Any group of individuals that forms a household based on respect, the meeting of basic needs, as well as those of love and affection, and one in which assistance is freely given to maintain social, spiritual, psychological, and physical health

According to Hampton, Rak, and Mumford, anywhere between thirty and sixty percent of all urban students live with caregivers that…… [Read More]


Ayasse, R.H., "Addressing the needs of foster children: The Foster Youth Services Program." Social Work in Education, 17(4) (October 1995)

Hampton, F.M., Rak, C., & Mumford, D.A. "Children's literature reflecting diverse family structures: Social and academic benefits for early reading programs." ERS Spectrum, 15(4), (Fall, 1997).

Schwartz, Wendy, "Family Diversity in Urban Schools." ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education Digest 148 (September 1999).
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Students and Learning

Words: 925 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91054153

Students and Learning

The learner-based outcome that I've chosen for this paper involves all students being able to successfully complete a physical education curriculum designed to enhance overall physical strength, improve dexterity and increase stamina. For this learner-based outcome, it is important to create a rubric so that students understand the criteria involved for measuring success. Toward this endeavor, it is important to include concrete, attainable and measurable goals for all students.

Such a physical education curriculum involving learner based outcomes is justified given the importance of physical activity for children. Childhood obesity is a serious social problem in America. The effects of obesity in childhood are well documented in both the social science literature and medical journals. During the last 30 years, the percentage of obese children between the ages of 6 and 11 has risen 200% while the percentage of obese children between 12 and 19 has tripled…… [Read More]


Golder, G. (2003). Inclusive education: Making the most of what's available. The British Journal of Teaching Physical Education, 34(2), 2327.

McCaughtry, N., & Rovegno, I. (2003). Development of pedagogical content knowledge: Moving from blaming students to predicting skilfulness, recognizing motor development, and understanding emotion. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 22(4), 355-368.

Rink, J.E. (2001). Investigating the assumptions of pedagogy. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 20(2), 112-128.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010). The Role of Schools in Preventing Childhood Obesity. Retrieved from:
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Student Affairs as Both a Field of Study and a Profession

Words: 3850 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98237300

Student Affairs as Both A Field of Study and a Profession

What is Student Affairs?

Tyrell (2014) believes student affairs professionals have a continually expanding and evolving role in community colleges, with recognition of increasingly complex student experiences and with broadening of community colleges' role in the way students are engaged outside of and within formal, institutional settings.

The student affairs domain is an extensive and complex part of college campus operations, covering several departments and involving professionals hailing from a broad range of academic backgrounds. Student learning does not occur only in classrooms; rather, it is interwoven all through students' experiences in college, right from their freshmen days to the time they leave its doors after earning their college diploma. College students are molded by these experiences, conflict management lessons learnt from sharing dorms with fellow students, critical thinking skills perfected through challenging coursework, leadership skills attained through leadership…… [Read More]


Hoffman, J. L., & Bresciani, M. (2012). Identifying What Student Affairs Professionals Value: A Mixed Methods Analysis of Professional Competencies Listed in Job Descriptions. Research & Practice In Assessment, Vol 7, 26-40. Retrieved from

Long, D. (2012). The Foundations of Student Affairs: A Guide to the Profession. In L. J. Wong, Environments for student growth and development: Librarians and student affairs in collaboration (pp. 1-39). Chicago: Association of College & Research Libraries. Retrieved from

Long, D. (2012). Theories and Models of Student Development. In L. J. Wong, Environments for student growth and development: Librarians and student affairs in collaboration (pp. 41-55). Chicago: Association of College & Research Libraries. Retrieved from

Reason, R. D. & Kimball, E. W. (2012). A New Theory-to-Practice Model for Student Affairs: Integrating Scholarship, Context, and Reflection. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, Vol 49, No. 4, 359-376. Retrieved from
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Students' Email Usage and Student

Words: 10852 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84013386

This research will fill in a gap that was discovered in the literature review. There have been many, even in an academic setting, that have made comments regarding the effects of email on the student environment. However, there have been no significant studies to substantiate these claims. This study will fill in the existing gap in research and will examine the actual importance of email to the academic setting.

Chapter 2: Literature eview

The importance of technology in the academic setting was an accepted fact from the inception of the internet. However, there have been few academic studies that have attempted to quantify its impact on student lives and success. In order to understand the importance of email and its impact on students lives, one must examine several areas of academic research on the topic. It has been implied that self-esteem and a feeling of satisfaction play an important role…… [Read More]


Beffa-Negrini, P., Miller, B., and Cohen, N. (2002). Factors related to success and satisfaction in online learning. Academic Exchange Quarterly. September 2002.

