Sustainable Development Essays (Examples)

Filter results by:

 

View Full Essay

Sustainable Tourism Does Not Destroy the Environment

Words: 2800 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87777579

Sustainable tourism does not destroy the environment, economy, or cultural aspects of the tourist destination (David Vaughan, 2000). Sustainable tourism is aimed at ensuring that those concerned are not affected in any way and that a positive development is realized through it. Back in the 1980s, ecotourism which consisted of activities such as wildlife exotic cultures and nature, became more common with remarkably few people understanding what the impacts of such tourism are, this led to its pitfall (Erlet, 1993). Therefore, sustainable tourism helps to improve all associated impact of tourism as a whole, and this can steadily be achieved through seeking partnership between various governments, local community and any stakeholder in the tourism industry.

How sustainable tourism can be achieved

esearches done in this field indicate that for sustainable tourism to be achieved all efforts should be channeled towards fostering co-ordination and cooperation between managers of the tourism destination…… [Read More]

References

CEVAT, T. 2001. Challenges of sustainable tourism development in the developing world: the case of Turkey. Tourism Management, 22, 289-303.

COLIN, H. 1997. Sustainable tourism as an adaptive paradigm. Annals of Tourism Research, 24, 850-867.

DAVID A. LERTZMAN & HARRIE VREDENBURG 2005. Indigenous Peoples, Resource Extraction and Sustainable Development: An Ethical Approach. Journal of Business Ethics, 56, 239-254

DAVID VAUGHAN 2000. Tourism and Biodiversity: A Convergence of Interests? International Affairs, 76, 283-297.
View Full Essay

Sustainable Tourism in an Increasingly Globalized World

Words: 2046 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44432890

Sustainable Tourism

In an increasingly globalized world concerned with environmental destruction, there has been a recent rise in the practice of sustainable tourism, especially within the context of developing nations. Yet, because the context of sustainable tourism is such a new development within the larger industry, there are many controversies and questions revolving the practice of sustainable tourism. Still, sustainable tourism development can promote sustainable development through regional community involvement, as long as the people living in these areas continue to see benefits from their devotion to sustaining eco-friendly practices within their tourism models.

Sustainable tourism is a relatively new element within the larger tourism industry. Ecotourism is often defined as "travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and sustains the well-being of local people," (Kiss 2004 p 232). Sustainable tourism occurs in a situation where organizations make eco-friendly choices in order to maintain a higher degree of sustainability…… [Read More]

References

Berns, Maurice; Townend, Andrew; Khayat, Zayna; Balagopal, Balu; Reeves, Martin; Hopkins, Michael; & Kruschwitz, Nina. (2009). The Business of Sustainability. MIT Sloan Management Review. Web.  http://www.mitsmr-ezine.com/busofsustainability/2009#pg1 

Carrier, James G. & McLeod, Donald V.L. (2005). Bursting the bubble: The socio-cultural context of ecotourism. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 11(2005), 315-344.

Clarke, Arthur C. (2000). Models. Profiles of the Future. Indigo Publishing. 109-130.

Kiss, Agnes. (2004). Is community-based ecotourism a good use of biodiversity conservation funds? TRENDS in Ecology and Evolution, 19(5), 232-238.
View Full Essay

Sustainable Tourism Development the Aim of the

Words: 4350 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64428472

Sustainable Tourism Development

The aim of the essay is to gain an understanding of the rational and different approaches to tourism planning and development, sustainable tourism, current issues and impacts of tourism.

The aim is to increase awareness of the need to plan and manage tourism destinations within an international, national, regional, and local framework. Investigate current trends in planning for tourism development in a range of destinations. The stages in the planning process are discussed and apply theoretical models to practical case studies and site visits.

Understand the differing approaches to tourism planning and development and understand the rationale for planning in the travel and tourism industry (1000+ words)

Using the EBSCO article: The effectiveness of public policies and structural funds in enhancing tourism development.The case of Romania.

a) Discuss, using appropriate references, why a long-term approach is beneficial to destinations like Romania, and state the advantages to stakeholders…… [Read More]

Hence, the conflict for the London Olympics 2012 surface when the choice between the two developments had to be made. There was no denying that the city needed development but the choice was made to prepare and finish the Canary Wharf development first so as to have a good, sustainable and efficient mode of transportation that would lead the Olympic grounds to the main city. Once, the Canary Wharf was completed, the focus then turned towards the docklands. It was far more important to have the Canary Wharf structure up and ready for clear and trouble-free transportation structure during the London Olympics 2012.

Task 3B - Explain the implications of balancing supply and demand which will need to be considered in the Olympics development. You need to state why there is a need to balance the supply and suggest possible consequences if this is not considered by the planners:

Evaluation of the Canary Wharf advancement has actually been extremely polarized. A brand-new monetary center has actually been built and analyses recommend that 'every a-g 1 million of public sector expense produced net extra advantages in the Urban Advancement Location of 23 tasks, 8300 sq m of workplace flooring area, 7.8 real estate devices plus numerous various other varied perks' (Rhodes and Tyler, 1998:32 estimated in Hamnett 2003:242). However, criticism has actually concentrated upon the elimination of neighborhood democratic controls and the replacement of the existing populace by a brand-new, more thriving team of young experts. In between 1981 and 1991 Tower
View Full Essay

Sustainable Entrepreneurship the Purpose of

Words: 1209 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82635191



The article is an exciting approach to capitalist development in that it finds conditions under which sustainable entrepreneurship and sustainability innovation emerge spontaneously and can practically work. As the study points out, one of the classical things that capitalism does is to "creatively destroy." It is this ability to destroy what is old and does not work and build and impose what is new and does is the primary benefit of capitalism. What sustainable entrepreneurship has done is to apply this as a positive force in realizing the field's lofty goals where public government initiatives have failed to achieve them. The article conducts an extensive literature review to accomplish just this task (ibid. pp. 223-225).

However, until now, there has not been one universally recognized definition of what sustainable development is. Such research and definitions have implications for theory and practitioners in that it clarifies which firms are most likely…… [Read More]

References

Schaltegger, S. And Wagner, M.. (2011). Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Innovation:

Categories and Interactions. Business Strategy and the Environment. 5 (1), 222 -- 237.
View Full Essay

Sustainable Sustainability in Australian Food Exporting Sustainability

Words: 813 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7449631

Sustainable

Sustainability in Australian Food Exporting

Sustainability is an increasingly important consideration in both built and natural environments, as human endeavors are revealed to be increasingly fragile and enormously dependent on natural resources that could potentially be eradicated through overuse and unsustainable practices. This affects almost all areas of human activity, including many that might seem not directly related to sustainability issues such as import and export levels. When considered from a regional perspective, however, the exportation of resources -- whether purely natural resources or a combination of natural and built procedures -- becomes directly related to certain concepts in sustainability. This paper will examine current features of Australia's food exportation activities and determine their degree of sustainability.

Crop Production

The amount of arable -- i.e. food-producing -- land in the world is diminishing, in some regions at alarming rates, meaning that agricultural products are already becoming increasingly rare (Midmore…… [Read More]

References

Fresco, L. & Kroonenberg, S. (1992). Time and spatial scales in ecological sustainability. Land use policy July: 155-68.

Midmore, D. (1993). Agronomic modification of resource use and intercrop productivity. Field crops research 34: 357-80.

Midmore, D. (1998). Agriculture and the modern society. Acres 6(2): 33-6.

Shaw, R., Gallopin, G., Weaver, P. & Oberg, S. (1992). Sustainable development: a systems approach. International institute for applied systems analysis status report.
View Full Essay

Sustainable Business Development Sustainability Performance

Words: 1459 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85387998



The benchmarks used in evaluating investments' performance are represented by overall indexes like NASDAQ, or industry specific indexes. Business practice has revealed that economic performance is significantly influenced by environmental and social performance. Therefore, it is important that companies include this indicator in their sustainability reports to stakeholders.

Production costs

This indicator is of great interest to stakeholders like investors, awarding authorities, banks that finance companies in different projects they develop, project developers, and others. This indicator is used in analyzing direct investments. It is of great importance in industries where production costs are quite large. This is the case of the construction industry, the automotive industry, the oil and gas industry, and others.

International organizations that establish standards in environmental sustainability state that companies should assess life cycle costs in order to make their decisions, it seems that the evaluation of production costs tends to be preferred by these…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Lowe, C. & Ponce, a. (2008). UNEP-FI/SBCI's Financial and Sustainability Metrics Report. United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved February 7, 2012.

2. Epstein, M. & Roy, M. (2001). Sustainability in Action: Identifying and Measuring the Key Performance Drivers. Long-Range Planning Journal. Retrieved February 8, 2012.

3. New Metrics to Improve Sustainability Performance (2011). Verdantix, Ltd. Retrieved February 8, 2012.

4. Szekely, F. & Knirsch, M. (2005). Responsible Leadership and Corporate Social Responsibility: Metrics for Sustainable performance. European Management Journal. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
View Full Essay

Sustainable Business Development This Globalized

Words: 1657 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71226288



In such cases, specialists advise that SMEs should focus on the factors that significantly influence the successful implementation of these standards (Baxter, 2004). These factors are represented by cost reductions, risk management, marketing opportunities, interested parties, and others. Cost reductions can be achieved by resources and waste consumption. Environmental management systems help companies develop programs intended to reduce resources consumption, to monitor and control this process while working towards reaching their objectives.

There are several strategies that can be used in order to successfully integrate environmental management systems in companies' strategy. This is usually achieved by developing an implementation team. This team should be consisted of important staff members. It is recommended to address department managers and team leaders. This helps maintain management's commitment towards integrating environmental sustainability within the company's strategy (Johnson, 1997). In addition to this, it helps better communicate environmental strategies and objectives to employees and to…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. ISO and the Environment (2011). International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved January 29, 2012 from http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/management_and_leadership_standards/environmental_management/iso_and_the_environment.htm.

2. ISO 14000 Essentials (2011). International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved January 29, 2012 from  http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/management_and_leadership_standards/environmental_management/iso_14000_essentials.htm .

3. Hanson, a. (2011). ISO 14000. International Institute for Sustainable Development. Retrieved January 29, 2012 from http://www.iisd.org/didigest/mar96/3mar96.htm.

4. Baxter, M. (2004). Taking the First Steps in Environmental Management. ISO Management Systems. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
View Full Essay

Sustainable Design

Words: 1227 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43254680

Sustainable design is the smart and subtle way of utilizing modern building methods and materials to achieve a more intelligent building, while using fewer resources and recycling more waste. It is not simply a trend, nor is it only a marketing tool for 21st century developments, but rather sustainable design is a conscientious decision by an architect to take measures to protect the environment, lessen utility costs, and ensure a longer lasting product in the end. The future of arth can only be looked after by those who inhabit it, and therefore sustainability has become the most important idea today in the field of science and design. Like with many building standards, each country has its own method of measurement and evaluation to the level of sustainability achieved, and because of globalization, there have been several different international standards competing for international recognition and control over the green design process.…… [Read More]

ESTIDAMA, the word meaning 'sustainability' in Arabic, is the green design standard for the city of Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates, ESTIDAMA, and particularly the Pearl Rating System used to rate sustainability in ESTIDAMA, was created in advance of Abu Dhabi's 2030 vision for the creation of a modern global capitol city. Although a similar system to the other two, there are a few major differences. ESTIDAMA places far more emphasis of its credit distribution on water usage, and less on energy usage, as this is a critical part of Abu Dhabi's development and need for clean water to be recycled as efficiently as possible. Energy is plentiful in the Middle East, and much of the development built in this region is a result of its fortunate energy supply.[footnoteRef:2] This problem of water usage, however, is not applicable to the rest of the world, and therefore shows why ESTIDAMA was created in the first place, because LEED and BREEAM simply could not readily adapt themselves to the particular conditions of Abu Dhabi. [2: "Comparing Estidama's Pearls Rating Method to LEED and BREEAM." Carboun. Web. 19 May 2011. .]

As far as accreditation is concerned, ESTIDAMA takes a hybrid approach between BREEAM and LEED, urging the use of a dedicated professional onsite to evaluate as progress moves, as BREEAM does, but also requiring the oversight of a "Pearl Qualified Professional" to complete the final inspection. This process is extremely thorough in its approach, and to have two checks is a valuable tool against cheating and corruption, which may seep into the competitive world of construction in the other two standards. This method of double checks however could be prohibitively bureaucratic in a democracy setting, which ESTIDAMA does not operate in currently. ESTIDAMA is certainly just as important to the field of sustainable design as the larger rating systems are, as it brings much of the same professionalism to the task, ESTIDAMA is however tinkered to appeal to its local market in the Middle East, and this is apparent in the breakdown of the evaluation process.

In conclusion, it is foreseeable that buildings will reach a near-zero release of carbon during their complete phase, and a lot less energy will be used during the buildings construction. In this way, all three sustainable standards will play their part, and will have brought good policy to a controllable environment of office space and residential construction. I, however, believe that the LEED standard is the best standard to follow, as it is best understand around the world and by architects, does not require specialization within countries, which would only dilute the strength of LEED's simplicity, and does not allow any individual to make evaluations, only the Green Building Council itself. This disallows cheating and presents a balanced and expert opinion of what LEED's standards ought to be. ESTIDAMA uses both practices in its methods, but is not as appealing as LEED because of how it looks at water resources far more than innovative design or efficient energy use. Energy is not a big problem in the Middle East, ESTIDAMA's market, however water is. This is antithesis to the majority of the rest of the world, which has been able to secure its own water supply but still requires energy to be brought in from abroad. ESTIDAMA is simply too much of a niche to be able to compete with the global design of the LEED design.
View Full Essay

Sustainable Career Today's World as

Words: 1674 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83027139

My future career will definitely depend on what are of the world I would like to dedicate my services towards. Traveling appears to be a worthwhile approach to figuring this out. Exploring the local places and other areas around the world will most likely inspire me to a sustainability problem that my skills would best apply to.

The next step in achieving the goals of my plan requires me to network and learn from others who have already successfully achieved this objective. It is very simple to connect with people due to the technological advances in recent years giving me no excuse not to be able to find others who can give me practical advice in the matter. Learning from others is very important in this entire process and understanding that I can learn something from everyone I meet, every day, will help me realize opportunities that I currently am…… [Read More]

References

Baumgartner, R. & Ebner, D 2009, 'Corporate Sustainability Strategies: Sustainability Profiles and Maturity Levels,' Sustainable Developments, 18,76-89.

Etsy, D. & Simmons, P, 2011, the Green to Gold Business Playbook, John Wiley & Sons, London.

Pataki, G, 2009, 'Ecological Modernization as a paradigm of Corporate Sustainability,' Sustainable Development, 2009,17, 82-91.

Shirvastava, P. & Berger, S, 2010, ' Sustainability principles: a review and directions,' Organizational Management Journal, 2010, 7, 246-261.
View Full Essay

Sustainable Fashion Across the Globe

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43754230

Sustainable Fashion

Purchasing sustainable garments is a challenge for everyone when fast fashion is so common. The labors in fast fashion can hardly afford the clothes they make while many consume fast fashion in a problematic way. Fashion industries need more transparency to educate the purchasing decision of individuals. Fast fashion not only is polluting and creating so much waste to our world; it is also taking away the basic human right of low income workers. To design something is not just about choosing a fabric and a print that is appealing but also needs to map out the production and economic strategy. What appear to be beautiful to us may have hidden an ugly story behind it. According to the United Nations, clothing is the fundamental principal of a person's dignity, beside shelter, food, and other essential needs. When the consumption of clothing is placed on the balance against…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Sustainable Building Promoting Sustainability Through

Words: 2547 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 943036

The local community will know that the library and the campus in general support local businesses and local efforts. They have an excellent opportunity to build community support and rapport through purchasing locally as a part of the sustainability plan.

Community Leadership

The campus library has many reasons to commit to sustainable building design. Aside from the apparent environmental reasons, the long-term benefits to their financial well-being and contribution to the community also make this an excellent project for the library. Sustainable building design demonstrates excellent community leadership for the library. People come to the library in search of knowledge and enlightenment. esponsible building design promotes the overall goals of the library as an example of what can be achieved and as a community resource.

Sustainable building creates sustainable communities. It only takes a single act to create the need for future buildings to follow sustainable principles. This will spread…… [Read More]

References

Perryman, J. (2010). The Cost of LEED certification: What budget advice can estimators provide to their Clients for going green. Design Cost Data. Retrieved April 13, 2010 From

 http://www.dcd.com/insights/novdec_2005_22.html 

Sierra Club (2005). Institutional Sustainability Audit. Sierra Club. January 1, 2005. Retrieved

April 13, 2010 from http://www.sierraclub.org/sustainable_consumption/downloads/institutional-audit.pdf
View Full Essay

Sustainable Marine Tourism in Similan

Words: 5220 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50833690



Another case study, this one by Cole (2011) examines the cultural and community impacts of tourism, both sustainable and unsustainable, on specific cultures in Indonesia. Cole concludes as well that in order to help keep the cultural and community influences and positive attitudes intact, it is important to consider the local community as a major stakeholder in the sustainability of a tourist destination. Cole states in her article, "ourism has the potential to empower communities and the sustainable tourism agenda needs to focus on how to bring this about. As the case study illustrates, understanding tourists and tourism processes is the first stage to empowering the local community to make informed and appropriate decisions about their tourism development. Considerable investments are required in communication and trust building between the actors in tourism. his paper examines how action research, focus groups and the creation of a tourism forum can be concrete,…… [Read More]

These are the questions which are very difficult to answer, but in order to have a maintained tourism system they plays an important role.

Moreover, the use of term "itself" is confusing for a sustainable tourism. Alternative tourism, 'soft' tourism, ecotourism, and 'green' tourism are the types of tourism which can be used with sustainable tourism which is a high class branch of tourism. The story behind tourism in 1919, about 664 million tourists were present, and those who were known as mass tourism were approximately 80%. Development of sustainable tourism is affected by the differences in between mass tourism and sustainable tourism (Berno and Bricker, 2001).

If one can make a difference between 'good' tourism (best known as the alternative forms of tourism) and 'bad' tourism (particularly mass tourism) then sustainable tourism can appear as disruptive force in the society (Swarbrooke, 1999). To confuse ecotourism with sustainable tourism can give a bad result because all sustainable tourism does not take place at natural area and not all types of ecotourism are sustainable. According to Wall (1997), as the mass tourists might not prefer to visit threatened remote areas, their demand may be lesser than that of
View Full Essay

Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Innovation

Words: 1028 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1329788

Schaltegger, S. & Wagner, M. (2010). Sustainable entrepreneurship and sustainability innovation: categories and interactions. Business Strategy and the Environment 20: 222-237.

Schaltegger & Wagner (2010) create a usable framework for sustainable entrepreneurship, sustainable innovation, and sustainable business development in "Sustainable entrepreneurship and sustainability innovation: categories and interactions." he article first addresses the purpose for the research. Companies have been traditionally culprits in creating both environmental and social justice problems, necessitating regulations imposed externally. Driven solely by profit, a company will not be likely to pursue innovation or sustainability entrepreneurship unless it was profitable to do so. he authors point out that while this may be true with some organizations in some sectors, that otherwise the business environment is changing. A new framework based on current business trends is proposed by Schaltegger & Wagner (2010). his new framework is based on the fact that many companies -- and their managers --…… [Read More]

The Schaltegger & Wagner (2010) research is helpful in providing the promised framework for relating sustainable entrepreneurship with sustainability innovation. However, the strength of the research is in the matrix revealing the different types of sustainable entrepreneurship models. Start-ups and veteran enterprises alike can study such a matrix for cues and clues as to how to effectively launch a sustainability enterprise based on innovation. The research can be applied to progressive regulatory environments, seeking to balance the needs for greater corporate accountability with the need for economic progress. Although the Schaltegger & Wagner (2010) research seems convoluted and overly complicated at times, it does have some practical value in highlighting the points of convergence between business, social justice, and ecological ethics

It is possible that sustainable innovation refers more to the method by which stalwart companies like Deutsche Bahn embark on sustainable entrepreneurship: applying traditional business models to meeting new goals. The Schaltegger & Wagner (2010) research also shows that fresh entrepreneurs may not contend with as many obstacles as was once believed. The seemingly mutually exclusive goals of profitability and sustainability can go hand in hand. Schaltegger & Wagner (2010) might be better off injecting more than cold fact into their research, which seems oddly devoid of any ethical framework. The authors treat issues like social benefit as if it were as quantifiable as sales figures. Moreover, the current research is exploratory and theoretical in nature. An experimental research design might be helpful in future research in this specific area if it is to be of any use to policy makers.

Ultimately, the goals of the research were fulfilled and the authors make a good point about the changing marketplace. The authors present a helpful framework outlining the types of sustainable entrepreneurship. Businesses can draw from this research a mission statement for a proposed sustainability innovation program. Entrepreneurs can use this research to present business models that are grounded in both fiscal and environmental responsibility. Schaltegger & Wagner (2010) also show which conditions tend to give rise to sustainable entrepreneurship, and posit relationships with measurable market impacts. It helps to know that innovation can be presented as a definite solution to environmental and social problems. Finally, there is no one model for sustainable entrepreneurship; the diversity of the economy and of the environment requires a multifaceted and heterogeneous business enterprise.
View Full Essay

Sustainable Management

Words: 3324 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27475949

Accounting Sustainable Management

The organization's emphasis towards the sustainability is increasing as a response to the scarcity of natural resources and the negative effects on environment by means of ecological hazards. Therefore, the organizations are adapting their business procedure to utilize such resources that are cost effective and environment friendly so that they can earn profits and can remain environment friendly by having a positive image in the society by addressing their social accountability.

Sustainability

Sustainability and its elevance to Business and Accounting

Sustainability and its elevance to WML

Implication of Sustainability in WML

The current study has been conducted in order to analyze the strategic practices of Wave Master Ltd. (WML) with respect to sustainability. The sustainability of a company indicates the extent to which the company is playing its part in the safeguard of biological systems and the extent to which the company is considered as environment friendly.…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Alcorn, Z. & Kenny, Z. (2007). HCNG: An alternative to coil and oil. Green Left Weekly. Available from:  https://www.greenleft.org.au/node/37079 .

Bebbington, J., Unerman, J., & O'Dwyer, B. (Eds.).(2014). Sustainability accounting and accountability.Routledge.

Burton, T., Sharpe, D., Jenkins, N., & Bossanyi, E. (2001).Wind energy handbook. John Wiley & Sons.

Carroll, A., & Buchholtz, A. (2014).Business and society: Ethics, sustainability, and stakeholder management. Cengage Learning.
View Full Essay

Development in the World

Words: 1377 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62820639

preferences by countries can led to different forms of the challenges that they face and the strategies they choose to address these challenges. However, in an increasingly globalized world, many modern challenges are increasingly affecting the world's population as a whole; like climate change for example. Thus the next generations of challenges will require solutions that involve an unprecedented level of global collaboration. Furthermore, these challenges can be thought of in terms of social, economic, and environmental challenges. This paper will briefly outline three development challenges that are facing development in the 21st century.

Climate Change

Climate change, also known as global warming, is an environmental phenomenon that has attracted significant global attention in recent decades. This is arguably an issue that can be thought of as an existential issue. Climate change stands the potential not only to threaten many animal species around the world in a new global masses…… [Read More]

References

AFP. (2013, March 14). Chavez 'devil' speech recalled at UN tribute. Retrieved from Nation: http://www.nation.co.ke/News/world/Chavez-devil-speech-recalled-at-UN-tribute/-/1068/1719726/-/2omnx2z/-/index.html

Hanna, S., & Osborne-Lee, I. (2011). Sustainable economy of the ecological footprint: economic analysis and impacts. In V. Esteve, Ecosystems and Sustainable Development VIII (pp. 313-342). Southampton: WIT Press.

Harris, G. (2014, March 25). Borrowed Time on Disappearing Land. Retrieved from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/29/world/asia/facing-rising-seas-bangladesh-confronts-the-consequences-of-climate-change.html

Kabir, A. (2015, May 14). Democracy Departs From Bangladesh. Retrieved from The Diplomat: http://thediplomat.com/2015/05/democracy-departs-from-bangladesh/
View Full Essay

Development Practice in Indigenous Development

Words: 903 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44372095

Admit Letter

I am applying to the University of Winnipeg's Masters in Development Practice -- Indigenous Development with the desire to improve not only my life but the lives of others who may be less fortunate than myself. I believe there are very few alternatives to this Masters program by which I can accomplish those improvements during my sojourn through the classrooms of the world. Participating in the global network offered by the University, as an integral part of the 22 prominent academic transnational institutions (Masters in Development, 2011), would allow me the opportunities and challenges of a reputable and well-known university as well as the resources of a network of additional highly regarded institutions.

In addition to those resources and opportunities one intriguing aspect that I am eagerly anticipating is the Global Classroom. Many other educational entities require, and charge, for courses that are not nearly as comprehensive, intellectually…… [Read More]

References

The Masters in Development (MDP) -- Indigenous Development accessed at http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/mdp-network, on January 19, 2011
View Full Essay

Sustainable Printer Cartridge Disposal

Words: 960 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49229660

Environmental egulations and Industry Best Practice for Efficient Use of esources

The inappropriate disposal of electronic or so-called "e-waste," including office consumables such as laser printer and photocopier toner cartridges, represents a major environmental threat. In fact, according to Taylor, "E-waste' is growing in landfills at three times the rate of general refuse."

In the past, identifying ways to recycle laser printer and photocopier toner cartridges was complicated by the fact that these cartridges contain a "complex mix of plastics, metals, foams and toner."

Identifying ways to recycle laser printer and photocopier toner cartridges, though, is worthwhile. For instance, "Printer cartridges contain valuable metals such as steel, aluminium and copper, as well as ink, toner powder, plastics, rubber, silica and foam, much of which can be recycled."

Nevertheless, Weissman emphasizes that the fact that, "Disposal of electronics waste is complicated, because many of the more than 1,000 different substances in…… [Read More]

References

Gray, Gerry. (1999, Spring). "Corporations Go Green," American Forests, 104(1): 3-5.

"Recycle Your E-Waste Today." (2013, June 6). The Old Gympie Times, 37.

Taylor, Rachel. (2006, April-May). "He's Closed the Loop: A Single Environmental

Commitment Turned Steve Morris into an Entrepreneur with a Company That's about to Go Global," Ecos, 130: 8-10.
View Full Essay

How Are Sustainability and Development Connected

Words: 732 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43105622

Sustainable Development

A) According to Kates, .W., Parris, T.M., and Leiserowitz, A.A. (2005). What is sustainable development?

Sustainable development is taking into account the needs of different stakeholders in order to create practices and policies which are realistic and effective.

Brundtland eport argues that environment and development are inseparable. Explain why?

The environment and development work in conjunction with each other. This is because natural resources are finite and must be sustained in a particular area (i.e. development). When there is damage to the environment, this makes it harder to manage natural resources and destroys the ecosystem. Once this takes place, is the point irreversible damage is inevitable and it devastates any kind of development that is occurring. (Kates, Parris, & Leiserowitz, 2005)

What is the standard definition of sustainable development defined by the Brundtland's report? This is the first full definition, but the definition is ambiguous. Why?

Sustainable development…… [Read More]

References

Background. (2015). UN. Retrieved from:  http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/bkgd.shtml 

Doppelt, B. (2010). Leading change toward sustainability. Sheffield: Greenleaf Publishing Limited.

Kates, R.W., Parris, T.M., and Leiserowitz, A.A. (2005). What is sustainable development?. Environment, 47 (3), 8-21
View Full Essay

Sustainable Engineering Practice Water Is

Words: 942 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23967953

As a consequence, social unrest can then be avoided only by subsidies. The town is socially and entinancially heavily burdened. Another problem is that the spontaneous rainwater flow, mixed with wastewater in a heavy downpour, pollutes the river or lake once again and provides more problems for gaining potable water.

Scenario 3: As a result of climatic and geological conditions there is little potable water available; the resources are quickly exhausted. The possibilities for development by the town are therefore restricted. The cost of a long-distance water supply is prohibitive.

This paper examines possible applications of rainwater utilization and application in an urban context. In doing so, it examines some of the more available technologies for this purpose, and draws on Germany's experience in dealing with the related issues. As part of this discussion, variants of practice and boundary conditions of decentralization issues are raised.

Questions and demands

Centralized water…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Sustainable Textiles Were Some of

Words: 1287 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22560617



Some companies, perhaps sensing a business opportunity, have tried to use the green textile movement to their advantage. DuPont and other chemical companies have targeted a potentially hopeful resource for the future in the form of enzymes, which can be very effective in fiber preparation, pre-treatment and value-added finishing as catalysts. Because enzymes work "even under mild conditions and do not require the high energy input often associated with chemical processes," they offer a more ecologically friendly way to treat fabrics than harsh formaldehyde or chlorine ("Textiles and leather," Industrial Sustainability, 2007).

It may sound paradoxical that enzymatic chemicals can make the industry more sustainable. Another paradox of the industry is that natural fibers such as cotton and hemp may not be as eco-friendly as one might expect. For example, in the United States, about a third of a pound of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides are required for the process…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dadd, Debra Lynn. "Textile Recycling." Worldwise. 2007. 11 Oct 2007. http://www.dezignare.com/newsletter/recyclingtextiles.html

Market Transformation and Sustainability." Institute for Market Transformation to Sustainability. 2007. 11 Oct 2007.  http://mts.sustainableproducts.com/ 

Projects and Outreach." GreenBlue. 11 Oct 2007. http://www.greenblue.org/activities_lead.html#STS

Sustainability in textiles: An Overview" the Worsted Witch. 26 Apr 2006. 11 Oct 2007. http://www.worstedwitch.com/?p=147.
View Full Essay

Sustainable Systems Many Businesses in This Day

Words: 1397 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29106871

Sustainable Systems

Many businesses in this day and age seek to demonstrate stewardship and resolve to do business within a guideline of corporate social responsibility. In this quest many have chosen to focus on greening their business often including both procurement and manufacture, seeking to reduce the effect of their business on the environment. The different systems approaches that an organization can utilize to demonstrate more effective environmental sustainability are almost as varied as the companies themselves. The utilization of pollution prevention programs depends almost entirely on what it is a company does and what wastes they challenge to control. Additionally companies seek to demonstrate their compliance utilizing various accounting tools that are often made public and become incorporated in their systems designs. These designs will incorporate procurement, logistics, on demand manufacture, i.e. lean manufacture and many other possible systems designs to both demonstrate cost savings and produce a more…… [Read More]

Resources

Barrow, C.J. (2005). Environmental Management and Development. London: Routledge.

Eyeontransport, Green Logistics Forum "Download the Green Transportation & Logistics Global Report Now," at http://www.greenlogisticsforum.com/2008/free_report.shtml

Motavalli, J., & Harkinson, J. (2002, September/October). Buying Green: Harnessing the Incredible Procurement Power of Governments, Hospitals, Colleges and America's Biggest Corporations to Protect the Environment. E, 13, 26.

New, S., Green, K., & Morton, B. (2000). 3 Buying the Environment. In The Business of Greening, Fineman, S. (Ed.) (pp. 35-53). London: Routledge.
View Full Essay

Sustainable Organizations the Challenge of

Words: 2896 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46152146

This latter approach, showing the financial benefits of attaining both sustainability initiatives, is far more valuable to the organization in the long run and also protects the company's most important asset, its people and the knowledge they have.

Further study of the litany of pains and costs driven by a lack of human sustainability does little to bring valuable solutions to bear on this critical problem. Instead there needs to be more of a focus on how apply transformational leadership skill sets to the parallel progress of environmental sustainability and human sustainability at the same time. The need to quantify this dual compliance strategy has been attempted and shown promising results, with the combined effects of each generating cost savings from more effective product development and recycling strategies (Hahn, Figge, Pinkse, Preuss, 2010). The payback in terms of reducing turn-over, medical costs, and increasing morale and trust that leads to…… [Read More]

References

Richard E. Boyatzis. 2008. Competencies in the 21st century. The Journal of Management Development, 27(1), 5-12.

Catalano, Ralph. 1991. The Health Effects of Economic Insecurity. American Journal of Public Health 81, no. 9, (September 1): 1148-52.

Cascio, W.F. 1993. Downsizing: What do we know? What have we learned? Academy of Management Executive, 7, 95-104.

Greenberg, E.R. 1991. Downsizing: AMA survey results. Compensation and Benefits Review, 23, 33-38.
View Full Essay

Sustainable Energy for Low Carbon House in Grand Parade Brighton

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55051853

Sustainable Energy for Low Carbon House in Grand Parade righton

The focus of this study is the energy profile of a house identical to the house constructed in Grand Parade righton which is an energy efficient house constructed from waste materials. The climate will be considered as well as the standards and best practices in the construction industry.

Climate

righton is reported to have an Oceanic climate much as does the majority of southern ritain with the summer months affected by sea breezes lowering the temperature by five degrees as compared to inland. Snow is common in the winter in righton. The following table shows the monthly average high temperature in righton throughout the year.

Monthly Average High Temperature in righton

]Climate data for righton

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high "C ("F)

8

(46)

8

(46)

9

(49)

12…… [Read More]

Bibliography

An Introductory Guide to Best Practice in Construction (2012) Construction Excellence in the Southeast. Retrieved from: http://www.secbe.org.uk/documents/introductory_best_practice_guide.pdf

What is BREEAM? (2012) BREEAM. Retrieved from: http://www.breeam.org/about.jsp?id=66

Code for a Sustainable Environment (2012) BREEAM. Retrieved from: http://www.breeam.org/page.jsp?id=347

Sustainability and BREEAM (2012) BREEAM. Retrieved from: http://www.bre.co.uk/page.jsp?id=1766
View Full Essay

Sustainable Engineering Practice a Review

Words: 894 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86528165



There is, however, a more practical side to this paradigm shift:

These four were not surprising, given the economic and regulatory conditions of 2007 to 2009 and their impacts on building owners. Faced with energy spikes in 2007 and 2008 and the recession beginning in 2008, owners found it difficult to set reliable utility budgets and obtain financing for capital projects. (Rozgus)

Furthermore, as regards to the write-in answers on the surveys, the top four were all ralted energy efficiency or sustainability, they were: LED lighting and lighting controls, Alternative energy, LEED and green technology or regulations, and Energy efficiency.

The authors conclude that if sustainability and lifecycle issues such as environmental performance, reliability, maintainability, and lifecycle cost, are important to the owner, then these issues will have to be more clearly defined in the engineering contracts. Consequently the associated extra costs and fees that would be required to support…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Sustainable Design and the UK

Words: 2304 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99929807

Fair Trade allowed producers to receive a significant price premium, dependent upon world coffee prices and the mainstream markets. Price premiums for farmers promoted social development and strengthened institutional capacities in the area. However, the ability to improve working conditions for workers was limited (Valkila and Nygren 2009). Price premiums were found to be the main benefit for fruit producers involved in a Swiss partnership (Bezencon 2009).

Conclusion

Fair Trade products and certified end products represent the next logical step in the natural and organic products movement. The impact of fair trade has already been examined in other industries and it is believed that the same principles apply to the cosmetics industry as well. Trends in the cosmetic industry are driven traditionally by the fashion industry. However, social responsibility must now be considered a part of the equation as well. The movement towards socially responsible products is being driven by…… [Read More]

References

Bezencon, V. n.d. Producers and the fair trade distribution systems: what are the benefits and problems? [Online]. Sustainably Development. Abstract. Available at: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122542424/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0 [Accessed 3 Nov 2009].

Global Cosmetics Industry (GCI). 2009. European Natural Cosmetics Sales Approaching €2 Billion. [Online]. 1 Oct 2009. Available at:  http://www.gcimagazine.com/marketstrends/segments/natural/63108302.html?page=2  [Accessed 3 Nov 2009].

Global Cosmetics Industry (GCI). 2009. Global Natural Products Market: The Battle of the Standards Gains Pace. Available at:  http://www.gcimagazine.com/marketstrends/segments/natural/48079987.html?page=1  [Accessed 3 Nov 2009].

Moore, G., Slack, R. & Gibbon, 2009. PR Firm Names top Ten Ingredients for 2009. [Online]. Journal of Business Ethics. Available at:  http://www.fairtrade-institute.org/db/publications/view/581  [Accessed 3 Nov 2009].
View Full Essay

Sustainable Distribution for Essential Medicines

Words: 3831 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9578906

Sustainable Distibution fo Essential Medicines in Emeging Makets

Business Case Backgound

The Sustainable challenge

Cuent distibution climate of Cue Phamaceutical

The gowing impotance of the emeging makets

Baies to gowth

Pocuement and Distibution

Challenge to oveall sustainability in phamaceutical companies

Patneships utilized in emeging makets and essential medicine distibution

Suggestions of patneships effective in essential medicine distibution

Data gatheing in essential medicine distibution

Sustainable distibution fo essential medicines in emeging makets

Business Case Backgound

This epot addesses the ole phamaceuticals play in emeging makets. Many people have associated these makets as havens fo explosive futue gowth, but thee ae also seious challenges to be faced. The epot will discuss what views investos, stakeholdes, and company executives hold on emeging makets. Thee ae thee pobable significant factos that may sway thei stance. Fist, the efoms ecently made by the govenment egading phamaceuticals and the obligations of multinationals esulting fom the efoms.…… [Read More]

references

(Multi-Stakeholder Toolkit, n.d), A Toolkit for Improved Understanding and Transparency of Drug Shortage Response in Canada 2013

Banks, M.A., & Persily, G.L. (2010). Campus perspective on the National Institutes of Health public access policy: University of California, San Francisco, library experience. Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA, 98(3), 256 -- 259. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.98.3.015

Bors, C., Christie, A., Gervais, D., & Wright Clayton, E. (2015). Improving Access to Medicines in Low-Income Countries: A Review of Mechanisms. The Journal of World Intellectual Property. 18, 1-28.

Cure Pharmaceutical http://www.curepharmaceutical.com/about.html
View Full Essay

Local Participation in Tourism Development

Words: 7386 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82371250

Successful sustainable development also requires an evaluation of major trends and problems in the tourism industry rather than focusing on minor new developments that may have localized impact only (Butler, 1998).

Taken together, the foregoing indicates that irrespective of the precise definition that is used, sustainable tourism development is based on three main principles, economic, environment and social which are described below:

1. Economic: This principle refers to something that affects to the majority number of people and enhance the economic situation which is related to sustainable management of economic in tourism sector. This can regarded as opportunities to educate and train employees, support local suppliers, trade, producers and so on (Chapman, 2007). This principle is consistent with the observation by King (2008) that, "tourism in Thailand, as with tourism in the Asian region more generally, is a highly diversified, complex, and changing phenomenon, the impact and consequences of which…… [Read More]

References

'Bung Kan Is Thailand's 77th Province.' 2011, March 23. Pattaya Daily News. [online]

available: http://www.pattayadailynews.com/en/2011/03/23/bung-kan-is-thailand%E2%80%99s-77th-province/.

Burton, S., & Steane, P. 2004. Surviving Your Thesis. New York: Routledge.

Cater, E. 1993. 'Ecotourism in the Third World: Problems for Sustainable Tourism
View Full Essay

International Development Political Economy of

Words: 2527 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49936148

" (S. M. Lele, Sustainable Development" A Critical Review, p. 611)

The main objectives of the sustainable development are to: revive growth, change the quality of growth, satisfy the basic needs for jobs and subsidiary services, ensure a sustainable level of population, preserve the resources, reorient technology and control risk, consider both economy and environment in the decision making process, and reorient international economic relationships. (S. M. Lele, Sustainable Development" A Critical Review, p. 611)

Connections between the two

Harriss promotes the idea of disciplined economics and governance based on rules. Lele promotes the sustainable development, again a form of governance based on a strict set of rules. The idea at the basis of these two theories is practically the same: governance, economy and the entire human behavior should be based on a set of rules previously elaborated to protect the interests of the participants as well as the environment's.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Jamie Joseph, Development in Practice, Volume 11, Numbers 2 & 3, May 2001; Sustainable Development and Democracy in the Megacities

Joseph T. Siegle, Michael M. Weinstein, and Morton H. Halperin, Why Democracies Excel, Foreign Affairs September/October 2004

Mick Moore, Political Underdevelopment, What causes 'bad governance', Volume 3, Taylor and Francis Ltd., 2001

Lionel Cliff and Robin Luckham, Complex political emergencies and the state: failure and the fate of the state, Third World Quarterly, Vol 20, No 1, pp 27A± 50, 1999
View Full Essay

Ecn Development United States Department

Words: 565 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65731912

d.). Even SWOT analysis can help urban planners determine situational variables, approximate risk, and therefore maximize the efficiency of an economic development plan. Issues such as community competitiveness have a strong impact on outside investors, which is another reason why urban planners must take advantage of a wide range of techniques. Urban planners can encourage economic development via a multi-stage process: analysis of need, analysis of risk, and analysis of potential investors.

As it relates to urban planning, sustainable development combines socially and environmentally responsible initiatives. Those initiatives must also be proven to stimulate economic growth and development in the community. Some government incentives may be offered directly for the purposes of creating and implementing sustainable development programs for communities. Land-use planning is one key facet of sustainable urban development. Controlling sprawl, implementing local and regional public transportation systems, and ensuring investments in clean water are other sustainable development issues…… [Read More]

References

HUD (2009). Economic development programs. Retrieved online: http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/economicdevelopment/programs/

"Urban Planning and Sustainable Development," (n.d.). Retrieved online:  http://www.h-net.org/announce/show.cgi?ID=157060 

World Bank Group (2007). Urban Development. Retrieved online:  http://info.worldbank.org/etools/docs/library/166856/UCMP/UCMP/step_two_urban_competitiveness.html
View Full Essay

U S Agency International Development USAID

Words: 1212 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33372075

U.S. Agency International Development (USAID) http://www.usaid.gov / Write response questions . Write response/background report outline point form. Use headings subheadings organize response. Apply APA style guidelines grammar, spelling, punctuation, citing referencing.

Nature of the organization's mandate

Philosophical perspective, with respect to promoting global health

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is the result of the Cold War doctrine related to international assistance. During the Kennedy Administration in the 1960s, the interest for assistance to low income countries and those affected by increased degrees of poverty has determined a need for a concerted action that would alleviate, to a certain extent, the pressures of impoverished national budgets and destroyed economies. In this sense, it was considered that developed countries, and especially the United States as the largest economic power of the Cold War, had the "moral duty" to assist countries in need (Committee on International elations, 2003). Despite this…… [Read More]

References

Committee On International Relations. (2003) "Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2002" Committee On Foreign Relations. Available at http://transition.usaid.gov/policy/ads/faa.pdf

Kissinger, H. (2011). Diplomacy. New York: Simon & Schuster

USAID (2013) Key Accomplishments. Available at http://www.usaid.gov/results-and-data/highlights

USAID (2013) Budget and Spending. Available at http://www.usaid.gov/results-and-data/budget-spending
View Full Essay

International Development Studies Economic Development

Words: 1827 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44147697



Globalization in the economic sense - economic, social and technological process that advocates a constant interdependence at a global level, supporting trade liberalization.

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - an international financial organization that monitors the global financial flows and that offers financial assistance to Third World countries.

African Festival of Arts and Culture (FESTAC) - cultural festival that promotes and sustains the revival of the lack cultural values and civilization.

1945 - the end of the Second World War and the beginning of the contemporary period. It is also equivalent with the start of the decolonization period, with Indonesia one of the first countries to make this step.

Poverty - lack of the material capacity to finance the basic needs of an individual or a society.

A unfreedom" ref. Sen - according to Sen, these would include, besides lack of political freedom or freedom of the press, forms of unfreedom…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Andrew Apter. The Pan-African Nation: Oil and the Spectacle of Culture in Nigeria.

University of Chicago Press (2005)

Only the Introduction and Chapter 1)

2. Frederick Cooper and Randall Packard, eds. International Development and the Social Sciences: Essays on the History and Politics of Knowledge. UC Press (1997)
View Full Essay

International Development Being Very Much

Words: 1993 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30646507

The problem is that poverty is far too widespread to respond significantly to the isolated work of a few organizations or individuals. Instead, Ahmed suggests that the concepts of zakah and awqaf should be included in development schemes and poverty reduction strategies. The advantage of such inclusion will be the perpetuation of concepts that are significantly important to all Muslims. It is also likely to trigger a sense of solidarity among citizens, along with providing a structure for targeted charitable work. It will also provide a valuable structure by which to ensure that the goods received by means of zakah and awqaf reach their correct destinies. In this regard, the concepts of zakah and awqaf can be implemented to fund the work of organizations such as Islamic elief. The concepts can also be integrated with organizations such as the tariqa in order to increase the impact upon poverty relief throughout…… [Read More]

References

Ahmed, Habib. 2004. Role of Zakah and Awqaf in Poverty Alleviation. Occasional Paper No. 8. Islamic Development Bank Group.

Akkas, S.M. Ali. Poverty Alleviation from Islamic Perspective: Lessons from Grassroots Experiments. Retrieved from http://www.scribd.com/doc/12878903/Poverty-Alleviation-From-Islamic-Perspective

Alhabshi, Syed Othman. Poverty Eradication from Islamic Perspectives.

Hasan, Zubair. 2006. Sustainable Development form an Islamic Perspective: Meaning, Implications, and Policy Concerns. J.KAU: Islamic Econ., Vol. 19, No. 1, pp 3-18.
View Full Essay

Building Sustainable Supply Chains Sustainable

Words: 1717 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15295143

4, pp. 262-262-266.

Carter, C.. & ogers, D.S. 2008, "A framework of sustainable supply chain management: moving toward new theory," International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 360-360-387.

Keating, B., Quazi, A., Kriz, A. & Coltman, T. 2008, "In pursuit of a sustainable supply chain: insights from Westpac Banking Corporation," Supply Chain Management, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 175-175-179.

Krause, D.., Vachon, S. & Klassen, .D. 2009, "Special Topic Forum on Sustainable Supply Chain Management: Introduction and eflections on the ole of Purchasing Management*," Journal of Supply Chain Management, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 18-18-25.

Mann, H., Kumar, U., Kumar, V. & Mann, I.J.S. 2010, "Drivers of Sustainable Supply Chain Management," IUP Journal of Operations Management, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 52-52-63.

Pagell, M. & Wu, Z. 2009, "Building a More Complete Theory of Sustainable Supply Chain Management using Case Studies of 10 Exemplars,"…… [Read More]

References

"Aspects of sustainable supply chain management (SSCM): conceptual framework and empirical example," 2007, Supply Chain Management, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 262-262-266.

Carter, C.R. & Rogers, D.S. 2008, "A framework of sustainable supply chain management: moving toward new theory," International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 360-360-387.

Keating, B., Quazi, A., Kriz, A. & Coltman, T. 2008, "In pursuit of a sustainable supply chain: insights from Westpac Banking Corporation," Supply Chain Management, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 175-175-179.

Krause, D.R., Vachon, S. & Klassen, R.D. 2009, "Special Topic Forum on Sustainable Supply Chain Management: Introduction and Reflections on the Role of Purchasing Management*," Journal of Supply Chain Management, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 18-18-25.
View Full Essay

Agger A 2010 Involving Citizens in Sustainable

Words: 1500 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95942987

Agger, A. (2010). Involving Citizens in Sustainale Development: Evidence of New Forms of Participation in the Danish Agenda 21 Schemes. Local Environment, 15(6), 541-552.

Agger (2010) reiterated that Scandinavian countries hold in high regard the dictates of Agenda 21 and that's why they have een so fast to implement it. This is ecause these countries have institutional capacity that makes it easy for them to apply the principles of LA21. Agger attriuted Sweden's investments in environmental and technical infrastructure to LA21 initiatives. Other Scandinavian countries nevertheless used LA21 initiatives to decentralize state environmental policy initiatives whereas others used it to moilize citizens and associations in local environmental policies (Agger, 2010). Agger identified the network approach, the integrated approach, and the canvassing approach as the overall strategies for reaching many stakeholders.

He reckoned that governments all over the world still faced myriad challenges when it came to diversifying citizens' participation in…… [Read More]

bibliography I came to realize how it is important to engage in environmental conservation. I came to realize that the municipal authorities and local governments have a very critical role to play in urban planning especially when they undertake to apply principles of smart growth concept to ensure there is sustainable urban development.

This research has no doubt changed my point-of-view on sustainable development. I have come to appreciate that plan-led environmentally friendly and sustainable pattern of settlement should integrate elements of distinctive urban culture, spatially compact form, strong landscape framework in a countryside setting, balance of land use, economic and social structures, energy conscious public transportation network, and high level of infrastructure.

References

Agger, A. (2010). Involving Citizens in Sustainable Development: Evidence of New Forms Of

Participation in the Danish Agenda 21 Schemes. Local Environment, 15(6), 541-552.
View Full Essay

Chinese and European Development Programs

Words: 3684 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8396070

The analysis provided is thorough and bias at the same time. However, Armstrong provides a valuable background and policy analysis.

In terms of the relations between Ghana and its major donors, China and the EU, Giles Mohan writes a comprehensive overview of the relations Ghana has with China and the potential political and economic interests that may drive China to indeed become a crucial donor for Ghana. More precisely, the author connects the new found Chinese desire to invest in the African country to the new found oil reserves in Ghana. Furthermore, he contents that given the past nature of the relations between China and the rest of the world (such as the EU for instance), the presence of China in Ghana is also geopolitically related and not necessarily humanitarian and development related. The perspective is valuable because the author points out potential political linkages between the resources found in…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Boafo-Arthur, K & Essuman-Johnson, a 1993, Ghana, Some Foreign Aid issues, Institute of South Africa, Pretoria.

Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). 2010. Ghana. CIDA. viewed on 18 January 2011 http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/acdi-cida/ACDI-CIDA.nsf/Eng/JUD-124141510-QL7

Chachage, C.S.L., 1987, Towards a critique of development theories in Africa. Vol. l9 No J / 987.

Crawford, G 2004. "The European Union and Democracy Promotion in Africa: The Case of Ghana" POLIS Working Paper Number 10 viewed on 18 January 2011  http://www.polis.leeds.ac.uk/assets/files/research/working-papers/wp10crawford.pdf
View Full Essay

Investment and Economic Development

Words: 3216 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87675139

Private Sector Investment and Economic Development

Investment and economic development

The ole of Private Sector investment in Economic Development

In the past few decades there has been overwhelming support for growth and development rooted in private investments and market-oriented strategies. A move from public sector driven growth has come as result of the need to reduce the widening gap in the balance of payment account, increasing public debt, rising inflation rate, growing foreign debt fundamentally falling living standards. There has been a shift from the need for large public corporations undertaking productive activities in an economy owing to the realized inefficiency in resource allocation. Corruption and misappropriation of public funds is observable owing to the lacking need to optimally reap benefit from the investment. Unlike in the public sector, private sector investment guarantees optimal productive activities, efficient allocation of productive resource, technological advancements to reduce cost and increase productivity (Dao,…… [Read More]

References

DAO, M.Q. 2008. The Impact of Investment Climate Indicators on Gross Capital Formation in Developing Countries. The Journal of Developing Areas, 42, 155-163.

GROSSMAN, G.M. & HELPMAN, E. 1994. Endogenous innovation in the theory of growth. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 8, 23-44.

HARRISON JR., W., HORNGREN, C.T. & WILLIAM, C.T. 2012. Financial accounting 9th edition., U.S.A., Prentice Hall

JORGENSON, D. 1971. Econometric Studies of Investment Behavior: A Survey. Journal of Economic Literature, 9, 1111.
View Full Essay

Impact of Local Economic Development Initiatives

Words: 4311 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43161334

Local Economic Development Initiatives

THE IMPACT OF LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

The Concept of Sustainable ural Communities in Local Areas

The Concept of ural Development in Local Areas

The Concept of Endogenous Development Initiatives in Local areas

Transformation is key when it comes to local economic development initiatives. Ever since World War II economies in so many different rural areas have been faced with the rising harsh economic circumstances that have been threatening people's everyday existence. A lot of the situations that they are going through have a lot to do with depopulation resulting for the most part from low growth in job opportunities, out-migration, an aging population, underemployment rate, high unemployment and low family income, lack of socio-economic infrastructure ( shopping centers, health centers, schools, power and electric supply water supply,). esearch show that the rural economy in both developed and developing nations countries has also gone through a big…… [Read More]

References

Andolina, R. (2012). THE VALUES OF WATER: Development cultures and indigenous cultures in highland ecuador. Latin American Research Review, 21(12), 3-26,231,235.

Blignaut, J. & . (2011). The impact of water scarcity on economic development initiatives. Water S.A., 34(12), 123-145.

Cole, M.A. (2009). imits to growth, sustainable development and environmental kuznets curves: An examination of the environmental impact of economic development. . Sustainable Development, 12(4), 23-67.

Gordon, T.M. (2009). Bargaining in the shadow of the ballot box: Causes and consequences of local voter initiatives. Public Choice, 23(14), 45-56.
View Full Essay

Brownfield Development Over the Last Several Decades

Words: 2587 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15901407

Brownfield Development

Over the last several decades, China has been going through tremendous amounts of economic growth. Since the 1990's, various Chinese cities have seen an increase of 380 million people. hile the economy, has expanded by five times as measured in GDP growth. However, the nation has also been experiencing challenges associated with the need for housing and sustainable development. One possible strategy for dealing with these issues is brownfield development. In the United States, this has been shown to be an effective tool for dealing with urban blight and managing growth inside a particular region. ("Urban Sustainability Index")

To determine if this kind of strategy can be effective in China requires measuring possible benefits. This means looking at specific cities in comparison with each other. Once this takes place, is when specific insights will be provided as to how China can deal with future economic development. Over the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Analysis, Tables and Figures." China Profile, 2011. Web. 16 Apr. 2012

"Asia Cities." China Post, 2012. Web. 17 Apr. 2012.

"Brownfield and Redevelopment in China." China Environmental Governance, 2010. Web. 17 Apr. 2012

"China's Fastest Growing Cities." Nova Southeastern, 2007. Web. 17 Apr. 2012
View Full Essay

United Nations Development Program Specialized

Words: 1104 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39647876



The results of the index composition reflect that by analyzing only the elements mentioned above, both India and China rank higher than in the general HDI. In this sense, India is ranked 17 and China 18, as opposed to 119 and 89 respectively.

There are several aspects for this change. On the one hand, positive indexes were taken into account for both countries. For instance, the income in China is constantly improving, as China has a 76 ranking as opposed to 89 the general index. By comparison, this is also applicable to India, with a positive index of 87 as opposed to its general 119.

In terms of inequality China is relatively low as its ranking is 72 compared with the general one of 89. Therefore there is little difference largely because despite the constant developments in the economy the results of this development are not evenly spread and therefore…… [Read More]

References

Human Development Index. The Human development concept. Human Development Reports. 2010. Available at http://hdr.undp.org/en/humandev/
View Full Essay

Destination Development and Marketing Kahoolawe Hawaii

Words: 1421 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10959155

Destination development and marketing: Kaho'olawe, Hawaii

Kahoolawe: Destination Development and Marketing

Background Information on Kahoolawe

In the context of Hawaiian island chain, Kahoolawe is the smallest located towards the southwest of Maui. Kahoolawe is significant to the region for several ways thus the need towards its protection and preservation. To the native Hawaiians, the island of Kahoolawe is sacred because of the history, culture, and religious relations to the natural feature. In over thousand years ago, the island offered valuable habitat for several hundred Hawaiians. The inhabitants survived mainly through fishing and farming. Other individuals in this time depended on the development of stone tools. The island experienced a decline in relation to the decrease in the population of the inhabitants of the region. This exercise was mainly because of the lack of freshwater source, violent wars, and diseases. During the colonial era, the island was used as the prison…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kahoolawe. Retrieved from   http://www.oahu.us/kahoolawe.htm  

Mohd Yusof Hussain, et al. "The Essential Elements Underlying Formation Of Tourist Friendly Destination Concept: Analysis In Micro Level." Asian Social Science 8.13 (2012): 59-70.  http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ass/article/view/21488 

Jaliu, Drago? Dumitru. "The Effectiveness of Public Policies and Structural Funds in Enhancing Tourism Development. The Case of Romania." Theoretical & Applied Economics 19.12 (2012): 37-52.  http://store.ectap.ro/articole/805.pdf 

Pauline J. Sheldon. (2005). "Challenges to Sustainable Development in Island Tourism." Retrieved from http://www.tim.hawaii.edu/ctps/Sheldon_Challenges_to_Sustainability.pdf
View Full Essay

El Salvador Finance for Development

Words: 770 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42019312

El Salvador

Financing for Development in El Salvador

Confronting Debt Challenges

El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America. It has a limited natural resource base. About 60% of the population live in rural areas and over 80% of agricultural producers work farms of less than 3 ha. With social indicators among the worst in Latin America and a per capita income of U.S.$1,580 in 1995, it also ranks as one of the poorer countries in the region.

Since 1992, the World ank has supported the government of El Salvador's strategic effort to consolidate peace and place the country on a path towards sustainable development. Currently, eight loans are under implementation worth a total of U.S.$298 million.

In December 2001, the World ank announced the new assistance strategy up to $270 million to El Salvador over the next three years. This includes a $142.6 million Earthquake Emergency Reconstruction and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Jonathan Heller and Sarah McFarlane, Self-Development:Creating Hope in El Salvador, El Platenar, El Salvador & Seattle, Washington

Gasper F. Lo Biondo, S.J. And Rafael A. Pleitez, Woodstock Theological Center, 1997

Karen Hansen-Kuhn, The Development GAP in Tom Barry and Martha Honey (ed.) Free Trade Area of the Americas Volume 6, Number 12, April 2001

Development Cooperation and Conflict, http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/external/lac/lac.
View Full Essay

Key to Sustainable Growth in China

Words: 940 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23453390

Sustainable Growth in China

Environmental Protection is Key to Sustainable Growth in China

The phenomenal economic growth in China for the last several decades has paved the way for the uplifting of the social and financial conditions of the citizens of the country. The lion's share of this financial windfall was due to the rise of various manufacturing and production facilities across the country. These development sites have provided products and even services to various clients across the globe and ensured continued economic growth of China. ut with the rapid pace of economic development and building of more industrial infrastructures and zones to keep up with the world demands, the environment is suffering a major setback. Air and water pollution is rampant, the natural resources needed to provide raw materials are being depleted, and the rapid urbanization in various economic zones are taking its toll on the environment due to…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

KPMG Advisory China. (2011, March). China's 12th five-year plan: Overview. Retrieved July 18, 2011 from  http://www.kpmg.com/cn/en/IssuesAndInsights/ArticlesPublications/Documents/China-12th-Five-Year-Plan-Overview-201104.pdf 

Lommen, Y.F. (2011, May). "Toward sustainable growth in the People's Republic of China: The 12th five-year plan." ADB Briefs No. 7. Retrieved July 18, 2011 from http://www.adb.org/documents/briefs/ADB-Briefs-2011-7-PRC-5Year-Plan.pdf

Wong, C. (2010, November 17). "Is China's growth sustainable?" China Hush: Stories of China. Retrieved July 18, 2011 from  http://www.chinahush.com/2010/11/17/is-chinas-growth-sustainable/
View Full Essay

Corporate Universities -Investigation of Their Development

Words: 16387 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62224137

In summary, we recommend that the IESBA reconsiders the proposals in the Exposure Draft and provides more guidance on safeguards applicable to sole practitioners and small accounting firms to ensure that the benefits of the changes outweigh the costs to SMEs. Under a principle-based approach, there should be safeguards and practical relief for all practitioners rather than rules-based outright prohibitions. The rewrite of this Independence component of the Code is substantially rules-based rather than principles-based. In this regard, we also encourage the IESBA to prioritize the redrafting of the entire Code using a similar drafting convention to that used by the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board in its Clarity project" (IESBA Exposure Draft of Sections 290 and 291 of the Code of Ethics on Independence - Proposed Additional equirements in relation to Internal Audit Services, elative Size of Fees and Contingent Fees 2007).

There will also be an all-time…… [Read More]

References

Kreitner, R., and Kinicki, a. (2004). "Organizational behavior," 6e; [Chap. 17]; [Chap. 18]. Accessed December 19, 2007, from MBA520, eResource, week 5, eBook Collection database.

McShane, and Von Glinow. (2005). "Organizational behavior" (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

); Muret, Don. (1999). "Former Disney VP stresses teamwork at cafe." Amusement Business, 111(49), 22. Accessed August 17, 2007, from EBSCOhost database.

Frazee, Bonnie. (2004). "Organizational Behavior and the Learning Process" Accessed December 19, 2007, at http://www.clomedia.com/content/templates/clo_feature.asp?articleid=698&zoneid=29
View Full Essay

Urban Drainage System Sustainable Urban

Words: 3018 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12969064

If there is an aggregate sub-base, these can provide water quality treatment. There should be good compaction and appropriate geo-textiles especially for areas accessible to heavy vehicles.

Permeable pavements reduce the need for deep excavations thereby providing a cost benefit. This system reduces the run-off rates and peak flow. The overall benefit is that it removes pollutants and holds water so that it does enter the main drainage. A lot of water in the main drainage would either need pumping or treating thereby using energy (Wild et al. 2002).

4.5. Swales

They are continuous vegetated drainage systems which convey or store water while allowing filtration when appropriate. Usually, they are the equivalent of roadside gullies or drainage pipes in conventional drainage systems. However, swales have gentle gradient so that water moves at low velocity. The sediments in storm water run-off can, therefore, settle out.

The advantage of swales is that…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Apostolaki, S., Jefferies, C., Smith, M. & Woods-Ballard B. 2002, Social Acceptability of Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems. Proc. 5th Symposium of the International Planning and Environmental Association. Oxford, September.

Apostolaki, S, Jefferies, C. & Smith, M. 2003, the Perception and Social Acceptability of Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems. Proc. 1st International Conference on Sustainable Development & Management of the Subsurface. 5-7 Nov. Utrech, the Netherlands

Construction Industry Research and Information Association (CIRIA) 2000, Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems -- design manual for Scotland and Northern Ireland. Report No. 521

Construction Industry Research and Information Association (CIRIA) 2002, Source Control Using Constructed Pervious Surfaces. Report No. 582
View Full Essay

Economics Development to Environment in

Words: 3246 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77492558

(Ward; Mohapatra; Mitchell, 2008)

The Great Lakes also contain large amounts of 'polychlorinated dibenzo-furans - PCDFs' and 'polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins -PCDDs' which are a result of the chlorine bleaching process of paper and pulp mills. In a nation wide study conducted for a period of 4 years on samples of fish and shellfish from various freshwater and marine water bodies in Canada, it was found that the fish from the Great Lakes were among the most contaminated samples. (Steinhart; Doyle; Food esearch Institute, Cochrane, 1995) the paper and pulp industry has also grown with the growth of the economy. However, contaminant discharge from this industry still continues despite the various environmental measures taken by the paper and pulp industry of Canada. This industry has also caused disturbance to the huge boreal landscape of Canada. Approximately 50% of Canada's fresh water is located in these boreal forests. Developmental activities have affected these…… [Read More]

References

Agioutantis, Zacharias. (2007) "Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Development..." SDIMI.

Burton, Philip Joseph; National Research Council Canada; Adamowicz, WL. (2005)

Towards sustainable management of the boreal forest" NRC Research Press.

Carter-Whitney, Maureen; Duncan, Justin. et. al. (2008) "Balancing
View Full Essay

Clean Development Mechanism Created Power

Words: 4741 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27607717



Criteria of buyer/investor on project type and location

A huge variety of CDM project locations, types and sizes exists and these are open to potential CDM investors. The national investment climate plus factors at the national level influence decisions on where, what type of projects to undertake as well as whether they ought to be developed as CDM projects. The investor's role in CDM project influences the physical spread of the CDM market. For instance, a technology provider who is offered payment partly via CE revenues may have a broad list of options of potential areas where to locate the project but a smaller choice of project type to engage in. Some funds set aside and intended for CDM funding have been decided upon as intended for specific project types and specific geographical areas. For example, the Spanish Carbon Fund directs its energies towards establishment of CDM projects in North…… [Read More]

References

Austin, D. And Faeth, P (2000). Financing Sustainable Development with the Clean

Development Mechanism. World Resource Institute, Washington, D.C.

Banuri, T., Gupta, S., (2000). The Clean Development Mechanism and Sustainable

Development: An Economic Analysis. Asian Development Bank, Manila.
View Full Essay

Water Awareness and Education for Sustainable Watershed Management

Words: 2917 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54484234

Water Awareness and Education for Sustainable Watershed Management

Today, the human society continuously deals with the issue of limited resources, as compared to an extensively growing amount of needs. Among these limited resources, water is vital, not only because mankind cannot survive without it, but also because it is essential to producing so many other secondary items, including food and clothing. At the same time, water and watersheds are an essential part of the environment, home to numerous species of animals and plants. Conservationism and environmental protection has a definite impact on the existence and evolution of mankind as well.

With that in mind, this project proposal will focus on identifying a set of solutions that the inhabitants in the Medina River Watershed (exar & Medina County TX) can use to address water pollution in this area, as well as the means by which water conservation can be consolidated and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Engel, F.L. (n.d.) Geomorphic Classification of the Lower San Antonio River, Texas. Texas Water Development Board. Project 0604830637. Retrieved on July 12, 2011 from website http://www.twdb.state.tx.us/RWPG/rpgm_rpts/0604830637_LowerSanAntonioRiver.pdf

2. HDR Engineering [HDR] (2000, December). The Edwards Aquifer Watershed Brush Control Planning Assessment & Feasibility Study. Texas State Soil & Water Conservation Board. Retrieved on July 12, 2011 from website http://www.nueces-ra.org/II/brush/

3. Moore, E.A., & Koontz, T.M. (2003). Research Note A Typology of Collaborative Watershed Groups: Citizen-Based, Agency-Based, and Mixed Partnerships. Society & Natural Resources, 16(5), 451. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

4. O'Neill, K.M. (2005). Can Watershed Management Unite Town and Country? Society & Natural Resources, 18(3), 241-253. doi:10.1080/08941920590908097
View Full Essay

Sustainability Sustainable Living Involves More

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63862134

but, one must wash the towel. The cycle continues and the family member has to choose the way of washing this cloth towel. it's embodied net energy is less than that of the paper towel. Another way of reducing the amount of energy a house expends in the window setup in that house. The larger the windows, the more light that comes into the home, and the less lighting is need to keep the house comfortable. (Steffen)

There are many ways in which humans could quicken -- in a humane way -- reindustrialization from the petroleum based overshoot industrial society of the present to a more diverse, efficient and flourishing society based on energy sources such as solar, wind geothermal, water, resource production, and creativity, as well as on such values as compassion, altruism and fairness.

