World Peace Essays Examples

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Peace in Our Time Is it Possible

Words: 1613 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41352356


If the planet is to become more peaceful in my lifetime: How is this to come about?

Over the years, many types of solutions have been proposed to the problem of the constant state of war which has gripped humankind for so many years: solutions political, economic, and artistic in nature. All of these solutions to some degree have failed. This essay will briefly review some of these proposals and then suggest that these various solutions cannot be deployed in isolation. Peace must be brought about through a multifaceted effort, through both a shift in culture and creating supportive institutions that facilitate dialogue. To bring about world peace or at least to establish a more peaceful planet requires change at every level of society.

"When I was a young boy," writes Johan Galtung, "German soldiers marched past our windows in occupied Norway singing an incredibly heart-warming tune with lyrics by Horst Wessel, a Nazi hero. Since I could not understand the words at all I felt these soldiers could not be that bad" (Galtung 55). Galtung uses this example of the universality…… [Read More]

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World War II in the Context of History and Modern Warfare

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57416332

World War II in the Context of History and Modern Warfare

The 20th Century was simultaneously a Century of exceptional advancement and unsurpassed violence. Why was this a Century of incomparable violence? The quick answer is that we, as a human race, used many of our advancements to become far more efficient killers; where advancements of prior centuries allowed armies to kill tens of thousands, the advancements of the 20th Century enabled armies to kill tens of millions. The longer answer involves military technological revolutions, military inventions used in World War II, business methods that drastically increased war production, the transformation of national wealth to effective fighting power, and the conversion of civilian moral energies into the will to win. Keegan, Overy, Ferguson and Weinberg, in turn, either support those conclusions or, at the very least, do not deny them.


a. The Four Military Technological Revolutions

Knox and Williamson point to four military technological revolutions to date, each building on the developments of the prior military revolution. The first military technological revolution, occurring in the 17th Century, was dominated by the French, who made tactical, organizational, naval and general military reforms.[footnoteRef:1] The first military revolution also saw tactical reforms…… [Read More]

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WWI the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Words: 1553 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55010445


The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife represented a culmination of several concurrent forces, all of which led to the outbreak of World War. The concurrent forces that led to World War One can be loosely grouped under the following categories: nationalism, imperialism, and militarism. Within each of these categories are ample sub-categories that can testify to the extent of forces that shaped the pre-war conditions throughout not just Europe but the entire world. World War One was a total war for many reasons: it involved serious civilian casualties on a horrific scale for all parties. The Great War also brought to light the impact of globalization on the global economy and political enterprise. Nationalism, imperialism, and militarism all played a part in shaping participation in World War One; the effects of which continue to reverberate.

As Marshall (2001) points out, "Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy were all creations of the mid-nineteenth century," (vii). Prior to the nineteenth century, the city-state model ruled supreme. In Italy, the classic Renaissance economic powers like Genoa and Venice found themselves suddenly embracing a national identity based on some common cultural elements that might not have been recognized a century before: including…… [Read More]

Allan, T. (2003). The Causes of World War I. Chicago: Reed Elsevier.

Bosco, P., & Bosco, A. (2003). World War I. Infobase.
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Peace or War in Homer

Words: 2107 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88344698

Is it a sign of inconsistency in Athena that at the end of the Odyssey she echoes the sentiment of Zeus and sues for peace whereas in Book 4 of the Iliad she is all too eager to ignore the sentiment of her father and manipulate the warriors into shedding more blood? Again -- not necessarily. While, were it up to Zeus he would gladly see men work out their problems in a peaceful way, and, if he can help it, only sends strife and war when men need to be punished. The relationship between war and peace is complicated by the fact that he is not the only god (even if he is king of the gods). The gods seem to have just as many quarrels and disagreements among themselves as men do on Earth -- a point Zeus knows quite well. That is the reason he presides over the council of Olympians at the beginning of Book 4: he wants to see if there is someway they can put aside their differences and stop provoking the two sides (Trojans and Greeks) to do battle against one another. On the side of the Greeks, for example, are Hera, Athena…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Homer. The Iliad. (Trans. By Richmond Lattimore). IL: University of Chicago Press,

1951. Print.
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Peace Settlement That Ended the First World War

Words: 743 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92754530

World War I -- the Peace Settlement

Known as "The War to End All Wars," World War I and its terms of peace significantly altered the civilized world and sowed the seeds of World War II. While physically devastating to the four major empires that ruled Europe prior to World War I, the terms of peace were also deeply psychologically devastating to the losers of that War, particularly to Germany. The humiliation and resentment resulting from defeat and from those peace terms provided fertile ground for the rise of Adolf Hitler.

Specific Peace Terms of World War I

Prior to World War I, there had been four major European empires: German, also known as the "Weimar Republic"; Russian; Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman. However, defeat completely disassembled the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires while taking great amounts of land from the German and Russian empires: the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 required the Germans to admit responsibility for World War I, pay reparations[footnoteRef:1], accept occupation and total disarmament[footnoteRef:2], and cede large stretches of its territory to the War's winners[footnoteRef:3], essentially accepting "enforced subservience" to the winners[footnoteRef:4]; the Austro-Hungarian Empire was divided into Austria, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and Hungary; the Ottoman Empire was dissolved and…… [Read More]

Keegan, John. The Battle for History: Re-Fighting World War II. New York, NY: First Vintage Books Edition, 1996.

Overy, Richard. Why the Allies Won. New York, NY W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1997.
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WWII History Making Decades WWII-Present

Words: 2515 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66978809

Diversity -- with the exception of homophobia -- was beginning to be commonly accepted and praised. Technology -- such as the use of DNA in criminology and the introduction of the PC -- was becoming more prominent in the lives of everyday Americans. In the Cold War, President Gorbachev asked for openness and economic freedom, while President Reagan asked him to tear down the Berlin Wall, which he did. However, the discovery of AIDS had a far more profound impact on the American people than any of these events. In 1981, the first case of AIDS was reported in the United Kingdom, and this eventually caused quite a crisis in the U.S., as it was first noticed among gay men, and then in women and children as well. People became scared because they were not sure what was causing the disease. Research continued throughout the 1980s, but the fear caused by the disease led some to believe it could be transmitted by normal -- rather than sexual or blood-to-blood -- contact. In addition, the appearance of the disease in gay men made many accuse the gay community of the disease and lead to hatred and fear of both gays and…… [Read More]

Dove, R. (1999). Heroes & Icons: Rosa Parks. Retrieved August 12, 2009, from Time:
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WWI and the Russian Revolution

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24086671

The makers of the peace settlement hoped to reduce the possibility of future conflict by taking away Germany's army and controlling its political system. This proved impossible, and only provoked more violence in the long run, as Germans grew more sympathetic to fascism as a result.

