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Type 2 Diabetes Essays (Examples)

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Complications of Type II Diabetes
Words: 914 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 19713924
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Patient V.G., a 47 year old African American male, was diagnosed two years ago with type II diabetes. During a follow up, the patient complained of increased tingling in lower extremities. His medical history shows high or abnormal cholesterol levels (dyslipidemia, hypertension (HTN), obesity, and former smoking habits (stopped 2 years ago). He has no declared history of alcohol use. Living alone in subsidized housing and relying on food stamps and welfare, on occasion he works for extra income.
The potential reason for the complaint of tingling lower extremities could come from not taking his medications for almost a week. He takes several medications: Lisinopril 20mg, Januvia 50mg QD, Lipitor 40mg QD and has a high blood pressure of 160/100. Lipitor is a known cholesterol lowering drug. Doctors prescribe Lisinopril to treat high blood pressure. Januvia helps lower blood sugar and therefore provides some relief for his type II…

Buttaro, T. M. (2013). Primary Care: A Collaborative Practice. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Lerma, E. V., & Batuman, V. (2014). Diabetes and Kidney Disease. Basingstoke, England: Springer.
Vallat, J., & Weiss, J. (2014). Peripheral Nerve Disorders: Pathology and Genetics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Wiesman, J. F. (2016). Peripheral Neuropathy: What It Is and What You Can Do to Feel Better. Baltimore, MD: JHU Press.

Effectiveness of Culturally Tailored Diabetes Education among Asian Americans
Words: 3319 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74579436
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There are various risk factors that have been associated with the development of type 2 diabetes. These include, but they are not limited to, ethnicity and lifestyle. With regard to ethnicity, it is important to note that people of Asian descent have a higher predisposition to type 2 diabetes, in comparison to persons of European ancestry. Some of the complications associated with type 2 diabetes include cardiovascular disease, kidney damage, and nerve damage. It therefore follows that the relevance of proper control and management of type 2 diabetes cannot be overstated. For most persons with type 2 diabetes, the optimal control of the same tends to be a challenge. In that regard, therefore, there is need to assess how effective patient-specific dietary and lifestyle modifications are towards the control and management of type 2 diabetes. Towards this end, this study will chart pre-education and post-education glucose levels of 5-10…

Cousins, S.O. (1998). Exercise, Aging, and Health: Overcoming Barriers to an Active Old Age. Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis.
Chesla, C.A., Chun, K.M. & Kwan, C.M. (2009). Cultural and Family Challenges to Managing Type 2 Diabetes in Immigrant Chinese Americans. Diabetes Care, 32(10), 1812–1816.
Jekel, J.F. (2007). Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Preventive Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Jones, C.L., Jensen, J.D., Scherr, C.L., Brown, N.R., Christy, K. & Weaver, J. (2015). The Health Belief Model as an Explanatory Framework in Communication Research: Exploring Parallel, Serial, and Moderated Mediation. Health Communication, 30(6), 566-576.
Lopez, G., Ruiz, N.G. & Pattern, E. (2017). Key Facts about Asian Americans, a Diverse and Growing Population. Retrieved from
Metghalchi, S., Rivera, M., Beeson, L., Firek, A., Leon, M.D., Maclntyre, Z.R. & Balcazar, H. (2008). Improved Clinical Outcomes Using a Culturally Sensitive Diabetes Education Program in a Hispanic Population. Diabetes Education, 34(4), 698 – 706.
Nguyen, T.H., Nguyen, T., Fischer, T. & Tran, T.V. (2015). Type 2 Diabetes among Asian Americans: Prevalence and Prevention. World Journal of Diabetes, 6(4), 543–547.
Shabibi, P., Zavareh, M.S., Sayehmiri, K., Qorbani, M., Safari, O., Rastegarimehr, B. & Mansourian, M. (2017). Effect of Educational Intervention Based on the Health Belief Model on Promoting Self-Care Behaviors of Type-2 Diabetes Patients. Electronic Physician, 9(12), 5960–5968.

Asian Americans Suffer from Diabetes
Words: 634 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52124213
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The scholarly activity that I participated in was a workshop organized by the Hindu/Sikh community of our city at the Shri Durga Temple. The purpose of the workshop was to provide basic health education and basic health screenings—for example, cholesterol level checks, blood sugar level checks, blood pressure exams, BMI, weight measurements, free blood pressure monitoring and a blood donation camp. The target market for the activity was the non-white, Asian-American population, which is a population that is at increased levels of risk for type 2 diabetes, as several researchers have shown (Hus, Araneta, Kanaya, Chiang & Fujimoto, 2015; Islam et al., 2015). The benefit of this activity to me was that I was able to provide some health education to the Hindu/Sikh community, which is an Asian-American population at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. By providing this education I was able to fulfill my mandate as a…

Hofstede, G., 1984. Cultural dimensions in management and planning. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 1(2), pp.81-99.
Hsu, W. C., Araneta, M. R. G., Kanaya, A. M., Chiang, J. L., & Fujimoto, W. (2015). BMI cut points to identify at-risk Asian Americans for type 2 diabetes screening. Diabetes Care, 38(1), 150-158.
Islam, N. S., Kwon, S. C., Wyatt, L. C., Ruddock, C., Horowitz, C. R., Devia, C., & Trinh-Shevrin, C. (2015). Disparities in diabetes management in Asian Americans in New York City compared with other racial/ethnic minority groups. American Journal of Public Health, 105(S3), S443-S446.
Maier-Lorentz, M. & Leininger, M. (2008). Transcultural nursing: Its importance in nursing practice. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 15(1), 37.

Evidence Based Practice Articles Synthesis Summary
Words: 1567 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55069037
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Synthesis/Summary of Evidence Based Practice Articles
A life-long disease, diabetes tends to affect the way an individual’s body handles blood glucose. In essence, type 2 diabetes happens to be the most prevalent kind of diabetes. It is important to note that various research studies have been undertaken in the past in an attempt to not only figure out the risk factors of diabetes, but also assess the best approaches towards the management of the same. This text concerns itself with three articles focusing on type 2 diabetes. In so doing, it will uncover the various risk factors for type 2 diabetes, assess the management of type 2 diabetes (with a bias on the appropriate diet), and evaluate the most appropriate nutritional choices to be made in relation to older people with diabetes.
Ley, Korat, Sun, Tobias, Zhang, Qi, Willett, Manson, and Hu (2016), provide critical data on not…

Ley, S.H., Korat, A.V., Sun, Q., Tobias, D.K., Zhang, C., Qi, L., Willett, W.C., Manson, J.E. & Hu, F.B. (2016). Contribution of the Nurses\\' Health Studies to Uncovering Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes: Diet, Lifestyle, Biomarkers, and Genetics. American Journal of Public Health, 106(9), 1624-1630.
Phillips, A., & Phillips, S. (2014). Diabetes in Older People: Making the Right Nutritional Choices. Nursing & Residential Care, 16(7), 372-376.
Tay, J., Luscombe-Marsh, N.D., Thompson, C.H., Noakes, M., Buckley, J.D., Wittert, G.A., Yancy, W.S. & Brinkworth, G.D. (2015). Comparison of Low- and High-Carbohydrate Diets for Type 2 Diabetes Management: A Randomized Trial. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 102(4), 780–790.
Unger, J. (2013). Diabetes Management in Primary Care (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

