Workplace Safety Essays Examples

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Safety Is a Universal Need There Is

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89337025

Safety is a universal need.

There is need to have well structured safety systems that ensure safety is guaranteed at work places.

There is need to have in place the Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems especially at workplaces.

Safety systems

In each environment, there is need to have the utmost safety as long as there are people involved in the given environment. The need to have well structured safety systems that ensure safety is guaranteed at all times especially at work environments which would otherwise experience disproportionate insecurity and injury cases for the workers if such systems were not in place.

There is need to have in place the Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems that will enable the apt implementation of the safety measures, not only to intervene in times of an emergency occasioned by work environment hazards, but also to eliminate the possibility of such hazards ever happening or being present.

Occupational Safety Health (OSH) cannot be treated as an independent discipline.

Central goals of the OSH programs are to encourage a healthy and safe work environment, protecting co-workers, employers, family members, customers.

Occupational Health & Safety management System (OHSHS) is a central part of the risk…… [Read More]

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Safety Systems New Development in the Organization

Words: 1850 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27489500

Safety Systems

New development in the organization of work may affect worker health through a variety of ways by raising the risk of stress-related illnesses, like cardiovascular disease, and psychological disorders, by raising exposure to hazardous substances and fighting on the job, or by affecting occupational health services and training programs. There are a lot of things to be learned about the nature of changes in work organization, and how they affect the health and safety of worker. While the availability of evidence is limited, such proof recommends that new development and trends in work organization may be growing the risk of occupational illnesses. In a revolutionary publication, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has provided a brief summary of available knowledge and an explained agenda for research and progress.


As an employer or manager, getting involved in place of work health and safety will:

• Decrease the costs of office injuries and sicknesses. Workplace injuries and illness are most likely more costly than we think. We may have to pick up costs relating to lowered output, loss of valued staff, staff recruitment and retraining, effects on manufactured goods and service quality and damage to plant and…… [Read More]

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Safety and Heath in it Environments Applied

Words: 2533 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30654408

Safety and Heath in it Environments

Applied Business Research: The need for Safety and Health Standards in Hazardous Working Environments in the Information Technology

Businesses including IT firms are flooded with IT tools like microcomputers, photocopiers, digital surveillance tools, internet, among others. There is mounting evidence from a review of literature that in the IT work environment, especially the IT industry, present hazardous working environments to workers. Workers in these environments also undergo stress from the lack of knowledge of the tools, the lack of, or reduced human contact. Information technology tools also create electrical and fire hazards, which threaten the safety of employees. Employees also suffer from health issues like bleary-eyes from bright screens and monitors of IT tools. The research proves the need for increased safety and health measures in these environments. In the end, the research creates knowledge in the business community of the importance of increased safety and health standards and ergonomic approaches in IT environments given the rapid development of technology and the increased use in workplaces.

Safety and Health Standards Required in IT Environments

Introduction to the Research Problem

A review of indicates that there are many challenges workers face in the workplace apart…… [Read More]

Fraihat, H.M. (2003). Taxonomy and remedy of work hazards associated with office information systems. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 3(1), 127-127.

Information Resources Management Association (1994). Managing Social and Economic Change with Information Technology. Proceedings of the Information Resources Management Association International Conference, May 1994. IDEA Group Publishing.
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Safety Management in the United

Words: 1525 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11996538

Any organization that deals directly with petroleum-based products, including storage facilities, will be affected by the act. The act also provides for Area Contingency Plans in case of emergency. The Pollution Prevention Act aims to reduce pollution "through cost-effective changes in production, operation, and raw materials use," ("Pollution Prevention Act"). Recycling programs fall under the Pollution Prevention Act; therefore, organizations might be required under this law to participate in large-scale recycling programs. Moreover, the Pollution Prevention Act is designed to curb source pollution, so the act applies especially to organizations that are potential polluters. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act applies especially to storage of toxic waste. The act will pertain to employees of waste management facilities or of any organization that must dispose of its waste material in an environmentally sound and legally authorized way.

Works Cited

About EPA." 2005. Online at

Clean Water Act." Online at

Endangered Species Act." Online at

Freedom of Information Act." Online at

Major Environmental Laws." 2005. Online at

Occupational Safety and Health Act." Online at < Occupational Safety and Health Act>.

Pollution Prevention Act." Online at… [Read More]

About EPA." 2005. Online at

Clean Water Act." Online at
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Workplace Stress Define Workplace Stress

Words: 2181 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72592767

The person no longer finds it possible to perform their job or manage their personal life. Withdrawal from others, anger, grief and rage are some of the emotions felt. There are often suicidal or homicidal thoughts and over-reaction to minor events, agitation, frequent accidents, carelessness, forgetfulness and paranoia are the emotions. The victim has muscle tremors, loss of appetite and feels extreme chronic fatigue. At this point, only significant intervention from professionals can assist this patient from self-destruction (Anschuetz 3).

6) Five Most Stressful Jobs

The most stressful job in the United States is that of the inner-city high school teacher. Number two is a police officer, number three is a miner, number four is air traffic controller and number five is a medical intern.

7) Wellness Strategies

To deal with stress and manage it to one's benefit, one can crack a joke with a co-worker, watch a funny movie, enjoy an evening with some friends, read the comics, and try to see the humor in any situation. Laughing is one of the easiest and best ways to reduce stress.

Learning to relax helps, by doing exercises, taking several deep breaths throughout the day, taking regular breaks to get outside…… [Read More]

Canadian Mental Health Association, Sources of Workplace Stress. Richmond, British Columbia

Workplace Safety and Insurance. Board of Ontario Basic Certification Training Program: Participant's Manual, Ontario, Canada.1999.
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Workplace Privacy Issue For a Long Period

Words: 604 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18310936

Workplace Privacy Issue:

For a long period of time, the right to privacy, including workplace privacy has been a major controversial issue. In the recent past, workplace privacy issues have become major focal point of debates regarding the rights of employers and employees because of the impact of technological advancements, legislative scrutiny, and rising costs of healthcare. Generally, workplace privacy issues are divided into two major categories i.e. on-the-job and off-the-job privacy issues.