Third, why did the United States Senate reject the Treaty of Versailles? What objections did they have to the treaty, especially to the League of Nations? Why was the United States not ready for peace through collective security?

The United States at the time was still isolationist in its philosophy. It had come to participate in the war fairly late, and had little appreciation about how bloody and terrible it had been, through the system of trench warfare, for the major participating European powers. The U.S. still believed the Atlantic Ocean could protect itself from most major European conflicts, and it had felt less anxiety about becoming involved in future European conflicts, as its economy and infrastructure were less damaged by the events of World War II. This was why the United States Congress rejected the League of Nations. It feared that the League was exactly the sort of type of entangling European alliance…… [Read More]

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World War II in Europe

Words: 1427 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23478242

By attacking from the North, Hitler effectively bypassed France's only real defense against invasion. Within two weeks, Paris was under Nazi control, and still seething from the harsh terms of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I, Hitler demanded that the surrender terms be signed in the very same spot as the armistice that ended that war, and in the very same railroad car, which he had brought out from its museum display for that purpose3. Belgium had surrendered to Germany without firing a shot, effectively dooming France to Nazi occupation, and nearly sealing the fate of more than a quarter million British troops sent to support Britain's ally, France. Only a last-

3. Hayes & Faissler p.444 minute scramble saved the British from capture, at the port city of Dunkirk, where the British used thousands of ships, boats, and dinghies to rescue them all and ferry them back to England after Belgium surrendered.. Italy, a Nazi ally, then declared war on France and Britain, hoping to be included in any post-war negotiations to her benefit4.

Hitler prepared to invade England from occupied France, and began a vicious and extensive aerial bombing campaign, using incendiary bombs on…… [Read More]

Commager, H.S., Miller, D.L. The Story of World War II: Revised, Expanded & Updated from the Original Text by Henry Steele Commager (2002)

Hayes, C., Faissler, M. Modern Times: The French Revolution to the Present (1966)
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Peace Agreements and International Intervention

Words: 3606 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65074896

Peace Agreements and International Intervention

A peace treaty is an agreement between two hostile parties, usually countries or governments, which formally ends a war or armed conflict. Treaties are often ratified in territories deemed neutral in the previous conflict and delegates from these neutral territories act as witnesses to the signatories. In the case of large conflicts between numerous parties there may be one global treaty covering all issues or separate treaties signed between each party. In more modern times, certain intractable conflict situations, especially those involving terrorism, may first be brought to cease-fire and are then dealt with via a peace process where a number of discrete steps are taken on each side to eventually reach the mutually desired goal of peace and the signing of a treaty. Some ceasefires, such as the one following the American Revolution, may last a number of years and follow a tortuous process. "Though a wide ocean separates the United States from Europe, yet there are various considerations that warn us against an excess of confidence or security ... Politicians have ever with great reason considered the ties of blood as feeble and precarious links of political connection. These circumstances combined, admonish us…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Berdal, Mats and David M. Malone, eds. Greed and Grievance: Economic Agendas in Civil Wars. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2000.

Chomsky, Noam. "Peace Process' Prospects." July 27, 2000. June 27, 2005. .
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Peace Keepers of the Northeast

Words: 2241 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92147282

This dance was very powerful as it did scare the European people. They did not fully understand the reason behind the dance and the religion, but they were very clear as to what the apocalypse was and they wondered if the Indians were somehow summoning the end of the world. Not soon after this Ghost dance caused such a commotion, an Indian by the name of Handsome Lake who was a leader for the Seneca tribe brought a new message to the Iroquois people. His message was to end the drinking. The Iroquois people had began to drink a lot of alcohol that was often offered to them from the European people during the fur trade. Handsome Lake believed that many of the problems that the Iroquois people faced was related to the alcohol. Many of the Indian people were drunk when they were trying to handle problems of poverty or problems with the American or British people. They were not thinking clearly and usually ended up making very bad decisions. Therefore, Handsome Lake worked to spread the word of anti-drinking. He preached that once the drinking stopped, the Indians would be better able to make better decisions. The Americans…… [Read More]

Kehoe, Alice Beck. North American Indian Tribes, Chapter 5. 1992 Prentice Hall.

Biolsi, Thomas and Zimmerman, Larry. Indians and Anthropologists, Chapter 9. 1997 Prentice Hall.

Iroquois Website. Retrieved December 19, 2009 from
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World Religions the World's Great

Words: 2918 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61872482

Taoism is another ancient religion practiced within Eastern Asia. It shares beliefs and practices with Confucianism and is mainly practiced in various parts of China. It is a polytheistic religion that has a wide variety of gods within its spiritual arsenal. Like Hinduism, Taoism is a name that covers a wide variety of smaller religious sects that can be found in various parts of China and its neighboring countries, although the basic principles are the same (Hansen 1). Also known as Daoism, it is derived from the phrase "the path," or "the way." Its philosophy depends on three major conceits, or the "Three Jewels of the Tao," which are practicing elements of compassion, moderation, and humility (Hansen 1). Part of the principle of compassion is the idea of non-violence within everyday life. This means following a peaceful existence no matter what life throws at you. Human behavior is then guided through practices of non-violence, which then shape the nature of the religion itself. The concept of non-violence in Taoism is referred to as Wu Wei (Hansen 1). The idea of the Tao has come to represent the path to enlightenment. It is the flow of the universe that leads individuals…… [Read More]

Aiken, Charles Francis. "Jainism." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 21 Oct. 2009. 

Brar, Sandeep Singh. "Sikh Religious Philosophy." The Sikhism Home Page. Retrieved 20 Oct 2009 at
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WWII to the 60s the

Words: 1427 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99114644

Wilson, a student of public administration, favored more governmental regulation and action during a time when large monopolies still existed. He saw the role of public administration as "government in action; it is the executive, the operative, the most visible side of government, and is of course as old as government itself" (Wilson 235). The pendelum swung, though, and the government was blamed for many of the ills that caused the Great Depression. Franklin Roosevelt, despite being called draconian, knew that he had to launch programs that would have a quick effect upon the struggling economy; resulting the New Deal -- a complex, interlocking set of programs designed to produce jobs, economic recovery, and fiscal reform of banking and Wall Street -- exactly what was needed, it seems to turn the Titanic in a new direction (Badger). Then, of course, came the war, which stimulated the economy like nothing else, but also created shortages and hardships. When the war was over, the social pressures were far different. There was a new level of expectation from the returning GIs, new technology that kept the world within one's living room, suburban growth, more technological jobs, and as the decades progressed Civil Rights,…… [Read More]

Shepherd, G. "Fierce Compromise: The Administrative Procedure Act Emerges From New Deal Politics." Administrative and Regulatory Law News 22.2 (1997).

