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Student attrition is the reduction in the student population in a school because of dropouts or transfers. Student attrition has become an important concern for many colleges and universities that has resulted in much research because students who drop out normally suffer from personal disappointments, minimization of career and life goals, and financial setbacks. The research on student attrition or retention has mainly been on the basis of statistical analyses of the variations between dropouts and persisters. One of the main reasons for the analyses is to understand the phenomenon of school drop outs, which was regarded as a major problem in today's society.
Student Attrition ate:
In the last two decades, student attrition rates in both higher and distance learning education have come under increased scrutiny ("Student Attrition in Higher Education," n.d.). Some of the reasons attributed to the recent student attrition rate are political factors and the extensive…
Angelino, L.M., Williams, F.K. & Natvig, D. (2007, July). Strategies to Engage Online Students
and Reduce Attrition Rates. The Journal of Educators Online, 4(2), pp. 1-14. Retrieved from http://www.thejeo.com/Volume4Number2/Angelino%20Final.pdf
"Factors Affecting Student Attrition: An Overview of NCEC Study of Short-term Enrollment in Postsecondary Education." (2003). Research Review. Retrieved from University System Georgia website: http://www.usg.edu/research/pubs/rreview/rev-spr03.pdf
Ferreira, M.M. (2003). Gender Issues Related to Graduate Student Attrition in Two Science
Students' Adjustments and Skills
Every book has a preface that gives an overview to the reader regarding the content. Since, it prepares the reader's mind according to theme and thus enables him/her quickly understand the concept of the writer. Similarly, preparing yourself before moving towards any new task helps in better outcome even if it is the matter of taking admission in University. An institute has the responsibility to teach students everything related to the subject but before that, students themselves have to develop certain skills required for effective learning. These key skills ensure the bright future employability and higher levels of attainment. Since, students with these skills have enhanced study skills and capable of effectively plan personal development processes. This essay discusses the importance of these key adjustments that students must make before starting University.
The Dearing Report emphasized on four major skills that are important for success in…
Learning and Teaching Support Network. The Development of Key Skills in Higher Education . LTSN, n.d.
Stepenson, John, and Tim Challis. The Dearing Report. Higher Education, UK: The Higher Education Academy, 1997.
Wingate, Ursula. "Doing Away With 'Study Skills'." Teaching in Higher Education, 2006: 457-469.
Student Smoking Behavior
Given that the health risks of smoking are very well-known, one would think that smoking would be rare behavior among college students. After all, the average college student is not only young enough to have been exposed to anti-smoking education throughout their lifetimes, but might also values education more than their same-age peers who are not students. However, according to the research, young people, including college students, do smoke. In fact, college students may actually smoke more than their peers outside of college. What this suggests is that there is a social factor linked to smoking behavior. As a result, I would expect to be able to observe more students smoking when in social situations than in non-social situations.
I began with three assumptions about smoking behavior. The first assumption was that approximately one-third of observed college students would smoke. The second assumption was that students…
Levinson, A., Campo, S., Gascoigne, J., Jolly, O., Zakharyan, A., & Vu Tran, Z. (2007).
Smoking, but not smokers: Identity among college students who smoke cigarettes. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 9(8), 845-852.
Schorr, M. (2013, August 13). A third of college students smoke. Retrieved February 5, 2014
from ABC News website: http://abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=118065
A change in any one of the factors has to be 'compensated' by changes in the other two" (p. 27). Consequently, the type of instructional practices that may be best suited for one learning venue will likely be unsuitable and therefore ineffective in another setting. The goal, then, is to identify the optimal mix of the three elements to produce instructional practices for each setting (Koehler et al., 2004), and these issues are discussed further below.
Developing Effective Online Instructional Practices. Unfortunately, many educators may have become overly reliant on one teaching style to the exclusion of other approaches that may be more suitable for a given group of students. Prying busy teachers out of this "comfort zone of teaching" will require careful scrutiny of how these three elements affect teachers new to online learning environments to ensure they are provided with the support and training they need to…
Bach, S., Haynews, P. & Smith, J.L. (2007). Online learning and teaching in higher education.
Maidenhead, England: Open University Press.
Badke, W. (2008, May/June). Information literacy and faculty. Online, 32(3), 47-49.
Bressler, L.A., Bressler, M.E. & Bressler, M.S. (2010). The role and relationship of hope, optimism and goal setting in achieving academic success: a study of students enrolled in online accounting courses. Academy of Educational Leadership Journal, 14(4), 37-39.
• Feeling lack of control because of too many rules and regulations of white institutions.
• Fitting in at school may fail to be a priority.
• Lack of positive interracial relationships before and during college.
• Lack of parental support.
3. Main Factors Affecting etention and Attrition
Many of the central factors affecting retention and attrition have already been discussed above. As was referred to, preparation is a central factor that was found to be significant across demographic boundaries and especially among various ethnic groups. This refers to social, emotional as well as academic preparedness. Academic preparedness is noted in the literature as being of cardinal importance in continuing to the second year of study: "…those students with higher ACT scores were more likely to return for the second year" ( McDaniel and Graham, 2001).
Motivation and high academic goals were also seen as a primary factor…
Arnold a. ( 1999) Retention and Persistence in Postsecondary Education: A
Summation of Research Studies. Retrieved from http://www.tgslc.org/pdf/persistence.pdf
Assessing the Student Attrition Problem. ERIC Digest. (1984) Retrieved from http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-927/problem.htm
College Student Retention. Retrieved from http://www.answers.com/topic/college -student-retention
There is little doubt that students with special needs require more support services, and the article referenced above adds clarity to that assertion. hat also is true is that often students with disabilities are harassed, made fun of and even bullied because they are "different." An article in The Journal of Counseling & Development refers to emotional abuse that students (not necessarily students with disabilities but rather students that are "different" per se) are subjected to from teachers. This topic is not one that gets a lot of attention, the authors day, but in certain classrooms "…it can be a daily occurrence" (McEachern, et al., 2008, p. 3). Take Jason, he has had a fear of this one particular teacher and while he was "at the peak of his humiliation" because his second period teacher teased him in front of the class about the way he dressed, he finally got…
Elbaum, Batya, and Vaughn, Sharon. (2001). School-Based Interventions to Enhance the Self-
Concept of Students with Learning Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis. The Elementary School
Journal, 101(3), 303-329.
Letrello, Theresa M., and Miles, Dorothy D. (2003). The Transition from Middle School to High School: Students with and without Learning Disabilities Share Their Perceptions.
" Gabriel is an employee of a small business and agrees with the results of numerous reports that highlight that irrespective of the increase in the overall opportunities for work, the overall living expenditures, student loans, utilities etc. leaves most graduates in a dire state of (Franke-uta, 2003).
Another Nellie Mae report conducted in 1998 showed that nearly 40% of the graduated lawyers and doctors and 25% of graduates of private institutions were earning far less money than what they owed monthly to the students loan agencies. The report also shows that out of the total graduate lawyers and doctors, nearly 41% paid off 13% of their salaries to the student loan agencies to relieve their debts and all 41% felt like this was a huge weight on their shoulders. This burden was even more obvious on the African-American debtors and low income earners by the end of 2002 (Franke-uta,…
Arnold, J. (2007, November 06). How to Get a Handle on College Loan Consolidation. EzineArticles. Retrieved November 08, 2007, at http://ezinearticles.com/?How-to-Get-a-Handle-on-College-Loan-Consolidation&id=819713
Dragon, D. (2007, August 08). 5 Reasons to Consider Debt Consolidation. EzineArticles. Retrieved November 07, 2007, at http://ezinearticles.com/?5-Reasons-to-Consider-Debt-Consolidation&id=680413
Ebony. (1999). 10 Easy Ways to Get out of Debt. Johnson Publishing Co. 54: 10. pp: 30.