Rainwater harvesting, a well-known practice in the poor economies of the world, is catching…… [Read More]

In fact, San Francisco now puts $100,000 toward how-to-worshops, rebates and discounts on rainwater catchment tanks. Such efforts, furthermore, help alleviate the mess of storm runoff. Asphalt covered roads, sidewalks and parking lots repel storm water, leading it down storm drains and into creaks instead of into soil -- big flushes of storm water in water treatment systems can force raw sewage into the ocean. Overloaded streams can lead to flooding which damages salmon habitats.

Water catchment tanks may be key to a new, sustainable way of life for families. The California drought is anticipated to be the worst in modern times. Already thousands of acres of crops are fallow, with no sign of slowing. Furthermore, the Northern Sierra snowpack for the winter of 2008 turned out to be 51% lighter than usual. According to the Los Angeles Times, the state is nearly out of water, leaving it with prayers of rain and a dwindling Northern California supply. Los Angeles has already begun allocation of water. (Thill)

Cultures across time and space saw their relationships with nature in a myriad of ways, many of which succeeding so much in their niche as to improve the environments they inhabited. What follows, is a quick look at how other cultures have interacted with nature. There are many examples from South America of indigenous living harmoniously off their landbase. The Kayapo, for example, subsist primarily on the produce of their gardens and managed forests. Their societies, despite their subsistence methods, were discovered to be large and complex and their ceremonies plentiful and rich. One Kayapo family, it was found, in its fifty-year lifetime, may clear just ten hectares of forest. A Kayapo swidden, furthermore, will remain fecund throughout its fallow, and once the land does finally return to canopy forest it will have been enriched by the process. A Kayapo swidden
View Full Essay

Infrastructure and Development

Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3777230

Infrastructure Projects

Importance of Infrastructure

Infrastructure projects have direct impact on the economic growth of society. esearch shows that most societies have become better stewards of the environment as a result of sustainable infrastructure within the society. For security, the societies can no longer afford to ignore the aging dams, broken water mains, congested roads as well as, deficient bridges. Infrastructure projects developments have enabled the societies to remain a strong and a prosperous (Badre, 2012). This has happened as a result of the society involvement in moving forward with vision, community development, leadership and support. It is therefore, recommended for a community to work together in order to develop a path forward as they start the first crucial steps.

Importance of infrastructure projects to the development of society.

The objective of infrastructure projects is to ensure sustainable development of society. Globally, many states tend to consider roads and dams…… [Read More]

References

Badre, B. (2012). The Importance of Infrastructure for Economic Growth, Jobs, and Access to Markets and Services in Solomon Islands. The Importance of Infrastructure for Economic Growth, Jobs, and Access to Markets and Services in Solomon Islands. Retrieved May 17, 2014, from  http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/opinion/2014/02/28/the-importance-of-infrastructure-for-economic-growth-jobs-and-access-to-markets-and-services-in-solomon-islands 

Spencer, N. (2011). Financing Road Infrastructure in Jamaica. Financing Road Infrastructure in Jamaica. Retrieved May 17, 2014, from  http://ccmfuwi.org/files/publications/conference/956.pdf
View Full Essay

Sustainable Coastal Residential Development Firstly

Words: 469 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13427681



Data Analysis

In statistics, regression analysis is utilized as a tool to measure the dependency between variables. In view of the fact that regression is utilized to evaluate the significance of the relationship between variables, i.e. degree of confidence that the actual relationship (acquired from results) is close to the approximated relationship (hypotheses); we will be able to explore the current situation and issues (problems) for sustainable coastal residential development.

eliability and Validity of the results

Questionnaire will be carried out by using the same procedure for all the subjects, so dissimilarities amid responses can be credited to authentic dissimilarities in the studied sample and not to characteristics of either the measuring-instrument or the measuring-procedure. To impede such measurement mistakes, the questionnaire will be completely standardized throughout the measurement procedure (Cohen et al., 2000).

Ethical Issues

This research is in line with the practitioners' work values and looks up to…… [Read More]

References

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K, (2000), Research methods in education. London: Routledge Falmer.

Hanneke, H-S. (2000). Interaction and the Standardized Survey Interview: The Living Questionnaire. Cambridge University Press
View Full Essay

Sustainable Market Orientation a New Approach

Words: 2237 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86579522

Creating Opportunities for Sustainable Marketing

At first blush, many marketing professionals might believe that sustainable marketing simply means finding new approaches to keeping their jobs, and in many ways, this is certainly the case. In the not-too-distant past, marketing professionals were able to gain a competitive advantage by adding value along the supply chain or other innovation that provided them with the ability to produce more efficiently. Moreover, the lessons learned from these marketing exercises provided the basis for long-term marketing campaigns. By sharp contrast, marketers today are faced with an environment that is constantly changing and increasingly globalized. In this environment, achieving a competitive advantage has become increasingly challenging, but many companies are succeeding in sustainable marketing by segmenting their markets and targeting those that are most suitable for their products. To determine how organizations of all types and sizes that are interested in applying the tenets of sustainable…… [Read More]

References

Fuller, D. (1999). 'Marketing Mix Design-for-Environment (Dfe): A Systems Approach.'

Journal of Business Administration and Policy Analysis, p. 309.

Neuman, W.L. (2003). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, 5th ed. New York: Allyn & Bacon.

Ojah, K. & Han, D. (1997). 'A Comparative Analysis of Environmental Effects on Marketing
View Full Essay

Sustainable Way of Using Nuclear Power and Waste Disposal

Words: 11445 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57862521

Management Strategy to Utilize Meta-Analysis Technique for Nuclear Energy and Waste Disposal and Create Social Sustainability

A Dissertation Presented using the Meta-Analysis Technique

Komi E Fiagbe Comment by Owner: This is exactly what I wanted to see Komi. Your literature review should also identify the 20 studies that you want to analyze to give your readers an understanding of what you are doing. I want you to email me all three chapters as we move into the next course.Dr. A Christina Anastasia PH-D Chair

[Committee Name], [Degree], Committee Member

[Committee Name], [Degree], Committee Member

This research proposal explores the link between public perceptions of nuclear power, how those perceptions are formed, and what influence those opinions have on energy policy. These issues are important in light of two realities. First, nuclear energy is declining in its share of global energy. Second, nuclear energy offers what might well be the best…… [Read More]

References

Abokeng, A.K. (2005). Understanding Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 90, 845-848.

Alic, J. (2012). Six things to do with nuclear waste: None of them ideal. Oil Price.com. Retrieved June 17, 2015 from http://oilprice.com/Alternative-Energy/Nuclear-Power/6-Things-to-do-with-Nuclear-Waste-None-of-them-Ideal.html

Alley, W. & Alley, R. (2013). Too hot to touch: The problem of high-level nuclear waste. Review by Konikow, L. (2013). Hydrogeology Journal.

Bangert-Drowns, Robert L. & Rudner, Lawrence M. (1991). Meta-analysis in educational research. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 2(8). Retrieved September 4, 2008 from http://PAREonline.net/getvn.asp?v=2&n=8
View Full Essay

Developing a Sustainable Marketing Plan

Words: 3159 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19323519

Sustainable Marketing

LED Bulb - Marketing Plan

Marketing Situation Analysis

Desired Outcomes

Marketing Strategies

Action Plan

Implementation, Controls, and Evaluation

LED technology has made many breakthroughs in recent years. The most notable of which is its level of cost effectiveness. However, the initial investment required to implement LED light bulbs still exceeds the alternative market choices. Yet the total cost of ownership offers consumers sizable gains. The market segment that this marketing plan is catered to is composed of industrial firms who purchase items in quantity as well as consider such items as the total cost of ownership. It is reasonable to suspect that this segment will be the most receptive to LED technology.

Rationale for Research

LED lighting solutions were chosen because this technology represents the future of lighting. The LED bulbs offer better quality of lighting, have a much longer lifecycle, and require is significantly reduced amount of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Angelie, A., 2010. Will LED Light Bulbs Best Your CFLs and Incandescents?. [Online]

Available at: http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/environment/will-led-light-bulbs-best-cfls-and-incandescents [Accessed 8 August 2011].

CO2 Now, 2011. Earth's CO2 Home Page. [Online]

Available at: http://co2now.org / [Accessed 8 August 2011].
View Full Essay

Designing Fish

Words: 920 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22576844

Sustainable Development

This is a case study that defines sustainable development. It explains the importance of sustainable development, why it is a catch phrase for countries, why it is promoted as a primary solution to protecting the environment, and some pros and cons. Sustainable development meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations. (Shah, 2009) It encompasses a number of areas, such as industry energy efficiency, climate change, and industrial policy, and highlights sustainability as the idea of environmental, economic, social progress, and equity, within the limits of natural resources.

While all humans depend on nature and the ecosystem, the ecosystem has been decreased by growing demands for food, water, fiber, and energy. There has been improvement for some, but conditions are worse for others because nature's ability to purify water and air, protect from disasters, and provide medicine has been weakened. Some of the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Living Beyond Our Means. (n.d.). Retrieved from Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: http://news.bbc.us/2/shared/bsp/hi/pdfs/30_03_05_boardstatement.pdf

Shah, A. (2009, Nov 18). Sustainable Development Introduction. Retrieved from Global Issues:    http://www.globalissues.org/article/408/sustainable-development-introduction   

Sustainable Development. (n.d.). Retrieved from Water Enclyclopedia: http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/St.-Ts/Sustainable-Development.html

Turner, R.K. (n.d.). Sustainable Development: Ethics and Economics. Retrieved from CSERGE:  http://www.cserge.ac.uk/sites/default/files/pa_1992_09.pdf