Wilson, W. Woodrow Wilson: The Essential Political Writings. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2005.

Wright, D. "A Century of the Intergovernmental Administrative State." Changler, R. A Centennial History of the American Administrative State. New York: Free Press, 1987. 219-60.
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WW2 for FDR the Second World War

Words: 425 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49435703


For FDR, the Second World War served as a vital opportunity to revitalize the American economy after years of depression. Therefore, a large part of Roosevelt's justifications, ideas, and visions of the war centered on the economy. The war boosted employment levels, helped involve more women in the workforce, and propelled the industrial development of the nation. The war machine offered impetus for financial investments in industry as well as impetus for developing new technology. In fact, the war era led directly to the consumer culture that was to rise to the fore in the Truman years. Roosevelt had also promoted a bigger federal government even in the years prior to entering the war. The war gave the president the ultimate excuse to further his New Deal plans for greater federal powers.

The bombing of Pearl Harbor served as a convenient excuse to shed America's neutrality and enter into the war on the Allied side in December 1941. Roosevelt has been often accused of wanting to go to war far before the Japanese attack: Hamilton Fish, a Republican congressman who stood in direct opposition to Roosevelt's war polices, stated of the President, "He would have gotten us into the…… [Read More]

Schultz, Stanley K. "World War Two: The Impact at Home." 1999 Ameircan History 102: Civil War to the Present. Online at <>.
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Peace Justice and Reconciliation Following

Words: 1924 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67376544

Victims can participate in the proceedings, presenting their voices and concerns. They are invited, and it would be good for us if they present their concerns in court. They can also request compensation from those under investigation.

It will be a demanding process and there could be delays and setbacks. Our first trial was stayed two times. We had to appeal the genocide charges against President Al Bashir. So there will be fights in court. We will persist and do our part. We count on your support. But I want to be clear: we will not go further than these six individuals. We are helping Kenya to start, to break impunity. Kenyans will decide on their own way forward.

Doing justice for massive crimes is a long journey. Different countries have chosen different paths. South Africa is well-known for its truth commission, in Argentina we started prosecuting the top leaders 25 years ago, and today there are still new investigations being opened against other individuals. So there are different models. Kenya has the opportunity to create its own path. After the ICC decisions, Kenyans can discuss whether other individuals should be prosecuted -- discussions you deserve -- but today Kenya…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Kofi Annan Foundation (2010). "Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation, Two Years On,

Where Are We?" Statement by Luis Moreno Ocampo, Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court.
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Peace Strategy a Strategy for

Words: 1315 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79191687

At the time of its composition, Laird's proposal would be contextualized by the ongoing SALT conferences between the U.S. And Soviet Union designed to reduce each side's proclivity toward nuclear armament in a highly contentious setting. The result would be the re-assertion in Laird's strategy of American prioritization of its nuclear armament. As Laird would note, "we should make it clear to the Soviet Union that regardless of the outcome of SALT, our approach to strategic forces is designed to preserve our deterrent without question." (Laird, p. 10) This 'deterrent' would be the continued research, development and maintenance of its nuclear stockpile in the interests of demonstrating the latent power to respond to any Soviet nuclear action. As Laird reports, even under the terms of the uncomfortable negotiation with the Soviets over an Anti-Ballistics Missile treaty, it was the intention of the United States to remain girded by this stockpile.

Today, conditions are quite different owing primarily to the power vacuum created by the collapse of the Soviet Union. With its dissemination into an array of independent states would also come the dissemination of many of its nuclear secrets. These would not be accompanied by the same sovereignty principles that…… [Read More]

Feickert, Andrew. Does the Army Need a Full-Spectrum Force or Specialized Units? Background and Issues for Congress, Congressional Research Service, 18 January 2008,

Laird, Melvin. "Strategy for Peace: National Security Strategy of Realistic Deterrence." Department of Defense. 6 November 1970.
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World's Religions -- Social Duty

Words: 2195 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52567584

As seen in the concept of rectification of names, people can build orderly and harmonious societies when they clearly understand the duties associated with each other of the basic relationships and strive to fulfill their duties to the best of their abilities. The father must rectify or live up to his title by providing for his son's educational and vocational training and teaching them virtue, etiquette and reverence in tradition and authority. (Slavicek, 2002:33)

Confucianism discusses social duty in terms of the family and how the individual's character in dealing with the community is shaped by the family. In the Confucian perspective, the family is the center of all values that the individual would learn and practice as the individual deals with other members of the community. This perspective shows a distinct Eastern philosophical leaning whereby the family is at the fulcrum in explaining the social duty of the person. In Confucianism, social duty starts off with the family and the role that a person must perform in relation to one's position in the family. The family is then reinterpreted from a micro standpoint to a macro standpoint as the individual now function with his or her social duty in…… [Read More]

Slavicek, L. (2002). Confucianism. San Diego, California: Lucent Books Inc.

Streissguth, T. (2002). Hinduism. San Diego, California: Lucent Books Inc.
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Is Peace Possible

Words: 1394 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43940170

Peace Possible in the Modern World?

Is peace possible in the world as we know it today? One side of the human brain, if idealistic, might reply: "Certainly peace is possible, even perpetual peace, but it is possible only if visionary, bold and intelligent leadership emerges in key international places." The other side of the brain could well answer like this: "Are you kidding? There are too many terrorists, and too many greedy, power-crazed nationalist leaders pushing and shoving and developing weapons to ever expect a peaceful world." And meanwhile, what did some of the great thinkers and philosophers have to say about the prospects of peace?

THUCYDIDES: Thucydides, in writing about the Peloponnesian War, makes it clear that human nature tends to dictate how history plays itself out, and he does not blame the Gods or other forces for this war. Thucydides, who is a young man, and an intellectual, is living in Athens; he writes (38) at great length about the many differences between the Athenian life (his life) and the style of living in Sparta. In his explanation of the differences between education in his city state, Athens, and education in Sparta, he writes that "from their…… [Read More]


Immanuel Kant, \"The Enlightenment,\" in International Relations in Political Thought: Texts from the Ancient Greeks to the First World War, ed. Chris Brown, Terry Nardin, Nicholas Rengger (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002), 430.
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War vs Peace How Efforts

Words: 651 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33754943

Peace, therefore, is dependent upon the power-play between capitalism, socialism, consumerism and communism -- and often they all overlap. The problem arises when domination rather diplomacy becomes a tactic of certain world powers. Rather than working with other nations at the expense of commercial or ideological interests, nations (like the U.S.) revert to underhanded scheming, acts of espionage, terrorism, and war, and militarism to undue rival nations' hegemony. The Middle East is a prime example for the way the West has gone about ending "terrorism" and restoring "peace." The idea that the U.S. is at all interested in peace is a complete farce. It is interested in nothing but profits.