Borowitz S., & Wyatt J. (1998) the origin, content, and workload of e-mail consultations. JAMA 280: 1321-4. (2003). Firm can e-mail at work. September 19, 2003. CNN.Com Retrieved October 29, 2007 at 

Ferguson T. (1996). A guided tour of self-help cyberspace. [monograph on the Internet]. Rockville (MD): Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office of Public Health and Science, Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 1996 Retrieved November 3, 2007 at
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Student's Necessary Steps Toward Social and Scholastic Development

Words: 895 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23577823

Student Social Identity Development

How and hy Students Develop a Social Identity

hat is meant by Student Development?

Author Nancy J. Evans notes that the phrase "Student Development" too often becomes simply a vague catchphrase that has little application to college students' lives and learning. Student Development embraces the psychosocial, cognitive-structural, and social identity of students in postsecondary settings (Evans, et al., 2009).

In the quest for self-direction, students universally seek a social identity as well as an education that can propel them into meaningful, successful careers.

Evans, N.J., Forney, D.S., Guido, F.M., Patton, L.D., and Renn, K.A. (2009). Student Development in College: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Introduction to Training Session

Clearly college and university students already have an identity when they enroll in classes, although their more mature individual identity in the social milieu will evolve with time. This training session embraces the question of how and why a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Evans, N.J., Forney, D.S., Guido, F.M., Patton, L.D., and Renn, K.A. (2009). Student

Development in College: Theory, Research, and Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Hanson, C. (2014). In Search of Self: Exploring Student Identity Development: New

Directions for Higher Education, Number 166. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
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Students' Access to Birth Control

Words: 3923 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24777458

In conclusion, atkins draws an important link between teen childbearing and poverty, which takes this discussion past morals and values and moves it into socioeconomic territory. Half of all mothers currently on welfare assistance "were teenagers when they had their first child," atkins writes. Also, a) less than a third of teen mothers "ever finish high school"; b) the children born to teenage mothers "are twice as likely to raise their children in poverty"; c) the children of teen mothers "...are more likely to do poorly in school, more likely to drop out of school, and less likely to attend college"; and d) girls whose mothers were teenagers at the time of their birth are "...22% more likely to become mothers as teens themselves," thus completing the cycle and perpetuating the problem into future generations.

An article by Jennifer a. Hurley ("Promoting the Use of Birth Control Reduces Teen Pregnancy")…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bakalar, Nicholas. "Adolescence: Abstinence-Only Programs Not found to Prevent HIV." The New York Times 14 August 2007: Retrieved Dec. 3, 2007, at .

Garrett, Robert T. "Texas teens lead nation in birth rate." The Dallas Morning News 5 November 2007: Retrieved Dec. 2, 2007, at .

Green, Tanya L. "Parents Have the Right to Know when their Children Receive Family

Planning Services at School." Opposing Viewpoints: Students' rights. Greenhaven Press,
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Student Centered Teaching Progressivism Social

Words: 6624 Length: 21 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55418377

Now we have examined two extremes in educational thought that have developed over the past century. Teacher centered and student centered philosophies differ significantly in their approach to the student-teacher relationship. Teacher centered philosophy does not depend on the student's wants and needs at all. Teacher centered philosophy uses antiquated methods, such as rote learning. However, these methods are quickly being replaced by a more student-centered approach. Student centered approaches to learning are an important part of the new technologically advanced society. The following will explore the role of student-centered philosophies in the emerging technological tends

Teaching Philosophies and the Changing Society

The emphasis of essentialism and perennialism is on standardization and the learning of material. This style of learning is authoritarian and disciplinarian. The study is acted upon and has no choice or preference in the material or the method by which they choose to learn it. They are…… [Read More]


Aretakis-Fredo, a. (2003).

Literacy Review. Retrieved June 14, 2007 from .

Bagamery, B., Laslik, J.J., & Nixon, D.R. (2005). Determinants of success on the ETS business major field exam for students in an undergraduate multi-site regional university business program. Journal of Education for Business 81 (1), 55-59.

