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Tim O'Brien's The Things They
Words: 1901 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70661343
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Krajek points out that what she took from O'Brien's lecture was the fact that a fiction author can help the reader connect with the story in reality, even if the story is not true. "His lecture's overarching message illustrated his belief that fiction, while a product of a novelist's imagination and not true in the literal sense, gets closer to the meaning of emotional and spiritual truth" (Krajek, 2009).

The Things They Carried is a fictional story, but it is written by a man who experienced a war and though the men O'Brien talks about in the story are purely fictional, O'Brien is clearly basing these stories and the characters on men he served with. At some point in his 2004 lecture, O'Brien explains that imagination plays a role in how well a soldier sometimes accepts the truth of what has happened. It may become difficult to separate what happened…

Works Cited

Krajeck, Amy. "The Things They [All] Carried: Discovering Theme through Imagined Stories of Votive Offerings." English Journal 99.2 (2009): 42. ProQuest. Web. 18 May 2010.

O'Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried. Boston: Bantam Dell Pub Group, 1999. Print.

Weight of War in the Things They
Words: 863 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94366147
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eight of ar in "The Things They Carried"

Point-of-view, imagery and characterization become useful tools that enhance the reader's experience in Tim O'Brien's novel, The Things They Carried. O'Brien captures nuances of specific scenes during his time in Viet Nam in such a way as to deliver gripping commentary about war. From watching a fellow soldier die to seeing a sweet girl transform right be fore his very eyes, O'Brien shows us the unbearable side of war. Through point-of-view, imagery and characterization leaves no question in our minds about what war does to the individual.

The narrative focus in The Things They Carried is compelling and it helps O'Brien voice his opinion about the war in general. Through his stories, a pattern of the emotional toll of the war emerges. Many war stories elaborate on the physical ruin war brings but O'Brien's focus is more on the mental ruin that…

Work Cited

O'Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried. Broadway Books: Broadway, NY. 1990.

Truth and Memory in the Things They
Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44868947
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Truth and Memory in the Things They Carried

Tim O'Brien's novel, The Things They Carried, is more than a novel because it allows the reader to experience the Vietnam ar in a personal way and it allows O'Brien the opportunity to bring closure to the entire war experience. Throughout the novel, O'Brien reminds readers he is telling a story and that the story may or may not be fiction. The point of telling stories is not simply to make stories up but to create a passage to peace. O'Brien accomplishes this task with the novel because he allows stories to shape his life and his hope rather than break his spirit. O'Brien proves a good story is a combination of writing well and remembering better.

The Things They Carried is a war novel authenticated through O'Brien's experiences. O'Brien does not simply want to tell Vietnam ar Stories, he wants to…

Work Cited

O'Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried. New York: Broadway Books, 1990. Print.

Truth-Telling in O'Brien's the Things
Words: 1485 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 21656488
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hile he pretended, she was "elusive on the matter of love" (1). hile she might have signed her letters with love, Jimmy "knew better" (2) but the idea made him feel better so he allowed himself the luxury of living in the fantasy. Jimmy's guilt for Ted's death was "like a stone in his stomach for the rest of the war" (16). Jimmy must work through this emotion, which is like "both love and hate" (17) and something he cannot escape. The "heavy-duty hurt" (17) he felt helped the others see how he cared for them.

Viet Nam is one of the worst nightmares in American history. Never has the country been so divided over issues no one clearly understood. ithout a clear enough reason for war, the government had to deal with growing concerns of faulty leadership. The war was long and painful with answers no arriving soon enough.…

Works Cited

Martin Naparsteck. An Interview with Tim O'Brien Contemporary Literature. JSTOR Resource

Database. Web. Site Accessed Dec 19, 2010.

O'Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried. New York: Broadway Books. 1990. Print.

Parini, Jay.ed. American Writers. GALE Resource Database. <

Norman Carried a Diary Which
Words: 902 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88072748
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These sentences run counter to what most people say about war. ar is often glamorized and most often glamorized by those who do not have to fight in war. Politicians often build up rhetoric for war to make men feel as though they are doing the country a great favor sacrifices their lives and their minds when they fight for their country. There is no doubt fighting for one's country is an honorable thing to do, perhaps one of the most honorable things to do; however, it is not fair to build up the glamour of war and ignore the gore. It is not fair and this is why Tim feels as though he was a coward when he decided to go to the war.

The irony in the titles of the chapter "Friends" and Enemies" is the fact that in "Enemies," we see Lee's true nature when he admits…

Work Cited

O'Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried. Broadway Books: Broadway, NY. 1990.

Lieutenant Jimmy Cross the Things
Words: 1946 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 11790147
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In a discussion about life and death, other soldiers talk about the lieutenant's sensibility and wonder whether there was something wrong with them for not feeling as bad as Cross felt.

The young lieutenant blames himself for Lavender's death as he realizes that his love for Martha had prevented him from properly guiding and protecting his men. When the dark falls upon the Alpha Company, Cross digs a foxhole and stands at its bottom weeping. "In part he was grieving for Ted Lavender, but mostly it was for Martha, and for himself, because she belonged to another world [...] and because he realized she did not love him and never would." (O'rien)

The morning following Ted's death, Lieutenant Cross throws Martha's photographs and letters in the foxhole and sets them on fire. This moment represents the character's change in feelings and behavior. Now that he realizes the seriousness of war…


O'Brien, T., the Things They Carried, Broadway, December 29, 1998

Nielson, J., Warring Fictions: American Literary Culture and the Vietnam War Narrative, University Press of Mississippi, December 1998

Talbott, J.E., Soldiers, Psychiatrists and Combat Trauma, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Volume 27, Number 3, 1997

Is the EU a Good Thing
Words: 3457 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 30871590
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EU Profile

In 2012, the European Union (EU) was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its work in "the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe" for more than half a century (The Nobel Peace Prize for 2012). Lauded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee for its commitment to reconciling Germany and France in the post-war period, the EU joined such notable persons as Barack Obama, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2009. Ironically, however, Obama has gone on to be criticized as one of the worst violators of human rights in 21st century and as a worse war criminal than G.W. Bush. The same critics aim similar remarks at the EU. The documentary film EUphoria takes a critical look at the EU and its "peace" efforts and shows how as in the case of the American President, one swallow does not a summer make.…

Reference List

Bagnai, A., Granville, B., Soy, A. (2015). The Economic Consequences of Greece.

Project Syndicate. Retrieved from 

Brenner, N. (1999). Globalisation as Reterritorialisation: The Re-scaling of Urban

Governance in the European Union. Urban Studies, 36(3): 431-451.

Horror of War
Words: 1294 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9736454
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Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien and the poem "Dulce et Decorum Est" by ilfred Owen are two wonderful pieces of literature that depict the horrors of war in a way that is both visceral and astute. The images, the relationships, the deaths, the birth of the unknown void, and the perils of being in a life or death situation are brilliantly told within the context of a battlefield. But what are the true horrors of war? Are they simply the awful experiences and the loss of life? Is the horror of it all the act of tolerating it and then becoming another person after? Regardless of what people experience during a war, it changes everyone involved. The loss of innocence, the loss of hope, the loss of sanity, the loss of the known, of stability, those are the true horrors of war. Although both works deal with the effects…

Works Cited

Haldeman, Joe W. War Stories. San Francisco: Night Shade Books, 2005. Print.

O'Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried: A Work of Fiction. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1990. Print.

Owen, Wilfred. Dulce Et Decorum Est. Minneapolis, Minn.: War Poets, 2012. Print.

Soldiers How to Tell if
Words: 724 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42801366
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For O'rien there is no moral or rectitude in a war story because even what is good and beautiful in it comes from an obscene and evil motive. It is impossible, in a true war story, for a soldier to die declaring that he is glad to have died for his country, as does happen in We Were Soldiers. In a true war story no one is glad to die, neither for their country nor for their comrades; in a true war story people die because they are afraid of being called cowards. We Were Soldiers screams that war is hell, but Kiley, much more eloquently declares, that war is the retaliatory death by torture of a baby water buffalo.

We Were Soldiers could not be obscene or rooted in evil because no sensible American audience would have accepted it then. Sensible Americans like things that feel good and…


1. O'Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried. New York: Random House, 1990. Print.

2. SparkNotes Editors. "SparkNote on the Things They Carried." SparkNotes LLC. 2002. Web. 6 May 2010.

Power and Responsibilities
Words: 1270 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42884570
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Leadership -- Power and Responsibilities / Integrity

hen it comes to the concept of "leadership" there are numerous definitions that can be applied. Every leader uses his or her own approach to leading, and while there are similar aspects to the behaviors of most leaders, how leaders approach their strengths is played out differently. In literature (like the blind man in Cathedral) and in real life (like the way Abraham Lincoln conducted himself in a political situation) leaders provide robust examples of how to get things done and how to influence the actions of others.

This paper uses the leadership styles and behaviors of several individuals to demonstrate their qualities (or, in the case of Jimmy Cross, lack of leadership qualities) as they lead -- and the paper points to the integrity the individuals showed in the process of their leadership.

Leadership and Integrity

Abraham Lincoln -- the subject today…

Works Cited

Abrashoff, Michael D. It's Your Ship: Management Techniques from the Best Damn Ship in the Navy. New York: Warner Books. 2002

Carver, Raymond. Cathedral: Raymond Carver, in The Wadsworth Casebook Series for Reading, Research, and Writing, Ed. Laurie Kirszner. Independence, KY: Cengage

Learning. 2003.

Moreton, Catherine L. "10 Qualities that Made Abraham Lincoln a Great Leader." Business & Legal Resources. Retrieved February 16, 2013, from . 2008.

War Is War in Tim
Words: 1692 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31536210
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He lay in the center of a red clay trail near the village of My Khe. His jaw was in his throat. His one eye was shut, the other eye had a star shaped hole. I killed him." (O'Brien 180). Very similar observations can be made about Turner's poetry. Turner uses highly descriptive language when he expresses his view of "bone and gristle and flesh," the clavicle-snapped wish" and, "the aorta's opened valves" in Here, Bullet. These images are immensely disturbing yet at the same time, surprisingly lyrical. The ability to combine these two opposing sentiments into a seamless flow of expression is a rare talent; one that both O'Brien and Turner possess in abundance.


hile O'Brien chooses to express his experiences through prose, and Turner chooses poetry as his medium, the sentiments being relayed are remarkably similar. Each of the literary works discussed here demonstrates that it does…

Works Cited

Lomperis, Timothy J. "Reading the Wind" the Literature of the Vietnam War . Durham: Duke University Press, 1987

McCaffery, Larry. "Interview with Tim O'Brien." Chicago Review;33,1982: 129-49

O'Brien, Tim, the Things They Carried. Boston: Houghton, 1990.

O'Brien, Tim, the Man I Killed. In the Things They Carried. Boston: Houghton, 1990.

Warfare and Its Meaning in
Words: 1591 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42619120
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"The upper lip and gum and teeth were gone. The man's head was cocked at a wrong angle..." (O'rien 126).

At the same time, the author juxtaposes the image of war and horror with symbols and images of beauty.

The young man's head was wrenched sideways, not quite facing the flowers" (O'rien 128) the author also couples " sunlight " with " ammunition belt" (O'rien 128).

These contrasts reflect on the gentle life that the dead soldier once led and his reluctance to be a part of the war. However, he was obliged to become involved because of the pressure for his family and society. This again refers to themes in the other works discussed, where the social views of 'glory' and patriotism are sharply and ironically contrasted with the gruesome realities of war.

In this story, the writer uses descriptive images to achieve his critique of war. This is…


DiYanni, R. Literature: Approaches to fiction, drama and poetry. (2nd ed.) New York: McGraw-Hill. 2004.

O' Brien T. The Things They Carried. New York: Broadway Books. 1990

Idea of Battle and War in the Two Stories
Words: 731 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41818725
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ar at Home in Ellison, ar Abroad in O'Brien

The inhumanity of war is a common theme in literature, as brilliantly illustrated in Tim O'Brien's "The Things They Carried," a tale that functions as a short story but is actually an excerpt from his great novel about the Vietnam ar Going after Cacciato. In O'Brien's story, several soldiers fighting in Vietnam are defined by the objects they carry in their pockets, such as photographs of loved ones, as well as their military gear and outfits. Yet the battles of individuals oppressed by society, such as African-Americans, may be equally, if not more, soul destroying, when conducted on the home front of America, on daily basis. This fact is evidenced by the evisceration of the spirit of the young African-American men in an excerpt from Ralph Ellison's seminal novel Invisible Man, entitled, "Battle Royal."

In "Battle Royal," the best and brightest…

Works Cited

Ellison, Ralph. "Battle Royal." From Literature An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. Eight Edition. 2001.

O'Brien, Tim. "The Things They Carried." From Literature An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. Eight Edition. 2001.

War in Literature at First
Words: 2263 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57627086
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He is more interested in "things," than what those things will bring. "Nick went over to the pack and found, with his fingers, a long nail in a paper sack of nails, in the bottom of the pack. He drove it into the pine tree, holding it close and hitting it gently with the flat of the axe. He hung the pack up on the nail. All his supplies were in the pack. They were off the ground and sheltered now" (as quoted in Vernon)

However, with time Nick is able to find some semblance of his early self. He overcomes challenges and moves forward the best he can. Despite the fact that he is walking uphill through burned land with a backpack that is too heavy, he is now in a familiar place and happy to be here:

Nick slipped off his pack and lay down in the shade.…


Crane, Stepen. Red Badge of Courage. New York: Modern Library, 2000.

Hemingway, Ernest. Big Two Hearted River. In Hemingway, Ernest. The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway. New York: Scribner's, 1987.

O'Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried. New York: Random House, 1998.

Stewart, Matthew. Hemingway and World War I: Combatting recent psychobiographical reassessments, restoring the war. Papers on Language and Literature. (2000) 36, 198-217

Lesson of War
Words: 1610 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62194319
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Tim O' rien, Wilfred Owen & "Saving Private Ryan"

The theme of disillusionment in war as reflected in the works of Tim O'rien, Wilfred Owen, and the film "Saving Private Ryan"

More than being a mirror of everyday life, literature has also been a venue for expressing messages that are political in nature. This was evident in literary works that address humanity's experiences in different world wars soon after the 20th century had emerged. With the declaration of the first, then eventually the second, world wars, human, particularly American, society had also been involved in the Cold War. This long history of wars fought by the Americans may have shown the patriotism and courage of its people, but praise and glorification of the war was given in the midst of numerous criticisms from the civil society. Criticisms against war efforts were expressed by the civil society because they were the…


O'Brien, T. (1990). The Things They Carried. NY: Broadway Books.

Owen, W. E-text of "Dulce et decorum est." Available at: .

"Saving Private Ryan." Directed by Steven Spielberg.

Qualities of Leadership the Concept
Words: 1347 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91822277
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So, in some case, leadership does not necessarily link with responsibility for the men, but rather with the relationship with the persons who are led. Napoleon was able to concentrate the energies of his men in a way that served his best interests.

This links with Raymond Carver's story, in the sense that good leadership is also about good communication, about the ability of passing the appropriate message. The main theme of his story is that of communication (or lack of), namely of finding the right words to pass on to the others. The right words are fundamental, because they help connect individuals and fostering this relationship is perhaps the most important part of good leadership.

The most important point in "Cathedral," from a leadership perspective, is when the husband finds himself at a loss of words when trying to describe the cathedral to Robert. He is, throughout the story…


1. O'Brien, Tim (1990). The Things They Carried. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

2. Carver, Raymond (1983). Cathedral New York: Knopf

3. Chemers M. (1997) An integrative theory of leadership. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers

Standard Joke About America in the 1960s
Words: 3939 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52676921
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standard joke about America in the 1960s claims that, if you can remember the decade, you did not live through it. Although perhaps intended as a joke about drug usage, the joke also points in a serious way to social change in the decade, which was so rapid and far-reaching that it did seem like the world changed almost daily. This is the paradox of Todd Gitlin's "years of hope" and "days of rage" -- that with so much social and cultural upheaval, the overall mood at any given moment in the 1960s must surely have seemed contradictory. How then can we assess the three most important themes in this broad social change? I would like to make the case that the three longest-lasting social changes came with America's forced adjustment to new realities on the international scene, with Vietnam; on the domestic scene, with the Civil ights movement; and…


Bloom, Alexander and Breines, Wini, (Editors). "Takin' It to the Streets "u: A Sixties ?Reader. Third edition. New York and London: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.

Buzzanco, Robert. Vietnam and the Transformation of American Life?

New York and Oxford: Blackwell, 1999. Print.

Chafe, William H. The Unfinished Journey: America Since World War II. Sixth edition. New York and London: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.

60's in America
Words: 2162 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88077308
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Sixties in America

60s in America

Debating the easons for the U.S. Entry into the Vietnam War

From 1960s to late 1970s, American army experienced the Vietnam War, which was not well understood irrespective of lasting for many years. There were no clear consensus to its purpose, and it divided the country at a time when it most needed to be unified. The war left scars to many Americans that will take long to heal. There are no clear information regarding the reasons behind the war but historical records indicate that the war started with the sending of American advisors to train the South Vietnam army. The intentions were to assist the South Vietnamese army resist aggression from the north. The roles later changed, and it turned out to be an American led and financed war. From the late 1960s, the American government realized the war would be endless and…


Porta, G. Perils of Dominance: Imbalance of Power and the Road to war in Vietnam. London:

University of California Press, 2006. Print

Weist, A.A. The Vietnam War. New York: Rosen Publishing Group Inc., 2009. Print

Christopher, R. The Vietnam War / the American War: Images and Representation in Euro-

Emergence of Colonial Resistance in Things Fall Apart
Words: 3014 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5253239
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Things Fall Apart

Chinua Achebe is one of the most influential and powerful writers of today, and he is also one of the most widely published writers today. Chinua Achebe has in fact written more than twenty-one novels, and short stories, and books of poetry as well, and his very first landmark work was "Things Fall apart," which was published in the year 1958, when the author was just twenty-eight years old. This work has proved to be popular not only in Nigeria, but also in the whole of Africa, as well as in the rest of the world. Chinua Achebe was born in the year 1930 in Nigeria, as the son of a Christian Churchman and his wife. He attended the Government College in Umuahia, and then went on to University College in Ibadan, after which he went on to the London University, where he received his BA. Chinua…


Chinua Achebe. New York State Writer's Institute. Retrieved From  Accessed 10 August, 2005

Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart, Study guide. Retrieved From

Culture and Universal Principles in Things Fall Apart
Words: 2111 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49314502
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Things Fall Apart and the Issue of Culture

From a cultural analysis perspective, the two main cultures represented in Achebe's Things Fall Apart, stem from opposing religious/social positions and both react to and against one another in different ways, as illustrated by the actions of the main character Okonkwo, a native Igbo and leader of his community (violently committed to defending his tribe's ways and culture against other tribes and against the incoming foreign invasion of the Christian missionaries and British soldiers), and by Nwoye, Okonkwo's son who rejects the culture and beliefs of the Ibo tribe and converts to Christianity. The split between father and son represents the split at the heart of the novel between two cultures and two worldviews; neither is without its flaws and both speak to different matters of the heart and head. However, the irreconcilable differences that arise between the meeting of the two…


Achebe, C. (1996). Things Fall Apart, Expanded Edition. UK: Heinemann.

Caldwell, R. (2005). Things fall apart? Discourses on agency and change in organizations. Human Relations, 58(1): 83-114.

Gilbert, A. (1989). Things Fall Apart? Psychological theory in the context of rapid social change. South African Journal of Psychology, 19(2): 91-100.

Langford, T. (1999). Things fall apart: State failure and the politics of intervention.

Myths Truths and Lies in
Words: 1116 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25740444
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This foolishness becomes emblematic of the entire Vietnam experience -- situations are created to display violence and bravery that have tremendous significance to the soldiers, but serve no real purpose. Just as Rat mythologizes Kurt's willingness to face death, and uses the body of an animal to vent his fury as a kind of sacrifice, Kurt himself tried to live up to a foolish ideal of what it meant to be a solider.

The lies, or the myths and symbols these individuals created about themselves almost have a stronger force than the truth. Rat believes really angry with Kurt's sister, not the war. Tim suggests that Rat is angry with Kurt's sister because she refused to believe Rat's version of her brother's character, not about how he died. At the end of the novel, Rat attempts to recapitulate Kurt's violence against himself with his tooth by blowing off his own…

Works Cited

O'Brien Tim. The Things They Carried. New York: Broadway Books, 1999.

Creative Resources Three Works of
Words: 2279 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20384065
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The message stays with us because the music and lyrics are memorable. Precious provides images that we can carry in our minds. Unlike text, where we must use our imagination to create pictures of characters and scenes, film does that for us. Anyone who has seen Precious surely finds it difficult to forget the images of violence and despair. The Things They Carried is part memoir. Author O'Brien has written other books about Vietnam, but this one is much more personal. It is the work with which most of us can most identify because there are a variety of character types and one is bound to resonate with the reader, reminding him of himself, perhaps, or someone he knows. O'Brien wrote the book in part as self-therapy. He carries the weight of what happened to him and his fellow soldiers in Vietnam.

The Burdens Teachers Carry

As teachers, we carry…


Daniels, L. (Director). (2009). Precious [Film]. Santa Monica, CA: Lionsgate Entertainment.

O'Brien, T. (1990). The Things They Carried. Kindle edition.

Precious. The Internet Movie Database. Retrieved January 30, 2011,from 


Tim O'Brien Any Writer Is
Words: 2716 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14398495
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At the same time, the style is expected to give the reader an idea of what is happening, and that too in a more refined version. In his language there are poetic references for the brutality and masculinity of war as feminine features. He has talked about the "star shaped hole" and this reminds most about the American flag as also the expectation of the country to kill and destroy for the country.

At the same time, the language is graphic enough to indicate the bloodshed that is going on all around. All combined these bring out the emotion draining nature of war. These probably reflect that O'Brien probably could not come to terms with war, which was expected of him, but was not possible due to the voice of his conscience. The sum total is that he was able to match the image of being a part of the…

Works Cited

Dreilinger, Danielle. Tim O'Brien: coming in from the cold. Sing Out! The Folk song Magazine. Winter, 2004. Retrieved at  on 30 May, 2005

Piwinski, David. J. My Lai, Flies, and Beelzebub in Tim O'Brien's in the Lake of the Woods. Retrieved at . Accessed on 30 May, 2005

Timmerman, John. H. Tim O'Brien and the Art of the True War Story: 'Night March' and 'Speaking of Courage' - Critical Essay. Twentieth Century Literature. Spring, 2000.

Retrieved at  on 30 May, 2005

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in
Words: 2002 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 10848150
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Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than research that was compiled by Occupational Medicine. Where, they found that various factors can help trigger those who are suffering from PTSD including: a lack of support and traumatic disassociation with the events. (isson 399 -- 403) in the Death of all Turret Gunner, the author is experiencing a lack of support and is having their traumatic disassociation, replayed consistently in the person's mind.

This can help to increase understanding of the issue; by showing how once those vets who are exposed to PTSD, must have counseling. Then, this must be followed up by a cognitive approach of sympathetically listening to their issues. As a result, this underscores how some kind of proactive approach needs to be utilized, to reduce suffering.

When you compare the Death of all Turret Gunner to the Only Things They Carried and Dulce et…


Bisson, Jonathan. "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder." Organizational Medicine 2007: 399 -- 403. Web. 

Hunsley, John. "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder." A Guide to Assessment that Works. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2008. 293 -- 298. Print.

Jarrell, Randall. "The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner." 1945.

Owen, Wilson. "Dulce et Decorrum."

Unifies and Permeates an Entire
Words: 1176 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91474170
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Short story -- A brief story where the plot drives the narrative, substantially shorter than a novel. Example: "Hills like White Elephants," by Ernest Hemingway.

Allusion -- A casual reference in one literary work to a person, place, event, or another piece of literature, often without explicit identification. It is used to establish a tone, create an indirect association, create contrast, make an unusual juxtaposition, or bring the reader into a world of references outside the limitations of the story itself. Example: "The Wasteland" by T.S. Eliot alludes to "Paradise Lost" by John Milton.

epetition -- The repeating of a word or phrase or rhythm within a piece of literature to add emphasis. Example: The story of Agamemnon in The Odyssey by Homer.

Blank verse -- Unrhymed lines of ten syllables each with the even-numbered syllables bearing the accents, most closing resembling the natural rhythms of English speech. Example: "The…


Wheeler, Dr. L. Kip. "Literary Terms and Definitions." Web.

"Word List of Literary and Grammar Terms." Web.

Connecting With Readers Imagery Symbolism
Words: 667 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64162224
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The wall, serving as a painful and vivid reminder of the war, pulls the speaker back to the war. e can almost see the reflection of this man fading into the granite as his memories flood his mind. The wall and the memory of war are so powerful that the speaker must turn his head away and resist the urge to break down in tears. The wall as a symbol of the war is gripping and dramatic and helps the speaker get his point across.

The symbolism of the wall as war reinforces the poet's somber tone of the poem. The speaker resists crying and he wants to be like the wall itself -- stone cold. Instead, he sees objects reflected in the wall that only take him back and confuse his mind. He is anxious and everyone around him is, too. Here we see the angst of a past…

Works Cited

Komunyakaa, Yusef. "Facing it." Literature - Reading, Fiction, Poetry and Drama. 6th edition.

New York: McGraw Hill. 2005. Print.

O'Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried. Broadway Books: Broadway, NY. 1990. Print.

Thomas, Marvin. "Facing it." The Explicator. 61. 4. 2003. Web. ?

Reciprocal Teaching
Words: 3956 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24498527
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eciprocal Teaching

In recent times, researchers and practitioners are focusing more and more in understanding the role of meta-cognition in reading. This is evidenced by the opinions proposed by researchers like Brown and Palinscar and Gracia and Pearson. As there exists dissimilarity between teachings of distinct expertise and making learners conscious of the inner processes that are carried on in the mind through meta-cognition, this field of research is significant on the whole. Individual readers, more frequently, encounter trouble in gathering together the right tactics to acquire holistic comprehension of text even though they may be able to carry out distinct abilities such as skimming and scanning, tolerating ambiguity, finding meanings from context and drawing inferences. eciprocal Teaching is one technique that has established to counteract this trouble and internalize the process of comprehension. (amaiyah, 1992)

What is eciprocal teaching?

For training students to develop into active readers, reciprocal teaching…


Davis, Chris. (Fall/winter, 2000) "Literacy in the Social Studies Classroom" Center X Forum. Vol: 1; No: 1. Retrieved from 

Accessed on 18 February, 2005

Edwards, Julie. (Winter, 1995) "Reciprocal Teaching in the Fourth-Grade Science Program" Retrieved from  Accessed on 18 February, 2005

Hartman, H. (1997) "Reciprocal Teaching: Human Learning & Instruction" Retrieved from Accessed on 18 February, 2005

Karl Marlantes' Matterhorn Karl Marlantes' Novel of
Words: 2096 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79758778
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Karl Marlantes' Matterhorn

Karl Marlantes' novel of the Vietnam War, Matterhorn, seems to want to offer the reader an immersive approach towards the experience of Vietnam. If we can say of earlier Vietnam narratives -- whether in film, such as Oliver Stone's Platoon or Stanley Kubrick's Full Metal Jacket, or in fiction, such as Tim O'Brien's novels Going After Cacciato and The Things They Carried or Gustav Hasford's The Short-Timers (a cult classic of Vietnam fiction and the basis for Kubrick's film) -- that they have a sort of expressionistic technique, seeking to capture the experience of the war in a series of vignettes, we can see the originality of Marlantes' approach in greater relief to what has come before: his approach is not so much expressionistic as it is encyclopedic, an attempt to catalogue (in fiction) every single aspect of the one small event, the movement of a Marine…

O'Brien's on the Rainy River
Words: 868 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74099695
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This never happens. It is important to note, however, that regardless if the girls heard him or not, Sammy was the hero because he followed through. He knew his life would change and he knew things would not be as he had imagined but he was willing to accept that. Like the narrator in "On the Rainy River," he does not realize the impact his choice will have on his life.

Both characters reflect momentarily on their families as they make their decision. The narrator in "On the Rainy River" thinks of the slaughterhouse he worked in all summer and compared the direction of his life to that factory noting, "my life seemed to be collapsing toward slaughter" (O'Brien 43). He recognizes his lot in life stating that he was simply "an ordinary kid with all the ordinary dreams and ambitions, and all I wanted was to live the life…

Works Cited

O'Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried. New York: Broadway Books. 1990.

Updike, John. "A&P." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1981. pp. 1416-1421.

Living Things Are Characterized by the Following
Words: 4492 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61564004
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living things are characterized by the following seven characteristics namely mobility, respiration, excretion, sensitivity or response to external stimulus, growth, feeding, and reproduction. Though there may be variations between animal and plant kingdom (ex, plants take in carbon dioxide and prepare their own food), these characteristics are commonly observed among all living things.

iology is a very broad field that encompasses the study of characteristics of living things. It includes botany, zoology and all other sub-disciplines that range from microbiology to evolution and ecology.

Evolution is the branch of biology that deals with the study of natural development of living organisms and the changes in them over time. Evolution refers to the heritable changes that occur in a population over a period of time. All the diversity that is observed currently in plant and animal kingdom can be ascribed to evolution over a long period of time.

Atoms are the…


1) Mark Rothery, "Cells," Accessed on Sep 20th 2005, Available from

Articles Seem to Be Saying Same Thing
Words: 1418 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29870806
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articles seem to be saying same thing or do they contradict each other? Is the tone similar in each article, meaning can you tell what the researchers feel about the subject? Do they support the same idea, did they hypothesize similar ideas?

The following are two research essays on the burden of caregivers. The similarities of both essays are that both demonstrate the huge responsibility and unmitigated onus that caregivers carry that consequent in causing them stress and hardship. Differences include the fact that one was carried out on a population in Italy, whilst the other was carried out on a sample in America.

It is striking, too, to note, that although both concluded that caregivers needed more support, the American study recommended ways that individuals could create this for themselves, whilst the Italians-based study placed the responsibility on the community and social work profession. The tone of the articles,…


Sansoni, J et al. (2004) Anxiety and depression in community-dwelling, Italian Alzheimer's disease caregivers, retrieved from International Journal of Nursing Practice: 10: 93-100.

Hayslip, B et al. (2008) Predictors of Alzheimer's disease caregiver depression and burden: what noncaregiving adults can learn from active caregivers. Educational Gerontology, 34: 945-969, 2008

World War II Was Carried Out on
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World War II was carried out on the home front, how it was presented to the American people and conducted in America. World War II never really touched American shored, but it certainly made a difference in American lives.

On December 8, 1941, President Franklin D. oosevelt addressed congress and asked them to declare war on Japan after their unprovoked attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7. He called December 7 "a date which will live in infamy," and it brought Americans directly into the war, and their lives changed. As soon as oosevelt declared war, thousands of patriotic and emotional Americans hurried to enlist and help fight the war. These young people were angry about the Japanese attacks, and they wanted to defend their country. Young men enlisted in the Armed Forces, and young women signed up as nurses, and even pilots, helping to ferry airplanes from one…


Daniels, Roger. "10 Bad News from the Good War: Democracy at Home During World War II." The Home-Front War World War II and American Society. Eds. O'Brien, Kenneth Paul and Lynn Hudson Parsons. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995. 157-167.

O'Brien, Kenneth Paul and Lynn Hudson Parsons, eds. The Home-Front War World War II and American Society. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995.

God of Small Things Arundhati Roy Shows
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God of Small Things, Arundhati Roy shows a surprisingly profound understanding of human nature for such a new author. Her complex novel intertwines the past and present with the subtleties of Indian class and culture to create a rich tapestry of betrayal and spirituality. It is perhaps in her portrayal of the many facets of human betrayal that Roy is at her most proficient and convincing in the novel. Betrayal is a common theme throughout Roy's novel, The God of Small Things, and is seen as adults betray children, society betrays individuals, classes betray castes, and children betray parents, and history and tradition are betrayed.

The impact of betrayal is seen throughout the differing settings of the book; both when the twins are seven years of age in 1969 and when the twins have reached 31 years of age in 1993. Betrayal involves most of the characters in the novel:…

Works Cited

Roy, Arundhati. 1998. The God of Small Things. Perennial.

Project Management Like Things Information Technology Management
Words: 701 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64418641
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Project Management

Like things information technology management, business intelligence typically implemented form a "project" --, a special kind organizational arrangement set specific things a specific period time, opposed a regular ongoing part organizational structure.

Project management: My experience

"To be successful in the field of BI, a project team needs members with an understanding of and appreciation for the information needs of the user community as well as the technologies" (Wu 2005: 1). It is not enough for a project manager to know how the technology works 'for himself.' He or she must know why, how, and if the technology will be useful to others and will have applications in the field. The project manager must truly be someone who can wear two hats: he or she must be fully abreast of developments in the field and thoroughly understand the technology of the project. Yet the manager must also be…


Wu, J. (2005) Characteristics of an outstanding business intelligence project manager.

Information Management Magazine. Retrieved at:

Taiwan Originally Where Things Are
Words: 734 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 26605794
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I can have all of those things but I must be willing to go out and get them on my own, and not expect people to give them to me for nothing. While I realize that some people do get things handed to them, I believe in working for what I want and making my own way.

Now I will be the first person on either side of my family to attend college, and in the land of opportunity that is the United States I know that college will be an amazing and very rewarding experience. One of the things that I think is most important, though, is not the college or even the country, but the spirit that my parents have instilled in me. My parents have influenced me so strongly that I know that I can realize my full potential and make them very proud. They have not…

Solar Flares and How They Go on
Words: 3284 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 64351253
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solar flares and how they go on to cause global warming. Global warming has been an ongoing phenomenon and there are many reasons it has occurred. Apart from the green house effect, global warming could have been due to the solar flares that have occurred. Different researches and theories regarding this matter are discussed in the paper.

Solar Flare

Global warming is a phenomenon that has amazed and frightened everyone ever since it came into being. The consequences and end results of global warming is what goes on to alarm and frighten everyone on earth. If looked at it literally, global warming is basically in increase in the temperature of the Earth's atmosphere. This change and elevation has been occurring ever since the 19th century and is known to increase even more. The change in the global temperature is dangerous because it goes onto increase the sea levels and alterations…

Works cited

Lu, Jian et al. "Expansion of the Hadley cell under global warming." Geophysical Research Letters, 34. 6 (2007): 1-10. Print.

Deforest, Craig. "Solar Storms." The World and I 2004: Print.

Hansen, J et al. "Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies." J. Geophys Res, 107. D18 (2002): 4347. Print.

Herring, David. "ClimateWatch Magazine -- Climate Change: Incoming Sunlight." n.d.. Web. 14 Apr 2013. .

Marketing Tobacco Marketing Get Them Young or
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Tobacco arketing: Get Them Young or Not at All

The tobacco industry has been in a battle to capture the youth market for decades mainly because of the degree of brand loyalty that is characteristic of cigarette smokers. Cigarette companies have a lot at stake in making sure that their brand is one of the first tried by the young smoker. In its bid to obtain young smokers, R.J. Reynolds created the Joe Camel campaign with a cool character that youths found highly appealing and the company created fierce advertising, promotional, and sales campaigns to take their message to market. The Joe Camel campaign proved to be one of the most successful bids to capture young smokers in tobacco history. Ultimately, its tremendous success was in part the reason for the campaign's eventual downfall, as public outcry demanded that cigarette companies stop marketing to adolescents and as courts gained…

Magazine Ads. (26).

Boyles, Salynn. "Joe Camel May Be Gone, But Legacy Lives On." WebMD Medical News, Aug 15, 2001. (26 Nov. 2002).

Tobacco Marketing To Young People, Young People: A Key Expansion Market. (26).

Prejudice Experiences Things I Encounter
Words: 653 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42245553
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The beliefs have changed, the people are no longer unified.

They attempt to unite us in a certain way -- they attempt to get us to recognize that we see one another differently and are frightened by that. They attempt to show us how judging others comes from prejudice. But I think prejudice is part of human nature. Unless we are on the same page about what we believe, how can we know whom to trust, or what to expect of others who are obviously of a different culture? Jesus teaches us to act with charity -- to rise above our human nature -- but not everyone believes in Jesus. Should I act that way nonetheless?

I do not often see charity on the streets of L.A. But sometimes I do. Skin color and culture do not always act as barriers. I see people of different ethnicities talking to one…

Comparing Two Things That Don't Relate
Words: 407 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34705774
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Running is just like music, capable of infinite varieties of rhythm and mood. And, like music, running is an art that requires endurance, skill and determination. Often, music and running are not viewed in the same light. Some look upon music as an intellectual activity that has little in common with the physical sport of running. However, this couldn't be further from the truth.

Every runner has their own rhythm similar to the vast array of musical categories. Some prefer the hard driving beat of rock and roll or rap music. This is particularly true of short distance and sprint runners that require a fast pace to meet their goals of completing the run in as little time as possible. Other runners adapt the slower rhythm of classical music and jazz. For example, marathon and long-distance runners adopt a steady, slower rhythm that facilitates endurance over longer periods of time.…