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Sociological Implications of Participative, Student-Based Scaffolding Strategies
On Academic Success
The accelerating pace of technological change is leading to disruptive innovations throughout education, with didactic, often static approaches to teaching giving way to more participative-based approaches. The sociological dimensions of technology disruption on education is the focus of this paper. Technologies are quickly progressing education beyond socialization and structural foundations to a more experiential-based approach to learning based on student participation (Wade, Stone, 2010). This is especially the case when the sociological implications of scaffolding are analyzed in the context of structural functionalism and the designation of roles inferred through educational experiences of students (Najjar, 2008).
How Technologies Are Changing The Sociology Of Education
Didactic approach to teaching the sparingly use technology including the use of overhead projectors that are used for sharing presentations that are not sharable digitally with customers are detracting, not increasing, learning ability. Technologies in aggregate…
James, I., & Okpala, C.O. (2010). The use of metacognitive scaffolding to improve college students' academic success. Journal of College Teaching and Learning, 7(11), 47-49.
Najjar, M. (2008). On scaffolding adaptive teaching prompts within virtual labs. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 6(2), 35-54.
Selwyn, N. (2012). Making sense of young people, education and digital technology: The role of sociological theory. Oxford Review of Education, 38(1), 81-96.
Wade, B.H., & Stone, J.H. (2010). Overcoming disciplinary and institutional barriers: An interdisciplinary course in economic and sociological perspectives on health issues. Journal of Economic Education, 41(1), 71-84.
Dear. Mr. Doe,
I am firmly aware that both you and I understand how advanced and prestigious that the University of Tulsa happens to be. Even with that, it is important to make sure that we are keeping pace with the universities that are comparable to us in terms of size and program offerings.
With the above being said, the following are three ideas of what could or should be improved when it comes to the University of Tulsa itself and how it is presented to the outside world, including to prospective applicants. The latter, of course, would include the website that is in place for the university.
According to US News & World Report, the colleges that are in most direct competition with Tulsa in terms of applicants and that are not larger colleges would be Rice, Texas Christian and Southern Methodist University. Oklahoma is among the competition but…
The study shows the reasons behind college student's lack of class room participation based on the relationships they have with their fellow classmates as well as their teachers. esearchers based their findings on surveys given to both male and female students which showed different reasons for their quietness in class. It is interesting that male and female students each have their own justifications for not speaking in class; the majority of males said it was due to their admission of not doing the assigned work, while most females justified that they did not know the subject material well enough to speak publicly in class. This shows the very different justifications for the same type of behavior seen in students all over the country. Each student, based on his or her own unique background will have different ways of behaving and different justifications for that behavior as well.
Karp, David a; Yoes, William C. "Student Participation in the College Classroom."
This helps them deal with administrative tasks such as applying for grants, reporting their progress, appeasing parents, etc. In addition, teacher-based methods of assessment have at least one positive implication for students. According to Flood et al., teacher-based assessments allow teachers to enter the process of scaffolding with significant foreknowledge. Flood et al. (2003). suggests that all good assessment includes a component in which a teacher plans and sets goals, and then collecting data and interpreting it. This can be done in the classroom or at the macro level -- applicable to either the school itself or the state. Teachers can use the data gleaned from teacher-centered assessment as a means by which to identify areas of weakness and address them (Kearns, 2009). Standardized testing and teacher-based testing in classrooms allows teachers to determine where most students are having problems and use scaffolding techniques to intervene on the student's behalf…
Chall, J.S. & Adams, M.J. (2002). The Academic Achievement Challenge: What Really
Works in the Classroom. New York: Guilford.
Flood, J. et al. (2003). The Handbook of Research on Teaching the English Language
Arts 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lawrence Erlbaum.
This is when the university arranges for: providing educational, healthcare, and counseling services to all the students. The aim is to support wellness practices for the long-term health of everyone.
The establishment of conversations with teaching faculty that has resulted in model community "service learning" projects consistent with the mission of the college or university.
The drug and alcohol program supports coordination among: the students, university administration, and faculty members in different areas. As students are assisted by the faculty members to deal with different learning issues they could face. Where, they are encouraged to discuss their problems with the teaching staff or counselors, in order to receive help on: strategies and skills required to achieve success in the real world. This is significant, because we are creating different student learning projects that are a collaborative effort between: staff members and the students. This is in line with the mission…
Effective Strategies to Reduce High Risk Drinking. (2006). Forum On Public Policy. Retrieved from: www.forumonpublicpolicy.com/archivesum07/brinkley.pdf
Learning Reconsidered: A Campus-Wide Focus on The Student Experience. (2004). Delsuggs. Retrieved from: http://www.delsuggs.com/articles/Learning%20Reconsidered.pdf
Student Affairs 8. (2011). Essaytree. Retrieved from: http://*****/education-theories/student-affairs-8/
DeJong, W.. (2005). A Typology for Campus-Based Alcohol Prevention: Moving toward Environmental Management Strategies. College Drinking Prevention. Retrieved from: http://www.collegedrinkingprevention.gov/supportingresearch/journal/dejong.aspx
There are three types of goals to focus one: short-term, medium-term, and long-term goals.
In a study environment, short-term goals would refer to attending classes, handing in assignments and studying for tests and other assessments. The study schedule plays the most important role in this type of goal. Furthermore helping to achieve this goal is the sections relating to academic honesty, as well as research and studying skills. Each goal can then be integrated with the time schedule in order to keep it in mind while adhering to the study schedule.
The medium-term goal would be to achieve success in the overall Axia study program.
Medium-term goals are generally fulfilled by a number of short-term goals that are completed successfully.
Long-term goals are the driving force for current action. In the long-term, for example, the Axia student may wish to stand within a specific profession. Success in the short- and…
Chilimo, W.L., Emmanuel, G. And Lwoga, T.E. (2006) Developing online research strategies. Sokoine University of Agriculture. http://www.itoca.org/TEEAL-AGORATanzania.pdf .
Kizlik, Bob (2006, July 20). How to Study and Make th eMost of Your Time. http://www.adprima.com/studyout.htm
Sherry, L. (1996). Issues in Distance Learning. International Journal of Educational Telecommunications, 1 (4), 337-365. http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~lsherry/pubs/issues.html
Student Assessment and Background Variation
Flexnet courses are both online, and face-to-face, and so have a variety of assessment methods available, including both written and oral components, though all require English fluency. Technology competency and small group work are key.
Flexnet courses are both online, and face-to-face, and so have a variety of assessment methods available. Online courses based in newsgroups have primarily written assessments, including mandatory short-answer essays and written participation, which requires both reading comprehension and writing skills. Longer written essays and PowerPoint presentations are both common online assessment methods. Small group learning teams will require proficiency in informal written communication, and possibly oral communication in the form of phone calls. Face-to-face assessment methods vary widely, and include oral presentations, oral class discussions, and small group work resulting in a written product. All of these, of course, are conducted in English, and therefore require English reading comprehension and…
Student Unrest and the Vietnam ar
It is certainly a fact that the widespread and sometimes violent student unrest in the 1960s was largely based on young people's objections to the war in Vietnam. But it should be noted that the youthful rage against the American involvement was not driven exclusively by moral, political and social issues. But that rage was also fueled the fact that during the 1960s young people could not vote until they were 21 years of age, but they could be drafted -- and they were by the hundreds of thousands -- at age 18. This paper reviews the relationship between student demonstrations and the war in Vietnam, and concludes with the political and social aftermath of the war.
Student-Led Demonstrations Against the Vietnam ar: As a brief background into the demonstrations against the Vietnam ar, the 1960s were a time when America experienced terrible events…
Franklin, Bruce H. (2000). Vietnam & Other American Fantasies. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.
Hagopian, Patrick. (2009). The Vietnam War in American Memory. Amherst, MA: University
of Massachusetts Press.