On-the-job privacy issues encompass concerns like psychological testing, drug testing, property searches, and medical testing. They are the most common workplace privacy issues experienced by employees and employers because they are closely linked to job performance and safety. In contrast, the off-the-job privacy issues incorporate a broad range of concerns such as the worker's political activities, recreational activities, and medical treatment as they focus on employee behavior outside the workplace.

Given the significance of workplace privacy issues, there is a slight difference between acceptable and unacceptable employment practices. This has contributed to the enactment of various regulations as legislatures try to control one or several employment practices. Actually, in the United States, there are 11 states which have adopted right-to-privacy clauses in their constitutions to address the…… [Read More]

"Employee Privacy Knowledge Center." (n.d.). Institute for Corporate Productivity. Retrieved May 5, 2012, from

"Privacy Issues in the Workplace - Visions." (n.d.). Find Articles -- Business Library. Retrieved May 5, 2012, from;col1
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Workplace Privacy as the Nature

Words: 1547 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72979490

Deontologically, people might take a stand for personal physical privacy as an innate moral good; yet, precisely what each deontologist might define privacy to be may vary. Consequently, some deontologists might think that workplace surveillance and drug tests are morally acceptable, while genetic tests are not. Others might organize their beliefs differently -- all measures may be seen as morally unacceptable, for instance. Essentially, attesting to be either a utilitarian or a deontologist gives little indication of which way an individual might lean with respect to physical privacy in the workplace.

Legal precedents regarding these issues have made relatively little progress towards reaching a widespread consensus of how to handle such cases. The Burlington case concerning genetic testing could have accomplished this but failed because although it was settled out of court for 2.2 million dollars, "Burlington admitted no wrongdoing and there has been no determination that what it did was illegal," (Duke 1). In general, there is much work to do on both sides before realistic and ethically driven policies can be adopted on a broad scale.

Works Cited

Anonymous. "Improvements in Workplace Safety -- United States." Morbidity and Morality Weekly Report, vol. 48, iss. 22, 1999.

Duke, L.…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Anonymous. "Improvements in Workplace Safety -- United States." Morbidity and Morality Weekly Report, vol. 48, iss. 22, 1999.

Duke, L. "Genetic Testing in the Workplace: the Employer's Coin Toss." Health and Biotechnology, September 5, 2002.
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Workplace Injury Reducing Workplace Injury Requires a

Words: 649 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53767328

Workplace Injury

Reducing workplace injury requires a multifaceted approach, and requires responsibility on the part of employees and managers. I am frequently called upon to move, lift, or manipulate objects. Most of the time this behavior is in accordance with my job description, and I was offered some basic safety training and guidelines when I was hired to perform the job. However, the details of each procedure were not offered in the training. As a result, we only received general guidance, such as how to bend our knees when lifting heavy objects. Issues related to workplace environment and ergonomics remain woefully ignored by senior management. Moreover, there is no ongoing training to remind personnel of their role and responsibility in preventing workplace injury. I have witnessed many of my colleagues do things that are not according to recommended procedure, thereby causing injury.

Management is often able to prevent workplace injuries, in part by implementing an organizational change policy. According to the Center for Behavioral Safety (2010), the process of change related to increasing workplace safety can take years because it involves shifts in organizational culture as well as strategic engineering strategies designed to alter the look and feel of the…… [Read More]

Center for Behavioral Safety (2010). Proactive safety: How to reduce workplace injuries by 50%. Retrieved online: 

McFarlin, K. (n.d.). How to reduce workplace accidents with employees. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved online:
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Workplace Health Current Issues and

Words: 563 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13898428

The idea that work is not to be supposed to enjoy has unfortunately become engrained in American society and in the cultures of many organizations and this has contributed directly to the rise of stress related illnesses and disorders (Gardiner 2010). Stress has a direct negative impact on health, leading to higher blood pressure, potential heart problems, increased headaches and other minor aches and pains, and a variety of other physical symptoms (Gardiner 2010). In addition, stress reduces the ability to focus, which has a negative impact on productivity and also increases the likelihood of mistakes that can lead to other injuries or safety issues. This new area of workplace health and safety concerns luckily has been studied enough that several direct and indirect methods for reducing workplace stress and its effects have been developed; solutions as simple as increasing laughing and developing an organizational culture of increased jocularity can go a long way towards reducing stress and improved productivity, and can also increase worker satisfaction and contentment, leading to advantages in addition to those in the area of health and safety (Gardiner 2010).

As workplace health and safety issues become better understood, more recommendations will undoubtedly be made. Including…… [Read More]

Gardiner, D. (2010). "Laughing your way to organizational success." Accessed 6 August 2010.

MDL. (2010). "Managing safety and health." Maine Department of Labor. Accessed 6 August 2010.
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Workplace Environment in India Has Changed Drastically

Words: 696 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80798748

workplace environment in India has changed drastically over the past decade. The early 1990s was marked by a wave of globalization creating a lot of attention for developing a sound infrastructure for workplace and country. The focus was to create amenities in the workplace and make working environment pleasurable. On this front, the federal government had succeeded in initiating development of urban centers that provide sound infrastructure for employees (Sikri, 1992).

Business entities have come to realize that maintaining a well managed and highly efficient workplace environment is critical to success. New technologies, environmental consciousness, and health concerns are having a major impact on the need for facility management. The International Facility Management Association, (IFMA), has grouped workplace responsibilities into several major areas such as facility financial forecasting, real estate acquisition and disposal, work specifications, installation and space management, architectural and engineering planning and design, new construction and renovation, maintenance and operation management, telecommunications integration, security and general administrative services (Sikri, 1992). All of these issues are concerned with ergonomics and worker safety and comforts.