Peace can be attained, however -- as Kennedy showed during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Roger Fisher, William Ury, and Bruce Patton all agree when they affirm that the best way to peace today is through negotiation and diplomacy. By putting peace as a viable alternative to war on the table -- rather than threats and sanctions (as the Obama administration prefers to do with nations like Iran) -- peace suddenly becomes a real solution. Yet, the desire for peace has to be real on both sides: "Negotiations…can succeed only if…… [Read More]

Fisher, Roger, et al. "Getting to Yes." Approaches to Peace. [Barsh, David, ed.] UK:

Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.
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International Peace and Terrorism

Words: 1562 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90456500

International Peace and Terrorism

What changes to existing legal regimes may reduce the incentive and make the law more effective in preserving peace?

Terrorist groups can be disrupted and destroyed through continuous and direct legal actions. The focus includes the use of national and international elements of power. Immediate focus should be on the terrorist organizations with global reach as well as terrorists or states sponsoring terrorism activities. There are attempts of gaining and using weapons of mass destruction or precursors. The law defends the national interests, the native people, and international goals. Achievements in this case are derived through identification and destruction of peace threats prior reaching national borders. While most governments continually strive towards enlisting international community support, they do not hesitate to act alone where necessary. The goals at stake include exercising their rights to self-defense through preemptive action against terrorists. The actions prevent them from inflicting harm against people and the country at large. The law formulates policies that deny further support, sanctuary, and sponsorship to terrorists through compelling or convincing states to embrace sovereign responsibilities. There are wages of war for ideas towards winning over international terrorism. The major components include the use the full…… [Read More]

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Mideast Peace the Crucial Importance

Words: 1032 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95820032

Then of course we have the war in Iraq. This war has escalated out of control in terms of security and has in fact created a new training ground for terrorists. This is an alarming fact. As these conflicts increase and the more that that Western countries are seen to be implicated or perceived to be taking sides, so the threat of terrorism and terrorist attacks in foreign lands becomes a greater potential reality. The terrible events of 9/11 are a continual reminder or this fact.

Numerous commentators warn that unless a peaceful solution to the central conflicts in this region is found, the threat of terrorist attack in and outside the region will increase. It should be remembered that terrorist attacks in the West are usually motivated by perceptions of Western involvement in the Middle East. Whether these perceptions are correct or not is not the immediate issue. What is important is that unless a more stable Middle East is achieved this threat will become imminent.

Part of the solution to the problem is an awareness of the reason for the problems in the fist place. It is important that we realize that there is this perception among many…… [Read More]

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State of Human Rights in the Arab World

Words: 3599 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85324547

Human Rights in the Arab World

As stated by the "Universal Declaration of Human Rights" in the United Nations, Human rights has almost become one of the most important factors that decided the development of a country. To be able to promote economic growth and prosperity it is essential that a country controls its power of creativity and enterprise of its citizens, which would aid it to move into the global market in terms of trade, communication and investment systems.

It has been noticed that the most talented members of the society are usually not granted their human rights and hence the political, social, and cultural developments of the society are being not in order due to human rights being violated. This gets us to realize that we need to follow human rights development not only to protect a single individual but the entire society on the whole.2 Wrong use of human rights are very obviously seen and felt but very difficult to describe. Experts state cases regarding when soldiers attack civilians, not allowing ambulance service to the hurt and other instances like bombing. But in the Middle East when the same conflicts are involved with the political arena and…… [Read More]

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What Led to World War 2

Words: 971 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23331537

Lloyd George from England, Woodrow Wilson from the U.S., Orlando from Italy, and Clemenceau from France held a meeting in 1919 to discuss the manner through which Germany was to be made to pay for the harm that had been brought about by World War 1. According to Woodrow Wilson, an agreement founded on his 14-point plan was the most appropriate way of bringing peace to Europe. However, Georges Clemenceau wanted payback. He wanted an assurance that Germany would never attempt to begin another war. Lloyd George welcomed Wilson's idea, however, realized that the British public welcomed Clemenceau's idea. He attempted to find some compromise amidst Clemenceau and Wilson (World War Two -- Causes). Germany was anticipating an agreement founded on Wilson's 14 points, and was not pleased with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Nonetheless, they had no option but to sign the treaty.

The League of Nations was simply a global association, established in 1919, to assist in the maintenance of world peace. It was planned that every nation would be a member and that in case of any disagreements amidst nations, they could be sorted out through negotiations instead of force. In case this was not…… [Read More]

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Outline of Policemen of the World Thesis

Words: 1830 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19021626

military, as exemplified in the two (2) real-Life international incidents that you have researched. Justify your response.

America is not merely a superpower -- the nation is also commonly known as the 'Policeman of the World', owing to its many interventions in resolving global issues. Time and again, the world has expected USA to intercede and play the role of mediator when issues crop up around the world. The world feels helpless when the nation hesitates or does not keep up to people's expectation while intervening. Two international incidents in which America opted for an unexpected course while simultaneously striving to keep from regular military action are the Libyan Revolution and Syrian Civil War. Other nations' reaction in the former case and the retention of America's position in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) serve to confirm the fact that USA is, indeed, the 'policeman' of the world.

Part 2

Two Recent International Events Depicting U.S. Military Interventions as Fallout of Its Post- WWI Foreign Policy

Syrian Civil War

The political disturbance that emerged in Syria in early 2011 grew into a large-scale revolution, when the country's government reacted to originally peaceful protests with growing despotism. At the outset, isolated…… [Read More]

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First World War Started in 1914 and

Words: 1068 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30371338

First World War started in 1914 and its responsible for the acceleration of a series of social, political, economic and cultural developments. "Its immediate consequences -- the Russian Revolution, the political and social upheavals of 1918-22 all over Europe, the redrawing of the maps with the emergence of new national states -- have determined the course of history in the twentieth century." (James Joll, Gordon Martel, page 1) After the war ended, the Treaty of Versailles was signed, in June 1919, in which Germans and their allies were found accountable for the conflict. The Treaty of Versailles determined the borders of Middle East Europe and created an international peace organization named the League of Nations.

Franz Ferdinand's assassination resulted in various differences between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. Austria-Hungary, as many other countries in the world, claimed that the Serbian government was to blame for the assassination. Austria-Hungary did not declare war until Germany decided that it will sustain the cause. Serbia was sustained by Russia and its allies. On July 5, Kaiser Wilhelm, the German leader, gave his "blank check" promise that he will totally support Austria-Hungary in the war. Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum regarding Serbia, but it was impossible for…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
1. Joll, James, Martel Gordon, First World War, Pearson Education, 2007

2. World War I, Retrieved December 21, 2012 from the History website:
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Second World War Left the

Words: 1037 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36188101

In this sense, Stalin decided to extend his influence and to impose certain types of government in countries such as Poland, Hungry, or Romania. The same fate would have had Greece and Turkey as well, should the U.S. not have outlined the Truman Doctrine. It can be said that the doctrine itself was a reaction to the tendency of the soviets to extend their influence.

The Marshall Plan can be seen as the economic component of the Truman Doctrine. It was in fact a set of principles pointed out in 1947 at Harvard by Secretary of State George Marshall (American Rhetoric, 2008). This economic plan too was designed for cater for the economic needs of eastern countries as well, but seeing that the Russian side considered it to be the mere economic arm of the Truman Doctrine, it forced countries under its occupation to reject this reconstruction aid. In fact the financial support would have enabled states to come out of the recession they were facing after the war taking into account that Eastern Europe had been an important battle field in the entire confrontation. However, the adherence to such a plan also included the adoption of certain capitalist economic…… [Read More]

American Rhetoric. "The Marshall Plan 1947." American Rhetoric website. 2008. 30 Jan. 2008 

The Avalon Project. "The Truman Doctrine." Yale University. 2008. 30 Jan. 2008
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World War II World War II Was

Words: 760 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28636080

World War II. World War II was a turning point in world history, and brought together many allies to fight strong opponents for world domination. The War was supposed to be the "last" world war fought, but other conflicts since that time show the world is still a volatile and unsettled place, and it seems there will always be wars fought in this world.

World War II was fought on two major fronts -- Europe and Asia. There was also fighting in North Africa, and many Pacific Islands. The initial war began in 1939 when German dictator Adolph Hitler invaded Poland. England and France had pledged to support Poland as Hitler continued to take over countries in Europe, such as Austria and Czechoslovakia in the late 1930s. When Hitler invaded Poland,

France and England issued ultimatums to Germany which were ignored, and the war had officially begun, even though actual fighting by England and France did not really begin until 1940 (Kitchen 6-11). Initially, the Soviet Union signed a pact with Germany, while England, France, and most of the European countries were allied against Germany. Later, Italy and Japan also became German allies.

Initially, the United States tried to stay…… [Read More]

Boatner, Mark M. Biographical Dictionary of World War II. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1996.

Divine, Robert A., ed. Causes and Consequences of World War II. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1969.
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World War II Broke Out Russia Was

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World War II broke out, Russia was not prepared, nor did she manage to be the military threat she could have been, because the nation was weakened by lack of industrialization, the defeat by Japan in 1905, and a lack of support by the people for involvement in this new war. What seems clear is that Russia was not prepared when the war began and had to work to muster its army, provide war materials, and protect its own territory against the German advance. The fact that Germany was indeed stopped cold in Russia shows how well the Russians did their job, but the issue is why they did not do what they could before the war started given that the whole world could see war coming long before it reached Russia. More recently, though, the question of unpreparedness has been given a new look, and a new theory of what happened has been advanced.

Some critics blame what they call a "historical malady," referring to a long-standing Russian curse that caused the country to do poorly at the outset of all conflicts. Other critics blame native military incompetence, which they say was magnified by German betrayal and military skill.…… [Read More]

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WWI & WW2 Comparing and

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The U.S. emerged as a leading superpower and the sole nuclear power in the world, determined to play a leading role in international politics. The post-Second World War era saw the start of a prolonged Cold War in which the U.S. competed for political domination around the world with Soviet Communism until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990. The Second World War also helped the country to overcome the economic depression of the 1930s as its wartime industrial production stimulated its economy.


Arima, Y. (2003). "The Way to Pearl Harbor: U.S. Vs. Japan." ICE Case Studies:

Number 118, December, 2003. Retrieved on May 26, 2007 at

Dwyer, J.J. (2004). "The United States and World War I." Lew Retrieved on May 26, 2007 at

Keylor, William R. (2007). "World War I." Encyclopedia Encarta Online. On May 26, 2007 at

Steiner, Z. (2001). 2 the Treaty of Versailles Revisited. In the Paris Peace Conference, 1919: Peace without Victory? (pp. 13-33). New York: Palgrave.

WWI was fought between the Allied Powers (the U.K., France, Belgium, Serbia, Montenegro, Japan, Italy, Russian Empire and the U.S.) and the Central Powers (the Empires of Germany and Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman…… [Read More]

Arima, Y. (2003). "The Way to Pearl Harbor: U.S. Vs. Japan." ICE Case Studies:

Number 118, December, 2003. Retrieved on May 26, 2007 at
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World War I And Related

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All European nations suffered devastating postwar economic consequences, which further increased the reluctance to use military force to subdue Hitler. The United States enjoyed a postwar boom, given that none of the battles had been waged upon its own territories. But the Republican-dominated Senate refused to allow the U.S. To become a member of the League of Nations, and the absence of strong American leadership made the League ineffective as a peacekeeping force. Germany was also stripped of all of its colonies: the fact that many new nations were created in the redrawing of the map of Europe meant that many of the recently evolved national identities and infrastructures of new countries were quite fragile.

Although they were 'older' nations, Germany and Russia were particularly politically unstable, as a result of the conditions spawned by World War I. Despite its early exit from the War, Russia's economy was undergoing an enforced collectivization and industrialization program. Two defining ideological strains dominated Europe from the left and from the right -- fascism and communism. However, because of the shocking impact of the Russian Revolution, fears of leftism were far greater than fears of right-wing leadership. Communism identified itself openly as an international…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
"German Revolution." Spartacus Schoolnet. April 14, 2010.
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World War I And II

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David Fromkin's "A Peace to End All Peace." From the beginning, the review provides intriguing information, including the fact that the title relates to the ideal of "a war to end all wars." The ironic nature of this phrase has been the subject of discussion and occasional mirth for all the years after the war. I was delighted to find out the name of the originator of the term, British commander Archibald Wavell, since this is not something I knew before.

The review provides several pieces of interesting information, including the fact that the British, and particularly Kitchener, were largely ignorant about the social and cultural nature of the Middle East, making the British policy for this region largely ineffective at best and explosive at worst. Another piece of interesting information is the mistaken belief that a conspiracy was underway to undermine the position of the British in the Middle East. When this is taken into account, it appears that little has been learned from history. Even today, people tend to make assumptions without deeper investigation or even an attempt at critical thinking. This is evidenced by the many conspiracy theories that exist today and also by the way in…… [Read More]

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World War I And Its Effect on

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World War I and its Effect on the Middle East

The Europeans who had already colonized much of the area with post-World War I now spread further into the Middle East claiming further portions such as Arabia, Iraq, Syria, Libya, and Palestine. The Constantinople Agreement followed by many more including the Sykes Picot agreement over and again implemented covert agreements regarding lands that would go to each of the Allies. After the war, France received Lebanon and Syria (

) even though Syria herself preferred an American mandate (2), and Britain received land that included Palestine, Israel, Transjordan, and Iraq (3). The indigenous people themselves were never consulted regarding whom they wished to control them, and colonization, consequently, prompted Arabic nationalism.

Nationalism was, furthermore, created by the fact that the peace settlements imposed by the Allies after World War I broke up nation states and created others, confusing many who, originally believing that they would be provided with their own state, now found themselves minorities in an alien region (4). This random carving up of nation-states across borders despite historical and original geographic parameters alienated, confused -- and then angered many. Treatment of the indigenous inhabitants was also bigoted, intolerant…… [Read More]

Sources: "U.S., U.K. Waged War on Iraq Because of Oil, Blair Adviser Says", May 1, 2003 "Poll: Talk First, Fight Later.", Jan. 24, 2003. Retrieved 1/17/2011.
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Peace in the Middle East

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Middle East Peace Talks

Many people view the Middle East as having been a powder keg for the last half-century. These difficulties started when other countries, such as Great Britain, made decisions in the region, including setting boundaries, that historically did not work out well. This has been the cause of strife in other areas of the world as well. However, rightly or wrongly, many Arabs in the Middle East view the strife as going back much further. They point to the start of difficulties at the Crusades of the middle ages. This points to a very significant and basic problem: history is written, and viewed, differently by different groups in the world. In the case of the Middle East, the issue is history -- whether it's the history of something that happened last week or events from the 12th century.

To solve this difficult problem, it is necessary for everyone involved to first acknowledge the perspectives of the other people. This means that representatives from Israel must acknowledge that Arabs believe that Israeli land was taken from without their permission or agreement. It means that Israel must recognize that Middle Eastern grievances go back much further than the founding…… [Read More]

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Peace Treaty

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Peace Treat between India and Pakistan:

The primary objective of the peace process is 1) to expand and intensify people to people contact, 2) broaden and consolidate the peace process by encouraging new associations as well as those groups who have been operating for enduring peace in South Asia for the preceding 58 years, and 3) give enhanced ethical, academic, community and cultural resources to assist in maintaining long-lasting peace.

The peace treaty should read:

Both governments should welcome and support the peace process by engaging in a composite dialogue between directed towards creating righteous and long-lasting peace in South Asia.

The ultimate settlement on issues, of Kashmir, international terrorism and nuclear weapons, between, both, India and Pakistan, ought to be founded on the Doctrine of Peaceful Co-Existence, that is, autonomous parity, non-violence, non-intrusion, mutual and shared advantage, and nonviolent co-existence

Both governments should agree that the ultimate settlement ought to, in addition, preserve the 10 founding principles of the "Bandung Conference" held in 1955 with specific stress on the settlement of all inter-regional disputes by nonviolent ways, for instance, conciliation, appeasement, negotiation or court settlement, along with other nonviolent means of the parties personal preference, in compliance with the…… [Read More]

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Peace Without Victory 1861-1865 Author James M

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Peace without Victory, 1861-1865," author James M. McPherson discusses the American Civil War and the desire on both sides to achieve peace. Wars are far more easily begun than ended. The North was fighting in order to keep the Union together and to thwart further states from seceding. The South was fighting for what they believed to be their moral right: to govern according to their own ethics, including the right to own slaves. For the Civil War, the stakes were so high that neither side was willing to negotiate a peaceful conclusion until there was absolutely no recourse but to do so.

There were three stages of negotiation attempts during the Civil War. The first was foreign mediation, then unofficial contacts, and finally quasi-official conversations. From a foreign perspective, it was believed that the North had very little chance of restoring the United States of America into a single nation. Part of the reason that other countries, Great Britain in particular, chose to side with the South was because of economic interest. McPherson points to the fact that 75% of cotton in England was imported to Great Britain from the American South. France also believed that the "North could…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
McPherson, James M. "No Peace without Victory, 1861-1865." The American Historical

Review. 109:1. 2004. Web. Mar. 27.
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World War II Drew to a Close

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World War II drew to a close, and the planet was forced to recalibrate in unprecedented proportions, the United States began its long emergence as the most expansive super-power that had yet been known. Its influence that would compete virulently with the post-war Soviet influence for half a century, has since disseminated into every facet of the geopolitical theatre. As such, American support can operate as the determining factor in the success of a national agenda. Likewise, American dissent can be the stifling roadblock that sets nations adrift in failure and, consequently, resentment. So it's important to acknowledge that a nation's complaint of American neglect is more than just the bitter rhetoric of the disenfranchised. The emphasis placed on American approval and volition is fairly justified when one considers the weight and implication of the U.S. stance on any given topic. And it's certainly fair to say that American intervention has been as significant a factor in the Arab-Israeli conflict as have been the opposing belief structures characterizing the two sides. As such, it's also reasonable to suggest that, as present evidence would purport, Israel's ascension to power and success in spite of violent opposition from all of its borders,…… [Read More]

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Peace and Stability the Tokugawa Family Lost

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peace and stability, the Tokugawa Family lost political power. Explain both the internal factors as well as the external factors that led to destabilized society. How did Western powers (including the United States) play a role in destabilizing Japan? Do you think the revolution that followed would have happened without Western involvement? Support your answer with evidence and concrete examples.

The Tokugawa family ruled Japan during a time of decisive peace and stability; however, the fall of this family was connected strongly to a range of internal and external factors. One external factor was the abrupt push of foreigners, foreign ideas and currency which was quite raucous to the traditional Japanese way of life and economic system. This factor was the impetus for why Emperor Komei engaged in the order to "Expel Barbarians." At this point western forces, including the United States, were a permanent issue that Japan had to deal with, and engaging in isolative tactics was something that was just no longer an option. The Tokugawa family was deemed as ineffective in protecting the country against this influx of foreign invaders. Other external factors were that Japan thus had to become more westernized in order to engage in…… [Read More]

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WWI When World War I

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..the spirit of ruthless brutality will enter itn every fiber of our national life" (Johnson 643).

Staying out, states Tindall & Shi 948), was "more easily said than done, not least for Wilson himself. Americans might want to stay out of the war, but most of them cared which side won. Ironically, because there were so many first- or second-generation immigrants from Germany and Ireland, the leaning was toward the Central Powers. However, "old-line Americans" mostly of British descent were sympathetic to the Allies.

Yet actions were to occur that made the final decision. In 1915, the Germans sank the British Cunard liner Lusitania with 128 Americans on board. The Americans were outraged and sent letters to no avail. Then U-boats sank a number of American ships and finally, the press published a secret telegram from the German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmerman to the Mexican government proposing a German-Mexican offensive alliance against the U.S., where Texas and other territories would be given back to Mexico. The decision was made to enter the war.

World War I made a major impact on the world, that is still felt today. During and after the war, Japanese-American relationships grew increasingly strained. Also, the…… [Read More]

Tindall, George Brown and Shi, David. America. A Narrative History. New York:

Norton, 1984.

Zinn, Hoard. People's History of the United States. New York: Harper Collins, 1999.
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Worlds Depicted in Shakespeare's King

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As the king finally dies, Edgar speaks to him and Kent admonishes him, wishing to "let him pass" (V.iii.377). Kent understands that the tragedy s over now and King Lear can finally have the peace that he deserves. It should also be noted that in death, Lear also receives the justice he deserves as well. Edgar is still hanging onto the man and does not want him to die just yet but Kent sees the relief in death, noting, He hates him/That would upon the rack of this tough world/Stretch him out any longer" (V.iii.377-9). The two comment on how the king "endured so long" (V.iii.381) his painful life on earth. They knew what it was that the king realized in his final hours. His attitude toward family and material things had been reversed. The king taught them the meaning of value, which was exhibited in the previous scenes with the king and Cordelia. Albany realizes this is a time for mourning and advises them that they will "Rule in this realm, and the gored state sustain" (V.iii.386). The world and that state of the kingdom is one that is gored and wounded and it will take some time for…… [Read More]

Shakespeare, William. King Lear. New York: Washington Square Press. 1969.
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World War I On Politics

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With a profound sense of the solemn and even tragical character of the step I am taking and of the grave responsibilities which it involves, but in unhesitating obedience to what I deem my constitutional duty, I advise that the Congress declare the recent course of the Imperial German Government to be in fact nothing less than war against the Government and people of the United States....America is privileged to spend her blood and her might for the principles that gave her birth and happiness and the peace which she has treasured. God helping her, she can do no other." (Woodrow Wilson's war message)

United States' entry bolstered the Allied forces and gave them extraordinary power over the German Imperial army. With America's entry into the war, things suddenly changed as we were was no longer spectators. The response from the public was however not overwhelming since it had been made to believe that America wouldn't need to send its civilians to fight the war. Only 73,000 men out of a total of 10 million able-bodied men enlisted in the army.

The resentment grew consistently over the period of war and did not end with the end of war. It…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
President Woodrow Wilson's War message" accessed online 14th April 2005:
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World Regional Geography

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Regional Geography

Why could Africa be considered on of the richest continents on Earth? Discuss some of sub-Saharan Africa's Assets. Then address why, despite these facts, the majority of African states remain poor. Be sure to include several factors relation to this region's unique physical geography, complex human geography, history.

The spectrum of environments which exist in Africa spans entire moisture and temperature gradients, from perhaps the most arid to among the well-watered places on earth, from the coolness of the Cape to the furnace that is the Sahara. This environmental diversity is mirrored in the proliferation of its fauna and flora, for Africa has seemingly every conceivable combination of climatological, geological, and pedological factors; the plant and animal communities have evolved over time to reflect this heterogeneity. Moreover, it is an ancient continent that has provided a cradle for a wide range of taxonomic groups, from among the very first prokaryotic life-forms which show up in the Precambrian rocks of South Africa, to the first primates, ancestors of humans and, indeed, the first members of our own genus and species. Africa's most typical landforms are plains or low hills, so lowland forests are widespread in both moist and dry…… [Read More]

1. Chen-Young, et al. Transnationals of tourism in the Caribbean. London: Commonwealth Secretariat. 2001.

2. Richard Wiffin, William Phettipace, Anas Todkill; Imagining Distance: Spanish Explorers in America. Early American Literature, Vol. 25, 1990.
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World on the Turtle's Back

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Creation Myth: How the Sun and the Moon Came Into Being

Once upon a time, the entire world was in darkness. There were human inhabitants of the earth, but they could hardly see but a few feet in front of their hands. They had been born of the dark clay of the earth and the breath of the creator god but they had no language, no arts, and spent all their days looking for food in the darkness. Of course, they could not plant anything so the best they could do was forage for roots and insects in the never-ending night.

The creator god had long passed into nothingness, but his sons remained in the cave in the sky that had been his former home, playing with a great fiery ball which they passed back and forth between the two of them. Sometimes they would show the ball to the world in the darkness. Depending on how they gripped it, it would look like a fist or a crescent shape.

Not all creatures were in as dire straits as the humans. The great scavenger bird the crow had sharp eyes and could see in the dark. But even he did…… [Read More]

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World Poverty

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Global Poverty

Since the modern era of international cooperation began, there have been efforts to eradicate poverty in this world. Ultimately, these efforts have run into roadblocks. Poor governance in many parts of the world is highly correlated with poverty. While wealth in the world has increased, rapid population increases have made it difficult to spread that wealth around. Thus, while there have been some successes in terms of reducing poverty, especially with economic liberalization, there remains a lot of work to be done. The statistics can be staggering. Over three billion people live on less than $2.50 per day and 80% of people live on less than $10 per day. According to UNICEF, 22,000 children die each day because of poverty and over one-quarter of children in the developing world suffer from malnourishment and stunted physical development. Not only is there a high level of poverty, but in many countries the gap between rich and poor is widening rather than shrinking (Shah, 2013).

Clearly, there are significant challenges preventing the eradication of poverty. Growing populations are one -- new people mean increasing resource consumption, and this is growing at a rate faster than resource development. Indeed, this is a…… [Read More]

Antrobus, P. (2000). Transformational leadership: Advancing the agenda for gender justice. Gender and Development. Vol. 8 (3) 50-56.

Bass, B. & Riggio, R. (2006). Transformational Leadership. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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World and the Rwandan Genocide

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Rwandan Genocide is the greatest massacre of human beings since Holocaust since most of the victims were murdered using machetes and would have known their murderers. While the war was mainly fueled by the ethnic tensions between Hutus and Tutsis, it escalated into genocide because the world turned their back on Rwanda. There are several arguments demonstrating this claim including the failure by the United Nations to offer protection and decision to withdraw its troops. Secondly, the decision by the United Nations to restrict its engagement with Rwanda to the Arusha Accord contributed to the genocide by promoting inaction. Thirdly, the UN and the international community failed to initiate peace enforcement efforts and interventions at a time when Rwanda needed help. The escalation of the ethnic war between Hutus and Tutsis into a genocide that lasted for 100 days was partly fueled by the fact that the world turned their back on Rwanda.

Dallaire and the Rwandan Genocide

One of the arguments in support of the claim that the world turned their back on Rwanda was the decision by the UN to remove its troops despite being capable of offering protection. According to Cahill (2013), the world turned their back…… [Read More]

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Peace and Revolution in Chile

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Salvador Allende

In what ways was Salvador Allende's "democratic road to socialism" in Chile distinct from Mexican and Cuban revolutionary movements? In what ways was it similar? Does it seem as though a democratic alternative to political coup d'etat is a workable and useful one? Why or why not?

Salvador Guillermo Allende Gossens, or just Salador Allende for short, was the first of the South American leader to institute a Marxist form of socialism, who came to power through a democratic election. Although the election that brought Allende to power was virtually a three-way tie, the Chilean Congress eventually named him as president through a run-off process. This victory was substantial for Allende's life and he had tried on three previous occasions to win the presidency. At the time, the Chilean government had several left-leaning government factions, with some more radical than others. This movement mirrored many other movements found in the world in a time in which Communism was one the rise in certain areas. However, the rise of leftist ideologies was mostly in isolated pockets in South America and Chile was the pioneer in this region. This analysis will provide an overview of Chile's road to socialism and…… [Read More]

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Nationalism Before World War I

Words: 1489 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85302243

World War I

Causes and Consequences of World War I

World War 1

(Causes, America's Contribution to the War, Role of President Woodrow Wilson, Treaty of Versailles Failure)

The First World War (1914-1918) or the Great War was fought between the Allies and the Central Powers. The Allies included 27 countries of which Russia, the United States of America, France, Japan and Britain are the most prominent. The Central Powers consisted of Turkey, Germany, Bulgaria and Austria-Hungary as the chief combatants. It is the greatest and most atrocious war brawled till date.


There were a number of causes that initiated the brutality of World War I Major causes include imperialism, nationalism, materialism and alliance systems. However, the immediate cause of the beginning of the War was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the Royal Prince of Hungary and Bohemia. As he was killed by a Serbian nationalist in June 1914, war was declared on Serbia by Austria-Hungary. Later, Germany and Russia got involved in war as they were the allies of Austria-Hungary and Serbia respectively. To capture a clearer picture of the World War I, we must analyze the prominent causes mentioned above.

Alliances -- When two or more…… [Read More]

America in the Great War. (2000). Retrieved from 

Wilson, Woodrow. (2009). The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Retrieved April 15, 2011, from
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American and German Perspective in WWI

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World War I

The First World War began in the summer of 1914 with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. The conflict lasted through late 1918, concluding with the treaty of Versailles. The war to end all wars, as it was commonly known, was dominated by trench warfare. Due to numerous advances in defense technology and a lack of tactical advances, both the Allied Nations and the Central Powers, were stymied by a lack of military advances. Early victories in France, by the German army, and in Serbia by the Austrian/Hungarian forces proved to be less than decisive, due to miscommunication between the two Central powers.

Not only was this the First war between so many great world powers, additionally this was the first war to be affected by, and ultimately fought, not only on the battle field but also in the press rooms. Due to expansion in communication abilities and increased ease in printing, information was able to be disseminated to an eager public in a timely fashion. With news being so readily available, and the public so eager for information, the amount of news coverage was astounding. During the course of the war news coverage from…… [Read More]

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Impact of WWI

Words: 975 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39166867

World War I

The Causes and How America Joined the War

The events that led to the causes of the first world war had its roots in the Balkans in late July 1914 and there are causes including political, territorial, and economic conflicts among the great European powers in the four decades leading up to the war. Militarism, a complex web of alliances, imperialism and nationalism were some of the other causes that led up to the First World War.

The root for the Second World War lay in the peace accords and the punishments that were meted out to the Germans after the First World War and the sense of humiliation and economic debacle following the end of the First World War.

The animosity between the Americans and the Germans started with the sinking of the Lusitania as she made her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York in September 1907. The ship was sunk after the German submarine U. 20 fired a torpedo into the ship's side. 1119 passengers of the 1,924 aboard died in the incident which included 114 Americans.

Later it was revealed that Walter Schwieger, the captain of the U-Boat that sank the Lusitania had…… [Read More]

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What Led to World War 1 And How Did it End for Different Nations

Words: 1449 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2248747



In 1917 Russia suffered two revolutions, which resulted in a drastic change of leadership. Tsarist Russia became Lenin's Soviet Russia and the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed shortly thereafter in March 1918 with Germany. The treaty gave Germany much: over a million square millions and 60 million people -- a third of Russia's population -- were annexed. Russia lost railroads, factories, the majority of its coal and iron -- but Germany was in no position to immediately profit from the treaty. The Western Front was calling. Russia gained some peace from the treaty, and could now focus on its internal problems resulting from the recent overthrow and the war effort. Leading up to the treaty, Imperial Russia had suffered devastating casualties and food shortages. The Bolsheviks called for an end to the war on the Eastern Front, and Germany supported this call, allowing Lenin himself to return to Russia from his exile in Switzerland. A Soviet force called the Red Guards -- a paramilitary outfit opposed to Russia's provisional government -- formed and overtook the Winter Palace in October 1917. Peace talks led by Joffe on the Bolshevik side stalled when Germany demanded territorial concessions. Trotsky replaced Joffe…… [Read More]

Grebler, L. (1940). The Cost of the World War to Germany and Austria-Hungary. Yale Keynes, J.M. (1920). The Economic Consequences of the Peace. NY: Harcourt Brace.

Stone, O., Kuznick, P. (2012). The Untold History of the United States. NY: Gallery