Bondy, a (1999) Visually us: Validating the curriculum for MA-ori students. Unpublished MEd thesis. VUW.
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Student Lending Funds for a Business Plan

Words: 1576 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46508516

Student Life Generally

Business Plan

The business plan that is created is for an electronics retails store that will retail electronic merchandise. The main products that will be offered by the store will be Samsung electronic products which include Samsung tablets, laptops, computers, phones and related products and services. The name of the business will be Sunshine Electronics etail Store. Sunshine store will be a franchise company for Samsung Inc. There are numerous benefits of being a franchise. These include:

Operating under a renowned brand name that of Samsung Inc. has major benefits. To begin with, the store enjoys increased security for your enterprise. Not only are the products being retailed already tried and tested, but the store will benefit from Samsung if there need be for improvements. More so, already a household name in the market, the store will not have any need to make a brand but will…… [Read More]


Ernst & Young. (2013). International GAAP 2013: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles under International Financial Reporting Standards. Wiley.

Greggo, A., Kresevich, M. (2011). Retail Security and Loss Prevention Solutions. New York: Taylor and Francis Group.

Kurtz, D.L., Boone, L.E. (2009). Contemporary Business. Ohio: South Western Cengage.

Millar, J. (2003). An Investigation Into the Effects of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act on Firm and market values. Southern Illinois University.
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Student Retention Has Long Been

Words: 5392 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13282475

The next three categories deal with the lack of information: 4) lack of information about the career decision-making process, itself; 5) lack of information about one's own capabilities, personal traits or interests; 6) lack of information about occupations and what work is involved and the type of work available; and 7) lack of information about ways of obtaining career information. The final three categories deal with the inconsistent information that students receive that make decision-making difficult: 8) inconsistent information due to unreliable sources;

9) inconsistent information due to internal conflicts, such personal identity and 10) insistent information due to external conflicts with significant others.

Once students have had a an opportunity to learn more about their personal traits in relationship to careers and the type of positions available, they want to actually have an opportunity to learn more right from the source. However, even at community schools, only two percent…… [Read More]

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School-Based Bullying Prevention Programs the

Words: 9042 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8170287

They predict age and gender variations relate to bullying concerns. Of the 25 cartoons implemented in the study, two depict characters with different shades of skin color where skin color appeared to be an issue. One cartoon relating to sexual orientation was not used in several countries. Smith et al. report Olweus to assert bullying to be characterized by the following three criteria:

1. It is aggressive behavior or intentional "harmdoing"

2. which carried out repeatedly and over time

3. In an interpersonal relationship characterized by an imbalance of power. (Smith et al., 2002, p. 1120)

In their study, Smith et al. (2002), participating researchers in the 14 countries to completed the following

1. Listed and selected bullying terms as well as social exclusion in the applicable language.

2. Used fundamental focus groups with participating children to confirm usage and extensive comprehensive of terms.

3. Using cartoons, sorted tasks to…… [Read More]


Anti-Bullying programs for schools. (2009). Retrieved March 3, 2010 from

Beaty, L.A., & Alexeyev, E.B. (2008). The Problem of School Bullies: What the Research Tells Us. Adolescence, 43(169), 1+. Retrieved March 3, 2010, from Questia database:

Beran, T.N., Tutty, L. & Steinrath, G. (2004). An evaluation of a bullying prevention program for elementary schools. Canadian Journal of School Psychology. Vol. 19, Iss. 1/2, p. 99

116 . Retrieved March 3, 2010 from
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School Policy Involving Students 4th Amendment Rights

Words: 1672 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82657472

School Policy Involving Students' 4th Amendment ights

Some of the nation's public schools are beginning to resemble medieval fortresses with armed guards stationed at entrances equipped with metal detectors. Although these steps have helped to prevent the introduction of weapons onto school grounds, more problematic are other types of contraband that inevitably find their way into the nation's schools, including tobacco, alcohol and drugs of all types, as well as pornography. When school officials believe violations of laws or school rules have been committed, they must of course take action to address such violations but there are some important issues that must be taken into account concerning when such searches are permissible and how they can be conducted in order to pass 4th Amendment muster. To determine what these issues are and how they affect school policies involved students' 4th Amendment rights, this paper provides a review of the relevant…… [Read More]


Imber, M. & Van Geel, T. (2004). A teacher's guide to education law. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence

Erlbaum Associates.

Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman J.G., & Schulenberg, J.E. (2005). Monitoring the future study: National survey results on drug use, 1975-2004. Volume I: Secondary

school students (NIH Publication No. 05-5727). Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.
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Instructional Practices for High Level Learners and Standard-Based Curriculum

Words: 1426 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36854231

Instructional Practices for High Level Learners

hen it comes to the right curriculum (instructional practices) that teachers and administrators should be developing -- that are effective in helping students achieve a high level of learning -- this paper points to a standards-based system (combined with creative curricula) as the most effective. There are a number of ways in which teachers can implement those practices that lead to a high level of learning in students -- and this paper reviews those strategies.

Explain various instructional practices designed to achieve high-level learning for all students in a standards-based curriculum.

Instructional practices in schools rarely stay static, according to a peer-reviewed article in the journal Computers in the Schools. In fact, many schools over the past few years have been actively engaged with "fundamental restructuring efforts" because teachers appear willing in many instances to try "…a range of instructional practices" that will be…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Copeland, S.R., and Cosbey, J. (2008-2009). Making Progress in the General Curriculum:

Rethinking Effective Instructional Practices. Research & Practice for Persons with Severe

Disabilities, 33(4), 214-227.

Liu, L., Jones, P.E., and Sadera, W.A. (2010). An Investigation on Experienced Teachers'
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Mental health problems experienced by college'students

Words: 1284 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19172867

American Healthcare
One of the key healthcare issues in America as well as globally is mental health. The news article by Rinker (2017) in Kaiser News Health delineates the mental health problems experienced by college students. Based on the article, when students begin their life in college, several of them come to experience anxieties, face a difficult time to adjust to life in college, and possibly plunge into austere depression or self-destructive feelings and points of view. Owing to this issue, the Chancellor of UCLA, Gene Block, proclaimed that the college is offering charitable mental health screenings to all students entering the school including transfer students and the freshmen students. In acknowledgement of the stress that income students face as they begin their college life, UCLA purposes to screen for depression to aid in ensuring that all students are mentally healthy. The institution will also screen for traits associated with…… [Read More]

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Economic Alternative to Lecture-Based Education

Words: 2673 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91443480

esearch Questions:

Unfortunately, as promising as the potential benefits of incorporating brain-based, active learning, inquiry-based, hands-on participation, and multiple intelligence-based methods of academic instruction is, comprehensive programs of this nature are largely unavailable on a wide scale, owing to budgetary considerations. However, since virtually every tested addition of multidimensional instruction has been associated with beneficial results (Schroeder & Spannagel 2006), intuition would suggest that the addition of instruction via educational programming is also likely to be conducive to improvement over traditional lecture and textbook-only methods of instruction.

Obviously, if given the choice between non-academic programming and educational programming, most middle and secondary school students would prefer the former. On the other hand, where methods of instruction depart from the traditional limitation to lecture and textbooks only (Bimonte 2005), even voluntary class attendance increases. Nevertheless, contemporary education programs generally neglect the potentially valuable medium of televised instruction except in connection with…… [Read More]


Active Learning: Getting students to work and think in the classroom (1993). Speaking of Teaching, 5(1). Retrieved May 1, 2008, at http://ctl.stanford. edu/Newsletter

Adams, D. & Hamm, M. (1994). New designs for teaching and learning: Promoting active learning in tomorrow's schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bickman, M. (2003). Minding American education: Reclaiming the tradition of active learning. New York City: Teachers College Press.

Bimonte, R. (2005, November/December). If your class were optional, would anyone attend. Momentum, 36(4), 6.
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Safe Schools for Lesbian and Gay Students

Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95451650

Safe Schools for Lesbian and Gay Students

It is important that all children feel safe in the school environment. The majority of waking hours are spent at school, so it must be ensured that students feel comfortable, safe, secure, and supported while at school. This is especially the case for lesbian and gay students, who face several challenges in regards to discrimination, self-esteem, and fitting in with other students. It is the responsibility of teachers and school administrators to address this issue and devise strategies for ensuring that lesbian and gay students are appropriately supported in the school environment.