Halstead, Fred. (1978). Out Now! A Participant's Account of the American Movement Against
Students with ADHD
Education 518, Section B13
Dr. Carolyn McCreight
Qualitative article review: Students with ADHD
Homeschooling is one of the controversial approaches to educate children with 'special needs'. Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are preferred to be taught at home by their parents. Instructors for homeschooling are also arranged for this purpose. However, there has been widespread criticism on this method of teaching attention-deficit students. The main purpose of this paper is to review a qualitative study conducted on the topic of providing homeschooling to attention-deficit students. Duvall, Delquadri and Ward (2004) conducted a study to investigate the appropriateness of homeschooling environment for instructing basic skills to children with special needs. The main purpose of this qualitative study was to ascertain whether or not parents of children having attention-deficit as well as hyperactivity disorder could provide their children with instructional environmental that was conducive for facilitating acquisition of…
Duvall, S.F., Delquadri, J.C., & Ward, D.L. (2004). A Preliminary Investigation of the Effectiveness of Home-school Instructional Environments for Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. School Psychology Review, 33(1), 140-158.
Student Taining in Aged Cae
What Factos in Students Taining Enhance Retention
Post Placement in the Aged Cae Secto?
What Factos in Students Taining Enhance Retention
Post Placement in the Aged Cae Secto?
Thanks to medical eseach, bette povision of medical assistance and inceased lifestyle options, individuals ae living longe and in bette health than pevious geneations; howeve, the Austalian population continues to age, lagely due to deceasing bith ates and inceased life expectancy. Not supisingly, this will have an impact on the health cae system. Specifically, the aged cae secto of healthcae equies committed and competent wokes to meet wokplace needs. Unfotunately, Fagebeg & Ekman's (1997) study (as cited in Abbey et al., 2006) shows that the numbe of nusing gaduates willing to assume employment in the aged cae secto is alamingly low. Fo one o moe easons, it appeas that many students ae eithe unwilling to ente this…
references after a gerontology curriculum. Educational Gerontology. 21(3), 247-260.
Australian Department of Health and Ageing. (2002). Recruitment and Retention of Nurses in Residential Aged Care. Final Report. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing.
Babbie, E. (2007). The practice of social research (12th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
De la Rue, M. (2003). Preventing ageism in nursing students: An action theory approach. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 20(4), 8-14.
Fagerberg, I. & Ekman, S. (1997). First-year Swedish nursing students' experiences with elderly patients. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 19(2), 177-189.
One complete performance task with an appropriate scoring tool
Children will create an 'honest' advertising campaign for a food-related product they select. Then they will explain why they chose the product and the advertising approach to the class. For example, they could select an orange, and advertise its value of vitamin C or they could select a whole grain children's breakfast cereal and advertise that it is "not really healthy, but not as unhealthy as some other cereals." The advertising campaign must be based on the nutritional information they research on their own.
After all of the students have made their presentations, the class will discuss what they have learned, in terms of how and why they make decisions about what they eat. They will discuss if the way they eat has changed as a result of the unit.
Rubric and analytic scoring matrix
The final presentation will be judged…
This perception alludes to a certain inflexibility which might be fundamentally obscuring of real performance values and indicators.
The same may be said of 'testing,' if we are to leave this concept to stand on its own. hile many educators are rather comfortable with this terminology, it is a concept which is intimidating to many students. The desire to view learning as an opportunity is here, semantically overshadowed by the perception that one is being given a pass/fail consideration. Combining the punitive perception of testing with the implications of measurement to the bypassing of individual learning standards can be very damaging both to a student's desire to achieve and to the educator's ability to create standards and approaches which address individuals rates and styles of learning.
The scholastic consensus today seems to endorse the use of the term assessment and the flexibility there implied. Here, both punitive and rigid…
Galbraith, Alison & Joy Alexander. (2005). Literacy, self-esteem and locus of control. Support for Learning, Vol. 20.
Kizlik, B. (2009).
Measurement, Assessment, and Evaluation in Education. Adprima.
The basic idea is to provide these individuals with technology that they can use to help them effectively deal with the issues that they are facing. A few of the most notable solutions that we will be using include: the Braille / Braille Embosser, FM radio systems, Hear It devises, tape recorders, victor reader waves for audio books, victor reader streams for audio books, Handi Cassette II (talking book), MP 3 Players, Neo-Alpha Smart Note Pad, TTY Communication, Digital Voice Statistical Calculators, Speaking Dictionaries and Cannon Scanner for text books. At the same time, we will use different programs to support these various solutions that are being introduced to include: JAWS, Kurzweil, open book, and zoom text. Once this occurs, this will help to address the needs that are facing a wide variety of individuals who suffering from various disabilities. As, these tools can be used to help them be…
tudents attending a NCOE course should not have to take an APFT or weigh-In upon arrival -- these are unit level tasks that need to be completed before reporting
NCOE and physical fitness/weight control testing responsibilities
Unit level leaders have an inherent responsibility to maintain and manage oldiers physical fitness and weight control standards; therefore, we must hold these leaders accountable for the execution of these tasks.
The purpose of the NCO as established throughout its history from the very beginning was focus on leadership roles. As the history of the NCEO, the educational component of the NCO shows, academic instruction was a requirement of the program -- the NCEO was indeed established with that in mind, and it has been only recently that hands-n components have been added in order to bring the NCEO into line with the 21st century and as response to the 2001 terrorist scare.
Combatleadership.com Combat Leadership
Department of the Army. (2007). 2007 U.S. Army Posture Statement. Washington, DC.
Elder, D.K. (2009). Educating Noncommissioned Officers: A chronological study on the development of educational programs for U.S. Army Noncommissioned Officers. Fort Wampler, RL & Blanckenbllekeer, P. (2008) Noncommissioned Officer Education System (NCOES): Considerations for Testing-out and Awarding Equivalent Credit United States Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
Student of Prague and German Cinema
The Germany film industry revolution
The Film industry in Germany has come a long way and is seen as one of the ancient film industries that gave a portrayal of both the artistic as well as the aesthetic and the economic value of films in Germany in the early 1900s. The paper will hence not only look into the history of the Germany film industry, but also select a relevant film to demonstrate the significance of the film selected to the subject matter it covered, the people and the relevance to the time that it was produced and it depicted. The film that will be used in this demonstration is "The Student of Prague" which would be analyzed to see the kind of contribution that it brought to the film industry in Germany at that given moment in time.
The films of the early…
Brockmann Stephen. (2010). A Critical History of German Film. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=hz1I0Ty9AUYC&pg=PA2&lpg=PA2&dq=A+Critical+History+of+German+Film&source=bl&ots=q9OmTTPbcr&sig=v86AFKoxkpwSMfQrASMO2LX6LjQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=MzdOVJHRKJevaYj2gqgE&ved=0CEUQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=A%20Critical%20History%20of%20German%20Film&f=false
Kracauer Siegfried (1947). From Caligari to Hitler: A Psychological History of the Germany Film. Princeton and Oxford, Princeton University Press. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic591072.files/Kracauer%20I.pdf
Paul Wegener, (1913). Der Student von Prag. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OuvIvwSi1gI
Pulver A., (2011). New Europe: A history of German cinema in clips. The Guardian. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from http://www.theguardian.com/film/2011/mar/15/german-cinema-history-new-europe
Setting and Achieving Goals
Identify shat your short- and long-term educational and career goals are as soon as you can. If you are focused early, you can start making plans now by applying for grad school programs or internships or researching all the available opportunities for people in your field. Don't take for granted that your transition from university to the professional world or the world of graduate school will be seamless. It can take months to find out what graduate or professional programs are out there and even what career options are available in your favorite fields. Talk to your academic advisors as well as your family and friends about how to plan for the future. Be open-minded and flexible to match the job market. You are bound to encounter obstacles as you plan for your future. Try not be dejected when you are rejected from graduate schools or…
They establish identities or are confused about what roles to play. Additionally, Cherry (2011) states that child must have a conscious sense of self that is developed through social interaction. A child's ego identity is constantly evolving as he or she acquires new experiences and information. Processing these new experiences and information embodies and shapes one's sense of self.
