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Treatment vs. Punishment
Juvenile crime is often serious because of the ability to represent a significant proportion in relation to the total criminal activity within the community. The normal assumption indicates that adolescents deserve and require special handling during the formative period. Criminal behavior during this stage of life might not continue into adulthood thus the need for integration of special handling by the relevant justice systems within the case of the United States. Theoretically, treatment concepts focus on the correction programs for the juveniles or minor criminals. This relates to the ability of the state and federal governments in enhancing the development of the minors or juveniles in order to reduce the criminal activities within the society. Treatment has high probability to be recidivate in accordance with various research concepts in relation to the juvenile justice system in the case of the United States.
In…… [Read More]
When a patient is given a regimen by a doctor, or otherwise is advised as to how to get healthy with certain specific steps to take (including medications), but does not heed the advice of the physician, that is a clear-cut case of non-adherence. Another word used by Dutton is "compliance," and clearly there are problems for a patient that does not comply with what his or her physician has prescribed. This paper delves into the issue of non-adherence, what factors cause a patient to decide not to adhere to a prescribe course of action, the implications of that kind of resistance, and strategies to improve treatment adherence.
Understanding lay perceptions of treatment non-adherence
Adherence to instructions includes doing what is prescribed for your own good. In the case of medicine, if an individual is given a prescription by a physician -- based on the need to remedy…… [Read More]
21-32; Lyster et al., 1999, pg. 457-467). Chaudron (1986, pg. 64-84) explained that the error correction exercise might not have statistical backup on its constrictive impact but nonetheless has proven to have a beneficial impact on the overall communicational skills of the students. Many researchers (Birdsong, 1989 as cited in Wen, 1999, pg. 1-22) agree that the benefits for adult ESL students are extensive as they learn the practical use of both the standards of English grammar and the vocabulary. Hammerly however feels that the L2 students should not be taught ESL in a strict and rigid environment and not have all their mistakes corrected so that they can teach themselves the standards of English and is mostly the case with the first language of the students (Hammerly, 1991, pg. 120-208). This way their approach towards English would not only be taught but self-guided too.
Categories of Learner Errors
Like…… [Read More]
Treatment of Asperger Syndrome
Asperger syndrome is considered an autism spectrum disorder that is characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, as well as repetitive and restricted patterns of behaviors and interests, which manifest to a degree where the individuals with this disorder are still "high-functioning," and more able in the realms of various intelligences in comparison to those with autism (Toth & King, 2008). This disorder has been found to occur at a rate of 2.5 in every 10,000, while all autistic disorders occur at a rate of 60 in every 10,000 (Toth & King, 2008). There is a strong hereditary component to Asperger syndrome, as a study investigating family histories of one hundred males with Asperger syndrome determined that there was a history of autistic spectrum disorder in 50% of the sample, as well as pre-natal and peri-natal risk factors, including alcohol exposure, neonatal seizures, premature birth,…… [Read More]
Despite the depressing figures embodied in the quote introducing this thesis, that: "The overall cure rate for AML…is between 40 and 45%" (Belson, Kingsley, and Holmes, para. 6), data/information related during the next chapter, the Literature Review, will contain a semblance of hope. Hope for the potential development of significant improvement of therapies for AML, the researcher projects, albeit, depends on continuing studies such as the three noted in/by this qualitative case study, along with this present one the researcher implements to explore those three.
"Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) goes by many names, including acute myelocytic leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia, acute granulocytic leukemia, and acute non-lymphocytic leukemia"
(Detailed Guide: Leukemia).
The word "acute" in acute myeloid leukemia refers to the fact the leukemia may progress at a rapid rate, and if/when the disease is not treated, within a few months, it would likely prove to…… [Read More]
Clients attend multiple twelve-step meetings and participate in twelve-step work to gain freedom from alcohol and/or drug addiction. In addition, they participate in individual and group counseling in order to alleviate the depression and anxiety underlying the addiction ("Dual diagnosis...," 2006).
Happiness, in their opinion, is the cure for addictions. Giving and receiving love is the key to happiness. This concept is the main reason for Hope and Serenity's success in treating addiction by addressing the underlying cause of the problem. This simple word love that is as old as time itself, is so overused in today's society that it get's equated with sex, control, abuse, and so forth. Hope's dual diagnosis addiction treatment staff was hired first, for their ability to show love for others and secondly, for their qualifications as therapists (also extremely high). Love is the ability to understand and empathize with another human being and their…… [Read More]
At one point or another in our lives, we are all beginners. We begin college, a first job, a first love affair, and perhaps a first dissertation project. We bring a great deal to these new situations, including our temperament, previous education, and family situations. Yet, as adults, we also learn. In romantic relationships, couples report having to learn how to interact successfully with their partners. College students routinely report being better at reading, studying, paper writing, and test taking as seniors than as freshmen. They have learned how to be students while they were students. Now close to graduating, some view they have finally mastered the role.
Ideally, of course, we would have the necessary information in hand before we needed it. We would already know, without being told, what makes a loved one angry or frustrated. All students would be spared the frustration of working hard on a…… [Read More]
Indeed, her child's therapist explained the experience was "painful," in that the child was incapable of eye contact or close contact, and this experience was painful, rather than helpful. Holding therapy is not being used as much as it was in the past, and many experts believe it should be discontinued because of its controversy and seemingly negative effect on at least some autistic patients.