Lesbian and gay students often feel isolated, alienated, and left out at school (Youth Pride, 1997). These feelings of isolation result in several troubling outcomes. Suicide rates among lesbian and gay students are high, with studies indicating that gay and lesbian students are up to three times more likely to attempt…… [Read More]

References (2011). Retrieved 22 October, 2011 from

Lambda Legal (2010). Getting down to basics: tools to support LGBTQ youth in care. Retrieved 22 October, 2011 from

National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (2011). Public policy and government affairs. Retrieved 22 October, 2011 from

Schwartz, R. (2011). GLSEN lauds bipartisan introduction of safe schools improvement act (S.506) in senate. Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network. Retrieved 22 October, 2011 from
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Application of a Pedagogic Model to the Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students

Words: 60754 Length: 230 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60817292

Pedagogic Model to the Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students

Almost thirty years ago, the American federal government passed an act mandating the availability of a free and appropriate public education for all handicapped children. In 1990, this act was updated and reformed as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which itself was reformed in 1997. At each step, the goal was to make education more equitable and more accessible to those with special educational needs. During the last presidential term, the "No Child Left Behind" Act attempted to assure that individuals with disabilities were increasingly mainstreamed and assured of high educational results. All of these legislative mandates were aimed at insuring that children with disabilities were not defrauded of the public education which has become the birthright of all American children. The latest reforms to IDEA, for example, provided sweeping reforms which not only expanded the classification of…… [Read More]

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Racism and Discrimination Impact on Civil Rights and Student Rights

Words: 1436 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44747855

How Racism and Discrimination Affects ‘Civil Rights’ and Student Rights
Racism is the belief that one race is superior to another. It can result in prejudice and discrimination towards people based on their ethnicity and color. Discrimination is the treatment of people in an unfair manner based on their characteristics such as sexual orientation, age, race and gender. Racism is a type of prejudice that most countries fight, do not tolerate and hotly discuss. Countries such as Brazil had once categorized themselves as racial democracies. They allowed people who were racially indifferent to live side-by-side. Such countries are now experiencing the harsh reality of historic and entrenched racism. Some people argue that class and not race is the main cause of social distinction. This is because racism has become illegal officially from forms of overt racism such as abuse on social media and killing of unarmed blacks by police, especially…… [Read More]

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Motivating Students

Words: 554 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89975203

Self-Regulation Practice

Self-regulation is a consistent process of organizing and managing thoughts, emotions, behaviors, and environment (Ramdass, 2011). It involves setting goals, selecting appropriate learning strategies, maintaining motivation, and monitoring and evaluating academic progress. The self-regulation processes and self-beliefs also include time management, managing the environment (distractions), maintaining attention, and self-efficacy.

Students who use self-regulatory practices are higher achievers. Evidence shows that self-regulation skills and motivational beliefs correlate positively with homework activities (Ramdass, 2011). Homework assignments help at risk and struggling students develop motivation and self-regulation skills.

Self-regulation operates in the cognitive (learning strategies), motivational (self-efficacy, task value), and metacognitive (self-monitoring, self-reflection) areas of psychological functioning. Self-regulation motivation enables students to believe in their own individual capabilities. Cognitive self-regulation relates to the learning strategies and is different with each homework task. Metacognition enables goal setting and the monitoring of the learning progress.

Mastery of self-regulation depends on the belief in…… [Read More]


Pintrich, P. & . (1990). Motivational and Self-Regulated Learning Components of Classroom Academic Performance. Journal of Education Psychology, 82(1), 33-40.

Ramdass, P. & . (2011). Developing Self-Regulation Skills: The Important Role of Homework. Journal of Advanced Acedemics, 22(2), 194-218.
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Developing of a School-Wide Assessment Plan for ESL Students and Students With Special Needs

Words: 1941 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3965990

School-Wide Assessment Plan

Schoolwide Devlopment Plan

Assessing the Context or Input

As a certified teacher in Special Education and capable to teach English to English Language Learners, I plan to create an assessment plan to measure abilities of students in high need areas in my school to read and write. Since I am equipped with a robust background and the essential skills to teach in these areas and to assess the needs of students who fall under this category, I will appear more subject specific and the overall improvement plan should be easier as I strive to develop and implement the correct assessment-instruction process. My focus during the first part of the project will revolve around the creation of a range of assessments in order to gather background information about my learners and instructional contexts in which we teach them. This information will then help me design my instructional plan,…… [Read More]


Bernhardt, V.L. (2006). Using data to improve student learning in school districts. Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education.

Brooks, G.W. (2007). Teachers as Readers and Writers and as Teachers of Reading and Writing. The Journal of Educational Research, 100(3), 177-191. doi: 10.2307/27548176

Hudson, R.F., Lane, H.B., & Pullen, P.C. (2005). Reading Fluency Assessment and Instruction: What, Why, and How? The Reading Teacher, 58(8), 702-714. doi: 10.2307/20204298

Lesaux, N.K. (2012). Reading and Reading Instruction for Children from Low-Income and Non-English-Speaking Households. The Future of Children, 22(2), 73-88. doi: 10.2307/23317412
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Planning Assessments for Students

Words: 7600 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 907095

classroom assessment, a teacher determines his or her current point within the instructional sequence of a unit of study and identifies the student academic learning goals to measure.