According to Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development (Berger, 2010), thoughts and expectations profoundly affect attitudes, beliefs, values, assumptions, and actions. In turn, these factors have a direct correlation to the sense of self that motivates competence, positive behaviors, and actions. If a void occurs in developing a sense of self relative to others, he or she will have psychological barriers that are translated into a defense mechanism to conceal one's lack of motivation, fear of failure, and social dysfunction (Berger, 2010). Lowering the affective filters are critical to foster social development…
Berger, S. (2010). The developing person: Through childhood and adolescence. New York: Worth Publishers
Cherry, K. (2011). Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/psychosocialtheories/a/psychosocial.htm
There are, for example, many ways for a student to present an understanding of the causes of the U.S. Civil War" (1999, p. 35).
The research showed high stakes standardized testing approaches are becoming increasingly commonplace in the nation's schools, and the outcome of these testing regimens has enormous implications for the students involved, as well as for their teachers and schools. The research also showed that by formulating standards to match these standardized tests, teachers run the risk of "teaching to the test" rather than providing their students with the type of education that is needed in the 21st century. While they are more complex and difficult to administer, the research also showed that portfolios and other assessment techniques such as capstone projects provide a more comprehensive and accurate way to determine how well students are learning and where they may need help.
Blasi, M. (2005). Standardized…
Blasi, M. (2005). Standardized tests: A teacher's perspective. Childhood Education, 81(4), 242-
Garcia, N. & Fleming, J. (1999). Are standardized tests fair to African-Americans? Journal of Higher Education, 69(5), 471-472.
Neill, D.M. (1999). Transforming student assessment. Phi Delta Kappan, 78(1), 34-35.
Sacks, P. (2000). Standardized minds: The high price of America's testing culture and what we can do to change it. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing.
According to the Illinois Legal Aid Online (2018) Bullying can be understood as the aggressive and unwanted traits espoused by school going children. The traits entail some perceived or real power imbalance. Some of the students will use this power (such as their physical strength, popularity, access to privileged information) to harm, blackmail or harm other students. This behavior has to be repeated or have the potential of being repeated for it to qualify as bullying (Illinois Legal Aid Online, 2018). This paper explores a bullying scenario and maps out a strategy to alleviate bullying among students. In doing so the paper quotes three cases (i.e. Goss v. Lopez, Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, and New Jersey v. T.L.O). The rulings in these cases will be used to delineate the process of investigation, disciplining of bullies and bullying prevention measures. The paper also…
Students With Diverse Families
Written by Wendy Schwartz of Columbia University, Family Diversity in Urban Schools is a study of urban students living with caregivers other that their biological parents. In it, she presents a comprehensive and illuminating exploration of these households, along with recommendations that will help schools provide support for these families. Her well documented, well organized article characterizes the most common types of nontraditional families, and makes recommendations for schools that provide support for these families. The definition of family that the author prefers is the following:
Any group of individuals that forms a household based on respect, the meeting of basic needs, as well as those of love and affection, and one in which assistance is freely given to maintain social, spiritual, psychological, and physical health
According to Hampton, Rak, and Mumford, anywhere between thirty and sixty percent of all urban students live with caregivers that…
Ayasse, R.H., "Addressing the needs of foster children: The Foster Youth Services Program." Social Work in Education, 17(4) (October 1995)
Hampton, F.M., Rak, C., & Mumford, D.A. "Children's literature reflecting diverse family structures: Social and academic benefits for early reading programs." ERS Spectrum, 15(4), (Fall, 1997).
Schwartz, Wendy, "Family Diversity in Urban Schools." ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education Digest 148 (September 1999).
Students and Learning
The learner-based outcome that I've chosen for this paper involves all students being able to successfully complete a physical education curriculum designed to enhance overall physical strength, improve dexterity and increase stamina. For this learner-based outcome, it is important to create a rubric so that students understand the criteria involved for measuring success. Toward this endeavor, it is important to include concrete, attainable and measurable goals for all students.
Such a physical education curriculum involving learner based outcomes is justified given the importance of physical activity for children. Childhood obesity is a serious social problem in America. The effects of obesity in childhood are well documented in both the social science literature and medical journals. During the last 30 years, the percentage of obese children between the ages of 6 and 11 has risen 200% while the percentage of obese children between 12 and 19 has tripled…
Golder, G. (2003). Inclusive education: Making the most of what's available. The British Journal of Teaching Physical Education, 34(2), 2327.
McCaughtry, N., & Rovegno, I. (2003). Development of pedagogical content knowledge: Moving from blaming students to predicting skilfulness, recognizing motor development, and understanding emotion. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 22(4), 355-368.
Rink, J.E. (2001). Investigating the assumptions of pedagogy. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 20(2), 112-128.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010). The Role of Schools in Preventing Childhood Obesity. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/physicalactivity/pdf/roleofschools_obesity.pdf
Student Affairs as Both A Field of Study and a Profession
What is Student Affairs?
Tyrell (2014) believes student affairs professionals have a continually expanding and evolving role in community colleges, with recognition of increasingly complex student experiences and with broadening of community colleges' role in the way students are engaged outside of and within formal, institutional settings.
The student affairs domain is an extensive and complex part of college campus operations, covering several departments and involving professionals hailing from a broad range of academic backgrounds. Student learning does not occur only in classrooms; rather, it is interwoven all through students' experiences in college, right from their freshmen days to the time they leave its doors after earning their college diploma. College students are molded by these experiences, conflict management lessons learnt from sharing dorms with fellow students, critical thinking skills perfected through challenging coursework, leadership skills attained through leadership…
Hoffman, J. L., & Bresciani, M. (2012). Identifying What Student Affairs Professionals Value: A Mixed Methods Analysis of Professional Competencies Listed in Job Descriptions. Research & Practice In Assessment, Vol 7, 26-40. Retrieved from http://www.rpajournal.com/
Long, D. (2012). The Foundations of Student Affairs: A Guide to the Profession. In L. J. Wong, Environments for student growth and development: Librarians and student affairs in collaboration (pp. 1-39). Chicago: Association of College & Research Libraries. Retrieved from http://ir.library.illinoisstate.edu
Long, D. (2012). Theories and Models of Student Development. In L. J. Wong, Environments for student growth and development: Librarians and student affairs in collaboration (pp. 41-55). Chicago: Association of College & Research Libraries. Retrieved from
This research will fill in a gap that was discovered in the literature review. There have been many, even in an academic setting, that have made comments regarding the effects of email on the student environment. However, there have been no significant studies to substantiate these claims. This study will fill in the existing gap in research and will examine the actual importance of email to the academic setting.
Chapter 2: Literature eview
The importance of technology in the academic setting was an accepted fact from the inception of the internet. However, there have been few academic studies that have attempted to quantify its impact on student lives and success. In order to understand the importance of email and its impact on students lives, one must examine several areas of academic research on the topic. It has been implied that self-esteem and a feeling of satisfaction play an important role…
Beffa-Negrini, P., Miller, B., and Cohen, N. (2002). Factors related to success and satisfaction in online learning. Academic Exchange Quarterly. September 2002.
Borowitz S., & Wyatt J. (1998) the origin, content, and workload of e-mail consultations. JAMA 280: 1321-4.
