Receipt of information is not typically confirmed, either by internal or external users. For the most part, the people uploading new information do not need to know whether or not the information has been received. There are exceptions -- customer service staff updating an order will want to know that the updated information has been received. They will typically see a note (subset information accessed via the bar code) on their computer screens that confirms that the new information has been received centrally. But because end users (especially external ones like receivers) have no direct connection with the sender of the information (pick-up couriers, package handles), and the latter group only holds the package for a few seconds or hours, there is no need for receipt to be confirmed.
In general, the information is relayed via wireless towers to the centralized information center. It is unlikely that there would be…… [Read More]
There are many different methods for creating and utilizing such systems, and one large set or class of such approaches has been labeled the Systems Development Lifecycle Approach. In this perspective, systems or projects are seen as being continuous processes made up of constituent parts, each one of which feeds into the next. There are many different ways to view or arrange separate system elements or project phases within the larger Systems Development Lifecycle Approach, but regardless of which specific system perspective is utilized the basic structure remains the same: one part of a system or project must be competed and the output utilized further along, possibly in a cyclical relationship and sometimes in a more linear fashion (Kay, 2002; adack, 2012). Using this approach in large corporations is now quite commonplace.
In order to begin the standardized use of a Systems Development Lifecycle Approach within a multinational organization, there…… [Read More]
Telecommunication equipment industry has undergone drastic developments and changes since the 1990s. The telecommunication equipment industry has become quite popular due to the tremendous increase in the use of communication services all over the world. This paper provides a deep insight into the major manufacturers involved in the telecommunication equipment industry. It also highlights the core policy transformations and privatization changes occurring in the global telecommunication industry which is affecting the service providers present in the industry.
Telecommunication equipment industry has encountered tremendous development in a consistent way since its very inception. The term "telecommunication equipment" comprises of a variety of telecommunication related devices which are manufactured by several vendors spanning over the entire industry. The demand for new and better services has actually fueled up the purchase of advanced telecommunication equipment all over the world (Brown, 2011). The changing regulatory environment of the telecommunication industry has affected…… [Read More]
An example of this is how quickly Microsoft responded to their exclusion of the Internet as a viable strategy shift. Using a global telecommunications system and their global knowledge management network, they were able to quickly devise a product roadmap and recruit developments who knew the Web development platforms better than anyone did globally. This shift in strategy saved Microsoft from facing a daunting task of playing catch-up to Google, who ascended quickly to prominence in the late 1990s, just about the time Microsoft had begun to reach critical mass in their Web-based development plans. Telecommunications and the process-based modifications to the Microsoft business model is what made their response so accurate and fast. If a telecommunications network was not in place or not optimally used, the entire process would have lagged and the entire process of necessary innovation to survive would have fallen flat (Walters, Bhattacharjya, Chapman, 2011). The…… [Read More]
The university has policy and standards, promotes awareness, risk management, business recovery planning, incident management, data security, and technical security. UTPA houses an Information Security office that continuously analyzes and assesses information security risk in critical state systems and develops appropriate safeguards and strategies to reduce loss exposure. elated practices include conducting risk analysis and assessment, assessing network and systems vulnerability, and developing and managing strategic and tactical plans.
Data recovery is very important to UTPA, as well. In some instances, a failure to recover data may occur. The information may be very important for a particular office to function properly and to offer the best services to its students, for example, a health office or disability services for students. This information is crucial to have, especially if it is on a database and highly confidential. The university has a policy and procedure in place in order to recover information…… [Read More]
ATM-based WANs are therefore one of the most efficient yet costly approaches for ensuring a high degree of responsiveness to global teams working collaboratively on complex, involved projects.
The majority of global teams however rely on Frame elay WANs that average 45 Mbps and cost significantly less than ATM networks. Frame elay WANs support both switchable and fixed configuration, are scalable to support bursts in audio and digital traffic and also have global wide availability. As more projects become more global in scope, Frame elay as a WAN technology option is increasingly being chosen in mid-size and small companies. Smaller businesses that have global partnerships are using new techniques to optimize their Frame elay networks to gain the cost advantages and lower total cost of ownership that is possible using VoIP and data interchange standards (Awan, Shih, Durresi, 2008). Frame elay and ATM networks are prevalent in globalized companies that…… [Read More]
Globalization has had a remarkable effect on both the technological developments and the cultural attributes of a number of companies. Instant global communication is now possible, and individuals know they can instantly communicate with almost anywhere in the world -- and at an affordable cost. The more technology improves, the more this global economy, culture, and society develops. Of course, globalization continues to break down societal barriers, and one of the key elements to this is communication. As this trend continues, and geometrically advances, it is essential for telecommunications companies to understand and meet the needs of numerous ethnic and multicultural employees. In a society that is becoming more and more pluralistic, the diversity of individuals as employees continues to be complex for managers and coworkers alike. For organizations to remain successful, they will need a supply of trained telecommunications engineering professionals that will continue to drive innovation…… [Read More]
The law's intended purpose of preventing and detecting future attacks was the dominant concern of lawmakers. Yet, the hasty manner in which the law passed through Congressional lawmaking processes causes opponents to argue that lawmakers gave disproportionate consideration to the law enforcement and intelligence community's viewpoint in drafting the provisions. It is thought that in the future the law will face many challenges in the court system. Even though the security concerns of the United States may have temporarily overridden these challenges, it is possible that certain controversial provisions of the law may not withstand judicial challenges in the future (Patriot Act, 2009).
