Time Capsule Essays (Examples)

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Capsule a Letter of Introduction to Tell

Words: 1566 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5533788


A letter of introduction to tell someone in the future about your day-to-day life. What is your daily experience? Tell this person about your habits, your customs, and your feelings about our present time, and your dreams for the future.

hope that this letter finds you in the best of your health. f you have opened this time capsule in the future then you will see that times have surely changed. Hence, am writing this letter with the intention of telling you some significant things about this century that will help you see few things about this society and will give you brief introduction about the life in this century.

At present, am a happily married woman who is a devoted wife and mother of a baby boy who is 18 months of age. My day-to-day life is very busy and includes taking care of my baby and my…… [Read More]

I find James Cameron's Titanic (1997) one of the greatest movies of our generation. This film is the mystical representation of the human experience through time. The story of Jack and Rose depicts something significant than the simple love story. Through Rose, this movie represents the struggle for freedom that woman of that time wanted to acquire. Similarly, Jack shows the freedom to run wild that we all yearn for. Hence, this movie is the most beloved movie of the 21st century as it has depicted the legendary story for generations that can even stir the souls of the people in the future.

8. A significant item from popular culture (a toy, gadget, fad, etc.)

One technological invention of the 21st century that has created great hype is the iPAD. iPAD has revolutionized the technical gadgets of all the times. Through iPAD, all the functions such as reading books, watching movies, listening to songs, playing games, surfing the internet and drawing the ideas have become very portable. Hence, with the introduction of an iPAD, we have now stepped into new exciting globalized world.
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Capsule Military Life Today if

Words: 347 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28317650

I would include a DVD with a clip from the first debate between President Barak Obama and Senator John McCain, in which McCain told a story of how a woman with a son serving in Iraq begged him to keep American troops in that land, so her son would not die in vain. Obama responded that he also wore a bracelet given to him by a woman whose child had died in the fight, a woman who begged him to bring the troops home so no other mother would have to suffer as she had suffered. The quality of this level of debate about a questionable military enterprise would stand as testimony to our democracy.

Finally, I would include a biography of Colin Powell, a man who has served his nation proudly in combat, and most recently as Secretary of State, despite the prejudice he faced in…… [Read More]

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Capsule Imagine if You Could

Words: 1013 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49811830

However, the life she found with her Native American captives was much more appealing to her. There were less religious restrictions, and as a woman, she had much more freedom in Iroquois culture. She was not doomed to become a submissive wife within the framework of Puritan colonialism, but instead she found her freedom through her adoptive Native American family. ith this in mind, one object in particular would help represent her struggle at a very early stage in American history. In the time capsule, I would place a recent 2009 article describing the voting demographics of women in the most recent presidential election. Eunice chose a life of relative freedom, sticking up for herself and basically paving a path of feminist rights in the earliest stages of American history. Thus, she would be proud to see how far this nation has come from its Puritan roots, giving women a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Demos, John Putnam. The Unredeemed Captive: a Family Story from Early America. Vintage Books. 1995.

Martin, James K. Ordinary Courage: The Revolutionary War Adventures of Private Joseph Plumb Martin. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 1999.
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Tme Capsule

Words: 979 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16770900

Virtual Time Capsule of 2012

Letter of Introduction

Dear Citizens of 3012: Greetings from the Good People of 2012! Congratulations -- You Made It!

A thousand years is a long time in the scope of humanity and we hope this message finds someone to read it in the future. If you are reading this, you have discovered the virtual time capsule that was created in 2012 to help capture some of the more salient and poignant aspects of life today in ways that may help you better understand us and perhaps forgive us for the damage we wrought on the planet you inherited from us. This is not to say we were naive (many of us are smart and some of us are clever here in 2012), but we had other priorities and we always assumed you would be able to take care of anything we did, no matter how…… [Read More]


Wallman, S. (1992). Contemporary futures: Perspectives from social anthropology. New York:

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Analysis of The Times of Harvey Milk

Words: 1204 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45202555

Harvey Milk 1974 by ob Epstein

One among the foremost feature documentaries that revolve around American gay life, ob Epstein's The Times of Harvey Milk, is a creation of advocacy, taking Harvey's message of equality and hope to a larger audience. The documentary was envisioned to be an emotional narrative, which straight as well as homosexual viewers could access. The production technique of the film was extremely collaborative; moviemakers, advocates, and journalists hailing from diverse communities contributed their voice and stories, in addition to archival footage, feedback, and financial backing (Esther, 2009).

While The Times of Harvey Milk wasn't a hit at the box office, its theatrical release propelled the movie, with critical validation and awards, on a non-theatrical run that lasted long. Despite being one among the most renowned of documentaries to be released in recent decades, The Times Of Harvey Milk was received more often as a political…… [Read More]


Bailey, J. (2011, March 14). The Times of Harvey Milk: The Criterion Collection (Blu-ray). Retrieved from DVD Talk: http://www.dvdtalk.com/reviews/47235/times-of-harvey-milk-the/

Esther, J. (2009). The Times of Rob Epstein, Filmmaker. The Gay & Lesbian Review, 16(4), 45.

Heath, G. (2011, March 25). The Times of Harvey Milk. Retrieved from Slant Magazine: http://www.slantmagazine.com/dvd/review/the-times-of-harvey-milk-1965

New York Times. (1984, October 27). Film: 'The Times Of Harvey Milk,' A Documentary. Retrieved from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/1984/10/27/arts/film-the-times-of-harvey-milk-a-documentary.html
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Searching for Lost Time When

Words: 739 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76170279

I don't know what we expected to find. Inside the box, there was a piece of yellowed paper with careful cursive writing, a small statute of a horse covered in dirt, and oddly shaped papers, some of which I realized were paper dolls. There were also some faded labels: for pear soap, a Hershey's candy bar, and a box of Cracker Jacks, the front page of a newspaper.

I felt excited holding these things, but confused. "What is that?" said my brother, grabbing it away from me for a closer look. He threw down the box with disgust. I suppose he was hoping we had found some sort of buried treasure of coins and jewels. History did not interest him -- he liked to find dead mice, crushed bugs, or strange-looking weeds. But I was fascinated. I resisted the impulse to bury it and keep it for myself, a secret,…… [Read More]

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Capsule Stress Management Techniques Outline

Words: 1026 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80281983

Prioritize. Try not to schedule too many things at once. In the words of one article by the health center at Colorado University entitled "10 Great Stress Reducers," learn to say 'no.' Also, learn to live within your budget. In other words, don't sweat the small stuff, and don't make yourself crazy by overcommitting yourself and leaving everything to the last minute. Ask yourself, do I need this? Do I have to do this?

Of course, no one can completely avoid stress in their life, and in fact, some forms of stress can be good. Lots of people like the positive, controlled stress of exercise or performing. There is a different 'perfect' balance of stress and relaxation for every person. But everyone can benefit from learning some ways to counteract the physical strains of being under stress. Stretching -- and stretching often, even simply rolling down your spine, touching your…… [Read More]

Works Cited

10 Great Stress Reducers." (2008). Colorado University. Retrieved 24 Feb 2008 at http://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/wellness/NewSite/StressHelpfulTips10Great.htm

How to survive finals with less stress. (2008). Colorado University. Retrieved 24 Feb 2008 at http://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/wellness/NewSite/StressHelpfulTipsFinals.html

Stressed Out?" (Jan 2007). The National Institute of Health. NIH. Retrieved 24 Feb 2008 at http://newsinhealth.nih.gov/pdf/NIHNiH%20January07.pdf

Stretch Often." (2008). Colorado University. Retrieved 24 Feb 2008 at http://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/wellness/NewSite/StressHelpfulTipsStretch.html
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Humanities Study Means Human In 10 Weeks

Words: 1539 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10312792

humanities study means human. In 10 weeks, thought critically concepts myths narratives, morality decision making, freedom, happiness, specific subjects literature, art, music, film, popular culture.

(1) I am a human being who lives in the 21st century. In my time, being human is a complex process. As a race, we exist on a series of predetermined conditions which serve to shape our daily experience into a habitual cycle of living. These general patterns converge to define the meaning of living in a modern era. As a rule, one person from my time undergoes a carefully structured education from birth to adulthood.

A day in the life of a typical modern adult person starts with waking up amidst family and getting ready for work. Jobs are required to ensure continuous survival for a family and occupy an average of eight hours out of an adult's day span. At times, adults disrupt…… [Read More]


Janaro, R. And Altshuler, T. The Art of Being Human: The Humanities as a Technique for Living. (2011) New York: Longman

Plagens, P. (2002, July 8). What Andy Saw: Warhol Wasn't Just the Godfather of Pop. He Was a Clairvoyant Whose Ideas on Celebrity, Cinema and Even Supersizing Made Him the Most Influential Artist since Picasso. Newsweek Raw, L. The Cherry Orchard. (2000) Theatre Journal vol. 52, 409
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Ten Items That Reflect Life in 2015

Words: 775 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91239332

Exemplifying Life in 2015 in a Small Time Capsule

One of the fundamental aspects of the human condition is the desire to leave future generations with some indication concerning how people lived, worked and recreated during their lifetimes, and many individuals, groups and communities have used time capsules of varying sizes for this purpose (Hart & ollins, 2011). Given the dynamism of the early 21st century, though, accurately reflecting what life is like in 2015 is a challenging enterprise, particularly when faced with a 3-foot cubic space limitation when some time capsules are as large as living rooms (Smith, 2008). Therefore, the selection of representative items and articles to include in such a time capsule requires careful consideration and a variety of opinions in order to accurately reflect the most salient aspects of American culture and lifestyles.

To this end, this paper proposes 10 items that can be placed in…… [Read More]


Hart, R. & Rollins, J. (2011). Therapeutic activities for children and teens coping with health issues. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Smith, B. (2008, September 26). Keeping time capsules preserve today's culture for tomorrow's historians. St. Louis Post-Dispatch (MO), 1C.

Thompson, C. N. & Brommer, D. M. (2012, Fall). Pet ownership and the spatial and temporal dimensions of evacuation decisions. Southeastern Geographer, 52(3), 253-255.
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Renaissance & Reformation Discovering the

Words: 1095 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42677325

In terms of Renaissance philosophy, Galileo Galilei is an example of a humanist who strongly defended the gradual flourishing and subsistence to the scientific revolution happening in his society during the Renaissance period. Galileo was a strong advocate for the usage of science in discovering truth and new knowledge, using the principles of mathematics and philosophy in strengthening the study of astronomy and physics in the society. Through Galileo, the nature of free scientific inquiry prevailed, challenging, though not condemning, philosophical and theological issues that cannot empirically answer truth and reality in life. Dante Alighieri's "Inferno," meanwhile, is a literary piece that represented his inquiry into the spiritual and humanistic foundations of human existence during his time. In a period wherein theological foundations and philosophies are being questioned, Dante's "Inferno" confronted the moral and spiritual issues being questioned by Dante and his society during this challenging period of Renaissance.

Following…… [Read More]

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Angela's Ashes Novel

Words: 661 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89354017


The Container: I have two ideas about the container. One would be a book, that is hollowed out to hold the items. Frank McCourt always loved books, and it is what made him the man he is now, a writer, a teacher, and a legend. The other would be some kind of container that held alcohol. McCourt always had a sense of humor, even about the most awful things that happened in his life. I think he would see the humor (even if it is black) in a time capsule left in a bottle or a can of booze, because he was not above laughing at himself.

Item 1: Timeline http://www.angelasashes.com/chronicles/timeline-nonflash.html

Printout of the web page (above), that shows the timeline.

