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Waste Management: A Strategic Case Analysis
General Environmental Analysis
103.1.6 Global Segment
103.1.7 Summary of General Environmental Analysis
113.1.8 Driving Forces
123.2 Industry Analysis
123.2.1 Description of the Industry
123.2.2 Industry Dominant Economic Features
133.2.3 Market Size
133.2.4 Market Growth ate
143.2.5 Industry Trends
153.2.6 Five Forces Analysis
173.2.7 Industry Key Success Factors
184.0 Internal Analysis
184.1 Organizational Analysis
194.1.1 Corporate Mission
194.1.2 Products and Services
204.1.4 Organizational Culture
214.1.7 Summary of Organizational Analysis
214.2 Analysis of Firm esources
214.2.1 Tangible esources
224.2.2 Intangible esources
234.2.3 Summary of Firm's esources
244.3.1 Value Chain Analysis
254.3.2 Core Competencies and Sustainable Advantages
254.3.3 Summary of Firm's Capabilities
264.4 Financial Analysis
264.4.1 Valuation Analysis
264.4.2 Growth Analysis
274.4.3 Profitability Analysis
274.4.4 Financial Strength Analysis
284.4.5 Management Efficiency Analysis
284.4.6 Summary of Financial…
Armstrong. M. (2006). A handbook of human resource management practice (10th ed.). London: Kogan Page.
EPA. (2014). Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.epa.gov
Porter, M.E. (2008) The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy. Harvard Business Review, 86(1): 78 -- 93.
Waste Management. (2014). http://www.wm.com
Post-closure care includes ground water and gas monitoring, leachate collection and treatment, gas recovery and management, and final cover maintenance (Lee, at 35-39).
The financial assurance provisions provides a public policy to assure proper funding when a landfill is developed, so that routine maintenance and any necessary remediation work can continue for at least 30 years, even if the owner or operator is no longer in business or financially solvent at that time. Other issues to be incorporated into the financial assurance aspects of RCRA for MSW landfills include the length of time post-closure care must be provided, the magnitude of funding needed for future long-term care, appropriate financial assurance instruments, and mechanisms to ensure that funds will be available exclusively for post-closure care and remediation of contaminated ground water.
However, research indicates that there is a misconception that such stricter construction requirements, siting limitations, and monitoring requirements will eliminate…
Bovard, James. "Some Waste Cleanup Rules are a waste of Resources." The Wall Street
Journal Feb.1989, A14:3.
Correll, J. "Landfill Closure in the '90s." Solid Waste & Power. March/April (1992).
Lee, G.F. And Jones-Lee, a. "Landfill Post-Closure Care: Can Owners Guarantee the Money Will Be There?" Solid Waste & Power. 7 (1993): 35-39.
Eriksson, O, Carlsson Reich, M, Frostell, , jorklund, a, Assefa, G, Sundqvist, JO & Thyselius, L. 2005, Municipal solid waste management from a systems perspective, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 241-252.
Hanson, S, Nicholls, R, Ranger, N, Hallegatte, S, Corfee-Morlot, J, Herweijer, C & Chateau, J2011, a global ranking of port cities with high exposure to climate extremes, Climatic Change, Vol. 104, No. 1, pp. 89-111.
Jordan, G, & Szucs, a 2011, Geochemical landscape analysis: Development and application to the risk assessment of acid mine drainage, a case study in Central Sweden, Landscape research, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 231-261.
McKnight, U.S., Funder, SG, Rasmussen, JJ, Finkel, M, inning, PJ & jerg,
PL2010, an integrated model for assessing the risk of TCE groundwater contamination to human receptors and surface water ecosystems, Ecological Engineering, Vol. 36, No. 9, pp. 1126-1137.
Meadows, M, & Watmough, SA2012, an…
Eriksson, O, Carlsson Reich, M, Frostell, B, Bjorklund, a, Assefa, G, Sundqvist, JO & Thyselius, L. 2005, Municipal solid waste management from a systems perspective, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 241-252.
Hanson, S, Nicholls, R, Ranger, N, Hallegatte, S, Corfee-Morlot, J, Herweijer, C & Chateau, J2011, a global ranking of port cities with high exposure to climate extremes, Climatic Change, Vol. 104, No. 1, pp. 89-111.
Jordan, G, & Szucs, a 2011, Geochemical landscape analysis: Development and application to the risk assessment of acid mine drainage, a case study in Central Sweden, Landscape research, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 231-261.
McKnight, U.S., Funder, SG, Rasmussen, JJ, Finkel, M, Binning, PJ & Bjerg,
The three types of glass ceramics were then analyzed for structural integrity and thus, viability for use in industry. Methods of analysis include optic and SEM, which help determine qualities like glassiness. Results showed that larger amounts of CaO in the vitrification process changed the termperature at which crystallization takes place. By increasing the CaO amount in the glass ceramics, a higher cooling temperature during the crystallization process is needed. This may have cost implications for the manufacture of the glass ceramics.
Although the results demonstrate the specific differences between different glass ceramic compositions in terms of dendritic crystal shape and the temperature needed to achieve crystallization, the authors do not make any specific suggestions for industry. The research design itself is not flawed, although it would be preferable to perform future research on different types of industrial waste to find out which materials are conducive to sustainable and cost-effective…
Job Analysis / Job Description Due eek 4 worth 100 points Go YouTube, located http://www.youtube./, search episode "UnderCover Boss." Imagine CEO company selected episode.
aste Management -- Undercover Boss
Episode 1 in the First Season of "Undercover Boss," "aste Management," relates to Larry O'Donnell, the director of aste Management, as he goes undercover as an entry level recycling plant operator. This makes possible for him to gain a better understanding of the company's activities and thus prepares him to devise a plan that would restructure parts of the business. Jobs like sorting recyclables from a conveyer belt and recycling site manager are brought into light emphasizing the contrast between them.
hile having to sort recyclable materials on a conveyer belt might seem like a menial and undemanding job, the show gradually provides more info on the activity. Viewers are provided with a better understanding of the job and of the…
Dohrn, R. "How to Be a Manager Without Being a Jerk," (Lulu.com, 2010)
Leary-Joyce, J. "Inspirational Manager: How to Build Relationships that Deliver Results," (Pearson Education, 2007)
Robbins, S.P. "Organizational Behavior 15th Edition," (Prentice Hall, 16 Jan 2012)
Part 1: Documentary “Food. Inc.”
Food. Inc. is an American documentary that shows what it takes the food we eat to be on our tables. It explores the processes through which our food comes from the plants or animals to our plates. The message conveyed in the movie is quite alarming since the food labels and charts shown on the product descriptions do not appear as shocking as the processes through which they come to the sale display shelves. The consumers are unaware of the procedures and food industry practices that the food has been gone through as the company owners have modified ways scientifically rather than keeping them organic and close to nature (Shanbaum, 2016).
The film provides evidence in different categories, such as the industrial production of meat portrayed as inhumane for the animals and human consumption, environmentally unsustainable, and economically difficult in its management. The industrial production…
Shanbaum, E. (2016, August 30). Ethics on Film: Discussion of “Food.Inc.” Carnegie Council. https://www.carnegiecouncil.org/publications/ethics_onfilm/0019
Thompson, K. (2016, September 19). Food Inc. - A summary. Revise Sociology. https://revisesociology.com/2016/09/19/food-inc-a-summary/
Recycling Plastic Good Stewardship or Bad Business?
There are quite a number of arguments that could be advanced on why recycling plastic is good stewardship. It is important to note, from the onset, that much of the solid waste municipalities handle comprises of metal, plastic, glass, and paper. In that regard, therefore, the relevance of having in place an efficient system of solid waste management cannot be overstated. In addition to feeding a green economy, recycling plastic also helps in energy and resource conservation and helps divert waste from landfill. Recycling also does make great economic sense. For instance, it is much cheaper to manufacture items using materials that are recycled. Recycling also helps in bringing down waste disposal costs. Costs in this case include, but they are not limited to, landfill costs which could run into hundreds of millions.
e cannot do away with plastics. This is more so…
Anderson, Curt L. Economics and the Environment. New York, NY: Council on Economic Education, 1996. Print.
Greening Earth Society. "Recycle Plastic Bottles and Help the Environment." Greening Earth Society, 2011. Web. 29 March 2014.
Kneiss, Sharon. 2008. "Argument for Recycling is Strong." MSW Management, 31 October 2008. Web. 29 March 2014.
Waste & Environment Management
Major Competitors & Market Share
Porter's 5 Forces
The waste management industry is segmented in terms of customer -- both the payer and the type of waste are means by which the industry is segmented. While the demand conditions are relatively stable, the political and social environments are both important because they are driving trends in waste treatment, in the sorting and separating of waste and in waste re-use.