CNN.com. (2003). Firm can e-mail at work. September 19, 2003. CNN.Com Retrieved October 29, 2007 at http://www.cnn.com/2003/TECH/internet/09/19/e-mail.ban/index.html
Ferguson T. (1996). A guided tour of self-help cyberspace. [monograph on the Internet]. Rockville (MD): Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office of Public Health and Science, Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 1996 Retrieved November 3, 2007 at http://odphp.osophs.dhhs.gov/confrnce/partnr96/summary.htm
Student Social Identity Development
How and hy Students Develop a Social Identity
hat is meant by Student Development?
Author Nancy J. Evans notes that the phrase "Student Development" too often becomes simply a vague catchphrase that has little application to college students' lives and learning. Student Development embraces the psychosocial, cognitive-structural, and social identity of students in postsecondary settings (Evans, et al., 2009).
In the quest for self-direction, students universally seek a social identity as well as an education that can propel them into meaningful, successful careers.
Evans, N.J., Forney, D.S., Guido, F.M., Patton, L.D., and Renn, K.A. (2009). Student Development in College: Theory, Research, and Practice.
Introduction to Training Session
Clearly college and university students already have an identity when they enroll in classes, although their more mature individual identity in the social milieu will evolve with time. This training session embraces the question of how and why a…
Evans, N.J., Forney, D.S., Guido, F.M., Patton, L.D., and Renn, K.A. (2009). Student
Development in College: Theory, Research, and Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Hanson, C. (2014). In Search of Self: Exploring Student Identity Development: New
Directions for Higher Education, Number 166. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
In conclusion, atkins draws an important link between teen childbearing and poverty, which takes this discussion past morals and values and moves it into socioeconomic territory. Half of all mothers currently on welfare assistance "were teenagers when they had their first child," atkins writes. Also, a) less than a third of teen mothers "ever finish high school"; b) the children born to teenage mothers "are twice as likely to raise their children in poverty"; c) the children of teen mothers "...are more likely to do poorly in school, more likely to drop out of school, and less likely to attend college"; and d) girls whose mothers were teenagers at the time of their birth are "...22% more likely to become mothers as teens themselves," thus completing the cycle and perpetuating the problem into future generations.
An article by Jennifer a. Hurley ("Promoting the Use of Birth Control Reduces Teen Pregnancy")…
Bakalar, Nicholas. "Adolescence: Abstinence-Only Programs Not found to Prevent HIV." The New York Times 14 August 2007: Retrieved Dec. 3, 2007, at http://www.nytimes.com .
Garrett, Robert T. "Texas teens lead nation in birth rate." The Dallas Morning News 5 November 2007: Retrieved Dec. 2, 2007, at http://www.dallasnews.com .
Green, Tanya L. "Parents Have the Right to Know when their Children Receive Family
Planning Services at School." Opposing Viewpoints: Students' rights. Greenhaven Press,
Student Life Generally
The business plan that is created is for an electronics retails store that will retail electronic merchandise. The main products that will be offered by the store will be Samsung electronic products which include Samsung tablets, laptops, computers, phones and related products and services. The name of the business will be Sunshine Electronics etail Store. Sunshine store will be a franchise company for Samsung Inc. There are numerous benefits of being a franchise. These include:
Operating under a renowned brand name that of Samsung Inc. has major benefits. To begin with, the store enjoys increased security for your enterprise. Not only are the products being retailed already tried and tested, but the store will benefit from Samsung if there need be for improvements. More so, already a household name in the market, the store will not have any need to make a brand but will…
Ernst & Young. (2013). International GAAP 2013: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles under International Financial Reporting Standards. Wiley.
Greggo, A., Kresevich, M. (2011). Retail Security and Loss Prevention Solutions. New York: Taylor and Francis Group.
Kurtz, D.L., Boone, L.E. (2009). Contemporary Business. Ohio: South Western Cengage.
Millar, J. (2003). An Investigation Into the Effects of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act on Firm and market values. Southern Illinois University.
The next three categories deal with the lack of information: 4) lack of information about the career decision-making process, itself; 5) lack of information about one's own capabilities, personal traits or interests; 6) lack of information about occupations and what work is involved and the type of work available; and 7) lack of information about ways of obtaining career information. The final three categories deal with the inconsistent information that students receive that make decision-making difficult: 8) inconsistent information due to unreliable sources;
9) inconsistent information due to internal conflicts, such personal identity and 10) insistent information due to external conflicts with significant others.
Once students have had a an opportunity to learn more about their personal traits in relationship to careers and the type of positions available, they want to actually have an opportunity to learn more right from the source. However, even at community schools, only two percent…
They predict age and gender variations relate to bullying concerns. Of the 25 cartoons implemented in the study, two depict characters with different shades of skin color where skin color appeared to be an issue. One cartoon relating to sexual orientation was not used in several countries. Smith et al. report Olweus to assert bullying to be characterized by the following three criteria:
1. It is aggressive behavior or intentional "harmdoing"
2. which carried out repeatedly and over time
3. In an interpersonal relationship characterized by an imbalance of power. (Smith et al., 2002, p. 1120)
In their study, Smith et al. (2002), participating researchers in the 14 countries to completed the following
1. Listed and selected bullying terms as well as social exclusion in the applicable language.
2. Used fundamental focus groups with participating children to confirm usage and extensive comprehensive of terms.
3. Using cartoons, sorted tasks to…
Anti-Bullying programs for schools. (2009). NoBully.com. Retrieved March 3, 2010 from http://www.nobully.com/index.html
Beaty, L.A., & Alexeyev, E.B. (2008). The Problem of School Bullies: What the Research Tells Us. Adolescence, 43(169), 1+. Retrieved March 3, 2010, from Questia database:
Instructional Practices for High Level Learners
hen it comes to the right curriculum (instructional practices) that teachers and administrators should be developing -- that are effective in helping students achieve a high level of learning -- this paper points to a standards-based system (combined with creative curricula) as the most effective. There are a number of ways in which teachers can implement those practices that lead to a high level of learning in students -- and this paper reviews those strategies.
Explain various instructional practices designed to achieve high-level learning for all students in a standards-based curriculum.
Instructional practices in schools rarely stay static, according to a peer-reviewed article in the journal Computers in the Schools. In fact, many schools over the past few years have been actively engaged with "fundamental restructuring efforts" because teachers appear willing in many instances to try "…a range of instructional practices" that will be…
Copeland, S.R., and Cosbey, J. (2008-2009). Making Progress in the General Curriculum:
Rethinking Effective Instructional Practices. Research & Practice for Persons with Severe
Disabilities, 33(4), 214-227.
Liu, L., Jones, P.E., and Sadera, W.A. (2010). An Investigation on Experienced Teachers'
Safe Schools for Lesbian and Gay Students
It is important that all children feel safe in the school environment. The majority of waking hours are spent at school, so it must be ensured that students feel comfortable, safe, secure, and supported while at school. This is especially the case for lesbian and gay students, who face several challenges in regards to discrimination, self-esteem, and fitting in with other students. It is the responsibility of teachers and school administrators to address this issue and devise strategies for ensuring that lesbian and gay students are appropriately supported in the school environment.
Lesbian and gay students often feel isolated, alienated, and left out at school (Youth Pride, 1997). These feelings of isolation result in several troubling outcomes. Suicide rates among lesbian and gay students are high, with studies indicating that gay and lesbian students are up to three times more likely to attempt…
Bullying.org (2011). Retrieved 22 October, 2011 from http://www.bullying.org .
Lambda Legal (2010). Getting down to basics: tools to support LGBTQ youth in care. Retrieved 22 October, 2011 from http://lambdalegal.org/take-action/tool-kits/getting-down-to-basics .
National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (2011). Public policy and government affairs. Retrieved 22 October, 2011 from http://www.ngltf.org/our_work/public_policy .
