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The ways that humans express themselves artistically often reflects the social, political and religious contexts of the times of their development. Tap dancing and its evolution is no exception to this rule and the many interesting components that are contained within this artistic tradition indicate a rich history of this performance art. The purpose of this essay is to discuss and analyze the art of tap dancing by exploring its roots and demonstrating the importance of this tradition. The essay will first explore the social and political aspects of tits developments before discussing this dance form in terms of performance highlighting the movements, music and forms of this expression.
The Beginnings of Tap Dancing
Tap dancing is a combination of several different percussive art forms, including African drumming and tribal dances, Scottish, Irish, and English clog dances and jigs. The true birth of this art form came in…
American Tap Dance Foundation. "History." Viewed 22 April 2013. Retrieved from http://www.atdf.org/history.html
Hill, Constance Valis Hill. Brotherhood in Rhythm: The Jazz Tap Dancing of the Nicholas
Brothers. NY: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Morse, L. (2008). The Origins of Tap Dance. Helium, 22 Sep 2008. Retrieved from http://www.helium.com/items/1189400-tap-dance-origins
Dorrance Dance's ETM: Double Down
The Dorrance Dance Company is the brainchild of MacArthur Genius Grant inner Michelle Dorrance. Although the viewer might presume that tap-dancing is a relatively traditional, even hackneyed form of American dance, Dorrance infuses it with new life and gives it a hip-hop beat. As noted in its review of the most recent Dorrance Dance production by the NY Theater Guide, ETM: Double Down at the Joyce Theater takes the viewer by surprise every moment. "The dancers walked onstage in semi-darkness, dragging along the floor a something that is either a crate or piece of scenery. It turns out to be a combination of both -- an electronic tap board designed by musician/choreographer/dancer Nicholas Van Young" (Contino).
hile most dances are rigorously choreographed (many ballets, for example, uses dance steps that have existed in a particular fashion for more than a century), one of the signature…
Contino, Patricia. "Dance Review: Dorrance Dance in ETM: Double Down at the Joyce." NY
Theater Guide. 28 Apr 2016. Web. 4 May 2016.
ETM: Double Down. Playbill. 1 May 2016. Print.
Seibert, B. "Review: Dorrance Dance, Where Tap and Computers Intersect." The New York
Jazz dance is an integral part of American history. The various types of jazz dance all come from a fusion of African and European traditions, which is why jazz dance symbolizes American culture itself. According to Tilton's film Jazz Dance, jazz dance first evolved in the Deep South and spread as far as Europe before returning home to America. Jazz dance is not monolithic, and it is important to recognize the differences between types of dancing such as tap and swing in order to understand the contexts in which the dances were or are used. For example, some dances became popular in theater, while others were more comedic. Jazz dance might not seem to have a political or even an economic dimension, but it certainly does. The impact of jazz dance on American society has been felt on almost every dimension including political, economic, and social realms. In particular, jazz…
Hill, Constance Valis. Tap Dancing America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Nalett, Jacqueline "Jazz Dance History." Retrieved online: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&cad=rja&ved=0CEcQFjAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.uh.edu%2Fclass%2Ftheatre-and-dance%2F_docs%2Fnalett%2FJACQUELINENALETTJazzDanceHistory2.doc&ei=6F2AUtW0C8aG3AXtpIC4BA&usg=AFQjCNHhplX8I-J6Tc2cChANwl32kdS0oQ&sig2=SCTcAFKh_ZPTxob_htvq6Q&bvm=bv.56146854,d.b2I
Stearns, Marshall and Stearns, Jean. Jazz Dance: The Story of American Vernacular Dance. Da Capo, 1994.
Tilton, Roger. Jazz Dance. [Feature Film]. 1954. Retrieved online: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h-DPiVVQJlY
Krump is a popular form of dancing sweeping America. But most people can't find a class in krump dancing offered at a suburban local gym or dance studio along with Zumba, tap, and jazz. Krump dancing originated in the urban ghettos of Los Angeles, not as part of a formal, classical tradition of dance. Much like breakdancing or vogue-ing, it has its roots in a culture of poverty, where people with little money or other material resources could at least create art with their bodies in a visceral and organic fashion. The streets where krumping first became popular are lined with "barbershops, chicken joints, liquor stores and churches" and little else (Booth 2005:1).
"Krumping," according to the documentary on the dance craze called Rize, has been called "break dancing on fast-forward" (Booth 2005:1). Krumping began as a "hip-hop dance style sired by a former drug dealer named Tommy…
Booth, William. "The Exuberant Warrior Kings of 'Krumping.'" The Washington Post.
24 Jun 2005. [1 Feb 2013] http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/06/24/AR2005062401880.html
Menzie, Nicola. "Krump dances into the mainstream." CBS News. 11 Feb 2009. [1 Feb 2013]
They took it very seriously. I wanted to take it seriously, but the more seriously I tried to take it. The more they made fun of me. I eventually quit. At first I would just lie to my mom and say that I was sick and couldn't go. Then I started complaining about my ankles hurting. Then I used school as an excuse saying that I had homework to do. Finally, I just told my mom the truth.
"The other girls in tap class make fun of me. They call me names because I am not black like them."
My mom's face looked so sad when I told her. She bit her lip and looked away. Then she looked back at me and smiled. There was a tear in her left eye.
"Okay. You don't have to go anymore."
"No. The only think I want for you is to…
The play implies that social conventions can mask the truth by forcing people to take on false appearances, and pretend to believe they are true.
The most upstanding characters in the play are Krogstad and Mrs. Linde. Mrs. Linde is not respectable because she has worked hard all her life and does not have the easy life of a pampered wife. Mr. Krogstad's reputation and his decision to bust Nora make him seem sleazy, but he is actually trying to hold down a job and raise children on his own without any support. He turns out to be, at heart, a good man. Ibsen wants us to know that appearances can be deceiving.
8. This play is supposed to be a tragedy, and is meant to enlighten us about how we lie to each other and to ourselves in order to save face and keep up appearances.
Nora's character changes…
It is significant to note that this story was initially published during the 1970's, which was a period of relative rest and calm following the justifiable turbulence of the 1960's. Due to this publication date, this story does not reflect the current generation, but that of at least one before it. It is interesting to consider the fact that this story was not published prior to the 1970's because many of the notions and stereotypes it challenged were still too dominant during previous periods. As such, this book is able to deliver readers an unflinching perspective about what life is like for someone who is different, and teased as a result. Readers are able to ascertain just what exactly other people have to go through when they are teased. There are some touchingly poignant moments in this tale related to Oliver's differences that unequivocally reveal what life is like for…
dePaola, Tomie. Oliver Button is a Sissy. New York: Harcourt Books. 1979. Print.
Kennedy, Elizabeth. "Oliver Button is a Sissy: Overcoming Bullying." About.com. no date. Web. http://childrensbooks.about.com/od/picturebooks/fr/oliver.htm
oreover, they work well with solo dance moves (which is why they worked out so well for Beyonce. Thus I would describe De Keersmacker's work as timeless, "avant-garde" (Gardner, 2011) ballet that pushes the envelope.
A.3. It is difficult to pinpoint specific themes in the choreography of De Keersmaker. The Choreographer herself admitted that she dislikes themes and tries to eschew them from her work (Jenkinson, 2009). Therefore, if one were to explore the lack of themes in the choreographer's work, they would revolve around innovation and novelty. She incorporates a wide variety of media within her choreographed pieces, such as varying elements of sound (both musical and otherwise), text and different varieties of light. She also sings along to her songs (Williams, 2003).
A.4. The main way that this choreographer's work is influencing larger society is through the form of flattery known as imitation. Beyonce's lifting of several of…
Macaulay, Alastair. "In Dance, Borrowing is a Tradition." The New York Times. 2011. Web. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/22/arts/dance/is-beyonce-a-choreography-thief-in-countdown.html?ref=anneteresadekeersmaeker&_r=0
Williams, Ann. "Rosas - Anne Teresa De Keersmaeker'Once'." Ballet Magazine. 2003. Web. http://www.ballet.co.uk/magazines/yr_03/nov03/aw_rev_anne_teresa_de_keersmaeker_1003.htm
Rosas Danst Rosas Anne Teresa de Keersmaeker 3. 2010. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zS_kWttptS4
Bragg writes, "The youngest, cutest children make a little more money as they tap dance for tourists outside the two-drink minimum bars, the lethargic striptease acts, and the walk-up daiquiri stands. Most weekends, there are a least a dozen dancers her in the Quarter, all children" (Bragg 160). Bragg shows people the underbelly of life in America, but shows it is not all bad, and that even the most desperate people have hope, dreams, and a desire to make their lives better. Late in the book, one simple sentence seems to sum up what Bragg is trying to accomplish with his book. He writes, "This is a place that has learned to cherish a slow day" (Bragg 246). He writes like that throughout the book, and captures his subjects with tact and understanding.