Communications networks are often thought of as a defining feature of modem life. Hundreds of millions of Americans use the postal system, the telephone network, and the Intemet to communicate with each other everyday. Although these technologies differ from each other in important ways, they share one…… [Read More]
The telephone system used at my workplace is a Cisco Unity Express. It is a telephone system that integrates messaging, voicemail, fax, automated-attendant, interactive voice response (IVR), and time-card management all in one. The system was specifically designed for small-to-medium size offices and branch offices.
The professional automated attendant allows all calls to be handled 24 hours a day without the need for a dedicated operator. Calls can be directed either by the extension or by dial-by-name when the specific extension is not known. The voicemail system lets employees access messages at any time from any telephone. The system immediately alerts employees to calls by the message -- waiting indicator on their Cisco Unified IP Phones or analog phones connected to a Cisco Voice Gateway. Applications such as VoiceView Express let you use the display on the Cisco Unified IP Phone to visually navigate through voice messages and…… [Read More]
13. What is the difference between HTTP and HTML?
HTML is a markup language used to structure text and multimedia files and to set up hypertext links between them. HTTP, on the other had, is a protocol that is used to request and deliver files such as Web pages and Web page components. When a browser requests a Web page from a Web server, it uses HTTP.
14. What is the difference between SMTP and MIME?
SMTP and MIME are both email protocols. SMTP is a transport protocol used for sending email. MIME, on the other hand, is a specification for formatting the email message itself, not for transporting the message.
15. What is the difference between Teleconferencing and Webcasting?
A teleconference can be a simple audio conference with one or both ends of the conference sharing a speaker phone. With additional equipment, a teleconference can be an interactive solution…… [Read More]
Amendments to the 900-Number ule - brought in three major improvements. First of all, it obliged vendors to get the direct permission of the person who would be billed for the conversation and/or the order. Then, increased billing for pay-per-call services would only be possible after signing an agreement and informing the customer of the conditions of the agreement. Finally, customers would be given the right to contest their bills and have the unauthorized charges removed from the phone bill. The amendments were voted with unanimity (Federal Trade Commission, 1998).
Other specifications relative to this matter include the fact that the cost information cannot be hidden in small print; the first thing to hear when calling a 900 number is a message that tells the caller where he has called, the services offered by the organization and the charged price of the phone call; the message will also tell children…… [Read More]
According to Reidenberg (2000: 1318), policy in the United States protects personal information according to a market-dominated paradigm, where limited statutory and common law rights are granted for information privacy. In Europe, on the other hand, the privacy protection norm is dominated by privacy rights. The European Union, for example, requires Member States to include comprehensive statutory protections for its citizens when it comes to privacy rights.
The fact that the electronic flow of information occurs on an increasingly global platform has complicated the issue, as divergent national norms and statutes confront each other with increasing frequency where privacy protection is concerned. The various national responses to the terrorism issue is a further complicating factor. The international policy confrontations regarding privacy protection for citizens ultimately resulted in prolonged international negotiation, and finally in a compromise known as the "Safe Harbor" agreement (Long and Quek 2002: 326). In this compromise, the…… [Read More]
Cultural shifts and changes will always affect World-Wide communications because as culture changes so too does the manner in which people do business. World-Wide telecommunications are constantly adapting to meet the needs of modern man as man progresses into the next century. Cultural shifts and changes occur as a result in part of technological changes that allow men to communicate in more efficient and productive ways. As technology continues to improve so too will the manner in which men communicate, and cultural changes will continue to spread.
All individuals, all companies and all persons who conduct business will be affected by the changes that occur in telecommunications. As telecommunications continues to advance and adapt to conform to new technologies and meet the needs of an ever global world market, all consumers large and small will be impacted. The majority will be impacted in a positive way, provided they are willing…… [Read More]
Track II diplomacy takes over when Track I fails.
A third great revolution has been described as enveloping the world in modern times (Wriston 1997) and the catalyst has been technological change. Technology, or telecommunications, has astoundingly affected the sovereignty of governments, the world economy, and military strategy. What took a century for the Industrial Revolution to do is nothing like what the combination of computers and telecommunications has been achieving in the Information Age. Information technology has been eradicating time and distance and for which there as yet appears to be no antidote to this spread of networks throughout the world. Unlike previous inventions, which were designed to solve specific problems, the inventions of the Information Revolution are driven and driving in a different direction. It is changing the very manner of doing things but what these things are. Moreover, it has formed a global village and traditional diplomacy.…… [Read More]
Conclusion: Chaptr 2.
Lgal intrcption, dfind as "th lgally authorizd procss by which a ntwork oprators or srvics providr givs law nforcmnt officials accss to th communications (tlphon calls, -mail massag tc.) of privat individuals or organizations"
, is crucial in prsrving national scurity, invstigating srious criminal activitis, and combating trrorism. Currntly, this includs intrcpting cabl systms, public switchd tlphon ntwork and wirlss. Partis involvd in th intrcption procss ar sndr of th tlcommunication; particular Law Enforcmnt Agncis, and th rcivr and lawful nforcmnts includ 'phon tapping' and 'wirtapping'
Prtinnt Australian policis, such as th Patriot Act, nabl th govrnmnt to strik quilibrium btwn privacy and ncssary govrnmnt survillanc.
