Virtual Reality Essays (Examples)

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Virtual Religious Service Islam Is a Religion

Words: 1447 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98705019

Virtual eligious Service

Islam is a religion of great misconceptions and of immense misunderstanding. It was because of this same notion that this religion in particular was of great interest. With all the negative publicity that Islam receives in the media, people only get exposed to the violent extremists that represent a minute minority of this religion. A picture of violence and death is flashed on the television daily, forcing many to create negative misconceptions about Muslims. Their portrayal of how their females are treated is an aspect that has also come under speculation. The media portrays oppressed hopeless females, which induces viewers to think that this is actually true. These are both misconceptions that I had prior to my viewing of the online religious service and research.

Violence and terrorism are shown constantly across the television screen whenever extremist Muslims are depicted. This creates a sense of misconception as…… [Read More]


Adams, M., Bell, L.A., & Griffin, P. (2007). Teaching for diversity and social justice. CRC Press.

Common misunderstandings of muslims [Web log message]. (2008, February 26). Retrieved from   /Primetime/WhatWouldYouDo/story?id=4339516&page=1

Lawrence, B.B. (1998). Shattering the myth: Islam beyond violencec. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
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Virtual Collaboration Is a New

Words: 2973 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60803429

There are several characteristic that are evident with the software system use in virtual collaboration technology. The first characteristic is that most of these tools are web based and are downloadable; they also have the ability to offer a text chat feature in real time, thereby allowing for the synchronous communication among various users.

The platforms also has VoIP functionality, thereby giving them the ability to transmit sound over the laid down internet infrastructure. The virtual collaboration platform has the ability to allow screen sharing. This therefore allows the individual users to allow their partners to have a look at what they are working on their screens in an instant. The platform must have a presentation facility that allows for the presentation of Power point slides to the audience. The system also has Whiteboard-Live annotation tools which provides the users with a whiteboard type experience and look with the added…… [Read More]


Ackoff, R.L. (1971). Towards a system of system concepts.Management Science,

17(11):661 -- 671.

Bhaskar, R., Lee, H.S., Levas, a., P'etrakian, R., Tsai, F., and Tulskie, B. (1994). an-alyzing and re-engineering business processes using simulation. In Proceedings of the 1994 Conference on Winter Simulation, pages 1206 -- 1213

Biuk-Aghai, R.P. (2000a). Virtual workspaces for web-based emergent processes. In Fourth Paci-c Asia Conference on Information Systems: Electronic Commerce and Web-Based Information Systems, pages 864 -- 880, Hong Kong, China
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Virtual Project Teams Managing Virtual Project Teams

Words: 590 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18980650

Virtual Project Teams

Managing Virtual Project Teams

The purpose of this project is to present definitive and formal analysis of virtual project teams and their successful management. Additionally, this project will provide evidentiary information from peer review and scholarly research as well as synthesis and conclusions regarding the subject matter.

Successfully initiation and executing a virtual team is increasingly gaining attention in the workplace. From opportunities to integrate multidisciplinary and international teams to the chance to leverage the best possible resources within an organization on a particular project, virtual teams can be transformative and significantly alter the concept of project planning and execution. However, because the concept of virtual teams, virtual team building and the effective and efficient management of virtual teams is in its nascent stage, little guidance is currently available to assist with successful implementation and management of these teams (Chinowsky & Rojas, 2003).

Some of today's companies…… [Read More]


Chinowsky, P., & Rojas, E. (2003). Virtual teams: Guide to successful implementation.

Journal of Management in Engineering, 19(3), 98-108.

Elkins, T. (2000). Virtual teams. IIE Solutions, 32(4), 26-34.

Fink, A. (2005). Conducting research literature reviews -- from the Internet to paper.
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Tsc What Is Reality We Pursue Virtual

Words: 1319 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76796934

TSC: What Is eality?

We pursue virtual reality not because we seek to embrace reality, but because we seek to escape it. The availability of virtual reality technology enables us to create a controllable world which 'feels' real, but without any of the actual consequences of inhabiting reality. In virtually real games, we can act violently; become sports stars; take on entirely different personas in a consequence-free universe. One of the definitions of technology is that it technology involves the use of various created implements to make our lives seem 'easier.' To some extent, this is true of virtual reality technology, given that virtually real universes do not hold within them the risks of actually fighting, pursuing death-defying sports, or confronting supernatural beings in strange realms. However, the risks of virtual reality are great, namely that we will enter into the 'real' world after 'playtime' with a less secure grasp…… [Read More]


Kass, L (2001). TNR Online (The New Republic Online). Retrieved:
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Philosophy Reality Philosophy and Technology

Words: 636 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41542336

For example, before Newton, gravity was not considered a reality because the force of gravity itself cannot be perceived via the senses. The scientific method corrects for sensory shortcomings. However, philosophers must endeavor to think beyond that which the senses deliver.

Morality, Philosophy, and Technology

Discussion 1: Human/Robot Interface

Current robotics technologies depend on strong human controls; no android exists that can survive independently of a human being either for its creation or for its sustenance. No android can therefore be considered alive in any reasonable definition of the word. Therefore, robots are dependent on humans. Robots do not make decisions; humans make decisions and program robots to execute those decisions. In the same way that a human being operates an automatic weapon to kill another person, so too does a human being operate a robot to kill another person. Therefore, human beings are always responsible for the actions carried…… [Read More]

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Kimberly Clark Virtual Products and

Words: 775 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2923453

Not the least of these is the ability for Kimberly-Clark to provide interactive experiences with newer products, packaging designs, and other innovative elements before any shipments are made or orders are even placed (Kimberly-Clark 2011a). This makes merchandising and layout experimentation far less costly (virtually free, after the initial cost of the technology and its development) and far more efficient for Kimberly-Clark and its retailers (McGee 2007; Kimberly-Clark 2011a).

etailers also derive other benefits from this technology, namely the ability to better predict what will happen not only with specific product and design innovations but also to experience what more general changes and ongoing developments will mean for the long-term merchandising strategies and their impacts (Kimberly-Clark 2011a). That is, not only will retailers be able to experience specific new product lines and displays before ordering any product, but through ongoing experimentation they will be able to develop more efficient and…… [Read More]


Kimberly-Clark. (2011). Our Company. Accessed 9 October 2011. 

Kimberly-Clark. (2011a). Kimberly-Clark's virtual reality technology provides faster, more innovative merchandising solutions. Accessed 9 October 2011.

McGee, M. (2007). InformationWeek 500: Kimberly-Clark's Virtual Product Demo Center Yields Real Ideas On How To Sell More Products. Accessed 9 October 2011.
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Affective Basis of Judgment Behavior Discrepancy in Virtual Experiences of Moral Dilemmas

Words: 558 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58270419

Earlier this month an Italian research team jointly authored a research article titled "Affective asis of Judgment-ehavior Discrepancy in Virtual Experiences of Moral Dilemmas," with the results of their findings published in the scholarly journal Social Neuroscience. Lead by cognitive neuroscience specialist Indrajeet Patel, the research team sought to explore how an individual's response to hypothetical value judgments and moral dilemmas may be altered when presented with a virtual reality experience simulating the same moral dilemma. According to the research team's explanation of their experiment provided in the Abstract, "although research in moral psychology in the last decade has relied heavily on hypothetical moral dilemmas and has been effective in understanding moral judgment, how these judgments translate into behaviors remains a largely unexplored issue due to the harmful nature of the acts involved,"1 but by using a virtual reality desktop computing platform, this divide can be adequately addressed. In the…… [Read More]


Indrajeet Patel, Carlotta Cogoni, Nicola Zangrando, Luca Chittaro, and Giorgia Silani.

"Affective basis of judgment-behavior discrepancy in virtual experiences of moral dilemmas." Social Neuroscience 9, no. 1 (2014): 94-107.
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Virtual Cultures in Today's Information-Oriented

Words: 540 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13050941

An example of this virtual culture is the fan culture, wherein individuals having a similar belief or likeness for an idea or another individual (also identified as "cult hero") come together and form a community wherein they talk about their beliefs, and create a culture uniquely identified only to them. Examples of these fan cultures are Star Wars, Lord of the Rings, and Harry Potter fan groups/bases.

In the following years, despite Macionis' expressed fear for these virtual cultures, this form of culture will develop to give way to new, hybrid cultures that will potentially develop as a result of the continuous innovation and creation of computer- and Internet-mediated technologies. Moreover, these cultures will become important in that it will reflect the kind of groups and individuals extant in the society. These virtual cultures will mirror peoples' values, beliefs, and traditions. And most importantly, virtual cultures will become the 'culture…… [Read More]

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Virtual Offices

Words: 1415 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52335715

Virtural Offices

Virtual Offices

Technology has allowed for the unyielding array of products and services that we know enjoy. In just a few seconds anyone can be connected to anyone, anywhere around the world. Technology has brought people closer together, allowed for the transportation of goods and services across borders and reduced the time for many transactions. Many companies, such as Procter & Gamble, IBM, Hewlett-Packard, AT&T, and Compaq have partially or fully eliminated traditional offices for field sales and customer service. Other companies have eliminated offices for workers including researchers, real estate managers, and accountants. For these businesses, work is becoming something you do, not a place where you go. Smaller firms have also taken advantage of technology in order to increase productivity, reduce costs and achieve other strategic goals. Most recently, companies have been redefining the traditional meaning of office and begun to seek cost effective and efficient…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alexander, George. (1999). Is telecommuting right for you? Black Enterprise Magazine, 4, 35.

Davenport, Thomas. (1998). Two Cheers for Virtual Offices. Sloan Management Review. Retrieved on November 17, 2002 from web site

York, Thomas. Telecommuting causes, solves problems. Retrieved from web site: 

Yudkowsky Chaim. (29 August 1997). Space invaders: Pros, cons of virtual offices. Orlando Business Journal.
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Realities of Globalization for Companies

Words: 6319 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32327239

Transportation and Logistics Management

Tanya Combs

"Globalization is the growing economic interdependence of countries worldwide through increasing volume and variety of cross-border transactions in goods and services, freer international capital flow, and more rapid and widespread diffusion of technology" (International Monetary Fund -- quoted by ushton, et al., 2007)

Globalization's impact on the world economy, in particular on the logistics and transportation management of the economies of the world, has been momentous. World trade has grown at "double the growth of GDP" over the past 15 years or so, and for developing nations, their share in world merchandise trade has skyrocketed by over 31% since 1950 (ushton, 2007). More trade -- knocking down barriers to economic interaction -- means stronger economic growth, and globalization has stimulated trade; specifically it has helped the freight market enjoy healthy annual growth rates up to 10% annually on an international basis (ushton, 22). The…… [Read More]


Alkanaani, K. (2013). Marketing strategies and global logistics under globalization.

Operations Management, No. 4, retrieved March 1, 2015, from

Blanchard, D. (2013). Supply chain & Logistics: Globalization Blues: Too Many

Companies are Victimized by Their Own Supply Chains. Industry Week, Retrieved
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Virtual Child and Learning Theories Application

Words: 920 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10725657

Social Learning Theory and Parenting Skills

The most applicable and relevant philosophy in parenting particularly of the preschool years children is the social learning theory that was proposed and developed by Albert Bandura. The social learning theory is widely seen as the bridge between the cognitive learning and behaviorism, and it is this combination of two theories or approaches to learning that makes it most applicable for my parenting approach. This approach concentrates on attention, motivation as well as memory. This theory indicates that people learn through seeing the behaviors of others, their attitudes and the result of their behaviors. In this sphere, learning is continuous and involves the reciprocation of the behavior of the individual, the environmental influences, the cognitive influences that models the individual (Albert Bendura, 1971:Pp3). In a nut shell, the individual is aware of the relationship between his behavior and the consequences, and he learns these…… [Read More]


Albert Bendura, (1971). Social Learning Theory. Stanford University. Retrieved March 28, 2015 from

Johansson T., (2012). Preschool teachers view on learning in preschool in Sweden and Denmark. European Early Childhood Education Research. Retrieved March 28, 2015 from Journal

Serve (2014). Preschool: Thinking and learning. Retrieved March 28, 2015 from
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RPG Virtual Community and Its

Words: 1797 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46089050

The players could not eat well nor sleep well. They are too busy playing in their virtual world that they would think that they will just be wasting precious time if they sleep, study or eat. They could not waste much of their time because their leveling up might get disrupted. Players could not manage their real self because they are too busy managing their fictional characters in their own 'virtual world'.

Indeed, MMORPG promotes various forms of neglect which are of course negative to the overall management of oneself and one's life. This is the very reason why a lot of concerned citizens have been suggesting that this form of gaming be allowed for the adult players only. This is also the very reason why teachers, parents and older citizens must start teaching the kids and the teenagers on learning to draw the line separating the virtual world from…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adamic, Lada, et. Al. A Social Network Caught in the Web. May 16, 2003. First Monday.

Bartle, Richard A. (2003). Designing Virtual Worlds. Indianapolis: New Riders. ISBN 0-1310-1816-7.
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Person's Perception Changes Their Reality by Comparing

Words: 1756 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34381801

person's perception changes their reality, by comparing the two stories "In a grove" from ashomon by yunosuke Akutagawa and "A thousand cranes" by Yasunari Kawabata

Akutagawa yunosuke, born in the year 1892, was a short story writer and a poet and an essayist, who was also one of the first few Japanese writers whose works happened to be translated into English. He was a perfectionist, and an extremely stylish one at that, and he often wrote on macabre themes. The author was born in Tokyo, which is famous for its rich and varied cultural heritage, and this heritage is reflected to a great extent in all his writings. Akutagawa yunosuke style of writing has been described as being highly expressive and explicit, and this is usually in evidence when he describes sensations, like for example, he describes the touch of a butterfly's wings and said that for many years afterwards,…… [Read More]


Akutagawa Ryunosuke. Retrieved From Accessed on 9 March, 2005

Akutagawa Ryunosuke: (1892-1927). Retrieved From Accessed on 9 March, 2005
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Managing IT Professional in Virtual Environment

Words: 4984 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56770280

Managing Professionals in Virtual Environment

As technology has evolved, the reality of virtual organizations has begun to take hold in a variety of industries. It is now commonplace for employees to work, at least in part, from offsite. Telecommuting is a reality that has allowed companies to reduce costs, become more competitive, and facilitate happier more productive employees. Virtual employees, or "telework is one of the most radical departures from standard working conditions in the suite of flexible work practices now gaining widespread acceptance." (Daniels, Lamond, & Standen, 2001)

Managing Professionals in Virtual Environment

As technology has evolved, the reality of virtual organizations has begun to take hold in a variety of industries. It is now commonplace for employees to work, at least in part, from offsite. Telecommuting is a reality that has allowed companies to reduce costs, become more competitive, and facilitate happier more productive employees. Virtual employees, or…… [Read More]


Allert, J.L. (2001, Mar.). You're hired, now go home. Training & Development, 55(3). Retrieved May 30, 2004, from Academic Search Premier database.

Broadfoot, K.J. (2001, Aug.). When the cat's away, do the mice play? Management Communication Quarterly, 15(1). Retrieved May 30, 2004, from ProQuest database.

Cascio, W.F. (2000, Aug.). Managing a virtual workplace. Academy of Management Executive, 14(3). Retrieved May 30, 2004, from Business Source Premier database.

Conner, D.S. (2003, Mar.) Social comparison in virtual work environments: An examination of contemporary referent selection. Journal of Occupational & Organizational Psychology, 76(1). Retrieved May 30, 2004, from Academic Search Premier database.
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Why Rural Chinese Children Lack Explicit Understanding of Virtual Worlds

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22900885

Explicit and Implicit Television Cognition of Left-Behind Children in China

Liuna Geng, enjun Zhou, and Qiaoxin Xu

Journal & Year: Social Behavior and Personality, 2013

hat is the purpose of this study? The purpose of this study is to research the lives of children who have been left in rural areas while their parents move into cities for employment; and in that research the point of the article is to determine how children perceive what they view on television. These children tend to be depressed, lonely, and lacking in education -- and no doubt missing their parents -- so the research was to determine how those "left-behind" children perceive television. It is known, according to the authors, that children imitate what they see on television, and sometimes imitating what they see on television can mean they are acting out inappropriate behaviors. Do they have explicit abilities (with no confusion) to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Geng, L, Zhou, W., and Xu, Q. (2013). Explicit and Implicit Television Cognition of Left-

Behind Children in China. Social Behavior and Personality, 41(3), 377-386.
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Ideals of Fantasy and Reality According to

Words: 1849 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53249146

Ideals of Fantasy and Reality According to Descarte and Hume

This paper considers what is real and what is fantasy by understanding the ideals of philosophers such as Descarte and Hume. Bibliography cites seven sources.

The reality of croquet and the ever moving hoops

To become like Alice in wonderland, to seek that which only exists in the mind of our imagination is the dream of every person to bring forth what is not real and make it real. The mind is a complex place, by understanding the attitudes and aspects of individuals we are able to understand that the imagination is fuelled by the Will and that the will is fed by the imagination.

When looking at the world as if it was a croquet game in Alice and wonderland we can argue quite easily that life is a mutable role in the ideology of the philosophers, by looking…… [Read More]

Plantinga Alvin, (2001), Theism, Atheism, and Rationality, Truth Journal [online] accessed at 

Rozemond Marleen, (1998), Descartes's Dualism, Harvard Univ Press

Warburton William (1757), Remarks on Mr. David Hume's Essay on The Natural History of Religion, [online] accessed at
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Consumers in Virtual Worlds Literature Review

Words: 599 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21248683

Consumers in Virtual orlds

Literature Review / Theoretical Framework: The article in the journal Marketing Intelligence & Planning points to how marketing research is becoming more pivotal to companies due to increased global competition (globalization). The authors point out that because some firms struggle to re-invent the way they conduct marketing research in the new millennium, they are considered "learning organizations" (Malhotra, et al., 2001, p. 216).

The article presents important practical information about how firms should conduct research. For example, qualitative research should be conducted with a "postmodern" approach, which uses "artistic interpretation" methods and rejects the old way of doing things like sending out surveys to determine what consumers prefer. Updated qualitative research uses computer-assisted data and embraces creative methods. On the quantitative research side, the authors advocate automated "data mining"; new databases should contain unlimited information about foreign product markets (Malhotra, 221).

Key Findings: Conducting surveys is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Catterall, Miriam, and Maclaran, Pauline. (2001). Research consumers in virtual worlds: A

cyberspace odyssey. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 1(3), 228-237.

Malhotra, Naresh K., and Peterson, Mark. (2001). Marketing research in the new millennium:

Emerging issues and trends. Marketing Intelligence & Planning, 19(4), 216-235.
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Management With Outsourcing and Virtual Employees

Words: 1577 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56047703

Motivating Employees

When it comes to human resources and general management of employees, one of the major concerns that employers have always had is making and keeping employees motivated. However, there has been a major shift started in the workplace over the last five to ten years. As the world has become more and more wired and interconnected, the workplace has been shifting as well. Many of the jobs that have previously been done only or at least mostly in offices are now down remotely. Whether it be employees on the road or employees that work from home or other alternate locations, the paradigm of most to all employees working in a singular or small network of locations is fading away in many industries and has been replaced with virtual teams as well as outsourcing of common business tasks to exterior firms, both domestic and international. While there are many…… [Read More]


Gallup. (2007). Beware: Your Customers Oppose Outsourcing. Retrieved 20 March 2016, from

MindTools. (2016). Theory X and Theory Y: Understanding Team Member Motivation. Retrieved 20 March 2016, from

Novak, J. (2014). You see? Marissa Mayer was right about WFH!. CNBC. Retrieved 20 March 2016, from

Omnia. (2016). Why Micromanaging Your Employees Is Bad and How to Stop -- Omnia Group. Retrieved 20 March 2016, from
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Technology Learning Is One of

Words: 3267 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96055659

he 1992 sessions, for example, consisted of approximately twenty-five pupils between 10 and 15 years of age who were mainly drawn from the Seattle area, plus about a dozen staff members.

he daily timetable was organized around activities such as computer graphics, electronic music, and VR itself. he end goal, however, was to build a virtual world. Pupils worked in small groups on the process of world-building and were encouraged to work as teams. (Schroeder, 1996, p. 70)

he technology for this system consisted of both the developmental tools, the PCs and special plug in technology and an immersive system, not afforded to all program trials but very useful here, as can be seen by the outcomes and the engaged student body of the program.

he equipment for building worlds was Swivel 3-D software (see Kalawsky 1993:211-212), and the immersive system consisted of a VPL system with a glove or…… [Read More]

Technology the Journal (Technological Horizons in Education), 26(7), 61. Retrieved October 24, 2004, from Questia database,

US Department of Education website, 2004, "Educational Technology Fact

Sheet" at
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Crash by Neal Stephenson Neal

Words: 948 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25775938

Real life establishments like Enzo's pizza place can realistically be established, but what is involved to keep the business going is considered virtual. People are designed so they can obtain human facial expressions, but the lives of these avatars are virtual. Fast food establishments like MC Donald's are located in the Metaverse. However the meal cannot be realistically tasted there. There are things like Mr. Lee's Hong Kong that gives a sense of choice to use reality or virtual reality. Mr. Lee preferred to use non-human systems instead of hiring a large human security force-like a real police force.

The Avatars in Neal Stephenson's cyberpunk novel Snow Crash have similar qualities to humans. ut Avatars are to be designed with a computer and consist of elite images with vibrant color, or in black and white images. Among people working on virtual reality and cyberspace interfaces, an avatar is an icon…… [Read More]


1. Snow Crash (Bantam Spectra Book) by Neal Stephenson, edition (May 2, 2000)

2. Virtual Reality: The Revolutionary Technology of Computer-Generated Artificial Worlds - and How It Promises to Transform Society by Howard Rheingold, edition (August 15, 1998)

3. About virtual reality from the Internet at

4. Information about Snow Crash from Wikipedia
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VR to'show refugee conditions

Words: 419 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23184711

virtual reality event at a museum. I was really excited to go because I'm always interested in learning more about technological innovation and how it is used in different ways. The new virtual reality technology out there involves the use of multiple cameras that record in all directions and are thus used to create experiences using the captured imagery. The image is thus viewed through the virtual reality goggles.

I was really impressed by the opening speech of the vent. One of the speakers works for the United Nations. That speaker presented and spoke about some o the things that virtual reality is used for. As an example, one of the image sets used was a refugee camp. In other words, the virtual reality goggles can be used to depict and show what a Syrian girl in a refugee camp and her surroundings would look like. IT is a new…… [Read More]

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Educational Tech Annotated Bib Astleitner

Words: 3759 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2331558

Chapter 3 stresses the importance both fundamentally and ethically of representing information truthfully and honestly through visual and experiential means that are meaningful to the learner and respect the fact that the individual mind is rather limited and therefore needs human centered externals to help it learn and retain information. Chapter 4 stresses the importance of individuality in the development of technologies that teach and interact with people. The overall work is important as it stresses the fact that technologies, as a creation of man must be developed and manipulated to reflect the humanity of their purpose. The fallibility of the mind is stressed as is its limitations and the possibility of the development of greater tools to impart knowledge is the most important factor in the development of learning tools.

Norman, D. (1988). The Design of Everyday Things. New York: Doubleday/Currency. [chapters 1, 2, 3, 4]

In this work…… [Read More]

Wittrock, M.C. (1992). Generative learning processes of the brain. Educational Psychologist, 27(4), 531-541.

Wittrock present a functional model of learning that pays close attention to four processes of learning; attention, motivation, knowledge or preconceptions and generation. The author's point-of-view is clearly one of biological i.e. neurological brain function and develops a schema in which knowledge or learning takes place, as interactive and fluid in the mind. Understanding each of these four aspects can give the educational developer an idea of the need to bring learners all the way in to a learning environment through attention, motivation and base knowledge to elicit generative principles of cognition, i.e. The assimilation of novel material, that will add to their base knowledge of understanding. Wittrock's model in fact stresses that in creation of interactive or even static instruction if one key aspect is lacking, the whole of the system is resistant to learning. This is important in that it makes clear that development of technologies that instruct must produce attention and elicit motivation as well as build from some existing knowledge base to be effective for any user to generate a set of new knowledge. Even the most simple instructions often build on a set of base knowledge, that is frequently taken for granted and many instructional environments lack the sort of stimulation that garners attention and motivates the learner.

Total 17 papers including 3 books. I'll send you the articles in PDF files except three books Saffer, D. (2007). Designing for Interaction. Berkeley: New Riders. Norman, D. (1988). The Design of Everyday Things. New York: Doubleday/Currency. Norman, D. (1993). Things that make us smart. New York: Doubleday/Currency. I think you can find these easiliy in libraries.
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Technology Use Supporting ADHD and ADD

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70524473

technology plays a very important role in the learning process of students with ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). The previous problems encountered by lecturers and ADD/ADHD learners, such as learning adversities caused by complexities in the behavioral patterns, were reduced when technology started to play a role in the educational environment of ADD/ADHD students. Problems even in simple learning intervention are now rarely experienced by both the lecturers and ADD/ADHD learners ever since technology became part of the educational curriculum for special students.

There are different kinds of technologies that are applied these days to facilitate the learning process of ADD/ADHD learners. This includes multimedia computers and televisions among many other learning devices that have been developed. Their use in special classroom environments presents advantages and disadvantages, as how they also do to normal learners who have no disabilities. However, in an advocate to maximize…… [Read More]


Sanders, M. Video Game Therapy Scoring Points.

Retrieved on November 12, 2005 from Online.

Web site:

Rizzo, A.A., et. al. (2000). The Virtual Classroom: A Virtual Reality Environment for the Assessment and Rehabilitation of Attention Deficits
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Movie the Matric

Words: 746 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23079726

Matrix [...] truth and reality in the film. Truth and reality are often hard to tell apart from dreams and unreality. This is very true in the film The Matrix. Neo's world is really simply an illusion created by those in charge, while the alternative life the rebels live underground is in fact real. However, there are parts of each life that seem quite real, and it is difficult to tell where truth and reality end in the movie, and lies and deception begin.

The Matrix might seem like a difficult movie to understand at first. It is hard to tell where Neo's reality begins and ends, and where the world's reality begins and ends. Actually, the only real world is underground, and the life above ground is just a virtual reality "matrix" where people live and work, but do not really exist. At one point, Morpheus tells Neo-about the…… [Read More]


The Matrix. Dir. Andy Wachowski and Larry Wachowski. Perf. Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, and Hugo Weaving. Warner Brothers, 1999.
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Hazards of Social Media

Words: 1298 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17849767

social media and increasing access to virtual reality altering or social interactions and expectations? If so, how? If not, then why not?

Just as the internet forever changed how we communicate and how we get out information, social media also has had a profound impact on the way in which we engage socially with one another. For example, Facebook has created an online community of individuals who are able to share pictures, their thoughts, current news and their hopes, fears and joys. With social media were are more in touch and have the power to remain more up-to-date with one another than ever before. However, just because social media provides us with this extreme power and opportunity, doesn't mean that we have to engage in it. Furthermore, just because social media does offer this extreme opportunity to connect and remain in touch, doesn't mean that this particular power of capability…… [Read More]


Jones, H. (2013). Social Media's Affect on Human Interaction. Retrieved from  

Kaseteler, J. (2010, May). How Social Media is Influencing Your Behavior. Retrieved from  

McDaniel, J. (2013, November 20). Social media impacts happiness, research says. Retrieved from

Turgeon, J. (2011, August). How Facebook And Social Media Affect The Minds Of Generation Next. Retrieved from
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Mega Technology Advanced Science and

Words: 594 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66684868

If any question receives a yes response then a PowerPoint presentation is on the "con" group:

Do the slides have more than 15 words per slide and are all slides in bullet point form?

Are the slides emotionally empty and without a presenter personality?

Do the slides encourage a deeper understanding of the topic?

Are the slides not memorable?

Do the slides distort the data and material being presented?

Do the slides encourage cognitive weakness (Tufte, 2003)?

An answer of yes to any of the above stated questions then a PowerPoint presentation is not an instructional tool that has much merit. In the end most PowerPoint presentations lack flexibility, oftentimes put an audience to sleep, are presented too fast and contain no persistence of information - not to mention possible power failures that completely destroy a presentation, lecture, or seminar.

Not all PowerPoint presentations are as obtuse and debilitating as…… [Read More]


Atkinson, Cliff (2003). Beyond bullet points: Using Microsoft PowerPoint to create presentations that inform, motivate, and inspire. Columbus, Ohio: Microsoft Press McGraw-Hill Books.

Tufte, Edward R. (2003). The Cognitive Style of PowerPoint. Graphics Press: Cheshire, CT.
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Training HR Human Resources Training Methods There

Words: 895 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72062668

Training (HR)

Human Resources Training Methods

There are various training methods in the field of Human Resources. As expected, and also depending on the individual in question, some of these methods work better than others do. The paragraphs that follow will attempt to discuss what each method encompasses in its theoretic definition, and what each method's overall effectiveness is in practical terms.

on-the-job training, which is the first method, demonstrates what its name implies, namely, that an individual's training will be through interaction with his or her position and peers in the office. This can involve jumping right into the responsibilities that the job entails by reading training manuals and observing others (, 2011). According to the website, this kind of training has been proven effective for "hands-on people," while for other it has been found stressful.

The next method is the CASE method. This implies that four separate…… [Read More]


1. Human Resources: Training Methods. (2011). List of Training Methods. Retrieved February 17, 2011, from

2. Brinkerhoff, Robert O. (2005). The Success Case Method: A strategic evaluation approach to increasing the value and effect of training. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 7(1), 86-101.

3. WebFinance, Inc. (2011). In-Basket Training. Retrieved February 17, 2011, from 

4. Ivancevich, John M. (2007). Human Resource Management. New York: McGraw-Hill.
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Neo Pets Case Study Neopets

Words: 2025 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75323658

Life lessons, relationship lessons, even artistic, music, and performance sharing could take place (imagine, a NeoPet "Grease" production using a global cast)?

Conclusions and Implications -- NeoPets obviously provides a niche about which some consumers are excited. Like many technological entertainment devises, though, there is certainly potential for abuse. One would not necessarily want their children to sit in front of a NASCA racing program, replete with ads, for hours at a time and never have any physical activity. It is not the place of technology to mandate other behavior, but the wisdom of parents and society to create a balance. Ensuring that this will not be a fad is quite simple -- continue to evolve, to grow, to become more sophisticated in content and interaction. In a similar way, funding could come from private foundations that might sponsor a segment (e.g. Boeing on history of flight; Microsoft on computing…… [Read More]


"Adults Play Neopets." (2009). Neopets. Cited in:

Ireton, D. (2003), Internet-Based Market Research, Advanced Systems Development.

Ha, K. (September 14, 2004). "Neopets site for children stirs Controversy." the

San Jose Mercury News. Cited in:
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Cyberfeminism Digitizing Race and Internet Media

Words: 5587 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5990833

Cyber Feminism, Gender and Technology

Cyberfeminism, Gender and Technology

Feminist movement found on the internet is known as Cyberfeminism. In recent times, the term has gained controversial status. Cyberfeminism, a fundamental issue from the feminist perspective, is mostly ignored by researchers and academics. It concentrates on empowerment of women through the cyberspace. Furthermore, it deals with female enlightenment and concentrates on creating awareness on how the digital technologies can influence the rights and social status of women. The digital technologies act as a medium of re-embodying the issue of racism and gender. Internet is the new medium used to erase the identity of women; that is; women are the erased race. However, the internet has played a significant role in promoting Cyberfeminism by pointing out that several feminist studies and internet activities are done by the online media. It cannot be denied that technology plays an important role in promoting…… [Read More]

Work Cited:

1. Chon, Margaret. Erasing Race? A Critical Race Feminist View of Internet Identity Shifting, 1999.

2. Nakamura, Lisa. Digitizing Race: Visual Cultures of the Internet. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008.

3. Nakamura, Lisa. Cybertypes: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity on the Internet. London: Routledge, 2002.

4. Wilding, Faith. Where is Feminism in Cyberfeminism?. 28 March 2006. Cyberfeminist International. 4 June 2011.
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Media Psychology the Topic of the Proposal

Words: 872 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52671520

Media Psychology


The topic of the proposal is related to media psychology and reality television. Media psychology is an interdisciplinary field that works in collaboration with fields such as neuroscience, computer science, international relations, and philosophy. Media psychology seeks to understand the perceptions, interpretations, uses, responses, and relationships among media and media consumers. Media psychology identifies both the benefits and the drawbacks of media consumption. Media psychology reads media as a text and as an entity with behaviors, relationships, and cultures. Media psychology receives increasing attention in the 21st century as the media landscape of the times is much more rich, diverse, and abundant than other periods in human history. Media is a much larger fixture in more people's lives around the world in the 21st century. The growing consensus among media critics, researchers, theorists, producers, consumers, and distributors is that media affects human behavior and attitudes. Therefore, the…… [Read More]


Bagdasarov, Z., Greene, K., Banerjee, S.C., Krcmar, M., Yanovitsky, I., & Ruginyte, D. (2010) I Am What I Watch: Voyeurism, Sensation Seeking, and Television Viewing Patterns. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 54(2), 299 -- 315.

Giles, D. (2003) Media Psychology. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates: Mahwah, New Jersey.

Hall, A. (2009) Perception of Authenticity of Reality Programs and Their Relationships to Audience Involvement, Enjoyment, and Perceived Learning. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 53(4), 515 -- 531.

Reiss, S, & Wiltz, J. (2004) Why People Watch Reality TV. Media Psychology, 6, 363 -- 378.
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Vanilla Sky -- IT's All in His

Words: 2030 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34936015

Vanilla Sky -- It's All in His Head

From first moment to last, the movie Vanilla Sky, produced by Paramount Pictures and written and directed by Cameron Crowe, offers a confusing physical landscape based on a confusing mental landscape. The viewer is never certain if he is viewing a dream or a waking reality or a warped psychological construct that might be a combination of waking and dreaming or conscious and unconscious realities.

The film opens with a voice saying "Abre los ojos." Abre Los Ojos is the name of the 1997 Spanish film of which Vanilla Sky is a remake. The voice which speaks these words, recorded on David Aames, played by Tom Cruise, alarm clock, is that of Sophia, played by Penelope Cruz. Thus, the movie begins with the hero awakening from sleep, possibly a dream, into what seems to be reality. But is it? The first voice,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

De Lisi, Haj. "Vanilla Sky. 11-24-02)

Ebert, Roger. "Vanilla Sky." Chicago Sun Times 14 December 2001 (accessed 11-24-02)

Hampton, Howard. "Clear Vanilla Skies: 'Cryotainment' and the Modern Science of Transcendence." Film Comment. March/April 2002: 52-53

Holden, Stephen. "Plastic Surgery Takes A Science Fiction Twist." New York Times 14 December 2001 sec E, part 1, 28, col 1.
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Subsuming the Heterogeneity of the

Words: 5532 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70825338

697). Rutherford goes on to submit that Graham's narrative is more about the city within a city (cyberspace), in "all its forms and functions," than it is about the utopian of "dystopian visions of technology" that some authors have alluded to.

As for Graham's book, in the Introduction he explains that he has put together a book with a myriad of inputs from scholars in several technology-related fields; and, in publishing this 2004 classic he intended to "transcend the Anglo-American domination of recent English-language debates on ICTs (Information and Communication Technologies) and cities" (Graham, p. 23). In other words, there are competent authors and journalist in Europe, South and East Asia, Latin America, Australia and elsewhere that have worthy scholarship to share.

hat Graham's book accomplishes, according to Graham's assessment (p. 22), is to take the "hybrid" concept of "cybercity" to lay out in clear narrative the "inseparable fusion of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Basset, Elizabeth H., and O'Riordan, Kate. "Ethics of Internet Research: Contesting the Human

Subjects Research Model." Ethics and Information Technology Vol. 4 (2002): 233-247.

Boyer, Christine M. Cybercities: Visual Perception in the Age of Electronic Communication.

New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1996.
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Communication and Culture an Analysis of the

Words: 2217 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19360706

Communication and Culture

An Analysis of the Dangerous Effects of New Communication Technology on Society

Technology is making communication easier in today's world, but often at the expense of personal contact as many people choose to socialize in front of a computer screen. What dangers are there for a society which depends on computer screens rather than face-to-face contact for its main means of communication? This paper will analyze the effects of today's communication technology (social media, chat rooms, networking) on society and culture.

Michel Metz (1995) argues "that cultures are both possible and prevalent among communities connected only by computer as the preferred mode of communication" (p. 1). But Metz is writing perhaps too soon. The explosion of social media in the 21st century has essentially redefined the way we communicate and form relationships -- which no longer require face-to-face encounters; they can exist globally, with face-to-face simulation offered…… [Read More]

Reference List

Bugeja, M. 2005, Interpersonal Divide: the search for community in a technological

Age, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Causes of Divorce in Saudi Arabia 2009, Available from http://home- [Accessed 3 Sept 2011].
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Super violence in the Media

Words: 2194 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39034320

Super-violence is a new term that defines violence in a grand and exaggerating way. (Klare 16) Seen as an era of constant warfare and violence, it has made its way into entertainment and media. hether it is chopping the heads of people and seeing the blood from their bodies gush like champagne fountains or seeing throats slit by children, today's media has taken on a new level of violence that thanks to visual effects and special effects makeup, shows just how intense the public has become in their quest for savagery. But why does the public desire more and more violence in their stories? hat turn will this take in the future?

The recent invention and use of virtual reality just may be the way people will participate in the increasingly violent nature of media. Through virtual reality people can feel as though they are right in the middle of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cornell University, Are Moral Actors Moral, Or Does Moral Action Make An Actor Moral? 1st ed. Cornell University, 2016. Print.

1st ed. Cornell University, 2016. Print.

Klare, Michael T. "The Era of Super-Violence." MERIP Reports 111 (1983): 16. Web.

Lee, Tae Kyoung and Michael A. Shapiro. "The Interaction of Affective Dispositions, Moral Judgments, And Intentionality In Assessing Narrative Characters: Rationalist And Intuitionist Sequences." Communication Theory 24.2 (2014): 146-164. Web.
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E-Manufacturing - A New Link

Words: 22785 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4352602

Ayers (2000, p. 4) describes a supply chain as "Life cycle processes supporting physical, information, financial, and knowledge flows for moving products and services from suppliers to end-users." A supply chain can be short, as in the case of a cottage industry, or quite long and complex as in the manufacture, distribution, and sales of automobiles. In fact, the automobile supply chain has its origin in the mining of the iron ore used to make many of its components.

Forward-looking companies and industries are beginning, now, to leverage the communication power of the Internet to improve their supply chain efficiencies. In the same way that early computers offered improved efficiency within the walls of a company, the promise of "Internet Technologies" (IT) now offers potentially far-reaching positive effects throughout a company's entire manufacturing supply chain. If the changes brought about by an "Internet revolution" such as thin-client technology; seamless integration…… [Read More]


Aerospace engineering online (2004). Retrieved December 18, 2004 from http/ /

Andrews, F. (2001). "Dell, it Turns Out, Has a Better Idea than Ford." Lean strategies

Group -Manufacturing and supply chain consultants. Retrieved December 19, 2004 from http/ /

Ayers, J.B. (2000). Handbook of Supply Chain Management. Boca Ratan, FL: St. Lucie Press.
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Video Games Interactivity

Words: 9740 Length: 31 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66772662

Interactivity in Video Games and Movies

Information technology has changed the way we live in today's world. Everything from our television to our cell phones are connected through network medium. Computers define the way we do many of the things in our lives, such as, how we maintain our bills and expenses to even conducting business activities online. Therefore, it comes as no surprise to know that the gaming industry is worth over nine billion dollars worldwide. This paper is a dissertation, which aims to compare the interactivity of games to movies and how their consumers view them.

Chapter I The ise of Video Games

Chapter II Games as a Major Form of Entertainment in Today's World

Chapter III Studying Games

Chapter IV Games, Media and Interactivity

Chapter V Exploring interactivity in video games and movies

Chapter VI Home Entertainment Networks

Chapter VII Violence in Games

Chapter VIII Are Games…… [Read More]


Story of Virtual Creation, available at,24195,3372818,00.htm, accessed on: February 28, 2003

Bill Robertie: backgammon genius or stylistic hustler?, available at, Accessed February 28, 2003

But in the end, they're still nothing more than video games by Jewels, available at,accessed on: March 1, 2003

Celluloid heroes: Some video games are more fun than the movie, available at, accessed on: February 28, 2003 fe - new digital media, available at, accessed on: March 1, 2003
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Glass Cockpits

Words: 2859 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27218742

Human interaction with Glass Cockpit & computerized flight systems

Human interaction with computerized flight systems is viewed by many as the "Achilles heel" in modern commercial flight. hile pilots as the ultimate end-users must bear the responsibility for the systems under their control, it is the designers who must shoulder the burden for taking into account the human factors likely to cause confusion. How information is displayed has a tremendous impact on how it is interpreted. Indeed, graphical displays and glass cockpits are here to stay -- but so too are human pilots."(Krell)

The purpose of this paper is to explore an emerging technology known as the glass cockpit and to seek to explain the human factors that influence the implementation of this technology. This discourse will describe the theoretical issues of the glass cockpit technology and the human factors associated with the invention and subsequent implementation of the technology.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Future Video Aircraft Recorder.

Incident and Accident Review.

Krell, Tim.

Perils of the Glass Cockpit.
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Evolution of Email and Internet

Words: 4193 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88531163

This problem was solved in the following way: the program uuencode which is used by email-clients transforms its binary code (code of bits and bytes) into text code using ASCII table principle and it's send in the form of text character set in the following form (begin file name reports text translated binary body end). The recipient's email-client executes uudecode program and transforms it to binary primary code.


Telnet is a program for computer networks that use TCP/IP, for example Internet. It allows terminal emulation, as it connects user's computer to a networks' server. This program which works in console mode allows to manage the controll over server as if the commands were executed on the server computer initially, as well as it allows to control, communicate and do data exchange with other computers and servers. Telecom uses identification policies as username and password and allows control of web…… [Read More]


Hahn, Harley Hahn Teaches the Internet 2nd ed., Que 2002

Kasser, Barbara Using the Internet, Fourth Edition,

Que. 2000

Gralla, Preston How the Internet Works, Fourth Edition, Que. 2001
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Mind and Body

Words: 1854 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84734465

Mind and Body -- I Sing the Body Electronic, I Interfere with the Body Extraterrestrial

Change the body, and change the nature of human existence. Change the body's means of sustenance, and change the delicate balance that exists within a particular society. These are the two scenarios presented in the science fiction novels, that of Necromancer by illiam Gibson, and Sparrow by Mary Doria Russell. Both novels underline the importance of the physical state of individual bodies in shaping society. A body can be surgically altered with computer technology, or a body's nutrition and reproductive rate can affect the ability of another populace to exist. However, Gibson presents a vision of the world where the body is rendered unimportant, while Russell suggests that the delicate cultural, ecological, and political balance of a sustainable economy on another planet underlines the importance of the body in maintaining a livable world. Both books,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brians, Paul. "Study Guide for William Gibson Necromancer (1984)." 29 Aug 2005. Department of English, Washington State University. [5 Jun 2006]

Gevers, Nick. "Of Prayers and Predators. Maria Doria Russell Interviewed." Infinity Plus Non-Fiction. 1999. [5 Jun 2006]
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Interactive Art Is an Artistic

Words: 3548 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48817508

Interactive art usually contains computers, sensors, and other devices that allow the art and the user to interact with each other. Video and computer games have brought a different set of artists to the field. The tools have changed as well with the advent of voice analyzers, robotics, actuators, LED's, and etc.

Is the line between real reality and virtual reality getting blurred? Virtual describes the animated form and how closely it resembles the original. Users and the environment interact freely with each other in worlds that are replicas of our own environments. When we watch movies, we are watching real actors but in a virtual landscape or scene. Is this really different from watching the animatronics characters? Mixed reality refers to environments or situations that contain elements from both the virtual and the real world. The two are entwined to create the optimal effect on the user.

Computer and…… [Read More]


Core77.  (accessed April 15, 2010)

Dinkla, S. "The History of the Interface in Interactive Art" 1994.  (accessed April 15, 2010) / (accessed April 15, 2010)

Kwastek, K.; Daniels, D.; and Boltzman, L. "Interaction, Interactivity, Interactive Art" (accessed April 15, 2010)
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Classical and Active Theories of Perception

Words: 2558 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42291189


The Classical and Active Theories of Perception

The only world that truly exists for any of us is the one inside our brains. Each of us experiences the world in our own special way. Our world is made up of our experiences and perceptions. The way that every individual perceives their world is different from the way any other individual perceives theirs. The way that we perceive our world is different than the way anyone else perceives their world, yet we all live in the same world. hat makes our world different are our perceptions, not the world itself. This research will explore two different theories on how we perceive our world. It will discuss the classical theory of perception and the active theory of perception in order to gain a better understanding of how our perceptions affect our world view.

Our own virtual reality exists because the brain…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Balcetis, Emily and Dunning, David. "See What You Want to See: Motivational Influences on Visual Perception." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol. 91. No. 4. Pp. 612-625.

Berliner, Todd and Cullen, Dale. "The Illusion of Continuity: Active Perception in the Classical Editing System." Journal of Film and Video. 2011. Vol. 63 No. 1. PP. 44 -- 63.

Conde, Toni and Thalmann, Daniel. F. "An integrated perception for autonomous virtual agents:

active and predictive perception." Computer Animation and Virtual Worlds. Vol. 17. pp. 457-468.
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Corporate Universities -Investigation of Their Development

Words: 16387 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62224137

In summary, we recommend that the IESBA reconsiders the proposals in the Exposure Draft and provides more guidance on safeguards applicable to sole practitioners and small accounting firms to ensure that the benefits of the changes outweigh the costs to SMEs. Under a principle-based approach, there should be safeguards and practical relief for all practitioners rather than rules-based outright prohibitions. The rewrite of this Independence component of the Code is substantially rules-based rather than principles-based. In this regard, we also encourage the IESBA to prioritize the redrafting of the entire Code using a similar drafting convention to that used by the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board in its Clarity project" (IESBA Exposure Draft of Sections 290 and 291 of the Code of Ethics on Independence - Proposed Additional equirements in relation to Internal Audit Services, elative Size of Fees and Contingent Fees 2007).

There will also be an all-time…… [Read More]


Kreitner, R., and Kinicki, a. (2004). "Organizational behavior," 6e; [Chap. 17]; [Chap. 18]. Accessed December 19, 2007, from MBA520, eResource, week 5, eBook Collection database.

McShane, and Von Glinow. (2005). "Organizational behavior" (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

); Muret, Don. (1999). "Former Disney VP stresses teamwork at cafe." Amusement Business, 111(49), 22. Accessed August 17, 2007, from EBSCOhost database.

Frazee, Bonnie. (2004). "Organizational Behavior and the Learning Process" Accessed December 19, 2007, at
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Voice Technologies the Past Standards

Words: 3907 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66034963

Currently, all the traffic among the different units passes via the novel centers and because of this Grant Thornton was also capable of reducing most of the fixed point-to-point circuits which had linked nearly all of its units. The savings made throughout its 50 units was a phenomenal $300.000 annually for the entire company. Besides, with the complete elimination of the long-distance costs, Grant Thorton was able to make a savings of $30,000 on a monthly basis. (Understanding VoIP: Leveraging Technology for a Competitive Edge)

The importance of Voice Internet Protocol technology is appreciated all over the world throughout huge as well as middle level companies and embracing of Voice Internet Protocol is just an issue of time. A short analysis of the oadmap as well as Heat index data evolved from the Wave 2 of a Networking research has spawned certain exciting findings regarding the technology preferences of the…… [Read More]


Boney, James. Cisco IOS in a Nutshell.

O'Reilly. 2001.

ClickZ Stats Staff. Investment in Voice Technology Increases. October 2, 2001.

Collins, Daniel. Carrier Grade voice over IP.
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Rhetoric of Explanation a Trend in Technology and Society

Words: 3364 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44935918

Technology and Society

All print media including books, newspapers and magazines are in deep trouble today thanks to new developments in technology, as are traditional methods of classroom instruction and school curricula. To that extent the Internet can be described as a revolutionary invention that has altered and transformed the way information is presented and conceived. Individuals are learning and creating innovative ways to contribute to relevant knowledge at an excessive speed, and the estern world has become dependent on this technology and also more aware of its negative side. hether the technology in our surroundings is causing human beings to become distracted, affecting our communication skills, or making them stupider is a question that has to be addressed.

This memorandum will describe these issues of trivialization and the 'shallow-ing out' of contemporary American culture, most of which are either as deliberately exaggerated and sensationalized as the Internet itself or…… [Read More]


Corey, G. et al. Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions, 8th Edition. Cengage Learning, 2011.

Milliken, J. Brands and Social Media Participation; United Breaks Guitars. Coreographytv, 2010.

Morozov, Evgeny. "Losing Our Minds to the Web." Prospect, June 22, 2010.
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Medical Field

Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60526998

Computer technology has opened up a whole new world for surgeons and patients. Computer-assisted surgeries can be categorized in a myriad of ways and include medical image processing and visualization, such as CT, MRI, ultrasound or angiography; surgical simulation which uses medical image information for optimizing the surgical procedure; and surgical navigation that provides image registration between pre- and intraoperative images, and organ deformation analysis.

Surgical navigation also offers the surgical team with images of a patient in surgery and includes endoscope, ultrasonography, interventional CT/MRI, and surgical stereoscopic displays.

Computers can assist in the overall treatment of a patient by limiting the amount of surgical time required in the operating room, monitoring the anesthesia, allow for less invasive surgery, and decrease the amount of time spent of hospitalization and decreases the overall costs of care.

In education, computers are used as support technology in the area of decision-making in surgeries…… [Read More]

Works Cited

CAMIS - Computer-assisted Minimally Invasive Surgery. January22,2002.

Internet Resources of Computer Aided Surgery. "What is CAS? December12,2000.

Stevens, Jane Ellen. MSNBC Health, "Nintendo surgery,
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Technology in Training of Employees in What

Words: 2516 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75393622

Technology in Training of Employees

In what ways has technology impacted the way(s) we train employees?

The changing nature of the workplace environment brings with it a vast field of challenges in the organization. The aspect of the change being rapid makes the situation require adverse and quick reaction from organizations to ensure they remain on course towards their objectives. Thus, rapid change in the workplace brings with it the necessity for skilled and knowledgeable workforce, encompassing employees who are adaptive, flexible and focused on the future of their careers and the organization (Wentland, 2007). Among the most, significant duties of the manager in the workplace are the development of the staff. The manager has the mandate to facilitate employee growth and development if the organization is to achieve maximum gains from its ventures and transactions.

The concept of learning management incorporates the management of employee training. Traditional approach to…… [Read More]


Jehanzeb, K., Rasheed, A., & Rasheed, M.F. (2013). Organizational commitment and turnover intentions: Impact of employee's training in private sector of saudi arabia. International Journal of Business and Management, 8(8), 79-90. Retrieved from   

Noe, R.A., & Winkler, C. (2009). Employee training and development: For Australia and New

Zealand. North Ryde, N.S.W: McGraw-Hill.

Noe, R.A. (2010). Employee training and development. New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
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Negative Aspects of Video Games

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46810027

First, a thorough secondary literature review and an assessment of available dissertations and theses on the subject, the goal will be to determine the cause-and-effect of prolonger video game use on the psychological stability of children. These are to be clear not children who play for a few hours each day, they are the ones who are playing for up to eight to ten hours a day. Second, the research from the dissertations, thesis and published journals discovered during the first step will be summarized into a table of results. The intent of this effort is to define the cause-and-effect factors that lead parents to allow their children to be some detached and consumed in these games. Third, an action plan will be defined for how to raise public awareness and assist parents in setting better constraints and parameters for the use of video games in the future.


I.…… [Read More]

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Involvement Consumers in New Product Development

Words: 1110 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55964438

Marketing Innovation

Market Innovation

New products can either be an entirely new product to the marketplace, or more commonly are an extension of a product line or an iteration of a pre-existing product. One new product released in the past year was the iPhone 6S. This is an extension of the iPhone line in general, or more specifically the iPhone 6 line that was originally launched in 2014. The 6S represents some tweaks to the older products, but nothing so dramatic that an entirely new name for the product was warranted. Thus, this product is an extension of the older line, intended to replace older models of the iPhone, as anything before the 6 series is now discontinued. The biggest challenge that Apple had with this product was to differentiate it sufficiently from its other offerings. The existing iPhone 6 proved popular, and the 6S was viewed by the marketplace…… [Read More]


Fuller, J., Bartl, M., Ernst, H., Muhlbacher, H. (2004). Community-based innovation. Proceedings of the 37th Hawaii International Conference on System Science. Retrieved April 16, 2016 from

George, A. (2016). The 6 most important technologies of summer 2016. Popular Mechanics. Retrieved April 16, 2016 from

Hoyer, W., Chandy, R., Dorotic, M., Krafft, M. & Singh, S. (2010). Consumer co-creation in new product development. Journal of Service Research. Vol. 13 (3) 283-296.

Nambisan, S. (2002). Designing virtual customer environments for new product development: Toward a theory. Academy of Management Review Vol. 27 (3) 392-413.
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Digital Nation Life on the

Words: 1522 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17236285

Most importantly, that problem may also be somewhat transitory and merely a function of the fact that computer gaming environments are still relatively new phenomena. Ultimately, it is quite probable that the next generation of young people will not be as interested in those types of recreation for the exact same reasons that contemporary teenagers are so much less interested in television than previous generations: because television is no longer novel.


Evans, H. (2004). They Made America: From the Steam Engine to the Search Engine

Two Centuries of Innovators. New York: Little Brown & Co.

Gelernter, D. "Computers and the Pursuit of Happiness" Commentary, (Jan/1991).

Healey, J.F. (2009). ace, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class: The Sociology of Group

Conflict and Change. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge.

Henslin, J.M. (2006). Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. Boston:

Allyn and Bacon.

Turkle, S. "Constructions and econstructions of Self in Virtual eality: Playing…… [Read More]


Evans, H. (2004). They Made America: From the Steam Engine to the Search Engine

Two Centuries of Innovators. New York: Little Brown & Co.

Gelernter, D. "Computers and the Pursuit of Happiness" Commentary, (Jan/1991).

Healey, J.F. (2009). Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class: The Sociology of Group
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Cogito Ergo Sum as Stated

Words: 1796 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51847710

As such, every human being has 70,000 pairs of these genes or instructions that tell the body what to be and how to behave. They have garnered the name "designer" not so much as to pre-selection but more toward blueprint. Although biotechnological development might well be able to "design" a fetus to have all the characteristics that parents want in a child, the more scientific approach is one of natural development in the genes patterning. Not with standing naturalism there are efforts underway to alter some of the 70,000 pairs of genes to cure diseases and prevent defective inherited characteristics. Wherein the debate turns philosophical, ethical, and righteous is on an entire different level however. When reality is present that babies can be genetically engineered to be smarter, better looking, more athletic, and happier the face of human evolution will have changed forever. The lingering question facing citizenry is how…… [Read More]


Andrews, Lori B (1999). The Clone Age: Adventures in the New

World of Reproductive Technology. New York, Henry Holt and Company.

Descartes, Rene. Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking Truth in the Sciences. 2 June. 2004 Retrieved Dec. 22, 2004 at

Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, (2000). 29th Edition, W.B. Saunders Company,
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Videogames The New Culture The Modern World

Words: 4530 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1746407


The modern world is a complex world, despite its many luxuries and ease that have been created by the introduction of the Internet. e are more and more becoming a Global village, with endless possibilities of communication, literary, at our fingertips; new possibilities regarding how we learn and communicate with each other are opening up every day. Not only this, even things like shopping, leisure activities, hobbies, learning, all is being impacted by the wonders of the new world. Video Games and Gaming in general has also been termed as a very modern idea, and has impacted severely in the way we spend time and interact with other people.

Videogames have come a long way from their inception, from the sheer size and the complexity of the first hardware and software to the pocket sized devices that have become so popular today. Being one of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bernama. (2011, September 6th). Traditional Games Facing Extinction. Retrieved December 12th, 2011, from Yahoo News:

Douglas Thomas, J.S. (2007). The Play of Imagination: Extending the Literary Mind. Games and Cultures, 149-172.

Goldman, T. (2010, August 27th). Videogame Industry Worth Over $100 Billion Worldwide. Retrieved December 10th, 2011, from The Escapist: 

IT Facts. (2008, July 21st). 65% of U.S. households play video games, 38% have consoles, 40% are female. Retrieved December 11th, 2011, from IT Facts:
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Technology Emerging Technologies the Shift

Words: 2370 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38780198

While the quality of Internet phone calls is still not as good as that of dial-up long-distance telephone, more and more users are taking advantage of Internet telephony because it offers free phone calls (Mceal and Elliott, 2002). Internet telephony is straightforward and simple, requiring only an Internet hookup, headphones or speakers, and a microphone.

For online students, Internet telephony offers an opportunity for students to speak to others in their classroom, almost anywhere in the world. In addition, teacher and student communication can be improved by the opportunity to speak to one another to discuss any learning challenges or questions.

Hand-held and wireless technologies are perhaps one of the greatest developments when it comes to online learning (Mceal and Elliott, 2002). According to Fortune magazine, computers will eventually be outsold by phones and organizers that have all the capabilities of a computer and the wireless connections to back them…… [Read More]


Duderstadt, James J. 1997. "The Future of the University in an Age of Knowledge," Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 1 (August) pp. 78-88.

Gallagher, S. (2002, September). Distance learning at the tipping point: Critical success factors to growing fully online distance-learning programs. Boston: Eduventures, Inc.

Kilmurray, James. (October, 2003). e-Learning: It's More Than Automation. The Technology Source (

McReal, Rory. Elliott, Michael. (2002). Technologies of Online Learning. Athabasca University.
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Man Has First Walked on

Words: 1616 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12974235

Indeed, 3D movies lead to various physical issues such as nausea, headaches and eyestrains. Therefore, these factors nullify the thesis statement that asserted 3D effect brings value and new definition to the modern cinema.


3D effect in the movies and films is considerably one of the most fascinating and remarkable developments in the history of cinema. Through the 3D technology, the captivating properties of cinema is profoundly enhanced and progressed, as 3D films has acquired the key attributes of virtual reality.

The history of 3D technology in the films and movies advent from long time back, however, in the recent times, it has emerged as one of the most significant attractions for the theater audience and has sustained the long history of 3D technology. In fact, the shift of movies and audiences towards 3D technology shed the light on the fact that it would continue and expand over the…… [Read More]


Baelen Wilfried Van, Bert Tom, Claypool Brian & Sinnaeve Tim. 'Auro-3D - a new dimension in cinema sound.' Barco. 2008. Web. 19 Dec 2012

Ebert, Roger. 'Why I Hate 3-D (and You Should Too).' The Daily Beast Magazine. 2012. Web. 19 Dec 2012

Zone, Ray. 3-D Revolution: The History of Modern Stereoscopic Cinema. USA: University Press of Kentucky, 2012. Print.
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Kinesthetic Learners Achievement Levels in Technology Rich

Words: 5427 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86589281

Kinesthetic Learners Achievement Levels in Technology Rich Classrooms

Hypothesis With Operational Definitions

Computers and Kinesthetic Learning

Existing Research

The Challenge 2000 Multimedia Project

Collaborative Visualization (CoVis) Project

Apple Classroom of Tomorrow Project

American Culture in Context: Enrichment for Secondary Schools

SchoolNet / Rescol Report: The emerging contribution of online resources and tools to classroom learning and teaching

Lehrer HyperAuthor Study

The Highly Interactive Computing Environments (HI-CE) Group

Lego/Logo Project

Interactive technologies that are appealing to kinesthetic learning such as multimedia, hypermedia, and visualization in virtual learning environments hold great promise for enhancing the learning experience. A variety of research studies have produced results ranging from the ability of interactive computing not only to enhance the student's ability to absorb complex information, but also to fundamentally reshape the learning process.

Interactive computing holds exciting potential to create student-controlled learning environments in which students are more responsible for their own instruction. And,…… [Read More]


About learning and power. Retreived March 14, 2003 from Power Learning

Network Web Site:

Bracewell, R., Breuleux, A., Laferriere, T., Benoit, J., and Abdous, M.

1998). The emerging contribution of online resources and tools to classroom learning and teaching.
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Psychology in the 21st Century

Words: 607 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11143427

Personal Reflection

The 21st century is an interesting period to study human behavior from a psychological perspective including certain aspects such as their environment and their social interactions. Since the begin of this century there have been many trends that have exploded that heavily influence peoples' lifestyles. The rapid advancement in technology is such a factor that has changed a great deal about how humans live and interact with each other. The scope of one's reality can now even include virtual realities which have become more realistic. You can communicate with virtually anyone in the world through a plethora of different mediums which has greatly expanded each individual's sphere of influence.

Not all changes are these changes are likely to be positive however and many of the new lifestyle changes have many negative aspects associated to them. While on one hand, health technologies have greatly expanded the average lifespan, conditions…… [Read More]

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Libraries Changing Role of Libraries Changing Role

Words: 8909 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17277967


Changing ole of Libraries

Changing ole of Libraries in Today's Society

Changing ole of Libraries in Today's Society

Changing ole of Libraries in Today's Society

From the time when the recorded history began, all kinds of artifacts of symbolic, religious, social, and educational have been assembled together and protected in the libraries in the form of books and documents. Sumerians were the one who developed and brought into actual formation of a library. People of Mesopotamia, several millennia before, revolutionized the means of communication by using symbols and pictures which represented specific units of speech. According to Derrida (1996), the humans have undergone an "archive fever" which means the urge to preserve all kinds of information regarding the history, facts, experiences of people, etc. This impulse gave rise to libraries like temple libraries which contained organized and arranged books and this was done by trained personnel. Libraries in the…… [Read More]


Barr, RB., and J. Tagg. 1995. From teaching to learning -- A new paradigm for undergraduate education. Change 27(6): 13 -- 25.

Bazillion, RJ. 2001. Academic libraries in the digital revolution. Educause Quarterly 24(1): 51 -- 55.

Bazillion, RJ., and C. Braun. 2001. Academic libraries as high-tech gateways: A guide to design and space decisions. Chicago: American Library Association.

Beagle, D. 1999. Conceptualizing an information commons. Journal of Academic Librarianship 25(2): 82 -- 89.
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Jose Y Gasset One of the Most

Words: 713 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50174638

Jose y Gasset, one of the most famous panish and existentialist philosophers, wrote realms of books about the importance of stepping from 'out' and turning 'within'. The greatest warriors, he noted, were those who took time to separate themselves from their armies, go into seclusion, and reflect on the history of their tactics and on ideas of how to proceed. It was exactly this 'turning away' form the noise of the world that allowed them to gain a moment of silence, see the world, and their actions in it is, form a clearer, more detached perspective, and enable them to proceed in a more rational manner.

Hurricane andy gave me something of this last week. Perhaps, because I took advantage of it. Many others, I later heard, were discomfited by the break in their electronic routine. They -- we -- were used to texting, chatting, browsing on the computer, talking…… [Read More]


Bikerts, S. Into the Electronic Millennium . Boston Review
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Human Resources in the Internet

Words: 1361 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6403136

Experts in the field caution both job seekers and employing organisations that online social and professional networks should be incorporated as adjunctive measures on both ends and not relied upon exclusively or instead of certain aspects of traditional recruitment, hiring, and job searching. Finally, the other obvious implication of the growing use of social networking sites (in particular) for this purpose is that one must become more careful than many have been in the past in terms of what information one posts in the vast public Internet forum to which prospective employers now share ready access.

"Professional sites net members in recession." Recruiter. 2009. HighBeam Research.

(January 4, 2011).

According to representatives of the most popular professional online network, LinkedIn, the firm has experienced a dramatic increase in use and popularity among job seekers since the onset of the current economic recession. Specifically, in the UK, LinkedIn has experienced…… [Read More]

Tatham, Helen. "Executive Recruitment: Virtual Hiring Ventures - Give Me the Job or...; Guns? Nudity? This is not executive interviewing as we know it. But in virtual reality, the boundaries are very different "New Zealand Management Journal. 2009. HighBeam Research. (January 4, 2011).

In light of the tremendous growth in the popularity of social and professional online networking, some professional hiring managers and staffing firms have begun including social online networks (such as MySpace and FaceBook) along with their existing recruitment efforts on online networks dedicated largely to professionals (such as LinkedIn). While there are advantages to expanding the population available to recruiters, there are also potential negative considerations of using social media, including the risk of exposure to individuals of questionable character (since social networks are not vetted in any meaningful way, especially with regard to veracity in employment history). On one hand, recruiters appreciate the immediate access to wide range of potential talent; they also consider social networking sites to expand the range of internal referrals, which are traditionally considered more reliable and cost-effective than external referrals.

Many employers who once prohibited the use of social networking sites at work now actually encourage it, particularly in connection with employees' using their social networks to identify and approach prospective job candidates. This is mainly attributable to the realisation that the same dynamics and algorithms that make social networking so effective also allow recruiters and employers to increase their pool of potential applicants exponentially. At the same time, employers have also had to consider some of the potential unwanted consequences of encouraging the use of social networking sites by their employees. Chief among those concerns is their increasing vulnerability to professional online staffing headhunters who also use those media to identify potential candidates based on their online profiles.
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Internet E-Systems to Support Purchasing Supply Chain

Words: 1822 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56702213

Internet e-Systems to Support Purchasing Supply Chain Management Activities

Although the fundamental goals of effective supply chain management have not changed in recent years, companies of all types and sizes now have the ability to streamline their supply chain management activities in general and their purchasing function in particular through the use of Internet-based e-systems. Such e-systems include corporate intranets and business-to-business exchanges that can satisfy the entire spectrum of supply chain management needs in more efficient and cost-effective ways. To gain some further insights into recent and current trends in the use of Internet e-systems to support purchasing supply chain management activities, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature, followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.

eview and Discussion

Innovations in telecommunications and transportation have profoundly affected the manner in which companies go about achieving their organizational goals. For instance, according…… [Read More]


Agrawal, M.K. & Pak, M.H. 2001 'Getting Smart about Supply Chain Management.' The

McKinsey Quarterly, p. 22.

Camm, F. 2001 Environmental Management in Proactive Commercial Firms: Lessons for Central Logistics Activities in the Department of Defense. Santa Monica, CA: Rand.

Chapman, K. & Ellinger, A.E. 2009 'Constructing Impact Factors to Measure the Influence of Supply Chain Management and Logistics Journals.' Journal of Business Logistics, vol.
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Building and Managing and E-Learning Infrastructure

Words: 3072 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12541368

Building and Managing and E-Learning Infrastructure

E-learning involves training by means of advanced technologies, such as the Internet, Intranet, Extranet, satellite broadcast, audio/video tape, CD-OM and more (Broadbent, 2002, p. 39). The term e-learning is an umbrella that describes a range of learning situations, including distance learning, web-based learning, virtual classrooms and more. All of these forms use communication technologies as a medium for learning.

This paper identifies and analyzes the main concepts, ideas, and strategies involved in building and managing e-learning structures. When exploring e-learning as a solution to help guide an organization's overall vision, values, mission and objectives, companies and schools must employ an e-learning strategy.

According to Von Schlag (2001), integrating e-learning into an organization is an excellent way to prepare the organization for change. It can allow employees to share and publish their knowledge and skills to improve the entire team.

In addition, it can enable…… [Read More]


Online] Available: (2000). Innovations in Distance Education (IDE). Guiding Principles and Practices for the Design and Development of Effective Distance Education.

Broadbent, Brooke. (2002). ABCs of E-learning: Reaping the Benefits and Avoiding the Pitfalls. Philadelphia, PA: Jossey-Bass.

Frye, Colleen. (2002, February 8). Will E-Learning Make the Grade? Software Magazine.

Horton, William. (2001). Evaluating E-learning. New York, NY: American Society for Training & Development.
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Extraordinary Developments in Technology Have

Words: 4030 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17072616

If we take the average cost of just one text, say a science text ($40), add 3-4 public domain novels (e.g. Huckleberry Finn at $5 ea.), and then a set of encyclopedias per classroom ($750), we find that even one small classroom of 25 students can save almost $2,000; which is now enough to purchase 4-5 computer stations at educational discount rates.

Math and Science teachers are often at the cutting edge of technology integration into the classoom, largely due to their networking and personal interests. The skills required to function at all levels in 21st century society are different than even those needed in the 1990s (Bitner, 2002). Primarily, this is due to the efffects of technology, cultural advancement and particularly how information is accessed, organized, proceeded, and distributed. In the 21st century classroom there are now far more motivating tools used to teach, reinforce, and apply what might…… [Read More]


Aguirre, J. e. (1990). Student-Teachers' Conceptions of Science, Teaching, and Learning. International Journal of Science Education, 12(4), 381-90.

"Alternative Techniques for Teaching About HIV / AIDS in the Classroom."

(March 1994). Peace Corps Information Center. Cited in:

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Computers in Space Science

Words: 1740 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47234107

computers in space science. Specifically, it will look at the roles computers have in current space technology and how they have effected the lives of everyone in the world. Without computer technology, space science would be confined to the ground, and man's imagination. efore large-scale computing was developed, the technologies necessary to design, build, and maintain a space program simply did not exist. Computers have made it possible to explore the moon, stars, and beyond.

Computers in Space Science

Computers play an integral role in the science of space, and without them most of modern space exploration would not be possible. As the NASA report, "Computers at NASA" states, "Since the 1950's, the computer has been the main tool that has enabled scientists and engineers to visualize the next frontier and then make it a reality" (NASA). NASA employs literally thousands of computers throughout the world to monitor, design, and…… [Read More]


Author not Available. "Computers at NASA." NASA. 1994. 29 Oct. 2003. 

Barber, Jennifer Lauren. "Close Encounters on Your Desktop." Bright Magazine. 2001. 29 Oct. 2003.

Dubinski, John. "Cosmology." Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics. 26 June 1997. 29 Oct. 2003.

Editors. "Hubble's Computers and Automation." HubbleSite. 2003. 29 Oct. 2003.
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Using Call in Teaching Listening

Words: 875 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55902664



Using CALL in Teaching Listening

In order to use computer-assisted language learning or CALL to teach listening skills, teachers should first understand what CALL actually is and that they should aim to "establish a methodology for benchmarking speech synthesis for computer-assisted language learning." (Zoe, 2009) CALL is a modern form of computer-based learning that has two features that make it distinctive from other forms of computer-based learning. The first is called bidirectional learning and the second feature is simply the idea of individualized learning. CALL as a process is good for listening skills because of the fact that just giving a speaker one's undivided attention in order to understand the speaker's point-of-view is fine but that equates to only a single directional activity. Active listening makes great listeners. Active listening is more than paying attention and it is bidirectional just like the CALL process. Because the concept of…… [Read More]


Kilickaya, Ferit. (2009). "The Effect of A Computer-Assisted Language Learning Course On Pre-Service English Teachers' Practice Teaching." Educational Studies (03055698). October, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p 437-448, 12p, 4 charts.

Liu, Min. (1994). "Hypermedia Assisted Instruction and Second Language Learning: A Semantic-Network-Based Approach." Computers in the Schools. Vol. 10 Issue 3/4, p 293, 20p, 2 charts, 3 diagrams.

Schwienhorst, Klaus. (2002). "Why Virtual, Why Environments? Implementing Virtual Reality Concepts In Computer-Assisted Language Learning." Simulation & Gaming. June, Vol. 33 Issue 2, p 196, 14p.

Son, Jeong-Bae (2006.) "Using Online Discussion Groups in a CALL Teacher Training Course." RELC Journal. April, Vol. 37, Issue 1, p 123-135, 13p.
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Croquet Knowledge Management Assessment of

Words: 847 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95418697

it's not enough to have a 3D environment that allows for collaborative work to be completed at a fundamental or simplistic level. For Croquet to be successful in commercial applications the more complex processes of creating engineer-to-order designs interactively through integration to computer-aided design (CAD) applications is critical. There is also the requirement of allowing for users to create their own taxonomies, or approaches to organizing their content. As of today Croquet does not appear to be robust in this area.


For Croquet to be effectively used in academic and commercial applications it's critical that the collaborative environment or workspace be populated with application programmer interface (API)-based tools that are based on the XML data standard to allow for greater flexibility in defining collaboration workflows. This is critical in commercial applications, as the use of Croquet as the design center online for global development teams could be realized if…… [Read More]

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Schools of Evolutionary Computation Evolutionary

Words: 1383 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70862788

Then, each program is measured in terms of how well it can perform in a given environment. Based on this test called the fitness measure, the fit programs are selected for the next generation of reproduction. This process is continued until the best solution is determined. (Koza, 1992).

The advantages of genetic programming is that it is an evolving process based on the tested process of natural selection and evolution. This also uses parallel processing and so it can produce more accurate results within a short period of time. Due to these advantages, it is used in many real-world applications.

It plays a profound role in data mining and virtual reality, in every field ranging from finance to gaming. Specialized computer programs can retrieve data from large databases with a lot of precision and speed. These programs can also be used to identify relationships among this data and express them…… [Read More]


Yao, Xin. (1999). Evolutionary Computation: Theory and Applications. Publisher: World Scientific.

Back, Thomas. Fogel, David.B, Michaelewicz, Zbigniew. (2000). Evolutionary Computation 1: Basic Algorithms and Operators. Publisher: CRC Press.

Mitchell, Melanie. (1998). An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms. Publisher: MIT Press.

Koza, John. R. (1992). Genetic Programming: On the Programming of Computers by means of natural selection. Publisher: MIT Press.
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Social Trends in Education the Next 5 Years

Words: 1937 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64880593

Social trends in Education / the next 5 years

With societal establishments and school structures, we can carry the most important task of providing youths with the necessary education which will provide them opportunities to thrive in our community. A simple casual glance at the comparative mode of lifestyle in our country would make it obvious that these establishments performed in an excellent manner for the greater part of this century. But the universe is transforming in manners that radically remodels the suppositions, customs and guiding principles, which catered the American people earlier. Besides, the pace of transformation is gearing up at an amazing speed, requiring in many customs and establishments the need to progress in certain spheres. To look forward to modifications, to a certain extent than acting in response to it, schools are spotting developments and scrutinizing their probable connotations.

ather than guessing what the coming years has…… [Read More]


Anglin, John. S. Educational Trends for the Future. Handbook of Theory and Research in Higher Education: Volume: 8; pp. 115-121. New York: Agathon, 2002

Carter, Holly. Implementation of International Competence Strategies: Faculty. In Bridges to the Future: Strategies for Internationalizing Higher Education, pp.191-203. Ed. Charles Klasek, Carbondale, Illinois: Association of International Education Administrators, 1992.

Corson, David. Language Diversity and Education. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001.

Morrison, J.L. Higher-Education Trends and Indicators. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Volume: 46, No: 3; September 10, 1999; p. A54
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Business Ethics in Drug Companies

Words: 3262 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35873031

Office Memo

Sub: comment on John's claim as a whistle blower against PharmaCAE and the ethical and legal implications of the case

As a member of Dewey, Chetum, and Howe you asked me to find out suitable ethical and legal implications that John's case could bring for the firm and for John himself. Detailed in the report are the issues regarding:

The Ethical issues relating to marketing and advertising, intellectual property, and regulation of product safety in relation to PharmaCAE

Business ethics can be defined as the art, system, method and the discipline that is applied to along with ethical principles to solve complex business issues and dilemmas. It defines the actions that are taken that tries to reach a balance between the organization achieving its business and economic obligations and social obligations (Moon, 2001).

One of the ethics that is applicable in this case is related to the advertisement…… [Read More]

References,. (2015). CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21. Retrieved 6 June 2015, from,. (2015). CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21. Retrieved 6 June 2015, from

Allen, L. (2013). Remington. London: Pharmaceutical Press.

Bradford, W., Kleit, A., Nietert, P., Steyer, T., McIlwain, T., & Ornstein, S. (2006). How Direct-To-Consumer Television Advertising For Osteoarthritis Drugs Affects Physicians' Prescribing Behavior. Health Affairs, 25(5), 1371-1377. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.25.5.1371
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Wrong Blood in Tubes

Words: 1062 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42990339

Wrong Blood in Tubes

Mr. Smith has been working at North West University Hospital for the better part of 30 years as an Advance Nurse Practitioner (APN). During that time he has been exceedingly pleased with the reputation that this facility has received throughout both the metropolis and the state at large. When he was simply a egistered Nurse, he took a hands-on interest in critical human resources processes such as interviewing and screening potential candidates to ensure that they had the proper qualifications to make their work at the hospital as best aligned with the current staff and its company as possible. He took pride in recommending certain individuals to H, and was rarely wrong about the sort of individuals he helped to hire.

Within the coming 12 months, however, Smith -- who has long been contemplating retirement -- will stop working and dedicate the rest of his life…… [Read More]


Lima-Oliviera, G., Guidi, G., Salvagno, G., Montagnana, M., Rego, F., Lippi, G., Picheth, G. (2012). Is phlebotomy part of the dark side in the clinical laboratory struggle for quality? Lab Medicine. Retrieved from

Waheed, U., Ansari, M., Zaheer, H. (2013). Phlebotomy as the backbone of the laboratory. Lab Medicine. Retrieved from

Wandell, H.F. (2010). Using a virtual reality simulator in phlebotomy training. Lab Medicine. Retrieved from
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A Case Study About Zynga

Words: 1081 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19102095


Creating the Next Big Hit -- Or Cashing Out ASAP

Describe the business situation, including the macro-environmental and micro-environmental conditions facing the organization.

Zynga has had a tremendous rate of growth that has been as marked by a considerable amount of instability in regards to its perceptions among its current and potential investors. For example, as soon as the company went public, Zynga's stock fell 5% below its $10 initial public offering price to close on the same day; despite the fact that many predicted that it was going to be the hottest IPO in the market (Baker & Barr, 2011). The stock further went through a near catastrophe when the stock fell nearly forty percent after posting the financial statements about its losses in 2012, many also pointing to its reliance on Facebook for its performance which had announced that it was beginning to distance itself from the…… [Read More]


Baker, L., & Barr, A. (2011, December 16). Zynga goes public - investors eye CEO, growth potential with doubts. Retrieved from Christian Science Monitor:

Gustin, S. (2012, July 26). Zynga Plunges 40% in Tech Bloodbath. Retrieved from Time:
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Negative Impact of Videogames on

Words: 4076 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72184598

while the parents were asked to complete the Conners' Parent Rating Scale (CPRS). This helped the researchers obtain information regarding the behavioral abnormalities, hyperactivity, inattention, ADHD, etc.

Statistical analysis of the gathered information clearly revealed an increase in inattentive behavior (p ? 0.001 for both Internet and console video games) and ADHD (p = 0.018 and 0.020 for console and Internet games, respectively). The researchers also concluded that students who engaged in video gaming for more than an hour showed significantly lower academic performance with (Grade point average (GPA), p = 0.019 and 0.009 for console and Internet games, respectively). The association between the time spent on playing video games and the YIAS (p < 0.001), was clearly evident indicating the development of video game addiction among the subjects who played for more than one hour daily [Philip and Terry, (2006)]. This study shows that children playing video games may…… [Read More]


1) Online Education, 'Video game Statistics' Accessed Mar 26th 2010, available at,

2) NIMF, 'Effects of Video game playing on Children', Accessed Mar 26th 2010, available at,

3) Jerald J. Block, M.D., 'Issues for DSM-V: Internet Addiction', Am J. Psychiatry

165:306-307, Mar 2008, Available online at,
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Video Games and Violence in

Words: 3864 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12387991

The second way is that individuals, specifically children can become desensitized to violence. This is because, daily exposure to violence may make one lose their emotional impact on them. Apparently, when one becomes emotionally numb, it becomes easier for them to engage in violence (Harding).

The General Aggression Model

This is a model that attempts to explain both the development of aggression an individual differences in susceptibility to the influence of video games that are violent, (Kooijmans). This model operates on the theory that both situational and person logical variables interact to affect a person's internal state that comprises of cognition or thoughts, affects or feelings and arousal or physical. These aspects influence each other and they all affect a person's interpretation of an act that is aggressive. Once the brain completes its interpretation, a process for making decisions starts taking place. This model states that violent video games have…… [Read More]

Works cited

Anderson, C.A., & Dill, K.E. "Video games and aggressive thoughts, feelings, and behavior in the laboratory and in life." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 78.3 (2000): 772-790.

Ballard, M.E., & Weist, J.R. "Mortal Kombat: the effects of violent video game play on males' hostility and cardiovascular responding," Journal of Applied Social Psychology 26.8 (1966): 717-730.

Carnagey, Nicholas L., Craig, Anderson a. And Brad, Bushman J. "The effect of video game violence on physiological desensitization to real-life violence" Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 43.4 (2007): 489 -- 496.

Cesarone, Bernard. Video Games and Children. 22 Jan. 2003. 18 May, 2010.
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Technology in Ways That Make

Words: 5835 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50946108

Students can collaborate with students in other schools and other countries as they develop ideas, skills, and products. Students in a class can collaborate outside class without having to meet in person. The theory behind collaborative learning is that the social construction of knowledge leads to deeper processing and understanding than does learning alone (Appalachian Education Laboratory, 2005).

The bulletin board and the chat room have become the backbone of many Web-based learning environments. Sophisticated Web-based collaborative learning environments incorporate not only real-time, text-based conversation, but also audio- and videoconferencing, and shared work spaces, where multiple users can collaboratively work on the same document or application. These multimedia shared work spaces are facilitated by software such as Microsoft's Netmeeting ( http://www., Intel's Proshare ( / conferencing/index.htm), and CU-SeeMe ( / ). Multiuser object-oriented (MOO) text-based virtual reality environments now have a Web-based equivalent, WOOs (Web object oriented),…… [Read More]


Appalachian Education Laboratory. (2005). School improvement specialist training materials: Performance standards, improving schools, and literature review. Module 4 -- Effective Teaching. Charleston, WV: Edvantia.

Blumer, H. (2005). Symbolic interactionism. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Borko, H. (2004). Professional development and teacher learning: Mapping the terrain. Educational Researcher, 33, 3-15.

Bransford, J., Brown, a., & Cocking, R. (2000). How people learn: Brain, mind, experience, and school. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.