Angela's Ashes" takes place from 1930 through 1940 in Limerick, Ireland. The novel follows the lives of Frank McCourt and his brothers. They are very poor, and…… [Read More]

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Rock Song My Name Is

Words: 625 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90740174

One of the most powerful songs produced by Rage Against the Machine is "Know Your Enemy." The enemy is within, is the message of the song. The enemy is sometimes the United States itself: as in the case with the Rodney King beatings. Police brutality had been an ongoing political issue long before Rodney King's story made the mainstream media. Moreover police brutality disproportionately impacted persons who were politically disenfranchised. The African-American community mistrusted the police because the police represented an illegitimate authority. Rather than invest money to repair impoverished African-American communities, the American government invested money into a militant police force that would oppress, subjugate, and humiliate its own citizens.

The American Dream never existed; it was all a lie. This was especially true for the African-American community. The vocals of "Know Your Enemy" are sung rap-style as if a tribute to the black community in America. Furthermore, the…… [Read More]

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Thornton Wilder's Play Our Town

Words: 964 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81040606

Thei deams ae moe depessing than they ae inspiing. When, fo example, Ms. Gibbs expesses he desie to see Pais, the audience knows she will not eve get to achieve he deam because of he husband's stubbon closed-mindedness. Emily's fustation with the lack of awaeness on the pat of the living in the thid act also daws attention to the stubbon clinging to outmoded ways of thinking that can chaacteize small town existence. Wilde exploes small town insulaity with aplomb in Ou Town, and this in-depth exploation is the play's geatest stength.

Globalization dawned aound the tun of the centuy, intoducing East to West and West to East and in Ou Town, Wilde delves into Buddhist and othe Easten philosophies. The playwight does so subtly and possibly unintentionally, examining the baies between eality and fiction, life and death. The Stage Manage begs the audience to ethink thei ole as viewes.…… [Read More]

references to industrialization or urbanization. Instead the insight into every day life in Grover's Corners lends insight into how America was changing at that crucial period in world history. Although gender values and social roles were generally unchanged, persons of Emily's and George's generation were on the brink of a major turning point at which the world's balance of power would indelibly change. The coming World Wars would alter the geo-political landscape in Europe and propel America onto the world's stage in a role that the nation had never served before. Wilder hints at the dramatic future of America through his time capsule and also through his use of the Stage Manager, who directly addresses the audience in a dramatically ironic manner.
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Computerized Management Systems Truly Represent

Words: 1943 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68977620

Patient care improves when nurses are truly empowered to do their best work. Computerized systems can help nurses to do their jobs even better, cutting out tedious work, allowing them to access information more efficiently and giving them the ability to make strong decisions based on cutting-edge information. Improvements in the level of care, the level of safety, the facility's efficiency, the access to data and reduced cost all happen when clinicians can make "timely, accurate, evidence-based decisions at the point of care" (Elsevier). Computerized data systems create a sophisticated tool set to make sure that the most pertinent information is there when clinicians need it, making sure that clinicians engage in the necessary processes.


The system that the team should purchase is without question, the Epic system. This system was one of the pioneers of computerized health systems. It believed in digitizing all relevant information way before it…… [Read More]


AHRQ.com. (n.d.). Medical Informatics for Better and Safer Health Care. Retrieved from AHRQ.com: http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/factsheets/informatic/informatics/index.html#medicationmanagement

Birz, S. (2006). Nurses Benefit from Bedside PDAs. Retrieved from nursezone.com: http://www.nursezone.com/nursing-news-events/devices-and-technology/Nurses-Benefit-from-Bedside-PDAs_24006.aspx

Doolan, D., & Bates, D. (2002). Computerized Physician Order Entry Systems in Hospitals: Mandates and Incentives. Health Affairs, 180-188.

Elsevier. (n.d.). Elsevier Clinical Decision Support: Impacting the Cost and Quality . Retrieved from Elsevier.com: http://www.clinicaldecisionsupport.com/fullpanel/uploads/files/elsevier-clinical-decision-support-impacting-the-cost-and-quality-wp-4web-00001-00001.pdf
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L'oreal's Strategic Direction Amidst the Global Economic

Words: 2929 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14758779

L'Oreal's Strategic Direction

Amidst the global economic downturn, France's cosmetics giant L'Oreal corporation outperformed projections in the first ten months of 2010. ith the first three quarters earnings exceeding +11% in sales revenues, the L'Oreal Group continued a strong trend following € 17.5 billion consolidated sales in 2009, with 23 global brands in 130 countries, and 674 new patents. Innovation has kept L'Oreal's market position in front of its competitors, and the company has upheld its promise to stakeholders and its 64, 600 employees alike to continue as the world leader in cosmetic products. Insight into L'Oreal's rare success in a moment in crisis is revealed in the Company Mission Statement,

"At L'OREAL, we believe that everyone aspires to beauty. Our mission is to help men and women around the world realise that aspiration, and express their individual personalities to the full. This is what gives meaning and value to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Conjoint Analysis Model Demonstration, Dobney.com, 2010. Web.

Edgeman, R. et al. Six Sigma for Government IT: Strategy & Tactics for Washington, D.C. Boise: University of Idaho, nd. Web.

Baker, S. New Consumer Marketing: Managing a Living Demand System. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2003. Print.

Blattberg, R.C. And Thomas, J.C. Valuing, Analyzing and Managing the Marketing Function using Customer Equity Principles. In Iacobucci, D. Kellogg on Marketing. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 2001.
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Road Movies Tale of Two

Words: 1775 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12521649

Clarence and Alabama are capable of finding some sense of mirrored self in the eyes and common quest provided by relationship with another, and it is worth remembering that identity is serious business in "True Romance," serious enough to kill over, as in the film's perhaps most famous dialogue sequence, where Christopher alken assassinates a man whom he believes has impugned the identity of Sicilians.

Thus, the protagonists of "True Romance" are more successful than the protagonists of "Badlands." They are not simply more successful as outlaws, but as human beings. They win their quest for fulfillment, money, and excitement because they are able to work together, and are a more functioning romantic and criminal team together. Although togetherness provides the psychic fuel of the meaningless murders of "Badlands," the generation of the Kit and Holly couple is not really a couple at all. The two never connect, and their…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Danks, Adrian. "Death Comes as an End: Temporality, Domesticity and Photography in Terrence Malick's Badlands. 2000. Senses of Cinema. http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/00/8/index.html" Issue 8, July-Aug 2000.

Rafter, Nicole. Shots in the Mirror: Crime Films and Society. New York: Oxford

University Press, 2000.

Stam, Robert. Literature through Film: Realism, Magic and the Art of Adaptation. New York: Blackwell, 2004.
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Christianity the Ecclesiastical History of

Words: 2130 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71920350

Also, men oppose her for reasons of jealousy, he stresses, not because they really think that she is acting in an anti-Christian manner. Thus while Socrates Scholasticus himself never even entertained any point-of-view remotely considered heretic, including Gnosticism and Manichaeism as well as Arianism, he never condoned violence and was able to see how personal and political biases could fuel hateful actions masking as 'anti-heretical' actions like the murder of a woman preacher. Although he on a few occasions used the term "evil" is in regards to the Arians, and he gave ample attention to the benefits of the creation of the creed of Nicene, praising its ideals, more often than not Socrates Scholasticus used cool and factual language to describe controversies. Sometimes even the Arians who denied the consubstantiality of the Son with the Father and Trinitarian notions of God are given a chance, through excerpts, to 'speak' their…… [Read More]

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Artistic View Wave Hill and

Words: 2971 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98329417

A sea of buildings would cover the Island of Manhattan, and the iron tentacles of urbanization would extend outward over hundreds of square miles, even into distant Riverdale in estchester County - the once rural site of ave Hill. The picturesque rail line that up the eastern shoreline of the Hudson had by now been joined by a maze of elevated railways, streetcar lines, and examples of a new form of transportation that would soon change the landscape even more - the automobile. The year after illiam Henry Appleton's death, New York's first subway line would go become operational. Skyscrapers, like the Flatiron Building (1902), would soon rival in height the mountains so beloved of the Hudson River School.

One response to the looming crisis of nature was to come in the form of city beautification, specifically in New York's case, in Central park - a new direction in American…… [Read More]

Works Cited


Davies, Lincoln L. "Lessons for an Endangered Movement: What a Historical Juxtaposition of the Legal Response to Civil Rights and Environmentalism Has to Teach Environmentalists Today." Environmental Law 31.2 (2001): 229.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=54396156

Huth, Hans. Nature and the American: Three Centuries of Changing Attitudes. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.
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Fluid Inclusions Until the Early

Words: 1713 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61225883

"Analytical data on fluid inclusions are needed to understand the chemical and physical processes involved in the formation of economic mineral deposits. These data are also critical in understanding modern mineral-deposit models, which promote cost-effective mineral exploration vital to our healthy industrial economy" (Analysis of fossil fuels, 2008). Because fluid inclusion research can provide scientists with details about the past and can help provide helpful information about the present-day, and perhaps the future, it is an important area of geological study.


Air bubbles, amber, and dinosaurs. (2008). etrieved March 14, 2009 from USGS.gov. Web site: http://minerals.cr.usgs.gov/gips/na/amber.html#amber

Analysis of fossil fluids and gases from tiny time capsules. (2008). etrieved March 13, 2009 from USGS.gov. Web site: http://minerals.cr.USGS.gov/gips/na/fluid.html#fluid

Bubble, bubble, toil and trouble. (2009). etrieved March 15, 2009 from Institute of Geosciences, University of Leoben, Austria. Web site: http://institute.unileoben.ac.at/mineralogie/Fluid_Inc_Lab/Flinc_Lab.html#what

Carey, P. And Parnell, J. (2004). Fluid inclusion analysis. etrieved March 15,…… [Read More]


Air bubbles, amber, and dinosaurs. (2008). Retrieved March 14, 2009 from USGS.gov. Web site:  http://minerals.cr.usgs.gov/gips/na/amber.html#amber 

Analysis of fossil fluids and gases from tiny time capsules. (2008). Retrieved March 13, 2009 from USGS.gov. Web site:  http://minerals.cr.USGS.gov/gips/na/fluid.html#fluid 

Bubble, bubble, toil and trouble. (2009). Retrieved March 15, 2009 from Institute of Geosciences, University of Leoben, Austria. Web site: http://institute.unileoben.ac.at/mineralogie/Fluid_Inc_Lab/Flinc_Lab.html#what

Carey, P. And Parnell, J. (2004). Fluid inclusion analysis. Retrieved March 15, 2009 from Geotrack International Pty Ltd. Web site: http://www.geotrack.com.au/fluidinclusion.htm
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Buzz Aldrin - Apollo 11

Words: 1666 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82037327


There are few Carl Sagans in the world today. Sagan was a dynamic scientist whose discussions about the universe were conveyed an excitement about the unknown and the opportunities for exploration that was contagious. There is a weighty apathy that permeates the American collective that needs to be reinvigorated with the excitement, hope, pride and enthusiasm of yesterday. It is perhaps time to move beyond the shuttle and space station programs, and time for more in depth exploration and colonization of the moon with an eye towards that as a jumping off point for a manned mission to Mars. It is time for NASA to be innovative, and to think of tomorrow by encouraging and attracting the youth of today - perhaps with video games that incorporate the science of space exploration and development. One never knows what untapped young genius might become the next great space explorer.

Today,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Apollo 11 Remembered." The Washington Times 20 July 1999: 20. Questia. 4 Dec. 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001794564.

Ruffo, C. Christine. "Before This Decade Is out.": Personal Reflections on the Apollo Program." The Oral History Review 28.2 (2001): 149+. Questia. 4 Dec. 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001045457.