CranioSacral Therapy is a form of physical therapy that has many proponents, but for the most part is not supported by experts and researchers in autism therapies. Essentially, CranioSacral therapy is the gentle manipulation of spine and brain in an attempt to ease pain and ease some of the symptoms of autism (and other maladies, such as migraine headaches). The practitioners of this therapy and mostly massage therapists, chiropractors, and other alternative medicine practitioners, and most experts do not recommend the…… [Read More]
Treatment of Conduct Disorder in CBT in Combination ith CBT and Fluoxetine
In the first paper, this author discussed therapeutic processes (cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacotherapy) which could be employed as the best practices when working with individual adolescent males between the ages of 14-16 who exhibit conduct disorder. Since the approach previously centered around individuals, it would seem to be prudent to explore what type of group treatment modes have been found to be effective (best practices, evidence-based) for treating this population. This will include family therapy and a group therapy modality such as social skills therapy before considering pharmacological solutions. ith regard to drugs, fluoxetine in combination with CBT holds great promise.
Obviously, in any treatment, a step-by-step progression needs to happen. e have already identified the advantages of CBT prior to pharmacotherapy. Frequently, in adolescent cases of conduct disorder, substance abuse issues are contributing…… [Read More]
However, in recent decades this problem has not only been addressed but ways have been researched so that this problem could be reduced in percentage and affect. The treatment has become more diverse and the environment provided for the treatments has been made safe and hospitable. The family of the depressed adolescent has been made more aware and has cooperated in controlling or overcoming this problem with time. The goal of trying to get the adolescent to understand and comprehend his self and his thoughts has been achieved regularly and with fruitful results.
What needs to be done now is that after the counseling period has ended, some kind of constant counsel meeting or medication should be adopted so that the adolescent does not slip back into depression after the short span of treatment. The parents and the families can get involved to make sure that everything works out accordingly…… [Read More]
Treatment of Domestic and Industrial Wastewater Using Algae Strains: Critical Analysis and eview
Wastewater comprises of liquid or water carried wastes coming from sanitary conveniences of residences, commercial or industrial buildings and facilities; in addition, to other ground water, surface water, and storm water if present. Untreated water has high levels of organic material, pathogenic organisms, nutrients and many toxic elements. Therefore, this type of wastewater poses as an environmental and health danger; hence, calling for moving such waste from its sources and treat it appropriately before disposal . The primary objective of wastewater management is to protect the environment in a way to align with public health and socio-economic concerns. For this reason, wastewater management is becoming vital because of diminishing water resources, increase wastewater disposal costs and strict discharge regulations that have lowered possible contaminant levels in water bodies.
The significance of water as a worldwide resource for…… [Read More]
Edwards. O., umford, V., Shillingford, ., & Serra-Roldan, R. (Jul 2007). Developmental assets: A prevention framework for students considered at risk. Children & Schools, 29(3). Retrieved October 20, 2009, from Academic Search Complete database.
Edwards, umford, Shillingford, and Serra-Roldan (2007) explored the topic of identifying and treatment of students who were considered at risk for failing school. They note that the traditional medical model surmises that there is a disease entity at play or some behavioral deficit. However, the authors theorize that teachers, working in conjunction with counselors, can facilitate asset building, which can benefit all students, especially those at risk of failing.
Gentry, ., Peters, S., & ann, R., (Spring 2007). Differences between general and talented students' perceptions of their career and technical education experiences compared to their traditional high school experiences. Journal of Advanced Academics, 18(3). Retrieved October 20, 2009, from Academic Search Complete database.
Gentry, Scott, and…… [Read More]
They may become distressed when they experience unexpected changes in routines. They may become distracted and not complete tasks, along with struggling with transitions between activities. Young children with autism seldom participate in pretend play. (Attwood, 2005, p. 11) Asperger's syndrome student may function on or above grade level in academic subjects, albeit, their behavioral quirks may inhibit their success. Along with a supportive learning environment, support through visual aids (e.g., schedules, charts, signs, and lists) may benefit these students. Visual aids generally prove useful in facilitating transitions. They also help redirect and refocus students who experience problems staying on task. Task organizers may also help students progress through their tasks. These task organizers, which function similar to methods used in cookbook recipes, can be reviewed prior to doing an activity. The facilitator needs to ensure a student has necessary materials to complete the activity, and then guide the student…… [Read More]
In 2005, Gallione, Hawke and Hennen conducted research demonstrating the principles of Social Learning Theory. They evaluated the treatment modalities in five different residential facilities situated in New Jersey. They noted some significant flaws in their research. Their subjects constituted a referred population, and they were not randomly assigned. So they did not reflect a cross-section of society, and the programs are not completely comparable (Gallione et. al., 2005). Nevertheless they had 185 adolescents and were able to draw preliminary conclusions. The authors noted that adolescents are particularly challenging in therapy for drug abuse. It is a struggle to get them invested in the treatment, and they are likely to leave treatment without completing it. These researchers found that using some Social Learning Theory -based concepts, although not identified as such, improved success rates (Gallione et. al., 2005).
Using short survey instruments, the researchers evaluated the treatment of each individual…… [Read More]
Treatment Options Clinical Pain
Chronic pain is an issue that all healthcare providers have to deal with at one time or another. The mitigation of pain is a major factor in whether an individual will be able to heal properly and in an appropriate length of time (text, 320). The three cases offered -- various types of pain from a below-the-knee amputation resulting from a diabetic neuropathy, acute pain from an abdominal hysterectomy, and chronic, non-migraine headaches -- have different levels and sources of pain which need to be addressed in different ways. Helping to eliminate the pain can come through the use of surgical, pharmaceutical, behavioral, and cognitive methods, and the proper use of these methods is decided by the type of pain, its acuteness, and where it is.