Fiset, N. (2007, August 04). Debt Consolidation. EzineArticles. Retrieved November 08, 2007, at http://ezinearticles.com/?Debt-Consolidation&id=674091
Serving students with a full range of abilities and disabilities in the general education class room with appropriate in-class support is how Roach (1995) defines inclusion using this practice. Friend & Bursuck (1996) noted that children with disabilities are considered as full members of the classroom learning community in such setting with their special needs met there. Students with disabilities are helped to establish and maintain social networks and opportunities to be accepted by no disabled peers (Farmer & Farmer, 1996; Kennedy & Itkonen, 1994). Students with severe disabilities developed social networks, positive interpersonal relationships, and friendships with students without disabilities (Hendrickson, Shokoohi-Yekta, Hamre-Nietupski, & Gable, 1996).
Surprisingly, according to authors Cloninger & Giangreco (1995), Harig & Romer (1995), students who are deaf blind or have other severe or multiple disabilities are being educated in general education classes has increased. Sharp, York and Knight (1994) added that the inclusion of…
American Foundation for the Blind (AFB). (2005). Educating Students With Visual Impairments for Inclusion in Society. Retrieved March 08, 2007 http://www.afb.org/Section.asp?SectionID=44&TopicID=189&DocumentID=1344
Behrmann, J. (1993). Including everyone. The Executive Educator, 15(12), 16-20.
Bennett, T., Bruns, D. And Deluca, D. (1997). Putting Inclusion into Practice: Perspectives of Teachers and Parents. Exceptional Children, 64.
Bertness, H.J. (1976). Progressive inclusion: The mainstream movement in Tacoma. In M.C. Reynolds (Ed.), Mainstreaming: Origins and implications (pp. 55-58). Reston, VA: Council for Exceptional Children.
One of the acts in the performance was composed of three African students who performed a traditional African dance. The thirteen-year-old students danced in a manner that was found by the writer of this work to be erotic in nature and contained dance moves that this writer found to be provocative in a sexual context. The clothing worn by the dancers was revealing in nature as well. It entered the mind of the writer of this work that perhaps the conservative environment in which the writer had been reared, or one of a traditional Chinese cultural heritage had biased these thoughts. It was the realization of the writer of this work that in order to win the respect of children in such a culturally diverse environment that the teacher must possess the mindset that allows for removal of any and all bias that one might possess toward other cultures.
Panelists Discuss Role of Art in Changing Society (1991) Stanford University News Release. September 30, 1991. Online avail be at http://www.stanford.edu/dept/news/pr/91/910930Arc1146.html
Kimbell, Lucy (nd) Some Ways of Working: Themes Emerging in Artists' Residencies with/in Business. The Arts Council of England.
Williams, Jennifer; Morisette, Ann-Sophie; and Vazquez, Antonio Nolina (2004) Tales of the City - The Experience of REAL Learning. Commissioned by Scottish Enterprise Glasgow 2004.
Foresta, Don (nd) The Network Metaphor. Online available at http://184.108.40.206/alterne/publications/net_met.rtf.
Students' ight to Free Speech
The right of student to free speech is a matter that has been debated over years. Where many people claim that students, just like any other group of people, have the right of free speech, others claim that students should know where their limits end. Therefore, at many schools, colleges and universities, the students are provided with a code of conduct that they have to follow. This code of conduct defines rules of speech for the students; to tell them where they have to start speaking and where they should end. These codes have also been controversial in some places.
The right of free speech can be highlighted from the fact that the distinguishing feature between human beings and other creatures is speech. By the freedom of speech, one does not only mean to speak what one feels like speaking, but it means to express…
Ash, Timonthy Garton (2012). "The basic Principle." Free Speech Debate.
Biskupic, Joan (2007). "High court case tests limits of student speech rights." USA Today. Gannett Company.
Mears, Bill (2007). "High court hears 'Bong hits 4 Jesus' case." CNN.
Morrison, Eric (2008). "School Board, Frederick reach settlement in 'Bong Hits' case'." Juneau Empire. Morris Communications.
The hardest part of being a student now is the pressure that comes with knowing that this is it. It is like approaching the high dive at the swimming pool. Being a student is like walking the edge of the pool and climbing up the ladder to the diving board. The water is the real world where all you lessons that you have learned in the pool about how to swim, breathe, float and so on, are now going to be put to the test—in a real way. As a student you sometimes forget about this fact because you are so immersed in your studies. You forget to look up over the edge of the book and see that the real world is waiting to see what you are made of. You know that before long you will have to prove yourself by taking flight from the high dive and…
Hypothetical Case Study
Two students, Jack and Bob, determined as aggressive by their educators and chosen using purposive sampling, made up the participants of the study. The two are, at present, enrolled in a behavioral support classroom setting. Neither has knowingly taken part in any research or been involved with self-monitoring or tactile prompt interventions. Both were enrolled in the very same class, require behavioral support, and suffer from various disabilities.
The setting of the research was a self-contained classroom, with the two students referred for serious behavioral issues. Both took part in a behavioral support unit-developed token-economy points system. For system maintenance, a fresh point sheet was utilized every day. Individual sheets illustrated frequency measure tables, for how many times each child displayed aggressive conduct. Sessions (of a ten-minute duration for each subject) were conducted in the course of routine scholastic instruction/teaching on regular school days, occurring…
Teachers of fourth and fifth graders must re-insert a nurturing component into their classrooms, creative lessons that allow for student self-expression should be incorporated into the curriculum, and fostering a love of learning in students should be one of the goals established by fourth and fifth grade teachers. First, the snuggle up and read program's success made it clear that nurturing is an important component in any classroom. Coming to this issue with a constructivist approach, teachers should understand that the home life and school are deeply connected when it comes to nurturing, as well as academics. Thus, it is important that teacher-parent conferences take place in which the adults can decide on the most appropriate method of nurturing the students in the classroom. Second, the implementation of creative lessons in the fourth and fifth grade classroom is necessary, in that these lessons allow students to make choices that serve…
- 2 faxed articles (not enough information on articles for ciatation)
Students with ADHD
Education 518, Section B13
Dr. Carolyn McCreight
Qualitative article review: Students with ADHD
Homeschooling is one of the controversial approaches to educate children with 'special needs'. Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are preferred to be taught at home by their parents. Instructors for homeschooling are also arranged for this purpose. However, there has been widespread criticism on this method of teaching attention-deficit students. The main purpose of this paper is to review a qualitative study conducted on the topic of providing homeschooling to attention-deficit students. Duvall, Delquadri and Ward (2004) conducted a study to investigate the appropriateness of homeschooling environment for instructing basic skills to children with special needs. The main purpose of this qualitative study was to ascertain whether or not parents of children having attention-deficit as well as hyperactivity disorder could provide their children with instructional environmental that was conducive for facilitating acquisition of…
Duvall, S.F., Delquadri, J.C., & Ward, D.L. (2004). A Preliminary Investigation of the Effectiveness of Home-school Instructional Environments for Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. School Psychology Review, 33(1), 140-158.
Moreover, if a student asked to be transferred to a mainstream class he or she did not receive approval. Errors in the U.S. school system have made it possible for African-American students to be involved in bilingual classes. So far, nothing seems to be out of the ordinary, but the strange thing is that they've been put to learn alongside Chinese speaking students also involved in bilingual programs. The motive for this is that the only available places that the black students could fill had been in the Chinese bilingual classes. (Chavez & Lyons)
Parents are not willing to accept having their English-speaking children being sent to bilingual classes any more. Students that aren't literate in English or Spanish are being prevented from learning English and from fitting in the American society.
The people that are not fond of bilingual education programs claim that the theory that children have to…
Krashen, Stephen. "Why Bilingual Education?," Retrieved February 23, 2009, from Ericdigests Web site: http://www.ericdigests.org/1997-3/bilingual.html
Linda Chavez, and James J. Lyons, "Q: Is Bilingual Education Failing to Help America's Schoolchildren?," Insight on the News 3 June 1996, Questia, 23 Feb. 2009 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000358053 .