How to Read Statistical Analysis
Words: 1534 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47173478
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Comparing Studies: What are the Data Saying?
Types of Studies
The study by Ong, Chua and Ng (2014) entitled “Barriers and facilitators to self-monitoring of blood glucose in people with type 2 diabetes using insulin: a qualitative study” was a qualitative study that used interviews to collect data from diabetes patients. The study by Stevens, Shi, Vane, Nie and Peters (2015) entitled “Primary care medical
home experience and health-related quality of life among adult Medicaid patients with type 2 diabetes” was a quantitative study that used surveys to collect data. The study by Wildeboer, du Pon, Schuling, Haaijer-Ruskamp and Denig (2018) was a mixed-methods study that used interviews and self-reported data to collect information on care providers’ views towards using a patient-oriented treatment decision aid when treating type 2 diabetes patients.
Statistical Tests
Statistical tests were not conducted in the qualitative study by Ong et al. (2014). Instead, thematic analysis…

Ong, W. M., Chua, S. S., & Ng, C. J. (2014). Barriers and facilitators to self-monitoring of blood glucose in people with type 2 diabetes using insulin: a qualitative study. Patient Preference and Adherence, 8, 237.
Stevens, G. D., Shi, L., Vane, C., Nie, X., & Peters, A. L. (2015). Primary care medical home experience and health-related quality of life among adult medicaid patients with type 2 diabetes. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 30(2), 161-168.
Surbhi, S. (2016). Difference between parametric and nonparametric tests. Retrieved from
Wildeboer, A., du Pon, E., Schuling, J., Haaijer?Ruskamp, F. M., & Denig, P. (2018). Views of general practice staff about the use of a patient?oriented treatment decision aid in shared decision making for patients with type 2 diabetes: A mixed?methods study. Health Expectations, 21(1), 64-74.

Quality Improvement Project vs Research Project
Words: 1207 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63362616
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Topic 1
This project is a quality improvement project and not a research project because it seeks to improve the quality of care provided to diabetes patients of a particular ethnic background. The point of this project is to better enhance the approach to care that nurses use when it comes to offering health education to Asian Americans who are newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. By focusing on culturally tailored diabetes education and providing health education that is customized to fit the needs of this population, nurses can improve their own quality care and thus improve their patients’ quality of life.
Quality improvement is a set of “systematic, data-guided activities designed to bring about immediate improvements in health delivery in particular settings” (Lynn et al., 2007, p. 666). As improving quality of care is a constant aim among health care professionals, quality improvement projects are regularly undertaken by evaluating…

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. UK: Sage. Lynn, J., Baily, M. A., Bottrell, M., Jennings, B., Levine, R. J., Davidoff, F., ... & Agich,
G. J. (2007). The ethics of using quality improvement methods in health care. Annals of Internal Medicine, 146(9), 666-673. SQUIRE. (2017). Revised SQUIRE 2.0. Retrieved from
Sullivan, G. M., & Artino Jr, A. R. (2013). Analyzing and interpreting data from Likert-type scales. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 5(4), 541-542.

Type II Diabetes Lifelong Health Achieving Optimum
Words: 1473 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 272309
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Type II iabetes

Lifelong Health:

Achieving Optimum Well-Being with Type-II iabetes

iabetes is a serious illness, and it is becoming more and more common in the United States. Obesity statistics are startling, and they are rising yearly; with increased overweight individuals, the risk of Type II diabetes especially, also increases, and few things are undertaken to curb these harmful side effects of the unhealthiness that is taking over this country. While diabetes includes both Type I and Type II, and while both are very common and must be understood, this paper will undertake to understanding Type II diabetes, and will aim to find out exactly what causes this type of diabetes and how society can begin to curb its effect in the populations most affected. Furthermore, the paper will argue that there are two fundamental things that can help a person with diabetes live a better life, and these are…

Diabetes and Exercise, 2012.

9 Foods you should be eating for Type 2 Diabetes. (2012). Joy Bauer Food Cures. Retrieved, .

Diabetes Diet: Foods to Avoid. (2012). Everyday Health. Retrieved, .

Type II Diabetes Prevention While
Words: 4350 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 23310470
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Medical Conditions -- There are a number of factors that can increase the likelyhood of type-2 diabetes: hypertension, eleveted cholesterol, and a condition called Symdrome X, or metabolic syndrome (combination of obesity, high cholesterol, sedentary lifestyle, stress, and poor diet). Cushing's syndrome, cortisol excess and testosterone deficiency are also associated with the disease. Often, it is a number of co-dependent conditions that seem to give rise to diabetes (Jack & Boseman, 2004).

Genetics -- There is ample evidence that there is a strong inheritable genetic condition in type-2 diabetes. In addition, there is a genetic mutation to the Islet Amyloid Polypeptide gene that results in early onset diabetes (Lee & Hasim, 2001). There is a stronger inheritance pattern for type-2 diabetes with a significant association between family members. Typically, this is excacerbated by cultural and lifestyle factors that, while not inherited, are culturally shared. Gene expression promoted by a diet…

Type II Diabetes Intervention
Words: 641 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 32091993
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Diabetic Intervention Planning

The intervention plan that I would create and attempt to implement to address the health promotion issue of Type 2 diabetes is one that is fairly standard for treating this malady. Quite simply, it would involve patients monitoring their blood sugar levels multiple times a day. Additionally, it would also require their self-administration of insulin (Ehrlich, 2013) in order to maintain patient-specific targets for their blood glucose values. This intervention plan would occur for a finite period of time -- for a one month period -- in order to properly evaluate its efficacy in helping patients achieve target objectives for maintaining acceptable and healthy blood sugar levels. Individuals would have a variety of options that they could select for injecting insulin. They could either choose to utilize an insulin pen, insulin pump, or the "long-acting basal insulin glargine" (Trask, 2014). Patients would be expected to measure their…


Ehrlich, S.D. (2013). Diabetes. University of Maryland Medical Center. Retrieved from 

Trast, J.M. (2014). CE: diabetes and puberty: a glycemic challenge. American Journal of Nursing. Retrieved from

Trends Involving Diabetes Type 2 In the US and Around the World
Words: 1661 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83266067
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Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) in the U.S.

The development of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) in the U.S. And developing countries

Type 2 diabetes was known previously as non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Unlike an individual with type 1 diabetes, a person with type 2 diabetic issues continues to produce insulin, but the individual's body fails to respond to it in a normal manner. Glucose cannot penetrate the cells and supply the required energy (it has been commonly referred to as insulin resistance). Eventually, the blood sugar levels rise and make the pancreas produce additional blood vessels insulin. In the end, the pancreas wears out because of overworking to generate surplus insulin and eventually becomes unable to generate adequate insulin to keep blood vessels sugar levels normal. Individuals with insulin resistance may or may not develop type 2 diabetic issues (Atta-ur-ahman, eitz & Choudhary, 2010). This is independent of the pancreas' ability to generate…


Atta-ur-Rahman, Reitz, A.B., & Choudhary, M.I. (2010). Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry Volume 1. Sharjah: Bentham Science Publishers.

Ginsburg, G.S., & Willard, H.F. (2013). Genomic and personalized medicine. London: Academic.

Kalhan, S.C., Prentice, A. & Yajnik, C.S. (2009). Emerging societies: Coexistence of childhood malnutrition and obesity. Basel, Switzerland: Karger.

Kumar, D. (2012). Genomics and health in the developing world. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Type 1 Diabetes
Words: 1149 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36732156
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Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes has been among the illnesses that need rigid and proper attention to maintain the normal condition of the patient's body. Among the stages and types of diabetes, type 1 diabetes is the illness type that usually hits both the young and adults. This disease is preventable though. However, if the health condition of the patient with type 1 diabetes is not properly managed, the risk to serious complications such as heart ailments, damage in kidney and nerve, blindness, and many others, is high.

In any kind of illnesses, it is essential that one acquire enough information to prevent from getting or developing a disease. In view of this, in relation to type 1 diabetes, this paper finds it important to discuss the pathogenesis of Type 1 Diabetes. This paper aims to provide useful information on the following.

History of Type 1 Diabetes

Symptoms of Type 1…


2002). Clinical practice recommendations: 2002. Diabetes Care.

American Diabetes Association. 25, 21.

Ackinson, M.A., Wilson, S.B. (2002). Fatal Attraction: Chemokines and Type 1 Diabetes.

The Journal of Clinical Investigation, (110)11, 1611.

Does Vitamin D Supplementation Improve Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetics
Words: 659 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 32651185
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Diabetes and Vitamin D Studies

Evaluation Table

Clearly Focused Issue

Appropriate Method to Answer the Research Question

Acceptable Recruitment Methods

Acceptable Method of Selection of Controls

Minimization of Bias

Were the Confounders Accounted for in the Study Design

Are the Results Believable

Are They Applicable to Other Populations (Generalizable)

Do the Results Fit with Available Evidence

Witham et al., 2010

This is a follow-up study. The issue is whether patients with a vitamin D level of higher than 250 HD will gain a benefit from vitamin D supplementation.

A positive result is defined by reaching a level of 75 nmol or above. This is considered the level for optimum health.

Patients for the study were selected from general practice and diabetes specialty offices based on a positive type 2 diabetes mellitus diagnosis in accordance with the requirement set forth by the World Health Organization.

The group was divided into three…

Does Obesity Cause Diabetes Type 2
Words: 3590 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17671277
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Obesity cause Diabetes Type 2?

From the time people came into existence; they have witnessed changes in virtually every aspect of life including the global environment, food production, health concerns, demographic growth, and so forth. Nevertheless, the capacity to adapt to the changes has facilitated the inhabitants to survive and have an improved lifestyle. However, as the globe penetrated into the twenty-first century, the standard of living of numerous people has altered to a great extent due to the technological advancements and innovations. People are now in a race where everyone wants to win success, prosperity, and affluence because of which they have neglected or overlooked the aspect of their health (Stern & Kazaks, 2009). Therefore, health has become an escalating and emerging concern in this epoch across the world.

However, when taking health issues under consideration, obesity has been observed as one of the epidemics that have been witnessed…


Barnett, A. (2012). Type 2 Diabetes. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Bouatia-Naji, N., Bonnefond, A., Cavalcanti-Proenca, C., Sparso, T., Holmkvis, J., Marchand, M., Delplanque, J., Lobbens, S., Rocheleau, G., Durand, E., Franck De Graeve, Chevre, J., Borch-Johnsen, K., Hartikainen, A., Ruokonen, A., Tichet, J., Marre, M., Weill, J., Heude, B., Tauber, M., Lemaire, K., Schuit, F., Elliott, P., Jorgensen, T., Charpentier, G., Hadjadj, S., Cauchi, S., Vaxillaire, M., Sladek, R., Visvikis-Siest, S., Balkau, B., Levy-Marchal, C., Pattou, F., Meyre, D., Blakemore, A.I., Jarvelin, M., Walley, A.J., Hansen, T., Dina, C., Pedersen, O. & Froguel, P. (2009). A variant near MTNR1B is associated with increased fasting plasma glucose levels and type 2 diabetes risk. PubMed, 41(1): 89-94.

Gastaldelli, A., Ferrannini, E., Miyazaki, Y., Matsuda, M. & DeFronzo, R.A. (2004). Beta-cell dysfunction and glucose intolerance: results from the San Antonio metabolism (SAM) study. PubMed, 47(1): 31-39.

Lim, S., Ahn, S.Y., Song, I.C., Chung, M.H., Jang, H.C., Park, K.S., Lee, K., Pak, Y.K. & Lee, H.K. (2009). Chronic Exposure to the Herbicide, Atrazine, Causes Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Insulin Resistance. PubMed, 4(4). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0005186

What Children Go Through With Type 1 Diabetes
Words: 981 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23647777
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Diagnostic Treatment and Interventions for Diabetes in Children

"Diabetes can affect many parts of the body with serious complications ... heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-limb amputations ... " (CDC).

According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) approximately 1.25 million American children and adults have diabetes type 1. As for children, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported in 2014 that 22 out of every 100,000 children under the age of 10 in the U.S. have type 1 diabetes. And a 2014 report in USA Today quotes a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association that shows that "... nearly 167,000 children and teens younger than 20 have type 1 diabetes" (Szabo, 2014). That data conflicts with the ADA data that reports 208,000 Americans under 20 have type 1 diabetes. No matter the conflicting data, it is clear that the rate of diabetes in…

Works Cited

American Diabetes Association. (2014). Statistics About Diabetes. Retrieved July 21, 2016, from .

Bukara-Radujkovic, G, Zdravkovic, D., and Lakic, S. (2011). Short-term use of continuous

Glucose monitoring system adds to glycaemic control in young type 1 diabetes mellitus

Patients in the long run: A clinical trial. Vojnosanitetski Pregled (VSP), 68(8), 650-660.

Benefits of Using the Mediterranean Diet to Manage Type II Diabetes
Words: 3262 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 25988479
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Beneficial effects of the Mediterranean Diet on Type 2 Diabetic Patients in the United Kingdom.

The beneficial effects of the Mediterranean Diet on Type 2 Diabetic Patients in the UK

Science of the problem

Type II diabetes progresses through two stages. The initial stage is referred to as insulin resistance. During this stage, the pancreas produces enough insulin, but the body's cell are unable to respond to insulin. The pancreas increases the production of insulin in the body to compensate for the resistance. The body cells absorb more and more insulin resulting in the pancreas continuously increasing its insulin production. Eventually, the pancreas will shut down the production of insulin because it is unable to keep up with the demand, which results in type II diabetes. The lack of sugar for conversion to energy results in the starvation of cells and there is a buildup of glucose levels in the…


Carter, P, et al. "A Mediterranean Diet Improves Hba1c but Not Fasting Blood Glucose Compared to Alternative Dietary Strategies: A Network Meta-Analysis." Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 27.3 (2014): 280-97. Print.

Ceriello, Antonio, et al. "The Protective Effect of the Mediterranean Diet on Endothelial Resistance to Glp-1 in Type 2 Diabetes: A Preliminary Report." Cardiovascular diabetology 13.1 (2014): 140. Print.

Huo, R, et al. "Effects of Mediterranean-Style Diet on Glycemic Control, Weight Loss and Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Type 2 Diabetes Individuals: A Meta-Analysis." European journal of clinical nutrition (2014). Print.

InterAct Consortium. "Mediterranean Diet and Type 2 Diabetes Risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (Epic) Study the Interact Project." Diabetes Care 34.9 (2011): 1913-18. Print.

Childhood Type II Diabetes and Obesity
Words: 659 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8103477
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Childhood type diabetes and obesity

Which three databases will you use?




Search each database, using key words, for relevant research on this subject. What key words did you use in the Search Strategy fields? nclude all attempts and limitations used to refine your search.

Diabetes obesity

Childhood obesity diabetes

Childhood obesity diabetes

Report the number of citations identified from each database in the number of articles found field.

Select one article from a peer-reviewed nursing journal published within the last three years -- or a germinal article which may contain an earlier publication date -- and provide the citation in APA format.

Hayden, M.R., Joginpally, T., Salam, M., & Sowers, J.R. (2011). Childhood and adolescent obesity in cardiorenal metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes: A clinical vignette and ultrastructure study. Diabetes Management, 1(6), 601-614. doi:

Answer the following questions using your selected research article:

Q1. s this…

I limited the search range for peer-reviewed journals. Also, the journal has a doi; a volume number and serial number; and is authored by research scientists who provided their personal histories and sources of their funding.

Q3. Does this research article generate support for evidence-based practice? If not, state why it does not. Please review the critical appraisal guideline on pg. 466-480.

The authors of the study specifically state that it has implications for evidence-based practice. If adolescent obesity causes permanent changes to the structure of the tissue of sufferers, this has longstanding implications for public policy: it means that adolescents may be unlikely to outlive their parents' generation. Despite numerous improvements in diabetes management, diabetes often suffer severe health consequences. It is imperative that diabetes be thwarted by reducing the likelihood of early-onset obesity, not simply managed in a secondary and tertiary manner after the fact. "This current epidemic-pandemic of CAOO causes a red flag to be raised in order to have primary-care providers become more involved and understand this complex problem. The CAOO pandemic may alter the future course of human disease unless we as primary-care physicians intervene" (Hayden 2011 et al.).

Diabetes in Australia the Australian Government and
Words: 2674 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52651244
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Diabetes in Australia

The Australian government and the relevant Health agencies have for many years strived to put the diabetes menace under close observation and management. There have been massive researches and huge sums directed towards good management and possible elimination of diabetes at the national levels. This commitment is exhibited by the specialized funds and efforts like the Juvenile Diabetes esearch Fund (JDF) that has been committed to striving to mitigate the effects of diabetes from the render age of the Australians.

Since diabetes is such a big challenge to Australia as a whole, diabetes mellitus was declared a National Health Priority Area in 1996 during the Australian Health Minister's Conference and this was as recognition to the high levels of diabetes prevalence within Australia, the mortality rates that were due to it, the impact it had on morbidity and the possibility of the health improvements that can be…


American Diabetes Association, (2013). Kidney Disease (Nephropathy). Retrieved May 13, 2013 from  

Diabetes Is One of the
Words: 1237 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 66044949
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However, advancements in pharmacogenetics promises new and better ways of managing diabetes. Studies have shown that Lisofylline, an anti-inflammatory compound is very effective in suppressing the autoimmune activity and in improving the islet secretion of insulin. Mice studies showed significant difference (25% vs. 91.6%) in the onset of diabetes among Lisofylline treated mice compared to placebo mice. Reduction of inflammatory cytokines IFN-? And TNF-? levels correlated with reduction in ss cell apoptosis. [Yang, 2003] Recent study by Lipsett (2007) has shown that Islet Neogenesis-Associated Protein (INGAP) is useful as a pancreatic regeneration agent. Successful tests in mice and regeneration of cultured human pancreatic cells have encouraged the researchers to seriously consider INGAP as an effective agent for improving insulin synthesis. [Lipsett, (2007)]

A recent Cornell University study focused on an entirely different approach to diabetes management. The researchers examined the possibility of recombinant Commensal bacteria engineered to…


1) George S. Eisenbarth, (2007) 'Update in Type 1 Diabetes', The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism Vol. 92, No.7. 

2) McGill University, 'Deficient Regulators in the Immune System Responsible for Type 1 Diabetes', Updated 25 Jan 2008, Available at, 

3) Kent SC, Chen Y, & Bregoli L. (2005) 'Expanded T cells from pancreatic lymph nodes of type 1 diabetic subjects recognize an insulin epitope'. Nature 435:224 -- 228

4) Mathieu C, Gysemans C. (Jul 2005), 'Vitamin D and Diabetes', Diabetologia. 48(7):1247-57

Diabetes the Rates of Diabetes
Words: 1139 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47503804
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The sources of data tend to miss a good deal of the disease because it is undiagnosed at a rate as high as 50%. One study finds that the overall European prevalence of the disease is about 7.8%, with over 48 million adults aged 20-79 years in Europe living with diabetes in 2003. Rates are usually higher in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe ("Diabetes in Europe" paras. 1-5).

The increase in diabetes in different parts of the world has been attributed to the spread of estern eating habits, and among the trappings of the estern lifestyle that have affected rates are fast food, television, video games and driving everywhere. In Europe, these changes have taken a toll so that five percent of the population has diabetes, a rate about the same as Africa, though the incidence of undiagnosed diabetes is through to be higher in Africa than in…

Works Cited

Atatah, Clovis. "Experts Warn Diabetes Could Lead to More Amputations." The Post (Buea) (14 April 2005). May 12, 2005. .

"Diabetes in Europe." British Heart Foudnation (2005, March 31). .

"Diabetes Reportedly to Double Worldwide by 2030." Reuters (26 April 2004). May 12, 2005. < >.

"Diagnosis of Diabetes." The Glycemic Index Foundation of South Africa (2005). May 15, 2005. .

Diabetes Management Goes Mobile Diabetes
Words: 1700 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74799642
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Mobile technology, disease management is the wave of the future, not only for diabetes care but for other health related issues and needs. If an individual can recognize the daily stressors they place upon their bodies, with regard to their disease management and overall health the system could likely greatly impact care systems and services, as well as assist individuals with knowledge and information that may not have been available to them in the past.


Andrus, M.., Kelley, K.W., Murphey, L.M., & Herndon, K.C. (2004). A Comparison of Diabetes Care in ural and Urban Medical Clinics in Alabama. Journal of Community Health, 29(1), 29.

Chappell, K. (2006, March). Diabetes Management Goes High-Tech; New Devices, Personalized Care Help to Control Deadly Disease. Ebony, 61, 158.

Chinnery, G.M. (2006). Going to the MALL: Mobile Assisted Language Learning. Language, Learning & Technology, 10(1), 9.

Delivering a Better Deal to Help Cope with…


Andrus, M.R., Kelley, K.W., Murphey, L.M., & Herndon, K.C. (2004). A Comparison of Diabetes Care in Rural and Urban Medical Clinics in Alabama. Journal of Community Health, 29(1), 29.

Chappell, K. (2006, March). Diabetes Management Goes High-Tech; New Devices, Personalized Care Help to Control Deadly Disease. Ebony, 61, 158.

Chinnery, G.M. (2006). Going to the MALL: Mobile Assisted Language Learning. Language, Learning & Technology, 10(1), 9.

Delivering a Better Deal to Help Cope with Diabetes. (2005, December 12). Western Mail (Cardiff, Wales), p. 29.

Diabetes Harvard Citation Studies Conducted Over Decades
Words: 1255 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 90965581
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(Harvard Citation)

Studies conducted over decades have concluded that there is a significant link between diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. For instance, the most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes, which involves both the impairment in insulin resistance and the defective secretion of insulin by the pancreas. The development of diabetes often comes with a number of cardiovascular complications including "coronary heart disease (CDC), stroke, peripheral arterial disease, nephropathy, retinopathy, and possibly neuropathy and cardiomyopathy." (Grundy 1999)

Specifically both diabetes type 1 and type 2 are considered to be risk factors for atherosclerotic coronary heart disease. "Moreover, myocardial ischemeal due to coronary atherosclerosis commonly occurs without symptoms in patients with diabetes." (Grundy 1999) In other words, patients with diabetes are more likely to be stricken with congestive heart failure. But it is not only the risk of heart failure that diabetes sufferers are at risk from, another…


"eGFR." Lab Tests Online, Available from 

"Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)" National Kidney Foundation Available from 

Grundy, Scott. Et al 1999, "Diabetes and Heart Disease: A Statement for Healthcare

Professionals from the American Heart Association" AHA Scientific Statement.

Diabetes and Obesity What Are the Choices
Words: 2438 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 85591381
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Diabetes and Obesity: What Are the Choices?

Diabetes is becoming an increasingly serious health problem across the United States, and indeed across the world. The majority of cases of diabetes, both in terms of new diagnoses and of current cases, are those of Type II diabetes, which is a condition generally brought on by overweight or obesity and lack of exercise, that prevents an individual's body from being able to metabolize the glucose in food in an efficient and healthy way. Individuals with Type II diabetes (as opposed to individuals with Type I diabetes) can generally be quite successfully treated by losing weight and increasing exercise. Individuals with Type II diabetes can often bring their symptoms and risks under control and even potentially eliminate them through good diet and weight loss.

Given that Type II diabetes can have very serious long-term consequences (including early death due to stroke or heart…


Early Release / Vol. 59 August 3, 2010. Retrieved from

Laska, M.N. et al. (2009). Latent class analysis of lifestyle characteristics and health risk behaviors among college youth. Prevention Science 10: 376 -- 386.

Laska, M.N. et al. (2011). The Differential Prevalence of Obesity and Related Behaviors in Two- vs. Four-Year Colleges Obesity 19: 453 -- 456.

Nelson, M.C. et al. (2008). Emerging adulthood and college-aged youth: an overlooked age for weight-related behavior change. Obesity 16: 2205 -- 2211.

Diabetes Sigurdardottir A Benediktsson R
Words: 619 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 82730470
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c.. Is the treatment feasible in my clinical setting? Yes No Unknown

d. What are my patients/family's values and expectations for the outcome that is trying to be prevented and the treatment itself?

There are several implications from this study:

Identification of self-care needs are important to patients; mitigation of stronger, more invasive treatment options are thus prevented. owever, some instruments are more useful than others in encouraging self-care or monitoring behavioral change.

Use of these treatment protocols and self-care instrumentation and measurement tends to create a more patient-centered care paradigm so that healthcare providers can focus on the more serious, medical care issues. Additionally, when educating people who have diabetes, effective time management protocols should focus on specific instruments that are individually tailored to that patient's needs and capacity for responsibility for their own issues.

The research did show two major effects:

Answers from measurement issues help create a…

However, that being said the study showed that various instruments can be used as outcome measures and tools for tracking self-care, knowledge, and helping to motivate patients. The authors do suggest more robust research regarding the clinical utility of many of the instruments in question.

Modified from Melnyk, B. (2004). Rapid Critical Appraisal of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs): An Essential Skill for Evidence-Based Practice, Melnyk, Pediatric Nursing Journal.

© Fineout-Overholt & Melnyk, 2005 This form may be used for educational, practice change & research purposes without permission

Diabetes Education
Words: 2046 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 97209519
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Diabetes Education

What is Diabetes?




Diabetes Education

Clinical Practice ecommendations

Diabetes Education

Diabetes is considered to be a chronic disease which really needs some kind of long-term nursing and medical intermediations. esearch shows that patients likewise need to take a part that is active in their own treatment and management, and the alter their lifestyles in order to keep their metabolic state at a level that is normal (Sperl-Hillen, 2010). One of the transformations in education is recognized as being electronic learning. This technique is interesting because it has all of these unique features which users are interested in using, and has made it possible to learn anywhere. It facilitates individual as well as group learning, and makes it conceivable to familiarize the material as stated by the users' needs. However, in the last 10 years, it has been very obvious that the Internet has turned out…


EIJJ, V. (2009). Interventions for improving adherence to treatment recommendations in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The Cochrane Library, 44(8), 1-44.

Marjatta Kelo, M.M. (2011). Self-care of school-age children with diabetes: an integrative review. JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING, 2096-2105.

Marzieh Moattari, M.H. (2012). The impact of electronic education on metabolic control indicators in patients with diabetes who need insulin: a randomised clinical control. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22, 32 -- 38.

Sperl-Hillen, J. (2010). Are benefits from Diabetes Self-Management education Sustained? American Journal of Managed Care is the property of Intellisphere, 104-113.

Diabetes in Middle Aged Adult Male Population
Words: 2862 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 75332445
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Diabetes Among Middle Age Males:

One of the major public health issues among middle age males is diabetes since they are twice as likely to suffer from the disease as compared to their female counterparts. Generally, the rate of diabetes has increased in the recent past to an extent that 8% of the American population have the disease, especially children and adults. The main reason for the increase of the rate of diabetes is that the risk of type 2 diabetes increases with age. The other risk factors include an inactive lifestyle, being obese or overweight, a history of the disease in immediate family, and a diet with high sugar and low fiber. As the rate of diabetes has increased among children and adults, much increase has occurred among the male population, especially middle age males. Therefore, it is increasingly important to examine the major health risks incurred by the…


American Diabetes Association. (2002, January). Screening for Diabetes. Diabetes Care, 25(1),

S21-S24. Retrieved April 30, 2014, from 

"America's Middle Boomers." (2013). Demographic Profile. Retrieved April 30, 2014, from

David et al. (1994, May). Health Behaviors and Survival Among Middle-Aged Men and Women

Diabetes Health and Prevention
Words: 489 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72235868
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Diabetes Education and Prevention
· Diabetes is a chronic disease related to the body’s ability to use insulin.
· There is Type 1 diabetes which someone is born with and is a lifelong illness.
· There is Type 2 diabetes that comes from poor diet and bad lifestyle choices.
· To prevent Type 2 diabetes people must do several things. They are:
1. Exercise at least 15 minutes a day
2. Eat the recommended amount of 20-25 grams of fiber each day.
3. Eat at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables
4. Minimize simple sugars like candy and soda.
5. Eat enough protein
6. Eat complex carbohydrates like unrefined grains and whole wheat pastas.
7. Reduce stress (LeRoith, 2012).
Why should people eat healthy?
People should eat healthy for several reasons. However, the main reason is to avoid becoming obese and suffering from obesity-related issues like Type 2 diabetes.…

Words: 1151 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 49272872
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Diabetes is one of the major non-communicable diseases today. In the U.S., approximately 9% of the general population have diagnosed or undiagnosed diabetes, with a further 37% estimated to be pre-diabetic (CDC, 2016). The disease increasingly imposes a significant morbidity, economic, mortality, and psychological burden on individuals, families, communities, healthcare organizations, as well as the government. This paper discusses a number of issues relating to diabetes. These include: past and present funding initiatives; past and present quality initiatives; the relationship between diabetes care quality and healthcare coverage; and diabetes care in the U.S. and UK.

Funding Initiatives

In the U.S., initiatives aimed at preventing diabetes are funded by both the government and private entities. Public funding is executed through the Division of Diabetes Translation (DDT), a unit of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (CDC, 2016). DDT funds health departments at the state and local government level in…


Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) (n.d.). Index of diabetes quality improvement initiatives. Retrieved from: resources/tools/diabguide/diabqguideapg.html

Casagrande, S., & Cowie, C. (2012). Health insurance coverage among people with and without diabetes in the U.S. adult population. Diabetes Care, 35(11), 2243-2249.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2016). Diabetes programs and initiatives. Retrieved from: 

Crosson, J., Ohman-Strickland, P., Campbell, S., et al. (2009). A comparison of chronic illness care quality in US and UK family medicine practices prior to pay-for- performance initiatives. Family Practice, 26(6): 510-516.

Ways to Handle Type II Diabetes
Words: 342 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 21113065
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Diabetes Literature Review

The author of this report has been asked to complete a report in two parts. The first part is a summary of the topic that will be covered. Included in that will be a description of the theory that will be resented, the rationale for the use of the theory presented, a discussion of how the theory works to support the proposed solution and an explanation of how the theory will be incorporated into the project.

Questions Answered

The theory that will be advanced is that diabetes must be dealt with on both a social/cultural as well as medicine level. While medicine can do a great job in controlling diabetes and preventing it from ravaging people's bodies, the bigger problem is that there are usually bad health habits and lifestyle practices that lead to diabetes being present, at least as it pertains to type II diabetes. Even…

Diabetes Mellitus in Rural Settings
Words: 1457 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Peer Reviewed Journal Paper #: 41069805
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Clinical Problem: Diabetes Mellitus in Rural Settings

Mid-range nursing theories can be extremely useful in understanding specific clinical issues. These theories are less broad and all-encompassing than so-called grand theories of nursing such as Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring and seek to offer a more technical and practical approach to applying theory in daily practice (Alligood, 2018). This paper will specifically examine the application of Kristen Swanson’s Theory of Caring to the treatment of patients suffering from diabetes mellitus living in rural settings without adequate access to healthcare. Virtually all nursing theories are composed of four essential core definitions, that of person, environment, health, and nursing itself. Swanson’s theory, however, specifically focuses on nursing, which Swanson defines as a very specific type of caring.

Clinical Issue

Although obesity is increasing across the nation, obesity is often particularly rife in rural settings with limited access to healthcare and healthy foods.…

Diabetes the Global Prevalence of Diabetes Diabetes
Words: 1262 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22099553
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The Global Prevalence of Diabetes

Diabetes, a medical condition resulting from elevated levels of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia), has become a major worldwide health problem and is only getting worse; in 2010, diabetes affected 6.4% (285 million) individuals worldwide, and this total is expected to increase to 7.7% over the next 20 years (Shaw, Sicree, Zimmet, 2010). By 2025, it is estimated that a total of 380 million people will suffer from diabetes (Dieren, et al.). There are myriad reasons for the explosion in diabetic prevalence, and a number of measures must be enacted in order to combat this growing problem. These measures will not only involve science (nursing, scientific education) but also overhauling cultural lifestyles. This paper begins by describing the effects of diabetes and then discusses a number of the initiatives that must take place in order to combat the issue.

Diabetes is difficult to combat because…


Dieren, S.V. (2010). The global burden of diabetes and its complications: An emerging pandemic. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 17(1), s3-s8.

James, W.P.T. (April 2008). The epidemiology of obesity: The size of the problem. Journal of Internal Medicine, 263(4), 336-352.

Shaw, J.E., Sicree, R.A., & Zimmet, P.Z. (2010). Global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2010 and 2030. Diabetes research and clinical practice, 87(1), 4-14.

Diabetes in the Literature
Words: 720 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 93647462
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Diabetes -- Literature eview

It is estimated that nearly five and a half million people, or over a third of the population, have prediabetes in some populations such as the City of New York; diabetes and diabetes-associated cardiovascular diseases have become the leading cause of death in the region accounting for roughly two-thirds of the deaths and the rates of diabetes has lead this trend to be referred to as the diabetes epidemic (Frieden, 2006). The same trends can be found in a greater or lesser extend in most Western nations in the world. Furthermore, there has been a strong correlation between childhood obesity and childhood diseases, such as diabetes, that has now been identified (Dietz & Bellizzi, 1999).

The link between childhood obesity and adult diseases has been the subject of much attention in recent years. Much of the research has considered the programming of adult metabolic processes and…


Dietz, W., & Bellizzi, M. (1999). Introduction: the use of body mass index to assess obesity in children. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1235-1255.

Fernandez-Twinn, D., & Ozanne, S. (2010). Early life nutrition and metabolic programming. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 78-96.

Frieden, T. (2006). Diabetes in New York City: Public Health Burden and Disparities. Retrieved from New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene:

John, W., Hillson, R., & Alberti, S. (2011). Use of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. The implementation of World Health Organisation (WHO) guidance . Practical Diabetes, 12-13.

Diabetes Mellitus Type II
Words: 2902 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 70603581
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NR 601 Week 5 Case StudyNR 601 Week 5 Case StudyThe World Health Organization (WHO) defines diabetes as a disease that affects the bodys ability to prepare or produce the hormone insulin, resulting in abnormal metabolism of blood glucose and elevated levels of the same in the blood (WHO, 2021). When an individual has diabetes, their body either does not make sufficient insulin or fails to make use of insulin as it should, causing elevated levels of blood sugar in the bloodstream. There are three types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes (CDC, 2020). The Center for Diseases Prevention and Control (CDC) estimates that 34 million (representing 1 in every 10) Americans have diabetes, and 90-95 percent of these patients have Type 2 diabetes (CDC, 2020). The high prevalence of diabetes calls for adequate understanding on the part of healthcare providers to ensure effective diagnosis…

ReferencesADA Standards of Medical Care (2021). Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes 2021 Abridged for Primary Care Providers. American Diabetes Association. Retrieved from, M., Salas, R., Garza, Y., Villareal, J., Sureda, A., & Tur, J.(2016). Serum Lipid Profile, Prevalence of Dyslipidemia and Associated Risk Factors among Northern Mexican Adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 63(5), 544-49.Bigelow, A., & Freeland, B. (2017). Type II Diabetes Care in the Elderly. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 13(3), 181-86.CDC (2021). Diabetes Symptoms. Center for Diseases Prevention and Control (CDC). Retrieved from (2020). What is Diabetes? Center for Diseases Prevention and Control (CDC). Retrieved from FDA (2017). Glucophage. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Retrieved from,021202s021s023lbl.pdfGalicia-Garcia , U., Benito-Vicente, A., Jebari, S., Larrea-Sebal, A., Siddiqi, H., Uribe, K., Ostolaza, H., & Martin, C. (2020). Pathophysiology of Type II Diabetes Mellitus. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21(17), 6275-81.Hill, M., & Bordoni, B. (2021). Hyperlipidemia. Treasure Island, FL: Statpearls PublishingHuang, W., Xu, W., Zhu, P., Yang, H., Su, L., & Tang, H.(2017). Analysis of Blood Glucose Distribution Characteristics in a Health Examination Population in Chengdu (2007-2015). Medicine, 96(49), Doi: 1097/MD.0000000000008765Molugulu, N., Yee, L., Ye, Y., Khee, T., Nie, L., Yee, N., Yee, T., Liang, T., & Kesharwani, P. (2017). Systematic Review of Metformin Monotherapy and Dual Therapy with Sodium Glucose Co-Transporter 2 Inhibitor (SGLT-2) in Treatment of Type II Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 132(1), 157-68.NIH (2021). Diabetes Tests and Diagnoses. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Retrieved from , S., Susko, A., Khoja, S., Josbeno, D., Fitzgerald, G., & Toledo, F. (2015). Links between Osteoarthritis and Diabetes: Implications for a Physical Activity Perspective. Clinical Journal of Geriatric Medicine, 31(1), 67-87.Storey, H. L., Pelt, M., Bun, S., Daily, F., Neogi, T., Thompson, M., McGuire, H., & Weigl, B. (2017). Diabetes and Endocrinology, 8(3), 1-8.WHO (2021). Diabetes. World Health Organization (WHO). Retrieved from

Diabetes Prevalence of Diabetes Diabetes
Words: 1652 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 10545706
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This means these children have a much higher chance of developing other diabetes related illnesses as they grow older, including serious damage to the eyes, nerves, heart, kidneys, and blood vessels (Bren, 2004). If they do not learn how to self-manage the disease when they are children, they will have more serious side effects as they grow older, and they will be a drain on the healthcare and insurance areas, as well.

One way to prevent diabetes is to treat the underlying causes, such as poor nutrition, lack of education, and obesity. This education should start in childhood, and the population should have resources available to help them deal with and self-treat the disease. Perhaps "diabetes centers" could open in inner city neighborhoods, that provided treatment kits, education, and even cooking and nutrition classes to help with patients cope with their disease.

In conclusion, Type 2 diabetes hits minority victims…


Bren, L. (2004, July/August). Diabetes prevention, treatment. FDA Consumer, 38, 18+.

Clark, M. (2004). Understanding diabetes. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Cox, R.H., Carpenter, J.P., Bruce, F.A., Poole, K.P., & Gaylord, C.K. (2004). Characteristics of low-income African-American and Caucasian adults that Are important in self-management of Type 2 diabetes. Journal of Community Health, 29(2), 155+.

Dabelko, H.I., & Decoster, V.A. (2007). Diabetes and adult day health services. Health and Social Work, 32(4), 279+.

Diabetes and Indigenous Australians
Words: 2524 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 25859858
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Indigenous Australians and Diabetes

In Adelaide the first case of diabetes in Indigenous people was noted in 1923. The records clearly show that Indigenous people didn't diagnose diabetes at the time as they were fit, lean and in good shape. Apart from that, they didn't have any metabolic ailment at the time. Till the 1960's, the estimates of diabetes in Indigenous people weren't taken and no investigation done until then. Then a connection was found between indigenous population and westernized living in the population as type-2 diabetes was slowly starting to materialize. Since then, type 2 diabetes has been deemed as the most worrying health problems in Australia as the probability of it being in the population is four times (Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet, 2007a).

Diabetes and the afflicted person

Diabetes can affect a person in many ways as shown below:



Daily life



Physically (Shaw, 2012)



Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2006) The health and welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples 2006. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2007a) Review of diabetes among Indigenous peoples. Retrieved June 7, 2014 from 

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2007b) Background information on Diabetes. Retrieved June 7, 2014 from 

Bhattacharyya et al. (2002). Inpatient management of diabetes mellitus and patient satisfaction. Diabetic medicine: A journal of the British Diabetic Association, 19 (5), 412-416.

Diabetes and Nursing Interventions
Words: 583 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 30977912
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chronic disease?

A disease is classified as 'chronic' when it cannot be cured and will last throughout the duration of the patient's life. Type II diabetes is an example of a chronic disease which is on the rise and which can be managed but cannot be entirely 'cured.' Unlike type I diabetes, which typically manifests itself in early childhood as an autoimmune disorder, type II diabetes is caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors. "The majority of people (80%) who develop type 2 diabetes are overweight" (Burden 2003).

What two nursing preventions can nurses do for this chronic illness?

Because type II diabetes is classified as a lifestyle-related disorder, treating it requires a change of diet and altering other habitual factors. "The basis of initial treatment is to pay attention to dietary intake and to encourage exercise so as to induce weight loss, the rationale being to improve…


Burden, M. (2003). Diabetes: treatment and complications - the nurse's role. Nursing Times,

99 (2): 30. Retrieved from

Diabetes Case Study
Words: 1599 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98697834
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Mrs. X.

elationship of high cholesterol levels to the development of cardiovascular disease

Diabetes, heart disease, and high cholesterol are all strongly correlated. Even when diabetes is being well-managed, the patient's risks factors increase for comorbidity with these disorders. "High blood pressure has long been recognized as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Studies report a positive association between hypertension and insulin resistance. When patients have both hypertension and diabetes, which is a common combination, their risk for cardiovascular disease doubles" (Cardiovascular disease and diabetes, 2014, AHA). Also, in the case of Ms. X, because of her uncontrolled diabetes, her risk for high cholesterol is higher than average even in the absence of obesity and inactivity. "This triad of poor lipid counts often occurs in patients with premature coronary heart disease. It is also characteristic of a lipid disorder associated with insulin resistance called atherogenic dyslipidemia, or diabetic dyslipidemia…


Burden, M. (2003). Diabetes: Treatment and complications. Nursing Times, 99(2) 30/

Retrieved from: 

Cardiovascular disease and diabetes. (2012). American Heart Association. Retrieved from:

Diabetes Education and Prevention Health Promotion
Words: 633 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75337613
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Health Promotion: Diabetes Education and Prevention
Given the need for specificity in nursing theory for addressing a particular topic such as diabetes education and prevention, Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model would seem to be particularly useful. The model is designed to assist people in making needed lifestyle changes. It is based upon the presumption that people wish to maximize their health potential and possess enough self-awareness to grow in their capacity to self-regulate (Pender, 2013, p.5). While health professionals can act as facilitators, ultimately the model focuses on people’s ability to engage in self-initiated changes in behavior and in their environment. Type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle ailment for most individuals. Although the nurse can act as a teacher and a guide, it is the individual who is suffering from diabetes who must make decisions on a daily basis that will affect his or her life.
Pender’s model is particularly…

Diabetes and Self Care
Words: 2736 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84021971
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Problem Statement and Purpose of Study Self-care regimens that require a lot of input are necessary in making the study of diabetes effective. A lot of people with diabetes undergo distress. The diabetes distress is commonly described as the distress that arises from the effect of the diabetes symptoms, regimens for self management, the fear that there would be complications and functionality failure. The diabetes stress stabilizes after some time. It has been found that about a third of all diabetes type 2 patients are prone to diabetes stress regarded as clinically significant. Diabetes distress severely affects adult diabetic patients with a poor diabetes management plan. Such patients stand a high risk of diabetes-related complications. These developments are linked to poor glycemic control and self-management (Leeet al, 2018). The current research seeks to establish whether autonomy support by the health supporters of patients such as the members of their family…

Diabetes in the Asian Indian Population of Plainsboro New Jersey
Words: 3247 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82674485
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Windshield Survey of Diabetes in the Asian-Indian Community in Plainsboro, New Jersey: Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation

As the home to the second-largest population of Asian-Indians in the United States today (the first is another nearby small community, Edison, New Jersey) (Sahney, 2010). Out of a population of around 23,500, 16.97% of the residents of Plainsboro (or about 4,000) describe themselves as having Indian ancestry (Sahney, 2010). Although Plainsboro enjoys a high standard of living, a desirable community environment and state-of-the-art medical facilities, it is reasonable to suggest that some of the Asian-Indian population in this community remain marginalized due to an inability to afford these state-of-the-art health care services and the potential for cross-cultural differences in views about health care may further exacerbate this lack of access.

A growing body of evidence also indicates that Asian-Indians are among the highest-risk populations for developing diabetes, making this community an especially important…


About Plainsboro. (2015). Township of Plainsboro. Retrieved from http://www.plains

Anderson, E. N. (2014). Everyone eats: Understanding food and culture. New York: New York University Press.

Brooks, J. (2004, July 26). NLC membership offers many benefits to cities, towns. Nation's Cities Weekly, 27(30), 8.

Chandras, K. V. & Eddy, J. P. (1999, Winter). Counseling Asian-Americans: Implications for training. Education, 120(2), 239.

Treatment of Thyroid and Diabetes
Words: 1452 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26094226
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Diabetes and Thyroid


What is the mechanism of action of insulin and what are the differences in insulin therapy for Type I and Type II diabetes mellitus?

The pancreas secretes insulin, and it is used for the regulation of glucose from the blood into the cells. Insulin assists in lowering blood glucose by causing peripheral glucose uptake by skeletal muscle cells. The breakdown of fat, proteins, and manufacture of glucose is inhibited by insulin. Insulin will also increase protein synthesis and the conversion of excess glucose to fat. Patients suffering from diabetes are not able to produce enough insulin, and this leads to hyperglycemia. Insulin therapy for type I diabetes mellitus is aimed at increasing or providing insulin in the patient's body (Trauner, ichert, & Luddeke, 2013). For type II diabetes, insulin therapy is aimed at controlling blood sugar, increasing insulin levels, and lowering the patient's resistance to insulin.…


Kahn, S.E. (2013). Incretin therapy and islet pathology: a time for caution. Diabetes, 62(7), 2178-2180.

Reinehr, T. (2010). Obesity and thyroid function. Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 316(2), 165-171.

Stohl, H.E., Ouzounian, J., Rick, A.-M., Hueppchen, N.A., & Bienstock, J.L. (2013). Thyroid disease and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM): is there a connection? The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 26(11), 1139-1142.

Trauner, A., Richert, K., & Luddeke, H.-J. (2013). Start of an insulin therapy in type 1 diabetes patients. Diabetes aktuell fur die Hausarztpraxis, 11(06), 248-252.

Treatment Option for Diabetes Type II
Words: 867 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 67792351
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Diabetes and Drug Treatments



Type I Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus type 1 result from autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells within the pancreas. Subsequent shortage of insulin translates to increased urine and blood glucose. The developed world is associated with increasingly variant type I diabetes with a large cause of kidney failure and non-traumatic blindness. The link is based on an increased dementia and cognitive dysfunction risk through disease processes of vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease. The complications are inclusive of sexual dysfunction, acanthosis nigricans, and frequent infections (Jones, et al., 2012).

Type II Diabetes

The classic diabetes symptoms include polyuria (frequent urination), increased thirst, increased hunger (polyphagia), and weight loss. Alternative symptoms commonly presented in the diagnosis include histories of blurred vision, fatigue, recurrent vaginal infections, peripheral neuropathy, and itchiness (Barnett, 2012). However, many people lack symptoms in the initial years and while…


Barnett, A. (2012). Type II Diabetes. New York: OUP Oxford.

Ezrin, C. & Kowalski, R. (2011). The Type 2 Diabetes Diet Book, Fourth Edition. McGraw Hill Professional

Jones, R. M. et al., (2012). New Therapeutic Strategies for Type 2 Diabetes: Small Molecule Approaches. New York: Royal Society of Chemistry

Pereira, M. A. (2013). Nutrition and Type II Diabetes: Etiology and Prevention. New York: CRC Press.

Asthma or Heart Disease or Diabetes
Words: 3003 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 13855478
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According to Waryasz & McDermott (2009), the global prevalence of diabetes among people aged between 20 and 79 rose to 6.4% affecting 285 million people in 2010 and the rate will rise to 7.7% affecting 439 million people by 2030. Amid 2010 and 2030, the rate of individuals with diabetes will increase by 69% in developing nations, and a twenty percent rate in developed nations. In 2011, the number rose to 366 and it is expected to rise to 552 by 2030. The pervasiveness of diabetes is advanced in males compared to females, yet the number of women with diabetes is more compared to that of men.

Diabetes affects any part of the human body and people with diabetes are likely to die of heart-related problems or stroke. Seventy-percent of individuals with diabetes show signs of high blood pressure which a risk factor for heart-related diseases. The majority of…


Boussageon R, Supper I, Bejan-Angoulvant T, Kellou N, Cucherat M, et al. (2012).Reappraisal of metformin efficacy in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PLoS Med, 9(4): e1001204. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001204.

Karin et al.(2002). Diet and exercise among adults with type 2 diabetes: Findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) . Diabetes Care, 25 (10), 1722-1728

Wang, H., & Yeh, M.(2012). Systematic to insulin therapy in adults with type 2 diabetes. Mixed- method systematic review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(4), 743 -- 757. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05853.x.

Waryasz, G., & McDermott, A. (2009). Exercise prescription and the patient with type 2 diabetes: A clinical approach to optimizing patient outcomes. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 22, 217-227.

Review of Diabetes Study
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Diabetes Intervention

The author of this report has been asked to find, analyze and assess a study that is related to a diabetes intervention. The study found needs to be recent and will be described in terms of the major aspects and traits of the study. Precisely such a study was found and it involves the review of the effects of food label use on diet quality when it comes to Latinos that are type II diabetics but are getting assistance from community health workers. The article actually came out this month in a prominent academic public health journal and is very illuminating. While food labels are only so effective as they have to be consulted and used, the concurrent use of community health workers to coach and assist type II diabetics in the study seems to show some promise.


Brief Summary of Disease

Type II diabetes, unlike its…


Kollannoor-Samuel, G., Shebl, F. M., Segura-Perez, S., Chhabra, J., Vega-Lopez, S., & Perez-

Escamilla, R. (2016). Effects of food label use on diet quality and glycemic control among Latinos with type 2 diabetes in a community health worker-supported

Intervention. American Journal of Public Health, 106(6), 1059-1066.

Mayo. (2016). Symptoms & Causes - Type 2 Diabetes - Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 24 June 2016, from -

Info Sheet on Diabetes
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Diabetes Handout

Diabetes was chosen as a topic because of the high percentage of the population that it affects coupled with the fact that it is a relatively preventable disease for most people. It is estimated that nearly five and a half million people in New York City, about a third of the population, have prediabetes, diabetes, and/or diabetes-associated cardiovascular diseases and similar frequencies have been noted throughout the Western world. Diabetes has become the leading cause of death in the region accounting for roughly two-thirds of the deaths and the rates of diabetes has lead this trend to be referred to as the diabetes epidemic (Frieden, 2006). There are a range of different factors that can lead to diabetes but the two main culprits are an improper diet and lack of exercise.

Furthermore, this condition is not reserved for only adults. The number of children who have diagnosed with…


Dietz, W., & Bellizzi, M. (1999). Introduction: the use of body mass index to assess obesity in children. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1235-1255.

Fernandez-Twinn, D., & Ozanne, S. (2010). Early life nutrition and metabolic programming. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 78-96.

Frieden, T. (2006). Diabetes in New York City: Public Health Burden and Disparities. Retrieved from New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene:

John, W., Hillson, R., & Alberti, S. (2011). Use of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. The implementation of World Health Organisation (WHO) guidance . Practical Diabetes, 12-13.

Diabetes According to America Diabetes
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The high levels of blood glucose lead to the production of insulin therefore patients have excessive production of insulin. There is insulin resistance and hence body cells do not respond in an appropriate way in the presence of insulin (Mealey, 2010).

The main difference between diabetes insipidus, and diabetes mellitus, is that in diabetes mellitus insulin resistance is referred to being "post-receptor." This implies that the problem lies with the cells which respond to insulin as opposed to there being a problem in the production of insulin. The onset of diabetes mellitus is slow and the disorder might go undiagnosed for a very long period of time. Diabetes insipidus has an abrupt onset and it might be diagnosed at any age.

Factors affecting diagnosis and treatment prescription of diabetes

There are various factors that might affect the diagnosis and treatment of these two types of of these factors is…


Mealey, B.L. (2010).Diabetes Pathophysiology. Retrieved July 29, 2013 from 

MediLexicon International Ltd.(2013). All about Diabetes. Retrieved July 29, 2013 from

Diabetes Digestion and Diabetes Overview of the
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Digestion and diabetes: Overview of the process

The digestive process begins even before food is consumed. Looking at or anticipating food causes salivation. Saliva aids digestion, along with chewing. For example, when Jane Doe looks at a plate consisting of a whole wheat turkey sandwich (garnished by vegetables and mayonnaise), potato chips, and apple juice, her body will begin to anticipate eating by secreting digestive juices. The first major involuntary muscular movement for Jane Doe will not occur until she consciously decides to swallow the food in front of her. "Although you are able to start swallowing by choice, once the swallow begins, it becomes involuntary and proceeds under the control of the nerves" (Your digestive system, 2010, NIH). The swallowed food is pushed into the esophagus, the organ that connects the teeth, mouth, and tongue through the throat to the stomach. "At the junction of the esophagus and…


Type 1 diabetes. (2010). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved December 30, 2010 at 

Your digestive system and how it works. (2010). National Institute of Health (NIH).

Retrieved December 30, 2010 at

Diabetes Clinic Marketing a Diabetes Clinic for
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Diabetes Clinic

Marketing a Diabetes Clinic

For some people, the entire idea of creating a marketing plan for those struggling with a serious chronic disease might seem distasteful. Making money off of other people's suffering can seem to be capitalism at its untrammeled worst. However, there is no reason that capitalism cannot in fact be married to compassion in the case of providing care for diabetics. Indeed, marketing a clinic that is providing good care is a real service for people with diabetes for several different reasons that will be explained below.

Moreover, given that at least for now medicine is delivered in the United States primarily within a for-profit context, it is essential that medical providers be realistic about the ways in which they run their business. If they fail to be realistic, then they will not be able to stay in business and they will not be able…