Sinc cost is oftn a factor that intimidats dvloping countris from dsigning and implmnting such laws, th dvlopmnt and implmntation of intrcption capability xpnss, in Australia, ar th rsponsibility of carrirs who ar accordd funding towards th cost as wll as…… [Read More]
Telecommunication and usiness
Our company uses a number of telecommunication systems to allow a smooth flow of business operation. The foremost telecommunication system that we use is the international direct call method using landline telephones. Through this method, the company is able to communicate with clients that are located in other countries. A communication done via international direct call may be costly. However, our company was able to obtain a subscription from a telecommunication provider that charges fixed monthly charge and that allows unlimited international calls.
asically, the telephone system in our company uses a network structure where each employee is provided with his own telephone access account. This means that a numeric password must be keyed in the telephone before an employee can make a call going to a location outside of the office. Also, our company's telephone system has a capability to monitor outbound calls. This is a…… [Read More]
Telecommunications Trends in Voice over IPs
Voice over IP is a term that is often used in what is known as Internet Telephony, where a voice can be used to deliver the IP or the Internet Protocol. When it is used in Internet Telephony, it is generally a set of facilities that aid and control the use of IP with regard to Voice Information. It also means that the voice can now be sent in a digital format in discrete packets, and that it is now possible to do away with the traditional form of circuit-controlled protocols of the PSTN, or the Public Switched Telephone Network, and one of the most important advantages that the new Voice Over system has over the traditional type is that the tolls that are charged in a traditional telephone network can now be avoided. (Definitions of Voice over IP on the web)
The technology…… [Read More]
It is not known what cost FedEx will have to pay for a durable but reliable smartphone. Most such devices are not designed with longevity in mind, and FedEx normally utilizes devices with long lives. FedEx would be equipping upwards of 200,000 workers, so even negotiating a deal to pay $200 per unit would cost the company $40 million. In all likelihood, however, the cost will be much higher, once the cost of developing all the different software is taken into account, and building out the interface between the information and the different end users. The project's cost could exceed $100 million easily, and could therefore take years to roll out. Worse, another major technological shift could necessitate another change of handset technology within just a few years.
That said, implementation should be relatively easy, since the base technology (both hardware and software) is off-the-shelf. There is little that should…… [Read More]
T-Mobile is actually a business of Deutsche Telekom. According to a profile of the company, T-Mobile International manages Deutsche Telekom's wireless operations (T-Mobile International Profile). These operations are inclusive of T-Mobile (UK), T-Mobile Deutschland, and T-Mobile Austria. Additionally, the profile explains that T-Mobile International also operates in the United States through the acquisition of VoiceStream Wireless and Powertel (T-Mobile International Profile). The company is now known as T-Mobile USA and has over 100 million subscribers in 12 markets (T-Mobile International Profile). These markets include Czech epublic, Austria, Croatia, Hungary, Germany, Macedonia, the UK, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, and America (T-Mobile International Profile).
Like Verizon, T-Mobile USA is responsible for providing telecommunications services. However, most of T-mobiles services are concentrated in the area of Mobile phones. T-Mobile came about in 1994 through the merger of General Cellular and Pacific Northwest Cellular (Company Information: Quick Facts). This company is then…… [Read More]
Canadian Telecommunication Act
Amendments have been made in Canadian Telecommunication Act in order to liberalize the telecommunication for foreign investors. The goal of this policy is to increase revenue, develop technological infrastructure and to increase competition in the telecommunication sector.
Analysis of Canadian Telecommunication Act
In recent times, amendments have been made in Canadian Telecommunication Act. These changes concentrated on removing foreign ownership restrictions that "previously restricted foreign telecommunication service providers to hold less than a 10% share of the total Canadian telecommunications market based on revenue"(Iacobucci & Trebilcock, 2012). According to the policy, restrictions in the telecommunication sector ensured that Canadian companies remained in competition and earth stations, submarines cables and satellites had to be owned by Canadians and not by any foreigner (Beaudry, 2010). Voting shares also had to be owned by Canadians. It also required that the board of directors of that carrier had 80%…… [Read More]
Business Information Systems: The Telecommunications Industry
The telecommunications technology that the world thrives in today is a direct consequence of the various improvements that have been made to various telecommunication equipments developed several centuries ago. It is these past accomplishments in the field of telecommunications that provided the framework for modern telecommunications technology, which is used in almost all aspects of human life today. Businesses, education, politics, entertainment, to mention but a few, all make use of telecommunication systems. It would be prudent, therefore, to explore a number of past accomplishments in this field.
Past Accomplishments in the Field of Telecommunication
Present-day technology's history could be traced back to 1832, with Samuel Morse's invention of the wire line telegraph (FHWA, 2005). It was, however, not until 1874, that real developments in the field of telecommunications began to be realized. In that year, Alexander Bell used Morse's information transfer ideology to…… [Read More]
There are elements that drive successful technology and telecommunications integration and planning for an organization. Management needs to prioritize and evaluate technology used by the organization in day-to-day operations to identify which processes are critical to the organization's ability to conduct operations and which processes can be put on hold during an emergency. Scrambling to deal with technology issues once a disaster has hit is guaranteed to cost an organization.
According to most references concerning telecommuting, people encourage companies to take part in it. They believe it will increase profits and employee performance among other aspects. Since telecommuting can increase productivity and savings, Exelon nuclear can expand itself with its employees. With that in mind, the reduce cost and benefits that comes along with the program would be overwhelming convincing to a company like Exelon nuclear that is always looking for improvements. Since there are many benefits to a…… [Read More]
Safety Towards Telecommunications and Technology Analysis
Telecommunications and Technology Analysis
Technology should not be under estimated in the ability to assist in transforming a business or an organization. Implementing new technology will change how a business is operating, and this will require excellent communication for positive change to take place. This is because people do not always embrace change remarkably well. Communications manager will implement these mechanisms through various methods like newsletters and meetings in departments to ensure that organizations expectations are understood. Continuous improvement program is critical for an organization. This program will require discipline, time and proper management to be achieved.
Technology and communication
In the IT sector, the right people should be in the right place. Focus should be put on key areas of a business like; automation, order to cash and identity simplification can assist a business to achieve future goals. IT sectors should have…… [Read More]
Many environmental activists have suggested that telecommunications technology is one of the keys to reducing the physical carbon footprint of modern enterprises. Faxes, video camcorders, and web conferencing technology make it easy for employees to obtain workplace documents and attend meetings. It is easy for employees to be present at the office, virtually, even when they are not physically present at their desks.
Of course, there are some drawbacks. Telecommuting workers lose some of the human and social support of colleagues, and supervisors may find it more difficult to monitor employees who work online. In the case of outsourced call centers abroad, calls must be monitored to ensure that workers conform to the attitude and demeanor demanded by the company when interacting with customers, and are able to bridge any cultural barriers that might exist between themselves and customers, when speaking. Call screening technology and software that monitors and blocks…… [Read More]
In addition there continues to be a rapid definition of communications standards for ensuring the highest level of compatibility on each communications medium and platform. The adoption of the Open Systems Interconnect Model (OSI) is a case in point, as is the continued development of WiFI standards throughout the wireless community ((Huynh 2001). Data communications' adoption rates regarding the Internet's wireless and metropolitan Wide-Area Networks including WiFI technologies have a growth rate that dwarfs even the adoption of television in the last century. Data communications' continued growth is going to continually lead to new industry advances and standards.
Huynh (2001) - Network Fundamentals: Intro to Network Structure and Protocol LAN, WAN, TCP/IP National Center for Biotechnology Information National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health. Presented by Chuong Huynh. Accessed from the Internet on September 8, 2007 from location:
http://www.dbbm.fiocruz.br/class/Lecture/d01/network_fundamental/fundamental_networking.ppt… [Read More]
" The digital divide, which is known to affect many nations in the developing world, is due to: "(1) inadequate funding; (2) a lack of necessary computer and Internet skills; and (3) a lack of English-language proficiency." (rooks, Donovan and Rumble, 2006) According to rooks Donovan, and Rumble "Aggregated full-text databases serve as a prominent tool in closing the digital divide because they provide important research sources." (2006)
Summary of Literature Reviewed
Web-based education holds great promise for those in rural areas and those in developing nations in gaining educational advancement. Education through means of telecommunication technologies opens the door to many individuals and countries previously effectively barred from educational advancement.
Lin, Ching; Chung, Ru-Ya; and Chen, Ya-Ping (2006) Relationships among Learner Characteristics, Motivation and Achievement in Web-based Instruction Journal of Educational Media and Library Sciences Vol., No. 4 Pages 413-433. Online available at http://www.fed.cuhk.edu.hk/en/jemls/200600430004/0413.htm.
rooks, Sam; Donovan, Paul;…… [Read More]
Basics of Telecommunications
Telecommunications can be briefly defined as the ability to communicate over a distance with the aid of some form of technology. This technology utilizes electric signals or electromagnetic waves or some combination of the two. There were other forms of long distance communication before modern technology, such as smoke signals, but all modern forms typically involve electric technology or radio waves. This technology has become intertwined in modern life and touches nearly everyone's life across the globe. It has been estimated that mobile technology and smart devices are responsible for the recent growth and mobile broadband has in fact become the fastest growth area for the overall telecoms sector (Budde Comm, 2014).
The basics of a telecommunication system always include three essential elements. There is first the transmitter which takes a form of information and coverts it to some form of a signal. The next is…… [Read More]
Telecommunications & Network Security, Application Security and Operations Security
The ubiquity of smartphone technology within the world modern business has necessitated a greater emphasis on the use of telecommunications and network security within the pursuit of information security on an organizational level. Corporations and other complex institutions require a tremendous amount of data transmission -- in the form of standard telephone calls, text messages, and downloaded data -- which is facilitated by the construction of multilayered networks combining local area, wide area, and remote access networking capability. Networks of all size, scope, and purpose are dependent on fundamental tenets of security architecture and design, properties which are typically derived after the completion of a Network Security Architecture Evaluation based on multiple telecommunications methodologies (Layton, 2007). This evaluation process invariably leads information security officers to utilize the adaptable virtual private network (VPN), which is defined as "a secure private network that…… [Read More]
In an effort to provide better care for its patients, arises the need to design a network able to support a new multi-location dental care practice. In this report, we will provide a clear set of requirements for the network solution, and then identify the information that is to be protected as well as their related security requirements. Also, we will identify the types of network components, devices and equipment that would be involved in meeting the needs of the stationary offices and all four mobile dentists, and then we will provide a network design diagram that shows an appropriate network configuration to meet the requirements. Finally, we will explain the benefits of the proposed network solution, and identify the risks and risk mitigation strategies associated with the proposed network solution.
With five dental offices currently operating, we need to design a network that will integrate databases of…… [Read More]
Cox Communications Telecommunications Innovation
Status of the Sustainability Movement
The telecommunications industry, supported by the United Nations and the International Telecommunications Union, launched a formal cooperative effort to promote sustainable business practices and technology in June 2001. The Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI) was officially launched on World Environment Day with the vision "to help improve the global environment and to enhance human and economic development, and thereby make a key contribution to a global sustainable future" (Thomsen, 2001).
This industry-wide initiative was significant in that its founders included some of the biggest global players: AT&T, British Telecommunications, Cable and Wireless, Deutsche Telekom, Ericsson, Lucent Technologies, Marconi, Telcordia Technologies, Telenor as, and the European Telecommunications Network Operators Association. Members implemented various programs to achieve environment-friendly business practices. For example, British Telecommunications calculated that employee use of audio and video conferencing contributed to saving over one million tons of CO2 emissions the…… [Read More]
There are a handful of ways in which Verizon can improve its research program. The typical research process is to use surveys to find out what customers desire and then use exploratory and applied techniques to devise products and services that meet those needs. One drawback to this is that it omits those needs which the customers do not conceive. Customers typically view product improvements in terms of incremental changes to the existing product. They have limited capacity to conceive of entirely new products. In an industry characterized by intense competition and technological leaps, it is precisely those game-changing innovations that win companies market share.
Yet, Verizon seems content to let their partners, such as Research in Motion, take the lead with regards to product innovation. Thus, I would add another vein of exploratory research to Verizon's research mix. They should use a more open-ended exploratory form of research to…… [Read More]
Also the alternative voice over IP providers such as Vonage, at & T. is expected to enhance the market share during the period. The demand for wireless connectivity by the direct consumers will also increase having wide choices to choose from like 3G, Wi-Fi, WiMAX. The SSLs and VPNs will dominate in the field of single-user remote access while the IPSec based installations will be resorted to in respect of the network-to-network use. And finally the WiMAX-based services are expected to influence the overall market.
Carew, Sinead. "WiMax May Pose Fresh Challenge to Broadband" (3 February, 2005)
etrieved at http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml?type=technologyNews&storyID=7749299. Accessed on 10 March, 2005
Gabriel, Caroline. (2005) "WiMAX Ambitions Depend on Success in Newly Available
Spectrum" etrieved at http://www.wimaxtrends.com/feature.htm. Accessed on 10 March, 2005
Home Entertainment Networks" (2002) etrieved at http://www.ruleweb.com/wdvl/homenetworking.pdf. Accessed on 10 March, 2005
ILECs Headed for Extinction, According to META Group" (January 30, 2005)
The…… [Read More]
features of telecommunications networks, including key networking technologies. Cover the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model, including each logical layer.
The OSI layer covers the different layers and types of communication that occurs within a network. The layers, in order of complexity from greatest to lowest are application, presentation, session, transport, network, data link and physical. The physical layer is the actual transport medium like network cable and such while routers and switches address much of the middle layers while the "window" to the user is the application layer at the very top. Telecommoniciation networks, and this is something that will be answered more in-depth later in this report, are very computer driven and are in many ways indistinguishable from regular computer networks as phone and conventional internet networks are very much one and the same and this is especially true when speaking Voice over IP (VOIP) technologies and the like.…… [Read More]
This allows access to the WAN resources over the Internet. It entails secure access to HHSC resources applying encryption. This enhances the security by regulating the protocols that the workstations can access. It has regulatory access to the applications to which the employee is not authorized. (DI Wide Area Network (WAN) Operations) Each of the TCP/IP network requires a unique IP address. An IP address is a 32-bit number that specifically identifies a network interface on a machine. The IP address constitutes some decimal digits.
It is formatted in forms of four 8-bit fields demarcated by periods. Such form of representations of IP address is sometimes referred to dotted decimal format. The IP address is dived into two categories -- the network part and the host part. The network part indicates the specified number assigned to the specific network. This also assists in identifying the class of the network assigned.…… [Read More]
privatization of the telecommunication industry in Nigeria
QUESTIONNAIRE DESIGN AND SCALE MEASUREMENT
There is much controversy with regard to the contemporary privatized telecommunication companies. In order to gain a more complex understanding of the topic, one would have to interact with people and observe how they feel with regard to the fact that telecommunication companies are being privatized. By addressing senior managers, government officials, consultants, and academia, the research methodology process aims at providing accurate information regarding the way that specific communities feel toward the fact that capitalism is slowly but surely taking over the telecommunication industry in the country.
Measurement is one of the most important steps in this process, taking into account that, in order for it to be reliable and valid, the researcher needs to have a very good understanding of the concepts he or she is measuring.
In order to achieve best results with the questionnaire…… [Read More]
New Regulatory Framework for elecommunications in Jordan
QUANIAIVE RESULS AND ANALYSIS
Chapter X presented the pre-test results of the pilot study that used qualitative data collected from the interviews with Jordanian dignitaries. his chapter presents the quantitative results from the survey administered to the larger representative sample of respondents from Jordanian businesses.
he interviews conducted for the pilot study and a review of the literature supported the development of questions used in the survey. he interview process was used to ensure that the questions used in the research would have content validity and, thus, would accurately reflect the primary issues concerning telecommunications law. Further, the pilot study served to verify that terminology used in the survey questions showed consistent usage in the respondent sample.
Sample and Response Rate (Questionnaire)
he random stratified sample is representative of the population at large for persons affiliated with or interested in telecommunications…… [Read More]
Zain Telecommunications Kuwait
The purpose of this group project is to provide an opportunity for students to make the application of concepts covered in this course to a real Kuwaiti firm. The firm considered in the project is Zain Telecommunications Kuwait. Zain is a top mobile telecommunications provider in the Middle East and North Africa. The company was initially established in the year 1983 in Kuwait and was known as Mobile Telecommunications Company (MTC). The company made major strides by becoming the first mobile operator in the Middle East region. As the company instigated its expansion approach in 2003, Zain experienced immense growth rate in not only the Middle East, but also in Africa. This is predominantly owing to the acquirement of numerous mobile operators across the region. Four years later, Mobile Telecommunications Company underwent a rebranding to become Zain. This was purposed to better mirror the company's improving position…… [Read More]
Sprint Nextel Telecommunications
The business environment that is influenced by the process of globalization determines companies to develop flexible strategies in order to be able to ensure their position on the market. The competition in most business fields has increased as a result of companies expanding their activity on international level. The environmental factors that have determined the financial crisis have influenced the purchasing behavior of customers. This is because the incomes of numerous individuals have been reduced as a result f the crisis. This situation has significantly affected most companies. Their revenues have also been reduced.
Therefore, these companies were determined to identify markets able to ensure their necessary of customers, but that could also help them reduce their production costs by outsourcing some of their processes. This is an important factor that requires that companies increase their efforts in the attempt of improving their strategic management skills. These…… [Read More]
Competency of Telecommunication Companies
Historically, in the telecommunication industry, service quality has been largely determined by the monopolistic service providers. These suppliers either operated as the private companies under government regulation or consisting of government agencies themselves. Therefore, customers had minimum control over the services quality they consumed. However, the evolutionary of the telecoms technology began to transform with the simultaneous advent of telecoms liberalization in the U.S., UK and Japan in the mid-980s. Liberalization created more flexibilities and opportunities for new entrants who would compete with the incumbents in these three countries - AT&T, British Telecom, and NTT (Fransman, 2004). ABC Country also followed the liberalization steps in the telecommunication industry, which resulted in government opened up the cellular service application by issuing licenses to commercial operators who are able to provide cellular service. The liberation causes the previous monopolistic government linked service provider needed to compete in the…… [Read More]
What are the applications of modulation techniques in telecommunications?
Telecommunications modulating is a necessary process for an information bearing signal (as a waveform) to pass precisely through a transmission source. It is assigning a suitable wave using these procedures. The way it works is select characteristics of the carrier wave is varied in compliance with the signal (i.e. The modulating wave). It is then, transmitted through a channel with the original signal recovered in a process known as demodulation. This provides the receiver with all of the data and information, as it was intended from the sender. (Wright, 2004) (Horak, 2007)
There are multiple techniques which are used during the process. The most notable include: amplitude shift keying, binary phase shift keying and multiple phase shift keying. According to Wright (2004) and Horak (2007), each one of these is used to transmit the signal and provide the receiving…… [Read More]
Forecasting Effects of Cultural Changes Inside Worldwide Telecommunications
Inc: Linking Demographic and Cultural Diversity and Performance
Within today's increasingly globally-infused corporate workplaces, conventional wisdom holds that demographic and/or cultural diversity contribute positively to enhanced performance by groups, teams, or other divisions of a trans-global corporate entity, thus ultimately enhancing, by association, company products and/or services and the company itself, at home and abroad. As corporate giant Nokia's website states, for example (2005), of its own global workforce: "espect for individual qualities, as well as a willingness to work together in a constructive, positive, even enjoyable, way [,] are all essential for high-quality results." Much related research suggests, however, that while diverse employee skills and abilities in and of themselves may enhance group or team performance, demographic diversity (e.g., differences among workforce members, in terms of language; cultural; referential; or social background), may detract from it (Knight, Pearce, Smith, Olian, Sims,…… [Read More]
Global Crossing was a telecommunications company that was afflicted by serious waste and mismanagement. It was the fourth largest bankruptcy in U.S. history, and its failure in the midst of a recession had serious repercussions for the U.S. economy as well as for shareholders. The company was founded in 1997 by Gary Winnick and was based upon exploiting the expanded use of the Internet by organizations and individuals alike: "it seemed like a no-brainer at the time: As more people surfed the information superhighway, demand for bandwidth would skyrocket" (Behind Global Crossing's failure, 2002, CNET). A common cliche then was to refer to the Internet as the 'information superhighway.' Global Crossing offered to provide the paving for this highway with optical networking that would "transmit data as light through specially made glass fibers. Surrounded by protective cabling, bundles of these fibers can be laid under water to connect distant continents,…… [Read More]
In 1996 the promise of low priced long distance calls and improved customer service that would naturally result from a planned increase in competition was a siren song for legislators and yet, as law makers would discover in the ensuing years, the Telecommunications Reform Act of 1996 not only had little impact on the long distance price issue but also stymied growth in the development and availability of internet technology. This effect grew out of the reforms that led to the break up of Bell in the 1980's in which anti-trust efforts created a new telecommunications landscape and formed many smaller companies out of what had become known as Ma Bell. The outcome of both the 1980's effort and the reform act passed in 1996 left consumers with inexplicable rate plans, an underdeveloped infrastructure and legal entanglements between corporations and the federal government that proved to be both frustrating…… [Read More]
Review of Related Literature
This chapter provides a review of the literature concerning hypnosis, Eastern Meditation, Chi Kung, and Nei Kung and how these methods are used to treat various ailments and improve physical and mental functioning. A summary of the review concludes the chapter.
In his study, "Cognitive Hypnotherapy in the Management of Pain," Dowd (2001) reports that, "Several theories have een proposed to account for the effect of hypnosis. State theories assume that the hypnotic trance is qualitatively different from all other human experiences. From this perspective, trance capacity is supposedly a fairly stale trait that exhiits sustantial individual differences. Nonstate theories, often referred to as social learning, social psychological or cognitive-ehavioral theories of hypnosis propose that hypnotic phenomena are related to social and psychological characteristics such as hope, motivation, expectancy, elief in the therapist, desire to please the therapist, a positive initial…… [Read More]
2). The complexity of the situation is more pronounced in some settings than others, of course, and it is reasonable to posit that healthcare organizations represent some of the most complex organizational settings because of the wide range of professions and services that are involved. A number of researchers have confirmed effective organizational change requires progressive leaders who are not afraid of "rocking the boat" and overcoming administrative inertia and the reluctance to change that is characteristic of any type of organization (Mclagan, 2002). For example, while it may be possible to improve the quality and efficiency of healthcare services by implementing technology-based solutions, professional healthcare providers may be reluctant to embrace drastic changes to their routine unless they can discern a "what's in it for me?" quality to the initiative. Indeed, leading other people to a common organizational goal may well represent one of the most difficult endeavors in…… [Read More]
AT&T is in basic terms a telecommunications services provider with operations not only in the U.S. But also in other parts of the world. In this text, I conduct an analysis of the company. In so doing, I will amongst other things explore its accounting systems and internal controls. Further, I will also conduct a brief review of its financial statements.
In so many ways, AT&T can be regarded an industry leader in the provision of wireless voice communications. The company gives its mission as "to connect people with their world, everywhere they live and work, and do it better than anyone else" (AT&T, 2013). Some of the main competitors of AT&T in the Telecom Services industry include but they are not limited to Verizon Communications Inc. And Sprint Nextel Corp. Currently, the company is headquartered in Dallas, Texas.
Accounting systems include but they are not…… [Read More]
Network and Asset ecovery Issues
Part 1 Network Cabling
The issues at The Sunshine Health Corporation are deep and profound as they will require a strategic approach that addresses the problems at their core and provide real and practical solutions to the rather difficult environment. This document is action plans that addresses the old wiring issues the building has, laying new fiber cable where necessary, and presents the idea of developing wireless LANs, and Wi-Fi capability throughout the facility. The plan is intended to be effective, efficient and economical and deliver real and sustainable cost savings in the long-term.
Understanding the Environment
The first and most prescient issue dealing with this case is the identification of what the building possesses and what if any of the old wiring and cabling can be salvaged. The more that is known about the content of the wiring structure, which was left in somewhat…… [Read More]
Telecommunications Act of 1996 was a high point in the history of telecommunications in the United States. It was coming twelve years after the breakup of AT&T; the Act endeavored to reposition all telecommunications markets in the direction of opposition. The Act imagined antagonism in all telecommunications markets, both in the markets for the numerous elements that included the telecommunications network, along with the final services the network generated. Going on the knowledge of the long distance market, which was distorted from a monopoly to a successfully competitive market over the last twelve years, the Act attempted to endorse opposition in the hitherto dominate local exchange markets. The Act acknowledged the telecommunications network as a network of consistent networks. Telecommunications contributors were obliged to intersect with applicant at any possible point the entrant desires. Most prominently, the Act commanded that current local exchange carriers ("ILECs") lease parts of their network…… [Read More]
To avoid repeating negative historical experiences, regulatory regimes need to block the control and domination by networks/platforms. In the report, "Infrastructure and Development: A Critical Appraisal of the Macro Level Literature," Stephane Straub (2007) reported that at times, in some developing companies, "the hope of getting a fixed-line installed is a distant and costly dream" (p. 4). Meantime, the primary option for the individuals waiting for fixed-line telecommunications services would likely be having to us a much too expensive cell phone.
In 2010, much of the fixed-line telecom industry faces growing threats from cable and wireless service competitors.
As the writer of the quote introducing the study section pointed out, more firms are realizing "a cellular wireless solution" generally provides "more stability than the usual wired connections… [and serves as] a valuable asset built for the long haul" ("Lincolnshire Drainage Board…," 2010, ¶ 9). In the book, Integration in Asia…… [Read More]
Pricing structure is a complicated issue in the industry. The two major diversified firms (Telstra and Optus) often combine different types of telecommunications products into bundles. These bundles are set at price points depending on their characteristics. For individual products, plans are used with pricing dependent on the characteristics of the plans (allowable usage, types of usage, etc.).
For place, the primary method of marketing is through stores, both own-branded and third-party. These stores market the telecommunications devices and the plans that go along with those products. Optus utilizes Optus orld, Network Communications, Strathfield, Telechoice and Allphones to market its products. At times, hardware can be an important component of the place offering. Optus has linked with both the iPhone and the Blackberry in order to attract customers of those two popular devices.
Technological development is a key demand driver in the business. For most its existence, Optus has largely…… [Read More]
Taylor and Telecommunications Installation
Frederick Taylor's theory of Scientific Management can be used to increase productivity in telecommunications installation. This paper will examine the history and specifics of Taylor's theory of Scientific Management. The scope of telecommunication installation will be discussed, and the application of Taylor's theory of Scientific Management to telecommunications installation will be reviewed. A summary of key points and recommendations will be given.
In order to understand how Frederick Taylor's theories apply to telecommunications, it is first important to understand the scope of telecommunication installation. Telecommunication itself is simply communication that is achieved through electronic transmission, such as cable, radio, television, telephone, or even the telegraph (The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language). Installation in telecommunications can include installation of underground and aerial telephone and other telecommunication lines, and cable television lines and cables. Further, telecommunication installation can include fitting of telephone equipment and…… [Read More]
Improving Local Health Care:
Quality health care is an important aspect in the modern health care system because of the necessity for quality and safety improvement measures. This concept is described as the extent in which health care services for patients and populations enhance the possibility of desired health outcomes. These services also need to be consistent with the existing professional knowledge in the field. Consequently, quality and improved care services are determined through evaluating the impact of these services on desired outcomes and the extent they adhere to procedures based on scientific and professional knowledge. As part of improving health care services, health care systems should adopt several process-improvement strategies. These strategies should recognize ineffective care, inefficiencies, and avoidable errors and then effect changes on the system to result in improved care.
Incorporating Unapplied Telecommunications Concepts:
Based on the last visit to the local health care system in the…… [Read More]
As the pace of communication affects the pace of business and the degree to which a society can "keep up" with the rest of the world, public funding for private telecommunications growth has been justified; in addition, several landmark court rulings have required telecommunications infrastructure to be usable in ways that are not harmful to the public by entities that do not own them, through licensing requirements and other arrangements (von Alven 1998). Growth has thus been spurred by both public and private interests.
epair and Maintenance Procedures
The repair of the actual wire portions of wired telecommunications systems is relatively straightforward. Downed lines -- a common occurrence in storms due to high winds, fallen trees, etc. -- must be replaced by new segments of wire connecting existing (or replaced) nodes along the wire route. Wires can often be reused following being downed after inspection and refurbishing, though long-term maintenance…… [Read More]
This information was used to assess the level of compliance by drivers with company policies and procedures, as well as to ensure that all transportation of product was performed in a safe and efficient fashion.
Application of Engineering Knowledge and Skills: This project required an extensive review of existing GPS technologies and how they could be used to capture the requisite telemetry from the GPS-equipped vehicles in a real-time manner. In addition, the requisite telecommunications required to provide this information was thoroughly investigated and an optimal solution was developed that was based on these findings.
Delegated Tasks and How They Were Accomplished: With approval from the company's general manager, two tasks that were part of the overall engineering project were delegated to other team members who had the requisite expertise in order to successfully complete the project by the management-imposed deadline. These two tasks were as follows:
1. Recapitulation and…… [Read More]
e., the company) that has technical control over telecommunications networks and thus technical ability to access communications, versus a party that is duly authorized to actually access those communications via a warrant (Mares, 2002). Although, as is consistent with the British model of legal evolution that relies heavily on interpretation of judicial action and precedent rather than overt legislative action, there have been no new statues issued in the intervening decade. The only other guiding document for law enforcement and judicial authorities to rely on regarding interception activity is a Code of Practice that was issued by the Home Secretary in 2002 (Interception of Communications: Code of Practice, 2002). This document provides more detailed procedural guidance and to some extent interpretation of the IPA.
The table below summarizes the key milestones in the evolution of the United Kingdoms' regulatory regime:
Milestones in the Evolution of the United Kingdom egulatory egime…… [Read More]
Again, it is not simply good enough to have a policy that addresses the need for a broad, systematic outline of changes to the telecommunications network, such as is the case with Coach, Inc. But rather, it is imperative this policy address both the broad policy issues (strategies) and the daily integrations of this new policies within various aspects of the organization (tactical)(MILLE 2003).
The third component of this methodology will focus on the training aspect of integrating a newly designed telecommunication strategy within the whole of the organization. Specifically, this section's theme will revolve around the central question of "Is the user manual easy to understand and does the user manual include a brief description of the application or system and input instructions?"(COMPTOLE'S HANDBOOK, 2005) This section is the most critical of the investigative inquiry given the premise that if a policy satisfies the need for both broad and…… [Read More]
Only then will the moe effective use of knowledge occu and its value is de-politicized, making it moe potent in geneating pofits (Chatand, 1985).
It is a paadox that the moe challenging, disuptive and uncetain a given industy is the moe oganizations factionalize thei stuctues, ceating splinte goups and politically volatile stuctues that only acceleate a company's demise. The paadox is that in the toughest and uncetain of times in the telecommunications industy, Veizon Telecommunications needs to think moe about how they too can be a disuptive foce in the maket. Instead, the management team is focused on a highly balkanized, vey politically-diven agenda of holding onto powe by ceating smalle silos o depatments that can easily manage the data that is peceived as the most valuable asset thee is in the oganization. The paadox comes full cicle when a company is sold in pieces and the sold unit o…… [Read More]
Orange Strategic Marketing Plan
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Based on the successful merger of Orange and T-Mobile, the company is one of the world's largest mobile operators and the second leading operator throughout Western Europe. The company has over 30M subscribers worldwide, with 10M on the more profitable and long-term post-paid plans and leads Europe with over 1.5M users subscribing to the GSM 3G speed class of performance (Orange Investor elations, 2012). As of January, 2012 the company and its subsidiaries operate in 25 nations worldwide and has an aggregator market share of 40.4% and one of the highest consistent Average evenue Per User (APU) levels of…… [Read More]
Analysing Organisation: Using relevant theoretical perspectives frameworks, critically analyse organisation choice.
Analyzing organization is the process of assessing the organizations systems, functionality and capacity so as to increase the organizations performance, efficiency and overall output. This is done by using various theories and models whose aim is to understand the structure of the organization, technology and behavioral relationships Bate, Khan, & Pye, 2000.
This should be a periodic and detailed activity that assists the organizations management to identify any inefficiency or problems that may have risen and have not been dealt with the management will then come up with strategies to deal with them.
Compulyzed Telecommunications is a telecommunications company dealing with telephone, cabling, and internet provision services for both home and corporate clients. Compulyzed Telecommunications had an increase of 1.7% operating profit in the fiscal year 2011 as compared to the previous year this was…… [Read More]
Communication Upgrade Plan
Communications Upgrade Plan
The Abco Company wishes to upgrade its telecommunications technology to a system that is more efficient than the outdated Centrex system now in place. As part of the upgrade plan, the CEO has asked for an explanation of the various systems and technologies available for the upgrade. This research explores various technologies and recommends the proper solution for the business problem at hand.
Communications Upgrade Plan
The Centrex phone system has been the standard in business telecommunications since the 1960s. The system has been the only system of this type for many years. usinesses, such as Abco have had their Centrex System for many years. However, aside from being outdated technology, the Centrex System is no longer the most cost effective solution for businesses. The Abco Corporation has had its Centrex system for as long as anyone can remember. Until recently, no one had…… [Read More]