Mar'a Estela Brisk, Bilingual Education From Compensatory to Quality Schooling (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998) 1, Questia, 23 Feb. 2009 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=14165477 .
Natalie Cerda & Christina M. Hernandez, "Bilingual Education,"Retrieved February 23, 2009, from Bilingual Education Web site: http://www.freewebs.com/cerdahdz/historyofbilingualed.htm
545). By allowing students to speak in the classroom, rather than lecturing students about how intercultural interactions should take place, students from other cultures can bring their own cultural understandings and conceptions to the forefront, rather than passively receive teaching from a professor, or accept a university party line that their university is diverse. "The discourse of multiculturalism is not the voice of ethnic and racial minorities speaking for themselves. It is, rather, the voice of white middle-class education professionals speaking about 'problem' groups," one academic alleges, but through more open-ended discussion and generating student feedback that allows them to infuse their personal cultural and intercultural experiences into the classroom, a more positive conception of intercultural communication can occur (Olneck, 1990, p. 163).
A university setting can be uniquely beneficial to establishing intercultural dialogue simply because it is designed to have structured listening experiences that are then reinforced by outside…
Banks, James a. (1993, June-July). The canon debate, knowledge construction, and multicultural education. Educational Researcher. 22. 5: 4-14.
Flower, Linda. (2003, September). Talking across difference: Intercultural rhetoric and the search for situated knowledge. College Composition and Communication. 55. 1: 38-68
Hoffman, Diane M. (1996, Autumn). Culture and self in multicultural education: Reflections on discourse, text, and practice American Educational Research Journal. 33 (3): 545-569.
Moreman, Robin (1997, April). Multicultural framework: Transforming curriculum, transforming students. Teaching Sociology. 25(2): 107-119.
This is when the university arranges for: providing educational, healthcare, and counseling services to all the students. The aim is to support wellness practices for the long-term health of everyone.
The establishment of conversations with teaching faculty that has resulted in model community "service learning" projects consistent with the mission of the college or university.
The drug and alcohol program supports coordination among: the students, university administration, and faculty members in different areas. As students are assisted by the faculty members to deal with different learning issues they could face. Where, they are encouraged to discuss their problems with the teaching staff or counselors, in order to receive help on: strategies and skills required to achieve success in the real world. This is significant, because we are creating different student learning projects that are a collaborative effort between: staff members and the students. This is in line with the mission…
Effective Strategies to Reduce High Risk Drinking. (2006). Forum On Public Policy. Retrieved from: www.forumonpublicpolicy.com/archivesum07/brinkley.pdf
Learning Reconsidered: A Campus-Wide Focus on The Student Experience. (2004). Delsuggs. Retrieved from: http://www.delsuggs.com/articles/Learning%20Reconsidered.pdf
Student Affairs 8. (2011). Essaytree. Retrieved from: http://*****/education-theories/student-affairs-8/
DeJong, W.. (2005). A Typology for Campus-Based Alcohol Prevention: Moving toward Environmental Management Strategies. College Drinking Prevention. Retrieved from: http://www.collegedrinkingprevention.gov/supportingresearch/journal/dejong.aspx
Students Smoking Behavior
The rates of campus students smoking have fluctuated over a period of the last twenty years. Most of the lifelong smokers' start their smoking habit before they reach the age of 24 years. This therefore means those campus years are a very crucial time when it comes to any study of cigarette smoking. Cigar rete smoking in campus has now become a very serious issue in public health issue. This has led to an increase in campus wide bans in smoking alongside other preventive programs in place to reduce students smoking rates. There are several economic, social and environmental factors that have been associated with the increase of smoking around campus students. Some of these factors are low socioeconomic status, students who have parents, close friends and relatives who smoke the acceptance as well as positive views of peers who smoke the exposure and high availability of…
Indiana University (2011), September 14). Campus smoking ban reduced students' smoking, changed attitudes. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 11,2013 from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110914122700.htm
Schorr, M.(2009).A Third of college students smoke. Retrieved September 11,2013 from http://abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=118065 &page=1
Coster, D.(2013). Campus smokings ban a drag for some students. Retrieved September 11,2013 from http://www.stuff.co.nz/taranaki-daily-news/news/9122346/Campus-smoking-ban-a-drag-for-some-students
There are three types of goals to focus one: short-term, medium-term, and long-term goals.
In a study environment, short-term goals would refer to attending classes, handing in assignments and studying for tests and other assessments. The study schedule plays the most important role in this type of goal. Furthermore helping to achieve this goal is the sections relating to academic honesty, as well as research and studying skills. Each goal can then be integrated with the time schedule in order to keep it in mind while adhering to the study schedule.
The medium-term goal would be to achieve success in the overall Axia study program.
Medium-term goals are generally fulfilled by a number of short-term goals that are completed successfully.
Long-term goals are the driving force for current action. In the long-term, for example, the Axia student may wish to stand within a specific profession. Success in the short- and…
Chilimo, W.L., Emmanuel, G. And Lwoga, T.E. (2006) Developing online research strategies. Sokoine University of Agriculture. http://www.itoca.org/TEEAL-AGORATanzania.pdf .
Kizlik, Bob (2006, July 20). How to Study and Make th eMost of Your Time. http://www.adprima.com/studyout.htm
Sherry, L. (1996). Issues in Distance Learning. International Journal of Educational Telecommunications, 1 (4), 337-365. http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~lsherry/pubs/issues.html
Student Searches, Free Speech & Expression, and Privacy in the Wired Age
Student searches and in-school discipline for off-campus conduct
Free Speech and Expression on and off campus
Privacy in the wired age on and off campus. (Facebook, twitter, myspace, blogs, cellphones)
What are a students' constitutional rights when it comes to searches and seizures, on and off campus discipline, free speech, expression, and privacy in the wired age when on and off campus? How are students protected by the United States Constitution and Bill of Rights when it pertains to the three items listed above?
Students are often subject to rules and regulations that are associated with school codes of conduct and those rules and regulations are sometimes not reflective of constitutional rights to free speech and free action inside the laws. These long list of potential violations are printed by institutions and are made available to students, in…
In short students and especially minor students and their parents should make themselves aware of the codes of conduct the student is expected to uphold and live within those guidelines even if they feel the guidelines are overreaching as students have little recourse because even most public institutions such as public schools are still considered voluntary and enrollment in them requires certain standards to be upheld. This is not to say it is likely that all new students will read and memorize a code of conduct but they must beware that violations especially that hurt others will not likely be tolerated. It is not likely that the constitutional protection of students will be expanded, rather to the contrary laws that protect others from immoral, unethical and/or illegal or harmful behaviors in a public forum such as the internet, across email, and cell phones will likely be expanded. It also must be made clear that the intent to harm another does not have to be present for that harm to be done or for the individual(s) responsible to be held accountable for it. In other words consider yourself under public scrutiny when you are enrolled in any institution and act accordingly, upholding the law and the moral and ethical standards associated with your role as a student.
Wheeler, T. (2011). Facebook Fatalities: Students, Social Networking, and the First Amendment. Pace Law Review, 31(1), 182-227. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Williamson, L. (2009). Private Rants Become Public When Aired Online. InsideCounsel, 20(211), 67-68. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
One complete performance task with an appropriate scoring tool
Children will create an 'honest' advertising campaign for a food-related product they select. Then they will explain why they chose the product and the advertising approach to the class. For example, they could select an orange, and advertise its value of vitamin C or they could select a whole grain children's breakfast cereal and advertise that it is "not really healthy, but not as unhealthy as some other cereals." The advertising campaign must be based on the nutritional information they research on their own.
After all of the students have made their presentations, the class will discuss what they have learned, in terms of how and why they make decisions about what they eat. They will discuss if the way they eat has changed as a result of the unit.
Rubric and analytic scoring matrix
The final presentation will be judged…
Typically, this involves finding a suitable property and enough roommates to pay the entire rent. The advantages of sharing an off-campus house include the opportunity to choose all of one's preferred roommates, relative freedom from campus rules that apply to dormitory living, and in general, a more independent experience than either living at hoe or in campus housing facilities.