The book is charming, disturbing, joyful, and intensely difficult to read in places, but it serves the…
Bragg, Rick. Somebody Told Me: The Newspaper Stories of Rick Bragg. Tuscaloosa, AL: The University of Alabama Press, 2000.
Author Biography." BookBrose.com. 1 Aug. 2001. 3 Aug. 2006. http://www.bookbrowse.com/biographies/index.cfm?author_number=77
Graphic Design Comparison
Graphic design has the power to shape our world and reflect our history. This is abundantly clear when examining two works of graphic design over a century apart. This paper will examine the similarities and difference between the handbill for the excursion tickets to Baltimore of 1876 and Paula Scher’s poster for the Public Theatre.
One major similarity between these two posters that have over 100 years of difference between them is that they both employ a visually arresting typography. Both posters use a font that is recognizable but hard to identify and depend on the use of large words given to words considered most important. “The 1995 posters Pentagram designed for The Public Theater’s production of Savion Glover’s Bring in 'Da Noise, Bring in 'Da Funk featured the wood typefaces used throughout The Public's identity” (Pentagram.com). In the case of the handbill, the largest and most important word…
The theory involving Christine being determined to put an end to Rhoda's life can be related to her ration intervening, influencing her to take action before Rhoda continued her killings.
Rhoda pays special attention to the way that her mother sees her, and, even though she knows that her mother has the power to denounce her, she does not attempt to murder Christine. The next in Rhoda's list of killings would have been Monica Breedlove, taking into consideration the fact that the women had been closely connected to her, and that it had been possible for her to endanger Rhoda with the information that she knew.
The ending of the movie is most probably intended to present the audience with what it wants to see, someone finally punishing Rhoda, not through putting her into a mental asylum (as should have been the case), but by physically hurting her.
"And there is, above all, that whole sphere of music whose lifeblood is standardization: popular music, jazz, be it hot, sweet, or hybrid" (Adorno, 2004, p. 212). Taking this definition, then within the line of disdainful art we must place hakespeare, Longfellow, even Hemingway; all of whom used a pattern to their writing, not simply for mass consumption, but as a skeletal structure of being. Within this rubric, then, "it is critical… to distinguish between the motivations for and the actual effects of listening" (Christenson, p. 103). Thus, despite the fact that Cook's "Permanent" follows a poetic pattern, the two major considerations again come forward: the motivation for writing and performing as a tribute to a specific occasion, and the relevance and commonality of reaching out for an emotional connection between humans.
Finally, for Adorno, the "vulgarization and enchantment… dwell together in the arrangements which have colonized large areas of…
Since this type of music is a commodity, and standardization means it follows a pattern that is familiar to audiences, it must have little social value, other than brief entertainment. "And there is, above all, that whole sphere of music whose lifeblood is standardization: popular music, jazz, be it hot, sweet, or hybrid" (Adorno, 2004, p. 212). Taking this definition, then within the line of disdainful art we must place Shakespeare, Longfellow, even Hemingway; all of whom used a pattern to their writing, not simply for mass consumption, but as a skeletal structure of being. Within this rubric, then, "it is critical… to distinguish between the motivations for and the actual effects of listening" (Christenson, p. 103). Thus, despite the fact that Cook's "Permanent" follows a poetic pattern, the two major considerations again come forward: the motivation for writing and performing as a tribute to a specific occasion, and the relevance and commonality of reaching out for an emotional connection between humans.
Finally, for Adorno, the "vulgarization and enchantment… dwell together in the arrangements which have colonized large areas of music" (Adorno, 2001, p. 41). That is to say that the only viable way art may exist is without entertainment value. This has some truth, one would certainly not argue that many of the films of the 1930s, for instance, showing synchronized swimming, lavish set productions of tap dance, and tuneful songs with very little soul, were nothing but grand escapes for the masses from the ravages of the Great Depression.
However, lighting, electronic enhancement, instrumentation,
This Never-Never Land does not seem recognizable as Vietnam anymore, given how much the nation has changed since the cessation of the conflict. Ironically, Herr's portrait of a world-upside down might seem to better reflect the current situation in Iraq, another nation which is torn apart by a confusing array of factions and bloody violence. Of course the terrain, nature of the fighting, and the ideological issues at stake are very different in Iraq, and the historical analogy is far from perfect. But Herr is not talking about history so much as emotions, and the failure of Americans to truly understand a situation and a worldview different than their own. As an American, he writes of Americans and writes of American confusion more than the world of Vietnam itself. Vietnamese soldiers appear as dismembered victims of violence more than they do as actual subjects and speakers. But for this Herr…
Herr, Michael. Dispatches. New York: Vintage, 1991.
Michael Herr, Dispatches (New York: Vintage, 1991), p.43
As previously mentioned, Crisp is openly homosexual and his exhibitionist impulses and self-destructive behavior motivates the struggle within his life vs. unoriginal heroic desire. Similarly to Dil who lives his life, at times showing self-destruction as she guns down Jude and ties up Fergus, by her own rules, choosing to be a woman amidst a time when being transgendered was severely frowned upon. The journey for both Crisp and Dil though hard, ultimately led to a strong sense of gender identity and an awakening of both sexuality and eroticism as they found their way through gender and sex.
The journey for Crisp began after leaving his parent's home and venturing off into various jobs like a tap dance instructor and commercial artist. Although he met some initial success in these jobs, he ends up one of the few places that allows openly gay men. And even with constant ridicule from…
Isabelle and Therese from the 1968 movie Therese and Isabelle is a story about two lesbian women who defy convention by having a love affair in their boarding school. Their love is very intimate with scenes of conformity as Therese has sexual intercourse with a boy as an attempt to normafy herself as Goffman states on page 12 of his book, Stigma. Scenes in the beginning of Therese's mother preparing her for marriage put pressure on the young woman to adhere to the gender identity and sexuality society predetermined for her. The scenes are sweet and innocent laced with a tinge of fear as they are become fearful of someone coming into the room to find them making love. A scene in Isabelle's room gets interrupted by a noise the couple hear from outside the hallway. Their relationship ends much like that of Maurice and Clive.
In the novel, Maurice, Maurice and Clive are two college friends who engage in a homosexual relationship. Unlike with Isabelle and Therese, they are not as intimate and the relationship lasts longer, for two years. Similarly however, Clive like Therese wishes to conform and be normal and decides to marry leaving Maurice alone. The story however continues and Maurice finds solace and connection in Alec. However Alec blackmails him and in his attempt to cure what Dr. Larken terms, "congenital homosexuality" tries hypnosis. Eventually his desire to rebel against society's norms and be with Alec lead him and Alec to relinquish leading closeted gay lives for a happy life with each other.
Overall movies and films tend to show the world a different or unique perspective. The characters of Crisp, Dil, Isabelle, Therese, Clive, and Maurice offer a rare look into the life of a homosexual and in the case of Dil, a transgender/transsexual. These people like any other people struggle to conform, to meet the expectations of society, but also lead their own lives and fulfill their gender identity and sexual orientation. After all, sexuality is a large part of a person.
The dance style known as breakdancing has other names including "b-boying" and "breaking." The latter are the preferred terms used by those who are purists and originators of the form with breakdancing becoming the more popular term as popularized by the media (Schloss). This originated as part of the emerging hip-hop culture of the late 1970s and early 1980s. It became quickly popular, first in urban communities and then spread. In the current historical moment, breakdancing can be found in all social, ethnic, and gender groups and has been developed from a style of popular dance into an art form. hat began as a street dance to impress peers has transcended the culture and become a part of the dance world, giving as much respect and dignity as ballet or waltz. Breakdancing mastery requires a great deal of control, coordination, and practice. Those who attempt it without understanding the…
Bloom, Julie. "Street Moves in the TV Room." The New York Times. 2008. Print.
Chang, Jeff. Total Chaos: the Art and Aesthetics of Hip-Hop. New York City, NY: Basic Civitas,
Cook, Dave. "Crazy Legs Speaks." 18. Dec. 2012. Web.