"Select one class, a content area, and a unit of study to work with as you complete this performance task. Respond to the prompts below about the unit of study and its assessment."

Grade Level

Content Area: Math:

Grade level: 5 Content area: Mathematics Subject matter: _Graphs, Functions and Equations

"List the state-adopted academic content standards or state-adopted framework you will cover in this unit."

Graphs, Function Probability and statistics, and Equation: Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability:

1.1: Arranges the raw data to plot graph and interprets the meaning of the data to produce information from the graph.

1.2: Understands the strategy to produce pair correctly .

Functions and Equations:

1.1: Uses the information collected from the equation or graph to answer…… [Read More]

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Factors Affecting the Retention of Students in Community Colleges

Words: 3592 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2622452

Education - Theory

Addressing etention Issues in Community CollegesUsing Transition and Ecological/Environment Theory

Many community colleges face serious retention issues that affect student performance, persistence, and learning. The rationale employed in identifying alternative assessments involves overriding standardized test validities and predictive reliability issues. However, there are concerns regarding the derived holistic understanding among student outcomes. The goal of providing college educators through alternative supplemental approaches facilitate standardized testing of various evaluative measures as introduced. The issues of student self-assessment and social and value-added assessments, evaluations, and personal growth portfolios within community colleges had increased. The design suggests an institution of the writing and implementation of parallel outcomes in the studies are linked to different fundamental questions serving as subjects of confirm relevance to campus dynamics and student success.

The levels involved in making the students leave or stay are informative points on student engagement. This includes social and academic connection…… [Read More]


Braxton, J.M., & Doyle, W.R. (2013). Rethinking College Student Retention. New York: John Wiley & Sons,

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1994). Ecological Models of Human Development. International Encyclopedia of Education, vol. 3, 2nd ed., 131-214.

Evans, N.J., Forney, D.S., & Guido-DiBrito, F. (2010). Student Development in College: Theory, Research, and Practice. Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

Forney, E., & DiBrito, G. (1998).Student Development in College: Theory, Research, and Practice. pp. 111-114.
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Pre School and at Risk Students Solutions and Ideas

Words: 743 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15908398

Educational eform

I would say that the most effective way to work with children of poverty is to remember what Dr. uby Payne (2005) says about poverty -- namely, it is "relative" (p. 2) -- that means, poverty only exists in relation to wealth; so if everyone is in the same socioeconomic status, it is not necessarily the case that the individuals feel "poor." Thus, while schools may embrace a "middle-class" code, they risk disassociating themselves from lower economic class students based on this bias (Payne, 2005, p. 3). For me, this was a really interesting point, that reminded me of the importance of keeping an open mind about values and how we interpret others, especially in terms of "poverty," which is a word that really has more meaning from a middle-class perspective than it does from a lower class perspective. Since I do not have much experience working with…… [Read More]


Curwin, R. L., & Mendler, A. N. (2008). Discipline with dignity new challenges, new solutions (3rd ed.). Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Koonce, G. (2016). (Ed.), Taking sides: Clashing views on educational issues expanded

(18 Ed.). McGraw Hill Publishers.

Marzano, R. J. (2003). What works in schools: Translating research into action.
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Student Data Is Vital to the Student's

Words: 1229 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76942783

student data is vital to the student's readiness, interest, learning profile and affect. As studies have shown, the more comprehensive the data about a student, the more capable a teacher becomes in tailoring lessons to use each student's strengths and address each student's challenges. By assessing X with even a simple tool like "Learning Style Inventory" and discussing the student's strengths, weaknesses, likes and dislikes, a clearer picture is obtained for accommodating her strengths and addressing her challenges with unique lessons.

The Importance and Value of Collecting Data

Rather than relying on happenstance to discover information about our students, teachers are now consciously collecting pertinent data about students, for "research and experience in increasingly global classrooms are revealing the complex interplay of factors that influence a student's learning" (Powell & Kusuma-Powell, 2011). The goal of such data collection is "personalized learning -- to use what we find out about our…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anonymous. (nd). Learning style inventory. Retrieved on June 3, 2012 from Web site: 

Popham, W.J. (2009, May). Assessing student affect. Retrieved on June 3, 2012 from Web site: 

Powell, W., & Kusuma-Powell, O. (2011). How to teach now: Chapter 1. knowing our students as learners. Retrieved on June 3, 2012 from Web site:
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Base Ten Number System and on Common

Words: 1506 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2023038

Base ten number system and on common misconceptions, which young children might develop when trying to learn about the use of numbers.