NASA (2003), Voyager the Intestellar Mission, found online at http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/spacecraft/goldenrec.html, retrieved 2 December 2007.
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Communication Islamic Countries Freedom in All Its

Words: 1149 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26131748

Communication Islamic Countries

Freedom in all its forms is a highly contested topic across all areas of politics, not only in countries where freedom has been traditionally repressed, but even in the most democratic of states, such as the United States and the UK. When freedom extends to the press, the contestability of the topic gains an extra dimension. Some critics, for example, advocate freedom of the press only to such an extent as its ability to promote a peaceful existence and harmony among citizens and their government. Others, however, would see the press gaining complete freedom, regardless of its consequences for personal and collective peace. In Muslim countries such as Indonesia and the United Arab Emirates, freedom extended to the press and the media is yet further muddied by the importance of religious and state rule in these countries. In both environments, Islam remains the main ruling force in…… [Read More]


Article 19. (2005, Dec.). Freedom of Expression aand the Media in Indonesia. Alliance of Independent Journalists. Retrieved from: http://www.article19.org/data/files/pdfs/publications/indonesia-baseline-study.pdf

BBC News Middle East. (2012, June 15). United Arab Emirates Profile: Media. Retrieved from:  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14704229 

BBC News Middle East. (2012, June 15). United Arab Emirates: Overview. Retrieved from:  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14703998 

El-Baltaji, D. (2009, Fall). Emirates Press Law. Arab Media & Society, Iss. 9. Retrieved from:  http://www.arabmediasociety.com/?article=727
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Good or Bad Aviation Project Management

Words: 1108 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36922120

Aviation Project - SpaceX

The current aerospace technologies being built and flown by the private commercial company known as SpaceX (from California) have a remarkable record of success thus far. The "Dragon," which is the cargo capsule built by SpaceX, put into orbit by the Falcon 9 launch rocket, delivered its second load of supplies to the International Space Station (ISS) on Sunday, March 3 (Segal, 2013). The SpaceX contract with NASA is for a total of twelve cargo missions to the ISS over the coming years; the first Dragon cargo ship was launched and delivered supplies to the International Space Station in October, 2012. The un-manned Dragon is designed to carry supplies to and from the ISS, and it is the first privately built commercial spacecraft to handle those chores -- or conduct any space-related activities per se. NASA contracted with SpaceX in 2008 after NASA had retired its…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Black, Charles. (2013). SpaceX tests its vertical takeoff and vertical landing rocket. SEN.

Retrieved March 18, 2013, from  http://www.sen.com .

Money, Stewart. (2012). Why SpaceX is setting the pace in the commercial space race. NBC

News. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from  http://www.nbcnews.com .
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Nursing Pus Bodily Fluids and

Words: 993 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90930668

Nursing means working one on one with individuals who may be bogged down will all manner of physical or mental pain and suffering or who may even be on the brink of death. Because nurses work so closely with the most delicate matters of human existence: pain, suffering, and death, ours is a difficult job.

Nursing is but one of many healthcare professions and involves unique and specific work. For instance, nurses work directly with the patient by touch and voice. Nurses listen to people's complaints and address them immediately; we massage, we empty bed pans, we bandage bruises and poke people with needles and stick tubes down their throats. Not everyone wants to deal so intimately with patients but would rather remain in the lab. Nurses usually have more direct contact with patients than doctors do, for instance. Nurses must possess a full understanding of the profession and what…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bolton, Zoe. "Is nursing a profession in crisis?" Daily Mail. 12 May 2004. Online at http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/health/healthmain.html?in_article_id=302561&in_page_id=1774.

Virginia Avernal Henderson." Nurses.info.  http://www.nurses.info/nursing_theory_person_henderson_virginia_.htm .
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Avars in Medieval Carpathian Basin and Grave Goods

Words: 5357 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92276055

Grave Goods of the Avars in Medieval Carpathian asin

The objective of this study is to examine the burial styles and grave goods of the Avars. This includes such as buried livestock and artifacts. As well the variability in the relationship between different several sites from this similar time period, and some specific burial sites of interest will be examined as well as the various traditions relating to positioning of bodies and preparation of the dead along with any possible meanings. Examined as well will be construction of the tombs and any other grave goods of interest. From this data this study will attempt to determine the traditions, individual wealth and the position of that culture and to determine what the traditions were of this culture as well as how they developed and changed over time. The difference in tribes or clans and other influences from that time period will…… [Read More]


Avar Rule Before 630 (nd) Retrieved from:  http://mek.oszk.hu/03400/03407/html/44.html 

Avars (2014) Migration Period between Odra and Vistula. National Science Center. Retrieved from:  http://www.mpov.uw.edu.pl/en/thesaurus/tribes-and-peoples/avars -

Balint, C. (nd) Avar Goldsmiths' Work from the Perspective of Cultural History. British Museum. Retrieved from:  http://www.britishmuseum.org/pdf/13%20Balint%20p%20rev-opt-sec.pdf 

Bordas, E. (nd) The Largest Cemetery from the Avar Period in the Carpathian Basin. Retrieved from:  http://www.sulinet.hu/oroksegtar/data/telepulesek_ertekei/Zamardi/pages/avarkori_temeto_angol.htm
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Espresso Maker Case Study Analysis How Would

Words: 611 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26798040

Espresso Maker Case Study Analysis

How would you describe the target segment? What do you think were their needs? (the WHO)

Having successfully segmented the lucrative coffee and specialty drink market during the early 1980's, through the perfection of "instant" -- or soluble -- Nescafe-brand coffee, the Nestle company achieved a dominant position in terms of market share. Despite this accomplishment, however, members of Nestle's executive management structure soon recognized that the market was poised to undergo a significant shift in terms of demographic expansion. According to the case study, "cafes and coffee bars were growing in popularity across Europe and the U.S., beyond their traditional geographies (Italy, Spain and France) & #8230; (and) high-end consumers required a foamier coffee, achievable only with the use of pressurized water" suggested that inexpensive "instant" coffee drinks were being replaced by the growing Espresso trend. With expanded economic standards becoming the norm as…… [Read More]

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Tylenol Case Analysis Johnson and

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83393004

Johnson and Johnson issued a public relations response immediately naming their number one priority: to aggressively protect any consumer from the potential hazards that may be present in any of their family of products.

Symptoms of the Problem -- Quickly, the crisis reached epic nationwide coverage. The panic that ensued, somewhat as the result of the twenty-four hour media coverage, fueled this panic into a frenzy. One hospital in Chicago, for instance, received 700 calls in one day; while Johnson and Johnson received averaged almost 150 calls per day. Across the country people were admitted into hospitals on suspicion of cyanide poisoning (Tifft, 18). Johnson and Johnson worked rapidly and decisively with the media to disseminate information. When the news spread, copycat criminals began to tamper with the products on the shelves of stores, which only deepened the crisis. ndeed, the FDA confirmed more tampering had taken place, but this…… [Read More]

Identification of Goals - in 1982, Tylenol controlled 37% of the pain killer market, approximately $1.2M and was the leading painkiller in the American market, outselling Anacin, Bayer, Bufferin, and Excedrin. Seventeen to eighteen percent net earnings of Johnson and Johnson were from Tylenol sales. Profits placed Johnson and Johnson in the top half of the Fortune 500 (Berg, 1998). The company had been doing well for years. Stock analysts had actually predicted that Tylenol's market share was poised for up to a 15% growth. In fact, Tylenol was to the product that would lead this company to further success- hat is until the Tylenol laced cyanide crisis came to be. This calamity changed the strategic plan, management goals, and parent to subsidiary goals across the organization -- within a 24-hour period. Instantly, an immediate crisis mode was assumed and a reassessment and reprioritization of their goals and immediate actions required jolted every executive, manager and employee in the organization (Mikkelson, 2004).

Immediate Goals once Crisis was Revealed-

Reacting to the news, when Johnson and Johnson was faced with the initial situation; it had to make some tough decisions that would severely impact the future of the company. Rather than think in financial terms only, CEO James Burke immediately turned to the
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Responsibilities as an External Consultant to a

Words: 2819 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72448173

esponsibilities as an external consultant to a contract manufacturing organization (CMO)

esearch in the field of medicine has contributed to changes in administration of dosage. Initially some administration routes for drugs are considered more convenient than other methods. However this relies and depends on the benefits and shortcomings of the drug administration route. The paper discusses on the possible and the convenient drug administration routes to apply in CMO. The paper also discusses on the methods to improve the physical stability and product chemical in the dosage for CMO

outes of administration for biological medicinal products

Different routes of administration can be applied for biological medicinal products and generally for contract manufacturing organization (CMO). For instance, enteral, parenteral, and transdermal are the common broad routes of medicinal administration.

Hypodermoclysis administration route

Hypodermoclysis administration route is whereby the dosage is in fluid form and can be referred to as subcutaneous infusion…… [Read More]


Adikwu, M.U., & Esimone, C.O. 2009. Biopolymers in drug delivery recent advances and challenges. [Saif Zone, Sharjah, U.A.E.], Bentham eBooks.

Arcangelo, V.P., & Peterson, A.M. 2005. Pharmacotherapeutics for advanced practice: A

practical approach. Philadelphia, PA [u.a.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Gillespie, J.R., & Flanders, F.B. 2010. Modern livestock and poultry production. Australia,
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Journey Begins as We Enter

Words: 1067 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22172212

The blood in which we are traveling in is composed of red blood cells called hemoglobin, plasma, platelets, and white blood cells. Blood is transported through the body by the heart's pumping action. As we continue, we will enter the hepatic portal vein, which delivers blood from the gastrointestinal tract to the liver, into the ascending aorta, up towards the heart. As we approach the heart, it's pumping will pull us up into its chambers and through to the lungs where we will get oxygen and continue our journey to the kidneys. As we return to the heart, we will pass through the aortic arch and descend through the thoracic aorta continuing past the descending abdominal aorta until we reach the renal artery. We will make a left turn and pass through the glomeruli through the kidney's tubules and conclude this phase of our journey into the left kidney.

The…… [Read More]

Reference List:

Thibodeau, G. (1992). Structure and Function of the Body. Chicago: Mosby Year Book.
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Taxa What Is Cnidaria What Is it

Words: 2243 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91414879


What is Cnidaria? What is it made up of? Who are the members that belong to his group? Cnidaria is an exclusively aquatic phylum. It is a group that is represented by the members, who are also called 'polyps', and these are sea anemones and corals, and also by 'medusae', which are creatures like the jellyfish. In general, both a polypoid as well as a medusoid cnidarian will be either radially or biradially symmetrical and it is an uncephalized animal with one single body opening, which is the mouth. Stinging capsules, which are embedded in the tentacles that are placed around the mouth, generally surrounds the mouth. These stinging capsules are also known as 'nematocysts', and these are capable of acting both as agents of defense as well as of offense. The most important distinguishing feature of a phylum is the presence of the intrinsic nematocysts, and in turn,…… [Read More]


"About Corals, anemones, and their kin" Retrieved From

http://www.augsburg.edu/biology/aquaria/SpecialTopicsFiles/AboutCoralsAnemonesAndKin.html Accessed on 21 June, 2005

"Features unique to Cnidarians and to Ctenophores" Retrieved From

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Homebuilding Industry the Industry Dominant Economic Features

Words: 3729 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6231972

Homebuilding Industry

The Industry Dominant Economic Features

Market Size and Rivals:

Pace of Process and Product Technology Change

Economies of Scale in Purchasing


Industry Competitors

Threat of New Entrants






The Economy and Interest Rates


Centex Corporation


Pulte Homes


Understanding the Markets

Understanding Local Regulations




The homebuilding industry plays a major role in the United States economy, as a significant employer and cash generator. Each year the industry hires more than 3.5 million workers and the housing investment and consumption accounts for one-fifth of the United States' gross domestic product (GDP). Recent figures support the role of homebuilders as vital to the American way of life (AzPath). In 2001, the homebuilders were responsible for building 1,602,700…… [Read More]

Works Cited

AzPATH Research Series Report No. 03. Del E. Webb School of Construction. "Supply Chains in Residential Construction." 2.2. "Integrating the Supply Chain." December 2001. Retrieved June 5, 2003 at http://construction.asu.edu/azpath/Documents/Reports/Report03.pdf.

Grey, Joseph. "Construction and Building Materials." Hoover's Online. 2001. Retrieved June 5, 2003 at http://www.hoovers.com/industry/snapshot/profile/0,3519,14,00.html.

Handley, John. "Boomers Shun 'R' Word" May 18, 2003. Baltimore Sun www.sunspot.net.Retrieved June 5, 2003 at http://www.nbnnews.com/NBN/issues/2003-05-26/bnc2c.html#5.

Hoover's Online. "Centex Corporation." 2003. Retrieved June 6, 2003 at http://www.hoovers.com/co/capsule/8/0,2163,10308,00.html.
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Marinol Medicine Is Designed to Treat the

Words: 1168 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97178475


Medicine is designed to treat the sick and the injured. Its function is to either treat a condition or to better severe symptoms from a medical or physical condition. Some medicines, when first introduced, are controversial because of the ingredients that are used. In the modern era, Marinol has become the subject of heated debate over whether or not it should be provided to patients. Despite the fact that it has been proven to help people when other medications have failed, there are still some places where the medication cannot be gotten simply because it contains a synthetic form of a substance which is illegal in most states. Marinol is not made from an illegal material, but a synthetic version which replicates the effects of that illegal substance. The drug Marinol is a brand name of a medication which is a synthetic form of tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC which is…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Armentano, P. (2005). Marinol vs. natural plant. NORML.

Institute of Medicine (2002). Marijuana and Medicine: Assessing the Science Base. National Academy Press: Washington, D.C.

Loughlin, K. & Generali, J. (2006). The Guide to Off-Label Prescription Drugs. The Philip Lief

Group: Princeton, NJ.
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Fantastic Voyage Through the Body the Man

Words: 1116 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52357134

Fantastic Voyage Through the Body

The man is eating a hamburger and French fries while drinking a root beer. He is mechanically separating the food into smaller units, and then he is swallowing it. For this exercise, it is important to realize that there are four different types of material that will be absorbed by the body and that they are all absorbed differently. These are fiber from the leafy greens on the hamburger, fats from the hamburger and French fries, proteins from the hamburger, and carbohydrates in many forms which make up the bulk of the meal. They start off in a common area, but they end up going through different processes to either leave or remain in the body.

The first part of the journey is taken by all of the nutrition types. The man bites off a chunk of burger or fires, or drinks a swallow of…… [Read More]


Andrews, T. (2011). How is protein digested? Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/423153-how-is-protein-digested/

Busse, A. (2011). Busse, A. (2011). How are dietary fats absorbed into the body. Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/428367-how-are-dietary-fats- absorbed-into-the-body/

Hill, C. (2011). How are carbohydrates digested, absorbed, and eliminated? Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/488801-how-are-carbohydrates-digested- absorbed-eliminated/

Robinson, S. (2011). Role of fiber in food digestion. Retrieved from  http://www.livestrong.com/article/246678-role-of-fiber-in-food-digestion/
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Hba and the Building Trade the Liabilities of a Professional Association

Words: 2949 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63063273

Non-Profit and for-Profit Ethical and Liability Issues

This paper examines the ethical and liability issues that non-profit corporations and for-profit businesses face, and compares them.

Non-Profit Corporations and For-Profit Business: Comparison of the Ethical and Liability Issues that are Faced by Both There have been a lot of scandals lately regarding large for-profit businesses. These scandals stem from both ethical and legal issues. Many of these scandals have resulted in lawsuits and even criminal proceedings against those who have been involved with them. The true extent of corporate liability is just beginning to be seen in our society. We are watching the large corporations of this country ever more closely now, in order to make sure that they are acting in an ethical manner. The corporations, for their part, are being extra careful in their actions and words, fully aware of the liability that they are under should anything they…… [Read More]

Accession no.:70437218).


Roanoke Times & World News p. A9 Roanoke Retrieved October 6, 2003, from ProQuest database. (Accession no.:47787202).
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Pharm Case Pharmaceutical Recall Case

Words: 932 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71467694

In addition, the recall constitutes an expectation of substantial change before products actually reached consumers, placing it in compliance with 402A. obins & obins lived up to its legal and its ethical responsibilities.

Question 4

The Blanchard and Peale method of determining ethicality consists of three checks, which can be applied to both the decision to avoid the $0.35 per-package charge to automate recalls and to the "fake" recall process of the company (Lankard, 1991). First, the models asks if the action is legal, both in terms of governmental laws and company policy; the answer for both dilemmas in this case is "yes." The second test is whether the action is balanced and fair, promoting "win-win" solutions; here, the answer in both cases is more ambiguous. The additional costs of medications from the UPC rule would have been passed on to consumers, which is a "lose" to some extent even…… [Read More]


Adminsitrative Procedure Act. (n.d.). Accessed 18 April 2012.  http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/laws/administrative-procedure/553.html 

402A. (n.d.). Accessed 18 a /  http://biotech.law.lsu.edu/cases/products/402a-b.htm 

Lankard, B. (1991). Resolving Ethical Dilemmas in the Workplace. Accessed 18 April 2012.  http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-9220/focus.htm 

Radcliffe, M. & Brinson, D. (1999). Contracts Law. Accessed 18 April 2012. http://library.findlaw.com/1999/Jan/1/241463.html
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Does Vitamin D Supplementation Improve Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetics

Words: 652 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4347328

Acceptable Recruitment Methods

Acceptable Method of Selection of Controls

Minimization of Bias

Were the Confounders Accounted for in the Study Design

Are the Results Believable

Are They Applicable to Other Populations (Generalizable)

Do the Results Fit with Available Evidence

Jorde & Figenschau, 2009

Yes, as reflected from the title: Supplementation with cholecalciferol does not improve glycaemic control in diabetic subjects with normal serum 25- hydroxyvitamin D levels

Yes, because patients with poor glycemic control were randomly assigned to control and case group. Also appropriate dosages of Vit. D was used

Place of recruitment was not specified.

Patients were randomly assigned to both groups.

Variables were clearly defined.

Yes, the control group was randomly selected from the actual population

No blinding method used. Compliance was assessed by asking patients to return unused capsules.

Yes, they were: BMI, smoking status, waist to hip ratio, blood pressure, serum calcium, creatinine, lipid profile and…… [Read More]

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Does Vitamin D Supplementation Improve Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetics

Words: 659 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32651185

Diabetes and Vitamin D Studies

Evaluation Table

Clearly Focused Issue

Appropriate Method to Answer the Research Question

Acceptable Recruitment Methods

Acceptable Method of Selection of Controls

Minimization of Bias

Were the Confounders Accounted for in the Study Design

Are the Results Believable

Are They Applicable to Other Populations (Generalizable)

Do the Results Fit with Available Evidence

Witham et al., 2010

This is a follow-up study. The issue is whether patients with a vitamin D level of higher than 250 HD will gain a benefit from vitamin D supplementation.

A positive result is defined by reaching a level of 75 nmol or above. This is considered the level for optimum health.

Patients for the study were selected from general practice and diabetes specialty offices based on a positive type 2 diabetes mellitus diagnosis in accordance with the requirement set forth by the World Health Organization.

The group was divided into three…… [Read More]

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Health Care in the United States Has

Words: 1344 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51512155

health care in the United States has been the source of heated debate for a number of years. Although the publicity surrounding the issue has been considerable and made to look like it is a recent problem facing the nation, the problem, in reality, has been on the horizon for nearly a century. During President Woodrow Wilson's administration, efforts were unsuccessfully made to pass national legislation regarding the delivery of health care in the United States and the issue has appeared periodically on the national agenda ever since (Lepore, 2009). Finally, on March 23, 2010, among massive controversy, the Affordable Care Act, through the massive efforts of the Obama administration, became law.

Despite the passing of the Affordable Care Act, health care in the United States remains dismal for a large percentage of American citizens. Although there were a number of significant provisions in the Act that took effect nearly…… [Read More]


Anderson, R.M. (2001). Improving Access to Care in America. Los Angeles: University of California.

Boehm, G. (2005). Debunking Medical Malpractice Myths: Unraveling the False Premises behind Tort Reform. Yale Journal of Health Policy Law & Ethics, 357-369.

Lepore, J. (2009, December 7). Preexisting Condition. The New Yorker .

Shi, L. (2003). Delivering Health Care in America: A Systems Approach (3rd Edition). Burlington, VT: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
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Marketing Plan Introduction of the Business in

Words: 2610 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81765666

Marketing Plan

ntroduction of the Business

n 1995, Mr. David Walsh acquired the Moorilla Estate in Hobart. By 2005, the business had incorporated iconic brands such as "The Source Restaurant" and "Moo Brew" as part the suite of offerings. By 2012, the range of product offerings will have expanded further to include the exclusive "Pavilion Apartments," greater wine making capacity, the avant-garde MONA FOMA festival, and the flagship MONA private art museum.

As a winery, Moorilla winery has one of the oldest vineyards in the state, and a new winery has just established on the Moorilla site. We produce cool-climate wines. The fruit is grown in our Tamar and Derwent Valley vineyards. t new winery focuses on a much smaller and very high quality output. t uses gravity-flow to make boutique, ultra-premium wines. And they use estate fruit that is grown in a sustainable manner, with organic and bio-dynamic techniques.…… [Read More]

Individual selling strategy normally entails the prevailing marketing communications. Marketing communications are normally the messages that deal with the prevailing purchaser -retailer exhibitions, promotions accompanied by the public relations. Marketing interactions that entails to the prevailing personal selling are categorized into dual classes namely the impersonal and personal (John, 2002, pp 56-87).

Impersonal selling

The impersonal entails the process of
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Parkinson's Disease a Brief Description of Parkinson's

Words: 1464 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82724099

Parkinson's Disease

A Brief Description of Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neuromuscular disorder that occurs in middle-age to older adults. The disorder has a mean beginning of about 55 years of age. The incidence of Parkinson's disorder increases with age. PD affects about 0.15% percent of the population (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). PD was first described in 1817 by James Parkinson's "Essay on the Shaking Palsy."

In 95% of PD cases diagnoses there is no genetic association (no one in the family has it) and these cases are designated as sporadic PD. In the small number of remaining cases the disorder is inherited (Dauer & Przedborski, 2003). A condition known as secondary Parkinsonism that resembles the physical presentation of PD can be brought on by a number of drugs or other conditions such as dopamine antagonist medications, hypoxia, and from brain tumors (APA, 2000).

The Cause…… [Read More]


American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental

Disorders, IV- Text Revision. Washington, DC: Author.

Bear, M.F., Connors, B.W. & Paradiso, M.A. (2001). Neuroscience: Exploring the brain,

Second Edition. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
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Efforts to Achieve Healthy Aging Ping-Chung Leung

Words: 3711 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36806414

Efforts to Achieve Healthy Aging

Ping-Chung Leung

Institute of Chinese Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, HKSA.

Abstract: Longevity is a blessing as long as good health is not lost. However, the tendency to have a decline on normal physiological activities is inevitable because of the natural processes of degeneration at all levels: molecular, cellular and organic. Hence, the elderly people frequently suffer from cardiovascular problems and skeletal deteriorations that gradually develop to disabilities. Awareness of factors leading to unhealthy aging has led to the formation of different professional groups that aim at the maintenance of health of aging community. The approach tends to be target orientated for the European and US groups, aiming at hormonal replacements and detoxification. In contrast, the oriental groups have been keeping their traditional belief of prevention and internal balance, using nutritional arrangements and non-strenuous exercise as means of maintaining health.

Keywords: chinese medicine,…… [Read More]

Abreu, M.T., Fukata, M. and Arditi, M. 2005. T.L.R. Signalling in the gut
in Health and Disease. J. Immunol., 174(8):4453 - 60.
Benno, Y., Shiragami, N., Uchida, K. et al. 1986. Effect of Moxalactum on Human Fecal Microflora. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.,
29(1):175 - 8.
Buckwalter, J.A., Heckman, J.D. and Petrie, D.P. 2003. Aging of the North American Population: New challenges for orthopaedics. J. Bone Joint Surg. Am., 85-A(4):748 - 58.
Census and Statistics Department, The Government of Hong Kong Special
Administrative Region. 2007. Style Guide [online]. Accessed 23 June
2008. URL: http://www.censtatd.gov.hk/hongkongstatistics/
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Aunt Gladys Chemistry Yo Dude That's

Words: 534 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82604591

Aunt Gladys / Chemistry

Yo, Dude! (That's how we would say "Howdy, Aunt Gladys!" here at college.)

Thanks for your letter and the $2.00 you sent with it. Probably this weekend I will go out and buy myself something nice, like you suggested.

I am glad you and Uncle Wilbur are well. Everything is good here at school. I am pretty busy and I am learning a lot. Especially chemistry.

I'm happy to be able to answer your question for you. You asked how come the tin foil melted overnight on your meatloaf. Don't worry, nothing is wrong with your refrigerator and you and Uncle Wilbur will not have to get a new one. And no, it wasn't because you snuck some ground turkey in there because the doctor told Uncle Wilbur he needs to start watching his cholesterol. It's actually because of the ketchup. Now, don't go writing a…… [Read More]


Callaway, L. (2012). Aluminum foil do's and don'ts. Real Simple. Retrieved from http://www.realsimple.com/food-recipes/tools-products/aluminum-foil-dos-donts-10000001154398/index.html

University of Illinois Extension. (2007). Homegrown tomatoes. Illinois Times 6/27/07.

Retrieved from http://www.illinoistimes.com/Springfield/article-4204-homegrown-tomatoes.html
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Nursing Nutrition

Words: 877 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86221013

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a multisystem disease with both biochemical and anatomical consequences. It is a chronic disease of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism caused by the lack of insulin. In type 1 diabetes, insulin is functionally absent because of the destruction of the beta cells of the pancreas. Type 1 DM occurs most commonly in juveniles but can occur in adults, especially in those in their late 30s and early 40s. Unlike people with type 2 DM, those with type 1 DM generally are not obese and may present initially with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).

In this particular case, Yusuf, a 12-year-old boy was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes after exhibiting some of the following symptoms: weight loss, excessive urinating, and an unquenchable thirst. More recently, Yusuf was again admitted to the hospital after complaining of nausea, vomiting and intense thirst. The doctor observed that he appeared confused and was…… [Read More]

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Renal Artery Stenosis Rather Than

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32056017

CT scan or MA may result in the clinician oversight of some of the more subtle findings. It is expensive and the availability is limited.

It is possible to evaluate AS via angiogram, bet evaluation of the size of the stenosis tends to be imprecise. Additionally, angiography does not allow a cross-sectional assessment of the stenosis, and in the case of FMD, it is not possible to distinguish the different histological types, although intervention at the time of assessment is a possibility. Doppler sonography is able to measure the amount of blood flow, and is non-invasive. It tends to be highly invasive and is able to demonstrate problems with slow patterns and other issues which are highly suggestive of significant stenosis. Doppler ultrasound tends to be very operator dependent and the exam takes a significant amount of time. Additionally, the exam may be limited by abdominal girth, patient movement and…… [Read More]


1. Paven G; Waugh R; Nicholson J; Gillin a; Hennessy a Nephrology (Carlton). 2006; 11(1):68-72

2. Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research (AHRQ)

Comparative Effectiveness of Management Strategies for Renal Artery Stenosis: AHRQ Executive Summary,), Rockville, Maryland; http://hcup.ahrq.gov/HCUPnet.asp

3. Dejani H, Eisen TD, Finkelstein FO: Revascularization of renal artery stenosis in patients with renal insufficiency. Am J. Kidney Dis 2000 Oct; 36(4): 752
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Marketing - Aerospace Industry an

Words: 2053 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52476598

Despite these constraints, it is reasonable to assume that anyone able to invest $100,000+ in a five-minute space flight will be able to afford the trip.

Future Trends.

Given NASA's historic lack of enthusiasm for commercial space travel, it is reasonable to conclude that private initiatives such as SpaceShipOne are going to remain at the forefront of private space travel in the near future. In fact, NASA's Strategic Plan only contains a minor reference to the importance of the commercialization of space in the section entitled "Administrator's Strategic Outlook," wherein the NASA administrator references six areas of interest as NASA priorities with commercial space ventures being only briefly mentioned at the end of the last area of interest (Hudgins, 2002). According to this author, "Barriers to space enterprise result from the way these important space policies treat space commerce. One can readily conclude that commercializing space is not a high…… [Read More]


Coren, M. (2004a, June 20). Commercial space travel next leap for mankind? CNN: Science and Space. Retrieved October 5, 2007 at   http://www.cnn.com /2004/TECH/space/06/18/ssone.flight.history/index.html .

2004b, July 14). Private craft soars into space, history. CNN: Science and Space. Retrieved October 5, 2007 at  
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Fantastic Voyage

Words: 1379 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44263757

Fantastic Voyage

[hs130, section: ____ ]

Today, on the twentieth of August, I will take you on a trip inside the gastrointestinal tract, and beyond in the human body to observe the process of digestion and excretion. As simple as it may seem, this process is more than just moving down a hollow tube. To understand this more deeply, let's begin our journey!


Being reduced to eight microns in a hamburger holds the possibility of being chewed, grinded and dissolved in gastric acid. Even though I used special shield defenses, the slight possibility can still be a scary thought. Despite the risk, I felt motivated enough to allow myself to be amazed by the human body.

In about a moment, I was in the mouth of a 55-year-old man. Mixed with me, were fries, meat, lettuce, cheese, burgers and bear. Staying away from the teeth…… [Read More]


Barrett, K., Heddwen, B., Boitano, S., & Barman, S. (2010).Ganong's review of medical physiology. (23 ed., pp. 451-489). Philadelphia: McGraw Hill.

Hansen, J.T., Koeppen, B.M., & Netter, F.H. (2002). Netter's atlas of human physiology. (5th ed., p 246 -249) Teterboro, N.J: Icon Learning Systems.

Kumar, V., Abbas, A., & Fausto, N. (2010) Robbins Basic Pathology. (8th ed., p 25-60) Philadelphia: Saunders.

Leonard, R., & Kendall, K. (2008). Dynamic swallow studies: Measurement techniques. (2 ed., pp. 292-294). San Diego: Plural Publishing.
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Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL

Words: 2193 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30046943

esearchers believe that incorporating evidence-based prevention methods can decrease the incidence of ACL ruptures, but an understanding of the etiology and mechanisms of sports injury are a necessary to do this (Posthumus, 2009).

The highest prevalence of extrinsic ACL injuries tends to occur in organized sports especially adolescents participating in pivoting type sports such as football, basketball, and team handball (Bahr & Krosshaug, 2005). In addition to any intrinsic factors and adolescent may have, or predisposing factors, environmental factors surrounding organized sports can also play a role in injury. For example, weather conditions (slippery surface), type of surface sport is played on (grass vs. pavement), proper footwear, and protective bracing (Posthumus, 2009).

A growing concern regarding these injuries and the populations that incur them is that these injuries increase the risk of osteoarthritis (Bahr & Krosshaug, 2005). In fact, after ten years, around half of all people that have suffered…… [Read More]


Ageberg, E., Thombe, R., Neeter, C., Gravare Silbernagel, K., Roos, EM. Patients With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Treated With Training and Surgical Reconstruction or Training Only: A Two to Five-Year Followup. Arthritis Care & Research. 2008; 59(12):1773-79.

Bahr, R., Krosshaug, T. Understanding injury mechanisms: a key component of preventing injuries in sport. Br J. Sports Med. 2005; 39:324 -- 329.

Grindstaff, TL., Hammill, RR., Tuzson, AE., Hertel, J. Neuromuscular Control Training Programs and Noncontact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Rates in Female Athletes: A Numbers-Needed-to-Treat Analysis. Journal of Athletic Training. 2006; 41(4):450 -- 456.

Health Information Publications (2011). What is the anterior cruciate ligament? eHealthMD retrieved from  http://ehealthmd.com
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Cassava Manihot Esculenta

Words: 3159 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53191010

Cassava (Manihot esculenta)

Origin and economic value of Cassava to humans:

Brazil and Paraguay are the places where Cassava originated. The other wild forms of these species are known and today it is given as a cultigen category. Cassava is grown yearly and it is a persistent woody shrub. For people living in the moist tropics, Cassava is the main source of low cost carbohydrate. Brazil is the largest producer of Cassava, trailed by Thailand, Nigeria, Zaire and Indonesia. In Africa and Asia the production continues to increase while in the Latin America the production remains constant over the past 30 years. This is found throughout the moist areas and it is the major food in many parts of Western and Central Africa. Since there is a large quantity of other alternate materials available, the global market for Cassava starch and meal is limited. Cassava supplies the daily calorie intake…… [Read More]


Cock, J.H. Cassava: new potential for a neglected crop. Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 1985, p.11-34

Cock JH, Reyes, JA (eds). Cassava Research, Production and Utilization. UNDP/CIAT. CIAT, Cali, Colombia. 1985. pp.542-579.

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). Morphology of the cassava plant. Study guide. Series 04EC-02.03. CIAT, Cali, Colombia, 1983, p.9-15

Etejere, E.O. Bhat, R.B. Traditional preparation and uses of cassava in Nigeria. Economic Botany: 157: 45-48, 1985
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Syringe in My Pepsi Can

Words: 2051 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51386054

Yet, the benefits of the technique above could have turned into disadvantages if the spokesperson lost his temper, didn't know what to answer or provided details that shouldn't have reached the media.

Fourthly, the corporation established non-stop toll-free numbers. These offered two major benefits: the softening of the corporate image (PepsiCo appeared as an entity open to dialogue and concerned about the safety of its consumers) and the permanent feedback provided by consumers. Yet, the main drawback is that some joking callers could use a false identity and report untrue events just to put the company on the wrong track and make it lose time. However, benefits are heavier than drawbacks, in this case.

Fifthly, the corporation used a slogan at the end of the crisis - "Pepsi is pleased to announce...nothing." This was a witty remark suggesting that the company remained the producer of the same qualitative beverage and…… [Read More]


1. Gordon, K.T. (2001). Under Fire - How a Small Business Can Handle a PR Problem. On the Internet at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0DTI/is_4_29/ai_73121444.Retrieved July 6, 2007.

2. Richardson, K. (2006). Public Relations in a Crisis: How to Make the Web Work for You. On the Internet at: www.sideroad.com/Public_Relations/public_relations_crisis.html. Retrieved July 6.

3. Internet Usage Statistics - the Big Picture (2007). On the Internet at: www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm. Retrieved July 6.
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Aromatherapy in Addiction Treatment for

Words: 5849 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23652968

S ome aromas even affect us physiologically" (p. 38). esearchers exploring human olfaction have determined that:

faint trace of lemon significantly increases people's perception of their own health.

Lavender incense contributes to a pleasant mood -- but it lowers volunteers' mathematical abilities.

A whiff of lavender and eucalyptus increases people's respiratory rate and alertness.

The scent of phenethyl alcohol (a constituent of rose oil) reduces blood pressure.

These findings have contributed to the explosive growth in the aromatherapy industry; according to Furlow (1996), "Aromatherapists point to scientific findings that smell can dramatically affect our moods as evidence that therapy with aromatic oils can help buyers manage their emotional lives" (p. 38). According to Ornstein and Sobel, one recent experiment to determine the effect, if any, of fragrances on mind/body involved subjects being wired to physiological monitoring equipment, and then being interrogated with stress-provoking questions, such as "What kind of person…… [Read More]


Anderson, B.J., Manheimer, E. & Stein, M.D. (2003). Use and Assessment of Complementary and Alternative Therapies by Intravenous Drug Users. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 29(2), 401.

Aromatherapy Therapy Chart of Essential Oils by Therapeutic Effect. (2004). MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart. Available:  http://www.moondragon.org/aromatherapy/aromatherapychart.html .

Ba, T.R.D.N. (Ed). (2003). An Introduction to Complementary Medicine. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin.

Battista, J.R., Chinen, A.B. & Scotton, B.W. (1996). Textbook of transpersonal psychiatry and psychology.
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Starbucks Strategic Management Starbucks Has

Words: 1876 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41954819

The class text (on page 338) describes that a big part of this is giving promising employees tasks and assignments that stretch their boundaries and horizons as this helps them grow and, as mentioned before, incentivizes them to do more (Thompson, 2012).


In short, Starbucks has had its challenges and has things it needs to address. The stock crashing in 2008/2009 was not a good time but it was absolutely at least part of the shared pain that the entire stock market underwent during the "Great ecession." As long as Starbucks follows the strategy execution steps listed in the Thompson text, they'll be fine. However, keeping all relevant parties happy, especially when it comes to things like depressed wages and health care, can be rather hard to tamp down (Thompson, 2012).

Appendix I -- Key Statistics

Source: Yahoo Finance - http://finance.yahoo.com/q/ks?s=SBUX+Key+Statistics

Appendix II -- Competitor Info

Source: Yahoo -…… [Read More]


Bogardus, a.M. (2009). PHR/SPHR: Professional in Human Resources certification study guide (3rd ed.). Indianapolis, Ind.: Wiley Pub..

NYTimes. (2012, December 5). Analysis Tools - Historical Chart - NYTimes.com. Markets Overview - NYTimes.com. Retrieved December 5, 2012, from  http://markets.on.nytimes.com/research/stocks/tools/analysis_tools.asp?symbol=SBUX 

PFANNER, E. (2012, December 5). Starbucks Corporation News - the New York Times. Times Topics - the New York Times. Retrieved December 5, 2012, from http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/business/companies/starbucks_corporation/index.html

Starbucks. (2012, December 5). Starbucks Coffee Company. Starbucks Coffee Company. Retrieved December 5, 2012, from  http://www.starbucks.com/
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Barriers to Corneal Donation

Words: 1244 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89881049

Corneal Donation within Hospitals and Medical Communities: Issues Surrounding Post Mortem Donations of Tissue

Qualitative Study

The purpose of this study is to identify barriers to corneal donation within hospitals and medical communities. A large body of research has focused on issues surrounding the post mortem donations of tissue. This research will take a different approach, examining what barriers exist within hospital and medical communities in an attempt to determine how these barriers may be overcome.

The number of potential corneal donors far surpasses the number of people available for traditional organ donations and in some states consent of the medical examiner alone is enough to allow use of corneal donations (family consent not required) (Lewin, 2000).

Traditionally the most significant barrier to organ donation and transplantation has been acquisition of organs and tissues (Murray et. al, 2002). The need for cornea tissue is rising. The average wait time for…… [Read More]


Gortmaker SL, Beasley CL, Brigham LE, Franz HG, Garrison RN, Lucas BA, Patterson RH, Sobol AM, Grenvik NA, Evanisko MJ. Organ donor potential and performance: size and nature of the organ donor shortfall. Crit Care Med 1996; 24(3):432-9.

Halloran, P.F. (2003). "Transmission of Donor Melanoma to Multiple Organ Transplant Recipients." American Journal of Transplantation, Vol. 4 Issue

Hawkins, B.R. (1993). "The HLA System and Transplantation Matching in the 1990s." Journal of the Hong Kong Medical Association, 45 (2): 77-86

Jensen, T.R. (2000). "Organ Procurement: Various Systems and Their Effectiveness." Houston Journal of International Law, Vol. 22, Issue 3.
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Abalone Industry in New Zealand

Words: 1789 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93578848

The abalone must have fresh ocean water to thrive and have been carefully managed for numbers, in order to not over-harvest and allow for growth (Abalone 2006).

Throughout the South Island there are 18 local r-nanga (committees). An elected representative from each r-nanga makes up Te -nanga o Ng-i Tahu, the governing body overseeing the tribe's activities.

The executive functions of Te -nanga o Ng-i Tahu are carried out by the Office of Te -nanga o Ng-i Tahu which manages administration and monitoring and delivers social and cultural programs; and the Ng-i Tahu Holdings Corporation Limited, which manages commercial activities for the tribe (Ngai-Tahu, 2006)

The abalone industry in New Zealand has reached an important and critical time. With rumors of black market selling of abalones by the tribes, who are not considered bound by the nation's laws, there is a danger of its becoming an endangered source of food.…… [Read More]


Abalone Aquaculture, (2006)Website. Retrieved October 12, 2006 at http://www.ngaitahu.iwi.nz/About%20Ngai%20Tahu.

Dore, I. (1991) Shellfish: A Guide to Oysters, Mussels, Scallops, Clams and Similar Products for the Commercial User. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.

Ebert, E.E. (1992) Abalone aquaculture: A North American regional review, in Abalone of the world - Biology, fishery and culture (eds. S.A. Shepherd, M.J. Tegner, and S.A. Guzman del Pr o), Fishing News Books, Cambridge, MA, pp. 570-582.

Mallard, Trevor (2006, October 4). Aquaculture industry unites with govt. support, Scoop. Retrieved October 12, 2006 at  http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/PA0610/S00051.htm
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Pharmacologic Treatment of Fear and

Words: 4199 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2973543

e., they became helpless). Furthermore, other behaviors of the dogs were adversely affected (e.g., the dogs appeared apathetic and had poor appetites) (Hitzemann, 2000). In his essay, "Animal Models of Psychiatric Disorders and Their elevance to Alcoholism," Hitzemann (2000) reports that, "Both fear and anxiety are alerting signals that warn the individual against impending danger and enable the individual to take defensive measures. For animals, the distinctions between fear and anxiety are vague" (p. 149). The distinctions between fear and anxiety are clearly irrelevant for humans who encounter such stressed animals, though.

According to Hodge and Stull (2000), dog bites cause an average of 17 human deaths, 6,000 hospitalizations, and 330,000 emergency room visits every year in the Untied States and a like number of people probably do not seek treatment or report the incident, but may nevertheless experience psychological trauma, anxiety, and missed work or school. Furthermore, dog bites…… [Read More]


Becker, M.G., Chew, G.L., Correa, J.C., Hoepner, L.A., Jusino, C.M., Kinney, P.L., Miller, R.L., & Perzanowski, M.S. (2003). Distribution and determinants of mouse allergen exposure in low-income New York City apartments. Environmental Health Perspectives, 111(10), 1348.

Boone, J.S., & Tyler, J.W. (2001). Transferable residues from dog fur and plasma cholinesterase inhibition in dogs treated with a flea control dip containing chlorpyrifos. Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(11), 1109.

Chang, Y., Cohen, J.H., Hennon, D.L., LaPorte, R.E., & McMahon, J.E. (1997). Dog bite incidence in the City of Pittsburgh: A capture-recapture approach. American Journal of Public Health, 87(10), 1703-5.

Duke, M.L., & Swain, J.L. (2001). Recommendations for research on ethics in public policy from a public administration perspective: Barking dogs and more. International Journal of Public Administration, 24(1), 125.
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Supplements for Athletes Ripped Fuel &Copy Is

Words: 963 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84928638

Supplements for Athletes

ipped Fuel © is a weight loss supplement used widely by individuals who are trying to improve their physical and athletic performance (Brown). These capsules are utilized as a method of rapidly burning fat, while quickly gaining muscle; they are popular among athletes because of this. The supplements work in a way that allows the burning of fat -- which is the most difficult part of body shaping -- to occur in a rapid fashion. Desired results are achieved in a limited amount of time, therefore adding to the appeal of this supplement to young athletes who are just beginning their journey through sports and are essentially attempting to make themselves stand out from the hundreds of other athletes. However, the components of these supplements have been of great concern due to their potential undesired effects (Brown). Despite the glorious results that the particular coach at hand…… [Read More]


Brown, E. (2011). What do ripped fuel capsules do? LIVESTRONG. Retrieved 22 April 2013 from http://www.livestrong.com/article/401862-what-do-r ipped-fuel-capsules-do/

OneResult. (2012). NCAA Legal and Illegal Supplements. ONERESULT: Look Like an Athlete. Retrieved 22 April 2013 from  http://www.oneresult.com/articles/supplements/ncaa  -legal-and-illegal-supplements
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Prebiotic Potential of Chitosans Prebiotic

Words: 6463 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28944082


This teatment, albeit, does not poduce 100% chitosan, but basically poduces a mixtue of 10-15% chitin plus 85-90% pue chitosan, called "pue CC." In the U.S., chitosan constitutes a mixtue of appoximately7% chitin plus appoximately 93% chitosan. Outside of cost-effectiveness, the biological effects of chitin poduced fom each souce appeas identical. "Chitosan oligosacchaides (CO) takes chitosan a big step futhe," Matsunaga (2007 explains. "When CC is ingested, a small amount of it is boken down into vey small molecula paticles by the enzymes of the body, thus poducing CO. CO can also be manufactued by using an enzymatic pocess" (Matsunaga, as cited in Levine, p. 1). The body moe eadily absobs CO, although CO contains less fibe than egula CC.

In Case Histoy 1: Low Pulmonay (Lung) Function, Matsunaga (Levine, 2007) teats his fist patient, also his fathe, with the administation of CC. Pevious teatments had yielded no esults…… [Read More]

references and further reading you must purchase this article.

Lee, H., Park, Y., Jung, J. & Shin, W. (2003). Chitosan oligosaccharides, dp 2 -- 8, have prebiotic effect on the Bifidobacterium bifidium and Lactobacillus sp.

Elsevier Science Ltd. Retrieved November 2, 2009, from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6W9T-48BKR97-


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Tylenol Scandal 1982 How Did the Hospital

Words: 1698 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95661294

Tylenol Scandal 1982

How did the hospital or facility respond?

Johnson & Johnson made a decision that would set a new standard for crisis involving product tampering (Hogue (2001), p. 1). Once the connection was made between the Tylenol capsules and the reported deaths, public announcements were made warning people about the consumption of the product. Johnson & Johnson was faced with the dilemma of the best way to deal with the problem without destroying the reputation of the company and its most profitable product (The Tylenol Crisis, 1982 (2008), p. 1). Johnson & Johnson chairman, James urke, reacted to the negative media coverage by forming a seven-member strategy team. The team's strategy guidance from urke was first, "How do we protect the people?" And second "How do we save this product?" (Crisis Communication Strategies, p. 2). The company's first reaction was to immediately alert consumers across the nation, via…… [Read More]


Crisis Communication Strategies. 1-7.

www.ou.edu/deptcomm/dodjcc/.../Johnson%20&%20Johnson.htmCached - Similar-

Not helpful? You can block www.ou.edu results when you're signed in to search.www.ou.edu

Hogue, J. (2001). Johnson & Johnson's Tylenol Scare. 1-2
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Nutritional Ergogenic Aids

Words: 1536 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25657967

Nutritional Ergogenics

The word "ergogenic" means having a tendency to increase work. In the perspective or setting of sports, this term encompasses processes employed to enhance the production as well as the performance of physiological energy. Nutritional ergogenic aids can be defined as dietary and nutritive supplements that purportedly increase the level of performance beyond the expected levels under normal circumstances and conditions (Coleman). A supplement can be defined to be a substance that is added to the everyday diet of an individual in order to redress the balance of a nutritional deficiency. More often than not athletes anticipate that ergogenic aids will offer them an added or competitive advantage in their events as they uniformly do not aspire to lose. Taking into the consideration the fact that sporting races and competing events are won by small differences and disparity of as little as one hundredth of a second, it…… [Read More]


Applegate, L. (2005). Nutritional Ergogenic Aids. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 82 no. 3 710-711.

Coleman, E. (2000). Ergogenic Aids. Retrieved 13 June from: http://health.csusb.edu/dchen/sports%20nutrition/ergogenic_aids%20chapter.htm

Dmitry V Zaretsky, Mary Beth Brown, Maria V Zaretskaia, Pamela J. Durant & Daniel E. Rusyniak (2014). The ergogenic effect of amphetamine, Temperature, 1:3, 242-247, DOI: 10.4161/23328940.2014.987564

Harnish, C. (2015). Caffeine, the Ergogenic Aid. Retrieved 13 June from: http://www.active.com/nutrition/articles/caffeine-the-ergogenic-aid
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Healthcare Administration the Six Stakeholders Groups for

Words: 1033 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41114334

Healthcare Administration


The six stakeholder groups for the iverview egional Medical Center are as follows: clerical staff, medical laboratory technicians, nurses, housekeeping staff, patients, and physicians. The hospital is comprised of 700 people who all play as stakeholders for the hospital.


An addition added to the MC is the Heartburn Treatment Center. A nurse manager is utilized in the Heartburn Treatment which is similar to that of the management model used in the ED. PH monitoring, which uses the Bravo capsule, is considered one of the diagnostic procedures. This procedure is used on qualified patients, and the Nurse First program stressed the role of the hospital's commitment to the care of the patient. Usually, the nurse is the first person viewed by the patient in the ED, not individuals that…… [Read More]


Swayne, L.E., Duncan, J., & Ginter, P.M. (2009). Strategic management of healthcare organizations (6th ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Cohn, K.H. & Harlow, D.C. (2009). Field-tested strategies for physician recruitment and contracting.
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Methylphenidate Is Part of a Therapy Regimen

Words: 682 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72756824

Methylphenidate is part of a therapy regimen for the control of the symptoms of Attention Deficity Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD in adults and children (Ogbru 2013, Medline Plus 2012). It stimulates the central nervous system similarly as amphetamines but more mildly. The effects of methylphenidate are also more noticeable on mental activities than in physical movements. It also is used in treating narcolepsy and Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD. Stimulants control these symptoms by changing the amount of natural substances in the brain responsible for the conditions. ut both classes of stimulants are carefully used because of their potential abuse. They calm the patient, reduce their hyperactivity and increase attention span. FDA approved methylphenidate in 1955 (Ogbru, MedlinePlus).

Generic and Trade Names

Generic names -- methylphenidate, Methylphenidylacetate hydrochloride

Trade names -- Concerta, Metadate, Methylin, Ritalin, Adderall

Toxicity and Side Effects

It is to be used with cause on patients with…… [Read More]


Medline Plus. Methylphenidate. National Library of Medicine: National Institute

Health, 2012. Retrieved on August 24, 2013 from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682188.html

NIDA. Drug Facts. National Institute on Drug Abuse: National Institute of Health,

2009. Retrieved on August 24, 2013 from http://www, drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/stiulant-adhd-medications-methylpheidate-amphetamines
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Cnidarians Consist of Several Groups

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12108175

he cubozoan nematocysts have the most dangerous venom.

Among the enemies of the cnidarians, for which their defenses have been built, are the nudibranch snails, who then seem to use the nematocysts for their own defenses. he cnidarians are very versatile and can modify their tentacles or polyps, depending upon the space in which they live and the presence of nearby competitors for it. hese competitors, which may consist of sea anemonies, might induce the cnidarian to modify marginal tentacles or acrorhagi, so that they are able to drive off, injure or kill the intruder. he modification of these structures are under investigation (Elliot 57-72).

he cnida, or nematocyst, within the phylum, is contained within and then secreted when necessary by the Golgi of a cell called the cnidoblast. A cnida is the most complex secretory product known in biology. Once it receives an appropriate chemical and/or physical stimulus, the…… [Read More]

The most infamous jellyfish, the Portuguese Man o' War (Physilia), is really a colony of hydrozoans and is not a jellyfish. The extent to which cnidarians use chemicals to defend themselves is in proportion to which the nematocysts are used by the animals. Some jellyfish are extremely dangerous, while most of the others may have painful stings, yet are not dangerous, unless the victim is allergic and suffers anaphylaxis, similar to the reaction to bee stings. Not only the largest and the smallest of jellyfish are threatening to humans, but the ordinary box jelly appears to present the most threat to human life.

It is possible that box jellies actually hunt down their prey. They have light sensitive organs (ocelli) or "eyes" and move very quickly (3 to 3.5 knots), compared to the true jellyfish, which drift aimlessly on the ocean. The box jelly's 24 eyes are located in the center of each side of its head, or bell in clusters of 16 pits of light-sensitive pigment. Only one pair in each cluster has a lens, cornea, retina, and iris which contracts in one of the eyes in each set. Only four of this creature's eyes can make out light levels, which help it to discern up from down by where the sunlight is on the surface of the water and it possibly cannot see anything else but blurred images.

The box jellies (Chironex fleckeri) are the most poisonous of cnidae; their powerful venom has caused at least 5,567 deaths, since such deaths started being recorded in 1884. Fatal envenomations are caused by the biggest box jellies, whose high concentration of nematocysts makes it most deadly (Williamson 279). But the tiny Irukandji jellyfish, the size of a penny, have been the cause of at least two deaths
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Future of Global Marketing Global

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60841057

(Moeller 4)

While the investors preview at buying stocks, among the various other matters, they concentrate on 'price/earnings ratio'. Simple arithmetic proves that 1.2 billion people existing in China along with an yearly economic rate of growth of around 10% in the coming years, the enhance in the purchasing power will be of a great dimension which has not yet been visualized. In addition to this about 1 billion Indians and also in Southeast Asia of around 500 million people, and they far offset any enhancement in purchasing power of U.S.. This is specifically correct as an increasing middle class emerges which has a purchasing power which is very strong. A stock may indicate a traditional p/e of, about for example 15, however, if we make additions in the growth probabilities from Asian market, a much increased p/e does not seem to be impossible. While p/e is higher than the…… [Read More]

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Alfred Russel Wallace 1823-1913 Was

Words: 954 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87016378

Despite this factor, while working in the remote Amazon region, Wallace wrote his first major scientific publication in 1855, which became known as the Sarawak Law (Alfred ussel Wallace: Essential Background Information). This work was in effect to establish the foundational scientific theory of the origins of the species, which was instrumental in development of the theory of evolution. However, due to his image of a Victorian adventure and pseudo-scientist in the eyes of the academic community he was referred to as a "...mere fly-catcher..." (Alfred ussel Wallace: Essential Background Information).

On the other hand one should also note that the term outsider cannot entirely and in all instances be applied to Wallace. While he certainly was outside accepted scientific circles to a great degree, he was also recognized during his time for many of his works and scientific contributions. As one commentator notes: "....during his lifetime (which lasted until…… [Read More]


Alfred Russel Wallace: A Capsule Biography. Retrieved January 14, 2009, at http://www.wku.edu/~smithch/index1.htm

Alfred Russel Wallace: Essential Background Information. Retrieved January 14, 2009 at http://darwin-conspiracy.co.uk/book/wallace_bg_info.html

Gribbin J. (2001) Alfred Russel Wallace: a life by Peter Raby. (review) Retrieved January 14, 2009, at http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/alfred-russel-wallace-a-life-by-peter-raby-672845.html
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Tourette Syndrome the Human Condition

Words: 2284 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72324891

Globus pallidusinterna (GPI) of the patient was treated through DBS. The internal pulse generators (IPG) helped stimulate the inner cognition area of patient's brain. Since the study employed Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) for assessing the results after intervention, lateral assessment indicated that 84%improvement in YGTSS was observed by the researchers. Thus, DBS as an effective intervention treatment is corroborated by two results of two independent research studies.

Many people report that since Tourette syndrome is a spectrum condition (that is it ranges from mild to severe and that too depends on the age of the sufferer) therefore associated characteristics and symptoms tend to become less severe as the sufferer ages. hat a Tourette syndrome patient requires most is no extensive cure in the form of administered medication, but instead an encouraging environment and dedicated support system which makes it possible for him or her to lead a completely…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brambilla, a. (n.d.). Comorbid Disorders in Tourette Syndrome. Tourette Centre - IRCCS Galeazzi Milano. Retrieved March 2013

Buckser, a. (2006). The Empty Gesture: Tourette Syndrome and the Semantic Dimension of Illness. Purdue University. University of Pittsburgh- of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education. Retrieved March 2013, from  http://www.jstor.org/stable/20456601 

Coffey, B., Berlin, C., & Naarden, a. (n.d.). Medications and Tourette's Disorder: Combined Pharmacotherapy and Drug Interactions. Retrieved March 2013, from http://www.tsa-usa.org/aMedical/images/medications_and_tourettes_berlin.pdf

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. (n.d.). 4th Edition, 103. American Psychiatric Association.
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Strategic Management Firm Chosen for

Words: 1898 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23690917

This is a business system for organizing and managing production development, operations, suppliers, and customer relations which needs less human endeavors, less capital and less time to manufacture products with lesser flaws to accurate customer wants as opposed to the earlier system of mass production. Lean production was groundbreaking approach by Toyota after Second World War and till 1990, characteristically needed 50% of the effort, 50% of the production room and capital investment for a required amount of capacity, and a fraction of the development and lead time of mass production systems, whereas manufacturing products in wider variety and lower quantities with the least flaws.

The terminology crafted by John Krafcik, a research assistant at the MIT with the International Motor vehicle Program in the late 1980s. Another pillar of success at Toyota constitutes Obeya which in Japanese implies 'big room'. At Toyota it has come to be recognized as…… [Read More]


All about Toyota" Retrieved at  http://www.toyoland.com/index.html . Accessed on 19 May 2005

Capsule Summary of Lean Concepts" Retrieved at http://www.lean.org/WhoWeAre/NewsArticleDocuments/Capsule%20summaries%20of%20Key%20Lean%20Concepts%20B.doc www.lean.org/WhoWeAre/NewsArticleDocuments/Capsule%2520summaries%2520of%2520Key%2520Lean%2520Concepts%2520B.doc+Toyota+Motor+Corporation+value+creation+&hl=en." Accessed on 20 May 2005

Toyota Announces Final Report on New Global Business Plan" Retrieved at  http://www.autointell.com/asian_companies/toyota_motor/toyota-main/toyota213.htm . Accessed on 19 May, 2005

Toyota History." Retrieved at  http://www.toyoland.com/history.html . Accessed on 19 May, 2005
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Transurethral Resection Syndrome

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29439381

Transurethral Resection Syndrome

Since 1930, transurethral resection of the prostrate (TURP) has been the customary treatment for both moderate as well as severe prostatic hypertrophy. But there are many complications that can occur because of TURP. Transurethral Resection Syndrome is one such complication that occurs due to water intoxication of the body resulting in various acid-base imbalances including hyponatremia. Though the developments in TURP surgical procedures has made the occurrence of this syndrome less frequent, with the complication occurring in only about 2% of all patients undergoing these procedures but if occurs the syndrome has pretty serious consequences including cellular edema, increased intervascular volume and hyponatremia. Therefore, it becomes mandatory for the nurses to have a basic knowledge of the syndrome (including how and why), ability to identify the early signs of the syndrome and the ways to take care of the patients with this syndrome. The paper stresses on…… [Read More]

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Healthcare the Exelon Patch and

Words: 1370 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53451640


4. What is the advantage of a "patch"?

Evidently, the drug rivastigmine causes gastrointestinal side effects, but the patch allows only a small amount to be steadily absorbed into the bloodstream and thus creates fewer negative reactions to the drug. The Novartis website makes the case for a patch over a pill by saying "On average, an older American takes 5 prescription medicines. These medicines may need to be taken at different times and managing them all may seem overwhelming" (Novartis, para. 1). In this case, a patch eliminates having to remember several doses each day of one of the medications.

5. What is "moderate" dementia? What is dementia?

Dementia affects brain function. There is no known cure for dementia. It refers to several illnesses (Alzheimer's disease, Lewy or DLB) involving behavior, memory, communication and learning problems. There are other conditions in the brain which damage nerves or blood…… [Read More]


Activa. (2008). Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease. Activa Deep Brain Stimulation. Retrieved January 20, 2008 from website: http://www.activadbs.com/symptoms.asp.

Medications and treatment. (2008). Parkinson's Disease Foundation Retrieved January 20, 2008 from website: http://www.pdf.org/AboutPD/med_treatment.cfm.

NHS. (2005). Holding Statement. National Institute for Clinical Excellence. Retrieved January 20, 2008 from website: http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/pdf/Alzheimer_holdingstatement.pdf.

NHS. (2007). Final appraisal determination: Donepezil, rivastigmine, galantamine (review) and memantine for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Centre Director Report for Guidance Executive. National Institute for Clinical Excellence. Retrieved January 20, 2008 from Website: http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/pdf/GE050705AlzFADSignoffReport.pdf.
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Treatment of Like Products Under

Words: 3110 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58980371

Distinctions can be found in trade-neutral taxonomic motivations, also, and many oter contributors suc as environmentalists, cild-labor activists, etc., so it is more an art tan a science

Case of parmaceuticals: Jordan and U.S.

In trade between Jordan and U.S., U.S. is a igly developed country, and Jordan is a developing nation.

Free trade agreement between Jordan and U.S.

US as igly sopisticated Big Parma manufacturers

Jordan is just starting out in parmaceutical production

US parma firms ave international reputation, bolstered by years of production and exportation

Jordanian firms must first put in all te R&D investment to create a product, ten ave extra marketing dollars to spend to gain international reputation necessary for exporting

Also, according to Jordan Times,

US war on Iraq to deal Jordanian parmaceuticals eavy blow

Jordan's parmaceutical manufacturers suffered a eavy blow following te 1991 Gulf War and are getting it eavily now again in…… [Read More]



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Oral Candidiasis a Fictitious Report

Words: 1297 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34286964

It is commonly associated with Staphylococcus aureus (2011). "Studies have shown that 20% of all cases are caused by Candida albicans alone, 60% are caused by a combination of Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans, and 20% are caused by Staphylococcus aureus alone" (2011).

Angular cheilitis can be found in any age group and can be diagnosed by an "erythematous, fissured area" (DH 2011) are the corners of the mouth. The tissue will appear wrinkled and a "superficial crust may be seen superimposed over the affected area" (2011). Accencuated folds in the corner area of the mouth on older individuals can be a great environment for Candida albicans to thrive (2011).

The reason Candida albicans is often misdiagnosed is because an overgrowth of Candida in the human body can cause more than 100 various symptoms related to Candidiasis, making it practically impossible to pin down (Candida Cure Zone 2011). To get…… [Read More]


Candida Cure Zone. (2011). What is Candida? Candida Cure Zone. [Online]. Available: http://www.candidacurezone.com / [February 28, 2011]

Mayo Clinic. (2011). Oral thrush. Mayo Clinic. [Online]. Available: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/oral-thrush/DS00408 [February 28, 2011]

Laskaris, G. (2004). Treatment of Oral Diseases: A Concise Textbook. Thieme; 1st Edition.

RDH. (2011). Case #5: a 37-year-old male visited his family dentist for a prophy. During the oral exam, a white plaque was noted on the dorsal tongue. RDH. [Online]. Available: http://www.rdhmag.com/index/display/article-display/117421/articles/rdh/volume-18/issue-5/columns/case-study/case-5-a-37-year-old-male-visited-his-family-dentist-for-a-prophy-during-the-oral-exam-a-white-plaque-was-noted-on-the-dorsal-tongue.html [February 28, 2011]
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Product Contamination

Words: 473 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19317796

Product Contamination

In October of 1982, seven people in Chicago died after taking Extra-Strength Tylenol (Effective crisis management). The product has been tampered with once it reached the shelves by an unknown suspect who had laced the capsules with lethal doses of Cyanide. efore the incident Tylenol had a thirty-seven percent market share and revenue of approximately $1.2 million. Immediately following the cyanide poisonings, its market share fell to only seven percent and some predicted the product would never recover. However, Johnson & Johnson initiated a successful public relations campaign that quickly revised the product.

Directly after discovering that the deaths in Chicago were caused by the Extra-Strength Tylenol, Johnson & Johnson made a decision to place customer safety ahead of company profits (Kaplan). Instead of trying to cover up the situation, the company immediately alerted consumers across the nation not to consume any type of Tylenol product. It warned…… [Read More]


Companies in Crisis - What to do when it all goes wrong. Retrieved February 28, 2005 from Web site: http://www.mallenbaker.net/csr/CSRfiles/crisis02.html

Effective crisis management. Retrieved February 28, 2005 from Web site:  http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/Fall02/Susi/tylenol.htm 

Kaplan, T. The Tylenol crisis: How effective public relations saved Johnson & Johnson. Retrieved February 28, 2005 from Web site: http://www.personal.psu.edu/users/w/x/wxk116/tylenol/crisis.html
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St John's Wort Depression in

Words: 1383 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96325619

("St. John's ort," 2006, NCAM: National Council of Alternative Medicine)

Research, at present, is inconclusive. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) conducted a 3-year study of 336 patients with major depression of moderate severity. The study randomly assigned patients to an 8-week trial. One-third of patients received a uniform dose of St. John's ort, another third a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) commonly prescribed for depression, and the final group received a placebo. The study participants who responded positively were followed for an additional 18 weeks. At the end of the first phase of the study, participants were measured on two scales, one for depression and one for overall functioning. There was no significant difference in rate of response for depression, but the scale for overall functioning was better for the antidepressant than for either St. John's ort or placebo. ("Depression," 2000, National Institute of Health)

Another study, described in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Depression." (2006) Healthy Place. Retrieved 23 Oct 2006 at http://www.healthyplace.com/Communities/depression/causes.asp

Depression." (2000) National Institute of Health. Retrieved 23 Oct 2006 at http://www.nimh.nih.gov/publicat/depression.cfm

Hypericum Depression Trial Study Group."(2002). Journal of the American Medical

Association. 287(14): 1807-1814. Retrieved 23 Oct 2006 at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=11939866&query_hl=2
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Statistical Analysis of Flowers in a Year

Words: 2408 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17762004

ability of plants to respond to environmental factors such as soil temperatures. This paper examines the effects of arti-cially warmed environment using open-top chambers (OTCs). It investigates the effect of temperature changes on the growth of Dryas integrifolia. This is in light of the growing concern of the changing climatic weather condition more so in the cold climatic regions of the world. It hypothesizes the difference in growth of Dryas integrifolia exposed to OTC- treatment as compared to those in natural setting.

This study reveals that there is statistically significant difference in growth of Dryas integrifolia exposed to OTC- treatment as compared to those in natural setting. It gives a new view of the possibility that future change of climate might as well not be detrimental to the growth of natural vegetation in the arctic regions


It is a scientific fact that plant development is subjected to environmental factors.…… [Read More]


Callaghan TV, Bjo rn LO, Chapin FS III et al. (2005). Arctic tundra and polar desert ecosystems. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment: Scienti-c Report, 243 -- 352.

CYSIP: Botany. (2012). Dryas integrifolia: Entire-leaf Mounta. Retrieved November 27, 2012, from  http://www.flora.dempstercountry.org/index.html 

Fenner, M. (1998). The phenology of growth and reproduction in plants. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, Vol. 1 No. 1, 78-91.

Forchhammer, M.C., Rasch, M., & Rysgaard, S. (n.d.). A Conceptual Framework for Monitoring Climate Effects and Feedback in Arctic Ecosystems.
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Angel Dust Phencyclidine or PCP

Words: 1988 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87155582

This can result in legal complications or an increase in these complications. And the last stage is dependence. He can no longer thrive or survive without drugs, yet he denies having the problem. His physical condition gets worse by the day. He loses control over the use of the drug itself. He can turn suicidal and financially broke. He may be confronting legal consequences for the use. Ties with his family and friends may break at this point (University of Maryland Medical Center).

Treatment includes comprehensive residential programs to monitor and address possible withdrawal symptoms and probable unpleasant behaviors (University of Maryland Medical Center 2008). They consist of behavior modification methods, aimed at getting the user to recognize his behavior. They also include counseling for both the user and his family, held individually and as a group. The programs are usually long-standing and persist long after the user is released…… [Read More]


Hess, Ronnie. PC/Angel Dust. Cumberland Mountain Community Services Board, 2003.

Retrieved on May 27, 2008 at http://www.cmcsb, co/pcpangel.htm

National Institute on Drug Abuse, et al. PCP. Partnership for a Drug-Free America, 2008.

Retrieved on May 27, 2008 at http://www.drugfree.org/Portal/Drug+guide/PCP
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Biology Laboratory Report

Words: 2056 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10813950

Living organisms are subdivided into 5 major kingdoms, including te Monera, te Protista (Protoctista), te Fungi, te Plantae, and te Animalia. Eac kingdom is furter subdivided into separate pyla or divisions. Generally "animals" are subdivided into pyla, wile "plants" are subdivided into divisions.

Kingdom of Protista

Brown Alga

Scientific Classification










Laminariales (kelps) etc.

Te Brown algae are a large group of multi-cellular algae, including various sorts of seaweed. Teir distinctive greenis-brown color comes from te pigment fucoxantin. Well-known members include kelps and bladder wrack. Genetic studies sow teir closest relatives are te yellow-green algae.

Red Alga

Scientific Classification









Te red algae (Rodopyta) are a large group of mostly multi-cellular, marine algae, including many notable types of seaweed. Most of te coralline algae, wic secrete calcium carbonate and play a major role in building…… [Read More]



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Developing Space Vehicles for Future Space Tourism

Words: 3364 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90105340

Space Vehicles for Future Space Tourism

Developing Space Vehicles for Future Space Tourism

Today, certain individuals in the developing countries could be viewing "space tourism" as vocabulary. Nonetheless, in the developed countries, this term is turning to be more familiar and gradually becoming a holiday experience for world Forbes. This is an expensive venture that is exciting, stunning, adventurous, and relatively remains the least exploited phenomena in the world history. Since the first "space tour" in 2001, the rich stamps their foot on a fact that wherever they can go, the poor cannot manage to go, and what the poor can do, they can do best. Over the past few decades, the general perception about space tourism has been changing yearly. History reveals that this perception considered space tourism as a "science fiction." However, this term currently gains recognition and is becoming the most important grand target for the growing…… [Read More]


Ashford, D.M. (1984). Space tourism: Key to the universe? Journal of Spaceflight, 26(4), 123-

Bono, P. (1973). The reusable booster paradox: Aircraft technology or operations? Journal of Space Flight, 9(3), 379-387.

Broz, T.A. (1985). NASA administrator rules out shuttle for space tourism. Commerce on Space Tourism, 9(8), 68-77.

Gerard, M. & Jefferson, P. (1998). International cooperation in space: New government and industry relationships. Journal of Space Exploration, 9(5), 27-39.