Originally, this problem was caused because the patient experienced diabetic neuropathy which, in itself,…… [Read More]
When viewed from that perspective, it becomes understandable that a jury could not eliminate the second story beyond a reasonable doubt, and, therefore, had to acquit Michael of the crime.
Psychological treatment of suspect
Given America's complex racial history, it is no surprise that race is oftentimes seen as a significant factor in rape. There is no doubt that black men have been unfairly targeted as rapists in America. This is due to a combination of factors, but has to do with mistaken identity in cross-racial sexual assaults and also consenting partners claiming assault when the sexual relationship is revealed. In this television episode, the assailant and his defense counsel played upon these stereotypes to suggest that Michael had not committed an assault. However, the television audience was aware that he had raped Sarah at gunpoint, a situation that is not even ambiguously consensual. However, by using the stereotypes in…… [Read More]
Treatment of Women in Mad Men
From the 1900s to about 1960, American literature seems to organize around four major concepts about the country: That America is new, that America is big, that America is rich, and that America is free (McDonald). The study of the television show Mad Men addresses at least three of these concepts -- new, rich, and free -- but as circumscribed by the boundaries of the advertising world of Madison Avenue. The advertising business has been made new for television. The advertising world has not yet seen the creative revolution in advertising that grew out of the work of agencies like Doyle Dane Bernbach and Grey. The 1959 Volkswagen advertising campaign conducted by Doyle Dane Bernbach altered the face of advertising -- it is now considered an iconic representation of 1960s advertising. The ad-men of Madison Avenue often did very well, becoming rich during their…… [Read More]
reatment of Costs Allocation for CISCO
CISCO is an organization that designs, manufactures, and sells Internet Protocols (IP)-based networking. o satisfy the customer needs, CISCO also designs custom products tailored to the customer's specifications to assist them in reducing costs, improve productivity and gaining competitive advantages. Since CISCO designs and manufactures wide range of products, the company is required to allocate costs to its products and services to improve decision and resources allocation.
he objective of this report is to retrieve how CISCO allocates common costs for its product, and services.
Method CISCO allocated costs for Products and Services
Cost allocation is defined as the costs allocated to goods and services to measure the inventory costs. Since CISCO provides wide range of products and services, the cost allocation is very critical to identify the costs associated to each product in order to calculate the associated revenue. At the end of…… [Read More]
The client will also be required to meet with spouse for a listening session and show the ability to accept the spouse's perspective on the causes of the relational conflicts. This meeting between the two individuals should help to identify the causes for past and present conflicts within the relationship which would help alleviate the friction between the two.
After the meeting has been conducted, as well as the identification of the causes a plan would be written to change the behaviors that the client would need to change in order to improve the relationship between the couple.
One way that the plan can help improve the relationship is be assisting the client in learning to demonstrate the ability to show affection in two ways; both verbally and non-verbally.
Another short-term objective for the client will be to learn and demonstrate communication skills concerning health issues. By doing this the…… [Read More]
The U.S. law regarding research and development is problematic because it does not view such R&D as an asset. Yet, the money spent on R&D, in particular during the development stage, functions as an asset does. The investment is made in the early years, with the economic payoff coming later. If the R&D was a physical asset with these characteristics, it could be capitalized. Thus, the inability of American companies to do this represents a distortion in the financial statements -- the investor would benefit if all investments leading to specific payoffs could be treated the same (amortized).
In order to rectify the situation with respect to research and development, GAAP should move towards the international standard. Current U.S. law is a hodge-podge of different rules, which not only lacks clarity but also creates the aforementioned distortion. The move towards the international standard would allow the accounting professional and U.S.…… [Read More]
The war often was referred to as 'The American War'. (Roland, 1980) This work takes a look at what happened to these soldiers after amputation. This work states that soldiers following amputation "looked forward to an uncertain future...pain, misery and a depressingly high likelihood that he would not survive." (Roland, 1980) it is related in this study that the consequences due to amputation of a limb was greatly different "depending on one's station in life. In both the militia and the regular army, the soldier from the ranks was, with extremely rare exceptions, at the end of his army life. A man with one arm could not fire a musket, a man with a wooden leg could not march over rough terrain, to say nothing of charging with the bayonet." (Roland, 1980) Therefore, it was only the officers who could with any practicality continue their 'rank' following some type of…… [Read More]
Treatment of a Disabled Passenger
____ ____, Supervisor
interaction with difficult passenger on ____ (date).
I am writing to explain the details of the incident involving a passenger with a prosthetic leg. During this incident I was working at security checkpoint ____, and I performed a regular security inspection. Based on the passenger's behavior, I made a judgment which goes against standard OSO procedure, but which I felt was reasonable considering the circumstances.
On the day of the incident, the male passenger approached the metal detector and asked my colleague, ____, if he should remove the prosthetic leg on his left side. ____ replied that he could keep it on and that someone would be with him shortly to perform the screening. He then indicated a chair for the passenger to sit down.
A few minutes later I went to perform the screening. I began by asking the passenger if…… [Read More]
1) Inflammation, Tissue Repair, and Wound Healing
Case study on a 6-year old
Six-year-old, Carlton, suffered a deep gash on his foot when playing with his mom along the beachside. His mom washed the injured foot and took him home. The next day, Carlton’s foot worsened, with the gash growing pink, inflamed, warm and painful. So his mom put gauze on the wound before taking him to their community healthcare center.
· What is the physiologic mechanism causing the wound to become red, hot, swollen, and painful? How is this different than the inflammatory response that might occur in an internal organ?
An injured tissue starts healing instantly. Tissue destruction directly injures numerous soft tissue cells which leads to metabolism alteration, with chemical mediator liberation initiating inflammatory reaction (Tissue Response to Injury, n.d). The body’s intrinsic defense mechanism mediates acute inflammatory reaction against pathogen invasion at the skin’s entry portal…… [Read More]
Hormone Replacement Therapy
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has strengths and limitations, risks and benefits—however, it really depends on the individual patient as to whether this approach to health and healing is suitable or not. Some patients will be more open to accepting the limitations of a particular treatment while being satisfied with the benefits; others will be turned off by the risks of the treatment and want to seek an alternative care option or intervention that is more naturalistic. Both options should be appreciated and the nurse should not try to force a patient to accept one over the other. The position that the nurse should take is to give the patient all the information needed to make an informed decision that works for the patient. In this case, the nurse’s approach should be to provide the patient with data that is based on evidence and that is easy to…… [Read More]
Treatments for PTSD
Treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients has varied from one context to the other depending on the nature of the disorder. However, over the years, an increased number of research studies have been conducted to establish the best treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder patients. A number of findings have been made public as further research takes place. This study will critically evaluate three articles whilst comparing group treatment and CBT in the tackling of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This evaluation is valuable considering the increased number of victims of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the society today.
Sloan, Bovin, and Schnurr (2012) support the idea of using group treatment for PTSD as the best option given to patients. In the article, they advance the value of treating patients suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder as a group. The article gives an overview picture of the benefits accompanied…… [Read More]
Constipation, Hypertension, Seizure
This is the infrequent or difficult bowel evacuation (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2012). While there are no strict standard for bowel elimination, it is generally believed that fewer than thrice a week constitutes constipation. Stools are usually hard and dry. Other common symptoms associated constipation include excessive straining during bowel evacuation, a sense of rectal blockage, a sense of incomplete evacuation and the need to perform manual measures to evacuate the bowels. Constipation may be the consequence of insufficient fluid intake or dehydration, inadequate fiber in the diet, foregoing elimination, irritable bowel syndrome, lack of physical activity, illness, abuse of laxatives and certain medical conditions. Those more likely to develop constipation are older adults, those who are sedentary, confined in bed, dehydrated, on low-fiber diet, on certain medications and undergoing chemotherapy. It is more common in women and children. Causes for alarm include fewer…… [Read More]
Treatments for Rosacea
Rosacea is a medical condition characterized by reddening of the skin. The face primarily will turn red in hue. Sores may appear on the skin as well. The face may also swell to some degree. It is an unfortunate condition where patients not only have to deal with the illness itself, but also with psychological ramifications from feeling unattractive due to the skin pigments or lesions. Although there is currently no cure for Rosacea, scientists have researched various treatments to help patients suffering from the condition.
In the article, "Treatment of Rosacea with Intense Pulsed Light," researchers Papageorgiou et. al consider how ultra violet and pulsed light might positively treat skin conditions like Rosacea. During this particular experiment, the researchers tested 34 patients who were given treatments every three weeks for a total of twelve weeks. More than 70% of patients experienced at least a 50% reduction…… [Read More]
CAEFS takes the position that women with mental health problems do not belong in prisons and that the treatment, support and assistance they need should be provided to them in the community, rather than in prison.
The above statement clearly outlines central problem areas that should be the focus of investigation. As this study and others emphasize, women who enter prison with mental issues and problems require intensive support. However, this is at present not the case and many women prisoners who suffer from mental problems are not afforded the necessary support and adequate intensive therapy. Some critics also suggest that alternatives be investigated for women with mental issues. "... The public need for the appearance of retribution may deter government from considering alternatives to sentencing persons with mental disabilities to imprisonment." www.elizabethfry.ca/submissn/dawn/17.htm" (ibid)
Another factor which relates to mental and psychological issues is that women experience stress…… [Read More]
Alcohol and drug abuse is not limited to any socioeconomic category, race, religion, or gender. Finding the right drug, the right type of support group, and the right type of intervention can be a long and difficult process. For example, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) offers special resources for recently-deployed combat officers, teens, and even obese individuals, all of which are tailored to meet the different challenges that life circumstances, age of life, or biology can pose that predispose an individual to addictive behaviors or affect an addict's treatment plan.
However, improving opportunities for jobs and treating communities as well as individuals seems essential to aiding those who are disproportionately affected by addiction. All addicts feel the effects of tolerance and physiological and psychological dependency to some degree, depending on the nature of the drug and their biology (Oakley & Ksir, 2003, pp45-46). But while social…… [Read More]
When one looks at the occurrence of recidivism in offenders who have partaken in treatment programs varying from organic programs to those geared to more social and emotional support programs, it becomes clear that recidivism of sexual re-offense is relatively low, compared to those who undergo no treatment program. However, there is still an issue with non-sexual re-offense. In addition, there is evidence that the contributing factors for adult and juvenile offenders are different.
As such, it is suggested that not all offenders should receive the same treatment. Correctional literature indicates that high-risk offender require the greatest use of resource, while lower risk offenders require the lowest level of resources (Andrews & Bonta, 2003).
As such, blanket policies that deem all offenders as 'high risk' are neither effective nor efficient. In addition, it may take away resources from those who truly need it, such as juvenile offenders who require longterm…… [Read More]
Treatment and Management of Cancer
Obligations of community health nurse in providing healthcare
The high demand for healthcare services, especially to those managing dreadful illnesses such as cancer, there is a dire need to understand the health promotion strategies and also ensure quality lives. Here, is a discussion assisting to analyze how best to improve health and better management of dreaded conditions like diseases such as cancer. Those affected will learn to adopt the right measures that will help to improve functional abilities, and what to practice in case self-care is not an option. The mandate of community health nurses will be scrutinized, to help acquire general knowledge on efficient management of diseases.
Cancer is a disease, which has characteristics of growths that cannot be controlled, and also the abnormality of how rapidly the cells are spread to other organs. Cancers vary in their areas of…… [Read More]
S. Census Bureau) It is clear after having reviewed this information that this area is quite needy in provision of alcoholism treatment and intervention.
VI. Treatment Program Community Marketing Process
In the initiative of reaching the community both through media and public relations as tools to raise awareness the organization will be enabled to alert members of the community about the services available. Promotions, marketing, public relations and media advocacy are all critical specifically as these are all integrated with the business sector and as well adapted by nonprofit organizations. In the attempt to market or advertise to the community the available services all venues of the media should be sought and the mass media in the form of newspaper and magazines and other printed material as well as media through television and radio broadcast communications and finally through the Internet's provision of electronic media. Communication with the media should…… [Read More]
Treatment of Heart Failure in Nursing Home Residents
Heart failure (HF) symptoms may occur because of systemic and pulmonary congestion, structural defects arising on account of HF, structural defects leading to HF, or from treatment complications. At first, studies addressing the issue of heart failure focused on HF patients and decreased left ventricular contraction. As a result, therapies were tested within this patient cluster. This patient cluster's agreed description is HF with LVSD (left ventricular systolic dysfunction) (NCGC, 2010).
In order to treat chronic HF, non-pharmacological as well as pharmacological therapy ought to be utilized for patients. While this condition is quite frequently witnessed among patients living in nursing homes, whether the suggestions put forward in the pharmacological therapy guidelines are implemented within this cluster of patients is unclear (Daamen, et al., 2016).
Owing to the lack of awareness of the precise prevalence of chronic HF, this phenomenon is…… [Read More]
Treatment History Of Cystic Fibrosis
The field of pediatric nursing is a particularly large one in which its members may find themselves having to counsel both young patients and their families suffering from a myriad of diseases. Cystic fibrosis (CF), in particular, is a debilitating disease that strikes many young people. In the first years following its discovery, many children could not expect to make it to their teen years. Today, with advances in the management and care of this disease, patients are living into their 40s. It is even possible that there will one day be a cure.
This paper will look at CF from a historical perspective. The timeline of its discovery and research will be briefly presented, as will a few of the significant "milestones" in the history of the treatment of CF and what these mean for people battling this disease.
References to cystic fibrosis were…… [Read More]
Here Rebecca is saddened by the fact that a family that did not necessarily want to help the sisters ended up with them because they bid the lowest. It was also shameful for Mrs. Trimble to think that this was the best that Hampden could do for its poor. The women rising up against this type of activity illustrates how people can make a difference.
"The Town Poor" is a social commentary on how we should interact with one another by demonstrating what we should not do. e should not treat the poor as slaves and we should never care for them in any way when we are only interested in what it means to us. Giving should come from the heart and we should never have to prod people to care for their neighbors by offering a price.
Jewett, Sarah. "The Town Poor." American Literature Online. Information…… [Read More]
Solid Waste is generally described as:
• Trash (for instance dairy boxes and even coffee grounds)
• eject (for instance metallic scrap, wall panel, and even empty storage containers)
• Sludges coming from waste materials treatment facilities, drinking water supply clarification facilities, or air pollution control establishments (for instance scrubber slags)
• Manufacturing waste products (for instance manufacturing process contaminated waters and non-waste-water sludges as well as solids)
• Other dumped supplies, such as liquid, semisolid, solid, or even contained gaseous supplies caused by industrial, business, mining, farming, and local community pursuits (for instance boiler slags).
The phrase solid waste isn't restricted to waste products which are physically solid. Numerous solid wastes tend to be liquid, whilst some others happen to be semisolid or even gaseous.
The word solid waste, as based on the Statute, is extremely wide-ranging, including not just the conventional non-hazardous solid waste products, like…… [Read More]
There are also challenges that will emerge from the provision of the Fair Treatment for Experienced Act due to its impact on the Aviation safety standards and guideline principles. These impacts include stricter measures regarding safety standards which comprises giving more firm limitations for pilots that are in the age of 60 and above and this will cause more dilemmas for other senior pilots who are responsible for guiding next generation of pilots (Brazy, 2008). There are some claims that the credibility of the Fair Treatment for Experienced Act has been degraded because of its consideration of age sensitive requirements particularly with the operating pilots.
The degree of discriminatory actions was considered as a violation and as a challenge for the reason that there is a segregation of particular groups known to be prohibited by the Federal law of the United States. Political pressure can also be a challenge because…… [Read More]
An Analysis of the Effectiveness of Psychological and Critical Incident Stress Debriefings
The world in which we live today is an ever-changing, precarious environment. Many individuals, for these very reasons, experience stressful, life-altering incidents much more often than in the past. These experiences, transmitted more rapidly than ever thanks to newly discovered technologies, can harm an individual greatly, especially if hidden from expert analysis, and can provoke long-lasting psychological, emotional and even physical damage to an individual. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), for instance, is an umbrella term given to those individuals who have experienced traumatic or stress-inducing incidents, be they from military experiences or simply from a death in the family through some traumatic means. PTSD has been diagnosed as a disorder only recently, however, and many of the treatments that have been suggested as a means through which to deal with PTSD are still being tested. The…… [Read More]
Treatment to Patients
The main objective of providing treatment to patients is to relieve symptoms along with decreasing the progression of the disease as well as the mortality or morbidity. However, in some cases, this objective is not fully achieved, especially in the case of the patients who are admitted to the ICU with some serious and almost always a terminal stage of the disease. For example, when old patients are admitted in the ICU, their immunity is extremely low and this is the perfect time for the opportunistic infections to make matters worse for these patients. There are many infections that are specifically associated with patients admitted in the hospitals. Pseudomonas Aurigeonosa is a micro-organism that is well documented to cause bacterial pneumonia and bacteremia in the patients who are terminally ill and are receiving treatment in the hospital setting. Since most of the patients in the ICU are…… [Read More]
Treatment of Bipolar Disorder?
The article what is the treatment for Bipolar Disorder by G. ayel revolves around the treatment options for Bipolar Disorder. The article lacks a proper introduction which otherwise would have begun with the explanation of bipolar disorder giving a brief overview about the maniac and depressive episodes along with the need to treat the disorder before proceeding onto the treatment procedures. Despite this, the author presents a coherent logical progression and sequence in his article by clearly describing the role of medicines such as antidepressants and antipsychotics. Although several terms such as mood stabilizers and psychotherapy are not elucidated, the order of ideas presented by ayel Michael in his article is vital in understanding the treatment strategies of bipolar disorder.
The main point of the writer is to explain the ways in which Bipolar Disorder can be treated. Since the writer has not explained the…… [Read More]
treatment modalities for conduct disordered adolescent males has primarily been focused on comorbidity. Adolescent males with conduct disorder typically receive individual and family therapy, but when overt behaviors are extreme, pharmacotherapy may supplant insight-based therapy. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and social skills training are complementary approaches to intervention. Using an experimental approach, this study examines the impact of combined intervention approaches on perceived and observed improvement in the expression of problem behavior and life change strategies of adolescent males with conduct disorder.
Adolescents, across the board, experience a range of emotions. Negative impacts of these emotions include struggling with acceptance, self-esteem, isolation, confusion, anxiety, and depression, which can also be a result of instability at home (earight, et al., 2001). In addition to these social effects, many adolescents experience a distorted perception of reality (earight, et al., 2001). On occasion, this distortion may cause them to make poor choices, which demonstrates…… [Read More]
Distinctions can be found in trade-neutral taxonomic motivations, also, and many oter contributors suc as environmentalists, cild-labor activists, etc., so it is more an art tan a science
Case of parmaceuticals: Jordan and U.S.
In trade between Jordan and U.S., U.S. is a igly developed country, and Jordan is a developing nation.
Free trade agreement between Jordan and U.S.
US as igly sopisticated Big Parma manufacturers
Jordan is just starting out in parmaceutical production
US parma firms ave international reputation, bolstered by years of production and exportation
Jordanian firms must first put in all te R&D investment to create a product, ten ave extra marketing dollars to spend to gain international reputation necessary for exporting
Also, according to Jordan Times,
US war on Iraq to deal Jordanian parmaceuticals eavy blow
Jordan's parmaceutical manufacturers suffered a eavy blow following te 1991 Gulf War and are getting it eavily now again in…… [Read More]
IPT have distinct roles, and different patients may be referred to one of these treatment modalities yet resist treatment in some way. Rather than viewing these patients as categorically "difficult," therapists would be better off repositioning and rebranding ACT and IPT to better sell their respective models. It is also helpful to understand patient reservations, recognize there may be cross-cultural variables at stake in the communication process, or other patient-centric variables impacting their attitudes toward the particular modality. Many patients naturally mistrust a treatment modality that is new or unfamiliar to them, or which they have never heard of before in the media. Therefore, therapists of either ACT or IPT need to use a variety of communications strategies to encourage patient compliance when necessary. It may be helpful to describe examples of noncompliant or resistant patients in order to better grasp the types of techniques used to educate and inform,…… [Read More]
Anxiety and depression are the most commonly witnessed psychiatric disorders in adolescence. The prevalence of both anxiety disorder and depression increase in the adolescence period and progresses to young adulthood. The final result of these developments is low self-esteem. General prevalence measures for depression stand between 2 to 4%. Recurrence rates are placed at 70% in a span of five years. Point prevalence rates for anxiety disorders stand at 20% and show stability across one's life. Furthermore, anxiety and depression highly co-occur. They also occur along with other psychiatric complications (Lee & Hankin, 2009).
Self-Esteem, Depression and Anxiety
The CBT (2006) center describes self-image as a circus mirror which remolds the shape and size of a person into one that departs from the way one really looks like. These are perceptions of how we see and think of ourselves, how we think others see us, the beliefs about ourselves, our…… [Read More]
Treatment of Democratic Principles and Individual Action
George Orwell's legacy in literature can be reflected in his great novels Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm, two political satire novels that criticized the basic foundations of political systems prevalent during his time (mid-20th century), specifically, Stalinism/socialist-communist leadership that 'governed' the Soviet Union during this period of modernization. While he was known for the political nature of his novels, he has also written essay that provoked analytical thought through his deconstructive narrative of topics that seemed to be non-political. In these essays, Orwell was able to "politicize" these topics, critically exploring their nature and dynamics and contextualize his analysis in the overall political environment from which these topics emerged and prevailed. Examples of these seemingly 'apolitical' topics are sports and "good bad books," and insightfully, writing. For the discussion that follows, each topics that were given analytical treatment are represented through the following…… [Read More]
Where the hypotheses were well-followed throughout the text, the conclusion ignores the relevance of these factors to the delay experienced by patients in seeking treatment. Instead of developing a correlation between the identified behavior and the subject matter, importance of creating awareness among the general public was the highly emphasized. Furthermore, the responsibility of nurses and government authorities in this regard, was also discussed.
The study itself had a rather limited scope. Selection of convenience sample along with a particular racial background and non-inclusion of patients who died within hours of reporting AMI acted as major drawbacks. Secondly, a selection of considerably small sample also raised questions on the reliability of the sample.
The evaluation of this research does not lead to a confident and reliable conclusion. The limited scope of the sample, controlled questionnaires, neglect of other factors and the comparative analysis instead of individual examination of…… [Read More]
Presbyopia is a disorder, where the lens of the eye loses its capacity to focus. This incapacity makes it hard to see items up close. Some scholars have suggested that presbyopia means "age of sight." Presbyopia is not similar to farsightedness because it involves the loss of accommodation and ability for the eye to correct to enhance clarity at various distances. In this context, the young eye requires to change its interval or shape to focus on close objects. The capability of the lens to change shape gives the lens elasticity, which when lost results to presbyopia. When people grow old, they tend to lose this elasticity, and this explains why the eye gradually loses its capacity to focus on close objects (ennett, 2008).
How Presbyopia Occurs
Presbyopia happens when the cornea and lens refract light so that the light appears behind the retina
People realize they have this condition…… [Read More]
Care of cancer can be a complex process and always needs the engagement of several specialists because treating cancer is multifaceted. The multifaceted and complex nature of approach to care of cancer is attributed to that fact that this process not only revolves around treating the condition itself but also focuses on dealing with non-cancer issues. Some of these non-cancer issues to address during treatment and care of cancer include the patient's coexistent illnesses, health behaviors, and preventive care initiatives. Moreover, the approach to care requires coordinated efforts from various healthcare providers such as oncologists, surgeons, and radiation oncologists. However, the identification a suitable approach to care of cancer requires examining diagnosis and staging of cancer, probable complications, side effects of treatment, and measures to reduce physical and psychological impacts.
Diagnosis and Staging of Cancer
The treatment of cancer begins with diagnosis, which involves a physical examination and medical history…… [Read More]
Interstitial lung disease is a blanket term for a big group of disorders categorized by progressive scarring of both the lung tissue supporting and between the air sacs. This tissue is called the interstitium. The interstitium consists of the region between the alveolar space and the capillaries. The scarring causes inflammation and damage in the lung tissue followed by lung stiffness, meaning the air sacs cannot expand as much as before. Lung stiffness makes it harder to breathe. People affected by the condition are not able to get enough oxygen from the lungs into their bloodstream.
Although some potential causes have been researched, there may be no underlying cause for development of interstitial lung disease. If there is no known cause, it is called idiopathic interstitial lung disease. IPF or idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis remains the most common type of this illness. Of the causes most widely recognized, cigarette smoking is…… [Read More]
Diabetes and Drug Treatments
TYPE II DIABETES AND DUG TEATMENTS
Type I Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus type 1 result from autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells within the pancreas. Subsequent shortage of insulin translates to increased urine and blood glucose. The developed world is associated with increasingly variant type I diabetes with a large cause of kidney failure and non-traumatic blindness. The link is based on an increased dementia and cognitive dysfunction risk through disease processes of vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease. The complications are inclusive of sexual dysfunction, acanthosis nigricans, and frequent infections (Jones, et al., 2012).
Type II Diabetes
The classic diabetes symptoms include polyuria (frequent urination), increased thirst, increased hunger (polyphagia), and weight loss. Alternative symptoms commonly presented in the diagnosis include histories of blurred vision, fatigue, recurrent vaginal infections, peripheral neuropathy, and itchiness (Barnett, 2012). However, many people lack symptoms in the initial years and while…… [Read More]
There is hardly anything good to say about the Nazis and their reign of terror during World War II. The Nazis were effective and efficient killing machines, and it did not matter if the victim was young or old, rich or poor, Jew or Gentile, if they were in the way of the Nazis, they were eliminated. Most literature depicts the Nazis as exceptionally cruel and heartless, and this poem is no exception. Who kills a child simply for laughing? A Nazi, that's who. In fact, in most literature, there is hardly anything good to say about war. There is a long tradition of writing about the causes and effects of war, and most of the literature is graphic and horrific in nature. It depicts the worst parts of war, and depicts it graphically because writers what their readers to share in the feelings and desires of their characters. Even…… [Read More]
Q1. Discuss the physicians changing perceptions of the nature of cholera, its treatment, and therapy in 1832, 1849, and 1866. How did these factors change? Why?
Today, the general public and physicians alike are well aware of the need for proper sanitation in the public water system. But during the 19th century, knowledge about the spread of germs and disease was less widespread, and cholera, although widely accepted as a serious threat to public health, was still controversial in its ascribed origin. The hero of cholera research is John Snow, who, through the use of city mapping was able to trace an 1854 London epidemic to a single water pump and even was able to identify the microbe that had caused it, using an ordinary microscope. Such particles were not found in other pumps far away from the disease outbreak. Before Snow, such as during the 1832 epidemic, many physicians…… [Read More]
Homeless Mental Health
Mental health is an issue that is deemed to be very under-treated and very under-diagnosed within the United States. Beyond that, there are populations that are much more at risk than others. A good example would be the prison population where drug use and mental health issues are both rampant. However, there is another group that is highly stricken and very vexing and difficult to treat and that would be the homeless. Indeed, many people that are homeless are in that position due to mental health issues. Mental health is often not the only issue involved as comorbidity can exist with substance abuse. However, mental health will be the focus of this report. Facets of the homeless with mental health that will be focused upon within this report will include issues like diversity, ethics, values, social justice, diagnosing of patients, initiation/termination of care, aftercare, and the broader…… [Read More]
Studies conducted by Doughty et al. (2004) suggest that panic disorders, potentially exacerbated by the panic-inducing qualities of drug usage, are significantly associated with bi-polar disease, and Long finds that panic disorders are generationally related to bi-polar. Therefore, the well-known panic- and anxiety-related effects of drug usage have been shown to be related to bipolar disorder, so that both diseases correlate. Further, chemical responses that drive the bi-polar are complicated by the chemical effects of drug addiction, making treatment difficult to sort out. The associated risk of suicide, already high with sufferers of bi-polar disorder, is heightened. Care and treatment, both physical and mental, must be approached in an integrated fashion.
Drug and chemical treatments for dual diagnosis patients have attempted to sort out the effects of each disorder. However, because the brain centers that are impacted by drug abuse and addiction are often driven by the same or similar…… [Read More]
Discuss the differential diagnoses and rationale for choosing the primary diagnoses
"There has been little systematic study of personality disorders in older people (65 years of age and above). However, with an ageing population worldwide we should expect to find increased numbers of people with Axis II disorders surviving into old age" (Mordekar & Spence 2007 ). Based upon the patient C.W.'s previous psychiatric history, his likely primary diagnosis would be that of a paranoid personality disorder. According to the definition provided by the ICD9 301 codes for this condition, paranoid personality disorder is distinct from full-blown schizophrenia. Unlike schizophrenics, the patient does not exhibit the hallucinations and delusions characteristic of individuals suffering this condition.
However, the patient does show a persistent pattern of mistrust that is damaging for his health. He has refused any type of medical intervention, including vaccinations as well as medications and therapy. He…… [Read More]
life of slaves in Harriet Jacobs' Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl and the lives of the mentally ill in Victor LaValle's Devil in Silver
The theme of freedom and escape was common in antebellum literature written by former slaves -- and is also common in narratives of the lives of the mentally ill today. Both Harriet Jacobs' Incidents in the Life of Slave Girl and Victor LaValle's Devil in Silver chronicle unjust imprisonments: in Jacob's case, the narrator's life as a slave; in LaValle's novel, the horrors perpetrated upon the mentally ill. These texts indicate that those who are marginalized in our society are selected in an arbitrary fashion based upon categories such as race or class rather than have intrinsic properties that make them uniquely different. Over the course of the narrative, both protagonists overcome the societies of fear and tyranny that are created by their…… [Read More]
Functional Assessment eport
Summarization of Case
Luther, 80 years of age, was admitted to a nursing hospital due to Alzheimer's disease complications. As a farmer, Luther spent most of his life moving freely unlike what he was experiencing in the nursing home. However, he had to adapt to the new life. Despite his impairment memory problem, Luther was psychically fit as he managed to walk around the nursing premises. Later, he started experienced a problem in that he walked alone. For safety reasons, he was not allowed to go outside alone. Despite the warnings, he managed to walk go outside alone, even during cold periods without a coat. Each time he went out, the nursing staff had to bring him back. The architecture of the nursing home depicts one main door at the station, another one near the business office, and three fire doors at the sides and back of…… [Read More]
Evolution of Prison Life
hat were prisons like, how were prisoners treated and classified through American history -- including prison environments in the last few years? This paper delves into those topics and provides the available literature that validates the points to be made in this essay.
The History of Prisons and Prisoner Life in America
According to author and Professor Jack Lynch, prisons were among the very first public buildings when settlers began to populate and develop the New orld. And there were few long-term punishments that were meted out, and among those were individuals convicted of being "debtors" (Lynch, 2008). The problem with putting the poor in prison because they couldn't pay their debts was that "…they could never earn the money they owed"; but it wasn't until the 1830s that the U.S. began to "…abolish debtor's prisons" (Lynch, 3). Instead of being imprisoned, convicted criminals were forced…… [Read More]
As cellular phone usage has increased the emergency response systems in rural areas has found itself being jammed with over use while the traditional wired trunk lines go unused. Unfortunately, balancing the cost of adding new wireless trunks line in order to meet the new demand has to be balanced against the cost of maintaining the old wired trunk lines. Due to the fact that cell phone coverage is not universally available in rural areas, traditional wired phone access is still needed so rural areas must still adequately meet the needs of both technologies, the old and the new. (Kurtis)
The new E-911 system is an enhanced version of the old 911 system. The advance of wireless technology has allowed the transmission of more information in a much more efficient manner. Under the E-911 system, the 911 operator can easily identify the telephone number of the person calling and any…… [Read More]
Diabetes and Thyroid
What is the mechanism of action of insulin and what are the differences in insulin therapy for Type I and Type II diabetes mellitus?
The pancreas secretes insulin, and it is used for the regulation of glucose from the blood into the cells. Insulin assists in lowering blood glucose by causing peripheral glucose uptake by skeletal muscle cells. The breakdown of fat, proteins, and manufacture of glucose is inhibited by insulin. Insulin will also increase protein synthesis and the conversion of excess glucose to fat. Patients suffering from diabetes are not able to produce enough insulin, and this leads to hyperglycemia. Insulin therapy for type I diabetes mellitus is aimed at increasing or providing insulin in the patient's body (Trauner, ichert, & Luddeke, 2013). For type II diabetes, insulin therapy is aimed at controlling blood sugar, increasing insulin levels, and lowering the patient's resistance to insulin.…… [Read More]