The waste management industry is diffuse, with thousands of players, most of them small and regional. Municipalities still account for 23% of the industry, managing their own waste. This creates significant opportunity in privatization. There are otherwise two major players, WMI and epublic, and after than the companies are either small or niche market specialists (medical waste, for example). The industry is highly regulated so companies with specialized competency are…
Business Wire. (2014). Waste Management announces fourth quarter and full year 2013 results. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 4, 2014 from http://online.wsj.com/article/PR-CO-20140218-905642.html
Capel, C. (2014). Innovations in waste. Waste Management World. Retrieved June 3, 2014 from http://www.waste-management-world.com/articles/print/volume-11/issue-2/features/innovations-in-waste.html
EBI. (2012). U.S. Solid Waste Industry Reaches $55 Billion in Revenues - Innovative conversion technologies poised to shake up the industry. EBI Online. Retrieved June 3, 2014 from http://ebionline.org/updates/1244-us-solid-waste-industry-reaches-55-billion-in-revenues-innovative-conversion-technologies-poised-to-shake-up-the-industry
IBIS World. (2014). Waste treatment and disposal services in the U.S.: Market research report. IBIS World Retrieved June 3, 2014 from http://www.ibisworld.com/industry/default.aspx?indid=1506
Solid Waste Management
A community needs assessment is a relatively straightforward procedure that begins with pre-planning, planning, and organization. The most difficult aspect of the needs assessment is communication. The needs assessment depends on communicating with various organizations, and could entail dealing with bureaucratic barriers. It may be necessary to establish partnerships with organizations that can assist the needs assessment, such as grassroots groups, NGOs, and universities (Sharma, Lanum & Suarez-Balcazar, 2000). Thus, it is important to identify relevant stakeholders during the early phases of the needs assessment. Any existing infrastructure, institutions, and organizations can be assessed and discussed in meetings with the primary stakeholders. During the needs assessment, an evaluation of organizational cultures as well as social and cultural values and norms is also helpful. esearch on best practices related to the target community can also help develop the most effective needs assessment. Finally, it is crucial to identify…
General Environmental Analysis
Summary of General Environment Analysis
Description of the Industry
Industry Dominant Economic Features
Market Growth ate
Five Forces Analysis
Threat of New Entrants
Power of Suppliers
Power of Buyers
Power of Suppliers
Intensity of rivalry
ivals Anticipated Strategic Moves
Summary of Five Forces Analysis
Industry Key Success Factors
Products and Services
Summary of Organizational Analysis
Analysis of Firm esources
Summary of Firm's esources
Value Chain Analysis
4.3.2. Core Competencies and Sustainable Advantages
4.3.3. Summary of Firm's capabilities
4.4. Financial Analysis
4.4.1. Valuation Analysis
4.4.2. Growth Analysis
4.4.3. Profitability Analysis
4.4.4. Financial Strength Analysis
4.4.5 Management Efficiency Analysis
4.4.6. Summary of Financial Analysis
5.0. Strategic Issues Analysis…
Alter, H. (2009, Summer). Cost of recycling municipal solid waste with and without a concurrent beverage container deposit law. The Journal of Consumer Affairs, 27(1) 166-
Bloom, T. (2004, May). HOD landfill designated ready for reuse. Public Management, 86(4), 38.
Bullard, R.D. (2003, January/February). Environmental justice for all. The New Crisis, 110(1),
The role of municipalities, especially city managers, in the expansion of the cities and towns is very crucial and important in today's framework when urbanization is moving at a very rapid pace. The city managers in spite of their efforts are often incapable to perform better in terms of financial administration and efficient delivery of urban services. Consequently, the need of the hour is to strengthen and reengineer the urban local bodies which will perform better in terms of maximizing revenue generation and at the same time deliver the services in a better and efficient way. The only alternative which could bring such results can mainly be achieved through the introduction of innovative practices which openly targets these two issues, which mainly revolve around maximization of proceeds and better serviceability (Ogra, n.d.).
There is an assortment of core areas where city managers are involved for providing their services for the…
Barlaz, Morton, Cekander, Gregory C. And Vasuki, N.C. (2003). Integrated Solid Waste
Management in the United States. Journal of Environmental Engineering. 129(7), p.583.
Down in the dumps. (2009). Economist. 390(8620), special section p.5-9.
National 3R Strategy for Waste Management. (2009). Retreived July 26, 2010, from Web site:
everse Logistics Operations
In the recent years, electronic waste (e-waste) has grown as a rapidly growing challenge affecting the environment. Most of the electronic components contain toxic substances that negatively affect the environment. The toxic substances pose detrimental health threats to the world population. In January 2009, the state of New Jersey signed into law e-waste legislation. The growing e-waste within the New Jersey communities contributed to close to 2% of the municipal solid stream waste. The fundamental aspect emanated from the groundwater contamination from toxic metal substances such as cadmium, mercury and lead (Lawson, u.d., p.2). Most of the manufacturers also shipped e-waste to less developed countries. E-waste is comprised of broken or obsolete electronic equipment. Shipping of the e-waste to these countries creates serious global health concerns.
It occurred as a more economical mode of e-waste disposal for these manufacturers in the less developed countries. The 'easier' mode…
Daugherty, P.J., et al. (2005). Reverse Logistics: Superior Performance through Focused Resource Commitments to Information Technology. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review. Volume 41, Issue 2, March 2005, Pages 77 -- 92
Kanellos, M. (2012, March 15). A New Player In Oil: The Garbage Dump. Forbes. Retrieved July 13, 2013, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/michaelkanellos/2012/03/15/a-new-player-in-oil-the-garbage-dump/2/
Lawson, D. (n.d.). New Jersey's electronic waste recycling program. Retrieved July 13, 2013, from http://www.state.nj.us/dep/dshw/ewaste/ewastepowerpoint.ppt
Mario T., Manfredi B. & Salvatore C. (2013). The impact of Reverse Logistics on Supply Chain Performance. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, Vol. 43 Iss: 7, pp.564 -- 585
The City of Myrtle Beach is both a residential and vacation community in South Carolina. The city has over 30,000 permanent residents and millions of visitors attracted by the warm weather, the wide beaches, and entertainment services available in the city. The city is under a local government with over 900 staff members who work to deliver the various services under the jurisdiction of the local government. Among these services is solid waste management and recycling (City Of Myrtle Beach, n.d). This service is under the solid waste division which falls under the public works department of the local government of Myrtle Beach. This paper seeks to present a family of indicators that could be used to determine its success.
Overview of the system
All form of household waste, yard waste, and bulky junk are collected by the Solid waste division staff on a weekly basis, on a services…
City Of Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, (N.D.). Solid Waste Division. Retrieved from http://www.cityofmyrtlebeach.com/departments/solid_waste_management/index.php on 11 October 2018
Lindblom, C.E. (1959). “The science of “muddling” through,” Public Administration Review, 19(2): 79-88.
Visvanathan, C. (2012). “Waste Management Indicators-Priority and Challenges” Asia Resource Circulation Policy Research Workshop 12-14 December 2012 Bangkok. Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand.
WASTE MANAGEMENT Waste Management, Environment, and Human HealthPart 1: Documentary Food. Inc.Food. Inc. is an American documentary that shows what it takes the food we eat to be on our tables. It explores the processes through which our food comes from the plants or animals to our plates. The message conveyed in the movie is quite alarming since the food labels and charts shown on the product descriptions do not appear as shocking as the processes through which they come to the sale display shelves. The consumers are unaware of the procedures and food industry practices that the food has been gone through as the company owners have modified ways scientifically rather than keeping them organic and close to nature (Shanbaum, 2016).The film provides evidence in different categories, such as the industrial production of meat portrayed as inhumane for the animals and human consumption, environmentally unsustainable, and economically difficult in…
ReferencesShanbaum, E. (2016, August 30). Ethics on Film: Discussion of Food.Inc. Carnegie Council. https://www.carnegiecouncil.org/publications/ethics_onfilm/0019 Thompson, K. (2016, September 19). Food Inc. - A summary. Revise Sociology. https://revisesociology.com/2016/09/19/food-inc-a-summary/
The waste group contains 3 items:
AS1 -- Storing of Recyclable Household aste and Non-recyclable aste
AS2 -- Building Location aste Management
AS3 -- Composting
Household Recycling facilities
here the following recycling
services are given:
• 3 internal storage bins for recyclable waste with -- min total capacity of 60 ltr
-- no individual bin smaller than 15 ltr
-- all of the bins in a devoted position that is accessible to disabled people
here full recycling facilities
• 3 internal storage bins with -- min total capacity of 30 ltr
-- no individual bin smaller
than 7 ltr
-- all bins in a dedicated position that is accessible to disabled people
• a Local Authority collection scheme for recyclable materials covering at least three streams of waste with sufficient space for…
Agyeman, J., & Evans, B. (2004). 'Just sustainability': The emerging discourse of environmental justice in Britain? The Geographical Journal, 170, 155-164.
Apitz, S.E. (2010). Waste or resource? classifying and scoring dredged material management strategies in terms of the waste hierarchy. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 10(8), 1657-1668.
Babin, R., & Nicholson, B. (2011). How green is my outsourcer? Measuring sustainability in global it outsourcing. Strategic Outsourcing: An International Journal, 4(1), 47-66.
Ball, S., & Abou Taleb, M. (2011). Benchmarking waste disposal in the Egyptian hotel industry. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 11(1), 1-18.
" (fom Wold envionmental news, Intenet edition)
Besides developing flexible legislation that will distibute the functions of ecycling between manufactues and municipal sevices thee has to be a definite and developed pogam that would specialize on the optimal and the most exhaust utilization of electonic waste, eduction of e-waste landfills and incineation. Recycling pogam should not be limited to the ecycling of CRT monitos, as thei ownes ae moe likely to bing the whole obsolete compute system to the ecycling, not just compute monitos.
The benefit of integal pogam of ecycling is that it allows using a vaiety of mateials used in the electonics manufactuing like pecious metals, semi-pecious metals, and some electonic items in the euse.
The most impotant pat of the e-waste management is seach of the most appopiate and qualified patnes in the technical o pactical pat of the poblem solution. This poblem is of the essential…
reference: being reused repaired and modernized; being recycled and the most ecologically disadvantageous solution is simply being land filled. But the realization of these practices faces a lot of obstacles mainly of financial character. All of them are quite expensive and do not bring desired return.
That's why scientists and economists agree in the following: recycling of e-waste has to be the concern of electronics manufacturers. Loop industry is the most optimal solution to the problem as the manufacturer becomes responsible for the recycling of the products he makes. Introduction of such practices has the negative outcomes of course. Because technological process becomes more complicated and intensive, requires involvement of additional equipment and facilities on the hand with new labour the net value of the production increases and so the customers would have to pay more for electronics.
Another direction in the solution of e-waste problem is export of e-waste to the developing countries, where the process of recycling is cheaper and the possibility of e-waste to be reused, repaired and modernized is higher. Moreover some third world countries use unpopulated territories for e-waste. Anyways, this kind of solution is not appropriate again, because most of these practices somehow avoid law regulations of these countries and cannot have a mass character. It only creates additional problem which would have to be solved in close future.
As most of experts agree that recycling of e-waste has to be the problem of e-products manufacturers they have to develop different effective strategies and technologies for the most optimal solution of this problem: starting form transportation of e-waste from customer to the process of recycling. At this point global environmental community has to cooperate and share new practices and approaches in solving this problem. It refers both to technology and legislative regulation of the problem.
And in developing own strategy for e-waste management the officials of different countries have to work together and adopt practices of each other that are being effective. Countries of European Union had already made the first steps to the solution of this problem, making manufactures to be responsible for the waste caused by their products. The United Sates and Canada should start to introduce these practices as well, if they want to achieve ecological balance and safe coexistence of scientific and technological progress with health of humanity.
Furthermore, the proper selection of the team provides a means of determining general responsibilities for each team member involved. They will need to know the overall scope of their service while also knowing their overall design responsibilities as compared to their peers. In addition, their contracts will be a directly correlated to the contract and specifications of the client involved. This is important as it aligns the motivations of the work team with that of the client. By aligning motivations and incentives, the design team has their personal interests affiliated with those of the client. This will ultimately help reduce unethical practices and mistakes within the overall process. According to the British design management standards, the design team will want to establish effective means of communication while also electing a qualified leader. More important the team must establish an overall brief. The brief, according to British Standards, should outline the…
1) Guide to RIBA Agreements 2007 (Royal Institute of British Architects) RIBA Publishing, 2008
2) Architect's Job Book Eighth Edition (Royal Institute of British Architects) RIBA Publishing, 2008
3) Briefing the Team (Construction Industry Board) Thomas Telford Publishing, 1998
4) The CIC Scope of Services Handbook (Contraction Industry Council) RIBA Publishing, 2007
Integrating Total Quality Environmental Management Systems - a Critical Study of TQEM
Relevance of TQM to Environmental Management
Scope of Dissertation
Moving from Reactive to Proactive Management
Understanding TQM in Relation to TQEM
History of TQM
Operation of TQM
Quality and Environmental Management Standards
Environmental Management Systems
Weaknesses of EMS Standards
Total Quality Environmental Management
Comparing ISO 9000 and ISO 14000
Integrating the ISO 14000 Environmental Management System
Impact of certification on economic and ecological performances
Research Design and Nature
Integrating a Sustainable EMS with TQM
Steps to Implementing an Effective TQEM Strategy
INTEGRATING QUALITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ManagementS SYSTEMS - A CRITICAL STUDY
ackground and Overview of Study
For decades economic growth has been considered the main indicator of a healthy society (Oliver, 1996). However, only recently has society begun to recognize the environmental cost of this growth. As a result, there is now an…
Bibliography working paper. Winnipeg, MB: International Institute for Sustainable Development, 1996. 58
Bisang, O. (2000), Green Banking - The Value of ISO 14001 Certification
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Clark, D. (1999), What Drives Companies to Seek ISO 14000 Certification, Pollution Engineering, Summer, pp. 14.
management, in particular the management of mega events. It also delves deeply into the positives and negatives of the London Olympic Games and the 2006 orld Cup events in Germany. Those who manage mega events have an enormous task and an almost impossible responsibility to the public, to those participating in the events, and to the countries where mega events take place. Those issues and more are covered in this paper.
Theoretically review the key aspects of event management
Form and Function
Theoretically an event is a kind of convergence, according to Professor Donald Getz (School of Tourism, The University of Queensland); it is a blending of forms and functions, and those in turn converge into a worthwhile experience for the tourist / participant. Getz uses two huge events to illustrate how form and function come together to produce a grand experience for the attendee. He points to the 2012…
Baumard, P. (1999). Tacit Knowledge in Organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
BBC News. (2005). Four suicide bombers struck in central London on Thursday, July 7,
killing 52 people and injuring more than 770. Retrieved September 30, 2013, from http://news.bbc.co.uk .
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Waste Crisis in Campania, Italy
Since early 1990s to late 2000s, the Italian government issued a formal State of Emergency in the region of Campania, south-west Italy because of the saturation of regional waste treatment facilities. During this period, there was huge evidence including a study by World Health Organization that showed increased accumulation of legal, illegal, urban and industrial waste, which in turn contaminated water, air, and soil. The contamination was brought by a series of toxic pollutants from the waste including dioxins. This case provides significant insights regarding sustainability and demonstrates various ecological economics sustainability concepts. Moreover, this case study raises some sustainability challenges or questions that are helpful when considering environmental sustainability.
Synopsis of the Case
Campania region in south-west Italy was under a formal State of Emergency for nearly 14 years i.e. between 1994 and 2008 (Civil Society Engagement with Ecological Economics, 2010). This emergency was…
Barker, T. (2013, March 6). What is Ecological Economics, as Distinct from the Neoclassical Environmental Economics? Retrieved October 25, 2016, from http://www.camecon.com/Libraries/Downloadable_Files/Ecological_Economics-Barker2013.sflb.ashx
Civil Society Engagement with Ecological Economics. (2010). The CEECEC handbook: ecological economics from the bottom-up. CEECEC, Belgium.
The use of managerial accounting to keep profit margins where they need to be and make sure that individual product offerings are not a net drain on the company is not the only thing that Thai Airlines can and must do to keep a competitive edge and to protect themselves from things like corporate malfeasance and terrorists attacks, but it is certainly a major thing that should be take into account and otherwise dealt with in a timely and complete nature. It will not be easy for Thai Airlines to keep their competitive edge largely because other firms will be doing the exact same calculations and measurements. However, not doing so would be ceding progress and adeptness to their competitors. As such, not doing managerial accounting should be a non-starter for Thai Airlines.
AccountingExplained.com. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting Introduction | Accounting Explained. Accounting Explained | Financial and Managerial…
AccountingExplained.com. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting Introduction | Accounting Explained. Accounting Explained | Financial and Managerial Accounting Notes. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from http://accountingexplained.com/managerial/introduction/
CEIBS. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting for Decision-makers_CEIBS. China Europe International Business School. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from http://www.ceibs.edu/execed/index/8079.shtml
CSUN. (2013, May 12). Managerial Accounting. California State University, Northridge. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from http://www.csun.edu/~hfact004/Managerial.html
McGraw-Hill. (2013, May 12). The Work of Management and the Need for Managerial Accounting Information. McGraw-Hill. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0073526703/student_view0/ebook/chapter1/chbody1/the_work_of_management_and_the_need_for_managerial_accounting_information.html
Some or all such authority may be in fact unlimited. This is when a committee can counterbalance authority and diffuse power within an organization since effectively only a small faction is making important decisions. The best use of committees is to have limited power to make decisions but have unlimited power to make recommendations on how things should be done.
2. Identify the initial issue that should always be thoroughly addressed when the establishment of a committee is recommended.
The initial issue that should be addressed is that of making sure that those on the committee are the people capable of carrying out the agenda of the committee and that the committee will have limited power to make organizational decisions.
3. In what ways may committees be said to dilute the recognition and diffuse the blame or responsibility? Where, based on your personal experience, have you seen one of these…
Baker, L. 2002. "Managed care, medical technology, and the well-being of society," viewed 21
February 2011, < http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12055455 >
Carlson, Gail. 2009. "Managed Care Understanding Our Changing Health Care System," viewed
21 February 2011,
The performance of each team member depends on the performance of all others, this being a team project. Constraints include time and financial resources; as such improvement requires permanent improvement effort.
isk Management. No risk has been identified related to the project's completion.
Monitoring and Controlling Mechanisms. The data analysts will develop a metric system to measure each member's performance on a weekly basis. This weekly performance will be submitted to the project manager for potential adjustments.
V. Operations management plan
Operations Strategy. An easy way to understand the meaning of operations strategy is to break the word into the two separate words: operations and strategy - these words being the opposite of each other (Slack & Lewis, 2002). 'Operations' is about the functions and procedures regarding the day-to-day processes, while 'strategy' is about the direction and scope of an organisation over a long period of time. The operations strategy…
Aberdeen Group. 2008. Operational KPIs and Performance Management -- Are Your Daily Decisions Based on Fact?, http://www.aberdeen.com/
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Johnson, J. C. And Wood, D.F. 1996. Contemporary Logistics, N.J.: Prentice Hall Upper Saddle Creek.
Keah C.R.K. And Handfield, R.B. 1998 .Supply Chain Management: Supplier Performance and Firm Performance. International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management: pp.2-9.
Historical records show that people always organized themselves in order to work together towards a common objective and they coordinated their efforts to achieve this objective (Accel-Team 2004). It was not until the latter part of the 19th century that the concept of scientific management entered history during the Industrial evolution, but management skills existed long before the 19th century. Ancient Egyptians built the pyramids, ancient Chinese erected the Great Wall of China, the Mesopotamians irrigated their lands and walled their cities and the omans of old put up their roads, aqueducts and notably Hadrian's Wall not without established and superb management standards of their leaders (Accel-Team) and massive obedience and coordination among the followers. The pyramids of Egypt, wonders of the world, each measure 75,600 square feet at the base, 480 feet high and consists of more than two million blocks of stone, each weighing 2.5 tons.…
1. Accel-Team. (2004). Developments from Ancient History. Accel-Team.com. http://www.accel-team/scientific
2. Allen, G. (1998). Management History. Supervision. http://allie.dcccd.edu.mgnmt1374
3. Geocities. (2004). Human Behavior. http://www.geocities.com/the sydication/hr.html
4. McNamara, C. (1999). Very Brief History of Management Theories. http://www.mapnp.org/library/mgmnt/history.htm
Management Case Study
Where the Rubber Meets the Road
Total quality management (TQM), defined in the most simplistic of terms, is the incremental improvement of all facets of a business to increase customer satisfaction and, in turn, company viability. Although TQM is often applied first to manufacturing functions in an organization (zero defects, on-time production), the intent of TQM is equally meaningful in all aspects of business, from administrative (zero defects in billing and timely collection of accounts receivable), to distribution (no breakage, just-in-time delivery) to management (appropriate incentive structures, timely and accurate stakeholder reporting). The increased efficiency and competitiveness created through TQM initiatives is not limited to only the manufacturing sector, with many of the benefits of TQM occurring in the service sector, too.
In the case of ridgestone/Firestone, TQM was not pursued prior to the recall of its 6.5 million tires in 2000, as evidenced by the magnitude…
Case study: Where the rubber meets the road
This is also conducive, the realization of a 'higher' but clear objective in the command of someone with clear accountability to keep about company order, or principle ten. For social order to prevail there must be an appointed place for every employee and every employee must be in his appointed place.
Ethical violations are interesting to compare in light of the previous questions principle of eleven, of equity. For all personnel to be encouraged to carry out their duties with devotion and loyalty to the organization and its ideals and specific goals, people must be treated with kindliness. A sense of equity results from combination of kindness and justice. Equity excludes neither "forcefulness nor sternness," merely fairness. This can be seen with a common organizational problem of 'time theft' where individuals use work hours for personal matters without making note of this on their time sheets. If the management…
Managing Across Cultures
Internationalization of the economy has influenced companies to operate their business globally. The global operation has impact managers with several challenges. Market, product, and production plans must be coordinated on a worldwide basis. The global operation necessitates organization structure to balance centralized home-office control with adequate local autonomy. As companies have started their business operation on the international front, the number of their employees has increased. Increase in the employee's abroad management is faced with new global challenges. The three broad international business management challenges were identified by the management gurus as follows (obert, Kossek & Ozeki, 1998):
a) Deployment: To get the right skills where it is required in an organization regardless of the geographical location.
b) Knowledge and creativity distribution: Spreading the knowledge and practices throughout the organization regardless of where they have actually originated.
c) Talent identification and development on global basis: To identify…
Drucker, P. (1988) The Coming of the New Organization. Harvard Business Review issue
Fadel, J. & Petti, M (1997). International HR policy basics.
Global workforce issue April 1997, pp. 29-30
It is the totality of a company's identity: the quality of its people, the value of its brand, its standing in the community and its performance in the marketplace. Building reputation, in this broad sense of the term, is what great companies are all about" ("Message from Verizon's Chairman and CEO," 2006, About Verizon).
Notice how this rhetoric makes every employee at the company feel involved in a commitment to quality, yet also stresses Verizon's mission of putting the customer first. It is not just the CEO who leads, however, rather every manager must ensure that the functions and employees he or she oversee fulfill their necessary functions, and also want to do so. Leadership, in other words, is more than telling people what they must do; it is making people feel motivated to do so and to do their best, and to understand how they fit into the 'big…
Four Functions of Management." (2006). Slide 8. McGraw-Hill. Retrieved 18 Feb 2007 at http://www.csupomona.edu/~wcweber/301/301slide/ch01301/sld008.htm
Message from Verizon's Chairman and CEO." (2006). About Verizon. Retrieved 18 Feb 2007 at http://multimedia.verizon.com/responsibility/messageceo/index.aspx
McNamara, Carter. (1997). "Basics -- Definitions (and Misconceptions)
About Management." Management Help Retrieved 18 Feb 2007 at t http://www.managementhelp.org/mgmnt/defntion.htm#anchor654851
The Manager's Basic esponsibility
It has been said that the manager's most basic responsibility is to focus people toward performance of work activities to achieve desired outcomes. Is this a true statement? Certainly, it describes part of the manager's role and that part of the manager's role is a significant one. However, focusing people towards the performance of work activities is only part of the manager's role and may not be the most crucial part. A manager might have other responsibilities that are more basic and more essential to their role. At the same time, this description of the manager's role may actually undermine the manager's ability to perform their job effectively. These issues will now be considered further.
Management is defined as "the attainment of organisational goals in an effective and efficient manner through planning, organising, leading, and controlling organisational resources" (Daft 1997, p. 8). This definition includes…
Bruch, H & Ghoshal, S 2002, 'Beware the busy manager', Harvard Business Review, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 62-69.
Daft, R 1997, Management, The Dryden Press, Sydney.
Furedi, F 2005, 'Treat employees like adults', Harvard Business Review, vol. 83, no. 5, pp. 22-23.
Mintzberg, N 1975, 'The manager's job: Folklore and fact', Harvard Business Review, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 49-61.
Waste & Energy
Waste products and fossil fuel usage are in part byproducts of our civilization and in part they are drivers of our civilization. Disposing of waste and managing fossil fuels present tremendous challenges to our society. We know that climate change is going to have a significant effect on the world, so that the world 100 years from now is quite different from the world today. We know that our waste cannot simply be thrown out, or it will pollute our environment. This presentation will outline specific examples to illustrate the problem.
I want you to take out your phone. It's probably already out. When will you be replacing that phone? Within the next year or two, maybe three if it's a new one. What's in a phone and where does it go? Electronics are a major category of waste, and a massive environmental challenge. Batteries are a…
Clean Air Council. (2014). Waste press delete. Clean Air Council. Retrieved November 7, 2014 from http://www.cleanair.org/waste_delete
EPA. (2014). Where you live -- state medical waste programs and regulations. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved November 7, 2014 from http://www.epa.gov /waste/nonhaz/industrial/medical/programs.htm
Management of Immunocompromised Patients
In beginning I writer specific nursing assignment. The Question: 2000 Words While clinical placement asked prepare a single room an admission. The patient requiring admission isolation room immunocompromised.
Immunocompromised patients usually require isolation in order to prevent them from becoming infected with infections from other patients which is known as protective isolation. For the immunocompromised patients, their immune system is unable to fight the infectious diseases. There are many diseases or conditions that lead to immunodeficiency in patients.
One is AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). The pathophysiology of AIDS starts when the person's CD4+ T cell count begins to decrease as the disease kills these cells. This is HIV-induced cell lysis where the virus enters the CD4+ cells where it inserts its genetic information to the cell nucleus thus taking over the cell and replicating itself. The virus then mutates extremely rapidly thus making it more and…
Agusti, C., & Torres, A. (2009). Pulmonary Infection in the Immunocompromised Patient: Strategies for Management. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Bodey, G.P. (2010). Managing Infections in the Immunocompromised Patient. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 40(Supplement 4), S239. doi: 10.1086/427328
Glauser, M.P., & Pizzo, P.A. (2009). Management of Infections in Immunocompromised Patients New York: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Hayden, R.T. (2008). Diagnostic Microbiology of the Immunocompromised Host. Washington, DC: ASM Press.
" hile there are factors like peer pressure and authority that come into play, some research claims to have isolated significant features of an individual's character that make them more likely to commit acts of fraud, bribery and falsification in the corporate context (27, 2009). For example, those people with "high levels of ambition were more likely to transgress moral codes, competitively stab colleagues in the back and make dubious decisions relating to asset-stripping, disinvestment, and so on" (27, 2009).
Trevino's (1986) work is relevant when it comes to understanding individuals and corruption. There are a couple questions regarding moral personality that come up: first of all, whether or not a person sees an event or issue as a moral problem; the second is how they decide to act in relation to that problem. Kohlberg's theory of cognitive moral development emphasizes the cognitive or reasoning aspect of moral-decision making (604,…
Bratsis, Peter. The Construction of Corruption, or Rules of Separation and Illusions of Purity in Bourgeois Societies. Social Texts, 21(4), 9-33.
Burke, Ronald J. & Cooper, Cary L. Research Companion to Corruption in Organizations
(New Horizons in Management). Edward Elgar Publishers, 2009.
Fleming, Peter. & Zyglodopoulos, Stelios C. Charting Corporate Corruption: Agency,
To avoid all these hassles, corporates should take the lead. They should ensure that the environment is not harmed in any way and people are treated with respect and dignity without exploiting the people or the environment in any unfair way. Such initiatives get publicity too and this has a positive impact on the company's business interests. Therefore, technology has been another driving factor that induces companies to take the right steps to preserve and protect the environment and the people who depend on it.
Steps that should be taken by the company
Companies should have a clear strategy of how they are going to address their issues and this should be decided after taking into account its impact on the environment as well as its business interests. ecent years has seen more importance being given to shareholders and so company executives do everything possible to increase the returns for…
Melville, Nigel. (March 2010). Information Systems Innovation for Environmental Sustainability. MIS Quarterly. Vol 34(1). p1-21.
Livesey, Sharon; Hartman, Cathy; Stafford, Edwin; Shearer, Molly. (October 2009). Performing Sustainable Development through Eco-Collaboration. Journal of Business Communication. Vol 46(4). p423-454.
Bansal, Pratima. (March 2009). Corporate Social Responsibility: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol 54(1). p182-184
Margolis, Joshua. Walsh, James. (June 2003). Misery Loves Companies: Rethinking Social Initiatives by Business. Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol 48(2). p268-305.
Because unresolved conflict within teams can undermine the talents and efforts of even the most dedicated individuals, conflict resolution is an essential component of modern business management. Specific approaches to conflict resolution generally consist of strategies intended to prevent conflict preemptively and strategies intended to resolve conflicts after they arise. As a rule, eliminating conflict prospectively is more effective and more efficient than resolving conflict after it emerges. Generally, once conflicts erupt within a working group, more time must be dedicated to their resolution than would have been required to avoid the conflict prospectively. Likewise, conflicts that require resolution waste the time dedicated to the conflict, even before any efforts at resolution. However, the primary reason that conflict resolution strategy should emphasize prevention ahead of time is that the mechanisms for resolution are essentially the same, but preventing conflicts in advance spares the organization the lost productivity associated directly with…
Bass, B. (1985) Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations.
New York: Free Press
Kinicki, a., Williams, B. (2005) Management: A Practical Approach.
New York: McGraw-Hill.
The truth is that "creative" people and "geniuses" aren't any different than anyone else. They've only spent more time doing the things they wanted to be doing and pursuing the things they wanted to pursue. They had the courage and strength to persevere when others told them "no" it couldn't be done, or "you're wasting your time," "you're not going to make any money doing that," etc. And for their perseverance and strength in the face of adversity -- not their intellect or artistic ability - they've been awarded these labels "genius" and "creative."
Jobs closed out his speech with the following adage from an old publication he used to read, "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish." What that means is exactly is this, one should keep pursuing his/her dreams and never stop, never be satisfied. And, in the eyes of some he/she will be a fool, but eventually, with time, courage,…
Managing the elationship Between Customer and E-Banking
E banking or the Electronic banking is an Electronic method of money transfer or the EFT. This is a means whereby, an individual transfers money directly from different accounts by use of an Electronic system. This service allows clients to make use of computers or electronic gadgets to access the accounts information and conduct the various transactions involved. The service is beneficial for customers working in remote locations or a workplace. Its biggest advantage is that the service is convenient to customers. A customer can access a transaction at any given time of the day whether at night or during the day. Other advantages of E-Banking include; lower operating system in that, the general operating costs for the E-banking system is usually lower for the banks. A customer registered for the Electronic banking system is guaranteed few errors during the transaction. The…
Alessandrini, P., Fratianni, M., & Zazzaro, A. (2009). The changing geography of banking and finance. Dordrecht, Springer Verlag.
Amin, H 2009, 'AN ANALYSIS OF ONLINE BANKING USAGE INTENTIONS: AN EXTENSION OF THE TECHNOLOGY ACCEPTANCE MODEL', International Journal Of Business & Society, 10, 1, pp. 27-40, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 6 May 2012.
Computer Crime research Center. Fears over e-banking in the UK, Research. Retrieved From:
Darsow, M, & Listwan, L 2012, 'Corporate practitioners moving to mobile banking: Key factors driving adoption', Journal Of Payments Strategy & Systems, 5, 4, pp. 360-372, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 6 May 2012.
Finally, the third category of needs is given by power - or the individuals who wish to have control; they have a small interest in what other people think of them and only desire their obedience.
E: Example: An individual driven by affiliation needs will not make major decisions on his own, but will always consult with his loved ones to get their opinion and approval. A power driven individual on the other hand will make those decisions on his own mostly because he can and this once again assures him of his power.
Skinner's Reinforcement Theory
T: Topic sentence: Skinner's theory identifies four types of responses that could be implemented by a higher power relative to the behavior of a subaltern.
E: Explain what that is: The first possible response would be a positive reinforcement which encourages the individual to continue; the second is negative reinforcement which encourages the…
Barnet, T., 2006, Reinforcement Theory, Reference for Business, http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/management/Pr-Sa/Reinforcement-Theory.htmllast accessed on May 20, 2008
Chapman, a., 1995-2008, Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, http://www.businessballs.com/maslow.html . Ast accessed on May 20, 2008
September 2002, What Is Motivation?, University of South Australia, http://www.unisanet.unisa.edu.au/motivation/Pages/What%20is%20Motivation.html . Ast accessed on May 20, 2008
2002-2007, Acquired Needs Theory, Changing Minds, http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/acquired_needs.html . Ast accessed on May 20, 2008
Logistics refers to all the move and store actions from the point of raw materials attainment to the point of final use. Effective and efficient logistics management is a key to the success of business firms as well as to Just in time (Lai and Cheng, n.d.).
Logistics management is so crucial for JIT because the entire premise is that a company orders just the product that it needs and it is supposed to arrive just as they need it. If the product does not arrive on time them the company has no product to sell and if they product arrives too early then they more than likely will have storage issues in regards to the product.
Azaria, Erez. (2009). Supplier Consolidation in Weakening Economy. etreived May 20, 2010,
from Supply Excellence Web site:
Fernie, John and Sparks, Leigh. (n.d.). etail logistics: changes and challenges. etreived May
Azaria, Erez. (2009). Supplier Consolidation in Weakening Economy. Retreived May 20, 2010,
from Supply Excellence Web site:
Fernie, John and Sparks, Leigh. (n.d.). Retail logistics: changes and challenges. Retreived May
In the GEOMA methodology, carbon dioxide displaces methane within the water lattice which reforms into a more stable state than was present with the methane. While this new technology is still in development, it is very promising (Traufetter, 2007). ecent advances by researchers from Japan, China, India, Canada, Australia, and the United States could result in commercial exploitation of Methane gas within the decade.
Natural gas recovery techniques have come a long way since that first primitive well in Fredonia. Now, a complex and sophisticated process brings natural gas from the field to your home. Exploration for new sources of natural gas has become a highly evolved science. Geologists study the physical structure of a potential site. The scientists can use seismology and magnetometers to develop three dimensional models of the earth using computer programs designed for that purpose. These models allow the geologists to narrow down specific areas that…
This practically also pays big dividends for manufacturers as they continue to strive to keep their Energy STA Compliance ratings on products, leading to lower costs for power supply, electrical system integration and less product wear due to more efficient use of energy. Studies also indicate that Energy STA compliance, when designed in as part of the DfE initiatives in a PLM system, can have an exceptionally high accumulative impact as well (Preston, 2001).
Integrating DfE into PLM frameworks then not only alleviates the unnecessary and often high costs of noncompliance to federal and global mandates, this integration has also been shown to reduce the net amount of new product components necessary, further creating higher levels of reliability in products over time (Mascle, Zhao, 2008).
There are many additional benefits to integrating DfE product development practices into the broader PLM frameworks manufacturers use for designing, launching, managing and discontinuing products.…
Abramovici, M. (2007). Future trends in product lifecycle management (plm). Springer-Verlag Publishing, London, UK. (pp. 665-674).
Mike Adami-Sampson. (2007, February). Design for environmental compliance. Control Engineering, 54(2), 12-14.
Vidhi A Chaudhri. (2006). Organising Global CSR: A Case Study of Hewlett-Packard's e-inclusion Initiative*. The Journal of Corporate Citizenship,(23), 39-51.
Deathe, A., MacDonald, E., & Amos, W.. (2008). E-waste Management Programmes and the Promotion of Design for the Environment: Assessing Canada's Contributions. Review of European Community & International Environmental Law, 17(3), 319-334.
Cross-functional team dynamics require leaders who can be transformational in their ability to communicate compelling missions, goals and objectives for the teams, not just managing by action item lists and project plans (Santa, Ferrer, Bretherton, Hyland, 2010).
The best cross-functional teams then have a level of passionate intensity about them; they see the much greater result they are attempting to accomplish as worth the sacrifices they need to attain them (Feng, Jiang, Fan, Fu, 2010). Nowhere is this more prevalent than in the area of new product development and introduction (NPDI), especially in high tech manufacturing where product lifecycles are so rapid (Boks, Stevels, 2007). In the leading high tech companies including Cisco, Hewlett-Packard, IBM and others, sustainability engineering, product development engineering, packaging, repackaging and remanufacturing all have their experts on cross-functional teams to share their expertise and insight to make sustainability initiatives accomplishable through better use of internal knowledge…
Albino, V., a. Balice, and R. Dangelico. 2009. Environmental strategies and green product development: an overview on sustainability-driven companies. Business Strategy and the Environment 18, no. 2, (February 1): 83.
Barrett, J.. 2007. Demand-Driven is an Operational Strategy. Industrial Management, November 1, 14-19,5.
C Boks, and a Stevels. 2007. Essential perspectives for design for environment. Experiences from the electronics industry. International Journal of Production Research 45, no. 18/19, (September 1): 4021.
Bongsug (Kevin) Chae. 2009. Developing key performance indicators for supply chain: an industry perspective. Supply Chain Management 14, no. 6, (November 1): 422-428.
Bringing in a larger number of outside vendors -- perhaps contractually obligated to the convention to provide part of their proceeds to the convention in the form of donations -- could improve the donations secured by the organizers for the convention, all the while encouraging competition and expanding the array of products and merchandise available to attendees of the convention.
Solution #3: Technology with a grain of salt
In their haste to incorporate new technology into the 2000 Democratic National Convention, organizers may have bitten off more than they could chew. Previous conventions were successfully run without such an extreme reliance and integration of telecommunications and Internet solutions into the basic structure of the convention. This suggests that the success of the convention is not a function of the available computing power of the organizers. ather, the success will be based on successful management of the event.
With late pre-planning…
Giroux, G. 2000, July, 'Los Angeles hosts Democratic convention', Campaigns & Elections, vol. 21, no. 6, p. 8.
Jacobson, L. 2000, August 3, 'No panic among the button pushers', National Journal, vol. 32, no. 32, p. 2552.
Ray, D. 2000, August 7, 'Who is pulling the levers?', Insight on the News, vol. 16, no. 29, p. 14.
Solomon, B. 2000, August 19, 'They spoke, we're late', National Journal, p. 2653.
Domestic Waste Production
The production and disposal of waste has a dramatic environmental impact. There are three main sectors of waste generation in the UK, including commercial and industrial, construction and demolition, and local authority collected or municipal waste (including household waste) (1). Household waste generation in the UK has decreased in recent years, while recycling behaviors have increased (1). Behaviors and drivers associated with waste generation among households are explored in the following discussion.
There are many sources from which waste can arise, including households, business, construction, agriculture, mining, and sewage (4). Strategies for dealing with these various types of waste can be conceptualized in a hierarchy that indicateds which methods of waste management should be considered given the environmental impact of each type of waste (4). This framework entails waste prevention through reducing use resources, then the reusing of products, and finally recycling of materials (4). This framework…
1. Department of Environmental Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) 2011, Waste data overview (June 2011), viewed 11 March, 2012, http://www.defra.gov.uk/statistics/files/20110617-waste-data-overview.pdf.
2. Department of Environmental Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) 2012. Local authority collected waste for England -- annual statistics (2011), viewed 11 March, 2012, http://defra.gov.uk/statistics/environment/waste/wrfg23-wrmsannual/ .
3. Eurostat 2012, Environmental data centre on waste (2012), viewed 11 March 2012, http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/waste/data/sectors/municipal_waste .
4. UK National Statistics 2012, Waste and recycling (2012), viewed 11 March, 2012, http://www.statistics.gov.uk/hub/agriculture-environment/environment/waste-and-recycling.
Therefore, they use strict evaluation criteria to make choice among different alternatives. Keeping in view the strength of customers' bargaining power, Toyota and other automakers are expending huge amounts on advertisements and promotional campaigns to create awareness about their brands and convince these customers to prefer them over all other brands (Jenny & Scammon, 2010).
5. Internal Environmental Analysis for Toyota Motor Corporation
5.1. The esources Types:
Like other types of business corporations, Toyota also relies on four different organizational resources. These are: financial resources, human resources, informational resources, and physical resources. Financial resources are the money invested by the company's shareholders and the profits left after paying off liabilities. These resources enable the company to run its day-to-day operations, run marketing campaigns, and make strategic investments to keep it innovative and competitive in all aspects. Secondly, the human resources are the intellectual capital that plays a major role in…
Bearden, W.O., Ingram, T.N. & LaForge, R.W. (2007). Marketing: Principles and Perspectives, 5th Edition. Boston, Mass: McGraw-Hill
Blythe, J., & Megicks, P. (2010). Marketing Planning: Strategy, Environment and Context, 3rd Edition. U.K: Prentice Hall
Brassington, F. & Pettitt, S. (2006). Principles of Marketing, 4th Edition. Harlow: Financial Times Prentice Hall
Frederic, M., Agnes, V. & John, M. (2011). Pest Analysis, 2nd Edition. U.K: Gardners Books
Environmental Industrial Management
Corporate social responsibility (CS) has been a hot topic in business circles for decades. The topic has gained even greater attention in the last few decades in the wake of increased attention to the impact of business activities on the environment, economy, and the society (Flammer, 2013; Schrempf-Stirling, Palazzo and Phillips, 2016). This paper discusses the principles of CS; the integration of social, economic, and environmental aspects in the organisational agenda; the importance of transparency, accountability, and stakeholder engagement in CS; and the notions of materiality in CS and sustainability reporting as outlined in the Global eporting Initiative (GI) G4 guidelines.
Whereas there is no commonly agreed definition, CS generally refers to the activities business organisations deliberately undertake with the aim of promoting social, economic, and environmental sustainability (Crowther and Aras, 2008). It denotes the pursuit of economic objectives while at the same time consciously pursuing social…
Barclays, 2013. Citizenship Report 2013. [online] Available at: [Accessed 9 December 2016]
Crowther, D. and Aras, G., 2008. Corporate social responsibility. New York: Ventus Publishing.
Flammer, C., 2013. Does corporate social responsibility lead to superior performance? A regression discontinuity approach. Management Science, 61(11), 1-27.
Foote, J., Gaffney, N. and Evans, J., 2010. Corporate social responsibility: implications for performance excellence. Total Quality Management, 21(8), 799-812.
This approach has been regarded as one of the best and safest approaches. Despite this, there is widespread concern about proper radioactive waste management. (National esearch Council (U.S.), 1)
According to a 1976 EDA report, the nine facilities for radioactive waste disposal have been referred to as significant health hazards. Leaks and spills at such facilities are not very uncommon. In fact, the radioactive waste storage facility at ichland has reported around 18 leaks in a period of 20 years discharging approximately 430,000 gallons of radioactive wastes, shows the enormity of the situation. Leaks have also been reported in Kentucky, New York State, and in Tennessee. (Gyorgy, 130) it has been reported that the U.S. generates radioactive PCB wastes at a rate greater than 5 million tons annually. Moreover, the U.S. has more than 200 million tons of uranium mill tailings in which 85% of its original radioactivity still persists.…
Brown, Lester R; Earth Policy Institute. Eco-Economy.
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McGraw-Hill Professional, 1996.
com.ph. 2010)." Overall this is in line with HKIA's official policy of functioning as a green and environmentally friendly airport. To quote HKIA's website Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) is fully committed to the 4s of waste management -- eduction, e-use, ecycling and esponsibility. Our waste management efforts include reusing and recycling around 12 tons of wastes every day (Hong Kong International Airport 2010)." In addition, HKIA has been participating in the Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department's Wastewise program since 2003. Wastewise sets the city of Hong Kong's annual waste reduction and recycling targets. HKIA has received the Gold Wastewise Label annually from 2003 to 2007. In 2008 they received the Wastewise excellent class and recycle materials such as cardboard, paper, plastics, scrap metals, glass bottles, food waste, vehicle tires, spent lube oil, fluorescent lamps, rechargeable batteries, printer / fax cartridges as well as used cooking oil (Ibid).
AECOM. (2010). Hong Kong International Airport - Airport Master Plan 2030 Study,
Hong Kong. Available: http://www.aecom.com/Where+We+Are/Asia/Transportation/_carousel/Hong+Kong+International+Airport+-+Airport+Master+Plan+2030+Study,+Hong+Kong . Last accessed 25 Dec 2010.
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Any organization that deals directly with petroleum-based products, including storage facilities, will be affected by the act. The act also provides for Area Contingency Plans in case of emergency. The Pollution Prevention Act aims to reduce pollution "through cost-effective changes in production, operation, and raw materials use," ("Pollution Prevention Act"). Recycling programs fall under the Pollution Prevention Act; therefore, organizations might be required under this law to participate in large-scale recycling programs. Moreover, the Pollution Prevention Act is designed to curb source pollution, so the act applies especially to organizations that are potential polluters. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act applies especially to storage of toxic waste. The act will pertain to employees of waste management facilities or of any organization that must dispose of its waste material in an environmentally sound and legally authorized way.
About EPA." 2005. Online at http://www.epa.gov/epahome/aboutepa.htm.
Clean ater Act." Online at http://www.epa.gov/region5/water/cwa.htm.…
To evaluate weak areas of the current strategy and propose solutions for improvement.
2.0 LITEATUE EVIEW
According to Zou and Cavusgil (1995), the subject of global strategy has attracted a lot of attention in the recent past. Zou and Cavisgil (1995) calim that a major reason behind this has been the increasing progress in the telecommunications and other technological areas that has brought the world closer and transnational existence of organizations
Eastcompeace culture has been building momentum as a congruent culture. Its aspiration to achieve continuous growth in the field of research has ensured the sustainability and viability of its products in the market. Moreover, Eastcompeace ensures highest standards of corporate compliance from the highest C-level management to the employees at lowest level (Teece, Piassano & Shuen, 1997).
The low employee turnover of Eastcompeace is the evidence of Eastcompeace's congruent culture, low employee turnover is very good sign…
Eastcompeace. (2011). Doing Business Responsibly. Retrieved from http://www.Eastcompeace.com/responsibility/protecting_environment/waste_and_recycling.jsp
Grant, R. (2005). Contemporary Strategy Analysis. USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Marshall, S. (1995). The vision, meaning and language of educational transformation. School Administrator. 52(1), 8.
Harrison, A., Wheeler, P. And Whitehead, C. (2003). The distributed workplace: sustainable work environments. New York, Routledge.
environmental presentation by evaluating the attributes of organizations those are linked with approaches. Environmental concerns with regard to the emission of toxic chemicals, waste management, and energy and resource utilization of impact firms unevenly. To illustrate the retailers may be associated primarily with energy utilization and recycling programs, while manufacturing firms may concentrate more on waste and emissions generated during the production process. Such changing influences may entail different demands on firms with regard to the ways the activities dealing with environment. Such changing influences may entail different demands on firms with regard to the ways environmental functions and activities are organized. The analysis of Atkinson, Schaefer and Viney on UK electricity industry pointed out that no single most appropriate environmental management organization. Like contingency theorists, they accomplished that varied structural arrangements are appropriate for various companies at different times. Maxwell, othenberg, Briscoe and Marcus also remarked varied structures for…
Russo, Michael V; Harrison, Niran S. Internal Organization and Performance: Clues from the Electronics Industry. September, 2002. Retrieved from http://fiesta.bren.ucsb.edu/~alloret/epacapmkts/Michael%20Russo%2010-02.doc
management has to do with the knowledge of the resources a company uses in running their daily affairs. It also involves effective projection of additional resources that could be needed along the way, and the maximization of the available resources. Maximizing the efficiency of the available resources and the ability to put some of them in reserve are part of Cost Management. Some scholars define cost management as the of cost setting up systems of accounting and models for the provision of guidance in relation to current and future operations in order to achieve specified objectives. They also believe that analyzing and interpreting cost information is vital and aids the processes of decision making. Basically, between a client and a contractor, cost management refers to the final cost of a construction project (Dubois, 2003).
The major reason for the analysis of cost management is to find a more effective final…
Ansari, S., Swenson, D., Bell, J. And Kim, W. (2003): Best Practice in Target Costing. Management Accounting Quarterly, Winter 2003, Vol.4, No.2, pp.12-17.
Baker, W. (2002): Eliminate Non-Value-Added Costs. Industrial Management, May/June 2002, Vol.44, Issue 3, pp.22-27.
Carr, D. And Smith R. (2000): Change Management. In: Brinker, B. (ed.): Guide To Cost Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, pp.128-143.
Cokins, G. (2001): Activity-Based Cost Management: An Executive's Guide. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Process redesign is central to cost control. The notion of focus groups as a means to reduce costs and enhance process control is notable for its two-pronged approach.
Focus groups (Bannon, 2001) also enable manufacturers to identify early in the process whether a product will be a hit among the consumer base or if it is expected to flop. The earlier the product is identified to flop, the better the savings for the company and potential for greater profits through the pipeline of alternative toys used in the focus group process.
Other measures pertinent to the cost control process include securing an earlier production schedule (Bannon, 2001) and utilizing a smaller number of molds or casts necessary to manufacture the facsimile toy product. "The difference is important, since molds can cost as much as $100,000 each. Says Mr. Bousquette. "For 30 years, the company has been talking about doing this,"…
Bannon L. New Playbook: Taking Cues from GE, Mattel's CEO Wants Toy Maker to Grow Up - the Former Cheese Whiz Puts Financial Discipline Ahead of Marketing Flash - but is Barbie Unpredictable? Wall Street Journal. (Eastern Edition). New York, NY.: Nov 14, 2001. Pg a.1
HEYMAN, S. (1975). Expense control for retail companies. Retail Business Review, 44(2), 2. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/211124929?accountid=13044
Landers, B. (1989). Overhead cost management in retailing. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management,17(3), 14. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/210969127?accountid=13044
Trozzi, M. (1974). Managing the Cost Reduction Process. Retail Business Review 42.9 (Jun/Jul) 14. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com.rlib.pace.edu/abiglobal/docview/211124576/12DAF4D15AB6D9CC697/12?accountid=13044
But a less obvious form of discrimination is gender inequality, which poisons a culture more slowly but just as surely.
Priority Four: Stop being imprisoned with expected, predictable policies. One of Morgan's more interesting metaphors is his "psychic prison metaphor"; this alludes to a company being "trapped by favored ways of thinking" (men can do a better job because they have more experience, for example, or immigrants are too new to America to be given managerial responsibilities). In other words, managers can become imprisoned in their out-of-touch thinking, and to move forward management must look outside for fresh insights and get out of the "cave" of darkness and stagnation (Morgan, 206).
Priority Five: To create a smooth-functioning, productive work culture, management must eliminate the triggers for "counterproductive work behavior" (CB). An article in the Psychologist-Manager Journal (Fodchuk, 2007) points to two CBs that must be removed in any work culture…
Fodchuk, Katherine M. (2007). Work Environments That Negate Counterproductive Behaviors
And Foster Organizational Citizenship: Research-Based Recommendations for Managers.
The Psychologist-Manager Journal, 10(1), 27-46.
Morgan, Gareth. (1998). Images of Organization: The Executive Edition. San Francisco:
Management 4 course book written Chuck William scenario assignment provided professor. Decision Making Case Assignment #2 - What Would You Do? Management Decision Making Case #2 Interface, Inc.
Interface, Inc. -- Implementing Sustainability
Which level of social responsibility best describes the company's current operations?
At present, the company is operating on a totally unsustainable model -- it generates waste in the production of the carpets it sells and the carpet materials are non-recyclable and simply fill up landfills. The company's business is "turning petrochemicals into textiles" which means using petroleum "which took millions of years to make, [and] is irreplaceable" and turning it into carpet which will not decompose and yet which is usually discarded within ten years (Fishman 1998). The factories which produce the carpets also generate pollutants.
Q2. What environmental vision do you communicate to your task force? In other words, what social responsiveness strategy will you adopt…
Climate. (2012). Interface Sustainability. Retrieved:
Fishman, Charles. (1998). Sustainable growth: Interface, Inc. Fast Company. Retrieved:
The balanced scorecard was developed by Robert Kaplan and David Norton and serves as a useful tool for designing strategies along different types of important objectives in any organization. Other business models were deemed too narrow and they wanted something more comprehensive to translate vision and strategy into objectives and measures across four balanced perspectives: the financial perspective, customer perspective, internal process perspective, and the learning and growth perspective. Each perspective is important to look at individually, however when the four approaches are "balanced" then the organization is in the best position to create value for all stakeholders.
According to its founders, Robert Kaplan and David Norton, it consists of four major performance measures- Financial, Customer, Internal Business Processes, Learning and Growth (Kaplan & Norton, 2007). The financial measure gives an idea of the past performance of a company, whereas measures like customer satisfaction and learning…
GE. (N.d.). What is Six Sigma? Retrieved from GE: http://www.ge.com/en/company/companyinfo/quality/whatis.htm
Kaplan, R., & Norton, D. (2007, June). Using the Balanced Scorecard as a Strategic Management System. Retrieved from Harvard Business Review: http://hbr.org/2007/07/using-the-balanced-scorecard-as-a-strategic-management-system/ar/1
Six Sigma Quality. (N.d.). What is Lean Six Sigma? Retrieved from Six Sigma Quality: http://www.sixsigma.com/what-is-lean-six-sigma/
University Alliance. (N.d.). Six Sigma vs. Lean Six Sigma. Retrieved from Villanova University: http://www.villanovau.com/resources/six-sigma/six-sigma-vs.-lean-six-sigma/
Horn of Africa experienced what was termed the worst drought in 60 years. The drought, caused by the failure of the rains for two consecutive seasons, led to a severe food crisis across Djibouti, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya, and killed more than 100,000 people while placing hundreds of thousands at risk of starvation. According to Hiller and Dempsey (2011), the greatest tragedy was that the world had seen this disaster coming, but little had been done to prevent it. From as early as 2010, there had been clear indications of a looming crisis and its consequences. La Nina, a climate condition that would lead to drier than normal conditions over the entire area had already been confirmed. Further warnings of the crisis were repeated and became more strident in 2011. In light of all the warning signs, it is, therefore, rather surprising that proper response from the international aid system…
Bart, C., 1988. Budgeting Gamesmanship. Academy of Management Executive. vol.(2)4, pp. 285-294.
Hiller, D & Dempsey, B., 2011. A Dangerous Delay: The cost of late response to early warnings in the 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa. Oxfam International and Save the Children. Available at https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/bp-dangerous-delay-horn-africa-drought-180112-en.pdf. [Accessed 25 April 2015]
Kaplan, R. & Norton, D., 1996. The balanced scorecard: translating strategy into action. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press
Mintzberg, H., 1987. Crafting strategy. Harvard Business Review. Vol. (65)4, pp. 66-75.
management function organizing meet goals businesses today. Write a paper considers strategic role human resource management driving organizational performance.
General Motors: Case assignment
Over the course of the recent economic downturn, General Motors has had to fundamentally alter its way of doing business and its managerial structure. In the past, despite occasional efforts to reconfigure its outdated organizational operations, "the inability or unwillingness of management to recognize and respond to the core drivers of systemic change" doomed the company, and the federal government was forced to 'bail GM out' to insure its future solvency (MacDonald 2009). During its early years, the company's initial success lulled the management of GM into a sense of entitlement. "For most of the 20th century General Motors was the most dominant industrial company in the United States, if not the world. At one point, no other single company contributed more to America's GDP than did…
George, Bill. (2008). A radical fix for general Motors. Business Week.
Retrieved December 20, 201 at http://www.businessweek.com/managing/content/dec2008/ca2008122_788350.htm
General Motors. (2010). Supplier diversity. Official Website. Retrieved December 20, 201 at http://www.gm.com/corporate/dealers/diversity/
Hartung, Adam. (2009, June). The fall of GM: What went wrong and how to avoid its mistakes.
Management Service Processes in a Specific Organization
Critical Evaluation of Effective Management Service Processes: Qantas Airlines
Effective and efficient management service processes are highly important when it comes to any organization that has dealings with the public in a service capacity. Addressed here will be the case and critical evaluation of Qantas airlines, which operates airplanes that shuttle individuals to vacation destinations and work-related conferences, among other needs. The paper will focus on three areas: the effective management of service processes, service people, and resource allocation. All three of these areas must be evaluated, in order to better understand the issues that the company faces. Additionally, all three areas generally work together to help an organization reach maximum efficiency and effectiveness. ith that in mind, examining all three issues for Qantas will show how well the company is doing and whether there are things it could do to improve in…
Bass, B.M. & Avolio, B.J. (Eds.). (1994). Improving organizational effectiveness through transformational leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Bryant, S.E. (2003). The role of transformational and transactional leadership in creating, sharing and exploiting organizational knowledge. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies
Easdown, G. (2006). Qantas through the years. The Herald Sun.
Morrison, S.A. & Winston, C. (1990), The dynamics of airline pricing and competition, American Economic Review, 80(3).
These examples indicate that a Machiavellian approach to corporate ethics and an utter lack of concern for the state of the environment in the future is poor business practice. Yet the ethical arguments in favor of businesses showing concern for the environment, having rigorous accounting ethics and observing regulations regarding consumer safety is that a failure to take ethical action often results in losses of profits. It is far more difficult to argue that a firm should ignore the need to make a profit at all, and to place the environment first.
Consider the principles of the Deep Ecology movement, which point out that Western capitalism and consumerism itself generates waste, and a focus upon maximizing productivity actually causes harm to the environment. Deep Ecology principles stress that even encouraging people to buy more consumer goods, regardless of origin, is unethical, and that improvements in technology often results in destruction…
Drengson, Alan. 2011. Mission statement. Foundation for Deep Ecology. Accessed http://www.deepecology.org/mission.htm[February 5, 2011]
Gogoi, Pallavi. 2006. Wal-Mart's Organic offensive. Business Week. Accessed at http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/mar2006/nf20060329_6971.htm
[February 5, 2011]
Whoriskey, Pete. 2011. GM and Chrysler, owned by the government, lobby against fuel efficiency, safety improvements. The Washington Post. Accessed through Green Change
The automotive industry segment within the economy of the United States is a fundamental employer as well as a key donor of the American Gross National Product. The automotive industry segment is one that faces intense and comprehensive competition not only locally but also internationally. In recent times, the automotive industry has experienced deterioration in the revenues and profits generated and a decline in the market share as well as a lack of major employment opportunities. Within this similar timespan, the automotive industry has experienced major problems owing to the increases in the level of importation of vehicles and their corresponding parts from Europe and Asia as they have attained a greater market share as well as sales volumes. The purpose of this report to is to examine the different strategies and tactics employed by General Motors and Toyota Motor Corporation. These two companies are some of the biggest…