The disadvantages of living in a shared off-campus house include the possibility that one or more roommates will default on his or her rent obligations, leaving the other roommates to make up the difference. Typically, only one or two of the roommates actually sign the rental contract and merely collect rent from the other roommates every month. Where other roommates decide to leave, the student(s) who signed the lease must still come up with the entire rent every month.
College students have numerous housing options. Those concerned with saving money…
The study shows the reasons behind college student's lack of class room participation based on the relationships they have with their fellow classmates as well as their teachers. esearchers based their findings on surveys given to both male and female students which showed different reasons for their quietness in class. It is interesting that male and female students each have their own justifications for not speaking in class; the majority of males said it was due to their admission of not doing the assigned work, while most females justified that they did not know the subject material well enough to speak publicly in class. This shows the very different justifications for the same type of behavior seen in students all over the country. Each student, based on his or her own unique background will have different ways of behaving and different justifications for that behavior as well.
Karp, David a; Yoes, William C. "Student Participation in the College Classroom."
Such assistance allows him to focus more clearly on his school work and lessens his tendency to be distracted by others and by the classroom activity. The presence of the paraprofessional also seems to enable him to be more confident in his interactions with the other students in the classroom. Since the beginning of the school year, John has been participating in a contract (behavioral plan) that was drafted in an attempt to provide him with some structure. For the moment, John continues to have occasional problems but, overall, he has done well within the confines of the contract and a continuation of the contract terms would seem to be in his best interests. At the present time, there is no compelling need to adjust the contract.
As has been already mentioned, John functions best under the guidance of his paraprofessional. The presence of the paraprofessional appears to provide…
Student Assessment and Background Variation
Flexnet courses are both online, and face-to-face, and so have a variety of assessment methods available, including both written and oral components, though all require English fluency. Technology competency and small group work are key.
Flexnet courses are both online, and face-to-face, and so have a variety of assessment methods available. Online courses based in newsgroups have primarily written assessments, including mandatory short-answer essays and written participation, which requires both reading comprehension and writing skills. Longer written essays and PowerPoint presentations are both common online assessment methods. Small group learning teams will require proficiency in informal written communication, and possibly oral communication in the form of phone calls. Face-to-face assessment methods vary widely, and include oral presentations, oral class discussions, and small group work resulting in a written product. All of these, of course, are conducted in English, and therefore require English reading comprehension and…
This perception alludes to a certain inflexibility which might be fundamentally obscuring of real performance values and indicators.
The same may be said of 'testing,' if we are to leave this concept to stand on its own. hile many educators are rather comfortable with this terminology, it is a concept which is intimidating to many students. The desire to view learning as an opportunity is here, semantically overshadowed by the perception that one is being given a pass/fail consideration. Combining the punitive perception of testing with the implications of measurement to the bypassing of individual learning standards can be very damaging both to a student's desire to achieve and to the educator's ability to create standards and approaches which address individuals rates and styles of learning.
The scholastic consensus today seems to endorse the use of the term assessment and the flexibility there implied. Here, both punitive and rigid…
Galbraith, Alison & Joy Alexander. (2005). Literacy, self-esteem and locus of control. Support for Learning, Vol. 20.
Kizlik, B. (2009).
Measurement, Assessment, and Evaluation in Education. Adprima.
Student Unrest and the Vietnam ar
It is certainly a fact that the widespread and sometimes violent student unrest in the 1960s was largely based on young people's objections to the war in Vietnam. But it should be noted that the youthful rage against the American involvement was not driven exclusively by moral, political and social issues. But that rage was also fueled the fact that during the 1960s young people could not vote until they were 21 years of age, but they could be drafted -- and they were by the hundreds of thousands -- at age 18. This paper reviews the relationship between student demonstrations and the war in Vietnam, and concludes with the political and social aftermath of the war.
Student-Led Demonstrations Against the Vietnam ar: As a brief background into the demonstrations against the Vietnam ar, the 1960s were a time when America experienced terrible events…
Franklin, Bruce H. (2000). Vietnam & Other American Fantasies. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.
Hagopian, Patrick. (2009). The Vietnam War in American Memory. Amherst, MA: University
of Massachusetts Press.
Halstead, Fred. (1978). Out Now! A Participant's Account of the American Movement Against
Student Survival Guide
Tips and Best Practices for Using the Internet for Academic Purposes
Be cautious when using sources like Wikipedia or other sites that have user-generated content. While these sites can contain a significant amount of useful, accurate information, they are also likely to contain misinformation. However, that does not mean that the user should reject them entirely. A well-written Wikipedia article will have a significant number of references, and examining those references can be a good starting point for research.
Using academic reference sites will lead to more reliable information. The university may provide students access to those websites. If unable to access these for-pay academic websites, a student may use free sites like Google scholar or PubMed to find academic resources.
The internet can be a great resource for books as well as articles. Many books are available for free on Google Books or similar sites.
tudents attending a NCOE course should not have to take an APFT or weigh-In upon arrival -- these are unit level tasks that need to be completed before reporting
NCOE and physical fitness/weight control testing responsibilities
Unit level leaders have an inherent responsibility to maintain and manage oldiers physical fitness and weight control standards; therefore, we must hold these leaders accountable for the execution of these tasks.
The purpose of the NCO as established throughout its history from the very beginning was focus on leadership roles. As the history of the NCEO, the educational component of the NCO shows, academic instruction was a requirement of the program -- the NCEO was indeed established with that in mind, and it has been only recently that hands-n components have been added in order to bring the NCEO into line with the 21st century and as response to the 2001 terrorist scare.
Combatleadership.com Combat Leadership
Department of the Army. (2007). 2007 U.S. Army Posture Statement. Washington, DC.
Elder, D.K. (2009). Educating Noncommissioned Officers: A chronological study on the development of educational programs for U.S. Army Noncommissioned Officers. Fort Wampler, RL & Blanckenbllekeer, P. (2008) Noncommissioned Officer Education System (NCOES): Considerations for Testing-out and Awarding Equivalent Credit United States Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
Student of Prague and German Cinema
The Germany film industry revolution
The Film industry in Germany has come a long way and is seen as one of the ancient film industries that gave a portrayal of both the artistic as well as the aesthetic and the economic value of films in Germany in the early 1900s. The paper will hence not only look into the history of the Germany film industry, but also select a relevant film to demonstrate the significance of the film selected to the subject matter it covered, the people and the relevance to the time that it was produced and it depicted. The film that will be used in this demonstration is "The Student of Prague" which would be analyzed to see the kind of contribution that it brought to the film industry in Germany at that given moment in time.
The films of the early…
Brockmann Stephen. (2010). A Critical History of German Film. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=hz1I0Ty9AUYC&pg=PA2&lpg=PA2&dq=A+Critical+History+of+German+Film&source=bl&ots=q9OmTTPbcr&sig=v86AFKoxkpwSMfQrASMO2LX6LjQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=MzdOVJHRKJevaYj2gqgE&ved=0CEUQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=A%20Critical%20History%20of%20German%20Film&f=false
Kracauer Siegfried (1947). From Caligari to Hitler: A Psychological History of the Germany Film. Princeton and Oxford, Princeton University Press. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic591072.files/Kracauer%20I.pdf
Paul Wegener, (1913). Der Student von Prag. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OuvIvwSi1gI
Pulver A., (2011). New Europe: A history of German cinema in clips. The Guardian. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from http://www.theguardian.com/film/2011/mar/15/german-cinema-history-new-europe
The basic idea is to provide these individuals with technology that they can use to help them effectively deal with the issues that they are facing. A few of the most notable solutions that we will be using include: the Braille / Braille Embosser, FM radio systems, Hear It devises, tape recorders, victor reader waves for audio books, victor reader streams for audio books, Handi Cassette II (talking book), MP 3 Players, Neo-Alpha Smart Note Pad, TTY Communication, Digital Voice Statistical Calculators, Speaking Dictionaries and Cannon Scanner for text books. At the same time, we will use different programs to support these various solutions that are being introduced to include: JAWS, Kurzweil, open book, and zoom text. Once this occurs, this will help to address the needs that are facing a wide variety of individuals who suffering from various disabilities. As, these tools can be used to help them be…
Setting and Achieving Goals
Identify shat your short- and long-term educational and career goals are as soon as you can. If you are focused early, you can start making plans now by applying for grad school programs or internships or researching all the available opportunities for people in your field. Don't take for granted that your transition from university to the professional world or the world of graduate school will be seamless. It can take months to find out what graduate or professional programs are out there and even what career options are available in your favorite fields. Talk to your academic advisors as well as your family and friends about how to plan for the future. Be open-minded and flexible to match the job market. You are bound to encounter obstacles as you plan for your future. Try not be dejected when you are rejected from graduate schools or…
Students Will Select a Construct of Interest
My construct of interest is whether there are any prejudice tests that can accurately measure prejudice to races other than Blacks.