By allowing public participation at all decision-making levels, while granting or renewing environmental consent, the government has made it mandatory to report environment and safety…… [Read More]

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Safety Programs Cost Effectiveness of

Words: 2578 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76647162

Given that the single fatality, that occurred in 1990 cost the company an increase of 7% in workers compensation insurance premiums which over the long run has been a substantial cost and individual falls have since cost the company significant time and production loss as well as other increased in premiums, related to injuries and simply as increases have occurred. Finally, the initial fatal fall cost the company a 4 million dollar benefits claim to the family of the employee and $1.7 in litigation and attorneys fees. Additionally, the settlement was mitigated by the attorneys, who managed to reduce the claim for pain and suffering significantly and calculated the remainder based on the lifetime earning potential of the individual at his current salary. It is unlikely that such mitigation would occur in every case, and the cost of a trial would be exponential if a reasonable settlement had not been made. The mitigating legal reason for the high cost of this settlement is related directly to the fact that the company, at the time of the injury had not yet instituted a formal fall protection plan and therefore showed negligence in the situation. (Leigh, 1995, p. 6) Though part of…… [Read More]

Block, R.N., Roberts, K., & Clarke, R.O. (2003). Labor Standards in the United States and Canada. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.

Department of Labor (U.S.) (2008) "Fall Protection"
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Workplace Environment Regardless of the

Words: 1137 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47103140

Courses are available and arranged through the employer's local area chapter.

According to the Red Cross' brochure on emergency training in an office setting, the training program will enable one to: care for conscious and unconscious choking victims, perform CPR, use an automated external defibrillator on a victim of cardiac arrest, give first aid and treat sudden illnesses. Part of all standard training is to include information on blood borne pathogens.


The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or OSHA, is an agency under the United States Department of Labor, established in 1970. According to its mission statement, OSHA is to work to prevent work-related injuries, illnesses and deaths by issuing and enforcing rules and standards for workplace safety and health. One of OSHA's most recent standards was released in 1990 and was related to preventing workers from being exposes to blood borne pathogens such as hepatitis B and HIV.

OSHA issues regular reports outlining standard procedures for workplace safety and first aid. For example, according to the publication entitled Best Practices Guide: Fundamentals of Workplace First-Aid Program, (which is not a standard regulation but only a recommendation) it is advised that all workplace environments assess the risks associated with…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
American Red Cross. Homepage.

OSHA. (2006): Best Practices Guide: Fundamentals of Workplace First-Aid Programs. Washington, D.C.: Department of Labor.
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Safety in American Workplaces

Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69834526

OSHA and EPA are the only federal agencies protecting the safety and health of the U.S. public. While, OSHA concentrates on issues of workplace safety, EPA on the other hand, has a wider scope. The two have different legal authority: EPA applies to offsite effects while OSHA is for on-site effects. In the aviation industry, the hazard evaluation team is obliged to assess the hazards, likely to affect the environment or public offsite. Suitable employee protection measures are likely to imperil the public (Smith & Kriebel, 2010).

In the aviation sector, the joint OSHA team identifies various hazards expected to be addressed by the hazard communication standards of OSHA. They entail hazards posed by jet fuel vapors, commercial cleaning agents and combustion de-icing chemicals, bi-products, medication and compressed oxygen present in emergency medical kits. Workers are likely to be exposed to cleaning agents as they are used by airline cleaning staff between flights. In addition, this will also be possible following a passenger emergency or a spill during a flight requiring the immediate attention of an employee. Vapors released by de-icing chemicals and jet fuel may enter an aircraft cabin, posing a potential health threat to people inside the cabin.…… [Read More]

Breyer, S.G. (2014). Breaking the vicious circle: Toward effective risk regulation. Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.: Harvard Univ. Press.

Robson, M., & Toscano, W. (2007). Risk assessment for environmental health. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
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Workplace Stress

Words: 380 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2556981


Friedman, Stewart D. 2002. "Leadership DNA: The Ford Motor Story.(Ford Motor Co.'s leadership training policy)."

Training & Development, March.

In this article, Friedman describes an innovative leadership program instituted at Ford Motor Company. It is designed to identify employees with leadership potential, help the company stay competitive, and pull the leaders of the company together to make changes that will allow the company to change and keep up with changing times. It also serves the purpose of speeding up the development of executives, and communicates the beliefs and practices (what Friedman calls "culture") throughout the company.

In addition, the program has the goal of making the company more environmentally and socially sensitive, and this includes the executives in this program, who include some sort of social program in what they do.

Interestingly, the program does not build in any extra time for the people who enroll in it. It is up to them to delegate, organize, and find other time-saving strategies to make room for the extra demands. While this might be a situation that could cause extra stress in an individual, they are also given the power and…… [Read More]

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The Safety of Employees at Work

Words: 4975 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23763359

Workplace Safety

Safety within the workplace is a central issue that Occupational Safety and Health Authority hold with the highest consideration than any other matter within the workplace that can potentially affect the employees. OSHA has in place lucid rules and regulations guiding the safeguarding of the employees safety within organizations. There are various initiatives taken by organization to ensure that there is safety within the workplace. Regardless of the safety initiative taken, employees should feel free to report any illnesses or injuries in the workplace if not then the entire workforce will be at risk. With a sound safety program in place there will be a reduction of accidents at the workplace. This paper will hence concentrate on the issue of workplace safety, its application and the different approaches that both the employees and the employers can always put into practice in order to ensure safety of the employees and of the investment that has been put in place. The paper will have a dual approach to the safety issue, with one approach taking on the physical hazards and the other looking at the health/welfare of the employees.

In every workplace a worker has the right to an environment…… [Read More]

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Workplace Drug Screening Testing for Drugs Has

Words: 1362 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7216055

Workplace Drug Screening

Testing for drugs has developed into a significant security concern in places of work for management. The purpose of screening is to diminish the effects that illegal substance abuse has on the places of business, comprising lateness, non-attendance, turnover, mind-set troubles, theft, reduced output, misdeeds and hostility. "The U.S. Department of Labor estimates that drug use in the workplace costs employers $75 to $100 billion dollars annually in lost time, accidents, health care and workers compensation costs. Sixty-five percent of all accidents on the job are related to drug or alcohol, and substance abusers utilize 16 times as many health care benefits and are six times more likely to file workers compensation claims then non-abusers" (Intro to Drug Screening, n.d.).

Employers often implement drug testing programs because of federal rules and they have to or they do it because of business or legal necessities. Testing for drugs can also be done on a voluntary basis by way of a drug free plan put into place in order to decrease incidents of substance abuse among company workers. There are situations in which employers need to carry out drug testing on workers or potential workers in precise kinds of…… [Read More]

Drug Testing. (2007). Retrieved from

Drug Testing for the Workplace. (2011). Retrieved from spIntro to Drug Screening. (n.d.). Retrieved from
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Workplace Injuries at Workplace the Problem of

Words: 512 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60981187

Workplace Injuries

Injuries at workplace

The problem of injuries at workplace has been a challenge to eradicate from many workplaces. There have been significant steps taken to reduce the injuries and increase the employee general safety through the stiff stipulations put by the OSHA and their subsidy programs like the Voluntary Protection Program (VPP). They set safety standards that should be followed within the workplace and carry out regular inspection of the premises to ensure the safety standards are upheld (United States Department of Labor, 2013).

However, there are several cases of injuries that are still experienced within the workplace. Fred Manuele (n.d:51) indicates that most of the injuries experienced at work are manifest in situations that are unusual and non-routine work, in non-production activities, and where sources of high energy are present. These claims are true and the conclusion was based on a research that was conducted among 1,200 reported incidents that were put under investigation. This is a situation that is possible bearing the employees are normally equipped to handle the routine jobs and are trained to adequately handle their routine jobs with ease and safety. When the non-routine engagements come in, they are a challenge and the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Fred Manuele, (n.d:51). Advanced Safety Management Focusing on Z10 and Serious Injury

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Workplace Violence

Words: 1987 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31110120

Workplace violence is a major threat to American companies, and costs billions of dollars each year is lost wages, health care, and legal fees. In light of current trends towards company downsizing and higher levels of job stress, these acts of violence are on the rise, and affect every employee and the entire community, as well. Since violence can come from any number of sources, including threats, actual physical violence, some sexual harassment, and even intimidation, it can be difficult to discern actual violence from harmless venting (Ginn, et al., 2002). Further, these traumas can strike without warning, which overwhelms the workers, families, and communities that are involved (Miller, 2002). This project was designed to discover reasons for workplace violence, and to discover reasons to employee anxiety about this violence, by utilizing survey data. This, in turn, will provide information about the types of education needed to combat workplace violence by management, as well as by employees.



Have you ever heard someone use the term "going postal? While used loosely in today's society, this concept describes an event no one wants to experience in the workplace. Unfortunately, however, the threat of workplace violence is…… [Read More]

Miller, L. (2002, March). How safe is your job: the threat of workplace violence. Society for the Advancement of Education. Retrieved October 10, 2005 from the Society for the Advancement of Education. Web site:

Perry, P.M. (1999, May). Less stress, more productivity. Area Development, 5, 99-102.

Perry, P.M. (2000, February). Workplace violence: how you can avoid being hit with a lawsuit. Aqua, 2, 26-29.
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Workplace Poster for a Roland Retail Company

Words: 1959 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28138687

Workplace Poster for a Roland Retail Company

Workplace Poster for a Sears Holdings Corporation

Risk of staff theft poster

The following is a typical illustration of the Sears Holdings Corporation poster that warns against theft and vandalism of the products and services within the company. In order to ensure n equitable safety of the products and services within the retail company, the management team has come up with a lethal facet of model of managing the available avenues of resisting any occurrence of theft. The poster is a general demonstration of the warning that is against any form of theft within and outside Sears Holdings Corporation. Service management is a lucrative feature that often ensures safety and strength if the available avenues of production. In order to have a sound avenue of securing the sustenance of customers in the market, a given protocol must be observed. This protocol is supposed to be observed by all the members within and outside the organization. The management details are directed at having a sound avenue that promotes the safety and cohesive interaction between the members and the production avenues together with products from the organization (Gardner, 1998).


To: All the members

It…… [Read More]

Dempsey, J.S. (2010). Introduction to private security. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage

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Workplace and Environmental Safety

Words: 2468 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37893512

Safety Audit

Acme Fireworks is facing tremendous challenges which are similar to growing businesses. This occurs when firms need to adjust with increasing demand and expand their operations. During this process, they must examine their business model and determine if it is economically viable moving forward. In this case, the company is currently organized as a sole proprietorship.

Fireworks are known to be deadly products. This is because a flame is ignited and travels into a tube filled with gunpowder. Even those who are exercising extreme caution, have the possibility of becoming injured from debris or being too close to the explosion. In these cases, there is a likelihood of death or the person receiving extensive injuries. This is problematic, as it exposes Acme Fireworks to potential litigation from these challenges. (Okrent, 2014)

At the heart of these challenges, are potential work safety issues. This is because the company is using highly combustible materials. Any kind of accident could result in a large number of injuries to the workers. To prevent this, a safety audit must be conducted. It focuses on the safety management system elements within the organization. To fully understand how this occurs there will be an examination…… [Read More]

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Workplace Monitoring

Words: 1629 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92236533

Workplace Monitoring

As technology advances, employers worldwide are faced with the problem of employee's ill usage of the communication media. In order to reduce these risks, employers are now turning towards technology monitoring, which would enable them to keep a strict watch over their employees. A lot of issues have risen, as a result of workplace monitoring and the debate whether this act of the employers is ethically correct or not is on the rise. According to Charles Frayer, "The single greatest invasion of any sensible space of privacy that cyberspace has produced is the extraordinary monitoring of employees in which corporations now engage" (Charles Frayer, Employee Privacy And Internet Monitoring: Balancing Workers' Rights And Dignity With Legitimate Management Interests).

Workplace monitoring is not wrong. It might even help and benefit an employer and his employees. For this to be true, it is essential that a creditable relationship exist between both the employee and the employer. Both the parties must have mutual understanding between them and keep the line of colloquy open. The employer will naturally have a final say in the end after listening to all the issues of his employees. As a result a likely solution will turn…… [Read More]

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Workplace Democracy the Issue of

Words: 3519 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62718214


Although this technology was touted as a way to improve customer service, many employees believed that it demonstrated that top level employees were distrustful of lower level employees. In the end the technology was still implemented, however there is anomousity that exist at the company as a result.

In spite of this scandal and others the company has been able to foster some aspects of workplace democracy through the development of community standards and teamwork. The company attempts to ensure that workers feel that they are members of the ebay family and their suggestions are heard and changes are implemented as a result. However, it appears that in some ways workplace democracy at Ebay has been more difficult as the company has expanded quickly and drastically.


Starbucks is a name that has become synonymous with coffee. Indeed this company began in Seattle, Washington and has grown to a worldwide corporation and the largest coffee franchise in the world. Starbucks has long been recognized for the way that it treats employees. In particular the company's ability to provide health benefits to fulltime as well as part time employees was and still is almost unheard of in the food service…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
About Nike. Retrieved October 22 from;

Anderson, T. (2004) Retrieved October 22 from; ePay - troubles at eBay 2004. Retrieved October 22 from;
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Workplace Violence

Words: 3256 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17705421

Workplace Violence

This is a paper that outlines the issue of workplace violence and its implications on security managers. It has 16 sources.

In order to prevent violence in the workplace and other crimes, it is essential to have in place the Classical theory and/or Biological theory of behavior, which has punishment and rehabilitation/treatment respectively enforced as solutions.

In the United States today, there are several organizations of different sizes. Each of these organizations perhaps aims at achieving the best and highest profits. A way to do this is to get the maximum productivity out of ones employees. There are several methods of doing this. Modern organizational leadership skills are applied to managing employees in order to achieve the greatest results. Business leadership today is a field that requires the best of skill in managing business practices. Indeed, leading a business is a responsible job, and in this highly competitive and globalized world quality leadership in an organization is of great importance.

Managing businesses today is a sensitive process that defines whether or not a business will be successful. Business Leadership today is a science that requires the best of skills that one should be equipped with to survive in…… [Read More]

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Workplace Motivation in the Workplace

Words: 2708 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29578397

The answer is all of them. They all hold true at some time for certain individuals.

As an industrial psychologist the key task at hand is deciding which theory to apply in order to improve motivation at one's own workplace, or if working as a consultant, at the client's workplace. There is no clear answer or magic formula that will tell the industrial psychologist which theory to apply and at which time. In order to answer the question of which theory to apply, the industrial psychologist must be able to assess the climate and culture of the organization for which they are working. This can be done by several means. They can always take a survey, but this will only tell what the employees want the psychologist to know about them. There are many factors that can influence the outcome of survey results in the workplace. Employees may fear that their answers will elicit retaliation from management or might not trust the confidentiality of their answers.

Therefore, one must use other means to determine which theories would be most helpful in a particular situation. These can include observation, examinations of employee records and interviews. The psychologist has many means at…… [Read More]

Dotan, H. (2009). Workplace Friendships: Origins and Consequences for Managerial Effectiveness. Best Paper Proceedings, Academy of Management.

Dunlap, N. (2010). Take Your Team to the Top. Journal of Property Management. January/February 2010: 28-30.
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Workplace Stress More Organizations May

Words: 2371 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74174043

9. Supporting organizational teams provides employees with a medium to discuss concerns and problems as well as an opportunity to help discharge emotional pressure. Sharing in a group serves as a catharsis and stress release system.

10. Guarantying employees have the freedom to work effectively as well as ensuring they sense their work contributes to a greater purpose decreases workplace stress (Raitano and Kleiner).

Secondary Prevention

When implementing secondary prevention method, the organization moderates the stress response. Some ways the organization may apply these strategies include:

1. Aerobic exercise and weight training as well as other physical fitness techniques and/or sports opportunities help monitor the body's adverse reactions to stress.

2. Providing access to relaxation training can contribute to reducing workplace stress. When the individual participates in exercises like deep breathing and engages in mental imagery; focusing on a relaxing environment, this helps enhance his moods and permit him to more clearly focus.

3. Encouraging employees to participate in social support groups helps develop an emotional buffer and presents fresh perspectives on how to better confront stressful workplace situation

4. Injecting humor and fun into the workplace can produce laughter, a confirmed stress reducer in and outside of the workplace…… [Read More]

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Workplace Harassment Policy Introduction the Way That

Words: 2318 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3287258

Workplace Harassment

Policy Introduction

The way that a society treats its criminals is indicative of the moral character and worthiness of that society. While it is easy for us to ignore and disregard the criminals amongst us by leading them to prison and throwing away the key, an important lesson is lost in this disregard for the human experience. In California the intolerance of violent crime and action has led to the development of the Three Strikes Law, which was implemented in 1994. As a policy maker I am firmly opposed to this law as I find it to be inhumane, impractical, excessively expensive and carried out in poor taste with a snobbish attitude towards those of us who have temporarily lost our way. A new policy is needed that can help address the important facts and details particular to the State of California and its unique needs.

Prisoners are Humans

The victims of violent crimes are special people who have experienced trauma at a very intense level. Retaliation and revenge are expected, yet animalistic responses to such brutal savagery and it appears little is gained through this system generally speaking. The tendency to imprison people has become a serious…… [Read More]

Batabyal, A. (2014). It's time to rethink three strike and similar laws. Rochester Business Journal, 3 Jan 2014. Retrieved from 

California Courts, The Judicial Branch of California (nd). Viewed 2 Feb 2014. Retrieved from
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Occupational Safety and Health

Words: 7021 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11755407

Occupational Health and Safety in Catering Industry in Hong Kong

Occupational Safety and Health

The incidence rate of workplace accidents in the catering industry in Hong Kong is higher than that of other sectors, even those associated with inherently high risk to workers. Despite corrective action within the catering industry, the accident rate remains stubbornly high. This research identifies causal factors in occupational accidents in catering companies and delineates effective strategies that can be emulated by catering businesses in Hong Kong in efforts to reduce their accident rates and worker injuries.

Hong Kong is known for its international cuisine and, characteristically, a high number of restaurants -- many offering catering services -- exist in the city. Yet, the polished environments of the dining areas of world-class restaurants contrast greatly with the restaurant kitchen and backroom workspaces. The catering industry in Hong Kong attains extraordinarily high rates of accidents and has, according to the 2010 occupational safety and health statistic bulletin of the Labour Department of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) of the People's Republic of China, has the highest rate of occupational accidents, even exceeding the accident rate found in construction, manufacturing, mining and quarrying, transport and servicing, and…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Bailey, K. (1994). Methods of social research, (4th ed.) New York, NY: The Free Press.

Denscombe, M. (2007). The good research guide for small-scale social research (3rd ed.). Open Up Study Skills. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill International. Retrieved
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Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

Words: 2527 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67725593


The Impact of Workplace Sexual Harassment on Employees and Employers

Sexual Harassment (SH) is a subject that has made its way into the normative, professional lexicon. SH used to be a topic that was not taken seriously because it was a part of the workplace environment that was normal and was not subject to punitive consequences, though there are occasions that are exceptions to the rule. SH is a subject that must be taken seriously by every employee or member of an organization. SH is a subject that must be taken seriously on the individual level and on the organizational level. SH directly affects fundamental aspects of a place of employment, no matter the industry. Prevalent, pervasive, and even sporadic SH in the workplace serves as a destructive force from within and from without.

There is no workplace environment that exists that will never have one instance of SH. This does not mean that employers and management cannot be hopeful that they create a work culture and they construct a workplace environment that identifies SH. This kind of ideal work environment would be prepared for any and all reported or documented instaces of SH. SH composes a number of…… [Read More]

Houle, Jason N., Staff, Jeremy, Mortimer, Jeylan T., Uggen, Christopher, & Blackstone, Amy. "The Impact of Sexual Harassment on Depressive Symptoms During the Early Occupational Career." Society Mental Health, Vol. 1, No. 2, 89 -- 105, 2011. Available from: . 2014 January 10.

Jackson, Robert A. & Newman, Meredith A. "Sexual Harassment in the Federal Workplace Revisited: Influences on Sexual Harassment by Gender." Public Administration Review, Vol. 64, No. 6, 705 -- 717, 2004.
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Environmental Crimes and Health and Safety Law

Words: 3051 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96085136

Environmental Crimes and Health and Safety Law Violation

With the current changes in weather patterns, strange climatic conditions and other uncontrollable natural disasters, there has been a lot of attention directed towards the environment and the way people may be contributing to the degradation of the environment in small ways that is summed up results into the disasters that we see on daily basis. The environment is becoming unpleasant on an increasing trend each and every day, this is a cause to worry about for each government that cares to see the consequences of our careless handling of the environment.

There are also man's contribution to the insecurity that surrounds us on a daily basis since people no longer care for the safety of the workers that work in their industries and sadly to some extent, some don care even about themselves and the safety that may be protecting their very being. There is need therefore to look at the various forms of safety law violations, the consequences as well as how to curb this trend of violations. Environmental crimes can therefore be referred to as the acts of man that are directed or intended at harming the environment (Environmental…… [Read More]

Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Republic of South Africa, (2012). Stepping up

Enforcement Against Environmental Crimes. Retrieved April 4, 2012 from
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Privacy of an Individual in the Workplace

Words: 2222 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18116855

Privacy of an Individual in the Workplace

Argument Length: 2,000 words Task Construct argument notion individual's privacy important consideration workplace, Use ethical theory support position. Rationale This task designed: demonstrate capacity understand evaluate privacy; demonstrate understanding issues encroach individual's privacy workplace; demonstrate ability construct a compelling argument logically consistent supported ethical theory;

Privacy of an individual in the workplace

In the workplace, it is expected that employees must relinquish some of their most valued privacy in order to succeed in their role in the organization. The debate on workplace privacy concerns how much privacy the employees need to give up in their quest for success at their role. The morality, ethicality and legality of monitoring of actions of employees have been challenged in various circles with each side having a strong argument. It is believed that employers need to infringe on the privacy of employees in order to be able to effectively monitor them to ensure they do not engage in illicit activity that impedes their productivity and also to limit their own liability. The employers need to ensure that the employees meet their expectations in the workplace and that they do the job that they are being paid to…… [Read More]

Cozzetto, D.A., & Pedeliski, T.B. (1997). Privacy and the Workplace: Technology and Public Employment. Public Personnel Management, 26(4), 515-527.

Frayer, C.E. (2002). Employee Privacy and Internet Monitoring: Balancing Workers' Rights and Dignity with Legitimate Management Interests. The Business Lawyer, 57(2), 857-874.
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Occupational Health and Safety Workplace

Words: 4960 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5559323

A surprising exclusion by the OSH happens to be a certain area of paid domestic work, which is largely dominated by female workers. Several occupational safety and health standards and exposure limits to hazardous substances are founded on male populations or laboratory tests and associate in a great deal in favor of male work areas. This apart, occupational accident and diseases which are listed for compensation purposes give better coverage in case of accidents associated with work and problems related to sickness which are increasingly common among men. Therefore these concerns are required to be dealt with. The need of the hour lies in enhancing gender sensitivity is risk prevention. Gender sensitivity is associated with consideration of gender problems, variations and inequalities in strategies and actions. (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work)

The outcomes of this report as regards present research and good practice, and suggestion of global organizations like the International Labor Organization and World Health Organization -- WHO. In workplaces, it is important that the following steps are taken (i) adopting a gender-sensitive strategy to risk assessment, and guarantee that information and training and on gender issues in OSH are supplied (ii) create associations between equality…… [Read More]

Building Healthier Workplaces: Institute for Work & Health Annual Report 2001.

Retrieved at
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Iamaw Views on Safety

Words: 3386 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65445959

IAMAW Views on Safety

The response of the American people to the terrorists attacks of 9/11 was felt one of compassion and resolve. Almost all Americans were associated in one or other manner in assisting the Nation come out of the dangerous impacts and become strengthened. It was curious to witness the way some hurried into the burning building and saving lives of their fellow workers, friends and strangers. While many measures have been undertaken to safeguard the security of Americans and continuance of the way of life, the workers confront stringent security policies on the job and sometimes loss of civil rights. (Worksite Security: IAM Headquarters)

The International Association for Machinists and Aerospace Workers -- IAM& AW as well as other institutions are watchful of the legislation and presidential orders against possible violation of bargaining and civil rights. They found the workplace security to be more embarrassing to the workers than the threat from the terrorists. The concerns that widely affect the workplace in United States were the threats to the workers in terms of "workplace violence, emergency planning, building evacuation, building and facility security, biological and chemical threats, decontamination and worker training." (Worksite Security: IAM Headquarters) The IAM…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
'Tips for Working in Hot Weather" (1 July, 2005) Retrieved from Accessed 18 September, 2005

'Understanding Ergonomics" (11 July, 2005) Retrieved from Accessed 17 September, 2005

'Worksite Security" IAM Headquarters. Retrieved from Accessed 16 September, 2005
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Occupational Health Safety Risks and Hazards Identified in a Student Workplace in UK

Words: 8588 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57045885


According to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), the cost of workplace injuries and disease is in excess of $20 billion dollars per year. Obviously, these figures are alarming and would suggest that Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) should be a top priority for management. However, a survey from 2011 revealed that many companies have no written OHS policy and nearly half have no formalized occupational health and safety program. A relatively high number of risks and hazards exist in the workplace, particularly within the retail industry. These include gas, fire and electrical dangers, personal security and violence, biological hazards, dangers from improper equipment handling, and exposure to hazardous substances.

Organisations can avoid falling into the trap of mere reactive approaches to OHS through proper education and personal responsibility. Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe and healthy workplace, properly train workers, comply with legal requirements and implement a comprehensive OHS program for their premises. Workers have a responsibility to know and follow safety requirements, work safely and report unsafe conditions and injuries immediately should an incident occur. This collaborative approach to OHS helps reduce the number of accidents in the workplace, improve staff morale, inspire…… [Read More]

Policy and compliance reviews should be conducted annually.


HSE. Workplace health, safety and welfare. HSE Books, ISBN 978 0 7176 6277 7. Available online:  .
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Human Safety and Reliability With

Words: 1663 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70056113

Whatever the needed equipment is the company should provide the best possible so that the employees have a reduced chance of accident.

In addition, when a company provides the best possible equipment to the employees it sends them a strong message about the importance of a safety culture at work.

Modeling this way of thinking from management down to the employees will help to promote the safety culture the companies' desire.

Having a team effort to promote the safety culture of any company can only serve to boost the employee moral, save money on workman's compensation claims and reduce the number of accidents within that workplace environment.


For many years, employers were not to concerned with the safety factor of their employees and employees, by human nature would use risk taking behaviors to get their jobs done. This combination of human high risk behavior and lack of company care provided a breeding ground for work place accidents.

Today, company management teams are much more aware of the ultimate cost of lack of safety culture and are now much more eager to develop one at their place of business.

As lawsuits and workers' compensation claims begin to decline the companies…… [Read More]

Goodman, Fay (1999) Business: Small Talk - Way to avoid accidents caused by too much bottle.(News) the Birmingham Post (England)

Lanoi, Paul (1992) Safety regulation and the risk of workplace accidents in Quebec.
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Occupational Health and Safety BSB41407 Certificate IV

Words: 2018 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96526686

Occupational Health and Safety

BSB41407 Certificate IV Occupational Health Safety BSBOHS408A: Compliance. 1. The difference OHS Act, OHS Regulation COP (code practice) legal requirements workplace . 2. Sources relevant legislation. 3.

The Managing Director

Advance Waste Company

Brookvale, N.S.W.

Difference between the OHS Act, the OHS Regulation and COP and legal requirements

The occupational health and safety act was passed by parliament to secure and promote health, welfare and safety of employees while at work. It also protects employees from health and safety risks in the workplace. The act provides a legislative framework allowing for standards of occupational health & safety to be set to take into account the new technology and work practices that can be used. OHS regulation is the law which must be followed by employers, workers, insurers, and manufacturers which must be met both under the legislation and regulations. They provide the general requirements of the legislation but are more in-depth. The code of practice is a general guide which advices on how the occupational health and safety standards are met but is not actually a law. They are developed by employers in consultation with OHS experts, employees, government agencies and special interest groups. Legal requirements…… [Read More]

Bluff, E., Gunningham, N., & Johnstone, R. (2004). OHS Regulation for a Changing World of Work. Annandale NSW: Federation Press.

Driscoll, T., Mitchell, R., Mandryk, J., Healey, S., Hendrie, L., & Hull, B. (2003). Coverage of Work Related Fatalities in Australia by Compensation and Occupational Health and Safety Agencies. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60(3), 195-200.
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Occupational Safety and Health Act

Words: 1238 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28835827

It is involved in enforcing effective standards, assist and foster employers to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and to provide necessary environment for its effective enforcement, research, information, education and training in the area of occupational safety and health. By means of this Act the California workers have been guaranteed that they would have the rights to attain orientation training from the employer in relation to the workplace hazards and the rights of the labor force. They might request for the necessary information in relation to the injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Also information on hazardous substances in the workplace like material safety data records could also be requested. The workers also have the right to request the employer for taking up corrective measures and methods for avoiding hazards. (Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH))

In similar ways many states have enacted their own OSHA approved laws those have replaced the federal law. OSHA or the state may entail a business to make variations to make the workplace safe. It is significant to acknowledge that a safe workplace is not only the rule but is taken to be a good business experience. A hazardous workplace is not…… [Read More]

Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH)" Retrieved at . Accessed on 4 June, 2005

Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA)" Retrieved at Accessed on 4 June, 2005
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Promoting Safety Is One of

Words: 609 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50154434

There are many key facets to how to promote the efficient use of safety procedure within the workplace environment. Although employees need to be in charge of their own safety, management must use many different techniques to reinforce the procedures and methods by which employees can strengthen their approach to safety. One such method is through reporting hazards, in which employees are encouraged through rewards and gratitude to report any possible hazards within the workplace. Not only does this build a stronger bond between management at the specific employee, it shows that management is equally committed to the issue of worker safety. Training is of course a necessary and vital step for management to show the necessary steps for continuous safety practices. By reinforcing training sessions with handouts, videos and also a constant stream of safety messages through the workplace, employees will feel an obligation towards maintaining safety on the premise that management has spent so much time and effort to cultivate safe procedures. By specifically finding the areas that need the most improvement in terms of safety procedures, management can eliminate the most problematic issues that arise. The key therefore is to develop a strong connection with the employee…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
The psychology of safety. (n.d.). Retrieved January 7, 2007, from

DePasquale, J.P. & Geller, E.S. (1999). Critical success factors for behavior-based safety: A study of 20 industry-wide applications. Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 30, pp. 237-249.

Skinner, B.F. (1953). Science and Human Behavior. New York: Macmillan.
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Occupational Health and Safety the

Words: 1148 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67874297

The safe administration of therapeutic substances involves the five R's - 'Right dose', 'Right Drug', 'Right Patient', 'Right Route' and 'Right time'. [WHO, (1997)]

Attending to patient's comfort needs is one of the important nursing responsibilities. Patients may experience discomfort due to both environmental factors such as privacy requirements, lighting, noise, ventilation etc. As well as personal factors such as age, disease, surgery, stress etc. Nurses can help in many ways including helping patients change to comfortable positions in their bed, turn off lights, provide relaxation by playing music, provide emotional support by listening to patient's concerns, etc. Effective pain management is critical for improving the comfort levels of patients and in helping them to rest their bodies well. Nurses should take appropriate action to ensure optimal pain care. [Barbara R. Hegner, (2004) pg 128-135]

Healthcare Ergonomics

Healthcare ergonomics is a fast developing field. The increasing number of injuries sustained by nurses during manual patient handling procedures and the discomfort experienced by patients is forcing healthcare institutions to look forward to ergonomic solutions. Ergonomic ambulation and repositioning equipments can be utilized to greatly reduce patient and nurse discomfort. Providing custom-made support structures could prevent patient falls. For instance, the addition…… [Read More]

1) Dr. Perri Timmins & Dr. Anthony Hogan (Nov 2008), 'Occupational Health

and Safety risk factors for rural and metropolitan nurses: comparative results from a national nurses survey', retrieved Sep 17th 2010, from,
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Management of Health and Safety

Words: 2541 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66513500

It is essential for company managers, safety practitioners and manufacturing engineers to be informed of and gain sufficient knowledge about current research developments in this field and implement safety strategies as well as systems to minimize occupational health and safety risks. (Bier; Kunreuther; Phimister, 103); (Stellman, 17)

Active and procedural risk management strategies are important elements in any manufacturing unit. Active risk management refers to implementing interlocks, alarms and mitigation systems that can detect a hazard and immediately shut down or set the system into a safe position. Procedural risk management refers to implementing safety checklists, operator training, standard operating procedures and several such people dependent management systems. Creating "inherently safer design strategies" in a manufacturing unit would involve four key strategies. These are minimizing, moderating, substituting and simplifying systems. (Bier; Kunreuther; Phimister, 103); (Stellman, 17)

Despite all safety guidelines, accidents still occur mainly as a result of human complacence and error. Properly trained workers may also commit inadvertent errors. Therefore, efforts should be made to design injury-proof machines or introduce robots or robotic arms to replace humans wherever dangerous or hazardous tasks are involved. For instance, an "interlocked chuck guard" joined through a "Category 4 control system" in compliance…… [Read More]

Ellacott, Michael V; Reed, Sue. Review: Development of Robust Indoor Air Quality Models for the Estimation of Volatile Organic Compound Concentrations in Buildings. Indoor and Built Environment, vol. 8, no. 6, 1999. pp: 345-360.

Falzon, Pierre. Enabling safety: issues in design and continuous design. Cognition, Technology & Work, vol.10, no. 1, Jan 2008, pp: 7-14.
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Violence in the Workplace

Words: 1426 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25474422

excess of five million U.S. healthcare employees from numerous professions execute a wide selection of responsibilities. They're subjected to numerous safe practices risks, such as violence. Current records point out that hospital personnel are at high-risk for encountering violence at work. A number of reports say that violence normally takes place during periods of higher activity as well as communication and interaction with individuals, for example at meals and throughout visiting hours along with patient transport. Attacks can happen whenever services are rejected, whenever a client is involuntarily accepted, or whenever a healthcare employee tries to set limitations on consuming, drinking, or even tobacco or alcohol consumption (USDOL, 2001).


Risks for Workplace Violence

Patient risks consist of those intoxicated by alcohol and drugs, prior reputation of violence, psychological diseases for example schizophrenia, gang member, use of firearms, and city youthful male of lesser socioeconomic position.

Environmental risks such as lengthy waiting times, overcrowding, Unpleasant waiting areas, operating understaffed, operating on their own, unhindered movements of the general public, badly lighted corridors as well as rooms, insufficient safety, insufficient employees training as well as policies for avoiding as well as managing possibly violent individuals and guests.

Prevention Methods

OSHA Violence…… [Read More]

Allen, P. (2009). Violence in the Emergency Department: Tools & Strategies to Create a Violence-Free ED. Springer Publishing Company.

Emergency Nurses Association (ENA) (2010). Emergency Department Violence Surveillance Study.
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Occupational Health and Safety Audit

Words: 4541 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41792697

At which point, the Howard government would begin to pass a series of amendments to the Workplace Relations Act of 1996 (Work Choices). This would change the relationship between employers and employees once more. Where, a number of new regulations were implemented to include: the formation of federal system of regulations, the creation of the Australian Fair Pay Commission (to set minimum wage standards), increasing the life of various labor contracts from a maximum of three to five years, the creation of five minimum workplace conditions, exemptions for companies with less than 101 employees from unfair dismissal laws and increased restrictions on what union activities were allowed in workplace. ("Work Choices Legislation," 2006) This is important, because it highlights a shift that is taking place, in the labor relationship between employers and employees. As far as occupational health and safety is concerned, this would change how employees would be defined in a controlled labor relationship. Where, the employer would have greater flexibility in how they would classify everyone. As far as health and safety is concerned, this is huge advantage that many businesses would have, as they could systematically avoid the various legal precedents and their roles / responsibilities for…… [Read More]

Are You a Contractor or Employee. (2007). Behan Legal. Retrieved from:

BHP Billiton. (2010). Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from: