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Individuals Might Volunteer to Help Others by
Words: 2527 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43497056
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individuals might volunteer to help others by comparing experimental results with the self-reported motivations of Teach for America volunteers. Ultimately, the study demonstrates that volunteerism is rooted in self-interest, and this is evidenced by not only the experimental data, but by the actions of Teach for America as an organization as well as the self-reports of individual members. Although this does not help explain why volunteerism is held in such high regard, it does serve to demonstrate that volunteering and ostensibly altruistic actions are not as difficult to explain as one might think.

The question of why people volunteer to help others is difficult to answer succinctly, because answering it demands that one consider a number of relatively disparate fields of study and investigation, including everything from evolutionary psychology to management theory. However, one can at least begin to formulate a general explanation of volunteerism that seems to hold regardless…


Fogarty, M. 2011, "Teach for America fails the test," Education, pp. 7.

Katz, S.J. 2007, "Teach for America, Hope for the Future," Bioscience, vol. 57, no. 9, pp. 735.

Kent, K.J. 1997, "So why should anyone get involved with volunteer organizations?," Chemical

Engineering Progress, pp. 12.

Volunteer to Better Health
Words: 1689 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28258776
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Volunteer to etter Health

Volunteerism and Personal Development

While an academic definition of volunteerism is any activity in which time and talent is given freely to deliver services or perform tasks to benefit another person, group or cause with no direct financial compensation expected, volunteering is really just a more organized form of giving of ourselves to contribute in some way to shape our own future and that of others.

Surveys show that most people believe that helping others has a positive effect on the general well-being of both the donor and the recipient. The positive relationship between subjective and objective well-being and volunteer work include life-satisfaction, self-esteem, and self-rated health. Also, volunteers increase the opportunity to advance educational and occupational objectives when exploring the idea that volunteering benefits both the helper and the helped.

It has also been suggested that the degree of one's well-being in helping redress the…


Volunteerism and Personal Development:

Monthly Seminar for Integrating Volunteer Service into Career and Personal Lives. Centre for Adult development. (27 March, 2004.

Volunteering and Healthy Aging: What We Know. Volunteerism in Canada.

A march, 2004.

Social Report for Psychology
Words: 1800 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57080769
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Moral Licensing and Morality:

Does Being Good Make You Bad?

This study focuses on 107 psychology students living in Australia for more than a year. The students were given a moral licensing crime task with two potential suspects; one of whom was more likely to be guilty. For the control group, both suspects were Anglo Australians; for the moral licensing group, the less suspicious suspect was Aboriginal. The hypotheses were that: moral licensing will not impact explicit moral self-concept; moral licensing will have a negative impact on implicit moral self-concept; moral licensing will make participants less racially sensitive; and moral licensing will make participants less likely to volunteer than the control participants. There was no significant different between the control condition and the moral licensing condition for explicit moral self-concept or for racism sensitivity. Participants in the control condition scored higher on the test for implicit moral self-concept and were…


Aquino, K., & Reed, A. (2002). The self-importance of moral identity. Journal of Personality

and Social Psychology, 83, 1423-1440.

Effron, D. A, Miller, D.T., & Monin, B. (2012). Inventing racist roads not taken: the licensing effect of immoral counterfactual behaviors. Journal of Personality and Social

Psychology, 103, 916-932. doi:10.1037/a0030008

Psychology Journal My Results Showed
Words: 1236 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 65238647
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I am motivated to continue with my volunteering experience because of a caller I had one night when I had hotline duty.

The caller had been raped several years before and was a repeat caller, who just needed to talk when the nightmares came. In the morning, at the end of my volunteer shift, she phoned me back to thank me and to tell me that, after talking to me, she had been able to sleep through the night for the first time in years.

Journal Entry 5: Partner Abuse

Take the Domestic Violence Screening Quiz at andshare your thoughts on living with domestic violence. How could you help, and what would you say to a friend who was experiencing domestic abuse?

My domestic violence screening score was a 3. I am not in an abusive relationship and have committed myself to never being a victim or perpetrator of…

International Private and Public Groups Are Assisting
Words: 1534 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37736446
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international private and public groups are assisting in Asia after the tragedy that occurred two weeks ago, it may interesting to revisit the idea of volunteerism by U.S. companies and organizations over the past several years. Three peer-reviewed articles based on qualitative and quantitative research are compared here to provide a brief idea of the type of studies being conducted on this topic.

In "Volunteering the inner light: when it comes to giving back to your community," Lofshult (2004) cites U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) statistics that volunteerism is on the rise. Approximately 63.8 million Americans performed some type of unpaid work in the period from September 2002 to September 2003. This continues a trend: The number of volunteers has risen steadily over the past decade.

DOL (2003) also finds that women tend to volunteer their time more often than men; people 35 to 44 years old are most likely…

References Cited

Americorps. (2001, February 28). President Bush continues support for national service: Budget promotes volunteerism and funds new senior service initiatives. Retrieved April 18, 2002, from .

Johnson, M.K., (1998). "Volunteerism in adolescence: A process perspective."

Journal of Research on Adolescence 8: 309-332.

Karafantis, D.M. & Levy, S. (2004). "The role of children's lay theories about the malleability of human attributes in beliefs about and volunteering for disadvantaged groups. 75(1): 236-251.

why'shelters have more female volunteers
Words: 1585 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24380328
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Bitches: What Animal Shelters Can Do to Reduce the Gender Gap in Volunteerism

Animal shelters depend on volunteers for everything from fundraising to day-to-day operations. There is no federal agency devoted to animal rescue, placing the burden on small independent community organizations. Understanding how to recruit and retain volunteers therefore becomes a critical component in the success of individual shelters and animal shelters in general. Companion animals like dogs remain popular in the United States, with between one third and one half of all households in America owning a dog; between 70 and 80 million dogs are pets (ASPCA, 2016). Given the affection Americans have for their companion animals, it would seem that volunteering at local animal shelters or taking part in foster care services would be relatively commonplace. Yet the "overwhelming presence of women in the recent world of dog rescue" has highlighted a significant gender gap in animal…

Motivation Attitude and Satisfaction of Volunteers in Philanthropic Organizations
Words: 4628 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71060936
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Data collection is a set of information obtained through a systemic investigation (Depoey and Gitlin 1998). This study proposes to attain an in-depth understanding of the motivation factors possessed by people who make a commitment to voluntary work, in order to be able to maintain or increase their current level of involvement using a qualitative approach. The study would be somewhat restricted since the sample would be taken from only three voluntary organizations, though the decision to reserve the three subsets to those who are the most represented in the Maltese system of NGO's will attempt to lesson the limitation and bias of the study. The work will focus upon the most largely represented of the four types of NGO's who employ a large number of volunteers; Social work activities with accommodation social work activities without accommodation support and pressure activities. According to Bailey (1991), by highlighting the limitations…



Motivational Theories of animal'shelters
Words: 1580 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91594106
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Functional motivation suggests that psychological factors, such as a need to feel useful, a need for a sense of purpose, motivate volunteerism (Widjaja, 2010). Therefore, volunteerism can be framed within the tenets of basic behaviorism and cognitive-behavioral principles. If volunteering feels good, then a person will be increasingly motivated to volunteer. Volunteering is not always selfless and altruistic; it can be ego-driven. In some situations, the motivation to volunteer comes from concrete extrinsic variables such as receiving credit in school or one's place of employment (Widjaja, 2010). Social motives for volunteering include social pressure or even shaming (Widjaja, 2010). Individuals can be pushed into volunteering from a sense of obligation or guilt, or pulled into it based on factors like boredom, curiosity, or an altruistic desire to promote the well being of others.
Self-determination theory takes individual differences into account, and differentiates between autonomous motivation and controlled motivation (Oostlander, Guntert,…

Civic Project Entry 1 Selection
Words: 3117 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 14142245
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A try to help my Little Brother find positive voluntary associations. I encourage him to volunteer at his local church, and to seek afterschool enrichment programs and tutoring. But this is not always easy. He often says that he feels that people do not care -- his teachers, his parents, and even his friends who try to uphold a 'straight and narrow' path. He also says that he wants to feel as if he is accepted by other people, and sometimes his drive to feel accepted right now is more powerful than pursuing long-range goals and the promise getting into college, of 'making it' in a larger American social context. I try to provide a positive role model for him, but it can be difficult to describe to him that sometimes you need to get through the present to move into the future, when many of the images of the…

Highest Performing Promotional Tools and
Words: 10859 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Multiple Chapters Paper #: 64102017
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The effectiveness of promotional strategies is highly dependent on their ability to resonate and be relevant to the target audiences over time (Reference). This is the basis of the research being undertaken; to determine which promotional tools and strategies are the most effective in attracting, training and retaining the most talented and motivated volunteers for the London 2012 Olympic Games.

The following are the aims and objectives of this analysis. The primary objective of this study is to determine which promotional tools are the most effective in recruiting and retaining volunteers. In support of this objective, the following goals are defined:

a. To understand and segment the volunteer population in westernized nations including the UK, and determine the characteristics of these markets as they relate to volunteering for events.

b. To determine the psychographic attributes of each group as they relate to propensity to participate, contribute and assist in keeping…

Bibliography / references

Gary Adamson, Joe Pine, Tom Van Steenhoven, and Jodi Kroupa. 2006. How storytelling can drive strategic change. Strategy & Leadership 34, no. 1, (January 1): 36-41.

Armstrong, G., & Kotler, P., 2005. Marketing: An Introduction (7th ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Bardhi, F., Rohm, A., & Sultan, F.. (2010). Tuning in and tuning out: media multitasking among young consumers. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 9(4), 316.

Belch, G.A., & Belch, M.A.., 2004. Advertising and Promotion; An Integrated Marketing Communications Perspective (6th ed.). New York: McGraw- Hill/Irwin.

Organizing Function of Management The
Words: 1197 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 65585921
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Asking a local organization to donate their services in terms of website design might be one way to improve the appearance of the website.

Another under-use of human capital at the Night Ministry is the emphasis on food and clothing drives from student-run and charity-affiliated organization. Soliciting different forms of financial charity from businesses that can afford to donate funds and resources to the organization, when funds are scarce from individuals and government would enable the organization to more easily meet its financial goals. Traditional sources of Ministry funding, including people, state and local authorities, and charities are cash-strapped due to the dip in funding in the wake of the lagging economy. All donations to the Ministry are tax-deductible, and a business could also improve its public image by stressing how it gives back to community organizations.

Given the stress put on volunteerism today by prominent national leaders like President…


Financials. (2008). The Night Ministry. Retrieved February 3, 2010 at 

Volunteer. (2010). The Night Ministry. Retrieved February 3, 2010 at

Political Activity and Geographic Area
Words: 1163 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64921469
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4. Dr. Michael Hanchard. Political science professor at Northwestern University. Dr. Hanchard may be the most important contact in academia for any aspects of the study linked to race because Dr. Hanchard has done extensive work in both comparative politics and transnational politics. Furthermore, Dr. Hanchard may be able to provide insight into research methodology because he has done research on black political activists in various locales.

5. Dr. Wesley Skogan. Political science professor at Northwestern University. Dr. Skogan concentrates on citizens as consumers and creators of law, therefore he may have valuable insight on political involvement.

6. Dr. Dennis Chong. Political science professor at Northwestern University. Dr. Chong wrote Rational Lives: Norms and Values in Politics and Society, in which he examined the interrelationship between how people's individual choices effect their social and economic realms. Because choice of residence may be one of the most basic social choices, Dr.…

Homeland Security and Emergency Management
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Discussion Chapter Paper #: 29852522
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M5D1: Federalism and Emergency Management Grant

Our proposed grant would be designed to support the education of up-and-coming law enforcement candidates in the field of homeland security. States would be able to apply for a grant to provide scholarships to students at their state universities in the field of criminal justice who specifically wished to study this area of enforcement and serve in a criminal justice agency within the state for a specific number of years after graduation. This would encourage more highly-trained personnel to enter the field of criminal justice and better infuse recent academic knowledge about fighting terrorism and other critical areas into the actual hands-on practice of law enforcement agents in the field.

The program would be mutually advantageous to students and the states. Students would gain support for their education and would also have assurance about finding a job after leaving school. States would be able…


Citizen Corps. (2014). DHS. Retrieved from:


Having coordinated responses to threats such as

Practices and Cases
Words: 1106 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57874657
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Managing Motivation in a Difficult Economy.

Question CC-9.

a) Which parts of the program appear to fit well with research evidence on goal setting?

"The H team came up with five options for the management system" (obbins & Judge, 2014, p. 624). This means there were five programs individual managers could choose out of the five. Program I was not a good fit when it comes to goal setting because it stuck to the old ways of the company. Meaning, it did not let employees participate nor receive information. When it comes to research on goal setting, employees well informed and active within their job feel more motivated to meet goals, especially when they set them or are part of the process of setting them. Essentially, Program IV, where managers communicate with employees only a weekly basis through "brainstorming sessions" not only allows employees to self-evaluate their own performance but…


Hetzner, S., Heid, H., & Gruber, H. (2015). Using workplace changes as learning opportunities: Using workplace changes as learning opportunities: Journal of Workplace Learning: Vol 27, No 1. Journal Of Workplace Learning, 27(1), 34. Retrieved from 

Jain, A. (2015). Volunteerism and organisational culture: Volunteerism and organisational culture: Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal: Vol 22, No 1. Cross Cultural Management, 22(1), 116. Retrieved from 

Newman, R. (2012). Goal Setting to Achieve Results. Leadership, 41(3), 12. Retrieved from 

Robbins, S., & Judge, T. (2014). Organizational behavior (16th ed.). Prentice Hall.

De Tocqueville's Views on America
Words: 848 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 58760756
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The criticisms that de Tocqueville levels against American society, and especially against some of the particulars of its governance, continue in his discussion of the potential tyranny of the majority. Americans regard the majority much as Europeans viewed their king, according to de Tocqueville: it can do no wrong, and any wrong it does do is only due to bad advice or information. This subservience, according to de Tocqueville, creates the potential for a majority to rob a minority of its rights through legal means. While this danger certainly exists, however, de Tocqueville fails to demonstrate how it is worse than the tyranny of a monarch.

In addition to the arguments and political observation that de Tocqueville makes, there are other key features of Democracy in America that stand out to the modern reader as interesting tidbits of information, and aspects of American history that have perhaps not been fully…

Leave You Forever Changed Long
Words: 644 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Admission Essay Paper #: 29001449
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I felt privileged to talk with these individuals, as well as happy to show them that someone cared through my presence.

My time in Brazil was brief, but it solidified my determination to always make volunteerism an integral part of my life. I consider it a religious and human duty. The power of charity is an important part of my personal system of belief. Ever since my freshman year of college, when I acted as a retreat leader, I have always understood that it is necessary to view one's life in a larger context. Yes, I may become obsessed with day-to-day troubles. But being part of a community of faith has sustained me through many difficult times. Seeing my faith manifested in another culture solidified my belief that faith can unite and ground the human spirit. This idea, which has buoyed me through high school, was truly put to the…

National Fire Plan & Community
Words: 4014 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 24111281
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The apathy of private landowners discussed earlier may be due to the feeling that one may not feel that individual efforts are important. However, the case in Waldo, Florida demonstrates just how important the actions of one individual can be in averting danger.

Bend, Oregon has developed large community efforts to help reduce fuel in the area. They open up the landfill several times a year free of charge to allow citizens to dispose of debris from thinning and pruning (NCS, 2003). Thinning and pruning around houses creates a barrier of defensible space should a fire threaten. The landscape and fire resistance efforts in Bend have become a social factor.

These case studies demonstrate how communities can be spurred into action. The study conducted by eams, Haines, & enner et al., (2005) found owner apathy as the number one obstacle that they faced in preparing communities in case of a…


Bureau of Land Management (BLM)(2005) Snapshots: Successful BLM Projects Supporting the National Fire Plan. May 13, 2005. Retrieved February 23, 2009 at 

Davis, C. (2001). The West in Flames: The Intergovernmental Politics of Wildfire Suppression and Prevention. The Journal of Federalism. 31-93): 97-110.

FireWise. (2009). About Firewise. National Fire Protection Association. Retrieved February 21, 2009 at .

FireWiseCommunities/USA. (2009). Fire wise Communities/USA. National Fire Protection Association. Retrieved February 21, 2009 at

Mormons' Upward the Lds Church
Words: 2396 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99211366
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For example, to attend the temple, advance in the Priesthood, or serve a mission, individuals must adhere to the Law of Chastity (e.g., no premarital or extramarital sexual intimacy) and abstain from alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drugs. They are also required to promise to care for others, including both family and other church members. Similarly, all physically and emotionally capable young men between the ages of 18 and 27 are expected to serve missions and young women are invited to do so as well. While serving a mission, young people leave all individualistic pursuits (i.e., jobs, scholarships, dating relationships, etc.) behind for an extended period of time (i.e., 2 years or 18 months, for men and women, respectively). During this time they are engaged full time (all day, every day with no trips home to see family) in sharing their beliefs with others and engaging in service projects.

The mission…


Barry, Carolyn Mcnamara, and Larry J. Nelson. "The Role of Religion in the Transition to Adulthood for Young Emerging Adults." Journal of Youth and Adolescence 34, no. 3 (2005): 245.  

Treating Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Justice Delinquency Treatment
Words: 2908 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7511071
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Treating Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile Justice

Delinquency treatment program:

Peer mentoring program for African-American male juveniles

A brief description of your community

African-American males are disproportionately represented in the incarcerated juvenile population, relative to their percentage of the general population. The reasons for this have been hotly debated amongst criminal justice professionals and laypersons. Possible reasons include racism within the police and justice systems, the ways laws are written, and also a lack of vocational opportunities. According to one study conducted by the U.S. Department of Justice in New Jersey, while 10% of white juveniles were adjudicated and sentenced for their first-degree offenses, more than 31% of African-American juveniles received sentences for the same crimes; white juvenile offenders were similarly found to receive lesser sentences than African-Americans in the state of Florida (Drakeford & Garfinkle 2000). Dealing with the unique problems of African-Americans within juvenile detention centers is clearly an essential…


Black male dropouts lead nation in incarceration. (2012). PR News wire. Retrieved: 

Drakeford, Will & Garfinkle, Lili Frank. (2000). Differential treatment of African-American

The National Center on Education, Disability and Juvenile Justice. Retrieved:

International Social Work
Words: 664 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14359109
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International Social Work

Through the evocative power of animation, directors Kez Margrie and Derek Jessome have created two immensely powerful short films which both capture the plight of impoverished children and highlight the crucial importance of social work in aiding the underserved. Jessome's Walking Through Wonderland employs a vividly surreal style to express the bewilderment which confronts the newly homeless, as well as the sense of community which is fostered by shared misfortune. In her series of shorts entitled The Wrong Trainers, Margrie presents a collection of British children living in poverty, each representing a societal ill which has produced a generation of youth who are struggling simply to survive. While both filmmakers craft unique visions and seek to advance distinctive messages, the theme which is present throughout each film is a direct call for assistance through the focused deployment of qualified social workers. By combining poignantly tragic imagery with…


Healy, L.M. (2001). International social work: professional action in an interdependent world. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Jessome, D (Director), Hofbauer, B (Writer). (2010). Walking through wonderland [Web]. Available from 

Margrie, K (Director). (2007). The wrong trainers. London, UK: BBC.

Virginia Department of Social Service This Is
Words: 2940 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72736584
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Virginia Department of ocial ervice

This is a paper discussing policy in Virginia Department of ocial ervice, deals with diversity, ethics and privacy issues in the work place. It has 10 sources in Turabian style.

Creativity, diversity and innovation define the health and wealth of a nation, a nation is of course not a single unit. It comprises of people of different races, the ideologies, the industries, companies and organizations which are run by intelligent people. In today's globalized world, the word nation has been deconstructed and internationalism is now a new nationalism. The mixing of races, ethnic groups, and nationalities at home and abroad is at a record level. In a world where technology has brought the people of far cultures to a global village, where individuals, organizations and entire countries draw strength and personality from places as near as their local neighborhood and as far away as a…


VDSS "Virginia Department of Social Service" Official website, 2002 at 

Warner, Mark, 2002, Governor "Executive Order 2 COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR, Equal Opportunity" available at

Cherrington, David J.; Middleton, Laura Zaugg, 06-01-1995, An introduction to global business issues. . Vol. 40, HR Magazine.

Fox, Jon Michael and Fox, Ronni Lea., 2000. Exploring the Nature of Creativity Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Pub. Co. 192pp

Attendance Policy in an Alternative School
Words: 8552 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1590486
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Program Attendance Policy Proposal and Analysis

As we are nearing the end of the third school year of the P.A.S.S. program it is beneficial to evaluate the standards and practices which have been set forth through the past three years and determine the efficacy of them. In accordance with the Pennsylvania Standards for Elementary and secondary education school principals (January 2001), data driven assessment of the policies is due. The need for implementation of best practices, be they new or accepted older models is especially great given the proven success of the P.A.S.S. program which has resulted in the proposal for expansion of enrolment and services to meet a greater demand within the local district.

The establishment of best practices for the future is the goal of the current assessment. Since its inception the P.A.S.S. program has used a program completion option strategy with at-risk students attending classes at Howell…


ERIC Raising School Attendance. Education Digest, Feb2002, 67.6, pgs.54-57.

ERIC Urban Policies and Programs To Reduce Truancy. ERIC/CUE Digest 129.

ERIC Jay DeKalb Student Truancy. ERIC/CUE Digest 125.

ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management and Linn-Benton Education Service

Abraham Path Evolution of the Enterprise Over Time
Words: 2309 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96997021
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Abraham Path Initiative

The Abraham Path: The evolution of the enterprise over time

One of the most divisive regions of the world is the Middle East. The Middle East is fraught with conflict not simply because of the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian territorial dispute but also because of a host regional and sectarian struggles that are tearing this area of the world apart. With this in mind: "in the face of daunting barriers, the Abraham Path Initiative envisions uncovering and revitalizing a route of cultural tourism that follows the path of Abraham and his family some 4000 years ago across the Middle East…As it takes fuller shape, the Path variously serves as a catalyst for sustainable tourism and economic development, a platform for the energy and idealism of young people, a beacon for pilgrims and peacebuilders, as well as a focus for seemingly endless media inquiries from reporters, producers" (Leary, Sebenius, &…


Leary, K., Sebenius, J. & Weiss, J. (2009). Negotiating the Path of Abraham. Harvard Business

School Working Paper. 10-049.

Vienna Convention Reflected Best Self
Words: 1854 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57307675
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I am excellent at gaining approval from people for projects and resolving interpersonal conflicts among others. I am good at interacting with people and choosing a communication style that does not demean or belittle subordinates. I have excellent organizational skills and need to focus on management rather than serving in behind the scene roles at events.

Finding our motivators is the key to a healthy, happy, and successful lifestyle (Hartley, 2010). The ability to get people to work together to achieve a bigger goal is a key asset that is being under utilized in my current of life pursuits. When I have a cause to work for, I put everything into it and have the ability to inspire others to do the same. In my present position, I am unable to utilize these abilities and only have the opportunity to do so on rare occasions. In the future, I will…


Brim, B. (2007). Debunking Strengths Myths #1; Adopting a strengths-based approach doesn't mean you can ignore your weaknesses. Gallup Management Journal October 11, 2007. Retrieved March 24, 2011 from .

Challenger, J. (2007). Career Pros: Employers Seek Soft Skills. July 22, 2007. Job Journal. Retrieved March 24, 2011 from

Hartley, N. (2010). Commentary: Knowing your 'soft skills' vital to your career. November 1, 2010. North Bay Business Journal. Retrieved March 24, 2011 from 

Kaifi, B. (2010). Strengths-Based Leadership. Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship. January 2010. Retrieved March 24, 2011 from

Visitor Attractions One Definition of
Words: 788 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79655458
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7% of respondents had previously taken a vacation with a volunteer or philanthropic component" (Ruiz 2007). People also go on vacation to experience what it is like to live and work on a farm, to be a meditating Buddhist monk or simply to engage in strenuous activities like riding horses on a ranch. For the visitor, because these unfamiliar activities are exotic, they are attractions, but for a resident they are merely work.

However, although 'voluntourism' has brought attention and revenue to many formerly hidden areas of the globe, there is also a great deal of criticism of this phenomenon. An individual's socioeconomic condition, the argument against voluntourism goes, should not be a tourist or visitor attraction. The idea of gawking at a poor area of the world, in return for a short period of 'feel good' volunteerism is deemed to be exploitative.

Regardless of one's feelings about 'voluntourism,' however,…

Works Cited

Harris, Robert & Joy Howard. 1996. Dictionary of Travel & Tourism Hospitality Terms. Melbourne,

Hospitality Press. Excerpted at the Western Australia Tourist Board. 

[November 29, 2010]

Metelka, Charles J. 1990. The Dictionary of Hospitality, Travel and Tourism. 3rd ed. Delamr, New

Resource Development Strategy Every NPO
Words: 4577 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71046059
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Volunteer activities

Volunteers are considered to be compassionate, patience, unselfish caring and just plain love which are expressed by an individual to another. Voluntarism is considered to be in kind donation in that it is where a person donates his skills and manpower to the organization by performing duties a signed to him. Management and leadership of nonprofit organizations should ensure that they get highly skilled volunteers who come and stay through the extension of the visions of the volunteering through creating an experience which is meaningful, develops skills, demonstrate impact and ability to tap into the volunteers' capabilities and interest.

Volunteers my stop rendering their services due to poor management practices. Nonprofit organizations should tap volunteers to help in doing charitable work in their organization. Most people do not volunteer because they are never given a chance by the nonprofit organizations.

According to the Context for Nonprofit esource Development…


Ethics and Accountability (2011)

The Nonprofit Sector: Resource Development and Management (2001)

The Resource development Process (n.d)

The Context for Nonprofit Resource Development (2011)

Quality of Rice's Academic Life
Words: 952 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44886636
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Even in my current extracurricular activities, such as on my Varsity football team, sacrificing my need to be a 'star' and instead serve the common good is a necessity. Teaching the novice debaters is an integral part of my duties on my school's Lincoln-Douglas Debate team. I must help them see the world from competing perspectives, and to see issues in terms of grey, rather than stark black and white.

I am so thankful for the people in my life who have taught me this spirit of community: the people I met over the summer in Texas taught me what it means to be a good neighbor, the children and senior citizens I have befriended who have shown me that friendship knows no age or socioeconomic status. I have, despite the shortness of my life, tried to craft an open soul with few fences, with no barbed wire around my…

Ford Apply the Issues and
Words: 924 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 69594538
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The company makes sustained investments in the technologies it uses and incorporates to improve the final quality of the products, but also in the complementary service it offers, such as financial assistance or vehicle maintenance (The Ford Motor Company Website, 2009).

The Communities as Stakeholders

It is generally accepted than any economic agent will place a reduced emphasis on the role of communities as stakeholders, than on that of consumers. While it can be argued that Ford has implemented a similar approach and has paid increased attention to clients rather than communities, the automobile maker cannot be accused of wrongful behavior within the communities in which it operates. And this is even true despite the massive firings which shook the company throughout the past year as they were simply taken as drastic measures to help the company overcome the financial crisis, and not as direct endeavors aiming to attack the…


Svendsen, A., 1998, The Stakeholder Strategy: Profiting from Collaborative Business Relationships, Berrett-Koehler Publishers, ISBN 1576750477

2009, The Ford Motor Company Website, last accessed on November 18, 2009

Ford Motor Company 2008 Annual Report, last accessed on November 18, 2009

Ford Motor Company Fund and Community Services 2008 Annual Report, last accessed on November 18, 2009

Global Business and Ethics the
Words: 1044 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99153293
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S.$36 million) for immediate expenditures; and redefining "priority sector" expenditures to include spending on security.

For its part, the World ank responded to Chad's renegging on its ageements in 2006 by suspending disbursement of $124 million in loans to Chad, and froze the country's $125 million in assets in the London-based Citibank escrow account (Zissis, 2006). In effect, the World ank has ceased its involvement in Chad. However, the Chad oil investment was $3.7 billion (Zissis, 2006) and the majority investor, the oil consortium wasn't prepared to back out. In fact, to this day, this consortium continues business operations as usual and is actually expanding its drilling activities in both existing and new oilfields in Chad (ank freezes pipeline funds to Chad, 2006).

World perceptions of the consortium as a result of the failed Chad experiment vary. Critics believe the company is guilty of helping to finance a corrupt regime…


Bank freezes pipeline funds to Chad (2006, January 20). Bretton Woods Project. 

Daniels, J.D., Radebaugh, L.H., & Sullivan, D.P. (2007) International business: Environments and operations. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall. ISBN: 0131869426.

Ferrell, O.C., Corporate citizenship: Integrity, stakeholders & exemplars. Colorado State University.

Zissis, C. (2006, April 27). Chad's oil troubles. Council on Foreign Relations.

Business Wal-Mart When Sam Walton
Words: 2984 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 7169242
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While their backgrounds and personal beliefs are very different, they never take each other for granted. They are encouraged to express their thoughts and ideas and to treat each other with dignity.

Service to their Customers -- customers are the reason that they are in business, so they believe that they should treat them that way. They offer quality merchandise at the lowest prices, and do it with the best customer service possible. They look for every opportunity where they can exceed their customers' expectations. They believed that this is when they are at their very best.

Striving for Excellence -- They are proud of their accomplishments but are never satisfied. They constantly reach further to bring new ideas and goals to life. They model themselves after Sam Walton, who was never satisfied until prices were as low as they could be. They believe that a product's quality is as…


3 Basic Beliefs & Values. (2009). Retrieved September 29, 2009, form Wal-Mart Web site: 

Crosby, Tim. (2009). Retrieved September 29, 2009, from How stuff works Web site:

Environmental Policies Give an Example
Words: 7072 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3648279
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The 1980s (the period when onald eagan was the U.S. President) witnessed a series of government measures targeting environmental regulations. This resulted in public outrage against the anti-environmental policies of the government leading to a renewed interest in nature clubs and groups and the formation of radical groups who led strong movements to protect the environment. (vii) the post- eagan resurgence (1990s onwards) - President Bush and President Clinton did not take the radical stance of their predecessor. However, President George W. Bush has taken many measures which have weakened the environmental movement instead of strengthening it. This includes opposing curbs on greenhouse emissions via the Kyoto Protocol, supporting oil drilling in the ANW or Arctic National Wildlife ange, weakening clean air standards and lifting the ban on logging in forests.

3) How does economics determine the public's opinion regarding environmental issues? Discuss the values of the dominant social paradigm…


Bocking, Stephen. Nature's Experts: Science, Politics, and the Environment. Rutgers University Press. 2004.

Palmer, Mike. Pathways of Nutrients in the Ecosystem - Pathways of elements in ecosystem. 

Redclift, M. R; Woodgate, Graham. The International Handbook of Environmental Sociology. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2000.

Schmidtz, David; Willott, Elizabeth. Environmental Ethics: What Really Matters, what Really Works. Oxford University Press U.S., 2002.

Corporate Social Responsibility the Good
Words: 3605 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24176728
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But the shareholders themselves need to be more aware and more involved in their company's business in order for any meaningful change to sustain itself:

Shareholders, the intended beneficiaries of the corporate vehicle, are the ultimate capitalists: avaricious accumulators with little fiscal risk and no legal responsibility for the way in which they pursue their imperative to accumulate. Shareholders, not corporations, show indifference to the needs and values of society. It is their behaviour that is most appropriately characterized as amoral indifference to the plight of others and their environment. Shareholders, not corporations, behave in a pathological manner. And shareholders should be the targets for the cure that we need for our ills. (Glasbeek 2005: 24)

There is also the problem of victimisation of other cultures in a global market. As Strike, Gao and Bansal (2006) point out in their article, 'Being Good While Being Bad: Social esponsibility and the…


Berkhout, Tom. 2005. 'Corporate Gains: Corporate Social Responsibility Can Be the Strategic Engine for Long-Term Corporate Profits and Responsible Social Development.' Alternatives Journal, January/February, pp. 15-22.

Carroll, B.A. 2004 'Managing ethically with global stakeholders: Annual Editions' Business Ethics 06-07: Contemporary Learning Series 30, pp. 114-120.

Dean, Dwane Hal. 2004. 'Consumer Reaction to Negative Publicity: Effects of Corporate Reputation, Response, and Responsibility for a Crisis Event.' The Journal of Business Communication 41:192-201.

Dickens, Charles. 1912. A Christmas Carol. Chicago: Rand McNally.

Political Science Blogs and the
Words: 2253 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86987264
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What will that lead to in future politicians? Will they conduct their entire campaigns online, with no need to reach out to real people on the campaign trail? That remains to be seen, but the technology of the Internet, and all it implies, is changing how we view political news and reporting, and it certainly could change the face of actual campaigns in the future, and that has implications for our society in general. Change is not always bad, and it can bring about necessary reform and legislation, and it is quite clear blogging is bringing about great change in how we get our political information. How that affects our society and us in the future remains to be seen, but it is certain that blogging, political campaigns, and the importance of valid information will all continue to be issues in the future.

How can candidates use blogs effectively in…


Cornfield, Michael. "Buzz, Blogs, and Beyond: The Internet and the National Discourse in the Fall of 2004." Pew Internet & American Life Project, 2005. 17 Oct. 2007.

Froomkin, a. Michael. "Chapter 1 Technologies for Democracy." Democracy Online: The Prospects for Political Renewal through the Internet. Ed. Peter M. Shane. New York: Routledge, 2004. 3-20.

Miller, Nora. "Anti-Spin: Using Internet Resources to Unwind Political Claims." ETC.: A Review of General Semantics 62.1 (2005): 76+.

McPherson, Miller, and Smith-Lovin, Lynn. "Social Isolation in America: Changes in Core Discussion Networks over Two Decades." American Sociological Review. 2006. 17 Oct. 2007.

Managing Volunteers Course Reflection Developing
Words: 347 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90298651
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Building a volunteer program before such a disaster takes place, so volunteers can be trained under calmer conditions is the ideal situation. It is essential to inform the potential volunteers of the challenging situations they will face, and to provide them with accurate job descriptions of the sorts of duties they must perform. Organizations often must 'advertise' for volunteers similar to the way that employers advertise for paid jobs, and recruiting young, idealistic workers seeking job experience or who desire to put their convictions into actions are ideal candidates, as are retired persons seeking to retain a sense of connection to their communities. Volunteers will be increasingly necessary to relief efforts in the future, in an era of tight government budgets, but training the right people effectively for the work they will perform as well amassing large numbers of volunteers is critical to assembling an effective volunteer force.

orks Cited…

Works Cited

Developing and Managing Volunteers." (2006, Feb). FEMA. Retrieved 10 Sept 2007 at

Laura Hamilton Thompson's Community Network
Words: 1477 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 98982343
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Her sample consisted of voluntary respondents, presumably people who felt positively about the website given that they are using the site, and are willing to fill out the questionnaire, as Thompson herself admits. Little data about the demographics of the respondents could be gleaned from the structure of her surveys, such as their occupation and geographical and social situation within the community. Thompson noted that as both her quantitative and qualitative methods were assembled from online sources which meant that she could not assess the body language of the respondents. Given that supposed enhanced interpersonal relations were being assessed in an anonymous, relatively impersonal and arbitrary format gave minimal support to her thesis about enhanced community spirit. Nor did her questions section in the appendix indicate that she asked the respondents about community involvement and participation, and the additional fulfillment created by the use of the message board. Her questions…

Work Cited

Thomson, Laura Hamilton. "Caithness Community Network." [26 Aug 2007].

Western History One of the
Words: 542 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8758167
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In his theory of evolution, Darwin argued that evolution occurred because of natural selection, wherein the determining principle is, "survival of the fittest." That is, in a given population and a given environment, certain individuals have certain characteristics that would make survive and thrive. As thriving happens, adaptation occurs, wherein the individual ensures that s/he is able to cope with the changes, state, and dynamics of his/her environment. This theory of evolution enforced the idea of competition and the concept of survival, concepts that became more relevant to societies as they became immersed in the industrialized economy and the eventual dominance of the capitalist economy, which is motivated also by the spirit of competition and 'survival of the fittest.'

The Victorian ethos was created and developed in the context of the emerging industrialization of economies in the 19th century. The Victorian ethos held that society is in progress, and that…

Business Is Business Ethics Business
Words: 1358 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84412784
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If the dignity of work is to be protected, then the basic rights of workers must be respected -- the right to productive work, to decent and fair wages, to the organization and joining of unions, to private property, and to economic initiative (Themes of Catholic Social Teaching)."

As it relates to the Christian business, this principle should encourage business owners to pay their employees a living wage. A living wage guarantees that an individual will be able to afford the basic necessities in life (i.e. food, clothing, shelter).

The living wage varies depending on the location but many jobs in America do not pay workers a living wage even when they have been working there for a substantial amount of time. As an aspect of business ethics, Christian business owners should evaluate the amount of pay that workers receive and make certain that it is a living wage. Paying…


Themes of Catholic Social Teaching. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Retrieved April 4, from; 

Vickers Mark R. (2005) Business Ethics and the HR Role: Past, Present, and Future. Human Resource Planning. Volume: 28 (1), p.26.

Zuni Education One of the
Words: 2740 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5241206
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Klotz 266) the standards of the system have had to rely on standardized accountability curriculum to attempt to make this cooperative concept work. The difficulties are also answered with community emphasis on technology and social growth as well a community involvement in schools and district affairs.

In one of the most poignant addresses to congress, in this case Montana, one of the congressmen demonstrate the fight, in every state for the development of quality schools for Native Americans.

If there is to be a solution to the Indian problem in this country, it will only come about when our educational system provides the knowledge... needed to understand and respect the cultural differences between us and the state helps to preserve and protect their cultural integrity. This is a matter of pride. All of us are proud of our heritage... because we know about our history, our culture and our integrity....Are…

Works Cited

Juneau, Denise, and Mandy Smoker Broaddus. "And Still the Waters Flow: The Legacy of Indian Education in Montana it Took 34 Years, Extraordinary Perseverance, and a Series of Legislative and Legal Efforts before the Advocates of Indian Education for All Would Finally See Its Implementation in Montana's Classrooms. Ms. Juneau and Ms. Broaddus Chronicle the Law's Tortuous History." Phi Delta Kappan 88.3 (2006): 193.

Klotz, Irving M. "Multicultural Perspectives in Science Education: One Prescription for Failure." Phi Delta Kappan 75.3 (1993): 266.

Mitchell, Bruce M., and Robert E. Salsbury. Encyclopedia of Multicultural Education. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Roscoe, Will. The Zuni Man-Woman. 1st ed. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1991.

Adolescents Growing Up in Poverty
Words: 1726 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 89251843
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On the other hand, 'resistance for liberation' may have the obverse effect causing children (in this case adolescents) to take these self-same disabling elements and use them for their growth and success.

Poverty may be a social construct but it need not tarnish an individual for life. Ultimately, the individual decides what to do with his or her life, and the same circumstances that can turn one into a drug-doped self-destructed convict can turn another into a bastion of society.


Ayers. W. A kind and just parents. The children of juvenile court

Leadbetter, B.., & Niobe, W. (2007). Urban girls revisited: Building strengths. NY Univ. Press. NY.

Lichter, D., Shannahan, M., & Gardner, E. (2002). Helping others: The effects of childhood poverty and family instability on prosocial behavior, Youth and Society, 34, 89-119

Martin, D., Martin, M., Gell, ., Davis, C., & Guerreri, K. (2008). Adolescence, 43, 608-711.



Ayers. W. A kind and just parents. The children of juvenile court

Leadbetter, B.R., & Niobe, W. (2007). Urban girls revisited: Building strengths. NY Univ. Press. NY.

Lichter, D., Shannahan, M., & Gardner, E. (2002). Helping others: The effects of childhood poverty and family instability on prosocial behavior, Youth and Society, 34, 89-119

Martin, D., Martin, M., Gell, R., Davis, C., & Guerreri, K. (2008). Adolescence, 43, 608-711.

Dell Company Thank You for
Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61870489
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This helps to provide a higher level of value to charitable organizations and encourages volunteerism on an ongoing basis. But One Dell: One Community is more than just volunteering.

Dell have been introduce some special edition laptop in Malaysia like studio 14 and 15 which comes with some artistic style designed by Mike Ming, Derek Welch, Andrea Rosenberger and (PRODUCT) RED. All this laptop offers 10+ original designs for customers to choose from. It is an extension of one's personality which include restrained, expressive, wild and sublime. Furthermore, when customers buy the (PRODUCT) RED laptop, part of the proceeds will go to the Global Fund to help eliminate AIDS in Africa.


The Dell Company faces major competition from other companies, this include Apple, Sun Microsystems, Gateway, Sony, Asus, Toshiba and Hewlett Packard which is also mentioned to as HP. All of these companies are its competitors but HP is…

Victory Speech Offer Close Readings of Presidential
Words: 685 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23603801
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Victory speech" offer close readings of presidential speeches given during times of crisis. Safire's essay analyzes Abraham Lincoln's "Gettysburg Address," which was delivered during a commemoration ceremony soon after one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil ar. ood's essay analyzes Barak Obama's victory speech after Obama won the presidency in 2008. Obama, the first African-American elected to the office of the presidency, took power during a time when America was at war and facing its deepest financial crisis since the Great Depression.

Safire analyzes the Gettysburg Address to encourage the reader reconsider the speech in a new way, given that the Address has become a kind of cliche, rather than a living, breathing document that inspires people. Safire notes the number of times the word 'dedicate' is articulated in the speech, and the determination and self-sacrifice called upon by Lincoln. He analyzes how the speech is broken down, paragraph…

Works Cited

Safire, William. "A spirit reborn." The New York Times. September 9, 2002. [March 24, 2011] 

Wood, Victor. "A spirit reborn." The New Yorker. November 17, 2008. [March 24,


Program Cultivate Personal a 6-Month Period In
Words: 2185 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41117927
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program cultivate personal a 6-month period. In developing program draw reference relevant theory research. The include following sections Description well-being (definition outcomes) measurement well-being processes reflections.

Cultivating personal wellness

Description: My definition of wellness

Wellness is defined as a state of optimizing one's physical, mental, social, and civic health. With this in mind, I have decided upon the following plan to cultivate my own state of physical wellness.

Physical and mental wellness: Measurement of well-being and well-being processes

Exercise must be the core of every physical wellness prescription. It is important to maintain a healthy weight and regular exercise can significantly impact longevity. According to the American Heart Association, "Intensive exercise prevented shortening of telomeres, a protective effect against aging of the cardiovascular system, according to research reported in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association" (The anti-aging benefits of exercise, 2009, LA Times). egular physical activity increases high-density lipoprotein…


7 benefits of physical activity. 2011. The Mayo Clinic. Viewed 8 April 2011 at: 

The anti-aging benefits of exercise. 2009. Los Angeles Times. Viewed 8 April 2011 at:,0,1725925.story

Elder Learning Service by Taking Part in
Words: 2815 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85691491
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Elder Learning Service

By taking part in "Elder Learning Service," one can learn much from the experience. In fact, this is becoming a growing phenomenon both academically and within the community itself. All the research points to the positive impact of how much it empowers individuals into becoming better citizens by becoming self-aware of those that are in need. A service learning service was designed for high school students entitled, "Carrying on the Legacy of San Juan's Elders." Many conclusions arose as well as project outcomes for one to consider for any future project.

Service Learning: High School Students Engaged in their Community

The district in which I teach allowed me to do a service learning project with my high school students upon asking permission from the principal of the school. These were my goals when working with each of them. 1) Promote student and elderly intergenerational communication; 2) Improve…


Brown, L.H., & Roodin, P.A. (2001). Service-learning in gerontology: An out-of-classroom experience. Educational Gerontology, 27(1), 89-103.

Furco, A., & Root, S. (2010). Research demonstrates the value of service learning. Phi Delta

Kappan, 91(5), 16-20.

Getahun, Linde J. (2006) Reflections on service learning with the aged. Academic Exchange

Sears Strategies Sears Business Strategy and Analysis
Words: 1154 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41543426
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Sears Strategies

Sears: Business Strategy and Analysis

Sears, officially names Sears, oebuck and Company, is an American chain of department stores which began its journey to success in the field of mail-order product distribution and has grown to one of the largest and most successful department store chains in the United States. Sears business model has long been attributed to a focus on customer service and satisfaction, and in recent years, Sears has begun work to change how its customers interact with the company in stores and online. In utilizing strategies to upgrade web technology, become a facet of goodwill and community giving, and in structuring itself under the business model of customer service and continued improvements to customer affordability and financing, Sears remains a top contender in the U.S. department store field.

Upgrading Web Technology and Increasing Web Presence

In an effort to keep up with competitors and the…


Becker, B. And Huselid, M. (2009). Overview: strategic human resource management in five leading firms. Human Resource Management, 38.4: pp. 287. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Dizard, J. (2009 July 20). Prospects for consumer spending look promising. London Financial Times. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Sears. (2011). Sears holdings community relations. Web. Retrieved from:  / on 1 November 2011.

Transistion Programs and Services Transition
Words: 1548 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61063821
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The transition coordinator is to take the responsibility in carrying out the stated tasks. Update the transition plan is very important. The transition coordinator will need to schedule the follow-up meeting for updating.


The above transition program provides the following benefits:


Enhanced children self-esteem and confidence

Improved children peer-group relations

Enhance greater efficiency among children

educe stress

Greater efficiency and enjoyment in learning


Understanding the phases of early childhood education

Increase parent ability to communicate with educational personnel

Enhanced parent self-esteem regarding their communication skills

Positive outlook with schools


Enhanced teacher ability to meet individual children needs

Increase their efficiency in program planning and implementation

Wider pool of resources

Increase Professional support network


This paper develops transition service required to support an assessment plan. For the effectiveness of transition program, collaboration and effective communication has been identified as essential tool for the…


Blessing, C. (2001).Infusing a Person Centered Approach Into Transition Planning for Students with Developmental Disabilities. CSW Program on Employment and Disability.Cornell University.

Margetts, K. (1999). Transistion to School: Looking Forward. Selected papers from the AECA National Conference Darwin July 14-17 1999.

McPartland, P. (2007). Implementing Ongoing Transition Plan for the IEP .Attainment Company Inc.

Ministry of Children and Family Development (2001).Transition planning for Youths with Special needs. Canada.

How Did Nursing Change Social Roles of Northern Women During the Civil War
Words: 7299 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 96446723
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Nursing & omen's Roles Pre-and-Post Civil ar

The student focusing on 19th century history in the United States in most cases studies the Civil ar and the causes that led to the war. But there are a number of very important aspects to 19th century American history that relate to women's roles, including nursing and volunteering to help the war wounded and others in need of care. This paper delves into the role nurses played in the Civil ar (both Caucasian and Black nurses), the way in which the Civil ar changed the woman's work roles, the role women (both Black and Caucasian) played before, during, and after the war, and the terrible injustices thrust on women of color in a number of instances throughout the 19th century.

The oman's role in America prior to the Civil ar

"A woman's work is never done," is an old maxim but it…

Works Cited

Brockett, Linus Pierpont, and Vaughan, Mary C. (1867). Woman's Work in the Civil War: A

Record of Heroism, Patriotism and Patience. Chicago, IL: Zeigler, McCurdy & Co.

Child, Lydia. (1837). The Family Nurse [or] Companion of the American Frugal Housewife.

Bedford, MA: Applewood Books (originally published by Charles Hendee in Boston).

Fran P Mainella a Number
Words: 651 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24485755
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Maintenance is often put on hold until it is desperately needed, rather than a simple preventative measure. I believe Mainella is unknown, and most Americans, who do not understand the scope and depth of the Park Service and what it tries to accomplish, misunderstand her work.

Mainella has a background in Parks and Recreation, and has been recognized by some peer groups for her work. However, I believe that in the future, as she manages the Park Service more effectively, that she will become more well-known and well thought of. The Park System needs renovation, just as many of the parks need renovation. Through new volunteers, additional publicity, and tireless work, the people of the National Parks attempt to reach more visitors every year, and as they do, these visitors take home a unique and often majestic experience. To allow more volunteers to interact with visitors and bring their own…

Sociological Research Analysis of Group Collectivism and
Words: 853 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41976866
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Sociological Research

Analysis of group collectivism and interaction in "Culture in Interaction" by Nina Eliasoph and Paul Lichterman

The journal article entitled, "Culture in Interaction," authored by Nina Eliasoph and Paul Lichterman, brought into fore the use of empirical studies in identifying, analyzing, and interpreting the group culture of organizations and civil groups in terms of their use of speech acts and group interaction. The study's general objective was to describe the culture of civil organizations through a qualitative analysis of their speech acts and styles. Using the method of ethnographic analysis, Eliasoph and Lichterman was able to analyze and interpret how these civil groups' cultures, i.e., through collective representations, are characterized by their use of specific kinds of speech acts and styles.

Through the literature gathered by the researchers/authors, the choice of the sample was to select a civil group that center on activities related to activism and volunteerism,…

Work cited

Eliasoph, N. And P. Lichterman. (January 2002). "Culture in Interaction." American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 108, Number 4.

Era Is the Exponential Increase
Words: 1405 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25235723
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Lodge believes that the World Development Corporation would be the ideal solution to conquer the existing problems of disunity among the global aid initiatives.

Lodge's perspective on the World Development Corporation is unique and a very intriguing idea. It appears that the weaknesses and strengths of these three organizations compliment each other, and therefore a union would make sense. However, this is not to say that Lodge's initiative is inevitable or fail-safe. The primary barrier to such an initiative is that there are differing philosophies in each of this group's approach. Lodge himself even admits that there are serious barriers to forming such a partnership. Bureaucracies in any shape or form are hard to change; this is because a ripple effect must occur on all levels of the organization for such a significant partnership to work. The history between multinationals, government agencies and NGOs is filled with dark periods and…

Future Planning & Change Management
Words: 4427 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 86428849
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Predicting the future is not easy, but using past and current trends is the right way to go. At least that will allow those who are making the decisions to be sure that they have considered everything in the best light possible before they choose which direction to take.

Planning and Change in Rapid Development

One of the main issues with change management and future planning for long-term care facilities right now is that the changes are taking place so rapidly. If the changes were slower, there would be more of a chance to adapt. Since that is not the case, more has to be addressed regarding how to change quickly. That is something that has not been required of these managers before, so they are in new territory to some extent. While that is not necessarily a bad thing, it does mean that more mistakes could be made because…


Anderson, D. & Anderson, L.A. (2001). Beyond Change Management: Advanced Strategies for Today's Transformational Leaders. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer.

Chin, P.L. (2008). Integrated theory and knowledge development in nursing (7th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

D'Antonio, P. (2010). American Nursing: A History of Knowledge, Authority, and the Meaning of Work. New York: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Dossey, B., Keegan, L., & Guzzetta, C.E. (2000). Holistic nursing: A handbook for practice. 3rd ed. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen.

Government Policies and Market Issues
Words: 4350 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86218355
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Few hospitals offered both the expertise and the necessary facilities.

Location of the donor and the recipient also impacted availability. Human organs cool and degenerate quickly when removed from the donor. Transportation in the 50s, 60s, and 70s was in the early stages of rapid jet aircraft travel and was too slow for the transportation of organs. The donor needed to be in close proximity to the recipient which was possible with living family members and donors. Research during this time focused on immunosuppressant drugs and on methods to maintain a viable organ outside the host.

In his discussion of justice in respect to the allocation of scarce goods, Jon Elster (1992) identified three levels of scarcity: natural, quasi-natural and artificial. The availability of twins with one needing a kidney transplant and one willing to donate a kidney generates a natural scarcity similar to the availability of natural black pearls.…

I Am a 26-Year-Old Male Community College
Words: 1199 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64888549
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I am a 26-year-old male community college student. I live in an Francisco, California, but was born in Korea and lived there until I was 22. I am an international student majoring in the Health ciences. I decided that moving to the United tates and pursuing my educational and career goals would offer me a chance to expand both personal knowledge and gain greater insight into a different cultural experience. Certainly, this has been the case. Not only are customs completely different in the United tates, but communication and expectations are as well. While an Francisco is a major city, and at times crowded, it is nothing like the wall-to-wall experience of people in Asia. Additionally, I know from my studies that America is considered a large "melting pot," but I was certainly never prepared for there to be so many different ethnicities and diverse people all grouped together in…

Sources Used:

La Bier, D. (30 November 2010). How Volunteering Affects the Volunteer. Huffington Post. Retrieved from:

Role of Business in the Economy Business
Words: 1084 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3309312
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ole of Business in the Economy

Business and economic development go hand in hand. In fact, small and large businesses constitute a good part of the economic growth and development of any country. This importance is reflected in the numerous favorable laws and tax breaks that governments all over the world provide for businesses to ensure that they grow.

There are multiple advantages of having sound businesses for any economy. Firstly, it generates employment for the local people, which in turn, increases their spending power and overall quality of life. Secondly, consumers have a wider choice of products and services offered by these companies. The Government, in turn, gets more revenue by way of sales tax and employment tax and they are in a better position to increase the social security and healthcare of the people (Edmiston, 2007).

Another important aspect of businesses is the creativity and innovation that it…


Edmiston, Kelly. (2007). Role of Small and Large Businesses in Economic Development. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City. Retrieved from: 

Demetrious, Marlen Martoudi; Artistotelous, Cristiana. (Jan 2011). Is a Bank expected to play the role of a non-profit organization? How do stakeholders feel about it? Journal of Institute of Public Enterprise. 34(1/2). p91-108.

No Author. (02/12/2012). iContact Impact Community with Corporate Volunteerism and Giving. PR Newswire U.S.. .

Bhatnagar, Parul. (No Date). Traditional Indian Costumes and Textiles. Retrieved from:

Operation Smile Programs Overview Operation Smile Program
Words: 667 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92021147
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Operation Smile Programs Overview

Operation Smile Program Overview

Operation Smile Overview

Operation Smile Program Overview

Operation Smile Program Overview

Cleft palate and cleft lip are among the most common birth defects occurring today (NIDC, 2011). Together, these conditions occur in 0.17% of all births in the United States and between 2004 and 2006 represented 7,088 cases annually. The lifetime healthcare burden of these birth defects in the U.S. is close to $700 million.

Cleft lip/palate represents the failure of tissues to join during fetal development, which can lead to nursing, feeding, and speech problems (MedlinePlus, 2012). As a result, 10% of these children will die within the first year of life (Kraft, 2011). The social stigma associated with the birth defect is also substantial, contributing to the high mortality rate and lifelong social isolation. Children in poverty-stricken areas of the world are particularly vulnerable because they lack access to health…


Kraft, Jessica. (2011). Operation Smile Backgrounder. Retrieved 5 Jun. 2012 from .

MedlinePlus. (2012). Cleft lip and palate repair. Retrieved 5 Jun. 2012 from .

NIDCR (National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research). (2011). Prevalence (number of cases) of cleft lip and cleft palate. Retrieved 5 Jun. 2012 from .

Leadership Handbook One of the Challenges That
Words: 1325 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 19254564
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Leadership Handbook

One of the challenges that most religious leaders will face is: dealing with the unique problems impacting their congregation, individuals they are working with and the church. This is a sign that there are tremendous difficulties of exercising effective leadership. As they are forced to serve: the role of confidant and understand these issues that are impacting everyone. For most individuals, achieving these objectives can be demanding by having to address a host of situations at the same time. Once this occurs, is the point that these issues will have an effect on the kind of advice and support that is provided. To address these challenges, a new approach must be taken that will utilize proven tactics.

In the book titled Leadership Handbook of Management & Administration, Berkley (2008) is discussing how these challenges can be dealt with. This is accomplished by looking at a host of issues…


Berkley, J. (2008). Leadership Handbook of Management & Administration. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Publishing.

Carothers Courtney Equity and Access to Fishing
Words: 911 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 95107627
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Carothers, Courtney. "Equity and Access to Fishing Rights: Exploring the Community Quota Program in the Gulf of Alaska." Human Organization 70.3 (2011): 213- 223. Print.

he article points out that the efforts of the United States and Canada with regard to controlling fishing along the Pacific coast have been produced unfair practices toward small businesses and villages. he primary issue is that tribes that rely on the fishing industry have not been allowed to take the level of fish will fill their needs. he programs currently in place require entities to buy "catch shares" which are supposed to balance the total take and help sustain the fisheries for future use. he author explores alternative means of sustainability that will assist smaller groups while maintaining fish numbers. he suggestions range from allowing community groups to cooperate so that they have a larger stake to buy rights, to supporting new legislation which…

The author writes that many species of large ocean fish are disappearing quickly. This article gives numbers to support the notion that swordfish, tuna and shark populations may be decreasing at levels never seen before. Up to 90% of the volume of fish seen in 1950's may now be gone. The culprit is the technological ability of fishing vessels to stray farther from shore and stay out longer. The article also discusses some of the recent measures that international organizations have taken to mediate this decline such as working with Pacific island governments to self-regulate. This particular stance has proven difficult though because the governments are poor and need the fishing license fees to survive.

Wild, Susan. "Sustainability Reporting in Fishing Industry Management -- Regulation vs. Volunteerism." Australasian Accounting Business & Finance Journal 2.3 (2008): 57-70. Print.

Countries, industries and individual businesses are said to be very interested in following a current economic model that supports social and environmental well- being. However, when such programs interfere with the economic good they often take a "back seat." The author looks at these types of programs, which are voluntary, versus actual legislation, both national and international, which would compel responsibility. The article finds that allowing entities to govern themselves has resorted in unsustainable overfishing in many areas of the Pacific Ocean. The issue is that, in the past people have not been willing to voluntarily act; they have needed government intervention to do so. The author looks at the probability of several different programs that would encourage people to act in a voluntary manner to arrest their overfishing activities rather than have the government regulate them further. This solution would help maintain the fisheries and give the fishermen some degree of autonomy from the government.