Do the currently available standardized tests on prejudice measure prejudice to individuals other than Black people?
Conduct research on other assessments used to measure the same or similar construct,
The Modern acism Scale
According to the SAGE Handbook of prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination (Dovidio, 2010), the scale of modern racism is popular because of high construct validity and predicting relevant criteria, states critics Sniderman & Tetlock, (1986). Prejudice and politics cause individuals who are not prejudice to appear so since their views are conservative (Sniderman & Tetlock, 1986). One might argue that the MS is outdated (e.g. Kunda, 1999) as well as that it deals exclusively with a specific population (i.e. Black), however this test has been used in recent studies and…
Dovidio, J.F. (2010). Handbook of prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination. SAGE: NY.
Dunton, B.C., & Fazio, R.H. (1997). An Individual Difference Measure of Motivation to Control Prejudiced Reactions. Personal Social Psychology Bull, 23(3), 316-326.
Gordijn, E.H.,Koomen, W., & Stapel, D.A. (2000) Level of Prejudice in Relation to Knowledge of Cultural Stereotypes, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 37, 150 -- 157.
Kline, P (1999). Handbook of Psychological Testing Psychology Press
They establish identities or are confused about what roles to play. Additionally, Cherry (2011) states that child must have a conscious sense of self that is developed through social interaction. A child's ego identity is constantly evolving as he or she acquires new experiences and information. Processing these new experiences and information embodies and shapes one's sense of self.
According to Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development (Berger, 2010), thoughts and expectations profoundly affect attitudes, beliefs, values, assumptions, and actions. In turn, these factors have a direct correlation to the sense of self that motivates competence, positive behaviors, and actions. If a void occurs in developing a sense of self relative to others, he or she will have psychological barriers that are translated into a defense mechanism to conceal one's lack of motivation, fear of failure, and social dysfunction (Berger, 2010). Lowering the affective filters are critical to foster social development…
Berger, S. (2010). The developing person: Through childhood and adolescence. New York: Worth Publishers
Cherry, K. (2011). Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/psychosocialtheories/a/psychosocial.htm
There are, for example, many ways for a student to present an understanding of the causes of the U.S. Civil War" (1999, p. 35).
The research showed high stakes standardized testing approaches are becoming increasingly commonplace in the nation's schools, and the outcome of these testing regimens has enormous implications for the students involved, as well as for their teachers and schools. The research also showed that by formulating standards to match these standardized tests, teachers run the risk of "teaching to the test" rather than providing their students with the type of education that is needed in the 21st century. While they are more complex and difficult to administer, the research also showed that portfolios and other assessment techniques such as capstone projects provide a more comprehensive and accurate way to determine how well students are learning and where they may need help.
Blasi, M. (2005). Standardized…
Blasi, M. (2005). Standardized tests: A teacher's perspective. Childhood Education, 81(4), 242-
Garcia, N. & Fleming, J. (1999). Are standardized tests fair to African-Americans? Journal of Higher Education, 69(5), 471-472.
Neill, D.M. (1999). Transforming student assessment. Phi Delta Kappan, 78(1), 34-35.
Sacks, P. (2000). Standardized minds: The high price of America's testing culture and what we can do to change it. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing.
Student Taining in Aged Cae
What Factos in Students Taining Enhance Retention
Post Placement in the Aged Cae Secto?
What Factos in Students Taining Enhance Retention
Post Placement in the Aged Cae Secto?
Thanks to medical eseach, bette povision of medical assistance and inceased lifestyle options, individuals ae living longe and in bette health than pevious geneations; howeve, the Austalian population continues to age, lagely due to deceasing bith ates and inceased life expectancy. Not supisingly, this will have an impact on the health cae system. Specifically, the aged cae secto of healthcae equies committed and competent wokes to meet wokplace needs. Unfotunately, Fagebeg & Ekman's (1997) study (as cited in Abbey et al., 2006) shows that the numbe of nusing gaduates willing to assume employment in the aged cae secto is alamingly low. Fo one o moe easons, it appeas that many students ae eithe unwilling to ente this…
references after a gerontology curriculum. Educational Gerontology. 21(3), 247-260.
Australian Department of Health and Ageing. (2002). Recruitment and Retention of Nurses in Residential Aged Care. Final Report. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing.
Babbie, E. (2007). The practice of social research (12th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
De la Rue, M. (2003). Preventing ageism in nursing students: An action theory approach. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 20(4), 8-14.
Fagerberg, I. & Ekman, S. (1997). First-year Swedish nursing students' experiences with elderly patients. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 19(2), 177-189.
Students and Learning
The learner-based outcome that I've chosen for this paper involves all students being able to successfully complete a physical education curriculum designed to enhance overall physical strength, improve dexterity and increase stamina. For this learner-based outcome, it is important to create a rubric so that students understand the criteria involved for measuring success. Toward this endeavor, it is important to include concrete, attainable and measurable goals for all students.
Such a physical education curriculum involving learner based outcomes is justified given the importance of physical activity for children. Childhood obesity is a serious social problem in America. The effects of obesity in childhood are well documented in both the social science literature and medical journals. During the last 30 years, the percentage of obese children between the ages of 6 and 11 has risen 200% while the percentage of obese children between 12 and 19 has tripled…
Golder, G. (2003). Inclusive education: Making the most of what's available. The British Journal of Teaching Physical Education, 34(2), 2327.
McCaughtry, N., & Rovegno, I. (2003). Development of pedagogical content knowledge: Moving from blaming students to predicting skilfulness, recognizing motor development, and understanding emotion. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 22(4), 355-368.
Rink, J.E. (2001). Investigating the assumptions of pedagogy. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 20(2), 112-128.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010). The Role of Schools in Preventing Childhood Obesity. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/physicalactivity/pdf/roleofschools_obesity.pdf
According to the Illinois Legal Aid Online (2018) Bullying can be understood as the aggressive and unwanted traits espoused by school going children. The traits entail some perceived or real power imbalance. Some of the students will use this power (such as their physical strength, popularity, access to privileged information) to harm, blackmail or harm other students. This behavior has to be repeated or have the potential of being repeated for it to qualify as bullying (Illinois Legal Aid Online, 2018). This paper explores a bullying scenario and maps out a strategy to alleviate bullying among students. In doing so the paper quotes three cases (i.e. Goss v. Lopez, Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, and New Jersey v. T.L.O). The rulings in these cases will be used to delineate the process of investigation, disciplining of bullies and bullying prevention measures. The paper also…
They must also solve polynomial, exponential and logarithmic equations both analytically and graphically.
tandard 4: tudents must be able to understand and use matrices to perform basic operations. This includes addition, subtraction, multiplication and inversion of matrices. They must also be able to identify the appropriate methods and technology to accomplish this. In addition, students must demonstrate the ability to find the inverses of two-by-two matrices without only with the use of pencil and paper, without additional technology.
tandards for Grade Level 11
tandard 1: At the end of this grade level, students must be able to explore rational functions in terms of investigating and explaining the characteristics of rational functions. Elements such as domain, range, zeros, points of discontinuation, and intervals of increase and decrease must be included in this ability. They must also find the inverses of rational functions with discussions of domain and range, symmetry, and function…
Cox, K. (2006). Georgia Performance Standards: Mathematics 2. Georgia Dept of Education. Retrieved from https://www.georgiastandards.org/standards/Georgia%20Performance%20Standards/Math-II-Stds-rev-0409.pdf
Cox, K. (2006). Georgia Performance Standards: Mathematics 3. Georgia Dept of Education. Retrieved from https://www.georgiastandards.org/standards/Georgia%20Performance%20Standards/Math-III-Stds-rev-0409.pdf
Cox, K. (2006). Georgia Performance Standards: Mathematics 4. Georgia Dept of Education. Retrieved from https://www.georgiastandards.org/standards/Georgia%20Performance%20Standards/Math-IV-Stds.pdf
Dillon, S. (2010, Mar 10). Panel Proposes Single Standard for All Schools. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com /2010/03/11/education/11educ.html
Explaining the way structure organization works will help shape them in their adult lives. Through allowing student participation in major decision making, many students feel empowered. They gain a position of power in their own lives when they help make decisions concerning academic matters, which are essentially the most important in their young lives.
Another benefit of open discussion of the learning process is the trust which the student places in the hands administrators and parents. Authority figures are not daunting and do not act secretly, rather they are trusted figures which help guide the students decisions. This opens up opportunities to better suit the true needs of the student in question. With more student honesty comes better attention to that students actual needs within their current academic environment.
It is essential that students are involved with at least some part of the learning process they go through on a…
Student achievement at the elementary level has become an issue of great academic and educational importance. This level of education is of utmost importance in order to ensure the effective future learning, growth, and adulthood of the children involved. It is therefore of great importance to ensure the highest possible student achievement at the elementary level. The literature has revealed, however, that there are so many components to the relationships among students and teachers at this level that it is difficult to determine precisely what is at the heart of students achieving better results during their elementary school careers. Some, for example, focus on teacher qualification, while others consider the relationship between the teacher and students in a classroom. One strategy, investigated by Bancroft (2010), is student collaboration. Although this is not a new strategy in terms of pedagogy, significant benefits could be derived in terms of focusing on elementary…
Bancroft, B.L. (2010, Apr. 13) Enhancing Student Achievement Through Cooperative Learning at the Elementary level. Retrieved from: http://www.nmu.edu/sites/DrupalEducation/files/UserFiles/Files/Pre-Drupal/SiteSections/Students/GradPapers/Projects/Bancroft_Briana_MP.pdf
Through the process of finding words and researching facts, a student learns to choose and discard information. By and large, young pupils tend to believe everything everyone says, and the ability to discriminate may be facilitated by a good teacher, as the child is led to question, analyze and discuss things which are read, rather than to remain passive receivers of information, as the ISTEP program tends to foster, in preparing for tests through memorization (Wade, p. 28).
Questioning and stretching one's mind around big questions is important for young minds. The future of the nation depends upon educating young minds to think critically. Democracy is a method of government in which each citizen must pick and choose the best candidate to represent him or her and to make judgments about civic and state affairs. It is important that good, discriminatory minds lead our country in the future, so education…
Cook, J. (2008). LinC program provides student-driven learning experience. McClatchy-Tribune Business News (Dothan Eagle, Alabama). March 11, 2008 Issue.
Wade, C. (1995). Using writing to develop and assess critical thinking. Teaching of Psychology. Vol. 22(1), pp. 24-28.
Students With Diverse Families
Written by Wendy Schwartz of Columbia University, Family Diversity in Urban Schools is a study of urban students living with caregivers other that their biological parents. In it, she presents a comprehensive and illuminating exploration of these households, along with recommendations that will help schools provide support for these families. Her well documented, well organized article characterizes the most common types of nontraditional families, and makes recommendations for schools that provide support for these families. The definition of family that the author prefers is the following:
Any group of individuals that forms a household based on respect, the meeting of basic needs, as well as those of love and affection, and one in which assistance is freely given to maintain social, spiritual, psychological, and physical health
According to Hampton, Rak, and Mumford, anywhere between thirty and sixty percent of all urban students live with caregivers that…
Ayasse, R.H., "Addressing the needs of foster children: The Foster Youth Services Program." Social Work in Education, 17(4) (October 1995)
Hampton, F.M., Rak, C., & Mumford, D.A. "Children's literature reflecting diverse family structures: Social and academic benefits for early reading programs." ERS Spectrum, 15(4), (Fall, 1997).
Schwartz, Wendy, "Family Diversity in Urban Schools." ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education Digest 148 (September 1999).
Student Philosophy of Behavior
It is necessary for instructors to meet the individual needs of their students, particularly when these students have special needs such as learning differences or other potential disabilities. The pedagogue must discuss any concerns regarding a student's behavior with his or her family, and then attempt to provide an environment in which these concerns are anticipated daily and steps are taken to ensure that disadvantageous behavior is minimized. It is necessary to do so in order to not interrupt the learning process of others.
Jackson - Student Description
Jackson is a four-year-old boy who is highly autonomous, opinionated, and somewhat circumscribed in his social interactions with others. He is fairly astute and generally cognizant of what is expected of him and is able to understand and communicate with others excellently -- when he so desires. However, he can be extremely loud, rude and even violent when…
Borremans, E., Rintala, P., Kielinen, M. (2009). Effectiveness of an exercise training program on youth with Asperger Syndrome. European Journal of Adapted Physical Activity. 2(2), 14-25.
Santhana, S.P. (2014). Social communication intervention for an adult with Asperger Syndrome: experiences, perspectives and challenges. Perspectives on Language Learning & Education. 21(1), 29-37.
Page 1 of 4
This research will fill in a gap that was discovered in the literature review. There have been many, even in an academic setting, that have made comments regarding the effects of email on the student environment. However, there have been no significant studies to substantiate these claims. This study will fill in the existing gap in research and will examine the actual importance of email to the academic setting.
Chapter 2: Literature eview
The importance of technology in the academic setting was an accepted fact from the inception of the internet. However, there have been few academic studies that have attempted to quantify its impact on student lives and success. In order to understand the importance of email and its impact on students lives, one must examine several areas of academic research on the topic. It has been implied that self-esteem and a feeling of satisfaction play an important role…
Beffa-Negrini, P., Miller, B., and Cohen, N. (2002). Factors related to success and satisfaction in online learning. Academic Exchange Quarterly. September 2002.
Borowitz S., & Wyatt J. (1998) the origin, content, and workload of e-mail consultations. JAMA 280: 1321-4.
CNN.com. (2003). Firm can e-mail at work. September 19, 2003. CNN.Com Retrieved October 29, 2007 at http://www.cnn.com/2003/TECH/internet/09/19/e-mail.ban/index.html
Ferguson T. (1996). A guided tour of self-help cyberspace. [monograph on the Internet]. Rockville (MD): Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office of Public Health and Science, Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 1996 Retrieved November 3, 2007 at http://odphp.osophs.dhhs.gov/confrnce/partnr96/summary.htm
Student Affairs as Both A Field of Study and a Profession
What is Student Affairs?
Tyrell (2014) believes student affairs professionals have a continually expanding and evolving role in community colleges, with recognition of increasingly complex student experiences and with broadening of community colleges' role in the way students are engaged outside of and within formal, institutional settings.
The student affairs domain is an extensive and complex part of college campus operations, covering several departments and involving professionals hailing from a broad range of academic backgrounds. Student learning does not occur only in classrooms; rather, it is interwoven all through students' experiences in college, right from their freshmen days to the time they leave its doors after earning their college diploma. College students are molded by these experiences, conflict management lessons learnt from sharing dorms with fellow students, critical thinking skills perfected through challenging coursework, leadership skills attained through leadership…
Hoffman, J. L., & Bresciani, M. (2012). Identifying What Student Affairs Professionals Value: A Mixed Methods Analysis of Professional Competencies Listed in Job Descriptions. Research & Practice In Assessment, Vol 7, 26-40. Retrieved from http://www.rpajournal.com/
Long, D. (2012). The Foundations of Student Affairs: A Guide to the Profession. In L. J. Wong, Environments for student growth and development: Librarians and student affairs in collaboration (pp. 1-39). Chicago: Association of College & Research Libraries. Retrieved from http://ir.library.illinoisstate.edu
Long, D. (2012). Theories and Models of Student Development. In L. J. Wong, Environments for student growth and development: Librarians and student affairs in collaboration (pp. 41-55). Chicago: Association of College & Research Libraries. Retrieved from
Student Social Identity Development
How and hy Students Develop a Social Identity
hat is meant by Student Development?
Author Nancy J. Evans notes that the phrase "Student Development" too often becomes simply a vague catchphrase that has little application to college students' lives and learning. Student Development embraces the psychosocial, cognitive-structural, and social identity of students in postsecondary settings (Evans, et al., 2009).
In the quest for self-direction, students universally seek a social identity as well as an education that can propel them into meaningful, successful careers.
Evans, N.J., Forney, D.S., Guido, F.M., Patton, L.D., and Renn, K.A. (2009). Student Development in College: Theory, Research, and Practice.
Introduction to Training Session
Clearly college and university students already have an identity when they enroll in classes, although their more mature individual identity in the social milieu will evolve with time. This training session embraces the question of how and why a…
Evans, N.J., Forney, D.S., Guido, F.M., Patton, L.D., and Renn, K.A. (2009). Student
Development in College: Theory, Research, and Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Hanson, C. (2014). In Search of Self: Exploring Student Identity Development: New
Directions for Higher Education, Number 166. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
In conclusion, atkins draws an important link between teen childbearing and poverty, which takes this discussion past morals and values and moves it into socioeconomic territory. Half of all mothers currently on welfare assistance "were teenagers when they had their first child," atkins writes. Also, a) less than a third of teen mothers "ever finish high school"; b) the children born to teenage mothers "are twice as likely to raise their children in poverty"; c) the children of teen mothers "...are more likely to do poorly in school, more likely to drop out of school, and less likely to attend college"; and d) girls whose mothers were teenagers at the time of their birth are "...22% more likely to become mothers as teens themselves," thus completing the cycle and perpetuating the problem into future generations.
An article by Jennifer a. Hurley ("Promoting the Use of Birth Control Reduces Teen Pregnancy")…
Bakalar, Nicholas. "Adolescence: Abstinence-Only Programs Not found to Prevent HIV." The New York Times 14 August 2007: Retrieved Dec. 3, 2007, at http://www.nytimes.com .
Garrett, Robert T. "Texas teens lead nation in birth rate." The Dallas Morning News 5 November 2007: Retrieved Dec. 2, 2007, at http://www.dallasnews.com .
Green, Tanya L. "Parents Have the Right to Know when their Children Receive Family
Planning Services at School." Opposing Viewpoints: Students' rights. Greenhaven Press,
Day Seven Class -- History: The only materials recommended are a copy of Howard Zinn's a People's History of the United States.
Day Eight -- Writing Day: No additional materials are recommended because participants already have pencils and notebooks for other classes.
Day Nine -- Reading Day: No additional materials are recommended because participants already have a copy of a book they have always wanted to read.
Day Ten -- Open Mind Day: No additional materials are recommended. Participants are encouraged to trade their books recommended for Days Six and Nine with other participants whose books they would never have chosen to read and would never have read otherwise.
The New York City Metropolitan Area has an extensive public transportation system. Subways travel from all four outer-boroughs into Manhattan and from other areas of Manhattan to the Union Square Area. Every subway station and bus stop maintains posted maps…
Student Life Generally
The business plan that is created is for an electronics retails store that will retail electronic merchandise. The main products that will be offered by the store will be Samsung electronic products which include Samsung tablets, laptops, computers, phones and related products and services. The name of the business will be Sunshine Electronics etail Store. Sunshine store will be a franchise company for Samsung Inc. There are numerous benefits of being a franchise. These include:
Operating under a renowned brand name that of Samsung Inc. has major benefits. To begin with, the store enjoys increased security for your enterprise. Not only are the products being retailed already tried and tested, but the store will benefit from Samsung if there need be for improvements. More so, already a household name in the market, the store will not have any need to make a brand but will…
Ernst & Young. (2013). International GAAP 2013: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles under International Financial Reporting Standards. Wiley.
Greggo, A., Kresevich, M. (2011). Retail Security and Loss Prevention Solutions. New York: Taylor and Francis Group.
Kurtz, D.L., Boone, L.E. (2009). Contemporary Business. Ohio: South Western Cengage.
Millar, J. (2003). An Investigation Into the Effects of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act on Firm and market values. Southern Illinois University.
The next three categories deal with the lack of information: 4) lack of information about the career decision-making process, itself; 5) lack of information about one's own capabilities, personal traits or interests; 6) lack of information about occupations and what work is involved and the type of work available; and 7) lack of information about ways of obtaining career information. The final three categories deal with the inconsistent information that students receive that make decision-making difficult: 8) inconsistent information due to unreliable sources;
9) inconsistent information due to internal conflicts, such personal identity and 10) insistent information due to external conflicts with significant others.
Once students have had a an opportunity to learn more about their personal traits in relationship to careers and the type of positions available, they want to actually have an opportunity to learn more right from the source. However, even at community schools, only two percent…
student data is vital to the student's readiness, interest, learning profile and affect. As studies have shown, the more comprehensive the data about a student, the more capable a teacher becomes in tailoring lessons to use each student's strengths and address each student's challenges. By assessing X with even a simple tool like "Learning Style Inventory" and discussing the student's strengths, weaknesses, likes and dislikes, a clearer picture is obtained for accommodating her strengths and addressing her challenges with unique lessons.
The Importance and Value of Collecting Data
Rather than relying on happenstance to discover information about our students, teachers are now consciously collecting pertinent data about students, for "research and experience in increasingly global classrooms are revealing the complex interplay of factors that influence a student's learning" (Powell & Kusuma-Powell, 2011). The goal of such data collection is "personalized learning -- to use what we find out about our…
Anonymous. (nd). Learning style inventory. Retrieved on June 3, 2012 from www.personal.psu.edu Web site: http://www.personal.psu.edu/bxb11/LSI/LSI.htm
Popham, W.J. (2009, May). Assessing student affect. Retrieved on June 3, 2012 from www.ascd.org Web site: http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/may09/vol66/num08/Assessing-Student-Affect.aspx
Powell, W., & Kusuma-Powell, O. (2011). How to teach now: Chapter 1. knowing our students as learners. Retrieved on June 3, 2012 from www.ascd.org Web site: http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/111011/chapters/Knowing-Our-Students-as-Learners.aspx
For many years, the college has collected and analyzed data for program evaluation and service provision. As the institution has grown, the established assessment systems have become focused on department functions and, in many instances, taking on the attributes of a work silo. It is easier today than it has ever been to integrate data and link analyses, a fact that highlights just how archaic the college's present approach to assessment has become. While the college can be proud of the rigor and continuity of many of our current assessment systems, the level of integration with institutional strategic planning and articulation across the various assessment systems is lacking. Improved cohesion among the assessment systems can only lead to a more penetrating look at the college's strengths and weaknesses. This is the nexus of my role in the position of Director of Assessment, Student Affairs: the creation of a…
Drucker, P. (2006). The effective executive: The definitive guide to getting the right things done. Harperbusiness Essentials.
____. (2010). ACPA / NASPA Professional Competency Areas for Student Affairs Practitioners.
____. (2006). Frameworks for assessing learning and development outcomes (FALDO). Washington, DC: Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education (CAS). Retrieved http://www.cas.edu/index.php/index.php/index.php
Student Plagiarism Online orld" Julie J.C.H. Ryan, book "The Conscious Reader, 12th edition"
Do Not Cheat
There are several valid points in Julie J.C.H. Ryan's article in The Conscious Reader, the 12th Edition -- "Student Plagiarism in an Online orld." The author's central premise, of course, is that the internet has made it increasingly easier for students to plagiarize and offer someone else's written material as their own. Another fundamental part of this article is Ryan's implication that plagiarizing is in and of itself wrong, and produces negative consequences for those who engage in it. A careful overview of Ryan's article reveals that the author is correct about the harmful effects of plagiarism so easily provided by the internet because it negatively impacts students who do not cheat, prevents those who plagiarize from fully understanding the format of academic papers, and feeds into the sense of entitlement that the instant…
Hafner, Katie. "Seeing Corporate Footprints in Wikipedia Edits." www.infowars.net. 2007. Web. http://infowars.net/articles/august2007/190807Wikipedia.htm
Levy, Steven. "Facebook Grows Up." www.thedailybeast.com. 2007. Web. http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2007/08/15/facebook-grows-up.html
Ryan, Julie. "Student Plagiarism in an Online World." Prism Magazine. 1997. Web. http://www.prism-magazine.org/december/html/student_plagiarism_in_an_onlin.htm
Turkle, Sherry. "Cuddling Up to Cyborg Babies." www.ebscohost.com. 2000. Web. http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/3605973/cuddling-up-cyborg-babies
students, especially those in colleges and universities often come across the term "plagiarism" and the need to be careful of not plagiarizing is often stressed. Plagiarism is an act of stealing or copying something that is not actually yours and not crediting the person who wrote it or came up with the idea. Although this may not be considered that serious an offence, it should be noted that plagiarism is a serious offence for which one can be sued in certain countries. Plagiarism includes literary theft where someone's writing; words, idea or product is copied and passed on without mentioning the source, citing the work and giving due credit to whoever wrote it. The American law states that anyone can be sued for plagiarism if the work they copied was copyrighted and serious action is taken in such instances (Foss, 2000). Some acts that may fall under the criteria of…
Foss, Kathleen. (2000). Student cheating and plagiarism in the internet era. Greenwood publishing.
Howard, R.M. (1999). Standing in the shadow of giants: Plagiarists, Authors, Collaborators. Ablex Publishers.
Neville, Colin. (2009). The complete guide to referencing and avoiding plagiarism. Open What is plagiarism (2012) retrieved from plagiarism dot ORG. Website:
Furthermore, by actively engaging students in the multimedia development process, their critical thinking skills are put to good use, vocabulary retention is enhanced and students will likely enjoy the process far more than a traditional lecture format or simply reviewing what multimedia materials are provided by educators.
One of the overriding issues that emerged from this study was the fact that students were actively engaged in the educational material development process, but this did not mean that they were simply assigned a task and allowed the "muddle through" the process. ather, this approach required extensive planning and preparation on the part of the second language educator to provide the framework that was needed for the students to succeed. This process is more challenging than might be expected, and involves far more than just placing existing course content online or on a CD/DVD format. Consideration must be given to how the…
Nikolva, O.R. (2002). Effects of students' participation in authoring of multimedia materials on student acquisition of vocabulary. Language, Learning & Technology, 6(1), 100.
Effects of Students' Participation in Authoring of Multimedia Materials on Student Acquisition of Vocabulary.
This study investigated the effects on vocabulary acquisition of student participation in authoring a multimedia instructional module. Sixty-two subjects were randomly assigned to two groups, and each group was randomly assigned to one of two treatments. The control subjects were asked to study a French text downloaded from the Internet and presented on a computer. In the text,
10. What was the decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in Honig v. Doe?
In this case, the Supreme Court was of the opinion that free and appropriate public education also applied to children having behavioral difficulties. Further, the Supreme Court also concluded that when a student's misbehavior has a definite connection to his or her disability, such a student should not be excluded from school.
11. Explain when a school must hold a "manifestation determination hearing"
A manifestation determination hearing is held when as a result of a disabled student's inappropriate or wrongful behavior, the school deems it fit to have the student removed. Amongst other things, the said hearing is held to determine whether there is a connection between the student's disability and his or her faulty behavior.
12. Explain when a school must develop a "behavior intervention plan" (BIP) for a student
A school must develop the…
Merrell, K.W., Ervin, R.A., & Peacock, G.G. (2011). School Psychology for the 21st Century: Foundations and Practices (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
New York State Education Department. (2011, May). Behavioral Intervention Plans. Retrieved from http://www.p12.nysed.gov/specialed/publications/topicalbriefs/BIP.htm
Odom, S.L., Horner, R.H. & Snell, M.E. (Eds.). (2009). Handbook of Developmental Disabilities. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Oyez. (2013). Schaffer v. Weast. Retrieved from http://www.oyez.org/cases/2000-2009/2005/2005_04_698
student aid programs.
Student finance aid can be described as funds given to the student to make it easy for them to fix cost of education such as fee and tuition, room and board, supplies and books where the students are undertaking their education like in universities, colleges or private schools.The funds which is being given out to public educations by government in general is known as financial aid meaning that it is being given to particular students, Financial aid can also be referred to as scholarship, although scholarship has some other components like students loans and grants.Loans are finance that one lend and must be paid back with an intrest after a period of time.In the case of student loan the money will be taken back after graduating.Aid is the help one is given.
All the U.S. states governments and The United States government offer loans, grants and work…
Berkeley (December 2009)"students debt "Schackner Pittsburgh Post Gazette
Fetterman Mindy (2006)"Young people struggle to deal witht kiss of debts "USA Today
Kantrowitz, Mark (2010-03-26). "Student Loans - The New York Times." Nytimes.com. http://www.nytimes.com /info/student-loans/?inline=nyt-classifier. Retrieved 2011-02-07.
Schemo, Diana Jean (June 10, 2007) "Private loan deepen acrisis in student Debt "by new York times Tim Grant,(July 29,2009) "student loan puts college graduates into deep financial hole" Pittsburgh Post Gazette
Many of the students at the school are intelligent, but they do not know how to put that intelligence to good use, because no one has ever taught them that they are capable of doing many things that they may want to do. Since this is the case, the teachers at the school must be given tools that are practical and can be easily incorporated into what they already do, which will help to stimulate the minds of the students that they work with when it comes to teaching them language literacy. While not an easy task, it is a worthwhile one that should be considered. Children are the future of this country and it seems wrong to neglect any of them, regardless of their race, ethnicity, background, language ability, or mental capabilities.
Those that can be educated should be educated, and ways must be found to ensure that this…
hat is the most appropriate way to assess student achievement? The commission of the National Middle School Assessment of student achievement suggests "authentic assessment refers to evaluation that makes use of real life tasks instead of contrived test items." (NMSA, 2000) In other words, rather than focus on testing students more, a greater interest and study of effective teaching practices are better employed in further research regarding education. The National Middle School Assessment Authentic assessment also suggests that while standardized testing may occasionally function as a rough means of evaluating all children, such as identifying children with possible special needs, assessment in a truly learner-centered classroom will vary. "Examples of types of assessment are performance tasks, portfolios, student self-assessment surveys and probes, peer assessments, journals, logs, products, and projects. Successful assessment improves learning, instruction and program effectiveness." (NMS 2000, citing Donald, 1997) In my own school district, located…
Ellis, Edwin & Lou Anne Worthington, Martha J. Larkin. (2005) "Executive Summary of the Research Synthesis on Effective Teaching Principles and the Design of Quality Tools for Educators." Area of Teacher Education, Programs in Special Education University of Alabama Report. Retrieved 23 Oct 2005
'Executive Summary." (2001) Child Left Behind Act' of 2001. Summary of research retrieved 23 Oct 2005