Schwartz, R. (2011). GLSEN lauds bipartisan introduction of safe schools improvement act (S.506) in senate. Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network. Retrieved 22 October, 2011 from http://www.glsen.org/cgi-bin/iowa/all/library/record/2702.html?state=policy&type=policy .
Appelrouth, J. I., & Zabrucky, K. M. (2017). Preparing for the SAT: A review. College and University, 92(1), 2.
In this article, Appelrouth and Zabrucky write for an audience of both educators and students. The purpose of the article is to show how preparation and personal qualities help students to score well on the SAT. It compares favorably to the study by Park and Becks (2015), which also focuses on who benefits from SAT prep. The study here shows that students have to hold themselves accountable and the teachers have to facilitate that process by working with them so that they know what aspects to focus on in order to succeed in the taking of the SAT. This work highlights the idea that the SAT can be successfully taken. It supports the work of this bibliographic topic by showing that individual differences and test preparation have to be considered by…
Appelrouth, J. I., & Zabrucky, K. M. (2017). Preparing for the SAT: A review. College and University, 92(1), 2.
Camara, W. J., Mattern, K., Croft, M., Vispoel, S., & Nichols, P. (2019). A validity argument in support of the use of college admissions test scores for federal accountability. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 38(4), 12-26.
Hyman, J. (2017). ACT for all: The effect of mandatory college entrance exams on postsecondary attainment and choice. Education Finance and Policy, 12(3), 281-311.
Maruyama, G. (2012). Assessing college readiness: Should we be satisfied with ACT or other threshold scores?. Educational Researcher, 41(7), 252-261.
Park, J. J., & Becks, A. H. (2015). Who benefits from SAT prep?: An examination of high school context and race/ethnicity. The Review of Higher Education, 39(1), 1-23.
Richardson, C. C., Gonzalez, A., Leal, L., Castillo, M. Z., & Carman, C. A. (2016). PSAT component scores as a predictor of success on AP exam performance for diverse students. Education and Urban Society, 48(4), 384-402.
Soares, J. A. (2012). The future of college admissions: Discussion. Educational Psychologist, 47(1), 66-70.
Soares, J. A. (2012). For Tests That Are Predictively Powerful and without Social Prejudice. Research & Practice in Assessment, 7, 5-11.
Unfortunately, as promising as the potential benefits of incorporating brain-based, active learning, inquiry-based, hands-on participation, and multiple intelligence-based methods of academic instruction is, comprehensive programs of this nature are largely unavailable on a wide scale, owing to budgetary considerations. However, since virtually every tested addition of multidimensional instruction has been associated with beneficial results (Schroeder & Spannagel 2006), intuition would suggest that the addition of instruction via educational programming is also likely to be conducive to improvement over traditional lecture and textbook-only methods of instruction.
Obviously, if given the choice between non-academic programming and educational programming, most middle and secondary school students would prefer the former. On the other hand, where methods of instruction depart from the traditional limitation to lecture and textbooks only (Bimonte 2005), even voluntary class attendance increases. Nevertheless, contemporary education programs generally neglect the potentially valuable medium of televised instruction except in connection with…
Active Learning: Getting students to work and think in the classroom (1993). Speaking of Teaching, 5(1). Retrieved May 1, 2008, at http://ctl.stanford. edu/Newsletter
Adams, D. & Hamm, M. (1994). New designs for teaching and learning: Promoting active learning in tomorrow's schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Bickman, M. (2003). Minding American education: Reclaiming the tradition of active learning. New York City: Teachers College Press.
Bimonte, R. (2005, November/December). If your class were optional, would anyone attend. Momentum, 36(4), 6.
Pedagogic Model for Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students
Almost thirty years ago, the American federal government passed an act mandating the availability of a free and appropriate public education for all handicapped children. In 1990, this act was updated and reformed as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which itself was reformed in 1997. At each step, the goal was to make education more equitable and more accessible to those with special educational needs. During the last presidential term, the "No Child Left Behind" Act attempted to assure that individuals with disabilities were increasingly mainstreamed and assured of high educational results. All of these legislative mandates were aimed at insuring that children with disabilities were not defrauded of the public education which has become the birthright of all American children. The latest reforms to IDEA, for example, provided sweeping reforms which not only expanded the classification of special…
How Racism and Discrimination Affects ‘Civil Rights’ and Student Rights
Racism is the belief that one race is superior to another. It can result in prejudice and discrimination towards people based on their ethnicity and color. Discrimination is the treatment of people in an unfair manner based on their characteristics such as sexual orientation, age, race and gender. Racism is a type of prejudice that most countries fight, do not tolerate and hotly discuss. Countries such as Brazil had once categorized themselves as racial democracies. They allowed people who were racially indifferent to live side-by-side. Such countries are now experiencing the harsh reality of historic and entrenched racism. Some people argue that class and not race is the main cause of social distinction. This is because racism has become illegal officially from forms of overt racism such as abuse on social media and killing of unarmed blacks by police, especially…
Self-regulation is a consistent process of organizing and managing thoughts, emotions, behaviors, and environment (Ramdass, 2011). It involves setting goals, selecting appropriate learning strategies, maintaining motivation, and monitoring and evaluating academic progress. The self-regulation processes and self-beliefs also include time management, managing the environment (distractions), maintaining attention, and self-efficacy.
Students who use self-regulatory practices are higher achievers. Evidence shows that self-regulation skills and motivational beliefs correlate positively with homework activities (Ramdass, 2011). Homework assignments help at risk and struggling students develop motivation and self-regulation skills.
Self-regulation operates in the cognitive (learning strategies), motivational (self-efficacy, task value), and metacognitive (self-monitoring, self-reflection) areas of psychological functioning. Self-regulation motivation enables students to believe in their own individual capabilities. Cognitive self-regulation relates to the learning strategies and is different with each homework task. Metacognition enables goal setting and the monitoring of the learning progress.
Mastery of self-regulation depends on the belief in…
Pintrich, P. & . (1990). Motivational and Self-Regulated Learning Components of Classroom Academic Performance. Journal of Education Psychology, 82(1), 33-40.
Ramdass, P. & . (2011). Developing Self-Regulation Skills: The Important Role of Homework. Journal of Advanced Acedemics, 22(2), 194-218.
classroom assessment, a teacher determines his or her current point within the instructional sequence of a unit of study and identifies the student academic learning goals to measure.
"Select one class, a content area, and a unit of study to work with as you complete this performance task. Respond to the prompts below about the unit of study and its assessment."
Content Area: Math:
Grade level: 5 Content area: Mathematics Subject matter: _Graphs, Functions and Equations
"List the state-adopted academic content standards or state-adopted framework you will cover in this unit."
Graphs, Function Probability and statistics, and Equation: Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability:
1.1: Arranges the raw data to plot graph and interprets the meaning of the data to produce information from the graph.
1.2: Understands the strategy to produce pair correctly .
Functions and Equations:
1.1: Uses the information collected from the equation or graph to answer…
School-Wide Assessment Plan
Schoolwide Devlopment Plan
Assessing the Context or Input
As a certified teacher in Special Education and capable to teach English to English Language Learners, I plan to create an assessment plan to measure abilities of students in high need areas in my school to read and write. Since I am equipped with a robust background and the essential skills to teach in these areas and to assess the needs of students who fall under this category, I will appear more subject specific and the overall improvement plan should be easier as I strive to develop and implement the correct assessment-instruction process. My focus during the first part of the project will revolve around the creation of a range of assessments in order to gather background information about my learners and instructional contexts in which we teach them. This information will then help me design my instructional plan,…
Bernhardt, V.L. (2006). Using data to improve student learning in school districts. Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education.
Brooks, G.W. (2007). Teachers as Readers and Writers and as Teachers of Reading and Writing. The Journal of Educational Research, 100(3), 177-191. doi: 10.2307/27548176
Hudson, R.F., Lane, H.B., & Pullen, P.C. (2005). Reading Fluency Assessment and Instruction: What, Why, and How? The Reading Teacher, 58(8), 702-714. doi: 10.2307/20204298
Lesaux, N.K. (2012). Reading and Reading Instruction for Children from Low-Income and Non-English-Speaking Households. The Future of Children, 22(2), 73-88. doi: 10.2307/23317412
Education - Theory
Addressing etention Issues in Community CollegesUsing Transition and Ecological/Environment Theory
Many community colleges face serious retention issues that affect student performance, persistence, and learning. The rationale employed in identifying alternative assessments involves overriding standardized test validities and predictive reliability issues. However, there are concerns regarding the derived holistic understanding among student outcomes. The goal of providing college educators through alternative supplemental approaches facilitate standardized testing of various evaluative measures as introduced. The issues of student self-assessment and social and value-added assessments, evaluations, and personal growth portfolios within community colleges had increased. The design suggests an institution of the writing and implementation of parallel outcomes in the studies are linked to different fundamental questions serving as subjects of confirm relevance to campus dynamics and student success.
The levels involved in making the students leave or stay are informative points on student engagement. This includes social and academic connection…
Braxton, J.M., & Doyle, W.R. (2013). Rethinking College Student Retention. New York: John Wiley & Sons,
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1994). Ecological Models of Human Development. International Encyclopedia of Education, vol. 3, 2nd ed., 131-214.
Evans, N.J., Forney, D.S., & Guido-DiBrito, F. (2010). Student Development in College: Theory, Research, and Practice. Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.
Forney, E., & DiBrito, G. (1998).Student Development in College: Theory, Research, and Practice. pp. 111-114.
I would say that the most effective way to work with children of poverty is to remember what Dr. uby Payne (2005) says about poverty -- namely, it is "relative" (p. 2) -- that means, poverty only exists in relation to wealth; so if everyone is in the same socioeconomic status, it is not necessarily the case that the individuals feel "poor." Thus, while schools may embrace a "middle-class" code, they risk disassociating themselves from lower economic class students based on this bias (Payne, 2005, p. 3). For me, this was a really interesting point, that reminded me of the importance of keeping an open mind about values and how we interpret others, especially in terms of "poverty," which is a word that really has more meaning from a middle-class perspective than it does from a lower class perspective. Since I do not have much experience working with…
Curwin, R. L., & Mendler, A. N. (2008). Discipline with dignity new challenges, new solutions (3rd ed.). Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
Koonce, G. (2016). (Ed.), Taking sides: Clashing views on educational issues expanded
(18 Ed.). McGraw Hill Publishers.
Marzano, R. J. (2003). What works in schools: Translating research into action.
student data is vital to the student's readiness, interest, learning profile and affect. As studies have shown, the more comprehensive the data about a student, the more capable a teacher becomes in tailoring lessons to use each student's strengths and address each student's challenges. By assessing X with even a simple tool like "Learning Style Inventory" and discussing the student's strengths, weaknesses, likes and dislikes, a clearer picture is obtained for accommodating her strengths and addressing her challenges with unique lessons.
The Importance and Value of Collecting Data
Rather than relying on happenstance to discover information about our students, teachers are now consciously collecting pertinent data about students, for "research and experience in increasingly global classrooms are revealing the complex interplay of factors that influence a student's learning" (Powell & Kusuma-Powell, 2011). The goal of such data collection is "personalized learning -- to use what we find out about our…
Anonymous. (nd). Learning style inventory. Retrieved on June 3, 2012 from www.personal.psu.edu Web site: http://www.personal.psu.edu/bxb11/LSI/LSI.htm
Popham, W.J. (2009, May). Assessing student affect. Retrieved on June 3, 2012 from www.ascd.org Web site: http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/may09/vol66/num08/Assessing-Student-Affect.aspx
Powell, W., & Kusuma-Powell, O. (2011). How to teach now: Chapter 1. knowing our students as learners. Retrieved on June 3, 2012 from www.ascd.org Web site: http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/111011/chapters/Knowing-Our-Students-as-Learners.aspx
Base ten number system and on common misconceptions, which young children might develop when trying to learn about the use of numbers.
What is Place Value Notation
Place value notation, also otherwise known as positional notation, is a system of encoding numbers such that it simplifies the arithmetic. It is the basis for understanding arithmetic and is essential to the way we read, write, speak or use whole numbers. Another important use of the place value notation is that it allows us to string together and make sense of a sequence of whole numbers put together in order. Quite simply, the place-value system allows us to make sense of a sequence of numbers which would otherwise have just appeared to be random digits put together.
What is the Base Ten number system?
The Base ten number system uses digits for the numbers zero to nine for all number values no…
Kennedy, L.M., Tipps, S., & Johnson, A. (2008). Guiding Children's Learning of Mathematics. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.
Liedtke, W.W. (2010). Making Mathematics Meaningful. [Victoria, B.C.]: Trafford.
Ryan, J., & Williams, J. (2007). Children's Mathematics. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill/Open University Press.
Shumway, J.F. (2011). Number Sense Routines. Portland, Me.: Stenhouse Publishers.
10. What was the decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in Honig v. Doe?
In this case, the Supreme Court was of the opinion that free and appropriate public education also applied to children having behavioral difficulties. Further, the Supreme Court also concluded that when a student's misbehavior has a definite connection to his or her disability, such a student should not be excluded from school.
11. Explain when a school must hold a "manifestation determination hearing"
A manifestation determination hearing is held when as a result of a disabled student's inappropriate or wrongful behavior, the school deems it fit to have the student removed. Amongst other things, the said hearing is held to determine whether there is a connection between the student's disability and his or her faulty behavior.
12. Explain when a school must develop a "behavior intervention plan" (BIP) for a student
A school must develop the…
Merrell, K.W., Ervin, R.A., & Peacock, G.G. (2011). School Psychology for the 21st Century: Foundations and Practices (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
New York State Education Department. (2011, May). Behavioral Intervention Plans. Retrieved from http://www.p12.nysed.gov/specialed/publications/topicalbriefs/BIP.htm
Odom, S.L., Horner, R.H. & Snell, M.E. (Eds.). (2009). Handbook of Developmental Disabilities. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Oyez. (2013). Schaffer v. Weast. Retrieved from http://www.oyez.org/cases/2000-2009/2005/2005_04_698
Furthermore, by actively engaging students in the multimedia development process, their critical thinking skills are put to good use, vocabulary retention is enhanced and students will likely enjoy the process far more than a traditional lecture format or simply reviewing what multimedia materials are provided by educators.
One of the overriding issues that emerged from this study was the fact that students were actively engaged in the educational material development process, but this did not mean that they were simply assigned a task and allowed the "muddle through" the process. ather, this approach required extensive planning and preparation on the part of the second language educator to provide the framework that was needed for the students to succeed. This process is more challenging than might be expected, and involves far more than just placing existing course content online or on a CD/DVD format. Consideration must be given to how the…
Nikolva, O.R. (2002). Effects of students' participation in authoring of multimedia materials on student acquisition of vocabulary. Language, Learning & Technology, 6(1), 100.
Effects of Students' Participation in Authoring of Multimedia Materials on Student Acquisition of Vocabulary.
This study investigated the effects on vocabulary acquisition of student participation in authoring a multimedia instructional module. Sixty-two subjects were randomly assigned to two groups, and each group was randomly assigned to one of two treatments. The control subjects were asked to study a French text downloaded from the Internet and presented on a computer. In the text,
students are dropping out of high school, we need to get the money together to open up programs that will make sure that these former students can gain the educational skills they need elsewhere, so that they are able to keep a job. This will take a lot of work, understanding, and communication from all parties -- like the students, educators, and the community -- but we will find a means for these drop-outs to step up to the challenge and gain enough information and confidence to find a job and to hold down this job successfully.
It will not be easy to design the format of these informational programs or to raise the money to do it. We can, however, organize the program formats in several ways. Firstly, since we can divide the work into departments, that will help our employees to focus on their assigned work, without being…
students adjust and acclimate better to the college environment, and others drop out. Because the results of the study have relevance for how universities help their matriculating students adjust, it is highly relevant. etention of students is a matter of ethics and social justice, as well as a financial concern. The authors note that the study is motivated by the fact that 40% of all college students leave before they finish their degree, and that emotional, academic, and social adjustment is often the reason why.
The research is exploratory, meaning the hypothesis does not indicate causation. Instead, the hypothesis takes into account three areas that the researchers believe impact attrition, including academic adjustment, social adjustment, and emotional adjustment. It is presumed that improving these three types of adjustments will increase retention of students and their completing their degree.
387 male and female students participated, and pre-matriculation a survey instrument was…
Gerdes, Hilary and Mallinckrodt, Brent. Emotional, social, and academic adjustment of college students. Journal of Counseling and Development: JCD; Jan 1994; 72, 3; ABI/INFORM Global pg. 281.
students transitioning from one school to another, the current research examines the subjective impressions of students as well as their academic performance outcomes. Student achievement is measured not only quantitatively, but also qualitatively, in terms of social performance and psychological well-being. This research takes into account academic performance, but also includes a small sample of students from a New Zealand public school who had recently transitioned.
easons for student transitions may be due to the family being in the military, family job shifts, or immigration. The stressors that moving entails can place psychological strains upon the student, thereby impacting well-being as well as academic performance. In particular, research shows that transitioning can lead to social vulnerability and reduced self-esteem. Because psychological and social well-being have been proven vital to student success, it is important to study the elements that make for a successful student transition. Schools aware of what creates…
Student Critically Evaluate a Selected Reading, Reviewi
There are a number of highly unusual, but seemingly valuable points raised in this work of Kohn's entitled Punished by Rewards. At various times in this document, the author appears to advocate abandoning a system of grades (yet not necessarily assessment), exploring new ways to teach, and eschewing conventional systems of rewards. What is most interesting about this manuscript is the author also advocates discontinuing the usage of punishments within an educational, classroom setting, and instead appealing to the talents and insight of instructors to create and utilize curriculum that can truly engage the student intrinsically. Many of the author's points appear valid (particularly since a number of them are substantiated by empirical evidence) and have the potential to transform classroom learning and the potential for students to perceive learning in a much more positive way than they currently do.
The most fundamental…
Many of the students at the school are intelligent, but they do not know how to put that intelligence to good use, because no one has ever taught them that they are capable of doing many things that they may want to do. Since this is the case, the teachers at the school must be given tools that are practical and can be easily incorporated into what they already do, which will help to stimulate the minds of the students that they work with when it comes to teaching them language literacy. While not an easy task, it is a worthwhile one that should be considered. Children are the future of this country and it seems wrong to neglect any of them, regardless of their race, ethnicity, background, language ability, or mental capabilities.
Those that can be educated should be educated, and ways must be found to ensure that this…
hat is the most appropriate way to assess student achievement? The commission of the National Middle School Assessment of student achievement suggests "authentic assessment refers to evaluation that makes use of real life tasks instead of contrived test items." (NMSA, 2000) In other words, rather than focus on testing students more, a greater interest and study of effective teaching practices are better employed in further research regarding education. The National Middle School Assessment Authentic assessment also suggests that while standardized testing may occasionally function as a rough means of evaluating all children, such as identifying children with possible special needs, assessment in a truly learner-centered classroom will vary. "Examples of types of assessment are performance tasks, portfolios, student self-assessment surveys and probes, peer assessments, journals, logs, products, and projects. Successful assessment improves learning, instruction and program effectiveness." (NMS 2000, citing Donald, 1997) In my own school district, located…
Ellis, Edwin & Lou Anne Worthington, Martha J. Larkin. (2005) "Executive Summary of the Research Synthesis on Effective Teaching Principles and the Design of Quality Tools for Educators." Area of Teacher Education, Programs in Special Education University of Alabama Report. Retrieved 23 Oct 2005
'Executive Summary." (2001) Child Left Behind Act' of 2001. Summary of research retrieved 23 Oct 2005
The Effect of Three Elements on Students: Diet, Smoking, and Oral Hygiene
Smoking among students in secondary and intermediate schools is prevalent, and this prevalence is expected to have a negative impact on the health of teeth and oral hygiene (Bassiony, 2009). Students are also engaging in poor dietary health (Al-Rethaiaa, Fahmy & Al-Shwaiyat, 2010) which results in the increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes (Wilmot & Idris, 2014; Cunningham-Myrie, Theall, Yonger et al., 2015). As Davis (2012) has shown, addressing dietary issues and getting people to eat a healthier, more organic diet that is low in fats and sugars can help individuals to improve their health and reduce the risk of the development of heart disease and diabetes.
The purpose of this study would be to obtain data about students who smoke or use tobacco products, their dietary habits, and their teeth and gum care habits. This…
student aid programs.
Student finance aid can be described as funds given to the student to make it easy for them to fix cost of education such as fee and tuition, room and board, supplies and books where the students are undertaking their education like in universities, colleges or private schools.The funds which is being given out to public educations by government in general is known as financial aid meaning that it is being given to particular students, Financial aid can also be referred to as scholarship, although scholarship has some other components like students loans and grants.Loans are finance that one lend and must be paid back with an intrest after a period of time.In the case of student loan the money will be taken back after graduating.Aid is the help one is given.
All the U.S. states governments and The United States government offer loans, grants and work…
Berkeley (December 2009)"students debt "Schackner Pittsburgh Post Gazette
Fetterman Mindy (2006)"Young people struggle to deal witht kiss of debts "USA Today
Kantrowitz, Mark (2010-03-26). "Student Loans - The New York Times." Nytimes.com. http://www.nytimes.com /info/student-loans/?inline=nyt-classifier. Retrieved 2011-02-07.
Schemo, Diana Jean (June 10, 2007) "Private loan deepen acrisis in student Debt "by new York times Tim Grant,(July 29,2009) "student loan puts college graduates into deep financial hole" Pittsburgh Post Gazette
After carefully considering the four principles of Berkeley's Haas School of Business, I most identify with the principle of "Students Always." I am a perpetual student who instinctively knows that the quest for knowledge is a lifelong duty and privilege. In addition, experience has taught me that learning encompasses formal education, personal life lessons, and larger issues affecting my community. Consequently, I am delighted to discover our shared commitment to constant learning across human experience.
I certainly appreciate the value of formal education. Fueled by curiosity, realistic confidence in my abilities and a student's well-deserved humility, I am an eager pupil who readily uses classic learning tools but is also open to innovative ideas and teaching methods. In my experience, that classic training and openness equips me to make decisions based on factual proof and reasoning while gladly exploring new subjects. As a result, my formal education has…
Of the sample, 60% of them had had some sort of intervention therapy in the past. Eight of the children, or 20% of the sample, exhibited a school refusal, in which they missed over 40% of the past month as a result of emotional stress.
Of the 40 children referred to the study, 38 of them followed through with the study's intervention therapy, 24 boys and 14 girls. Parents were also included in the study, of which 87.5% of them were women, 87.5% of them were married, and 65% of them were college educated. A variety of ethnicities were represented with 60% Caucasian, 22.5% multiracial, 10% Hispanic, 2.5% African-American, and 2.5% Asian.
The main hypothesis proposed was that CBT intervention therapy for anxiety disorders in children would result in a reduction in overall anxiety and therefore lead to increased school performance. Using the Anxiety Disorder Interview Schedule for DSM-IV…
Finally, the sample size creates limitations on the generability of the results. Although the results did have overwhelming numbers, a sample size of 38 is inadequate to appropriate to other populations. However, it does raise awareness for educators and parents alike that school and social problems may have a root with an anxiety disorder and that it should not be discounted before an official diagnosis can discount such a cause.
Wood, Jeffrey (March 2006) "Effect of anxiety reduction on children's school performance and social adjustment," Developmental Psychology, 42(2), 345-349.
student make a presentation a Macro-level practice skill obtained internship. Examples include developing an assessment, developing a program agency, fundraising, grant writing. If developed a macro skill participated a macro activity, responsibility discuss Field Instructor develop a plan complete.
Macro-level practice skill: Needs assessment
Conducting an effective needs assessment is a critical component of working as a sociologist. Needs assessment requires an understanding of the needs of the community which the agency is designed to serve. Methods of needs assessment will vary depending on the resources of the organization. In my case, it involved reviewing the relevant statistical data available from government agencies about the general population along with conducting more informal qualitative interviews of the community. Needs assessment may also entail a review of the relevant scholarly literature on different ways similar communities have been served. "Needs assessment is the formal process of identifying needs as gaps between current…
There are many different forms of needs assessment. This article first offers a working definition of needs assessment, followed by a recommendation for using the Organizational Elements Model which links "what organizations use, do, produce, and deliver to the value-added that all of these elements have on external clients and society" (Leigh et al. 2000). As well as the needs of the specific population being cared for, the interactions between the agency and the exterior world must also be addressed. Needs assessment must integrate all levels of the process of providing care, from the agency itself and beyond.
Epstein, M.H., Quinn, K., Cumblad, C., & Holderness, D. (1996). Needs assessment of community-based services for children and youth with emotional or behavioral disorders and their families: Part 1. A conceptual model. Journal of Mental Health Administration, 23(4), 418-431.
Meeting the needs of client populations that have multiple challenges, including emotional and behavioral disorders is essential. Providing care that does not meet all of the patient's need, or, conversely, is overly restrictive, can inhibit rather than promote healing. This article discusses the various components of such a needs assessment, suggesting a family-based and environmental strategy that is equally attuned to the external factors affecting the patient's state of mental health.
The study used student projects as the main vehicle for integrating active learning methods into the lecture. The study took place during a 10-week class, with four projects being assigned to groups of size four to six. Projects centered on (1) statistical tests of goodness-of-fit; (2) design of a simple experiment and analysis of variance using two factors; (3) factorial design experiment and analysis; and (4) regression analysis. In each project, there was emphasis placed on the purposefulness of the experiment, the design, and the ensuing collection of data. Each project lasted about two weeks, including around 90 minutes of in-class work used for project instruction, questions, and discussion. A primary weakness of the research was insufficient time in which to conduct classroom presentations by the students themselves concerning their projects and the learning processes that took place.
Extent to Which Findings Can Be Generalized to Student Population. While the…
Heron, Alison H. (2003). A Study of Agency: Multiple Constructions of Choice and Decision
Making in an Inquiry-Based Summer School Program for Struggling Readers. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 46(7), 568.
Kvam, P.H. (2000). The Effect of Active Learning Methods on Student Retention in Engineering Statistics. The American Statistician, 54(2), 136.
Lewis, V.K. & Shaha, S.H. (Spring 2003). Maximizing learning and attitudinal gains through integrated curricula. Education, 123(3), 537.
student centered leadership vs. critical leadership
Three key capabilities and five dimensions of student-centered leadership vs. applied critical leadership
ecently, a number of educational theorists have attempted to provide an epistemological framework for approaching leadership in a school setting. The concept of student-centered leadership is framed within three key capabilities: applying relevant knowledge, solving complex problems and building relational trust. Leaders do not need to be experts in their fields of study, but they do need to know how to bring relevant organizational members together to pool their expertise in various areas and succeed (obinson 2011: 21). Leaders must listen to the direct input of organizational actors to build their relevant knowledge. Soliciting information also builds trust with teacher and students alike and gives the leaders the necessary information to solve the multidimensional problems that afflict learning environments. High-trust and highly informed environments are more successful educational environments.…
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Student loan debt forgiveness has become an increasingly controversial hot-button topic in American higher education today. On one hand, the American system of higher education has grown increasingly expensive. More students have been forced to take out loans to support their education as a result. On the other hand, many people oppose debt forgiveness on financial and ethical grounds. This paper argues in favor of debt forgiveness on principle, and offers a practical solution about how to achieve it.
Student Loan Debt Forgiveness: An Argument in Favor
Student loan debt is crippling young—and many older—Americans. More people are in debt for their educations than at any time in the nation’s history. As a democracy, having an educated populace is considered necessary for government to function, so people are able to vote in an educated fashion. Our society is growing increasingly technologically complex, and greater and more specialized knowledge is…
Chingos, M. M. (2017). The rich get richer. Education Next, 17(4). Retrieved from: https://www.proquest.com
Fields, S. (2019). 70% of college students graduate with debt. How did we get here? Marketplace. Retrieved from: https://www.marketplace.org/2019/09/30/70-of-college-students-graduate-with-debt-how-did-we-get-here/
Lowrey, A. (2020). Go ahead, forgive student debt. The Atlantic. Retrieved from: https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/11/why-biden-should-forgive-student-loan-debt/617171/
Nuckols, W., Bullington, K. E., & Gregory, D. E. (2020). Was it worth it? using student loans to finance a college degree. Higher Education Politics & Economics, 6(1), 1-19. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.32674/hepe.v6i1.1358 . Retrieved from ProQuest.com:
Weiner, J. (2014). Why sally can\\\\'t get a good job with her college degree: College-educated women find it hard to get a job because the market doesn\\\\'t value their bachelor\\\\'s degree. The Washington Post. Retrieved from:
The process book is a log of the work that the students have done, including success, failure, research, etc.
For a student of graphic design, this class will be much different than others, which tend to focus on creativity, as well as the more technical aspects of design. In this course, students will act more like researchers and scientists than designers. This course will be invaluable because it will teach students not only to come up with a unique design that fits together with some research, but instead to learn how to conduct research themselves, and then mold their designs around the research. This will allow students to understand the process of researchers, and to come to the project with a different viewpoint. It may even convince many students that in the course of their professional work, they should learn more about the research before designing…
students of all ages and backgrounds have enrolled in distance learning degrees through the Internet. The two forms of college education, the traditional on-campus degree and this new distributed learning approach, differ in a number of ways. Yet they both offer specific advantages.
The composition of the student population has changed significantly since the 1980s. A large number of today's college students are older and more heterogeneous. They also demonstrate varying levels of academic preparation. Many would-be students graduated high school a number of years ago and, due to various family and employment commitments, no longer have the flexibility of attending a traditional university setting. Further, some individuals live in remote geographical areas or do not have appropriate transportation opportunities. Distance learning offers them a much more expedient way to further their education.
Distance learning offers such students the opportunity to learn online through their computers. Distributed learning programs are…
students have the same common goal within a differentiated classroom, the paths they take to that goal may be different. Based upon students' ability levels, they may be given different assignments, materials, or time frames to complete tasks. Teachers use different instruction methods to reach different kinds of learners. Also, students may be 'tracked' within the classroom into groups, or group members may have different roles, based on ability (stronger students may instruct weaker students) and learning styles.
Second principle: Assessment is constant. This is not so much to judge students, but to enable the teacher to tailor his or her lesson plans to student needs. With differentiated instruction, teachers do not cling to a lesson plan. They respond to student needs, and if students don't seem to be 'getting' a concept, they change the approach.
Third principle: When groups are formulated, groups are flexibly arranged. In some situations, teachers…
The challenges of meeting the needs of all students. (2012). The Missouri Department of Education. Retrieved: