The Tempest Essays (Examples)

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Tempest -- Act 2 Scene Act 2

Words: 737 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34552470

Tempest -- Act 2, Scene

Act 2, Scene 2. This scene is a short scene, with only the characters of Caliban, Trinculo, and Stephano present. It opens with Caliban carrying wood to Prospero, his master, and being tormented by spirits only he can see. Caliban hides under his cloak because of a storm. Trinculo enters, and sees Caliban, and thinks he is a monster. He hides under the cloak too, because of the storm. Stephano enters singing and drinking from a bottle. He discovers Trinculo, and they both are happy they have survived the shipwreck. They think Caliban is a monster, and if they capture him he can be sold for good money. Caliban convinces them he will honor them if they will let him serve them. They agree, and they leave, drinking and singing.

This scene is humorous, but it also packs a lot of information into relatively few lines. The theme is light and the characters banter with each other, but the underlying mood is dark, because the scene is really about slavery and bondage, and what Caliban's life is like as a slave. He constantly worries about punishment "For bringing wood in slowly. I'll fall flat" (Shakespeare…… [Read More]


Shakespeare, William. "The Tempest." 77-87.
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Tempest -- the Blockbuster a

Words: 1121 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70439353

He would need to do that here, for sure.

Caliban is a slave, which might be a problem for the actor. He is also a drunkard in some scenes, calling for understanding and a physical presence, too. Foxx has the physique necessary for this assignment, too. He could certainly carry off wearing a loin-cloth and cloak, as the wood-carrying scene seems to require. He is a master of both physical and mental acting, and that would be important with this character, who can be both brutal and endearing. There could be a problem with Foxx. Caliban requires an actor who can be both commanding and very subservient. He is fearful of "spirits." "Here comes a spirit of his, and to torment me" (Shakespeare 77, 15), and he offers to lick Trinculo's foot simply for a drink. "I will kiss thy foot" (Shakespeare 85, 155). Whoever plays Caliban has to represent many personalities. Strong enough to conspire, and meek enough to follow, and Foxx seems like the best.

Trinculo: This is a minor part, and so, an infamous actor probably wouldn't want to do it. However, the part has some bright spots. Trinculo could be shown bravely "swimming to shore like…… [Read More]


Shakespeare, William. "The Tempest." 77-87.
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Solibo Tempest Colonial Themes in

Words: 895 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69743398

The different understandings of the world are indicative of differences in class just as they are a cause for racism, and again the characters of Solibo Magnificent have found a way to work in this system rather than resisting it.

In addition to systems of class distinction and outright racism, other instances of general discrimination can be found throughout these texts. The Tempest has only one character that is necessarily female (Ariel is somewhat ambiguous), and the way she is treated along with her degree of disenfranchisement seems to suggest a definite gender discrimination at work. Miranda seems to sense this to some degree, and ultimately takes some agency in her romance with Ferdinand, whereas the musician described early in Solibo Magnificent is seen in a discriminatory light that shows no promise of changing: he is treated a certain way and even called a certain name because of "his notorious oral attentions to bottles of Neisson rum," yet the crowd continues to insist things from this man, and he simply puts up with it (10).

One of the more poignant moments in the beginning of the Tempest comes when Caliban recounts the way in which he was initially treated kindly…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chamoiseau, Patrick. Solibo Magnificent. New York: Anchor.

Shakespeare, William. The Tempest. Accessed 16 March 2011.
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Non-Western Societies Tempest and of Cannibals the

Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80819187

Non-Western Societies

Tempest and of Cannibals

The idea that Europeans brought enlightenment to the savage colonies has always fascinated modern writers so much so that many of them employed their imagination to create pictures of 'barbaric' individuals who inhabited these colonies. Shakespeare and Montaigne in their attempts to recreate those savage communities gave us the powerful characters of Caliban and Cannibal. Focusing on this obsession of writers with the image of a savage non-western man, Bartra (1994) writes: "The identity of the "civilized" has always been flanked by the image of the Other, yet the common image of the Other as a wild and barbaric figure, as opposed to Western man, has been considered a reflection - albeit distorted - of non-Western peoples, a eurocentric expression of colonial expansion from which evolved an exotic and racist version of those whom the conquistadors and colonizers had discovered and subdued." [p. 3]

While Shakespeare borrowed heavily from Montaigne's essay, Of Cannibals, as far as the core concept was concerned but his reason for creating a non-western character was entirely different from that of Montaigne. Montaigne was more interested in exploring the untainted, pure and almost heavenly side of the inhabitant of an…… [Read More]


Bartra, Roger (1994) Wild Men in the Looking Glass: The Mythic Origins of European Otherness Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Michael O'Toole, Shakespeare's Natives: Ariel and Caliban in The Tempest
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Williams Terry Tempest Refuge An

Words: 1011 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4367094

After examining her national and family history, Williams came to believe that the 1950's aboveground detonation of a nuclear bomb near her family's home could be the source of her family's struggle with cancer, as well as the cause of the community's propensity to contract cancer as a whole. Williams details her feelings about this fact in a personal as well as a clinical manner. This is not simply a natural and historical tragedy, but a tragedy she must live with for the rest of her own life -- she will never have another mother, just as many of the flooded-out birds will never have another home. The author admits that the bomb she remembers seeing explode as a young child, the bomb that could have caused the cancer that killed her mother, haunts her in her dreams.

Thus her search for a source of blame for an apparently random act of sickness and suffering is not simply fantasy on the part of the author. It is based in clinical evidence. Likewise, the difficulties the birds experience are not like a random flood that occurs 'naturally' at times in nature. If the government had not allowed the over-development, the wild…… [Read More]

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Ellison Shakespeare There Are Many Characters in Shakespeare's

Words: 1281 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90564507


There are many characters in Shakespeare's The Tempest that could fit the characteristics of being the "little man behind the stove." The Tempest has a strong degree of dramatic irony, and Shakespeare even incorporates the breaking of the fourth wall in the final scene of the play. This means that the audience itself serves as the "little man behind the stove." However, there are clearer characters that represent the little man. For example, Caliban is "little" in the sense that he is a sort of subhuman creature. As the son of Sycorax, Caliban is portrayed as being a little bit odd and different. He is not like the spritely Ariel, who can also be considered as a "little man." Both Caliban and Ariel play roles that could be construed as being similar to that of Ellison's "Little Man at Chehaw Station." Caliban's role is even more like that of the "little man behind the stove" than Ariel's. This is because Caliban is set apart from Prospero as one of the clear antagonists of the play. Caliban is more of a technical observer like Ellison's little man than is Ariel, who participates more in Prospero's antics than Caliban. Yet neither…… [Read More]

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Shakespeare Othello 1 My Noble Father I

Words: 1506 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32434433


Othello (1)

My noble father,

I do perceive here a divided duty:

To you I am bound for life and education;

My life and education both do learn me

How to respect you; you are the lord of duty;

I am hitherto your daughter: but here's my husband,

And so much duty as my mother show'd

To you, preferring you before her father,

So much I challenge that I may profess

Due to the Moor my lord.

(Othello, Act 1, Scene iii, lines 179-188)

Desdemonda's character is defined early in Shakespeare's Othello. She plays a supportive role, allowing the nature of Othello's character to emerge clearly by the end of the play. Here, Desdemonda defends both herself and her husband. The passage tells the audience much about gender roles and norms in Elizabethan society, as Desdemonda speaks of her father as the "lord of duty," and refers to a similar "duty" to her husband. Women are defined in terms of their relationships with men, and not on their own terms or judged by the content of their own character. Instead, she must refer to herself and her mother in terms of their "divided duties" to first father, and then…… [Read More]

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Exile Literary Characters in Exile Can Be

Words: 1266 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98267995


Literary Characters in Exile

Exile can be the self-imposed banishment from one's home or given as a form of punishment. The end result of exile is solitude. Exile affords those in it for infinite reflection of themselves, their choices, and their lives in general. Three prominent literary characters experience exile as part of the overall narrative and in that, reveal a great deal about themselves to themselves as well as to the readers. The three narratives in questions are "The Epic of Gilgamesh," "The Tempest," and "Things Fall Apart." All of the main characters of these narratives experience exile as a result of actions taken by the protagonists at earlier points in the story. The protagonist in each respective story are exiled because of their choices and the exile forces each character to face consequences that ultimately bring their inner character to the surface in a more direct manner than prior experiences or actions by these characters. The characters Gilgamesh, Prosper, and Okonwo experience exile, which alienate them from their homelands, induces physical & emotional pain, yet the experience of exile make possible their perseverance over obstacles that enriches their lives and reveals their true characters.

The first protagonist…… [Read More]


Achebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. New York: First Anchor Books Edition, 1994.

Mason, Herbert. Gilgamesh A Verse Narrative. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2003.

Shakespeare, William. "The Tempest." Ed. Barbara A. Mowat & Paul Werstine. New York: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 1994.

Sutton, Brian. "Virtue Rather Than Vengeance": Genesis and Shakespeare's The Tempest." Explicator, Vol. 66, No. 4, 224-229.
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Prospero A Dark Protagonist the

Words: 1694 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32960617

This is a point that many critics miss. One cannot decide if Prospero is a protagonist or antagonistic based on his actions. Neither can we determine whether Caliban is a victim or a foe. Shakespeare raises a very important social question for people of the Renaissance, one that is still valid today, "Should we forgive the actions of those less fortunate than ourselves, simply due to their handicap?" As the play progresses, the audience shifts their opinions back and forth about Caliban as a foe or a victim of Prospero's harassment. They must constantly struggle with whether Prospero is only protecting himself and his daughter from an evil villain, or whether he is himself a "bully" picking on one who is less fortunate.

Shakespeare wished to make the audience uncomfortable and create an inner struggle in them. He engaged that audience as a participant in the play, rather than as a third party observer. This is evidenced by Prospero's plea in the end that he can only be freed from the Island by applause. The issue of Caliban's physical disability is often ignored by critics who attempt to categorize the characters by their actions alone. However, in order to understand…… [Read More]


Shakespeare, William. The Tempest (Norton Critical Edition). Edited by Peter Hulme and William Sherman. New York, New York W.W. Norton and Company. 2003.
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Shakespeare at First Glance Shakespeare's

Words: 1775 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59548782

However, disorientation can be either debilitating or empowering. In the case of Shakespeare -- and arguably all Renaissance people of greatness -- the new concepts and materials were liberating, at least, and in fact enabled them to create works of lasting value. The world is familiar with Shakespeare: who can name one playwright from the Middle Ages? "Anonymous" was responsible for the Everyman plays, plays that say little to modern people. The interplay between the civilized and the savage, possible for Shakespeare but not for the dramatists before him, may have been disorienting and may have presaged the seemingly eternal questions of 'us' and 'other' we still grapple with, but without doubt, that interplay made for lasting drama with eternal meaning.… [Read More]


Cefalu, Paul A. (2000) Rethinking the discourse of colonialism in economic terms: Shakespeare's "The Tempest," Captain John Smith's Virginia Narratives, and the English Response to Vagrancy. Shakespeare Studies, January 1. Retrieved January 13, 2005 from

Gable, Harvey L. (1998) "Wieland," "Othello," "Genesis," and the floating city: the sources of Charles Brockden Brown's "Wieland." (William Shakespeare, Charles Bockden Brown) Papers on Language & Literature, June 22. Retrieved January 13, 2005 from

Platt, Peter G. (2001) "The Meruailouse Site": Shakespeare, Venice, and paradoxical stages.

Renaissance Quarterly, March 22. Retrieved January 13, 2005 from
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Strachey and Shakespeare in His

Words: 764 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41623730

2.4-5). Shakespeare seems to be suggesting that this storm is so bad that it has even managed to extinguish the magical fire seen by sailors.

Finally, Strachey and his fellow passengers make it to land, and he recalls that they "We found it to be the dangerous and dreaded Island, or rather Islands of the Bermuda..." This ominous mention of "the island" brings to mind the entire island of The Tempest, on which not only are the noble characters shipwrecked but even Prospero and Miranda, who at first find themselves on a cursed island, where Ariel's "groans / did make wolves howl and penetrate the breast / of ever angry bears" (1.2.287-289). The island of The Tempest is thus likely inspired by Strachey mention of the "dreaded Island" they landed on in Bermuda.

Reading Strachey's account of the storm experienced by the passengers of the Sea Venture alongside William Shakespeare's The Tempest leads one to conclude that the author of the latter likely read Strachey's letter and incorporated details from the letter into the description of the storm and its effects on the story. The discussion of the downsides to dying in the sea represent a direct adaptation, while the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Shakespeare, William. "The Tempest." Shakesspeare Navigators. Web. 2 Oct 2011. >.

Strachey, William. "William Strachey's Account of the Storm."Shakespeare in American Life.

Web. 2 Oct 2011.
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Corruption of Power in the

Words: 781 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86406041

They attempt to enforce their conception of the true Roman law by murdering Caesar. They want to use the controlled power of violence to restore order. This fails miserably and ultimately Mark Anthony uses the power of persuasion in his funeral oration to turn the Roman mobs against the conspirators and to establish his own authority as a tyrant in Rome.

In Julius Caesar, using one's influence is not about holding a political office. Influence is about the power of being able to craftily use one's position, as a respected senator, as a trusted friend or as a rhetorical speaker with a captive audience. While the triumvirate later uses violence as a way of bolstering their power in the wake of the political instability after the death of Caesar, the failure of the assassination shows that displays of force alone are not enough to secure political influence. Violence must be used skillfully, in a manipulative way, to be effective. Brutus' attempt to make violence clean, rational, and honorable makes him look weak rather than strong.

The Tempest, although a fairy-tale play in tone, shows how power relations exist even between non-humans in Shakespeare. Prospero, because of his superior knowledge of…… [Read More]

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Inescapability of Self-Interest in the

Words: 611 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22108601

Both of these characters show Prospero's twisted sense of justice.

Prospero's use of magic to control Caliban through "pinchings" and chains is somewhat more justified, given the story of Caliban's attempted rape of Miranda. It also clearly shows, however, that Prospero assumes control of situations without taking others' feelings or rights into account. Caliban grew up on the island and had the full run of it for years before Prospero came to its shores, yet this is not given even a modicum of respect by Prospero's self-centered (and ethnocentric) view. His treatment of Ariel is even worse; this spirit did nothing to harm Prospero, but rather is enslaved by the magician simply because Prospero freed him from the tree where he was imprisoned. This was not an act of illusion done to give Ariel a "renewed faith in goodness," but rather a very corporeal act that traded imprisonment for enslavement. Nor was this done primarily for Miranda's benefit, but rather was a way to ensure Prospero's increased and continued dominion over his island and its surrounding waters. In short, Prospero is almost completely self-serving not only during the action of the play, but also in the details of his life…… [Read More]

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Learn Others Learning -- and

Words: 902 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46631593

The Merchant of Venice, though ostensibly a comedy, is one of the more serious plays in the comedic genre. The Taming of the Shrew is far more humorous and light hearted, but it is not without its lessons. The specific lessons vary greatly depending on one's interpretation of the play, especially in performance, but one key lesson that most of the female characters fail to learn is the advantage of working in tandem with their husband. Petruchio manages to win a substantial amount of money through his new wife Kate's quick obedience; she has learned through the course of the play to at least give the appearance of docility and subservience, which the other women lack -- they have failed to learn anything from her transformation, seeing no problems in themselves form the outset. This failure costs them some cold, hard, cash.

It is in Julius Caesar, however, that Shakespeare most clearly and explicitly illustrates the principle of a refusal to learn from others that Douglas Adams puts forth. Again, there are several small examples of this willful ignorance throughout the play, but the clearest and most substantial case is that such lies at the very center of the play's…… [Read More]

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Outsourcing by the End of

Words: 906 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41945648

Offshoring is occuring across a variety of job functions in areas such as IT, manufacturing and the service industry. Functions that easily be digitized or handled by phone or that involve skills that are available or easily developed are all fair game (Hoffman). The range of functions is substantial and increasing over time. Currently, major areas are depicted in Figure1, Offshoring Opportunities Across the Organization. According to some experts such as Baker and Kripalani (2004), while the lower-skill sets are being outsources, there is still a global marke palce for high-quality professionals. As an exampe, the authors point out that the IT industry where of the six types of software professionals, architects, researchers, consultants, project managers, business analysts and basic programmers, only basic programming jobs are being outsourced to offshore operations. Therefore, Baker and Kripalani deduce that America will still remain the supreme source for application development because of tis diverse and talented workforce and that American innovation will create the new products, processes and markets that will result in a net increase in the American economy.

Source: Hoffman, M. Offshoring - Is it a win-win game? Global Issue

Personally, I believe the outsourcing is a necessary evil for America…… [Read More]


Baker, S. And Kripalini, M. (2004, March 1). Software: Will outsourcing hurt America's supremacy?" Business Week, pp. 84-90.

Einhorn, B. And Kripalani, M. (2003, August 4). Move over India, China is rising fast as a services outsourcing hub. BusinessWeek International Edition: Asian Business: 20:3844.

Hoffman, M. Offshoring - Is it a win-win game? Global Issue. Retrieved August 18, 2005 from Web site:

Kripalani, M., Einhorn, B., and Magnusson, P. (2003, June 16). A tempest over outsourcing. Business Week, pp. 20-21.
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Programs Have Taken Hold of Many University

Words: 868 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47095181

programs have taken hold of many university programs because they offer a "common intellectual experience to stimulate discussion, critical thinking, and encourage a sense of community among students, faculty and staff" (University of Florida). Most of the programs are for first-year students because there is a need to indoctrinate these students into the university experience. Also, students learn to appreciate literature on an entirely new level as they see how one written work can encompass many different subjects. The two books offered, The Red Badge of Courage and The Tempest, offer different experiences for the students, but they both encourage further reading in great literature. However, there is an obvious choice among the two because the potential for discussion ad integration is greater. The Red Badge of Courage is a work that can be understood in a contemporary context and is easily adaptable to multiple subjects.

Students entering college for the first time are generally in their late teens. Because of what has happened since September 11, 2001 most of those students have grown up with war and the reality of U.S. conflict since they began their educational careers. This is not to say that the current war on terror…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Crane, Stephen. The Red Badge of Courage. New York: Forgotten Books, 1923. Web.

Glencoe Literature Library. Study Guide for the Red Badge of Courage. New York: McGraw Hill, 2006. Web.

University of Florida. "Common Reading Program." New Student and Family Programs, 2012. Web.
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Relationship of Love

Words: 1302 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22499764

Relationship of Love in Shakespeare

Within the writings of Shakespeare there are many great loves. Some of the greatest are also the greatest examples as love for purpose. The love between a man and a women are often the avenue by which intrigue transpires into change. Within this work three great loves will be examined and compared, the first The love between Ferdinand and Miranda in Tempest will act as the starting point from which the other two are compared. The second couple is Queen Margaret and the Duke of Suffolk in Henry VI and the third Desdemona and Othello in Othello. It is through these three couples and the works they are the centers of that the demonstration of love as a tool for plot development and intrigue by Shakespeare will be proven.

The love between Ferdinand and Miranda is the pinnacle of the example of love as a dramatists tool. Additionally, the love that Ferdinand, the prince of Naples and Miranda feel for one another is ethereal, as they are drawn to one another through the trick of the spirit Arial at the bidding of Prospero, Miranda's father. "MIRANDA I might call him / A thing divine, for…… [Read More]

And makes it fearful and degenerate; / Think therefore on revenge and cease to weep. / But who can cease to weep and look on this? / Here may his head lie on my throbbing breast: / But where's the body that I should embrace?

She is even so brazen as to express her love and loss to her husband King Henry VI. KING HENRY VI Come, Margaret; God, our hope, will succor us. QUEEN MARGARET My hope is gone, now Suffolk is deceased.

All quotes taken from the MIT searchable Complete Works of Shakespeare at
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Nature of Man and the

Words: 3383 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21912452

It is what we know, because that which we understand from the experience of the vision quest finds no words to express it, and if we cannot express it, hear it said, we question and fear it. But we continue to long for the escape, to shed the body like the snake that sheds its skin.

We try to share our experience, the knowledge that nature has imparted upon us -- but it is difficult, and often times seems to fall upon deaf ears. But we cannot pace others, only ourselves, and we cannot make them hear what they resist; perhaps they just are not ready. Enlightenment through nature comes to people at their own pace through life. Often times, I think, it is later in life, when the noise of youth subsides. It is then, for some, that the distant mountain beckons us to our individual vision quest, and we can stand in the cold shade against the strength of the mountain wall, or we can move away from it, into the meadow and stand in the illumination of the light of the collective. For there are many who have gone before us, and this knowledge that we gain…… [Read More]

Reference List

Needleman J., and Lewis, D. (Eds.). (1976). On the Way to Self-Knowledge. New York,

NY: Knopf.

Perluss, Bessy, (2008). Climbing the Alchemical Mountain. Psychological Perspectives, 51/1, 87-107.

Perluss, Betsy, (2007). Touching Earth, Finding Spirit: A Passage into the Symbolic Landscape. Spring Journal, 76/2, 201-222
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Homer and Caliban

Words: 2014 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93748085

Homer and Caliban

The development of the theories of art education by various theories has been influenced by the various artistic works, especially poetry. In the past few centuries, poetry has become an important element in the development of English literature and various theories on the art of education. Notably, these poetry and theories are developed by various philosophers who have contributed in the growth of the field of education and the teaching practice. Apart from contributing to the development of education and teaching practice, these works of poetry helps in understanding medieval societies and the modern society in light of the changes that have taken place. This is achieved through portrayal of cultural stereotypes, heroic traits, treatment of women, and portrayal of inhabitants of the New World among others.

Homer's Heroic Traits and Chaucer Fashion Heroic Traits

Homer valorizes the single hero who becomes a cultural stereotype as expressed in his epic poems i.e. The Iliad and the Odyssey. Through portraying Hector as the perfect hero in The Iliad, Homer describes various characteristics of a hero including martial skills, bravery, and friendship. In the Odyssey, Homer depicts a hero as an individual with three major characteristics i.e. audacious, savior,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dan. "Qualities of a Hero and Odysseus." Teen Ink. Emerson Media, n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015. .

O'Toole, Michael. "Shakespeare's Natives: Ariel and Caliban in The Tempest." Columbia University in the City of New York. Columbia University, n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2015. .

Stuber, Leann. "The Contradiction of Masculinity in the Middle Ages." The Delta 4th ser. 3.1 (2008): 5-23. Illinois Wesleyan University. Digital Commons at ILU, 2008. Web. 18 Jan. 2015. .

Vaughan, Alden T., and Virginia Mason. Vaughan. Shakespeare's Caliban: A Cultural History. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1991. Print.
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Thematic Bridges in English Literature

Words: 590 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82672464

In "After Apple-picking," the speaker reflects explicitly only on the feel of picking apples, and the lingering feelings and thoughts that this work leaves in the mind and body. The commonality in theme that this bears to the epilogue Shakespeare wrote for The Tempest might not be immediately apparent, but again the language and diction of the poem provide clues as to what Frost was really getting at in this poem. The speaker mentions sleep and dreams or dreaming several times in the poem, both of which are commonly used as euphemisms for death (including by Shakespeare himself, in several famous speeches). Winter, too, is generally symbolic of old age, making the speaker's mention of "winter sleep" doubly evocative of increasing age and the awareness of mortality. The autumn scene of the apple picking itself is also, of course, indicative of change in the seasons; the ripeness of the fruit and their impending usefulness also spells out their demise, and there is a definite sense of melancholy in the poem that seems aware of this fact. The purpose of this poem is similar to that of the epilogue, but has a different perspective; rather than looking ahead at the afterlife…… [Read More]

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Shakespeare Used Music in His Works William

Words: 1098 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2626142

Shakespeare used Music in his Works

William Shakespeare (1564-1616), English playwright and poet, is recognized all over the world as the greatest dramatist of all times. His plays have been performed more times than those of any other dramatist and have been translated in almost every major language. (Kastan) While many aspects of Shakespeare's plays have been discussed and analyzed, it is perhaps not so widely known that music has also played an important role in many of his plays. In this paper we shall review the historical background of music in the Shakespearian era and discuss how and why music was used in Shakespeare's works. The type of music used by the playwright as well as some examples of music in specific plays shall also be described.

Historical Background of Music in the Shakespearian Era

The 16th century in which Shakespeare was born was a period when England was emerging as a strong Protestant nation. The arts and literature were flourishing and Queen Elizabeth was a great patron of music in particular. Street musicians playing the bass violist or tabor and the pipe or ballads and traditional folk songs were a common sight in the busy markets of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Lackey, Stephanie. "Shakespeare and his Music." October 12, 1998. Vanderbilt University's MusL 242 Gateway Page. April 25, 2003.

Kastan, David Scott. "William Shakespeare." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta. CD-ROM Version, 2003

Music in the plays." The Internet Shakespeare Editions. March 1996 (Updated January 26, 2003). April 25, 2003.

Music of the streets and fairs." The Internet Shakespeare Editions. March 1996 (Updated January 26, 2003). April 25, 2003.
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Thomas Jefferson A Pioneer in

Words: 5416 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9505486

Jefferson's Principles and their Impact on Education

Jefferson's radical beliefs in the inherent moral and developmental capacities of humans, and in their capacities to take part to participatory democracy, in turn reinforced his enduring commitment to an education that would be accessible to all. Jefferson was well aware that democracy could only work properly when the people were both virtuous and enlightened.

From these notions that people were naturally virtuous but not naturally enlightened, but that enlightenment was necessary for democracy, it followed that the society had a vested interest in investing in education to provide enlightenment.

In a letter to the Welsh born philosopher Richard Price dated January 8, 1789, Jefferson observed that "wherever the people are well informed they can be trusted with their government."

Such well informed or enlightened people could be relied on, "whenever things get so far wrong as to attract their notice," to set the matters at hand "to rights."

Education, then, was to play the critical role of informing and enlightening the people.

Jefferson would make this argument more completely in his "Bill for the More General Diffusion of Knowledge," which he proposed as part of his efforts to revise Virginia's laws in…… [Read More]



Ford, W. Ed. Thomas Jefferson Correspondence. Boston, 1916.

Jefferson, T. The Life and Selected Writings of Thomas Jefferson. New York: Modern Library, 1993.

Public and Private Papers New York: Vintage Books/the Library of America, 1990.
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Shakespeare Wordsworth Shakespeare and Wordsworth

Words: 1532 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27751528


Here, though Wordsworth has once again assumed his place apart from the natural world, he denotes that it is of value to return to this beautiful space in his memory when he is in need of emotional or psychological respite. And ultimately, this reinforces the romantic imperative of distilling the human experience within its context. For Wordsworth, the context of modernity invokes a greater appreciation for man's inextricable bond to the natural world.

For Shakespeare, a pre-romantic prerogative toward leaving one's own stamp on the world seems to drive the perspective of Sonnet 116. So is this evidenced by his closing remarks, which states rather definitively, "If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved." Both with regard to the way that Shakespeare characterizes the everlasting nature of true love and the way that he references his own role in the world as a writer, Shakespeare's concern is decidedly more strident than is that of Wordsworth. Still, the two pieces ultimately appear as different points on the same continuum, probing man's identity as it relates to forces greater than man such as nature, society and time. Indeed, a preoccupation for poets and…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Shakespeare, W. (1609). Sonnet 116.

Wordsworth, W. (1807). I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud. Poem Hunter.
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Takaki Racialization Questions on Race

Words: 1912 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87380194

This would result in a proliferation of German success and influence throughout the continent and an effective solidarity amongst German immigrants.

5) What was the "wolf by the ears" quandary that Takai suggests late century American slaveholders found themselves to be in? What were they afraid of? What solutions to the problems created by slavery were possible considering the existing conditions and mentalities in American societies at the time?

The problem of slavery had become pressing, not just insofar as it represented a serious humanitarian crisis for the U.S. But even further, as it presented the U.S. And many of its citizens a serious threat to stability. Jefferson's comments, which sound derisive enough, were actually couched in the understanding that the slave class of the United States was justifiably angry, restless and therefore, dangerous to its master. Accordingly, Takaki reports that "As it is,' Jefferson cried out, 'we have the wolf by the ears, and we can neither hold him, nor safely let him go. Justice is on one scale, and self-preservation in the other.' Jefferson wanted to abolish the institution that had denied 'liberty' to the people he owned as property: it represented a 'moral reproach' that 'tormented' his…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Diner, H.R. (1983). Erin's Daughters in America: Irish Immigrant Women in the Nineteenth Century. The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Takaki, R. (2008). A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America. Back Bay Books.
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Stephen Greenblatt's Will in the

Words: 1227 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84015048

Greenblatt also provides us with some thought into what be hidden in Shakespeare's strange epitaph. Perspective is also gleaned on many of Shakespeare's works, including the Merchant of Venice, Hamlet, Othello, and King Lear IV. He also goes into how Shakespeare only had one rival, Christopher Marlowe until 1957, when Ben Johnson emerged. The two men were similarly in age and envy. The two men "circled warily, watching with intense attention, imitating, and then attempting to surpass each other" (256). Here we see how healthy competition can spur talent. Additionally, Greenblatt delves into some of the mysterious aspects of Shakespeare's life with a convincing perspective. His marriage to Anne Hathaway is viewed fairly. Shakespeare's early marriage years and why he left for London are still elusive but Greenblatt attempts to ferret out some of the more popular theories regarding these issues. That Shakespeare did, for all intents and purposes, abandon his family is clear but why remains less so. Greenblatt realizes the negative attention that has been paid to this aspect of Shakespeare's life but instead of attempting to unravel the mystery, he acknowledges that the event certainly did occur but moves on to Shakespeare's life after Anne. He does…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Greenblatt, Stephen. Will in the World. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 2004.
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French Colonialism in Western Africa

Words: 4744 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88899622

By the second night, a group of men had mutinied and attempted to kill the officers and destroy the raft, and by the third day, "those whom death had spared in the disastrous night […] fell upon the dead bodies with which the raft was covered, and cut off pieces, which some instantly devoured" (Savigny & Correard 192). Ultimately, the survivors were reduced to throwing the wounded overboard, and only after they had been reduced to fifteen men, "almost naked; their bodies and faces disfigured by the scorching beams of the sun," were they finally rescued by the Argus, which had set sail six days earlier to search for the raft and the wreck of the Medusa (Savigny & Correard 203).

Theodore Gericault's the Raft of the Medusa captures the moment on the 17th of July when the Argus first became visible to the survivors, and his choice to reflect upon this moment in particular reveals something about his intentions (Alhadeff 70). The Raft of the Medusa was his first major work, and was exhibited in the Paris Salon in 1819 as part of a massive installation sponsored by Louis XVIII; "his choice was careful and methodical: this was a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alhadeff, Albert. The raft of the Medusa: Gericault, art, and race. New York: Prestel, 2002.

Athanassoglou-Kallmyer, Nina. "LEtat Et Les Artistes: De La Restauration a La Monarchie De

Juillet (1815-1833) / Salons." The Art Bulletin 85.4 (2003): 811-3.

Blair, J.A. "The Possibility and Actuality of Visual Arguments." Argumentation and Advocacy
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Brave New World Novel

Words: 1350 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79450728

Brave New World:

Oh Wonder! That Has Such Similar People (to us) in it!

Aldous Huxley is often cited as an architect of a society that is eerily prescient of our own future. "In a number of specifics Huxley's prophecies are tellingly accurate," writes literary critic Kirkpatrick Sale, such as "the ubiquity of sports, television in hotel and hospital rooms, a general ignorance of history," and "psychology and chemistry as important change agents," as opposed to religion. (Sale, 2000, p.3) This new world of the future, however, is often depicted as a world of falsehood, in contrast to the truth embodied by the savage John. However, perhaps Huxley's distopia it is not so much a society where truth and happinees are incomensurate, but a place where personal choice and freedom are impossible to experience at the same time as one is perfectly happy. To take responsibility for one's present actions and one's failures in the past often means one must experience pain -- and thus, everything must be decided for the citizens of Brave New World.

The title of the novel Brave New World comes from a quote of Shakespeare from "The Tempest." The savage John quotes this phrase "O…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gray, John. "Back to the future: Aldous Huxley was very much a product of his time; racist, snobbish and superior. But he was also a visionary, a chronicler of our disturbed modernity: Aldous Huxley: An English Intellectual." New Statesman. April 8, 2002. 15 Jan 2004.

Critical book review of Huxley's novel and of a recent biography of the novel. Provides an overview of contemporary and modern critical reception to the novel.

Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. 1931. Searchable Online. 15 Jan 2004.
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Anglo Saxon Literature

Words: 1008 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88169765

Anglo-Saxon Literature With Christian Messages

Saint Bede, also known as "Bede the Venerable," was an English historian, a Benedictine monk, and a respected scholar, who spent much of his life (he lived roughly 673-735) engaged in spiritual activities; and, according to the Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition (, Saint Bede "became probably the most learned man in Western Europe in his day."

He wrote scholarly scientific, theological and historical pieces, always doing his homework thoroughly by reading all available materials and checking closely for their authenticity. His Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation "remains an indispensable primary source for English history from 597 to 731," the asserts. The reason that book is considered such a valuable resource even after all these years is that it gives "the most thorough and reliable contemporary account of the triumph of Christianity and the growth of Anglo-Saxon culture in England."

Meanwhile, Saint Bede was made a saint in 1899, and was also named "Doctor of the Church" -- the lone British resident ever to have been bestowed with that honor.

In terms of Saint Bede's contribution to Christianity through literature, the Ecclesiastical History (Book 3, Chapter 3) is not only a charming story, but,…… [Read More]


Christian History. "Oswald and Aidan: how an English king and a Scottish bishop

Teamed up to spread the gospel." 20.4 (2001): 19. "Cynewulf" and "Saint Bede" Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition

Retrieved 20 February, 2005. Available from
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Elizabethan Renascence

Words: 4876 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63788013

Renaissance Art

An Analysis of Love in the Renaissance Art of Sidney, Shakespeare, Hilliard and Holbein

If the purpose of art, as Aristotle states in the Poetics, is to imitate an action (whether in poetry or in painting), Renaissance art reflects an obsession with a particular action -- specifically, love and its many manifestations, whether eros, agape or philia. Love as a theme in 16th and 17th century poetry and art takes a variety of forms, from the sonnets of Shakespeare and Sidney to the miniature portraits of Hilliard and Holbein. Horace's famous observation, ut picture poesis, "as is poetry so is painting," helps explain the popularity of both. Indeed, as Rensselaer W. Lee observes, the "sister arts as they were generally called…differed in means and manner of expression, but were considered almost identical in fundamental nature, in content, and in purpose" (Lee 196). In other words, the love sonnets of Shakespeare and Sidney and the miniature portraitures of both Hilliard and Holbein share a single artistic nature -- specifically, the love of the poet for his subjects and love of the painter for his. This paper will analyze the nature of poetry ("a speaking picture") and painting ("mute poetry")…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aristotle. Poetics (trans. By Gerald Else). MI: Ann Arbor Paperbacks, 1970. Print.

Greenblatt, Stephen. Will in the World. NY W.W. Norton, 2004. Print.

Hogan, Patrick. "Sidney and Titian: Painting in the 'Arcadia' and the 'Defence.'" The

South Central Bulletin, vol. 27, no. 4. (Winter, 1967): 9-15. Print.
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Dante's Inferno Canto the Canto Is Moving

Words: 1355 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95206553

Dante's Inferno: Canto

The canto is moving in that it depicts the passionate love of one for another and how, even once killed, both will stay together for eternity. No wonder that this canto and the love of Francesca for Paolo have remained a favorite of classical artists. And yet I am left with confused conclusions regarding what Dante wants to convey. On the one hand, he puts the lovers in Hell, but on the other hand he faints for them and seems to feel more suffering and empathy with these citizens of Hell (that even seem, through their love, to triumph over their surroundings) that it seems as thoguh Dante criticizes the ruthlessness of their suffering and may even condemn it as senseless. Torn between the fervently religious mores of his time that perceived even meek extra-marital love as adulterous and between his own romantic experiences, it seems to me that Dante sides with the lovers and attempts to arouse our sympathy for them and denunciation of their suffering.

Analysis fo the Canto shows us that on the one hand, Dante places the lovers in Hell indicating that even thoguh Francesca was married to an elderly, deformed person (and…… [Read More]


Dante's Inferno: Canto V. The Literature Network.
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Door Politics Is a Lucrative Business as

Words: 590 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54487777

Door Politics

Politics is a lucrative business, as the federal government is constantly handling billions of dollars, and making big decisions that have implications for dozens of industries across the country. It is no wonder, then, that politicians find their expertise and connections in Washington to be an asset when considering a post-political career. This phenomenon is called revolving door politics, and it has negative connotations for the fairness of the American lobbying system, and to what extent the U.S. government is willing to provide oversight to the contracts and laws it passes. (Taibbi, 2012)

The revolving door is a problem because it impedes on the so-called iron triangle, which is the separation of spheres of influence between citizens, corporations, and government. When corporations and government work together too closely, it leads to corruption, inefficiency, and loss of competitiveness, which is bad for a free market society.

This example was best shown recently in the Deep Horizon Drilling Disaster in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010. The Mineral Management Services, in charge of the oversight of this drilling platform, did not do all that it was required to do to oversee the operation. (Tempest, 2010) Also, the revolving door was…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Foley, S. (18, November 2011). "Goldman Sachs Conquers Europe." The Independent. London. Retrieved from, .

Taibbi, M. (11, January 2012). "Revolving Door." Rolling Stone Magazine. New York. Retrieved from,

Tempest, R. (June 2010). "Before Deepwater Horizon Disaster." "Wyoming File. Idaho Falls. Retrieved from,
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How Poetry Can Be Depicted in Drawings

Words: 778 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22036451

Art Creation and Analysis

"Love is not love

Which alters when it alteration finds

Or bends with the remover to remove:

O no; it is an ever-fixed mark,

That looks on tempests, and is never shaken"

William Shakespeare, Sonnet 116. Retrieved from

These lines mean to me that love is something that does not change. It is more than a feeling, because feelings come and go. Sometimes we feel something that we call love intensely and other times not at all. Yet what happens when someone needs us, needs our help, needs some empathy or sympathy from us, or just needs a hand -- some time out of our day? Do we give it? That is what love is to me: it is an exercise of the will -- something that starts in the mind but is made real and manifest in the acting. It is constant, as Shakespeare implies with this poem. It does not turn its back; it is always dependable; it is principled; it is true and never false. If you say you love someone then you have to be willing to accept that person, even if they change and are not as lovely as they…… [Read More]


CHA. (2005). SISTER CAROL KEEHAN, DC, RN, MS. CHA. Retrieved from

Ellis, R., Grinberg, E. (2016). Georgia Gov. Nathan Deal to Veto 'Religious Liberty'

Bill. CNN. Retrieved from
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Bleep Do We Know Traveling

Words: 3658 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38931531

In this interpretation Heitler accepts the modified Copenahgenist observer created reality, but adds that the act of observation dissolves the barrier between observer and the observed. The observer is a necessary part of the whole. Once observed, the object is now an inseparable part of the observer (Bleuler). Arntz addresses this bridge between the observer, the observer, and reality by asking "why aren't we magicians?"; indeed, if we create our reality and can change our reality simply through the act of how we perceive it, and how we choose to perceive it, we should be able shape our world and our place in our world. In Arntz' way, he is offering to the reader what so many self-help gurus have done -- put responsibility for one's reality in the hands of the person living that particular reality, and saying, 'here you go, you can change it.' Empowering, yes….but is it 'real'? Now, that is a rabbit hole.

The fourth quantum reality interpretation was developed by Hugh Everett at Princeton in 1957. His reality is called the 'many worlds interpretation' (Albert and Loewer). This interpretation is very popular and used in many science fiction novels and movies. In Everett's reality, every…… [Read More]


Albert, David and Barry Loewer. "Interpreting the Many Worlds Interpretation." Synthese (2004): 195-213.

Arntz, William, Betsy Chasse and Mark Vicente. What the Bleep Do We Know. Deerfield Beach: Health Communications, Inc., 2005.

Bey, Hakim. "Quantum Mechanics & Chaos Theory: Anarchist Meditations on N. Herbert's Quantum Reality: Beyond the New Physics." 2010. Hakim Bey and Ontological Anarchy. 27 March 2010 < >.

Bleuler, K., Heitler, W. "The Reversal of Time and the Quantization of the Longitudinal Field in Quantum Electrodynamics." Progress of Theoretical Physics (1950): 600-605.
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Shakespeare Feminism Is One of

Words: 1413 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5939860

A broader music discourse of English culture of early modern is reflected in the use of music dramatically with unrelenting relations between excess, music and feminine (Dane 435). Christian and platonic thought presents music ideologies which are conflicting and are being contented by the British writers of the early modern: Semantic indeterminacy and sensuous immediacy are presented by music and also the divine order earthly embodiment presented by music. A feminism depiction is seen here whereby the Pythagorean harmony is the positive aspect of music or its masculine aspect and the cultural dissonance is the negative attribute or the feminine aspect. The marginalities are expressed through the singing of Ophelia which is allowed to be not only literal but also dissonance figuratively. Jacobean and Elizabethan stages gender types inspires Ophelia representation. Women's song cultural constructions is problematic through Ophelia singing which lets the 'woman out', her disturbing feminine energy must be absorbed again into both discursive and social orders of the play. Ophelia's drowning is described by Gertrude and it repatriates the music of Ophelia making her madness look pretty.

There is stereotype in the Hamlet play against women whereby Shakespeare which depicts them as fragile and weak minded in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adelman, Janet. "Man and Wife Is One Flesh: Hamlet and the Confrontation with the Maternal

Body." Suffocating Mothers: Fantasies of Maternal Origin in Shakespeare's Plays, Hamlet to The Tempest. By Adelman. New York: Routledge, 1992. 11-37.

Aguirre, Manuel. "Life, Crown, and Queen: Gertrude and the Theme of Sovereignty." Review of English Studies 47 (1996): 163-74.

Dane, Gabrielle. "Reading Ophelia's Madness." Exemplaria 10 (1998): 405-23.
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Rhetorical Implications of Modern Political

Words: 1072 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10485849

The speech is full of images and words denoting grand principles, especially "freedom," and the manner in which these are intermingled with the logical arguments and exhortations for support -- and pledges of support -- that have direct literal meanings blur the line between discursive and presentational symbols. Each of Obama's words has specific meaning out of the context of this speech, and each word largely retains this meaning within the speech, but the context of the speech as a whole shifts the meanings of these words and of the entire speech, transforming the symbols into something that appears to have ore substance presentationaly than is substantiated through a discursive examination of the same speech.

An excellent early example of the way Obama melds discursive and presentational symbols is in his first direct reference to the division that Berlin experienced for decades: "And on the twenty-fourth of June, 1948, the Communists chose to blockade the western part of the city. They cut off food and supplies to more than two million Germans in an effort to extinguish the last flame of freedom in Berlin" (Obama). The concrete details provided in the first part of the quite give way to the…… [Read More]

Works Cited.

Brand, Peg. "Susanne Katherina Knauth Langer." Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. London, 1998.

Langer, S. (1951) Philosophy in a New Key. "Discursive Forms and Presentational Forms"

Liukkonen, Petri. "Susanne K. Langer." Accessed 29 April 2010.

New World Encyclopedia. "Susanne Langer." Accessed 29 April 2010.
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Ben Jonson Intertextualities The Influence

Words: 22973 Length: 80 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70168505

" James a.S. McPeek

further blames Jonson for this corruption: "No one can read this dainty song to Celia without feeling that Jonson is indecorous in putting it in the mouth of such a thoroughgoing scoundrel as Volpone."


asserts that the usual view of Jonson's use of the Catullan poem is distorted by an insufficient understanding of Catullus' carmina, which comes from critics' willingness to adhere to a conventional -- yet incorrect and incomplete -- reading of the love poem. When Jonson created his adaptation of carmina 5, there was only one other complete translation in English of a poem by Catullus. That translation is believed to have been Sir Philip Sidney's rendering of poem 70 in Certain Sonnets, however, it was not published until 1598.

This means that Jonson's knowledge of the poem must have come from the Latin text printed in C. Val. Catulli, Albii, Tibulli, Sex. Aur. Propertii Opera omnia quae estant, which was published in Paris in 1604 and known for certain to have been in Jonson's personal library.

It seems that following Volpone, Catullus' love poems became more and more popular as his poems were appearing in translation more frequently.

What this means, however,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alghieri, Dante Inferno. 1982. Trans. Allen Mandelbaum. New York: Bantam Dell, 2004.


Allen, Graham. Intertextuality. Routledge; First Edition, 2000. Print.

Baker, Christopher. & Harp, Richard. "Jonson' Volpone and Dante." Comparative
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Aircraft the Evolution of British

Words: 2548 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38272769

Both fighters and bombers improved their range and capacities to carry more. Overall, the period between the wars saw aircraft go from slow, rickety wooden boxes to sleek, metallic speedsters capable of performing integral military operations.

Nothing best defines the advancements made in aircraft design and capabilities that the Hawker company. Beginning shortly after the First World War, Hawker continually and steadily improved his designs making faster and better aircraft. With designs like the Hawker Fury (1931), the company continually modified it's fighter into new designs like the Hind (1934) and the Hurricane (1935). (Angelucci 1983) by the start of World War II, the Hurricane was Britain's frontline fighter and was powered by the famous Rolls Royce Merlin 12 cylinder liquid cooled engine. This engine could produce over 1000 hp and allowed the aircraft to reach speeds of more than 300 mph. While the cruising speed was lower, the Merlin engine would continually be improved until by 1939 the Merlin III was being used. Eventually the Merlin would have up to twenty variants. Using this Merlin XX 1185 hp engine, the Hurricane MK II could reach speeds of 340 mph, had a top ceiling of 36,000 ft, and was armed…… [Read More]


Angelucci, E. 1983, the Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980,

The Military Press, New York.

Donald, D. 1998, Fighters of World War II, Orbis Publishing, New York.

Sharp, M., Scutts, J., March, D. 1999, Aircraft of World War II, a Visual Encyclopedia,
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Psychoanalytical Reading of the Turn

Words: 1503 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88086911

James does imply in the prologue of the Turn of the Screw that there is a deeper meaning to the governess' narrative than merely a straightforward ghost story. So it is unlikely that, as some critics claim, it was merely meant to be a simple ghost story with no deeper meaning or symbolism. However interpretation of the tale has sometimes been taken to the opposite extreme as well, with critics reading far too much in certain dialogue, passages and references than the author likely ever intended. Ultimately, Sigmund Freud would probably have a field day interpreting the sexual repression of the critics who have analyzed this novella so intently.

Works… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cefalu, Paul a. "Rethinking the Discourse of Colonialism in Economic Terms: Shakespeare's the Tempest, Captain John Smith's Virginia Narratives, and the English Response to Vagrancy." Shakespeare Studies. 28 (2000): 85-119.

James, Henry. The Turn of the Screw: And Other Short Novels. New York: New American Library. 1962.

Liddell, Robert. A Treatise on the Novel. London: J.Cape, 1947.

McCormack, Peggy. Questioning the Master: Gender and Sexuality in Henry James's Writings. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press. 2000.
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Racism Throughout American History Race

Words: 738 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72067098

Racialization is where two, racial groups have become so disgusted with one another that they will begin to take negative views of each other .Where, WASP's would often see blacks as the lowest ethic groups in society, while they would view other ethnics groups in more positive light (but only to a certain extent). A good example of this can be seen with the way many individuals will not acknowledge someone as an American (such as: Christy Yamuguchi's Olympic performance against Midori Ito of Japan). Despite being a fourth generation Japanese-American, the media commentators kept implying that she was Japanese (even though she was from America). This is significant, because it shows how the radicalization of WASP's has created racial triangulation. Where, they cannot acknowledge the accomplishment of minorities, (despite the fact that they are Americans). In this case, the media was using racial triangulation to keep Yamuguchi down to a certain extent, but not to compare in such a negative light as other racial groups. (Kim 105 -- 138)

At the same time, the racializations of WASP's will cause them to see others that are outside their racial groups as savages that need to be tamed. A good example…… [Read More]


Kim, Jean. "Racial Triangulation of Asian-Americans." n.d. 105 -- 138. Print.

Takaki, George. "The Tempest in the Wilderness." The Journal of American History. 79.3 (1992): 892 -- 912. Print.
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Young Is Too Young Lowering

Words: 1635 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 201893

However, "a 2003 study showed that in many countries with lower minimum drinking ages, 15- and 16-year-olds are less likely to become intoxicated compared with teens in the U.S. (Roan 2008, p.3).

Opponents of lowering the law in the U.S. have increasingly used medical science to support their position, pointing out that the teenage brain is less developmentally mature than an adult brain and "younger someone starts drinking, the greater the likelihood of developing alcohol dependence" (Roan 2008, p.3). But a 2006 Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine study shows that while it is true that prepubescents who begin drinking have dramatically higher rates of alcoholism, between 18 and 21, the difference is "insignificant" in terms of how age of first use affects later consumption. "What we ought to look at is not keeping 18-year-olds from drinking, it's keeping 13-year-olds from drinking," concluded the study (Roan 2008, p.3).

While medical and psychological evidence may suggest that drinking later is better, many cultures have created an atmosphere of moderation and responsibility around alcohol in a manner that fosters lower levels of drunkenness amongst young people of all ages. Raising the drinking age has created a cultural of rampant defiance of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alias, Michaela. "Lowering the drinking age would benefit young adults." The Daily Collegian.

February 2, 2009. May 31, 2010.

"College presidents seek lower drinking age." Associated Press. August 18, 2008. May 31, 2010.
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Identity in Shakespeare Clearly One

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19395854

Most Elizabethans believed their self-identity was wrapped up in a cosmic paradigm of fate and destiny, and were somehow controlled by the stars and planets and had a power over the baser side of man -- tools of God, but with certain amounts of free will. Thus, a very central idea in Shakespeare is this central view that an individual's identity is set by God, the Planets, the Universe, the Gods, and Nature. But in contrast, the idea of free will for the individual -- or even a single utterance or decision, can change forever the destiny of the individual. A superb example of this is in Romeo and Juliet.

Fate and chance surround the identities of the major and minor characters in RJ almost from the opening scene. Because the audience already believed that their destiny was predetermined, they saw the characters as having very little choice in their situation. It was popular during the time to believe in the Biblical saying from Jeremiah, "Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before you were born I consecrated you; I have appointed you…"

Shakespeare sets the stage by letting the audience know that destiny and fate…… [Read More]

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Richard Selzer's The Knife Richard

Words: 712 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69156573

And in this case, he holds life and death in his hands, presiding over major surgery as though he might be God Himself. In paragraph #4 he uses the simile of his colleagues being "like children absorbed in a game." But then in paragraph #6 there is no doubt what he went through was no child's game: he took a "vow…with all solemnity" and now his world is "blood and flesh." Being able to juxtapose images so smoothly is a mark of a writer who understands artistry.

Good literature always features the skilled use of literary devices such as personification and Selzer's essay is certainly good literature in that respect. In paragraph #18 the knife looks like it probably did three thousand years ago except that now it's "head" has "grown detachable." And in paragraph #19 the knife "springs instantly to life" when it is clicked into proper position. Readers did not know until now that a knife, whether a surgeon's knife or any knife, could come to life. The scalpel even "sings" in the 20th paragraph and it has a "snout" as well. In paragraph #22 personification strikes again as the tumor comes alive (it is "toadish").

Conclusion: In…… [Read More]

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John Kelly's the Great Mortality

Words: 1378 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98504858

John Kellys "the great mortality"

The bacillus Yesinia Pestis made two continents pay intolerably high life prices both in human and animal lives. Along a few decades in the first half of the thirteenth century, it engulfed Eurasia and kept the world under its terror, making many think its end was near (The Great Mortality).

The Great Plague has carved in the history of humanity signs that will never fade with the passing of time because of its enormous toll on human lives. John Kelly's book "The great mortality" places the plague in a historic context and tackles the topic of Black Death from the perspective of the twentieth century. The word is not free from the deadly attack of infectious diseases, viruses are still threatening animals and human beings alike. John Kelly points out in the introduction to his book that in spite of the numerous victories reported by medicine in the fight against infectious diseases, like the small pox, for example, people are today almost as vulnerable and powerless when confronted with a new virus as they were during the thirteenth century.

By the end of the first half of the thirteenth century, the first wave of globalization…… [Read More]

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Ukraine Walking the Linguistic Tightrope

Words: 1364 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19317807

The fact is, Russian is useful. In this part of the world, it's the language of business and science" said one Ukrainian ("Ukraine's language," PRI, 2009). Ukrainian is sometimes used in popular music, but that is because it is often used as slang rather than as the dominant language of conversation or commerce.

So the dissenting question arises, if Russian is already so dominant, and understood much of the population that is not solely Russian-speaking: Why not teach Ukrainian in school, and leave bilingual speakers to their own devices? However, if the Ukraine school system must neglect Russian, due to the nation's official policy, than the next generation of children will speak inferior Russian to their Russian and other Slavic counterparts. Russian will persist, but more sophisticated use of the language will ebb away. Another problem is class divisions: Russian is weakest in the poorest sections of the Ukraine. Denying these Ukrainians access to Russian in the schools could shut them out of the language of business and science in a dangerous fashion.

To change the linguistic status of the Ukraine would require changing the constitution (Khineyko 2007). However, there seems to be support for such a motion. Polls indicate…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Khineyko, Ilya. Tempest in the (linguistic) teapot? Ukrainian analysis. March 7, 2007.

November 13, 2009.

Kulyk, V. "Constructing common sense: Language and ethnicity in Ukrainian public discourse."

Ethnic & Racial Studies, 29.2 (Mar 2006): 281-314
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Ted Hughes From and Perspective

Words: 655 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14997745

Often, however, he was more subtle in his effects. In "Sam," for instance, the stanzaic breaks give the text a clear structure, with the very short final stanza adding a definite bite to the poem. The longer first stanza tells the story of Plath on a runaway horse, this is then commented upon and analyzed, and finally Hughes draws a four-line comparison to the way he was treated by Plath: "you strangled me... flung yourself off and under my feet." The abrupt turn and end of this poem is used to elicit a specific response of shocked sympathy from the reader, which marks only one of Hughes attempts in Birthday Letters to exonerate himself for Plath's suicide.

Neither of the two above-mentioned poems are entirely consistent in tone, however, and the length of their lines and/or stanzaic structure can of course be read in several ways. In "The Shot," however, there appears to be a deliberate conflict set up in both the form and the content of the poem. Lines of greatly differing length appear in sharp juxtaposition, as the speaker contemplates what could have been vs. what was:

In my position, the right witchdoctor

Might have caught you in…… [Read More]

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Bronte Wuthering Heights Beyond Social

Words: 1120 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55424961

Catherine's passionate speech to the listless and ignorant Nelly is a proof of the force of this passion. She realizes that Edgar's kindness and gentleness is unsuitable for her own nature: "I've no more business to marry Edgar Linton than I have to be in heaven: and if the wicked man in there had not brought Heathcliff so low, I shouldn't have thought of it. It would degrade me to marry Heathcliff now.... "(Bronte, 95) in her understanding, she could never be at peace in heaven, because her passions are not mild or harmonious. She and Heathcliff belong among the wild forces of nature and their love cannot exist in the middle of society.

Moreover, Catherine feels that her bond with Heathcliff is so strong as to be able to unite them into a single soul. Their oneness further explains the fact that they are not actually compatible in the social environment. The identities of Catherine and Heathcliff obviously merge, forming a singular dependence or addiction: "So he shall never know I love him: and that, not because he's handsome, Nelly, but because he's more myself than I am. Whatever our souls are made of, his and mine are the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bloom, Harold. Emily Bronte's 'Wuthering Heights'. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1987.

Bronte, Emily. Wuthering Heights. New York: Washington Square Press, 1964.

Gerster, Carole. "The Reality of Fantasy: Emily Bront's Wuthering Heights." Exploring Novels. Online ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003.

Goodlett, Debra. "Love and addiction in 'Wuthering Heights.'." The Midwest Quarterly 37.n3 (Spring 1996): 316(12)
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Atmospheres on Mars and Venus

Words: 1702 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81909263

In conclusion, both of these planets, which are closest to the Earth in miles, are a world away in their weather and atmosphere. Mars is a desert planet of extremes that can be exceedingly cold and enormously windy, while Venus is a planet covered in clouds and extremely hot. Both planets have several weather-related events that are quite similar to Earth, but there are shocking differences, as well. As scientists continue to study the weather on these planets, they will continue to learn more about their atmospheres, storms, and other weather events. Eventually, they may discover a way for humans to survive, or at least visit these remarkable planets that are "right next door."… [Read More]


Borenstein, Seth. "Like Earth, Venus Has Bursts of Lightning." 2008. 1 April 2008.

Brillo. "Martian Weather." 2008. 1 April 2008.

Editors. "The Planets - Mars." 2008. 1 April 2008.

Editors. "The Planets - Venus." 2008. 1 April 2008.
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Reversal of Nature in Macbeth

Words: 1468 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64154266

"(Bloom, 41) Any act of evil is seen thus to change the basic structure of the universe and to transform nature into a desolated chaos.

It is not only the natural, physical environment that becomes extremely chaotic through evil, but the human nature as well. All through the play, Lady Macbeth calls upon the forces of evil to keep at bay the "compunctious visitings of nature." It is thus plainly shown that there can be no enactment of malignancy without a reversal of human nature: "The raven himself is hoarse / That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan / Under my battlements. Come, you spirits / That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, / and fill me from the crown to the toe top-full / of direst cruelty! make thick my blood; / Stop up the access and passage to remorse, / That no compunctious visitings of nature / Shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between / the effect and it!"(1.5.40-51) the invocation that Lady Macbeth addresses to the spirits, urging them to "unsex her" is also significant: what she asks for is to be made infertile, and therefore to be herself transformed into an unnatural being, that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bloom, Harold ed. William Shakespeare's Macbeth. New York: Chelsea House, 1987.

Paul a. "Macbeth and the Gospelling of Scotland." In Shakespeare as Political Thinker, edited by John E. Alvis and Thomas G. West, pp. 315-51. Wilmington: ISI Books, 2000.

Coursen, H.R. Macbeth: A Guide to the Play. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1997.

Lowenthal, David. "Macbeth: Shakespeare Mystery Play," in Interpretation: A Journal of Political Philology. 1989 (Spring), p. 311-57.
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History of Western Art Donatello's

Words: 3305 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13963221

The rococo was aimed towards the French court and nobles. The main message was not a religious one, but aimed the upper classes and focused on their lives, houses and celebrations. In France this style gave way to the austere neoclassic style at the end of the xviii century and disappeared with the French revolution in 1978, suddenly and completely.

Neoclassicism appeared as a return to the classical ideology in art. It was designed to serve political interests as a form of propaganda, to portray the greatness of the government by copying the great style of the masters of the past. It was also a change in ideology as the royalty fell with the French revolution, as well as the aristocracy, two major clients that artists would no longer deal with. Color achieved a secondary importance and drawing became the main expressive key for paintings. Contrasting with the Baroque style, which accentuated light and shadow effects to the extreme, Neoclassical images are rather flat and have little volume. The most important element was line and contour.

Romanticism was also used as political propaganda for napoleon. In this period art becomes social and with a sort of commercial side. Its heroic…… [Read More]


Hauser, Arnold. Rococo, Classicism and Romanticism, New York: Routledge, 1999.

Honnef, Klaus and Schoneckenburger, Manfred. Art of the 20th century, Los Angeles: Taschen, 2000.

Hunt, Jocelyn. The Renaissance, New York: Routledge, 1999

Janson, Anthony. Basic History of Western Art, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2005.