Well, I kind of introduced that into Lindy Hopping. And we call it an air step because that's the way that we envisioned it -- as a step. We said, This has to be done in time with the music. it's not a lift -- it's a step -- so you gotta do it as a step (Editors).
Many people would add innovations and other moves to the basic Lindy, and it would spread out to create an entire form of swing dancing that included air-steps, synchronized dancing, and jitterbugging, all popular forms of swing dance. However, Manning was a true innovator in swing dance, and has been honored with several documentaries. He also was interviewed for the Ken Burns documentary "Jazz," and HBO plans to make a full-length feature film about his remarkable life.
In conclusion, Frankie Manning is the true father of the Lindy Hop, and with his…
Author not Available. "Happy Feet." Personal Web Page. 2004. 29 April 2005. http://www.gotthatswing.com.au/happy.html
Crease, Robert P. "Divine Frivolity: Hollywood Representations of the Lindy Hop, 1937-1942." Representing Jazz. Ed. Gabbard, Krin. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995. 207-228.
Editors of WNET. "Frankie Manning." Thirteen.org. 1998. 29 April 2005. http://www.thirteen.org/cityarts4/week11/my_html/uncut-week11.html
O'Meally, Robert G., ed. The Jazz Cadence of American Culture. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.
Jose Quintero's If You Don't Dance they Beat You is a recounting of his career as a stage director, in particular his time in New York. He worked with a many famous actors during this period. The book contains a lot of valuable information for actors and other people in the theater about what the theater business is like.
He talks a lot about his career, and reflects on what it has meant to his life. He recounts how becoming successful changed him, and the way he looked at life. He captures well the spirit of the artist, the place from which the artist derives satisfaction and the challenges that the artist faces in finding satisfaction in art and life. It is quite relatable to people who have artistic tendencies, even those not as successful as Quintero was.
The title refers to the reality that in theater, or indeed…
They had been attending these concerts for years, but never tired of the melodies of youth.
The band took the stage and the oboe struck its woeful "A," with the other instruments following suit. Chairs and music stands screeched across the floor as the musicians found the right positioning. The women's black skirts draped near their feet, and the men's black shoes shined from the recently applied polish.
A hush and then the sound of loud clapping waved across the audience, as the 85-year-old Maestro, Robert Mclure Hanson, climbed the stairs, bowed to the audience and tapped his baton on the music stand. All rose as one when the band played its first notes of the National Anthem. In a few minutes, young and old were tapping, dancing and singing together. For now, the cares and worries were put aside, while the senses were delighted and charmed by the mixture…
Life lessons, relationship lessons, even artistic, music, and performance sharing could take place (imagine, a NeoPet "Grease" production using a global cast)?
Conclusions and Implications -- NeoPets obviously provides a niche about which some consumers are excited. Like many technological entertainment devises, though, there is certainly potential for abuse. One would not necessarily want their children to sit in front of a NASCA racing program, replete with ads, for hours at a time and never have any physical activity. It is not the place of technology to mandate other behavior, but the wisdom of parents and society to create a balance. Ensuring that this will not be a fad is quite simple -- continue to evolve, to grow, to become more sophisticated in content and interaction. In a similar way, funding could come from private foundations that might sponsor a segment (e.g. Boeing on history of flight; Microsoft on computing…
REFERENCES and WORKS CONSULTED
"Adults Play Neopets." (2009). Neopets. Cited in: www.neopets.com/~grownups
Ireton, D. (2003), Internet-Based Market Research, Advanced Systems Development.
Ha, K. (September 14, 2004). "Neopets site for children stirs Controversy." the
San Jose Mercury News. Cited in:
JC Penney is a major department store, doing billions of dollars in revenue per year. The industry, however, is mature and some would say stale. Younger consumers in particular are not attracted to the department store shopping experience, instead choosing anything but. JC Penney tapped former Apple executive on Johnson as its new CEO, and made big changes to its merchandising and especially to its pricing. One pricing strategy that Johnson instituted was to eliminate the traditional JC Penney sales and opt for lower prices across the board (D'Innocenzo, 2012). Analysts from his alma mater Harvard Business School lauded him as a genius for the simplified pricing program (Girard, 2012). Yet, Johnson couldn't wrap his head around the fact that the key purchase drivers in department store sales are nothing like the purchase drivers in consumer electronics, and the pricing strategy did not go nearly as well as planned.…
Berfield, S. & Maheshwari, S. (2012). JC Penney CEO Ron Johnson gets lesson in pricing. SF Gate. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from http://www.sfgate.com/business/article/J-C-Penney-CEO-Ron-Johnson-gets-lesson-in-pricing-3589014.php
D'Innocenzo, A.(2012). JC Penney slashing prices on all merchandise. USA Today. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/money/industries/retail/story/2012-01-25/penneys-price-overhaul/52787388/1
Girard, K. (2012). Is JC Penney's makeover the future of retailing? Harvard Business School. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6944.html
Passikoff, R. (2013). Ron Johnson ousted as JC Penney CEO. Forbes. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/marketshare/2013/04/09/ron-johnson-ousted-as-jcpenney-ceo/
Review of Related Literature
This chapter provides a review of the literature concerning hypnosis, Eastern Meditation, Chi Kung, and Nei Kung and how these methods are used to treat various ailments and improve physical and mental functioning. A summary of the review concludes the chapter.
In his study, "Cognitive Hypnotherapy in the Management of Pain," Dowd (2001) reports that, "Several theories have een proposed to account for the effect of hypnosis. State theories assume that the hypnotic trance is qualitatively different from all other human experiences. From this perspective, trance capacity is supposedly a fairly stale trait that exhiits sustantial individual differences. Nonstate theories, often referred to as social learning, social psychological or cognitive-ehavioral theories of hypnosis propose that hypnotic phenomena are related to social and psychological characteristics such as hope, motivation, expectancy, elief in the therapist, desire to please the therapist, a positive initial…
bibliography. (2010). http://science.jrank.org / pages/7857/Meditation-Eastern.html.
Many religious traditions have practices that could possibly be labeled meditation. In Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, these practices are usually associated with prayer, contemplation, or recitation of sacred texts. In the religious traditions of the Native Americans, Australian aboriginals, Siberian peoples, and many others, what could be identified as meditation techniques are incorporated within the larger rubric of shamanism. It is, however, in the religions of Asia that meditation has been most developed as a religious method.
Meditation has played an important role in the ancient yogic traditions of Hinduism and also in more recent Hindu-based new religious movements such as Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's Transcendental Meditation program. But it is most especially in the monastic or "elite" forms of the various traditions of Buddhism (Theravada, Tibetan/Vajrayana, and Ch'an/Zen) that meditation techniques have taken center stage and have been developed to the highest degree of sophistication and complexity.
Short-Term Effects of Meditation vs. Relaxation on Cognitive Functioning. Contributors: Gillian King - author, Jeffrey Coney - author. Journal Title: Journal of Transpersonal Psychology. Volume: 38. Issue: 2. Publication Year: 2006. Page Number: 200+.
Authors cite the lack of relevant studies concerning the effect, if any, of meditation on short-term improvements in cognitive performance. The results of this study clearly showed that meditation, per se, does not produce a short-term improvement in cognitive performance compared to other relaxation techniques.
Fitness Industry in Hong Kong
Hong Kong is a densely populated, coastal city in Asia, where both Eastern and Western cultures meet. In this city-state of 7 million persons, the potential for the fitness industry (fitness clubs) to find consumer demand is evident in the government's recent emphasis on health and fitness as well as the entertainment industry's usage of body image to convey an impulse among consumers to mimic what they see. At the same time, Hong Kong has a distinctly Asian desire for fitness workouts that are more dance-oriented than in the West. Choreography is a big draw for Hong Kong fitness club users and the more complex the choreography, the more likely the draw. Still, fitness clubs also appeal to older consumers who want to belong to a club and who seek to achieve some activity in their lives, as there is limited open space in Hong…
hen Johnson defeated Jeffries, however, it unleashed white violence against blacks nationwide. "In ashington, D.C., the ashington Bee reported, 'hite ruffians showed their teeth and attacked almost every colored person they saw upon the public streets'."
Similar events occurred in New York City and tiny towns in the deep South. By the time Jackie Robinson left the Negro Leagues, the backlash was not nearly so pronounced. Arguably, the Negro Leagues kept violence at bay, while producing athletes of exceptional quality without risking Jim Crow law violence.
That, of course, is shining a favorable light on a tradition that is not worthy of accolade, and that arguably prevented numerous black ballplayers from receiving a fraction of their worth.
Today, few people understand the sociological factors that prevented black and white baseball players from competition with each other, as opponents or as members of racially mixed teams. They therefore know even…
Ayers, Edward L. 1993. The Promise of the New South: Life after Reconstruction. New York: Oxford University Press. Place of Publication: New York.
Bennett, Lerone, Jr. 1994. "Jack Johnson and the great white hope: historic boxer. Ebony, April. Available from www.findarticles.com. Accessed 7 February 2005.
Big Labor Day Celebration," (original document) Norfolk Journal and Guide, 8 September, 1917; available at http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5054/ . Accessed 7 February 2005.
Bill 'Bojangles' Robinson." 2004. International Tap Association, 13 December. Available from. http://www.tapdance.org/tap/people/bojangle.htm . Accessed 9 February 2005.
Michael Bennet-What makes him unique
Michael Bennett was born in 1943 under the full name of Michael Bennett DiFiglia. He was devoted to the theater and over the course of his life was a dancer, choreographer and director; before succumbing to AIDS complications at 44 years old. His unique style was his legacy to Broadway -- particularly regarding Musical Theater.
Musical theater has a rich and storied history; dating back centuries. First conceived as "narration with song and dance incorporated"; it was meant to glorify beautiful females, dancers, singers and the occasional comedian (eynolds, 882). Broadway Musicals were not always successful; but dance continued to be integral and professionals of all genres fell under the purview of the choreographer (eynolds 693).
By the 1970s the cost of staging a Broadway show was exorbitant. It was often decided to pare back dancing and choreography as a means of saving money (Clark).…
Clark, Daryl Kent. "Michael Bennett: A Singular Sensation,." 100 Treasures - Michael Bennett. Dance Heritage Coalition, Jan. 2012. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. From http://www.danceheritage.org/treasures/bennett_essay_clark.pdf
Cerasaro, P. 2013 Tony Awards Clip Countdown: #7 - Michael Bennett Masterpieces. 2013. Web. 8 Feb. 2014. http://www.broadwayworld.com/article/2013-Tony-Awards-Clip-Countdown-7-Michael-Bennett-Masterpieces-20130603
Cohen, Selma J., and Dance Perspective Foundation, eds. "Musical Theater."International Encyclopedia of Dance. Oxford: Oxford University, 2005. Online.
Dietz, Dan. Off Broadway Musicals, 1910-2007: Casts, Credits, Songs, Critical Reception and Performance Data of More than 1,800 Shows. Jefferson, NC: McFarland &, 2010. Print.
The first is the actors in the setting. The researcher will collect variables such as age and gender so as not to interfere with the natural setting of the revelers. The second category is the behaviors being carried out by these actors. These will be recorded as acts which are small units of behavior, activities which are a set of related acts and events which are a set of related acts in a sequence. The third category is the space that is occupied by these actors. This will essentially be an understanding of the setting of the underground rave. Information on ventilation, lighting, cleanliness, and setting of the underground rave will be collected. The fourth category is the arrangement of objects in the space. This will seek to collect information regarding the arrangement of tables, chairs, bars, and other items in the underground rave. The next category is the time…
Anderson, Tammy L. "Understanding the Alteration and Decline of a Music Scene: Observations from Rave Culture." Sociological Forum 24.2 (2009): 307-36. Print.
Aronson, E., T.D. Wilson, and M. Brewer. "Experimental Methods." The Handbook of Social Psychology. Eds. Gilbert, D., S. Fiske and G. Lindzey. 4th ed. Vol. 1. New York: Random House, 1998. 99-142. Print.
Creswell, J.W. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications, 2002. Print.
Demers, Joanna. "Dancing Machines: 'Dance Revolution', Cybernetic Dance, and Musical Taste." Popular Music 25.3 (2006): 401-14. Print.
Kinesthetic Learners Achievement Levels in Technology Rich Classrooms
Hypothesis With Operational Definitions
Computers and Kinesthetic Learning
The Challenge 2000 Multimedia Project
Collaborative Visualization (CoVis) Project
Apple Classroom of Tomorrow Project
American Culture in Context: Enrichment for Secondary Schools
SchoolNet / Rescol Report: The emerging contribution of online resources and tools to classroom learning and teaching
Lehrer HyperAuthor Study
The Highly Interactive Computing Environments (HI-CE) Group
Interactive technologies that are appealing to kinesthetic learning such as multimedia, hypermedia, and visualization in virtual learning environments hold great promise for enhancing the learning experience. A variety of research studies have produced results ranging from the ability of interactive computing not only to enhance the student's ability to absorb complex information, but also to fundamentally reshape the learning process.
Interactive computing holds exciting potential to create student-controlled learning environments in which students are more responsible for their own instruction. And,…
About learning and power. Retreived March 14, 2003 from Power Learning
Network Web Site: http://www.powerlearningnetwork.com/main/about.asp#Multiple
Bracewell, R., Breuleux, A., Laferriere, T., Benoit, J., and Abdous, M.
1998). The emerging contribution of online resources and tools to classroom learning and teaching.
As will be shown below, the bottled water market is increasingly competitive and consumers have a dazzling array of choices available to them. It is clear that Voss has taken this into account when developing its sophisticated packaging, some samples of which are shown in Figure ____ below.
Figure ____. epresentative Sampling of Voss Packaging Techniques.
Source: noisedfisk.com/illustrations/vosswater.jpg, www.uncrate.com/men/images/voss-water.jpg, http://www.urbanfare.com/featuredfare/images/weeklyad/voss_water.jpg
In fact, one new admirer of the Voss brand unashamedly proclaimed that even though she liked the water, it was the "wicked cool" Voss packaging that sold her: "Yesterday, I drank a few bottles of Voss Artesian Water from Norway. One was Still. One was Sparkling. Both were pretty good but its wicked cool glass bottle is the best thing about it. My friend Sharon said she paid $20 for a bottle of Voss at the tres upscale Michael Mina estaurant in San Francisco, which was more than she…
AquaMaestro: The Source for Fine Waters. (2007). Available: http://www.aquamaestro.com/innerview.asp?catid=33 .
Aras, Bulent. (2004). "The Future of Liberal Islam," Futures, 36(9), 1034.
Beer, Cider and FABs in Turkey to 2010," 2007, MarketResearch.com. Available: http://www.market research.com/product/display.asp?productid=1474151&xs=r.
Brown, F.E., S.J. Neary and M.S. Symes. The Urban Experience: A People Environment Perspective (London: E & FN Spon), 1994.
Exoticism in Nineteenth and Early-Twentieth Century Opera
The objective of this study is to answer as to what is meant by exoticism in nineteenth and early-twentieth century opera and as to what the appeal of exoticism to European librettists and composers. This work will take two operas as case studies and explore both the ways in which the librettists handle their subject matter and the ways in which the composers attempted to represent exoticism in musical terms. For the purpose of this study, the opera Salome by Richard Strauss and Aida by Giuseppe Verdi are chosen. This study will first examine Salome followed by an examination of Salome.
Salome the Opera
It has been said that Salome is the "most important event in German opera since the work of Richard Wagner." (Manitoba Opera 2011-2012) In fact, according to critics 'its concentrated power, eerie and sinister harmonies, and extraordinarily exotic orchestration…
Aida by Giuseppe Verdi (2011) Calgary Opera Study Guide of Aida. Retrieved from: http://www.calgaryopera.com/Aida%20Study%20Guide.pdf
Aida Giuseppe Verdi (2010) Canadian Opera Company. Retrieved from: http://files.coc.ca/studyguides/aidastudyguide.pdf
Guarracino, S. (2010) Verdi's Aida Across the Mediterranean. California Italian Studies. 2010. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/9tj7h4wv#page-5
Tydeman, W. And Price, S. (nd) Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from Google eBooks at: http://books.google.com/books?id=TaFB0epfdmQC&pg=PA133&lpg=PA133&dq=Aida+and+Salome:+exoticism&source=bl&ots=MVipLVcbF2&sig=YDLezJXbNciquCepaebOkq6tecY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QcwQT9_SMsnb0QGC6uSPAw&ved=0CDIQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=Aida%20and%20Salome%3A%20exoticism&f=false
Notwithstanding the challenges involved, the stakes are high and there is little room for false starts or experimentation; therefore, identifying a general set of best practices that Gambian organizations can follow in developing their own set of sustainable productivity practices represents a valuable and timely undertaking, which relates to the purpose of the study which is discussed further below.
Purpose of Study
The overall purpose of this study was to study to provide a review of the relevant juried and scholarly literature together with the findings of a survey of Gambian business leaders to generally identify the most pressing priorities for developing the nation's infrastructure and sustainable organizational productivity. The specific purpose of the study was to determine whether SMEs face the same types of challenges of to optimum performance as their larger corporate counterparts, and to identify any peculiar organizational characteristics that determine levels of performance between SMEs and…
About us. 2010. The Gambia Experience. Retrieved from http://www.gambia.co .uk/Docs/About' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
The amount of caffeine being consumed is apparently of great importance, as approximately 200 mg can increase one's chances to get better results on an attentiveness performance test while an approximate of 400 mg can do the opposite. Caffeine abuse can lead to serious problems in the case of people who need to be alert. Caffeine was tested in a series of other cognitive-related experiments but none of them produced satisfying results (Snel, Lorist, and Tieges 58).
Coffee contains numerous chemicals, each of them adding to its flavor and to the effects it produces on the body, with the most notable of them being caffeine. The aroma coffee releases is surely seductive, as there is nothing else like it. From the very first moment one opens the coffee recipient numerous microscopic particles are inhaled, stimulating the olfactory nerve, this sensation getting even more intense when the brew is actually ready…
1. Greene, Lindsey A. "New Grounds for Drinking Coffee," Environmental Health Perspectives 108.7 (2000).
2. Halweil, Brian. "Why Your Daily Fix Can Fix More Than Your Head: Coffee, If Grown Right, Can Be One of the Rare Human Industries That Actually Restore the Earth's Health," World Watch May 2002.
3. Pendergrast, Mark Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee and How It Transformed Our World (New York: Basic Books, 1999).
4. Snel, Jan. Lorist, Monicque M. And Tieges, Zoe. "4 Coffee, Caffeine, and Cognitive Performance," Coffee, Tea, Chocolate, and the Brain, ed. Astrid Nehlig (Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2004)
Bonding Over Bullets: Gun Fu is the Way to a Better Tomorrow
John Woo redefined the action film genre with his 1986 Hong Kong film A Better Tomorrow. Staring the Asian TV star Chow Yun Fat and movie star Ti Lung, the film transcended the action genre already well-established in the West by using the various tropes of the genre (gangsters, the conflicted family, brother-against-brother, friend-in-peril, reformed hood, betrayal, and so on), mixing in elements of melodrama and morality (both Buddhism and Christianity appear in the film), and layering it with stylized gun violence -- gunplay like swordplay -- in a manner that had never before been seen. The film played, in certain moments, like a dance -- bullets being used like rain to wash away all the problems and issues that otherwise could not be resolved. For both Chinese and Western audiences, the film was something new: it appealed…
A "linguist" would bring the slave broker on board the ship that had traveled upriver, and at that point there were negotiations and the broker (owner of the slaves that he had kidnapped) wanted to know of course what merchandise was being offered, what the commission the captain of the vessel was to receive, and he wanted to know what other offers might be out there on the coast from the other slavers. At the end of the day, if the broker liked the deal, and if the trader liked the slaves that the broker brought to the river (or the coast), the company "surgeon" was called in to check the health of the prisoners, and if that passed muster, a deal was struck. The male slaves were put in irons on the main deck; the children and women (not ironed) were placed on the quarterdeck; and the boys were…
Anstey, Roger. (1975). The Atlantic Slave Trade and British Abolition 1760-1810. Atlantic
Highlands, NY: Humanities Press.
Dodson, Howard, Moore, Christopher Paul, and Yancy, Roberta. (2009). Becoming American:
The African-American Journey. New York: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
The 2007 BCB survey averaged out to 7.5 out of a possible 10 "with regard to the perception of the services it offers." In the section dedicated to Barcelona's "worldwide image" the 2007 survey reached 8 out of ten from those visitors participating in the survey.
Spain isn't the only attractive meetings tourism destination by any means. There are countries all over the world seeking to attract business travelers that are part of conventions, conferences, seminars and other business-related gatherings. China is also an appealing destination for meetings tourism. The Jiangsu Tourism Company spells out some "useful tips for Meeting Planning in China" (http://tastejiangsu.com).
The old Japanese saying, "The protruding nail gets hammered down" is linked by the travel service to the possibility that some business travelers that are part of a meetings tourism group may commit a "major faux pas" during the business sessions. Hence, the ebsite explains, one…
About.com. "What is Adventure Travel." Retrieved Nov. 16, 2010, from http://www.adventuretravel.about.com . (2010).
Bawaba, Al. "Malaysia Still Has Room to Grow in Health Tourism, Says Liow." Malaysian
Government News. Retrieved Nov. 16, 2010, from GaleGroup.
Berger, Karen. "Types of Adventure Travel Tours: Challenges, Features of Soft, Medium, and Hard-Core Adventure Trips." Suite101.com. Retrieved Nov. 16, 2010, from http://www.suite101.com (2009).
76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…
And as with male road pictures, it is sex that threatens to divide the two women. Not when they unite to blow up the truck of a leering, misogynistic truck driver, but when the drifter they pick up tires to exploit them and Thelma's attraction towards him. Thelma is more flighty and sexual, and her youthful, sexual drive, unfulfilled in her relationship with her husband, causes the events that propel the narrative of the road picture, and perpetually frustrates Louise. The film does seem to imply that women cannot have sex, love, freedom, and power but then again most road pictures suggest that men cannot settle down into marriage with women and still glory in the freedom of the road. Like the women's relationships, the male relationships of road pictures often seem homoerotic in their intensity and disdain of the opposite gender's compassion. However, when transposed onto a feminine narrative,…
Thelma and Louise." Directed by Ridley Scott. 1991.
Related to the above is the view that the origins and history of the development of Rap music are strongly related to the resistance to various forms of colonialism and oppression that Black people have experienced and which has shaped the style and form of Rap music. This also refers to ideological and colonial hegemonies and perceived racial and cultural prejudice that has been a major motivating force in this form of artistic expression.
This can be linked to theories of ideological hegemony that are seen as pivotal aspect in the development of Black consciousness and consequently in the musical expression of that consciousness. According to theorists like Gramsci, ideological hegemony functions by control and domination not only through force but also through cultural forms of persuasion. In other words, the best way to achieve control over a subordinate group is by "...means of cultural domination among all sectors…
KEYES C.L. (2002) Rap Music and Street Consciousness. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Kopano, Baruti N. "Rap Music as an Extension of the Black Rhetorical Tradition: "Keepin' it Real." The Western Journal of Black Studies 26.4 (2002): 204+. Questia. 31 Mar. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001926756 .
Music in the 21st century was accused of being increasingly derivative and irrelevant. Interest in individual performers, in the era of iTunes, was being relegated to the sidelines as teens assembled their own 'mixes' rather than sought to embrace the output of an individual artist. It was said that the era of the great soloist and the great musical concept album was dead. ith her first album The Fame in 2008, Lady Gaga changed all of that and silenced the industry's critics. Yes, she is frequently outrageous and provokes controversy for her attire as well as her voice. But underneath all of the glam and glitter, Lady Gaga has proved that she a unique mix of vocal talent, showmanship, and social activism. She has also generated a huge following on Facebook and Twitter. Lady Gaga's fans do not simply download "Poker Face," "Telephone" and "Born this ay" online. They love…
"Lady Gaga tells all." Rolling Stone. June 21, 2010. [November 11, 2011].
"Poker Face." Lyrics. [November 11, 2011].
There is an old cliche that contemporary music, especially popular music, is without lasting significance or quality. The truth is just the opposite. Contemporary music is extremely creative, and employs a wide range of styles and draws on many traditions around the world. In fact, contemporary composers and singers encompass all the known traditions and rich styles of the past, in both western and eastern cultures, in mainstream society as well as indigenous groups. Contemporary music is all music -- from string quartets like the Kronos Quartet, whose classically trained string quartet offers jagged, minimalist, modern music that has won many fans, to the seminal and groundbreaking work of popular singer/composers like Paul Simon, who in his Rhythm of the Saints album, employed African and tribal percussion. Contemporary music can be rock and roll, rap, classical, gospel, jazz, country western, or world music (music of other cultures).
Dylan, Bob. Lyrics 1962-2002. Simon & Schuster (2002).
Dylan, Bob and Ellison, James. Younger Than That Now: The Collected Interviews With Bob Dylan Thunders Mouth Press (2002).
Grout, Donald J. And Palisca, Claude. A History of Western Music, 6th Edition. W.W. Norton & Company (2000).
Kostka, Stefan. Tonal Harmony, With an Introduction to 20th Century Music. McGraw-Hill. (2000).
Aging in the Bucket List and Cocoon
Aging and its natural consequence -- death -- are subjects that raise diverse emotions among persons involved in these processes. Some embrace these pivotal moments in life, some attempt to avoid them. The two films The Bucket List and Cocoon give examples of how different people deal with the issue of aging and death. This paper will examine these films from the perspective of the characters' physical and mental health, their family and social issues, their economic status and social service usage, and cultural diversity issues.
The Bucket List is a 2007 comedy-drama about two strangers who meet in a hospital: Carter is an African-American blue-collar worker, a family man and an amateur historian but a mechanic by trade; Edward is a white, billionaire health care tycoon, who is estranged from his daughter. Forced to share a room in the hospital, the two…
Howard, R. Director. (1985). Cocoon. LA: 20th Century Fox.
Morgan, L., Kunkel, S. (2011). Aging, Society and the Life Course. NY: Springer.
Reiner, R. Director. (2007). The Bucket List. LA: Warner Bros.
Van Hoof, J., Kort, H., Van Waarde, H., Blom, M. (2010). Environmental interventions and the design of homes for older adults with dementia: an overview. American Journal of Alzheimers Disease and Other Dementia, 25(3): 202-32.
Grandmaster and Gong Er: Wong Kar Wai's Ip Man and the Women of Kung Fu
Wong Kar Wai's Grandmaster begins with a stylish kung fu action sequence set in the rain. Ip Man battles a dozen or so no-names before doing a one-on-one show with another combatant who appears to be at equal skill and strength. Ip Man handily defeats him and walks away unscathed. Thanks to fight choreography by Chinese director and martial arts choreographer Yuen Woo-ping (The Matrix, Kill Bill, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon), the sequence would seem to set up a different sort of movie than what follows, which is a mostly soulful, introspective look at period in the life of Ip Man. Wong Kar Wai gravitates towards dramatic license in many places -- especially with the fictional character of Gong Er, who repeatedly enters and re-enters Ip Man's life in the film (even though no such…
In conjunction with these car ads, car insurance companies took advantage of this by advertising their services as well. Car insurance companies that I noticed advertising through billboards were Safeco, Progressive, and All State. Progressive provided a catchy and positive note to its ad by having the slogan, "Happy drivers make good drivers." From what I can recall in the All State ad, it mentioned something about safe driving, again with a catchy phrase: "Safe driving bonus for not driving like a paparazzi." These car insurance ads, particularly for Progressive and All State, tackle issues relevant to motorists, their target market: both chose to discuss driving behavior, using different ad 'treatments.' Progressive addressed reckless/irresponsible driving by focusing on the ideal driving behavior and its positive outcome, that is, drivers must have a happy temperament in order to be a good driver. All State, meanwhile, chose to go the opposite route…
In his novels he focused on characters, motivations, and reactions to the forces around his characters. He realistically examined Spanish politics, economy, religion, and family through the eyes of the middle class, addressing the cruelty of human beings against each another in his novels Miau and Misericordia. Galdos was called the conscience of Spain for his realistic observations of society with all its ills. (Columbia 2005) His plays were less successful than his novels.
In 1907 he became deputy of the Republican Party in Madrid. He went blind in 1912, but overcoming this tragedy, he continued to dictate his books until his death. Other works translated into English are Tristana (tr. 1961) and Compassion (tr. 1962) Outside Spain his Novelas Espanolas Contemporaneas are the most popular. Perez Galdos was elected to the "Real Academia Espanola" Real Academia Espanola (Royal Spanish Academy) in 1897. A statue of him was raised in…
The Academy of American Poets" Poets.org. 1997-2007. http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/348 .
Cole, Toby, (ed.). "Garc'a Lorca" in Playwrights on Playwrighting, 1961.
Hills, Elijah Clarence and Morley, S. Griswold, Modern Spanish Lyrics, New York: H. Holt, 1913.
Jehle, Fred F. Anthology of Spanish Poetry: A Collection of Spanish Poems, 1999. http://users.ipfw.edu/jehle/poetry.htm.
In both the conflicts, the strong will of the athletes help them to overcome the obstacles or conflicts that they faced.
The aesthetic appeal was the main characters Lidell played by Ian Charleson and Abrahams played by Ben Cross. Both the actors had execute their role well and make a big impact on the viewers. The screenplay is also realistic and the story line is strong and powerful. This makes it an all-time great classic for viewers.
1. In this review, the critics felt that the movie was much slower than it should have been. But, they still liked the strong concepts and its underlying themes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/chariots_of_fire/
2. The critics in this review rate it as one of the best movies that is ideal for children aged ten and up. They critic it as a good family movie that can lay the foundation for kids to understand…
Koster, Olinka. (26 October 2007). Modern Day Hero runs away with Chariots of Fire Chellnge. Daily Mail. Retrieved from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-490027/Modern-day-hero-runs-away-Chariots-Fire-challenge.html
Mosher, Stephen David. (February 1982). Sport Movies Grow Up. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. Pp35-36.
America's Cuban Conundrum
The Helms-Burton Act and the Cuban-American Trade Relations
The United States and Cuba have had increased amounts of hostility toward each other present in their relations ever since the Cuban revolution. Not only did Cuba nationalize property held by U.S. interests during the revolution, but also Cuba became an ally to Russia during the Cold ar; which was critical to the Soviet strategy since Cuba is in close proximity to the U.S. Both actions consequently undermined the stated values of the American free-market system in regards to America's corporate holdings in the country. This tension has furthermore been manifested by blatantly vocal opposition on both sides of the dispute. In this paper such ongoing tension will be illustrated by one of the most timely and extreme examples of hostility in foreign relations as well as propose an avenue for future trade arrangements.
Cuban Pretexts for Military Action…
Alejandre, A., & Costa, C. (1999, September 29). Human Rights Library. Retrieved January 29, 2010, from University of Minnesota: http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/cases/86-99.html
Brothers to the Resue. (2010, January 29). Background and Information. Retrieved January 29, 2010, from hermanos.org: http://www.hermanos.org/Background%20and%20Information.htm
Canadian Senate. (1996). 45 Elizabeth II. Retrieved January 29, 2010, from House Publications: http://www2.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?pub=bill&doc=C-54&parl=35&ses=2&language=E&File=16
Snow, A. (2010, October 26). Cuba embargo: UN vote urges U.S. To lift embargo. Retrieved January 29, 2010, from The Christian Science Monitor: http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Latest-News-Wires/2010/1026/Cuba-embargo-UN-vote-urges-U.S.-to-lift-embargo
In music, most artists will face a number of challenges. This is because there are struggles they will endure to become successful. At the same time, they have to be able to remain relevant and adapt with the music. This means creating a unique sound which can combine a number of elements together. In the case of Tori Amos, she was able to create a one of a kind genre that took the traditions of the singer -- songwriter from the 1970s and augmented them with an alternative -- punk sound. This created a new form of women entertainer, who wanted to use this as a way to highlight social messages in their songs. While at the same time, it is giving women a sense of empowerment in the way they carried themselves and performed.
As a result, there will be an examination of the influences of Tori…
"The Bee Keeper." Tori Amos. Last modified 2011.
"Parasol Lyrics." Song Meanings. Last modified 2012.
"Why do you want to get married, anyway?" She looked at Leo and shook her head. "Are those flowers like they put on a grave, is that why you're chanting for the dead? Violets? Roses?"
She wore white, and the pale cloth hung upon her shoulders like a shroud. But the cut was like a child's cut, a child's first white dress. It was soiled, Leo could see now that his eyes had adjusted to the light, at its hem.
Do you smoke?" she said. She lit another cigarette and took the flowers, smelled them. "The tobacco kills my sense of smell, but they're beautiful. I'm going to the pictures and to the automat -- do you want to come?"
Leo hesitated. He could feel Salzman's presence nearby, although the changing had ceased. "I wouldn't want to intrude."
You're intruding on nothing -- I was going alone. But you're welcome…
In his own words he is -- "more like a chef, because I bring my personal taste in sound." (Waves. com (b))
6) Who were/are the engineer's important artists?
Some of the most noted works were for these musicals -- "Genesis the Lamb Lies Down on Broadway & a Trick of the Tail are masterpieces the others are -- Deep Purple Machine Head, Frampton Comes Alive, Led Zeppelin, the Who Quadrophenia, Pink Floyd Wish You Were Here, Def Leppard Hysteria and Chic Good Times." (Waves. com (b)). Some noted songs were Joe Cocker's Unchain My Heart album, Tina Turner's Foreign Affair album, remixes of Madonna's 'La Isla Bonita', Springsteen's 'Dancing in the Dark', 'Cover Me', and 'Born in the U.S.A.'. Carly Simon's Coming Around Again album and 12'Khan's Destiny album, the olling Stones' "Too Much Blood" and more like the ocky IV soundtrack, Some sound tracks he produced include the…
BBC. Chris Lord-Alge Biography. BBC, 2012,
Molly, M. Sound Sampling Protection and Infringement in Today's Music Industry" High
Tech. L.J. vol. 4, no. 1, 1989, pp: 147-151.
Tin Drum, by Gunter Grass. Specifically, it will focus on two particular chapters. First, Chapter 27 (Inspection of Concrete, or arbaric, Mystical, ored), and Chapter 28 (The Imitation of Christ). The question posed is: what is the historical, thematic, and stylistic significance of those two chapters on the book? Gunter Grass' "The Tin Drum" is a historic look at a Polish family with a young son stunted by an accident. Oskar turns out to be a performing midget, who is ludicrous and yet endearing. The themes of the book are complex, and the style is demanding, but it is a rewarding read that causes the reader to think, to feel, and to sometimes agree with the author's clearly defined themes.
THE TIN DRUM
Gunter Grass won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1999. Written in 1959, "The Tin Drum" is his first novel, with a dwarfish main character named Oskar,…
Grass, Gunter. The Tin Drum. New York: Pantheon Book, 1962.
To Be Continued.' The 1999 Nobel Lecture." World Literature Today, 74.1. 2000. pp. 10-18.
music of Ives, Copland, Angier, and Reich reflect an American sound? Does one sound more American than another or do you connect with one more than another? hich one, why?
The definition of a quintessentially American sound often is based on the music's inspiration. For example, Aaron Copland's Appalachian Spring is often called the archetypical American work of song, blending folk dances and sounds of the American mountain region into a ballet that is both classical and primeval all at once. However, according to Copland when he elaborated on his creative process: "I can't tell you how many times people have said to me after seeing the ballet, 'hen I see that ballet I can just see the Appalachians and hear your music and feel spring.' Neither of which I knew anything about when I was writing the score" (Thomas, "Copeland). The recurring motif of the work is both simple…
"John Angier music composer." International film and TV production resources. 2 Dec 2013.
Swafford, Jan. "Charles Edward Ives." Charles Ives. 1998. 2 Dec 2013.
Film Begets Film And Real Begets Fake: Woody Allen's Zelig
Woody Allen's Zelig represents many classic potentialities and limitations of the mockumentary. Predating the "mockumentary" designation by a full year, Zelig helped pioneer the mockumentary's use of clever parody to entertain, expose the fallibility of "historical" archival footage, prick the conscience and soothe. Simultaneously, Zelig suffered and suffers from the limitations of the mockumentary, as parasite and slave to the documentary, inherent filmed format and key components imitated to the point of triteness. espite Zelig's relatively early techniques and presentation, it remains squarely within the mockumentary mode.
Body: Film Begets Film and Real Begets Fake: Woody Allen's Zelig
The term "mockumentary" is a synthetic word stemming from a comment in 1984's This is Spinal Tap. In that film, documentarian Marty iBergi referred to his work as a "rockumentary, if you will" (oherty 24). In a small leap from that term,…
During Zelig's first wave of celebrity, medical experts -- including psychiatrist Dr. Eudora Nesbitt Fletcher -- unsuccessfully analyze him. Then, upon his return from Italy, Dr. Fletcher takes Zelig to the isolation of the countryside and so successfully "cures" his malady that Zelig attacks an expert because Zelig disagrees with the expert's correct statement that it's a nice day. A "cured" Zelig now travels the U.S. with renewed celebrity status, giving motivational speeches about "being yourself." In addition, Zelig and Dr. Fletcher -- who is also famous due to Zelig's cure -- announce their engagement, at which point multiple women come forward to claim that Zelig married them while he was in one of his chameleon forms. Now that Zelig is accused of bigamy and adultery, the easily manipulated public turns against him, pressuring him to return to his chameleon disease and disappear. Dr. Fletcher searches for Zelig and finds him in a newsreel of Hitler; consequently, she travels to German and sees that Zelig is in Hitler's inner circle. Seeing Fletcher, Zelig comes out of his chameleon existence once again and they both return to America. The gullible and manipulated public now celebrates Zelig with a ticker tape parade in New York City. Zelig and Fletcher then marry and fade into obscurity.
Ideally, the mockumentary has several powerful potentialities. Typically, it is a clever, provocative parody of the documentary genre (Grossman 271-2). Zelig, for example beautifully imitates the black-and-white documentaries of the 1970's which purported to give an accurate and complete history. Without the benefit of digital film or CGI, Allen inserts himself as Zelig in numerous historically important scenarios. Zelig's revisionist history, just this side of reality in that Zelig poses with real historical characters (Doherty 24), "incinerated" the naive reliance on archival film as an accurate conveyor of history. Furthermore, to buttress the supposed historical reliability of his mockumentary, Allen used a then-key innovation that has been used ad nauseum: real experts such as Susan Sontag and Saul Bellow, to lend superficial credence to the truthfulness of his mocking historical account (Doherty 23). By almost seamlessly inserting Zelig into archival footage, the film shows the fallibility of film as genuine history.
Zelig also succeeded in fulfilling another potentiality of the mockumentary: parodying the modern concept of celebrity and human nature, particularly modern man's wish to conform, assimilate and belong (Genter). Through the use of comedy and keen historical mockery, Zelig succeeds in cultural critique of those facets, prompting audiences to "self-conscious analysis" of our tendency toward those human weaknesses (Grossman 272). By raising Zelig to celebrity, then lowering him to despised status, then raising him to celebrity, then relegating him to obscurity, the film forces the audience to examine our gullibility, easy manipulation and persistent problem in distinguishing fact from fiction in our celebrity-obsessed, image-obsessed culture (Grossman 283). Consequently, even as the audience laughs at the
Mourning Becomes Electra
It must have come as something of a shock for the original audience of Eugene O'Neill's Mourning Becomes Electra in 1931 to take their seats, open their programs, and discover that this extremely lengthy trilogy of plays does not actually contain a character named "Electra." This may seem like an obvious point, but it is one worth considering as we approach O'Neill's American analogue to the Oresteia of Aeschylus -- the title essentially gives away the plot. Yet this would have been precisely the case with the original audience in fifth century Athens for a Greek tragedy: they arrived already knowing the myth of Electra or Oedipus or Medea, and so therefore what was being witnessed was, in some sense, a ritual re-enactment rather than a plot-driven narrative. Even the rare Greek tragedy that does introduce surprise into its plot, like the Orestes of Euripides, does so…
Bringing Dick's Sporting Goods Into Mexico
Dick's Sporting Goods is a company that is specialized in the manufacture and sale of sports gear within America and other 45 states around the world. It was started in the year 1948 by one ex-soldier, ichard Stack. After the World War 2, ichard retired and started this company. In a short while, the company grew to countries beyond the United States of America. The company also increased the capacity of its production and expanded the market. In all instances, the expansion was done to areas that were in need of the sports regalia. With developments in new sports in the world, the company has been in the forefront diversifying their production. This way, the company has kept being accustomed to the situation in the market. The expansion has also spanned through the areas of technology to bring new products that are better than…
American Football Teams in Mexico. (2010). S.L.: General Books.
Browne, M., & Steane, P. (2011). Cases in Strategic Management. South Yarra, [Australia: Macmillan Education Australia.
Cateora, P. (2010). International Marketing (5th Ed.). Homewood, Ill.: R.D. Irwin.
Higgs, T. (2010). Strategic Analysis Of Dick's Sporting Goods, Inc. New York: Paperbag
Introduction & Background of the Company: Olive Garden
Global Marekting Environment Analysis
French Politics, ules & egulations
French Society & Culture
Opportunities & Threats
Global Competition Analysis
Entry Strategies Discussion & Evaluation
Entry Strategy Selection & Discussion
Target Market Analysis & Segmentation
Target Market Analysis
ecommended Target Market Analysis
Target Market Segmentation ecommendation
-- Global Marketing Mix Strategies
-- Product Strategy in France
- Current Product Strategy with Examples
ecommended Product Strategy
-- Price Strategy in France
-- Current Price Strategy with Examples
-- ecommended Price Strategy
-- Promotion Strategy in France
6.3.1 -- Current Promotion Strategy with Examples
-- ecommended Promotion Strategy 9
6.4 -- Place Strategy in France & #8230;.9
6.4.1 -- Current Place Strategy with Examples 9
6.4.2 -- ecommended Place Strategy 9
1.2 - Executive Summary
France is one of the more prominent and…
Bachman, J. (2013). Olive Garden's Parent Needs a Fix, but Would a Company Split Help?. Businessweek.com. Retrieved 2 July 2015, from http://www.bloomberg.com/bw/articles/2013-12-17/olive-gardens-parent-needs-a-fix-but-would-a-company-split-help
Buffalo Grill. (2015). Restaurants Buffalo Grill: retrouvez votre restaurant Buffalo Grill. Buffalo-grill.fr. Retrieved 2 July 2015, from http://www.buffalo-grill.fr/restaurants/recherche
CIA. (2015). The World Factbook. Cia.gov. Retrieved 2 July 2015, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fr.html
Daily Mail,. (2010). Popular French fast food chain causes controversy by introducing halal-only food. Mail Online. Retrieved 2 July 2015, from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1308366/Popular-French-fast-food-chain-Quick-causes-controversy-introducing-halal-food.html
Integration in the CI/HUMINT Community
An Analysis of the Benefits of Integration in the CI/HUMINT Community and Strategies for Effective Implementation
The success of any counterinsurgency operation depends largely on the effectiveness and appropriateness of intelligence gathered. Human subjects are a crucial source of intelligence for counterinsurgency operations. Several years back, the U.S. Armed Forces opened up opportunities for women to occupy specific positions in counterintelligence/human intelligence (CI/HUMINT) discipline. However, women still remain underrepresented in the same, and researchers remain largely divided on whether their participation in the same ought to be increased. esearchers have raised concern that the decision to integrate women into HUMINT units could cost the country dearly in the long-term as it is likely to ruin unit cohesion and impede on overall effectiveness. Proponents of the whole idea of integration have, however, argued that the inclusion of women in HUMINT units will actually enhance…
Alderman, M. I. (1993). Women in Direct Combat: What is the Price for Equality? School for Advanced Military Studies Monograph, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
Al-Ali, N. & Pratt, N. (2009). What Kind of Liberation: Women and the Occupation of Iraq. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Bartone, P.T. Johnsen, B.H. Eid, J. Brun, W. & Laberg, J.C. (2002). Factors Influencing Small-Unit Cohesion in Norwegian Navy Officer Cadets. Military Psychology, 14(1), 1-22.
Beal, D.J. Cohen, R.R. Burke, M.J. & McLendon, C.L. (2003). Cohesion and Performance in Groups: A Meta-Analytic Clarification of Construct Relations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88 (6), 989-1004.
Early Childhood Special Education and English Second Language Capstone Proposal
As Tomlinson (2010) points out in "Notes from an Accidental Teacher," a "zeal for learning" is one of the five elements and practices that make up effective teaching (p. 22). This element has the most significance for me because I count it as the most essential aspect of what it means to be able to teach -- one must be eager to learn. A teacher cannot pass on to students what he or she does not know or already possess. Thus if a teacher has no zeal for learning, it is to be expected that the teacher will have nothing to pass on to students. The desire to learn and to accumulate understanding is a necessary foundation for teaching: it is like the soil full of nutrients that the tree's roots must stretch out and reach so as to obtain…
Dobbs, D. (2011, October). Beautiful brains. National Geographic, 220(4), 36-59.
Landecker, H. (2009). Diagram this headline in one minute, if you can. Chronicle of Higher Education, 55(36): 10-12.
Sipe, R. B. (2006). Grammar Matters. The English Journal, 95(5): 15-17.
Vera, E. M., Israel, M. S (2012). Exploring the educational involvement of parents of English learners. School Community Journal, 22(2), 183-189.
Melvilles Spouter Inn
Some of the best descriptive essayexamples can be found among the writings of the greatest authors. Consider a chapter in Moby-Dick by Herman Melville: every chapter of that book is like a mini-descriptive essay. Look at the way Melville uses description to create atmospheric effect in the first line of Chapter 3: The Spouter Inn from Moby-Dick: Entering that gable-ended Spouter-Inn, you found yourself in a wide, low, straggling entry with old-fashioned wainscots, reminding one of the bulwarks of some condemned old craft. Melville uses words like condemned to convey a sense of foreboding and doom, and the adjectives wide, low, straggling produce a claustrophobic effect on the readerone that pulls him in with force. Melville also uses consonance, assonance and alliteration to make the words flow more enjoyably and give the description a kind of musical quality. Go to any chapter in Moby-Dick and you will…
According to Fred Vogelstein in his anecdotally-driven “And Then Steve Said, ‘Let There Be an iPhone’,” Steve Jobs was a very driven leader—determined to unite showmanship with performance, and he manifested this determination in no uncertain words, often expressing his dissatisfaction with his engineers by telling them directly, sternly and seriously, “‘You are [expletive] up my company,’ or, ‘If we fail, it will be because of you.’ He was just very intense. And you would always feel an inch tall” (Vogelstein). Jobs did not mince words or dance around what he wanted. Even if what he wanted was technically impossible—like sending radio waves through metal—he would insist that the engineers figure out a way to bring his vision to life. He was insistent, but he could back up his insistence with a vision that was truly innovative and revolutionary, which made his insistence meaningful.
Vogelstein identifies other personality traits of…
In the scene where the Emperor and his aides argue about the language for the new opera, one of the aides notes, "Plain German for plain people," and "German is too brutal" ("Amadeus"). Underlying this conversation is the idea that the north could not possibly be civilized or educated, and only the elite and attuned listened to the classical music emanating from Italy. This also indicates how the culture was changing, and indicates the difference between the two composers. Mozart welcomed writing in German, but was open to any language, while Salieri plodded along in Italian. He was not open to change and innovation, while Mozart championed it in his music and his life.
Throughout the film, it is clear Salieri cannot grow to accept the changes in Classical music. He represents the old morals of the enaissance, while Mozart represents the new morals of the Enlightenment that would forge…
Amadeus. Dir. Milos Forman. Perf. F. Murray Abraham, Tom Hulse. Orion Pictures, 1984.
Dockers is a Levi Strauss brand that was initially launched in 1986. Throughout the 1990s Dockers rode a wave of success as business casual gained acceptance in the workplace, and khakis became the pants of choice in mens casual wear. Dockers was at the forefront of the business casual movement and its brand became synonymous with khakis. Such success spurred brand expansion; in 1998 Dockers launched a line of clothing for women, and eventually clothing for children. Over the next several years, the Dockers brand expanded internationally and entered other product categories, such as accessories and clothing beyond khaki pants.
With such expansion, though, came lack of focus as Dockers moved farther away from the early success of its original model. Karen iley-Grant, the current director of global consumer marketing for Dockers says that the brand "…went through a kind of midlife crisis, splintering the message and our advertising started…
Duffy, S. (2010). The Superbowl's biggest winners were also its biggest losers. Brand rants. February, 2010. Accessed July 8, 2010, from http://www.brandrants.com/2010/02/index.html.
Levi Strauss. (2010). 2009 annual report. Accessed July
9, 2010, from http://www.levistrauss.com/investors/annual-reports .
Marsh, A. (2009). How to market in a downturn. Bnet.com.
III. Instructional Format
The instruction in this instance to teenagers concerning substance abuse would likely be presented first in an informative way such as a slide show or short talk about the facts associated with substance abuse. It would be highly effective to have someone the same age as the teens who has had a problem with substance abuse to come into the classroom and talk with the teens about the 'real-life' experience of substance abuse. According to the work reviewed a small informal group would be the optimal learning environment for teens being instructed concerning substance abuse. Furthermore, the 'Interpersonal Realm' will be fertile learning ground in this instance in that it is a "therapeutic, supportive" environment that is "conducive to providing quality educational interaction" with the learners contributing through their interest and responsiveness to the subject in the group interactions.
Stanhope, Marcia & Lancaster, Jeanette (nd) "Community…
Stanhope, Marcia & Lancaster, Jeanette (nd) "Community and Public Health Nursing" 6th edition.
Target: Teens (Teaching Theories & Instructional Methods)