What is Place Value Notation

Place value notation, also otherwise known as positional notation, is a system of encoding numbers such that it simplifies the arithmetic. It is the basis for understanding arithmetic and is essential to the way we read, write, speak or use whole numbers. Another important use of the place value notation is that it allows us to string together and make sense of a sequence of whole numbers put together in order. Quite simply, the place-value system allows us to make sense of a sequence of numbers which would otherwise have just appeared to be random digits put together.

What is the Base Ten number system?

The Base ten number system uses digits for the numbers zero to nine for all number values no…… [Read More]


Kennedy, L.M., Tipps, S., & Johnson, A. (2008). Guiding Children's Learning of Mathematics. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.

Liedtke, W.W. (2010). Making Mathematics Meaningful. [Victoria, B.C.]: Trafford.

Ryan, J., & Williams, J. (2007). Children's Mathematics. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill/Open University Press.

Shumway, J.F. (2011). Number Sense Routines. Portland, Me.: Stenhouse Publishers.
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Student Education What Were the

Words: 1479 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3965558

10. What was the decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in Honig v. Doe?

In this case, the Supreme Court was of the opinion that free and appropriate public education also applied to children having behavioral difficulties. Further, the Supreme Court also concluded that when a student's misbehavior has a definite connection to his or her disability, such a student should not be excluded from school.

11. Explain when a school must hold a "manifestation determination hearing"

A manifestation determination hearing is held when as a result of a disabled student's inappropriate or wrongful behavior, the school deems it fit to have the student removed. Amongst other things, the said hearing is held to determine whether there is a connection between the student's disability and his or her faulty behavior.

12. Explain when a school must develop a "behavior intervention plan" (BIP) for a student

A school must develop the…… [Read More]


Merrell, K.W., Ervin, R.A., & Peacock, G.G. (2011). School Psychology for the 21st Century: Foundations and Practices (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

New York State Education Department. (2011, May). Behavioral Intervention Plans. Retrieved from 

Odom, S.L., Horner, R.H. & Snell, M.E. (Eds.). (2009). Handbook of Developmental Disabilities. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Oyez. (2013). Schaffer v. Weast. Retrieved from
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Students' Participation in Authoring of

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4101879

Furthermore, by actively engaging students in the multimedia development process, their critical thinking skills are put to good use, vocabulary retention is enhanced and students will likely enjoy the process far more than a traditional lecture format or simply reviewing what multimedia materials are provided by educators.

One of the overriding issues that emerged from this study was the fact that students were actively engaged in the educational material development process, but this did not mean that they were simply assigned a task and allowed the "muddle through" the process. ather, this approach required extensive planning and preparation on the part of the second language educator to provide the framework that was needed for the students to succeed. This process is more challenging than might be expected, and involves far more than just placing existing course content online or on a CD/DVD format. Consideration must be given to how the…… [Read More]


Nikolva, O.R. (2002). Effects of students' participation in authoring of multimedia materials on student acquisition of vocabulary. Language, Learning & Technology, 6(1), 100.

Effects of Students' Participation in Authoring of Multimedia Materials on Student Acquisition of Vocabulary.


This study investigated the effects on vocabulary acquisition of student participation in authoring a multimedia instructional module. Sixty-two subjects were randomly assigned to two groups, and each group was randomly assigned to one of two treatments. The control subjects were asked to study a French text downloaded from the Internet and presented on a computer. In the text,
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Students Are Dropping Out of High School

Words: 1333 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42725987

students are dropping out of high school, we need to get the money together to open up programs that will make sure that these former students can gain the educational skills they need elsewhere, so that they are able to keep a job. This will take a lot of work, understanding, and communication from all parties -- like the students, educators, and the community -- but we will find a means for these drop-outs to step up to the challenge and gain enough information and confidence to find a job and to hold down this job successfully.

