Tuberculosis Essays (Examples)

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Tuberculosis
Communicable disease: Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is a widespread, lethal, and infectious/transmittable disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacterial infection usually begins in the form of innumerable strains of mycobacteria. In the past, tuberculosis was also termed as Phthisis or Phthisis pulmonalis. Its short form is known worldwide to be TB, or MTB. Stereotypically, tuberculosis is a lung infection that attacks the lungs; however, it can as well affect the other parts of the body. It can spread through the bloodstream and the lymph nodes to any other part of the human body. TB spreads through the air when affected individuals who have the infection in an active stage sneeze, coughs, or transmits any other respiratory fluid through the air to a non-infected person (Al Jahdali, Menzies & Al Otaibi, 2011). When individuals with active pulmonary TB sing, sneezes, spit, or cough; they emit infectious aerosol droplets, which are about 0.5 to 5….

Tuberculosis in Newham Borough of London
The Urban Health Profile

It is true that as long as there have been human beings on planet earth there has been a certain amount of struggle against disease and creatures that carry disease along with bacteria and viruses. These are the types of struggles and successes which have determined whether or not civilizations would triumph or be defeated, and these are the struggles which will no doubt be a part of the human experience for years to come. Just as human beings feel like they have some sort of leverage and superiority over illness a disease such as over strains of bacteria through antibiotics, strains of bacteria eventually became resistant to antibiotics and ended up conquering this form of treatment: "A relationship based on interdependency between humans and micro-organisms exists with one achieving dominance over the other throughout history" (Choudhury & Mayo, 2003).

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Others are more reckless and assume that they simply will not get sick. No matter who they are or where they come from, though, anyone can contract T if they get around someone who is infected, so people must put social, cultural, and other opinions aside in order to protect themselves and others around them from potentially deadly diseases like T (Lawlor, 2007).
Conclusion

It is very easy to see that T is serious and that it is not something that should be taken lightly by health care workers and by others who may have reason to come into contact with T-infected individuals. Approximately fifty percent of people who develop an active T infection and are not treated properly die from it. Anyone who works in a health care setting is at an increased risk simply because he or she is exposed to much more than other people are. Without a….

5 per 100,000 in 1986. In 1994, the number of TB cases among residents of correctional facilities for 59 reporting areas had reached 24,361 (4.6% of the total reporting correctional population) (Braithwaite et al.). The incidence rate was 139.3 per 100,000 by 1993 and the unadjusted case rates for prison populations in many areas are significantly higher than the rates for the general population (Braithwaite et al.). According to these authors, "The 1993 TB case rate of 139.3 per 100,000 in the New York state correctional system was more than six times the case rate of 21.7 per 100,000 for the general population of New York state. Similarly, in New Jersey the incidence of TB among state inmates in 1992 was 91.3 per 100,000, compared with 12.6 per 100,000 for the state's general population in the same year" (Braithwaite et al., p. 109). At one California state prison, the annual….

From the lung apices to the hemi-diaphragms, 1.5-mm thick sections were taken at 10-mm intervals. The images were prospectively reconstructed with the use of a high-resolution bone algorithm in diagnosing the lung lesions. The HRCT results were then compared with the results of clinical and para-clinical work-up on the patients. The analysis and comparison of rank values were performed using the chi-square P-values less than 0.05, and the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value were likewise computed.
Results showed that 61 of the patients were negative for sputum smear and culture, 9 were positive for both, 5 negative for sputum smear and culture positive and 27 diagnosed according to AL and TL results (Martin and Lazarus 2000, Karam). All of the patients had x-ray or chest radiographs suggesting active PT through infiltration or cavitation in the upper lobes. HRCT findings concluded that 76 of the patients or 74.5% had….

Tuberculosis, commonly abbreviated as TB and known throughout historical literature as consumption, is an infection caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. (Psy Guy, 2005) Pulmonary TB is the most common type of infection, which affects the lungs. There are several other manifestations of the infection including an infection of the central nervous system, known as meningitis, an infection of the circulatory system, known as miliary TB, as well as infections of the lymphatic system, the genitourinary system, the bones, and the joints. World-wide, tuberculosis infects two billion people. With one-third of all people affected, tuberculosis is easily the most common major infectious disease today. Most of the infections are asymptomatic latent TB infections, which have a ten percent chance of progressing to an active TB disease. If tuberculosis progresses to this point, there is a fifty percent chance of death if no treatment is received. Two million people die from….

Tuberculosis is an infectious bacterial disease primarily affecting the respiratory system. Symptoms include coughing, phlegm, fever, and weight loss. The disease can be fatal if left untreated, and is treatable with medications including antibiotics. Tuberculosis is more common in developing countries, but can affect anyone with a lowered immune system. Preventing the spread of tuberculosis involves public health campaigns to raise awareness.
The bacterium that causes tuberculosis is called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although it most commonly infects the lungs, Mycobacterium tuberculosis can also affect other organs in the body. Exposure to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria does not necessarily lead to manifestations of the illness, because the bacteria can live inside the body and remain inactive. Moreover, when the bacteria remain inactive or latent, the disease will not be contagious ("Understanding Tuberculosis: The Basics," 2015). This is why only a small number of persons who are exposed to the tuberculosis bacteria will develop….

Tuberculosis
The Emergence and Re-emergence of Tuberculosis: Prevalence of Multi-Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in the 21st Century

In the 2003 lung disease statistics, tuberculosis is considered the "foremost cause of death from a single infectious disease," wherein T is prevalent among developing countries, causing 99% of deaths (ALA, 2004). Indeed, American Lung Association (2004) considers tuberculosis as the an "ancient scourge," gaining prevalence in the 19th century and resurging once again in the 21st century, despite medical technologies developed to curb the said airborne disease. Tuberculosis is an airborne disease that is characterized chronic or acute bacterial infection that attacks the lungs, and can also affect other parts and vital organs of the body, such as the bones, skin, kidney, gastrointestinal tract, and the neck (affecting the lymph nodes) (Reichman, 2002:14). It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Symptoms of T are coughing, chest pain, shortness of breath, fever, chills, and fatigue (Microsoft Encarta 2002).

The….

Tuberculosis and AIDS Quarantines -- Ineffective Strategies of Disease Control
Imagine this. You sit next to someone in a crowded subway car, or come into contact with someone on a daily basis because they live in the same apartment complex. That person coughs frequently, and sometimes spits up blood. Later you find out that person had a contagious disease -- tuberculosis. Then you start to cough. You go to your doctor and find out that same person passed that same contagious illness onto you, because the ailment can be passes through casual contact, simply by breathing in the bacteria through the air. According to the Center for Disease Control, "TB is spread through the air from one person to another. The bacteria are put into the air when a person with active TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs or sneezes. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become….

Tuberculosis
PAGES 6 WORDS 1865

Tuberculosis [...] tuberculosis as an emerging infectious disease. Tuberculosis is not a new disease, and the fact that it still exists in the world illustrates the tenacity of this infectious disease and the difficulties in continually treating and eliminating these types of diseases. Tuberculosis continues to kill millions of people each year and scientists are attempting to find new cures for the disease as it spirals out of control into one of the worst health menaces facing our world today.
History of Tuberculosis

The scientist obert Koch first discovered the disease tuberculosis (TB) in humans in 1882. There is also a bovine form of the disease that is effectively controlled in areas that thoroughly pasteurize milk and practice more efficient health care in cattle. Birds can also carry a type of tuberculosis that can affect humans. Before its discovery, tuberculosis was known by a variety of names, including the most popular,….

Tuberculosis
PAGES 3 WORDS 990

Tuberculosis’ policies, finance, global prevention, and treatment initiatives related to Tuberculosis by their applicable ethics principles. Considerable headway has been achieved in the battle against tuberculosis in the 21st century – a total of forty-nine million patients’ lives have been saved. But the disease continues to pose a major health threat, especially to highly vulnerable population groups worldwide (Organization, W 2009). Tuberculosis prevention, diagnosis, care and treatment gives rise to both ethical and technical problems which must be appropriately dealt with. For example, the latest involuntary quarantine of tuberculosis-diagnosed individuals across the globe raises the issue of balancing public health protection with individual freedoms and rights.
The End Tuberculosis Strategy of the WHO (World Health Organization) and the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations aimed at eliminating this endemic by the year 2030 demand due focus on ethics, equity, and human rights. To this end, a WHO-published tuberculosis ethics code “Ethics….

Tuberculosis
PAGES 3 WORDS 941

Scope and Depth of the Problem One of the top ten causes of death worldwide, tuberculosis kills almost two million people per year (World Health Organization, 2018). Viewed another way, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2018) claims that one quarter of the world’s population is currently infected with tuberculosis. The number of cases in the United States has declined slowly, and is currently less than 10,000 (CDC, 2017a). All fifty states reported at least one case of tuberculosis in 2016 (CDC, 2017b). Worldwide, though, there are about 10 million new cases each year as of 2016, the majority of which occur in just seven countries: India, Indonesia, China, Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, and South Africa. Tuberculosis is preventable when diagnostic and treatment interventions are available. The infection can also remain latent and non-contagious. However, there are some tuberculosis strains that have been becoming drug-resistant, impeding the effort to eliminate….

Tuberculosis Prevention
PAGES 4 WORDS 1160

Tuberculosis vaccine has been around for decades. However, tuberculosis is still one of the most significant reasons for death globally. Furthermore amidst the still developing nations, tuberculosis has not decreased, with cases on the rise annually. Measures to prevent tuberculosis must be taken. Recent studies and articles relaying information on better medications, and increased efforts towards prevention has led to potential decline in tuberculosis cases. Within the next decade, hopes are for Africa, where tuberculosis diagnosis remains high, to also see a decline. Notwithstanding these developments, full scale-up of tuberculosis and HV cooperative undertakings remains perplexing and evolving drug-resistant tuberculosis is slowly becoming a key threat.
Morbidity and Mortality Statistics

This article review will focus on existing information on tuberculosis cases to better understand the spread of tuberculosis globally. t will contain articles that examine the failure of national programs to address treatment and diagnosis of tuberculosis which adds to the….

Tuberculosis: Causes, Effects, Symptoms and Prevention Measures
Bacterial infections range from mild skin infections to more complicated diseases such as tuberculosis and bubonic plague. Advanced antibiotics, vaccines, and improved sanitation have over the years caused significant reductions in the mortality rates resulting from bacterial infections. Cases of resurgence have, however, been reported in some instances as a result of the evolution of strains that are resistant to antibiotics. Tuberculosis comes about when disease-causing bacteria induce sensitivity into the host's antigenic system (Clark 181). This text examines the costs imposed by TB on an individual and the economy and how the incidence of TB can be controlled. It hypothesizes that the control of TB is not a one-nation affair; in order to effectively combat TB within its borders, a nation must work hand in hand with other nations.

Tuberculosis (TB)

TB was once thought to be headed for extinction. Recent statistics, however, depict that….

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
PAGES 4 WORDS 1324

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a potentially deadly bacterium that can come into contact with humans and create an unpleasant scenario. Because of the potential danger that this bacterium holds, numerous diagnostic tests exist that will help to accurately identify this particular strand. The first test that is done on an unidentified bacterium is the Gram Stain. This stain allows for the determination of whether the bacterium that is being tested is either gram-positive or gram-negative (Murray and Baron, 544). This is important as almost all of the bacteria in the world fall into these two categories.
The difference between gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria is in the composition of the bacterial wall. Gram-positive bacteria have a thick peptidoglycan layer that is made up of polysaccharides; however, gram-negative bacteria have a thinner peptidoglycan layer, but it has an extra lipid layer surrounding the outside of its cell wall (Brooks et al., 232). This difference….

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4 Pages
Essay

Disease

Tuberculosis Communicable Disease Tuberculosis Is a Widespread

Words: 1532
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Essay

Tuberculosis Communicable disease: Tuberculosis Tuberculosis is a widespread, lethal, and infectious/transmittable disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacterial infection usually begins in the form of innumerable strains of mycobacteria. In the…

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10 Pages
Essay

Disease

Tuberculosis in Newham Borough of London the

Words: 3182
Length: 10 Pages
Type: Essay

Tuberculosis in Newham Borough of London The Urban Health Profile It is true that as long as there have been human beings on planet earth there has been a certain amount…

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5 Pages
Thesis

Disease

Tuberculosis TB Is a Serious

Words: 1542
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Thesis

Others are more reckless and assume that they simply will not get sick. No matter who they are or where they come from, though, anyone can contract T…

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22 Pages
Term Paper

Criminal Justice

Tuberculosis TB Prevention and a

Words: 6084
Length: 22 Pages
Type: Term Paper

5 per 100,000 in 1986. In 1994, the number of TB cases among residents of correctional facilities for 59 reporting areas had reached 24,361 (4.6% of the total reporting…

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10 Pages
Term Paper

Disease

Tuberculosis Prevalence and Statistics In

Words: 2742
Length: 10 Pages
Type: Term Paper

From the lung apices to the hemi-diaphragms, 1.5-mm thick sections were taken at 10-mm intervals. The images were prospectively reconstructed with the use of a high-resolution bone algorithm…

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5 Pages
Term Paper

Healthcare

Tuberculosis Commonly Abbreviated as TB and Known

Words: 1450
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Tuberculosis, commonly abbreviated as TB and known throughout historical literature as consumption, is an infection caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. (Psy Guy, 2005) Pulmonary TB is the most…

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2 Pages
Essay

Disease

Tuberculosis Is an Infectious Bacterial Disease Primarily

Words: 647
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

Tuberculosis is an infectious bacterial disease primarily affecting the respiratory system. Symptoms include coughing, phlegm, fever, and weight loss. The disease can be fatal if left untreated, and is…

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4 Pages
Term Paper

Disease

Tuberculosis the Emergence and Re-Emergence of Tuberculosis

Words: 1325
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Tuberculosis The Emergence and Re-emergence of Tuberculosis: Prevalence of Multi-Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in the 21st Century In the 2003 lung disease statistics, tuberculosis is considered the "foremost cause of death from a…

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2 Pages
Term Paper

Disease

Tuberculosis and AIDS Quarantines -- Ineffective Strategies

Words: 718
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Tuberculosis and AIDS Quarantines -- Ineffective Strategies of Disease Control Imagine this. You sit next to someone in a crowded subway car, or come into contact with someone on a…

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6 Pages
Term Paper

Disease

Tuberculosis

Words: 1865
Length: 6 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Tuberculosis [...] tuberculosis as an emerging infectious disease. Tuberculosis is not a new disease, and the fact that it still exists in the world illustrates the tenacity of…

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3 Pages
Essay

Health

Tuberculosis

Words: 990
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Essay

Tuberculosis’ policies, finance, global prevention, and treatment initiatives related to Tuberculosis by their applicable ethics principles. Considerable headway has been achieved in the battle against tuberculosis in the 21st century…

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3 Pages
Essay

Health

Tuberculosis

Words: 941
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Essay

Scope and Depth of the Problem One of the top ten causes of death worldwide, tuberculosis kills almost two million people per year (World Health Organization, 2018). Viewed another way,…

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4 Pages
Capstone Project

Medicine

Tuberculosis Prevention

Words: 1160
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Capstone Project

Tuberculosis vaccine has been around for decades. However, tuberculosis is still one of the most significant reasons for death globally. Furthermore amidst the still developing nations, tuberculosis has…

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4 Pages
Essay

Disease

Causes Effects and Symptoms of Tuberculosis

Words: 1590
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Essay

Tuberculosis: Causes, Effects, Symptoms and Prevention Measures Bacterial infections range from mild skin infections to more complicated diseases such as tuberculosis and bubonic plague. Advanced antibiotics, vaccines, and improved sanitation…

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4 Pages
Term Paper

Disease

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

Words: 1324
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a potentially deadly bacterium that can come into contact with humans and create an unpleasant scenario. Because of the potential danger that this bacterium holds, numerous…

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