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Evolution of System Performance:
ISC, pipelining, cache memory, virtual memory
Historically, improvements in computer system performance have encompassed two distinct factors: improvements in speed and also improvements in the number of applications which can be run by the system. Of course, the two are interlinked given that high levels of speed are linked to expansions of short-term memory and the ability of computers to use that memory to perform critical functions. One notable early improvement in computer functionality was the development of ISC. ISC is an acronym for educed Instruction Set Computer. ISC is characterized by several distinct features, most notably pipelining which is "a technique that allows for simultaneous execution of parts, or stages, of instructions to more efficiently process instructions" and a larger number of registers which allows for the use of more generalized terms to process a wider variety of applications, versus the more specialized ones characteristic…
Cache. (2015). Computer Hope. Retrieved from:
Chen, C., Novick G. & Shimano, K. (2000). MIPS. Stanford University. Retrieved from:
However, the company did feel it should develop its own Database infrastructure that would work with the new underlying database management system and would mesh with existing organizational skills and the selected enterprise software solution.
Because the company followed a standardized implementation process, they were able to successfully reengineer their existing business structure. The objective of the System Development Life Cycle is to help organizations define what an appropriate system development methodology should be in order for them to continue to meet the rapidly changing business environment. The specific research approach employed by International Lumberyards, Inc. was to follow the steps of the cycle and it helped them dramatically.
This report attempted to analyze a work-related project that used a systems analysis tool for a specific business system. The report focused on the use of the System Development Life Cycle to implement a business or information technology need as…
Grabski, Severin V. (2002). International Lumberyards, Inc.: An Information System Consulting Case. Journal of Information Systems, 9/22.
Knight, Ph.D., Linda V. (2001, November 1). System Development Methodologies for Web Enabled E-Business: A Customization Paradigm. Retrieved January 16, 2005, at http://www.kellen.net/SysDev.htm
Peacock, Eileen (2004). Accounting for the development costs of internal-use software. Journal of Information Systems, 3/22.
Wikopedia. (n.d.). System Development Life Cycle. Retrieved January 16, 2005, at http://en.wikipedia.org /wiki/System_Development_Life_Cycle
system development life cycle (SDLC) approach to the development of Information Systems and/or software is provided. An explanation of SDLC is offered, with different models applied in implementing SDLC delineated. Advantages and disadvantages associated with each of the models will be identified.
System Development Life Cycle
According to Walsham (1993), system development life cycle (SDLC) is an approach to developing an information system or software product that is characterized by a linear sequence of steps that progress from start to finish without revisiting any previous step. The SDLC model is one of the oldest systems development models and is still probably the most commonly used (Walsham, 1993). The SDLC model is basically a project management tool that is used to plan, execute, and control systems development projects (Whitten & Bentley, 1998). System development life cycles are usually discussed in terms of the conventional development using the waterfall model or the…
References survey of system development methods (1998). Center for Technology in Government,
Albany, NY: University at Albany, CTG Publication, pp. 1-13.
Ahituv, Niv & Neumann, Seev (1982). Principles of information systems for management. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers.
Hughes, P. (2002). SDLC models and methodologies. Information Systems Branch,
Ministry of Transportation, Governement of British Columbia, Victoria, BC, Canada.
Third myth is "the industry is going "plug and play" or "do-it-yourself" and does not require specific integration efforts, given greater systems diversity but "although experiments are underway to use cable modems and set-top controllers for more than just entertainment delivery, the current generation of devices does not pretend to be a true systems integration controller." Project managers and architecture designers are still necessary for electrical contractors to fully integrate existing systems. (Steinberg 2005)
System engineering is an interdisciplinary approach to systems integration. It aims to provide the means "to enable the realization of successful systems. It focuses on defining customer needs and required functionality early in the development cycle, documenting requirements, then proceeding with design synthesis and system validation while considering the complete problem." (INCOSE, 2004)
INCOSE. (2004) "hat is systems engineering." INCOSE website. Retrieved 13 March 2005 at http://www.incose.org/practice/whatissystemseng.aspx
Stiernberg, John. (2005) "Systems Integration." Sound and…
INCOSE. (2004) "What is systems engineering." INCOSE website. Retrieved 13 March 2005 at http://www.incose.org/practice/whatissystemseng.aspx
Stiernberg, John. (2005) "Systems Integration." Sound and Contractor Magazine. Retrieved 13 March 2005 at http://www.svconline.com/mag/avinstall_systems_integration_appearing
Naves During the Middle Ages -- Architectural Analysis
From a structural perspective, the basic timber roof possesses some problems, most notably its relatively flimsy structural integrity. It is easy to construct, requiring less manpower to lift it and to construct its support network, but provides relatively little resistance to the elements of snow and the wind. It is functional in the sense that it performs the sheltering function of shielding the building's inner dwellers, and encloses the building from the open air, but aesthetically is not satisfactory in providing the sense of 'reaching up to the sky' so important in Medieval cathedrals of the era, and of some import in castles and other symbolically significant structures.
Longitudinal barrel vault
This is the simplest form of a vault, consisting of a continuous surface of semicircular or pointed sections. It resembles a barrel or tunnel that has been cut…
System Design: Oahu Base Area Network
The aim of this paper is to examine and discuss the Navy's decision to build the largest local area network (LAN) connecting the U.S. Pacific Fleet using information-gathering techniques and design methods. The system has the capacity to connect sailors and marines within the 102-million square miles of the Pacific Fleet's command coverage. Moreover it will provide the indispensable access for supplying and training the U.S. Navy. The Oahu Base Area Network (OBAN) will be the largest LAN in the world when all the phases are complete. It was started way back in 1998. It is the supporting network for the six naval commands in the Pearl Harbor, Hawaii area. Phase one has been completed. Other phases have begun in San Diego, the Pacific Northwest and the Pacific Far East, following the original business model (Kaylor, 2000). The uniqueness of this system is in…
Systems Media Table: Comparison
The main purpose of this program is to construct sentences of the perceived information and manipulate paragraphs to form a word document. The program uses a display format 'what-you-see-is-what-you-get' to enhance the quality of the expected hardcopy.
WordPerfect and Microsoft Word are mostly superseded by both organization and personal computers to perform functions such as word formatting, letter processing and some simple designing. Accordingly, it is the most frequently used program in day-to-day operation.
It is used to type the text, save, and format and print the text.
It is used to insert pictures into the text page.
It is used to spell check the text document.
It is used to prepare letters and other word documents.
This kind of database system is to display a structure that would relieve the presentation of information using parent to child relationship. The…
AJ, W., & al, e. (2007). The role of decision aids in promoting evidence-based patient choice in Edwards A and Elwyn E (eds) Evidence-based patient choice:. O'Connor A and Edwards A.
European Commission DG Health and Consumer. (2012). Guidlines on the Qualification and Classification of Stand-alone Software used in Healthcare withing the Regulatory Framework of Medical Devices. Articles of Directive 93/42/EEC .
Eysenbach, G., Powell, J., Gunter, T.D., & Terry, N.P. (2005). The Emergence of National Electronic Health Record Architectures in the United States and Australia: Models, Costs, and Questions. Journal of Medical Internet Research: The Leading Peer-reviewed Internet Journal.
Fesenko, N. (2007). Compression Technologyes of Graphic Information. International Journal "Information Theories & Applications."
Open source is different than the similar free software movement because it is based on technical, rather than political motivations. The underlying philosophy of the free software movement is that it is morally wrong to restrict access to source code or prohibit making changes to software. The open source movement is based on the idea that making code public improves its quality because a much larger number of people have the ability to find defects and improve the software. Linux author Linus Torvalds compares traditional proprietary software to witchcraft, where a few individuals have secret information that gives them an advantage over everyone else. Torvalds compares open source software to science, in which researchers share their results to allow for independent review of the results.
McNurlin & Sprague R (2004). Information Systems Management in Practice (6th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice…
McNurlin B & Sprague R (2004). Information Systems Management in Practice (6th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall
System Implementation - Oahu ase Area Network
System Implementation: Oahu ase Area Network
The wireless local area network (WLAN) in the Oahu ase Area Network is made up of several different subsystems. The inputs to the system will be desktop computers, laptop computers, and embedded systems (fixed and mobile). Each client has a wireless network card that can communicate with an access point (AP). The AP manages WLAN traffic and physically connects the wireless system to the wired local area network (LAN). The wired LAN will then send the requested information back to the access points, which will relay it to the appropriate client (Conover, 2000).
The system has three modes of operation:
Op-Mode: This is the standard operating mode for system operation. The mode consists of interaction between clients and one or more server. The clients are wireless devices such as laptops, desktops and tele-robtics platforms. Servers are access…
Conover, J. (2000, July). "Wireless LANs Work Their Magic." Network Computing. Retrieved 16, January, 2004 from Internet site http://www.networkcomputing.com/1113/1113f2.html
Curtis, G., Hoffer, J. George, J., Valacich, J. (2002). Introduction to Business Systems Analysis
University of Phoenix Custom Edition). New Jersey, NJ: Pearson Custom Printing.
Galik, D. (1998, April). "Defense in Depth: Security for Network-Centric Warfare." Chips
Currently, the cytotoxicity of chrysotile, which is a type of asbestos, as well as Rockwool along with other man-made vitreous fibers (MMVFs) have been evaluated by cell magnetometry. This method established cytoskeleton-dependent functions of macrophages, which contribute to a significant role in phagocytosis, and is used to assess the degree of harm caused on macrophages (Kudo, Kotani, Tomita and Aizawa, 2009).
Biological consequences of MMVFs have to be looked at not only at the cell level but also in the lung. To date there have been no studies done to look at the safety of Rockwool by way of lung magnetometry. In a study done by Kudo, Kotani, Tomita and Aizawa, 2009, rats were forced to inhale Rockwood a nose-only inhalation exposure system, and then looked at by lung magnetometry, a biopersistence test and pathological examination. The well-being features and safe utilization of mineral wools have been looked at for…
Baldwin, Stephen Andrew. (2010). "List of Materials to Build a Vocal Booth," viewed 20
October 2010, < http://www.ehow.com/list_6299897_list-materials-build-vocal-booth.html>
"CSR Building Materials Rockwool Insulation," 2008, viewed 20 October 2010,
Ideally, Zachman thinking pattern has been challenged by time and fails to address challenges in a real-time basis collectively. Such a basis would agree that a superior usage of technology is not near-change mechanism. Zachman argues that a communication breakdown exists in the organization (by that time) because it handled the frameworks differently. This was not in line with the requirements of a desirable organization. Further to this, communication channels inside the organization have improved and not according to Zachman's times in the 21st century. While responding to Zachman, it is good to establish whether the current approach (data modeling / and hybridism for large calls and the superior application of technology) is satisfying (Bowman, Godfrey, & Holt, 2000).
As a result, future studies should apply the future design system that will integrate Zachman's ideas into real time environment whilst acknowledging the impetus behind data modeling. The following research questions…
Bigot, L.L., Jamet, E., Rouet, J., & Amiel, V. (2006). Mode and modal transfer effects on Performance and discourse organization with an information retrieval dialogue system in natural language. Computers in Human Behavior, 22(3), 467-500.
Bowman, I., Godfrey, M., & Holt, R. (2000). Connecting architecture reconstruction frameworks. Information and Software Technology, 42(2), 91-102
Huysman, M. (2000). Rethinking organizational learning: analyzing learning processes of information system designers. Accounting, Management and Information Technologies, 10(2), 81-99
Raeesi, M., & Sadeghi-Niaraki, A. (2013). Gis-Based System For Post-Earthquake Crisis Management Using Cellular Network. ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XL-1/W3, 321-325.
From that vantage point it is clear that EP systems may not be able to provide the depth and breath of unification that is possible with more advanced approaches to using it systems.
Another drawback or con of using EP systems has the catalyst of creating a more unified socio-technical system is the fact that they are often implemented and measured on a department or functional basis first. Interpolating their performance to strategic initiatives has never been particularly easy; using them to unify a sociotechnical system could be daunting. Underscoring these aspects is the need for creating a more effective approach to change management so that equilibrium is attained in each subsystem of a socio-technical system (Manz, Stewart, 1997). Finally, EP systems are often extremely difficult to customize and upgrade over time, which has made many obsolete, delivering just 60% of the total value of information they are capable of.…
Amrit, C., & Van Hillegersberg, J. (2010). Exploring the impact of socio-technical core-periphery structures in open source software development. Journal of Information Technology, 25(2), 216-229
Appelbaum, S.H. (1997). Socio-technical systems theory: An intervention strategy for organizational development. Management Decision, 35(6), 452-463.
Bloomfield, B.P., & Vurdubakis, T. (1994). Re-presenting technology: IT consultancy reports as textual reality constructions. Sociology: The Journal of the British Sociological Association, 28(2), 455-455.
Carlsson, S.A., Henningsson, S., Hrastinski, S., & Keller, C. (2011). Socio-technical IS design science research: Developing design theory for IS integration management. Information Systems and eBusiness Management, 9(1), 109-131.
Information System Briefing
the Process of selecting & acquiring an Information System (IS) for Healthcare:
Any medical organization planning to go for an IS must choose an efficient Electronic Patient ecord -- EP which is the starting point of any computerized system. Effectiveness of the following points must drive the process of selection and acquisition of an IS. These are (i) Patient care which is the documented record of every patient undergoing process at the medical care unit. (ii) Communication: Patient records constitute and important means through which doctors, nurses and other are able to communicate with one another regarding patient requirements. (iii) Legal documentation: Legal documentation is important as these keep track document care as well as treatment, can become legal records. (iv) Billing and reimbursement: Patient record delivers the documentation which is used by patients to verify billed services. (v) esearch and quality management: Patient records are used…
Anderson, James. G; Aydin, Carolyn. (2005) "Evaluating the Organizational Impact of Healthcare Information Systems" Springer.
Keshavjee, K; Bosomworth, J; Copen, J. (2006) "Best practices in EMR implementation"
AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 2006: 982. compete-study.com [PDF]
Wager, Karen A; Lee, Frances W; Glase, John P. (2009) "Healthcare Information System -- A
Barratt, C.C., Acheson, P., & Luken, E. (2010). eference models in the electronic library: The Miller Learning Center at the University of Georgia. eference Services eview 8(1), 44
The authors of this article provide the most effective ways of providing support to the patrons of the large university to ease the undertaking of activities within its electronic library. The authors conducted research to evaluate the effectiveness of different models of providing research services for the students in a large research university, hence, its strength. The study is important for the study as it provides information about the different models that can be used in providing a better architecture for a research library for the universities involved in research.
Author Note: the authors have vast experiences as librarians and researchers in different universities. Barratt works with the Miller Learning Center as an instruction librarian. Acheson works with Public library…
Kasmaee, F.K., Nassiri, R., & Shabgahi, G.L. (2010). Achieving CMMI Maturity Level 3 by Implementing FEAF Reference Models. International Journal of Advancements in Computing Technology, 2(4), 115-122.
A Comparison of the Top Four Enterprise-Architecture Methodologies. (n.d.). A Comparison of the Top Four Enterprise-Architecture Methodologies. Retrieved June 20, 2014, from http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb466232.aspx
Huysman, M. (2000). Rethinking organizational learning: analyzing learning processes of information system designers. Accounting, Management and Information Technologies, 10 (2), 81-99.
Inmon, W.H., Strauss, D., & Neushloss, G. (2008). DW 2.0 the architecture for the next generation of data warehousing. Amsterdam: Morgan Kaufmann/Elsevier.
.. (p. 333)."
The first subtopic in this area is the scalability of agent-based architectures supporting transaction-based Web Services. Specifically focusing on transaction velocities' cumulative effects on Web Services and agent-based architecture performance, this area of the research looks to validate or refute a series of hypotheses that will be used for constructing a Web Services transaction performance model.
The second topic in workload quantification is measuring network path optimization and ACID-compliant aspects of transaction flows based on secured Web Services. Specifically examining the stability and security of a transaction-centric networks using Web Services at the application layer and agent-based architectures that seek network and transaction optimization while interpreting and countering potential security threats is the research objective. Using constraint modeling to define the optimal mix of these attributes form the foundation of the methodology for researching this second subtopic.
The first subtopic is an assessment…
Managed care and utilization review (U) play an integral part in patient care and reimbursement (Mahmoud, E and ice, G, 1998). Scott echoes it experts Brian P. Bloomfield, od Coombs, David Knights, and Dale Littler (2000), who say:
IT system enjoys what one might call a special relationship with esource Management. Its role as depicted in the review is one centred on the improvements and furtherance of a 'balanced' dialogue between doctors and managers. A corollary of this is that it must be neutral politically speaking (see Bloomfield 1995). Thus the review authorizes the introduction of the new it system by subordinating it to the cause of dialogue between doctors and managers. The review represents the information requirements of hospital doctors and management and thereby portrays the it system as fulfilling a preexisting need. The narrative structure here is founded on the discovery of a state of readiness on the…
Bloomfield, B.P., Coombs, R., Knights, D., & Littler, D. (Eds.). (2000). Information Technology and Organizations: Strategies, Networks, and Integration. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved October 16, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=79104777 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001408217
Mahmoud, E., & Rice, G. (1998). Information Systems Technology and Healthcare Quality Improvement. Review of Business, 19(3), 8+. Retrieved October 16, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001408217 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=57140362
Smith, H.J. (1994). Managing Privacy: Information Technology and Corporate America. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. Retrieved October 16, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=57140363
RFP fo HRIS System
Request fo Poposal (RFP) Template
Company: A Fotune 500 company, Riodan Manufactuing is an industy leade in plastic molding. Riodan is a multinational company with copoate headquates in San Jose, Califonia, a manufactuing plant in China, and thee factoies in the U.S., each with a poduct o poduction specialty. The plant in Albany, Geogia, manufactues plastic bottles fo sale to beveage companies. In Detoit, Michigan, custom plastic poducts such as heat valves and stints ae manufactued. The eseach and development functions ae caied out in San Jose.
Business goals: Efficacious administation of human esouce mattes and successful ecuitment of a ceative and innovative wokfoce is a copoate goal of Riodan Manufactuing. The company believes that highly skilled knowledge wokes ae necessay fo Riodan to maintain a competitive edge and that development of human capital equies an efficient Human Resouce Infomation System (HRIS). The cuent compute system…
references be a good match to the work for which a respondent is bidding.
1. How to get clarification. Questions will be taken by email beginning one week after the RFP has been released. The question period will last for two weeks, upon which time, give or take several days, the questions and the answers will be published on the RFP webpage under Q&A. Respondents will be able to view all questions and all answers by registering and creating a password for the website.
1. Proposal format. The response may be submitted in Word, but key points must also be provided in Excel format so that individual responses from bidders may be compared.
1. Submission schedule. Vendors may submit responses anytime between October 15, 2011 and October 30, 2011. No late responses will be submitted, and the company will not be responsible for any delays caused by the mail service or by any difficulties transmitting submissions online.
1. Decision schedule. Approximately 60 days after the deadline for submissions, responses will be reviewed and ranked. A recommendation will be made by the selection committee to the Board of Directors. A resolution will be filed by the Board at the next meeting. Following that meeting of the Board and the vote on the award, the winning vendor will be notified by phone and by email. The next meeting of the Board of Directors is scheduled for November 11, 2011.
Unauthorized Information Systems Access
Scan the Internet for articles or evidence of Bank of America being a victim of hacking. Based on the results of your search, if the bank has been hacked, assess the circumstances around the hacking and the resulting impact to the bank's customers and operations. If the bank has not reported hacking incidents, assess the most likely security measures that the bank has implemented to protect the business from hackers.
Bank of America has experienced many data breaches in the past, yet the most troublesome are the ones where customers' data is stolen and immediately resold on the black market by employees. There are also those instances where employees and subcontractors gain unauthorized access to ATMs and steal money. These are two of the recent incidences of how the Bank of America security systems and processes have been hacked by employees and those operating in the…
Adams, J. (2011). Bank of America copes with two alleged insider breaches. Cardline, 11(22), 4.
Coppotelli, D.J. (1982). Information security strategy. Security Management, 26(5), 86-86.
Hulme, T. (2012). Information governance: Sharing the IBM approach. Business Information Review, 29(2), 99-104.
Twum, F., & Ahenkora, K. (2012). Internet banking security strategy: Securing customer trust. Journal of Management and Strategy, 3(4), 78-n/a.
Client server systems are a group of inter-related subsystems which collaborate together to provide a specific solution or service. This computing model structures diverse and distributed applications, which separates tasks between the providers (servers) and service seekers (clients). Keeping the purpose of this paper in view, the provider-server is the Geographical Informative System and the client is the U.S. government. This paper analyzes Geographical Informative System (GIS) as its client server system. GIS are quite pricey with respect to installation. The primary concern while setting up GIS is:
Attaining the data
Performing quality assurance tests
Quality checks on data
Syncing hardware and software
This case study will go through many GIS projects implemented over the years by various U.S. government agencies. It has tremendous benefits to U.S. organizations, which have gone ahead and implemented them successfully. There are tons of benefits can attained from GIS, by both public and private…
Freeman, M. (2008). Government Technology, available from http://www.govtech.com/gt/392026?Id=392026&topic=117676&full=1&story_pg=1
Giglierano, J. (2009). Iowa Geographic Information Council, 20 May 2009, available from http://docs.google.com/Present?docid=dfpg82pj_5hjtxs5c7&skipauth=true
Leidner, A. (2007). American City & County: Payback Figures, available from http://americancityandcounty.com/mag/government_payback_figures/
Maguire D. et al., eds. (2008). The Business Benefits of GIS: An ROI Approach (Redlands, CA:ESRI Press), 3-10.
Second, the data will be analyzed using the software application, Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows, Version 13. Statistical measures of correlation of it spending, including controlling for early adoption of SOA platforms, will be entered into the analysis. Finally, the results will be analyzed and recommendations made on specific strategies for attaining higher levels of efficiency in both patient care and operational contexts based on the analysis.
Lacking operational system integration that ultimately leads to higher mortality rates from diseases, accidents and HIV / AIDS, hospitals and healthcare centers in counties throughout Arizona in 2000 initiated a comprehensive program to install healthcare systems in hospitals and healthcare centers in Apache, Cochise, Santa Crux, Navaho, and Yuma counties. Maricopa and Pima counties also received upgrades to existing healthcare systems in place. Forty-six hospitals and healthcare centers' five-year spending on it software, hardware, and systems, mortality rates…
Susan Athey, Scott Stern. (2002). The impact of information technology on emergency health care outcomes. The Rand Journal of Economics, 33(3), 399-432. Retrieved June 22, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 246359991).
Berner ES, Detmer DE, Simborg D (2004) Will the Wave Finally Break? A Brief View of the Adoption of Electronic Medical Records in the United States. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2005 January-February;12(1):3-7. Epub 2004 Oct 18. Includes Interlocking Computer-based Health Records (C3PRs) supported by knowledge (Research & Development / Education & Training with it/informatics infrastructure)
Caper, Philip (1988). Defining Quality in Medical Care. Health Affairs, 7(1), 49. Retrieved June 13, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1100876).
Columbus and Murphy (2002) -. Re-orienting your knowledge and content management strategies. AMR Research Report., AMR Research. Louis Columbus and Jim Murphy. October 31, 2002
Web Services in the context of an SOA framework are designed to be the catalyst of greater order accuracy and speed, further increasing performance of the entire company in the process. The collection of Web Services is meant to not replace the traditional and highly engrained EP systems in a company; rather Web Services are meant to extend and enhance their performance and making them more agile over time (Alonso, Kuno, Casati, Machiraju, 2004). Theorists have suggested that the SOA framework is only as successful as the approaches taken to creating a unified Web Services strategy that creates a single system of record of customer data the entire company standardizes on (Kobielus, 2007). This concept of the system of record is defined as Master Data Management (MDM) and is the basis of analytics and Business Intelligence (BI), which are fueling more focus on measuring the value of SOA frameworks from…
Alonso, Kuno, Casati, and Machiraju, 2004, Web Services: Concepts, Architectures and Applications. Springer-Verlag Publishing. 1 January 2004. London. ISBN 3540440089
Bohm, K., S. Etalle, J. den Hartog, C. Hutter, S. Trabelsi, D. Trivellato, and N. Zannone. 2010. A Flexible Architecture for Privacy-Aware Trust Management. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research 5, no. 2, (August 1): 77-96.
Cobarzan, a.. 2010. Consuming Web Services on Mobile Platforms. Informatica Economica 14, no. 3, (July 1): 98-105.
Drissen-Silva, M., and R. Rabelo. 2009. A collaborative decision support framework for managing the evolution of virtual enterprises. International Journal of Production Research 47, no. 17, (September 1): 4833.
Analysis and Overview of Database ystems in the Enterprise
The pervasive adoption of databases for aggregating, analyzing, parsing, reporting and storing data continues to exponentially increase over time, as the information needs of companies continued to increase. The foundation fo nearly every enterprise-wide system and computing platform includes integration to databases of many types, from object-oriented to relational (Lungu, Velicanu, Botha, 2009). Every Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system today relies on databases for product, pricing, costing, production scheduling, service coordination and manufacturing execution task coordination as well (Bremer, Carey, 1987). Databases have become an essential component of every enterprise system in use today, from coordinating supply chains, sourcing, production and tracking customer activity and sales through Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems (Madduri, hi, Baker, Ayachitula, 2007). Object-oriented databases are pervasively used in Computer-Aided Drawing (CAD) applications as well, given their speed and accuracy in managing geographic and graphic primitives…
Sarkar, S.S. (1989). Architecture and language for a layered relational database. The University of Texas at Dallas). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses,, 145
Toth, K.C. (1980). Distributed database architecture and query processing strategies. Carleton University (Canada)). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses,,
Worboys, M. (1989). Relational databases: A theoretical primer. Information and Software Technology, 31(3), 115-115.
Its work is to 'mask' a specific person onto an assistant.
The administrator is an extension of the person class. The class has a field that is named as 'field' that is necessary for saving the administrator access levels. The 'field' instance also distinguishes the administrator from the Chief Executive Office (CEO).
The levels are'
Level 0: CEO
Level 1: Administrator
The FAQ class is responsible for saving the User frequently asked questions (FAQ).
The Ticket class keeps all of the information that is related to the ticket, its title, question, data of admission, date of resolution, ticket status as well as an active class for showing the purpose of ticket removal.
The comment class is the one responsible for storing the ticket comments as well as their admission date
The assignment class is the one that is responsible for the storage of information related to…
Bredemer Consulting (2001). Functional Requirements and Use Cases
Motorola (2008).The Next Wave in Help Desk Optimization
The last two generations of enterprise system architectures have increasingly relied on role-based data representation and advanced analytics. This is a direct result of how often public and private organizations rely on these systems for more than just activity-based reporting; there is instead a need for predictive analytics and the ability to define potential strategic scenarios for growth, which has long been a concern of private and public organizations (Bajjaly, 1998). The role-based approach IT systems development aligns with these increasingly demanding aspects of how information is used throughout a business.
The need for perspective on how IT systems are a strategic asset that unifies an organization to its served constituents is also critically important as well. These factors taken together must be relied on for continually creating a solid foundation of communication, collaboration and trust with key constituents over time to ensure an organization stays relevant to their needs…
Bajjaly, S.T. (1998). Strategic information systems planning in the public sector. American Review of Public Administration, 28(1), 75-85.
An analysis of IT policy transformation
The aim of this project is to evaluate the effectiveness of information security policy in the context of an organization, OSI Systems, Inc. With presence in Africa, Australia, Canada, England, Malaysia and the United States, OSI Systems, Inc. is a worldwide company based in California that develops and markets security and inspection systems such as airport security X-ray machines and metal detectors, medical monitoring anesthesia systems, and optoelectronic devices. The company is also represented by three subsidiary divisions in offices and plants dedicated to the brands, apiscan Systems, OSI Optoelectronics and SpaceLabs Healthcare.
In 2010, OSI, Inc. had sales of $595 million with net income of over $25 million. As of June 2010, the company was comprised of 2,460 personnel globally. The parent company provides oversight and fiscal control to the different divisions, and is connected through its virtual network world-wide intranet system;…
Allen, J. (2005). Governing for Security: Project Stakeholders Interests. News at SEI. Retrieved on 5SEPT10 from http://www.sei.cmu.edu/library/abstracts/news-at-sei/securitymatters20054.cfm
Computer Misuse Law, 2006. Parliament UK. Retrieved from: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200809/cmhansrd/cm090916/text/90916w0015.htm#09091614000131
Diver, S. (2006). Information Security Policy -- A Development Guide for Large and Small Companies. SANS Institute InfoSec Reading Room. Retrieved on 30 Sept 10 from http://www.sans.org/reading_room/whitepapers/policyissues/information-security-policy-development-guide-large-small-companies_1331
Global IT Policy (2009) OSI, Inc.
ole of Architecture in the Progress of Society
Architecture can be defined as "the masterly, correct and magnificent play of masses seen in light" (Conway and oenisch 9). In other words, it is an experience that is emotional and artistic. Some people agree that architecture is the amalgamation of building and art. However, many do not agree with this opinion (Conway and oenisch 9). According to Britannica Encyclopedia, architecture is "the art and technique of designing and building" ("architecture") whose practice "is employed to fulfill both practical and expressive requirements, and thus it serves both utilitarian and aesthetic ends" ("architecture"). Therefore, every society has a spatial connection to the natural world. The sort of architecture and the produced structures reflects history, culture, environment, traditions, ceremonies, customs and artistic sensibility of a society ("architecture").
Buildings keep people warm and dry and are directly involved in the reasonableness and feasibility of living.…
"architecture." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., 2012. Web. 2 Aug 2012. .
"architecture." Questia. Columbia University Press, 2012. Web. 2 Aug 2012. .
Ballantyne, A. Architecture: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Web. 1 August 2012. .
Conway, H., & Roenisch, R. Understanding Architecture: An Introduction to Architecture and Architectural History. New York: Routledge, 1994. Web. 1 August 2012. .
com). Sedate it is definitely not. e read, "Even from this distance the tower's abundant ornamentation is clear. Its Northern Italian Gothic style adds exotic elements to the neighborhood's skyline." (iboston.org). Trinity Church cannot be overlooked when examining the history and architecture of Boston. It is said, "James O'Gorman described Trinity as 'a cultural event of the first importance in American history'" (O'Gorman qtd. In iboston.org). Trinity church is significant because it "represents a departure of the Boston's mind from its Puritan past, and emergence of American creativity as a force in architecture" (iboston.org). The churches of Boston are not special to Bostonians. It is written in the Catholic Historical Review that in 2005, "The National Trust for Historic Preservation announced... that it had included the Historic Catholic Churches of Greater Boston, Massachusetts, in its 2005 list of America's Eleven Most Endangered Historic Places" (Catholic Historical Review). The churches of…
The Old State House Museum." Boston History Online. Retrieved May 15, 2008. http://www.bostonhistory.org
Old State House." Story of Boston Online. Retrieved May 15, 2008. http://www.storyofboston.com
Boston History and Architecture. Retrieved May 15, 2008. http://www.iboston.org
Historic Places." Catholic Historical Review. Gale Resource Database. Retrieved May 15, 2008. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com
Architecture Tutorial -- Lesson
The metaphorical allegory of the proposed website for build-to-order tablet PCs will be a functional one, based on the structural aspects of the new device and its customization and configurability to customers' preferences. Inherent in this site structure is the need to also support a catalog system of enhanced components and accessories. The foundational aspect of a successful e-commerce system is the inclusion of catalog management and content management systems (Spiteri, 239). This analysis provides a site structure for the proposed website that will sell build-to-order tablet PCs. Empirical studies have consistently shown that companies who can provide greater flexibility to customers in terms of product and feature customization over time gain greater customer loyalty and the potential for greater profitability (Fan, Tsai, 1141). The goal of the proposed website is to provide prospective and current customers with the opportunity to customize their tablet…
Fan, Wei-Shang, and Ming-Chun Tsai. "Factors Driving Website Success - the Key Role of Internet Customisation and the Influence of Website Design Quality and Internet Marketing Strategy." Total Quality Management & Business Excellence 21.11 (2010): 1141.
Spiteri, Louise R. "Information Architecture of Business-to-Consumer e-Commerce Websites. Part I: The Online Catalogue of Selected Video Retailers." Journal of Information Science 27.4 (2001): 239-48.
Customized For Your Exact Needs
Why is it important for everyone in business organizations to have a basic understanding of the systems development process? Would your response change if the organization is licensing a system rather than developing their own from scratch?
All individuals within business organizations operate as end users. In particular, being end users of the system, the hold with them business information and knowledge that the information system personnel require in order to cultivate and advance all of the elements of the design of the information system. Taking this into consideration, it is imperative for every individual within business organizations to have a basic understanding of the system's development process as their input is fundamental to the design of an efficacious information system (Rainer et al., 2013). In the case that the organization is licensing a system instead of cultivating one right from the start, my response would change. This…
These markets need the categorization of information assets and also the plan of interaction interfaces that conventionally were built up within the organizations. Nevertheless, as the diversities of the access to information and also functionality of these applications are increasing, the difficulties of the organization of information and also the user interfaces that are possible will also increase. Due to this, the architects of information are becoming increasingly concerned with the vertical application development to design and also to put into practice precise architectures to maintain users and also to develop and increase organically with functionality. In a number of instances, vertical IAs might principally be cautiously organized, task-based boundaries to customary end-user applications and databases accessed through a Web browser and customized to every purpose, activity and industry. A common example is the applications of e-commerce which are within commercial Web sites like shopping carts and exact term creation…
Beckett, D., & McBride, B., (2004).RDF=XML Syntax Specification (Revised): W3C
Recommendation 10 February 2004. World Wide Web Consortium, Cambridge, MA., http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar / (accessed Mar 27-2011).
Dillon & Turnbull (2005). Dillon, a. & Turnbull, D. ( 2005). Information Architecture. (Pp. 1-9).
In: Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science. New York: Marcel Dekker. Pp. 1-14. Online: http://www.dekker.com/sdek/abstract~db=~content=a713609832?words=&hash=
As a manager, if you see multiple archetypes you could view this as multiple problems, yet the presence of all of these archetypes could well point to the same underlying systemic problem. These archetypes, in systems thinking, are a problem identification mechanism.
For each archetype, you will soon notice its theme, generic patterns of behavior, a generic feedback loop diagram, the typical mental models that underlie the archetype, and soon you will begin to understand the implications of the archetype and the leverage points to resolve the archetypal behaviors. Once you can identify archetypes and understand leverage points, problem solving at the systems level can take hold -- the archetypes can be broken and real solutions developed.
Once we understand the root of the problem, we can propose and implement interventions, which we can then test back against our vision. We use the image of the iceberg to illustrate how…
Mies van der ohe was one of the most well-known architects of 20th century. His birth took place in Germany and it was in 1938 that he came to United States. Mies van der ohe is commonly known as "Mies" or "Ludwig Mies van der ohe." He had an approach of constructing and designing buildings as a part of international style movement, and this had a grand impact on country's architecture. Farnsworth house is an example of contemporary architecture world. "Less is more" is a statement of Mies, which was adopted as a motto for all the modern artists all over the world (The Chicago Architecture Foundation, 2007).
It was in 1945 when a doctor of Chicago hired Mies to design a home for her in the country side, which should be around 60 miles away from southwest of Chicago, i.e. near Plano, Illinois. The doctor's name…
Farnsworth House. (1995). Probing Architecture's Anatomy. Progressive Architecture, pp 58, 59.
Feldman, G.C. (2002). Fallingwater is no longer Falling. The Structure Group Companies.
MetLife. (2012). Rogerson Communities' Farnsworth House in Boston is Recognized by MetLife Foundation and Enterprise Community Partners for Exemplary Work in Senior Housing and Successfully Incorporating Green Components in its Housing: Wins 2012 MetLife Foundation Award for Excellence in Affordable Housing, $50,000. Press Release.
The Chicago Architecture Foundation. (2007). Farnsworth House: Meet The Buildings. The Architecture Handbook: A Student Guide to Understanding Buildings.
career in architecture actually began when I was a child, when with wonder-filled eyes I beheld the designs and finished plans both my parents produced. My father is an architect, the principal in his own company. My mother is a painter and the owner of an interior design firm. Both of my parents' passion for their work inspired me to pursue a career along the same path.
Throughout high school and college, I sought personal, academic, and professional means by which to manifest my dreams, such as taking any courses that were relevant to the field. Because of both school and my parents' presence in my life, professional resources were plentiful for me. I have plenty of visual images imprinted my mind as a result, too. Therefore, my eventual decision to pursue architecture in college naturally stemmed from my early experiences and passion for creativity, form, and function.
Construction Systems and Fire Behavior
The fire destruction menace is an accident that lives with the societies on a daily basis and as long as there are activities within any building, there are predispositions to fire accidents without exclusion. This comprises the domestic buildings, high commercial buildings and even the office blocks within the city. There are procedures that can be followed while putting up a building or renovating a building that will ensure there are enough measures that help in the eradication of fires or at least suppression of fires when one breaks out.
One such system is the general rule of having effective fire separation within the building which could be between one floor and another or even within the same floor. This is rarely the case since even where such systems are put in place, they are often imperfect in nature and inmost cases not existing at…
CFBT-U.S., (2014). Commercial Fire: Durango, CO. Fie Behavior Case Study. Retrieved April 20, 2014 from http://www.cfbt-us.com/pdfs/cs_0002_durango_co.pdf
Frassetto R., (2012). Understanding Building Construction Types. Retrieved April 20, 2014 from http://www.firefighternation.com/article/truck-co-operations/understanding-building-construction-types
Gregory Havel, (2013). Construction Concerns: Unpredictable Fire. Retrieved April 20, 2014 from www.fireengineering.com/articles/2013/08/construction-concerns-unpredictable-fire.html
An integrated system was used in buildings where columns, pilasters, and entablatures came together as support. Arches were also used in building churches and other such structures. Semi-circular or segmental vaults were used which were mostly without ribs. In this era domes were not only used in churches but they were also used in building secular structures. Doors and windows usually had square lintels in the buildings of the era. Cravings and decorations also became prominent part of the structures taking their inspiration from the classic structures. Though Florence was the place where renaissance started but Italy embraced renaissance and effects of classic architecture as opposed to Gothic architecture. enaissance style further gave way to baroque style in the 17th-century. The Georgian style became notable in the 18th-century while the 19th century was given over to the classic revival and the Gothic revival.
Though our current architecture is derived…
Architecture History'. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. Available at http://en.wikipedia.org
Materiality is a tool in which should be incorporated into the performative deign, but also allows a design to enhance a form or space and invoke different emotions.
"First, material artifacts engage us with all our senses. Materiality comprise physical properties such as texture (roughness or smoothness, details), geometry (size, shape, proportion, location in space, and arrangement in relation to other objects), material (weight, rigidity, plasticity), energy (temperature, moisture), as well as dynamic properties. Many of these properties are 'dimensions of touch'. Secondly, our interactions with materials are not just 'physical' but they spur our thinking, help us communicate ideas that would be difficult to communicate through words alone, adding an 'experiential' dimension to our action. hile the concept of affordances of artifacts is fundamental to an analysis of the use of material artifacts, it is not sufficient for addressing the very intricate interrelationships that emerge in people's interactions with…
Bonet, Llorenc. Exhibition Design. Gloucester: LOFT Publications, 2006.
Giulio Jacucci, Ina Wagner. "Performative Roles of Materiality for Collective Creativity." C & C (2007): 73-82.
Hertzberger, Herman. Space and the Architect: Lessons in Architecture 2. Vol. 2. Rotterdam, 2010.
Holl, Stephen. Anchoring. New York: Princeton University Press, 1991.
M.S. Advanced Architectural Design
Office of Architecture Admissions
To the Admissions Committee.
As the son of an architect, my exposure to artistic forms and cultural designs began at an early age; my decision to become an architect was of course quite natural. The study of Architectural Engineering at Han Yang University in Seoul, South Korea broadened my knowledge on theory and I soon realized that my perspectives were changing. When I began working at my father's architectural firm I quickly decided to become a designer and theorist architect instead of an engineer. This desire soon led me to the Southern California Institute of Architecture, where I successfully completed an Architectural Degree.
When I began my studies at SCI, my knowledge in the field was limited, but as time passed and the course work became increasingly difficult, I thought of quitting, due to feeling that I was not qualified. As a…
They displayed great knowledge of architecture, and their building style had been noteworthy.
As the Roman Empire began to take shape, Romans built several wonderful architectural structures for their time. They built city walls, fortifications, temples, bridges, and pavements. Most of the structures were built using large stones which were gently cut. Romans are also among the first nations in the world to have built a functional sewer system. Their remaining of their architectural structures withstood the passing of millennia and survived till today. Christian churches and even apartments buildings were built over Roman temples and other public buildings with some of them, like the Theater of Marcellus being functional even today.
1 H.R. Hitchcock, Seton Lloyd, David Talbot Rice, Norbert Lynton, Andrew Boyd, Andrew Carden, Philip Rawson, John Jacobus 1963. "orld Architecture: An Illustrated History." McGraw-Hill.
2. Hamlin, Talbot 1940 "Architecture through the Ages." G.P. Putnam's Sons,…
1 H.R. Hitchcock, Seton Lloyd, David Talbot Rice, Norbert Lynton, Andrew Boyd, Andrew Carden, Philip Rawson, John Jacobus 1963. "World Architecture: An Illustrated History." McGraw-Hill.
2. Hamlin, Talbot 1940 "Architecture through the Ages." G.P. Putnam's Sons,
H.R. Hitchcock, Seton Lloyd, David Talbot Rice, Norbert Lynton, Andrew Boyd, Andrew Carden, Philip Rawson, John Jacobus. "World Architecture: An Illustrated History." McGraw-Hill, 1963.
Talbot Hamlin. "Architecture through the Ages." G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1940.
Hiller aims to deepen the understanding of architectural knowledge by focusing on internal structures and entities and relationships within structures, and to eliminate unproductive or potentially alienating relationships between the dweller of the structure and the building, based on human psychology.
Hiller states that there is a need for more scientific research about mathematics and human psychology within architecture. Architecture must cease to be as enclosed a discipline as it has become, and one can use such knowledge in architectural practice. Hiller points out that an architect must have an idea of what the building's potential dweller or occupier will 'know' about a space when he or she enters the structure. Often the knowledge of the space comes through the different, sucessive visibility fields he or she encoungers when navigating the interior space.
Hillier suggsests that although architects may view structures based upon mathmatical design, according to Euclidean notions of…
H System Design
iordan Manufacturing: Determining the needs of the H system
iordan Manufacturing's success has been driven by the intelligence and resourcefulness of its employees. Constructing an effective H system to capitalize upon its human intelligence and resources is essential. iordan is a globally-based organization, which means that an integrated H system can be difficult to construct. Using IT to unify H best practices and philosophy can enable iordan to thrive and grow.
When determining the needs of the H system, the overall conception of how H is to relate to the rest of the organization must be considered. For example, one approach to fostering workplace commitment is a 'commitment-based' model which focuses on team-based activities. The stress in this model is upon "work design, rewards, and appraisal practices [that] signal the importance of shared/team activities" and using the H system "to share knowledge and distribute information" (Human…
Human resource systems and helping in organizations: A relational perspective. (2013). AOM.
Simple steps to selecting HR software. (2013). KPA. Retrieved:
Network Management and System Administration
The aim of the paper is to establish the difference between a system administrator and a network administrator. The paper is thus divided into three sections. The first section deals with the basic definition and responsibilities of a system administrator; the second does the same for a network administrator and the third compares their responsibilities to clearly identify the differences between the two.
The maintenance of computer systems in a company is the sole responsibility of a system administrator. They are responsible for maintaining, upgrading and installing servers. They are also entrusted with the task of checking the security of the server and maintaining its backup as well. They are also involved in programming for automating tasks at the server. For this purpose, they write programs, also known as scripting (Schneider, 2012a).
Education criteria for System Administrators:
With respect to the level of…
Schneider, L. (2012a). System Administrator. Accessed March 7th, 2012 from: http://jobsearchtech.about.com/od/careersintechnology/p/SysAdmin.htm
Schneider, L. (2012b). Network Administrator Profile -- " What is a Network Administrator. Accessed March 7th, 2012 from: http://jobsearchtech.about.com/od/careersintechnology/p/NetAdmin.htm
Morgan, H. (2010) Difference between Network and Systems Admin. eHow .com. Accessed March 7th, 2012 from: http://www.ehow.com/facts_6155311_difference-between-network-systems-admin.html
Buddhist vs. Hindu Religious Ideals in Art and Architecture
Although Buddhist and Hindu art may appear to be the same to the eyes of an untrained observer, they are products of entirely different religious traditions. While Buddhism has its origins in India, it quickly spread outside of the birthplace of its founder, Siddhartha Gautama and gained greater traction elsewhere, including China and Japan. Buddhism also split into two distinct traditions, that of Theravada and Mahayana, the former of which emphasized the monastic tradition of strictly adhering to the teachings and life of the Buddha while the latter placed greater emphasis on the ability of laypersons as well as monks to obtain Enlightenment. In contrast, Hinduism is a distinctly Indian religion. Both religions embrace the concept of reincarnation, although it is Hinduism who uses this idea to justify a caste system, or the notion that the social class into which someone…
3. Curriculum or Method of the Study
The research methodology that was applied in this study was essentially an inclusive, extensive and comparative overview of the literature on the subject. Various sources were consulted, which included books and scholarly articles on the column in architectural history. Also included in the literature survey was information and data from online databases and verified websites.
The information gleaned about columns and their historical context was extrapolated and then entered into a free-from database for further analysis. This resulted in an overall survey of the progression and evolution of various forms and types of columns, from the Egyptian column to the present day. A comparative method of analysis was employed in order to ascertain the commonalities as well as the differences between the various types and forms of this architectural structure.
What should also be mentioned is that the focus of the research, and…
Ancient Roman Architecture. Retrieved from http://www.crystalinks.com/romearchitecture.html
Architecture of ancient Greece. Retrieved from http://upge.wn.com/?t=ancientgreece/index12.txt
Barry C. What Are the Types of Architectural Columns? Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/about_5453707_types-architectural-columns.html
Column: New World Encyclopaedia. Retrieved from http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Column
The hybrid nature of cloud computing in general and SaaS specifically will continue as enterprises question if they are really getting the value out of the systems they are relying on.
Bala, ., & Carr, S. (2010). Usage-based pricing of software services under competition. Journal of evenue and Pricing Management, 9(3), 204-216.
Beimborn, D., Miletzki, T., & Wenzel, S. (2011). Platform as a service (PaaS). Business & Information Systems Engineering, (6), 1.
Benlian, a., & Hess, T. (2011). Opportunities and risks of software-as-a-service: Findings from a survey of it executives. Decision Support Systems, 52(1), 232.
Cusumano, M. (2010). Technology strategy and management cloud computing and SaaS as new computing platforms. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 53(4), 27.
Doelitzscher, F., Sulistio, a., eich, C., Kuijs, H., & Wolf, D. (2011). Private cloud for collaboration and e-learning services: From IaaS to SaaS. Computing.Archives for Informatics and Numerical Computation, 91(1),…
Bala, R., & Carr, S. (2010). Usage-based pricing of software services under competition. Journal of Revenue and Pricing Management, 9(3), 204-216.
Beimborn, D., Miletzki, T., & Wenzel, S. (2011). Platform as a service (PaaS). Business & Information Systems Engineering, (6), 1.
Benlian, a., & Hess, T. (2011). Opportunities and risks of software-as-a-service: Findings from a survey of it executives. Decision Support Systems, 52(1), 232.
Cusumano, M. (2010). Technology strategy and management cloud computing and SaaS as new computing platforms. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 53(4), 27.
IT Architecture ecommendations to Peachtree Healthcare
The discussions and cursory analyses in the Harvard Business eview case Too Far Ahead of the IT Curve? (Dalcher, 2005) attempt to implement massive IT projects without considering the implications from a strategic and tactical level. There is no mention of the most critical legal considerations of any healthcare provider, and this includes compliance to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) in addition to highly specific requirements by medical practice area and discipline (Johnston, Warkentin, 2008).
Second, there isn't a framework described for governance of the IT strategies as they relate to Peachtree Healthcare's overarching strategic vision and mission. The lack of focus on governance in any strategic IT implementation will eventually lead to confused roles, cost overruns and chaos relating to the long-term contribution of IT to rapidly changing business priorities (Smaltz, Carpenter, Saltz, 2007). Max Berndt…
Alhatmi, Y.S. (2010). Quality audit experience for excellence in healthcare. Clinical Governance, 15(2), 113-127.
Cheng, H.K., Tang, Q.C., & Zhao, J.L. (2006). Web services and service-oriented application provisioning: An analytical study of application service strategies. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 53(4), 520-520.
Coetzee, M., & Eloff, J.H.P. (2005). Autonomous trust for web services. Internet Research, 15(5), 498-507.
Dalcher, D. (2005). Breakthrough it change management: How to get enduring change results. Project Management Journal, 36(1), 62-62.
Thick client technology can support more efficient asynchronous transfers and the independence of data models at the individual worker level can significantly improve the overall performance of a given project. Thick client/server networks are especially well suited for concurrent engineering tasks given their data management and overhead requirement specifications (Lee, 2002). In the field of engineering consulting and design, it is also critically important for companies to have secured networks capable of collaborative design sessions and concurrent design sessions. The thin client technology alone can't scale to this requirement, and when companies have pushed this technology to this level of performance, security compliances have become commonplace (Vlissidis, Hickey, 2010). In other words, even if an engineering and design company strove to create a thin client/server network to support its collaborative engineering and concurrent workflows, it would fail on the security aspects of performance alone.
Empirical studies have also shown how…
Guynes, C.S., & Windsor, J. (2011). Revisiting Client/Server Computing. Journal of Business & Economics Research, 9(1), 17-22.
Lai, A.M., & Nieh, J. (2006). On the performance of wide-area thin-client computing. ACM Transactions on Computer Systems, 24(2), 175-209.
Lee, S.K. (2002). Client server-based distributed architecture for concurrent design of DCS networks: A case study. Integrated Manufacturing Systems, 13(1), 47-47.
Royster, K., & Reed, J. (2008). Security audits: Don't ignore thick clients. Network World, 25(30), 21-21.
Aux Bons Soins Enterprise Systems Strategy
Strategic Assessment of the Aux Bons Soins (ABS)
Information Technologies (IT) and Enterprise Systems Strategy
Having grown both from a series of acquisitions and a continual series of internal strategies to retain and grow their customer base, Aux Bons Soins (ABS) Information Technologies (IT) infrastructure has grown widely distributed to the point of being fragmented. The acquisitions of General Maritime Protection and Western General Insurance have created significant challenges in integrating their IT infrastructures into the ABS IT systems platforms and architectures. The senior management team anticipated a certain degree of overlap of system licensing, resources, functions and roles, yet didn't realize how much the duplication would slow response to customers. Concerned with the slow response to customers and market conditions, in addition to the continual discovery of just how inconsistent the reporting processes are across the three divisions, the senior management team initiates…
Jackson, G.. (2011). Leading an IT Organization Out of Control. EDUCAUSE Review, 46(4), 32.
Bjorn Johs. Kolltveit, Bjorn Hennestad, & Kjell Gronhaug. (2007). IS projects and implementation. Baltic Journal of Management, 2(3), 235.
Karen Lindquist. (2007). HR's role in mergers and acquisitions. Strategic HR Review, 6(3), 3. R
Vincenzo Morabito, Marinos Themistocleous, & Alan Serrano. (2010). A survey on integrated IS and competitive advantage. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 23(2), 201-214.
Here second question that is raised for the author is that till now and for the future, many healthcare architectures have been designed that increase the availability of the patient records, not only on the national but on an international scale as well. The author in the study has only focused on the national or local availability of the patient records.
Content of the article is strong and there are a number of important facts given in the article in relation to the importance of healthcare indexing systems. The healthcare indexing systems being used in U.S., UK and Australia have been mentioned as an example. The two models of the indexing architecture given by the author in the beginning have been linked by the author with the examples. The loopholes that can be noticed in these cases are the absence of any privacy and security concerns that may be an…
Liu, V., Caelli, W., Smith, J., May, L., Lee, H.M., Ng, H.Z., Foo, H.J., and Li, W. (2010). A Secure Architecture for Australia's Index-Based E-health Environment. Proc. 4th Australasian Workshop on Health Informatics and Knowledge Management (HIKM 2010), Brisbane, Australia, p. 7-16.
Healthcare Information Systems
Faculty of Information Technology at the Queensland University Australia, have written this article to point out the need to change the method of access control in the current health care environment. They have introduced this method keeping in the mind the latest information technology system structures, legal and regulatory requirements and the demands of security operation in the Health Information Systems. The authors have proposed "Open and Trusted Health Information System" as the feasible solution along with the capability to dominate the provision of appropriate levels of secure access control in order to protect the sensitive health data.
Authors have also pointed out what is the problem with NEHTA work programs. NEHTA focuses on securely and reliably exchanging the clinical information with the help of electronic means and secure messaging technology. Authors have raised an important issue that these critical health information computer systems are openly connected…
The panels could also be assembled quickly often within a day. Some panels have an in-built wiring in them making the housing construction to be faster. The panelized off-site building technologies could also involve exterior wall of building designed to provide the load bearing structural support, and the panelized building system could be made of light gauge steel, timber, structural insulated panels (SIPs), non-structural or concrete, which could be used to create the whole building.
(Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, 2003). On the hand, Burwood and Jess (2005) reveal another method of panelized building system which is closed system. However, closed system is more complex because it involves the use of more factory fabrication such as insulation and lining materials. Different type of panels may include steel frame or timber frame and they may consist of prefabricated load bearing panels.
There are several advantages that could be derived from…
AMA Research (2011). Bathroom and Kitchen Pods Market-UK 2010.2014. AMA Research Ltd., UK.
Azman, M.N.A. Ahamad, M.S.S. Majid, T.A. et al. (2010). The Common Approach in Off-Site Construction Industry. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 4(9): 4478-4482.
Barker 33 Cross Industry Group (2006) Modern Methods of Construction (MMC) for the Provision of Housing: Barker 33 Review: Recommendations, Barker 33 Cross Industry Group, London.
Barker, K. (2003) Review of Housing Supply: Securing our Future Housing Needs, Interim Report: Analysis, HMSO, London.
Australia began shifting to a limited Welfare State at the end of the Second World War (1945) and has continually supported privatization and deregulation. The 1904 Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act and 1988 Industrial Relations Act (IRA) both have set a strong precedent for workers' rights and the right to create and form unions. From an ER standpoint these laws and compliance requirements are also constrictive as they are one-size-fits-all in approach.
Role of Stakeholders- the Government, Unions, Workers,
Both Australia and Germany are comparable in the depth and sophistication of systems, processes and procedures to support stakeholders. Of the two, Germany ahs been architecture far more to support and protect the unionized work. The German Trade Union Confederation, combined with the German series of laws to protect the worker has lead to protectionist approaches when it comes to allowing new businesses into Germany. MNCs looking t expand into Germany…
China is very clear on its use of labour laws, with a country-wide precedent set in 1995 with their Labour Law of China. This was the first employment law enacted by the CCP. There is also the Labour Contract Law passed in 20087 that require all employers to provide employees a written contract within a year of employment, and fines employers who do not do this. There are also labor dispatch providers and support for verbal contracts in the Labour Contract Law of 2008. In 1993 China based the Enterprise Minimum Wage Regulation and amended it in 2004 to serve as a framework for the countries' growing economy.
The Labour laws in Australia on the other hand are much more oriented towards a shared level of responsibility and arbitration. The Australian ER reform includes the ACTU/Federal ALP Government accord passed in 1983 and 1993 and the Industrial Relations Reform Act of 1993. The Workplace Amendment (Work Choices) Act of 2005 and Fair Work Act of 2009 all support the more progressing nature in ER relative to Germany.
As each of the principles is predicated on each person involved in the implementation taking a personal role in their success, transformational leadership is crucial for its success. As the transformational leader has the ability to get people to move beyond their own boundaries of the status quo and move forward despite fear, for the 10 principles as defined by obertson to be successful, there will need to be a continual focus on transformational leadership and a continual reinforcing of the value of the change as well. All of these factors will need to be unified in a very thorough communications plan that gets beyond the generalities to the specific very quickly. Only by having a strong project director with these skills with any project succeed and attain the 10 principles as defined (Vital, Bernier, 2006).
Another dimension of implementing these factors throughout a network is the long-term motivation of…
Minard, B. (1987). Growth and change through information management. Journal of Healthcare Management, 32(3), 307-307.
Murdick, R.G., & Ross, J.E. (1972). Future management-information-systems. Journal of Systems Management, 23(5), 32-32.
Nasir, S. (2005). The development, change, and transformation of management informaton systems (MIS): A content analysis of articles published in business and marketing journals. International Journal of Information Management, 25(5), 442-457.
Robertson, J. (2005) 10 principles of effective information management. KM Column. 1 November 2005. Retrieved on March 12, 2012 from http://www.steptwo.com.au/papers/kmc_effectiveim/
Furuholt, (2006) argues that lack of management engagement to the acceptance of information systems has been a barrier to the implementation of information systems. The issues are even common with organizations in the developing countries where management does not give enough priority to the information systems implementation. Importantly, implementation of information systems requires management support since management will need to approve fund that would be used for IS implementation. Generally, younger people are more interested in the it tools than older people. In a situation where number of older working team outnumbers younger working team within an organization, the IS implementation may be cumbersome.
More importantly, lack of knowledge of information systems may serve as barrier to its implementation. In the developed countries, private and public organizations have already aware the importance of information systems to the organizations. Many organizations in developed countries already realize that it tool is a…
Abukhzam, M. & Lee, a. (2010). Factors affecting Bank Staff attitude towards E-banking adoption in Libya. The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries: 42(2): 1-15.
Ali, S.N.A. (2010). E-government services: an exploration of the main factors that contribute to successful implementation in Libya. PhD thesis, University of Portsmouth.
Bartol, K.M. (1982). Managing Information Systems Personnel: A Review of the Literature and Managerial Implications. MIS Quarterly.
Boh, W.F. & Yelling, D. (2007). Using Organizational Architecture Standards in Managing Information Technology. Journal of Management Information Systems. 23 (3): 163 -- 207.
Migrating EP Systems to the Cloud
Migrating Standardized EP Systems to the Cloud
The compelling economics of cloud computing are leading enterprises to question their long-held assumptions that the annual maintenance fees they are paying for on-premise editions of their EP are justified. In addition, these same economics of cloud computing are making it possible for entire divisions of an enterprise to be up and running within weeks instead of months or years, on cloud-based EP platforms (Banerjea, 2011). The economics of cloud computing are also re-ordering the financial landscape of enterprise software, putting line-of-business leaders in a more direct and influential role relative to the purchase of enterprise software (Gill, 2011). All of these factors taken together form the catalyst of how migrating to standardized EP systems delivered via cloud computing are changing how enterprises evaluate, implement and value software.
Migrating Standardized EP Systems To A Cloud Computing Environment…
Armbrust, M., Fox, A., Griffith, R., Joseph, A.D., Katz, R., Konwinski, A., . . . Zaharia, M. (2010). A view of cloud computing. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 53(4), 50.
Arinze, B., & Anandarajan, M. (2010). Factors that determine the adoption of cloud computing: A global perspective. International Journal of Enterprise Information Systems, 6(4), 55.
Banerjea, D. (2011). Calibrations in the cloud. Quality, 50(3), 40-45.
Creeger, M. (2009). CTO roundtable: Cloud computing. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 52(8), 50. R
The architecture of IT has to be created through the development of models, guidelines, and specifications (Allen & Morton, 1994). The kinds of processes that are generally used have been created in recent decades in order to meet the needs of those who are focused on the quality of IT. With that in mind, IT architecture is the structure that is designed to actually operate and use IT properly. Without it, the IT department of any company would not be nearly as successful, and that could cause the entire company to struggle. Any good IT system has to be built around the specifications that are needed in order to allow it to work the way it is intended and provide what is needed for the company (Allen & Morton, 1994). An IT department has to be ready for nearly everything, because companies rely so much on technology that…
Green computing is the study and creation of any type of computing that is environmentally sustainable (Kurp, 2008). This can include designing and building computers, but also using and disposing of them properly, in a way that has minimal impact on the environment (Kurp, 2008). Naturally, this is an important issue to consider. The environment is fragile, and there are a number of activities that are working against it. Greenhouses gases, climate change, vanishing ecosystems, and other problems are all issues the environment has to face. Many people who work with computers want to reduce their footprint and take better care of the environment, which they can do in a couple of ways. One of those ways is to buy, build, and use computers with longevity (Kurp, 2008). In other words, the longer a computer is made to last the longer it will be before it ends up in a landfill and a new one has to be purchased. When a person does get rid of old electronics, there are recycling places that will take them specifically and dispose of their components safely, further protecting the environment (Kurp, 2008).
The second way a person can practice green computing is in the parts and components that he or she purchases, because some of them are much more environmentally friendly than others (Kurp, 2008). When parts that are easy on the environment are used to build computers, those computers are a better choice for ensuring that the environment is not damaged by people wanting and needing computers for both business and personal use (Kurp, 2008). It is not always possible to protect the environment one hundred percent of the time, but there are many ways green computing can be practiced and used in everyday life (Kurp, 2008). Conscientious people who want to preserve their planet know the value of green computing, and will continue to abide by it as much as possible.
Kurp, P. (2008).Green computing. Communications of the ACM, 51(10): 11-23.
BJ's Wholesale Enterprise Architecture
It is necessary to develop a business environment that shelters all applications under one roof. As such, the business environment will minimize the average cost of running a business and ensure that systems are not redundant. A desirable business environment is one that merges I.T orientations to a business environment without the two contradicting each other. Subsequent effort to improvise this system has seen software developers come up with responsive system, EP systems, or Point of Sales amongst others. However, these systems fail to provide a comprehensive business approach. After all, quality counts than quantity and having many systems does not denote proper service orientation. For this reason, researchers affiliated to IBM developed the MDM to ensure that various business systems are well and fully managed and thus, eliminating the occurrence of redundancy.
Part One: Business model
List of acronyms
Enterprise esource Planning. This business…
Alur, N. (2009). Master data management rapid deployment package for MDM. United States?: IBM, International Technical Support Organization.
Das, T.K., & Mishra, M.R. (2011). A Study on Challenges and Opportunities in Master Data Management. International Journal of Database Management Systems, 3(2), 129-139.
Haug, A., & Arlbjorn, J.S. (2011). Barriers to master data quality. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 24(3), 288-303.
Lamolle, M., Menet, L., & Duc, C.L. (2013). Incremental checking of Master Data Management model based on contextual graphs. Enterprise Information Systems, 4, 1-28.
The ancient cities of ome and Florence are layered ones. If one has the chance to walk the streets of these cities it is clearly that the they have had far more than the nine lives of the feline: Layer upon layer of human life and human ingenuity is displayed in the many different styles that line the streets. While we may tend to think of ome and Florence as the classical city that they once were (and of which they still bears many elements) they are also in many ways Gothic cities, for some of the cities' finest examples of architecture date from the Gothic period. This paper examines two particular Gothic churches - Santa Maria Maggiore in ome and the church of S. Maria del Fiore in Florence is no exception. Each church is examined for the combination of specific historical forces and styles, the building…
Brown, Peter. "A Dark Age Crisis." English Historical Review 88 (1973), 1-34.
Cameron, Averil. "The Virgin's Robe: An Episode in the History of Seventh-Century Constantinople." Byzantion 49 (1979), 42-56.
Croddy, S. "Gothic Architecture and Scholastic Philosophy." The British Journal of Aesthetics 39 (3), 263-272.
Davis, Michael, Science, Technology, and Gothic Architecture. Avista 8 (2) (1994/95), 3-6. http://www.area.fi.cnr.it/bivi/eng/schede/Toscana/Firenze/17cattedrale.htm
Again, in an ever-changing environment only through flexibility can an organizational strategy hope to be effective in providing competitive advantage.
Applying this knowledge to the analysis of the statement, 'A strategic architecture, and therefore a strategic plan, cannot be a detailed plan' results in several realizations. First, that strategic architecture goes beyond concerning itself with external factors, but also focuses on internal factors as well. These factors are continuously changing, and therefore an organization's strategic architecture must be able to respond to these changes. Being able to be proactive when certain opportunities and threats present themselves is what sets certain organizations apart from their competitors.
This, as the statement notes, translates to strategic planning. An organization's strategic plan must be flexible enough to quickly adapt to a shifting external and internal environment. And, for this reason, an overly detailed plan becomes more ineffective. An overly detailed strategic plan cannot take…
Kiernan, M. (Feb 1993). The new strategic architecture: Learning to compete in the twenty-first century. Academy of Management Executive, 7(1). Retrieved November 8, 2007, from Business Source Complete database.
Mansfield, G. & Fourie, L. (Mar 2004). Strategy and business models - strange bedfellows? A case for convergence and its evolution into strategic architecture. South African Journal of Business Management, 35(1). Retrieved November 8, 2007, from MasterFILE Premier database.
Scholes, J. (Spring 2005). Steps to implementation. European Business Forum, (21). Retrieved November 8, 2007, from Business Source Complete database.
Strategic Architecture, and Therefore a Strategic Plan, Cannot be a Detailed Plan
It is impossible to know when we look back on the city now exactly where ideas first came from, that is, if ideas and practices came from Teotihuacan and then spread to other cities or came first from other cities and then spread to Teotihuacan afterwards.
What we can know is that many of the features that existed in Teotihuacan were also present in other cities. Because Teotihuacan was the largest and most powerful city in the region for many, many years, it makes sense that many of the shared features in the different cities would have come from Teotihuacan as it traded with other towns or conquered them. Teotihuacan was also the most prestigious city in the region and so would have prompted other cities to copy it -- just like today when artists copy New York and Paris so that they can be seen as making the most…
Information System/Internet Strategy
Information technology and Internet systems have become such an integrated part of life today that all businesses of any significant size have at least some form of electronic media as part of their daily operations. Indeed, it is difficult to imagine how any business could function without at least an e-mail platform or an electronic database connection. What I have learnt about decision making, the role of information, information systems, and knowledge management should help me in my current job situation, when thinking critically about the ways in which other businesses conduct their operations, and in constructing my own operations should I be a business owner in the future. This knowledge can be applied to my current work situation at the telecommunication company Orange, as well as to a group investigation I was part of for the Manchester University.
The Orange company, where I am currently employed,…
Davenport, T.H. (2006, Jan). Competing on Analytics.
Maes, R. (2009). An Integrative Perspective on Information Management.
Peppard, J. (1999). Information management in the global enterprise: an organising framework. European Journal of Information Systems, Vol. 8.