It will not be easy to design the format of these informational programs or to raise the money to do it. We can, however, organize the program formats in several ways. Firstly, since we can divide the work into departments, that will help our employees to focus on their assigned work, without being…… [Read More]

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Students Adjust and Acclimate Better to the

Words: 549 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26363191

students adjust and acclimate better to the college environment, and others drop out. Because the results of the study have relevance for how universities help their matriculating students adjust, it is highly relevant. etention of students is a matter of ethics and social justice, as well as a financial concern. The authors note that the study is motivated by the fact that 40% of all college students leave before they finish their degree, and that emotional, academic, and social adjustment is often the reason why.

The research is exploratory, meaning the hypothesis does not indicate causation. Instead, the hypothesis takes into account three areas that the researchers believe impact attrition, including academic adjustment, social adjustment, and emotional adjustment. It is presumed that improving these three types of adjustments will increase retention of students and their completing their degree.

387 male and female students participated, and pre-matriculation a survey instrument was…… [Read More]


Gerdes, Hilary and Mallinckrodt, Brent. Emotional, social, and academic adjustment of college students. Journal of Counseling and Development: JCD; Jan 1994; 72, 3; ABI/INFORM Global pg. 281.
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Students Transitioning From One School to Another

Words: 542 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83410175

students transitioning from one school to another, the current research examines the subjective impressions of students as well as their academic performance outcomes. Student achievement is measured not only quantitatively, but also qualitatively, in terms of social performance and psychological well-being. This research takes into account academic performance, but also includes a small sample of students from a New Zealand public school who had recently transitioned.

easons for student transitions may be due to the family being in the military, family job shifts, or immigration. The stressors that moving entails can place psychological strains upon the student, thereby impacting well-being as well as academic performance. In particular, research shows that transitioning can lead to social vulnerability and reduced self-esteem. Because psychological and social well-being have been proven vital to student success, it is important to study the elements that make for a successful student transition. Schools aware of what creates…… [Read More]

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Students in the Case Study

Words: 1355 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73895769

Many of the students at the school are intelligent, but they do not know how to put that intelligence to good use, because no one has ever taught them that they are capable of doing many things that they may want to do. Since this is the case, the teachers at the school must be given tools that are practical and can be easily incorporated into what they already do, which will help to stimulate the minds of the students that they work with when it comes to teaching them language literacy. While not an easy task, it is a worthwhile one that should be considered. Children are the future of this country and it seems wrong to neglect any of them, regardless of their race, ethnicity, background, language ability, or mental capabilities.

Those that can be educated should be educated, and ways must be found to ensure that this…… [Read More]

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Student Assessment What Is the Most Appropriate

Words: 1340 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26020345

Student Assessment

hat is the most appropriate way to assess student achievement? The commission of the National Middle School Assessment of student achievement suggests "authentic assessment refers to evaluation that makes use of real life tasks instead of contrived test items." (NMSA, 2000) In other words, rather than focus on testing students more, a greater interest and study of effective teaching practices are better employed in further research regarding education. The National Middle School Assessment Authentic assessment also suggests that while standardized testing may occasionally function as a rough means of evaluating all children, such as identifying children with possible special needs, assessment in a truly learner-centered classroom will vary. "Examples of types of assessment are performance tasks, portfolios, student self-assessment surveys and probes, peer assessments, journals, logs, products, and projects. Successful assessment improves learning, instruction and program effectiveness." (NMS 2000, citing Donald, 1997) In my own school district, located…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ellis, Edwin & Lou Anne Worthington, Martha J. Larkin. (2005) "Executive Summary of the Research Synthesis on Effective Teaching Principles and the Design of Quality Tools for Educators." Area of Teacher Education, Programs in Special Education University of Alabama Report. Retrieved 23 Oct 2005

'Executive Summary." (2001) Child Left Behind Act' of 2001. Summary of research retrieved 23 Oct 2005
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Student Critically Evaluate a Selected Reading Reviewi

Words: 911 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84334542

Student Critically Evaluate a Selected Reading, Reviewi

There are a number of highly unusual, but seemingly valuable points raised in this work of Kohn's entitled Punished by Rewards. At various times in this document, the author appears to advocate abandoning a system of grades (yet not necessarily assessment), exploring new ways to teach, and eschewing conventional systems of rewards. What is most interesting about this manuscript is the author also advocates discontinuing the usage of punishments within an educational, classroom setting, and instead appealing to the talents and insight of instructors to create and utilize curriculum that can truly engage the student intrinsically. Many of the author's points appear valid (particularly since a number of them are substantiated by empirical evidence) and have the potential to transform classroom learning and the potential for students to perceive learning in a much more positive way than they currently do.

The most fundamental…… [Read More]